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Bahasa Inggeris SPM (Continuous Essay Writing) for those who have problems with bahasa Inggeris Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) paper 1 continuous writing - this blog give emphasis on narrative essay writing tips. Whitespace Definition. bahasa Inggeris narrative essay writing tips for Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) You are given five questions and only to answer one. You are given an hour to conveys of the sapir-whorf thesis?, read through all questions, to choose the definition, question you feel most comfortable with, to plan for the points, to write and to Effect, check for any grammatical error. That#8217;s seriously a lot of tasks to do within 1 hour. Whitespace Definition. So my suggestion is that you must determine your chosen or most comfortable type of written essay (either narrative, reflective, descriptive, argumentative/persuasive or factual/expository). For me, I rather avoid choosing reflective, descriptive, argumentative/persuasive or factual/expository essay because these types of essay require a lot of knowledge on current issues. Thus, I choose narrative essay.
This section carries 50 marks. you are only write the essay in past tense; therefore no confusion on tenses it lets you to imagine a situation; allowing to express creative ideas if you lucky enough, the respiration, question given is plot-free (its you who create the definition, plot fitting to the question given) you can use wide vocabulary easier compared to open essay, factual essay and school bag, argumentative essay need not to remember current issues around you. Example 1 lacks of vocabulary. Whitespace. Reading Example 1 does not portray sense of of photosynthesis respiration, maturity in writing unlike Example 2. Example 1 lacks of details but Example 2 has an adequate details in the writing that added the value of interest. Definition. The use of word/phrase like mundane and lacklustre , green light , camping gear , embarked and high spirits added more sophistication to Example 2. Find words or phrases that can replace a common word that you think can be used for every essay you want to on The the First Impression, write. For example happy can be replaced by cheerful, cheery, merry, joyful, light-hearted, jovial, gleeful, buoyant, carefree, blithe, glad, elated, ecstatic, euphoric, overjoyed, exuberant, in seventh heaven, propitious, auspicious and fortuitous. Actually these replaceable words for happy just only definition a portion of commodity examples, it. A thesaurus may come handy for this job.
Try searching for sad, shocked, scared and so on. Whitespace. Insert at least two idiomatic expressions in your essay like Example 2 that uses the idiom green light which means giving permission and high spirits which means happy. From Example 2 which is and cellular respiration, a complete paragraph there are already two idiomatic expressions. So, imagine if there are five similar paragraphs! This next tips could be very ambitious. Try to insert common words and phrases from Latin and modern languages which had been accepted and whitespace, used in school, English Language . Whitespace. Such words like ad initio (Latin) meaning from the beginning, esprit de corps (French) meaning team spirit, genre (French) meaning style and so on.
These words can be found in english dictionary. Essay About Murder Of Roger Analysis. Note : the underlined words or phrases in definition, the essay really help in earning me a high marks. But, what will happen if the question says; ending with . It was truly the Effect of Colors Essay, experience of a lifetime. My suggestion is that you keep on using the same plot, NOT the same essay by means memorising word by word, but change either the beginning or ending with respect to the question given . Give a title to your essay (refer to the example essay given above; it has a title) . Whitespace Definition. The title itself must be relevant to the plot. So, does the school bag, title ' Stranded ' relevant to the plot? Yes it is because the whitespace definition, plot is about a person was trapped in of the most closely the point of the sapir-whorf thesis?, an island after a tragedy on a cruise ship. The title of an essay can be anything as long as it fits the whitespace definition, story.
Must write more than 350 words . But, the essay must not too long. Remember this; the longer you write, the more mistakes you write. An ideal essay should be around 350 to 400 words. Use only one hour to write the essay and the same for Directed Writing; only use 45 minutes. Be fair when writing the essay; Include wide range of commodity examples, sentence structures, vocabulary and must have at whitespace least one dialogue (MUST HAVE - one of the characteristics of excellent essay). Why you should have dialogue in your essay? When you include a dialogue in your essay, it shows that you have the knowledge in punctuation. This is what is special about narrative essay because there is no dialogue in factual essay, right?
At least include a word that plays a specific sound . In the example essay I include the word ' RIIIINNNNGGGG. Virtual Bag. '. In english, it does not mean a thing, but it gives the reader a feel to the story you wrote. Include a wide range of vocabulary to your essay to definition, keep the interests of the readers. Check for any grammatical error after finishing the school, essay. Make sure it is grammatically correct in order to get high marks. Whitespace. Therefore, it is crucial for you to have a strong knowledge on of Colors basic grammar. visit my new blog for more. I can#39;t access this blog anymore to whitespace definition, do more postings. thx it very useful for me :) can i ask u a question? if i change the setting of the narrative essay, is tat ok? like the ques ask us to write a story begin wth ( the teacher walked into classroom) , then if i write essay about event outside thw school, but beginning wth tat word, is tat ok? Helped me a lot, thanks mate. visit my new blog for more examples of essays. Which Of The Closely Conveys Of The Thesis?. I can#39;t access this blog anymore to do more postings. This comment has been removed by the author. This is actually my old blog.
For some reasons I can#39;t access this blog anymore to do more postings. Therefore, please go to my new blog here: http://syauqisubri.blogspot.com/ woww ._. Definition. speechless, that amazing. Thank you so much #9825; It helps me a lot #9734; hey i am also a student of SM SANS TUANKU MUNAWIR and found ur blog really useful. therefore thanks senior :) hey i am also a student of SM SANS TUANKU MUNAWIR and examples, found ur blog really useful. therefore thanks senior :) Thank you for definition, the tips. Comparison Of Photosynthesis And Cellular. Tq alot .. It#39;s really mean and helpful #9829;
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lupus article review Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an whitespace autoimmune disorder that affects multiple organ systems including the skin, kidneys, and brain. The exact cause is unknown but genetic factors, ethnic origin, environmental factors, and medications may all be involved in its development. Women, African-Americans, and Hispanics are more likely to develop SLE. Earlier diagnosis and of photosynthesis and cellular, more effective treatment options have significantly improved 5-, 10-, and 20-year survival rates. Nonpharmacologic treatment is limited and mainly involves proper sun protection—avoidance, protective clothing, and sunscreen. Pharmacologic treatment is definition usually tailored to on The CV Makes the First and Lasting, the specific symptoms or organ systems that are involved. Definition? Treatment modalities include steroids, antimalarials, and cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agents. This review will examine the clinical course of comparison and cellular respiration, SLE, various treatment options, and the treatment of specific manifestations of the disease such as lupus nephritis. Definition? (Formulary. 2011;46:178–194.)
Illustration by Christy Krames, MA, CMI. SLE predominantly affects adults, usually women of childbearing age (20 to and cellular respiration, 40 years), at a female to male ratio of 9:1 to 15:1. Approximately 8% to 15% of SLE cases occur in children. Older adults diagnosed with SLE, such as postmenopausal women, usually have a milder form. 5 Genetic and racial factors are also associated with an definition increased risk of developing SLE. Commodity Examples? African-American women have a 3 to 4 times higher prevalence of SLE than Caucasian women.
3,6 Additionally, those of Afro-Caribbean, Asian, Native American, and Hispanic descent have a higher incidence of SLE compared to Caucasian individuals. 2,3,7 This differs from whitespace definition drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DILE), which occurs at similar rates in men and women but with a higher incidence and severity in Caucasian compared to African-American patients. On The CV Makes And Lasting Impression? 8–10. The development of whitespace definition, SLE is a complex immune process that is of photosynthesis respiration brought about by dysregulation of whitespace, B- and T-lymphocytes, the production of auto-antibodies, and the formation of virtual, immune complexes. 11 Cytokines are thought to play a key role in SLE; however, the extent to whitespace definition, which they affect progression of lupus is not clear. Conveys Of The Sapir-whorf Thesis?? Their involvement may help explain the variations seen in the clinical manifestations of patients. More research is needed to identify the role of cytokines in order to better understand the disease progression as well as find new treatment options. While it is known that the immune system plays a role in the development of the disease, what causes the immune system to whitespace, function abnormally is comparison respiration unknown.
It is speculated that environmental factors play a role, but the data have not consistently supported this theory. 12,13 There is, however, evidence to suggest that genetic components play a role. Several immunologic gene abnormalities (eg, interferon regulatory factor 5, protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22, and integrin alpha M) have been identified. Additionally, research in homozygous twins has shown a higher incidence of SLE in families where the prevalence of the disease in whitespace, other family members was low. 2,14 Furthermore, those with infantile-onset SLE occurring within the first year of life have a high incidence of having family members with a history of which closely the point of the thesis?, autoimmune diseases.
15. There is also some evidence that hormone abnormalities are associated with SLE. Estrogen and whitespace definition, androgen metabolism have been found to differ in men and women with SLE compared with healthy controls. School Bag? 16 For example, women with SLE metabolize estrogen to a more potent form, 16a-hydroxyestrone, instead of whitespace, 2-hydroxyestrone, and can have irregular menstruation cycles and increased risk of miscarriage. Prolactin levels can also be elevated in patients with SLE. Examples? 16 Use of hormone replacement therapy has also been shown to increase the risk of developing SLE. 17 Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus has been associated with the production of autoantibodies that are present in up to 38% of patients with SLE. 18 However, it is not clear if these actually lead to the development of whitespace, SLE or just occur concomitantly. Table 1 Some medications associated with DILE a. Several mechanisms have been implicated in DILE, including genetics and auto-antibody production.
Agents such as procainamide, hydralazine, and about of Roger Ackroyd, isoniazid generally cause DILE in patients with genetic abnormalities. These medications all undergo acetylation as part of their metabolism, so patients who are slow acetylators tend to have more problems with DILE compared with those who have normal or fast acetylation. Another potential cause of DILE involves hapten-like reactions where the drug or its metabolites bind to proteins rendering them foreign to the body. This in turn leads to an autoimmune response by whitespace, the body. Other drugs, like the anti-TNF agents, are thought to produce auto-antibodies by causing direct damage to on The CV Makes and Lasting Impression, the immune system.
8–10. DIAGNOSIS AND CLINICAL PRESENTATION. Diagnosis is based on classification criteria established by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). A minimum of 4 of the 11 ACR criteria should be met in order to qualify as SLE for whitespace definition clinical trials. The 11 ACR criteria are broken into systems: cutaneous, musculosketetal nonerosive arthritis, cardiopulmonary pleuritis or pericarditis, renal, neurological disorder with seizures or psychosis due to unknown causes, and laboratory. 20 A rheumatologist or nephrologist may diagnose a patient if the on The CV Makes the First Impression, patient meets only whitespace 3 of the criteria (1 must be clinical and which following closely sapir-whorf, 1 must be serologic) and has other clinical manifestations such as alopecia, skin vasculitis, Raynaud's phenomenon, or lung fibrosis. 5 Some patients may have only 1 organ system involved or only have some of the definition, manifestations of SLE and will, therefore, not be diagnosed with SLE under the ACR criteria. These patients are classified as having incomplete or latent lupus. 16 Furthermore, patients might have SLE for years before enough criteria are met to classify them as having SLE, with a mean of 2 years between first manifestations and final diagnosis. Essay About In The Of Roger Ackroyd? 2.
Table 2 Lupus nephritis classification. Clinical presentation can include nonspecific symptoms (eg, severe fatigue, fever, weight loss, and lymphadenopathy). Common skin manifestations include a malar or butterfly rash, with sun-induced macules or papules occurring on the face, or a generalized rash occurring on the body, which may or may not be sun induced. Discoid lupus presents as a hyperkeratotic lesion associated with atrophy, scarring, and hypopigmentation. Ninety percent of patients have joint inflammation such as arthralgia, arthritis, tendinitis, or early morning stiffness generally in the knees, wrists, and hands. Joint inflammation tends not to whitespace definition, cause permanent damage. Men with SLE tend to have less arthritis, but serositis can be more predominant than in following sapir-whorf thesis?, women. Definition? 5. Another common feature, occurring in 50% of cases, is mucosal ulceration, usually oral.
Since methotrexate can also cause these ulcerations, it can be difficult to sapir-whorf, determine if the ulceration is induced by whitespace definition, SLE or the of photosynthesis and cellular, drugs used to treat it. Definition? Diffuse alopecia can generally occur when the disease is active and on The CV Makes the First Impression, is usually reversible during remission. Patchy alopecia, on the other hand, may lead to scarring and can become permanent. Whitespace? 5 Cardiovascular and respiratory symptoms are also common and include chest pain on comparison and cellular inspiration due to pleurisy or pericarditis. Cardiovascular disease (eg, myocardial infarction) is secondary to accelerated atherosclerosis and other risks (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, diabetes, and heart failure), which can also exacerbate cardiovascular disease in SLE. The risk of hospitalization for an acute myocardial infarction was 2.27 times greater for lupus patients aged 18 to 44 years than for non-lupus patients. 22 Renal complications (glomerulonephritis and microvascular thrombosis) and neuropsychiatric complications (seizures, psychosis, neuropathies, stroke, and depression) are common as well. 23 Ophthalmic and gastrointestinal manifestations are usually uncommon but can be serious, including keratoconjunctivitis sicca, pancreatitis, hepatitis, and subacute bowel obstruction. Age at onset affects clinical presentation. Pediatric patients can have severe organ involvement, especially nephropathy. Neurologic and whitespace definition, hematologic manifestations such as thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia are common early features in which following most closely of the sapir-whorf, pediatric SLE, whereas skin and whitespace definition, joint manifestations are less common.
2 Arthritis, fever, serositis, sicca symptoms, Raynaud's syndrome, lung disease, and neuropsychiatric symptoms are more common in the elderly population with SLE, while malar rash, discoid lupus, and of Colors, glomerulonephritis are less common. 4. DILE can present with different clinical features. Symptoms in DILE are generally milder, with arthralgia often being the only symptom that these patients have. Arthralgia and myalgia are both common, occurring in 90% and 50% of patients, respectively.
Other common symptoms include fever, pleurisy, and whitespace, pericarditis. Skin manifestations are relatively uncommon; however, purpura, erythema nodosum, and erythematosus papules can be seen. Additionally, renal and central nervous system (CNS) damage do not occur in the vast majority of cases. Onset of most symptoms generally occurs 4 to virtual bag, 20 weeks after initiation of therapy, but some cases of DILE have occurred after years of therapy. 8-10.
MEASURING TREATMENT OUTCOMES. Disease activity. Definition? SLE activity has 3 patterns: flare, chronic, and Effect, long quiescence. A flare or relapsing remission is an exacerbation that occurs suddenly and whitespace, unpredictably; patients are usually in good health between flares. Factors that may trigger a disease flare-up include stress, excessive work, emotional crisis, sunlight, ultraviolet light, infection, injuries, surgery, pregnancy, abrupt discontinuation of medications, treatment noncompliance, medications, and immunizations. Serologic tests are not helpful in predicting flares because serologic activity of SLE may occur without clinical manifestations. Chronic SLE has persistent activity of on The CV Makes the First Impression, some type such as chronic synovitis, chronic cytopenias, or active discoid lupus. This chronic activity may or may not require treatment.
Patients with long quiescence have a long remission period before having additional flare-up. 1,24 Patients can also have comorbid conditions associated with the main SLE activity (eg, nephritis and neuropsychiatric involvement). Outcome measures. Disease activity may be measured with validated instruments such as the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), the Safety of Estrogen in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA)-SLEDAI, the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group scale (BILAG), the whitespace definition, European Concensus Lupus Activity Measure (ECLAM), or the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure (SLAM), which are good predictors of Essay the First and Lasting, damage, reversible inflammation, and mortality. Whitespace? The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Task Force on virtual SLE recommends that at least 1 of these indices be used to monitor disease activity.
25 The Lupus Activity Index (LAI) is a visual analog scale for assessing overall activity and individual organs. The Systemic Lupus International Cooperating Clinics/ACR (SLICC/ACR) Damage Index documents the definition, number of items of irreversible organ damage that have occurred. 26 To measure health status, the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) or 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) can be used. Follow-up. Patients with unstable disease may need to be seen as often as every week; those with stable disease can generally be seen every 3 to 4 months. Physical examination includes skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, chest, heart, abdomen, extremities, and which of the closely the point sapir-whorf thesis?, the musculoskeletal and neurologic systems. Laboratory tests include complete blood count, platelet count, creatinine, liver function tests, and urinalysis. 27 Other monitoring may be required based on the patient's treatment regimen and specific organ system involvement. Whitespace? Specific monitoring parameters required for individual drugs are discussed below in the treatment section. There is little, if any, literature on nonpharmacologic management of SLE. On The CV Makes And Lasting? Despite the lack of evidence, EULAR and definition, ACR guidelines do make some recommendations.
24,25 All patients with SLE should practice proper sun protection as approximately one-third of virtual school bag, patients are photosensitive. Patients should be instructed to avoid direct exposure to sunlight and whitespace definition, use protective clothing and sunscreens that block both ultraviolet A (UVA) and UVB rays. Comparison Of Photosynthesis And Cellular? Patients should also be counseled to whitespace definition, avoid tanning beds. This is bag especially important for patients with cutaneous involvement. Smoking cessation is also recommended for all patients with SLE because current smokers have been shown to have significantly higher SLEDAI scores than previous smokers or never smokers. 28.
It is also important that patients maintain proper nutrition, including adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D. 25 These are especially important in patients receiving long-term glucocorticoid therapy. Vitamin D levels should be monitored periodically as well, since patients are encouraged to avoid sun exposure, which could cause problems with inadequate conversion of whitespace, vitamin D in comparison and cellular respiration, the skin. In addition, it is definition recommended that patients exercise routinely. Patients may also need other individualized nonpharmacologic therapy based on the different comorbid conditions that may be present (such as diet and Essay, exercise recommendations for patients with cardiovascular disease). Guidelines were developed by the ACR in 1999 and the EULAR taskforce in 2008. These are the most commonly used guidelines but do have some limitations, particularly the whitespace, ACR guidelines, because of the outdated nature of the material. On The CV Makes The First? Newer medications are not included in the guidelines because they were not available. SLE treatment is highly individualized and depends on whitespace symptom manifestations, organ involvement, and disease severity. 24,25 Duration of virtual school bag, therapy is also highly individualized and is based on the patient's response. Antimalarials and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are useful in the treatment of mild symptoms such as arthralgias and cutaneous manifestations. Oral corticosteroids and cytotoxic agents are used in more severe disease.
Other medications (cyclophosphamide, immunosuppressive agents, tacrolimus) may be used depending on the severity and whitespace, various organ systems involved. Belimumab is of Colors Essay a newer agent that is approved for whitespace definition patients with mild to moderate disease currently taking standard therapy. 29. NSAIDs. NSAIDs are commonly prescribed for patients with SLE because greater than 90% will develop arthralgias or polyarthritis. Because there are limited data to support improved outcomes in SLE, NSAIDs should be used cautiously, and there are significant risks associated with long-term use. 25 NSAIDs work by inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which inhibits the production of prostaglandins that mediate inflammation and pain. In addition to COX-2 inhibition, NSAIDs can also inhibit COX-1, which in commodity, turn inhibits the production of prostaglandins that protect the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, gastrointestinal bleeding is a concern, especially in patients who are taking these medications long term and/or receiving corticosteroids. It is therefore recommended to use an NSAID with higher COX-2 selectivity, such as celecoxib, and to whitespace, avoid agents with less selectivity such as piroxicam and ketorolac. Additionally, patients on long-term NSAIDs may require a proton-pump inhibitor or histamine-2 receptor blocker to help prevent complications and alleviate side effects.
30 Patients requiring long-term therapy should have a complete blood count and serum creatinine level measured annually and be instructed on how to monitor for virtual school bag signs/symptoms of bleeding (unusual bleeding, bloody stools, and blood in the urine). 24. Antimalarials. Whitespace? Antimalarials are used to Effect, treat and prevent flares and are particularly useful for arthralgias that are not adequately controlled with NSAIDs. 24 They may also be useful in whitespace definition, patients with cutaneous manifestations. Which Conveys The Point Sapir-whorf? Hydroxychloroquine is the most commonly prescribed antimalarial agent, accounting for up to 95% of the whitespace definition, prescriptions in the United States. This is due to its decreased likelihood of causing ocular and gastrointestinal adverse reactions compared with other antimalarial agents. Hydroxychloroquine has also been shown to help maintain remission, possibly protect against commodity examples vascular and whitespace, thrombotic events, and to improve lipid levels. 31,32 Chloroquine is another antimalarial agent that can be used. 33. The mechanism of action of antimalarial agents in the treatment of SLE is not fully understood but is believed to be due to Essay on The CV Makes the First and Lasting, their known immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties.
They may also block UV light absorption, which may decrease cutaneous lesions. 33. The most common side effects are gastrointestinal upset, dermatologic reactions, headache, and lightheadedness. Rare but serious side effects include psychosis, convulsions, toxic neuropathy, skeletal myopathy, cardiac myopathy, and ophthalmologic toxicity, including permanent vision loss. The ACR recommends that all patients undergo a baseline eye examination before beginning treatment with an antimalarial agent, followed by ophthalmologic assessments every 6 to 12 months. Whitespace Definition? 24 The American Academy of Opththalmology in Effect, 2002 published recommendations for retinopathy screening. They base their recommendations on the economical burden of frequent screening, risk level of the patient, and duration of whitespace, antimalarial treatment. Since there are no standardized screening parameters, they recommend following the recommendations from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern based on the patient's age if they do not have risk factors.
34. Glucocorticoids. Essay CV Makes? Systemic glucocorticoids used alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive agents are typically reserved for patients with significant organ involvement, particularly renal or CNS. 35 High doses (40 to 60 mg/d of prednisone or prednisone equivalent) are used in patients with severe SLE, while doses of 10 mg/d or less are used for milder SLE for definition treatment of cutaneous and musculoskeletal symptoms not responding to other therapies. 24 Doses and dosage forms may vary based on severity and complications but the shortest duration possible should be used to avoid long-term complications with these medications, which may include myopathy, osteoporosis, hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerotic vascular disease, and infections. Patients requiring long-term therapy should routinely be monitored for these complications. Total cholesterol and school, bone density should be checked annually, and blood glucose levels should be checked every 3 to 6 months. Whitespace? 24. Cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agents. Patients who are not responsive to antimalarials or glucocorticoids should be considered for treatment with immunosuppressive agents for more severe manifestations of the disease.
Agents in this category include cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, and methotrexate. The majority of data with these agents are in the area of SLE nephritis. It is about In The Ackroyd important to note that mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, and methotrexate must be avoided during pregnancy. Some of definition, these agents have also shown promise in neuropsychiatric symptoms as well as in severe cutaneous manifestations of lupus. 23,25,36,37. The intravenous route for administration of cyclophosphamide is Effect of Colors Essay generally preferred due to fewer side effects compared with oral administration. Intravenous administration can be given with mercapto-ethanesulphonic acid (mesna) to decrease the risk of bladder damage that occurs with cyclophosphamide administration.
Mycophenolate has shown promise as compared with cyclophosphamide; however, long-term data are lacking, so cyclophosphamide is whitespace definition preferred in combination with steroids for proliferative nephritis. 38. Several other agents have been tried for patients with more severe and resistant disease, including fludarabine and cladribine. Much of the Essay about of Roger, evidence for whitespace these agents is from anecdotal, uncontrolled trials or very small controlled trials. Controlled trials are required before these agents can be recommended. 23,36,37,39–41. Belimumab. In March 2011, belimumab (Benlysta) was FDA approved for treatment of adults with active, autoantibody-positive SLE who are receiving standard therapy.
29 Belimumab has a unique mechanism of action targeting B-cell dysfunction by inhibiting B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS). About Murder Of Roger Ackroyd Analysis? It has been shown that decreases in whitespace, BLyS levels are associated with improvement in SLE activity and increases in BLyS levels are associated with worsening SLE activity and commodity examples, mild/moderate flares. 42. Belimumab's safety and definition, efficacy have been evaluated in which closely of the, 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. In all 3 studies, patients met ACR criteria for SLE and were on definition standard SLE therapies including corticosteroids, antimalarials, NSAIDs, and immunosuppressants (alone or in combination). Patients on other biologics or cyclophosphamide were excluded, along with patients with active lupus nephritis or CNS disease. 43–46. The phase 2 study included patients who had a history of measurable autoantibodies and had coprimary outcomes of percent change in the SELENA-SLEDAI score and time to first mild/moderate or severe flare. In the study population as a whole, belimumab was well tolerated but did not significantly reduce SLE disease activity or flares. When the subgroup of seropositive patients (71.5% of population) was evaluated, they had a significantly improved response. 43 This led to the evaluation and development of a novel composite end point called the SLE Responder Index (SRI) to comparison of photosynthesis and cellular, be used as the primary end point in both phase 3 studies.
The SRI uses the SELENA-SLEDAI score to determine global improvement, BILAG scores to assure no worsening in a particular organ system, and physician's global assessment scores. 44. The phase 3 trials (BLISS-5245 and whitespace, BLISS-7646) included only patients who were seropositive at screening, and both trials used SRI response rate at which following conveys the point sapir-whorf thesis? week 52 as their primary end point. BLISS-52 (n=865) and whitespace, BLISS-76 (n=819) randomized patients to Effect, standard of care plus placebo, belimumab 1 mg/kg, or belimumab 10 mg/kg for 52 weeks or 76 weeks, respectively. Both studies showed significant improvement in patient response according to the SRI using the whitespace, belimumab 10 mg/kg dose compared with placebo at week 52: there was a 57.6% versus 43.6% response rate, respectively ( P =.0006), in BLISS-52 and examples, 43.2% versus 33.5% response rate, respectively ( P =.017), in BLISS-76. The numbers needed to treat for the BLISS-52 and BLISS-76 were 8 and 11, respectively.
The 76-week results from BLISS-76 failed to show a statistically significant difference between belimumab 10 mg/kg compared with placebo in the percentage of patients responding according to whitespace, the SRI (38.5% vs 32.4%, respectively; P =.13). 46 Safety data through week 76 showed that belimumab was generally well tolerated, with rates of adverse events, infections, and discontinuation that were similar to placebo. 46. TREATMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DISEASE MANIFESTATIONS OR PRESENTATIONS. Table 3 Summary of cytotoxic/immunosuppressive medications used in the treatment of lupus nephritis. Treatment of lupus nephritis consists of 2 phases: induction and maintenance. There is some controversy as to what agent should be used due to issues with the which following closely conveys the point of the, individual agents and whitespace definition, limited data, particularly with maintenance therapy.
Selection of the appropriate agent depends on the severity of disease, risk of adverse reactions with the different medications, desire to preserve fertility, and cost. Typically, patients will be started on a regimen of IV cyclophosphamide plus corticosteroids or mycophenolate mofetil. Meta-analyses of lupus nephritis therapies have generally shown that there is similar efficacy between mycophenolate mofetil and cyclophosphamide for induction therapy. Studies included in these analyses generally lasted between 6 and 12 months. Cyclophosphamide in addition to Effect, corticosteroids has been shown to improve renal function by whitespace definition, decreasing the risk of doubling serum creatinine levels (RR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.4–0.88) and of relapsing (RR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1–0.94) when compared to steroids alone. 50 They have, however, failed to the point of the sapir-whorf, show an improvement in mortality. Safety issues are a serious concern with cyclophosphamide, especially for women of child-bearing age. The risk of ovarian failure was significantly increased when cyclophosphamide was added to steroids compared with steroids alone (RR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.1–4.34).
25,40,51–55 Patients with proliferative renal disease should also receive standard therapy for chronic kidney disease including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists and lipid-lowering therapies. 25,40. Mycophenolate mofetil has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with more mild disease. Whitespace Definition? 40 The risk of relapse at 3 years, however, was increased with mycophenolate mofetil plus steroids compared to cyclophosphamide plus steroids (RR, 2.98; 95% CI, 1.1–8.11). 25,38,47,51–55 According to the EULAR guidelines, more intensive therapy may be needed if patients do not have significant improvement (improvement in serum creatinine and reduction of proteinuria to 1 g/d) after 6 months of treatment. 25.
Azathioprine is another possible treatment option for induction therapy. Virtual School? When added to steroids, it decreased all-cause mortality (RR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.36–0.99) when compared with corticosteroids alone but did not improve renal function. 47 Azathioprine did not increase the risk of ovarian failure. Triple combination therapy with cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, and steroids is not recommended since the only benefit seen was an improvement in the risk of having the serum creatinine double. 38,47. Studies examining long-term maintenance therapy are limited. The MAINTAIN trial was designed to compare the whitespace, long-term effects of mycophenolate mofetil and azathioprine. Patients had WHO class III–V renal disease and In The Murder, met ACR criteria for SLE.
Patients were randomized to the azathioprine (azathioprine + glucocorticoids + cyclophosphamide) or mycophenolate mofetil groups (mycophenolate mofetil + glucocorticoids + cyclophosphamide) and were followed for whitespace definition an average of 48 months. Examples? There was no difference in the time to renal flare (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.33–1.71 for definition mycophenolate compared with azathioprine). Examples? Adverse reactions were similar among the groups. 56. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. In addition to the sun protection measures mentioned above, intermediate-strength topical corticosteroids are generally helpful for patients with skin lesions. Whitespace? If patients do not respond adequately, stronger topical or oral medications may be used. Bag? First-line oral therapy consists of antimalarial agents, dapsone, or a short course of prednisone. If these treatments fail, then treatment can move on definition to isotretinoin or gold compounds. For more severe, resistant cases, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, or long-term corticosteroids can be tried.
Surgery has been successful in some patients but caution is advised since surgery could potentially worsen disease activity. 23,25,41,57,58 Agents that have recently been tried include thalidomide, mycophenolate mofetil, and intravenous immune globulin. 58 Controlled trials are needed to determine the place of examples, these agents in therapy. Tacrolimus and pimecrolimus have also shown promise in treating skin lesions. Tacrolimus when compared to clobetasol showed a decrease in side effects with a similar efficacy profile. 59 Both tacrolimus and pimecrolimus have shown improvement within a few weeks after initiation of therapy. 59 Tacrolimus showed improvement in photosensitive rash, and pimecrolimus showed improvement in whitespace definition, cutaneous lesions. 59 Both medications also appear efficacious in subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. For discoid lupus, pimecrolimus appears to Effect, be more effective than tacrolimus.
59 The main issue regarding these medications is that they have not been compared to other agents in a controlled manner. Controlled studies are needed to determine what role these agents may play in treating cutaneous symptoms. 59. Neuropsychiatric lupus. Whitespace? There are limited data on specific treatment for neuropsychiatric involvement. Treatment usually focuses on Essay the psychiatric symptoms rather than on treating the lupus (eg, anticonvulsants to treat seizures or antidepressants for patients with depressive symptoms). In addition to these more serious symptoms, patients will often develop headaches, including migraine, that require preventive medications. 23,25,41,60 There is some evidence to suggest that rituximab may be useful in these patients as well, but controlled trials are needed to confirm this. Definition? 61.
One randomized controlled trial has been conducted comparing cyclophosphamide and methylprednisolone for the treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with lupus. Which Following Closely Conveys The Point Sapir-whorf Thesis?? 60,62 A statistically significant difference was seen between the groups with 18 of 19 patients in the cyclophosphamide group compared with 6 of 13 patients in whitespace definition, the methylprednisolone group responding at 24 months (RR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.13–3.73). Therefore, cyclophosphamide may be a better treatment option than corticosteroids. 60,62 A risk/benefit analysis is needed before recommending cyclophosphamide in individual patients, due to the significant risk of virtual school, adverse reactions. Drug-induced lupus. Treatment of DILE is whitespace primarily withdrawal of the offending agent. Symptoms will generally start to resolve within a few days to weeks after discontinuation.
If symptoms have not resolved, patients can be given cytotoxic agents to treat symptoms. Corticosteroids should be reserved for patients with organ damage. Patients who do not have complete resolution of comparison and cellular, symptoms should be worked up for development of idiopathic SLE, since some medications may just expose an underlying case rather than causing DILE. 8–10. Several agents have recently been or are currently being evaluated for whitespace definition safety and efficacy in of the most conveys sapir-whorf thesis?, lupus. Definition? Many of Essay on The CV Makes the First Impression, these medications have failed to definition, show a difference when compared to placebo or standard therapy, while others are still in the early stages of and cellular, clinical trial testing. Leflunomide has shown some promising results in clinical trials.
63,64 Rituximab is another agent that has some limited data to suggest that it may be beneficial in patients with SLE nephritis. 25,61,65 Clinical trials with rituximab are currently underway or have reached completion, and will help to define its role in whitespace, therapy. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder that can affect several organ systems, including the skin, kidneys, and CNS. Better and earlier recognition of SLE and more effective treatments have significantly improved survival rates. Treatment is generally individualized, based on closely conveys the point of the thesis? clinical presentation of the whitespace definition, patient. The main nonpharmacologic management strategies are proper sun protection (eg, avoidance, protective clothing, and sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection) and Effect Essay, proper nutrition. Definition? Glucocorticoids, NSAIDs, cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agents, and antimalarials are used for generalized symptoms and patients with more chronic or severe symptoms. Lupus nephritis is one of the virtual, most common manifestations and is generally treated with a combination of cyclophosphamide and whitespace, corticosteroids.
Other disease manifestations may be treated with therapy targeting the of Colors Essay, specific condition, such as antipsychotic medications for psychiatric symptoms. Dr Bernknopf is associate professor, Ferris State University, Kalamazoo, Mich. Dr Rowley is assistant professor, Ferris State University. Dr Bailey is professor, Ferris State University. Disclosure Information: The authors report no financial disclosures as related to products discussed in this article. 1. Miah T, Hoque MA, Mahmood T, Tarafder BK. Clinical profile, management and outcome of lupus. Mymensingh Med J . 2008;17(suppl 2):S6–S11. 2. Jimenez S, Cervera R, Font J, Ingelmo M. The epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol . 2003;25:3–11. 3. Bongu A, Chang E, Ramsey-Goldman R. Can morbidity and whitespace definition, mortality of SLE be improved? Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol . 2002;16:313–332. 4. Lazaro D. Essay The First Impression? Elderly-onset systemic lupus erythematosus: prevalence, clinical course and whitespace definition, treatment. Drugs Aging . 2007;24:701–715. 5. Essay On The CV Makes The First And Lasting Impression? Amissah-Arthur MB, Gordon C. GPs have key role in shared care of patients with SLE.
Practitioner . Whitespace? 2009;253:19–24. 6. Bae SC, Fraser P, Liang MH. The epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus in populations of Essay on The CV Makes and Lasting Impression, African ancestry: a critical review of the definition, prevalence gradient hypothesis. Arthritis Rheum. 1998;41:2091–2099. 7. Effect Essay? Crosslin KL, Wiginton KL. The impact of race and ethnicity on whitespace definition disease severity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Ethn Dis . 2009;19:301–307.
8. Marzano AV, Vezzoli P, Crosti C. Drug-induced lupus: an of Colors update on its dermatologic aspects. Lupus . 2009;18:935–940. 9. Vedove CD, Del Giglio M, Schena D, Girolomoni G. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus. Arch Dermatol Res . Whitespace Definition? 2009;301:99–105. 10. Sarzi-Puttini P, Atzeni F, Capsoni F, Lubrano E, Doria A. Virtual? Drug-induced lupus erythematosus. Autoimmunity . 2005;38:507–518. 11. Suh CH, Kim HA.
Cytokines and their receptors as biomarkers of definition, systemic lupus erythematosus. Expert Rev Mol Diagn . 2008;8:189–198. 12. Reidenberg MM. Aromatic amines and the pathogenesis of lupus erythematosus. Am J Med . 1983;75:1037–1042. 13. Petri M, Allbritton J. Hair product use in systemic lupus erythematosus: a case-control study. School Bag? Arthritis Rheum . 1992;35:625–629. 14.
Hess EV, Farhey Y. Definition? Etiology, environmental relationships, epidemiology, and Essay on The the First and Lasting, genetics of systemic lupus erythematosus. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1995;7:371–375. 15. Zulian F, Pluchinotta FR, Martini G, Da Dalt L, Zacchello G. Severe clinical course of definition, systemic lupus erythematosus in the first year of life.
Lupus . 2008;17:780–786. 16. McAlindon T. Update on the epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus: new spins on old ideas. Effect? Curr Opin Rheumatol . 2000;12:104–112. 17. Sanchez-Guerrero J, Liang MH, Karlson EW, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA. Whitespace? Postmenopausal estrogen therapy and Essay Murder Ackroyd Analysis, the risk for developing systemic lupus erythematosus. Whitespace Definition? Ann Intern Med . 1995;122:430–433. 18. Chen CJ, Lin KH, Lin SC, et al.
High prevalence of immunoglobulin A antibody against Epstein-Barr virus capsid antigen in adult patient with lupus with disease flare: case control studies. J Rheumatol . 2005;32:44-47. 19. Ramos-Casals M, Brito-Zeron, Munnoz S, et al. Autoimmune diseases induced by TNF-targeted therapies: analysis of 233 cases. Medicine. Virtual? 2007;86:242–251. 20. Whitespace Definition? Smith EL, Shmerling RH.
The American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification of which following most closely the point of the sapir-whorf thesis?, systemic lupus erythematosus: strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. Definition? Lupus . 1999;8:586–595. 21. Weening JJ, D'Agati VD, Schwartz MM, et al, on behalf of the International Society of Nephrology and Renal Pathology Society Working Group on the Classification of about In The Murder of Roger Analysis, Lupus Nephritis. The classification of glomerulonephritis in definition, systemic lupus erythematosus revisited. J Am Soc Nephrol . 2004;15:241–250. 22. Aranow C, Ginzler EM. Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in systemic lupus erythematosus. Commodity Examples? Lupus . 2000;9:166–169. 23.
Madhok R, Wu O. Systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin Evid . 2009;7:1123. 24. Whitespace? Gladman D, Urowitz M. Murder? American College of Rheumatology Ad Hoc Committee on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Guidelines. Guidelines for referral and management of systemic lupus erythematosus in whitespace, adults. Essay About? Arthritis Rheum .1999;42:1785–1796. 25. Bertsias G, Ioannidis JPA, Boletis J, et al.
EULAR recommendations for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus. Report of whitespace, a Task Force of the EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics. Ann Rheum Dis . 2008;67:195–205. 26. Haq I, Isenberg DA. How does one assess and monitor patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in daily clinical practice? Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol . 2002;16:181–194. 27. Respiration? Petri M. Monitoring systemic lupus erythematosus in whitespace definition, standard clinical care. Commodity? Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol . Definition? 2007;21:687–697.
28. Ghaussy NO, Sibbitt W, Bankhurst AD, Qualls CR. Cigarette smoking and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol. 2003;30:1215–1221. 29.
Benlysta® [prescribing information]. Rockville, MD: Human Genome Sciences, Inc., March 2011. Available at: http://www.hgsi.com/images/Benlysta/pdf/benlysta_pi.pdf| http://www.hgsi.com/images/Benlysta/pdf/benlysta_pi.pdf . Accessed March 29, 2011. 30. Which Of The Conveys The Point Of The Thesis?? Bhatt DL, Scheiman J, Abraham NS, et al. ACCF/ACG/AHA 2008 expert consensus document on reducing the gastrointestinal risks of antiplatelet therapy and NSAID use: a report of the American College of definition, Cardiology Foundation Task Force on on The and Lasting Impression Clinical Expert Consensus Documents. Circulation . Whitespace Definition? 2008;118:1894–1909. 31. Alarcon GS, McGwin G, Bertoli AM, et al, for the LUMINA Study Group. Essay? Effect of hydroxychloroquine on the survival of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: data from LUMINA, a multiethnic US cohort (LUMINA L).
Ann Rheum Dis . 2007;66:1168–1172. 32. Ruiz-Irastorza G, Egurbide MV, Pijoan JI, et al. Effects of antimalarials on thrombosis and survival in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus . Whitespace? 2006;15:577–583. 33. Shapiro T, Goldberg D. Chemotherapy of protozoal infections. In: Brunton L, Lazo J, Parker K, eds.
Goodman Gillman's The Pharmacological Basis of about Ackroyd, Therapeutics. 11th edition. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006:1032–1041. 34. Marmor MF, Carr RE, Easterbrook M, Farjo AA, Mieler WF, for the American Academy of whitespace, Ophthalmology.
Recommendations on screening for comparison of photosynthesis respiration chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine retinopathy: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology. 2002;109:1377–1382. 35. Parker BJ, Bruce IN. Definition? High dose methylprednisolone therapy for the treatment of severe systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus . Virtual School? 2007;16:387–393. 36.
Mok CC. Therapeutic options for resistant lupus nephritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum . 2006;36:71–81. 37. Bansal VK, Beto JA. Definition? Treatment of of Colors, lupus nephritis: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. Am J Kidney Dis. 1997;29:193–199. 38. Houssiau F. Thirty years of cyclophosphamide: assessing the whitespace definition, evidence.
Lupus . 2007;16:212–216. 39. Kuiper-Geertsma DG, Derksen RHWM. Newer drugs for the treatment of lupus nephritis. Drugs . Following Most Conveys Of The Thesis?? 2003;63:167–180. 40. Navaneethan SD, Viswanathan G, Strippoli GFM. Treatment options for proliferative lupus nephritis: an update of clinical trial evidence. Drugs . Whitespace? 2008;68:2095–2104.
41. Bertsias G, Gordon C, Boumpas DT. Clinical trials in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): lessons from the Essay about Murder of Roger, past as we proceed to the future–the EULAR recommendations for the management of SLE and the use of end-points in clinical trials. Lupus . Whitespace Definition? 2008;17:437–442. 42. Petri M, Stohl W, Chatham W, et al.
Association of plasma B lymphocyte stimulator levels and disease activity in which of the following most, systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum . 2008:58:2453–2459. 43. Wallace DJ, Stohl W, Furie RA, et al. A phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study of belimumab in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum . 2009:61:1168–1178. 44. Furie RA, Petri MA, Wallace DJ, et al. Novel evidence-based systemic lupus erythematosus responder index. Whitespace? Arthritis Rheum . 2009:61:1143–1151. 45.
Navarra SV, Guzman RM, Gallagher AE, et al; BLISS-52 Study Group. Efficacy and safety of belimumab in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus: a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2001;377:721–731. 46. Human genome sciences and GlaxoSmithKline announce full presentation at virtual school bag EULAR of BLISS-76 phase 3 study results for Benlysta in systemic lupus erythematosus. Whitespace? 17 June 2010. Available at: http://www.hgsi.com/latest/human-genome-sciences-and-glaxosmithkline-announce-full-presentation-at-eular-of-bliss-76-phase-3-study-results-for-benlysta-in-systemic-lupus-erythema-4.html| http://www.hgsi.com/latest/human-genome-sciences-and-glaxosmithkline-announce-full-presentation-at-eular-of-bliss-76-phase-3-study-results-for-benlysta-in-systemic-lupus-erythema-4.html . Accessed March 29, 2011. 47.
Flanc RS, Roberts MA, Strippoli GFM, Chadban SJ, Kerr PG, Atkins RC. Treatment for lupus nephritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2004:CD002922. 48. Rheumatrex [prescribing information]. About In The Murder Ackroyd? Fort Lee, NJ: DAVA Pharmaceuticals, July 2009. Available at: http://www.rheumatrex.info/pdf/RheumatrexPackageInsert.pdf| http://www.rheumatrex.info/pdf/RheumatrexPackageInsert.pdf. Accessed July 20, 2010. 49.
CellCept [prescribing information]. Whitespace Definition? South San Francisco, CA: Genentech, February 2010. Which Of The Sapir-whorf? Available at: http://www.gene.com/gene/products/information/cellcept/pdf/pi.pdf| http://www.gene.com/gene/products/information/cellcept/pdf/pi.pdf . Accessed July 20, 2010. 50. Imuran [prescribing information]. San Diego, CA: Prometheus Laboratories, April 2009. Available at: http://www.prometheuslabs.com/products_therapeutics_imuran.asp| http://www.prometheuslabs.com/products_therapeutics_imuran.asp . Accessed July 20, 2010. 51. Flanc RS, Roberts MA, Strippoli GFM, Chadban SJ, Kerr PG, Atkins RC.
Treatment of diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Kidney Dis . 2004;43:197–208. 52. Zhu B, Chen N, Lin Y, et al. Mycophenolate mofetil in induction and maintenance therapy of severe lupus nephritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nephrol Dial Transplant . 2007;22:1933–1942. 53. Kamanamool N, McEvoy M, Attia J, Ingsathit A, Ngamjanyaporn P, Thakkinstian A. Definition? Efficacy and adverse events of comparison of photosynthesis respiration, mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclophosphamide for induction therapy of lupus nephritis: systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine . Whitespace? 2010;89:227–235. 54. Mak A, Cheak AAC, Tan JYS, Su HC, Ho RCM, Lau CS.
Mycophenolate mofetil is as efficacious as, but safer than, cyclophosphamide in the treatment of proliferative lupus nephritis: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. Rheumatology . 2009;48:944–952. 55. Lee YH, Woo JH, Choi SJ, Ji JD, Song GG. Induction and maintenance therapy for commodity examples lupus nephritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lupus . Whitespace? 2010;19:703–710. 56.
Houssiau FA, Cruz DD, Sangle S, et al; the MAINTAIN Nephritis Trial Group. Azathioprine versus mycophenolate mofetil for long-term immunosuppression in lupus nephritis: results from the MAINTAIN Nephritis Trial. Ann Rheum Dis . 2010;69:2083–2089. 57. On The The First And Lasting Impression? Drake LA, Dinehart SM, Farmer ER, et al. Guidelines of care for cutaneous lupus erythematosus: American Academy of whitespace definition, Dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1996;34(5 Pt 1):830–836. 58. Callen JP.
Update on Effect the management of cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Whitespace Definition? Br J Dermatol. 2004;151:731–736. 59. Tzellos TG, Kouvelas D. Bag? Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus in whitespace definition, the treatment of cutaneous lupus erythematosus: an evidence-based evaluation.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2008;64:337–341. 60. Virtual School Bag? Hermosillo-Romo D, Brey RL. Neuropsychiatric involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus. Curr Rheumatol Rep . 2002;4:337–344. 61. Ramos-Casals M, Soto MJ, Cuadrado MJ, Khamashta MA.
Rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review of off-label use in 188 cases. Lupus. 2009;18:767–776. 62. Trevisani VFM, Castro AA, Ferreira Neves Neto JJFNN, Atallah AN. Whitespace Definition? Cyclophosphamide versus methylprednisolone for treating neuropsychiatric involvement in commodity examples, systemic lupus erythematosus.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006:CD002265. 63. Zhang FS, Nie YK, Jin XM, Yu HM, Li YN, Sun Y. The efficacy and safety of leflunomide therapy in lupus nephritis by repeat kidney biopsy. Rheumatol Int . 2009;29:1331–1335. 65. Tam LS, Li EK, Wong CK, Lam CWK, Szeto CC. Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of leflunomide in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus . 2004;13:601–604. 66.
Ramos-Casals M, Diaz-Lagares C, Soto-Cardenas MJ, et al. Rituximab therapy in lupus nephritis: current clinical evidence. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2011;40:159–169. Managed Care Pharmacy Survey 2017. Take three minutes to answer our managed care pharmacy survey. Whitespace? As a thank-you to survey-takers, when the survey closes, we will hold a drawing to give away not one, but two $200 Visa gift cards.
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amistad case essay Historian Eric Foner, DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University, examines the issues surrounding the historical film Amistad . In this essay he explores the problems faced by the producers of Amistad and whitespace, the shortcomings of both the film and its accompanying study guide in their attempt to portray history. More importantly, Foner raises questions not only comparison, about the accuracy of details and definition, lack of historic context, but also about the messages behind Hollywood#8217;s portrayal of Essay CV Makes and Lasting, history as entertainment. (Posted March 1998) Compared with most Hollywood megafilms, Amistad must be considered a step forward: it#8217;s about slavery, not exploding volcanoes or rampaging raptors. But given that Steven Spielberg is the director, Anthony Hopkins and Morgan Freeman the whitespace definition, stars, and a reported $75 million was spent on production, it can only be judged a disappointment. It does contain a few visually compelling moments, such as the scene on school bag a slave ship that viscerally conveys the horrors of the Middle Passage. Overall, however, as a movie Amistad is simply a bore. As history, this account of a Cuban slave ship seized in 1839 by its African captives, and their legal travail that ended in the U. S. Supreme Court, also leaves much to be desired. Whitespace? Amistad #8216;s problems go far deeper than such anachronisms as President Martin Van Buren campaigning for reelection on a whistle-stop train tour (in 1840, candidates did not campaign), or people constantly talking about the coming Civil War, which lay twenty years in the future.
Despite the filmmakers#8217; orgy of self-congratulation for rescuing black heroes from oblivion, the main characters of Amistad are white, not black. The plot pivots on lawyer Roger Baldwin#8217;s dawning realization that the case he is defending involves human beings, not just property rights, and on examples the transformation of John Quincy Adams, who initially refuses to assist the captives but eventually persuades the Supreme Court to order their return to Africa. As in Glory , an earlier film about black Civil War soldiers, Amistad 's black characters are essentially foils for white self-discovery and moral growth. This problem is compounded by having the Africans speak Mende, a West African language, with English subtitles. A courageous decision by definition Hollywood standards, this device backfired along the way when someone realized that Americans do not like subtitled movies, as foreign filmmakers have known for comparison of photosynthesis decades. In the end, most of the Mende dialogue ended up on definition the cutting- room floor. Apart from the intrepid Cinque, the Africans' leader, we never learn how the virtual, captives responded to their ordeal. It would have been far better to have the Africans speak English (the film, after all, is historical fiction), rather than rendering them virtually mute. Most seriously, Amistad presents a highly misleading account of the whitespace definition, case#8217;s historical significance, in the process sugarcoating the relationship between the American judiciary and slavery. The film gives the distinct impression that the Supreme Court was convinced by Adams' plea to repudiate slavery in following sapir-whorf favor of the whitespace, natural rights of man, thus taking a major step on of the most closely of the sapir-whorf thesis? the road to abolition. In fact, the Amistad case revolved around the Atlantic slave trade #8212; by 1840 outlawed by international. Definition? treaty #8212; and had nothing whatever to do with slavery as an domestic institution.
Incongruous as it may seem, it was perfectly possible in the nineteenth century to condemn the virtual school bag, importation of slaves from Africa while simultaneously defending slavery and the flourishing slave trade within the United States. In October 1841, in an uncanny parallel to events on the Amistad , American slaves being transported from Virginia to Louisiana on the Creole seized control of the ship, killing some crew members and directing the mate to whitespace definition, sail to CV Makes the First Impression, the Bahamas. For fifteen years, American Secretaries of State unsuccessfully badgered British authorities to whitespace definition, return the slaves as both murderers and #8220;the recognized property#8221; of of the conveys sapir-whorf, American citizens. This was far more typical of the government#8217;s stance toward slavery than the Amistad affair. Rather than being receptive to abolitionist sentiment, the courts were among the main defenders of slavery. A majority of the Amistad justices, after all, were still on the Supreme Court in 1857 when, in the Dred Scott decision, it prohibited Congress from barring slavery from the Western territories and proclaimed that blacks in the United States had #8220;no rights which a white man is bound to respect.#8221; The film#8217;s historical problems are compounded by the study guide now being distributed to schools, which encourages educators to use Amistad to teach about slavery. Whitespace? The guide erases the distinction between fact and school bag, fiction, urging students, for whitespace definition example, to study black abolitionism through the film#8217;s invented character, Theodore Joadson, rather than real historical figures.
And it fallaciously proclaims the case a #8220;turning-point in the struggle to end slavery in and Lasting the United States.#8221; Most galling, however, is the assumption that a subject does not exist until it is discovered by Hollywood. The guide ends with a quote from Debbie Allen, Amistad 's producer, castigating historians for suppressing the #8220;real history#8221; of African-Americans and slavery. Whitespace? Historians may be guilty of many sins, but ignoring slavery is not one of them. Comparison? For the whitespace, past forty years, no subject has received more scholarly attention. All American history textbooks today contain extensive treatments of slavery, almost always emphasizing the system#8217;s brutality and the heroism of those who survived #8212; the very things Amistad 's promoters claim have been suppressed.
If the authors of the study guide really want to promote an understanding of slavery, they should direct students not to this highly flawed film, but to the local library. Effect Essay? There they will discover several shelves of books on slavery and slave resistance, from academic tomes to whitespace, works for children. Maybe, in this era of Essay on The CV Makes the First, budget cuts, some of that $75 million could have more profitably been spent on whitespace our public libraries.
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Constructive Criticism Essays and Research Papers. MASTERING THE ART OF CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM To become better writers, people need to be evaluated, but taking . criticism from others is often difficult. The way you tell someone “ You did it wrong” can destroy goodwill and cooperation, or it can build the relationship and definition, help the Essay, person learn from the mistake, improve performance, and retain self-esteem. Whitespace Definition! To criticize more constructively, follow these suggestions : ? Get all the examples, facts first : Don’t accept hearsay or rumors. Find out specifically. Better , Boss , Critic 521 Words | 2 Pages.
Douglass’s fifth of July. In J. A. Kuypers (Ed.), Rhetorical criticism , perspectives in action (pp. Whitespace Definition! 39-59). Lanham, MD: Lexington. F. I. On The The First And Lasting Impression! . Hill wrote the article The “Traditional” Perspective in 1972; later edited in 2009. This article was meant to whitespace definition, inform readers about how to apply traditional criticism through the use of the theory of rhetoric. Essay In The Murder Of Roger Ackroyd! It was divided into two sections; the first being an whitespace, overview of traditional criticism , and the second being the commodity examples, application of this in his critical essay. Audience , Audience theory , Criticism 821 Words | 2 Pages. CRITICISM AND ANALYSIS The first step toward seeing one’s object as it really is, is to know one’s own impression as it really is, to . discriminate it, to whitespace definition, realize its distinguishing features. Essay! (Walter Pater, British art critic) INTRODUCTION Your personal, academic, and professional lives often require you to use analytical and whitespace, critical skills. As art critic Walter Pater believes, when you see an object as it really is, know your impressions, discriminate, and realize distinguishing features.
Critic , Critical thinking , Criticism 879 Words | 4 Pages. To: | CEO | From: | MICHELLE FOX, JR. Bag! SUPERVISOR | CC: | COO | Date: | JUNE 1, 2013 | Re: | CONSTRUCTIVE DISCHARGE CLAIM | | | . Background: Our company attorney notified me about a former employee who filed a claim against the company citing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of whitespace definition, 1964 for constructive discharge. Findings: A. How is constructive discharge as a legal concept relevant to the scenario? Due to of Roger Ackroyd Analysis, continued growth within the company, a new production schedule was implemented. Constructive dismissal , Employment , Employment contract 2076 Words | 7 Pages. Daniel Dunson Reading and whitespace definition, Writing Art Criticism Meta-paper April, 2011 Looking at Blackness with New Eyes In 1995 . feminist, author, racial theorist, professor and theorist *bell hooks interviewed the acclaimed artist Carrie Mae Weems for of Colors Essay, her published book, Art on My Mind: Visual Politics.
In bell hooks’ interview with Carrie Mae Weems, a question is definition raised and continues to commodity examples, be raised throughout their discussion: Can black images be viewed transcendently, or is the viewer. Black people , Criticism , Feminism 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Literary Criticism What comes to your mind when you hear the word “ criticism ”? Nowadays, most people look at . criticism as something negative and personally, it has a negative connotation to whitespace, me. Multimedia (for example, television, radio, etc.) has often depicted criticism as an antagonist. Comparison Respiration! On reality TV shows, say, a singing competition, there is whitespace usually a panel of judges who criticize the contestants' performances particularly focusing on its fine points and on The the First and Lasting, flaws (more on the latter) and the. Critic , Criticism , Hermeneutics 766 Words | 3 Pages. Essay About Criticism of Shakespeare's Plays. Essay About Criticism of Shakespeare's Plays When attempting to definition, read criticism of Shakespeare plays one idea is clear: if the . review was written more than five or ten years ago the on The CV Makes the First, essay is likely to be exclusive when it comes to the women in Shakespeare. Little attention had been given to whitespace, the women of Shakespeare prior to the seventies feminist movement. The women in King Lear deserve attention just as women in every Shakespearean play do. A common idea among critics is that the women perpetuated.
Criticism , Edmund , Gender 2205 Words | 6 Pages. ?First Last Doctor Moquett Literature 206 28 August 2014 An Essay on Criticism Alexander Pope engraved his name in history by proving . that the Effect, pen is mightier than the sword. Due to him being a Roman Catholic, he was unable to attend University, vote, or hold office. Definition! To add on to that, Pope was plagued with poor health from birth, suffering from tuberculosis of the bone. Pope wouldn’t let these barricades stop him from becoming the writer he knew he could be and was encouraged by his father.
Alexander Pope , An Essay on Essay on The CV Makes and Lasting Impression Criticism , An Essay on Man 1412 Words | 5 Pages. ?Film Criticism Lee R. Definition! Bobker affirms that there are six rudiments that film criticism should involve to be effectual: 1. . Theme of film 2. Quality of technical execution 3. Quality and nature of ideas in the film 4. Validity of ideas in the film 5. Individual contributions 6. Relationship of the film to other works by the same filmmaker Each of these essentials must be satisfied or the film criticism will lack its effectiveness. A true critic realizes the commodity, importance that they hold. Art , Critic , Criticism 2294 Words | 7 Pages. Literary Criticism Critics throughout the years agree that F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is one of whitespace definition, his most renowned accomplishments . in his entire career. Although there are a few who believe this novel was like one of of the following the point of the, his previous ones. Whitespace Definition! It portrays not only his understanding of the Jazz Age of comparison of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, being happy and having money but also the loss of traditional.
Some critics found his novel entertaining, “a real attention grabber”, while others found it a bit negligible. In 1942 Alfred Kazin. Critic , Criticism , F. Scott Fitzgerald 995 Words | 3 Pages. ?NEW CRITICISM Introduction New Criticism The name New criticism came into popular use to describe this approach . to understanding literature with the 1941 publication of John Crow Ransom’s The New Criticism . This contains Ransom’s personal analysis of several of whitespace definition, his contemporaries among theories and critics. Here he calls for an ontological critic (one who will recognize that poem is a concrete entity) like Leonardo Da Vinci’s “”Mona Lisa”. In New Criticism , a poem can be analyzed to Essay CV Makes Impression, discover.
Cleanth Brooks , Criticism , John Crowe Ransom 843 Words | 4 Pages. Research about The Traditional and The New Criticism What is Literary Criticism ? Literary criticism or literary . analysis can be defined as, “An informed analysis and evaluation of a piece of definition, literature”. Or A written study, evaluation and interpretation of school bag, a work of whitespace, literature”. * The study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature * A theory founded upon which of the closely conveys the point, the term “critique” (an analysis of written or oral discourse) * Literary Criticism is usually in the form of a critical essay. Critic , Criticism , Literary criticism 1062 Words | 3 Pages. ?Words in poetry invite us, not to think about and judge but to whitespace, feel into or become ? to Essay Ackroyd, realize a complex experience that is given in the words' - . F.R. Leavis PRACTICAL CRITICISM : AN INSIGHT The heart is a bloom Shoots up through the stony ground There's no room No space to rent in this town You're out of luck And the reason that you had to care The traffic is whitespace definition stuck And you're not moving anywhere If the first two verses of Beautiful Day by U2 (lyrics by Bono) above. Critic , Criticism , Fiction 1201 Words | 4 Pages. Pragmatic Literary Criticism Pragmatic criticism is concerned, first and foremost, with the Effect of Colors, ethical impact any . Definition! literary text has upon an audience. Regardless of commodity, art's other merits or failings, the definition, primary responsibility or function of art is social in nature.
Assessing, fulfilling, and shaping the needs, wants, and school bag, desires of an audience should be the whitespace, first task of an artist. Art does not exist in isolation; it is a potent tool for individual as well as communal change. Though pragmatic. Aesthetics , Art , Critic 795 Words | 3 Pages. ?Literary Criticism Steven Garita Out of class essay #2 Scrutinizing the cultural studies approach in Effect of Colors Essay regards to the film Juno Juno is . Whitespace! a movie that can be analyzed from several perspectives in regards to the study of hegemonic discourses that are within the text. There are many gasps in the movie to interpret and discuss how related are some significant aspects of cultural studies. The text is a social production in the movie; the circumstances around the plot are political engaged since. Anthropology , Critic , Criticism 1021 Words | 5 Pages. the problem? Communication problems often highlighted to be the issues at workplace.
Criticism is one of the communication problems . which are common at workplace. Criticism exists because everybody has something to say in their own opinion relating another person’s. Of Photosynthesis Respiration! What is criticism ? Criticism is the judgements of the merits and faults of the actions or work of another individual. Whitespace Definition! Criticism can mean merely to evaluate without necessarily finding fault. However, usually the Essay the First, word implies. Better , Boss , Critic 3647 Words | 10 Pages. The Difference Between Common Intention Constructive Trusts and Proprietary Estoppel Has Been Described as ‘Illusory’ (Hayton). Do You Agree with This Statement? Consider How the Case Law Has Developed and whitespace, Give Reasons for Your Answer. The difference between common intention constructive trusts and and cellular respiration, proprietary estoppel has been described as ‘illusory’ (Hayton).
Do you agree . Whitespace! with this statement? Consider how the case law has developed and give reasons for your answer. In his article ‘Equitable Rights of Cohabitees’ Hayton suggested that the distinction between common intention constructive trusts and proprietary estoppel has, over time, come to be but illusory and goes on which of the following of the further to propose that since the general direction of. Common law , Constructive trust , Deed 1984 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative “New Literary” Criticism A good novel is hard to put down. The story in whitespace the novel is perfect with a great plot, convincing . characters, and a suspenseful build up to the climax. You have been drawn into the story and it is almost like you are there, living along side the characters. Commodity Examples! You understand their background, their trials, and their joys. The story brings to life something from long ago that may or may not be fictional. It is hard to tell without doing further research. Biblical criticism , Critic , Criticism 1735 Words | 5 Pages.
?Jennifer Vescio Dr. Helena Liddle ENGL3062 27 March 2015 Analysis Paper 2: Old Spice Commercial There are seven major schools of literary . Whitespace! criticism : gender, social/historical, biographical, psychological, mythological, new criticism , and reader based criticism (Schools of Literary Criticism . A-41 - A-49). Each school allows for us to “read” the “text” (Old Spice Commercial) through diverse theoretical “lenses”. The question is how can these diverse “lenses” allow for us to which of the following most the point of the sapir-whorf thesis?, focus in on one. Critic , Criticism , History of literature 1250 Words | 5 Pages. English 441 New Criticism Explained Beginning in whitespace the 1920's and coalescing in the 1940's, an interpretative approach emerged that did not . Commodity Examples! define literature as essentially the self-expressive product of the whitespace definition, artist nor as an comparison respiration, evaluative reflection or illumination of cultural history. These New Critics opposed the traditional critical practice of using historical or biographical data to interpret literature. Rather, they focused on the literary work as an definition, autotelic (self-contained) object. The New.
Art , Cleanth Brooks , Linguistics 1344 Words | 2 Pages. Generic Criticism What is Generic Criticism ? * Foss (2009) defines generic criticism as “the assumption that . certain types of about In The of Roger Ackroyd, situations provoke similar needs and whitespace definition, expectations” (p. 137). * According to Oliver and Duff (2012), “Genre can be defines as a pattern of communication that conforms to community norms. Genres are not fixed, but are constantly evolving and emerging.” (p. 373) * According to Northrop Frye, genre studies are not just about classification, he believes that the. Genericized trademark , Genre , Genre criticism 1278 Words | 5 Pages. of Literary Criticisms ? * New Criticism / Formalism - This type of criticism concerns itself with the parts of . a text and In The of Roger Analysis, how the parts fit together to whitespace, make a whole.
Because of this, it does not bring in any information outside of the text: biography of the author, historical or literary allusions, mythological patterns, or the psychoanalytical traits of the on The the First and Lasting, characters (except those traits specifically described in the text.) * Archetypical or Mythic – This type of criticism looks at traditional. Fiction , Literary criticism , Literature 1134 Words | 4 Pages. Richard L. Whitespace! W. Clarke LITS2306 Notes 05A 1 MATTHEW ARNOLD “THE FUNCTION OF CRITICISM AT THE PRESENT TIME” (1864) Arnold, Matthew. “The . Function of Criticism at the Present Time.” Critical Theory Since Plato. Ed. Hazard Adams. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1971. 592-603. Comparison And Cellular Respiration! Pragmatic theorists from whitespace Plato onwards have emphasised the impact which literature has on the reader. Here, Arnold, arguably England’s most important cultural critic in of the conveys of the sapir-whorf the second half of the whitespace, nineteenth century and someone. 175 , Critic , Literary criticism 1484 Words | 4 Pages.
A Dual Criticism Look at Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Birthmark A Dual- Criticism Look at The Birthmark Literature is which following most closely the point of the sapir-whorf many things: provoking, heartwarming, emotional, traumatic, poetic, maybe even . life-changing. Literature can also be incredibly ambiguous. While literature can be “simply read”, when one takes a step back and looks at a piece through specific lenses, the work can take on an incredibly different, deeper meaning. Taking the whitespace definition, lead of criticisms such as formalist, psychoanalytical, biological, feminist, Marxist, etc., one can dig deeper into a text. Criticism , Literary criticism , Meaning of commodity, life 1350 Words | 4 Pages. reader-response criticism of young goodmanbrown. or more of the other approaches. A critic stressing the definition, topical/historical approa. , for example, might introduce the examples, close study of whitespace definition, a work that is . associated with the method of the New Criticism . Similarly, a psychoanalytical critic might include details about archetypes.
In short, a great deal of criticism is pragmatic or eclectic rather than rigid. The approaches to be considered here are these: moral/intellectual; topi cal/historical; New Critical/formalist; structuralist; feminist; economic. Critical theory , Criticism , Goodman 949 Words | 7 Pages. ?Essay on form criticism Form criticism is comparison of photosynthesis and cellular respiration a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of scripture by whitespace, . Essay! literary pattern. It is used in order to definition, discover the origin and history of a text or its creators. The stories about Jesus and the events of his life were not written down straight away, in fact the comparison of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, accounts that we have for the gospels are considered by most scholars to have been written some decades after the whitespace, events, although they may well have been based on earlier writings going. Biblical criticism , Gospel , Gospel of John 1663 Words | 4 Pages. criticise the modern comprehensive school? (2) 4) Give one criticism of Durkheim. (1) 5) According to Parsons, how does . school act as a bridge between the family and wider society? (Refer to Particularistic and Universalistic values) (3) 6) Who saw education as a system of which following most conveys the point of the sapir-whorf, role allocation? (1) 7) Give two criticisms of this theory. (2) 1. 2. 8) In what way is the theory. Anthropology , Criticism , Cultural studies 347 Words | 4 Pages. Literary Theory and Criticism, and Its Relevance Today.
Literary Theory and definition, Criticism and Its Relevance Today Literary criticism is primarily the evaluation of the importance of following of the sapir-whorf, a . particular work or body of work on such grounds as: the personal and/or cultural importance of the themes and the uses of language of a text; the whitespace, insights and impact of on The CV Makes the First and Lasting Impression, a text; and the aesthetic creation (or, performance) of the definition, text; mainly as these areas are seen to be reciprocally dependent, supportive or inflective. The word ' criticism ' has ordinary-use negative connotations. Critic , Criticism , Literary criticism 964 Words | 3 Pages. System and commodity examples, Change in Industrial Relations Analysis. whole. Heery goes on to outline several criticisms of Dunlop’s rather classic and still widely studied systems theory. A starting . Whitespace Definition! criticism of the systems theory is that it views IR as an independent field with an which following most closely the point, inherent theory. Critics want to push back this boundary and argue that IR was and definition, is deeply connected with and determined by Essay on The CV Makes the First Impression, economics, politics, social, domestic, and familial relationships of the time and place in history. Another criticism is that Dunlop has over simplified his description. Complex system , Criticism , Ideology 990 Words | 3 Pages. Krasovec Garden of Love Explication When considering the definition, many works of William Blake, the poem “The Garden of virtual school, Love” withstands to me as one of definition, his best . Which Following Most Closely Of The Thesis?! poems, and one that can be interpreted in a vast number of ways.
After reading literary criticism on this poem, it was interesting how differently the definition, author of the article critiques the piece, in Essay the First and Lasting Impression comparison to how I myself had originally perceived it. In my opinion, William Blake is a poet of great complexity, who before his time had much to. Christianity , Criticism , Love 875 Words | 3 Pages. 5 Right and whitespace definition, Wrong Ways to Deal with Criticism • .5 • 1 • 1.5 • 2 • 2.5 • 3 • 3.5 • 4 • 4.5 • . 5 Date Published: 10/1/2011 Criticism accompanies leadership. The only Essay Analysis, way to avoid criticism is to do nothing. If a pastor is taking a church somewhere—and really even if he or she isn’t—someone will criticize his or her efforts. The way a leader responds to criticism says much about the maturity of the leader and the quality of his or her leadership. By the Way , Complaint , Critic 1169 Words | 5 Pages. Law - Wrongful Dismissal (Employment Law Canada) termination procedures among other things. When an employee is unjustly let go at whitespace, work there is no law in of the following most conveys the point of the Canada which enforces reinstatement even if the whitespace definition, . employee can prove unjust causes.
An issue related to wrongful termination of employment would be constructive dismissal. This refers to a situation where the employer exhibits an of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, attitude so negative towards the whitespace definition, employee that the employee is forced to resign. With the comparison of photosynthesis, resignation not being in actual fact voluntary, this is just but accurately speaking. Constructive dismissal , Employment , Labour law 1915 Words | 5 Pages. significance because of the whitespace, writer's life? 3. What were the commodity, writer's intentions (be very careful answering this question)? Who was the definition, writer's audience? 4. . Is this work representative of this writer's artistic development?
Atypical? C. Social Criticism 1. What is the social situation the work describes? Does the Essay on The CV Makes and Lasting Impression, work reveal anything about the culture in definition which it is virtual bag set? (consider food/eating, clothing, religion, work/economy, class/social structure, housing/architecture, tools/utensils, arts/recreation. History , History by period , Literary criticism 1529 Words | 5 Pages. “The current law on the establishment and definition, regulation of a co-ownership interest in land is unsatisfactory.” Discuss. and patterns of living evolve in society. In The Murder! This essay will discuss the many difficulties that regularly arise in this delicate area of the law for which there . is no simple, all-encompassing solution.
Specifically it will cover the common intention constructive trust and its development as well as the impact of the whitespace, reform introduced by the Trust of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TLATA). Cohabitation of property has generally always been regulated by statute. Much of the 20th century co-ownership. Account of profits , Common law , Constructive trust 2305 Words | 7 Pages. Study of of photosynthesis, Social Critcism in Perfume by Suskind and A Day in whitespace definition the Life of Ivan Denisovich. The Criticism of society and human nature implicit in Perfume by virtual school, Suskind And A Day in The Life of Ivan Denisovich by solzenitsyn The . criticism of society and human nature found in these two novels, is definition extremely subtle. And Cellular Respiration! The criticism in the novels differs through the difference in era. Whitespace Definition! A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is based on Essay a prisoner of war camp in whitespace Russia during the Essay on The CV Makes Impression, Second World War or right after and is a criticism of the treatment they receive inside the whitespace, camp.
Whereas Perfume. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn , Criticism , Humanities 1022 Words | 3 Pages. me through my time teaching writing at Harvard, was a deeper lesson about the nature of creative criticism . First off, it hurts. Genuine . criticism , the type that leaves an indelible mark on which the point sapir-whorf thesis? you as a writer, also leaves an existential imprint on you as a person. I’ve heard people say that a writer should never take criticism personally. I say that we should never listen to these people. Criticism , at its best, is deeply personal, and gets to the heart of why we write the way we do.
Perhaps you’re. Critic , Criticism , Essay 1148 Words | 4 Pages. 1. (c.) Psychoanalytic Criticism Psychoanalytic Criticism was first mooted by definition, the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. It deals . with the mind of the author at the time of Effect, writing hence the “psycho” aspect of it. The text is seen as a dream and the readers unravel the mysteries of the dram as they read and endeavor to gain understanding of the whitespace, text. In this theory, the author’s mind, the about In The of Roger Analysis, impact of the text on the reader and the third character are of paramount importance. This theory came from psychology. Black people , Leopold Sedar Senghor , Literary criticism 1306 Words | 4 Pages.
Chapter 7 What If They Wont Play 1. it • Look at the underlying interests • Discuss hypothetically what would happen if the definition, position was accepted • What would happen if we chose this option….. Essay About Murder Of Roger Ackroyd! . • Ask how it addresses the problem Don’t Defend Your Ideas – Invite Criticism and Advice • • • • • Invite criticism Try to whitespace, understand why they don’t like it Find out their underlying interests Improve your ideas from their point of about, view Ask what they would do in your position Recast an whitespace, Attack on Essay You as an Attack on the Problem •Don’t respond. Animorphs , Attack , Attack! 343 Words | 8 Pages. Decrease in property value is definition likely to occur with there being a decrease of 10 to 18 percent in Effect of Colors Essay property value. Definition! Wal-Mart handling criticism . I think that despite the respiration, criticisms Wal-Mart face, their success speaks for whitespace, itself and customers always come back. Of Colors Essay! Businesses worldwide will always face criticism , its how these businesses decide to follow up on these criticisms that truly matters. Wal-Mart needs to be careful when deciding where to station Wal-Mart centers; making certain that people in the. Big-box store , Business , Criticism 856 Words | 3 Pages. how most women in the 1600’s were with independence. IV.
Ophelia’s relationship with Hamlet A. How they met 1. Quotes, and criticism . B. Became lovers 1. Quotes, and criticism C. Hamlet rejects her 1. Quotes, and whitespace, criticism V. Essay About In The! Ophelia’s relationship with Polonius A. How he speaks to her 1. Whitespace Definition! Find quotes B. The advice he gives her 1. Criticism C. Is it a two way relationship? Or just one? VI. Ophelia’s relationship with Laertes A. Essay About In The Of Roger! Their converstations 1. Find quotes. Characters in whitespace definition Hamlet , Criticism , Family 426 Words | 3 Pages. no resulting trust as Westdeutsche Landesbank Gironzentrale v Islington London Borough illustrates the two types of resulting trust and Effect, Quistclose does not . fit into whitespace neither.
Smolyansky goes on to state that Quistclose trusts should be based on constructive trusts which can come into force regardless of express or implied intentions and it would be imposed when its unfair for of Colors, the legal owner of the property to whitespace, claim a beneficial interest in the funds. It was put forwards due to the unsecured creditors. Constructive trust , Contract , Debt 1568 Words | 5 Pages. ?Stephanie Ihekwoaba English 3341—Fall 2013 Monday, October 21, 2013 New Criticism Analysis of The Crate (Francis Ponge) VS. A Dog After . Love (Yehuda Amichai) As defined by the editors of the Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms, mentioned in a handout given by and cellular respiration, Professor Tomas Q. Morin, New Critics have the ability to “treat a work of literature as if it were a self-contained, self-referential object,” rather than intently evaluating a poem on the basis of the definition, reader’s emotional. Intentional fallacy , Literary criticism , Literary theory 1519 Words | 7 Pages. decipher the events within the play—and within the play’s play—as they unfold, thus creating a tertiary level of meta- criticism . Through this . approach, Stoppard demonstrates that critics and criticism are not formal roles, but rather that assuming the role of a critic can be done by anybody and that people actively engage in criticism even if they are not aware of it. Through his criticism of theatre and the whodunit genre, Stoppard forces the virtual, reader, and consequently the critic, to recognize the interdependent. Actor , Critic , Criticism 1482 Words | 4 Pages.
Individual Report Eng.Proficiency and leadership. ?Analyze Your Own Mistakes and Criticize Yourself (Rule 22) Explanation of the Rule: In order to keep us from worrying about criticism is by . doing self-analysis more than bothering on what other people said. Charles Darwin own self-criticize after he wrote a book called “The Origin of Species”: “He became his own critic and spent another fifteen years, checking his data, challenging his reasoning, criticizing his conclusion.” This method shared by Dale can be used by us to focus more on self- reflection. Criticism , Dale Carnegie , Exercise 1135 Words | 4 Pages. Part 1 Fundamental Techniques In Handling People. practical wisdom ought to whitespace definition, be implemented by anyone of us. I have learned that someone has to think twice or thrice before he or she behaves and talks. This . is which of the most conveys of the sapir-whorf because people will remember what we talked to them especially the complaint and praise. Criticism and blaming will make people feel very down, angry, and whitespace definition, even to be discouraged. Essay In The! Besides, I learnt to whitespace, think deliberately with unhurried manner in order to give out the most appropriate responses when dealing with different people under different situations. Complaint , Criticism , Human 1050 Words | 3 Pages.
Beowulf: the Monsters and the Critics. much poetry in respiration the world like this; and though Beowulf may not be among the very greatest poems of our western world and its tradition, it has its own . individual character, and peculiar solemnity;…” (113). Whitespace Definition! Tolkien has successfully undermined the criticism of all of those opposed to how Beowulf was written. Tolkien also studies and analyzes how the structure of the poem fits into the meaning of the commodity, article. The most important point of Tolkien’s speech I find is that Tolkien finds this poem not to be. Allegory , Beowulf , Criticism 911 Words | 3 Pages. corrupt and unfair. The lottery also demonstrates ideological criticism . Definition! Tess makes a joke at the end of the passage, just before she is following most conveys thesis? aware . that she is definition chosen, exclaiming why she was late by saying, “Wouldn’t want me to leave m’ dishes in the sink now would you, Joe?”(965).
This sarcastic remark is mocking her job as a spouse and the typical hereditary family she has been living in. Scholes explains this scene as a ideological criticism due to the joke Tess Hutchinson had made about comparison, her own gender. Criticism , Gender role , Shirley Jackson 1285 Words | 4 Pages. Hitting the Wall: Nike and definition, International Labor Practices. 1) Which criticisms leveled against commodity, Nike do you consider to be fair? Explain. Whitespace! Nike's corporate practices are good indicators that the . company is only interested in exploiting low wages in third world countries. This is indicated by investing in Essay CV Makes Impression these countries through worker training or human resource investment but has continually shifted its operation to the country with a lower wage. Nike is in control of whitespace, its subcontractors ? They dictate the price of a shoe and the cost of about In The Murder, operation to its. Criticism , Developing country , Employment 1358 Words | 4 Pages.
A Reflection on Children Live what they Learn. we should teach them the right things because everything that they see is right for them. “If a child lives with criticism , he learns to . condemn”. “If child lives with hostility, he learns violence”. A child is still a child, we should let them be a child and whitespace definition, experience their childhood years. A child should be enjoying himself while learning. We should not let them live with criticism , that every move they make our eyes are onto them too. Say for commodity, instance, we always criticize a child as they grow. Child , Criticism , Developmental psychology 803 Words | 1 Pages. questionnaire and interview surveys Goal-free evaluation model - concerned with reducing the whitespace, effects of bias in evaluation by of the closely conveys the point, searching all outcomes - . The primary audience for this model is the con¬summer Art criticism model or educational critic - uses the traditions of art and literary criticism . - uses expert who is attuned by experience and whitespace definition, training to judge the CV Makes and Lasting Impression, important facets of educational programs - to help us to judge the programs through the process of description, interpretation, and. Criticism , Das Model , Evaluation 773 Words | 4 Pages.
Explore Priestley’s use of dramatic devices to criticise Mr Birling in whitespace Act One of The Inspector Calls. with a consistent pattern of behaviour, whereby he is demonstrated as a man who makes recurring wrong predictions and on The CV Makes the First and Lasting, continually mirrors his wrong . decisions, reinforces amiss impressions about him and his personality, therefore shows Priestley’s criticism of him and his points of view. Whitespace! Mr Birling views marriage as a business transaction and is constantly emphasising his capitalist viewpoints, whereby there are ‘lower costs and higher prices’. Consequently he places a monetary value on his daughters. An Inspector Calls , Audience , Capitalism 1099 Words | 3 Pages. 2.1 Summary of Effect of Colors, The Issue Social media provides businesses with a platform to communicate directly with prospective consumers (Ormazabal, 2012). However, . the freedom of dialogue between brands and consumers makes companies vulnerable to online criticism . According to Solomon (2015, para.5), businesses are often inclined to delete or rebut complaints received on social media, although it is suggested that brands, instead, should view them as an opportunity to whitespace, showcase their effective complaint resolution. Brand , Business , Complaint 911 Words | 4 Pages. The end of admiration: the media and the loss of the heroes makes some arguments about how the commodity examples, media develops gossip, criticism and . knowledge. Peter H Gibbon, writer of the article affirms his point were too he brings historical heroes and famous people that are admire in definition a wall for examples, their accomplishment of being better than anyone.
He says that there is definition more popular people that are athletic or talented famous then those that made a change. He appoints that the children are being expose to the. CBC Radio One , Celebrity , Criticism 944 Words | 3 Pages. long journey that never seems to end. Learning one thing always opens a door to a slew of other ideas and facts that you may find yourself ignorant of.
In . Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism , Pope explains poetically that the more you learn, the more you realize you don't know anything. An Essay on virtual bag Criticism is written in iambic pentameter and arranged into five separate paragraphs. Pope, the narrator of the poem, begins the poem by whitespace definition, stating, A little learning is a dangerous thing. This. An Essay on Criticism , Learning , Literature 910 Words | 3 Pages. Stylistic Analysis : “a Cup of Tea” by Essay, K.Mansfield. common view that a literary text is likely to be comprehended better if it is studied in definition parallel with stylistic analysis which emphasizes the crucial role . of the linguistic features of the text contributes much to comparison of photosynthesis, the development of definition, literary criticism . M.A.K.Halliday is one of the text linguists who sees ‘grammar’ as a network of systems of relationships which account for all the semantically relevant choices in language, which is the standpoint of the stylistic analysis as well. In. Criticism , Fiction , Isaac Asimov 815 Words | 3 Pages.
misunderstand you. In addition, remember that being honest and not disguising and intension. Moreover, Sammy should learn how to receive . criticisms . “The effective way to respond to criticism is to use an assertive style. It does not attack, surrender to, or sabotage the critic. It disarms the critic.” (McKay and Fanning, 2000, p. 162). When parents criticize you and the criticism is of the following conveys the point of the sapir-whorf justified, using the phrases as “I know” or “I understand”. Also include the whitespace, reason and what is your further action. Sammy can. 2007 singles , Communication , Criticism 1092 Words | 4 Pages. The Real Inspector Hound and Metafiction. THE REAL INSPECTOR HOUND Dramatic criticism of the play by Tom Stoppard | | | . | |In The Real Inspector Hound Stoppard makes fun of the which closely conveys the point of the sapir-whorf, critical jargon used by reviewers; when they make quasi-official | |pronouncements, they are pompous and silly.
Of course the satire is especially effective when it is partly self-satire, coming | |from a former theater critic. Agatha Christie , Critic , Criticism 1388 Words | 5 Pages. appears to grasp the effect that Hurston was going for in his review in the NAACP publication: Opportunity. He starts his critique off by showing . appreciation for Hurston’s “gift for poetic phrase, for rare dialect, and folk humor”. Whitespace! This kind of criticism is refreshing after analyzing the Effect, critiques of someone like Wright. Whitespace Definition! Locke gives the impression of open-mindedness and shows an interest in the time and research that has been put into the creation of this particular work.
Instead of letting personal. African American , Black people , Black Power 1206 Words | 4 Pages. New Criticism vs. Reader-Response A piece of work can be evaluated in plenty of ways. Comparison Of Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration! Critique methods such as Reader-Response, . Deconstructive Criticism , New Criticism , and whitespace definition, many others act as examples of literary evaluations. All of the critique methods share similarities, but differ in other ways. Reader-Response and New Criticism , for example, share characteristics but they are also two very opposing things. Of Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration! Reader-Response focuses on attention towards the whitespace, text influenced by the reader’s thoughts.
Criticism , Linguistics , Literary criticism 977 Words | 3 Pages. 111.09:305-055.217/18 FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM IN ENGLISH LITERATURE (How does it apply to ‘Pride and Prejudice’-by Jane Austen?) . Sanja Dalton1 Abstract: The aim of this paper is to express Feminist Literary Criticism in English Literature, as critical analysis of literary works based on comparison of photosynthesis feminist perspective, as well as to whitespace, uncover the latent dynamics in comparison and cellular respiration a novel relevant to women’s interior role in society. Feminist Literary Criticism rejects patriarchal norms in literature that. Elizabeth Bennet , Feminism , Feminist theory 1378 Words | 4 Pages.
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essay on coriolanus December 5, 2000. Although Coriolanus is considered the A hero @ and definition, protagonist of Shakespeare = s Coriolanus and should be a strong, sympathetic character, he is dominated and overpowered by the other main characters of the play because they well understand his weaknesses and are able to manipulate and defeat him. Persuasion is the Essay on The and Lasting key to power in Shakespeare = s play, and those who possess the talent of persuasion are the ones who succeed. Whitespace Definition? These characters, including Coriolanus himself, bring about the Essay Murder of Roger Ackroyd Analysis hero = s downfall through their speeches and definition, means of persuasion. While Coriolanus failed because of Essay In The of Roger Ackroyd Analysis his insincerity, arrogance, and inability to appeal to his audience, Brutus, Sicinius , and Volumina were successful because they knew the strengths and weaknesses of whitespace their audience, were able to give the CV Makes the First and Lasting speech that was most effective, and thus used manipulation to definition, get the Essay Ackroyd Analysis effects that they desired. Although Coriolanus (also called Caius Martius ) is the whitespace A hero @ of the play, he is on The CV Makes Impression, unlikable; temperamental, proud, arrogant, stubborn, and greedy for whitespace definition, power.
Coriolanus is the least popular of the Essay In The Murder Analysis great tragedies and this is probably due to the character of the hero with whom modern audiences find it more difficult to whitespace definition, sympathise than with those who commit murder or adultery . Essay On The Impression? . . while Shakespeare has frequently been praised for whitespace, his universal subjects, for his holding a mirror up to of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, nature, = it = s rare to encounter someone like Coriolanus and much rarer . . . to feel the way he does. Definition? We do not understand his arrogance and bag, we do not like it. (Wheeler xv-xvi) Coriolanus is not a typical Shakespearean hero. Comparing him to other of Shakepeare = s heroes, who have even committed serious crimes, such as Hamlet, Macbeth, or even Caesar, Coriolanus is too self-righteous and arrogant to be likable. A Coriolanus is no Hamlet. He has no doubts of his own rightness nor of definition his own righteousness. The reasons = he gives for his behaviour are widely accepted generalizations pushed to such extremes as to reveal themselves as pure prejudice founded on arrogant self-will @ (Smith 130). From the beginning scene, the commodity examples audience immediately perceives that Coriolanus is not a stereotypical hero that is identifiable and sympathetic.
In the whitespace midst of war, Coriolanus is a revered soldier; he fights valiantly against the Volscians and proves himself to be a hero and as a reward for his heroics, he is offered the position of consul by bag, the Senate. However, Coriolanus must first get the definition approval from the citizens of Rome before he can take this position. Although strong and mighty in battle, his public relation skills leave much to be desired. It is which closely the point of the sapir-whorf, a well-known fact that Coriolanus holds nothing but contempt for the lower plebeian classes. He shouts to whitespace definition, the crowd in Act I, Scene I, which is our first exposure to the protagonist, What would you have you curs , / that like nor peace nor war? . . .Who deserves greatness / Deserves your hate; and your affections are / A sick man's appetite, who desires most that / Which would increase his evil. Essay About Analysis? He that depends / Upon your favours swims with fins of lead / And hews down oaks with rushes. Hang ye ! (I, i , 167 - 182)
It is this first glimpse of definition Coriolanus that sets the precedent for the rest of the play. A While Martius = [Coriolanus = ] bullheaded pride and of Colors, brashness may serve him well on the battlefield, his lack of delicacy will prove his undoing among the populace @ ( Douthat 4 ). Coriolanus = arrogance and definition, perceived superiority is commodity, very apparent in his epideictic speech to the plebeians in Act II. It is important to note that Coriolanus is an aristocrat, and A this is the scene where his superiority in nobleness is most apparent @ (Bradley 34). Whitespace Definition? He sees the patrician class of which he is a part to Essay In The of Roger, be virtuous and noble, and does not at all feel this way about the lower plebeian class. As A. Whitespace? C. Bradley notes in his lecture A Coriolanus, @ The plebeians, in his eyes, are destitute of of Colors this virtue, and therefore have no place in this community . . . . To ask anything of them is to whitespace, insult not only virtual school himself but the virtues that he worships. To give them a real share in citizenship is treason to Rome; for Rome means these virtues. They are not Romans, they are the rats of Rome. He is whitespace definition, very unjust to them, and his ideal, though high, is also narrow. But he is school, magnificently true to it, and even when he most repels us we feel this and whitespace definition, glory in him.
He is never more true to it than when he tries to be false . . . (Bradley 33-34). He nearly had the consulship given right to him, but he cannot bring himself to lower to of photosynthesis and cellular, the level of the plebeians. He pleads, A I do beseech you, let me o'erleap that custom @ (II, ii ,134 -35), but finally relents saying, A It is a part / That I shall blush in definition acting, and commodity, might well / Be taken from the people @ (II, ii,143-45). By showing his battle wounds and glorifying his heroics to the crowd in the marketplace, Coriolanus hopes to win the favor of the whitespace plebeians, appealing to and cellular, his ethos. At first, his arrogance is apparent; he struggles in the role of a petitioner. When asked why he is there, he states, A mine own desert @ (II, iii, 65), in definition other words, for himself and virtual, not for the people. However, as he tells of his exemplary military service and triumphs in battle, the crowd seems convinced. They exclaim, A He has done nobly, and cannot go without any honest man = s voice.
Therefore let him be consul. The gods give him joy and make him good friend to definition, the people! @ (II, iii, 132-136) Coriolanus leaves the marketplace satisfied that his speech was successful and commodity examples, assured that he will win the whitespace definition position. However, he discovers later that he failed because his speech was insincere. In his essay, A How to school, do Things with Austin and Searle: Speech Act Theory and Literary Criticism, @ Stanley E. Fish quotes John Searle saying, A a promise is defective if the things promised is something the promisee does not want done @ (Fish 984). Fish himself comments that Coriolanus set himself up for failure because he voided A his request by making it in such a way as to indicate that he [did] not accept the conditions on its successful performance @ (Fish 984). Coriolanus made several mistakes that doomed his speech: he was apparent in disdain for the audience, failed to adapt his speech to accommodate them, did not believe in what he was petitioning for, saw the plebeians as too incompetent to even vote for him in definition the first place, and was insincere and unconvincing in his delivery. Coriolanus = tragic character flaws of pride and superiority were the first stumblings to his eventual downfall. Was it solely Coriolanus = own foolish pride and following most closely sapir-whorf, failure in definition public persuasion that led to his demise?
His obvious weaknesses and pride made him an easy target for both his allies and his enemies to take advantage of him. Of Colors? Brutus and whitespace definition, Sicinius were motivated by their duty to represent and comparison of photosynthesis, take care of the people, and Coriolanus = dangerous nature was a threat. Whitespace Definition? Volumnia was motivated by her own desire for power and honor in commodity examples Rome, and Coriolanus = banishment and alliance with the Volscians was a disgrace. So, how did both groups go about manipulating Coriolanus to achieve their goal? Brutus and Sicinus are two tribunes opposed to Coriolanus, A whose talent for demagoguery and manipulation of the masses enable them to turn the people of whitespace Rome against Coriolanus B an easy task, given the hero = s propensity for violent outbursts @ ( Douthat 2). Brutus and Sicinius , who are well aware of Coriolanus = disdain for the plebeians, are scared of the danger to Essay Murder Analysis, the Roman citizens they represent if the whitespace definition arrogant war hero is elected. Through their compelling and fluid speech, they are easily able to Essay on The CV Makes the First Impression, persuade the whitespace plebeian crowds; talent that Coriolanus has not mastered.
An Act I, Scene I, after Coriolanus = curses to the crowd, Brutus and Sicinius are first introduced. From the comparison of photosynthesis very beginning, it is apparent that the two are going to be the antagonists to whitespace definition, our A hero. @ They represent the citizens of Rome and of Colors, sense that Coriolanus, with his aristocratic pride, will be trouble to the already struggling lower class that they represent. Thus, their motivation becomes the destruction and ruin of whitespace Coriolanus. At the end of Act I, Scene I, they take into account his pride, making observations such as, A Was ever man so proud as is this Martius [Coriolanus]? @ (I, ii, 252), A being mov = d, he will not spare to gird the gods @ (I, ii, 256), A he is grown / Too proud to be so valiant @ (I, ii, 258), and A such a nature / Tickled with good success, disdains the shadow / Which he treads on at noon @ (I, ii, 259-261). Both tribunes vow loyalty to the citizens and will do anything in their power to commodity, defeat the arrogant Coriolanus from persecuting their people. Following Coriolanus = insincere and barely successful speech to the plebeians, Brutus and Sicinius , the two tribunes opposed to Coriolanus, are easily able to turn the citizens against whitespace the arrogant war hero. A Brutus and Sicinius decide that in order to bring about the hero = s downfall they need only virtual school bag leave him to his own (verbal) devices. They know that he cannot be named consul until he asks the citizens for their votes and they are sure that faced with this situation he will perform badly @ (Fish 983). They take note of his speech to the Senate, and know that Coriolanus will undoubtedly fail in whitespace definition his suppliance if they can get the Essay on The CV Makes the First and Lasting crowd to see through his artificiality.
Brutus states, A You see how he intends to use the people @ (II, iii, 155). Sicinius replies, A May they perceive his intent! He will require them / As if he did condemn what he requested / Should be in them to give @ (II, iii, 156-158). Brutus then proposed that all they need to do is tell the definition crowd of their knowledge of Coriolanus, A Come, we = ll inform them / Of our proceedings here on th = market-place; I know they do attend us @ (II, iii, 159-161). Once Coriolanus has left after giving his weak, insincere speech, the two scheming tribunes know that it will not take much to of photosynthesis, persuade the audience to see right through him. Brutus reminds the people of how Coriolanus treated them before and points out to them, A Did you perceive / He did solicit you in free contempt / When he did need your loves; and do you not think / That his contempt shall not be bruising to whitespace, you / When he hath power to crush? Why, had your bodies / No heart among you?
Or had you tongues to of photosynthesis respiration, cry / Against the rectorship of judgement ? @ (II, iii, 199-204) Brutus and Sicinius appeal to the crowd = s pathos; they make them feel dumb and definition, ignorant in their appointing Coriolanus. With the push from the two tribunes, the crowd clearly sees through Coriolanus = thinly-veiled speech and realizes that he is feigning humility in order to obtain their approval. They revoke their approval and deny him the virtual school consulship Brutus and Sicinus succeed not only because they were persuasive in their own speech, but also in making Coriolanus = errors and insincerity visible. Volumnia , the third dominant character, is a mother with an whitespace definition, iron will and domineering persona. A As a woman, she lacks the ability to achieve power on her own in the male-dominated Roman society; she also lacks a husband through whom she might indirectly enjoy public clout @ ( Douthat 2). Due to her lack of a husband, she exercises her power and influence through her son. She is controls not only situations with Coriolanus, but also with others. Volumnia = s control is Effect, first felt in whitespace definition Act I, Scene iii; a setting of Volumnia , Virgilia , and a neighbor woman sewing. CV Makes The First? A We find Coriolanus = wife and mother in a domestic scene, sitting and definition, sewing, and then gossiping with one of their friends who pays a visit. But the domestic setting sharply contrasts with the words and which conveys the point of the sapir-whorf thesis?, character of Volumnia , whose influence on her son becomes apparent quickly @ ( Douthot 5). Volumnia delights in her son = s heroics and bloodshed, saying, A His bloody brow / With his mail = d hand then wiping, forth he goes . . . it more becomes a man / Than gilt his trophy.
The breasts of Hecuba , / When she did suckle Hector, look = d not lovelier / Than Hector = s forehead when it spit forth blood / At Grecian sword @ (I, iii, 34-43). This is not exactly the talk of a typical, nurturing mother. Through her speech, it reveals her desire for power and shows that Coriolanus = triumph on the battlefield has been the direct result of definition her upbringing. She has raised her son to virtual school, be a honored, mighty warrior, and whitespace definition, she lives his life vicariously by controlling him to virtual, do as she directs. Coriolanus = mother, Volumnia , although not his enemy, is also able to manipulate and persuade Coriolanus to get him to do what she wants. She alone is the most prominent figure in his life, and her control over her son proves to whitespace, be destructive. A Volumnia raises her son to be a great soldier, and it is her ambition, more than his, that puts him on the disastrous track toward the consulship. Volumnia = s controlling nature constitutes a major cause of virtual Coriolanus = fatal childishness; and while his legendary stubbornness holds sway in every other situation, she alone can overcome it . . . and thus unwittingly set his doom in motion @ ( Douthat 2 ).
In Act II, Coriolanus had no desire to whitespace, ask for the acceptance of the about In The of Roger Analysis plebeians, but Volumnia persuaded him otherwise. She knows that Coriolanus needs this acceptance from the people, and goes as far to encourage him to definition, lie and appear humble and suppliant in examples order to win their approval. Whitespace Definition? In her argument to Coriolanus, she applies logos, showing that appearing humble to the people does not dishonor him, because it is the examples only way which he will be able to achieve the coveted consul position. Because that it now lies on you to speak / To th = people; not by definition, your own instruction, / Nor by th = matter which your heart prompts you, / But with such words that are but rooted in Essay about In The Murder of Roger Ackroyd Analysis / Your tongue, though but bastards and syllables / Of no allowance to your bosom = s truth. / Now, this no more dishonours you at all, / Than to definition, take in about of Roger Ackroyd Analysis a town with gentle words / Which else would put you to whitespace, your fortune and / The hazard of much blood. Comparison? (III, ii, 52-69). Coriolanus, at first, protests against his mother = s advice, A A beggar = s tongue / Make motion through my lips, and my arm = d knees / Who bow = d but in whitespace my stirrup, bend like his / That received an alms! I will not do = t, / Lest I surcease to honour my own truth, / And by my body = s action teach my mind /A most inherent baseness @ (III, ii, 117-123). But, as seems to be a pattern, he relents and Effect of Colors, gives into his mother = s advice; A Pray be content: / Mother, I am going to the market-place; / Chide me no more @ (III, ii, 130-132). Volumnia = s dangerous influence and control over definition, her son is most prominent in Act V. She knows exactly what arguments will most sway Coriolanus = stubbornness. A As a Roman delgate , she appeals to his sense of patriotism, to his love for his family, and to his reputation; and last, as a mother, she accuses him of ingratitude @ ( Wheeler xxvi ). Volumnia pleads to her son, A There = s no man in the world More bound to = s mother, yet here he lets me prate Like one i = th = stocks. Comparison Of Photosynthesis And Cellular? Thou hast never in thy life Show = d thy dear mother any courtesy, When she, poor hen, fond of no second brood, Has cluck = d thee to the wars, and safely home, Loaden with honor @ (V, iii, 158-164).
She uses the whitespace definition metaphor of a dutiful hen guiding her chicks to appeal to her son = s pathos. School Bag? She lets him know that he has achieved his honor because of her, and now he is being ungrateful to her personally through his disloyalty to Rome. Coriolanus = failure in speech and temperamental character is only made more obvious by the other characters in the play whose rhetoric and persuasive techniques are much more skillful and successful. A Though Coriolanus is himself unsubtle, preferring to express himself directly (indeed, this contributes to his downfall), he is surrounded by craftier, more manipulative characters @ ( Douthat 2). Brutus, Sicinus , two of whitespace his enemies, and closely the point of the sapir-whorf thesis?, Volumnia , his own doting mother, are three of the manipulative characters who prove to be much better persuaders than the hot-tempered protagonist.
Their motivations are successful because they have the oratorical talent that Coriolanus does not.