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art essay topics This is an communists germany example of a first year essay which was given a distinction. Click on the highlights to Astronauts read the comments. Certain words may be unfamiliar to you. Click on them to read their definitions in the glossary. In this essay, the Rococo and Romanticism periods have been selected to demonstrate how two art periods can have many similarities yet still hold true to their own beliefs, values and principles to communists in nazi create a definitive style . Antoine Watteau#039;s painting, L#039;Indifferent , 1716, oil on canvas, 25cm x 18cm and Eugene Delacroix#039;s Paganini , 1831, oil on cardboard on wood panel, approx. 43cm x 28cm have been selected to represent the lusting synonym, Rococo and communists in nazi, Romanticism periods respectively . Rococo was a style of art that followed on from the Baroque period in the early 18th century. The artists of this style typically depicted themes of love, artfully and archly pursued through erotic frivolity and how did election affect president, playful intrigue . Germany! 1 Both the art and interior design of the time displayed a sense of rhythm in which [e]verything seemed organic, growing, and in motion, an ultimate refinement of illusion.

2 The artists of this period were also starting to express themselves and their feelings about their themes in their work. Some of the my gril movie, works seem to be edging toward the ideals of the Romanticism period, even though they were at communists germany, opposite ends of the 18th century . Romanticism in the late 18th century was a revolt against the sober restraint of the Enlightenment period that had preceded it. 3 This was a period encompassing the and How he Survived the Holocaust, desire for communists, freedom - not only political freedom but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of the feudal system, action, of worship, of communists in nazi germany, speech and of taste. 4 Artists wanted only to produce pure, truthful art that was based on the predominance of feeling and imagination. W Bush Speech! 5 Works in the Romantic period depict not only the communists germany, Romantic ideal of love but also #039;Gothic#039; horror, as this too could be explored to discover the #039;sublime#039; . The works discussed in this essay share obvious similarities. They are both portraits of performers in full, in the context of their performing environment. In Watteau#039;s L#039;Indifferent , there is a sense of the subject posing for the portrait in lusting synonym a very festive manner which is characteristic of the Rococo period.

By contrast, in Delacroix#039;s Paganini the performer seems to carry himself with a much more intrinsic purpose, perhaps enacting a more truthful value that is typical of the Romantic ideal. Communists! There is, nevertheless, a similarity in the two poses that suggests motion, as both performers seem to be caught in mid movement. This dynamic quality was not typical of the other art movements prior to or during the 18th century, where portraits tended to depict people in staid, sober poses . Watteau#039;s painting of the dancer seems soft and flouncy, yet it is obvious that it is a well thought out work. The writer#039;s choice of language have indicated the conditional nature of the president johnson, observations. The colours are used to compliment and in nazi germany, support the painting#039;s composition, with the hue of the foliage seemingly reflected in the velvet of the dancer#039;s clothes . The colour used in the cape has also been added to lusting synonym the accessories on the shoe and hat. Both of these examples of the use of colour show how the clever composition of the painting successfully draws the viewer#039;s eye around it.

When expressing the difference between the Baroque and Rococo periods, one art critic noted that [Rococo] aimed no longer at astounding the spectator with the marvellous, but rather at amusing him with the ingenious. 6 This statement demonstrates that the attention to compositional detail is both a necessary element of the Rococo period and also of this work by Watteau . Communists In Nazi! Delacroix#039;s painting Paganini also displays a strong attention to colour . However , in this case, it is lusting synonym, not just a compositional element, but also contributes to the highly emotive nature of the painting. Germany! The colours could be seen to suggest the the 1964 johnson, way the artist felt about the scene before him. This portrayal of the dancer#039;s performance, using the poignant yet subtle blends of dark earthy background colours which contrast with the smooth deep black tones in the figure, enhances the feeling of balance and melody . This combination of art, music, theatre and dance was of high interest to the Romantic artists as it was a great source of the #039;true#039; or #039;pure#039; emotion which they sought to represent . The seemingly fast, fluent brushstrokes indicate and portray the motion and spirit within the performer. The colour and form seem to be of communists, utmost importance, above the need for line. Indeed, a stronger use of line would have contained and possibly even restricted the emotive values in system the artwork . This style did not go unnoticed by critics. Both Delacroix and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres were referred to as Rubenistes and Poussinistes respectively, due to their use of the communists in nazi germany, #039;academic#039; style of line or the Vladek’s he Survived, #039;romantic#039; truth of colour as the main element in their works, although both are now recognised as Romantic artists. 7. The composition in Paganini is flowing and in nazi germany, melodious and is greatly enhanced by the aforementioned use of colour and the form of the performer. Intelligence The Holocaust Essay! The posture has been exaggerated to enhance the Romantic principles within the composition by expressing the emotion roused by the scene. Although there were evident stylistic differences between Rococo and Romanticism, artists in both periods were beginning to express what they wanted to see in the scenes before them.

Where Rococo was a time of idealising the frivolity of the upper classes, Romanticism idealised the world around the upper classes, depicting the good, the bad, and the ugly equally by looking for the sublime in germany everything. Both paintings discussed in this essay provide great insight into their own periods but also into the foundation of the Expressionist movement of the 20th century . Brookner, A. Romanticism and its discontents , London: Penguin, 2000. Honour, H. Romanticism , London: Penguin, 1979. Kleiner, F., Mamiya C. and Tansey, R., Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed. Lusting Synonym! Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001. Minor, V. Communists! Baroque and Rococo: Art and culture , New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. Peckham, M. The birth of Romanticism 1790-1815 , Florida: Penkevill Publishing Company, 1986. #039;Rococo#039;, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo accessed 7.8.2006. #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. 1 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed., (Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001), p. 785. 2 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and the 1964, R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 783.

3 #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. 4 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 863. 5 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Communists Germany! Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. Intelligence And How He Survived The Holocaust Essay! 863. 6 V. In Nazi! Minor, Baroque and Rococo: Art and culture, (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999), p 14. 7 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 870. Astronauts Food Essay! Problems?

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resume withdrawal Protracted Withdrawal Syndromes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Vol. 8 pp. 19-28 1991. Professor C Heather Ashton DM, FRCP. School of Neurosciences. Division of in nazi, Psychiatry. The Royal Victoria Infirmary. Queen Victoria Road.

Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP. Abstract: The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome is a complex phenomenon which presents serious difficulties in my gril movie, definition and measurement. It is particularly difficult to in nazi set out precise limits on its duration. Many withdrawal symptoms are a result of pharmacodynamic tolerance to benzodiazepines, some mechanisms for which are discussed. Such tolerance develops unevenly in different brain systems and may be slow to reverse. Withdrawal symptoms occurring in the first weeks after cessation of drug use tend to merge with more persistent symptoms that may last for many months.

These prolonged symptoms do not necessarily constitute true pharmacological withdrawal symptoms, but are nevertheless related to long-term benzodiazepine use. Such symptoms can include anxiety, which may partly result from a learning deficit imposed by the drugs, and a variety of sensory and motor neurological symptoms. The protracted nature of some of these symptoms raises the possibility that benzodiazepines can give rise not only to slowly reversible functional changes in the feudal system, the central nervous system, but may also occasionally cause structural neuronal damage. Keywords: benzodiazepines; withdrawal syndrome; tolerance; protracted symptoms; tinnitus; brain mechanisms. Drug withdrawal syndromes, in general, tend to consist of mirror images of the drugs' initial effects. Communists. Thus, abrupt withdrawal from Astronauts and Space, chronic usage of beta adrenoceptor antagonists such as propranolol may give rise to germany tachycardia and palpitations; abrupt withdrawal from w bush 911, antihypertensive doses of clonidine may be followed by hypertension, anxiety, and other signs of increased sympathetic activity.

Benzodiazepines are no exception: On sudden cessation after chronic use, anticonvulsant effects may be replaced by epileptic seizures, muscle relaxation by increased muscle tension, hypnotic effects by increased anxiety. The same symptoms can occur in attenuated form when the drugs are withdrawn slowly. However, all of communists, these symptoms are not inevitable in any individual patient. The particular features of the withdrawal syndrome and their time of onset, duration, and severity are greatly modified by many other factors. Such factors include pharmacokinetic variables, dosage and duration of drug use, rate of withdrawal, the presence or absence of the original disorder (such as anxiety) for which the drug was prescribed, personality characteristics, physical makeup and susceptibility, and the use of concomitant treatments. These variables alone make it difficult to my gril movie characterise specific features of the withdrawal syndrome. This difficulty is communists germany, compounded by system, the fact that, as long-term medication, benzodiazepines have mainly been prescribed for anxiety and insomnia, disorders which themselves include most features of the drug withdrawal syndrome. When such patients undergo reduction of benzodiazepine dosage, especially slow reduction, how can one specify which emergent symptoms are true, drug-related withdrawal symptoms, which are pseudowithdrawal symptoms (Tyrer, Owen, Dawling, 1983), which represent a return of the communists original anxiety state, and which are the natural reactions of an anxious personality undergoing the stress of withdrawal? In circumstances such as these, the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome becomes largely a matter of the 1964 affect president johnson, definition.

Nevertheless, the existence of a benzodiazepine withdrawal reaction, from both high and low (therapeutic) doses of benzodiazepines, is no longer in dispute, and many attempts have been made to define and measure it and to estimate its incidence and duration. Definitions and Measurements. Symptoms occurring during benzodiazepine withdrawal have been described by many authors (Ashton, 1984, 1987; Busto, Sellers, Naranjo, Cappell, Sanchez, Sykora, 1986; Hallström Lader, 1981; Murphy, Owen Tyrer, 1983, 1984; Petursson Lader, 1981a, 1981b; Smith Wesson, 1983; Tyrer et al ., 1983; Tyrer, Rutherford, Higgett, 1981; Winokur, Rickels, Greenblatt, Snyder, Schatz, 1980; among others). Commonly described symptoms are shown in communists, Figure 1. None of these symptoms are specific to benzodiazepine withdrawal: They include all of the psychological and lusting synonym, somatic symptoms of anxiety, although certain symptom clusters are characteristic. Owen and Tyrer (1983) and Petursson and Lader (1981a b) emphasised the appearance of communists germany, new symptoms, not experienced before withdrawal and Food, uncommon in anxiety states. These new symptoms include hypersensitivity to communists in nazi germany sensory stimuli (sound, light, touch, taste, and smell) and perceptual distortions (e.g., sensation of the Vladek’s Intelligence he Survived floor undulating, feeling of motion, impression of walls or floor tilting). There also appears to be a higher incidence than usually seen in anxiety of depersonalisation, derealisation, paraesthesiae, and extreme dysphoria, an amalgam of anxiety, depression, nausea, malaise, and depersonalisation (Petursson Lader, 1981a, 1981b). Visual hallucinations, distortion of body image, psychotic reactions, formication, muscle fasciculation and twitching (occasionally resembling myoclonus), and considerable loss of weight are also described during benzodiazepine withdrawal and are unusual in in nazi, anxiety states. Smith and Wesson (1983) and Ashton (1984) drew attention to the characteristic fluctuation of symptoms, which may wax and wane without obvious psychological provocation.

Smith and Wesson (1983) suggest that this wavelike symptomatology is an george w bush 911, important marker for distinguishing the germany low-dose benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome from symptom re-emergence. However, since symptoms may fluctuate in Intelligence he Survived Essay, the course of the day or over communists in nazi germany, periods of the feudal, days or weeks, accurate recording is difficult. Since no particular symptom is exclusive to benzodiazepine withdrawal, how can one define the syndrome? Tyrer et al . (1981, 1983) have attempted various methods in placebo controlled studies: The appearance of two or more new symptoms during the communists in nazi germany withdrawal period. Lusting Synonym. New symptoms in one study included perceptual disturbances, sensory hypersensitivity, and fear of imminent death (1981), and in another study (1983), psychotic symptoms, depression and communists in nazi germany, dysphoria, muscle twitching, and abnormal sensations of movement. The choice of two new symptoms as the minimum number necessary to qualify as withdrawal is clearly arbitrary. An increase in self-rated symptoms (Comprehensive Psychiatric Rating Scale) to greater than 50% of baseline levels, followed by my gril movie, a return to lower values. Symptom resolution is in nazi, clearly an important feature in differentiating between symptoms due to withdrawal and symptom re-emergence, emergence, or overinterpretation. As Smith and Wesson (1983, p. The Feudal. 88) point out: Withdrawal symptoms subside with continued abstinence, whereas symptoms of other aetiology persist. However, a measure of symptom resolution is not applicable to patients who drop out of withdrawal studies, perhaps because of intolerable true withdrawal symptoms.

It is noteworthy that 45% of patients dropped out of one study (Tyrer et al ., 1981). A combination of methods (1) and (2) so that a withdrawal reaction is defined as the appearance of new symptoms that resolved before the end of the study (20 and 14 weeks after the end of withdrawal [Tyrer et al ., 1983]). Communists Germany. More recently Tyrer, Murphy, Riley (1989) have produced a questionnaire of 911, symptoms that are relatively specific to benzodiazepine withdrawal in that they mainly occur during periods of drug withdrawal and return towards baseline levels after withdrawal. Pseudowithdrawal symptoms were defined as symptoms occurring when patients thought they were reducing but their drug consumption and blood concentrations of benzodiazepines were unchanged. Such definitions, derived from communists, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, have been extremely helpful in the recognition of benzodiazepine dependence, especially low-dose dependence. My Gril Movie. However, they are of necessity arbitrary and can only be approximate, since the appearance or severity of any particular symptom or symptom cluster may actually represent a variable combination of true withdrawal, pseudowithdrawal, and re-emergence of anxiety, and the same patients liable to pseudowithdrawal reactions are also likely to be most vulnerable to true withdrawal effects. Furthermore, definitions based on differences from prewithdrawal symptoms do not take into account the communists in nazi germany possibility that, due to the development of tolerance, withdrawal symptoms may already be present while patients are still taking benzodiazepines. Such a situation is most clearly seen with relatively short-acting benzodiazepines.

For example, patients taking triazolam as a hypnotic commonly develop daytime anxiety (Oswald, 1989) and even hallucinations or psychotic reactions. These are almost certainly withdrawal effects since they are immediately relieved by taking the lusting synonym drug but eventually disappear after the drug is in nazi germany, stopped (Ashton, 1987). Similarly, with lorazepam and alprazolam (Hermann, Brotman, Rosenbaum, 1987) patients often develop increasing anxiety and my gril movie, panic as well as craving between doses (Ashton, 1984). They appear to undergo a miniwithdrawal between each dose, which is temporarily relieved by communists in nazi germany, the next tablet, but disappears after total cessation. My Gril Movie. An analagous condition is seen with alcohol: alcoholics commonly complain of germany, tremor and insomnia, symptoms which are temporarily relieved by alcohol but which only disappear after a period of abstinence. W Bush Speech 911. Even with long-acting benzodiazepines such as diazepam, there is germany, usually a history in my gril movie, long-term users of steadily increasing anxiety, with the development over the years of new symptoms such as agoraphobia, often with perceptual distortions and depersonalisation, despite continued usage of these supposedly anxiolytic drugs. Communists In Nazi Germany. These symptoms have often been temporarily alleviated by a moderate increase in dosage or the addition of another benzodiazepine, but eventually re-emerge during further chronic use and only disappear after the benzodiazepine is stopped (Ashton, 1984, 1987).

Mechanisms of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms are discussed below, but tolerance is difficult to Vladek’s and How he Survived the Holocaust Essay demonstrate in clinical practice. Because of these many immeasurable factors, it is doubtful whether the boundaries of a true benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome can ever be clearly demarcated. The overall incidence of the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome is unknown. As with cigarette smokers (Ashton Stepney, 1982), there may be a large, uncounted population who quit regular benzodiazepine usage after months or years without ever coming to medical attention. In Nazi. Tyrer (1990) notes that it is surprising how many patients in ordinary practice have no difficulties whatsoever in reducing their benzodiazepines, and the incidence of a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome in general practice appears to lusting synonym be around 30% (Tyrer et al ., 1981, 1983; Tyrer, 1989; Tyrer, Murphy, Riley, in press; Tyrer, 1990). On the other hand, in selected patients referred for specialist treatment, the incidence may be 100% (Ashton, 1987; Lader Olajide, 1987; Petursson Lader, 1981a). Communists In Nazi Germany. It is also worth noting that withdrawal syndromes in the form of my gril movie, rebound insomnia (Kales, Scharf, Kales, 1978) or more general symptoms can occur in experimental subjects and in nonanxious patients prescribed benzodiazepines for sports injuries (Lader, 1988). In addition, a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome has been described in neonates whose mothers took therapeutic doses of benzodiazepines during pregnancy (Rementeria Bhatt, 1977). Not surprisingly, the observed incidence of benzodiazepine withdrawal reactions depends not only on patient selection but also on communists germany, the criteria used for the feudal measurement.

In the study of communists in nazi germany, Tyrer et al . (1983), when definitions of withdrawal (1) and (2) (see above) were used singly, the incidence of pseudowithdrawal reactions was around 20%. With the combined definition (3) (see above) the incidence of true withdrawal symptoms was 44% and there were no pseudowithdrawal reactions. This incidence of Astronauts and Space Food Essay, course only applies to those consenting to take part in the study and managing to communists in nazi finish it. It cannot account for dropouts during withdrawal or for individuals declining to the feudal undergo withdrawal (45.5% of eligible patients in the study of in nazi, Tyrer et al ., 1981). Thus the incidence of my gril movie, benzodiazepine withdrawal, like its diagnosis, becomes largely a matter of definition. The identification of the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome is difficult enough; its duration is even more difficult to delineate. Most estimates suggest a duration of approximately 5-28 days, with a peak in severity around 2 weeks post withdrawal, after which most symptoms return to in nazi germany prewithdrawal levels (Busto et al ., 1986; Murphy et al ., 1984; Owen Tyrer, 1983; Petursson Lader, 1981a, 1981b; Tyrer et al ., 1981, 1983).

To a large extent the apparent duration depends upon how long the patients are followed up, and and How the Holocaust Essay, several authors have drawn attention to the prolonged nature of postwithdrawal symptoms in some cases. For example, Smith and Wesson (1983) observed that symptoms after withdrawal from in nazi, low-dose benzodiazepine typically take 6-12 months to the feudal system subside completely. Prolonged symptoms included anxiety, insomnia, paraesthesiae, altered sensation, muscle spasms, and communists, psychosis. Ashton (1984, 1987) reported a similar protracted time-course. My Gril Movie. Tyrer (1990) refers to a post-withdrawal syndrome in the 6 months after withdrawal. Hallström and communists germany, Lader (1981) found the Hamilton Anxiety Score still raised above baseline levels by follow-up several months later when successfully withdrawn patients had resumed their normal life (Hallström Lader, 1981 p. How Did The 1964 Affect Johnson. 237). Olajide and communists in nazi, Lader (1984) suggested that depression may be an the feudal, integral part of the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome and in nazi, may last several months after withdrawal in susceptible individuals; this phenomenon was also observed by Ashton (1987). Busto, Fornazzari, and Naranjo (1988) described two cases in whom severe tinnitus first appeared during benzodiazepine withdrawal and persisted for my gril movie 6 and 12 months after discontinuation before finally diminishing or disappearing. In one of these cases the tinnitus was immediately alleviated by germany, diazepam in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial conducted over 1 week, 6 months after withdrawal; after a further 6 months of abstinence the tinnitus had became tolerable. In a recent study of 68 patients who were withdrawn from benzodiazepines over my gril movie, a 6-week period and followed for a further 4 weeks, Tyrer et al . (1989), using a self-report scale, found a wide variation in the time at which individual symptoms peaked.

Mean scores for some symptoms (depression, dizziness, paraesthesiae, feeling of in nazi, unreality) peaked early, while mean scores for others (nausea, memory impairment, faintness, touch sensitivity, and motor impairment) were maximal 8 weeks after the start of withdrawal. Although individual patient's scores were not reported, and 30% withdrew from the study, these findings suggest that symptoms can persist beyond the 5-28 days usually regarded as the Intelligence and How he Survived the Holocaust duration of the withdrawal syndrome. Ashton, Rawlins and in nazi germany, Tyrer (1990) used the lusting synonym rating scale shown in Figure 1 to record the in nazi germany symptoms of patients undergoing diazepam withdrawal under double-blind placebo controlled conditions. Withdrawal took place over 4 weeks, and patients were followed for 8 weeks after the end of withdrawal. Half the system patients received placebo and the other half withdrawal. Analysis of the germany time-course of selected symptoms in my gril movie, the 11 out of in nazi, 12 patients in Essay, the placebo group who successfully completed withdrawal is communists germany, shown in Table 1. Eight weeks after the end of withdrawal, mean scores for my gril movie headache, dizziness, depression, tinnitus, paraesthesiae, and motor symptoms remained higher than prewithdrawal scores; other symptoms had declined although few had disappeared. These findings again show that duration of symptoms after benzodiazepine withdrawal is often a matter of months rather than weeks. Communists In Nazi Germany. Different symptoms persisted in the Tyrer et al . (1989) and Ashton et al . (1990) studies, which differed also in size of system, sample, patient selection, and rate of withdrawal.

To what extent such persistent symptoms are true withdrawal symptoms is unknown. A further problem in assessing the communists in nazi duration of the withdrawal syndrome is the Essay interpretation of the baseline (prewithdrawal) symptoms and anxiety scores. Germany. Patients presenting for benzodiazepine withdrawal often have high levels of anxiety and many psychological and somatic symptoms. Figures 2 and 3 show Hospital Anxiety Depression (anxiety) (Zigmond Snaith, 1983) and symptom rating scores for 12 patients on Vladek’s Intelligence he Survived Essay, benzodiazepines compared with the scores of 18 healthy university students approaching their exams. Both groups took placebo tablets and were followed for 20 weeks. The benzodiazepine group withdrew from the communists in nazi benzodiazepines between weeks 8 and 12. Lusting Synonym. It is clear that the patients had considerably higher scores than the normal subjects on both scales, even at the beginning of the study while they were still taking benzodiazepines. Certainly in these patients the benzodiazepines were not effectively controlling anxiety and, as argued above, it is possible that at communists in nazi least some of the presenting symptoms were due to george w bush speech 911 withdrawal symptoms even in the presence of the drug, as a result of the development of drug tolerance.

Such symptoms would be expected to disappear after withdrawal, but they could be slow to resolve. There was no evidence of resolution below baseline levels 8 weeks after withdrawal, but unfortunately (as in most studies) formal assessment stopped at this point. Communists In Nazi Germany. However, continued clinical contact with most of my gril movie, these patients has shown that anxiety symptoms have declined over time. This slow improvement bears out the observations quoted above (Ashton, 1984, 1987; Busto et al ., 1988; Hallström Lader, 1981; Olajide and Lader, 1984; Smith Wesson, 1983) that symptoms improve gradually for many months after withdrawal, and some patients are able to resume normal lives after years of incapacity before withdrawal. Which of these long-lasting symptoms can one attribute to true drug withdrawal effects? Is it possible to pinpoint a time at which the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome ends and to in nazi germany say with certainty that any residual symptoms must be due to the feudal system other factors? The problem is similar to that of designating which effects of in nazi germany, a bout of influenza or infectious mononucleosis can be attributed to the specific virus. Do such effects include only those of the lusting synonym viral toxaemia? Do they include secondary bacterial infection consequent upon the impact of the virus? Do they include the germany period of postviral lethargy and depression which, like benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms, tends to Intelligence and How recur in wave-like fashion for several months? Once again, the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome appears to slip through the communists fingers and one is led back to a question of definition.

Probably a clear definition of duration is lusting synonym, impossible because drug-induced perturbations of central neurotransmission merge imperceptibly into communists, the background of individual, genetically determined, and learned patterns of election president johnson, brain activity. Protracted Symptoms After Benzodiazepine Withdrawal. All the problems of definition discussed above are multiplied in any attempt to communists germany describe protracted benzodiazepine withdrawal syndromes. Yet anyone observing patients for long periods after withdrawal cannot fail to be struck by the persistence of certain symptoms in some patients. These may not be true benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms; nevertheless they are possibly related to benzodiazepine use and often present a clinical problem.

Listed below are examples of some protracted symptoms that from personal observations and other reports appear to be relatively common after benzodiazepine withdrawal. Intelligence Essay. Unfortunately, there are no data available on the incidence and duration of such symptoms in comparable patients not treated with benzodiazepines, nor of their relative incidence in patients undergoing benzodiazepine withdrawal. Nor are there any known predictive factors to indicate which patients might be especially vulnerable. Anxiety: As discussed above, anxiety may persist for many months after benzodiazepine withdrawal, yet slowly decline below prewithdrawal levels after 1-2 years (Ashton, 1987). Communists. One reason for the slow resolution may be that benzodiazepines inhibit the learning of stress-coping strategies. Such effects have been demonstrated in my gril movie, animals and germany, man (Gray, 1987). Consequently there is a long period after benzodiazepine withdrawal when patients have a decreased ability to cope with stressful situations (Ashton, 1989; Murphy Tyrer, 1988; Owen Tyrer, 1983).

Recovery may require many months of learning new strategies of stress control to replace the george speech years of coping with stress by means of communists, exogenous drugs. Hence persisting anxiety after benzodiazepine withdrawal does not necessarily imply the re-emergence of an anxiety state existing before benzodiazepine treatment; it may represent the the feudal uncovering of a type of learning deficiency induced by long-term benzodiazepine use. People who take benzodiazepines tend to have high ratings for trait anxiety (Ashton and Golding, 1989; Golding Cornish, 1987; Golding, Harper, Brent-Smith, 1983) which may confer a particular vulnerability to the stress of withdrawal. Nevertheless, even without formal treatment, protracted anxiety symptoms, including agoraphobia and panic, may gradually resolve after benzodiazepine withdrawal (Ashton, 1987) although the process may be hastened by behavioural treatments. Depression: Depression can be caused or aggravated by in nazi germany, chronic benzodiazepine use (Lader Petursson, 1981), yet it also appears to be a feature of the withdrawal syndrome (Olajide Lader, 1984). It may be severe enough to qualify as a major depressive disorder (Ashton, 1987) and may persist for the feudal some months. Olajide and in nazi, Lader (1984) suggest that the Vladek’s Intelligence and How the Holocaust Essay mechanisms for postwithdrawal depression may be central serotonin depletion, but there is no direct evidence for this.

Clinically, the depression is communists germany, not different from depressive illness in general, and it responds to antidepressant drugs. Vladek’s Essay. It is not clear whether protracted depressive symptoms are more common in patients with a previous history of communists, depression or whether it recurs in subsequent years after withdrawal. Tinnitus: Tinnitus is a common symptom of benzodiazepine withdrawal and may initially result from the characteristic general hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli. It usually resolves in a few weeks, but occasionally qualifies as a protracted symptom. Busto et al . (1988) describe two cases in which tinnitus persisted for george w bush speech 6 and 12 months after withdrawal and mention a third patient who was unable to withdraw from benzodiazepines because of severe tinnitus at in nazi germany each attempt. How Did Affect Johnson. Further cases of protracted tinnitus personally observed are described below. Case 1: Female, aged 54. Duration of benzodiazepine usage: 8 years. Withdrawal slowly from oxazepam 45mg daily in 1986. Right-sided tinnitus first noticed during previous attempts at in nazi germany withdrawal; became severe after final withdrawal and is still constantly present and severe 2 years later, remaining mainly unilateral.

No abnormality detected on skull x-ray, CAT scan, EEG, or ENT examination, apart from the 1964 election johnson, slight bilateral (symmetrical) high-tone deafness. Not clinically anxious or depressed; all other withdrawal symptoms resolved quickly. Taking no medication. Case 2: Female, aged 62. Duration of benzodiazepine usage: 18 years. Withdrawn slowly from germany, diazepam 15mg daily in 1988. Bilateral tinnitus first noticed during previous attempts at withdrawal, becoming severe after final withdrawal, and he Survived, still present, severe, and in nazi germany, continuous 1 year later.

ENT investigation: moderate bilateral high-tone deafness; wears hearing aid. No clinical anxiety or depression; no other withdrawal symptoms; no medication. Case 3: Female, aged 58. The Feudal. Duration of benzodiazepine usage: 20 years. Withdrew from diazepam 20mg daily over 4 weeks in 1988. Developed acute psychotic reaction, which resolved in one week. First noticed left-sided tinnitus 1 month after withdrawal. Three months later restarted diazepam 20mg daily because of unremitting tinnitus, but experienced only slight improvement. Second withdrawal over one year 1988-9. Left-sided tinnitus severe throughout withdrawal and still persisting though becoming intermittent.

ENT examination negative except for slight bilateral (symmetrical) high-tone deafness. Medication: mianserin 30mg daily, started after onset of tinnitus; carbamazepine recently added with no effect on in nazi germany, tinnitus. Case 4: Female, aged 70. Duration of george w bush, benzodiazepine usage: 20 years. First noticed tinnitus, mainly right-sided, on communists, withdrawal from flurazepam 30mg daily in 1985. Tinnitus continuous ever since, not relieved by a course of diazepam. ENT examination normal. System. Drugs: no psychotropics; inhalers for asthma. Tinnitus is communists in nazi, fairly common in the general population and the apparent relation to benzodiazepine use may be incidental, but these cases raise the suspicion that benzodiazepines may occasionally cause permanent or only slowly reversible brain damage. Such damage may not be detectable on CAT scans; one study (Lader Petursson, 1984) suggested a mild degree of cortical shrinkage in chronic benzodiazepine users, but this finding was not confirmed in the 1964 election president johnson, a later study (Perera, Powell, Jenner, 1987).

Two of the communists above patients also complained of unilateral headaches. Paraesthesiae: Paraesthesiae, in Food, the form of communists, tingling, pins and needles or numbness of the extremities or circumoral region, is another common symptom of benzodiazepine withdrawal. George W Bush. The symptom also occurs in anxiety and possibly results from hyperventilation. Benzodiazepines depress the sensitivity of the respiratory centre to carbon dioxide (Gilmartin, Corris, Stone, Veale, Gibson, 1988) and it is possible that the respiratory centre becomes hypersensitive during withdrawal, triggering hyperventilation. Communists In Nazi. Resolution of paraesthesiae usually occurs within a few weeks of withdrawal.

Occasionally, however, patients complain of numbness or of a burning sensation affecting the fingers, feet, and legs that may be protracted for months or years. The symptoms suggest a peripheral sensory neuropathy and there may be demonstrable sensory impairment to Vladek’s light touch. In Nazi. Two patients summarised below typify several similar cases personally observed at a benzodiazepine withdrawal clinic. Case 1: Female, aged 56. Lusting Synonym. Duration of benzodiazepine usage: 15 years. Severe continuous burning pain of feet first noticed in communists in nazi germany, 1984 during slow reduction of lorazepam 7.5mg to 1.5mg daily. Changed to diazepam and slowly withdrawn over 1 year 1987-8. Burning feet persisted for a further year, gradually decreasing in intensity and now almost disappeared.

No abnormal signs; good peripheral pulses. Medication; promethazine 50mg nocte since 1988. Case 2: Female, aged 67. Duration of benzodiazepine usage: 12 years. First noticed severe burning pain in feet and legs in 1981 during reduction of medazepam 15mg to 5mg daily. Pain persisted during diazepam substitution and slow withdrawal in 1985. 1986: still severe burning pain in legs not relieved by the feudal system, chlordiazepoxide. 1989: pain still present. Neurological examination, nerve conduction studies, serum foliate and B 12 levels normal; peripheral pulses present and normal. Formication is also common during benzodiazepine withdrawal, and many patients temporarily complain of germany, a feeling of insects crawling on the skin or of lice or nits in the hair. Occasionally, more bizarre sensations are reported, such as a feeling of slime or water running over the body, a sense of inner vibration, or a feeling of my gril movie, trembling inside, and these symptoms may be protracted.

Such symptoms may be variants of the burning sensations described above or may possibly be psychotic, but have a temporal relationship to benzodiazepine withdrawal. Motor Symptoms: Increased muscle tension, hyperreflexia, tremor, fasciculation, and muscle jerking are common features of benzodiazepine withdrawal but usually resolve within weeks. Occasionally muscle jerking persists for communists germany a year or more after withdrawal, and my gril movie, the clinical picture may suggest myoclonus, tics, or exaggerated startle reactions. Shoulder girdle and limb muscles are usually affected, but blepharospasm can occur. Some patients complain of violent jerking of the whole body at the onset of sleep, which may occur 20 or more times a night. Germany. Restless legs syndrome may also be protracted. Some of lusting synonym, these symptoms may result from increased peripheral sympathetic tone since they are often improved by propranolol. Others may be centrally generated and at least partially respond to carbamazepine. Blepharospasm can be controlled by local injection of in nazi, botulinum toxin at 3 monthly intervals.

Protracted motor symptoms such as these raise the election president johnson possibility that benzodiazepines are capable of causing long-term hyperexcitability of motoneurons or central motor pathways. Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Gastrointestinal symptoms are extremely common during chronic benzodiazepine use and in withdrawal. Many chronic benzodiazepine users have been investigated by gastroenterologists and found to have irritable bowel syndrome (Ashton, 1987). Communists In Nazi. Gastrointestinal symptoms may be aggravated by hyperventilation (Lum, 1987) and and Space Essay, may disappear completely after benzodiazepine withdrawal, even in communists in nazi germany, patients who have had irritable bowel syndrome for years. Nevertheless, there remains a sizeable core of patients who complain of lusting synonym, food intolerance and gaseous abdominal distension which first appears during withdrawal and is protracted for many months. Tests for specific food allergies almost always prove negative, and the condition is unresponsive to in nazi conventional treatment. Patients often turn to alternative or fringe medicine, undergo various forms of w bush 911, diet, and become convinced that they have intestinal candidiasis or damage to the immune system. None of these claims have scientific support, although Lum (1987) reports that hyperventilation provokes histamine release and that the communists germany incidence of lusting synonym, food intolerance and pseudo-allergic reactions is high in chronic hyperventilators. The effect of benzodiazepine withdrawal on gastrointestinal function and on coriocosteroid and immune responses (known to be affected by stress) perhaps merits further attention. Brain Mechanisms of Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms. The primary effect of communists, benzodiazepines is enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) activity on postsynaptic GABA-A receptors in the brain.

The effect results from an system, interaction with specific benzodiazepine binding sites on the GABA-receptor complex (Möhler Okada, 1977; Squires Braestrup, 1977), which increases the affinity of the receptors for communists GABA (Costa, 1981). GABA neurons consist of small interneurons forming local circuits which exert a powerful influence on the excitability of other neurons passing through their spatial domain (Bloom, 1985). Such local GABA circuits are widely distributed throughout the brain, including the reticular formation, limbic system structures, cerebral and and Space Food, cerebellar cortex (Young Kuhar, 1980). GABA is a universal inhibitor of nervous activity and also inhibits the release of excitatory neurotransmitters (Benton Rick, 1976). Thus the actions of benzodiazepines include not only enhancement of GABA activity at many brain sites but also decreased release of acetylcholine, noradrenaline, dopamine and communists in nazi, serotonin (Faefely, Pieri, Pole, Schaffer, 1981). The clinical effects of benzodiazepines probably result from a combination of these primary and secondary effects at critical sites. For example, the my gril movie anxiolytic effects may be due to communists in nazi germany decreased serotonergic and noradrenergic activity in lusting synonym, septo-hippocampal pathways (Gray, 1981).

Thus benzodiazepine actions are by no means confined to a particular neurotransmitter or brain pathway. Any chronically used drug gradually engenders a series of homeostatic responses which tend to restore normal function despite the presence of the drug. With chronic benzodiazepine use, compensatory changes occur in GABA receptors. Such changes consist of decreased sensitivity of germany, these receptors to GABA, probably as a result of alterations in affinity state and decreased density (Cowan Nutt, 1982; Nutt, 1986). The Feudal. In addition, there are changes in the secondary systems controlled by GABA, so that the output of excitatory neurotransmitters tends to in nazi germany be restored, and/or the sensitivity of their receptors increases.

The whole complex of speech 911, primary and secondary changes eventually results in benzodiazepine tolerance. This pharmacodynamic tolerance develops unevenly to different benzodiazepine effects. In Nazi Germany. For example, tolerance appears more rapidly to hypnotic and anticonvulsant than to anxiolytic effects (Sepinwall Cook, 1979). Tolerance to the feudal system different effects may also vary between individuals, possibly due to variations in intrinsic GABA activity in different parts of the brain, which are in turn reflected in personality characteristics and susceptibility to stress. Tolerance is in nazi germany, never complete and probably never reaches a perfect equilibrium in all brain systems, which may be one reason for the high morbidity amongst chronic benzodiazepine users (Ashton, 1987).

Acute tolerance, especially to hypnotic effects, can be manifested rapidly, but chronic tolerance develops over a time-course of several weeks. Once established, chronic tolerance can last for months or even years after cessation of some central nervous system depressants such as alcohol (Cicero, 1979) and probably also benzodiazepines. The development of pharmacodynamic tolerance sets the scene for the withdrawal syndrome. Cessation of the drug exposes all the adaptations which have accrued to how did affect president counteract its presence, releasing a rebound of unopposed activity involving many neurotransmitters and their receptors and many brain systems. Clinically this state is communists germany, manifested as the how did the 1964 election president johnson withdrawal syndrome, consisting of effects that are largely the opposite of those originally induced by the drug. The distribution, duration, and severity of symptoms depend on the particular systems that have undergone adaptive modulations and the degree of the adaptive changes induced, as well as on the rate of drug withdrawal.

Some authors distinguish between rebound and withdrawal effects, but the mechanism is the same for both (Lader, 1988) Acute withdrawal effects are reversed by an appropriate dose of the drug, which restores the communists germany status quo . As the homeostatic changes slowly reverse, withdrawal symptoms decline. The process of reversal, like that of tolerance acquisition, does not necessarily proceed evenly in all systems. The variable time of emergence and duration of individual symptoms during benzodiazepine withdrawal noted by Tyrer (1989) and lusting synonym, Ashton et al . (1990) (Table 1) may reflect this uneven course. Communists. The perturbations of brain function induced by benzodiazepines are exceedingly complex, and my gril movie, it is not surprising that withdrawal symptoms are many and variable. Different symptoms may reflect disturbance of the balance between different neurotransmitter systems as suggested by Ashton (1984) and are likely to germany show large interindividual differences depending on lusting synonym, personal characteristics and susceptibilities. As discussed above, it is communists in nazi germany, difficult to set a definite time limit on the reversal of Intelligence and How he Survived Essay, tolerance and, therefore, the end of the communists withdrawal syndrome.

In general, tolerance declines over a matter of weeks, but in some cases it may endure for a year or more (Cicero, 1979). Delayed or slow reversal of tolerance may account for some protracted withdrawal symptoms. However, some changes induced by benzodiazepines may be permanent or only very slowly reversible. Since benzodiazepines apparently inhibit learning, especially for coping with stress strategies (Gray, 1987), cessation after many years of use may expose a learning deficit, especially in my gril movie, the ability to cope with stress. This may persist as protracted anxiety, and may possibly be related to protracted depression. Anxiety symptoms are likely to endure until new learning has induced the appropriate synaptic changes, which probably involve modification of communists, endogenous GABA activity. Finally, there remains the question of george, whether benzodiazepines can cause structural neurological damage.

Like alcohol, benzodiazepines are lipid soluble, are highly concentrated in the brain, and impair cerebral cortical, cerebellar, and limbic system function. Communists. It is possible that use over many years could cause physical changes such as cortical shrinkage, which may be only partially reversible. Such changes have been demonstrated by CAT-scan studies in young alcoholics (Lee, Möller, Hardt, Haubek, Jenson, 1979; staff, British Medical Journal, 1981) although not conclusively in chronic benzodiazepine users (Lader Petursson, 1984; Perera, Powell, Jenner, 1987). However, such techniques may not be sensitive enough to detect subtle changes. Nor are standard tests of the 1964 election johnson, intellectual function sensitive enough to detect minor degrees of cognitive impairment that may persist after withdrawal in some long-term users. It remains possible that some protracted benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms (including tinnitus and other neurological and psychological symptoms) could result from communists germany, physicochemical neuronal damage. These symptoms would not be fully relieved by speech 911, restarting benzodiazepines. There are still many puzzling features of benzodiazepine withdrawal, and the benzodiazepine story remains unfinished (Ashton, 1984). Ashton, H. (1989). Risks of dependence on benzodiazepine drugs: A major problem of in nazi, long-term treatment.

British Medical Journal , 298, 103-104. Ashton, H., Golding. J.F. (1989). Tranquillisers: Prevalence, predictors and possible consequences. Data from a large United Kingdom Survey. British Journal of Astronauts and Space, Addiction , 84,541-546. Ashton, H., Rawlins, M.D. Tyrer, S.P. Communists In Nazi. (1990). A double blind placebo controlled study of buspirone in diazepam withdrawal in chronic benzodiazepine users.

British Journal of Addiction, 157, 232-238. Ashton, H., Stepney, R. (1982) Smoking: Psychology and pharmacology , London: Tavistock Publications. Benton, D., Rick, J.T. (1976). The effect of increased brain GABA produced by amino-oxyacetic acid on arousal in rats. Vladek’s Intelligence He Survived. Psychopharmacology , 49, 85-89. Bloom, F.E. (1985). Neurohumoral transmission in the central nervous system. In A.G.

Gilman, L.S. Goodman, T.W. Rall, F. Muland (Eds.), The pharmacological basis of in nazi germany, therapeutics (pp. George 911. 236-259). New York: Macmillan. Busto, U., Fornazzari, L., Naranjo, C.A. (1988). Protracted tinnitus after discontinuation of communists in nazi, long-term therapeutic use of benzodiazepines. Journal of and Space, Clinical Psychopharmacology , 8, 359-362.

Busto, U., Sellers, E.M., Naranjo, C.A. Cappell, H.P., Sanchez, C.M., Sykora, K. (1986). Withdrawal reaction after long-term therapeutic use of benzodiazepines. Communists In Nazi. New England Journal of my gril movie, Medicine , 315, 654-659. Cicero, T.J. (1979). Communists In Nazi. Tolerance to and physical dependence on alcohol: Behavioural and neurobiological mechanisms. in Brain and pituitary peptides (pp.1603-1617). How Did Election. Munich: Ferring Symposium 1979.

Costa, E. (1981). The role of communists germany, gamma-aminobutyric acid in the action of 1,4 benzodiazepines. In J.W. Lamble (Ed), Towards understanding receptors (pp. 176-183). Amsterdam: Elsevier/North Holland. Cowen, P.J., Nutt, D.J. (1982).

Abstinence symptoms after withdrawal from tranquillising drugs: Is there a common neurochemical mechanism? Lancet ,2,360-362. Gilmartin, J.J., Corris, P.A., Stone, T.N., Veale, D., Gibson, G.J. (1988). And How He Survived. Effects of diazepam and chlormethiazole on ventilatory control in normal subject. Communists In Nazi. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 25, 766-770. Golding, J.F., Cornish, A.M. (1987).

Personality and life-style in Vladek’s and How he Survived, medical students: Psychopharmacological aspects. Psychology and Health , 1, 287-301. Golding, J.F., Harper, T., Brent-Smith, H. (1983). Personality, drinking and drug-taking correlates of cigarette smoking. Personality and Individual Differences , 4, 703-706. Gray, J.A. (1981). Anxiety as a paradigm case of emotion.

British Medical Bulletin , 37, 193-197. Gray, J. A. (1987). The neuropsychology of emotion and personality. In S.M. Stahl, S.D. Iverson, E.C. Goodman (Eds.), Cognitive neurochemistry (pp.171-190). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Haefley, W., Pieri, L., Pole, P., Schaffer, R. (1981). General pharmacology and neuropharmacology of in nazi, benzodiazepine derivatives. Intelligence Essay. In H. Hoffmeister, and G. Stille (Eds.), Handbook of experimental pharmacology (Vol.

55, 11, pp. 13-262). In Nazi Germany. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Hallström, C., Lader, M. (1981). And How The Holocaust. Benzodiazepine withdrawal phenomena. International Pharmacopsychiatry , 16, 235-244. Hermann, J.B., Brotman, A.W., Rosenbaum, J.F. (1987). Rebound anxiety in panic disorder patients treated with shorter-acting benzodiazepines.

Journal of Clinical Psychiatry , 48 (suppl. 10), 22-28. Kales, A., Scharf, M.B., Kales, J.D. (1978). Rebound insomnia: A new clinical syndrome. Germany. Science , 201, 1039-1041. Lader, M. (1988). The psychopharmacology of how did president, addiction - Benzodiazepine tolerance and germany, dependence.

In M. Lader (Ed.), T he psychopharmacology of addiction (pp. 1-14). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Lader, M.H., Olajide, D. (1987). A comparison of buspirone and the feudal system, placebo in relieving benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology , 7, 11-15. Lader, M.H., Petursson, H. Communists In Nazi Germany. (1981). Benzodiazepine derivatives - Side effects and dangers. Biological Psychiatry , 16, 1195-1212.

Lader, M.H., Ron, M., Petursson, R.H. (1984). System. Computed axial brain tomography in long-term benzodiazepine users. Psychological Medicine , 14, 203-206. Lee, K., Moller, L., Hardt, F., Haubek, A., Jenson, E. (1979). Alcohol-injured brain damage and liver damage in young males. In Nazi. Lancet 2, 759-761.

Lum, L.C., (1987). Hyperventilation syndromes in medicine and the feudal system, psychiatry: A review. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , 80, 229-231. Möhler, H., Okada, T. (1977). Benzodiazepine receptors: Demonstration in the central nervous system. Science 198, 849-851.

Murphy, S.M., Owen, R.T., Tyrer, P.J., (1984). Withdrawal symptoms after six weeks treatment with diazepam. In Nazi. Lancet , 1389. Murphy, S.M., Tyrer, P. (1988). The essence of benzodiazepine dependence. (pp. 157-167). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nutt, D. (1986). Benzodiazepine dependence in the clinic: Reason for anxiety? Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 7, 457-460. Olijade, D., Lader, M. (1984). Depression following withdrawal from long-term benzodiazepine use: A report of my gril movie, four cases.

Psychological Medicine , 14, 937-940. Oswald, I. (1989) Triazolam syndrome 10 years on. Communists Germany. Lancet 1, 451-452. Owen, R.T., Tyrer, P. (1983) Benzodiazepine dependence: A review of the how did the 1964 affect evidence. Drugs , 25, 385-398. Perera, K.M.H., Powell, T., Jenner, F.A. (1987). Computerised axial tomographic studies following long-term use of benzodiazepines. Psychological Medicine , 17, 775-777.

Petursson, H., Lader, M.H. (1981a) Withdrawal from long-term benzodiazepine treatment. British Medical Journal , 283, 634-635. Petursson, H., Lader, M.H. (1981b). Benzodiazepine dependence. British Journal of in nazi, Addiction , 76, 133-145. Rementeria, J.L., Bhatt, K. (1977).

Withdrawal symptoms in neonates from intrauterine exposure to diazepam. Journal of Paediatrics , 90, 123-125. Sepinwall, J., Cook, L. (1979). Mechanisms of the feudal system, action of the benzodiazepines: Behavioural aspects. Federation Proceedings 39, 3024-3031. Smith, D.E., Wesson, D.R. (1983). Communists. Benzodiazepine dependency syndromes.

Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 15, 85-95. Squires, R.F., Braestrup, C. (1977). Benzodiazepine receptors in the rat brain. Speech. Nature , 266,732-734. Staff. (1981). Minor brain damage and alcoholism. In Nazi. British Medical Journal , 2, 455-456. Tyrer, P. (1990) Diagnosis of how did the 1964 election affect, benzodiazepine dependence . Unpublished manuscript. Tyrer, P., Murphy, S., Riley, P. (1989). The benzodiazepine withdrawal symptom questionnaire.

Journal of Affective Disorders , 19, 53-61. Tyrer, P., Owen, R., Dawling, S. (1983). Gradual withdrawal of diazepam after long-term therapy. Lancet 1, 1402-1406. Tyrer, P., Rutherford, D., Higgett, T. In Nazi Germany. (1981). Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms and propranolol. Lancet , 1, 520-522. Winokur, A., Rickels, K., Greenblatt, D.J., Schatz, N.J. (1980). Withdrawal reaction from long-term low dosage administration of diazepam.

Archives of General Psychiatry , 37, 101-105. Young, W.S., Kuhar, M.J. (1980). Radiohistochemical localisation of benzodiazepine receptors in rat brain. My Gril Movie. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics , 212, 337-346. Zigmond, A.S., Snaith, R.P. (1983). Communists In Nazi Germany. The hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica , 67, 361-370. FIGURE 1. WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS RATING SCALE. Ratings: 0=none 1=mild 2=moderate 3=severe.

FIGURE 1. Withdrawal Symptoms Rating Scale. FIGURE 2. My Gril Movie. Hospital Anxiety Depression (HAD) Scale scores for anxiety over 20 weeks in 18 healthy students and 12 patients taking diazepam (7.5 SD 4.6 daily). Patients and students took placebo tablets until week 20. Patients withdrew from diazepam during weeks 8-12. One patient dropped out after 12 weeks for communists germany domestic reasons. Circles represent placebo group; triangles represent students. FIGURE 3. Withdrawal symptoms scores over 20 weeks in 18 healthy students and how did affect president, 12 patients taking diazepam (7.5mg SD 4.6 daily).

Patients and germany, procedures as in Figure 2. Symptom rating shown in Figure 1. Circles represent placebo group; triangles represent students. TABLE 1. Scores for selected symptoms before, during, and after diazepam withdrawal. ( n = 11; mean total scores on withdrawal symptoms scale shown in george w bush 911, Figure 1. (postwithdrawal score equal. to or less than prewithdrawal. greater than prewithdrawal. Sensory hypersensitivity: to light, sound, taste, smell. Anxiety: Hospital Anxiety Depression (HAD) Scale (anxiety) scores. Paraesthesiae: tingling, numbness, altered sensitivity in limbs, face, trunk.

Motor symptoms: total score for communists in nazi germany stiffness, weakness, tremor, muscle twitches, ataxia.

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War Against Terrorism Essays (Examples) Gender Integration in CI/HUMINT and the War against Terrorism. The writer of this article, Victor David Hanson, states that since earlier times, this sort of disparity in power has been in evidence, and it is a fact that the communists germany others have been attempting to build up their innate strength and power by merely imitating the West. This is Intelligence Essay sometimes referred to as a type of 'military parasitism', wherein those who were weak would often try to steal or buy or clone those weapons of the West that they found to be powerful. One example of this phenomenon is that of Japan. This country had no munitions manufacturing unit, no organized naval fleet, yet she managed to defeat a Russian Armada during 1905. (Post-Modern War) S. Communists In Nazi Germany! has to be active in supporting the International Law. He argues that our effort should not be to defeat a set of criminals, Osama Bin Laden, his Al-Qaeda network and a few like-minded groups, but we have to undermine the notion that any action is acceptable for how did election affect johnson, a cause and slaughter of civilian is an acceptable political act.

War against Iraq. War on in nazi, Terrorism: Is it Justified? Jewish people believed they were promised land of their own, and the Palestinians believed that they would be given a defined homeland as well. However, the governments making these decisions were outside the Middle East and were acting in their own interests, not the interests of the people living in the areas affected. Speech 911! When the United Nations recognized Israel as a political entity after World War II, it did so in response to the outrage of Germany's Holocaust.

While this was understandable to communists Western countries, Palestinians felt that they had been cheated out of their homeland and that instead it had been given to Israel. War in Afghanistan. Terrorism has been in existence for a long time, yet the experts are still finding difficulty defining exactly what it is. Terrorism has been defined as: Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. However it is defined, there is agreement that there are certain elements that much be present for an act to be classified as terrorism. Some experts agree that it must be politically motivated and that the targets must be random. It is thought that the intention is to make everyone afraid of affect, being a target. The CIA's Counterterrorist Center adds that it must be premeditated and not just an impulsive act, and aimed at civilians. Terrorist acts can be considered barbaric because of the extent of the damage that is inflicted, and in nazi, so it is difficult to and Space Essay understand why anyone would be motivated to [Read More]

War Human Rights Abuse: Parallelisms between Japanese-Americans in WWII and the U.S.-Iraq War (Gulf War II) S. security, but on international security. Social Impact of Cold War Terrorism. Terrorism and in nazi germany, Counterterrorism. Terrorism in the contemporary society - UK. Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an lusting synonym, enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack. These contexts include: simple contexts, in which there is a clear cause-and-effect structure at work that is self-evident; complicated contexts, in which there are many right answers, but it is hard to ascertain them; complex contexts, in which there are no visible solutions (a dynamic in which there are unknown unknowns); and chaotic contexts, in which a leader is simply tasked with reducing the severity of communists in nazi, a situation. Thousands of individuals employed within the Russian nuclear complex - many of whom have knowledge and access to nuclear materials - receive salaries that are barely at subsistence level, raising the possibility that they might be susceptible to offers from anyone in the market to buy nuclear components (Deutch, 1997). Terrorism and Democracy.

At times terrorist succeed and at times they fail. Some times they have larger and long-term goal and some times they have short-term aims. Lusting Synonym! For example, a group hijacking a plane wanted some immediate results like release of the prisoners or financial gain but blowing a plane into a building would definitely mean that terrorists wanted something big out of it. Sometimes terrorists want to just cause panic and fear. They attack to communists germany make people realize that they are vulnerable. They just want people to become fearful terrified to go about their usual and routine activities.

No matter the actual cost of terrorism in terms of the economic damage, the perception that investment is going to incur higher risk will inevitably lead to the conclusion that it will also incur higher costs. Since higher costs are generally an anathema to transnational business, it stands that capital would move away from areas that have experienced terrorism. In fact, this is born out by the numbers. As already mentioned, FDI in Essay, the U.S. dropped by a factor of ten following the September 11th terrorist attacks. Communists! No one person, business, institution, or government had to organize this shift; rather it occurred organically as a function of the the feudal market itself. In the aftermath of the attacks, the U.S. suddenly seemed like a riskier place to do business and capital would have been shifted towards areas of the world that had the perception of being safer. Before individual murders were used to communists in nazi terrorize Westerners and their lackeys into submission. (White, 2002, p.114) These individuals were not inflamed with a specific revolutionary passion, a la Che Guevara, but possessed of a more diffuse anger, with a nostalgic gaze upon the past, paradise like structure of Islamic unreality.

But unlike the 'tupamaros' the fear such terrorism instigates in my gril movie, people is not the in nazi fear of walking the and Space Essay street everyday. These new factors influence the communists in nazi urban model by making fear both more diffuse, and also more concentrated not upon every day events, but on and Space Essay, travel and upon in nazi respected institutions. S., have the potential to cause billions of dollars of damage to the U.S. Intelligence He Survived The Holocaust Essay! economy (Threat pp). Terrorism has a long and communists germany, violent history and incidents of terrorism have been recorded from at least 2,000 years ago. Acts of terrorism have included political assassinations, violent political revolutions, hijackings, skyjackings, and bombings intended to attract attention, shock, intimidate and instill fear. Before the 911 terror attacks the threat of terrorism, though always a potential danger, was of an episodic nature, and seemed to be under control. The devastating attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, however, have brought terrorism to the center stage of election, world politics and communists in nazi, exposed the vulnerability of the 1964 election affect, soft civilian targets to a small but determined group of terrorists. In Nazi Germany! The issue of terrorism and home security now dominates the foreign policy of most countries including the United States. The focus on terrorism has also forced people to Vladek’s Intelligence and How he Survived the Holocaust Essay think deeply about its root causes, which may have historical, cultural, political, [Read More]

The foolishness of this reversal of priorities would be clearly demonstrated in the contrast between the results of germany, intelligence efforts on 9/11 and those just two years prior. Terrorism seems to have taken over the world. Lusting Synonym! No matter how hard the industrialized countries try to find ways to achieve peace and stability in the world but somehow the opposite in nazi, happens. Today's world is predominantly inhabited by hatred that is visible in the never-ending terror and lusting synonym, fear produced by the attacks of September 11th and the military responses undertaken by Super powers. Wars apparently carried out in order to in nazi eradicate terrorism are seen by the affected countries as excuses to simply dominate more countries and establish and American hegemony or new colonialism all over Vladek’s Intelligence he Survived, the world. Against the Patriot Act of 2001. According to Stefanie Olson (2001), the communists germany Act provides government with increased electronic surveillance, search and data gathering power. Under the guise of tracking down potential terrorists, the lusting synonym expansion of Internet eavesdropping technology provides the government with full viewing rights into any private life they choose. In this way, immigrants who enter the country and conduct their business in a perfectly legal manner are now targeted for communists in nazi germany, such surveys (White, 2008). In the first instance an attack of this nature usually serves a symbolic purpose from the lusting synonym terrorist's point-of-view in that he or she is seen to be attacking the in nazi bastion of global Western commerce.

Secondly, many business concerns are more vulnerable to attack as they are usually not as heavily secured as military or energy installations. There is also the factor that American financial institutions are invariably identified with the international polices and political stances of the U.S. government, making them a prime target for terrorists and radical groups. (Kirkpatrick, 1983, p. 94) Terrorism Media in a minimum pages ( including title reference pages): Discuss broadcasting terrorist activities successes psychologically impacts individuals (e.g., victims, recovery teams, responders, general population). Terrorism in Russia on lusting synonym, an International Level. shift of terrorism to the international level. Communists! It defines terrorism, the how did election johnson reasons it is carried out, and the parties involved in terrorist acts. It also discusses the reasons due to which, certain states are covertly sponsoring terrorism to fight against their rival states without starting a conventional full scale war, and communists germany, saving huge costs. It highlights how the military actions involved in the global war against george w bush, terrorism are fuelling the terrorist movements and germany, strengthening their numbers. U.S. Approach to Terrorism.

The debilitating economic conditions and the feudal, return of foreign investors within the communists in nazi country has a direct impact on the financial circumstances of businesses on the stock market (Freeman Logan, 2004). In this case, another category should be defined where the act was intentional, and the long-term eventual outcome was to commit an lusting synonym, act of in nazi, war against the United States, but this effect was not a direct threat to national security. In this case these acts would still be classified as crimes. Middle East countries, and also former colonies around the world, struggled to find their freedom and independence from any imperial forces. Therefore, being once again in charge of their own natural resources became paramount to the extent that dictators and human rights abusers were supported(Shah, 2000). People were sensitive to radical messages and a violent, anti-foreigners speech. Dictators and and How he Survived the Holocaust, terrorist groups speculated that weak spot and germany, provided the right set of words. Concentrating their message on the fight for liberation and independence from the invasive West, cleverly giving it a religious and profound spiritual meaning, fundamentalist rulers became popular and managed to take control over countries like Iraq, Iran or Syria, sponsoring the planning and performing of terrorist acts against symbols of my gril movie, Western civilization.

Terrorism cannot do without the help of dictatorial regimes in the region, or without the tacit approval of the people, explained by communists the common religious beliefs [Read More] 6). Lusting Synonym! At home, though, the media can often be co-opted by being made to communists in nazi germany feel that public opinion would be against it if it reported something other than the prevailing public sentiment. After't he 9-11 attacks, the public wanted the perpetrators and their leaders punished, so the war in Afghanistan had the support of the my gril movie public. By extension, the idea of the war on terror also had support, though the communists germany parameters of that war were never clearly defined and were certainly not explained to the public. The Bush Administration made use of this support when it decided to the feudal invade Iran and suggested in many ways that this was a continuation of the war on terror and even that Saddam Hussein was responsible for 9-11. The news media did not do its job as well as it should and did not question most of in nazi germany, these assertions until some time had passed. [Read More] However, this change has been a progressive process and largely set on economic premises and cooperation between the Saudi state and western ones.

Nonetheless, it represents an important example of how did election affect, progress in the Middle East. U.S. Policy and the War on Terror: An Ineffective Strategy. relationship exists between difference of religion and the occurrence of civil wars within societies. The relationship between religious groups to society can be defined against the backdrop of war.

Powerful emotions surround both conflict and military conflict (Yinger, 1946). A direct relationship has been recognized for several year regarding religion and violence. Students of organized religion have frequently pointed out the ease with which most church leaders shift, at the outbreak of war, from an explicit antiwar position to a vigorous pro-war policy (Yinger, p. 176). However, despite the seemingly strong tie between religion and war, it is critical to also acknowledge that while religion seems a backdrop for communists in nazi germany, many wars, many other factors have contributed as well. Political aspirations and agendas have had as much to do with war as religion. The complex intermingling of these many different factors will be explored in greater detail below. Terrorism Linked to my gril movie Religion These Days? Yemenite terrorism influences U.S. sentiments as regards terrorism, considering that Americans are greatly affected through knowing that the concept should not necessarily be related to particular countries or motives and that the authorities are virtually helpless in their struggle to germany eliminate it. The study was based on how did the 1964 election affect president, an interview system and it was developed after the 9/11 attacks. The eventual results pointed out communists in nazi germany that deterrence means were to be used, under the form of diplomatic responses. George W Bush 911! Thus, one of the first means to in nazi respond to terrorism was through diplomatic channels with states that supported terrorism.

In this sense, the he Survived message sent across was that terrorism cannot be tolerated. Also associated with diplomatic means was the revenge response; finally, the least diplomatic message was that of actually eliminating terrorism. Weapons of communists in nazi germany, Mass Destruction. war on Astronauts Food Essay, Iraq, and considers whether U.S. policy towards Iraq can prevail, through an analysis of eight facets of this policy: international trade; weapons of mass destruction; democratization; the war against tyranny vs. The grab for oil; the shock and awe tactics used at communists in nazi, the beginning of the war; the the feudal system U.S. occupation vs. liberation; whether the new government of communists germany, Iraq will be Iraqi run or whether Iraq will become a puppet state; and, Operation Iraqi Freedom.

The analysis is performed by means of an in-depth literature review, with relevant statistical support, where necessary. It is found that the war on Iraq was founded on false premises, and that the current U.S. policy towards Iraq is he Survived the Holocaust not sustainable for the Iraqi people nor for the honour of the in nazi germany U.S. government. War in Iraq focuses on system, the prospects of war in Iraq. This paper highlights the pros and cons of communists in nazi germany, a war. The paper argues about the unethical waging of war by how did election the United States on Iraq while highlighting some quotes to support its claim. invasion and occupation of Iraq from three different perspectives. Firstly, the paper provides a historical background pertaining to the interest of energy-hungry countries such as France, America and Britain. The paper also provides a brief background of the communists in nazi relationship of Iraq with its neighbors and how oil has turned out to the feudal system be a major source of attraction for the imperial powers.

Secondly, the paper provides an in-depth perspective of the ongoing war in Iraq from an economic perspective. The paper briefly reveals the unstable relationship of Iraq with its neighbors. The paper also reveals the importance of the Iraqi oil reserves in the war waged on Iraq and how the American and in nazi, European companies have lobbied with George Bush and Tony Blair to get contracts worth billions of dollars. Thirdly, the paper studies the political aspects of this war. The paper focuses on the impact that democracy and Vladek’s he Survived, the recent [Read More] Force that Gives Meaning. Terrorism is a major threat in in nazi germany, today's society. Due to that fact, it is imperative that nations have measures in lusting synonym, place to combat the communists germany threats of terrorists against their worldwide interests. For the United States, those measures include numerous ways and methods that allow the nation to deter and combat terrorism on a local, national, and international level.

This paper will outline those measures and methods, and will discuss their impact on Intelligence and How, the threat of terrorism. In addition, this paper will discuss the use of those methods in relation to the nuclear threat of the Soviet Union during the cold war, and the recent use of those methods as a deterrent against terrorism forces.

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10 Old English Words You Need to Be Using. There is a single Old English word meaning lying awake before dawn and worrying. Uhtceare is not a well-known word even by Old English standards, which were pretty damn low. In fact, there is only one recorded instance of communists, it actually being used. An expergefactor is anything that wakes you up. This may simply be your alarm clock, in which case it is time to hit the Vladek’s and How, snooze button. But it may be a dustman or a milkman or a delivery van, in communists germany, which case it is time to lean out of your window and shriek: 'Damn you all, you expergefactors!' This ought to keep them quiet until one of them has at the feudal least found a good dictionary. Once your toes are snugly pantofled, you can stagger off to the bathroom, pausing only to look at germany the little depression that you have left in your bed, the dip where you have been lying all night. This is known as a staddle. Its time to check whether youve got your keys and my gril movie, your phone and your purse or wallet. This is done by grubbling in your pockets. Grubbling is like groping, except less organised. Communists In Nazi? It is Essay, a verb that usually refers to communists, pockets, but can also be used for feeling around in affect, desk drawers that are filled with nicknacks and whatnot. Mugwump is a derogatory word for somebody in in nazi, charge who affects to be above petty squabbles and factions. So when your boss tries to make peace at the meeting table like an impartial angel, he is being a mugwump. A rawgabbit, just in case you were wondering, is somebody who speaks in strictest confidence about a subject of which they know nothing.

A rawgabbit is the person who pulls you aside and reveals in a careful whisper that the head of my gril movie, Compliance is having an affair with the new recruit in IT, which you know to be utterly untrue because the germany, head of Compliance is having an affair with you, and the feudal, the new recruit in IT hasnt started yet. Once you are properly vinomadefied all sorts of intriguing things start to happen. Vinomadefied, by the way, does not mean made mad by wine, but merely dampened by it. A lanspresado is (according to a 1736 dictionary of thieves slang): 'He that comes into Company with but Two-pence in his Pocket.' Lanspresados are everywhere. They have usually forgotten their wallets or cant find a cashpoint or some intensely complicated thing has happened with their rent, which means that theyre skint till Thursday. A vomitorium is not a room in which ancient Romans would throw up halfway through a banquet in order to make room for the next course. Thats a myth. Communists? A vomitorium is simply a passage by which you can exit a building, usually a theatre. A version of this story originally appeared in lusting synonym, mental_floss magazine. On an unseasonably warm day in April 1954, hundreds of in nazi germany, women in cowboy hats gathered outside Tupperwares Florida headquarters to Vladek’s and How he Survived Essay, dig for buried treasure. There, in a nearby swampy area dubbed the Forest of Spades, 600 shovels stood at the ready. Communists? The excitement was palpable.

At the and Space Essay, appointed signal, the women raced for the roped-off soil, grabbed shovels, and began to communists germany, hunt frantically for 911 loot. It was the pinnacle of the inaugural Tupperware Jubilee, a five-day, gold-rush-themed affair celebrating all things Tupperware. No expense was spared: To give the event a Western feel, frontier-style buildings with false fronts had been erected and communists, bulls and horses were trucked in. The women, and a smattering of men, had traveled from all across the country to participate. A collection of Tupperware dealers, distributors, and sales managers, they made the pilgrimage for the motivational speeches, sales instruction, and Vladek’s Intelligence he Survived, especially for communists in nazi germany the bizarre bonding rituals. For five hours that day, they prospected for mink stoles and freezer units, gold watches and diamond rings. One of them, Fay Maccalupo of Buffalo, New York, dug up a toy car. When she saw the real Ford it represented, she planted her face against the hood and began to weep, repeating, I love everybody. Four women fainted and Intelligence he Survived, had to be revived with smelling salts. It was understandable, considering that the total cash value of all the prizes buried in the Florida dirt was $75,000. Communists In Nazi Germany? Presiding over system, the treasure hunt was the germany, general sales manager of the how did the 1964 affect president, Tupperware Home Parties division, a 40-year-old woman named Brownie Wise. In Nazi Germany? For hours, she cheered on the ladies from a loudspeaker with an air of royalty.

As she watched them hop on shovels and unearth the rewards of their labors, she couldnt help but feel proud. George? Wise took satisfaction in seeing her hard work pay offonce again. The jubilee, which she had organized, had all the pizzazz and in nazi, spirit expected of an official Tupperware event. The media agreed: Network news was there to cover it, and Life magazine ran a photo essay highlighting the excitement and glamour. Lusting Synonym? Clearly, theres more to Tupperware than leftovers. Communists In Nazi? The story of the how did the 1964 affect president johnson, ubiquitous plastic container is communists germany, a story of innovation and reinvention: how a new kind of plastic, made from an industrial waste material, ended up a symbol of female empowerment. The product ushered women into how did the 1964 johnson, the workforce, encouraging them to make their own money, better their families, and win accolades and prizes without fear of communists in nazi germany, being branded that 1950s anathema, the career woman. Digging in how did election president johnson, the dirt for germany a gold watch may not mesh with todays concept of a successful working woman, but at the time, the near-religious fervor seen at affect the jubilees and in nazi germany, other Tupperware gatherings demonstrated just how ground-breaking the companys sales plan wasthe product became a multimillion dollar success not by the feudal system, exploiting women, but by embracing and boosting them. All of this was because of communists germany, Brownie Wise.

The story of Tupperware is and Space Food Essay, her story. Brownie Wise, named for her big, brown eyes, was born in rural Georgia. Her parents divorced when she was young, and as a teen she traveled with her mother, who organized union rallies. While touring the Deep South, Brownie started giving speeches at her mothers rallies and soon proved to be a gifted and motivating orator. Communists Germany? She awed people, writes Bob Kealing in his biography Tupperware Unsealed. [They] were surprised that someone so young could deliver a speech like a pastor. Wise was married briefly, but by 27, she was a divorced single mom in suburban Detroit.

During World War II, she worked as a secretary at Bendix Aviation, a company that made parts for navy torpedo planes. It was a decent but unfulfilling job. On the side, Wise penned an advice column for the Detroit News, writing under the alter ego Hibiscus. A housewife who led an speech, idyllic life with her child and husband in a home called Lovehaven, Hibiscus had everything Wise did not. But what Wise did possess was an endless fountain of determination. Communists In Nazi? As she wrote in a journal at that time, I wanted to be a successful human being. It all started with a bad door-to-door salesman. When a Stanley Home Products salesman knocked on her door and proceeded to deliver a terrible sales pitch for lusting synonym cleaning supplies, Wise scoffed that she could do better. At the time, Stanley was experimenting with a peculiar sales model: home parties. A New Hampshire mop salesman had watched his numbers fly through the roof after he invited a bunch of women over for a party that included a mop demonstration. Communists In Nazi Germany? The company encouraged other salesmen to try the strategy, but many of them delegated the party-hosting to their wives. Thinking itd be a fun job on the side, Wise started selling Stanley products at parties too. 911? Before long, she was making enough money to quit her job at Bendix.

Wise was blessed with the communists germany, gift of gab, and her special blend of folksy real talk and motherly encouragement helped her rise through Stanleys ranks. Soon she was in election affect johnson, management and hoping to ascend even higher. But those illusions were quashed at a meeting with Stanley head Frank Beveridge, who told Wise shed never become an executive. Communists In Nazi? Its halls were no place for a woman, he said. My Gril Movie? Wise returned home furious. The rejection lit a fire in hershe vowed that someday, somehow, she would prove Beveridge wrong. In Nazi? She didnt know that the key to fulfilling this dream would be in election affect president, plastic food-storage containers. Wise first glimpsed Tupperware at communists in nazi germany a sales meeting. One of her coworkers had seen the products gathering dust in a department store and the feudal system, decided to bring them in. At first, Wise didnt think they were anything special.

But when she accidentally knocked a Tupperware bowl off the table, she realized its full potential: Instead of communists, breaking, it bounced. It seemed like magic. Tupperware was unlike any home product shed seen before. It was attractive, coming in Astronauts and Space Food, pastel colors and flexible shapes, almost like art. More importantly, it was functionalno other competing product even came close. Convinced of its potential, Wise traded in her Stanley brooms in 1949 and started throwing parties to sell Tupperware. What she didnt intend, exactly, was to kindle a revolution. The most amazing thing about communists, Tupperware wasnt that it extended the life of and How he Survived the Holocaust, leftovers and a familys budget, although it did both remarkably well. It was, above all, a career maker. Germany? When women came to one of Wises parties, they were more than just convinced to buy the product Wise was such a charming host that she persuaded many buyers to also become Tupperware salespeople.

The more parties Wise hosted, the more tricks she learned to convert women into Tupperware faithful. Putting people on waiting lists, for instance, made them more eager to Astronauts and Space Essay, buy, so she signed them up regardless of whether the product was available. She also discovered that throwing containers full of liquid across the room made customers reach straight for their checkbooks. Amassing more and more saleswomen, Wise encouraged her followers to do the same. By October 1949, she had 19 recruits, enough to move her supplies out of her house and into a larger warehouse. Driven by the idea of making money simply by throwing parties for friends and neighbors, the women in Wises workforce ballooned in number. Soon, other Tupperware parties were taking place across the country. Wises team in Detroit was selling more Tupperware than most department stores. This soon attracted the communists, attention of the no-nonsense founder of the my gril movie, Tupperware Corporation, Earl Silas Tupper.

Tupperware, true to its name, was Tuppers masterpiece, and communists, he was counting on it to make his dreams come true. Having grown up in the feudal system, a poor Massachusetts farm family, he had vowed to make a million dollars by the time he was 30. He hadnt. He did have a host of communists in nazi, esoteric inventionsamong them, a fish-powered boat and no-drip ice cream coneunder his belt. But with a wife and family to system, support, hed concentrated on a practical career in plastics, first at DuPont and then at a company of in nazi germany, his own, which made parts for Jeeps and gas masks during World War II.

When the war ended, Tupper decided to buy cheap surpluses left over from wartime manufacturing. He figured hed be able to do something with them. Thats how he ended up with a glob of greasy black polyethylene, a smelly waste product left behind when metal is created from ore. Tupper took it and, after months of trial and error, wrangled the slag into george w bush 911, submission, creating a light-weight plastic that refused to break. Tupper dubbed it Poly-T, and, taking inspiration from the communists in nazi, way paint cans sealed, created a flexible container with a noiseless lid that snapped on. Election Affect President? He called the communists in nazi germany, box Tupperware. He patented the how did the 1964 affect president, seal in in nazi germany, 1949 and rolled out 14 products he called the system, Millionaire Line. The only problem? He couldnt get anyone to buy it. At least not until Wise came along. Her sales record was remarkablein 1949, shed rung up $150,000 in orders and in nazi, was offered a promotion: distribution rights to the entire state of Florida. In the spring of Intelligence and How Essay, 1950, she moved south with her son, Jerry, and her mother.

She found a store space, and by May shed opened her business and was scouting for new salespeople. Communists? Still, not everything was going smoothly. Along with disputes over turf with other distributors, she was constantly contending with botched orders, shipping delays, and product shortages. In March of 1951, Wise had had enough. She called Tupper in a fury. It was the first time theyd spoken, but she was too livid for niceties; she ripped into him immediately. This was hurting not just her bottom line, but also his. Did he not understand how crucial it was that the and Space Essay, problems be fixed immediately? Tupper assured her that hed fix any issues and then asked a favor: He wanted to hear her sales secrets.

The next month, the two met at a conference on communists in nazi germany, Long Island and Wise explained her selling technique. It was pointless, she explained, to and Space Food Essay, think that people would see Tupperware on store shelves or in catalogs and want to buy it. Instead, people had to touch it, squeeze it, drop it, seal it. They had to experience Tupperware from in nazi germany, a trusted friend or neighbor. She gave a bold prescription for my gril movie saving Tuppers business: Ditch department stores altogether and focus entirely on throwing home parties.

Tupper took the advice to heart. So much, in fact, that the communists, day after their meeting, he created a new division just for home parties and election affect president, asked Wise to be the general manager. Wise had reached her goal: She had become an executive. It was a perfect fit, too. She had a stellar track recordshe was selling more Tupperware than anyone anywhereand Tupper was bowled over by her charm. Germany? You talk a lot and everybody listens, he said. She was the yin to Tuppers yang, Kealing writes. Where he was fussy and reclusive, Wise lived to w bush, mingle with and communists in nazi germany, inspire the dealer workforce. They were a match made in sales heaven. Or so it seemed. In 1952, the first full year of Wises watch, Tupperware sales rocketed. Wholesale orders exceeded $2 million. During the last half of the year, sales tripled. Tupperware parties did exactly what Wise promised they would, and she became the companys shining star.

That year, Tupper gave her a salary of $20,933.33, more than she had ever made. For her birthday in 1953, he presented her with a gold-dyed palomino horse. Even more remarkably, he gave her the freedom to do practically whatever she wanted. So Wise traveled the country recruiting, presiding over sales conferences, and system, announcing contests and doling out prizes for incentiveincluding, sometimes, her own clothes. By the looks of it, most of Wises Tupperware recruits fit neatly into communists in nazi germany, the stereotypical role of a proper housewife. But, in reality, they surreptitiously represented a new kind of female empowerment. During World War II, many women had no choice but to enter the workforce. At its end, many of them had no choice but to leave it. Suddenly, selling Tupperware at speech parties allowed women to straddle both worlds. They were employed, yet they didnt appear to challenge their husbands' authority or the status quo. This pioneering entrepreneurial model allowed them to inhabit a workforce outside of the one the hustling salesman inhabited, and, in many cases, to communists in nazi, do even better than he did.

And that power relied specifically on a network of female friends and neighbors. The parties werent just a way for women to keep occupiedit was a way they could contribute to their familys bottom line. Most women who worked outside the home had low-paying jobs in fields like light manufacturing, retail, clerical work, and health and george, education. The moneycommitted dealers could bring in $100 or more per weekwas a revelation. The opportunity for success was so great that the husbands of some Tupperware ladies left their own jobs to work with their wives. Wise was something of an early Oprah, giving away fantastic prizes, operating in a grass-roots, word-of-mouth fashion and showing rather than telling other women how to in nazi, succeed in the comfort of lusting synonym, their own homes.

The fact that she made many women understand the benefits of becoming salespeople, building the brand further, simply made her a fantastic executive. Communists In Nazi? Wise embraced the spirit of my gril movie, female entrepreneurship wholeheartedly. In her prime, she wrote a morale-boosting newsletter called Tupperware Sparks , published a primer called Tupperware Know-How , and had a 52-minute film, A Tupperware Home Party , made as a training tool. She even convinced Tupper to move the company headquarters to Florida. When Tupper bought property in Kissimmee, Wise turned it into a Mecca-like pilgrimage site for Tupperware devotees.

Part of the power of Wises sales technique, which at times seemed more faith than business, was that it gave the impression that the communists germany, sky was the limit, and it relied on collective power. This wasnt just the traditional salespersons dog-eat-dog world: Instead, the group was a family that helped one another climb to the top. Women who had previously only had their names in print upon birth or marriage were being recognized for their success, with their names, photographs, and accomplishments appearing in Wises newsletters. Along with making their own money, they received rewardstop distributors got carsand the how did the 1964 president johnson, chance to in nazi, collaborate with other women in the 1964 affect president johnson, a friendly but competitive environment. Wise increased the in nazi germany, fervor with her annual jubilees, which had their own rituals, like candlelit graduation ceremonies and group sing-alongs featuring choruses of Ive got that Tupper feeling deep in the feudal system, my heart. No woman got praised for scrubbing floors, Elsie Mortland, who became Tupperwares Home Kitchen Demonstrator, told Kealing in an interview in 2005. But when they got praised for selling Tupperware, they had something to communists in nazi, be proud of. Wise was the head of the household, and the Tupperware ladies all wanted to be a part of her extended family.

Success was limited only by how hard a person was willing to work, a belief that Wise preached passionately. Unfortunately, she had been duped into thinking her boss shared that opinion. As Wise became the face of Tupperware, sales and w bush speech 911, press continued to skyrocket. In 1954, she was the communists in nazi germany, first woman to appear on the cover of my gril movie, Business Week. But as glowing as the magazines profile was, it contained warning signs about the future of her partnership with Tupper. The piece credited Wise and her sales technique with Tupperwares estimated $25 million in communists in nazi, retail sales and how did election affect, seemed to downplay Tuppers role as president of the company he had created.

Tupper had never craved the spotlight; in fact, he was known to use the communists germany, back door of his office to avoid attracting attention. But he was keen to ensure that his product, not an employee, received the lions share of any attention. And somewhere along the way, Wise had started to upstage the plastic containers she helped make famous. After the the feudal, Business Week article, Tupper wrote a note to Wise that contained a glimmer of the germany, storm that was to come: However, good executive as you are, I still like best the pictures . Vladek’s Intelligence He Survived The Holocaust Essay? with TUPPERWARE! The good press continued but, in 1955, after several powerful distributors left the company, sales began to lag. Hard times strained Wise and germany, Tuppers relationship. By 1956, angry letters were flying back and forth between them, and at one point, Tupper stopped taking Wises calls. Her complaints and frank criticisms, previously helpful, had become jabs he couldnt endure. He also started to believe that she was costing him money, irked that she had her own side business selling self-help books at company events. More to Intelligence he Survived Essay, the point, he started to suspect that if he tried selling the companywhich he was planning to dohaving a female executive would get in the way. Finally, in 1958, Tupper flew to Florida and communists germany, fired Wise. After a heated legal battle, she received only $30,000 as a settlement.

She didnt own her house and was ordered to vacate. She had no stocks in the company; she didnt even own many of the clothes she wore. W Bush? The man shed helped make a millionaire didnt seem to in nazi, care: Tupper ordered her name expunged from the company history and buried the 600 remaining copies of her book in an unmarked pit behind Tupperwares Florida headquarters. Later that year, he sold the company to Rexall Drug for $16 million, divorced his wife, and my gril movie, bought an island in Central America. He died in in nazi, Costa Rica in 1983. Wise, on the other hand, tried starting new companies but never achieved the same success she had with Tupperware. She led a quiet life with her horses, pottery, and her son until she died at her home in Kissimmee in 1992. My Gril Movie? Her influence, however, has not waned. Today, according to communists in nazi germany, the PBS American Experience documentary Tupperware! , the product is sold in about 100 countries, while every 2.5 seconds, a Tupperware party is held somewhere in the world. In this respect, the Golden Age of Tupperware hasnt ended so much as it has solidified. When was the 911, last time you stored food in communists in nazi germany, a plastic container with a sealing mechanism?

Tupperware is so much a part of our food culture that we dont even think about its continuing influence, and yet we still rely on it daily. This story is one of reinvention too: a useless plastic reimagined into something needed, of food being stored in wholly new ways, of my gril movie, women emerging from their kitchens to showcase their worth and proclaim their identities, of germany, sales techniques evolving to embrace the customer, and of the the feudal, singular character of Brownie Wise, who changed what it meant to be a woman in the workforce. Because of that, as Houston Post writer Napoleon Hill wrote in 1956, It has been estimated that Brownie Wise has helped more women to financial success than any other single living person. Early in Wises tenure at the company, Tupper presented her with a piece of the raw polyethylene hed used to make Tupperware. She saw it as poetic proof of communists, his vision: He had created something beautiful from this unappealing glob of the feudal system, plastic, using nothing but imagination and persistence. It was the best sales story I have ever heard in all my life, she wrote. She considered Poly, as Tupper called it, a prized possession and would have her women touch it for communists good luck, telling them, Just get your fingers on it, wish for my gril movie what you want. Know its going to come true, and then get out and germany, work like everything . and it will! In the years leading up to the Civil War, many Northerners and Southerners alike wanted the system, federal government to take a more aggressive approach toward acquiring new territory. In fact, some private citizens, known as filibusters, took matters into their own hands. Communists? They raised small armies illegally; ventured into Mexico, Cuba, and South America; and attempted to seize control of the lands. One particularly successful filibuster, William Walker, actually made himself president of Nicaragua and ruled from 1856 to 1857.

For the most part, these filibusters were just men in my gril movie, search of adventure. In Nazi Germany? Others, however, were Southern imperialists who wanted to conquer new territories in the tropics. Abolitionist factions in the North greatly opposed their efforts, and the feudal, the debate over Southern expansion only increased tensions in a divided nation. Germany? As the country drifted into war, U.S. And How The Holocaust Essay? Vice President John Breckinridge of Kentucky warned that the Southern states cannot afford to communists in nazi germany, be shut off from all possibility of expansion towards the tropics by the hostile action of the federal government.? But Abraham Lincoln's election in November 1860 put an end to lusting synonym, the argument. The anti-slavery president refused to compromise on in nazi, the issue, and war broke out in April 1861. CONFEDERATE COLONIES, SOUTH OF THE BORDER. Winning the war was clearly a higher priority for the Confederacy than conquering Latin America, but growth was certainly on lusting synonym, the post-war agenda. The Confederate constitution included the right to expand, and Confederacy president Jefferson Davis filled his cabinet with men who thought similarly. He even hinted that the in nazi germany, slave trade could be revived in new acquisitions to Vladek’s Intelligence the Holocaust Essay, be made south of the Rio Grande.? During the Civil War, Confederate agents attempted to destabilize Mexico so that its territories would be easy to snatch up after the war. One rebel emissary to Mexico City, John T. Pickett, secretly fomented rebellion in several Mexican provinces with an eye to communists in nazi germany, the permanent possession of that beautiful country.? Pickett's mission ended in failure in 1861, but fate dealt the South a better hand in 1863.

French Emperor Napoleon III seized Mexico, and the move provided the South with a perfect excuse to liberate? the country after the my gril movie, Civil War. Of course, Mexico was just part of the pie that the South hoped to in nazi germany, inherit. Confederate leaders also had their eyes squarely on Brazila country of 3 million square miles and more than 8 million people. Prior to the outbreak of the election president, war, Matthew Maury, one of the forces behind the U.S. Naval Academy, dispatched two Navy officers to communists in nazi, the Amazon basin, ostensibly to map the river for shipping. Vladek’s Intelligence He Survived The Holocaust Essay? Instead, they were secretly plotting domination and collecting data about separatist movements in the region. When the South lost the war, Maury refused to abandon his plans. He helped up to 20,000 ex-rebels flee to communists germany, Brazil, where they established the Confederate colonies of New Texas and Vladek’s Intelligence the Holocaust Essay, Americana. To this day, hundreds of descendants of the Confederados still gather outside Americana to celebrate their shared heritage of communists in nazi, rocking chairs and sweet potato pie. In a strange way, a part of the Old South still survivesthousands of miles below the U.S. border. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES.

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essay explication An explication of a student essay in communists in nazi, critical analysis. Here we will be doing (a particular kind of) critical examination of an and Space Essay, expository/argumentative essay. That essay itself is communists germany, doing a critical analysis of a piece of fictional narrative. (The writer of the essay has asked to remain anonymous, so we'll refer to her here as Mary.) [Keep in mind that criticism, in the sense in which we are using the term, is not synonymous with fault-finding. See the Astronauts and Space Food, general discussion of critical analysis.] In the in nazi germany, left-hand column below you will see how Mary notices what some of the lusting synonym, moves are by which Katherine Mansfield went about setting up the communists, situation we are confronted with in her story Miss Brill. In particular, she is watching how the authors moves work to get the reader to make certain moves.

In the course of her calling attention to the features of the story that work to produce certain effects, she has occasion as well to call attention to the conventions the author takes for granted that readers will be working under if they are to produce these effects (infer these meanings, have these reactions) on the basis of the facts she chooses and arranges to construct what the narrator explicitly conveys. In the right-hand column you will see me doing a particular kind of Vladek’s Essay critical analysis (in the most general sense of the term) of Marys essay. In particular, I am doing the kind of communists in nazi germany running commentary that constitutes what we call an explication. Notice that the Food, order of my points there is communists in nazi germany, dictated by the order in which the features commented upon unfold in the essay that is their subject. This is the mark of explication. My Gril Movie! Its organization is passively determined by something outside it the already-existing order of communists points in its subject. And Space Essay! In writing an explication we dont have to confront the communists in nazi, problems of organization that higher forms of exposition must solve: I just took over (followed) the organization that was already embodied in Marys essay. We could say that the organization of my gril movie my explication is parasitic upon germany the organization of my gril movie what it discusses. This is not the case with Marys essay itself.

She is germany, not doing running commentary on the narrators story in Miss Brill. She is showing how the point of system view by communists in nazi germany which the lusting synonym, story is disclosed to the reader contributes to the overall theme of the piece. Germany! This confronts her with three basic tasks. My Gril Movie! She has to communists in nazi, produce (and clarify and demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the point of view is. She has to commit herself to the feudal system, a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the in nazi germany, storys theme is (or at w bush 911, least about what some essential part of it is). This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didnt have when she sat down to start writing. Communists In Nazi Germany! And she has to shape the particular way in which she develops each of these theses in such a way that we can see how the features of point of view that shes calling attention to the 1964 election johnson, make possible the features of the theme shes calling attention to. The logical relationships among these three sub-tasks are what determine the organizational strategy of communists in nazi her essay, as a whole and within its respective modules. What does not determine the organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfields story. Hence her essay exhibits a logical rather than a chronological structure. This structure is something she herself had to fashion, in response to lusting synonym, the logical properties of the task at hand.

She had to assume the responsibility for actively making it. Before getting into the detailed explication provided below, read the essay itself all at one go. Ask yourself if you can detect what its thesis is and what the communists, distinct lines of development are by which Mary clarifies and earns it. When you are done, return here, and work through the frames carefully. Always read all the system, way through a box on the left-hand side before proceeding to germany, the corresponding. comments in the right-hand column. When you turn your attention to the right-hand column, you'll make best use of the comments if you don't read them all at george speech 911, once, but instead work carefully back and communists germany, forth, refreshing your sense of exactly what each comment points to before thinking your way through it. When you come to the comment following the first paragraph, you'll need to Food Essay, have a fresh sense of what was said both in germany, the original paragraph and in lusting synonym, the comments upon it. Consult the original paragraph again after you've worked through the long summary comment following it. This is rather dense stuff, so you may want to communists in nazi germany, take a rest from time to time. When youve finished writing your essay, give some careful thought to fashioning an appropriate title.

It should reflect something particular about my gril movie your particular angle on your specific subject. Just one example: Inside an Outsider: The Pathos of Loneliness in Mansfields Miss Brill. This short story is narrated in the third person from the in nazi germany, point of view of the limited omniscient narrator who primarily acts as the voice of the storys protagonist , Miss Brill. The Feudal! By telling the story through the eyes of the protagonist, Mansfield is able to convey to the reader the in nazi germany, protagonists loneliness and the lack of self-awareness. My Gril Movie! She offers no explanation as to the Miss Brills past, leaving it to the readers to draw their own conclusions. At the in nazi germany, same time the author provides XX illuminating insights into Astronauts and Space Essay, the protagonists character and communists in nazi, lifestyle that effectively communicate to the reader the theme of this short story . The central theme of Miss Brill is the pain of loneliness, and Food Essay, inadvertent attempts to communists, experience life through the experiences of total strangers. Right on. You get right to the point, and you are accurate about both the concept and the story in question. Now youve turned your opening insight to account by george w bush 911 posing answering the question So what? The answer is logically eligible to serve as a thesis within the framework of the assigned topic. You point out how the authors adoption of these means to that end affects the activities the communists in nazi, reader is called upon to undertake i.e, how it defines the readers task. That is: you show how it establishes a certain kind of game for the reader to play. (In effect, this indicates the kinds of moves we can expect you to be undertaking, in the body of your essay, as you unpack and back up your thesis.)

See how your point would be more accurate if you were to insert here a phrase like details from which the reader can derive or specific facts about Miss Brills mental experience the reader can use to infer ? At the climax of your introduction you sharpen your thesis still further. We have an exact idea of what you will be driving at through the body of your essay. Here you give a restatement of your thesis, but you do it in system, a way that advances it beyond mere repetition. Starving for warmth and companionship is a particular mode in communists germany, which one might be lonely. You then back this up with an speech 911, example. And, in fact, the one you feature at just this juncture is a gesture on Miss Bs part that speaks especially to the warmth idea (fur) in connection with the companionship idea (pet), intensifying each in that the pet is not only not a real person but dead, an effigy. You proceed to give an additional example. Germany! This one requires to be developed in steps, and you undertake each.

You promise something more and anchor it in a specific fact. Then you provide a citation to system, anchor that characterization in turn. Communists In Nazi Germany! Then you explain, in two parts (Despite.But.), how this detail establishes the point you promised. Now you set out to give still a third example. This one requires still a different strategy of development than either of the first two. And How He Survived! Moreover, your move into it flows smoothly from what youve just nailed home in respect of the second example.

Its only at the end that we realize youve taken us to a third supporting line of evidence. Your second sentence in this section ups the ante, since it raises the anxiety in communists in nazi, us that you may be wandering from the point (or that we may not be getting your drift). This drives us forward to look for election clues as to how this might be on-point after all. First, though, following the colon, you slip us 3 particular details that back up the point youve just made. And then you serve up the confirmation weve been looking for . You show us what ties all these together (a disposition to feel envy). And then you show how this (envy) in turn can be turned to account on behalf of the thesis you started out the communists in nazi, paragraph with.

When we think back over Intelligence Essay, the paragraph as a whole, three things stand out: It is unified . There is nothing there that does not serve the topic sentence (which in turn is a specific twist the essays thesis overall) It is richly developed . Mary didnt produce a piece of confirmation and then move on to another point. She showed how to get to in nazi, the same point from two additional other sorts of starting points (the last of which, in fact, is a staging area she gets to Essay, from three distinct particular points in communists, turn) It is coherent . W Bush 911! We dont lose our way in the trees as we go through the forest. The one place the writer toys with our doubt she exploits as a kind of dramatic question: (Will she pull it off? Or will she drive over the cliff?) This suspense she then proceeds directly to resolve in a way that provides us the satisfaction of reassurance as an underlining of the point she makes that recoups the venture. Part of what serves this coherence is a pleasing overall strategy of deployment of the communists in nazi, evidence that she has discovered she is able to give. We notice that she begins with the shortest subtask to get through, then takes up the next longest, and concludes with the one that takes the george w bush speech, most elaboration to pull off. This has the effect of communicating the thoroughness of her thesis grounding in the facts of the story: we appreciate that it not only runs close to the surface but also runs more widely and deeply through (behind) the explicit facts of communists Miss Brills consciousness that the narrator directly acquaints us with. The fact that we can confirm the george w bush speech, notions we start with suspecting only by going deeper into the texture of the facts implications connects with the fact that the point of view of the story is so contrived as to afford us a double vision: we get to participate directly in in nazi, Miss Brills consciousness of the scene; and, on reflection, we are enabled to understand some aspects of what that signifies that Miss Brill herself is screening out of that experience, because they are too painful namely the intensity of the pain of loneliness that is driving her to these delightful attempts to connect. We are thus invited to become aware of an irony: what motivates (and thus explains) her conscious experience is something that is not a part of this conscious experience, something that that experience excludes (until the epiphany at the storys end). (Note, by the way, that there are some points here that Mary could have explicitly incorporated into and Space Food Essay, her analysis.)

Mary's organizational strategy is communists, thus not only pleasing (from small to big, from the easier to pull off to the harder to pull off) but implicitly supports in a subtle way the overall thesis of her essay , about how the point of view serves the storys theme. We might ask ourselves: was Mary really consciously aware of my gril movie all this while she was writing? She may well have been. This is a pretty deft piece of writing, and there's no reason we shouldn't suppose that the author of it was not deliberately working with these factors in mind. But it is also possible that she was acting on communists the kind of lusting synonym tacit feel that we develop with experience.

The organizational strategy works for any reader who is responding to in nazi, the overall structure of the paragraph as a whole, and my gril movie, it's hard to imagine a writer being able to craft a paragraph like this without working from a sense of how the entire paragraph unrolls. Such a reader doesn't need to reflectively say to in nazi, himself the points I made in the paragraph before last. The feel of the paragraph can communicate those ideas to us tacitly. But it is crucial that we be the kind of reader that can register such a progression (small to large, obvious to subtle) in the feudal, the deployment of successive pieces of evidence on communists behalf of a claim. If we are the kind of my gril movie reader who can only attend to communists, one thing at a time, we are not yet ready even to register structure. Until we are, we can't appreciate the organizational merits of a well-written piece. Worse yet, we can't design rational and effective organizational structures for our own discourse. We won't be able to gradually shape our initial drafts into something cogent and lusting synonym, insightful. Communists In Nazi! We'll always end up with more or less the same jumble of claims with which we began. More on this later on. At this point in the story the reader still does not know much about the protagonist, except that she is a lonely voyeur.

Then one of election her observations about the odd, silent, nearly all old people, and from the way they stared they looked as though theyd just come from dark little rooms or even even cupboards! (p.51) whom she sees every Sunday at in nazi germany, the park hints to the reader that she might be one of those people. The pieces of the puzzle, of course, fall into place at the end of the story, when the protagonists room is described as the little dark room-her room like a cupboard (p.52). This is the conclusion of the how did affect president, story, when Miss Brill is germany, able to system, see herself and her surroundings in the new light. Her new self-awareness is brought about by disparaging remarks of the young lovers who refer to Miss Brill as that stupid old thing (p.52), and to her precious fur as a fried whiting (p.52). This is Miss Brills moment of epiphany. She is as old as the other park-goers, her fur is in nazi germany, a pitiful necklet, and she foregoes her usual Sunday slice of honeycake. In spite of her newly found self-awareness, Miss Brill still denies some of her own emotions when she thought she heard something crying (p.52) at the very end of the story. Lusting Synonym! The tears are obviously her own. This turns out to be an effective transition.

It summarizes the understanding weve so far arrived at communists germany, while promising something beyond it, which it does not immediately deliver. It tells us what sort of thing to be on the look-out for, and thus shapes our attention in a relevant way for whats down the pike. [Here the opening claim of the paragraph is usefully assigned a function other than stating the Intelligence the Holocaust, topic of the paragraph itself. Instead it sets up the line of development that will eventually culminate in the statement of that comprehensive point and does so in a way that reminds us how where were going relates to where weve been.] Fine job of making connections (here, between the facts of one moment, seen from the protagonists initial point of view, and the facts of another moment, seen from the protagonists changed point of view). And in each node (between which the connection runs) the writer provides the concrete details that establish her specific point. Communists Germany! Finally , the particular connection youshe's decided to mention here is relevant to her overall concerns. Now the writer shifts gears to Astronauts and Space Food, a different line of development of her point from in nazi germany what shows this? to lusting synonym, how did it come to be? (What, in the plot, makes this changed vision plausible for the character? Thats a concern we have since were playing under the rules of realism.. Mary's raising it indicates the fact that she's operating under the appropriate assumptions about the kinds of conventions at work in a story like this, which aims to present a convincing portrait of in nazi a character with some presumed claim on our attention.) [Minor point of mechanics: when giving a parenthetic page reference for how did the 1964 president johnson textual citation presented in quotation marks, the parenthetical material goes outside the terminal quotation mark.] The writer now shifts to still another line of development: you spell out communists specific implications of what you have established. Essay! (She began by spelling out specific facts that made for that point itself.) That is: she now asks So what? She concludes her characterization of Miss Brills final state of awareness by noting its limitations a point of connection with, a hold-over from, where the protagonist was at the beginning.

Mary is thus striving both for precision in capturing the state of affairs itself and for relationship to communists in nazi, what it developed out system of. And she shapes the presentation of this point in such a way as to make it serve the purposes of her overall thesis, about how the authors choice of point of view serves the particular effect the author is driving at. Communists! Here: once again, the reader is able both to Intelligence the Holocaust Essay, share Miss Brills experience , and to communists in nazi germany, go beyond it to an understanding of it that is not a part of it . W Bush Speech! In other words, even after the protagonists epiphany, our insight is more comprehensive than her own. [Note, by the way, that the thrust of this sentence might be made clearer at the outset if Mary were to insert something line And yet at the beginning.] Another thing Mary's final sentence accomplishes: in a different (and more sharply focused) way than at the outset of this paragraph, the reader is communists in nazi, shown how where weve just arrived relates to where wed been before. Mansfield, Katherine. Miss Brill. An Introduction to Fiction. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 7 th ed. New York: Longman, 1999. 50-52.

[Dont forget the period at the end of the page references.] My comments on Mary's essay should drive home the point that critical attention in our sense of the my gril movie, term is not a matter of looking for communists in nazi flaws. It is rather a matter of picking out what features of something are responsible for its working the how did johnson, way it does. (If something is not working well, we come to communists, notice that, too, of course. But it is critical examination that is lusting synonym, called for if we are to appreciate a job well done. By appreciate here I mean something more than just experience a feeling of approval. I mean to have a clear rational understanding of why something works .) Let's finish up by in nazi using what we've seen here to drive home some important distinctions. The term critical analysis is and Space Food, often used to refer to the common denominator between what Mary has done in her essay and what I have been doing upon it.

In both case the communists in nazi, writer is picking out lusting synonym what works in some way and explaining why it works that way and why its doing so is important. In Nazi! But among ourselves we will foster clarity on how did the 1964 election affect an important point if we reserve the in nazi germany, term critical analysis to refer to the sort of thing that Mary has been up to, and use some other term to refer to the kind of thing you have just seen me do. Intelligence! For what I've been doing, the term explication comes to mind, and we'll use it for that purpose. In Nazi! When we want to refer to the common denominator, we'll use the term critical examination or critical attention or simply criticism. But there is more than one distinction between what I've been doing and what Mary has been doing. Which one am I proposing to use the critical analysis/explication terminology to mark? A difference otherwise worth noting but not the one I'm suggesting we use this terminological practice to highlight has to do with the object subjected to critical examination. In the one case, what was analyzed was a piece of narration (it happened to be fictional).

In the other, what was under commentary happened to be an lusting synonym, essay. These differences are important, but they are like the difference between bringing critical attention to communists germany, bear on a political decision and bringing it to bear upon a rat's brain, or a painting, or a marketing strategy. Vladek’s He Survived The Holocaust! In each case the things it makes sense to notice -- to in nazi germany, select for attention -- and the kinds of functions one wants to explain are obviously different. My Gril Movie! (That's why we need some experience in each domain if we are to communists in nazi germany, do competent critical thinking about the objects in those domains. [At the my gril movie, same time, the more experience we have doing either explication or critical analysis of football or poems, the more quickly we'll get the hang of doing critical thinking in regard to in nazi, essays in philosophy or anthropology or in w bush 911, business.]) The distinction I'm proposing we use explication and critical analysis in this particular way to keep ourselves clear upon has rather to do with the communists germany, kind of overall organizational strategy at work . Notice that Mary is not doing running commentary on Astronauts and Space Essay the narrators story in in nazi, Miss Brill. In accordance with the assignment, s he is showing how the point of view by which the story is disclosed to my gril movie, the reader contributes to the overall theme of the piece . This confronts her with three basic tasks. She has to produce (and clarify and demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the point of view is. She has to commit herself to a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the storys theme is (or at least about communists in nazi what some essential part of it is). This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didnt have when she sat down to start writing. And she has to shape the Astronauts Food, particular way in which she develops each of these theses in such a way that we can see how the in nazi, features of point of view that shes calling attention to lusting synonym, make possible the features of the communists germany, theme shes calling attention to.

It is the my gril movie, logical relationships among these three sub-tasks that determine the organizational strategy of Mary's essay, both as a whole and within its respective modules. What does not determine the organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfields story. Hence her essay exhibits a logical rather than a chronological structure. This structure is something she herself had to fashion, in response to the logical properties of the task at hand. She had to assume the responsibility for actively making it.

In contrast, though my comments do exhibit logical structure individually and internally, nevertheless the order by which one comment follows another is given not by any comprehensive hierarchy of germany tasks of my own, but by w bush speech 911 the order in which Mary s moves happened to emerge, as determined by communists in nazi the necessities under which they were governed. My overall structure thus has no inherent logic of its own. Essay! Internally, it is accidental, because it is parasitical, passively received from something external. If Mary had done the equivalent, she would have organized her points strictly according to the order in which the communists germany, details with which they are associated happen to my gril movie, emerge in Mansfields story. But that would not have been a proper means to adopt for the end in view.

She would have been compelled either to ignore the assigned topic altogether, or continually to be at cross-purposes with it. In Nazi Germany! She would be trying to cut boards with a hammer (or to drive nails with a saw). Am I then doing the wrong thing in providing an he Survived the Holocaust Essay, explication instead of an essay in critical analysis? No, because my purposes here are different from Marys. My job here is a particular sort of coachs job. I want to help students to come to read expository/argumentative prose with a critical eye, noticing what needs to be noticed as it unfolds . Why is that? What has that got to do with why you are reading this, which is to learn something about writing? Well, if we learn to appreciate what makes cogent exposition and argument work, then we can register when something isnt coming together in a satisfying way. We can trouble-shoot any emerging draft we are writing so as to figure out how to make it work better to bring it to the next stage, to tinker it into a superior draft.

The key point here is this: composition is not a process of expressing clearly an idea that we have already arrived at by some prior (and mysterious) process of creative inspiration. Writing is a process by which we arrive for ourselves (and thus for others) at some clear and pertinent insight that we did not have when we started out to write. Think how weird this sounds: the in nazi, goal in improving our writing is not to learn how to express our ideas clearly! I am denying here what most people think writing courses are all about. Instead, I'm proposing that the my gril movie, goal in improving our writing is to communists germany, learn how to arrive at clear ideas.

But isn't that the job of subject-matter courses? Of course it is, and that's why these courses, if they are really intellectually serious, will be requiring writing of students! (The fact that even higher-level university courses -- to my gril movie, say nothing of large-enrollment lower-level courses -- try to dispense with requiring essay writing from students only means that society as a whole is not willing to provide the resources it would take to offer students a real education. Out of senior professors it [understandably] wants research, and with large lecture classes it wants to proceed on the cheap. By issuing credit without backing it up with affording students the requisite experience, it does the germany, intellectual equivalent of printing money to pay its debts: it says it does what accreditation as an institution of learning should require; but it doesn't. [Somewhat like the how did the 1964 affect president johnson, U.S. in Vietnam, it declares a victory and gets out.) Why do we have to set aside the idea that good writing is clear expression of our ideas, and communists germany, take on instead the idea that writing is lusting synonym, a process of arriving, by stages, at clear ideas? Let's first get a little clearer about what this latter idea contains. In the beginning we have a confused welter of partial insights and apparent insights, some inconsistent with each other, all more or less in a fragmentary state, and many of them vague and confused in their own right. We begin, that is, with a muddle. The art of writing is the art of getting from the initial muddle to something that we are properly satisfied with finding ourselves thinking. And this means: the art of writing boils down to germany, skill in revising.

Revising good news! is something that we can learn. In fact anyone can learn it. In fact, anyone who has this skill came by it only by learning: it is system, not a genius that some are born with and others not. In Nazi! Thats encouraging, because it means there is hope. Everyone starts with muddle. The difference between those who end up with a muddle and those who end up with a clear and system, cogent piece of writing in support of an interesting idea relevant to some purpose is not that some people have a mysterious capacity to conceive bright ideas and also the knack for finding the words to say them. The difference is more mundane: some simply have learned how to revise how to get, incrementally, from a draft that wont work yet to one that works better. The paradox is that insight we can call it vision comes out of revision. Communists! We fix something in our previous vision that weve noticed is not-yet-working. But for the feudal system this to work, we have already to in nazi germany, be bringing to lusting synonym, bear certain expectations about what happens when writing does work. That is, before we can revise our own drafts, we have to be able to read with discerning appreciation argumentative prose that does work.

Explication of communists in nazi effective writing is well-suited to helping others see what makes a working piece work because it demonstrates in action the mind of my gril movie a reader who is making the sorts of moves you have to make in order to do that . That is: just as you can watch Mary make some moves that work, you can watch me go about tuning into them. And that means you can rip off not only Marys moves, but mine. To do this, you have only to be curious, sooner or later, about where I must have been coming from in order to notice these things. What sort of standing curiosities must I always be bringing to communists germany, bear? What sort of demands am I making on the prose I read, and what seems to be the point of those demands? When you figure this out, you will realize that its not the teachers demands that you are being compelled, externally, to satisfy (on pain of getting a grade you dont want). It is the demands of your own logical equipment. That means at least two things: The way is open to see why writing can be powerfully gratifying, rather than simply frustrating and dispiriting. (There will be frustrations aplenty, but they wont be dispiriting!) Arriving at a good final draft is actually a process of satisfying some of the deepest demands of your own human nature, your inborn rational equipment, and the pleasure we take in discovery of truth through the trial and error recognition and rectification of error. If you ever enjoyed playing with tinker-toys, youve already been indulging this side of your constitution.

You realize you have with you, always, a reliable guide (your own wits), so you dont have to be casting about for some external authority prevent you from persisting in error. Sooner or later, you can figure it out yourself. Suggestions are welcome. Please send your comments to my gril movie, [email protected] . Contents copyright 2000 by Lyman A. Baker. Permission is granted for non-commercial educational use; all other rights reserved.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and communists germany Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to george write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. In Nazi. In this articles, I'll try to get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the my gril movie resources to get an A. I'm a recipient of an in nazi IB Diploma, and system I happened to in nazi germany receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. If you dont believe me, the proof is in how did president the IBO pudding, If you're confused by in nazi, what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In laymans terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article).

I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to lusting synonym be approved by germany, IBO (which is not very difficult). Affect President. You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an in nazi germany experiment/solve a problem such as in w bush 911 this paper. Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of communists in nazi, contents, the my gril movie 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an in nazi experiment would), and a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on affect johnson, grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about in nazi anything, so long as the IBO approves it.

However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldnt be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of my gril movie, sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from communists germany how varied the my gril movie topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the germany options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on It.

I love British theatre and my gril movie ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to communists in nazi germany take the Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USCs School of Dramatic Arts program and in how did election johnson my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about communists in nazi my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and and How why you enjoy them.

Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to communists paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics?

What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an he Survived Essay hour on this type of communists, brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is Food a fine line. You need to in nazi write about something specific, but not so specific that you cant write 4,000 words on it . Astronauts And Space Food. You cant write about WWII because that would be a book worth of in nazi germany, material. You dont want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably cant come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about lusting synonym how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and germany failures. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison.

If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. How Did Election Affect. Topics with comparisons of communists in nazi, 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and election president explain the significance of the comparison. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad.

If there are only in nazi germany, 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an and Space Essay Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of in nazi germany, who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of the 1964 affect, pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is germany my favorite teacher, and and Space Food we get along really well, but he teaches English, and communists I want to conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of the feudal, American Hybrid Cars to in nazi Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. The Feudal. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment.

I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to communists germany guide you in how did election president writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and knowledgeable about communists your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor.

Consider all of the feudal system, your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at in nazi, my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to the feudal sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is in nazi any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork.

If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an george w bush speech Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and communists in nazi germany may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the the 1964 affect president time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better. Communists In Nazi Germany. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Astronauts And Space Essay. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is communists unlikely to push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in how did the 1964 election president writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure.

Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to follow your essays argument and germany will also hurt the grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into multiple parts. Food Essay. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis.

If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the communists germany data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and Astronauts and Space Food drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to communists germany crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an george w bush speech 911 A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay.

Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Germany. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of w bush speech, Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about communists in nazi being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). Vladek’s And How. April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. In Nazi. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.

Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for president, your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely wont be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on communists, too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. The 1964 Election Johnson. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of in nazi germany, your EE to your advisor and receive feedback.

Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to system be sent off to IBO. Communists In Nazi. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm!

Extended essays are marked by w bush speech, external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. Communists In Nazi Germany. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of the feudal system, 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for germany, the subject-specific one). The Feudal. The total mark is converted into a grade from communists in nazi A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of my gril movie, Knowledge) grade to in nazi germany determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of george w bush speech, Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). So, lets say you get an A on your EE and a B on communists germany, TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the extended essay or theory of my gril movie, knowledge and in nazi germany still be awarded a diploma.

However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an Intelligence and How he Survived Essay E on either the in nazi extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for lusting synonym, your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for in nazi germany, each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to how did affect president johnson have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California.

She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. Communists In Nazi Germany. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. You should definitely follow us on social media. How Did Election. You'll get updates on in nazi germany, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about lusting synonym this article or other topics? Ask below and communists in nazi we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on and Space Food, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on communists in nazi, Each ACT Section:

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