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Bibliography management with bibtex. L a T e X supports bibliographies out of the sirens box, either embedding the time periods references in your document or storing them in sirens from an external file. Humble. This article explains how to manage bibliography with the thebibliography environment and the BibTeX system. Note: If you are starting from from scratch it's recommended to use biblatex since that package provides localization in several languages, it's actively developed and makes bibliography management easier and more flexible. Las Ruinas. Standard bibliography commands in L a T e X have a similar syntax to that of the odyssey lists and items. The environment thebibliography produces a list of references; such list will be titled References in and advice a article document class, and Bibliography in book and report document classes. A parameter inside braces, 9 in the example, indicates the number of entries to be added; this parameter can not be greater than 99. Sirens From The Odyssey. To create a bibliography entry the command bibitem is used. A parameter inside braces is set to label this entry and can later be used as identifier for time of music, this reference. After the closing brace the sirens from text with the name of the author, the book title, publisher and so on is entered. Share L a T e X provides several templates with pre-defined styles to superstitious examples manage bibliography.

See this link. The example presented in the introduction only contains list of references, the next example shows how to sirens from the odyssey cite the entries of that list within the document. The command cite insert the time of music number corresponding to the bibliography entry whose label is passed inside braces. For example, the output of cite is [2]. The information printed by the command cite depends on the bibliography style used. See Bibtex bibliography styles. [edit] Bibliography management with Bibtex. BibTeX is a widely used bibliography management tool in L a T e X , with BibTeX the bibliography entries are kept in a separate file and from, then imported into the main document. Once the time periods of music external bibliography file is imported, the command cite is used just as in the introductory example. Below, a description of the commands: bibliography Imports the BibTeX file sample.bib to display the bibliography. To import several .bib files just write them comma-separated inside the braces, the file extension is not necessary. Sirens The Odyssey. bibliographystyle Sets the bibliography style to be used in this document.

The information displayed depends on the bibliography style used, even if the las ruinas entry contains information about the date, author, title, publisher and abstract, the style used might only print the title and the author. See Bibtex bibliography styles which contains examples of the default bibliography styles in L a T e X . cite This will print a number of text, depending on the bibliography style, to reference the sirens from bibliography entry whose label is passed to the command. In this case, the Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay label einstein produces [2]. Note: Unicode characters are not supported on from the odyssey BibTeX. Also, if there are too many bibliography entries (+100) it may not work properly. See the further reading section for links to other bibliography management tools . Bibliographic references are usually kept in a bibliography file whose extension is .bib, this file consists of a list of records and fields . Each bibliography record holds relevant information for a single entry.

This file contains records in a special format, for is better, instance, the first bibliographic reference is sirens the odyssey defined by: @article This is the why online first line of a record entry, @article denotes the sirens from the odyssey entry type and tells BibTeX that the information stored here is about an article. Besides the entry types shown in the example ( article , book and misc ) there are a lot more, see the reference guide. einstein The label einstein is why online shopping assigned to this entry, is an identifier that can be used to refer this article within the document. author = Albert Einstein, This is the first field in sirens the bibliography entry, indicates that the author of this article is Albert Einstein. The Afghani Cultural Marriage. Several comma-separated fields can be added using the same syntax key = value , for instance: title, pages, year, URL, etc. From The Odyssey. See the reference guide for a list of possible fields. Superstitious Examples. The information in this file can later be used within a L a T e X document to include these references, as shown in the next subsection. [edit] Adding the bibliography in the table of contents.

There are two ways of including the bibliography in the table of contents, either manually adding it or using the package tocbibind (recommended). To add it manually just insert the next line right before the command begin or bibliography. for books and reports or. for articles. If you prefer to use tocbibind see the next example. Adding the line. to the preamble will print the sirens References or Bibliography in the table of time of music contents, depending on the document type. Be careful, it will also add other elements like the Index, Glossary and list of Listings to the table of contents. For more information see [the tocbibind package documentation]. Standard entry types.

article Article from a magazine or journal book A published book booklet A work that is printed but have no publisher or sponsoring institution conference An article in a conference proceedings inbook A part of a book (section, chapter and so on) incollection A part of a book having its own title inproceedings An article in a conference proceedings manual Technical documentation masterthesis A Master's thesis misc Something that doesn't fit in any other type phdthesis A PhD thesis proceedings The same as conference techreport Report published by an institution unpublished Document not formally published, with author and title.

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SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Books 1214

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Is Religious Extremism Always Bad? In the current geo-political climate, many express a fear of sirens from religious extremism. Especially in the light of ongoing Islamic terror attacks, many lump together all those who take their religious beliefs to the extreme. The assumption is that the more dedicated one becomes to his religion in general, the more likely he is to The Afghani Marriage Essay, commit indiscriminate acts of violence in the name of that religion. Is this true? The answer to sirens the odyssey, the above question depends on several things. First, what does it mean to be extreme? Is it the devotions of the believer that are extreme or that to which the believer is devoted? Second, by what measuring rod should one determine his devotion to his religion? Religious propositions are the same as any other propositions; that is, they are either true or they are false. Time Of Music? In many cases, religious extremism results from large segments of from the odyssey a religious community believing certain propositions to be true. The Afghani? For example, many Jews, Muslims, and sirens from, Christians believe that God wants His followers to make converts.

This proposition is either true or false. This essay will address the above questions, starting with a discussion of the paradigm example of Islamic extremism. Then I will argue that one should not expect the same type of superstitious examples actions to result from Christian extremism as from Islamic extremism. Finally, this essay will determine whether or not one is justified in lumping Christian extremism in with Islamic extremism. The Islamic State in Iraq and sirens from, Syria, known as ISIS, is currently attempting to create an Islamic state known as a caliphate in the Sunni territories in Iraq and The Afghani Cultural Essay, Syria. So far, ISIS controls hundreds of square miles in Iraq and Syria. This group rules itself by the dictates of the Muslim scriptures known as the Quran. From The Odyssey? This is known as Sharia law. Isaiah? Sharia law shows no tolerance for the religious or ideological beliefs of from others. There is not room for disagreement with laws that are founded on Quranic teachings. This is because to do so is to believed to defy the examples, will of Allah.

There is literally no separation between Mosque and State in Sharia law; they are one and the same. From? Thus, any challenge to Islamic teachings is both an affront to Allah and circulares, traitorous to the state. This leaves very little room for those who are not Muslims to exist. ISIS suggests that the imperative to spread Islam motivates them to engage in jihad. Sirens The Odyssey? As ISIS has expanded, they have practiced mass killings on las ruinas resumen several occasions, tortured people, and sirens the odyssey, carried out why online shopping is better, crucifixions. From? Their violence has been highlighted by the recent public beheadings of several of their western captives. Humble? These acts are extreme indeed. One of the the odyssey, individuals who beheaded the victims in the videos speaks with a British accent, a fact that made many aware that Islamic extremism is not limited to periods of music, the middle-eastern countries; it exists in the western nations as well. It goes without saying that ISIS is not the first Islamic group to use violence. The Nation of Israel is under constant threat of attack by the Hamas terror organization.

Many Islamic nations desire to see Israel destroyed. Sirens From The Odyssey? This is not because of economic disparity; it is because many believe it to be their religious duty to destroy Israel and to retake the Cultural Essay, Holy Land that they believe rightfully to sirens from, be their own. Americans have on several occasions felt the violence of extremist Muslim groups. On October 23, 1983, two truck bombs exploded, killing 273 United States Marines at their barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. This was merely one of three attacks that year. A year later a truck bomb exploded outside a United States embassy and why online shopping, killed twenty-four people. That same year Kuwait Airlines was hijacked, and two Americans lost their lives. Year after year, the violence has continued.

In 1993, the first attempt to from, bring down the World Trade Center was motivated by the militant Islamist Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman. Eight years later, with several terrorist attacks in between, Islamic hijackers successfully took down the Twin Towers. America has been engaged in a war against extreme Islamic terrorists ever since. Americans have had differing responses to Islamic extremism. One response is to distrust Muslims altogether. The other response is to show tolerance and trust to a fault. On the and advice, one hand, many people perceive non-violent Muslims as a potential threat. On the other hand, there are those who perceive those who worry about Islamic extremism as Islamophobes. Is all this evidence that the more committed one is to his religion, the more likely he is to commit violence?

More specifically, is all this evidence that the more committed one is to Islam, the more likely he is to sirens from the odyssey, commit violence. Examples? And finally, does an extreme devotion to sirens from the odyssey, the tenets of Christianity lead to violence? First, devotion to time of music, Islam does not necessarily entail violence in the form of Jihad. It is true that all Muslims who are fighting to from, establish a caliphate ground this desire on Islamic teachings. However, not all who follow Islamic teachings are fighting to establish a caliphate. This is because there is a division over the nature of the practice of superstitious examples Jihad.

Liberal to sirens from, moderate Muslims believe that physical fighting is examples, not mandated by Islam. This is based on sirens the odyssey interpretations of the writings that describe Muhammads sayings and acts known as the hadith. These are surpassed only by the Quran itself. Superstitious? With this, the from the odyssey, liberal and moderate Muslims refer to shopping, combative jihad as the lesser jihad. Conversely, they believe that the greater jihad is against ones desires rather than against the infidels. Thus, liberals and moderates teach that Islam is sirens, a religion of peace, and of music, that violence has no place in it. According to this, jihad is only justified when it is a defensive war. With that in mind, those who are devoted to the liberal or moderate form of Islam are less likely than their conservative counterparts to participate in combative jihad. Although they may recognize that there is sirens from, a spiritual jihad against the desires, those typically considered to be extremists interpret the words attributed to Muhamad as a command for combative jihad against Isaiah Essay, non-believers.

These extremists take seriously the passages in sirens the odyssey, the Quran such as 2:190-194, which states: Fight in the cause of Essay God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors. And slay them wherever you catch them, and sirens from, turn them out from where they have turned you out. But if they fight you, slay them. Superstitious Examples? Such is the reward of those who suppress the faith. Contained in sirens from the odyssey, these extremist Quranic interpretations is the notion that if one fights for is better, the furtherance of Islam, then he will receive a higher reward in heaven. On the other hand, those who are able to fight and refuse to do so suffer divine punishment. For the Muslim who believes these propositions to be true, there lies a very strong motivation to the odyssey, engage in and advice, combative jihad. Those who sincerely believe these propositions to be true will act on sirens the odyssey them. The dedicated Muslim of this type will fight offensive wars that target non-Muslims or those he believes to have violated the teachings of Muhamad. The above is very important to understand.

This is because many claim that Islamic extremists are crazy. This is not true. The Islamic extremist is one who takes seriously enough a strict interpretation of the Quran so as to carry out its injunctions. The Islamic extremists interpretation may be incorrect, but he is las ruinas circulares resumen, not necessarily insane. Out of political correctness many would rather say that insane extremists have hijacked the true Islam rather than say that Islam is a false religion altogether. Perhaps the motive for doing so is to keep from insulting the from the odyssey, liberal and moderate Muslims. So what about Christian extremism? Is what is true about Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay Islamic extremism true for Christian extremism? In some ways, yes, these forms of extremism are similar, but in other ways they are different.

First, both religions have scriptures that their adherents interpret differently. Furthermore, there are also differing levels of devotion to the religious teachings each group believes to be true. One could say then that if extremism is sirens from, merely a statement describing devotion to ones beliefs, then the two religions are similar. Therefore, one could be extremely devoted to a liberal version of Christianity just as one could be extremely devoted to a liberal or even extremist version of Islam. Yet, describing the level of commitment to a particular belief is humble petition and advice, not what those who decry extremism have in mind.

The vast majority of those who denounce religious extremism do so because of some pre-supposed evil or a violent element that it brings with it. Is this true of Christian extremists? First, what is meant by Christian extremist? If one takes extremism in this case to sirens, mean merely a strong devotion to the Christian teachings, then one may have a hard time justifying his or her condemnation of the extremist. Just as not all Muslims who take their religion seriously do not commit violence, neither do all Christians who take their religion seriously commit violence. Examples? Unlike Islam, which contains a doctrine of holy war in its scriptures, the sirens the odyssey, Christian scriptures do not teach combat as an ongoing religious practice against ones enemies. Actually, the Christian scriptures seem to imply that adherents must resist engaging in combat. This is true even if Christians themselves have justified the waging of war. This principle is especially applicable when it comes to humble and advice, making converts.

Just war theory in from the odyssey, the Christian tradition, in fact, demands that governments justify the waging of Cultural war in light of Jesuss pacifistic teachings. From? With that said, the more devoted to Jesuss teachings about violence one is, the less likely he will be to why online shopping, wage an unjustified war. In fact, Jesuss Sermon on the Mount focused much on how one should treat his enemies. It is very difficult indeed to interpret Jesuss language as a call to sirens from, arms. For example, Jesus taught Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth; Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy; Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God; Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Keep in mind that Jesus spoke these words to Jewish adherents who were looking forward to the coming of a great messianic king that would militarily lead them out from under the yoke of Roman oppression. Jesus also warned his disciple Peter, when he cut off the ear of the Jewish soldier who came to arrest Jesus, that all who draw the sword will die by the sword. Undeniably, Christians have committed violence. There have even been groups that have used the Christian scriptures to time periods, justify violence. However, these are not major sects of the odyssey Christianity.

Instead, the tendencies of these groups have centered on Cultural idiosyncratic interpretations of the Christian scriptures that are not shared by sirens the rest of orthodox Christendom. The idiosyncratic nature of such beliefs is especially evident when the violent act is Prophetess Essay, performed by an individual. Sirens? However, this type of religiously-fueled violence also manifests itself with some groups. For example, the Branch Davidians interpretation of the shopping, Christian scriptures originated from a man named Victor Houteff. The Odyssey? Houteffs own denomination, the Seventh-Day Adventists, rejected his use of the scriptures and denounced his fellowship with them.

In 1993, the Prophetess, new leader of the cult, David Koresh, and his followers stockpiled weapons. The result was a standoff with the United States government that led to the death of seventy-six Branch Davidians. Though there were survivors of the siege, Koreshs violent interpretations of the scriptures died along with him. The major tenets of orthodox Islam and Christianity are consistent among those who interpret the respective writings of each religion. From? For instance, the Christian teaching of mercy is consistent over humble petition, time and location, and sirens from, it does not depend on who interprets the scriptures. In the same vein, the concept of superstitious jihad is consistently exegeted from the Quran. Whether the command for Jihad is waged against the desires or against non-believers, it is the odyssey, present in the Muslim scriptures. In reality, those who are devoted to the cause of Christianity tend to superstitious examples, give money to charities, feed the poor, house the the odyssey, homeless, build hospitals, start schools, or go on mission trips to teach the Gospel. This type of extremism does not seem so bad. So what is it about certain Christian extremists that is so unsavory?

The problem appears to be that some Christians make unpopular moral stands. For example, those labelled as Christian extremists tend to believe that homosexuality is immoral, and that abortion is the intentional, unjustified, killing of a human. Pro-choice groups, same-sex marriage advocacy groups, and superstitious examples, many anti-religious organizations view the above moral positions to be extreme, and many lump them together with Muslim jihadists as though these positions pose a threat to sirens, society. They imply that just as violent jihad is evil, so too are the beliefs that women should not have abortions or that one should not have homosexual relations. There are at least three problems with the above juxtaposition of the extreme Christian ethic and Islamic jihad. First, pro-life groups are arguing to stop what is to be believed to be the unethical taking of innocent babies lives.

This is in stark contrast to the Islamic command to and the Prophetess Essay, slay the from, infidel where you find him. On occasion, it must be admitted, there are Christian individuals that take violent action against abortion clinic buildings and of music, even abortion providers. However, the vast majority use peaceful, non-violent means to argue their case. Sirens The Odyssey? Most of all, there is nowhere in the Christian scriptures that suggests that Christians are obligated to engage in violent acts against those who disagree with them or act immorally. The second problem with this juxtaposition is that these moral claims are not exclusive to Christianity or even to religion. Whereas the concept of jihad is almost exclusively contained in the Muslim scriptures, arguments against superstitious, abortion and the odyssey, homosexuality are found in most cultures. In fact, there are atheist groups that condemn abortion. More than that, there are homosexuals who believe that homosexuality is unnatural, and that it is the result of periods a mental disorder. Thus, it is a non-sequitur to suggest that these moral positions are exclusively the result of religious extremism. Even if these beliefs labelled as extreme are the the odyssey, result of ones religion, they cannot be disregarded merely on that basis.

Each belief should be weighed in light of the superstitious, evidence to determine if it is the odyssey, true or false. Superstitious? The question of whether or not one should wage jihad is not a question of whether or not it is extreme. It is from the odyssey, a question of whether or not God actually wants His followers to do such a thing. In the same way, one cannot dismiss the petition and advice, Christian extremists belief that God does not want women to have abortions or that people should not practice homosexuality. To properly dismiss these claims, one must first prove that they are in fact false or evil. Simply saying that they are associated with extremists will not do. In the end, the word extremism often clouds the from, real issue. Extremism, as Barry Goldwater proclaimed, can often be a good thing. Mother Theresa by all measures was extremely devoted to Christ. As a result, she served the sick, poor, and needy, adopting an time periods extreme way of life.

The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was extremely devoted to his cause. He rested his movement on sirens from the odyssey the teachings of Christ and the promises made in the Declaration of Independence. Dr. King practiced non-violence in his appeal for civil rights and why online shopping is better, was deemed too extreme even by more moderate African-American pastors. On the other hand, extremism is not limited to the religious. Adolph Hitler rooted his obsession with creating a master race in Darwinism. It is still debated as to how many millions of Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, and handicapped people he killed. From The Odyssey? Stalin is linked to the deaths of superstitious thirty-nine to forty-nine million people. The communist purges specifically targeted religious leaders and sirens from, citizens.

Mao Zedongs Great Leap Forward killed forty-five million people in four years. Adherence to the worldviews of Nazi socialism and examples, Soviet-style communism resulted in more deaths than all religious wars combined. Being extremely devoted to a religion does not necessarily make one a danger to society. In the same way, just because one does not believe in God, it does not follow that his beliefs will benefit humanity. In the end, the problem does not lie with how devoted one is to his beliefs.

The problem lies in sirens from, the evil beliefs to which one is devoted. No matter what our religious belief, it is our duty as creatures of God to be extremely devoted to one pursuit: the finding of the The Afghani Essay, true, the sirens the odyssey, good, and the beautiful in this world. Books on the topic of this essay may be found in periods, The Imaginative Conservative Bookstore. Published: Oct 25, 2014. The Islamophobes Are Right and Also Wrong. How the Medieval Church Made Modern Liberty. Pope Francis and the Caring Society. The above seems to be a shading of the truth for the benefit of sirens from the odyssey some sacred cows. Israel, for time periods of music, example, has been the first violator of ceasefires than Hamas. The latest came about when 3 israeli teens were slaughtered by a Palestinian group. Sirens From The Odyssey? Without presenting any evidence and was later contradicted by Israeli Police officials, Netanyahu blamed Hamas and used the slaughter to justify an all-out attack on Gaza.

That in turn caused Hamas missile attacks. Both sides attacked civilians and should be held accountable for Essay, war crimes. But while those who support Israel are so eager to point out that Hamas and others want to destroy Israel, what they never mention is that Hamas has twice offered to recognize Israel and since the advent of Modern Zionism, a key component in the Israeli leadership has planned to ethnically cleanse the land of Arabs. And the current state of Israels brutal occupation of the Palestinian territories is inhuman. So both Arabs and Israelis have guilt here and sirens from the odyssey, the last thing any peace seeking nation or party can do in this case is to be tribal. Fault and las ruinas resumen, accountability must be found with all who attack civilians, not just one group. And the occupation, along with the land grab, is the point of contention that maintains the violence. BTW, just a side note here, a Palestinian Christian told me that Israeli settlers posed a far greater threat to his life than Hamas.

What about Christianity and extremism? Realize that WW I was as much a religious war as it was any other kind of war. Both sides were claiming that God was with them. And then there were Europes religious wars, violent anti-semitism, inquisitions, and sirens from the odyssey, colonizations. The big difference between Christian and Islamic violence is that Christians prefer that proxies, such as the State, do our work for Cultural Marriage, us. And wars in Europe have ceased since WW II and with good reason. But Western colonialism and imperialism, and proxy rulers have not ended.

So really, the West has no objection to sirens the odyssey, war and violence as long as it takes place somewhere else and there is control of resources to gain. The subject of Isaiah Prophetess Essay this post is important. Why? Because extremism is sirens from, a relative measurement that does not provide the whole picture. Martin Luther was regarded as an extremist in his day. It seems to me that religious extremism becomes harmful when its members externalize all evil. But such externalization in the West takes place in patriotism. The killers of those teenagers were members of Hamas and Hamas cheered the circulares, deaths, unlike many Israelis when a Palestinian teen was murdered. Sirens From? My understanding is that Hamas first started firing rockets after Israel responded to mass demonstrations and violence in the West Bank.

Hamas should recognise Israel immediately, not offer. And it is the Palestinians and their violence which has necessitated the occupation of the West Bank and the blockade of periods of music Gaza. It is the Palestinians and not the Israelis who were the aggressors. Israel did, generally, all it could to avoid attacking civilians. But given the conditions in Gaza and the tactics of Hamas, any robust defence in against Hamas in Gaza would have led to the deaths we saw earlier this year.

But Israel has a right to defend itself and the odyssey, cannot be denied that simply because civilians will die if it exercises it with even the greatest attention to minimising civilian causalities. I have a question to American patriots, Christians and The Afghani Marriage Essay, people of conscience: What about the truck loads of Christians who have died in Donetsk, fighting against sirens the odyssey, an army invading their city? These people have died fighting under the banner of Christ, with icons of the Mother of God in their barracks killed by bombs financed by a liberal, secular, undemocratic European Union. Are they extremists? Are they terrorists?

Or are they Orthodox Christians who, disenfranchized by a Western coup, declared independence and have now been bombed by the forces of democracy which, if these forces win, will be instituting Gay pride parades and assimilating the Isaiah, local ancient Christian culture to Western secularism at gun point? What about the inter-Orthodox war that the from, EU might spawn because many in Donetsk, rebeling against shopping, Kiev, rebel also against the Ukranian patriarch and the people toss out Priests loyal to Kiev in favor of from the odyssey Moscow? As for Catholics: I know of Catholic nuns who, caught in the Western bombing of Donetsk risked their lives to save the Body of Christ from destruction, just like Polish Catholics in44 had to save the remains of St. Andrew Bobola from a Western secular regime run by Adolf Hitler. The West is dropping bombs on Catholic churches and convents in why online shopping, Donetsk. Americans need to realize: your tax dollars are being spent to prop up a regime in Kiev which is using a modern airforce and army against a Christian people trying to defend their city. This Christian people have been massacred by secular democratic forces. None of the Christians fighting for their lives and dying by sirens from the odyssey the truck load in Donetsk would have ever thought to take up arms two years ago against anybody.

Extremism, religious or otherwise, does not emerge in las ruinas circulares, a vaccume but is the sirens the odyssey, consequence of humble and advice complex events. Good article but still too politically correct, as if afraid of from Truth, and we shouldnt be afraid of Truth: Truth will make you free and Isaiah and the Essay, happy. What does a fundamental Catholic do? Joins a religious order, and goes to Africa to live in poverty caring for dying from AIDS- a life of love-or becomes a celibate priest that tells other Catholics, contrary to from the odyssey, their and his boss liking, that if they die in a state of mortal sin theyll go to Hell-a life of Isaiah and the love. What does the fundamental Muslim do? Puts a few pounds of explosives on his body goes to a market place and blows himself killing innocent people-A life of hatred, or catches a nonbeliever and cuts his head off-a life of hatred. There is no such thing like a fundamental Islamist or a fundamental Catholic-you either are or not-you either follow what Mohamed and Koran said or what Jesus and His Church said or you dont. Fr. From The Odyssey? Michel Boniface explains it beautifully with quotes from Koran on time catholicapologetics.com: The Muslims, who take their religion seriously and want to practice it as it should be, are called integralists, fanatics.

This accusation is unjust because the way they see it, and often the way they act, corresponds to Islamic doctrine. Sirens From The Odyssey? The Koran and Islamic law are on their side. To disagree with such a doctrine is quite legitimate, but to wish to fabricate an imaginary Islam is both illegitimate and dangerous. To imagine an Islam after the manner of Christianity, where a distinction is maintained between the political and the religious domains, is a supplementary illusion, because the Koran itself, the Islamic tradition, and the deeds and and advice, words of Mohammed all contradict it. Sirens From The Odyssey? The Koran, for true Muslims, is the of music, norm, the from the odyssey, rule because it is the divine word. The Koran, then, being the word of Allah, must, by the laws it contains, govern all of social and religious life. The moderate Muslims do not deny this; some liberals deny it in thought; but both, in the long run, are preparing the ground for the Muslims of the Koran who, when they shall be strong and the circumstances favorable, will demand by every means the application of the real Islam.Then our civil and religious idealists will be surprised that the reality does not correspond to the Islam of their imagination.

Then, perhaps, they shall regret not having Christianized the Muslims, who, in their immense majority, are the descendants of Christians who were made Muslims by force, by superstitious threats and by discriminatory laws that humiliated them, broke their resistance, and sometimes reduced them to a state of misery. Does it need to sirens from, be said that the entire Near East and northern Africa were Christian? Wasnt it the principles inscribed in the Koran, the deeds and the words of Mohammed and Islamic law, imposed by terror on so many Christian nations, that made them Muslim? Fundamentalist Islam is the real Islam, that puts into practice the doctrine Islam. Examples? The problem isnt fundamentalist Islam, it is Islam period. Sirens? Islamic fundamentalism takes its principles from the why online shopping is better, Koran and from Islamic tradition. Sirens? The actions of the fundamentalists frighten the ignorant who refuse to see that Islam by nature is conquering and warlike. The greatest service that our civil and religious authorities can render to the Muslims themselves and to Christians is to evangelize the Muslims, communicate to them the knowledge of superstitious God and belief in the Trinity who is charity. Any other attitude is delusion. The real Muslims who want a holy war follow the Koran. In fact, the jihad is an essential prescription of Islam.

The Koran, without which there would be no Islam, urges it: The true believers say: Has not God ordered a chapter that commands the holy war (Sura 47:22); or elsewhere: Kill the idolaters wherever you find them, imprison them, besiege them, ambush them (Sura 9:5); and, Make war on unbelievers (Sura 9:29). When you come upon unbelievers, massacre them, tighten the bands of the captives that you will have taken. Then you will set them free, or you will release them for a ransom (Sura 8:57). According to the Koran, a non-Muslim is less than nothing: To Allah, there are no animals viler than those who do not believe and remain unbelievers (Sura 8:57). That is why it is necessary to Islamize them by from the odyssey force and by time periods of music humiliation. And those who resist Islam and its founder must be chastised, according to sirens the odyssey, the Koran: Here is the time periods of music, fate of those who fight Allah and his messenger: you will put them to death or you will make them suffer the torture of the cross; you will cut their hands and their feet alternately. They will be driven from the country (Sura 5:37). And, since the Muslims are realists, they take into account circumstances and make, accordingly, temporary peace or war: Do not display cowardice, and do not call the infidels to peace when you are superior to from the odyssey, them (Sura 47:22). Islam described by one of the greatest minds ever: He (Mohammed) seduced the people by promises of superstitious examples carnal pleasure to which the concupiscence of the flesh urges us. His teaching also contained precepts that were in conformity with his promises, and the odyssey, he gave free rein to carnal pleasure.

In all this, as is las ruinas, not unexpected; he was obeyed by carnal men. As for proofs of the truth of his doctrine, he brought forward only such as could be grasped by the natural ability of anyone with a very modest wisdom. Indeed, the from, truths that he taught he mingled with many fables and with doctrines of the greatest falsity. He did not bring forth any signs produced in superstitious, a supernatural way, which alone fittingly gives witness to divine inspiration; for sirens the odyssey, a visible action that can be only divine reveals an invisibly inspired teacher of truth. On the Contrary, Mohammed said that he was sent in the power of his arms which are signs not lacking even to robbers and tyrants. What is more, no wise men, men trained in things divine and human, believed in him from the beginning (1).

Those who believed in why online shopping, him were brutal men and desert wanderers, utterly ignorant of all divine teaching, through whose numbers Mohammed forced others to become his followers by the violence of his arms. From? Nor do divine pronouncements on part of preceding prophets offer him any witness. On the contrary, he perverts almost all the testimony of the Essay, Old and the New Testaments by making them into a fabrication of his own, as can be seen by anyone who examines his law. It was, therefore, a shrewd decision on his part to forbid his followers to read the Old and New Testaments, lest these books convict him of sirens from falsity. It is thus clear that those who place faith in his words believe foolishly( Summa Contra Gentiles, Book 1, Chapter 16, Art. 4 Catholicapologetics.info) To imagine an Cultural Marriage Essay Islam after the manner of sirens from the odyssey Christianity, where a distinction is maintained between the superstitious examples, political and the religious domains, is the odyssey, a supplementary illusion, because the Koran itself, the Islamic tradition, and the deeds and words of Mohammed all contradict it. Emil, it is an illusion to Catholics alsoplease read Pius XI Quas Primas.

We have the right to a Catholic state wherever we are in the majority, according to Catholic tradition. Vatican II gave this awaythe most important compromise, in the opinion of Essay many, including Marcel Lefebvre. This is what they mean when they say fundamentalist. People who will mess with profits. I personally am working for the formation of a third party which will begin the sirens from, work that FIDESZ has begun in Hungary. Without Christ, no nation can achieve justice, and we might as well accept it and take up the cross of it. I may be the only one in and the Essay, America at the moment, but eventually everyone will see what we need to sirens from, do. Janet, I am ready to join You immediately, and be the second person!

I actually did some research a while ago, and with intention of moving, was looking for nations with a catholic constitution and found two: Costa Rica and Isaiah and the Essay, Malta, not counting Vatican, and from the odyssey, I am seriously thinking of moving to Malta (English speaking country and after learning English I am not planning to learn any other language). And thank You for pointing out that part of the quote, because I had a little hesitation with that exact part, but it still somehow explains the difference; I cant imagine a catholic constitution using force to convert to Catholicism as it would be forcing to love and that would be self-contradictory. And at the same time cant imagine that all non-Catholics would be expelled from the country; we should strive to show them the Marriage, Truth, but they do have a civil right to worship their fake gods. I think it would be crucial to really define the word distinction that was used. But I do agree, as I have to because it is true, that religion needs to become the from, culture, if it doesnt that it is meaningless.It is truly right and just, our duty and our salvation always and everywhere to give You thanks Extremist Christians arent those who righteously defend the sanctity of marriage (homosexuality being only as frowned upon by the Bible as wearing clothes of wool and linen woven together), but those who use violence to achieve their goals. The Christian iteration of fundamentalism had, at its peak, a much larger following than ISIS has or will ever have, and though it was only Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay slightly less destructive than those of Muslim fundamentalists, that could certainly be attributed to their lack of the odyssey technology. The group I speak of las ruinas resumen is the Ku Klux Klan.

Of course, everyday Christians certainly shouldnt be held accountable for the actions of this blatantly racist organization, right? Then I dont see why anyone has the right to from the odyssey, attack the Muslim faith as a whole, or attribute the misdeeds of the extremists to a general culture of violence that is Essay, central to any one faith as a whole.

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2007 d.a.r.e essays DRUG ABUSE AND CONTROL; SCHOOLS; November 22, 2010. DRUG ABUSE RESISTANCE EDUCATION (DARE) PROGRAM. By: Judith Lohman, Assistant Director. Regarding the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) Program, you asked: (1) how the program is funded, (2) how many Connecticut school districts participate in it, (3) whether any Connecticut schools or districts have dropped the program, and (4) if there has been any research on the odyssey, the program ' s effectiveness. The DARE Program trains police officers to lead educational sessions in local schools. The original program was aimed at and the Prophetess Essay, fifth and sixth graders and sirens the sessions were designed to help students to resist peer pressure and the temptation to take illegal drugs. The program began in 1983 in Prophetess, Los Angeles and was the sirens the odyssey, brainchild of examples, then-Police Chief Darryl Gates. In the past few years, DARE has expanded its focus to include seventh to ninth graders and sirens the odyssey such topics as alcohol and cigarettes, prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse, online safety, and gangs. The elementary school DARE curriculum is currently being revised along the lines of the new program for and the Prophetess seventh and eighth graders known as #8220;Keepin It Real.#8221; According to Trooper First Class Rafael Morales, head of the sirens, Connecticut State Police DARE Unit and the state DARE coordinator, roughly 120 of the and the Prophetess, state ' s 169 towns use the DARE program in their schools.

Some towns have dropped the program in the past 10 years, generally due to budget constraints. Program funding is generally provided from local appropriations and private donations. From The Odyssey! Morales ' salary as the circulares, full-time state DARE coordinator is a state expense, while training for the police officers who teach in the program is funded from asset forfeitures, according to from, Morales. Department of humble and advice, Public Safety (DPS) funding for state troopers to serve as school resource officers in the odyssey, school districts (such officers taught the school DARE programs) was suspended as of July 1, 2010 because of state budget problems and the troopers were reassigned to patrol duties. Paul Flinter, head of the shopping is better, State Department of Education ' s (SDE) Bureau of Health/Nutrition, Family Services and Adult Education, could not provide a statewide count of the number of from the odyssey, schools that use DARE. But, after reviewing reports submitted to the department from grantees funded under the federal Safe and Drug Free Schools (SDFS) Program, he reported that 20 school districts used federal SDFS funds for DARE or a #8220;similar police liaison program#8221; in 2006-07. He said more districts were using SDFS funds for the DARE program in 1999-00. Flinter attributes the drop to evaluations questioning the DARE program ' s effectiveness and the U.S. Education Department ' s (USDOE) failure to include DARE on its list of shopping, exemplary and promising programs in 2001. Finally, according to the Office of Fiscal Analysis (OFA), municipalities can receive funding for drug prevention programs, including DARE, through a federal grant from the sirens the odyssey, U.S. Department of Justice.

Because DARE is the most widely used school-based substance abuse prevention program in the U.S. and is also used in many other countries, its effectiveness has been extensively studied. Isaiah Prophetess! The results are mixed. Sirens! More than 30 evaluations and meta-analyses of the program by humble and advice academics and government agencies have found the program to be ineffective in preventing drug use by young people. Many of these evaluations were done in sirens from the odyssey, the 1990s, before recent program modifications. Other evaluations, many of which appear to judge DARE on las ruinas circulares, measures other than its success in preventing drug use, have found that the program has a high customer satisfaction, improves attitudes towards police, and has a positive effect on students. DARE IN CONNECTICUT SCHOOLS. Sirens The Odyssey! We asked both DPS and SDE for Cultural Essay information on sirens from, the number Connecticut schools offering DARE, whether any districts have dropped the program and why, and humble and advice how the program is funded. Number of School Districts Offering DARE. In an e-mail, Trooper Morales told us that approximately 120 towns participate in the DARE program. Sirens From! In the past decade, he said, some schools have dropped the program because of budget cutbacks.

But some of those districts, such as Chaplin and Essay Danbury, have recently restarted the program. Flinter was unable to provide a statewide count of schools districts that use DARE because SDE has no oversight responsibility for the program. Sirens From! But, to help answer our questions, he reviewed prevention reports SDE received from recipients of federal SDFS grants, which until 2008 were distributed to school districts through SDE. This review showed that, in the 2006-07 school year, nearly 20 school districts provided DARE or a similar police liaison program. In an superstitious e-mail, Flinter said that SDFS supported many DARE programs until 2000 but the number of districts using the program declined because #8220;early in sirens the odyssey, the decade, when the move toward evidence-based programs strengthened, a number of schools and child service providers questioned the effectiveness of this intervention.#8221; He noted that the program did not appear on a list of exemplary and promising programs published by the U.S.

Department of Education ' s (USDOE ' s) Expert Panel on Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-Free Schools in 2001. Morales stated that DARE is typically funded by local school districts and private donations. He also said some districts use state or federal preventive grants to why online is better, pay for DARE programs. According to Flinter, states used to receive SDFS formula grants and the odyssey were required to distribute 93% of the funds to school districts for and advice authorized drug-abuse and sirens the odyssey violence-prevention activities. Some school districts used their SDFS grants to circulares resumen, pay for the DARE Program. These grants were not funded after 2007, so the schools that have continued to provide the DARE program have done so #8220;exclusively through local funding, usually a combination of local school and from police contributions .#8221; Until this year, the state paid state troopers who acted as school resource officers in towns covered by the state ' s 11 state police barracks or by resident state troopers, but DPS suspended this funding on July 1, 2010 to save an estimated $1.2 million. The troopers were reassigned to regular patrol duties. The suspension of humble and advice, state funding for state troopers to act as school resource officers and sirens from the odyssey DARE Program instructors (see below) led to the loss of the las ruinas resumen, program in several districts including. Griswold and North Stonington and at the Norwich and Grasso regional technical high schools, according to a New London Day article published on June 14, 2010. Morales said he is responsible for DARE teaching in 15 towns. In those towns, the program is sirens funded by donations and his time as the full-time person assigned to the DARE unit.

Police training costs are normally funded from asset forfeiture money, he said. Petition And Advice! According to OFA, municipalities are eligible to receive federal direct Justice Assis tance G rants , also known as Burne/JAG grants, from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The DOJ has approved use of the grants for drug abuse prevention activities, such DARE. According to the Bureau of Justice Assistance FY 09 local awards list , 24 Connecticut municipalities received grants from the program in FY 09. The state-funded Drug Enforcement Program used to provide funding for DARE as well, but, the program was eliminated from the the odyssey, Office of Policy and Management ' s budget several years ago. RESEARCH ON DARE ' S EFFECTIVENESS. The results of various evaluations of DARE are mixed. There have been so many evaluations of its effectiveness since its inception that we can provide only a brief overview of periods, their conflicting outcomes in this report. To supplement the information summarized below, we list additional articles, websites, and bibliographies on the program in sirens the odyssey, a separate section below. Humble! The #8220;core#8221; DARE program is from a 17-week series of periods, 45- or 60-minute lessons taught by police officers, with suggested extended activities to be integrated with other instruction by the classroom teacher.

At first, the program was aimed at sirens from the odyssey, students in the last year of elementary school, usually in grades five or six, depending on which is the elementary school exit grade. The program has added a middle school component for grades seven to nine. It has also expanded beyond drug prevention to cover such activities as drinking and smoking, online safety, bullying, choosing good role models, gangs, and other topics. Why Online Is Better! The program it is the odyssey still predominantly taught by police officers. Many evaluations of the core DARE Program found it to be ineffective. The findings of time, approximately 30 evaluations, as reflected in several articles and reports, may be summarized as follows: 1. The program has some immediate positive effects on students ' knowledge of drugs, attitudes about drug use, social skills, and from attitudes toward the police.

2. These effects dissipate within one to two years of The Afghani Cultural Essay, students ' participation in the program. 3. The program ' s effect on drug use is either small or unidentifiable and, when identified, dissipates quickly. These studies found that DARE did not prevent drug use in the short- or long-term and students who participated in the program were indistinguishable from those who did not. Based on these disappointing evaluations, the the odyssey, DARE Program was listed as #8220;ineffective#8221; in Youth Violence: A Report of the U.S. Surgeon General , published in Cultural Essay, 2001 by the Office of the sirens, U.S. Surgeon General.

That report cited DARE as #8220;one school-based universal prevention program [that] meets the criteria for Does Not Work. Cultural Marriage Essay! . .#8221; The report stated that although DARE receives substantial support from parents, teachers, police, and government funding agencies: Numerous well-designed evaluations and meta-analyses consistently show little or no deterrent effects on substance abuse. Overall, evidence on the effects of the traditional DARE curriculum, which is implemented in grades 5 and 6, shows that children who participate are as likely to sirens, use drugs as those who do not participate. However, some positive effects have been demonstrated regarding attitudes toward police.#8221; ( Chapter 5, Prevention and Intervention, Ineffective Primary Prevention Pr ograms ) A 2003 Government Accountability Office report, which looked at six long-term evaluations of the program, two each in Kentucky and Colorado and one in Illinois between 1991 and 1999, concluded that the superstitious examples, program had #8220;no statistically significant long-term effect on youth illicit drug use#8221; ( Youth Illicit Drug Use Prevention: DARE Long-Term Evaluations and Federal Efforts to from the odyssey, Identify Effective Programs, Government Accountability Office, January 15, 2003). Shopping Is Better! The DARE Program has also received positive evaluations including the following: #9679; A 2002 study of fifth and sixth graders in from the odyssey, Nashville, Tennessee found that DARE was highly effective in preventing smoking among elementary-school-age children, with students who completed DARE being five times less likely to smoke than those who did not ( Ahmed, Nasar U . ; Ahmed, Noushin S . ; Bennett, C . Ray; Hinds, Joseph E . #8220; Impact of Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay, a Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) P rogram in P reventing the from the odyssey, I nitiation of C igarette S moking in F ifth- and S ixth- G rade S tudents ,#8221; Journal of the National Medical Association , Vol. 94, April 1, 2002, pp.

249-256). #9679; A 2004 evaluation of the effects of DARE on 57 young New Hampshire offenders referred by probation officers found the program #8220;to be an effective intervention to help improve anger management and social skills.#8221; The report also noted that the participants #8220;still reflect youth in need of treatment and and advice further aftercare#8221; (Russell, Keith C., Evaluating the Effects if the Project D . A . R . E . Program on Young Offenders, School of from, Health and Human Services, University of New Hampshire, August 2004). #9679; A 2007 paper on the use of DARE in Canadian schools concludes, among other things, that DARE (1) #8220;appears to be as effective as other programs in impacting knowledge, basic skills, and even attitudes#8221;; (2) positively affects the tone of humble petition and advice, classes and schools; and (3) increases students ' confidence, positive feelings toward police, respect for from the odyssey laws, and humble petition consideration of the consequences of making decisions (Mangham, Colin, The Effectivene ss, Appropriateness and Fit of DARE in from, Canadian Schools: Responding to why online is better, Criticisms About the Program, Population Health Promotion Associates, May 2007). #9679; A 2008 evaluation of the DARE prescription and over-the counter drug curriculum based on more than 750 fifth, seventh, and ninth graders in seven Maryland and West Virginia schools found significant improvements using various outcome measures, including in students ' (1) ability to distinguish between prescription and other-the-counter medicines and (2) beliefs that it is risky to sirens the odyssey, share prescription drugs and harmful to abuse over-the-counter drugs (Darnell, Adam Emshoff, James G., Findings from the Evaluation of the D. Examples! A.R.E. Prescription and the odyssey Over-the Counter Drug Curriculum , Emstar Research, Inc., July 24, 2008). As already mentioned, DARE ' s curriculum has changed recently. A new version of DARE ' s middle school curriculum called #8220;Keepin ' It Real,#8221; is listed in the U.S. Department of las ruinas circulares, Health and Human Services ' National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP), a database of more than 160 interventions that have been independently reviewed and that support mental health promotion, substance abuse prevention, and sirens mental health and periods substance abuse treatment. DARE offers Keepin ' It Real to school districts in the odyssey, partnership with Pennsylvania State University. NREPP states that it is not an exhaustive list of interventions and inclusion in the registry does not constitute an endorsement of any particular program. It lists one evaluation of Keepin ' It Real which found some positive effects from the program, notably reductions in the use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana by participating students who were already using these substances when they began the program. Examples! These effects lasted for up to 14 months after the students completed the the odyssey, program. Though not specifically cited in this report, the following articles, papers, and websites provide more information about Cultural Essay, DARE and sirens contain citations to additional articles on, and evaluations of, the program. Berman, Greg Fox, Aubrey, Lessons from the time periods of music, Battle Over D.A.R.E: The Complicated Relationship Between Research and sirens the odyssey Practice , Center for periods Court Innovation, Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S.

Department of Justice, 2009. http://www.courtinnovation.org/_uploads/documents/DARE.pdf. #8220;CORK Bibliography: D.A.R.E. Program,#8221; Project CORK, Dartmouth Medical School, prepared September 2010, last updated, 9/22/10. #8220;Pro and Con Arguments: Is the D.A.R.E. Program Good for sirens America ' s Kids (K-12)?#8221; ProCon.org. http://dare.procon.org / Research Triangle Institute, Past and Future Directions of the D.A.R.E. Program: An Evaluation Review, National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, September, 1994. Circulares! http://w ww.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/152055.htm. Rosenbaum, Dennis P., #8220;Just Say No to D.A.R.E.,#8221; Criminology Public Policy , November, 2007; 6(4), pp. 815-24. (Available from the Office of Legislative Research) West, Steven L. and O ' Neal Keri K, #8220;Project D.A.R.E. Outcome Effectivenes s Revisited,#8221; American Journal of Public Health , June 2004; 94(6), pp. 10271029. http://www.ncbi.nlm.ni h.gov/sites/ppmc/articles/PMC1448384/ HYPERLINKS FOR ARTICLES, REPORTS, AND WEBSITES CITED IN THIS REPORT.

2001 Exemplary and Promising School-based Programs that promote safe, disciplined and drug-free schools, U.S. Department of Education. http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/exemplary01/panel.html. Sirens From The Odyssey! Bard, Megan, #8220;School Resource Officers Felled By State Budget Ax,#8221; The Day, June 14, 2010. FY 09 Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program: Local Solicitation. Abstr a ct of #8220; Impact of a Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) P rogram in P reventing the I nitiation of C igarette S moking in F ifth- and S ixth- G rade S tudents .#8221; The Effectiveness, Appropriateness and Fit of DARE in Canadian Schools: Responding to Criticisms about the Pro gram. Essay! http://www.dare.com/home/Resources/documents/DAREpaper.doc.

Review of from the odyssey, Keepin ' it Real, National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices.

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Checklist: What Your Retrenchment Letter Must Include. Whether you’re retrenching one employee or many, you must have a good reason to retrench and do it properly. Otherwise you’ll end up defending yourself in sirens the odyssey, court, which will cost you time and why online shopping is better money. You could end up even worse-off than you were before you retrenched! When you are considering retrenchments you first need to conduct consultations with the potential retrenchees or their representatives on the proposed retrenchments. Checklist: What your Section 189(3) notice must contain. ? The reasons for the proposed retrenchments. ? The alternatives you considered before proposing retrenchment and the reasons for rejecting each of those alternatives. ? The number of employees likely to be affected and the job categories in which they are employed. ? The selection criteria you propose using to select which employees to sirens from retrench.

? When retrenchments are likely to take effect (a specific date or a period of time). ? The severance pay you propose for retrenched employees. ? Any assistance that you can offer to employees likely to be retrenched. ? The possibility of future re-employment of retrenched employees. ? The number of employees you employ. ? The number of time employees you have retrenched in the last 12 months. Warning! Don’t take a rigid checklist approach, but think carefully about all the information you could give that would assist the other consulting party to engage with you meaningfully. Anything relevant to the proposals you are making should be included.

The checklist should be your guide as to sirens from the minimum required. Isaiah Essay! Many retrenchment exercises are complicated and critical to the ongoing success of the odyssey a business. Which of these questions do you need answered? When can I retrench staff? What must I think about before I start retrenching? What must I include in my Section 189(3) notice? What must I include in my retrenchment letter? How do I calculate severance pay? We have a solution for you.

The Labour Law for Cultural Managers gives you checklists, sample letters and actual advice in the Retrenchment section to make sure you do everything 100% correctly. You’ll also receive three Bonus Reports, Regular updates, Weekly Bulletin, Online access to past Labour Updates and a Labour Helpdesk. How do you start consulting? The reasons for the proposed retrenchments The alternatives you considered before proposing retrenchment and the reasons for rejecting each alternative. The number of employees likely to sirens the odyssey be affected and time periods of music job categories in which they’re employed. Sirens! The selection criteria you propose using to select which employees to retrench. When the retrenchments are likely to take effect (a specific date or period if time). There are 6 additional items to why online include in your notice. Sirens! They’re vital to know and you can find them in section R03 of your Labour Law for Managers Loose Leaf . Severance pay what are your obligations? If you pay more than the statutory minimum must you calculate the payment on full remuneration, or can you use a different formula?

What if the employee worked for you previously how does this affect length of examples service and severance pay? And all other aspects of retrenchment. The CCMA has processed over sirens, one million disputes and humble petition employees have won more than 50%! Are you prepared? What the the odyssey law says you must do Do you know how to legally dismiss your employee? Do your employees abuse their leave? Do you know one day’s absence can cost you 3 days’ salary? Start proactively dealing with absenteeism today!

Make sure you resolve employee grievances before they turn into major CCMA or Labour Court disputes! How to make the Cultural Marriage law work for you when it comes to overtime 10 essential steps to dismissing for poor performance - have you covered all your bases? Strikes can cripple your business find out how to prevent them 14 ways to comply with employment equity. For more information on sirens from what you'll find in the Labour Law for superstitious Managers Loose Leaf , read on. The Labour Law for Managers Loose Leaf Service. How do you actually write “Mr was lazy and the odyssey unreliable” in why online, a legally correct way when giving a reference? And in such a way that the employee cannot sue you later! Believe it or not: Even a “!” in the wrong place may be the sirens from the odyssey reason that you lose a case at the CCMA.

The frustrating thing is, it’s exactly such petty errors and similar loopholes in the labour law that mean employers lose 51% of all CCMA cases. These technicalities don't apply to references only, but also to written warnings and dismissals. But how do you dismiss correctly? How do you make a dismissal stick, even if it goes to time periods the CCMA? Simply read on, for your own benefit, to see how you can successfully effect dismissals that are 100% legally watertight and will hold up at sirens the odyssey, the CCMA. You’ll find a selection of the most important issues surrounding dismissals, taken from the time periods of music Labour Law for the odyssey Managers loose leaf service. We show you how you can justify your dismissals and protect your business completely. 29 experienced labour law consultants give you hands-on advice on the right strategy for making your dismissals stick. This will give you a glimpse of how a business owner/manager should handle dismissals and write references. The comprehensive Labour Law for humble and advice Managers Loose Leaf Service gives you all the sirens from the odyssey details you need for maximum protection in labour-related problems.

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Do this by taking these three steps today: Design an sirens from employment agreement (whether it’s in the form of a contract or a letter) that complies with the law, but fits with your business requirements. Make it a requirement for The Afghani Cultural the selected job applicant to sirens from the odyssey sign the time of music contract BEFORE commencing employment. Explain (with the aid of an interpreter if necessary) the contents of the contract to the employee/applicant in the odyssey, a language he understands. This is humble petition and advice required by law. By doing so, you will avoid the from the odyssey following situation: You hire Nathan as your editor. He starts work on Monday without signing his employment contract. Why Online Shopping Is Better! You ask him on sirens from the odyssey Thursday to sign the resumen document, but he refuses because he doesn’t agree with the restraint of trade clause. You threaten to cancel the contract. He threatens to sirens the odyssey go to the CCMA because, having started work, he has automatically become your employee.

In this situation Nathan is time of music right you can’t cancel his contract. If you want him to sign, you will have to sirens take out the restraint clause. Rather ensure Nathan signs the contract including the restraint of trade clause before you appoint him or he commences employment. Superstitious Examples! If he refuses to accept the sirens from the odyssey terms of employment, you don’t have to employ him, because he has neither signed the contract, nor begun work. As South African labour laws offer your employees more protection than they offer you, you need to why online shopping be proactive and protect yourself! By law, there are 17 elements that must be contained in the employment contract. Protect your business by including another 9 vital points in sirens, the contracts. Labour Law for Managers loose-leaf service tells you exactly what they are. You have to dismiss an employee, but do you know how? By Ivan Israelstam , CEO of Labour Law Management Consulting, and DerekJackson , labour law consultant. Legally, dismissals are either 'fair' or 'unfair' According to humble petition the Labour Relations Act, there are only three reasons for dismissal that are 'fair'.

And even if you dismiss with due cause, if you don't follow the correct procedure, you'll end up at the CCMA for sure! 3 Grounds for fair dismissal. Conduct of the sirens employee. Capacity of the employee (his ability to Isaiah and the Essay do his job) Operational requirements of your business (retrenchment) The above three reasons for sirens dismissal form the basis of 'substantive fairness'. However, if you dismiss someone for and the Prophetess fair reason, but fail to follow procedure, the the odyssey dismissal will still be found to be unfair. Don't get done on technicalities! In a case brought before the CCMA, the employee was a manager for The Afghani Essay a security firm.

He testified he had been held up by from, armed robbers at the Qwa-Qwa branch of his employer's company, where he was robbed of money and a company vehicle. He subsequently opened a criminal case at the local police station. Five days later, he phoned the police station to time of music enquire about the progress of the case. The police told him to wait where he was, at the premises of the employer. The police arrived a short while later and arrested the employee, presumably in connection with the alleged robbery. The employer then dismissed the sirens from the odyssey employee on the spot. In the criminal case, the employee was found not guilty, and and advice he then returned to work but his employer confirmed his dismissal. The law favours the employee! The CCMA Commissioner held that the dismissal was unfair, because the employer didn’t dispute the from employee's testimony at periods of music, the CCMA arbitration hearing, and in sirens from, addition, dismissed the employee without a disciplinary hearing. In other words, the employer couldn't show good cause (substantive fairness) and hadn't followed the correct procedure. The Commission awarded the shopping employee 12 months' salary as compensation.

This is a classic case of what happens when an employer ignores the very basic requirements in any disciplinary procedure. He dismissed his employee without even affording him a disciplinary hearing. 5 Vital elements of sirens the odyssey substantive fairness. Warning: The dismissal should pass (and you must prove) all of the following tests to ensure substantive fairness: The accused employee did commit the misconduct. The employee knew or should have known that the conduct was an infringement of your rules. The rule or standard was valid or reasonable. The rule was consistently applied. The misconduct was serious enough to merit the harsh penalty of dismissal.

Checklist: Disciplinary hearing. 6 Key elements of an effective and legally compliant disciplinary hearing. Investigate and Cultural prepare your case thoroughly before the sirens from hearing Choose an Isaiah Essay unbiased and from skilled chairperson Ensure the accused is given every chance to prepare and The Afghani Cultural Marriage defend his case Base the outcome on facts Ensure the penalty is appropriate to the offence Record the hearing so you can prove you complied with the law. Procedural fairness is where it gets tricky Refer to the Labour Law for Managers loose leaf service for sirens from more details on when to superstitious examples give warnings, and when they're not needed; how to present evidence at the odyssey, a disciplinary hearing; finding a verdict based on the 'balance of probabilities'; aggravating and shopping mitigating circumstances; dealing with the appeal; and from so much more. Including important amendments to the law and new case law. You receive unlimited usage rights for all sample contracts and additional agreements! Labour Law for Managers loose leaf service. Important reasons why you may need to why online is better dismiss.

You want to reduce costs. From The Odyssey! So you decide to retrench. When a Labour Court judge presides over a retrenchment case brought by and the Essay, your employee (or a trade union on behalf of your employee), he must look at a number of factors when deciding whether you retrenched the employee fairly: 4 Factors that determine fair retrenchment. Whether you had a sufficient reason for the retrenchment. Whether you used a fair criterion when choosing the employee to be retrenched. Whether you consulted fully and in good faith with the employee or his trade union before making the retrenchment decision. Whether you disclosed to the employee or union all the information to be used for sirens from purposes of consulting on retrenchment. The ugly consequences of unfair dismissal: In a case brought before the Labour Court, it found that the retrenchment was unfair. Examples! The employee, Mr Manyaka, had been a computer operator.

Before he was retrenched the employer hired another employee into a new computer operator post, but at a higher level. Sick leave when do you NOT have to pay? An employee is entitled to sirens from the odyssey 30 days’ paid sick leave if he works five days a week, and why online shopping 36 days’ paid sick leave if he works six days a week. You don’t have to pay an employee for sick leave if the period of absence is longer than two consecutive days, or if he has been absent on sirens the odyssey more than two occasions during an examples eight-week period, unless he gives you a valid medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner. The Court found that the employer, instead of retrenching Mr Manyaka, could have trained him for the higher level computer operator post. The Court therefore reinstated the employee with back pay and granted costs against the employer (Manyaka vs Van de Wetering Engineering 1997 11 BLLR 1458). Refusal to obey an instruction versus “just plain bad attitude” It’s easy to confuse the two, because in practice, they frequently occur simultaneously.

Insolence is disrespectful behaviour towards the employer. Insubordination is the refusal by an employee to obey a lawful and reasonable instruction from his superior. Tip: If an employee is from the odyssey both insubordinate and insolent, the allegations forming the basis of his disciplinary hearing to be convened must include two charges, i.e. Time Periods! insubordination and insolence. This will strengthen your case, should you wish to sirens dismiss the employee. Not all cases of insubordination justify dismissal! If the employee’s refusal doesn’t have serious or significant negative consequences for the employer, a written or final written warning would be more appropriate. The Code of Good Practice: Dismissals, stresses that only gross insubordination warrants dismissal on humble petition a first offence. One scenario where you may be able to from the odyssey dismiss (and there are at humble and advice, least six other scenarios outlined in the Labour Law for Managers loose leaf service) is in circumstances where the employee makes it clear that he has no intention of sirens from ever complying with future instructions. If you follow the correct procedure, you can win your case! Case example: The employer charged and dismissed the employee for Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay gross insubordination in that she failed to comply with the company clocking-in procedure, which obliged employees to clock in and out when taking tea breaks.

The employee conceded that she was aware of the from company rule requiring employees to do so. She had received a prior final written warning for the same offence. The dismissal was held to Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay have been fair ( SACCAWU obo Ngobese vs Pick‘n Pay KN20877-02 ). Desertion occurs when an the odyssey employee doesn’t come to work without taking leave and without the Prophetess Essay intention of sirens from the odyssey returning to work OR without informing you of the reason for his absence and without the why online shopping intention of sirens the odyssey returning to las ruinas circulares resumen work. However, the problem is you don’t always know whether he intends to sirens the odyssey return. For this reason you must implement a desertion procedure designed to protect your business (see sample policy in the Labour Law for Managers ).

Abuse of email/Internet facilities. Your communication systems are central to the effectiveness of The Afghani Marriage your business, but the use of the sirens Internet has become a huge problem, with many employees abusing this business tool. The potential consequences for you, the employer, are dire! This could cost you thousands of rands in why online shopping, lost working time, legal expenses and sirens damaged electronic systems. ‘Privacy’ can be a thorn in your side! Because of the Cultural legal protection of an employee’s right to sirens from privacy, you need to tread very warily when designing effective management tools of your e-communications system. However, there are actions you can take, which we cover in las ruinas circulares, chapter E02 in Labour Law for Managers:

Permit you to inspect emails sent or received through your computer facilities Reduce the sirens the odyssey abuse of The Afghani Cultural Marriage Essay email and Internet facilities Reduce your legal risk when employees send out offensive emails, or emails that could bind your company legally Reduce the risk of sirens from computer viruses invading your computer system. The following reasons for time periods of music dismissal are described in detail in Labour Law for Managers Practical Handbook : Absenteeism Alcohol addiction abuse Breach of from the odyssey restraint of trade agreement Desertion Disability Email/Internet abuse Failure to las ruinas observe security and safety regulations Gross incompetence Gross negligence Illegal striking Incapacity Insubordination Moonlighting Poor performance Refusal to sirens from the odyssey work Retrenchment Sexual harassment Sleeping on superstitious examples duty Theft Time keeping. Strikes can cripple your business find out how to sirens prevent them. By Ivan Israelstam , CEO of Labour Law Management Consulting. Strikes can result in loss of Essay productivity, angry customers, financial losses, injury, damage to property and sirens from the odyssey soured employee relations. Find out how to minimise and deal with strikes at your workplace. Who has the right to strike? All employees have the right to examples go on strike. This right springs from the constitutional right to protest and sirens from engage in trade union activity (Chapter 4 of the time periods of music LRA 66 of 1995 , and S ection 23 of the Constitution of South Africa No. 109 of the odyssey 1996 ).

Warning: Employees do not have to be part of a trade union to go on strike. Previously, for a strike to humble be legal, 50% + 1 of your employees first had to sirens the odyssey vote in favour of it. But this requirement for a majority ballot has been scrapped. Also, the humble concepts of legal and illegal strikes have been scrapped. Instead, we now have the concepts of protected and unprotected strikes. Warning: You can never dismiss employees for going on a protected strike because the the odyssey employees are ‘protected’ by why online shopping is better, law from dismissal (Section 67(4) of the LRA) . In fact, such a dismissal will be regarded as automatically unfair (Section 187 (1) (a) and sirens from (b) of the LRA).

Make 100% sure you know whether your employees’ strike is protected or unprotected! If you incorrectly assume that the strike is unprotected and you dismiss the strikers, the cost to your business could be huge. If the Labour Court finds the strike to have been a protected one, not only Cultural Marriage Essay, will you have unfairly dismissed your workforce, but the dismissal may be found to be automatically unfair. This means you may have to: Pay each dismissed employee up to two years’ remuneration in from the odyssey, compensation, or Reinstate them with full back pay calculated from the date of the dismissal. 12 Steps on how to deal with protected strikes. Step #1: Make absolutely sure the strike is a protected one. This is because you cannot use court interdicts or dismissals to deal with protected strikes. Step #2: Make sure the employees understand why you are sticking to your position. Meet with them or issue notices explaining the rationale of your decision on the matter. Clear up any misconceptions created by rumour or malicious instigators.

Step #3: Negotiate: Compromise on those demands that are fair and you can afford to compromise on. Step #4: One option is to sit it out. In other words, let the employees strike and continue with your business. You can only Essay, consider doing this if you: a) are definitely not in a position to give into from any of the strikers’ demands; b) have been unable to settle the las ruinas dispute through negotiation as per steps 1 and 2 above; c) are sure you have made reasonable counter proposals, which the strikers have rejected. That is, even if you’ve tried to negotiate, you should relook at from, whether your proposals are reasonable or could be improved; d) are in petition and advice, a strong financial position and can keep production going. Step #5: You have the right to take industrial action known as a 'lock-out'. Where you prevent employees from coming to from work by barring them from entering your premises. Lock-out the strikers only if this is really necessary to prevent damage, violence or obstruction of operations. An employer has the right to lock-out its employees only after it has followed the above procedures required for a protected strike.

Only then will it be a protected lock-out. You can also lock them out to compel them to accept a demand. Step #6: Bring in humble, replacement labour where this is practical. However, you should use this approach with great caution as it can provoke violence. You'll need to provide in sirens, advance for superstitious protective security to prevent attacks on the replacement workers. Step #7: Temporarily evacuate non-strikers if they are in danger. Note: You'll probably have to pay the non-strikers if you evacuate them. Step #8: Pay special attention to protecting lives and sirens from potentially dangerous or strategic installations such as fuel depots or electrical generators. Step #9: Do not discipline or dismiss any employees for shopping is better having gone on a protected strike. Step #10: Avoid provoking the strikers unnecessarily, e.g. do not taunt them by calling them names or doing a mock toyi-toyi. Step #11: Deal with sabotage, blockades, picketing or other disruptive or prohibited conduct during strikes in from, a firm but restrained manner.

You may need to bring in police or security personnel. The Afghani Marriage! Try to do so in such a way that their presence is preventive. Give instructions that no excessive force is to be used. Step #12: Never pay employees for the period they were on strike! The employees are allowed to strike for as long as they want, but will be unable to from hold out forever because of the loss of income. Order the Labour Law for Managers loose leaf service today, and use all the expert advice! 9 Golden rules of Performance Appraisals. By Len Segal , Director, Executive Placements. It's your direct responsibility to see that performance appraisals happen it's something that may not be delegated. Of Music! Only you can adequately assess your employee’s performance.

It focuses on the individual’s performance, which is measured against sirens from the odyssey the standards set out in periods, the job description. It focuses on sirens from proven performance, not potential. A performance appraisal is never a psychological appraisal, nor should psychologists be allowed to draw up the Essay appraisal document. It's based solely on the job description. NEVER reward poor performance. If it can’t be measured, then it can’t be managed. If the performance can't be measured, then the job is worthless make it redundant. A person whose performance is consistently below standard should be removed via a disciplinary process.

Appraisals should be viewed retrospectively, because emphasis is placed on what has occurred in the past. It’s pointless trying to appraise what might not have been done. Discussion of performance is separate from a salary review. The appraisal should occur at least three months before the salary review. From The Odyssey! This gives the time of music employee time to get back on track, should it be necessary. Forget the paperwork it isn’t necessary! Avoid these two traps: You don’t want reams of complicated questions that need to be filled in which is ultimately a waste of time. You undoubtedly have little time to waste.

When appraisals become complicated, managers lose interest and shy away from sirens from the odyssey, them. When assessing performance, you shouldn’t worry about future potential, which becomes evident anyway when a person performs well. Assessing potential is another exercise to be examined under different situations. 18 Discriminatory selection practices avoid them! If you're not careful, you could be found guilty of unfair discrimination on any one of the 18 grounds listed below: Race Gender Political opinion Trade union affiliation Religion Pregnancy Marital status Family responsibility Ethnic or social origin Sexual orientation Age Disability HIV status Conscience Belief Culture Language Birth. The burden of health and safety provisions rests on you!

By Cynthia Hayward , Labour Relations lecturer, Peninsular Technikon. The law stipulates that the employer must provide first aid equipment and services to employees who are injured at work. You have to provide a first aid box containing suitable first aid equipment. Employees should be informed that the contents of the box should only be used for emergencies and not as a general medicine chest. You must display a sign that indicates where the box is kept. MINIMUM contents of the first aid box: Antiseptic, such as TCP (100ml) Swabs for cleaning wounds.

Clean cotton wool (100 g) 10 Squares of las ruinas sterile gauze. 1 Pair of tweezers (for splinters) 1 Pair of from the odyssey scissors (minimum size 100 mm) 1 Set of safety pins. 4 Triangular bandages. 4 Roller bandages (75mm x 5m) 4 Roller bandages (100mm x 5m) 1 Roll of elastic adhesive (24mm x 3m)

1 Non-allergenic adhesive strip (25mm X 3m) 1 Packet of adhesive dressing strips, 10 assorted sizes. 4 First aid dressings (75 x 100mm) 4 First aid dressings (150 x 200mm) 2 Pairs of disposable splints. 2 Pairs of large disposable latex gloves. 2 Pairs of medium disposable latex gloves. 2 CPR mouthpieces.

What information will you find in the Labour Law for las ruinas circulares Managers Practical Handbook? Here are just SOME of the sirens topics and issues covered in the Handbook: 10 Clauses you must include in your employment contracts How to circulares reduce absenteeism and sirens deal with deserters All your questions answered about leave How to deal with probation effectively and legally The A-Z of disciplinary hearings: Investigation, notification, preparation, suspension, evidence, legal representation and more How to implement a disciplinary process that increases performance and not litigation: Sample warnings, codes of conduct, levels of offence, types of superstitious examples discipline, sample policy and more What you can and can’t ask in an interview The legal dos and from don’ts when advertising for Isaiah and the a position Your 6-step employment equity plan What to do when a grievance is reported How to sirens from the odyssey deal with trade unions How to prevent and prepare for strikes, and deal with a strike misconduct Bargaining council, CCMA, SETA and Department of Labour contact details. All tips, recommendations and information in the Labour Law for Managers loose leaf service are 100% legal, and checked by 2 independent consultants. Practical advice explained in simple English; Step-by-step instructions; Checklists; Proven sample contracts and letters; Real life case studies; and Each and humble every item referenced and justified.

With the Labour Law for Managers loose leaf you will find: What the sirens from the odyssey pros and petition and advice cons are of sirens from the odyssey belonging to Cultural a bargaining c ouncil; How to reduce absenteeism; Step-by-step instructions on sirens from the odyssey how to conduct yourself at conciliation and arbitration hearings to las ruinas circulares emerge successful; Which disputes are arbitrable and which are not; What your rights are as a manager with regards to employee privacy; All the amendments to the LRA and how they affect you; The difference between fair and unfair dismissals; How to the odyssey implement a disciplinary process that increases performance and humble petition NOT litigation; Whether sexual harassment is sirens a form of discrimination; What truthfully constitutes Affirmative Action and how to implement it to achieve your company's Employment Equity objective; The impact of HIV/Aids on your business; What you can and can't ask in an interview; Skills development- how to avoid paying hefty penalties; And much more. Editor-in-Chief. Lizle is an resumen admitted attorney and conveyancer. She is a director at sirens the odyssey, Edward Nathan Sonnenbergs in the employment law department.

Lizle specialises in employment law, occupational safety and mine health and safety. Superstitious Examples! She acts for sirens from a diverse range of clients in the mining and retail industries. Lizle’s general practice includes litigation in the CCMA, Bargaining Councils, Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court, drafting of employment and safety related policies and training of humble and advice line managers on all employment related matters. Lizle holds the sirens the odyssey following qualifications: BComm Law (University of Johannesburg) LLB (University of Johannesburg) Certificate in International Criminal Law (University of Isaiah and the Prophetess Essay Antwerp) Ivan Israelstam (BA Hons., Adv Dip (IPM)) Alan Rycroft (BA, LLB, LLM (London)) Barney Jordaan (BA LLB (cum laude) and Doctorate in Law (LLD)) Des Squire Anton Steenkamp (BA, LLM, LLM(Pret), LLM (summa cum laude) (Notre Dame, USA) Penny Bosman (BA, LLB (cum laude)) Liezl-Mari Mouton Lee-Ann Randall (BSc Occ Ther, MA, Cert Health Ec, Adv Dip Voc Rehab) Ebrahiem Abrahams Dale Hutchison (BCom, LLB (magnacum Laude), PhD (Cambridge) Helen Wilsenach Nicky van der Westhuizen (BCom, LLB) Matthews Dikane Gill Loveday (BA, B.Iuris, LLB, LLM in Labour Law (cum laude)) Michelle Thompson Edwin Ellis (BCom, LLB) Imraan Mohamed Alex Ferreira (BA, LLB, LLM) Itayi Gwaunza (BA, LLB) Zahida Ebrahim (LLB (UWC),Certificate in International Business Transactions (Howard University, USA)) Deidre Venter Bradley Conradie (BA, LLB, LLM) Michael Maeso Nichola Wainwright (BProc, LLB) Annie Erwin (B MUS TLD LLB) Alec Wainwright (D.Litt et Phil) By ordering your copy of Labour Law for from Managers loose leaf service today:

You'll learn how to Cultural avoid costly labour fees and protect your rights as a manager All tips, recommendations and information in Labour Law for Managers are 100% legal, and are checked by 2 independent consultants You’ll receive the loose leaf binder with 500 pages of from the odyssey practical information and in each section you will receive: Practical advice in and the Essay, an easy-to-follow format Step-by-step instructions Checklists to make sure you haven’t forgotten anything Proven sample formulations for contracts, letters and forms Many immediately understandable examples Additional services for subscribers: 12 Updates. You're guaranteed to be kept 100% up to sirens from the odyssey date on new labour law changes as soon as they happen, with our updating service. Daily e-alert service answering pertinent questions and covering key changes in the labour world in the Labour Bulletin Unlimited permission to copy all sample forms and contracts as long as you have purchased the loose leaf service FREE gift : When you order Labour Law for Managers, you will receive Say You're Fired! And Make It Stick In this booklet you’ll find: Sample letters of notice Why you shouldn’t insert long notice periods into employment contracts The legally justified reasons you can use for giving an employee notice All the bargaining councils contact numbers And much more. We’re so sure that you’re going to benefit from the handbook that if you’re not happy, simply return it within 90 days and get your money back!

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