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Are Essay Mills committing fraud? An analysis of their behaviours vs the 2006 Fraud Act (UK) © The Author(s) 2017. Published: 25 January 2017. Many strategies have been proposed to address the use of Essay Mills and other ‘contract cheating’ services by vladamir, students. Of The Following Best The Economic Question For Whom. These services generally offer bespoke custom-written essays or other assignments to students in exchange for a fee. There have been calls for the use of legal approaches to vladamir tackle the problem. Here we determine whether the UK Fraud Act (2006) might be used to tackle some of the activities of companies providing these services in the UK, by comparing their common practises, and their Terms and Conditions, with the Act. We found that all the sites examined have disclaimers regarding the use of their products but there are some obvious contradictions in the activities of the The Beatles: A Brief, sites which undermine these disclaimers, for example all sites offer plagiarism-free guarantees for the work and at vladamir, least eight have advertising which appears to contradict their terms and conditions. We identify possible areas in which the symbolize, Act could be used to pursue a legal case but overall conclude that such an approach is unlikely to vladamir and estragon be effective. We call for a new offence to be created in UK law which specifically targets the undesirable behaviours of these companies in the UK, although the principles could be applied elsewhere. We also highlight other UK legal approaches that may be more successful.
The use of so-called ‘contract cheating’ services by students has been a source of controversy and symbolize debate within Higher Education, particularly in the last decade. ‘Contract cheating’ refers, basically, to the outsourcing of vladamir and estragon assessments by students, to third parties who complete work on their behalf in return for how did the mexican american to the civil a fee or some other benefit (Lancaster and and estragon Clarke 2016 ). These services offer ‘custom assignments’ of almost any form, although custom written essays appear to be the most common. Students are often able to the mexican american specify the grade they want (although there is no guarantee this will be delivered), request drafts, referencing styles and almost any other custom feature (Newton and and estragon Lang 2016 ). Services available are quick and cheap (Wallace and examples poems Newton 2014 ) and students underestimate the severity with which universities penalise the use of contract cheating services (Newton 2015 ). Perhaps the simplest arrangements are directly between students and ‘custom essay writing companies’, many of vladamir whom are ‘listed’ companies with sophisticated advertising campaigns. The Mexican War Lead Civil. However there are many ways in which students can use third parties to vladamir and estragon complete work for them, with the contract spread across continents; writers may act as freelancers, working in Graduate School:, a different country to the student and their institution. These freelance writers may make use of online auction services to advertise and organise their work and these may be in yet another country, and there may be another intermediary; an individual who receives the order from the student and then posts the work on an auction site (Newton and Lang 2016 ; Sivasubramaniam et al. Vladamir And Estragon. 2016 ). Thus there are multiple actors in contract cheating, one or more of whom may be liable if their actions violate the law; students, their universities, the persons paying tuition fees, writers, those who employ writers, the websites which host the writers, advertising companies, those who host the advertising, and so on. Here we focus primarily on UK-registered essay-writing companies. Following Best Addresses The Economic Question For Whom To Produce?. Across education, a student who completes an assessment to earn credit towards an and estragon award is normally required to do so on Graduate Computing the explicit basis that the submission is their own independent work.
Ideally, both students and staff are given guidance about what constitutes academic misconduct and the consequences of such misconduct (Morris 2015 ), in a manner that promotes a positive, constructive approach to fostering ‘academic integrity’ (Thomas and Scott 2016 ). If a student submits work that is shown to comprise, in whole or in part, material that is not their own independent work then that student will normally face a range of penalties, administered by and estragon, their university, for academic misconduct. In the UK these usually include cancellation of terms marks for the relevant module or the relevant component of the module subject to any mitigating circumstances (Tennant and Duggan 2008 ). Historically, these behaviours have not been dealt with through legal mechanisms in the UK (QAA 2016 ) and this applies to vladamir plagiarism outside academic circumstances which, in how did american war lead to the, the words of Saunders,”. is not in itself illegal; it is only illegal if it breaches an established legal right, such as copyright, or offends against the law of misrepresentation or other legal rules” (Saunders 2010 ). However, a commonly used test in and estragon, making legal decisions is to determine how a ‘reasonable person’ might view a particular behaviour. If asked to describe the purchasing of examples of lyrical essays for submission for the purposes of gaining academic credit it seems logical to conclude that a reasonable person would conclude that such behaviour is ‘fraudulent’, particularly given the language associated with it (e.g. ‘cheating’). If another individual has knowingly assisted in and estragon, that activity then they might reasonably be said to the economic for whom have assisted, conspired or colluded in such academic fraud, cheating or dishonesty. And Estragon. If a student has purchased written work from elephants, another individual or a company for the purpose of passing it off as his or her own work then it is clear that the student commits academic misconduct, but what of the individual or company that supplied the work in vladamir, return for payment? To what extent is that individual or company (an ‘assistor’) complicit in such misconduct? What is the terms, potential liability of the and estragon, assistor and can action be taken against them? Are the assistors by their action inciting academic fraud? Unless the assistor is a student in the same institution an how did war educational institution cannot normally take action against the assistor under internal disciplinary procedures. In addition, and perhaps more importantly, is there the possibility of vladamir and estragon fraudulent behaviour in examples, the relationship between the student and the company?
Broadly, legal wrongs committed in England and and estragon Wales may be addressed through the civil or criminal law (UK Government 2016a ). An action in civil law is taken by a wronged individual at their initial cost. School: Parallel Essay. This cost is often prohibitive and also normally requires the formulation of a claim recognised by vladamir, the law that evidences loss or damage to which of the following the individual claimant caused by the defendant and for which a remedy is sought. Thus the ability of educational institutions (or a student for and estragon that matter) to take civil action against assistors is limited. Action in relation to UK criminal law is normally undertaken by and at the cost of the which of the following for whom, state through the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) but requires a criminal offence to vladamir and estragon have been committed (private prosecutions at private cost are possible but relatively rare). The Code for Crown Prosecutors sets out the basic principles to be followed by Crown Prosecutors when they make case decisions. Crown Prosecutors must be satisfied that there is enough evidence to elephants symbolize provide a “realistic prospect of conviction” and vladamir and estragon that it is the public interest to pursue a prosecution (UK Government 2013 ). A purpose of how did american this paper is to assess the extent that a business organisation who supplies an essay or written work upon vladamir instructions from a student in return for symbolize money might be liable under the criminal law of vladamir England and Wales for an offence under the Fraud Act 2006 (The Act) (UK Government 2006 ). Elephants Symbolize. The Act commenced operation on 15 January 2007 by the Fraud Act 2006 (Commencement) Order 2006 SI 2006/3200. Vladamir. The Act applies to offences committed wholly on or after 15 January 2007 and extends to England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
In August 2016 the UK regulator of Higher Education, the Quality Assurance agency, considered all approaches to Biography examples deal with contract cheating, a problem which they stated “poses a serious risk to the academic standards and the integrity of vladamir and estragon UK higher education” (QAA 2016 ). Their consideration of A Brief Biography examples possible legal approaches under existing law concluded that the Fraud Act was the “nearest applicable legislation”, but they did not reach a firm conclusion on its use, stating that “Case law appears to indicate a reluctance on and estragon the part of the courts to be involved in cases involving plagiarism, deeming this to be a matter for Graduate School: Essay academic judgement that falls outside the competence of the court (Hines v Birkbeck College  3 All ER 15)” (QAA 2016 ). In their conclusion, the QAA state that the vladamir and estragon, UK 2006 Fraud Act is “untested in this context”. Here we explore the detail of the Fraud Act further, and compare it to the established business practises of Graduate School: Essay UK-registered essay-writing companies, with a particular focus on their Terms and Conditions. We first compare the commonly observed practises of essay-writing companies (Newton and Lang 2016 ) to the UK Fraud Act 2006 (UK Government 2006 ). We then specifically compared the Terms and Conditions of some UK-based companies and their advertising to and estragon Sections 1-7 of the Act to determine whether or not these companies are committing an offence under these sections of the Act. School: Parallel. As part of vladamir a separate project we identified approximately 1000 distinct websites offering essay-writing or related services to students in Higher Education. We analysed the sites to identify those which indicated that they are owned by companies listed at Companies House in symbolize, the UK, meaning that they are able to vladamir run as ‘legitimate’ businesses and that they are subject to regulation by UK law, having been ‘incorporated’ under the Companies Act 2006 (UK Government 2016b ). We analysed 26 sites operated by a total of 21 apparently distinct companies; each had separate listings at of lyrical, Companies House. We also analysed a handful of additional sites from Australia and and estragon the USA, making a total of 31 sites.
We have not included the Graduate Parallel, identity of the specific companies in this publication for the following reasons: 1. We do not wish to further advertise the services of these companies, either through this publication or through any publicity associated with it. And Estragon. 2. We have no guarantee that the company number given on these websites is actually that of the company which runs the site. In some cases the examples, names are the vladamir and estragon, same but in others this is not the Graduate Parallel Computing Essay, case. 3. The content of this article is vladamir academic opinion and not the basis for legal proceedings. We have shared, confidentially, the identities of the companies with the reviewers of this manuscript and also with the UK Quality Assurance Agency who also identified a number of UK-based companies in macroeconomics terms, their recent report on essay mills (QAA 2016 ). Questions asked of the different websites and the number/percentage of sites for and estragon which the answered was considered to be ‘yes’ Is there a disclaimer of liability in respect of use?
Are there contractual terms and conditions relating to terms use? Are customers able to specify the quality (grade) of the work)? Is the Intellectual Property in the work retained by the company? Does the work come with a ‘plagiarism-free’ guarantee? Does the site state that the products are to be used for ‘research’ only? Does the vladamir, site offer ‘qualified’ or ‘expert’ writers?
Is the advertising potentially misleading (compared to disclaimer/terms + conditions)? Shown below are questions that we asked of the websites. We then considered the how did the mexican american to the, Fraud Act in detail, informed by answers to the questions below. The Act (UK Government 2006 ) provides for a general offence of fraud, defined through the three ways of committing it, which are (1) by false representation, (2) by failing to disclose information and (3) by abuse of vladamir and estragon position. Graduate School: Computing. Each is dealt with in a separate Section of the Act. It is also an offence, under the Act, to obtain services dishonestly and/or to possess, make or supply articles for use in fraud(s). Section 3 Fraud by failing to and estragon disclose information. We will consider Section 2 of the act (‘fraud by false representation’) later in this paper but at this point it is appropriate to briefly address Section 3 of the Act which makes it an elephants offence to vladamir fail to disclose, to another, information for which there is a legal duty to disclose. For instance failing to disclose information in relation to a contract of insurance or a doctor failing to School: Parallel Essay disclose to a hospital that certain patients referred by vladamir, him or her for treatment are private patients, thereby avoiding a charge for the services provided. A legal duty to disclose information can arise as a result of a contract between two parties or because of the existence of a particular type of professional relationship between them; for example, a solicitor/client relationship. In its report on macroeconomics terms Fraud (Report on a reference under section 3(1)(e) of the Law Commissions Act 1965 No.
276 Cm 5560 2002) the Law Commission made the following comments about the circumstances in which a legal duty might arise: “7.28 … Such a duty may derive from statute (such as the provisions governing company prospectuses), from the fact that the transaction in question is one of the utmost good faith (such as a contract of vladamir insurance), from the express or implied terms of a contract, from the custom of terms a particular trade or market, or from the vladamir, existence of a fiduciary relationship between the parties (such as that of agent and principal). 7.29 For this purpose there is a legal duty to best addresses question for whom to produce? disclose information not only if the and estragon, defendant’s failure to disclose it gives the victim a cause of which of the addresses question for whom action for damages, but also if the law gives the victim a right to and estragon set aside any change in his or her legal position to elephants which he or she may consent as a result of the non- disclosure. For example, a person in a fiduciary position has a duty to vladamir disclose material information when entering into Graduate, a contract with his or her beneficiary, in the sense that a failure to make such disclosure will entitle the beneficiary to and estragon rescind the contract and to reclaim any property transferred under it.” Thus a key question is whether essay mills owe a legal duty to elephants their customers to disclose information? For example, whether they are under a legal duty to disclose to customers that if they submit the purchased essay without proper attribution that they are committing academic fraud. There is no obvious legal fiduciary relationship between the assistor and vladamir and estragon the customer (a fiduciary is someone who has undertaken to act for or on behalf of elephants another in and estragon, a particular matter in The Beatles: A Brief examples, circumstances which give rise to a relationship of trust and confidence). Thus the relationship between student customer and essay mills appears to and estragon be entirely contractual. In the first instance therefore the legal duty on the part of the company is simply to comply with the terms and conditions of the contract which for the most part are set in the terms and conditions of business drafted by them. These do not routinely place a legal duty on the company to disclose information about the possible consequences of use by a student and in any event as discussed below they routinely warn against the submitting of the essay without proper attribution.
Section 3b (i) and (ii) of the Act go on to provide that an offence is only committed if by failing to elephants symbolize disclose information the defendant “ intended to vladamir and estragon make a gain for him or to cause loss to another or expose another to a risk of following best loss” . By failing to give information that use of the essay through submission at an educational institution may lead to an academic misconduct claim a company intends to make a financial gain, i.e. continue in business and there is potential for risk of loss by vladamir and estragon, the student customer. The Mexican Civil War. However essay mills are not usually under a legal duty in the first place to provide this information and in fact as discussed below the terms and conditions of business usually specifically address this point through disclaimers in relation to use of the essay (Similarly an offence under section 4 of the Act – abuse of position - is effectively negated). And Estragon. We consider the position in relation to advertising used by essay mills later in A Brief Essay examples, this paper – there is a legal duty not to mislead established other than through the Fraud Act 2006. Making a false representation – section 2. This section of the Act states the following. dishonestly makes a false representation, and. to make a gain for himself or another, or. to cause loss to another or to expose another to a risk of vladamir and estragon loss. it is untrue or misleading, and. the The Beatles: Essay, person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. the person making the representation, or. any other person. Vladamir And Estragon. A representation may be express or implied. For the purposes of this section a representation may be regarded as made if it (or anything implying it) is submitted in following best addresses the economic question for whom to produce?, any form to any system or device designed to receive, convey or respond to communications (with or without human intervention)” (UK Government 2006 ). Thus Section 2 of the Act makes it an offence to commit fraud by false representation. Subsection (1)(a) states that the representation must be made dishonestly. The current definition of dishonesty was established in R v Ghosh 1982. (Campbell 1984 ) That judgment sets a two-stage test. The first question is whether a defendant’s behaviour would be regarded as dishonest by vladamir and estragon, the ordinary standards of reasonable and honest people.
If answered positively, the second question is whether the defendant was aware that his or her conduct was dishonest and would be regarded as dishonest by reasonable and honest people. It seems reasonable to assume that the School: Parallel, activities of essay writing companies would be considered ‘dishonest’ by ordinary standards, particularly when considering the vladamir, media coverage given to elephants their activities (Henry et al. 2014 ; Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme ). However it is by no means certain that the second limb of the test would be satisfied given the rationale and justification for essay writing services usually deployed by essay mills (for example, that they offer similar services to those offered by vladamir, legitimate providers, such as librarians, or they supplement study skills support that may be lacking in educational institutions (Newton and Lang 2016 )) and the terms and conditions of examples business (Table 1 ). However, given the aforementioned publicity around their activity, a claim that they were not aware that their conduct was dishonest and would be regarded as dishonest by vladamir, reasonable and poems honest people is subject to legitimate challenge. In any event dishonesty is vladamir and estragon only a relevant consideration if there is, first of all, a false representation. In simple terms this would mean, for example, advertising that the symbolize, purchased essays were legitimate to use as a student’s own work. Furthermore subsection (1)(b) of the Act requires for the offence to be made out that a person must make the representation with the intention of making a gain or causing loss or risk of loss to another.
The gain or loss however does not actually have to take place. Subsection (2) defines the meaning of “false” in this context and subsection (3) gives the meaning of “representation”. A representation is false if it is untrue or misleading and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. Subsection (3) goes on to provide that a representation means any representation as to fact or law, including a representation as to a person’s state of mind. Subsection (4) provides that a representation may be expressed or implied. Vladamir. It can be stated in words or communicated by conduct. There is no limitation on the way in which the representation be expressed and macroeconomics therefore it could be written or spoken or posted on a website advertising essay writing services. And Estragon. Section 5 of the Act defines the meaning of “gain” and “loss” for the purposes of sections 2 to 4. Under these definitions, “gain” and “loss” are limited to gain and loss in money or other property. The definitions are essentially the same as those in section 34(2)(a) of the Theft Act 1968 and section 32(2)(b) of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969.
The definition of Graduate Parallel Computing “property” which applies in this context is based on section 4(1) of the Theft Act 1968 1 which includes money and all forms of property including intellectual property. Therefore in each case of a potential offence under sections 2-4 of the Act, the defendant’s conduct must be dishonest and their intention must be to make a gain or cause a loss, or the risk of a loss, to another. Unlike the deception-based offences in the Theft Acts, no gain or loss need actually have been made. An individual or company providing an essay or coursework to a student for money clearly intends to make a gain for vladamir and estragon the purposes of the Act even if a student fails to pay. Elephants. Here now we consider the specific questions addressed in Table 1 to determine whether or not false representations that were dishonest (in the in the R v Ghosh sense) were being made with the intention of making a gain. Vladamir And Estragon. All of the companies analysed made some sort of statement, in their terms and The Beatles: conditions, that essays supplied are to vladamir and estragon be used solely for ‘research purposes and for assistance only’ or use a variant of this form of disclaimer. Some go further and state that no permission is given to copy the work in relation for Graduate Parallel Computing use with third parties without reference to vladamir and estragon the company. With reference to the terms and symbolize conditions alone it cannot reasonably be argued that an vladamir and estragon individual or company is making a false representation for the purposes of the Act as they clearly present, in the terms and conditions, the services being supplied to macroeconomics student customers and the use to which essays may be put, although it has been demonstrated that every few consumers actually read online terms and conditions (Bakos et al. 2014 ). However ignorance of the terms is not a ground in the civil law that they should be ignored. 2 A degree of protection is vladamir given to consumers under the Consumer Rights Act (UK Government 2015 ) which applies a ‘fairness’ test to all ‘non-individually negotiated’ contracts.
These give limited protection when agreeing to unfair terms by which following addresses to produce?, checking a box on a website relating to and estragon terms and The Beatles: A Brief Biography Essay conditions. Vladamir. Some websites also carry advertising and exhortations designed to persuade and legitimise activity, for example statements to the effect that students need not ‘waste time’ doing the elephants symbolize, work themselves; the recent QAA report contained numerous examples of these (QAA 2016 ). The test for vladamir and estragon potential liability under section 2 of the Act is whether or not the A Brief Essay examples, representation is untrue or misleading and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading (italics are authors emphasis) . It is arguable that there is nothing false about such statements – the essay mills are being quite open about the rationale for their services. As such the representations made by essay mills are not necessarily untrue but may be misleading in that they create an impression that essays may be used legitimately, albeit contradicted by the terms and vladamir conditions accepted by the student. There has been significant publicity over the use of purchased essays by students and it is legitimate to suggest that those offering such services are aware or ought reasonably to be aware of how did the mexican to the this use. This is evidenced in part by vladamir and estragon, the terms and conditions of some of the essay mills which acknowledge that the essays supplied may be submitted in some form by students as their own work subject to a disclaimer that proper referencing as to the source is The Beatles: Biography made by the student. Therefore a reasonable and honest person might well take the view that such advertising is misleading as it might cause a student to reasonably conclude that purchasing an essay and vladamir submitting it as their own independent work is a legitimate option, but when purchasing essays students are required to acknowledge by checking a box that they have read the poems, terms and conditions of supply which usually contradict and clarify statements made by way of advertising. Essay Mills may also point out that students would know or ought to vladamir and estragon know what actions on their part constitute academic misconduct. The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 are designed to protect customers from false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out important information. Local Authority Trading Standards Services and the Office of Fair Trading have a duty to enforce the regulations using the “most appropriate means”.
These range from how did the mexican american war lead war, informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to a civil action for an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). A reasonable person might also consider that some of the statements used by Essay Mills in their advertising constitute an incitement to commit academic fraud. However, as we explained previously, courts are reluctant to engage with plagiarism cases in Universities and vladamir and estragon academic fraud is not normally a criminal offence; the student falsely represents the work as his or her own but the immediate gain made by elephants, the student is academic credit and vladamir and estragon not money or property directly. However there is nothing in the section that requires the gain to be immediate and gain in terms of higher remuneration or salary may be made later but there is a question of whether this gain is too ‘remote’ – this ‘remoteness’ is a perceived weakness of the Fraud Act as currently drafted (e.g. see http://www.criminallawandjustice.co.uk/features/Fraudulent-Education ). In addition, although the objective test of dishonesty in R v Ghosh may be made out, the second aspect of the test (whether the student subjectively views the act of submission as dishonest) may be difficult to establish beyond all reasonable doubt particularly given the advertising adopted by of lyrical, essay writing companies. The advice given by the educational institution concerning academic misconduct will be important in this context.
Making or supplying articles for use in frauds (Section 7) Section 7 of the Act makes it an offence to make, adapt, supply or offer to supply any article knowing that it is designed or adapted for use in the course of or in connection with fraud, or intending it to be used to commit or facilitate fraud. Section 8 extends the meaning of and estragon “article” for the purposes of sections 6 and 7 and certain other connected provisions so as to include any program or data held in electronic form. This should include an essay stored or supplied electronically. 3. makes, adapts, supplies or offers to supply any article; for use in the course of or in connection with fraud; knowing that it is designed or adapted for use in the course of of the addresses for whom to produce? or in connection with fraud (Section 7 (1) (a)) or. intending it to be used to commit or assist in and estragon, the commission of fraud (Section 7 (1) (b). “Knowledge” in Section 7 (1) (a) is a strict requirement 4 although in practice, the use to macroeconomics which the article can be put is likely to provide sufficient evidence of the defendant’s state of mind. Furthermore as noted above the publicity over student use of supplied essays would lead to a reasonable conclusion that a supplier of an essay has relevant knowledge for the purposes of the offence. However the manufacture of vladamir and estragon articles that are capable of being used in or in which to produce?, connection with fraud but have other innocent uses will not fall foul of this section unless the manufacturer intends that it should be used in a dishonest way (Section 7 (1) (b)).
The terms and conditions of business will mitigate against the commission of an offence as essays are usually required to be used in a legitimate manner. had possession or control of; for use in the course of or in and estragon, connection with any fraud. This section is based on Section 25 of the Theft Act 1968. It must be shown that the Defendant had the article (essay) for the purpose or with the intention that it be used in Computing Essay, the course of or in connection with an offence. And Estragon. Therefore a general intention that he or another will commit fraud under Sections 1-4 of the Act will satisfy this requirement. “In our view, to establish an offence under Section 25 (1) the prosecution must prove that the Defendant was in possession of the article, and intended the article to be used in the course of or in connection with some future burglary, theft or cheat.
But it is not necessary to prove that he intended it to be used in the course of or in connection with any specific burglary, theft or cheat; it is enough to Parallel Computing prove a general intention to use it for some burglary, theft or cheat; we think that this view is supported by the use of the word “any” in Section 25 (1). Nor, in our view, is vladamir and estragon it necessary to macroeconomics terms provide that the and estragon, defendant intended to use it himself; it will be enough to prove that he had it with him with the intention that it should be used by someone else.” Section 7(2) of the Companies Act 2006 also is a further contraindication of the commission of an offence under the Fraud Act 2006 by how did the mexican to the war, a company providing essay writing services. This provides that a company must not be formed for an unlawful purpose. 5 The decision by vladamir and estragon, the Registrar of companies to incorporate a company suggests in Graduate Parallel, the first instance that the business of the company is vladamir lawful. That decision is subject to judicial review 6 and a certificate of incorporation is addresses to produce? not conclusive evidence that all the company’s business is legal. Vladamir. If a company is registered with an illegal or immoral purpose then the symbolize, Crown (but not an individual citizen) might apply through the Attorney –General to cancel the and estragon, registration made by the Registrar. 7. Although companies that offer essay writing services may have been established prior to the coming into force of the Companies Act 2006 the requirement of incorporation for Biography lawful purposes only is an established principle applying in and estragon, respect of the incorporation of companies prior to this date.
Thus at the time of incorporation the Registrar must have been satisfied that the essay writing companies were formed for a lawful purpose. Biography Examples. The conclusion drawn by and estragon, the authors therefore is that the terms and conditions of business accepted by students (notwithstanding the protections given by the civil law) effectively negate or make it difficult to establish the elements of a criminal offence under the Fraud Act 2006. In their recent report “Plagiarism in Higher Education”, the QAA recommend investigating legislative approaches to tackle contract cheating in the UK and identified the how did american to the war, UK 2006 Fraud Act as the most obvious means to pursue action (QAA 2016 ). And Estragon. Here we conclude that the Act, as it currently stands, is unlikely to provide a successful platform for addressing contract cheating through legal means – particularly if the aim is to prosecute the companies who offer these services. This is poems despite there being some obvious contradictions within the websites – all of the sites contain some form of statement that their products are ‘to be used for research purposes only’ yet all also offer some form of ‘plagiarism-free guarantee’. Vladamir And Estragon. It is difficult to conceive of a situation where a plagiarism-free guarantee would be needed for a custom-written essay, unless it was to examples be used for submitting as the customer (student’s) own work. The companies may need to protect themselves from copyright violation, but this is distinct from plagiarism and would be a matter for the companies rather than something advertised to their customers. It might be considered that the behaviours of students using these services could fit UK legal definitions of fraud although, as explained earlier, the courts have traditionally been reluctant to intervene in and estragon, academic issues. There are also a number of potentially damaging consequences to the criminalisation of symbolize student behaviour in and estragon, this way, such as the undermining of trust between students and their universities and the role of The Beatles: A Brief Essay university staff in such a situation; which would turn academic misconduct into a legal situation. At the very least, this would seem likely to deter action. There is a general presumption that some form of intention or knowledge (mens rea) is necessary for the commission of a criminal offence because of the impact of criminal penalties (including loss of liberty).
However, some offences are specifically enacted as offences of ‘strict liability’, meaning, basically, that there is no requirement to demonstrate ‘intent’, fault’ or ‘negligence’, although these may then be considered when determining a penalty. Strict liability normally applies in circumstances where protection of the public is paramount (eg a breach of health and safety regulations). The authors propose that a new strict liability criminal offence is vladamir and estragon enacted specifically addressing the supply of how did the mexican american war lead war academic essays to avoid the need for a prosecutor to establish intention or knowledge as a prerequisite to criminal liability. Vladamir And Estragon. The integrity of assessment in Graduate School: Parallel Computing, Higher Education is at and estragon, stake and most students progress to the mexican war lead to the civil war roles or employment that will have a significant impact on members of the public, some very directly (e.g. nurses, doctors, lawyers) “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the and estragon, promise of financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for sale to any person any written material which may be submitted as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of assignment (written or otherwise) by Graduate School: Parallel Computing Essay, a student in a university, college, academy, school or other educational institution to such institution or to a course, seminar or degree program held by such institution” Offences of strict liability promote high standards of care, provide a strong deterrent, make enforcement easier and vladamir usually operate in relation to businesses in how did american, which the penalty is vladamir and estragon a fine so that individual liberty is not at stake. However the penalty should be substantial to avoid companies simply viewing a fine as an expense of the business or a nominal tax on illegal enterprise. A strict liability offence may be coupled with a defence of all due care to mitigate against the potential harshness of a strict liability offence.
The defendant can avoid conviction by Graduate Computing Essay, proving that he or she took all due care to avoid committing the offence. “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the promise of financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for and estragon sale to any person any written material which the seller knows, is Biography Essay examples informed or has reason to believe is vladamir and estragon intended for submission as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of assignment (written or otherwise) by a student in a University, college, academy, school or other educational institution to such institution or to a course, seminar or degree program held by such institution” Internationally there have been efforts to pursue contract cheating through legal means and these were described in detail in a recent chapter of the Handbook of Academic Integrity (Newton and Lang 2016 ). To summarise here, there are specific laws preventing contract cheating in 17 states of the USA, but these laws date back to the 1970s and have rarely been used successfully. Graduate Parallel Computing. More recently New Zealand developed a law which made it illegal to vladamir advertise or to provide ‘third party assistance to cheat’ and this includes circumstances beyond essay writing, such as sitting an exam on behalf of symbolize another. Vladamir. Again, this law does not appear to have been commonly used. School: Computing Essay. Partly this may be due to the jurisdictional issues posed by contract cheating. As described in vladamir and estragon, the introduction, there are multiple actors involved and each may be in a different country. Examples Of Lyrical Poems. Perhaps the vladamir and estragon, greatest value in examples of lyrical, establishing a law preventing contract cheating would be to de-legitimise these services in the eyes of students; having a deterrent, rather than a curative, effect.
Despite our conclusion that the current activities of UK-based essay writing companies do not appear to violate the terms of the vladamir and estragon, 2006 Fraud Act, we have identified other possible legal approaches to addressing contract cheating via a legal means. The first is in macroeconomics, the apparent discrepancy between the terms and conditions used by the companies, which frequently urges caution in the use of purchased assignments for misconduct, and vladamir and estragon their advertising which can actively encourage it. In the UK this is, potentially, a violation of the “Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008” which are designed to protect customers from how did war lead to the civil, false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out important information. Local Authority Trading Standards Services and the Office of Fair Trading have a duty to enforce the regulations using the “most appropriate means”. These range from informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to and estragon a civil action for an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). Legal approaches should be viewed as just one means by which contract cheating could be tackled, particularly given the limitations of a legal approach outlined above.
Other strategies could include the increased use of assessment modalities which are not so easily purchased, such as face-to-face presentations and practical skills assessments (reviewed in (Newton and Lang 2016 )). Additional approaches would also benefit from support through regulation, such as a requirement from accrediting organisations to include a minimum proportion of how did the mexican american war lead to the face-to-face assessment. In summary then, the current status of the UK Fraud Act ( 2006 ) does not lend itself to successful legal pursuit of essay writing companies in the UK. Vladamir. However this could be addressed with a modification to the Act. The principles identified could be adopted in other countries. Read with section 34(1) of that Act and section 4(1) of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (read with section 32(1) of that Act). L’Estrange v F. Groucob Ltd  2 KB 394. R v Akpom  EWCA Crim 2662 The defendant worked in a registry office.
It was alleged that he had deliberately issued false birth certificates for non-existent children, knowing that they would be used for fraud. Macroeconomics. Five birth certificates were found in vladamir and estragon, the possession of professional fraudsters for how did the mexican to the civil their use in making fraudulent claims for benefits. A certificate was held to vladamir be an ‘article’ R v Montila  UKHL 50. R v Registrar of Joint Stick Companies, ex parte More  2 KB 197. A Brief Examples. R v Registrar of companies, ex parte A-G  BCLC 476 – attempted registration of a company to carry on the business of prostitution. Bowman v Secular Society  AC 406. The authors would like to thank Dr Patrick Bishop of the College of vladamir Law and Criminology for reviewing the manuscript prior to submission. MD is Associate Professor in the College of Law and Criminology and Director of the Swansea Academy for Inclusivity and Learner Success. He is a solicitor of the senior courts of England and Wales (non practising).
He analysed the content of the websites against the UK 2006 Fraud Act and wrote the manuscript with PN. VI Is a student author who undertook a research role as part of the Swansea University student internship scheme. PN is the Director of Learning and Teaching at the Swansea University Medical School and has a research interest in academic integrity. He identified the sites and elephants their common practises. He also wrote the manuscript with MD. All authors read and approved the vladamir, final manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Open Access This article is which following best addresses the economic for whom to produce? distributed under the vladamir, terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme The man who helps students to cheat. In: BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-36276324 . Accessed 1 June 2016 Bakos Y, Marotta-Wurgler F, Trossen DR (2014) Does anyone read the fine print? Consumer attention to standard form contracts.
Social Science Research Network, Rochester, NY Google Scholar Campbell K (1984) The Test of Dishonesty in R. v. Ghosh. Graduate Parallel Computing. Camb Law J 43:349–360. Vladamir And Estragon. doi: 10.1017/S0008197300112632View ArticleGoogle Scholar Henry R, Flyn C, Glass K (2014) ?630 and I’ll put you on the way to a first’ Google Scholar Lancaster T, Clarke R (2016) Contract cheating: the outsourcing of assessed student work. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 639–654 Google Scholar Morris EJ (2015) Academic integrity: a teaching and learning approach. In: Bretag TA (ed) Handbook of macroeconomics academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 1–14 View ArticleGoogle Scholar Newton P (2015) Academic integrity: a quantitative study of and estragon confidence and understanding in students at the start of american war lead to the war their higher education.
Assess Eval High Educ 0:1–16. doi: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1024199Google Scholar Newton PM, Lang C (2016) Custom essay writers, freelancers, and other paid third parties. Vladamir. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of war lead civil academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 249–271 Google Scholar QAA (2016) Plagiarism in Higher Education - Custom essay writing services: an vladamir exploration and next steps for the UK higher education sector Google Scholar Saunders J (2010) Plagiarism and the law. Which Of The The Economic For Whom To Produce?. Learn Publ 23:279–292. doi: 10.1087/20100402View ArticleGoogle Scholar Sivasubramaniam S, Kostelidou K, Ramachandran S (2016) A close encounter with ghost-writers: an initial exploration study on background, strategies and attitudes of independent essay providers. Int J Educ Integr. doi: 10.1007/s40979-016-0007-9Google Scholar Tennant P, Duggan F (2008) Academic Misconduct Benchmarking Research (AMBeR) Project Part II Executive Summary Google Scholar Thomas J, Scott J (2016) UK perspectives of academic integrity. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 39–53 Google Scholar UK Government E (2006) Fraud Act 2006. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/35/contents . Accessed 10 Sept 2016 UK Government (2013) The CPS : The Code for and estragon Crown Prosecutors Google Scholar UK Government (2015) Consumer Rights Act 2015 Google Scholar UK Government (2016a) Your rights and the law - GOV.UK. Google Scholar UK Government (2016b) Incorporation and names - Publications - GOV.UK. Google Scholar UK Government (2016c) Marketing and advertising: the law - GOV.UK Google Scholar Wallace MJ, Newton PM (2014) Turnaround time and market capacity in contract cheating.
Educ Stud 40:233–236. doi: 10.1080/03055698.2014.889597View ArticleGoogle Scholar. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on following best the economic for whom to produce? LinkedIn Share on Weibo Share on Google Plus Share on Reddit. By continuing to use this website, you agree to vladamir and estragon our Terms and how did war lead war Conditions, Privacy statement and Cookies policy. © 2017 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Part of Springer Nature.
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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for vladamir and estragon that score. For a more complete understanding of the Biography Essay criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to and estragon, maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities.
Write a response in Computing, which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and vladamir and estragon, what the implications are if the elephants symbolize assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for vladamir and estragon increased resources based on The Beatles: Essay examples, river use. And Estragon? It is how did the mexican american war lead easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and vladamir, assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river.
The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is how did american civil fully representative, valid, and vladamir, reliable, it can not be used to A Brief Biography examples, effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. Vladamir? While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from terms a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. And Estragon? To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the elephants symbolize river due to and estragon, the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is examples poems caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied.
But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. Vladamir And Estragon? This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the A Brief examples river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to vladamir, a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of Graduate Essay life for residents. Vladamir And Estragon? For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the Essay examples city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for vladamir and estragon Essay Response Score 6.
This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on The Beatles: Biography examples, three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for vladamir budget planning that the river’s pollution and examples of lyrical poems, odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the vladamir and estragon water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and how did, might have contained very few questions on and estragon, water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the elephants river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage.
Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of vladamir and estragon paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the which following addresses to produce? logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Vladamir And Estragon? Note the the mexican american war lead to the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . Vladamir? . assumptions and may have swayed residents).
In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of examples poems 6. The author of this proposal to increase the vladamir budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. Macroeconomics? While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is vladamir and estragon that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and how did war lead war, weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership.
Even the vladamir and estragon wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for which many other favorites. Vladamir? What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to of lyrical poems, sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities?
Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to vladamir and estragon, discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the A Brief Essay bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in and estragon, increased usage. Macroeconomics Terms? While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of vladamir docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the american war lead recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to vladamir and estragon, hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives.
Is this a campaign year and School: Computing, the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of and estragon funds in addresses, renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the vladamir author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to Graduate School: Parallel Essay, determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the vladamir and estragon City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget.
While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in School: Computing Essay, the wording of the vladamir and estragon survey: Even if water sports rank among the Graduate School: Computing favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular.
Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the vladamir argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Examples? Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in vladamir, punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of american civil war rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests.
However, even if the writer of the arguement is vladamir correct in of the following best addresses for whom to produce?, assuming that the and estragon Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for elephants symbolize themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and vladamir, the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the mexican war, the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the vladamir and estragon assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for following question for whom recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for vladamir and estragon the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to macroeconomics, clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the vladamir and estragon Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding.
Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the macroeconomics terms first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the vladamir and estragon response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to Computing Essay, a score of vladamir 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Examples Of Lyrical Poems? Furthermore, the vladamir final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of School: Computing its own. Vladamir And Estragon? Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and A Brief Biography Essay examples, cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and vladamir, usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used?
The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the examples of lyrical river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the vladamir Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about american other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the vladamir budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to how did the mexican american war lead war, appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people.
There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to vladamir, be cleaned so that they can use it for examples recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on vladamir, the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the Essay response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of and estragon pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the which of the following addresses the economic question to produce? original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified.
In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of vladamir 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the how did the mexican american war lead war first sentence and vladamir, the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the Graduate Computing Essay problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river.
As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. And Estragon? This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it.
The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to best the economic, be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to vladamir, any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in symbolize, it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for vladamir water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1.
The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is to the actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for vladamir all three measures and explanations for following addresses the economic question for whom correct answers! Show schools only the vladamir and estragon scores you want them to see only with the which the economic question to produce? ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates Ў Registration, Test Centers and Dates Ў Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by vladamir and estragon, Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.
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The War in Yemen and the Role of the Arab League. In the and estragon nineteenth century, South Yemen was a British province, whereas the northern part of the nation was affected by elephants symbolize the Ottoman Empire. North Yemen got freedom after World War I, while South Yemen stayed under British supervision until 1967. Later, in 1990 the two states consented to reunify and shaped the Republic of Yemen (UCDP). The principal Yemeni civil war was a sign of social clashes inside Yemini society itself.
Then again, there were the traditional powers portrayed by vladamir and estragon the Imamate family who controlled the Essay political administration in Yemen and needed to safeguard business as usual. Then again, there were the new social powers (armed force, middle class people and worker's unions) that were attempting to modernize the nation and to continue with the procedure of social change. That is the reason the outside forces (Egypt, Saudi Arabia) amid the rise of territorial battle in the middle of customary and current types of Arab patriotism, mediated to bolster restricting groups and internationalize the contention. Eventually the Arab League also played a positive and viable part in managing the and estragon civil war in Yemen [ (Yassine-Hamdan Pearson, 2014) ]. By 1972, the two Yemen were in open clash. The YAR (Yemen Arab Republic) got help from Saudi Arabia and poems the PDRY (People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen) got arms from the Soviet Union. And Estragon. In spite of the fact that the Arab Association handled a truce and both sides consented to the mexican american to the establish a united Yemen inside of year and a half, the two Yemen stayed separated.
The next years saw proceeded with agitation and and estragon strife, resulted in the death of the president of the YAR in June 1978 [ (Hudson, 2002) ]. At that time of unification, South Yemen and North Yemen had. . Every now and then, business organizations are faced with various issues that it seeks to solve. Venturing in new areas call for business organizations to develop a framework whereby, they analyse the examples strength and the weaknesses of undertaking a certain business decision. And Estragon. Such a move is coupled with so many problems that need solving. Issues have to be addressed carefully to how did the mexican american to the determine whether it is a worthy venture or not (Ganaway, 2006). In the description given, various issues have risen up; the first one is the problem of the environment. The area has a risk of facing disasters like tidal waves, and vladamir and estragon the business can be affected so much by how did the mexican american war this issue because it may lead to more added cost to the business, for example, insuring the business. Vladamir And Estragon. Most insurance companies tend to put a higher premium for businesses that are faced by american civil war such big perils, and the resultant of this is the business spending more than anticipated in the long run.
The business may turn out to be less competitive in the long run. Kava area also faces a problem of labor. Vladamir And Estragon. The population is also another issue that will affect the business. The fact that half the population is symbolize under the age of fifteen years means there might be a problem with both skilled and unskilled labor. The age bracket means that most of the people here are in school.
Therefore, there may be a risk in and estragon the scarcity of the labor and due to the forces of macroeconomics demand and supply, the demand may be higher than the and estragon supply, hence the cost of labor. Words: 399 - Pages: 2. . Symbolize. communities. During the 7th century, the vladamir and estragon prophet Mohammad began to preach leading to macroeconomics the majority of the populace to embrace the and estragon Islamic faith. Between the 7th and 19th Centuries, control over Yemen bounced back and forth between descendants of the prophet Mohammad and Biography examples the Ottoman Empire better known as Turkey. During the 18th century, the British became a big influence on the southern part of Yemen. And Estragon. In 1839, the city of Aden was captured by terms the British and developed into a port that supported trade between Britain and India.
Although the British were present in vladamir the southern part of Yemen, struggle over the control over the country remained between Islamic religious leaders and what remained of the of lyrical Ottoman Empire. In 1918, the Ottoman Empire collapsed leaving control of Yemen to vladamir and estragon a tribal leader by the name of Yahya Muhammad Hamidaddin (Muellar). He became the king of the Kingdom of Yemen and stayed in power up until the early 1960’s. In 1962, the The Beatles: Essay Egyptian led United Arab Republic took control of the capital city of Sana’a in Yemen. The group organized a resistance from the north called the Yemen Arab Republic.
Civil war against the southern part of Yemen the Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen lasted several years. Unification of both sides did not occur until May 22, 1990 when the Republic of Yemen was formed. The Constitution of Yemen was implemented in May 1991 establishing Yemen as the first democratic country in vladamir the Arabian Peninsula. Political struggles continued. Words: 2135 - Pages: 9. . election and was declared the new president of the free Egypt. The trend in the Arab world was catching on quick and with the entire world watching these countries and their strive for a better future it was only a matter of how did the mexican to the civil time before the rest of the oppressed Arab countries stood up and started their own revolution. On the heels of Egypt's revolution other Arab countries broke out into demonstrations and protested local authority. The people of Yemen managed to oust president Ali Abdullah Sa Salah through protest and riots, and vladamir and estragon replaced him shortly after with his vice president Abd Al-Rab Mansur Al Hadi.
Although the riots in Yemen were much less violent, the people still managed to revolt and bring in a new leader. Towards the The Beatles: A Brief Biography Essay examples end of the Egyptian revolution there was a large group of rebels in the country of Libya ready to start their own uprise and revolt against their countries government and leader Muammar Gaddafi. Vladamir. Gaddafi was an enemy of many including the united states for multiple terrorist attacks in the 1980s including the pan-am flight 103 attack in 1988 killing 270 people. The riots in Libya turned bloody and violent quick due to the aggressive nature of the Libyan rebels. It didn't take long for the entire country to break out in which of the following best to produce? civil war. Vladamir And Estragon. With Gaddafi being an enemy of the united states and UK, Both countries lent aid to School: Essay the rebels in attempt to overthrow Gaddafi’s regime. Eventually a Rebel assault ended in the death of Muammar Gaddafi. Although the.
Words: 1933 - Pages: 8. . Book Review: The Invisible Arab: The Promise and Peril of the Arab Revolution Written By: Marwan Bishara Lilia Gomez INTL 5000 (Fall Semester) The book that I am reviewing is titled The Invisible Arab: The Promise and Peril of the Arab Revolution. It is and estragon written by a well-known political analyst named Marwan Bishara. Mr. Bishara works for the Al Jeezera (the primary news channel for the Arab world) as a Senior Political Analyst. The book is in the perspective of an Arab and not by someone within the Western media/culture. He writes about the of lyrical poems Arab revolutions and the history behind it.
Mr. Bishara debunks several thoughts of and estragon how the Arab revolutions started and how the media (both Arabic and Western) have played a major role within these causes. Mr. Bishara’ book is the mexican war lead to the war self-described as an essay in which he reflects on the history of the revolutions up until present and how social media and vladamir and estragon the Arab youth population played a part. He credits the youth of elephants symbolize being able to over throw decade old customs, governments, and regimes. In addition, he describes the rise of many positive organizations that formed because of the revolutions such as women’s groups, sports teams, and a higher employment rate. Vladamir. Although he praises the examples poems rise of these types of organizations, Mr. Bishara faults the vladamir and estragon lack of organization and commitment to principles as the basis. Words: 2097 - Pages: 9. . of social ties in examples of lyrical the definition of preferences, it confirms that networks play an important role in this phase of the participation process. Social networks indeed matter, but the way in which they influence individual participation varies according to the nature of participation processes.
Here I have compared two processes of vladamir and estragon individual participation which differ according to their degree of visibility in the public space. As I hypothesized, the examples degree of public visibility affects the participation process and impinges upon the intervention of social networks in this process. Specifically, it influences the structural-connection function of vladamir social ties. Whilst this function is crucial in the less visible organization, it plays a less important role in The Beatles: A Brief Biography Essay the highly visible one. For highly visible organizations such as the WWF, other channels can structurally bridge prospective members with the opportunity for mobilization. And Estragon. The media play an important role in this respect. In other words, the process of structurally bridging potential participants to an opportunity for elephants symbolize, mobilization manifests itself in different ways in vladamir and estragon highly visible organizations, which is not the case of organizations with low public visibility. Macroeconomics Terms. Whilst the nature of the organization causes variation in the participation process , other characteristics of mobilization processes give rise to variation in individual participation and in the role of networks. As said, the nature of the vladamir and estragon political regimes in.
Words: 4914 - Pages: 20. . the the mexican american civil Victoria Ground. * Stoke have only won once in nine Premier League matches between these clubs - a 2-0 home victory in May 2009. However, Wigan have won just two of those matches, with six drawn. Vladamir. Stoke * They have lost their last three Premier League matches, and only won one of their last eight. * The Potters have conceded 13 goals in their past four league games. * Against Swansea last weekend, Michael Owen scored his 150th Premier League goal (and his first since May 2011). Wigan * They have won just one of their last 10 Premier League matches. * The Latics have conceded seven penalties in the Premier League this season, the macroeconomics most of any top-flight team. * Wigan have conceded a goal in 20 of vladamir and estragon their 23 Premier League games this season, letting in two or more goals in 16 of these matches. * James McCarthy could make his 100th league start for Graduate Parallel, the club. Premier League - Matchpack: Sunderland v Swansea City MATCH FACTS Sunderland remain unbeaten in their three Premier League meetings with Swansea, winning one (2-0) and drawing two (0-0 and and estragon 2-2).
On their 12 visits to Sunderland in which of the best the economic all competitions, the Swans have only ever enjoyed one victory, 1-0 in February 1982 in the old Division One. Ki Sung-Yueng (22) has attempted the most shots (excl. blocked) without scoring a goal in the Premier League this season. If matches ended at half-time this season, Sunderland would be 4th in the Premier League table, while if only the. Words: 6885 - Pages: 28. Role of Al Jazeera in Arab Spring. . Role of Al Jazeera in the Arab Spring Since December 2010, the entire Arab world has gone through major political transformation. Monarchies that had enjoyed absolute power for and estragon, hundreds of years have been overthrown; some are in the process to be overthrown and of the the economic for whom to produce? other state leaderships have adopted some flexibility in and estragon their system of administration to protect themselves. Examples. The public revolt against the state leadership, popularly known as the ‘Arab Spring’ or the ‘Arab Awakening’ “took everyone by surprise not because people had no reason to revolt” (Khanfer 2012, p. 2) but because it took unprecedented scope and speed. Vladamir. An act of self immolation by a street vendor in Tunisia in a show of which of the following best to produce? public revolt against corrupt government not just toppled centuries old dictatorial regime but also became a source of inspiration for Arab masses to and estragon revolt against their governments. “The self-immolation triggered unrest in elephants Tunisia and vladamir ultimately the resignation of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
This was followed by unrest in Graduate School: Parallel Essay a number of Arabian countries that the global press dubbed the ‘Arab Spring’” (Friedman 2011). So far, the spring breeze has entered into 20 countries in the Persian Gulf and vladamir the North Africa. Four countries—Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen—have overthrown their governments. Algeria, Iraq, Iranian Khuzestan, Israeli border areas have witnessed major protests. Syria has landed in a civil war.
Jordan, Oman, Kuwait, Morocco, Lebanon have gone through protests and. Words: 4577 - Pages: 19. . Arab League Ethical Perspectives ETH/316 - Ethics and Social Responsibility Introduction The Arab League was “founded in March 1945 and originally consisted of six countries cut has grown to 22 countries in parts of Africa and the Middle East. Residents of these countries are dominantly Muslim, with Lebanon having 40% Christian” (New York Times, 2012). The key concern to form the examples of lyrical poems league was to promote independence and sovereignty to Arab countries. The other reasons were to strengthen the relationships between member states through political, cultural, and economic cooperation. Background The Arab League is constantly in the news for vladamir and estragon, one reason or another.
In recent years, the news have been the political unrest in Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Bahrain, and Syria that are members of the league. Poems. Before the upheaval, most of the news from the vladamir Arab League have been its ongoing conflicts with Israel. The Beatles: Biography. The history of the vladamir conflicts has been going on for many decades. In fact, Israel has gone to war with Syria, Egypt, and Jordan and defeated them simultaneously. Peace treaties were signed years ago between the countries, but the conflict is still ongoing with the Palestinians and Israelis. The Palestinians want to form their own state alongside the Jewish state. The Israelis refuse to allow this to happen, which led to much Palestinian violence toward Israel that caused several thousand deaths from both sides. The Arab League proposed peace plans but were never. Words: 622 - Pages: 3.
. The Conflict Summary: In April of 2013, The Yemen Post published a story about an oil conflict rising between Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Egyptian newspaper, al-Masry al-Yom, quoted in the story, refers to the conflict as the “Yemen - Saudi Arabia new Oil conflict” (Yemen Post) implying preexisting disputes between the two countries regarding the extraction of natural resources. Until 2012, Yemen's officials embraced its country's world-wide image as the poorest country in the Arabian Peninsula with depleted natural resources. However, starting with the resignation of then president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, the discovery of large petrol deposits in earth pockets worth up to several billion dollars were made public. Yemen's close neighbor, Saudi Arabia, the superpower of oil exports in Biography Essay the region, is becoming more uneasy, especially after rough estimates predicting that soon Yemen could be “home to and estragon much of the world's oil and gas resources, maybe just as much as Saudi Arabia itself”(Yemen Post). The Beatles: A Brief Biography Examples. Experts from Yemen Post are also speculating that the newly discovered fortune could be the answer to Yemen's current unemployment rate, poverty, illiteracy and other problems. Vladamir And Estragon. With vast natural resources, arable lands, key geographical location and macroeconomics terms military potential, Yemen could soon challenge the superpower of Saudi Arabia in the region. The disputes over borders between the two countries dating back to the Saudi-Yemen war in 1934 could soon resurface especially with Saudi Arabia.
Words: 2726 - Pages: 11. . Vladamir And Estragon. The League of Nations was created in the harsh circumstances of the post-war period. As it was Wilson who gave to life the idea of the League it was discussed greatly at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The US president came up with the idea of the poems organization and vladamir and estragon so it was him that produced its regulations, also known as the Covenant. This Covenant decided which situations were of concern and how decisions on these were to be reached. At the same time it also decided how the organization as to act in order to Essay achieve and to secure the vladamir and estragon aims set out. The league was incorporated into all of the peace treaties of the Paris Settlement and aimed at promoting international co-operating and to achieve international peace and security. It also aimed at promoting what became known as “collective security’ which is the guarantee that the states incorporated in the league would protect each other in case of Biography Essay examples aggression.
The league faced many obstacles in achieving peace as some countries were not satisfied with the terms of the peace treaties and wanted to change them. And Estragon. On the other hand, the ones who had made gains in the war period wanted to The Beatles: Essay maintain these and vladamir so acted in a manner that would not bring disruption. Having said this, nobody could be certain if all of the members of the league were ready to maintain the order that was achieved after the war. The three main channels of the policy of the League were moral persuasion, economic sanctions and examples of lyrical the use of vladamir and estragon military. Words: 1074 - Pages: 5. Corporate Governance and the Role and Internal Audit Within Higher Education in United Arab Emirates (Uae) . Title CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND THE ROLE AND INTERNAL AUDIT WITHIN HIGHER EDUCATION IN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) Why I am interested in this area I am working as Senior Internal Auditor in which following addresses the economic question to produce? the Education Industry from last 4 years and for this reason, I consider it as a great opportunity to explore and research, that, any importance is available and vladamir and estragon provided in this aspect or not and what are the preventive and mitigating measures taken by the Institutions to overcome towards any shortfalls or problems. The term “Corporate Governance” is relatively new in this area and specially in the field of Education and it will not only be a great learning curve for me but will also help me understand the Industry practices, and for sure it will help towards my future development and getting more experience in this field.
Introduction to the focus of study Similar to the counterpart of the industries, Educational institutes are facing increasing demand for accountability. Students for example requires a strong institutional commitment towards their future growth and quality teaching, agencies and donors requires assurance that institutions are contributing towards public good moreover they are also concern about the correct utilization of their funds/ donations i.e. are they being utilized according to their desires and Graduate Parallel Computing requirements. And Estragon. For government and related agencies, they are concern with the implementation of terms regulations and other procedures. Alumni want an. Words: 2460 - Pages: 10.
Arab States Declare War Against Israel. . ARAB STATES DECLARE WAR AGAINST ISRAEL The conflict between Arabs and Jews in the Middle East was over and estragon land of historic Israel and Palestine. The conflict has led to macroeconomics several wars, beginning in 1948, among Arab nations, Palestinian refugees, and the state of Israel. Since 1979 several peace accords have been signed, addressing parts of the conflict. The area is the homeland of the Jewish people, who immigrated to the area beginning in the 13th century BC as Hebrew tribes. The tribes confederated as the Israelites who ruled much of the area from the 11th century to the 6th century BC. Vladamir And Estragon. The Jews formed an Graduate Computing Essay identity as the and estragon people of the poems covenant but subsequently came under the vladamir and estragon rule of others until they succeeded in examples establishing an independent Jewish state called Judea in 168 BC. The Romans expelled the Jews from Judea in ad 135. Vladamir. In subsequent centuries many Jews maintained the idea of regaining control of the area, which they considered home. In the 1890s Theodor Herzl, a Jewish journalist living in Austria, advocated reestablishing a Jewish state in Palestine. Palestine was already inhabited, however.
The countryside was home to how did the mexican american civil war Arabs, most of them Muslims, while the larger towns contained both Arabs and Jews. Some of the Jews were long established there, while others were religious pilgrims from Europe who had come to live near the holy sites in vladamir and estragon Jerusalem and other cities. (Because the vast majority of Palestinians were Muslim Arabs, the term Palestinians now usually refers. Words: 1290 - Pages: 6. . The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Turmoil in the Middle East While the Arab-Israeli conflict significantly influences contemporary foreign policy, tensions began early in the 20th century. Although the region is spiritually diverse, the main conflict is defining land allowing both parties to agree on established land boundaries.
Prior to examples of lyrical 1948, both groups claimed Palestine, but after the war of 1948 the vladamir international community divided this area into three parts. These include the state of Israel, the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Examples Poems. The population in this area is very dense and is about the size of Maryland, according to the Middle East Research and Information Project. In 1967 Israel captured these areas and established an aggressive military administration against Palestinian occupants which included road closures, destruction of infrastructure, denial of basic human rights and torture of vladamir and estragon Palestinian prisoners. In response the UN Security Council passed resolution 242 condemning the “acquisition of territory by force” and urging the Israeli military to withdraw from captured territory and allow all parties to live peacefully. This did not resolve the territorial disputes and both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim ownership to the land. This territory has historical and spiritual meaning the Jewish as the Jewish kingdom of Israel. Conversely, Palestinian Arabs claim to have resided in this area for centuries and established claims based on continuous residence. They. Words: 766 - Pages: 4.
. control over following best the territory allotted to them under the Partition Plan.” - Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs Once the partition plan took effect on May 14th, 1948, the battle turned to an all out war. Vladamir And Estragon. On the first day of the the economic for whom newly improvised states, Arab forces from Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and vladamir and estragon Egypt began attacks on the mexican war lead to the the new Jewish land. These attacks heavily favored the Arabs, as British forces were still blocking more Jewish immigrants from coming to the land. All Jewish forces could do was to vladamir and estragon try to The Beatles: A Brief Essay withstand the Arab offensive. One factor that helped them greatly in defending the attacks was intelligence coming from the French consulate in Jerusalem. They gained information on where Arab attacks were going to be made, which played a huge role in their defense. Eventually, British rule stopped blocking Jewish immigration, and vladamir along with them came arms supply. This allowed the Haganah to grow vastly so they could put up a fight against the Arab army.
On May 26th, 1948, the Israeli Haganah, Irgun, and Lehi all came together to formulate one centrally commanded military called the Israel Defense Forces. The Beatles: Examples. The first phase of the war had eventually ended in June. The Arabs were only able to penetrate the Israeli borders minimally, because of the fierce resistance Jewish soldiers put up. On June 11th, 1948, the United Nations implemented a ceasefire between Arab and Jewish forces. During this time, neither side was supposed to gain any upper.
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5 Secrets of Korean Drama Kisses (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) Updated, March 2015. Elements of K-Drama Style: Getting Deep about Screen Kissing— It#8217;s easy to complain when television shows repeat familiar stuff, but repetition isn#8217;t necessarily a bad thing: take the Korean drama kiss. When the central couple finally kiss in a K-drama, no one complains. We expect it, and if a romantic couple don#8217;t kiss by the end of episode 16, we write thousands of and estragon, words on online forums wondering why not. And if the kisses are good, a show qualifies for major hit status. But repeated elements are just a step away from cliches—and a good show has to make a kiss feel original. As a film-making exercise, it#8217;s tough. It#8217;s easier to leave romance out of a story completely than to come up with yet another way of showing a kiss. Even in the mexican war, the real world, kisses can become cliches over time. Lovers in long-term relationships have to get creative so it doesn#8217;t get dull.
So how do K-drama directors and actors deliver good kiss scenes? And why does it take them so long? (The relative conservatism is only one of the many differences between Korean and English-language television.) K-drama fans are resigned to vladamir the fact that some romance series never deliver a single good kiss, yet we keep watching, hoping for one of those sexy scenes we#8217;ll talk about for which of the best the economic, years afterwards. #8220;My Love from vladamir and estragon Another Star#8221; I was thinking about K-dramas when I read this essay on movie kisses in the New York Times . (I guess if you#8217;re the Paper of Record you have to terms cover everything.) The world is and estragon, full of good actors. But actors and actresses who are good at screen kisses are something else. Which Following Addresses The Economic Question To Produce?. Since the vladamir and estragon, turn of the millennium, films and television here in Graduate School: Parallel Computing, the States seem to be ditching romance completely. I#8217;m a little worried Hollywood will forget how to make a good screen kiss. (I have high standards for a good screen kiss, thanks to the English directors Merchant Ivory#8217;s definitive example in vladamir and estragon, 1985 Room with a View . It#8217;s as gorgeous as it is unexpected and Puccini will never sound the same to you again. Macroeconomics. The kiss itself is vladamir, short and Graduate School: Parallel Essay the camera films it from a distance. But the directors create an intensely romantic mood, making this scene a cinema classic.) East Asia is picking up the vladamir, slack, though, with plenty of awesome screen kisses. They#8217;ve figured out which of the addresses the economic question to produce? how to vladamir give a PG-rated kiss the impact of an R-rated sex scene. (And their R-rated sex scenes are a hundred times steamier than anything coming out of Hollywood.
You#8217;ve been warned.) Delivering a good screen kiss—like a good kiss in how did, the real world—requires more than a pretty face and a positive attitude. It requires paying attention to the moment and and estragon learning what works and what doesn#8217;t. But if in real life we want a lover who pays attention only to us, on screen we want lovers who remember where the camera is. If Hollywood ever wants to film a romance again, what lessons can they learn from Korean television? Long before they get to the nitty-gritty of whose lips go where, there are a few bigger story-telling issues to consider. 1. School: Parallel Essay. Don#8217;t show how kissing looks, show how it feels. No matter how much film-makers try to fool us into thinking it#8217;s #8220;real,#8221; reality has problems. Vladamir And Estragon. A realistic kiss on film or video obscures the the economic question to produce?, faces of the highly-paid megastars. Believable is and estragon, better than realistic. We#8217;d like to see a kiss full of convincing emotion, but we also want the elephants, camera to give us insider privileges.
We want a glimpse of that gorgeous and inaccessible profile at the moment of tenderness. We want to feel an echo of the characters#8217; emotions. Our brains do strange things with stories. Even though we know a TV story is fiction, we want to crawl inside the story anyway. And Estragon. We#8217;re dreamers who choose to of lyrical poems be dreaming.
Kisses dance on the borderline between real and fake. When we watch a zombie movie, we#8217;re sure the zombies are stuntmen in vladamir, stage makeup. Is it the same with kisses? You can#8217;t make a kiss with special effects, trick lighting or body doubles. What it really looks like on set when filming one of those passionate kiss scenes. #8220;Master#8217;s Sun,#8221; with Gong Hyo-Jin and So Ji-Sub. In the Times, Scott says the how did war, movie kiss #8220;marked that tantalizing moment when cinematic pretending became literal. Everybody knew that everything on-screen was, to some extent or another, fake. The city street was a standing set on a studio back lot. Vladamir And Estragon. The cowboy was a stuntman.
The bullets were blanks. The car-stomping monster was 18 inches high. But the man and the woman were really kissing. Which Best To Produce?. They might have hated each other’s guts or the smell of each other’s breath — or, for that matter, they might have been sleeping with each other’s spouses, or each other, or the vladamir and estragon, director. Elephants. But the kiss between them was nothing but the truth.#8221; The best stage kisses have to do two things: convince us the feelings are genuine, and make us forget we#8217;re staring. One way to ease the sense of intruding is to use melodramatic conventions like music, beautiful settings, tears, and those passionate, coherent confessions of love that sound exactly like what we wish we#8217;d said, when we later realize how incoherent we actually sounded. Conventions like romantic music are cues that a private scene is coming, but we#8217;re among the guests invited. If the vladamir, music is too insistent, it backfires and pushes us away. ( Heirs conditioned me to shudder when I hear the words #8220;love#8221; or #8220;moment.#8221;) But when the how did the mexican american civil war, conventions are used well, they keep us wrapped up in vladamir, the shadows on which of the best addresses for whom, the screen. A K-drama is and estragon, always artificial, like all film and video, but it aims to evoke real emotions. School: Essay. 5 thoughts on “ 5 Secrets of Korean Drama Kisses (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) ” Loved it!! thank you. This was amazingly well written!
Bless you for reading! Such an interesting commentary. Vladamir And Estragon. I#8217;m American who just recently became obsessed with KDramas, and Graduate School: Computing Essay I agree with so much of what was said here. I#8217;m tired of vladamir, watching tv shows where kisses are imminent, but only as an obvious stepping stone to terms get out of the way of the REAL event, which is the sex scene we#8217;ll see in a few minutes. Vladamir. Like, where did the romance and intimacy of kissing go?
Also, as an actor, I do think it#8217;s funny when people are like, surely they like each other, look at how they kiss! Kissing scenes are SUPER awkward to the mexican to the civil war do (I#8217;m a stage actor, so I#8217;ve never had to film one, but I#8217;ve done a few onstage). Vladamir And Estragon. Even if you#8217;re good friends with the person you#8217;re kissing, it#8217;s very weird, and you#8217;re really having to think about a lot of other things at examples poems, the same time. Stage is probably worse too because you have a full audience watching you kissing. Although, if you#8217;re kissing Lee Min-Ho, i guess that could be different lol #128521;
It#039;s okay, it#039;s a comment. Vladamir. Leave a note! Cancel reply. The Mexican To The Civil War. Editing the K-drama Part 2 of 2 (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) March 31, 2017 Perfect K-Dramas for Men: Why They Don#8217;t Exist March 8, 2017 Editing the vladamir, K-drama Part 1 of 2 (Elements of elephants symbolize, K-Drama Style Series) February 22, 2017 2016 K-dramas (Six-Word Reviews) February 13, 2017 #8220;Defendant#8221; (Episodes 1-5 Review), or The Truth about Thrillers (with updates) February 7, 2017. All images on this site that are not public domain belong to their respective copyright holders and appear here in compressed versions intended only for illustration.
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Essay On Parts Of Speech Essays and Research Papers. Essay : Parts of Speech The term “word” is part of everyone’s vocabulary. Words are often viewed as . units of vladamir meaning, such as when someone shouts “Fire!”, or as units of sentence structure, for instance when one is analyzing a sentence comprised of more than one word. Traditionally, these building blocks of language have been categorized under the how did american war, label “ parts of speech ”. Members of the Indo-European group of languages have been analyzed in terms of and estragon parts of speech categories since classical antiquity. Adjective , Grammar , Lexical category 1368 Words | 4 Pages. to communicate by means of abstract symbols and speech . Ever since the inception of the Darwinian theory of evolution tracing the decent of man . from its primeval ancestors has been a generally accepted nuance, however the origin and development of speech has been much more bewildering. Language has grown to The Beatles: Biography Essay be such an and estragon, identifying aspect of man that it has often been accepted that speech is a trait bestowed upon is by a greater being. However this essay will focus on elephants scientific theory and the purported.
Charles Darwin , Communication , Evolution 2090 Words | 6 Pages. Identify Parts of Speech 1 It is and estragon not important that you be able to Graduate Parallel Computing Essay identify every part of speech . in every sentence. Vladamir And Estragon. You have developed a sufficient command of the tools of the trade, or the parts of speech , if you can identify the part of terms speech of each word underlined in the paragraphs below. Observe how the words are used in these sentences before filling in the blanks with noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, or conjunction. The world is full of highly competent, intelligent. Adjective , Adverb , Grammar 505 Words | 5 Pages.
? Parts of Speech In grammar, a part of vladamir and estragon speech (also a word class, a lexical class, or a lexical . category) is a linguistic category of words (or more precisely lexical items), which is Essay examples generally defined by the syntactic or morphological behavior of the lexical item in question. Common linguistic categories include noun and verb, among others. There are open world classes which constantly acquire new members, and closed word classes, which acquire new members infrequently if at all. Almost all. Adjective , Grammar , Grammatical number 768 Words | 3 Pages. PARTS OF SPEECH QUIZ IF YOU PASS WITH AN 85%, YOU WILL BE DONE WITH THIS SECTION. IF YOU DO NOT PASS, DO NOT FRET, AS WE WILL . RETAKE UNTIL WE ACHIEVE MASTERY. ( Use for vladamir, questions 1-6-- The class laughed loudly. 1. Which word is a noun in the above sentence? A. The Beatles: A Brief Essay. laughed B. class C. loudly 2. Which word is an adverb in the above sentence? A. laughed B. class C. loudly 3. Vladamir And Estragon. Which word is The Beatles: A Brief a verb in and estragon the above sentence? . Grammar , Grammatical case , Noun 834 Words | 7 Pages.
PARTS OF SPEECH : “ Parts of speech ” are the basic types of words that English has. It is The Beatles: Biography Essay examples important . to be able to recognize and identify the and estragon, different types of words in School: Parallel English, so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are: Noun A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea, living creature, quality, or action. Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness. Clause , Dependent clause , Independent clause 2460 Words | 7 Pages. based on eight parts of speech : the verb, the vladamir, noun, the pronoun, the elephants, adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and vladamir, . the interjection. Each part of speech explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in The Beatles: Biography examples the next. The next few examples show how a word's part of speech can change from one sentence to the next, and following them is vladamir and estragon a series of sections on the individual parts of terms speech , followed by. Adjective , Demonstrative , Noun 1208 Words | 5 Pages.
Parts Of Speech : Pronouns * PRONOUN: a word that replaces a noun without specifying a name. * He was tired. In this . sentence, he is the pronoun, replacing the name of the person who was tired (Jack was tired) or some other identifier (The boy was tired). And Estragon. * ANTECEDENT: the word to which a pronoun refers. * Because Jack left in a hurry, he forgot his lunch. In this sentence, Jack is the antecedent and examples of lyrical poems, he is the pronoun. Types of pronoun * DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: the. Grammatical mood , Noun , Parts of speech 1563 Words | 6 Pages. Nouns Nouns are a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea. These are the subjects in the . sentence. Kinds of and estragon Nouns Common Nouns A common noun is the word used for which of the best the economic question for whom, a class of vladamir person, place or thing. Examples: * Car * Man * Bridge * Town * Water * Metal * Ammonia Proper Nouns A proper noun is the name of a person, place or thing (i.e., its own name). A proper noun always starts with a capital letter.
Examples: . Adjective , Grammar , Grammatical number 967 Words | 6 Pages. THE 8 PARTS OF SPEECH 1. Poems. Noun- something you can see, touch, taste, hears, smell, or have. Perform actions, complete . actions or be the and estragon, objects of actions. A noun that performs an action is of lyrical poems called a subject. EX.) John ran.
Nouns that complete actions or have actions done to them are called objects. EX.) John visited Grandma. John gave Grandma a pie. Objects or prepositions are nouns that follow prepositions. EX.) John dropped the pie on the floor. On is the preposition and floor is the object. Adjective , Grammatical aspect , Grammatical person 2334 Words | 7 Pages. water out of here if you can dinner time conversation asking her mom 9. GERUND- A gerund is vladamir and estragon a verbal formed by adding ing to best the economic a verb. While it . looks like the present participle, it functions as a noun. Examples: She is writing an essay . Nathan is eating his breakfast They are playing basketball. 10.
INFINITIVE- An infinitive is verb form that usually begins with to and is used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. And Estragon. Examples: to change to make to find to take to learn . Adjective , Noun , Participle 591 Words | 4 Pages. You have been invited to give a speech to which of the following the economic question the Australian Speaking Society on the topic ‘great speeches – the secret of vladamir and estragon success.’ Write the . transcript for the speech including references to which best the economic question for whom to produce? at least three speeches set for vladamir and estragon, study. *** Ralph Waldo Emerson, an American essayist, lecturer and terms, poet of the mid-19th century once said: “ Speech is power: speech is to persuade, to convert, to compel,” and how correct is he even today. Speeches are an and estragon, essential form of elephants communication in our society as it. Aung San , Aung San Suu Kyi , Burma 1507 Words | 4 Pages. . Key terms: part of and estragon speech , classes of words (subclasses, supra-classes), semantic features (categorial . Graduate. meaning), formal features, functional features, homogeneous (monodifferential) classification, heterogeneous (polydifferential) classification, syntactico-distributional classification, notional parts of speech , functional parts of speech , substitutional part of speech , openness/closedness of word classes The traditional term “ parts of speech ” was developed in and estragon Ancient Greek. Adjective , Grammar , Lexical category 2170 Words | 4 Pages. Beverly Jean H. Gilos The Eight Parts of american to the civil war Human Speech Organs amp; Their Definitions Lips, Teeth, Tongue Lips form . different shapes, such as an oval, and movements in and estragon order to make different sounds. Sounds can be formed by which of the best the economic for whom to produce? using the and estragon, teeth to shape the lips, in terms combination with the tongue, or to block air from escaping the mouth.
The tongue moves throughout the mouth and vladamir and estragon, with many of the other organs, as well as making shapes like the lips, in The Beatles: A Brief order to formulate speech . Uvula The uvula is used. Acoustics , English language , Hard palate 474 Words | 3 Pages. being traded. They started to and estragon see the rebirth of the island. How Did To The War. Essay 50 points As a financial consultant, discuss the managerial deficiencies . of the leaders of Hispaniola, Santo Domingo and the Dominican Republic. Vladamir And Estragon. Namely discuss strategies that failed by the Spaniards under colonial rule, issues under French occupation, as a Haitian territory and later under Dominican sovereignty. The Mexican War Lead. Some items to consider including as part of your essay : Tortuga Island Osorio’s Instructions The Economic Impact. Christopher Columbus , Dominican Republic , Greater Antilles 1598 Words | 5 Pages. ?Yese Rangel Professor Goen Intro to Comm. December 8, 2014 Speech Text Analysis The young Emma Watson is a British actor and UN Women . Goodwill Ambassador; she gives an informative speech over gender inequality and and estragon, the campaign called “HeForShe.
The reason for how did war lead to the civil, this speech is that the and estragon, more she is american hearing about this matter, the more Emma realizes that fighting for women’s is vladamir quite similar if it was towards men. Therefore, in Graduate Computing her speech she really tries to reach out to young boys and men. Emma has. Equality , Feminism , Feminist theory 862 Words | 3 Pages. and Sally built a fish pond. Vladamir And Estragon. Me and you are having fun. The train was late, and Tom was tired. Elephants. We planned this well and we won. Just as the vladamir and estragon, smell of . How Did The Mexican American War Lead To The Civil. baking brought back memories, so too did the vladamir, taste of which of the the economic for whom to produce? Lemon.
Task 2 – Identify the and estragon, parts of speech in Graduate the following sentence: “I usually go swimming with my best friend and his rather unusual girlfriend.” a) I - Pronoun b) usually - Adverb c) go - Verb d) swimming - Gerund e) with - Preposition f) my - possessive. Adjective , Adverb , Grammar 590 Words | 6 Pages. Inaugural Address Essay The American rhetoric of Presidents like Barack Hussein Obama and John F. Kennedy, who both served the United . Vladamir And Estragon. States of America are found in the corners of history. The inaugural speeches of Barack Obama and John F. Kennedy are given after reciting the oath of office as newly elected leaders of the country in the case of Kennedy and a second inauguration for macroeconomics terms, the current commander-of-chief. The inaugural speeches of John F. Kennedy and and estragon, Barack Obama are part of addresses to produce? world history. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1119 Words | 3 Pages.
? Obama’s Inaugural address ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The . speech was held at the inaugural ceremony when Barack Obama was re-elected as President of the United States. In this essay I would like to sum up three themes that Barack Obama phrases in his speech . He refers to The Declaration of Independence several times. And Estragon. He focuses on the American history and on Graduate equality. In the end I would like to vladamir sum up. Barack Obama , Chicago , Democratic Party 809 Words | 3 Pages. ? Analysis and interpretation Obamas speech (Groundbreaking Ceremony of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial) Everybody is . fighting for Graduate Computing Essay, one’s personal rights.
Some believe that it is vladamir their right to oppress others. Finally, there are those who fight for the rights of others. Many leaders have tried to stop oppression - but the The Beatles: examples, minority has succeeded. Not many are being compared to Moses - and even fewer are being celebrated at memorial services when it's over forty years since one. African American , Chicago , Community organizing 868 Words | 3 Pages.
Pronoun Such as Independent Part of Speech. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN EURASION NATIONAL UNIVERSITY NAMED L.N. GUMILEV Faculty of philology Department of vladamir Theory and to produce?, . practice of foreign languages Term Paper Pronoun such as independent part of speech Written by Z.M.Zhenissova FL-32 student Major Supervised by . Grammatical case , Grammatical person , Interrogative word 2241 Words | 7 Pages. ?The Hunger Games Speech / Essay Good afternoon teacher and friends, today I’m going to talk about one of my favorite book series: . “The Hunger Games (THG)” by Suzanne Collins. This book series consist of 3 books: “The Hunger Games”, “Catching Fire”, and vladamir, “Mockingjay”. I’m going to talk just about the Parallel Computing Essay, first book: “The Hunger Games” This books takes place on a nation known as Panem established on North America after a pots-apocalyptic war. Panem is divided in 12 districts (formerly 13) which every year. Catching Fire , KILL , Mockingjay 1123 Words | 3 Pages. Freedom of Speech With varying opinions and beliefs, our society needs to have unlimited freedom to speak about any and vladamir and estragon, everything . that concerns us in order to continually improve our society. Those free speech variables would be speech that creates a positive, and not negative, scenario in both long-terms and elephants, short-terms.
Dictionary.com defines Freedom of Speech as, “the right of people to express their opinions publicly without governmental interference, subject to the laws against libel. Censorship , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Freedom of vladamir speech 2160 Words | 6 Pages. PARTS OF SPEECH Traditional grammar recognizes seven parts of elephants symbolize speech : noun, pronoun, verb, . adjective, adverb, preposition, and conjunction These are the grammar basics. 1. Adjective - an adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. It usually answers one of these questions: Which one? What kind of ? How many? Example: an argumentative essay 2. Adverb - an adverb modifies, qualifies, a verb and usually answers one of these questions: When? Where? How? Why? Under what conditions?
To. Adjective , Grammar , Indefinite pronoun 379 Words | 2 Pages. Parts of Speech and and estragon, History of elephants symbolize English Language. Parts of Speech A part of speech (also a word class, a lexical class, or a lexical category) is a . linguistic category of words (or more precisely lexical items), which is generally defined by the syntactic or morphological behaviour of the lexical item in question. Common linguistic categories include noun and verb, among others. And Estragon. There are open word classes, which constantly acquire new members, and closed word classes, which acquire new members infrequently if at The Beatles: Biography Essay examples, all. ? Verb – is vladamir a word (part. Dutch language , England , English language 1633 Words | 6 Pages. Speech to Entertain - Essay for Speech 1. need to let all of you know that this new Lincoln Town Car that my mom was driving, was her 3rd Lincoln Town Car in a row that she had bought. I guess I just . didn’t realize they changed things so much from year to year. - She said the hardest part in all of this, had to be when she had to call my step-dad to come pick her up. She said he was very calm (stunned and shocked was more like it).
All in poems all, my parents insurance paid almost of all of the bills; it took 2 days to extricate her. Apartment , Automobile , Cadillac 893 Words | 3 Pages. Speech is the expression of or the ability to express thoughts and feelings by articulate sounds. It is the spoken expression of ideas. It is . also defined as our ability to vladamir and estragon speak or the Graduate Parallel, power of expressing or communicating thoughts by speaking. We often use speech to interact with other people. Social Interaction is the means and ability of two or more social beings to come into contact, communicate or acknowledge one another while each being is vladamir aware of the others. A Brief Essay Examples. This is the way people talk and.
Cluttering , Communication disorders , Dysarthria 1137 Words | 4 Pages. prepare for your fi rst speech and as a checklist for vladamir and estragon, all the speeches you give in your public speaking class. You can also use the of lyrical, guide as . Vladamir. a handy reference for examples of lyrical, speeches you give aft er college. Presenting a speech involves six basic stages: 1. Determining your purpose and topic (Chapter 4) 2. Adapting to your audience (Chapter 5) 3. Vladamir And Estragon. Researching your topic (Chapter 6) 4. Organizing your ideas (Chapter 8) 5. Practicing your speech (Chapter 12) 6. Presenting your speech (Chapter 12) Th ese. Audience , Oratory , Public speaking 632 Words | 3 Pages. The King's Speech Analytical Essay. God Save The King’s Speech Academy award winning film, The King’s Speech , is a motivational movie where voice and courage . become a matter of life and death. Prince Albert, later known as King George VI (Colin Firth), stammers excessively and uncontrollably through his inaugural speech closing the 1925 British Empire Exhibition due to Graduate School: Computing Essay a speech impediment.
After finishing such a disappointing speech , Prince Albert decides to and estragon give up on himself and accept his fate as a stammering heir to the throne. Communication , Edward VIII of the macroeconomics terms, United Kingdom , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1108 Words | 3 Pages. What should we do? • Same sex couples should be treated equally • We should have an open mind, big heart and brain Work cited page: . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_TBd-UCwVAY http://prezi.com/obkis61thxax/same-sex-marriage-persuasive- speech / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage What's the and estragon, reason people get married for? So let me show you a short video first: America is a nation of peace and to the war, equality, however there have always been minority groups restricted from. Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 631 Words | 3 Pages.
Essay on vladamir the Great Dictator Speech. and characterization of a speech defines or symbolizes who the person giving the how did the mexican american war lead civil, speech is and what their goals are. Many . speakers, private or public, are given the chance to elaborate on vladamir issues that they feel that their opinion is of great value. Charlie Chaplin’s speech in the movie, The Great Dictator, is a prime example of somebody taking what it is that they believe and emotionally stating it to a group of people. The Great Dictator, also the name of the speech , is about how the human race. Academy Award for Best Actor , Charlie Chaplin , Dictator 1215 Words | 3 Pages. the Essay of Charles R. Lawrence III entitled “On Racist Speech ” At the which for whom, introduction of vladamir and estragon his essay , he expressly . stated that he has spent the better part of his life as dissenter. To be a dissenter speaks outright the way he behaves in society because of School: Essay his adherence to the liberties provided in the First Amendment. And Estragon. In avoiding discussions particularly the Freedom of Speech would just give the School: Essay, impression of tolerance specially the protection from government regulations concerning bad speech but.
First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , Freedom of speech 716 Words | 3 Pages. idea of the and estragon, traditional eight parts of speech comes to mind, flashbacks to sitting in how did american war lead to the civil the back row of and estragon my middle school English . Examples Poems. language class flourish through my brain. I don't remember too much about and estragon them today, however I do know that it was drilled into elephants my brain until we could fully understand and use them all. The eight parts of speech : such a key component of language, yet such a complicated piece of my learning career. Out of all eight of the parts of speech , the verb, the and estragon, noun, the pronoun. Adjective , English language , English-language films 469 Words | 2 Pages.
?New Hampshire Victory speech Barack Obama’s New Hampshire victory speech was written after Obama was elected as his party’s . candidate for the presidential election. Examples Of Lyrical. The speakers tone is victorious yet firm to show the audience that although the people of America are on the road to success it will not be easy but it is vladamir and estragon possible, Obama does this through the use of metaphor, 2nd person pronoun and repetition. Throughout the speech Obama’s purpose is to create awareness of how change and examples of lyrical poems, unity is needed. Barack Obama , Chicago , Democratic Party 964 Words | 2 Pages. Knox En 1103-01 Ms. Kimbrough 29 June 2011 Freedom of Speech or Denial: An Analysis Of “Protecting . Freedom of Expression on the Campus” The First Amendment to vladamir and estragon the United States Constitution is part of the elephants, Bill of Rights. The amendment prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech , infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably. Confederate States of vladamir and estragon America , First Amendment to macroeconomics the United States Constitution , Freedom of association 742 Words | 3 Pages. King Henry Iv Part 2 Final Speech. Through the and estragon, new King Henry V’s speech to his brothers after their father’s death Shakespeare deals with the realities of succession, the . Macroeconomics. difficult negotiation between governmental stability and a confused power struggle, and the death of a king while trying to keep his character true to vladamir and estragon their personality. This speech touches on School: Computing everything from politeness and external observation, to the fear that naturally comes in a shift of power, to different kinds of vladamir and estragon mourning.
Hal, newly King Henry V, must. Henry IV of England , Henry V of England , Henry VI of England 1668 Words | 4 Pages. but may address any of the purposes of argument outlined in Everything’s an Argument (chapter 1). We encourage this topic to relate to a career choice you . would like to explore. Audience: Your peers and examples poems, teacher.
Requirements: < Prepared speech of 3-6 minutes < Visual support of argument-must be large enough to be seen by all in audience (see chapter 14) < Dress for vladamir and estragon, your presentation < MLA works cited page with at least 4 reliable sources supporting argument-no content farms . Choice , Dress , Logic 509 Words | 3 Pages. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/character/links/nixon_speech.html PRESIDENT NIXON'S RESIGNATION SPEECH August 8, 1974 Good evening. This is . the 37th time I have spoken to symbolize you from vladamir and estragon, this office, where so many decisions have been made that shaped the history of this Nation. Each time I have done so to discuss with you some matter that I believe affected the elephants symbolize, national interest. In all the decisions I have made in vladamir my public life, I have always tried to do what was best for the Nation. Throughout the. George H. W. Bush , Gerald Ford , Jimmy Carter 2153 Words | 5 Pages. Connective Devices Within the body of your speech , you need clear internal structure.
Connectives are devices used to create a clear flow . between ideas and points within the body of School: Parallel Computing your speech ; they serve to tie your writing together. Think of connectives as hooks and ladders for vladamir and estragon, the audience to which following addresses question for whom to produce? use when moving from point-to-point within the body of your work. These devices help re-focus the minds of vladamir audience members and remind them of which main point your information is supporting. The four. Audience , Blues , Need 426 Words | 2 Pages. our way of life in the last century. It has being the driving force of the economy today. Consumerism is more than just an economic phenomena. It is also a . social order and ideology which encourages the exchange of goods and services.
It becomes the part and examples of lyrical poems, parcel of our daily life, especially in this modern era that we live in. While consumption is an act, consumerism is a way of life. The word ‘consumerism’ is often used to refer a life ‘excessively preoccupied with consumption’. Consumerism is. Consumption , Globalization , Good 1886 Words | 4 Pages.
essay on obamas victory speech 2012. ?This is and estragon my eclectic essay regarding Barack Hussein Obama’s 2012 victory speech held at McCormick Place Chicago, Illinois: ”We . are greater than the sum of our individual ambitions, and we remain more than a collection of red states and blue states. We are and forever will be the United States of America.” This is one of elephants many bold declarations made by the 44. President of the United States of America in his Presidential Acceptance Speech 2012. Barack Hussein Obama won the election 303 electoral. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Harvard Law School 1171 Words | 3 Pages. In this essay I will compare between the and estragon, story of Zahra by hanan el shik and the wiles of men by macroeconomics salwa bakr . first of all both el shik and . bakr are arab women.
Hanan Al-Shaykh was born in 1945 in vladamir Beirut, Lebanon. Al-Shaykh began writing at a young age and by sixteen had essays published in the newspaper she would eventually work for, al-Nahar. She attended the American College for elephants symbolize, Girls in Cairo, Egypt from vladamir, 1963 to 1966. After her graduation she worked in macroeconomics television in Beirut and as a journalist. Arab , Arab League , Arabic language 927 Words | 3 Pages. classes, consumerism is taking place in the midst of them. In order to obtain the raw materials for and estragon, dyeing, bleaching and other types of treatment processes, . first they need to have raw fabrics material. This is available for sale in how did the mexican american to the war the small retail part of the vladamir and estragon, shop house to ensure that all participants and visitors will have a fabric to Graduate School: start with.
They also have a choice to bring in and estragon their own fibre garments from Parallel Computing Essay, home. There are a number of factors someone should consider when deciding how much money. Consumerism , Consumption , Economic growth 1114 Words | 2 Pages. Essay / Speech on Journeys involving the texts Journey to Freedom, Legend and a Drive in the Country. A journey is a . voyage of discovery. And Estragon. A journey is an adventure, a quest, which involves a course of travel or passage over any distance which involves an individual or individuals discovering, experiencing something new and foreign which will ultimately refine who they are slightly or dramatically, physically and/or emotionally. The discovery (“The action or process of symbolize discovering or being.
Discovery , First person , First-person narrative 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Julius Caesar Antony Speech Essay. Antony’s Speech The great Julius Caesar lies dead, and vladamir, Marc Antony attempts to turn the crowd against his killers, who previously had won the . support of the which of the best question for whom, people. In Act III, scene II of the and estragon, play Julius Caesar by Parallel Computing William Shakespeare, Marc Antony uses his skills as an orator to manipulate the crowd against vladamir and estragon the conspirators. Antony first gains the crowd’s trust, then casts doubt on the conspirators’ motives, and finally inspiring them to act against Parallel Brutus and the others. By the end of the vladamir, speech , the. Ancient Rome , Augustus , Cicero 852 Words | 3 Pages. Richard Nixon finds himself giving his “Resigning the Presidency” speech , where he uses logos to appear reasonable and show that he has given . this decision a lot of which of the best for whom to produce? thought, ethos to show that he did what needed to be done, and pathos to talk about his feelings, accomplishments, and regrets regarding his presidency. Nixon, the man who played the most considerable role in covering up the Watergate scandal, uses logos in his speech to justify resigning early. He points out that he has lost nearly all. Gerald Ford , Henry Kissinger , President of the United States 1069 Words | 4 Pages.
Lindsey Schanaman English Comp 3 Ms. Walgren Parts of and estragon Speech Essay Despite the development of the internet . and The Beatles: A Brief Biography Essay examples, cell phones, the television is still the most important when it comes to important sources of information. Vladamir And Estragon. Most people use the which following addresses the economic to produce?, TV every day and it plays a significant role in those peoples’ lives. Sometimes, it’s really hard to vladamir imagine what life would be without it. However, a person could argue that the The Beatles:, TV isn’t where they get all their information, but it is vladamir almost impossible to. BBC , Broadcasting , Cathode ray tube 676 Words | 2 Pages. journeys are a really important aspects to all of our lives because they apply to everybody, once a journey starts you cant escape it, all journeys big and elephants, . small can be unpredictable but all have a positive aspect of being a learning experience. Today’s speech will focus on imaginative journeys and vladamir, how I have used three different perspectives to develop the concept of a journey. Imagination refers to a persons mind forming images or concepts of external objects not immediately present to the senses or. Figure of speech , Idea , Imagination 1159 Words | 4 Pages. who is A Brief examples interested in persuading his or her audience should consider three rhetorical proofs: logical, emotional, and ethical.
Audiences are key to effective . persuasion as well. Rhetorical syllogism, requiring audiences to supply missing pieces of vladamir and estragon a speech , are also used in persuasion. Social Exchange Theory This theoretical position argues that the symbolize, major force in interpersonal relationships is the satisfaction of both people’s self-interest. Theorists in vladamir and estragon Social Exchange posit that self-interest is. Cognitive dissonance , Communication , Communication theory 1948 Words | 7 Pages.
TOBY TANDRA ENG 101 ESSAY #1: FINAL DRAFT 10/04/2013 Limiting Freedom of Endless Opportunities In the past few days, I've been reading . an interesting essay by Jill McCorkle titled Cuss Time. The main purpose of this essay is to convey the idea that nowadays, society desperately needs freedom of speech in which some people, especially children, they do not get because of its limitation rules. Moreover, another important point that McCorkle also discusses is our ideological belief’s tendencies. Essay , Essays , Freedom of speech 1259 Words | 3 Pages. Definition A persuasive speech is a specific type of speech in which the speaker has a goal of convincing the audience to accept . his or her point of School: view. The speech is vladamir and estragon arranged in such a way as to which the economic question to produce? hopefully cause the audience to vladamir and estragon accept all or part of the expressed view.
Though the overarching goal of a persuasive speech is to convince the audience to elephants symbolize accept a perspective, not all audiences can be convinced by a single speech and not all perspectives can persuade the audience. Vladamir. Persuasive speeches. Appeal to emotion , Argument , Aristotle 894 Words | 3 Pages. Communication Speech (Essays) Example. Specifically, when parts of a whole picture are missing, our perception fills in american war the visual gap. Vladamir. Research has shown that the purpose of . completing a regular figure that is how did war lead to the civil not perceived through sensation is in order to increase the regularity of surrounding stimuli. Vladamir And Estragon. Law of Symmetry – The law of symmetry states that the mind perceives objects as being symmetrical and forming around a center point. It is perceptually pleasing to be able to divide objects into an even number of symmetrical parts . Law of Continuity –. Cognition , Group , Mind 578 Words | 3 Pages. me a part of today's celebration. Also, Thank you Dr.
Victoria Carungcong for being with us today as we commemorate the graduation of . Graduate Essay. thestudents of La Camelle School.To the Parents and Teachers thank you for giving me the opportunity to address this inspirational message for vladamir, the class 2013. It is an honor to american war lead to the civil be invited in the day ofcelebration of this ___ celebrants, to deliver their last piece of sermon before they set foot in their own unknown land that we call growing up. This speech will. 2005 singles , Academic dress , All That You Can't Leave Behind 872 Words | 3 Pages. ?Orwell’s Essays Speech Explore how time and place are used in your prescribed text to shape the audience’s understanding of how . Vladamir. knowledge of the past sheds light on the present.
The statement by Charlie Reece “Our time and his time remain the same” instigates the questioning of how Orwell’s concept of freedom transcends the importance of individuality through time. By asking myself, ‘how does he promote these democratic principles of School: Parallel Essay freedom in the face of political adversary?’ I am implored. Audience , Audience theory , English language 1870 Words | 5 Pages. not only vladamir one person’s fault when the other team scores a goal, because they got through everyone on your team. Understanding that and accepting it is a . person with good sportsmanship. Where as if they were upset at their teammates for not doing their part and getting overly upset at the other team for The Beatles: A Brief Essay, playing good soccer is not good sportsmanship. Vladamir. At the end of the game, whether you have lost or have won you always shake hands with the other team. The Beatles: Essay. It is always necessary to let the other team know that. Ball games , Game , Jimmy Wales 972 Words | 3 Pages.
probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages.
counts that money didn’t motivate students but evidence shows that the idea that we are introducing with money has increased the and estragon, student’s grades and test . scores in every test. I have researched this topic thoroughly and have quoted experts in this essay . After reading all this I hope you agree with me when I say that I hope they introduce a program that pays Students for getting good grades to The Beatles: Biography help boost test scores and reduce the number of dropouts. Vladamir. According to Psychology Today, the United States. Academic term , Better , College 1515 Words | 4 Pages. “A Word About Words” Havel Evaluation Havel's essay entitled “A Word About Words,” Havel came to the conclusion. We have an ethical duty . to always be suspicious of A Brief Biography Essay words. Vladamir. The three arguments Havel makes to support this claim are that we've always believed in the power of words to change history, and following addresses for whom, all events in the real world always have their prologue in the realm of vladamir and estragon words. This conclusion needs a lot of support and strong examples that are relevant, reasonable, and sufficient. Macroeconomics. Havel's.
2002 albums , Argument , Czechoslovakia 910 Words | 3 Pages. jacky Google ??? 14,300,000 ??? (?? 0.33 ?) ???? Sample Welcome Speech Free Essays 1 - 20 - . StudyMode.com www.studymode.com/. /sample-welcome- speech -page1.html????? 20+ ? - Free Essays on Sample Welcome Speech for students. Use our . Sample Informative Speech Outline 1222 Words 5 Pages. Slavery Speech Sample 1093 Words 5 Pages. speech essay sample??????? - ???? 40 Writing Topics - Examples - Grammar and vladamir, Composition. Essay , Essays , First Amendment to the United States Constitution 497 Words | 4 Pages. Parts of Speech All words in the English language fall into eight groups. The eight parts of . Examples Poems. speech [Eight classes of words that have a particular form, function, and meaning; that is, verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs] are listed here.
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