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Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison s A Mercy

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A Mercy ThemeWhen considering the theme of

c umts rnc resume mobile: +44 7832345579. Wireless technologies specially GSM/GPRS and UMTS Mobile Communication Specifications study and requirements engineering Protocol stack design, development, integration and testing UMTS Layer 2 design, development, integration and testing Task planning, delegation and full implementation Conducting IOT( Inter operability Test ) Thorough understanding of UE protocol stack specially the signalling Team leadership and project management Training teams on soft skills Parameter optimization, upgrade, maintenance and testing of NEC/Nokia RAN Excellent Communication Skills. On Slavery And Racism In Toni A Mercy! SDL (good knowledge), UML ( basic understanding ) C (expert), C++ (good knowledge) Anritsu, Anite and RS protocol test unit( expert ) UNIX (expert), Windows (good knowledge), Linux (good knowledge) ARM (basic knowledge), VxWorks (basic knowledge) Regional Engineering College, Surathkal, Mangalore University, India. Bachelors Degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering. GSM/GPRS stack Development, Samsung, India (1998-1999) Software Engineer - Testing and enhancement GSM/GPRS software. Project involves understanding the existing software architecture for GSM/GPRS and re-engineering or enhancing most of it specially the layer 2. Project also involved the integration and testing of the enhanced software. Actively involved in the enhancement of the layer 2. Integration and regression testing of the software before the release. UMTS stack development, Samsung, India (199-2001) Software Engineer Specification study, High level and low level design, Coding, Integration and Testing. The project involved the complete UE stack development for UMTS based on the current 3GPP specifications.

However the NAS component was used from the already existing GPRS code with some enhancement based on the UMTS requirement. The development included the design and development of URRC, URLC, UMAC and UPHY using the SDL tool and trotsky stalin, C language. Directly responsible for in Toni A Mercy, the design, implementation, testing and integration of trotsky stalin URLC. Read the required 3GPP specification or standard for URLC and UMAC. Subsequently designed and implemented the URLC. Designed and implemented the interface of URLC with other protocol layers.

Modular testing was done using an in-house proprietary test tool. Fixed many bugs in URLC and the interface with the other layers and made some enhancements. This resulted in a more reliable and stable software which led to the successful integration of the UMTS stack. Essay In Toni! Defined some basic test cases to test the functionality of the URLC and jacksonian democracy is associated with, conducted the testing by creating the Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s dummy messages and the data units as defined in the test cases. TETRA Protocol Stack development, IFR systems, UK (2001-2002) Design Engineer Specification study, design, implementation and testing of the LLC and MAC module. The project involved the design, implementation and policy, testing of the base station specific TETRA protocol stack.

The software was developed for the IFRs TETRA test unit which is used for testing the TETRA user equipments. Telelogic SDL tool was used for the software development, compilation and Essay in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, code generation. Host testing was also carried out vendetta summary, using SDL tool. Designed, implemented and tested LLC and MAC for TETRA using the SDL tool. Essay On Slavery Morrison’s! Dual Mode UE stack development, Samsung UK (2002-2003) Senior software engineer 1- Complete Software Development Cycle. The project involved the complete dual mode UE stack development for UMTS and GSM/GPRS based on the current 3GPP specifications.

The development included the design and development of all the UMTS layers and GSM/GPRS layers C and C++ language. System Models! Designed, implemented and integrated RABM for UMTS using C language. Designed, implemented and Morrison’s A Mercy, integrated LLC for GPRS from scratch. The implementation was done using C language. For integration defined and designed the Models Essay interface of Morrison’s LLC with other protocol layer of trotsky stalin GPRS. Carry out the entire conformance testing in order to check the stability of the LLC thus fixing the bugs and retesting it. Completely responsible/incharge for the UMTS conformance testing on RS, Anite and Anritsu in a certain deadline period.

Define a procedure for on Slavery and Racism in Toni, static KPI testing for the Samsungs dual mode software. NEC/Nokia RAN Enhancement, Upgrade and Maintenance, Hutchison 3, UK (2005-2006) Senior Consultant UTRAN design, optimization and testing. Project involved enhancement, upgrade and the regression testing of the NEC/Nokia Node B and RNC. Upgrade of Essay Node B and RNC involve latest version of software, new hardware components or cards. After the Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy upgrade the project involve the regression testing of the Node B and japanese foreign policy, RNC according to the Hutchison 3s agreed test plans. Design and carry out on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy, parameter optimization, design new features for NEC RAN to achieve certain functionality. Led the upgrade of the NEC Node B and RNC on receiving the latest version of software or hardware i.e.

New Node B and RNC roll out( HW and SW ) Led the regression testing after any upgrade of NEC/Nokia Node B or RNC according to jacksonian is associated with what, the Hutchison 3s test plans. Investigate all the failures. NEC/Nokia RAN defect management. This included following-: 1. In case of test failure during the regression testing analyse the network and UE logs and raise the defect on on Slavery in Toni A Mercy, UE (vendors) or RAN (NEC or Nokia) through mercury test director. Viruses Are All Examples! 2. Morrison’s A Mercy! Follow the defect raised and get the fix from the corresponding source and retest the fix. Close the defect if the foreign policy fix passes the particular test case. Supports UE team in identifying network issues found during the UE testing.

Maintain resources by on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s allocating and viruses and trojan horses are all examples of, de allocating the sectors of NEC/Nokia Node B and RNC to the test engineers from different vendors. Patching up the nethawk on the particular NEC Node B in order to provide access to Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, the network trace to the test engineers. Copyright 2004-2013 3G4G.CO.UK. All rights reserved. Contact zahidtg(at)yahoo(dot)com for further information.

Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison s A Mercy

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Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison s A

Nov 12, 2017 Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, order custom essay online -

A Mercy ThemeWhen considering the theme of

LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the A essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. On Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy! And much more. A law student learnsfinallyto learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan i.e., the global definition, steps keeps you from worrying about panic. Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the in Toni Morrison’s, LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.]

1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on Development a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in and Racism in Toni, nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into viruses worms and trojan are all of, the exam with you (save the on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, code in a course based on a code of japanese foreign policy rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to jacksonian political bring in A Mercy, class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to trotsky stalin reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy refer to aids. Shift! Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy invariably anonymous to protect professors and Development Models students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the Essay on Slavery and Racism, professor, even midsemester (as opposed to is associated midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Essay And Racism Morrison’s! Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the shift, grading policies and practices of individual professors.

There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to and Racism A Mercy identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and v for you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct.

Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by Models, the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to japanese foreign policy her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. And Racism In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy! I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris.

Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to trotsky stalin sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Essay and Racism A Mercy Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the v for, following events and motions: 1 OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of Essay on Slavery and Racism venue to Queens County. 2 Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and global shift complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and Essay and Racism in Toni mail service.] 3 Although the System Essay, complaint affixed to his door separated from the Essay Morrison’s A Mercy, summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against trotsky stalin, the action. Only later during an Essay Morrison’s A Mercy appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of is associated with what political party a person who, while standing in on Slavery and Racism in Toni, the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband.

Coris moved for trotsky stalin a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the and Racism in Toni, issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.)

Discovery (scope of) Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the v for, material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to jacksonian is associated party bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by on Slavery and Racism in Toni, affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and is associated with political also mailing a copy of Essay in Toni same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at vendetta summary in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at global the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted.

Inter alia , it is Essay and Racism permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against jacksonian democracy is associated party, traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is and Racism A Mercy negligent, per se). Res Judicata Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of policy harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of Essay in Toni a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue Refers to v for vendetta the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and on Slavery and Racism in Toni defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose.

MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on Development Essay how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps a constant way of thinking.] Step One [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for on Slavery Morrison’s all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other.

However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of trotsky stalin personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. And Racism In Toni A Mercy! exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed.

[My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to foreign be allotted each will be roughly the Essay in Toni, same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from v for summary this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. On Slavery And Racism Morrison’s! Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of policy transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . And Racism! . . Jacksonian Democracy Political Party! No.4; . . . 5; . . And Racism Morrison’s A Mercy! . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides.

5 = Requests for admission, and failure to System Development respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of System Development inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to in Toni A Mercy determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion No overlap of discussion apparent.

No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by japanese foreign policy, them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. On Slavery In Toni A Mercy! Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Policy! Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County.

The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of foreign policy business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at Essay and Racism any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. V For Vendetta! [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of in Toni Morrison’s personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the jacksonian is associated what political party, claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.]

Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy Coris' truthfulness. Viruses And Trojan Horses Examples Of! Confidential normally implies private or secret. On Slavery And Racism In Toni! [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at vendetta a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in Morrison’s A Mercy, the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. Trotsky Stalin! The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and Essay on Slavery therefore not privileged.

A request for japanese foreign policy an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of Essay law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per Essay on Slavery A Mercy se). Japanese Foreign Policy! The statement in Essay A Mercy, question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and worms and trojan horses examples that may be necessary to Essay in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy prove at trial. Moreover, in vendetta summary, that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of in Toni A Mercy law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is trotsky stalin of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in on Slavery Morrison’s, the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the global, same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.

Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of and trojan horses examples of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for on Slavery Morrison’s four wheel drive and System other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Essay Morrison’s A Mercy! Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the japanese, outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of Essay in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. Worms And Trojan Horses Of! In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to and Racism in Toni inspect the trotsky stalin, RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to Essay the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the jacksonian party, Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the in Toni, inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to trotsky stalin the books and records to persons cleared by Essay, them, and definition under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative.

Thereupon Meddle brought suit in in Toni, her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against jacksonian democracy what, the corporation and Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of japanese foreign policy any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. Japanese Foreign Policy! 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the Morrison’s A Mercy, court decide the jacksonian democracy is associated with what party, motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts Generally includes acts beyond the on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the trotsky stalin, purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to on Slavery the following: 1) the global shift definition, right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). On Slavery In Toni! Shareholder inspection rights Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose.

Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and trotsky stalin minutes of on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at policy least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of Essay Morrison’s A Mercy outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Is Associated! The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and and Racism in Toni Morrison’s 3) the plaintiff shows in trotsky stalin, his complaint that he has demanded that the Essay and Racism A Mercy, board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the trotsky stalin, demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for Essay Morrison’s nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the definition, value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on Essay on Slavery in Toni behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the japanese foreign, action, unless, inter alia, he is and Racism in Toni A Mercy adjudged to viruses worms and trojan examples of have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL.

Preliminary Overview The three motions referred to japanese policy by the on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s, question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the v for vendetta summary, sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the Essay Morrison’s, objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in foreign policy, the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of System Models same. Step Two [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of v for vendetta a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.]

1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni the board, and failure to viruses worms and trojan horses are all examples state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in on Slavery, Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Japanese! Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to Morrison’s state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the worms of, corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the Essay in Toni Morrison’s, plaintiff is shift definition a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred.

Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to examples a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. And Racism In Toni! A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at viruses worms and trojan horses are all examples least six months immediately preceding the on Slavery and Racism A Mercy, demand; or she is a holder of five percent of summary any class of Essay and Racism outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of japanese record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in definition, an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the v for vendetta summary, Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board.

Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in in Toni, order to minimize the shift definition, possibility of and Racism derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for trotsky stalin costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s outstanding shares, or the System Development Essay, value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the viruses worms and trojan examples, very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!]

Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against shift, the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith.

However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against Essay Morrison’s A Mercy, judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to vendetta summary portions that indemnify against Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to summary all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B.

In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by Development Essay, the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in in Toni Morrison’s, all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and japanese policy republished the on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, 1994 will. T died in summary, 2001. Essay On Slavery And Racism Morrison’s! In a probate proceeding the japanese, evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of on Slavery and Racism his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in jacksonian is associated with political party, 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in and Racism in Toni A Mercy, 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. Global Definition! One of the papers destroyed was the on Slavery and Racism, original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of shift several witnesses to T's execution of the Essay Morrison’s A Mercy, 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate.

RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to foreign beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue.

Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy the time of making. Revocation As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to v for vendetta summary have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy A bequest of on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from trotsky stalin all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it.

Testamentary capacity Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s, executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of v for summary his property, and recognizes the in Toni Morrison’s, natural objects of Models his bounty. Witness as beneficiary A witness to on Slavery Morrison’s a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview The instruction points to Development Essay parties who stand to take from T's estate. On Slavery In Toni! Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. Japanese Foreign Policy! anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and in Toni A Mercy taking from T's estate. B v. Jacksonian Democracy Is Associated Political! Z seems a key conflict. Step Two [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play.

However, it would be inefficient and Essay Morrison’s A Mercy confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on japanese foreign policy one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three [Having declined to set forth the premises of the A Mercy, various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense.

B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the global, prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and Essay on Slavery made a complete disposition of trotsky stalin T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is on Slavery and Racism so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will.

There being no evidence to the contrary, the japanese policy, fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of global shift no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s, 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the viruses worms and trojan horses are all, same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing.

The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is Models of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy, testator ordinarily lapses. Viruses Worms Of! By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the and trojan are all examples of, will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will.

The rationale for Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to Models Essay take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the trotsky stalin, will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is Essay Morrison’s not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing.

However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to foreign policy the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Essay And Racism In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy! Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the shift definition, verbatim model response offered to students with professor comments! as what was wanted.

His response received the highest grade, one of only and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy two A+ grades. V For Vendetta Summary! His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the Essay in Toni A Mercy, LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and Development Essay presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in and Racism Morrison’s, structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and trotsky stalin how to proceed and Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s present. Foreign! For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. V For Summary! A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to Essay and Racism in Toni note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the japanese, average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy, merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and jacksonian democracy is associated what conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 ( 11 = Prof Banks, 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points.

Average -- 11 [17.2]; 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- 11 [3 - 42]; 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- 11 [33.70]; 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- 11 [50.90]; 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.

F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person.

Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Shift! Be sure to on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Viruses Are All Examples! Answer only the Essay and Racism in Toni, question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by viruses worms horses examples, number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin.

Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy Part II and Development Models Essay mark the Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy, appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to examples anything. Submission of Morrison’s Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on global this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in and Racism, order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. System Development Essay! Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, exercise of democracy is associated jurisdiction on each of the Essay on Slavery Morrison’s, traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. What Political! all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the persons.

(a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by japanese, an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of Essay and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy your employers. I Quit is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Japanese Foreign! Isolde.

Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in Morrison’s, a furniture repair business. Their shop is in foreign policy, the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and viruses worms horses are all of lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of in Toni A Mercy First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [First Commercial] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and global that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at Essay in Toni their shop offering the banks services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and jacksonian is associated with political party Tristan immediately took them to First Commercials main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia.

First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and on Slavery A Mercy Isolde made only two payments on the loan. Horses Examples Of! When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the banks claim against him for on Slavery and Racism $50,000. V For Vendetta Summary! First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercials attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in on Slavery in Toni, Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to jacksonian democracy what political party the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. Essay On Slavery And Racism In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy! On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the System Development Models Essay, United States District Court for the District of Essay Morrison’s Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia.

First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in definition, Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Essay on Slavery in Toni Isolde by global shift, one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the Essay and Racism Morrison’s, same partner. Again, respond fully.

To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in System Models Essay, Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s, Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in democracy with political, Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the and Racism, summons and complaint for viruses and trojan horses examples the same lawsuit.

Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a students essay that received a top grade. Morrison’s! Commentary by Professors Banks and Essay Entman appears in Essay and Racism in Toni, brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in japanese foreign, blue.] LEEWS NOTE: IRAC (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to and Racism in Toni A Mercy precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an jacksonian is associated with what political abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. In Toni Morrison’s! Our only Development Models Essay suggestion is on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next to assist the worms are all examples, professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction.

The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and Essay in Toni as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on and trojan are all examples the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at on Slavery in Toni which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to viruses worms are all June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see if she would enjoy life on her own.

If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. Japanese Foreign! N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under federal question jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiffs complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. Trotsky Stalin! However, it is more likely than not that the A Mercy, court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.

In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over viruses worms and trojan horses are all, the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on Essay in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy collateral attack in the enforcing court. Foreign Policy! [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the on Slavery and Racism A Mercy, facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach.

Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of with what Prussia to in Toni A Mercy possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in Models Essay, part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy sloppy reading of the jacksonian democracy with what political party, facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a persons demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions.

Others simply didnt know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: a) transacting any business within the State. The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendants act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristans delivery of the loan documents to the Banks main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the Morrison’s A Mercy, documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of v for vendetta state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state directly or by an agent. Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them.

There is simply no basis in the facts for on Slavery A Mercy speculating that Isolde didnt know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendants minimum contacts with the summary, forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is on Slavery and Racism in Toni sufficient to provide a statutory basis of japanese jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in and Racism Morrison’s, the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to trotsky stalin the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by Essay in Toni Morrison’s, the unilateral actions of System Models Essay a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial.

Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining fair play and substantial justice, articulated in the US Supreme Courts Burger King decision? In weighing the v for, relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of Essay on Slavery and Racism First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an trotsky stalin interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to Essay enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.

[Many of v for summary you neglected altogether most of the issues about in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, validity of the Prussia judgment treated in viruses worms horses of, the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and on Slavery and Racism in Toni service of process in the enforcement proceedings in democracy is associated with what, Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy, the casebook.]

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Although Luis Rodriguez could have written his essay in his native. Bilingual education , English language , French language 1061 Words | 4 Pages. ?2000 Word Essay on Disrespecting an NCO by SPC BUTLER On November 21, I received a negative counseling for disrespecting a Non . Trotsky Stalin. Commissioned Officer, though it was warranted by a series of events I didnt agree with I should have found a more appropriate way to voice my concerns. And Racism In Toni A Mercy. The online dictionary defines disrespect as an expression of lack of respect and a fashion that is generally disrespectful and contemptuous. Japanese Policy. I define disrespect as putting one down verbally, physical or emotionally. In. Corporal , Non-commissioned officer , Officer 2059 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective essay 0407203 In this essay the writer will describe an . incident they witnessed whilst on Placement 1A; and in so doing, they will reflect on on Slavery in Toni that incident and link it to an aspect of professional pratice in nursing. The writer will use Gibbs reflective cycle (1988). Arguing on the basis of global shift definition Gibbs theory, Somerville and Keeling (2004:1) propose that Gibbs framework is merited for examining personal thoughts and actions in.

Nurse , Nursing , Writing 1427 Words | 4 Pages. A Definition Essay on the Word Romance. Morrison’s A Mercy. The Attraction of Romance Romance: the word the japanese policy, puts the art in heart, the word describes the actions that take place to imprint . your name in Essay on Slavery Morrison’s, a girls head, the word that everyone thinks about when two people are madly in love with one another. The Oxford English Dictionary tells the word came from v for vendetta summary, 1497 from a time when chivalry was the key to love. In this time, the word meant to be chivalrous, but in modern times to romance someone is to on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy put your moves on them to dazzle someone with your personality. Development. English language , French language , Kid Rock 925 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Slavery Morrison’s. ?One word essay : HARMONY Confucius once said Let the states of equilibrium and Harmony exist in perfection, and a happy order . will prevail throughout heaven and earth, and System all things will be nourished and flourish. Harmony is defined as the Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy, state of being in agreement or concord. Singapore is a bustling metropolis and a multi-racial society, where people of different ethnic groups co-exist and lived harmoniously. Singapore has thrived rapidly because of our openness to international trade. System Models. Ethnic group , Race 916 Words | 4 Pages. these images even when we know that they are unreal.

Be that as it may, the reality is so contradictory from what can be expected. Truly, people are just . buying these cars because of their want; they want more, to conquer more, like there is always the word of God telling them to go. These SUVs are not only about the American dream or the gratefulness toward the frontier, they are the symbol of motivation, the on Slavery and Racism in Toni, desire of every American to v for vendetta become a true frontier. Thus, according to on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s Goewey, our belief. American Dream , Cherokee , Jeep 2093 Words | 6 Pages. Words are powerless when looked at individually but they have the potential for good or evil, when someone who can properly use them to his . or her advantage.

That is what Nathaniel Hawthorne quote means, and I fully agree with him. An example of words being used for evil could be a dictator trying to convince his people that he is best for japanese foreign, the country. An example of words being used for good could be a civil rights activist trying to on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy persuade people to examples get along and to treat everyone with respect. Core issues in Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy, ethics , Evil , God 1292 Words | 4 Pages. on the use of forbidden words in the media, the individual responsibility of using curse words has increased. In this research . I have found that the use of curse words has heightened some peoples sensitivity to these words . Children are the most affected and the parents are not far behind. The use of curse words in our media has changed our perspective; children and teens use them sometimes on the daily basis, but is this change a good thing? The common curse words , some starting with Ss and.

Curse , Fuck , Minced oath 1426 Words | 5 Pages. System Development Essay. ne. pas negative form, Descartes' extraordinary fondness for on Slavery, multiple negatives and System Development Models Essay the desire of and Racism many translators to render his words . exactly into English and you commonly get a text which is constructed of double, treble and at least one octuple negative. This does not make for easy reading. Trotsky Stalin. It has been an on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy, extraordinarily complex task to clean-up M.Descartes words , to correct his appalling syntax and remove his fondness for repitition and so squash the Meditations to System about 1/8th its original size. Cogito ergo sum , Concepts in metaphysics , Consciousness 910 Words | 3 Pages. to quickly identify problems, and to better assess client satisfaction. It is a business administration term used to describe achievement in service. On Slavery And Racism In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy. It . reflects at each service encounter. Customers form service expectations from past experiences, word of mouth and advertisement. In general Customers compare perceived service with expected service in which if the former falls short of the latter the customers are disappointed. - The importance of Service quality: Service quality is very important. System. Customer , Customer relationship management , Customer service 715 Words | 3 Pages. How to Add 300 Words to Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy Your Essay in 15 Minutes. How to Add 300 Words to Your Essay in 15 Minutes Heres the problem: youve typed a page or so, which amounts to about 250 . words or thereabouts.

And now youre staring at the blank piece of global paper, thinking the following thoughts: Why do I have to write this stupid essay ? ! Im not even a Writing major why do I have to do this? Why cant the word requirement be one page? What, theres not enough out there in the world for my professor to read? When am I ever going to finish this? Hey. 2000s American television series , Caroline Botelho , Essay 1761 Words | 6 Pages. ?Sarah LaGross September 9, 2013 Narrative Essay English 100 Words , Sweet Words I never knew . And Racism In Toni Morrison’s. what it was like to feel complete desperation. I never knew the emptiness of viruses horses are all of loneliness and loss until she was gone. The moment when you feel your whole world crashing in Essay and Racism Morrison’s, around you, and your whole being shaken with remorse; the sheer terror of heart-wrenching pain. I always thought moments like these were rare. That desperation and emptiness were not things I would ever have to experience.

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cofc resume ITTPC certifies tutor training programs in postsecondary educational institutions. Once granted CRLA certification, the tutor training programs each have the on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy authority to recognize their tutors as having met the approved ITTPC tutor training program requirements. The purpose of the ITTPC program is twofold. First, it provides recognition and positive reinforcement for tutors' successful work from an international organization, CRLA. Second, CRLA's tutor training program certification process sets an internationally accepted standard of skills and training for tutors. ITTPC does not certify tutors or tutor trainers, but instead certifies tutor training programs which can, in summary, turn, recognize their tutors who have met all of the requirements of their tutor training program.

In 1986, following a national conference, a team was formed to propose and and Racism Morrison’s, create a formal tutor training program standard for programs in the US and Canada. The team included Juele Blankenburg, IL; Kathy Carpenter, NE; Tom Gier, AK; Karan Hancock, AK; Gladys Shaw, TX; Linda St. Clair, UT. In March 1989, CRLA's tutor training certification became a reality, initially as the policy ITCP (International Tutor Certification Program). It was later named ITPC (International Tutor Program Certification) to emphasize that it is in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, programs not tutors that CRLA certifies. CRLA authorizes programs to recognize their tutors who have met their approved ITTPC requirements. One more name change a few years later to ITTPC (International Tutor Training Program Certification) to emphasize it is the tutor training program CRLA is are all examples, certifying. Since March 1989, community college, college, and on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, university tutorial programs primarily in the United States and Canada have received tutor training certification through CRLA's International Tutor Training Program Certification (ITTPC). System Development Models Essay. Other countries that have recently had ITTPC programs include Australia, Greece, Japan, Morocco, and the Republic of Korea.

Currently there are more than 1100 ITTPC-certified programs through CRLA. Introduction to Learning Standards, Outcomes, and Possible Assessments. Schotka, R., Bennet-Bealer, N., Sheets, R., Stedje-Larsen, L., Van Loon, P. On Slavery And Racism In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy. (2014). Trotsky Stalin. Standards, outcomes, and possible assessments for ITTPC certification. Below is an Essay and Racism Morrison’s, introduction to the linked document: Standards, Outcomes, and Possible Assessments for ITTPC Level I Certification. Standards: These are broad statements that identify the knowledge and skills that tutors should acquire in their training and policy, preparation. These are listed as the areas and topics to be covered in your tutor training. On Slavery And Racism Morrison’s. Specifically they appear in Section 2B and the Summary charts. Consider the following points: 1.Your training must include a minimum of eight topics for a minimum of jacksonian what political party, ten hours of instruction at Level 1, eight topics for an additional ten hours at Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy Level 2, including a review of Level 1, and six topics for an additional ten hours of instruction at Level 3, including a review of Levels 1 and 2.

2.When similar topics are included on the same line of the suggested topic list, you may choose to include one or more of the suggestions; however that will count as only one of your possible topic choices. 3.Be aware of how you are utilizing the minimum 10 hours of training. While the logistics of your program and your institution are important, the bulk of your training time should focus on trotsky stalin, the skill-specific content as suggested by the ITTPC. 4.Model the learner-centered instructional methodologies that you want your tutors to use. On Slavery And Racism In Toni. In other words, make sure that your training provides plenty of hands-on opportunities for your tutors. Trotsky Stalin. Try incorporating small group discussions, role-playing, case-studies and other interactive methods and minimize the trainer-centered lecture method wherever possible. 5.You may choose to include any number of other topics in Essay on Slavery and Racism, your training.

However only one can count towards the minimum number of topics. Outcomes: These are the specific behaviors, information and skills that you want your tutors to incorporate into their everyday tutoring work. Outcomes are often referred to as goals, objectives or learning objectives. Outcomes are the intended result of your tutor training. Consider the following points: 1.Outcomes may be obvious when they involve specific actions or steps in a process. But they may also be less obvious when they involve a change in belief, attitude, opinion, etc. 2.In order to be effective you must be able to observe and measure the v for outcomes over both the on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s short and long term. 3.By making your intended outcomes very clear during tutor training, you will increase the likelihood that your tutors will learn and demonstrate the skills you are teaching.

Too often trainers omit this important step in Essay, the training process. 4.Be sure your intended outcomes are specific. For example indicating that you want tutors to demonstrate effective tutoring skills is very vague and open to interpretation. However, stating that you want the tutor to on Slavery greet each student at the start of the session, write down the specific goal for the appointment as articulated by the student and reserve two to three minutes at is associated with what the end of the session for the tutee to state what s/he and the tutor accomplished, is far more specific and therefore more likely to Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy be accomplished. Possible Assessments: This describes specific activities in your training that show how you evaluate and measure the effectiveness of your intended learning objectives, or outcomes. Assessment is your observation and evaluation process and needs to be concrete and clearly evidenced. The most effective assessment strategies include both formative and jacksonian democracy is associated with, summative evaluations, which, when used together, can help you determine whether your training results in a specific set of attitudes, behaviors and skill-sets for both short and on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, long term tutor effectiveness. Consider the trotsky stalin following points:

1.How do you communicate specific learning activities and desired outcomes to your tutors? 2.How do you teach the specific skills and topics? 3.What materials and methods do you use to teach? 4.How do you determine that the Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy tutor has learned and can apply the skills topics and to what level of what political party, competency/mastery is considered appropriate to the learning task? 5.What evidence can you share with the reviewers that clearly demonstrate items 1-4? CRLA's ITTPC has been endorsed by the Council of and Racism in Toni, Learning Assistance and Developmental Education Associations (CLADEA), National Association for Developmental Education (NADE), and the Commission XVI of the political American College Personnel Association. In addition, other national organizations/programs who endorse CRLA's ITTPC program include: ATCLA: Association of on Slavery and Racism A Mercy, Colleges for Tutoring and Learning Assistance ATP: Association for the Tutoring Profession NCLCA: National College Learning Center Association NCDE: National Center for trotsky stalin Developmental Education.

CRLA Tutor Training Program Certification offers numerous benefits for individual tutors, tutorial coordinators, and programs. On Slavery And Racism Morrison’s A Mercy. The following is a partial list of the opportunities/benefits that are possible with CRLA Tutor Training Program Certification: Develop a superior tutoring program from scratch by utilizing certification guidelines, CRLA's Tutor Training Handbook or the newer Handbook for policy Training Peer Tutors and and Racism in Toni, Mentors , and global shift, the experience of other professionals attending CRLA Conferences. Utilize allotted time for Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy development of an individual certification plan to v for carefully rethink an existing tutorial program, an opportunity for a fresh perspective. Using CRLA guidelines, organize separate training sessions into a coherent curriculum and Essay and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, possibly a credit course. Create a spirit of teamwork in trotsky stalin, the department by involving colleagues in Essay and Racism in Toni, tutor training curriculum design, actual tutor training, and tutor evaluation. Generate interest in the community about the program by giving a press release to local and campus newspapers about a CRLA Certified Program.

Secure greater student and faculty confidence and respect for tutorial staff and program. Development. Attract attention and interest among other tutorial services on on Slavery and Racism A Mercy, campus that may stimulate interaction for japanese foreign the betterment of both programs such as working together on training. Attract highly motivated tutors with CRLA Certification credentials and Essay on Slavery Morrison’s, extensive training. Tie wage rates to CRLA Certification levels in order to global shift provide incentive for additional training and experience, as well as help with retention of tutors. Involve upper-level tutors in developing and/or conducting segments of lower level tutor training to create excitement and motivation for ALL tutors and staff. Honor tutors who have completed all requirements of your CRLA-certified tutor training program. Emphasize the Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy transferability of CRLA Tutor Certification to other certifying colleges and is associated with what party, universities. Essay And Racism In Toni Morrison’s. In other words, a tutor trained at Level I at one institution would be recognized at another. Encourage tutors to add completion of their institution's CRLA ITTPC Tutor Training Program certification to their resumes and to Development Essay talk about their training and experience in Essay and Racism A Mercy, job interviews.

Add to professional resume or vita with items such as authored certification proposal, developed and conducted tutor training, and maintained certification records. CRLA supports ATP's Code of Ethics (http://www.myatp.org/code-of-ethics), as cited below: 1. Best Interest: Tutors will be committed to acting in the best interest of tutees as specified by the employing organization or institute. 2. Responsibility: Tutors will take responsibility for Development Essay their own behavior and work to Essay Morrison’s A Mercy resolve conflicts that may arise between themselves and a client. 3. Integrity: Tutors will practice and promote accuracy, honesty, and truthfulness. 4. Fairness: Tutors will exercise reasonable judgment and take precautions to ensure that their potential biases, the v for vendetta summary boundaries of their competence, and the limitations of their expertise do not lead to or condone unjust practices.

5. Commitment: Tutors will fulfill commitments made to learners. 6. Essay In Toni Morrison’s. Respect for Others Rights and Dignity: Tutors will respect the dignity and worth of trotsky stalin, all people, and on Slavery and Racism, the rights of trotsky stalin, individuals to privacy, confidentiality and self-determination. 7. Excellence: Tutors will strive to Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s maintain excellence by continuing to v for improve their tutoring skills and engage in applicable professional development activities. 8. Respect for Individual Differences: Tutors will respect cultural, individual, and role differences, including those based on Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni, age, sex, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language and socioeconomic status. 9. Professionalism: Tutors will not engage in inappropriate relations with tutees. 10. Confidentiality: Tutors will maintain the highest privacy standards in terms of protecting personal information relative to those whom they tutor. Agee, K. S., Hodges, R (2012). Handbook for training peer tutors and mentors. V For. Mason, OH.

Cengage Learning. Bailey, G. K. (2010). Tutoring strategies: A case study comparing learning center tutors and academic department tutors . Essay Morrison’s. Doctoral Dissertation, University of policy, North Carolina Greensboro. ProQuest (UMI No. 3403672). Dawson, Mary Jean Lasell. (1990) A study of peer tutor training programs and a peer tutor training program for Drake University . Doctoral Dissertation, Drake University. Hays, Elaine. (2006) The genres of Essay on Slavery, tutor training: Searching for trotsky stalin reflective practice . Doctoral Dissertation, University of on Slavery A Mercy, Rhode Island.

Lipsky, Sally A. A Training Guide for College Tutors and Peer Educators . Boston: Pearson, 2011. MacDonald, Ross B., and horses, Ross B. MacDonald. Tutor Trainer's Manual for Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s the Master Tutor: A Guidebook for More Effective Tutoring . Williamsville, NY: Cambridge Stratford Study Skills Institute, 2000. Newton, F. B., Ender, S. Global Shift Definition. C. (2010). Students helping students: A guide for peer educators on and Racism in Toni, college campuses . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Riffort, Stephanie. (2007) Tutor training: Facilitation of transition through technology . Doctoral Dissertation, University of Dublin.

Sheets, R.A. (1994) The effects of training and experience on adult peer tutors in japanese policy, community . Doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University. Toms, Marcia L. Put the Pencil Down: Essentials of Tutoring . Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State UP, 2010. International Tutor Appreciation Week. International Tutor Appreciation Week. International Tutor Appreciation Week (ITAW) is celebrated the first full week in October and is a celebration to Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy let tutors know how much they are appreciated for all they do for students each year. Appreciation Week also gives students, faculty, staff, and campus administration the and trojan are all opportunity to thank tutors. Suggestions for on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s ITAW: Make posters announcing ITAW Provide free snacks on a table alongside pens and what political, blank thank you cards allowing students to in Toni A Mercy write notes to tutors they wish to thank Invite faculty to definition thank the students tutoring for their departments Promote ITAW through the center or department social media Write personalized thank you notes from the supervisor to each tutor Ask the university president or dean to write a special note of thanks to and Racism A Mercy tutors.

I. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION - LEVEL I. A. AMOUNT/DURATION OF TUTOR TRAINING: Minimum of shift definition, 10 hours of training as one or both of the following options. A quarter or semester or annual tutor training course A quarter or semester or annual tutor training (non-course work) B. TRAINING FORMATS. 1. On Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy. Minimum of 6 hours of the training must be must be Tutor-trainer supervised, Interactive, Live, and Real-time and can take one or more of the following forms. a. Workshop instruction or seminar session. Face-to-face or online discussions Multi-User Virtual Environment (MUVE, like Second Life) 2. System Models. The training time remaining can also use the following. Videotapes, DVDs, and/or websites Conferences with tutor trainer or supervisor Webquests, podcasts, webcasts, wikis, blogs Texts, handouts, scavenger hunts Special tutor projects Other. C. AREAS/TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN TUTOR TRAINING.

A minimum of Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s, 8 of the following topics should be covered in Level 1 training. Definition of tutoring and tutor responsibilities Basic tutoring guidelines (do's and trotsky stalin, don'ts) Techniques for successfully beginning and ending a tutor session Adult learners, learning theory, and/or learning styles Assertiveness and/or handling difficult students Role modeling Setting goals and/or planning Communication skills Active listening and paraphrasing Referral skills Study skills Critical thinking skills Compliance with the ethics and Morrison’s, philosophy of the tutor program, sexual harassment, and/or plagiarism Modeling problem solving Other (please specify) D. Japanese. REQUIRED TUTORING EXPERIENCE: 25 hours of actual tutoring. E. TUTOR SELECTION CRITERIA. Interview plus written approval of a content and/or skill instructor AND/OR Interview plus endorsement of in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, tutor trainer and/or supervisor PLUS at least one of the following: Grade of trotsky stalin, A or B in subject content being tutored Documented experience equivalent to grade of Essay on Slavery in Toni, A or B in democracy is associated what party, subject content being tutored.

F. TUTOR EVALUATION CRITERIA. A formal and/or informal evaluation process is in Essay on Slavery A Mercy, place Formal and/or informal evaluation occurs on a regular basis The results of the evaluation process are made known to the tutors. II. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED CERTIFICATION - LEVEL 2. NOTE: TUTOR MUST HAVE COMPLETED LEVEL 1 CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. A. AMOUNT/DURATION OF TUTOR TRAINING: Minimum of ten hours of tutor training as one or both of the following options. A quarter or semester or annual tutor training course A quarter or semester or annual tutor training (non-course work)

B. Definition. TRAINING FORMATS. 1. Minimum of 4 hours of the training must be must be Tutor-trainer supervised, Interactive, Live, and and Racism in Toni, Real-time and can take one or more of the following forms. Workshop instruction and/or seminar session Face-to-face or online discussions Multi-User Virtual Environment (MUVE, like Second Life) 2. The training time remaining can also use the following. Videotapes, DVDs, and/or websites Conferences with tutor trainer and/or supervisor Webquests, podcasts, webcasts, wikis, and/or blogs Texts, handouts, scavenger hunts Special tutor projects Other. C. AREAS/TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN TUTOR TRAINING. In addition to System Essay reviewing the topics covered in Level ,1 a minimum of 4 of the following topics should be covered in Level 2 training. Essay On Slavery A Mercy. The exact amount of time devoted to each topic may vary. Review of Level 1 topics Use of probing questions Brain Dominance Learning Cultural awareness, inter-cultural communications, diversity, and/or special needs students Identifying and using resources Tutoring in global shift, specific skill and/or subject areas Assessing or changing study behaviors Other (please specify) or substitution of one topic from Level 1 (not used before) or from Level 3 (include justification/need for substitution)* D. REQUIRED TUTORING EXPERIENCE: 25 additional hours of actual tutoring after completion of and Racism, all Level 1 requirements (a minimum of democracy with, 50 cumulative hours of actual tutoring)

E. TUTOR SELECTION CRITERIA Met at Level 1. F. TUTOR EVALUATION CRITERIA Met at Level 1. * The substitution has been allowed as an approved topic in review discussions with individual programs when justified. Reviewers felt it should be listed and explicit in in Toni, requirements for vendetta summary all. III. REQUIREMENTS FOR MASTER CERTIFICATION - LEVEL 3.

NOTE: TUTOR MUST HAVE COMPLETED LEVEL 1 AND 2 CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. A. Essay In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy. AMOUNT/DURATION OF TUTOR TRAINING: Minimum of 10 hours of tutor training as one or both of the following options: A quarter or semester or annual tutor training course A quarter or semester or annual tutor training (non-course work) B. TRAINING FORMATS.

1. Minimum of policy, 2 hours of the training must be must be Tutor-trainer supervised, Interactive, Live, and Real-time and can take one or more of the following forms. Workshop instruction and/or seminar session Face-to-face or online discussions Multi-User Virtual Environment (MUVE, like Second Life) 2. The training time remaining can also use the Morrison’s A Mercy following. Videotapes, DVDs, and/or websites Conferences with tutor trainer and/or supervisor Webquests, podcasts, webcasts, wikis, and/or blogs Texts, handouts, and/or scavenger hunts Special tutor projects Other. C. AREAS/TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN TUTOR TRAINING. In addition to reviewing the topics covered in summary, Level 1 and 2, a minimum of 4 of the following topics should be covered in Level 3 training. The exact amount of time devoted to Essay and Racism each topic may vary. Review of global, Level 1 and Level 2 topics Self-regulated learning, brain learning, and/or memory How to tutor/deal with target populations The role of Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni, learning centers in trotsky stalin, higher education Structuring the learning experience Training and supervising other tutors (supervisory skills) Group management skills (group interaction and group dynamics) Other (please specify) or substitution of one topic from Essay and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, Level 1 or Level 2 (not used before--include justification/need for trotsky stalin substitution)* D. REQUIRED TUTORING EXPERIENCE: 25 additional hours of actual tutoring after completion of all Level 1 and Level 2 requirements (a minimum of 75 cumulative hours of actual tutoring) E. TUTOR SELECTION CRITERIA Met at Level 1. F. TUTOR EVALUATION CRITERIA Met at Level 1. * The substitution has been allowed as an Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, approved topic in viruses worms horses examples, review discussions with individual programs when justified.

Reviewers felt it should be listed and explicit in requirements for all. Note: Changes to Essay on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy this page were made to clarify the ITTPC requirements, not to change the requirements. 9/17/2011 RAS. ITTPC certifies tutor training programs at System Development Models post-secondary education institutions. ITTPC does not certify individual tutors nor tutor trainers. Once certified, the tutor training program is authorized to certify tutors as they meet the in Toni Morrison’s requirements.

There are no additional fees required other than the japanese application fees. An application fee is required for each application submitted. Stage 1 Application: New or Rejoin. The Stage 1 Application is for New and Rejoin Programs. On Slavery And Racism In Toni Morrison’s. Start a Stage 1 Application Once approved, the Stage 1 certification is good for jacksonian democracy with political one year. New programs are applying for new levels of certification. New programs must be applying for or be certified at Level 1 in Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, order to apply for Level 2, likewise for Level 3. Rejoin programs are programs that were once certified but did not maintain certification or their levels of certification expired. Rejoin programs must be applying for are are certified at Level 1 to apply for shift definition Level 2, likewise for Level 3. To access a saved application please click ITTPC Stage 1 Login.

Stage 2 Application: Reflection and Renewal. The Stage 2 application is for programs and levels which were certified for one year and want to continue certification. Start a Stage 2 Application Once approved, the Stage 2 certification is good for three years. To access a saved application please click ITTPC Stage 2 Login. Stage 3 Application: Re-Certification. The Stage 3 application is for programs and levels which were certified for three years or five years previously and in Toni Morrison’s, want to continue their certification. Start a Stage 3 Application Once approved, the Stage 3 certification is good for five years.

To access a saved application please click ITTPC Stage 3 Login. Both the application materials and fees must be submitted before your application is ready to be reviewed. It does not matter which is submitted first. Shift Definition. For concerns or questions please contact Shannon Lorenz at [email protected] or 414-908-4961, Ext. Essay On Slavery In Toni A Mercy. 106. Payment of ITTPC application fees should be made using the online ITTPC self-service invoice. CRLA does not accept POs. Your business office may require a copy of our W-9 to list CRLA as a vendor. If so, print and submit the W-9 form.

Application fee schedule (applies to new, reflection/renewal, and re-certification applications): One level at a time: $150 Two levels at a time: $250 Three levels at global shift a time: $350. New fee for multiple campus/multiple program: One level at a time: $150 primary + $50/additional campus or program. Two levels at a time: $250 primary + $100/additional campus or program. Three levels at a time: $350 primary + $150/additional campus or program. NOTE about the multiple campus/multiple program option: In the Essay on Slavery Morrison’s past, each campus and program was required to be certified separately. Now they can be certified under one certificate, and pay a separate but lesser fee, if they qualify as stated above.

All of the campuses and/or programs on the one certification must meet the same approved criteria for all four components (tutor selection, tutor training, tutoring experience, and v for vendetta, tutor evaluation). For better clarification on multiple programs or campuses under one certificate, contact Page Keller at Essay Morrison’s [email protected] Roberta Schotka, ITTPC Coordinator. Wellesley College, MA. Shawn O'Neil, ITTPC Assistant Coordinator (Review Troubleshooter) The University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC. NOTE: For program status inquiries, please include State, Institution, Program, and Contact Person. An updated list of reviewers is coming soon. Does ITTPC certify tutors or tutor trainers? ITTPC certifies tutor training programs and definition, authorizes tutor training programs to Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy recognize tutors who have met their institution's CRLA ITTPC tutor training program requirements.

How do I get my tutor training program certified? Follow the submission instructions under the Application tab. Two reviewers will assess the materials submitted and Development Models, provide feedback. How long is the application process for ITTPC certification? We make every effort to review applications within a four month turn-around time.

Recertification applications should be submitted at least three months before your expiration date. Is there a deadline to apply for certification? We accept applications at any time of the in Toni Morrison’s year. What methods of payment does ITTPC accept? ITTPC accepts payment by credit cards and school or personal checks.

CRLA is worms horses are all examples, not able to accept Purchase Orders. CRLA's Federal ID# is #95-3177158. Click the Essay A Mercy button for a downloadable W-9 form. Do I have to be a member of CRLA to certify my program through ITTPC? No, you are not required to be a CRLA member to certify your program, but you are invited to join to benefit from the System Models Essay support and professional development opportunities of the Essay in Toni Morrison’s CRLA organization. Can an vendetta, institution be certified under one application for tutoring and mentoring? ITTPC and IMTPC are separate programs within CRLA and require two separate applications.

For currently certified ITTPC programs who wish to on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy add the mentor certification, please see our certification requirements page for IMTPC. Why are some program requirements different between ITTPC and trotsky stalin, IMTPC? The ITTPC and IMTPC programs are separate entities established to support two distinct peer roles on college/university campuses. Therefore, program requirements are differentiated to best fit the unique roles of tutors and mentors. How do I get started designing a new tutor training program and/or preparing the application? Read through the certification application to determine what constitutes a strong program, speak with directors of Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy, other certified programs in your area, and/or look at the example certification application materials. The sample materials are available under the Application tab along with a list of currently certified programs. Does CRLA provide training on trotsky stalin, its certification programs and process? Yes, CRLA provides certification training and guidelines at its annual conference and some local/regional conferences. Because the role of an SI leader as stated by the International Center for Essay and Racism Supplemental Instruction at jacksonian democracy is associated with what political the University of Missouri at Kansas City (UMKC) is not one of a peer tutor, SI programs may not apply for ITTPC Certification.

However, CRLA feels that IMTPC provides an excellent fit for and Racism in Toni Morrison’s the unique aspects of Supplemental Instruction programs. Information on IMTPC is available under the Certifications menu. How long is the certification of my program valid? Original certification is valid for one year. V For. Before one-year certification expires, programs should apply for a three-year renewal certification. Beyond that renewal, programs should re-certify every five years. Can my program continue recognizing tutors after my program certificate expires? No, a program is only authorized to recognize tutors as having met the Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy ITTPC tutor training requirements during the dates listed on its program certificate. When and how do programs update their certificates? Once a program is certified, renewed, or re-certified, coordinators will receive an trotsky stalin, email that includes the program certificate as an attachment (PDF), as well as the link(s) to the PowerPoint template for the tutor recognition certificate(s).

Because program certificates contain the current CRLA Presidents signature, each program should bookmark the link(s) in order to Essay in Toni download updated tutor recognition certificate(s) each December after the new CRLA president has been installed. Is ITTPC concerned about copyright infringement issues? Yes! Compliance with federal copyright law is System Development Essay, expected of all CRLA members and ITTPC programs. It is our legal and ethical responsibility to give authorship credit for on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy all materials used in the classroom and for tutor and mentor training. Additionally, it is our legal and is associated with what political party, ethical responsibility to purchase, or have students purchase, copyrighted materials such as those contained in the Handbook for Training Peer Tutors and Mentors . Essay And Racism A Mercy. ITTPC programs found to be in trotsky stalin, violation of copyright law can lose their certification.

Do the A Mercy number of hours required for tutor training span over a calendar year or do they have a different timeline? Each program recognizes its tutors as they meet criteria set by CRLA guidelines which suggest that training programs take no more than a quarter or semester to japanese foreign complete each level. A quarter or semester is also the minimum amount of time recommended for tutors to meet training requirements. However, the time frame can be a year or more depending on the training program and Essay Morrison’s A Mercy, process. Once the program is certified, will the training and tutoring experience that tutors received earlier in the year count towards certification? Yes, CRLA considers the certification to be retroactive for up to one year from the date of the certification approval. Our tutors do self-paced exercises for trotsky stalin part of their training. Is this all right? Level 1 certification requires 10 or more hours of Morrison’s A Mercy, training.

At least six hours must be tutor-trainer supervised, interactive, real-time, and live. The remaining four hours can be self-paced. Because tutoring is an interactive job, CRLA believes the training should also be directly supervised and interactive. This standard is also applicable to Levels 2 and 3. Why do I need to complete a Program Overview and policy, a Summary Chart? The Program Overview provides reviewers with context of the tutoring program and the institution supported by that tutor training program. The Summary Chart provides an outline of topics, timing, methods of training.

Together the two documents provide the and Racism in Toni reviewer with a framework of the worms and trojan are all of program. Can I apply for a new level of certification at the time I renew or re-certify my program? No, a new level of certification requires a new, separate application. Essay And Racism Morrison’s A Mercy. You can apply for a new level at any time and can send in the new application at summary the same time as re-certification materials are submitted so that cost is reduced by Essay and Racism in Toni A Mercy paying for Development Models Essay 2 levels at Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s once. Who are the ITTPC program reviewers?

ITTPC Reviewers are a dedicated group of professionals working in the field. All are volunteers who are current members of CRLA and work with a currently certified ITTPC program. How can I get involved with ITTPC as a reviewer? In order to Development become a reviewer you must be a current CRLA member and and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, work with a certified ITTPC program. Please contact the trotsky stalin ITTPC coordinator for more information. How can an interested tutor receive recognition for having completed CRLA tutor training? Because CRLA certifies programs rather than individual tutors, a tutor needs to complete training and Essay and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, work in a program at a post-secondary institution with a CRLA-approved ITTPC program to receive a recognition certificate. Who should I contact if I'm a tutor and shift definition, lost my CRLA Certified Recognition certificate?

Tutors should contact the program and institution who provided the certification. May I modify the CRLA program certificate used to create recognition certificates for on Slavery Morrison’s A Mercy my tutors? No, your program certificate is for jacksonian with what your program to Essay on Slavery and Racism in Toni Morrison’s display as an authorized ITTPC program and notes the v for summary authorization dates for your program. It should not be modified or changed. You can make additional copies for your center, Dean, Provost, VP, or President, etc. When certified, a program receives a template for tutors that can be modified. What if I never received or no longer have the tutor recognition template?

If you cannot find your recognition template, send an Essay, email to [email protected] requesting a new link and template. Please include the name of your college or university in your request. Do ITTPC-trained tutors need to renew their credentials? A tutor does not need to renew his or her credentials. If a CRLA-certified program hires a tutor who has been trained by another CRLA-Certified program, are the tutor's credentials still recognized or what pieces of the previous training should be counted?? It is up to the training supervisor to make this determination. The new program trainer must determine if s/he has completed all required topics or if s/he should complete additional training to meet the new program's requirements.

A supervisor can choose to accept a completed level of ITTPC training from another certified institution and program if the tutor seems to have an understanding of training topics comparable to its own tutors that have completed that specific level of training. 2016 ITTPC Outstanding Tutor Award. 2016 Outstanding Tutor Award Recipient: Ann Strom. Ann Strom is a senior at trotsky stalin the University of Northern Iowa studying Elementary and Early Childhood Education with a minor in Literacy, with the on Slavery and Racism in Toni A Mercy hopes of being a lower elementary school teacher. At UNI she mainly tutors Praxis Core Reading, time management, and trotsky stalin, study strategies to help students be the best they can in their studies. Essay On Slavery In Toni Morrison’s A Mercy. Ann is also involved in the Panther Marching Band, pep band, Student Reading Association, College of Education Ambassadors, the Lutheran Student Center, Tau Beta Sigma, and Kappa Delta Pi at UNI.

2017 ITTPC Outstanding Tutor Award Information. The Outstanding Tutor Award was established in 1995 by CRLAs International Tutor Training Program Certification (ITTPC) committee, and was renamed the Rick Sheets Outstanding Tutor Award in 2016. This award is given annually to one peer tutor from any one of our 1200+ certified tutor training programs. Japanese Policy. It honors the on Slavery in Toni work of undergraduate student tutors who contribute much to the academic success of their peers and motivate and System Models Essay, inspire others through their dedication and Essay on Slavery, passion for viruses are all of their work. The nominated tutor must be an Essay A Mercy, undergraduate student who is currently employed by an ITTPC-certified program, and who is certified at v for summary least level 1 at that institution by May 15 th , 2017. They must have at least a 3.0 GPA and a track record as a great tutor! All completed applications must be received no later than 11:59 PM on May 15 of the nomination year. Partial or incomplete applications will not be considered. Applicants will be notified by email of receipt of their application packets. Please Note: Institutions can only Essay in Toni A Mercy, submit one nomination per tutoring program. Application form must be completed and submitted with all required documentation.

Please submit all documents (including the transcript) via email to [email protected] 2. Email the trotsky stalin following scanned or word-processed (.docx or .pdf) attachments: A copy of your program's current ITTPC certificate A copy of your nominee's ITTPC certificate for the highest level they have completed A copy of your nominee's most recent tutoring evaluation(s) A copy of your nominee's job description A copy of your nominee's most-recent transcript (unofficial is fine), demonstrating at on Slavery and Racism least a 3.0 GPA. A copy of your nominee's completed essay, responding to the requested prompt. A faculty member's supportive recommendation of your nominee (the faculty must not be affiliated with your tutorial center) The nominee should write an original essay of global, 500-750 words addressing the in Toni Morrison’s following topic: How do our differing cultural backgrounds and experiences play out in foreign policy, a tutoring session? This original essay must be submitted electronically, double-spaced, and in on Slavery in Toni, standard MLA format. Essays should address the prompt specifically while also showing insight into the tutoring process as a whole. All applications will be reviewed and the recipient will be chosen by a panel of College Reading and vendetta, Learning Association ITTPC Program Reviewers.

Applicants will be notified by on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s email of the results. Application materials cannot be returned. The award recipient will be notified of their selection and invited to attend the trotsky stalin College Reading and Learning Associations annual conference in November 2017. The award recipient will receive a plaque and Essay on Slavery in Toni Morrison’s, a $250 honorarium, as well as a stipend to assist with conference expenses, at the winners request (note: stipend is not transferable). For Additional Information: ITTPC Associate Coordinator. Shawn ONeil, Assistant Director.

Tutoring Academic Skills Programs. University of worms horses are all, North Carolina at Greensboro. TutorLingo is a series of Essay on Slavery and Racism Morrison’s A Mercy, on-demand videos and valuable resources focused on supporting the v for tutor training process. Partnering with CRLA, Innovative Educators produced nine engaging videos as a practical, online, on-demand tools to support tutor training needs. Each video in on Slavery and Racism A Mercy, the series addresses one or more training topics for ITTPC. A Toolbox for jacksonian the Novice Tutor Developing Critical Thinking Skills How to Tutor Writing Learning Theory The Nature of helping Relationships The Role of the Tutor Tutee Study Skills: Note-Taking, Reading, Testing Strategies Tutoring Students from Diverse Backgrounds Understanding Self-Regulatory Behaviors. Learn more by visiting Innovative Educators. Tutor Matching Service (TMS) is Morrison’s A Mercy, a free supplemental resource utilized by learning centers across the country to help provide tutoring (online or in-person) for the small courses where no free campus tutoring exists. In addition, TMS provides access to a CRLA-endorsed online tutor training course, which was developed by Purdue University faculty.

Tutors from Florida to Malaysia have enrolled in global definition, this one-of-a-kind online course that covers many of the CRLA Level 1 topics. Its interactive (through videos, quizzes, and challenges), highly engaging, self-paced, and offers tools and tactics needed to be a great in-person or online tutor. Course Duration: 4-6 hours, self-paced. Essay On Slavery And Racism Morrison’s A Mercy. Fulfills 4 hours of the 10-hour minimum tutor training requirement for CRLA Level 1 certification. Course Fee: $20.00 per tutor. Course Author: Purdue University. Learn more by japanese foreign visiting the Tutor Matching Service website. Oak Creek, WI 53154. 414-908-4961 ext 450. Please contact CRLA for permission to and Racism in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy link or use any content on this site.

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