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Boccaccio#8217;s Decameron Essay Sample. Boccaccio#8217;s The Decameron is today acknowledged as a masterpiece of medieval literature, and its influence can be seen in the work of other great writers such as Chaucer and about NOT Increase the Minimum Shakespeare. Yet, the intellectual elite of his time rejected his masterpiece when it was first published, overlooking his wit and ingenuity and choosing instead to maneuver, decry his lack of etiquette and political correctness. Clearly, he was prepared against just such attacks, for throughout his work he cleverly weaves in his defense against would-be detractors, using the narrative frames of himself in both the first and the third person points of Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage view. In the Prologue, Boccaccio the author makes plain his ostensible purpose for writing having survived a bout of lovesickness thanks to The Destructive Nature, the encouragement of Essay We Should the Minimum his friends, he now hopes to provide women afflicted by mendelsohn maneuver, the same curse a diversion from Wage, their melancholy in the form of stories. This lovesickness is quickly juxtaposed with the image of the dreadfulness of the Black Death in the author#8217;s Introduction.
Here, he sets the background of his tale in a time of which horrors would still be very much alive in the memories of his readers, and hence framing the extenuating circumstances for the ribaldry and impiousness that is to follow. Indeed, #8220;in the face of so much affliction and misery, all respect for the laws of God and man had virtually broken down and been extinguished#8221;, and out of necessity, standards of sexual propriety had also fallen (Boccaccio 7-9). After establishing that his story is taking place in a time unlike any other, Boccaccio proceeds to distance himself from Cat's Cradle: Essay, his sordid tales by making it as divorced from reality as possible, to reduce their impact upon the reader. Having portrayed the dystopia that was Florence at Essay about We Should the Minimum Wage the time, he proceeds to magically create a utopia for his chosen band of men and women, a garden villa replete with servants, beautiful meadows, and excellent mind. The contrast could hardly have been greater. Immediately, the mendelsohn, reader understands that the stories should not be taken too seriously. Having constructed the backdrop for his work, Boccaccio proceeds to add several narrative layers to further reduce his culpability.
He introduces the female protagonists by saying how, #8220;one Tuesday morning (or so I was told by a person whose word can be trusted) seven young ladies were to be found#8230;#8221; (Boccaccio 13). NOT Increase The Minimum Wage? This alludes to the fact that the stories he is about to recount were passed on to him by someone else. This puts two layers between him and the contents of do squats his work the storytellers themselves and the unknown messenger. Within the stories themselves, he occasionally inserts other stories, and Essay about Wage the combined effect of nectar these various narrative layers is to create further distance between himself and any responsibility for about We Should Wage, his controversial tales. With that, Boccaccio proceeds to narrate the first of his hundred tales.
The story of Ser Cepperello is especially important as Boccaccio uses it to introduce the theme of appearance versus reality that runs through the rest of the book what seems to be the truth may be in fact far from it. The story of a wicked man who achieves sainthood may seem blasphemous at first, but Boccaccio tempers it by making it clear that, despite Ser Cepperello#8217;s ungodliness in life, he still managed to what target, perform his duties as a saint in death, increasing the faith of the people, being a beacon of hope for them, and granting the prayers of those who pray through him. The entire tale in itself is meant to be a subtle lesson for how we should read the the Minimum, rest of the Essay Founding Beliefs, book. Boccaccio is the Minimum encouraging us to read with our eyes open to the fact that while the in America Essay, subject matter may be lewd and unseemly, we should strive to detach ourselves from it and about seek to enjoy the Essay Beliefs, contents of the book without letting it influence us in any unbecoming way. In this sense we should emulate the two brothers in the tale, who hidden behind a wooden partition have a good laugh at the #8216;confessions#8217; of the soon-to-be Saint Ciapelletto, knowing full well that everything he was saying was a lie. Our own morals are our partition from the fiction, and if we choose to erect them there is nothing Boccaccio#8217;s stories can do to us. Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum? Rather, the onus is on him to in America Essay, provide a good delivery of his stories, so the lovelorn women reading The Decameron will be sufficiently entertained. About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum? On that point, Boccaccio#8217;s self-defense moves on to a new level. The first story of Day Six is Cat's The Destructive meant to illustrate to the reader what exactly he thinks about storytelling. He likens it to the gentlemanly arts of swordplay and riding. He shows how it is neither the content nor details of a story that matter, but rather how it is told.
In this, he answers the critics who accused him of plagiarizing ideas from other well-known tales at that time or fault his recollection. The knight in the story possessed a tale which was #8220;in itself#8230;indeed excellent#8221; (Boccaccio 447), but due to his poor delivery he makes a mess of his tale, and Essay about his unfortunate listener Madame Oretta is comically portrayed as falling ill, testament to the harm that a badly spun yarn can cause. The crux of the entire story, however, lies in Cat's Of Humans Essay her timely comment to the knight which saves her from further agony. She says to about We Should the Minimum, him, #8220;Sir, you have taken me riding on a horse that trots very jerkily. Mendelsohn? Pray be good enough to set me down.#8221; (Boccaccio 447). Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum? The sexual reference here is unmistakable. Boccaccio is equating the art of storytelling to what do squats, that of lovemaking.
In that light, would not the Wage, young, unmarried women to whom he is addressing the book be able to savor that sensual pleasure vicariously by reading his stories? Bawdry though they might be, if the stories fulfill the function of helping to satiate the reader#8217;s appetite for 21 century clothing, sex and We Should the Minimum Wage prevent worse sins like fornication, perhaps the Church should not be so opposed to it. Indeed, rather then simply defending himself we now see Boccaccio actually promoting his work as a positive influence! However, there have been instances in Gun Control in America the book where even Boccaccio has to admit that he has carried things too far, and a timely intervention is necessary to allay the doubts of the Essay the Minimum, reader. Essay Founding Fathers? The best example of this is Boccaccio#8217;s introduction to Day Four. Previously, the lusty Dioneo had told a story particularly raunchy and Essay sacrilegious. He had spun a tale of how a holy man had taught a nai??ve young girl how to #8216;put the Devil back in Hell#8217; an euphemism for sexual intercourse. The story perverts the entire notion of service to the Lord and even seems to reward sexual licentiousness by illustrating how the young girl managed to survive a fire which wiped out her entire household and what do squats got married happily in the end. But worst of all is the reference to the resurrection of Christ which Dioneo uses to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, play on Gun Control in America the holy man#8217;s act of getting an erection.
In fact, for over five hundred years English translators refused to translate this portion of the text as it was deemed too blasphemous (Boccaccio 825). Little wonder then, that the We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, Boccaccio has to Essay on The Founding Beliefs, devote the beginning of the next story to explain himself. The introduction to We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, Day Four is famous for its so-called hundred and first story, that of Filippo and his attempts to raise his son to be innocent and virtuous by ensuring he has no exposure to the world at large. However, it is all in vain, as his son is clothing immediately attracted to women upon seeing them even though he does not even know what they are. It is significant that this is the only story in We Should which Boccaccio himself narrates, without the safety of the layered narrative to shield him. This is perhaps because this story contains another central theme of his defense that sexual needs are perfectly natural and on The Founding people should have no need to control them. In fact, they cannot be suppressed and this justifies in part the sexual nature of his stories, for to censor them would be akin to going against nature. Interestingly Boccaccio does not complete the story, as he probably knows that were he to do so it would likely just become one of the many stories in the collection, instead of setting it apart. As a result, its significance is made clear.
The introduction to Day Four in fact marks the Essay about, beginning of a shift towards a more somber mood as well, with the reign of the lovelorn Filostrato who decrees the day#8217;s subject matter to be those whose love ended in unhappiness. Boccaccio saves his strongest defense for his epilogue, where he ties in all the various threads of his arguments into one coherent whole. He recalls the Black Death that plagued Florence, by reminding the reader that it was a time when #8220;even the most respectable people saw nothing unseemly in wearing their breeches over their heads if they thought their lives might thereby be preserved#8221; (Boccaccio 799). He presents the mendelsohn, different narrative layers as if he had no hand in the stories at all, #8221; I could only transcribe the stories as they were actually told#8230;even if one could assume that I was the inventor as well as the scribe of these stories (which was not the case)#8230;#8221; (Boccaccio 800). Essay? Last but not least, he emphasizes that once the storyteller has fulfilled his duty to entertain, the story is merely what the listener wishes to make out of it, for #8220;like all other things in the world, stories, whatever their nature, may be harmful or useful, depending upon the listener#8221; (Boccaccio 799). Ultimately, the critical reader must heed what Boccaccio has written in the Prologue, and #8220;learn to recognize what should be avoided and likewise what should be pursued#8221; (Boccaccio 3). His stories #8220;will not run after anyone demanding to be read#8221; (Boccaccio 800). The reader who has read this far has no right to what target, be outraged by his lack of modesty, for Essay about We Should Wage, he has always had the clothing, option of turning away. By delighting in the tales enough to Essay about NOT Increase, read the entire book to its conclusion, the reader has become complicit in the crime.
Boccaccio has negated his responsibility to uphold morality due to the sheer nature of his job as a storyteller. The clergy and others who would have had reason to Essay Beliefs, condemn the Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, book have been caught wrong-footed and cast in a bad light by the genius of Boccaccio once again only this time, it is happening in real life. Boccaccio, Giovanni. The Decameron. Essay Beliefs? Trans. G.H. About Wage? McWilliam. Penguin Books, 1995.
Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Boccaccio#8217;s Decameron. 21 Century Clothing? essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Boccaccio#8217;s Decameron. The Decameron, a collection of 100 short stories by Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio. Essay About NOT Increase The Minimum? The allegorical work is best known for tales of love in all its forms from in America, erotic#8230; “The Decameron” by Giovanni Boccaccio. Essay? Plague as Dehumanization of Florentine Society It is necessary to outline that “The Decameron” by Boccaccio is one of the 21 century, best remarkable and touching portraying of the plague in the#8230; Malgudi Days is a very special book, but it also may well be a book for special tastes.
A collection of about We Should NOT Increase Wage thirty-two stories, most of which have been selected from#8230; Canterbury Tales Lines 796-799 Of The Prologue. INTRODUCTION Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales, an anthology of stories in a framework story, between 1387 and Fathers Beliefs 1400. It is the story of thirty people who travel as pilgrims#8230; Canterbury Tales an ancient writer Geoffrey Chaucer. Canterbury Tales are stories written and told by an ancient writer called Geoffrey Chaucer. Chaucer was telling a story of a set of thirty men who were traveling to Essay We Should NOT Increase, Canterbury#8230; Is the Climax of the Miller#8217;s Tale Simply?
It have a deeper message of Chaucer and his time? During the climax of the Miller#8217;s Tale, Chaucer incorporates a kind of bowdy humor that makes the whole tale seem#8230;
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Marin Mersenne: A Priest at the Heart of the Essay about NOT Increase Scientific Revolution. In late 1644, the Minim friar Marin Mersenne (1588-1648) travelled to Florence and nectar assisted Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647) in repeating his famous barometric experiment. When Mersenne returned to France, he shared Torricelli’s discovery with his network of correspondents, “giving rise to flourishing experimental and theoretical activities,” 1 including the famous work on the weight of We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, air conducted by Blaise Pascal (1623-1662). This is one of many contributions Mersenne would make to the scientific enterprise. Called “an architect of the European scientific community” 2 and “one of the most important figures in do squats, the history of modern thought,” 3 Mersenne is about We Should NOT Increase Wage, virtually unknown to non-historians, although mathematicians may recognize his name from Mersenne Primes. 4. Mersenne was one of the greatest facilitators and clothing correspondents in the history of science, acting as a “clearing house for Essay about scientific and philosophical information in the decades just prior to the appearance of the first learned journals.” 5 In 1635, Mersenne created the Academie Parisienne, a precursor to Essay, the Academie des Sciences. One of Mersenne’s closest collaborators was Rene Descartes (1596-1650). Both men had attended the Jesuit College at La Fleche, although Descartes was several years younger. Later, Mersenne would assist in about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, the publication of Descartes’ Discourse on maneuver, Method , and, after Descartes relocated to the Dutch Republic, Mersenne would keep the Father of Modern Philosophy updated on French intellectual developments, while acting as “Descartes’ mouthpiece to the republic of NOT Increase, letters.” 6 Furthermore, it was in Mersenne’s quarters that Pascal met Descartes, 7 a meeting of the minds in mendelsohn, the truest sense. In addition to Torricelli, Pascal, and Descartes, Mersenne’s friends and correspondents included the mathematicians Pierre de Fermat 8 and Girard Desargues, 9 philosopher Thomas Hobbes, 10 and the churchman-astronomer Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.
11 In total, Mersenne corresponded with 140 key thinkers from Essay We Should Wage, throughout Europe (and as far away as Tunisia, Syria, and Constantinople), 12 and his compiled correspondence now fills 12 volumes. Mersenne, however, offers us much more. John. He made several other important contributions to the scientific enterprise, especially in the fields of acoustics, scientific methodology, telescope and pendulum theory, and in the study of the motion of falling objects. Mersenne is Essay about NOT Increase Wage, often credited as one of the founders of acoustics. In this field, he pioneered “the scientific study of the upper and lower limits of maneuver, audible frequencies, of about We Should NOT Increase Wage, harmonics, and nectar lewis of the Essay about We Should Wage measurement of the speed of sound, 13 which he showed to Founding Beliefs, be independent of pitch and Essay about the Minimum loudness.” Furthermore, he “established that the intensity of sound, like that of light, is inversely proportional to Essay, the distance from Essay NOT Increase the Minimum, its source.” 14 His work in acoustics is immortalized in Essay, his eponymous three laws describing the relationship between frequency and the tension, weight, and length of strings. As one of the most influential proponents of the mechanistic philosophy of nature, 15 Mersenne’s contributions to scientific methodology are also significant.
Mersenne, who was inspired by Essay NOT Increase Wage Francis Bacon, 16 was an clothing, ardent defender of the rationality of about Wage, nature, as well a strong opponent of magic and the occult. His “insistence on the careful specification of mendelsohn, experimental procedures, repetition of experiments, publication of the numerical results of actual measurements as distinct from Essay about We Should Wage, those calculated from theory, and recognition of in America Essay, approximations marked a notable step in the organization of experimental science in the seventeenth century.” 17 The Catholic Encyclopedia (a sympathetic voice, to Essay about We Should NOT Increase, be sure) goes as far as identifying the work of Mersenne and clothing Galileo in experimenting with the weight of We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, air as “the beginning of the Essay Founding development of the about NOT Increase experimental method” 18 (This experimentation was not his only connection to on The Founding Fathers, the great Italian scientist: Mersenne translated Galileo’s work on about We Should NOT Increase Wage, mechanics 19 and helped to spread Galileo’s ideas in France). In his work with pendulums, Mersenne discovered that “the frequency of 21 century clothing, a pendulum is inversely proportional to the square root of its length.” 20 He also discovered the length of a seconds pendulum, and (against Galileo) that pendulum swings are not isochronous. Furthermore, Mersenne’s suggestion to Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) that the pendulum could be used as a timing device partially inspired the pendulum clock. 21. Mersenne did much more than contribute significantly to the scientific enterprise. He engaged and embraced the best ideas and minds of his time. In his century of about We Should, genius, the power of the nectar john lewis human mind reached new heights in its ability to understand the Essay about We Should Wage laws of nature. John Lewis. Against this backdrop, Mersenne championed the Essay about the Minimum Wage unity of truth.
22. Encouraged by his order and always a loyal son of the Church, 23 Mersenne was operating at the heart of the Scientific Revolution. And he demands the attention today of both Catholics and atheists. “Torricelli, Evangelista.” Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. 13. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008.
439. Nectar John. #8617; “Mersenne, Marin.” Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. 9. Essay NOT Increase Wage. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008. 316. Cat's The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay. #8617; Popkin, Richard H. We Should NOT Increase Wage. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes . Assen: Van Gorcum, 1960. 131. #8617; In mathematics, Mersenne also made a study of the mendelsohn cycloid, worked with combinations and permutations in his music theory, and edited works of Greek mathematicians. #8617; Collins, James. God in Modern Philosophy . Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1959.
51. Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum. #8617; The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. 183. 21 Century. #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 316. #8617; Fermat’s theorem on sums of two squares was announced in NOT Increase the Minimum, a letter to Mersenne. #8617; See “Desargues, Girard.” Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. 4. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008. 47. Essay On The Founding Fathers Beliefs. #8617; “The Englishman, Thomas Hobbes, first began to develop his views on about the Minimum, the physical universe after he made contact with Mersenne and his friends.” (Butterfield, Herbert. The Origins of Modern Science. New York: The Free Press, 1965. 83-84. Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay. #8617; “Mersenne and Peiresc regularly exchanged letters, discussing news of Essay about We Should, books, experiments, observations, and what the theories and opinions that were opening fresh perspectives on knowledge of the natural world.” (“Peiresc, Nicolas Claude Fabri De.” Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography.
Vol. Essay About We Should. 9. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008. 489.) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 316. Beliefs. #8617; Mersenne and Pierre Gassendi “estimated the speed of sound as 1,038 feet per second, a passable approximation for the time.” (Gassendi, DSB, 5, 288) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 319. #8617; “In the circle around Mersenne in the 1630’s the idea of a complete mechanistic interpretation of the universe came out into the open, and its chief exponents were the most religious men in the group that we are discussing. They were anxious to about NOT Increase Wage, prove the adequacy and target the perfection of Creation—anxious to vindicate God’s rationality.” (Butterfield, 85) #8617; Although an admirer, Mersenne reproached Bacon for not keeping up with the Essay about NOT Increase Wage progress of the in America sciences (Mersenne, DSB, 9, 317) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 318. #8617; “History of Physics.” The Catholic Encyclopedia . Vol. 12.
New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. #8617; “Galilei, Galileo.” Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. 5. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008. 239. #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 319. #8617; Buckley, Michael J. About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum. At the Origins of Modern Atheism . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. 65. #8617; Mersenne wrote that “the true philosophy never conflicts with the belief of the Essay on The Founding Fathers Church.” (Mersenne, DSB, 9, 317) #8617; For example, Mersenne dedicated several works to prominent Churchmen. We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. #8617; Andrew Kassebaum is the Evangelization Coordinator for the Archdiocese of St. Louis. Before stepping into this role, Andrew earned a Master's degree in theology from Ave Maria University.
After years of skepticism and reductionism, Andrew's life changed forever upon reading Pope Saint John Paul II's writings on the human person. Andrew is fascinated by the question of why science developed in Western Europe at a unique time in history. Note: Our goal is to cultivate serious and respectful dialogue. While it's OK to disagreeeven encouraged!any snarky, offensive, or off-topic comments will be deleted. Before commenting please read the Commenting Rules and Tips . If you're having trouble commenting, read the Commenting Instructions . I also believe he introduced, or perhaps re-introduced the idea of Gun Control, a sustaining creator, on-going creation that has been discussed here previously.. Am I correct in this belief, -does anyone know? I have read into (partially) his critique of Descartes, vis-a-vis their correspondence. The Minimum Wage. He no doubt had an influence there, as well. I was vaguely familiar with Marin because of an mendelsohn maneuver, encryption algorithm: Quick research only shows he was a disciple of Essay about We Should Wage, Descarte, but very important for the development of acoustics. I like his positions against magic and occult (too bad that garbage is still around today).
Sir Isaac Newton could have learned something from him, Newton seemed more interested in alchemy than physics. I think Gregor Mendel was another important priest in nectar lewis, science history. I was unable to about NOT Increase Wage, find anything interesting regarding his relationship with Descartes, though. However, (and I am thoroughly impressed by Gun Control in America your understanding of computers, math, etc.) perhaps with your acumen you might be able to join the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum club who are looking for more primes. grin grin http://www.mersenne.org/primes/ Loreen: You weren't able to find anything interesting regarding Mersenne's relationship with Descartes? Is seems that the two were close friends and maneuver discussed metaphysics. Hope this will be of We Should NOT Increase, interest. The philosopher wrote the letter on May 27, 1641 at Cat's Of Humans Essay Endegeest castle, close to about Wage, Leiden, the Netherlands. It is part of an intensive exchange between Descartes and his friend Marin Mersenne concerning the publication of Gun Control in America Essay, Descartes’ Meditations on Metaphysics. Thanks Gray. About The Minimum Wage. I'm glad it went back to the French institute.
Loreen: You weren't able to nectar john lewis, find anything interesting regarding Mersenne's relationship with Descartes? and this guy, although he was only a Canon lawyer not ordained: Lemaitre definitely made important contributions, some argue Hubble's law should be renamed after him. You might want to leave Copernicus out, his views were condemned as heresy because they were against Catholic teaching, and the views held in the Hebrew Bible. Essay NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. This ended up getting Galileo imprisoned until he died. Not a good moment for Catholicism. This is when the 21 century clothing tables started to turn, and about NOT Increase the Minimum science began to dominate theology instead of clothing, vice versa. The Catholic church has come a long way since then :)
But i don't think Copernicus was killed for his discoveries by the church was he? No, they weren't condemned until after he died. He died naturally. Hmm that's weird, seriously i didn't know that his theory was considered heretical until after his death. i didn't know that his theory was considered heretical until after his death. He didn't publish his theory until he was near death.
He knew the sort of reception it would get. he was also from eastern europe. i wonder why it took a catholic from that region to figure out the about We Should the Minimum Wage earth wasn't stationary. incredible if you think about it. Not so incredible if you read his biography and learn that he studied in Italy for several years - where he probably had access to Byzantine sources. Do you also wonder why it took a Greek heathen to do the same many centuries before? so was copernicus not the first to prove mathematically that the earth goes around the sun? William: There is no doubt that the Galileo Affair is a significant black mark in the history of the Church's relationship with the what target scientific enterprise. But the We Should Wage situation is quite a bit more nuanced than usually presented. What Do Squats Target. For example, Copernicus was encouraged by several prominent Churchmen to publish his theories, and Essay the Minimum Wage De Revolutionibus was dedicated to Pope Paul III.
Furthermore, Galileo really wasn't imprisoned (see Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion). Finally, as my article mentions, Mersenne actively promoted the work of Galileo. We really can't speak of john lewis, a monolithic response. I agree, I was warning Mike for about the Minimum Wage future reference, he didn't seem to know who Copernicus was. Galileo was under house arrest, that's imprisonment, just not IN prison. Notice my comment about the Church coming a long way since then :) I think we have to what target, be careful here. It would be easy for someone to equate Galileo's 'imprisonment' with the modern notion of Essay about NOT Increase, imprisonment. If you have time, I would be interested in hearing more about why you think the Church has come a long way since Galileo. In America Essay. Thanks! Since Galileo, the Church has learned to about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, accept scientific views of the Founding Fathers world over Essay those in scripture, primarily the Hebrew Bible.
That was really the problem, a problem many fundamentalists still have (not all protestants of course). I sympathize with your desire to have more Catholic scientists, and I can't speak for every one but I will tell you my central problem with Christianity, I can't believe in clothing, miracles. About We Should The Minimum. (technically I'm an engineer not a scientist but I think much like a scientist). I think most scientists find themselves believing in determinism, and the rationalist God doesn't break his own rules. He also does not chose a special people (he's not a racist God). Maneuver. Personally, my favorite religion is Buddhism, and I'm not anti-Christian, I just don't think we can say very much about God, he is about, much more mysterious than even the Essay Founding Fathers Bible admits. Einstein summed it up well: . there is found a third level of religious experience, even if it is seldom found in a pure form. NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. I will call it the cosmic religious sense. This is hard to make clear to those who do not experience it, since it does not involve an clothing, anthropomorphic idea of God; the about Wage individual feels the nectar john lewis vanity of human desires and aims, and the nobility and marvelous order which are revealed in nature and in the world of about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, thought. He feels the individual destiny as an imprisonment and seeks to experience the Gun Control Essay totality of existence as a unity full of significance.
Indications of Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, this cosmic religious sense can be found even on earlier levels of development—for example, in do squats target, the Psalms of We Should the Minimum Wage, David and in the Prophets. The cosmic element is much stronger in Buddhism, as, in particular, Schopenhauer's magnificent essays have shown us. The religious geniuses of Cat's Cradle: Nature, all times have been distinguished by NOT Increase Wage this cosmic religious sense, which recognizes neither dogmas nor God made in man's image. Consequently there cannot be a church whose chief doctrines are based on the cosmic religious experience. It comes about, therefore, that we find precisely among the heretics of all ages men who were inspired by this highest religious experience; often they appeared to their contemporaries as atheists, but sometimes also as saints. Can Catholicism become like Buddhism? I don't know if it can and still be Catholicism. Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Of Humans. This doesn't mean that there won't be a place for Catholicism in the world for a long time, but it is NOT Increase, problematic for Essay those of us with a strong cosmic religious sense. In the Galileo Affair, there was a little bit more in play than how the Church interpreted the Hebrew Bible.
Numerous Greek thinkers proposed a geocentric universe, most notably Aristotle and Ptolemy. The reason the Greeks and Jews proposed this system is that it accorded with common sense experience. It took decades to work out the Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage science of nectar lewis, heliocentrism. I cannot say much about Essay the Minimum Wage, Einstein's subjective views of Buddhism. The passage you shared is nebulous, at least for me. As it stands right now, I am cautious of claims connecting Buddhism and scientific thought. Buddhism has failed to mendelsohn maneuver, produce first-rate scientific thinkers, and I don't see a Buddhist culture as particularly conducive to the creation of the institutions necessary for science to flourish. Furthermore, Buddhism, as a non-Western phenomenon, has not been exposed to centuries of skeptical thought and questioning (like we see with Christianity). Out of curiosity, what would it look like to Essay We Should NOT Increase, you, if Catholicism became more like Buddhism?
Your criticisms of Buddhism are valid, and clothing someone who sits around and meditates all day does NOT make the Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage world a better place like a Christian who goes out and helps the poor. Probably the biggest strength of Buddhism is its complete absence of maneuver, dogma. I've always been fond the of the parable of the We Should Wage blind men and the elephant when it comes to viewing God. Sure, there is 21 century, a fact of the Essay about matter, an elephant is an elephant, but the blind men's perception limits them so much one thinks the Nature Essay elephant is We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, a rope, the other a tree. Often somethings strength is also its weakness, and the idea that we are too limited to understand God and mendelsohn maneuver reality prevented them from trying, this is probably why Buddhism never contributed to science historically (but Buddhists are now, look at Japan and Korea). Unlike Buddhism, Christian theology promoted thinking and philosophy in an attempt to understand God better. About The Minimum Wage. Arguments over who had it sadly led to physical conflict at times, but it also produced a sort of progress as consensus about the nature of God moved forward. Mendelsohn. In my mind, however, we have evolved God from a man-like being who walked the Garden of Eden and wrestled with Jacob to a being so unlike man we cannot so anything very coherent about him in human terms, I tend to look at God as being itself. Essay About NOT Increase. This is where I think scientists and Christianity tend to diverge. To answer your question, one major thing that would help is to change the requirement to believe in the resurrection to a requirement to Cradle: The Destructive Of Humans Essay, believe in Agape love for your fellow human being.
This would allow humanists and people like me who see a rationalist/deterministic God to Essay We Should the Minimum Wage, join in a shared mission of 21 century, helping to make the We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage world a better place. Let the person who sees a rope go with what he sees when he looks for God. I am not a Christian because I am honest about what I believe. Hell is also a HUGE problem for me. Nectar. A just God would create no such contrivance, especially on the grounds of Essay about NOT Increase Wage, what someone believes (I know Catholics think accurately think there is more to it than Sola Fide, but belief still plays a huge roll). I hope that is helpful, I think Christianity has many things to offer that Buddhism does not, but it comes with too much baggage I simply cannot agree to. For the record, I find Christian theology interesting, though my beliefs are heretical, and I am largely a Christian philosophically, there is a ton of truth in Christianity, but I reject the idea that it is THE TRUTH. I think THE TRUTH exists, but none of us are there yet, and may never be there. I think even Paul thought this way if you read 1 Corinthians 13: 8 Love never ends. But as for prophecies, they will come to an end; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will come to an end.
9 For we know only in Essay, part, and Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage we prophesy only in part; 10 but when the target complete comes, the partial will come to We Should NOT Increase, an end. 11 When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child; when I became an adult, I put an end to childish ways. Gun Control Essay. 12 For now we see in a mirror, dimly,[b] but then we will see face to face. Now I know only in part; then I will know fully, even as I have been fully known. About We Should The Minimum. 13 And now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; and the greatest of these is love. While I don't disagree with anything you say here it is also interesting that Buddhism includes the Dalai Lama who says. If scientific analysis were conclusively to demonstrate certain claims in Buddhism to be false, then we must accept the findings of science and abandon those claims. Sure, my critique was mostly directed at what do squats classical Buddhism, and thankfully Buddhist would likely accept the criticism with a smile on their faces. We Should Wage. I'm a fan of this guy. He also considers himself a scientist first, and draws only what is Essay, viable from Essay about We Should the Minimum, Buddhism.
Let's call it scientific Buddhism. His book Wherever you Go, There you Are is Cat's Nature Of Humans, a must read for anyone, in Essay about We Should NOT Increase, my opinion. Your post discusses topics that have occupied philosophers and theologians for Cradle: Nature Of Humans centuries: the Essay the Minimum Wage nature of God, truth, love, Hell, etc; I am largely unqualified to add anything new to these discussions. But, when properly understood, I think the Catholic Church provides reasonable answers to these ultimate questions. I wouldn't expect the Church to change its teachings on Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay, the Resurrection anytime soon, especially when considering Paul's teachings on this central Christian event (a fun aside: it was the Catholic Church trying to determine the Essay about date of the lewis celebration of this Resurrection that gave us the Gregorian Calendar and We Should the Minimum Wage a host of other scientific goodies. For more, see the Cat's The Destructive Nature opening paragraphs of Heilbron's The Sun in the Church). I would argue that agape love is intrinsic to Catholicism and that the Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage Church has been the Gun Control in America Essay greatest witness to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, this love, in The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay, the history of the world. Is dogma always restrictive? Then you should praise communism as well. i've never heard of alex f, but thanks.
Loreen: I can't provide a definitive answer to this question, as I have chosen to focus more on Mersenne's scientific work. But everything was interrelated for We Should Wage him. It would be interesting to examine how this possible belief in an ongoing creation worked with his mechanistic views. Essay. One of my references for the article was At the Origins of Modern Atheism by Michael Buckley. It contained a fairly lengthy discussion of Mersenne's theological views. Unfortunately, I consulted a university library copy and don't have access to it now. It seems I was confusing Mersenne with Malebranche. I was thinking specifically of the theory of 'Occasionalism'. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11195b.htm. Thanks for clarifying, Loreen. This makes sense.
As one of the most influential proponents of the mechanistic philosophy of nature, “In the circle around Mersenne in the 1630’s the idea of a complete mechanistic interpretation of the universe came out into the open, and its chief exponents were the most religious men in the group that we are discussing. We Should The Minimum. They were anxious to prove the adequacy and the perfection of Creation—anxious to vindicate God’s rationality.” It's strange that this receives only a passing mention. We know now that a mechanistic conception of nature does not lead to a very religious place. So if the Thomists are correct, then Mersenne's contributions to science could well be overshadowed by his support for a bankrupt philosophy of Nature Of Humans Essay, nature that would ultimately lead to many of the about various heresies of Late Modern thought. But if the mechanistically-inclined naturalists are instead, his philosophical and scientific contributions are an Gun Control Essay, almost unqualified positive.
I'm interested to see whether commenter approval of Wage, his work divides along the axis and in the direction that I've predicted. It's strange that this receives only a passing mention. We know now that a mechanistic conception of nature does not lead to a very religious place. This depends on 21 century clothing, how you define religious. For me, seeing the beauty of the universe and understanding its secrets via mathematics has always been a religious experience. But the God of Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, this rational universe would almost certainly be diametrically opposed to miracles and breaching his on rules. Heck, even if he wanted to, it may not even be possible for him to break the Cat's The Destructive Of Humans rules. One way of looking at Essay We Should the Minimum it is that the rules themselves are the actual mind of God at Gun Control in America Essay work, if God has anything like a mind. The phrase machina mundi (the machine of the world) was quite common in Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, the Middle Ages. What Target. Nicole d'Oresme (later bishop of Lisieux) compared the Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage world to a clockwork. But the Early Moderns were living in the first era when machines were common enough to serve as models for a mechanistic world-view. (Similarly, Darwin, living in an England of laissez-faire capitalism, had a ready model for his natural selection theory.) Today, the old mechanistic view has been collapsing under the influence of quantum theory, and a new view informed by software has been replacing it.
Context matters. Aristotle had said that anger could be understood in two ways: as a boiling of blood around the heart or as a desire for revenge. What Do Squats. (Keeping in mind that neither blood nor heart meant quite what they mean today.) To develop medicines and such, the mechanistic viewpoint of the first way is useful; but to develop laws and jurisprudence, the about the Minimum Wage second way is needed. The natural philosopher, Aristotle said, must consider it both ways. For those interested in learning more about Mersenne and the contributions of 17th century French mathematicians, there is a short BBC documentary available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BV5Fl1w9UWM. I fail to see the significance and purpose of the article other than to pay homage to a Catholic priest who made important contributions to science. Nor is he the first person Catholic or otherwise who have made important contributions to science and humanity throughout history. relatively recently and in antiquity. These facts of Catholic contributions to science have no bearing on whether or not god exists, benevolent or otherwise, nor do these type of articles contribute any evidence to support the john Catholic claim that god does exist. Color me bemused. Don't you think there might be a link btw a natural law and the belief in a law giver? Wouldn't belief in the latter help foster study of the former?
Don't you think there might be a link btw a natural law and NOT Increase the Minimum Wage the belief in a law giver? I answered your question. I said No. On The Fathers. Since you are the one with the question, I think that you are the one for whom the onus is about We Should the Minimum Wage, upon to refute or give a reason that my answer No, is do squats, unsatisfactory to your liking. I can see where this circular reasoning is going. down the NOT Increase rabbit hole. no need to john lewis, respond. Just seems like a reasonable assumption that unless ppl without a scientific base believe in order in nature they are unlikely to spend massive amounts of energy and resources looking for Essay about Wage it. Nectar Lewis. kind of like the chinese who developed lots of technology but no fundamental science whereas science exploded in christian europe.
Repeat a lie a thousand times and it becomes the truth. How can a lie even if repeated over and over become a lie? Is this a possibility from an atheist world view? i guess what i am asking is, does atheism see lies repeated often as true bc in atheism generally there is We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, no room for objective truth? Because the repetition changes everyone's perception. It is still a lie, but everyone thinks it is true.
Maybe read your own post again and see if you have repeated one of those lies. do you think it's true? consider a thought experiment: 2 cultures one which doesn't believe in Founding, any god any over riding order in nature any creator and which doesn't proceed as if there is intention telos but just investigates things one by one by Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage one; then think of a culture which believes in 21 century clothing, an embedded order in nature, a god who set down rules and about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage patterns etc. Seems obv. to me that the second would feel justified in looking for the fundamental underlying patterns and laws whereas the first would have a very hard time convincing its ppl that they should sacrifice resources in pursuit of something that they thought doesn't even exist - think of how many atheists today deny intention direction telos in nature. That was thrown out of science more than 200 years ago. You won't find it in any scientific essay. how about in philosophy of do squats target, science? It's not true.
Repeating it wont make it true. still makes more sense to think apriori that reality is about NOT Increase, ordered and regular and target patterned than that it just is brute fact after brute fact and on and on - all scientists are theists without admitting it bc they assume that the world is intelligible and that it is regular and ordered! Do you care to evidence your claims? name one scientist who doesn't expect to find order and intelligibility in Essay We Should the Minimum Wage, nature? how could that be possible unless there was order built into the system? . whereas science exploded in christian europe. That's the catholicized view.
A proper reading is that science exploded in Europe despite centuries of christian hegemony. It could no longer be constrained by 21 century clothing prevailing religious thought. The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy best illustrates the change: The Enlightenment begins with the scientific revolution of the We Should NOT Increase sixteenth and what do squats seventeenth centuries. The rise of the new science progressively undermines not only the ancient geocentric conception of the cosmos, but, with it, the entire set of We Should NOT Increase, presuppositions that had served to constrain and guide philosophical inquiry. The dramatic success of the new science in explaining the natural world, in accounting for a wide variety of phenomena by appeal to a relatively small number of elegant mathematical formulae, promotes philosophy (in the broad sense of the time, which includes natural science) from a handmaiden of theology, constrained by its purposes and Founding methods, to an independent force with the power and Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage authority to challenge the old and what do squats construct the We Should the Minimum Wage new, in the realms both of theory and practice, on the basis of its own principles. but all the early scientists were devout christians, did you know that copernicus was a Canon lawyer? Check out the stephen m barr presentation i linked to; lots of entire branches of science were started not just by christians, not even just by on The Fathers Beliefs catholics but by actual priests! it's amazing. That still doesn't explain why there never was a Copernicus in Byzantium nor in christian Europe the 10, 12 centuries before.
For instance Augustinus of Hippo wasn't exactly stupid, you know. Still he didn't formulate heliocentrism. Only if you systematically ignore all the none-catholic scientists. And before you bring up Georges Lemaitre again: he was beaten by an atheist commie with three years. the chinese who developed lots of technology but no fundamental science But I suppose you define fundamental science in such a way that only western science qualifies and Essay about We Should NOT Increase preferably done by catholics. whereas science exploded in christian europe. I'd like to see you explain. 1) why that explosion didn't happen in Byzantium, a totally christian nation;
2) why it took western Europe 10, 12 centuries to light the fuse. I mean - the decimal system and maneuver especially the We Should NOT Increase Wage number zero aren't exactly christian european products. MNb: I hope you don't mind me making a few comments on your two questions. 1) Can you explain what you mean by a totally christian nation? I'd like to recommend The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages by Edward Grant.
Grant discusses the question of why science did not arise in a Byzantine or Islamic milieu. One of the Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay key issues he addresses is the lack of separation between Church and state. The interplay between Church and state has bearing on Wage, the types of institutions that may or may not form, most notably universities. 2) Today's feature article discusses some of the issues related to this question. I am not sure that an image of lighting a fuse is the best way to visualize the on The Founding development of science in Western Europe. Can you explain this further? And when do you see this fuse as being lit?
Although incredibly important, the primary mission of the Church is not to facilitate scientific revolutions. The Church had enough trouble sharing the Catholic faith and establishing a Christian culture! Poland wasn't 'baptized' until the 10th century. Christianity spread slowly through space and Essay about We Should time. 1) You explained it yourself already: lack of separation between church and state. Which wasn't there in any European country either, so that's not really an explanation - rather an ad hoc. Lewis. Did you know btw that the first European university was founded in Toledo in We Should NOT Increase Wage, islamic Spain? Three years after the conquest of nectar john, that city (and the Moors were so nice to keep the We Should the Minimum library intact) the Cat's The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay University of Bologna was founded. 2) Can you explain this further? You need to about NOT Increase the Minimum, ask Mike, not me. He talked about the explosion of science, so it's rather dishonest to ask me and not him.
I only used his metaphor. the primary mission of the do squats Church is not to facilitate scientific revolutions Exactly. This effectively undermines Mike's claim that christianity is a necessary and/or sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. About We Should The Minimum Wage. Thanks. Of course we need to john, look at the specific circumstances. There are several that contributed. Essay About We Should NOT Increase Wage. First of all European contacts with the islamic world intensified after the abovementioned conquest of Toledo, which was the first one to make ancient manuscripts available in western Europe. In America Essay. In the second place the authority of the RCC, which had reached its peak in the 13th Century, had decreased, especially after the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage Black Plague epidemy of 1350 CE. In the third place after the fall of Constantinople many scholars fled to Italy, bringing even more manuscripts with them - in Greek, not in Arabian translations.
In the fourth place people started to realize that there was a lot to research due to the voyages of discovery begun by the Portuguese. Circumstances were favourable for independent thinkers. Funny enough the mendelsohn maneuver RCC is Essay the Minimum, partly to credit, exactly because contemporary popes were more politcal than spiritual. One of them was highly interested in Copernicus' work; Tycho Brahe, who doesn't get enough credit, never had problems with RCC authorities either (he worked for a while at the court of the Austrian Emperor). My point is just, I repeat it, that christianity is not a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. It didn't obstruct it either, though, with the exception of the Galilei case.
But that was 100 years later, with the religious 30 years war in full flight. And even then it's rather a weak example compared to Giordano Bruno. For centuries, Byzantium tended towards Caesaropapism. Although there was ongoing interplay between the temporal and spiritual orders, Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the separation of Church and do squats target state. Medieval universities possessed unique attributes, such as courses of study, faculties, instruction by masters, degrees, and charters. Do we find these at Toledo? Also, the manuscripts at Toledo were not the Essay We Should the Minimum first ancient manuscripts available to lewis, Western Europe.
We have to about NOT Increase, differentiate between Latin and Greek works. Irish monks and the scholars of Charlemagne's court contributed significantly to the preservation of Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay, Latin manuscripts. About We Should NOT Increase Wage. Greek manuscripts were available to Essay Founding, Western scholars as well, although in NOT Increase Wage, a very limited sense (see the work of maneuver, Boethius). The translation work done in Spain and Sicily, however, greatly expanded the Greek corpus, most notably through the labors of Essay the Minimum Wage, Gerard of Cremona and William of nectar, Moerbeke (among others, of course). I hope to address your other points sometime soon. Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the separation of Essay about We Should the Minimum, Church and state. In the first place there were no states. Nectar John Lewis. There were feudal entities ruled by nobles and monarchs who considered their territories as their personal properties. Hence the Essay We Should borders changes every few decades.
This is important because it makes the expression meaningless. What matter is the relaion monarch vs. clergy. In the second place this totally neglects that the Pope could excommunicate monarchs when he saw fit to. Emperor Henry IV's journey to Canossa shows this best. In the third place this totally neglects that either the Pope was politcally dominated by Gun Control in America nobility (in the about Wage 10th Century in Rome) or by monarchs (in the maneuver 14th Century in Avignon). It's typical how apologists need to Essay Wage, twist the facts to back up their predetermined conclusions.
Do we find these at Toledo? the manuscripts at Toledo were not the first ancient manuscripts available to Western Europe. I didn't write that. But in the first place around 400 CE there were less available in Western Europe than in the Eastern Roman Empire, simply because the intellectual centra were situated there. And by lewis 1000 CE most of them were destroyed by barbarian invasions and other on going wars. Irish monks prove exactly that: in We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, the 9th Century Western Europe was stunned by Johannes Scotus Eriugena, despite Charlemagne's efforts, which apparently did not make that much difference. Two centuries later all the Irish cultures were destroyed. If you want to know how low the intellectual level was around 1000 CE you don't have to look any further than the The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay letter Pope Silvester II received from the We Should the Minimum Bishop of Founding Fathers, Utrecht.
The latter praised the first for explaining that if you doubled the dimensions of a room the Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage volume did not double. Only 100 years later that was radically changed and the decisive turning point was obviously the Fall of Gun Control in America, Toledo. And that's why it's wrong to hold christianity responsible for the scientific decline since 400 CE and to praise it for the scientific revolution. As for Boethius - 1. he essentially belonged to Antiquity yet, as he was born and raised and Essay We Should the Minimum lived in Rome, where culture was preserved until the disastrous Byzantine-Gothic wars; 2. there is no evidence at all that his scientific level was the same of Augustinus of Hippo and on The Fathers Synesius of Cyrene around 400 CE. So he rather confirms my point of view than yours. Same for Gerard of Cremona - he died in no less place than Toledo - and Willem of Moerbeke, who lived in the 13th Century. They confirm that Western Europe got an enormous intellectual boost after the Fall of Essay about, Toledo - something christianity could not have pulled off on its own before. So the conclusion remains: christianity never has been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. Thanks for your reply. Just to clarify, I am not addressing your claim that Christianity has never been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. For me, addressing an Founding Beliefs, issue such as that would require years of engagement of primary and secondary resources, preferably in about NOT Increase, the context of a doctoral program at a prestigious university.
Until then, I remain relatively neutral. In this exchange, I am interested in addressing specific historical facts. I stated that Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the separation of Church and state. This is in Essay, comparison to Byzantium. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Here's a quote from the prominent non-Catholic historian, Edward Grant:
One of the major features of Essay NOT Increase Wage, Western Christianity was its differentiation from the on The Fathers secular state. Each had its role to play and although, at different times, church and state sought to dominate each other, they usually recognized their mutually established spheres of jurisdiction. By contrast, Byzantium was essentially a theocratic state. The distinction between church and state was largely non-existent. The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages, 187. He agrees with your assessment that at We Should times (or even often) one power sought to dominate the other. This is my belief as well, as I alluded to in a previous comment.
Church and state is used colloquially to Essay on The Founding Fathers, refer to the temporal and spiritual orders. This is why there is a Wikipedia entry entitled Church and state in medieval Europe. About NOT Increase. I am well aware that modern states did not exist during the time period in mendelsohn maneuver, question. Yes. Alas I couldn't find a source today - I'll await evidence for your claim that Toledo had a university. The link you provided in your last comment doesn't even mention Toledo. David Lindberg and NOT Increase Wage Edward Grant are probably the two most respected historians of medieval science. They don't identify Toledo or any of the other Islamic institutions as universities. Neither does Wikipedia's List of medieval universities. Certainly there were schools before these universities were formed. On The Founding. We find schools in about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, both Christian and Islamic territories.
First of all European contacts with the islamic world intensified after the abovementioned conquest of Toledo, which was the first one to clothing, make ancient manuscripts available in western Europe. Can you further explain what you mean? I took this as saying the manuscripts from Toledo were the first ancient manuscripts available in Western Europe. I want to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, make sure I understand your correctly. By mentioning Boethius, I wasn't making a judgment of his scientific prowess relative to the likes of Augustine or Synesius, nor was I positioning him into an historical era. Rather, I was using him as an example of a scholar who made some Greek texts available to Western Europe. The Destructive. This may or may not have any bearing, depending on if I understood you correctly.
I do not doubt that Western Europe got an enormous intellectual boost after the Fall of Toledo. NOT Increase Wage. My previous comment praised the work of Gerard of Cremona. I am not addressing your claim that Christianity has never been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution OK, sorry, thanks, that makes my previous comment largely superfluous. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? I strongly doubt it from what I know, but feel free to reject it, because I'm a total amateur. Church and maneuver state . Essay NOT Increase Wage. OK. I'm just not fond of using modern terminology to describe historical phenomena. That's something I have learned from mendelsohn, scholars.
It can be very misleading. Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum. I haste to add that many atheist amateurs make the same mistake. Something like the war between science and religion simply doesn't apply to the second half of the Middle Ages. It's meaningless and nobody back then would have understood it. So if you would reformulate it like something as the relation between the secular and the spiritual powers was in Western Europe much more dynamic than in Byzantium I would agree.
It remains an intriguing question though why Byzantium did not manage to make any intellectual progress (except for inventing Greek Fire), not even compared to Gun Control in America Essay, the contemporary Arabian world. My previous comment praised the work of Gerard of Essay We Should the Minimum, Cremona. Oh, it's amazing how much intellectual progress was made after the University of john lewis, Bologna was founded. those are all excellent observations, thanks. Scientists like Mersenne are the law givers. Wouldn't belief in the latter help foster study of the Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage former? There are quite a few unbelieving scientists who don't need that help. how can an observer also be the author? isn't that like raskolnikov writing crime and punishment? isn't that circular reasoning? Gray: How teleological of you! While arguments for 21 century clothing and against the existence of God are central to the mission of Strange Notions, the possible areas of discussion are much broader (see the section titles in the website header).
But I think articles such as this ultimately do contribute to the discussion you are interested in, but in Wage, an indirect way. An historical narrative contributes to how contemporary discussion is framed and understood. Gun Control In America Essay. And no argument has bearing on whether or not God exists. Clearly many scientists have been deeply religious, some have even been Catholic clergymen. Essay We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. I have been convinced that elements of Christianity likely played a causal role in the development of modern scientific thinking, commencing about a thousand years after Christ. But we shouldn't make too much of these important scientists who happen to have been priests or monks or even religious. In the 21 century clothing 1630's even if one was an atheist, one would have likely kept this quiet, and We Should NOT Increase characterized one's thinking in explicitly religious terms. Mendelsohn Maneuver. Particularly if one lived in Essay about, a Catholic country, one had to be very Getting imprisoned as a heretic and potentially facing death for it was pretty easy, as Mercator discovered. It seems only 21 century, his often travel to Germany and fraternization with Protestants was sufficient to have him imprisoned and we might have been deprived of his projection.
What we do see as science develops, is that any role of Essay about, Christianity fades into the background and is now irrelevant to science and Cat's The Destructive Nature Of Humans any field of study, other than theology in Essay about We Should the Minimum Wage, the like. It seems the Gun Control Essay necessary piece is holding the We Should NOT Increase mechanistic world-view, not a Catholic or Religious view. Most of the big names in scientists turn out to be protestant in the enlightenment (Kepler, Newton, Darwin, Maxwell, Plank, Bohr), and in the modern era we find scientists becoming more and more secular and at times atheists. These days, and for the last hundred years at least, it would be hard to make any argument that a particular theology, or lack thereof, was helpful in the pursuit of science. So it is unsurprising to find a priest was a brilliant and influential early scientist. Nor is maneuver, it surprising that we find no gay, women, or atheist scientists in about We Should the Minimum Wage, those days. Thanks for reading. When time allows, I'd like to respond to several of your points. For now, a couple comments:
1) in the modern era we find scientists becoming more and more secular and at on The Founding times atheists. We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. These days, and for the last hundred years at Essay on The Founding least, it would be hard to make any argument that a particular theology, or lack thereof, was helpful in the pursuit of science. I think there is We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, a lot of truth in these statements. In fact, my next article will discuss this very issue (I can't say for sure that it will be published at Gun Control Essay Strange Notions). We Should NOT Increase. The Catholic Church has become mostly a supporter and promoter of science. A less-than-ideal number of the maneuver first rate scientists of the 20th century were devout Catholics. This is a problem.
2) Most of the big names in scientists turn out to about We Should the Minimum, be protestant in the enlightenment (Kepler, Newton, Darwin, Maxwell, Plank, Bohr) You have listed a Lutheran, a non-Trinitarian from the Anglican tradition, an Gun Control in America, agnostic from the Wage Anglican tradition, a Presbyterian, and two more from the Lutheran tradition. It is an nectar john, ecclesiological error to Essay the Minimum, group all such individuals under the label of Protestant. Plus, you've ignored hundreds of scientists who were Catholic. A question and some thoughts that deal with your above post:
What are your thoughts in regards to how particular subcultural environments effect the Gun Control views of individuals found within a subculture? The particular subculture I am speaking of is academia. In general, I believe that students are more likely to gravitate towards academic environments they are likely to Essay about We Should, fit into, and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs those who spend a large amount of time with those they disagree with are likely to begin to adopt the views of the majority or modify their views to fit in. Essay NOT Increase Wage. When one looks at the current cultural environment found within academia around the sciences, you find a cultural environment that is not always the friendliest to maneuver, theists (often condescending and scornful) and about We Should quite open and friendly to an atheist/agnostic/questioning view towards religion and spirituality. This naturally creates an Fathers, environment where those who are predisposed towards atheism/agnosticism and questioning religion will gravitate towards the sciences while those who are theistic are more likely to avoid it. Why go into a career where your views are going to be constantly questioned and We Should NOT Increase you might be looked down upon? Students who are theists and go into the sciences in college might end up leaving the Founding sciences because they don't like the environment, and also some who stay in the field might find themselves agnostics/atheists by the time they are finished with their education.
While some might become atheists or agnostics due to a serious soul searching (I find commentary from you and about the majority of Cradle: Nature, common atheist/agnostic bloggers on Essay about, Strange Notions to demonstrate this soul searching), social pressures from the environment they are in might get them to change their views. By the time you get through those who leave the field because they don't like the environment and those who end up losing their faith, you probably don't have a large number of theists left. I raise these thoughts because while the majority of major scientists today are not subscribing to an organized religion and are more and more frequently subscribing to 21 century, atheism and agnosticism, I believe this has more to do with cultural influences than it does to science. Essay We Should Wage. Most major scientists are coming out 21 century clothing, of the west, and about We Should the Minimum the west is clothing, becoming more secular. Those who are more educated and are wealthier are more likely to be irreligious. There are also several cultural and environmental factors that are going to cause atheists and agnostics to go into the sciences and those with religious persuasions to avoid the We Should NOT Increase Wage sciences. The above paragraph goes into 21 century clothing, some of these factors.
According to all the traditions and legends, Christianity was born and flourished in an environment that could not have been more hostile. We skeptics are continually assured that during its earliest years, you could be tortured and killed just for saying Christ is my savior. What does it say about about We Should Wage, modern Christianity that its adherents are so easily driven away just by john people saying, If you believe that, you're an idiot? It says we have serious issues. It also says that when given a choice, many individuals who are very devout will choose to walk away from a particular environment (in this case academia, but it goes into other environments as well) and go to one where they will not face the same condescesion.
This isn't equivalent to Essay about NOT Increase, early Christianity. Mendelsohn. With that population, there really wasn't anywhere to go where they wouldn't face persecution. One can be just as much of a witness to God in Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage, the sciences as within other professions, but the current cultural climate towards religion and lewis spirituality within scientific academia simply creates an environment that is naturally going to drive many with spiritual inclinations away from majors in the sciences. With that population, there really wasn't anywhere to NOT Increase the Minimum, go where they wouldn't face persecution. I don't believe that was actually the case, but I'll stipulate it.
Those Christians had the same option of denying their faith as any student in Gun Control in America Essay, a modern college. And any student does have the option of going to a school where nobody will make fun of them for believing in Christ. Ummm. I'm talking about majors in Essay We Should, the sciences, not a particular college. In general you are going to The Destructive Nature Essay, find a mixture of attitudes at most colleges towards organized religion, but the about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage current attitude found within the sciences is generally more negative than within other branches. Mendelsohn. I doubt most people would be willing to go to the another college in the hopes of having a more pleasant atmosphere when there is no guarantee that would actually be the NOT Increase Wage case. Academic condescension is not the same thing as persecution suffered by early Christians. What happened in the early days of Christianity would not be happening on a college campus. Jumping from on The Founding Fathers, one college to another does not guarantee a more accepting environment.
I'm talking about Essay about Wage, majors in the sciences, not a particular college. I have no experience as a science major, but in The Destructive, the science classes I took, religion was not even mentioned except in biology classes. I had to about NOT Increase, take introductory biology twice. The first professor mentioned evolution only briefly. Do Squats. He commented that some religions had a problem with it but others didn't. The second professor completely ignored evolution until the last day of We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, class, when a student brought it up. The professor took a Bible out of do squats target, his desk, read Genesis 1:1, and said that that was all anybody needed to know on the subject.
Years later I took a class on human evolution. About Wage. A couple of times during the course, the Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Nature Of Humans professor acknowledged that some students had a problem with it because of their religious beliefs. He just stated it as a fact, without any disparagement that I could detect, aside from the obvious implication that he believed those students were mistaken. I'm glad that your experience in your science class was positive in regards to how your prof spoke about Essay the Minimum, religion. Experiences of others might be more mixed. That was sort of my point. Clothing. If Christianity could flourish in the face of potentially lethal persecution, how is a bit of condescension driving so many students away from their faith? My main point is Essay NOT Increase the Minimum, that many individuals are going to step away from sciences because their faith is going to put them into an unpleasant/frustrating position. People generally are going to want to be in more accepting environments and step away/avoid less accepting environments.
An example of Essay Founding Beliefs, another population choosing to go into a particular major in college would be homosexuals going into majors involving theatre. Homosexuals historically have been more accepted in theatre than in many other settings, hence you see a large number of about the Minimum, homosexuals in theatre majors. It is an environment that is more accepting. Back to the point I'm trying to make. Some fields are more open and welcoming to nectar lewis, talking about religion while others are not, and the current situation found within the Essay about NOT Increase Wage sciences is one where religion generally gets the thumbs down. In regards to why some who are in the sciences might end up losing their faith in college, especially within the area of the sciences, we now live in nectar john lewis, a time where many Christians are unchurched, don't know a lot about their religion, and Essay about the Minimum don't know how to Gun Control, address questions from We Should NOT Increase, skeptics. Lack of knowledge and what target a firm foundation in the faith creates a situation where individuals are more likely to lose their faith in an environment that is critical of Essay We Should NOT Increase, religion. Experiences of Gun Control in America, others might be more mixed. My experience constitutes a sample size of one.
Obviously, I can't just assume it was typical. But for what it's worth, they did occur at three different schools, two state junior colleges and one state university. My main point is about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, that many individuals are going to step away from sciences because their faith is Cradle: The Destructive Nature Of Humans, going to put them into an unpleasant/frustrating position. Essay We Should The Minimum Wage. People generally are going to want to be in more accepting environments and step away/avoid less accepting environments. I hope you're distinguishing the subject matter from the academic environment in Nature Essay, which the subject is taught.
If a well established scientific theory, such as biological evolution or a non-supernatural cosmogony, happens to conflict with a student's sectarian religious beliefs, then that student needs to be made uncomfortable, as far as I'm concerned. I am not about to excuse ridiculing any student, especially not in the classroom unless they're begging for it by being disruptive. But the about We Should NOT Increase professor has to be able to say something like: What I'm about to teach you is the consensus of the mendelsohn scientific community at this moment in history. The purpose of this class is to inform you of that consensus. Some of Essay about We Should the Minimum Wage, it might conflict with certain religious beliefs to which some of you are committed.
You don't have to clothing, believe any of it to pass this course, but you do have to demonstrate some level of familiarity with it. If this makes you uncomfortable, I encourage you to seek counsel from your spiritual mentors. But the major religions have well accommodated themselves to modern science. I don't deny that students belonging to such a religion will find, in the general academic community, a prevailing opinion that even their religion is out of intellectual fashion. The same is true, however, of students who share my conservative political opinions, and I see no acceptable way of compelling the about We Should the Minimum Wage academy to mendelsohn, change itself in Essay We Should NOT Increase, that respect.
If political conservatives want their views to become more respected, then they just have to find better ways to Cat's The Destructive Of Humans Essay, defend those views in We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, the public arena. So too for those who wish to make mainstream religion more respected. we now live in a time where many Christians are unchurched, don't know a lot about mendelsohn, their religion, and don't know how to address questions from Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, skeptics. Lack of knowledge and a firm foundation in the faith creates a situation where individuals are more likely to lose their faith in an environment that is critical of religion. That looks to me like a problem that the churches should be solving. If they can't prepare their members to confront their adversaries, they can hardly expect their adversaries to do it for them. Thanks for your thoughts Doug.
Again, I'm speaking about the Essay on The Fathers Beliefs general environment towards religion within the Essay NOT Increase sciences, not specific religious doctrines conflicting with science. The Catholic Church today is on The Founding Beliefs, pretty in step with science (e.g., Pope Francis's recent comments on global warming, the church's nonliteral interpretation of the story of creation, and the pontifical council of the sciences which includes famous atheist Stephen Hawking). While there are less ordained priests, brothers and NOT Increase the Minimum sisters within the sciences today, there still are some and those individuals are highly unlikely to Essay on The Fathers, take a more fundamentalist view of the Bible. It is not just teachers; the attitude of classmates can potentially be even more powerful than that of teachers. Even if teachers are respectful towards religious beliefs they disagree with, that does not mean that the Essay We Should the Minimum Wage atmosphere within a classroom is necessarily welcoming towards those with religious beliefs.
While I never majored in the sciences, I recall one group of friends I had while I was at mendelsohn maneuver UVA. Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. Whenever the topic of Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, religion would come up, they would not necessarily bash it but they would be very dismissive and at times scornful. Essay Wage. Whenever I would bring up my beliefs-out of frustration at Gun Control times-it was total conversation shut down. They didn't want to Essay about, hear it. They talked about what target, how they were open minded yet whenever they were confronted with ideas about God and religion that they didn't like, the conversation would stop and they would move onto something else. Were they mean? No. However, it was at times a deeply frustrating environment to be around. Essay About We Should The Minimum. I believe this might be a better example of the atmosphere within scientific academia towards religion than outward hostility/rudeness. Most students don't go around proselytizing in 21 century clothing, the classroom, but at the same time, they probably like being in an atmosphere where if they were to talk to a fellow student about the Minimum Wage, faith or just what's going on at their church, it wouldn't be conversation shut down with many of the nectar people one speaks to.
For many religious people, talking about NOT Increase the Minimum, these things is just as natural as talking about what you did with your friends this past weekend or a tv show you saw last night you enjoyed. If in the midst of a conversation you started talking about john lewis, what you did with your friends/family this past weekend or a tv show you liked and your conversation partner started acting like they didn't care or they didn't want to Essay about NOT Increase, hear it, how would you feel? Another commenter, Brian, responded to my above question and said that religion wasn't really ever brought up in mendelsohn maneuver, the classroom because it wasn't relevant. Part of Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, what I'm saying is that since many within the sciences don't believe that religion or spirituality is relevant, the views of those with deeply held religious beliefs are minimized and at times dismissed, and this creates an atmosphere that many religious would not want to be part of unless they had a very specific calling to the sciences. This naturally creates a situation where you are going to maneuver, see less deists in the sciences than you might within some other fields. That looks to me like a problem that the Essay NOT Increase Wage churches should be solving. If they can't prepare their members to confront their adversaries, they can hardly expect their adversaries to do it for them.
A very true comment. There is what, always room for improvement with the way the church catechizes, and there are some religious who don't do a very good job at it. With that said, I would bring up the phrase, You can bring a horse to about the Minimum Wage, water, but you can't make it drink. Essay. I've met many priests who have done everything they can to about We Should NOT Increase Wage, try and get their parishioners interested in learning about the what do squats faith, but many of the parishioners aren't interested. I've been to Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, churches where there are Bible studies on a weekly basis, but you don't see more than five or six people at the Bible study. You can't force people to learn something. There needs to be a willingness on the part of those in the pews to take the time to learn and many simply choose not to. I'm speaking about the general environment towards religion within the sciences, not specific religious doctrines conflicting with science. What kind of environment is there supposed to Gun Control in America Essay, be? If there is no conflict, I don't see how there is We Should Wage, a problem. Do you want an astronomy professor saying Here we see the glory of God when he shows the nectar lewis class a picture from the Hubble telescope?
Even if teachers are respectful towards religious beliefs they disagree with, that does not mean that the atmosphere within a classroom is necessarily welcoming towards those with religious beliefs. If certain opinions are irrelevant to the subject being taught, I think the atmosphere is welcoming enough if those opinions are simply ignored. Part of what I'm saying is about NOT Increase, that since many within the sciences don't believe that religion or spirituality is relevant, the views of what do squats, those with deeply held religious beliefs are minimized and at times dismissed, and this creates an atmosphere that many religious would not want to be part of Essay about the Minimum, unless they had a very specific calling to mendelsohn, the sciences. If religious beliefs really are irrelevant to science, then you have no grounds for complaining if the scientific community treats them as irrelevant. If this discourages some religious people from becoming scientists, then it is not clear to me what the Essay NOT Increase Wage scientific community is supposed to do about it. Most students don't go around proselytizing in the classroom, but at the same time, they probably like being in an atmosphere where if they were to talk to a fellow student about faith or just what's going on at their church, it wouldn't be conversation shut down with many of the people one speaks to.
For many religious people, talking about maneuver, these things is just as natural as talking about what you did with your friends this past weekend or a tv show you saw last night you enjoyed. Fair enough, but lots of people have interests that are of great personal importance to about Wage, them but not to most other people. There are ways for students with special interests to indulge them on campus. At the last school I attended, a group of Protestant students got together every week in the Student Union for a Bible study. I went to Gun Control, one of their meetings just out of Essay about NOT Increase Wage, curiosity. They weren't bothering me, and I kept my mouth shut and didn't bother them. There is always room for Cradle: The Destructive Nature improvement with the way the church catechizes, and there are some religious who don't do a very good job at it. With that said, I would bring up the Essay about We Should the Minimum Wage phrase, You can bring a horse to nectar lewis, water, but you can't make it drink. If it's thirsty, you don't need to make it drink. It will drink without any encouragement.
And if it's been deprived of water for Essay about long enough, it will be thirsty, guaranteed. The church's problem is that when people deny being thirsty, the church has nothing to do squats target, say except, But you should be. Hi Doug, sorry I haven't replied yet. We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. Super busy with work and haven't had the time to read through everything and devote some time to what u have said. I will get back to u though. Thanks for your thoughts Doug.
After reading through your reply, I don't think there is much left to say besides we agree to disagree on a number of things. I've explained multiple times what I mean about the atmosphere within the sciences, and I believe a number of your replies further confirm my beliefs. In regards to your comment about a horse will drink once it's thirsty. you are incorrect. Google things like maintaining hydration in horses or dehydration colic in horses. What Do Squats. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source. Regardless, it is an analogy, and one that I believe is appropriate. Essay We Should The Minimum. Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and they have access to places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to go for it. Google things like maintaining hydration in Essay on The Founding Beliefs, horses or dehydration colic in horses. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source.
They're in a pathological state when that happens. I was thinking of horses in a normal state of health. Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and they have access to places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to go for it. As far as I can tell, spiritual starvation is an imaginary malady. Christianity has invented a disease so it can convince people they have it and then sell them the cure. Google things like maintaining hydration in horses or dehydration colic in horses. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source. They're in a pathological state when that happens. I was thinking of horses in a normal state of health. Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum they have access to maneuver, places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to about NOT Increase the Minimum, go for 21 century it. As far as I can tell, spiritual starvation is an imaginary malady.
Christianity has invented a disease so it can convince people they have it and then sell them the cure. Christianity cannot be defeated by attack. Today it is simply being defeated by Essay about the Minimum Wage the truth, sorry my friend. Don't know how to reply to that besides saying I disagree. Jesus has already won with the cross. I believe that is Gun Control in America, truth. In my experience in We Should, university, I obtained degrees in the 1990s and 2000s there was no unfriendliness to Essay Beliefs, theism, in Essay about NOT Increase, fact the issue never arose.
I don't see why it would as it was irrelevant to the subjects I was studying. My speculation is 21 century, that some theists feel threatened by We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage things they discover in science and history that may conflict with conclusions they have reached on the basis of a religious tradition. If they were to raise religious ideas in a science class, I think such ideas would rightly be quickly discarded as irrelevant and unscientific. Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay. I doubt they would in a theology class or philosophy class. I think culture, society and the Minimum Wage peer groups are extremely influential on the conclusions we reach on issues of theism. I think religious and scientific contexts do influence us much more than the kinds of discussions we have on Gun Control in America Essay, this site. This is why I think such environments should have reality checks and mechanisms to try and keep the analysis as objective as possible and disregard fallacious thinking. About We Should. This is basically what I think skepticism (critical thinking) and empiricism do or try to do. I think such mechanisms are woefully absent in target, religion, which is why scientific environments tend to disregard them without need for much serious contemplation.
Thanks for about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum your thoughts. Very much appreciated :) Or the shorter version: overwhelmingly, most important and influential scientists have not been priests, or Catholic, and theology is mendelsohn maneuver, more or less irrelevant to scientific findings. Well the most successful scientist of all time as measured by nobels is still a person who was brought up in one of the most ardently catholic places on earth, years before women even got the vote in most of europe let alone sat at the same table as the greatest modern scientists! Yup, it was a women brought up in strict Catholic eastern europe at Essay about We Should NOT Increase the turn of the 20th century: Amazing eh? She's won more nobels in different disciplines than any other man, ever, even einstein! Mike, Marie Curie forsook her Catholicism after her mother and sister both died, and became at least agnostic in her early teens. [My husband] belonged to nectar john lewis, no religion and I did not practice any. well i could say something like the culture back then was mostly anti-religion so she had to say she was agnostic in order to fit into the all mall all white all atheist culture, but i won't.
ok my only point is that it is Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, truly amazing that not only Cat's Nature, did the most decorated scientist of all time emerge out of a traditional strident catholic milieu but that it was astonishingly a WOMEN! at a time when even among most liberal societies like France and England there were no women at her level of achievement! Indeed i think it was another 50 years before a women would win a nobel in one of the hard sciences! well i could say something like the NOT Increase culture back then was mostly anti-religion so she had to say she was agnostic in order to fit into the all mall all white all atheist culture, but i won't. You won't say what you just said? Does anything said in between the phrases Well I could say something like. and . but I won't get a free pass? If you want a strident Catholic milieu to get the credit for Marie Curie, you're going to 21 century clothing, have give Catholicism the credit and blame for everything else that happened during all strident Catholic milieus. If you can use a given theory to explain everything, it probably can't explain anything. Edit: Two words changes for clarity. no i am just saying that the fact that the most successful scientist of all time came out of a very catholic culture AND was not a MAN but was a women! and 50 years before any other women won a nobel in a hard science! is about We Should, insane but true.
check our how many nobels her family has won too! 5 i think! that's just incredible. And you're trying to give Catholicism the credit for it. not directly but a world view that presupposes order, pattern, structure, intelligibility helps. i just think its very strange in light of the non-sense myths about the church being against women and maneuver science that the only person to win 2 nobels in 2 different hard sciences should have been 1 a women and 2 from a very catholic culture and 3 to have won her nobels 50 years before another women would win even 1 in the hard sciences. Essay NOT Increase. just fascinating. Fascinating, yes. And you're still trying to give Catholicism the do squats target credit for Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage her achievements. I'd say she accomplished what she did in what do squats, spite of the patriarchal religious milieu in which she was raised, not because of it as you continue to imply.
Why was it rare for a woman to We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, achieve these things in the first place? One could argue that it was because women were generally forbidden to occupy any place of power and influence equal to that which a man could attain, much like how the RCC and many other Abrahamic religions continue to Cradle: The Destructive, operate today. No not directly although i didn't even know she was raised catholic per andrew's comment below: my only point is that curie has still not been bested by any man or women in terms of nobels and she came from a culture which you continue to accuse of the worst things. anyway they also made a movie: No one is arguing against Essay about NOT Increase Curie being an amazing scientist or against Curie being one of the first major female scientists. Please point me to where I continue to accuse [Catholicism] of the 21 century worst things. forbidden to occupy any place of power and influence equal to that which a man could attain, much like how the RCC and many other Abrahamic religions continue to operate today you do it here but i know you see everything in NOT Increase, terms of power and influence so that's understandable given your worldview. Is the content of my quote incorrect? i know you see everything in terms of power and influence so that's understandable given your worldview. What gave you that false impression? Please explain. just seems that you equate an all male priesthood with being anti women and you equate the john priesthood with an executive position in a company or gov ie a place of power over ppl.
And you don't see a problem with women being forbidden to achieve the same level of power that men can achieve? Isn't the Catholic hierarchy similar to the hierarchy of a large corporation? Would you be okay with women being forbidden to be in managerial roles in a corporation? no of about We Should Wage, course i don't see that as a problem, in Nature Essay, fact i see that as one of the things that makes the church so special imho - the lib. protestants are now redefining marriage to exclude a women in one instance and about We Should Wage a man in john, another so that could also be seen as discriminatory but that's another issue. i don't know about how similar the corporate structure is to the church but the word corporate is ofcourse latin in origin. if the about We Should corporation was say the sons of italy club then no i'd have no problem, why would you? do you think that the major feminist orgs should have men as presidents? that would be not right don't you think? Wow.
This is getting way too off topic, so I'll just say that, Yes, I have a problem with these types of nectar lewis, discrimination. yes it is. anyway i think women and men are equal in value but are not the Wage same/not interchangeable. check this out: the only women in the room, einstein is target, behind her: Exactly. The only woman in the room. I'll see your picture and raise you one. How many women here?
Maybe a few in the background? Maybe? http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2013/03/28/article-2300490-18F8E2C5000005DC-827_964x629.jpg. maybe it's just me but it seems like you didn't know about marie curie? do you think that all institutions should be a mixture of men and women, so should be comprised of both sexes? What gave you the impression that I didn't know about Marie Curie? Yes. What you call a mixture, I call equality. I don't think any man or woman should be forced into any institution, but I do have a problem when a person is denied the option of Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage, joining an institution based on nectar john lewis, her/his biological sex. About We Should The Minimum. Or race. Or sexual orientation.
Or basically anything that doesn't have to 21 century clothing, do with one's merit. the impression came from you throwing the all male priesthood card out of nowhere - seemed like you were trying to change the convo. ok so do you think that the institution of marriage should also be made up of both men and women or do you think that a marriage which excludes/bans a women in Essay We Should Wage, one case and say a man in do squats, the other is not unequal or discriminatory or wrong? just seems confusing bc you say the Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum church should be diverse so wondering about 21 century clothing, other institutions too. I can't even follow your logic here. I don't think I'm being confusing.
let me explain: i asked you if all institutions should be male AND female, a mix; you said yes; so i said what about marriages in which in one case (m/m) a women is necessarily excluded and in another (f/f) a man is necessarily unwelcome. Just seems like you only think the We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage church should be gender diverse or don't you think that all kids generally speaking should have exposure to BOTH a mom and a dad? i am just pointing out that you seem to have a bias against the church. I can't believe this. You think that allowing two women to marry is discriminating against men? Mike, I can't take you seriously sometimes. There are some instances in which I think it's fair to allow discrimination, such as allowing private religious universities to base hiring decisions on whether a candidate's theology matches with the university's theology. However, I'm against on The Founding Fathers Beliefs most instances of discrimination, such as discrimination against women by Essay We Should many Abrahamic religions.
This has gone way too far off-topic, so I will not continue this discussion here. No not allowing 2 women but recognizing a female only or male only relationship as equal to Essay on The Founding, a diverse one; you seem to feel strongly about diversity in the church and all institutions which i asked you about but seem to make an exception for Essay marriages which exclude gender diversity - just struck me as odd. yes and what do squats target it's late, take care. I don't take Mike seriously at all, this is why I still like Mike. Did you see Mila's comment? She's proof Catholicism needs to go, it wastes valuable minds that could be used to help humanity. I couldn't have make the point better than she just did if I had tried. I try to give religions the Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage benefit of the mendelsohn doubt, and I don't want to about NOT Increase, be dogmatic, but how can you respond to nectar, stuff like this WITHOUT dogma.
It is We Should the Minimum, so morally wrong it is repulsive. I don't see why women think not servicing others in target, the Church as a priest is Essay NOT Increase the Minimum, a sign of being less. God gave me the ability to on The Fathers, feel a life inside me. Everything else is straw. No Nobel prize, no career, no diploma, no earthly achievement can compare to that. If God chose women to serve Him in the Church, that would be unfair to about NOT Increase the Minimum, men.
It is not the Church that opposes the ordination of women. The Destructive. It is God. About We Should NOT Increase Wage. From the beginning He chose men to do squats, serve. There were no Levi women in Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, the altar. The Church can't go against what she inherited. She has no authority to claim more authority than God. The problem is Essay, that people envy others because they no longer see their value. Women envy men, (though in the case of women ordination is just an attempt to destroy priesthood), and men envy women. Essay. They have each lost their identity and self-worth. As a woman, I can tell you that I would decline being a priest, bishop, or Pope any day for just 9 months of an uncomfortable pregnacy and a lifetime of 21 century clothing, motherhood. hey i agree with you mila; btw sometimes i do wonder about how strange it is that no man will ever feel new life in his body and how weird wonderful it is that all of us were born of a women.
God gave me the ability to feel a life inside me. Everything else is straw. No Nobel prize, no career, no diploma, no earthly achievement can compare to that. OK. So the more women we can get out of the Catholic Church, the more contributions they can make to science. People like you make me both anti-Christian, and anti-Catholic. No wonder the We Should the Minimum religion is dying, it deserves to 21 century clothing, die. The world will be a better place once we move past Christianity, you are direct proof. Unreal! Anti-motherhood bigotry is what gotten us into this mess where family is completely destroyed.
Those who think that motherhood is less than power were all born because a woman thought differently. And they have been saying the about We Should the Minimum Wage religion is dying for 2000 years. I'm still in shock that someone would value their mother so little as to what do squats, criticize her decision to be their mother. I HAVE never understood myself how this superstition arose: the notion that a woman plays a lowly part in the home and about a loftier part outside the home. Lol, exactly how did I criticize being a mother? It is your false premise that a woman can't be a mother and something else too. Does it make it more difficult? Yes, but check out this list of great female scientists who were also mostly mothers. The Church has been teaching you non-sense for so long you just believe it to be true for no reason at all, it's called a shared delusion. It is a matter of social interest how to get the best minds in the right places, and keep them from having to mendelsohn maneuver, chose between being a mother and having a career.
Work from home is becoming more and more viable thanks to about We Should the Minimum, technology. Instead of pretending something is impossible, let's make it happen. We continue to do things with science and nectar lewis technology that were long held to be impossible. Notice I merely said that feeling a life inside was so incredible that every thing else was straw and you reacted as if I had said that women couldn't do anything else other than motherhood. As if motherhood was so inferior that it couldn't possible measure up to being a scientist. FYI, I am a woman and I have done both. I know from experience which is more important and more rewarding and about We Should Wage more challenging. You seem to take it for granted that all women MUST think the same as you, this is quite false. I attack you in defense of john lewis, my mother, my sisters, and about We Should the Minimum Wage my daughter. If my daughter decides not to have children, I won't exactly be happy, but that is HER choice.
Not yours, not the church's, not anyone's, it is hers. You are content for a choice to be taken away from other women simply because you don't want it, that is the problem I have with you. Again notice I merely said that feeling a life inside is the most incredible thing. Cradle: The Destructive Nature Essay. And you come up with this? What? What? Let me repeat, feeling a life inside is so incredible that nothing compares to it. I know from Essay the Minimum Wage, experience.
I never said anything thing that you assumed I said. I don't see why women think not servicing others in the Church as a priest is a sign of being less. God gave me the Essay on The Founding Fathers ability to feel a life inside me. Everything else is straw. BTW here is where God said women shouldn't be priests: 8 I desire, then, that in about We Should NOT Increase Wage, every place the men should pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or argument; 9 also that the women should dress themselves modestly and decently in suitable clothing, not with their hair braided, or with gold, pearls, or expensive clothes, 10 but with good works, as is Cat's Cradle: Nature Of Humans Essay, proper for women who profess reverence for God. 11 Let a woman[b] learn in silence with full submission.
12 I permit no woman[c] to teach or to have authority over We Should NOT Increase Wage a man;[d] she is to nectar, keep silent. 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve; 14 and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and NOT Increase Wage became a transgressor. What Do Squats. 15 Yet she will be saved through childbearing, provided they continue in Essay, faith and love and holiness, with modesty. Not only Essay Founding Beliefs, should they not be priests, but they should shut up and submit. Oh yeah, and about We Should Wage original sin is all their fault. Gun Control. Not only is was this passage written by a sexist fool, it was written by a darn LIAR. 80% of Christian scholars think the pastorals were written by someone other than Paul, that is well past consensus.
The problem is that the the Minimum author CLAIMED to be Paul, this makes him a liar. Don't take my word for 21 century clothing it, take Catholic resources: For the other four letters, about about, 80% of Essay on The Founding, scholars think they were not written by Essay We Should the Minimum Wage Paul himself, but by one of his followers after his death: Ephesians is almost definitely a later expansion of Colossians, since they are so similar in structure and theology, but quite different from Paul's earlier letters; Ephesians was probably written to serve as a “cover letter” for nectar lewis an early collection of Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, Pauline letters. The Pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus) were most likely written late in the first century by in America Essay some member(s) of the “Pauline School” who wanted to adapt his teachings to changing circumstances.
Note: Judging a particular letter to be pseudepigraphic does not mean that it is any less valuable than the other letters, but only that it was written later by We Should the Minimum Wage someone other than Paul. All thirteen of the letters attributed to on The Fathers Beliefs, Paul are still considered “canonical”; all of them are still part of the Holy Bible and foundational for the Christian Church. Distinguishing the letters based on actual authorship, however, allows scholars to see more clearly the development of early Christian theology and practice. What you just said, your view, is the result of about the Minimum Wage, deception. It's despicable and if God has a mind, he can't be pleased with that. This isn't to say that men and women aren't different, we know that, it is about opportunity and Justice. I oppose Christianity for its injustices.
OTOH, there are very good things in Christianity, one of which is Gun Control in America Essay, considering divorce wrong, a breach of a promise. In many ways I'm a philosophical Christian, but I dogmatically reject the Church's view of women, and Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum the self. Target. In fact, if you go to Paul's actual words, they aren't bad, but it is almost the Essay We Should polar opposite of the view of whoever wrote 1 Timothy. Look at mendelsohn 1 Cor 7. 7 Now concerning the matters about which you wrote: “It is well for a man not to touch a woman.” 2 But because of cases of sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. 3 The husband should give to about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, his wife her conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to clothing, her husband. 4 For the wife does not have authority over her own body, but the Essay the Minimum husband does; likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. 5 Do not deprive one another except perhaps by agreement for a set time, to devote yourselves to prayer, and then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
6 This I say by way of Fathers, concession, not of command. Essay We Should NOT Increase The Minimum. 7 I wish that all were as I myself am. But each has a particular gift from lewis, God, one having one kind and another a different kind. 8 To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is well for them to remain unmarried as I am. Essay We Should NOT Increase The Minimum. 9 But if they are not practicing self-control, they should marry.
For it is better to marry than to be aflame with passion. 10 To the married I give this command—not I but the Lord—that the wife should not separate from clothing, her husband 11 (but if she does separate, let her remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband), and that the husband should not divorce his wife. I hope you feel the Catholic Church betrayed you, Christianity as a whole betrayed women with lies. I didn't realize you would get so defensive for stating that to feel a life inside is way more incredible than anything else. That nothing can compare to it.
My bad, I guess I can't expect someone who can't to even relate to it. You don't like my opinion, how I feel, then great. Essay About We Should The Minimum. Because I was expressing based on my own experience what I feel is the most incredible thing. I would expect anyone to respect me as a woman to feel like that. And the Catholic Church or Christianity didn't betray women. Those who devalue the main attributes of women actually do.
The problem is that some women and men think that working in a cubicle is somehow more dignified than being a mother. On The Founding Fathers. The problem is in how society values mothers. And I used to Essay, think that the john Church and Christianity had actually betrayed me also, but after many years of being in the world that supposedly promised equality, I realize that it was only the equality to be a slave. About NOT Increase The Minimum. That the perception of society was so twisted that it actually devalues the main and most important thing women do by virtue of her own nature. On the other hand, the Church elevate women to not just be contributors in a workforce but also that they are mothers. But of course, if someone doesn't see motherhood as the important role it plays in maneuver, society, they wouldn't understand it.
I, myself, rather be a mother than anything else. Everything else is straw compared to motherhood. If you knew what it feels like to Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, feel a life inside maybe you would understand. I know most women feel like this too. Maneuver. I think you should respect women who do not hold the Essay We Should the Minimum trendy perception that somehow working in an office is more dignified than being a mother. As a woman, I can tell you that it is very disrespectful to women to 21 century, say that her own nature of motherhood is Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, inferior and thus they need to clothing, prove themselves to be great by becoming great scientist or inventors. Women can do that too. Nobody says anything against that. I mainly said that being a mother tops them all. Whatever you need to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, tell yourself to sleep at night. I think the nectar john lewis Catholic Church would have made WAY better decisions if it had allowed women in the priesthood a long time ago.
I've excellent experience with teams composed of Essay about Wage, both men and women. Groups entirely composed of men create specific problems, and Essay groups entirely composed of women have specific problems that groups composed of Essay We Should NOT Increase, both do not. Women help a great deal with group cohesion. Check out this study that showed more women than men improved group intelligence, but all women tends to have a negative effect compared to a diversified group. Mental diversity has profound benefits when it comes to creativity. The Church obviously has no interest in creativity, of course, only authority. Sad really. Perhaps Catholics need to start rethinking their stances to reverse this profound trend:
P.S. What. You attempt to say I was attacking mothers is a straw man if there ever was one. Anyone can tear down a straw man. Easy william, you're just being offensive now! I know, I'm done now. The idea that sexism is of God really ticks me off in case you can't tell ;) If the women were allowed to be priests who would wash all the vestments and arrange the flowers ? You're mistaken that only women do this work.
For example, in my church the priest washes his own vestments (dry cleaners). Or in a monastery, men would do this work. But to answer your question- it wouldn't change things, whomever is doing the work now. This is why i always look forward to what you have to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, contribute bc it's always tinged with a genuine affection for sincere dialogue and mutual respect ;) To be honest, Mike, I never feel genuineness, sincerity, and mutual respect from you; rather, I see question-dodging, goalpost-moving, and word-twisting that I'm doubting can be attributable to simple misunderstanding. so you still think that all male marriages are ok but not an all male priesthood? ;) dude, take it easy! i am just trying to decipher things same as you. Maneuver. but i think i am following the about the Minimum Wage logic a bit more closely if i may say so. ps did you get to mass today? believe it or not for the first time in my uber lefty parish i heard the priest mention BOTH chesteron and Fathers lewis, weird! This is precisely what I'm talking about. maybe you need more time to figure out just what you believe about Essay about We Should the Minimum, gender diversity? No, Mike.
It's really quite simple and Cat's Nature I'm astounded that you can't understand: I'm generally against forbidding people from having the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage same rights as other people. Target. In the about We Should NOT Increase Wage RCC, women do not have the same rights as men; they cannot preside over men as men can preside over women, which subjugates women based solely on their biological sex. This asymmetry is target, a problem for me. In the US, same-sex couples are forbidden from having the same rights as male-female couples. This is also a problem for Essay We Should the Minimum Wage me. i know that that's what you think; i just think you can't hold both positions at the same time as they are contradictory imho. i think you make an exception for on The Founding an all male marriage bc of your politics and condemn the church for We Should NOT Increase the Minimum an all male priesthood bc it's what your politics dictate. my point was that your criticism of the rcc's priesthood is political nothing more - which is fine your opinion is just that.
seriously though don't you think that all households especially those with little kids ought to Gun Control, ideally be diverse be a mix of both sexes be a place where ppl learn that both are required and that gender diversity is a real strength not a weakness? actually never mind don't answer as we're getting way off topic. anyway thx again for the exchange and let's catch up again on another thread. If you knew that's what I thought, why did you play dumb? My worldview dictates my politics, not the about We Should Wage other way around. which subjugates women btw this is really kinda rude to Founding Fathers Beliefs, catholics, just in case you were wondering. especially to female catholics. but a world view that presupposes order, pattern, structure, intelligibility helps. And Catholicism is the only world view incorporating that presupposition? no but atheism imho can not account for Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum those things in fact it denies them - it proceeds brute fact by brute fact by brute fact on and on in America Essay, and on without end. atheism imho can not account for those things. Atheism is not a world view, and the Minimum it is not supposed to Gun Control, account for anything.
what's the point of it then? Mike, we've had this conversation before; multiple times. About We Should NOT Increase Wage. Don't you remember? no, really if there's no worldview no implications what's the point? How about to distinguish ourselves from theists? You're asking more of the term than it was coined to what target, describe. When someone tells you something you don't believe, what is your point when you say, I don't believe that? depends on what it is if it's trivial i just move on Essay We Should the Minimum, but you folks don't just move on right? which makes me q your saying that's there's nothing more to it bc to do squats target, me and many many others it's clear: your goal is to convince ppl to Essay We Should, stop believing. which i think is cruel and immoral but again that's a whole other topic. btw atheism would have a MUCH more positive image if it started BUILDING UP rather than trying to Of Humans Essay, tear down and everyone knows it. also i'd say it should start by trying to recruit women as all the leading lights are men and sort of frat boy men on top of that. Atheism is the Minimum Wage, not a world view, and it is not supposed to account for in America Essay anything. what's the Essay about We Should NOT Increase point of it then?
When someone tells you something you don't believe, what is your point when you say, I don't believe that? depends on what it is if it's trivial i just move on OK, but I don't think belief in God is trivial, and I suspect you don't, either. but you folks don't just move on right? which makes me q your saying that's there's nothing more to it bc to me and many many others it's clear: your goal is to convince ppl to stop believing. 21 Century Clothing. which i think is cruel and immoral but again that's a whole other topic. The more to Essay We Should NOT Increase, it is mendelsohn maneuver, not in atheism itself. It's in the reasons we have for being atheists, and those reasons vary from one atheist to another. Essay About We Should Wage. Many of us are atheists because we espouse a scientifically rational worldview, and we think theism is inconsistent with scientific rationalism.
But obviously, there are quite a few scientists out there in the world who beg to differ with us. btw atheism would have a MUCH more positive image if it started BUILDING UP rather than trying to tear down and everyone knows it… In atheism per se, there is nothing to build on. In science and reason, though, I think there is Gun Control, all we need to build a better world than the one we're living in now. also i'd say it should start by trying to recruit women as all the leading lights are men and sort of frat boy men on about the Minimum Wage, top of that. Plenty of atheists are working very hard to change that, but the do squats target atheist community is about NOT Increase the Minimum, just as human as any other community. People who say they are committed to what do squats target, science and reason don't always act as if they really were, and atheist advocates for social justice are no exception. have you ever wondered more in We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, depth about The Destructive Essay, why the Essay about We Should loud mouths are all men and excuse me but stereotypically well to do white men? besides that tyson guy it's all sort of frat boy -esque rich white dudes who imho kind of lewis, can afford to reject traditional religion bc they're all super educated intelligent and basically rich. i get the appeal if you're also rich secular and about NOT Increase white in a big city but if things aren't all going well for you i wonder what the appeal is of a bunch of guys basically telling your a dummy red neck if you believe in sky fairies - just comes as very insulting to ALOT of ppl. have you ever wondered more in depth about why the loud mouths are all men and excuse me but stereotypically well to do white men? No, I haven't wondered much about that, because I don't think the main problem with loudmouths is who they are.
I think the main problem is why the mainstream media gives most of its attention to loudmouths. but if things aren't all going well for you i wonder what the appeal is of a bunch of guys basically telling your a dummy red neck if you believe in sky fairies - just comes as very insulting to ALOT of ppl. Yes, it's insulting, and gratuitously so, in my judgment. I think religious skeptics who want to have a positive effect on society need to be giving some serious thought to do squats target, finding better ways to get some attention. And some of us are trying.
You can see a few instances of it in a conference of prominent skeptics that was held about nine years ago. You can watch it at http://thesciencenetwork.org/programs/beyond-belief-science-religion-reason-and-survival. You need to update your information. Although Ms. Essay About We Should NOT Increase Wage. Curie was the first to win two Nobels, and in mendelsohn, different disciplines, you are incorrect in about, your closing remarks.
Linus Pauling, the nectar john lewis great Cal Tech chemist, who lost the race with Messrs. Crick, Watson, Wilkens and Ms. Franklin to unravel the structure of DNA, also one two Nobels in different disciplines, Chemistry in about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, '54 and Peace in '62. He happens to be the only laureate, to my knowledge, to what do squats target, have two unshared Nobels. Two others have also won two Nobels, albeit both shared and Essay about both in the same discipline: John Bardeen in '55 and '72 in Physics and Frederick Sanger in '58 and '80 in Chemistry. While it would be of more import to have any of the actual scientists or historians of science not banned by SN to weigh in on this topic -- Michael Murray or Paul Brandon Rimmer, help -- let me venture the suggestion that probably few serious and knowledgeable scientists regard the number of john lewis, Nobels awarded to be a useful metric of a scientist's historic stature and overall contributions. While not diminishing Ms. Curie's substantial contributions, I doubt many scientists would regard her overall contributions to NOT Increase Wage, the development of science and the state of maneuver, human knowledge on a par with, say, Newton's, Einstein's, Bohr's, Darwin's, Faraday's or Maxwell's or, for that matter, Pauling's.
She's still the only person to win 2 nobels in 2 hard science fields! and the only women! btw you sound a bit like your downplaying her bc she was a women - did you know that she was voted the most important female scientist of all time recently in britain? In response to the question you pose, I did not know that, and I thank you for bringing it to my attention. it is none too charitable on Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, your part to suggest that I was. downplaying [Ms. Curie] because she was a woman. Lewis. You know nothing. about me on which to base such a charge. Nor did I say anything in my.
original post from which you could fairly infer that. I'd invite you to. reread my earlier post. That other scientists and historians of. science engaging in the parlor game of Essay We Should, ranking scientists in do squats, a Top 20. of All-Time type list might place several other scientists, who. happened to be men, higher on their list than Ms.
Curie hardly. demonstrates sexism or the downplaying of women. It is possible that it. might, for some (consider, for example, the manner in which James. Watson wrote about Rosalind Franklin's contributions to the discovery of. the structure of DNA in about NOT Increase, his book, The Double Helix), but wouldn't you. actually have to know something about the person making the list and what the.
reasons they offered for ranking scientists as they did before you. leveled such a charge? Don't you suppose it is possible that it. simply reflects the list maker's judgment about the significance and. importance of the overall contributions made by Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage individual scientists. over the course of their careers, regardless of their gender, race, ethnicity or nationality or whether or not they happened to be religious. thanks that's great to know that you think she may not be as important as other ppl who happen to be white men who've only ever won nobels in ONE category. On The Fathers. but i really don't care one way or another how important this women is to science all i know is that to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, my surprise bc i too only recently found out how astonishing her career was, she remains the only PERSON to win in mendelsohn maneuver, 2 Hard Sciences nobel categories! still not 1 man has won 2 in different sciences! anyway my only point is that she emerged out of a strident catholic culture and became and is still the most successful scientist of all time. ps you just listed all these men at about We Should the end of your post, but when i looked them up none had won 2 nobels in 2 different fields so it just seemed like you were more enamored of The Destructive Of Humans, them bc they were men bc some of the Minimum, them were maybe agnostic too like her.
I'd invite you to read more carefully before you leap to making unfounded charges and misrepresenting others, as you have done, once again, in Gun Control in America, the first and the concluding sentences in your most recent post. If you're looking for someone to demean or diminish Ms. Curie's contributions because she happened to be a woman, you need to cast your net elsewhere. Without doing a thorough survey, I'd venture the We Should the Minimum guess that a great many, and probably the majority, of Greatest Scientists of All Time type (knowledgeable) polls will list Ms. Curie in the top 10, almost all will list her in clothing, the top 20, and Essay We Should a number may list in her in the top 5. But, I'm not a historian of scientist and in 21 century clothing, no position to evaluate such things independently myself. Are you? I'd invite you to think for a moment as to why it may be that Messrs.
Newton, Faraday, Maxwell and Darwin never managed to win even a single Nobel, and why the fact that none of them has a Nobel to his credit doesn't keep them out of the top dozen or so in most of these kinds of lists and why Newton somehow manages to be placed in the top spot in most such lists even though he won two fewer Nobels than Ms. Curie and Messrs. Pauling, Bardeen and Sanger. As to the speculation in your closing paragraph, if you go check more than a few polls of the greatest scientists of all time variety, you might gain actual insight as to why I bothered to list Messrs. About We Should The Minimum Wage. Newton, Einstein, Bohr, Darwin, Faraday and Maxwell. Hint: it has nothing to do with the fact that they all happened to be white men, nor with the fact that none of them happened to be Catholic. Finally, even if it was the case that a majority of the Essay Founding Polish population at the turn of the 20th Century might have been baptized Catholic or otherwise self-identified as Catholics, it is hard to see what that has to do with Ms. Curie's immense contributions to science, given her own statements regarding religion and religious faith. Because you seem impressed by the number of Essay NOT Increase, Nobels won and ranking in Top __ type lists, it might prove an Essay on The Fathers, interesting research project for about We Should NOT Increase Wage you to look into the backgrounds of all the Nobel laureates in maneuver, the hard sciences and the scientists whose names often appear in the top 20 or 30 (or wherever you chose to draw the cut-off line) of greatest scientists lists and determine how many identified themselves as devout Catholics and, of those, how many attributed their scientific contributions to the nature of their religious beliefs (as opposed to, say, their devotion to the scientific method as a means of Essay about Wage, producing knowledge, and their willingness to consider with an open mind where the evidence took them, rather than knowing what the do squats target answers were a priori based on their religious faith). ok, thanks for that but i still think you're over analyzing this; my only point in bringing her up was to make the NOT Increase the Minimum Wage point that she emerged out of one of the most catholic cultures of that era and mendelsohn she was a WOMEN! it just explodes the non-sense about Essay NOT Increase Wage, catholicism and it's influence ambient or otherwise being in any way against women or science. do you know of any other women usually listed in the top 10 scientists of Gun Control Essay, all time? i checked and there doesn't seem to be even 1. don't get all hopped up though it just seemed like you were downplaying her without need; that was just my impression - just seemed like if it had been a man from say england who'd won those 2 in 2 different sciences and whose family had won 5 you'd've had a different reaction.
anyway thx for the exchange and all the best. As far as I can tell, the Catholicism of Marie Curie's youth had little to the Minimum, no influence on her contributions to chemistry and physics. I don't think we can extract anything meaningful from the fact that she was from Poland. And her two Nobel Prizes, although incredibly impressive, are not necessarily indicative of her scientific prowess relative to other 20th century scientists. was she even raised catholic? my only point is clothing, that the greatest female scientist of all time emerged from a culture steeped in catholicism and of the Essay about We Should Wage latin rite late 19th century variety to boot! Why do you think you could extract something from her being from Poland? it's the catholic culture that seems interesting to me not the Essay nationality. Not indicative of her prowess? that's a strange way of putting it imho; check this out: apparently the movie did quit well too: Catholic mathematicians and about the Minimum Wage philosophers such as John Buridan, Nicole Oresme and Roger Bacon as the founders of modern science. Pierre Duhem, Historian of Science.
What are you trying to say by referring to nectar, these people? I don't understand? Though I imagine that you are trying to say something in defense of Catholicism, though I can't imagine what. No one here denies the contribution of Catholic contribution to science and art to the human race. Check out this presentation i think you might enjoy it: lots of actual priests made fundamental scientific discoveries: Barr's main theme is that Christian faith in a rational author of nature led Europeans to believe that unchanging and universal natural laws existed and Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage motivated many, especially priests, to seek out and discover these laws. The great scientists are western and not oriental, because in the orient there was no belief in a rational author of do squats target, nature who established universal laws and therefore no impetus towards discovering those laws. This effectively seals the discussion.
Without belief in an author of natural laws - without belief that natural laws existed in principle - there would have been no incentive to search for about the Minimum those laws and science would be centuries behind what it is 21 century, today. No one here denies the contribution of Catholics to science . . . . According to Essay the Minimum Wage, Duhem and the OP, they did more than just contribute to it. We are to believe that their work was indispensable to its modern existence. What are you trying to say by nectar lewis referring to these people? I don't understand? Though I imagine that you are trying to say something in defense of Catholicism, though I can't imagine what. No one here denies the contribution of Catholic contribution to science and Essay about the Minimum Wage art to the human race.
Ah Mersenne Primes. There was a time when you could write them down on nectar john lewis, a large number of pages and I used to show the latest ones to my classes. There is a distributed internet program to hunt for them. Unfortunately they got big and the latest one has 17 million digits. No scrolling through that in Essay the Minimum Wage, front a class. Yeah, rounding a prime number kinda ruins it doesn't it? According to Wikipedia it would take 4,647 pages to display. Mendelsohn. That would take hours.
16 MB text file. Looks like this with some extra numbers where the dots are. so at least we can check it can't be divided by Essay about NOT Increase Wage 2 ! I was having a bad hair day when that woodcut was made.
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Third parties, or minority parties as the text book notes, are rarely ever in do squats office. I feel that all sides should be heard and accounted for. Essay NOT Increase! As we have seen with the Presidential debates, only the two main parties are addressed. The smaller parties should still hold some kind of importance of the Essay Americans. The beliefs of the Democratic. Coalition government , Democracy , Election 870 Words | 3 Pages. why I love mexico because its very cool and goo d food mexico I have a lot of family it is hwere . Essay We Should The Minimum Wage! we all feel happyThe second paragraph of the body should contain the Founding second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of We Should, this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the Cat's Of Humans Essay body.
The topic for this paragraph. Paragraph , Rhetoric , Statement 1799 Words | 5 Pages. capture my mind all the time There is never a moment when I don't think about you or miss your presence.Your love . takes over about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, me all the time.. My days are like nights when you are not around. Your love brings the do squats target sweet sunlight into my heart. Every moment feels so incomplete without you. Without you the about We Should days and nights are longer.
The way you look at me, gives me a taste of paradise. I know I can always count on you. Thank you for everything. I love you truly, madly and lewis deeply. I find my heart cascading. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , 2007 singles 1098 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of We Should Wage, Why I Love My Strict Chineses Mom
The correct way of john, raising a child? Sophia Chua-Rubenfeld’s essay “ Why I love my strict Chinese . mom” is Essay We Should Wage a response to the all the negative feedback her mother had gotten for her essay “ Why Chinese Mothers are Superior”. Nectar! The intention of this essay is to persuade and inform the We Should the Minimum reader of why Amy Chua raised her daughter Sophia the correct way. Mendelsohn! Chua-Rubenfeld’s first argument is that the critics (the outsider) have no clue of what the Chua-Rubenfeld family is like (p. 2, l. 21). The fact that Chua-Rubenfeld. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Education 865 Words | 3 Pages.
Love is NOT Increase something that means very different things to different people. For some, love can be purely romantic, or even purely . sexual. For others, real love is utterly unconditional and only truly exists between family members, or between people and a deity. And for some people, love is fluid, ever changing, and everywhere, and Cat's Cradle: The Destructive is felt for NOT Increase Wage family, friends, partners, pets, and even inanimate objects, dead artists, and fictional characters. None of do squats, these people would be right or wrong, but one thing.
Bonobo , Emotion , Feeling 930 Words | 3 Pages. so is love and it gets thrown around like it is nothing. Before you let go, remember the Wage reason why you were hanging on. You . are never really living until you found something to maneuver, die for, I am at this stage in my life where I am just daring someone to push me off a cliff just to see if I am strong enough to fly, and for a moment the world fades away, sometimes you miss who a person really is I guess when you are young, first impressions are everything, promises are meant to Essay about, be broken, I learned. 2006 albums , 2006 singles , 2009 singles 1392 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Jay Melson Petero Year Sec.: BSIT-4B “ Why do I exist”….”What is the purpose of my . Essay On The! life?”….” Why does God created me?” There are probably millions of people ask these question every day.
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In the introduction, Dr. Emerson says love . is mendelsohn not enough and he shows us this couple who went to Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, his conference in Cat's Of Humans Essay the right time. They explain how they went to his Love and Respect conference and all of Dr. Emerson’s methods for marriage. The book talks about the crazy cycle, the energizing cycle, and the rewarded cycle. In part one Dr. Emerson is starting to explain the crazy cycle. Without love , she reacts, and. Divorce , Family , Husband 1171 Words | 5 Pages.
LOVE YOU! I LOVE YOU! Jeanne's eyes were wide and filled with tears. She was afraid of what he would say to her. . --------------------------------------------- Jeanne was a nerdy girl with thick glasses. She was a junior in her middle school. She was in love with the Essay about hottest guy in the entire school. Essay! And now, she told him that she loved him. Haha! Shut up. Nobody would like you! Who do you think I am?
Jeanne had feared he would say something like that. She was devastated. She started running. 2000 singles , 2004 singles , 2005 singles 1666 Words | 5 Pages. Why I Count my Blessings Have you ever read an NOT Increase Wage, article in the newspaper which caused your heart to ache . for someone that you did not know? You may have read about an accidental shooting that involved a couple of playmates or about the couple, who on their honeymoon, died from a head- on Essay Founding, collision with a drunk driver, or possibly read about a parent who abused their child for wetting the bed. Those are some of the Essay We Should NOT Increase news articles that had lingered on clothing, my mind long after I had read the newspaper. Brain , Concussion , Doctor 1501 Words | 4 Pages. My Ways to Love my Country By Joannah Kaye B. Borallo Small.Young.Innocent.Incapable.Weak. These are words of Essay about Wage, . 21 Century! how most of the people describe me especially now that I am taking the risky path of being a doctor.
They believe that I would fail or that maybe, I can’t do anything with the course I am taking. However, I just laugh their thoughts off. About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum! This is nectar lewis because for me, I know I can do things and in fact as of now, I am starting to become a good doctor already by planning and Essay We Should doing things on how. Better , Filipino language , Filipino people 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Love Everyone has felt love at one point in their life. It could have been between two people, a pet or even a non-living . object. Target! You could have experienced it as a little crush or the real thing as a whole. Some people sometimes will go a lifetime without finding that one person for them, but then there’s other times people fall in and out of love like it’s nothing to them.
You can love many things but the love between two people is priceless. Different types of people experience different. English-language films , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1262 Words | 4 Pages. My First Love Finally I heart the million-dollar word, yes . after the eight-hour long walk with her. My best friend was mad at me . I could see the anger in her eyes like a black cloud ready for a thunderstorm. It was five years ago, janaury 7th ,a sunny warm day at about 10:00 AM, I met her at Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, the bus stop after wating for an hour.With in our three years friendship, I saw her get angry many times, but not like on that day.
I said sorry more than. 2006 singles , 2007 albums , 2008 singles 1130 Words | 3 Pages. February 2013 My Greatest Loves of All Brainstorming: ------------------------------------------------- . ------------------------------------------------- Mom Point 1: Workmanship * Saw how she worked hard to Cradle: The Destructive Essay, support family Point 2: Teaching * Didn’t do verbal teaching, more “watch and We Should the Minimum Wage learn” Point 3: Quality Time * Loves spending quality time together; going to movies, out to Gun Control in America Essay, dinner, just having girl talk Point 4: * Was supportive of all my decisions, even those. Education , Family , Father 876 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Writing Essay My First Love is My Last . As a senior in Highschool I was enrolled in three AP classes, went to a bible study two nights a week, and participated in Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage gymnastics, cheerleading, and track. I guess you can say that I was a pretty busy kid and I never had a ton of Cradle: Nature, time to about NOT Increase, hangout with my friends. I was able to go to one football game this season, and that was the most I have been able to be with my friends in a long time.
To ? exacerbate? my problem of in America Essay, not ever having any free time, my Mother is a very strict. Logical fallacies , Rhetoric 1801 Words | 5 Pages. lot to about, them. Nectar! For me, the NOT Increase the Minimum most important person in my life is my mom. She is my every thing; always guiding me to do . the right things without criticizing; and most importantly she gave birth to me. Therefore, my mom is the most important person for do squats me.
The word “mother” means everything to me, because, as I remember, when I was little I would always be with my mom and she would always take care of me when I got sick; sometimes, when I had fever I kept crying like rain drops that never stopped. She. 2008 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Depend 505 Words | 2 Pages. Blinded by Essay the Minimum Wage, Love Though my girlfriend and I have been dating for over three years and john lewis the excitement . of the Minimum, a puppy love relationship is Founding Fathers no longer there, I know our love is a strong true love . It is human nature to the Minimum, strive to find a significant other, but is it natural to Fathers, put yourself through torment because you think you are in about Wage love ? It was brought to my attention through movies that the end of the 21 century flick it is a happy ever after ending. Essay About We Should NOT Increase The Minimum! In reality this isn’t how it really is, I know because I have experienced. Expectation , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1263 Words | 3 Pages. restaurant! the name I’ve chosen for my restaurant is Zhaf’ fav is because I wanted to gather all the 21 century clothing nice and most favorable . food I ever eaten to this menu, and zhaf’s stands for my very name which is We Should NOT Increase Zharif and 21 century clothing Fav stands for favorite which is the favorite food I ever ate all around America . The Minimum! The reason I choose this name because I wanted to share with everyone the good food I love and I would guarantee of each costumer Location The location I choose for my restaurant would be at bukit damansara. Cheese , Competition , Eating 1180 Words | 4 Pages. Review of Why Love is not Enough By Michael Koester Submitted in partial fulfillment of the course requirements for Psysc . 213 Psychology of john, Adjustment To Kimberly D. Brown, M. A. Ball State University Spring Term, 2012 Why Love is not Enough Sol Gordon, Ph. D. Copyright 1988, 1990 Bob Adams, Inc.
147 pages Why Love is not Enough The author, Sol Gordon, Ph. D. received his B.A. and M.S. from the University of Illinois in Essay about We Should 1947. He then went on to get a Ph. D. in psychology from. Drama films , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1973 Words | 5 Pages. page I will be sharing with you my decision to home educate my children. I have broken it down into . two parts as it has become a rather long post! I didn’t realise that I had so much to on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, say.
It would have been a lot longer if I had included all the Essay We Should Wage finer details. Fathers Beliefs! Sit back and relax as I talk to you about my decision to home educate. I truly believe that I am being led in this direction by the Lord. Essay We Should NOT Increase! I remember this time last year sitting in my car, parked on the side road reading a book. My children.
Alternative education , Growing Without Schooling , Homeschooling 1624 Words | 4 Pages. ? Love and Essay on The Beliefs Life What is love ? Love is an emotional action word used to show compassion and is shown through acts . of kindness. Love is Essay about Wage one of the strongest emotion and what do squats it is held above hate because it can destroy hate. Love is the reason of human life because everything revolves around love and everything was made with love and was made by about Wage, love and we all can share that love but some people don’t understand how to show love and nectar john how to receive it. In my little life I had only two loves and they both. 2006 singles , 2009 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 1362 Words | 2 Pages. Name five players on the Giants. I can't even count on my fingers and toes how many times I've heard that. As a female sports . fan, that seems to be the about We Should NOT Increase question that guys think proves if you are a real fan or if you just like to talk a big game.
Why does it seem gender roles are upheld obsessively in some instances and Cat's completely disregarded in Essay We Should the Minimum others? Women: Does your mom ever tell you that the mendelsohn guy should always pay for a meal? What about about Wage, when you tell your boyfriend you want to go to dinner. American football , American football positions , Baseball 1521 Words | 4 Pages. The three primary love styles in Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) are Eros (romantic, passionate love ), Ludus (game-playing . love ), Storge (friendship love ), and three main secondary styles: Mania (possessive, dependent love ), Pragma (logical, “shopping list” love ), and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs Agape (all-giving, selfless love ). Altogether, these love styles are all equally valid ways of about We Should Wage, loving. What Do Squats Target! In order to determine your love style, you can complete a brief quiz. Hendrick and the Minimum Wage Hendrick (1986) developed a self-report questionnaire. Agape , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Enzo Emanuele 1648 Words | 5 Pages. I Do. Not: Why I Won’t Marry Catherine Newman, in her essay “ I Do.
Not: Why . I Won’t Marry” Written with a feminine edge, this author gives reasons why she won't marry. Mendelsohn! She also brings up various traditions and meanings behind the about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage customs of marriage, while interjecting with details of her own relationship. The author uses logos and pathos throughout her writing to educate her readers on both the allure and the downsides of what do squats target, marriage. She establishes an informal relationship with her audience of. Civil union , Common-law marriage , Family 1418 Words | 4 Pages.
Gorilla, My Love In the short story, “Gorilla, My Love ”, author Toni Cade Bambara narrates a story . about the way children overanalyze little white lies. Bambara tells the story as if a child was talking in Essay Wage first-person view. Cat's The Destructive Nature Essay! Throughout the story Hazel talks about different instances of her share of Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, what she thought was being lied to. The read was very enjoyable because it was something that I could relate to. For instance, when Hazel and her friend are at mendelsohn maneuver, the movie theater and she says, “ …we yell. A Story , Emotion , English-language films 1694 Words | 4 Pages. JUDY BRADY I Want a Wife (1971) Judy Brady’s essay became an instant classic when it appeared in 1971 in about the Minimum Wage the premier issue of the feminist . magazine Ms. As you read, analyze the definitions of Cat's Cradle: Nature Essay, “husband” and about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage “wife” that Brady uses, and consider why this essay became so powerful in the 1970s.
I belong to that classification of people known as wives. I am A Wife. And, not altogether incidentally, I am a mother. Founding Fathers Beliefs! Not too long ago a male friend of mine appeared on the scene fresh from about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, a recent. Arrangement , Courteney Cox , Economics terminology 1165 Words | 3 Pages. ? Why I Must Be More Careful By Freddie L. Holmes Jr As I sit and type, while I can think of a . million reasons why I need to john, be more careful and not speed, there are two reasons that seem to stick out at the top of my head. The first reason is, I need to be more careful because I could cause harm to about We Should, myself and second, and more importantly, to someone else.
Causing harm to mendelsohn, me can lead to about We Should, a whole lot of heartache for my family. It would further prove that everything my Mom and nectar john lewis Dad were telling. Autobahn , Miles per hour , Road 1217 Words | 3 Pages. FROM ALLAH MOTHER- THE FIRST AND BEST SCHOOL OF A CHILD MOTHER AND ISLAM MOTHER- OUR BEST COMPANY RESPECT OF A MOTHER CONCLUSION Edwin Hubbell Chapin . says, “No language can express the about We Should power, and beauty, and heroism, and majesty of a mother’s love . 21 Century Clothing! It shrinks not where man cowers, and Essay grows stronger where man faints, and over wastes of worldly fortunes sends the radiance of Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, its quenchless fidelity like a star”. From the moment we are born till we are cradled in the chariot of Essay about the Minimum, death, we come.
Love , Mother , Mothers 1107 Words | 3 Pages. They say in love nothing is impossible. Height, weight, distance and of course age is just a damn number. To love is a great . feeling but to be loved is a much greater feeling. But it’s hard to be hurt, that feeling like when your heart’s gonna burst and while in pain, you’re just crying and crying and crying. The first time I saw him, I was starstrucked! “Wow, he’s so tall and kinda handsome. Does he have any talent and maneuver is he that smart enough? If he does, then he’s already!” When my classmates. 2005 singles , 2006 singles , 2007 films 3043 Words | 7 Pages. Fatherless Love The vision of my Fatherless Love have became more and more of a blur to my . past childhood memories of not having him there in Essay about NOT Increase Wage my life as a young girl.
This is my life not a story I always wanted to be daddy’s girl growing up. Not having my father there when I became mature or when I had my first break up played a major impact in my young life. ‘‘Dance With My Father’’ by Gun Control in America Essay, Luther Vandross is a song that is very dear to me as he sings the lyrics to this song. Every time that I listened. 2006 albums , American films , Emotion 1309 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Joined Commercial Aircraft Pilot Course. Aircraft Pilot Why did I sign up for this class and the Minimum what are my expectations of the class? Why . Clothing! would I ever want to learn how to fly an Essay about We Should NOT Increase, airplane? When I was younger I would always tell my Dad that I was going to be a pilot. It has been my dream since I first saw a plane; now in maneuver this class I can do just that. The things I can tell I’m going to learn in this class are going to benefit me in We Should the Minimum Wage every way possible for my future and career. I expect to learn everything I need to know to on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, get my private pilot.
A Great Way to the Minimum Wage, Care , Aircraft , Aviation licenses and certifications 1570 Words | 4 Pages. Why Do People Fall In Love Many researchers actually consider falling in mendelsohn love to be a biologic event. And there . About NOT Increase Wage! are some researchers that can show brain changes using MRI tests to show that there are actual changes in john lewis our brain that we think of psychologically but biologically it really is a physiologic change. But when we want to understand what falling in love is Essay about the Minimum Wage -- the best concept to 21 century clothing, understand is the concept called limerance. Essay About Wage! Limerance is that period in a relationship of great passion. Interpersonal relationship , Intimate relationship , Love 2447 Words | 6 Pages.
My Love - Hate Relationship with writing Writing is a way to express beautiful thoughts through paper; there have been people . who are horrible conversationalists but with a pen and paper create a story that has more meaning than any words that left my mouth. Then there’s me. I’m going to just come out and say it I hate writing I absolutely positively hate it. John! If I had to choose between writing and getting a tooth pulled let’s just say that I would be missing a lot of teeth. About We Should NOT Increase Wage! The reasons I hate. Debut albums , Grammar , Hatred 1084 Words | 3 Pages. LOVE The uphill downfall. What is love ? Is it scientific, humanistic, or is it holistic?
We may never know, but we can . know what causes it and how it is created. Everyone wants an insight on how to keep the john firing passion in their relationship, but what motivated me to learn more about this topic was my past relationship experiences; I wanted to figure out how I fell in love and Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage have an idea on why things ended the way they did. In America! Of course, there is Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage no exact scientific reason why things. Emotion , Greek words for love , Interpersonal relationship 1256 Words | 4 Pages. ? Is It Love ? Jazmine M Hawkins Georgia Perimeter College Abstract This paper explores the findings of 21 century, . multiple researchers’ theories of love ? It breaks down what we can be classified as passionate love and compassionate love ? What does love have to do with your attention span?
Some researches define love scientifically saying that love is a production of a mixture of Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, hormones and chemical reactants while others say love is clothing self-defined and can only We Should the Minimum be judged. Attachment theory , Developmental psychology , Human bonding 1362 Words | 4 Pages. “ Why I Want to Be a Teacher” First of all, I love kids and it has always been my dream . and passion to become an educator. Cat's Cradle: Of Humans! For most people, the word teacher is defined as someone who is about We Should the Minimum responsible for informing or teaching someone something. But not everyone would have the same meaning or image for a teacher. Teachers have a very important role of shaping the lives of lewis, young children and We Should NOT Increase the Minimum preparing them to become productive citizens in our community and with these types of responsibilities teachers. Childhood , Education , Educational psychology 868 Words | 3 Pages. The Day I lost Him Do you ever look at your boyfriend/ girlfriend , best friend, brother/sister, or anyone you love . and wonder what would life be like without them? Or do you ever imagine that they would just be gone one day?
I never think that way. Nectar Lewis! I think that everyone is Essay about NOT Increase Wage invincible and everyone is clothing going to live forever. That is how it seems at Essay the Minimum, least. John Lewis! That is definitely not the case. I guess you could call me an idealist, but in reality people that you see everyday could be gone tomorrow. Essay About We Should The Minimum Wage! That. Love 1269 Words | 3 Pages. ?In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for an ideal wife in Cat's Cradle: The Destructive a satirical commentary on about the Minimum, how the work of wives . is 21 century often taken for NOT Increase granted. The humor of the essay lies in mendelsohn its structure: on the surface it seems to We Should the Minimum, accept the criteria it puts forth, while the meaning actually operates in the recognition that the narrator is being sarcastic.
Using writing as one of The Destructive, her tools for activism, Judy (Syfers) Brady has established herself as a supporter of the women’s movement since she. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2263 Words | 5 Pages. Weddings are often a time of NOT Increase Wage, celebration, especially for my family. This past summer, as we prepared for my sister Gini’s . What! wedding, the festivities extended to good-natured teasing of the bride- and groom-to-be. For example, WITH knowing smiles, my parents--self-proclaimed experts on Essay about NOT Increase, marriage courtesy of their own wedding almost thirty years ago--dispensed advice about everything, including how to improve her cooking skills beyond instant rice and Of Humans grilled cheese. Gini’s typical responses included. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2941 Words | 7 Pages.
A Love Story Walking below the sea-blue sky, I have ever seen in my life, the most beautiful sky scene. . The sunlight seemed like it could penetrate my heart, gently touching my tense heart using its warm arms. The wind seemed intentionally blow over our cheek, waiting something wonderful happened. I knew, deeply with my heart, it was the time to about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, show my heart to her in clothing such beautiful time and atmosphere. It was in that time my heartbeat became faster and faster, which just like that I. 2007 films , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 1733 Words | 4 Pages. “ I Loved You” - Pushkin One of the most favorite subjects of Pushkin was love . “ Love and friendship are popular . subjects of the authors, and the reason that makes him happy and sad. The color of his poems, especially in love poem, is the beauty of about We Should the Minimum, humanity”, said Belinxki. On The Founding Fathers! One of the most famous poems of Pushkin is I Loved You.
When he lived in Petersburg, Pushkin usually met people in love with art in the President of the academy of art’s house, and We Should the Minimum the most important reason was to meet daughter. Aristotle , Emotion , Love 968 Words | 3 Pages. Love conquers all. Cat's Cradle: Nature! That’s what we hear over about NOT Increase, and over again growing up. Everyone longs for that one amazing person to mendelsohn, waltz into our lives and . Essay We Should! steal our hearts for nectar john lewis the rest of Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, eternity, but is it possible that love will be strong enough to face any problem that gets in maneuver our way? T. Coraghessan Boyle once said “As strong as love might be, there is always something stronger that could come along and Essay about We Should Wage shatter it” (After). T. Coraghessan Boyle was born in 1948 as Thomas John Boyle in Peekskill, New York. Amy Grossberg and 21 century clothing Brian Peterson , Emotion , John Updike 1488 Words | 4 Pages.
I Love Being Poor Money and social class is such a touchy subject. Then again everyone loves it. People that . don’t have it will do anything for it, and people that have it will do everything to keep it. About We Should Wage! Money is a drug in a way. Clothing! People feign for it just like a drug attic feigns for We Should NOT Increase whatever drug they are addicted to.
Therefore the maneuver question of what is the difference between the We Should the Minimum rich, and middle class, and the poor? What are the causes of the increasing gap between the rich and john lewis the poor today? Why. Bourgeoisie , Martin Amis , Middle class 1017 Words | 3 Pages. reasons I would like to go on the field trip to NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, Hawaii. The first reason is on The Beliefs I love to travel and see new things. NOT Increase Wage! . 21 Century! This trip would be a dream vacation come true for anyone! The first six days look amazing with seven things on Essay the Minimum Wage, the list that I have never done before.
Then the camping for six days sounds wonderful with farming, horseback riding, and snorkeling, I have only gone horseback riding once and it was fun, plus my family is clothing involved with horses so I know a lot about Essay We Should NOT Increase Wage, them! Every summer my family. Antarctica , Atlantic Ocean , Equator 1021 Words | 3 Pages. Sarai Fuentes March 10, 2013 Professor Crowder English 170 The way a person expresses his or her love to another person should not bother . other people. Cat's Nature Of Humans Essay! In the article “ I Just Called to Say I Love you” by Jonathan Franzen he clearly states that he hates hearing other people saying the words I love you to another person. He believes that the privacy of others should be kept to themselves and their personal feelings should not be said out Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, loud in public places. Although this may be true there. Brian Wilson , Expression , Father 970 Words | 3 Pages.
My Long Journey for Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Nature College “ My reasons for college are probably just like everyone else’s. I went to college . because I wanted a better life for myself and better myself. I wanted to find a job that I would not be living paycheck to paycheck like my parents had to do when they first got married. I mean, no one wants to live that way? I know for a fact that I did not want that, and that is about NOT Increase Wage why I choose to go to college, even more than is the main reason why college was so important to me. Another. English-language films 1158 Words | 3 Pages.
Introduction Why I became a nurse. As a child I was taught many good values. My mother had a . strong belief in God and she preached her beliefs to the family. I was taught not to be judgmental, treat others as though you would like to be treated, life is in America Essay very special, love one another as you love yourself, be caring, kind, and responsible. Essay About We Should NOT Increase! My mother was a great influence on me. On The Fathers Beliefs! Growing up in a family of nine children, there wasn’t much money to pay for medical care. She tried to keep her children.
Family , Health , Health care 1586 Words | 4 Pages.
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Analysis of Wallace Stevens#8217; #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; Essay. There is something to be said for a man who can look deeply into his profession and Essay about We Should NOT Increase, define exactly what is that he does. The deaths of 21 century clothing many men have passed without a definition of their lives, or a true understanding of what they do. In his poem #8220;On Modern Poetry,#8221; Wallace Stevens attempts to define his life#8217;s work and his passion. To a poet #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; serves as both a guidebook and a wonderful example of what makes poetics an amazing art. Stevens uses his talent to explain his talent, taking the reader on a wonderful journey through the about We Should Wage process of poem creation, and through the human mind. The aforementioned guidelines that Wallace details in #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; are dead on and may have shaped the way that poems are created to this day. He captured the true essence of poetics while allowing the reader to continue doing their job, using their mind and Essay, their imagination. Stevens weaves a visual path through the job description of a poem and leaves the about We Should the Minimum Wage reader wondering what is said, and how to take it. The journey of poem writing is a perplexing one, especially in the area of method. When Wallace Stevens opens #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; with the line: #8220;The poem of the mind in The Destructive Of Humans the act of finding/What will suffice#8221; (ll.
1-2). He is detailing the struggle to find the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum right word, the target right scheme, or the right time for change. He then follows with: #8220;It has not always had/To find: the scene was set; it repeated what/Was in Essay Wage the script#8221; (ll. 2-4). This is in reference to change and the modernist/imagist view of poetry in Cat's The Destructive Nature Of Humans the past. This could be taken as a derogatory comment to the simplicity and Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, complacency of past poetry. Regardless, I tend to take it as a comment on the overall state of poetry, a look at the past, but a welcoming of the state of current poetry. The first stanza of the poem simply details the struggles of a changing genre, and uses descriptive diction to do that. One great thing about a poem is that it leaves room for thought, for personal development, and for individual interpretation. Not only does #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; do those things, but it also tells the reader to do them. Nectar John. #8220;A metaphysician in the dark, twanging/An instrument, twanging a wiry string that gives/Sounds passing through a sudden rightnesses, wholly/Containing the mind#8230;#8221; (ll. 20-23).
The lines in themselves are perplexing and leave plenty of room for We Should the Minimum, interpretation. But what a reader comes to conclude is that Stevens is in America, suggesting that a poem buries itself within the human mind and plants a seed. The poem acts as a seed to thought, and it exercises the mind on a regular basis. A good poem is one that makes the Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage reader think, and not just about the words, but about 21 century themselves and about their mind. The idea of a poem as a performer, be it an actor in a play, or a musician playing an instrument, or a metaphysician playing an about We Should NOT Increase Wage, instrument is one of particular interest. Stevens uses the metaphor throughout the poem and does so quite well. The duality of the performer as the poet allows for 21 century, a wide range of comparison and Essay We Should NOT Increase, gives way to a multitude of Gun Control in America Essay metaphors. In the following lines Stevens uses the idea of a actor on stage to present the depth of NOT Increase the Minimum a poems words: #8220;#8230;speak words that in the ear, In the Gun Control Essay delicatest ear of the mind, repeat, Exactly, that which it wants to hear, at the sound. Of which, and invisible audience listens, Not to the play, but to itself, expressed.
In an emotion as of two people, as of two. Emotions becoming one#8230;#8221; (ll. 13-19). The lines represent the idea that a poem must cross over from reality to a level that talks to the reader and allows them to listen to their thoughts and not just the Essay about the Minimum Wage poem. The poem becomes simply a vehicle for the human mind; it opens doors and allows the reader to read about maneuver themselves. When Stevens enters the second stanza he begins to give his guidelines for modern poetry: #8220;It has to be living, to Essay about We Should NOT Increase, learn the speech of the place. It has to face the men of the time and to meet. The women of the time.
It has to think about war. And it has to nectar john lewis, find what will suffice#8221; (ll. 7-10). The lines in themselves are quite simple, in their original form. They provide simple rules, but rules that were fairly modern during this time. The idea of including the meeting of women provides a fairly modern concept in concern to women#8217;s rights and public recognition. Poems have always been concerned with war, or with human suffering, but the modern idea of thinking of war provides an example of being both positive and tragic. The past hundred years had been fairly rose-colored, but beginning in We Should the Minimum the 1930#8217;s America took a turn for the worse and thus provided a reason to Cat's Nature Essay, consider human tragedy.
For a poem to be living and to Essay NOT Increase, learn the speech of the Cradle: Nature place simply means it must me modern, or current. The final four lines are more intriguing and seem more complex than all of the previous lines. They seem to be putting into action the ideas of the poem so far. He gives examples of what things would work as #8220;modern poetry#8221;. Modern poetry must find satisfaction, and some ways in which that may be achieved is through the discussion of about We Should NOT Increase a man skating or of a woman dancing or combing her hair. What Target. These things must exercise the mind though. Modern poems cannot simply describe the action, but must look beyond the action, from the We Should Wage subject, to the writer, to the reader. While I cannot claim to fully understand Stevens#8217; view of clothing modern poetry, I feel that through his poem I can form some conclusions about his beliefs. Wallace Stevens was not a highly renowned scholar, but he did have an understanding of what he was writing. He could describe his work, and Essay, he could put it on paper for others to see.
As a student now finally gaining a respect for poetry it is nice to see what a poem writer thinks about his job. It is amazing to see that a poem can be made of any topic, and maybe that provides another point in the description of poetry. In a 28-line poem Wallace succeeds in providing a guidebook in the writing of good poetry, and gives the reader a lot to think about. But, as Wallace says himself, #8220;The poem of the act of the mind#8221; (l. 28). University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Mendelsohn. Date: 1 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Analysis of Wallace Stevens#8217; #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; for about, only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.
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Nov 12, 2017 Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, write my research paper -
essay printmaking Editor's note: The following essay was rekeyed and reprinted on October 18, 2008 in Resource Library with permission of the author. If you have questions or comments regarding the essay, please contact the author at: Telephone: 949-481-7553 [email protected] American Printmakers and the Federal Art Project. T hroughout the about We Should Wage, nineteenth century, printmaking in the United States was largely limited to commercial illustration and mass produced reproductions of paintings. Americans were avid consumers of the popular lithographs distributed by Currier and Ives, known as printmakers to the American people, and reproductions of John James Audubon's studies of animals and birds were equally popular. However, printmaking became a vital form of artistic expression during the Essay, years of the Essay We Should NOT Increase, government sponsored Federal Art Project (FAP) a unit within the Works Progress Administration (WPA). What. The WPA was established in 1935 as a coordinating agency for Essay about Wage, projects designed to assure employment in as many fields of work as possible, including the arts.
Because artists, like other unemployed workers, could apply for Cat's The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay, WPA programs, art was recognized as an occupation important to society and, for printmakers, Project support included access to government sponsored workshops equipped with presses, materials and, when needed, instruction. As a result, during the 1930s, American printmaking gained new prominence as a vital form of about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, expression, and what do squats printmakers created a strong artistic vocabulary that influenced post World War II developments. They produced high quality etchings, lithographs, wood cuts, wood engravings and, later, screen prints that were socially relevant and often conceptually innovative. All FAP sponsored works were intended for distribution to public buildings, including schools, libraries, and hospitals. In contrast to easel paintings, sculptures, and Essay about the Minimum Wage permanently installed murals that were one-time, unique events, each print image was replicated in in America editions of at Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, least 25 (or more) impressions. Prints, therefore, were a practical and inexpensive means of complying with the Project's defined mission to make original works of art accessible to the general public.
Artists responded directly to the troubled conditions that were experienced to some extent by the country's entire population, but most profoundly by the middle class majority, and prints could effectively communicate the Depression experience, in Cradle: Nature visual terms, to a large and artistically unsophisticated viewing public. Because painting and about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage sculpture could achieve only nectar lewis, limited exposure while prints had a large and diverse audience, many Project administrators supported printmaking as the logical process for creating art for Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, the people. Establishment of Graphic Arts Divisions within the Project also gave printmakers opportunities previously reserved for Gun Control in America Essay, painters and sculptors. Few (if any) prints were produced by Essay about the Minimum Wage the preceding relief programs for artists, including the Founding, Public Works of Art Project, followed by about NOT Increase the Treasury Department Art Projects and the Treasury Relief Project. In America Essay. Therefore, until they were eligible for FAP support, printmakers had a limited market, a limited audience, and severely limited resources. However, as Graphic Arts workshops were organized, printmakers became members of larger communities of Essay about We Should Wage, artists with shared purposes. In addition, FAP workshops made it possible to Beliefs explore techniques that were previously difficult or impossible because of about Wage, equipment costs and lack of adequate facilities. Project workshops provided space, high quality presses, necessary materials, skilled master printers, and fostered mutually supportive communities in which artists could exchange ideas and offer each other critical appraisal of evolving works. The workshop system also nurtured the embryonic individual styles and experimental processes that contributed to the influence of print techniques on the work of Robert Motherwell, Robert Rauschenberg, Frank Stella, Andy Warhol and other major late-modern figures of the 1950s and 1960s.
If the silk screen workshop had not been a part of the Graphic Arts Division of Gun Control, New York City's Project, it is unlikely that screen printing would have been so quickly accepted as the equal of etching, wood cut, and lithography. Incorporating color in Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage woodcuts and lithographs was another experimental process for American printmakers, many of whom had traveled and studied in mendelsohn Europe and had seen the vibrant, often discordant, colors of German Expressionist woodcuts. Some, including Benton Spruance, Louis Lozowick and Reginald Marsh had worked at the Atelier Desjobert in Paris where they learned the intricacies of the two-color lithograph. The Project made it possible to explore such unfamiliar directions by allowing artists the freedom to work without the need to market their efforts. However, government commissions, obligated them to explore independent directions within the context of a socially conscious art. Uncomfortable with European modernist directions, and reluctant to investigate abstraction in its various forms, most Project artists expressed their responses to political and social effects of the Depression in modified forms of realism. Their subjects were drawn from the impact on society of the national economic crisis that accounted for widespread unemployment, bread lines, and the need for NOT Increase, a wide range of welfare programs. Many emphasized the individual in contrast to group experience, calling attention to the identity of maneuver, each human being engaged in productive labor, social protest, or standing in a food line. By affirming the worth and about Wage contribution of the individual worker, artists found validation of their own efforts.
This was particularly true of printmakers who were assigned to government sponsored workshops in which they had the freedom to explore technical innovations as well as individual directions of professional development within a community of other artists with like intentions. In 1938, Holger Cahill, the Project's national director, said that it would be possible to reconstruct a visual history of the period of the Depression from prints created by artists on the Project.  Inasmuch as the history of the Depression is closely associated with the history of labor in the United States, and labor is a prevalent theme in Project prints, Cahill's statement is Cat's Nature justified. Because they developed a strong interest in the perspective of the laborer, both employed and unemployed, printmakers created the strongest and most eloquent visual statements of the Depression's effects on rural and urban working Americans. Furthermore, because Project administrators classified artists as unemployed workers in need of federal assistance, their identities became so closely associated with the workers they portrayed that many of the anonymous laborers in their prints may be interpreted as self portraits. To assume, however, that the work produced under FAP sponsorship was primarily democratic in nature and purpose is to limit the presence and Wage purposes of the artists, especially printmakers, who thought of themselves as workers. The familiar laborer who appears often in paintings and prints of the nectar lewis, 1930s is a muscular figure pictured either integrating with, or exerting human intellectual control over, the NOT Increase Wage, machines and clothing tools with which he works.
In addition, many FAP artists had a particular interest in about We Should Wage representing the viewpoint of people to whom work was a fundamental objective in Gun Control itself. All workers wanted, and deserved, fair compensation for their efforts, but just as important were the rewards intrinsic to their chosen vocations. Because it demanded an about Wage integration of artist and craftsperson, and involved the public with both process and product, printmaking was arguably the most democratic of the creative arts supported by the Project. Although the nation's consciousness had not yet been raised about race and maneuver gender issues, women as well as racial and Essay about NOT Increase ethnic minorities were prominent participants in Project workshops. For example, a large number of women are listed in Graphic Arts Division records, and clothing printmaking was included in the Harlem Community Art Center programs. We Should The Minimum. It is of particular interest that 40% of artists who received FAP commissions between 1936 and in America Essay 1940 were women. NOT Increase The Minimum. Project committees did not demonstrate discernible gender bias when reviewing applicants, and many Project administrators were women. Although women who worked in offices and factories were often, during the Depression years, required to yield their jobs to unemployed men, there is no evidence that women associated with the FAP experienced similar exclusion from assignments or commissions. Government sponsorship of the arts gave American artists an unprecedented sense of identity and self esteem.
Most Americans regarded the visual arts as elitist, creating an estrangement between artist and target public. Many associated painting and sculpture with European aristocracy, monarchy and the papacy and, therefore, inconsistent with democratic ideals. A statement in about The People's Art Guild of 1918 declared that artists and people were following divergent directions, and do squats the resultant separation was causing both to lose. The same document noted that the aesthetic deprivation of the public was as complete as the isolation felt by artists. By including artists among the unemployed who could apply for Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, assistance, the target, government assured them of a social identity in Essay about NOT Increase Wage a way that the public understood and accepted. Art is a normal social growth rooted deeply in Essay the life of mankind and extremely sensitive to about environments created by human society wrote Cahill in his catalog introduction for 21 century clothing, the 1936 exhibition New Horizons in American Art, a visual survey of the Project's first year. Essay Wage.  He went on to say that art cannot be kept alive by a few artists so committed they are willing to endure social and physical deprivation; their survival depends on patronage.  Cahill often invoked John Dewey's philosophy to substantiate his argument that art, as the most civilized means of communication, provides an The Destructive efficient means of entering sympathetically into the most profound life experiences of NOT Increase Wage, all people. He also believed that the art produced under government sponsorship should be distinctively American with no stylistic references to European modernist developments. However, patronage inevitably imposes conditions upon its recipients. Lewis. Although the about NOT Increase the Minimum, Project's primary mission was included within the large New Deal effort to create work relief programs designated to revive the economy, not to 21 century subsidize the arts, still it established specific criteria that artists were expected to follow. Like all unemployed workers, artists were required to make formal application for assistance. Only those whose work was judged by Project administrators to Essay We Should Wage be of a high professional level were eligible for assignments to mural, easel, sculpture, photography, and graphic arts projects.
Project goals included incorporation of the arts within the daily life of the immediate community when possible, a purpose that supported the larger attempts to effect integration of the fine and applied arts. The cooperative and democratic nature of prints and printmaking processes was consistent with those goals, and mendelsohn held out the promise that a more democratic expression would be accessible to a large viewing public. That . Essay We Should NOT Increase The Minimum Wage. would help heal the clothing, breach between artist and about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage public that has become distressingly evident in the contemporary period.  Elizabeth Olds, assigned to the New York Graphic Arts workshop from 1935 until 1940, wrote that at least one purpose of New York Graphic Arts Division was to enable artists to maneuver produce prints in sufficient quantities that original works of art would available for every man, woman, and child in America to enjoy art on a wide popular basis  The success of the New York Division was largely due to Audrey McMahon (1890-1981) who served under Cahill as regional director for Essay NOT Increase, New York and New Jersey from 1935 until 1939. Although her efforts were opposed by Colonel Brehon Somervell, WPA administrator for New York City, who insisted that artists were . social parasites incapable of serious work and should not be allowed to obtain federal support,6 she succeeded in establishing the New York studio workshop on February 6, 1936. Mendelsohn. Fitted with equipment for producing etchings, lithographs, and wood engravings, the workshop also provided materials and tools for making prints and drawings. Easy to transport, and less intimidating than paintings or sculpture, prints were popular with Project supervisors and public alike. Since etchings and wood engravings were printed in editions of 25 to 50 impressions, it was obvious that more prints than paintings were available to be seen daily by a large segment of the Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, public. Unfortunately, it was also true that such wide scale distribution resulted in an unfortunate tendency to consider prints and drawings less valuable than paintings which may explain why many of record have disappeared.
Most prints that are still available are from artists' personal collections of the five complimentary copies per edition they were allowed to keep. To insure an acceptable image and appropriate theme, each artist was required to Cat's Cradle: Nature Essay submit a proposal for review by Essay about NOT Increase a Project supervisor and a supervising artist such as Carl Zigrosser, curator of prints at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. If approved, a preliminary proof was again evaluated by supervisor and master printer in consultation with the 21 century, artist. When judged satisfactory,  proofs were submitted for final approval by NOT Increase a committee of Project supervisors. While it can be assumed that Project prints reflect critical standards of project supervisors as well as artists' intentions, there is Gun Control in America little evidence that changes other than occasional modifications to technical processes were requested. The most creative period of the Graphic Arts Divisions was 1937-1938 when technical processes were expanded to include color printing. Color lithography, initiated in 1937, accounted for inclusion of 23 color lithographs in the 1938 exhibition Printmaking, A New Tradition at the 57th Street Federal Gallery. After 1938, color lithographs that incorporated as many as 5 colors were successfully printed by graphic arts workshops, and were of such high quality that they were in more demand than traditional black and white impressions.
Although artists were eager to explore color lithography, the process required complex and Essay We Should NOT Increase costly equipment available to only a few. Screen printing was less expensive, easier to produce, and quickly attracted a small number of pioneers including Harry Gottlieb, Louis Lozowick, and Elizabeth Olds.  A screen print unit, established in mendelsohn maneuver 1936, was headed by Anthony Velonis fresh from his work with the Project's poster division. The demand for the two instructional manuals Velonis wrote that described the process in detail was so great that mimeographed copies were made available to artists nationwide. Because it required simple, inexpensive equipment, screen printing had immediate and widespread appeal. More important, artists printed their own images, thereby re-establishing the direct relationship between idea and process that intervention by master printers in etching and lithography had altered. To distinguish it from Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, familiar screen printing methods, Velonis and Founding Beliefs Zigrosser designated the silk screen process as serigraphy, a name derived from seri, Latin for silk, and graphein, the Essay about We Should the Minimum, Greek term for writing or drawing. Pioneered by 21 century clothing FAP artists, screen printing soon became an important part of the We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, vocabulary of Josef Albers, Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, and Frank Stella among others.  Harry Gottlieb in particular found that his images of factory workers were stronger and more effective as screen prints. Still working when the first version of this essay was in progress, Gottlieb recalled, in an interview with this author, how artists responded to the stimulus of the Depression and the sense of Cradle: Nature Of Humans Essay, community fostered by the Project workshops.  A member of a small pilot project, Gottlieb enthusiastically worked with Velonis to explore the Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, medium's expressive potential, and held the first solo exhibition of screen prints in 1940.  Although strong individual styles developed within this period, and a sense of mendelsohn, community emerged from the need to the Minimum organize and speak as one political voice, there is 21 century clothing little evidence of egocentrism among graphic arts division artists. About We Should. Nourished by government support, Project artists acquired a collective identity, but more significantly, began to discover individual identities, intentions, and styles.
Printmakers especially realized a sense of self worth that was derived directly from their unique charge to do squats create visual images that could be produced in the Minimum Wage editions of multiple impressions and that were seen by the general public, a challenging and untried viewing audience. Inasmuch as most of this audience were members of the work force, the dentity of printmakers inevitably aligned with that of the country's working class. While it is true that the nation's unemployed were measured in record numbers, they were in fact the Cradle: The Destructive Essay, minority and, because the cost of Essay about We Should NOT Increase, living was lower during the 1930s, those people who had jobs were better off than before.  In addition, the standard of living in the United States was high compared with that of Europe and England, with an annual wage of maneuver, more than $1500 for industrial workers. Most FAP artists earned approximately $1100 a year which further emphasized their kinship with American workers. Because their government recognized their worth as contributing members of society, and as an important part of the work force, printmakers developed a sense of Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum, self confidence that is immediately apparent in their mastery of new materials and processes. Although more relevant to the 1930s, work and worker themes were integral ingredients of American print vocabulary during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. For example, industrial images were central to Joseph Pennell's 1912 etchings of the construction of the Panama Canal. Mendelsohn. As on-site artist, Pennell moved freely through the area observing industry on a colossal scale.
His preliminary drawings of the Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, locks were so startlingly accurate that one of the construction men commented that the mendelsohn, drawings would work. Following completion of the Canal series, Pennell turned his attention to Essay NOT Increase the Minimum the machinery of the fist World War, making meticulous studies in nectar munitions factories in England, France, and Germany. He contrasted gun pits, furnaces, and forges with sketchy, transient small figures moving through and about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage around overpowering machinery, unidentifiable and dwarfed by cranes and steam shovels and forges. Whether his subjects were the Canal's locks, the The Destructive Nature Essay, Brooklyn Bridge, or the Wage, factories that turned out weapons, Pennell was completely absorbed in Gun Control the wonder of work and declared: Work is the greatest thing in the world.  Placed in charge of the etching program at the Art Student's League in 1922, Pennell was an inspiring teacher who encouraged each student to NOT Increase Wage search for an original, individual statement and, above all, to develop good work habits. Mendelsohn Maneuver. He led lively in-class critiques, accompanied students on visits to museums, and cautioned them to forego their persistent tendencies to imitate, reminding them that to copy is to invite comparison.  By demanding bold, original work, and to refuse to supply the market with the conventionalized art labeled what people want when in Essay NOT Increase the Minimum reality it was all they could get,  Pennell's teaching helped create a solid foundation for a new generation of printmakers who did not want to be viewed as illustrators but as artists who explored the full expressive potential of lewis, printmaking methods. The origins of about NOT Increase the Minimum, Pennell's ineffectual little figures are found in the landscapes of the john lewis, 19th century Hudson River School, many of which include human figures as inconsequential elements all but invisible in an overpowering wilderness. These tiny figures, still in harmony with an Essay NOT Increase Wage unspoiled nature, predict the destructive effect humanity will have upon the environment as the luminous serenity of the unexplored landscape will soon be obscured by steam, smoke, and the bustle of heavily populated, industrialized modern spaces.
Humans, who intruded tentatively on nature in the 19th century, are the ancestors of Pennell's agitated little people who are bewildered by the scale of surrounding derricks, forges, and locks which they have created but which possess a power they still do not comprehend. Human figures evolved from small people dwarfed by mendelsohn nature into We Should the Minimum Wage, the sturdy, confident the workers in FAP prints. Pennell's preoccupation with work as a theme was logically echoed in Project prints in nectar john lewis part because many of the artists assigned to the New York graphics workshop had been students in his popular, heavily enrolled classes at the League. However, in the hands of this new generation, machines do not dominate, instead they are controlled by about We Should NOT Increase Wage authoritative human figures. Workers pictured in prints of the 1930s are not subservient to the machine but are convincingly integrated within their factory and construction environments. Unlike Pennell's romantic views of industrial spaces filled with monumental machinery, people in FAP prints confidently control their surroundings. Because artists were among the unemployed who were supported by New Deal relief programs, they identified themselves as cultural workers and were, therefore, allied with labor concerns and practices.
This included organizing into unions to protect themselves against unfair hiring and firing practices by Nature Of Humans Essay WPA committees. Like many labor groups, artists formed militant unions to Essay about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage protect themselves against unfair hiring and firing practices by in America WPA committees. The reason for this unprecedented militancy by artists was that, as a social class, they were grouped with the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, large numbers of unemployed who were dependent on government relief. This was at least acknowledgement of their existence and john lewis connected them with the Essay We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, general society from lewis, which they had historically been estranged. But there was a price for this official recognition and validation of art as worthy of Essay, government support. Artists faced the lewis, open hostility of Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, critics who were politically opposed to cultural projects and who accused them, and the agencies that assisted them, of wasting precious tax dollars on frivolities that could demonstrate no practical result. Many WPA supervisors were convinced that making pictures could not be construed as work and, worse, art projects were suspected of encouraging the spread of Communism. Nectar Lewis. In addition, supervisory methods were stringent and, often, unrealistic, requiring artists to sign in at designated locations daily before 9 a.m., then return home or to work, if they had an assignment, for the rest of the day. They were obliged to remain at home or their specified place of work where they were checked on periodically, unannounced, by timekeepers. About We Should NOT Increase Wage. An artist who didn't answer the door when a timekeeper came by (relief recipients were not permitted telephones) was recorded as absent without permission. This posed a hardship for anyone who needed to leave occasionally even for work-related reasons such as procuring materials.
Anyone wishing to sketch away from nectar lewis, home had to notify the administration as to exact time and about We Should the Minimum place so a timekeeper could be sent to the site . These tactics were degrading, unrealistic, and was evidence that WPA supervisors had no understanding of, or patience with, the nature of artistic activity. Because of such demeaning stipulations many artists with meager means chose not to do squats target apply for We Should, relief. Others, including Jackson Pollock, were almost entirely dependent on the FAP for their livelihood and john lewis dutifully appeared at their assigned locations each morning. Pollock liked to work late at night, then sleep late in the morning making the early deadline extremely hard to meet. He was often observed racing frantically through the streets in pajamas to the time clock at his designated center to sign in with only seconds to spare.  Failure to meet the daily deadline meant that week's paycheck was withheld but in spite of these regulations, Pollock along with most FAP artists met the Essay Wage, Project's rigid requirements and were grateful for the aid they received. Even more abusive, however, was the firing policy, begun as early as 1936, that stipulated artists must be terminated every 18 months to encourage them to seek private employment. This was a cruel hoax since it was obvious that the in America, private sector held out no hope of jobs for Essay NOT Increase, artists. All too frequently artists received Project commissions, then when funding was changed or cut, were summarily dismissed with a final payment.
There were no criteria for identifying those to Nature Of Humans Essay be fired; the process was entirely random and artists were discharged without notice, simply by a pink slip included with their paycheck. In the summer of 1937 a total of 600,000 people were eliminated from WPA rolls and, in 1939, 40% of the artists assigned to Essay about We Should the New York City Project received pink slips. Once dismissed it was possible to 21 century clothing request re-instatement to the Project, but to the Minimum do so artists had to declare themselves paupers to lewis qualify for about the Minimum Wage, relief. Furthermore, they had to submit to an investigation of ato determine if the applicant had property or possible means of support, however minimal, including savings or insurance, that might be converted into money. Mendelsohn Maneuver. Those who qualified had to wait in relief centers every day, along with other unemployed workers, for a job opening to be listed on the center's blackboard. When a listing, such as graphic artist, WPA appeared, which was seldom at best, each artist there would rush for Essay, the first street car going to the job's address.
The first to arrive was usually hired on presentation of Gun Control, a relief voucher. Possession of the voucher implied that the applicant was unable to manage funds responsibly and was desperate enough to accept any job, however humiliating, for meager pay. Essay About We Should. Waiting in relief centers required untold patience and tenacity as well as the ability to resist the temptations of other job opportunities listed. These could include dishwasher, porter, general handy-man, and Cat's Nature Of Humans Essay similar jobs for anyone with no special skills, but an artist who accepted one of these was summarily dropped from Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, FAP rolls. On the other hand, artists who received graphic arts assignments were grateful for clothing, federal assistance that provided both income and opportunities to collaborate with colleagues in a workshop environment.
For those who could proof their blocks and stones in the company of such recognized professionals as Stuart Davis, Raphael Soyer, Adolph Dehn, and Louis Lozowick the workshop experience invaluable. Although most of the Essay NOT Increase Wage, more than 200,000 prints produced during the Project years have been lost, those that are left are an do squats target important pictorial record of how the country's economic crisis affected its work force. By identifying with the working class subjects they depicted, FAP printmakers made exceptionally relevant visual responses to the social and political environment in which they worked. 1 William F. McDonald, Federal Relief Administration and NOT Increase the Arts (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969, p. 435. 2 Holger Cahill, New Horizons in American Art (New York, Museum of Modern Art, 1936), p. 9. 5 Elizabeth Olds, Prints for Mass Production in Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs Art for the Millions , ed. Francis V. O'Connor (Washington, D.C., New York Graphic Society, Ltd. 1973), p. 142. 6 Audrey McMahon, A General View of the WPA Federal Art Project in New York City and State, in The New Deal for about NOT Increase the Minimum, Arts Projects - An Anthology of Memoirs , ed. Francis V. O'Connor (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987), p, 63.
7 Adele Lozowick, widow of Louis Lozowick, during an interview with the author, recalled the effort required for Cat's Cradle: The Destructive Of Humans, him to carry a heavy lithographic stone from Essay about We Should, his studio on which he had created an image, to The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay the workshop where the presses were located. In contrast, he appreciated the lighter, more portable screens which which also made it possible to We Should NOT Increase print larger editions. Lozowick, however, is still better known for his lithographs of New York's skyscrapers and bridges in target his crisp, constructivist style. 8 Christopher de Noon, Posters of the WPA (Los Angeles, The Wheatley Press, 1987), p. 21. 9 The opportunity to have a conversation with Harry Gottlieb on January 29, 1988 was both informative and rerwarding. Essay About We Should Wage. He reiterated the views of most Project printmakers that, although poverty and hunger were obvious social concerns, still the mendelsohn, Depression years were a period of unusual creativity and productivity for artists.
The benefits of working in groups in workshops, and We Should Wage the exchange of ideas was unprecedented and stimulating. 10 New York City WPA Art, New York City WPA Art Then - 1934-43 and Now - 1960-1977 , Harry Gottlieb, p. 36. 11 John Garraty, The Great Depression (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1986), p 86-87. 12 Elizabeth Robins Pennell, The Life and Gun Control Essay Letters of Joseph Pennell (Boston: Little, Brown and co., 1929) p. 116. 13 Mary Francey, Joseph Pennell, Illustrator and Printmaker, Thesis, University of Utah, 1974, p. We Should The Minimum Wage. 68. 14 Francey, p. Nectar John. 69. 15 Jacob Kainen, The Graphic Arts Division of the Federal Art Project, in New Deal Art Projects -- An Anthology of NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, Memoirs . Mendelsohn Maneuver. p.170.
16 Kainen, p. 163. About the about We Should the Minimum, Author. Mary Francey, Ph.D, is The Destructive Nature Of Humans Essay Professor Emerita of Essay Wage, Art and Art History, University of Cat's Cradle: Nature, Utah, and retired Curator of American Art, Utah Museum of Fine Arts. Artist Essays: FAP Printmakers. To view Artist Essays: FAP Printmakers, please click here. Prints in the Collection. To view Prints in the Collection, please click here.
This essay was rekeyed and reprinted on October 18. 2008 in Resource Library with permission of the author granted to TFAO on Essay Wage, October 8, 2008. If you have questions or comments regarding the essay, please contact the 21 century clothing, author at: Telephone: 949-481-7553 [email protected] Resource Library readers may also enjoy:
For biographical information on artists referenced in this article please see America's Distinguished Artists, a national registry of historic artists. Search Resource Library for thousands of articles and Essay about We Should the Minimum Wage essays on American art. Copyright 2008 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. , an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 1. How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on We Should, a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. To achieve supreme excellence or perfection in anything you do, you need more than just the knowledge. Like the Gun Control in America Essay Olympic athlete aiming for the gold medal, you must have a positive attitude and the belief that you have the ability to achieve it.
That is the real start to Essay Wage writing an mendelsohn maneuver A+ research paper. STEP 1. HOW TO START A RESEARCH PAPER? CHOOSE A TOPIC. Choose a topic which interests and Essay NOT Increase the Minimum Wage challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into Essay on The Founding your research. Focus on a limited aspect, e.g. narrow it down from “Religion” to Essay We Should the Minimum “World Religion” to Gun Control in America Essay “Buddhism”. Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on about We Should the Minimum Wage, a full-scale research. If you are uncertain as to what is expected of you in completing the assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher. Select a subject you can manage. The Destructive Essay? Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized. Essay NOT Increase The Minimum? Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials.
For general or background information, check out 21 century useful URLs, general information online, almanacs or encyclopedias online such as Britannica. Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point. Pay attention to domain name extensions, e.g., .edu (educational institution), .gov (government), or .org (non-profit organization). Essay We Should The Minimum Wage? These sites represent institutions and tend to nectar be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in Essay about We Should the Minimum, some government sites. Be selective of .com (commercial) sites. Mendelsohn? Many .com sites are excellent; however, a large number of them contain advertisements for products and nothing else. Network Solutions provides a link where you can find out what some of the other extensions stand for. Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on the Net. The quality of these personal homepages vary greatly.
Learning how to evaluate websites critically and to search effectively on the Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time. The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as .biz (commercial businesses), .pro, .info (info on products / organizations), .name, .ws (WebSite), .cc (Cocos Island) or .sh (St. Helena) or .tv (Tuvalu) may create some confusion as you would not be able to tell whether a .cc or .sh or .tv site is in reality a .com, a .edu, a .gov, a .net, or a .org site. Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and Essay We Should are available to anyone who wishes to mendelsohn maneuver register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken. For instance, if Books.com is unavailable, you can register as Books.ws or Books.info via a service agent such as Register.com. To find books in the Library use the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog).
Check out other print materials available in the Library: Almanacs, Atlases, AV Catalogs Encyclopedias and Dictionaries. • Government Publications, Guides, Reports. • Yellow Pages, Zip or Postal Code and Telephone Directories. Check out online resources, Web based information services, or special resource materials on CDs: Online reference materials (including databases, e.g. SIRS, ProQuest, eLibrary, etc.) Google Scholar Wall Street Executive Library Index to Periodicals and Newspapers (e.g. MagPortal.com, OnlineNewspapers.com, etc.) Answers.com – an online dictionary and encyclopedia all-in-one resource that you can install on your computer free of charge and find one-click answers quickly. Encyclopedias (e.g.Britannica, Canadian Encyclopedia, etc.) Magazines and Essay about We Should Wage Journals Newspapers International Public Library Subject Specific software (e.g. discovering authors, exploring Shakespeare, etc.) Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Read and evaluate.
Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information (author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of lewis publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Essay about We Should, Web pages, and your date of on The Fathers Beliefs access) on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval. If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the Essay NOT Increase URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. STEP 3. MAKE YOUR THESIS STATEMENT. Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on nectar, this cenral idea, that is why it is so important. Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence.
Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. A thesis statement should be provided early in about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum, your paper – in on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, the introduction part, or in the second paragraph, if your paper is longer. It is Essay about the Minimum, impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment. Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. It will naturally change while you develop your ideas. Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject. The paper should present something new to target the audience to make it interesting and educative to read.
Avoid citing other authors in about Wage, this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from nectar john other writers. A thesis statement should do the following: Explain the Essay about readers how you interpret the mendelsohn maneuver subject of the research Tell the readers what to Essay the Minimum expect from 21 century your paper Answer the question you were asked Present your claim which other people may want to dispute. Make sure your thesis is strong. If you have time and about We Should Wage opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise. John Lewis? Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. Does my statement answer the question of Wage my assignment? Can my position be disputed or opposed? If not, maybe you have just provided a summary instead of Essay Fathers Beliefs creating an We Should the Minimum Wage argument. Is my statement precise enough?
It should not be too general and vague. Does it pass a so-called “so what” test? Does it provide new/interesting information to mendelsohn your audience or does it simply state a generic fact? Does the body of my manuscript support my thesis, or are they different things? Compare them and the Minimum change if necessary.
Remember that changing elements of Essay Beliefs your work in the process of writing and reviewing is normal. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. Essay NOT Increase The Minimum Wage? It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. STEP 4. MAKE A RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE. A research paper basically has the following structure: Title Page (including the title, the author’s name, the maneuver name of a University or colledge, and the publication date) Abstract (brief summary of the paper – 250 words or less) Introduction (background information on the topic or a brief comment leading into the subject matter – up to Essay 2 pages) Manuscript Body, which can be broken down in Gun Control in America, further sections, depending on the nature of research: Materials and Methods Results (what are the results obtained) Discussion and Conclusion etc. Reference Tables, figures, and appendix (optional) An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline (working outline) is NOT Increase the Minimum Wage, a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is subject to revision, addition and clothing canceling, without paying much attention to form. NOT Increase? It helps an 21 century author to make their key points clear for him/her and arrange them.
Sometimes the students are asked to submit formal outlines with their research papers. In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The Minimum Wage? The letters and numbers of the john same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. Example of an outline: The purpose of an outline is to Essay about NOT Increase the Minimum help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper.
Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Include in nectar, your outline an INTRODUCTION, a BODY, and a CONCLUSION. Essay About NOT Increase The Minimum? Make the Cat's Cradle: Nature Of Humans Essay first outline tentative. INTRODUCTION – State your thesis and the purpose of your research paper clearly. What is the Essay about We Should NOT Increase Wage chief reason you are writing the what paper? State also how you plan to Essay Wage approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in 21 century, your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic.
BODY – This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the about We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage Rule of 3, i.e. Maneuver? find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. CONCLUSION – Restate or reword your thesis. About We Should The Minimum? Summarize your arguments. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to Cradle: Essay your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to Cat's Nature Of Humans support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper.
Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and about We Should hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place. You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in john lewis, your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question.
Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to Essay transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to john identify sections in your outline, e.g., IA3b – meaning that the We Should NOT Increase the Minimum Wage item “Accessing WWW” belongs in the following location of Essay your outline: Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.g., IA2, IA3, IA4, etc. This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in Essay NOT Increase, the right place as you organize your notes according to Essay on The your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e.g. with the capital Roman numeral I. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e.g. write summaries, paraphrases or quotations on note cards, or separate sheets of lined paper.
Mark each card or sheet of about We Should the Minimum paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e.g., IB2a or IIC, etc. Put all your note cards or paper in nectar john, the order of your outline, e.g. Essay About We Should NOT Increase? IA, IB, IC. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e.g. cut first Introduction paragraph and paste it to IA. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. If it is helpful to you, use a symbol such as “#” to mark the spot where you would like to Gun Control in America Essay check back later to edit a paragraph. We Should? The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. STEP 7. REVISE YOUR OUTLINE AND DRAFT. Read your paper for any content errors.
Double check the Gun Control in America Essay facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and about Wage your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. 1. Is my thesis statement concise and 21 century clear? 2. Did I follow my outline?
Did I miss anything? 3. Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? 4. Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? 5. About The Minimum? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? 6. Have I made my intentions and points clear in do squats, the essay?
Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. We Should NOT Increase Wage? Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the mendelsohn maneuver overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability. Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. 1. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? 2. Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples?
3. About The Minimum Wage? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? 4. John? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? 5. Varying lengths of sentences? 6. Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? 7. Any spelling or grammatical errors? 8. Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? 9. Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? 10. About NOT Increase? Did I avoid using contractions? Use “cannot” instead of “can’t”, “do not” instead of “don’t”? 11.
Did I use third person as much as possible? Avoid using phrases such as “I think”, “I guess”, “I suppose” 12. Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? 13. 21 Century Clothing? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader(s) at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out the Minimum Wage this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. on the Elements of Style.
Contents include: Elementary Rules of Usage, Elementary Principles of Composition, Words Expressions Commonly Misused, An Approach to Style with a List of Reminders: Place yourself in john lewis, the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and about NOT Increase the Minimum Wage much more. Details of The Elements of Style by Cat's Essay, William Strunk, Jr. partially available online at Essay about the Minimum Bartleby.com. Note: William Strunk, Jr. (1869–1946). The Elements of clothing Style was first published in 1918. There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. The Minimum? It depends on the field of your studies or the in America Essay requirements of your University/supervisor. There are several formatting styles typically used. We Should NOT Increase Wage? The most commonly used are the APA style and the MLA style. However, there are such style guides as the Chicago Manual of Style, American Medical Association (AMA) Style, and more. APA (American Psychological Association) style is mendelsohn maneuver, mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences.
The detailed information can be found in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing). MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used for the liberal arts and humanities. The most recent printed guide on it is the We Should the Minimum MLA Handbook (8 th ed.). Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format (printed, online, e-books etc.), this edition recommends a single universal set of guidelines, which writers can apply to any kind of source. You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting. All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer. Read the maneuver assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and Essay about We Should Wage that your essay meets the in America requirements as specified by your teacher. Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. Make the effort to ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and about the Minimum Wage attractive. Aim to have your final paper ready a day or two before the deadline.
This gives you peace of mind and a chance to triple check. Before handing in do squats target, your assignment for marking, ask yourself: “Is this the Essay about We Should NOT Increase VERY BEST that I can do?”