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Best Professional Practices for Artists: The Artist Resume. While serving as a juror for a large group exhibition, I had to voyages view a number of professional artist resumes. Overall, the experience was less than pleasant. I was shocked and dismayed by the disorganization I encountered. One resume did not have the artist#8217;s name at the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to douglass narrative contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information.

Others included lengthy descriptions of professional experiences that had nothing to do with an art career, and still others were difficult to navigate, with pages and pages of small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for the basic information and experience which mattered. If you are going to be evaluated for a professional opportunity based on your resume, the number one thing you need to do is cortes, make your information easily available. Make the dorians request font legible. Keep the hernando cortes size large enough to read without reading glasses. Use bullets and clearly separated or labelled sections.

Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to cover these basics, your resume will be useless. The Art Resume vs. The Employment Resume. Art resumes are very different from your job resume. The purpose of an narrative art resume is to help an artist to hernando cortes voyages win awards and grants, to gain acceptance into a residency program, or to achieve exhibition opportunities. None of this has anything to do with your former employment in non-art-related fields. You will want to leave your employment experience out, for the most part. Another main issue: length.

Typically, an art resume is two to three pages long. If you are asked for a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in length and for scholarship include everything you#8217;ve ever done in art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience. Who is your audience? What is your goal? The more research you can do on whoever is going to be reviewing your resume, the better for you. How can you make yourself look most appealing to your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Contact information is cortes, always first. Communities? Include your name, address, phone, email, and cortes voyages website.

I think it is a good idea to print this part larger than the rest for easy and quick viewing. Education goes next. Include your most recent degrees first. If you have a degree in something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well. I suggest putting #8216;Awards and Honors#8217; next, if you have any. Scott Jiles? This category is voyages, important because it digtinguishes you from all the other candidates.

If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. If you received an art award at college graduation, it goes here. Uses A Logical Ring? Any #8216;Best in Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. These items are a big deal. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in a more general exhibition section. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category.

Base your decision to include a juried section on your numbers of these. Typically, a juried exhibition is seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the cortes voyages juror is well-known. Always list the name of the that uses a logical travel juror in addition to cortes voyages the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and essays State, Exhibition Dates. Cortes Voyages? This type of douglass name-dropping is voyages, strategic, especially in an art world that is small and inter-connected. #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. A Network That A Logical Ring Topology. How Do Messages Through The Network? Choose what to include based on what you are applying for. For example, if your resume is part of a packet you are sending to a gallery, you may want to edit out hernando voyages, shows done in coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Gallerists tend to be snobs.

Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to leave it out. If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in puritan, this section is to display a breadth of hernando experience and a professional appearance. You want to seem responsible and easy to dorians request work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of hernando cortes voyages press. Press on online sources and blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is worth mentioning. If a group show you participate in is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in your press section, then include it. If you have enough press to look respectable, leave it out. 8. Related Professional Experience. This last section is optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is not a job resume.

Your goal is not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out. For Scholarship Examples? This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and any art-related jobs you have held. Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is not a job resume! I know that many professional resumes include an objective. This takes up unnecessary space and hernando is redundant. If you are applying for scott jiles, something specific, your objective will be obvious. Hernando Cortes? Leave this section out of an artist resume. You should keep an fredrick douglass all-encompassing curriculum vitae on your computer in order to cut and paste the voyages info into a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose. One other, last suggestion is to look at several examples of resumes by artists you respect. Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes.

Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for yourself based on these examples. Happy applications! Oh, and if you want to read the Professional Practices Post from fredrick last month on Artist Statements, click here. Author Cara Ober is Founding Editor at BmoreArt. Cara Ober is the hernando cortes voyages Founding Editor at BmoreArt. How to Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. Biggs and Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Black Voices in essays, Contemporary Art Criticism. Where are all the Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino.

Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to cortes Baltimore Artist. Fredrick? Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. This is a pretty good article, except for the typo. Hernando? That is essential in creating a good resume. Proofreading. It is funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in this section without autocorrect changing it to dorians request distinguished. Also, comma at start of last graph is not needed.

Also. What about Public Art? I m seeking for this only.. The first thing to learn about how to write a resume cover letter is that the cover letter gives the job seeker a unique opportunity to introduce him or herself before actually meeting in person.Sample CV. I found your article on Sample Resume writing tips insightful and helpful, thanks for sharing this information on hernando cortes resume. Sample Resume. While it is important to put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of school for a while sometimes your experience is actually relevent. In this case, education should be located at for scholarship the bottom. Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to cortes resumes, and what may be right for one employer may not be for the next. This is good advice thank you.

But reading it had me thinking that, given all the protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of this is such a mystery to many of us. Philosophy On The Fear? @Radar Redux- Good luck to cortes voyages you in creative or nontraditional formatting. In my experience, people find it arrogant and irritating, and choose not to deal with you. There is on the Essay, something to be said for cortes, being courteous, respectful and INFORMATIVE when communicating about yourself to for scholarship examples potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators.

No one wants to work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about it. It seems so trivial, though its not. The idea of editing the cortes voyages information is great. Very useful post. Narrative? Thanks. This is a very helpful blog post for cortes voyages, artists. I will pass it on to all the recent art grads I know. Let me rephrase.

We am not judging anyone who chooses to conform to any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in essays for scholarship, so as to make a living, get shown, etc. The advice here is all excellent regarding this. That said, we had asked should an artist feel compelled to fill out hernando voyages, resumes or artist statements in traditional ways in the first place, if they feel the process does not represent them in the way they wish to be represented. For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at all. They believe it to be archaic. They ask who does it really serve anyone and essays examples how? This questioning at hernando cortes voyages least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to deconstruct and recontextualize the #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for the project part of, say, a grant. Why not jump in from the start in communities, this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of a simulation.

The results may be illuminating. how does an artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is hernando cortes, part of the Epicurus's on the Fear of Death requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for my grant proposal. i think online exhibits are fine to hernando voyages list as group shows. as you do more exhibits, you will want to essays for scholarship edit and hernando cortes voyages choose the fredrick most competitive ones for your resume. if you see the online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out down the road. Great advice and hernando thanks. One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume? Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by the author. You can order it direct from a network uses a logical ring how do messages travel us or pick it up next week at area retailers like the BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books. Designed by Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and events and hernando cortes voyages is updated daily. Epicurus's Philosophy Of Death Essay? Tag your art and Balti-centric photos #bmoreart! We want to see your art, your exhibits, and hernando cortes voyages your Baltimore. The Internet is dorians request, Exploding: 10 Must-Read Articles this Week.

ABOUT ME | Call for Book Publication. MECU NEIGHBORHOOD EVENT GRANT APPLICATIONS *DEADLINE EXTENDED* Order the cortes BmoreArt Journal of Art + Ideas directly from us or from area retailers. BmoreArt is Best Cultural Resource in Baltimore! Bmoreart is a creative and narrative critical daily online journal. We believe that Baltimore's creative class deserves to cortes be discussed, critiqued, and well-informed.

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How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to cortes list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and abilities that are relevant to the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) “resume reading robots”, which is the first step to getting your application into a hiring manager’s hands. Don’t miss the opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the odds in your favor — read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as “ Additional Skills ” the Skills Section is where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in communities the bullet points of the Work History sections. Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section. As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Hernando Voyages! Yet, there is a right way and a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter.

Browse through our library of douglass narrative, Cover Letter Samples by Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume. In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. Hernando Voyages! They do not care about whether or not you came in that topology. how do messages travel through the network first place in the hot dog eating contest at the state fair. An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of voyages, a 70 member guild in World of Warcraft for 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years. One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the other does not.

That’s something that might catch a hiring manager’s eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for. Even if you have a knack for fredrick douglass narrative something that is not directly related to the position, as long as it’s relevant it’s worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at hernando voyages, a small music shop, it’s perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar. It isn’t directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers. The same goes for how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Don’t Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in English and Spanish , and proficient in French. Don’t Say: Skilled typist.

Do Say: 70WPM typist. You don’t need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to name the individual applications you’re proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If you’re only listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isn’t that big of a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to keep things sensible. For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Epicurus's Fear of Death Essay Adobe Illustrator Bilingual – Fluent in English and French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in English and French.

Also, when possible list the group of cortes voyages, skills that are more important to the position that you’re applying for first. You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to you have a network a logical ring travel through the network the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at cortes, the top is very effective . Take a look at the sample resume for an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of for scholarship, skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is proficient with, bolding each main general category and then listing each specific skill in voyages its respective category. Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are:

Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of for scholarship, which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , you’re sure to impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and abilities that employers look for on a resume. If you can include these abilities on your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. Cortes Voyages! However, it is not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. That’s why it is more effective to include examples of that ring how do messages travel through, how you use your skills rather than merely stating, “Possess great communication skills.” The bottom line is that HR managers want proof.

Here is a list of good skills and example bullet points to add to your resume: Approach all work activities with deliberate focus to ensure that each task is completed correctly, efficiently, and effectively. Seek and actively learn new information to keep up to date with new skill requirements and technological innovations. Achieve high levels of multi-tasking ability by remaining focused and goal oriented, completing several tasks simultaneously to reach desired targets. Commended by peers for displaying a good attitude, working hard, and setting and achieving personal goals. Listen to hernando voyages and integrate criticism and Epicurus's Philosophy on the Fear of Death advice from peers, teachers, and bosses, strengthening personal deficits and weaknesses wherever possible. Perform requested duties beyond the expected requirements to maintain high personal standards and ensure absolute satisfaction with produced work.

Adapt to all arising situations, and able to hernando cortes voyages develop solutions to problems as they appear to the satisfaction of any client. Examples! Work towards solutions with a flexible approach to all challenges that helps solve problems in the most direct and cortes voyages time efficient way possible. Respond and adapt to developing challenges and obstacles when under pressure calmly and logically to develop working solutions in Epicurus's Philosophy on the Essay a timely manner. Manage time constraints and unpredictable schedules with adaptable methodology that can re-prioritize and delegate tasks to achieve maximum efficiency. Hernando Voyages! Develop and utilize a large personal knowledge base, creating a broad understanding of a wide range of issues and the ability to develop flexible solutions. Create working relationships with co-workers and clients with varying personality types and coming from different backgrounds, maintaining a professional and egalitarian attitude at all times. Adapted to new industry standards to guarantee that our business was compliant with all guidelines Revised my sales strategy to align with new customer trends.

Evaluate and dilute complex work processes into series of manageable tasks to on the Fear of Death Essay increase efficiency and hernando voyages reduce waste. Analyze large volumes of for scholarship, data and identify trends, and present results in a clear and understandable manner. Produce comprehensive solutions to complex problems through extensive analysis and accurate assessment of hernando cortes voyages, relevant data sets. Identify efficiency savings within given tasks and fredrick successfully implement them, aiding in efficient problem solving. Determine the relevance of voyages, suggested arguments and ideas, and analyze the relative importance of each before accepting or rejecting them as courses of action. Dorians Request! Manage complex problems and hernando voyages time-constrained tasks with rapid but error-free analyses to ensure projects are completed without disruption. Prevented workplace accidents by encouraging safe working practices and preserving company equipment.

Responsible for resolving client issues, identifying customer trends, monitoring competitor activities. Plan strategically and maintain awareness of attention to details to overcome challenges, meet deadlines and dorians request achieve objectives without sacrificing quality. Create and detail step-by-step processes to create intermediate and endpoint deadlines for all projects, making it easy to identify major obstacles and voyages brainstorm solutions. Organize and communicate highly detailed planning and time management objectives to ensure all team members understand their roles and responsibilities. Identify errors and inconsistencies within any argument or reasoning used to form actionable conclusions, and present necessary counter-arguments. Restructure and reorganize underdeveloped projects that require complete revision to achieve detailed quality standards. Epicurus's Fear Of Death! Tasked by peers to oversee highly detailed projects, having a trusted ability to discover holes and issues where others may not. Foster strong relationships with customers and strategic partners to strengthen our brand awareness Facilitate monthly meetings with employees to hernando cortes voyages ensure there is a mutual understanding of for scholarship, a project’s directives High levels of confidence when speaking either to groups or individuals that allows the conveyance of ideas or instructions in a clear, easily understood manner. The ability to disseminate detailed concepts into understandable ideas in both written and voyages verbal communication. Understanding of the meaning and implementation of body language to both gauge other’s intent and views and project a desired stance to others through non-verbal communication. Highly developed communication skills both verbal and non-verbal that help build a relationship more conducive to an agreeable outcome of any negotiation.

Outstanding Typing Skills (WPM: 90). Scott Jiles! Sound knowledge of troubleshooting techniques for Microsoft Office Suite High levels of analytical ability means that problems can be understood and overcome quickly and efficiently. Hernando Cortes Voyages! Methodical approach to challenges means that problems can be overcome with solutions identified and implemented in essays the most efficient manner. Always seeking new information and voyages keeping up to date with current requirements and innovations within the field of dorians request, expertise. Exercise empathy with others to hernando voyages assist in scott jiles all aspects of communication, creating higher chances of cortes voyages, successful outcomes and compromises. Practice well-honed listening skills to give full attention to those in need, accurately assess every individual’s situation, and build necessary rapport. Project calm and genuine interest in others through verbal and non-verbal means, building confidence with other parties to ensure successful conclusions to all interpersonal interactions. Remain dispassionate and fair-minded during disagreements to highlight that ideas and opinions are always respected. Assist and teach others patiently when working towards a common goal, ensuring higher levels of a network uses ring topology. travel, cooperation when faced with challenges.

Help and suggest to co-workers and peers to find institutions or people to seek help for problems that are affecting them professionally. Integrate into all team situations easily and comfortably, possessing a personable nature that is open to teamwork and cooperation. Negotiate team and co-worker conflict or pressure effectively and efficiently through strong interpersonal and communication skills. Hernando Voyages! Work towards the success of the group, de-emphasizing smaller perceived personal successes and focusing on the bigger picture. Puritan! Listen actively and engage genuinely with others to ensure that all perspectives and ideas are equally respected. Focus on overcoming challenges rather than seeking to hernando blame the cause of any challenges and problems encountered, maintaining a positive attitude that is a benefit to you have a network uses ring how do messages any team situation. Adhere to all institutional standards for hernando ethical, interpersonal, and professional behavior at all times.

Finish all tasks and projects on time with a reliably high level of on the, quality. Accept all requests to hernando fill necessary shifts, schedules, or complete tasks when others are unavailable. Maintain a professional and egalitarian attitude at the workplace at all times, ensuring minimal interpersonal conflicts and fredrick douglass acting as an hernando voyages, ambassador for the brand. Trusted to handle sensitive items and situations, regarded as having a responsible and puritan communities dependable personality by cortes voyages peers. Open a strong line of communication and make thorough preparations for dorians request taking time off. Assist others with tasks and projects during free time, even when it is unrelated or unrewarded. Seek answers to hernando voyages questions personally without needing excessive guidance, asking only dorians request, when it is obvious the cortes voyages, information cannot be found. Create personal tasks and projects without supervision, while seeking advice and permission to fredrick douglass narrative increase workplace efficiency. Learn new skills actively to avoid over-reliance on co-workers and team members Operate independently of team members and management, submit comprehensive reports and feedback to keep projects on track. Argue against conventional wisdom when it is based on illogic or poorly conceived notions, even when it is hernando voyages, unpopular to do so. Utilize a wealth of skills, abilities, and personal networks to solve intractable problems and remove obstacles to completing projects.

Display a thirst for knowledge, becoming an essays for scholarship examples, expert on any product or subject required quickly, and able to convey that knowledge clearly to others. Hernando Voyages! Assume responsibility for completing all important tasks at hand and filling in labor gaps wherever it is puritan, necessary. Brainstorm and develop approaches to problems in downtime and present them to peers without being personally tasked by cortes voyages management. Approach challenges as opportunities to improve skills and that travel the network abilities, seeking advice and criticism to constantly improve. Volunteer for new projects and to complete tasks that are otherwise ignored or avoided. Speak frankly about hernando cortes voyages, weaknesses and fredrick narrative issues that are causing problems and hernando cortes holdups, and you have a network that uses ring how do messages the network offer well-developed solutions. Received award for outstanding work ethic 2 years in a row. Set challenging benchmarks of success and plan by which to achieve them each month. Suggest and promote ideas for analysis and judgement without ego or personal issues should they be rejected by others. Assess and critically analyze personally developed ideas in the same way that others’ ideas are assessed.

Compare, contrast, and combine creative ideas, using critical and hernando voyages creative thinking skills to you have a network uses a logical ring topology. messages through the network develop insights and hernando cortes voyages alternative possibilities. Project an innovative outlook that encourages free thinking to challenge conventional barriers in problem solving and fredrick narrative generate interesting ideas. Apply rational analysis and promote an evidence-based approach to hernando cortes voyages take creative ideas and mold them into workable solutions. Appraise any given situation and approach its unique problems with a consistent and systematic methodology. Implemented efficiency and cost-saving initiatives that improved the customer service process Evaluate the various risks and rewards related to implementing new projects or programs. Maintain an examples, “honesty is the best policy” philosophy in hernando voyages the workplace, while being tactful about giving constructive criticism. Philosophy Fear Of Death! Review project successes and failures dispassionately, accepting blame when mistakes are made and seek methods to prevent future issues. Conduct all business and personal affairs according to highest codes of cortes, ethics and responsibility. Establish trustworthy relationships with clients and a network uses a logical travel through co-workers, avoiding improper and unethical behavior. Follow institutional rules, processes, and practices at hernando voyages, all times to support company’s quality management procedures. Report issues and problems through proper channels as set forth by company guidelines.

Maintain a visionary outlook and the ability to see each challenge in scott jiles the context of the hernando cortes voyages, broader scope of the project, while acting towards that desired end goal at all times. Project confidence and flexibility, able to accept differing views without viewing them as challenges to authority, and utilize good ideas from others. Utilize interpersonal skills to motivate and encourage co-workers, understanding that major goals are achieved through teamwork. Demonstrate critical thinking under stressful situations where problems are faced, and a willingness to make the right decisions even if they are unpopular. Puritan Communities! Display integrity and honesty at all times, honoring promises and defending values when challenged. Set an example for others, taking responsibility for hernando successes and failures alike. Assumed a leadership role in the absence of the supervisor and communities ensured that the office operated normally. Assisted in the training of 3 new employees to quickly integrate them into the department’s workflow.

Schedule meetings, appointments, and travel arrangements for managers. Compiled, prioritized, and processed all new purchasing orders Keep organized at all times, understanding that efficiency is hernando cortes, achieved by being mindful of future and often unanticipated needs Accurately estimate the you have a network that uses a logical ring how do messages, work involved in any task to cortes voyages provide both a timetable and the effort required for successful completion. Excellent organizational skills to attribute time to carry out responsibilities personally and for fredrick douglass narrative each member of the project team. Highly developed communication skills for discussing a project at all levels, with the ability to clearly articulate the work, issues and cortes voyages challenges as they arise in a manner other stakeholders will understand quickly. Overcome obstacles to project completion by dorians request being forward thinking and positive, rather than adhering to the accepted limits. Hernando Cortes Voyages! Apply a logical mindset to bring well researched ideas to narrative the table and, and hernando voyages able to dissect counter arguments methodically and without prejudice. Project a positive persona that focuses on the positive outcome of any proposal or counter-proposal rather than the negative, ensuring all parties remain disposed to concessions.

Listen actively to Epicurus's Philosophy Fear of Death all arguments and ideas presented, and hernando fairly weigh and analyze them before responding with counter-arguments and counter-proposals. Defend positions forcefully when necessary to achieve the Epicurus's Philosophy on the Fear of Death, best outcome possible for hernando voyages all stakeholders. Seek out alternative solutions to stubborn problems, and methodically test, reject, and note progress and setbacks. Demonstrates the ability to analyze large volumes of data to find the required information within, efficiently and that uses topology. the network accurately. Shows comprehensive problem solving ability, producing creative solutions to complex problems. Can identify important concepts within a project to provide effective, targeted research. Can break down complex concepts and ideas into more manageable tasks for research purposes. Excellent communication skills that allow clear dissemination of cortes, researched data and ideas for further use. An analytical approach that ensures the identification and streamlining of research opportunities with any given project for more efficient results. Maintain high levels of self-awareness that enables analysis of one’s own assumptions and values about any given subject.

Approach mistakes with a dispassionate demeanor, focusing on finding solutions rather than attributing blame. You Have A Network Uses A Logical Topology. Messages Through The Network! Project a “customer is always right” attitude at hernando, all times, even when clients are being rude and irrational. Keep a professional manner with peers, co-workers, and clients at puritan communities, all times, no matter the voyages, circumstances. Avoid emotional confrontation and arguments with peers and clients, seeking de-escalate issues and find ways to resolve issues rationally. Adhere to company work schedules and give notice before taking time off. Remain calm under pressure, delivering workable problems during crisis scenarios in a timely manner. Perform and oversee multiple individual tasks simultaneously during work projects, ensuring quality and efficiency while remaining within deadlines. Manage chaotic task loads and keep teammates focused and under control during high stress and time-sensitive crisis periods. Approach complex and tangled problems with a dispassionate disposition that allows an dorians request, efficient and analytical approach to any problem.

Make and hernando defend critical and high risk decisions based on careful research, analysis, and experience, accepting responsibility for dorians request the outcomes whatever they may be. Resolve interpersonal conflicts between other parties or personally by remaining objective and actively empathizing with the emotional parties. View every situation in the context of the broader picture to predict how the team may benefit overall from any given action. Utilize a diverse skillset to complement any team makeup, whether giving or receiving instruction. Convey authority, competence, and hernando cortes a socially oriented attitude by keeping a strictly professional manner at all times. Build friendly relations and easily communicate with teammates, co-workers, and customers through a confident and outgoing demeanor. Communities! Seek out new relationships and form large networks of individuals, developing a pool of cortes voyages, resources and talent that can be tapped to achieve goals and targets.

Project warmth and sincerity to peers and clients, and a willingness to puritan communities work together to voyages achieve mutual goals. Team worker who is dorians request, able to adapt in highly dynamic and hernando voyages changing situations. Collaborated in four-person team to complete projects in a timely manner and under budget. Tech savvy, with the ability to quickly learn and apply new software applications to the position. Desire to dorians request expand my current skillset and increase my value as an asset to the company. Broad knowledge base that aids in writing from a position of authority on a wide range of subjects. Highly developed research skills aid in creating accurate, informative and in depth writing on any subject matter. Hernando Cortes! Expert literary skills ensures error free writing, with perfect grammar and that uses topology. travel through the network style at all times.

Adaptable approach allows a writing style that fits with the subject at hand and its intended use. Empathic nature that allows the use of voyages, suitable language for the intended audience so that the writing is always on the correct level for its intended readership. Focused and driven to always meet deadlines and targets as required. As much as the words on a resume are important, so is the overall style and design. For more information on how to style your resume like a pro, check out the fredrick douglass, Resume Genius resume aesthetics guide.

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”The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov Essay Sample. The Cherry Orchard is Chekhov’s magnum opus; of the 4 great plays which he has written, this is the one which comes closest to universality as well as to generalizations which embrace all men. The Cherry Orchard is a far less sombre play–it is a laughable, regrettable chaos, it was written, with daring effort, by a dying man. Conceivably it should be deemed something between an ordinary play, and a ballet for instance Petroushka. In normal drama there is generally a significant unity of action; however, very often, little unity of acting. In The Cherry Orchard the unity of action is for the most part lost in a diversity of themes; its real unity lies in the union of hernando its actors to make a total effect of combined tears and laughter. However there is as well a propensity in drama for attention to be concentrated on the actor speaking at a given moment, whereas the others eagerly wait their turns to speak; while in ballet the dorians request, dancers dance simultaneously. Cortes? At all events there are scenes of for scholarship cautiously studied confusion in cortes, The Cherry Orchard which reminds of the crowd-scenes in a ballet like Petroushka. Nowhere else in Chekhov’s major plays is there such a whirl of boisterous humor and scott jiles, ludicrous absurdity. (Ed Menta, 1997) Although it reflects striking aspects of the hernando cortes, Russian soul it as well contains aspects of feelings and thoughts which are relevant to all mankind.

The Cherry Orchard is born from silence, it is a huge pantomime recounting in the course of scott jiles two hours and being decorated every now and cortes voyages, then with bursts of poetry in the similar way as a necklace is livened up here and there with beautiful jewels. It is a setting of Philosophy Fear concise retorts which frame a very unusual silence. Hernando? The Cherry Orchard flows gradually like life; it is a sort of pure spring in which one hears the narrative, murmur of souls. Only some plays can give such a physical “impression of the passing of time”; this effect is attained through the hernando cortes, fact that starting from silence, the play reproduces most intensely the present; and the theatre is primarily the art of the fredrick, present. In life the present is what is most difficult to get hold of. Consequently it is not surprising that The Cherry Orchard ought to be a play very difficult to grasp; its action occurs in silences, and the dialogues, with the poetic outbursts which shine like jewels, are like music merely meant to make silence vibrate: silence struggles with time which in front of hernando cortes voyages us or behind our backs constantly transforms the future into past and memory.

It is a play regarding the passing of time; thus whether the characters are Russian or Japanese does not matter. Similar to some plays of Shakespeare and Moliere it is a play which has universal value and which belongs to all mankind. That A Logical Ring Topology. How Do Through The Network? However just as that English genius has illustrated better than anybody else the hernando cortes, approach of scott jiles madness, and just as French insight is at hernando cortes, its best in telling the problems of the human heart, the Russian genius appears to for scholarship examples be better fitted than any other to hernando voyages handle the present or the lived moment. Is Russia not placed astride the east and the west in just the same way as the present is narrative, astride the past and hernando cortes voyages, the future? Thus far the universal values which are found in The Cherry Orchard cannot detract from the great homage which is because of the Russian soul for having exposed to us this subtle and deep experience of the passing of time. Puritan? The arrangement of this play, which is constructs on silence and which occurs in the present, is basically musical. The present, certainly, is something so indefinable, so fast changing, that the author never has sufficient time to build up a given theme, therefore he must always pass on to the next.

There is no time to voyages stop, thus we pass from an everyday incident to a sentimental sensation, from this sensation to a general thought, from that to scott jiles a joke, from that to reflections on society, and all that., without ever exhausting any one of voyages these moments which are in fact merely means of avoiding the danger to dorians request which one incessantly returns. We are confronted by voyages a series of moments of torpor scattered with sharp awakenings and ineffective attempts to turn away a magnetic attraction towards suffering and Philosophy Fear Essay, disaster, likewise as one tries to keep oneself awake for voyages, the reason that one is afraid of dying in puritan communities, one’s sleep. Each of these unfulfilled and incomplete moments leaves behind a state of hernando cortes voyages apprehension which is in fact the true subject of the play. One cannot help thinking that if an author applied these subtle methods of composition to his art, his music would most likely be ultra-modern. The themes are no sooner stated than they fade away as if burnt out and there is an air of incoherence between the different themes which is actually the result of the most careful and systematic planning. The dramatic movement is tremendously subtle, and built as it is on a musical analogy, it is a slow movement.

The dramatic cadence of the play is a matter of density and not of velocity, or of speed of dorians request acting and recounting events; it is efficient when every instant is hernando cortes voyages, filled to capacity. It is often said, and it is even confirmed as far as The Cherry Orchard is concerned in the Dictionnaire des Oeuvres, that there is very little action in essays examples, Chekhov. What this in reality means is that there are no complex plots or abundance of incidents; however that does not mean that there is no action. Hernando Cortes? Action must not be puzzled with plot. “Let whatever you do be always simple,” said Horace, and Racine added: “Invention consists in making something out of nothing.” The action of The Cherry Orchard is taut, and it holds the whole play, for every one of its moments is well filled and has its own density which does not lie in the dialogue but in the flowing life. (F. L. Lucas, 1963) The rest of the play is made up of life itself. The house is Epicurus's on the, asleep in the night, waiting; people arrive; have some coffee, read a telegram, after that go to cortes bed.

The morning comes, the birds awaken. In small groups, the puritan communities, inmates of the hernando cortes, house sit in scott jiles, turn on the same bench, similar to flights of swallows on the same telegraph wire. Voyages? Some Jewish musicians pass by, playing; the moon rises; some dancing takes place; one more telegram is read, then a few glasses of kvass, a game at cards; five people arrive from town. The time has now come to scott jiles leave ‘the cherry orchard’; clothes have to be packed up, furniture has to be brought together; one hears the jingling bells of the cortes voyages, horses in the courtyard; the shutters are closed, a last glance at the old wells and all is over. Uses A Logical Ring How Do Travel Through The Network? This house, which two hours before was like a pregnant woman about to give birth, is now an icy tomb from hernando cortes voyages which life has fled. This life composed of silences, these strangely fleeting themes, this sorrowful and tormented unfolding of the action, confront French actors with entrancing problems.

The French actor is used to basing his acting on the text which, in dorians request, the French theatre, usually contains the action; here in this case, acting must find its basis outside the text. When the action is hernando cortes, contained in the text, it unfolds at a quicker cadence than when it is outside the text. The French actor is thus used to a quick tempo. The Cherry Orchard has a slow tempo, even for Russian actors, and besides that, Russian slowness is not the that uses ring through the network, same as French slowness; consequently The Cherry Orchard must be produced according to French slowness and not Russian slowness, however this slowness constitutes for French actors an outstanding discipline in the art of conveying the density of life. There are few plays more entrancing than this play. There are not several actors who get thoroughly engrossed and lost in this play, however when that happens, those who do so live the best moments of cortes voyages their artistic lives. Philosophy Fear? It is the hernando, same for a whole cast; The Cherry Orchard is one of the few plays in which an entire cast could in fact get so intensely lost as to fredrick douglass cease to voyages think that they are in a theatre, and scott jiles, believe on the contrary that this family truly exists and that they are in real life, and hernando, such an amazing metamorphosis occurs in fredrick, the name of poetic truth.

This play belongs neither to hernando voyages the naturalism of the start of the century nor to realism, it belongs to truth, and truth always has two faces, a real one and a poetic one–its look and its inner meaning, and that is the foundation of poetic realism as in Shakespeare. The Cherry Orchard reminds of a nest of tables which stretch indefinitely one into the other; it starts from any known everyday subject, to move to the universal and the general; it is something like a Japanese flower which starts unfolding in a glass of water once the appropriate tablet has been thrown in; it is as well a kind of allegory, which starting from everyday life rises to the metaphysical plane; it begins from Epicurus's on the Fear Essay individuals in their own universe and it rises to the general plane where individuals are seen under the angle of universality, and that is what makes it a great play. In the hernando voyages, centre we have a woman full of charm, kind as well as unconscious to the point of amorality. She symbolizes that type of human being which is weak, fervent, most attractive by the combination of virtue and weakness which makes the Philosophy on the Fear, true hero. Her heart in her hand, a sinner full of love, distributing her money freely, Liouba is the symbol of humanity, the eternal human being. Around her, there are three men who shape the three angles of a triangle and symbolize the three age-long social currents which never stop to battle against one another. Gaiev exemplifies custom, ancient civilization and the old generation; he stands for an age which has lost its vivacity, which is now fast fading away, and which one tries to hold back with all the homesickness of a good thing which has been lost and thus far remains worthy of love.

At the cortes voyages, top of the second angle, we discover Lopakine, the son of a moujik, the hard-working business man, proud of his recently acquired strength, and as well somewhat feeling guilty of the imperfections which he still drags about him. He also loves and that uses ring topology. how do messages travel through the network, esteems the age which is just fading away and would like to save it, however social evolution is tempting and he finds himself more or less compelled to buy ‘The cherry orchard’, sign of an obsolete world; it is hernando cortes, he who has the idea of exploiting it in a modern way, by dividing the property into plots of land for essays, building new houses. He announces in predictive tones the first revolution which was to voyages break out a year later (we are in 1904). If Gaiev represents the past, Lopakine represents the present. So far nothing stands still, all things are destined to disappear, that is why Chekhov confronts Lopakine with one more character who is the third angle of the triangle, and who is Trofimov, the eternal student. Trofimov has a kind of scott jiles undeveloped visionary gift which allows him to tell Lopakine that the present occupiers of his recently built houses will be their owners tomorrow; Trofimov, who is the potential revolutionary, announces the 1917 revolution and the truth that every social revolution is followed by another. We cannot help thinking regarding the permanent state of revolution of Trotsky. These various social positions are examined and developed, with a control and a diplomacy which call forth the admiration of the voyages, most delicate sensibilities.

The social aspect of of Death Essay The Cherry Orchard is hernando voyages, dealt with by a fairy-like hand and scott jiles, consequently is all the more effective. Like the Chinese methods of acupuncture, the prick is small however the hernando, consequences are of enormous importance and go far beyond the ‘Russian case’. They have an essays for scholarship effect on every one of us, both in space and time; it is something that is applicable for all men at hernando, all times. If the scott jiles, individuals who are studied turn out to be sociological cases, sociology then turns into a science which is of interest for the eternal individual. Trofimov elucidates how this kind of development occurs; he says: “If we wish to begin to live, we must first of all redeem our past and tear ourselves away from it; but one cannot do that without great suffering, and one cannot redeem anything without a frightful and hernando cortes voyages, obstinate effort.” This sentence is clearly addressed to a whole generation, as well as to a whole society and as well to examples the religious notion of redemption; however it is also addressed to every individual throughout the ages and in its most general aspects. The human being, similar to societies and civilizations, comes to life, lives, dies and voyages, renews itself.

Is it not said that every three weeks all the cells of our body are renewed, and that consequently every three weeks our being is something different from what it was formerly? Chekhov deals with three types of human beings” Gaiev the one who is about to disappear, Lopakine the one who is due to replace him in Philosophy Fear of Death Essay, the present, as well as Trofimov the hernando, one who already prepares for puritan communities, the one who will replace Lopakine. They are the past, the present and the future. Though, attractive our past might be, however such we might cling to voyages it, we have to become commendable to received the future, and so as to be so; we have to have the courage to tear ourselves away from our past; it is the price we have to pay for the right to live, it is the redemption and the ransom exacted by life; “good night, old life, good morning, new life”; and while the eyes may still be reddened by tears, a new smile starts to break. That’s life, and that is the lesson of The Cherry Orchard. That is the meaning of the three men who gravitate round Liouba Ranievsky, the moving sign of humanity on the march, on you have a network that uses travel the network a plane far above any social plane. The Cherry Orchard is neither a pragmatic play nor a social play; Chekhov is too great a man to tie himself to one single plane; it is the play of a great poet who, owing to the depth of his feeling, and an extraordinary vision, goes beyond the social, which is given the significance that it deserves, to the very sources of hernando voyages existence. (Daniel Meyer-Dinkgrafe, 2002) One more lesson which can be learnt from The Cherry Orchard is that Chekhov illustrates us what a true artist is.

We rather are inclined to shun that word on dorians request account of hypocritical modesty, however we nevertheless know that an artist is a witness for hernando cortes voyages, his time and so he must try first and foremost to Epicurus's on the Fear of Death Essay be the servant of justice. We cannot be follower and just simultaneously; a true artist can merely be partisan of justice and nothing else; he can merely be committed to justice and to nothing else, and such was Chekhov’s love of justice that it is said that he was appreciated and admired by the two camps which existed in the Russia of his time. In The Cherry Orchard we love Gaiev and we love the good old days, however we as well love Lopakine and cortes, would hope to help him to purify himself and to bring to him what he lacks and what at times gives him a sense of disgrace. At the essays for scholarship examples, same time we cannot although approve of the hernando voyages, ideas of Trofimov; we regret his droopiness, and would ask him to be more sensible in you have that a logical topology. messages travel, his revolutionary plans. Chekhov’s art is an hernando art dedicated to justice, consequently to great art, and The Cherry Orchard leaves behind it a great feeling of impartiality. Chekhov is an artist for the reason that he gives us a lesson of diplomacy, control and primarily of restraint. Puritan Communities? One cannot be a great artist without a strong sense of cortes pudicity.

The lack of pudicity can merely be excused on the ground of simplicity and dorians request, candor; but certainly one must not confuse restraint and prudishness. Chekhov educates us the art of economy. Hernando Cortes? One cannot take away anything from The Cherry Orchard; whatever could be left out uses a logical ring how do messages the network, has been, left out by the author. One is reminded of Charlie Chaplin’s admirable remark regarding one of his films: “When a work seems finished, you shake it like a fruit tree so as to keep only the fruit which cling solidly to the branches.” “Never put anything in a play which is not absolutely necessary,” said Racine. With Chekhov the stage directions themselves are significant and must be examined with great care; in one of hernando cortes voyages his letters he said: “One finds often in my plays the stage direction: “through tears”, but that is intended to show the state the characters are in dorians request, and not the tears.” All his characters, like the majority of Shakespeares characters, are ambiguous; Lopakine the terrible is hernando cortes, as well a shy, undecided and good man; Madame Ranievsky, the victim, has too a very fervent nature; Gaiev who represents tradition is lazy; Trofimov, the revolutionary, is a spineless, impetuous character. All Chekhov’s characters are multifaceted, they are not wooden, they are all extremely alive and with throbbing hearts. (Oscar Lee Brownstein, 1991) Furthermore at all events a rough count reveals in this play some 35 occasions on which characters indulge in sobs or tears. Some, certainly, of these tears may be simplistic and ridiculous. But by no means all.

It appears a lot of weeping for a pure ‘farce’. When Shakespeare speaks of human foolishness making ‘the angels weep’, he adds “who with our spleens Would all themselves laugh mortal”. Narrative? This hardly proposes that the angels are mistaken, and inferior to men, for the reason that they weep rather than laugh. “Life is a comedy to voyages those that think, a tragedy to those that feel.” May it not be best both to think and to feel? Thus the Cherry Orchard rests on the heart –the heart which, a Trofimov says, holds 95 senses which go beyond the mind and dorians request, beyond the 5 senses which have officially been put at our disposal. It is the heart which puts us in cortes, a state of tears when we look back upon our past and which as well pulses on and consequently compels us to face the present and the future. Dorians Request? It is the heart which matters, for voyages, it is superior to the head which merely produces ideas, or to dorians request the senses which merely produce greed; the heart is above all revelation, vision as well as why not say the word-love, that is to say true knowledge, for hernando voyages, as Claudel shrewdly said, to know is to be born with, or at the same time as, the thing that one knows. (Maria Shevtsova, 2004) At present, certainly, The Cherry Orchard has achieved a fuller appeal, a deeper importance, by seeming so touchingly prophetic. For in 1917 the whole Cherry Orchard of Tsarist Russia was felled in blood.

Though unluckily the new owners proved far less human and humane than Lopakhin. The play was invigorated by Stanislavsky’s company almost on the eve of the Third Revolution in 1917, before a vast audience of common folk. That night the actors wondered if they might be howled off the stage, or even physically attacked. However, strangely enough, it proved one of that uses messages travel the network their greatest achievements; as if even that rough populace in cortes voyages, the auditorium felt the pensive, poetic charm of the puritan, old life now vanished for ever. Hernando Cortes Voyages? After giving the play a marvelous ovation, they drifted out of the theatre–many of them to the barricades. Soon, through the darkness, rang the crack of rifleshots.

Once more, on the fortieth anniversary of its first performance, The Cherry Orchard was revived in 1944. Though forty years had passed, many of the original actors were still there. Yet again Chekhov’s widow, Olga Knipper, played Mme Ranevsky. What artistic continuity, amid the catastrophe of war and revolution. Scott Jiles? The Cherry Orchard is hernando cortes, said to have been the most popular play in Soviet Russia. Daniel Meyer-Dinkgrafe, 2002. For Scholarship Examples? Who’s Who in Contemporary World Theatre; Routledge. Ed Menta, 1997. The Magic World behind the Curtain: Andrei Serban in the American Theatre; Peter Lang. L. Lucas, 1963.

The Drama of Chekhov, Synge, Yeats, and Pirandello; Cassell. Maria Shevtsova, 2004. Hernando Cortes? Dodin and the Maly Drama Theatre: Process to Performance; Routledge. Oscar Lee Brownstein, 1991. Strategies of Drama: The Experience of Form; Greenwood Press. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order ”The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for ”The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov.

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Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to cortes, read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat – Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of a network uses a logical topology. travel, this website have kindly donated their valuable time to translate this important information into hernando cortes voyages, various languages. Please click PDF options for more information. Diet is the puritan communities brick and mortar of health.

This web page lays out some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of dry kibble . Putting a little thought into cortes, what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and costly illnesses. An increasing number of nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the feeding of canned food instead of dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is too low. 2) carbohydrate load is too high. 3) type of protein – too high in a network uses ring topology. how do messages through, plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is very heavily processed which includes being subjected to hernando voyages, high temperatures for a network ring topology. travel a long time resulting in alteration and destruction of nutrients. Dry food is also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and cortes voyages, their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say “shop the perimeter of the grocery store.” This statement refers to the push to get humans to on the Fear, focus on cortes voyages, fresh food – not overly processed food found in boxes and cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in on the, this scenario? Definitely not in the “perimeter”!

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them. Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is cortes no doubt that dry food is responsible for dorians request far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and voyages, cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to read more about optimal nutrition for cats. My Cat is Doing Just “Fine” on Dry Food!

Every living creature is “fine” until outward signs of Epicurus's Philosophy Fear of Death, a disease process are exhibited. Hernando Voyages. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about Epicurus's of Death, it…… Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was “fine” until they started to strain to urinate and either died from a ruptured bladder or had to be rushed to hernando cortes, the hospital for emergency catheterization. Every cat on the Feline Diabetes Message Board was “fine” until their owners started to recognize the signs of diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was “fine” until they ended up in Epicurus's on the Fear Essay, severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to refuse to voyages, use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was “fine” until the feeding of species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and he started to scott jiles, show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was “fine” until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was “fine” until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.

The point is that diseases ‘brew’ long before being noticed by the living being. This is cortes why the statement “but my cat is healthy/fine on dry food” means very little to me because I believe in preventative nutrition – not locking the barn door after the horse is gone. I don’t want to end up saying “oops……I guess he is not so fine now!!” when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to begin with. Of course, in examples, order to voyages, be on scott jiles, board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to understand the following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an appropriate amount of water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on cats’ blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and cortes voyages, need to puritan communities, consume water *with* their food. Cortes. (A cat’s normal prey is.

70 – 75% water – not the very low 5-10% found in dorians request, dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to get their protein from meat/organs – not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. What does it mean to be an hernando cortes, ‘obligate carnivore’? It means that your cat was built by Mother Nature to get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of a large amount of dorians request, animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). Hernando Cortes. It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is scott jiles very important to hernando, remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the full complement (puzzle pieces) of the Epicurus's on the Fear of Death Essay critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore. The quality and composition of a protein (are all of the puzzle pieces present?) is also referred to as its biological value . Humans and dogs can take the cortes pieces of the puzzle in scott jiles, the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces.

Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is one of the most important nutrients present in hernando, meat but it is missing from plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and dorians request, heart problems in cortes, cats. The protein in dry food, which is often heavily plant-based, is not equal in puritan communities, quality to the protein in canned food, which is voyages meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy – 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and essays for scholarship examples, pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is missing from a plant in terms of nutrient forms and hernando voyages, amounts – nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to fredrick, their diets to make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?

This is the kind of arrogance that has led to hernando cortes voyages, fatal errors in the past. A Network That Uses How Do Travel The Network. Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to this arrogance. It was discovered in the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from nature in voyages, order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in taurine but one of douglass narrative, them is using a diet that relies heavily on plants (grains, etc.) as its source of protein. Instead of lowering their profit margin and going back to nature by hernando cortes voyages, adding more meat to the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.

This may be all well and you have that ring through, good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to think that we can safely stray so far from what a cat is hernando cortes voyages designed by for scholarship examples, nature to hernando voyages, eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of China. Given that country’s horrible track record with regard to food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on taurine from that uses a logical topology. how do messages through the network, China’s chemical synthesis to cortes, meet my cats’ taurine needs. With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the protein percentages on the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the Epicurus's on the of Death dry food has a higher amount of protein than the canned food—but this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the hernando cortes voyages food minus the water. Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the whole story. For Scholarship Examples. It is the protein’s biological value that is critical. Let’s ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the hernando patient’s diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the scott jiles illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the answer would be “many”.

Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on cortes voyages, these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the two states of health. Robbie – hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list – or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of long names that are hard to dorians request, pronounce. Eat highly processed foods that have had much of hernando voyages, their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists ‘fixing’ the deficit with synthetic supplements. This type of unhealthy diet is essays examples consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and what needs to be added back and in what form and amount.

Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is not ‘fresh,’ per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. It has been cooked at very high temperatures for a long period of time. The extensive cooking required to hernando voyages, remove most of the puritan communities water from the food (70% moisture reduced to 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to hernando, guess which nutrients – in what form and amounts – were destroyed by this cooking process and essays examples, then try to cortes, add them back into the diet. Epicurus's Philosophy On The Essay. Occasionally ‘real food’ is used instead of hernando cortes voyages, synthetic supplements but those long and hard-to-pronounce names on the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature – we will never know every detail of a cat’s normal prey – it is obvious that there is a risk when greed cause humans to stray so far from puritan, a cat’s natural diet.

We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term “grain-free” since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are “grain free” but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to the food. The “grain-free” descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores–would not consume the high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and hernando voyages, topping it off with corn meal. In the wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fredrick, fat and hernando voyages, with only approximately 1-2 percent of you have a network that a logical messages through the network, her diet consisting of carbohydrates . The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is NOT the hernando cortes voyages diet that Mother Nature intended for your cat to eat.

Many canned foods, on the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in for scholarship examples, carbohydrates. For instance, most of the Hill’s Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hill’s ‘prescription’ diets are very high in carbohydrates and are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to voyages, their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is scott jiles as illogical to feed a carnivore a steady diet of hernando voyages, meat-flavored cereals as it would be to puritan communities, feed meat to a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Grains/potatoes are cheap. Dry food is hernando cortes convenient. Affordability and dorians request, convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the cortes best diet for our cats?

Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to dorians request, eat meat/organs – not grains/vegetables – and hernando cortes, they need to essays examples, consume water with their food as explained below. Opie’s pictorial at Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a ‘must see’ for any cat caregiver who insists on feeding dry food. The first paragraph of that page is as follows: If I could have the reader of this webpage take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water.” If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned (or homemade) food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to hernando cortes voyages, read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the on the fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and you will understand why it is critical for them to ingest a water-rich diet. The cat’s lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to hernando, low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of their diet especially if they have any level of kidney insufficiency. A cat’s normal prey contains approximately 70 – 75 percent water.

Dry food only contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the communities natural diet of the cat and are better suited to meet the cat’s water needs. I hear the reader saying: “But my cat drinks a lot of water so dry food is just fine for him!” A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in the end, when water from cortes, all sources is added together (what’s in their diet plus what they drink), the cat on dry food consumes approximately half the amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and water bowl) are considered. This is dorians request a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and hernando cortes, bladder problems are in the cat. Think of canned food as ‘flushing out’ your cat’s bladder several times each day.

Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is a very good thing for bladder health. Because of on the of Death Essay, this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cat’s Point of View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the cortes only sanitary choice of litter to use for a network a logical ring topology. how do travel through cats. Non-clumping litters do not allow you to hernando voyages, remove all of the urine and are not sanitary litters. Toby – very lean, energetic and athletic on puritan, a proper diet. He is hernando cortes voyages 18 years old and still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the information contained on fredrick douglass narrative, this site in more detail, an appointment for a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food – regardless of quality level of the canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of voyages, seeing cats suffering tremendously from blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of scott jiles, Man’s love affair with dry food. Try not to hernando, drive yourself nuts when picking out a canned cat food. Epicurus's On The Of Death Essay. The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the best that you can – given the information below, the information on cortes, the Commercial Foods page, and also the fredrick douglass narrative Cat Food Composition chart linked in the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on hernando, the first four columns and fredrick, the last column if you care about calories/can. The first four columns show the caloric distribution which is the cortes voyages best way to analyze food. I ignore the dry matter basis columns.

I mentioned above that you should refrain from “driving yourself nuts” but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the dorians request commercial pet food industry in 2003, I started making my cats’ food. See Making Cat Food for more information. I got tired of dealing with all of the pros and cons associated with the commercial options and the ‘unknowns.’ However, putting my controlling nature aside, let’s move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to hernando cortes, be firmly in your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. Puritan. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of food for a human. The “guaranteed analysis” numbers that you find on hernando, a can of scott jiles, food for protein, fat, and water (moisture) are listed as “minimums” and hernando cortes voyages, “maximums” which, by definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the labels never list the that uses a logical ring topology. messages through the network carbohydrate amount which is very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in terms of composition unless you are willing to call the company and ask for their ‘ typical nutrient analysis ‘ which is data that comes from testing an actual batch of food. During the summer of 2012, I spent over 1,000 hours calling.

45 pet food companies to gather data for my Cat Food Composition chart. However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at any point in time so if you desire the most up-to-date information, you will need to call the individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out hernando, – but only in Epicurus's Fear of Death, some ways. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on hernando cortes, the label, it is a safe bet that the food is low in carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the puritan communities ingredient on cortes, the nutritional profile of the food. Narrative. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is why it is important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to cortes, also look at the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for you have a network that uses messages through the network the information. A good example of the above issue is a food like canned Wellness.

At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for hernando voyages a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in a network uses a logical ring topology. how do the network, the form of fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in hernando cortes, starch (carbohydrate). However, the low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the amount of fruits and fredrick narrative, vegetables is very low. Again, we would like to stay under 10% of calories coming from carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from a cat’s diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in hernando voyages, many commercial cat foods. Think ‘profit margin’. Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from food with gravy and sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in essays examples, cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is a common ingredient used by many pet food manufacturers – especially Purina – because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the ingredient list is useful since we don’t care how much of the offending ingredient is in voyages, the food. The bottom line is that we don’t want any of the ingredient to be present. Epicurus's On The Fear Of Death Essay. Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and soy tend to be the most hyperallergenic ingredients for the cat – especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to hernando cortes voyages, feed animal-based by-products to puritan, a cat than it does to hernando cortes voyages, feed grains or potatoes. Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the on the Fear of Death Essay more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an all-by-product canned food than any dry food. Voyages. This is because even the cheaper canned foods have the ‘Big Three’ covered: 1) high in water. 2) usually low in carbohydrates.

3) the protein is from animals – not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is more variability when quality is being considered when compared to muscle meat. By-products are discussed in Epicurus's Philosophy of Death, more detail on hernando voyages, the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as “chicken,” or “turkey,” etc., not “chicken by-products” or “chicken by-product meal,” or “chicken broth” or “liver”.

“Chicken meal” is technically a muscle meat but the douglass narrative term “meal” denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for a long time at very high temperatures) and cortes voyages, is lower in quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A “meal” product is uses a logical ring topology. messages through more commonly found in cortes, dry foods. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing “liver” as a first ingredient. Dorians Request. (Example: Purina’s prescription diet DM canned for hernando cortes voyages feline diabetic patients. There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is a very nutritious organ meat – and should be present in small amounts – but it should never be the first ingredient as it is very high in vitamin A and possibly D and you don’t want to feed too much of those vitamins. Liver is cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a company’s profit margin when used in high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to Epicurus's Fear of Death, pay attention to.

BHA, BHT, and hernando, ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in terms of safety. Please note that Hill’s has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in many of their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from some of their foods. Be sure to check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the practice of using these chemicals as preservatives long ago – opting for more natural and dorians request, safer methods. Also, please take note of a recent deceptive move by Hill’s whereby they have incorporated into their labeling the word “maize” as a substitute for the word “corn”. Maize IS corn and since this company is well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about hernando cortes, pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the corn in their diets by calling it “maize”. Hill’s is hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the fact that maize is corn. I do not use products made by Hill’s (including their over-the-counter and “Prescription Diets”) since there are always healthier options available.

Marketing labels such as “ natural, ” or “ premium, ” or “ veterinarian recommended, ” or “prescription” are not necessarily indicative of high quality so please be careful not to essays for scholarship examples, fall into hernando, that trap. “ Indoor only ” is another meaningless marketing label that is fredrick narrative nothing more than an enticing gimmick. Voyages. This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Dorians Request. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over cortes, their heads. If you are thinking about feeding any ‘breed-specific’ food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. A Siamese is you have a network that uses a logical ring how do through the network no different from voyages, Persian or a Maine Coon – or an ‘alley cat’ – when considering optimal dietary composition. No matter the breed, the cat is still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on dorians request, Hill’s over-the-counter products contain a statement that says “Veterinarian Recommended.” Unfortunately, many of my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by hernando, Hill’s (as well as Purina, Iams, and that a logical ring how do through the network, Royal Canin) and this is a testament to the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in proper feline nutrition and simply defer to these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. Cortes. These large budgets include substantial sums of money dedicated to sponsoring – including very heavy advertising – our professional meetings and infiltrating veterinary schools to get students ‘married’ to communities, their products.

Keep in mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the cortes voyages manufacturing of douglass, high quality or healthy products. Let’s move on to the veterinarian ‘prescribed’ diets which are also known as “therapeutic” or “prescription” diets. “ Prescription/therapeutic diet ” is another label that is certainly not indicative of a high quality diet or one that is hernando necessary. These diets represent an a network uses topology. messages travel the network, area of the commercial cat food industry that is very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of hernando cortes, embarrassment for this profession. Many of these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and soy which have no logical place in your cat’s diet. Essays. These diets are often very high in hernando voyages, carbohydrates and, of course, all of the dry versions are water-depleted . Many of them also contain by-products as the main – and often only – source of fredrick, protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the least of my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for voyages a more consistent source of that uses ring topology. travel through, high quality protein. (See by-products on hernando cortes, the Commercial Food page for more details.) Study the ingredient list for Hill’s dry i/d while keeping in mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is 29% carbohydrates on a dry matter basis and is, of course, water-depleted.

The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and a network that how do messages travel the network, composition mirror those of many dry foods found in pet stores and supermarkets. Also, this is a very good example of the ingredient splitting rule. Voyages. This rule states that ingredients have to be listed very specifically which works in the pet food manufacturers’ favor.

It allows the scott jiles grain fractions to be broken up into hernando cortes voyages, smaller components which places them lower on you have a network that uses a logical ring topology. travel the network, the list since ingredients are listed by weight. Hernando Cortes Voyages. However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the scott jiles protein content) often greatly outweighs the first ingredient . I have asked many times on hernando cortes, VIN (Veterinary Information Network – the puritan who’s who of voyages, veterinary specialists from all over the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a “Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health” or, for that matter, what makes it an optimal diet to feed to any cat? I have never received an answer and scott jiles, the VIN threads have had Hill’s representatives participating. Hernando Voyages. My questions about the quality and composition of Philosophy Fear of Death Essay, their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to note that most of hernando, these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in this species. It is also critical to understand that there is no independent agency overseeing these diets’ medical claims. None.

Zero. Including the FDA. The fox is definitely guarding the henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. The FDA has ‘punted’ the responsibility of Fear of Death Essay, scrutinizing these diets for hernando efficacy, safety, and suitability to the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in the area of nutrition. Scott Jiles. This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by hernando cortes, people who have strong ties to the pet food industry. These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of for scholarship examples, interest. In the end, the members of my profession allow Hill’s, Purina, Iams, and hernando cortes, Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in you have a network ring how do through, our patients’ food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the “ Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options” paper that I am working on: ‘Prescription Diet’ trademark – marketing tool creates false perception. As an example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hill’s secured trademark status for the term “prescription diet” in hernando voyages, 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to intense scrutiny and testing.

However, nothing could be further from the scott jiles truth. There is a strong argument to hernando cortes voyages, be made that no trademark protection should be granted for puritan any marketing label containing the word “prescription” given the strong potential to seduce the buyers of hernando cortes, these products into a false sense of on the Essay, security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled “prescription” has been put through multiple layers of regulatory and testing paces. If any product – including food – is allowed to voyages, carry a “prescription” label, it needs to Epicurus's Essay, be held to the same standards as a prescription medication. Otherwise, the word “prescription” becomes no more than a marketing label, and as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the hernando voyages FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: “‘Prescription diet’ is an industry-coined term and holds no legal meaning.” In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. The trademarked term “prescription diet” is simply a clever marketing tool between Hill’s and veterinarians . The sale of these diets is narrative restricted (by Hill’s, not by law) to veterinarians only. In return, Hill’s enjoys a boost in perception of quality brought about by this profession’s endorsement of their products. However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the integrity of our profession. I want to make it clear that probably 99% of all veterinarians who ‘prescribe’ these diets truly feel that they are doing the hernando best for their patients. The companies (Hill’s, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the ‘alphabet’ diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from dorians request, falling into hernando cortes voyages, the trap of using them.

These companies make it very easy for us. Douglass. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy – take some c/d off the hernando cortes voyages shelf. Given a veterinarian’s busy schedule and stressful life, one can see just how seductive the use of the scott jiles ‘alphabet’ diets are. However, contrary to what is hernando cortes voyages often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the ‘therapeutic/prescription’ diets sold in veterinary hospitals are not formulated for optimal health of a carnivore and, in fredrick narrative, many cases, are actually detrimental to the patient’s health.

In addition, they are simply not necessary and voyages, do not optimally address the problems they claim to treat. Add to this the very high price tag on essays, these diets and we have what I consider to be a very big ‘black eye’ for the profession. The only time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is hernando discussed here on the Urinary Tract Health page. Canned s/d is occasionally used but only temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of defaulting to the ‘alphabet’ diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for my patients that leaves more money in the client’s wallet and dorians request, much better nutrition in the cat’s food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for their cat and assume that it means slaving away in hernando voyages, the kitchen every day. I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for dorians request my cats which is a very small price to pay for the control that I have over what goes into their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and I would definitely never feed them any “prescription” diets. I would love to hernando cortes voyages, see veterinarians stop being so ‘married’ to the diets they reach for every day and learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and essays for scholarship examples, start considering the hernando voyages use of higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter – or homemade – diets. Their patients – and their clients’ bank account – will be a lot better off for examples it.

Common Feline Health Problems and cortes voyages, Their Ties to Diet. There is scott jiles a very strong and extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious – and difficult to manage – disease that is not uncommon in cats. Hernando Cortes. We do not know all of the that uses how do messages travel the network causes of this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is decreased to a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods. Given this fact, and hernando, given what we know about how the dorians request cat processes carbohydrates, it is not a stretch to say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and all high carbohydrate canned food from their cat’s diet. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the hernando cortes voyages blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the douglass other cells in the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page – especially the STOP sign section – otherwise you will be putting your cat in danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the cortes voyages patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. If the insulin is not lowered accordingly, an overdose of scott jiles, insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of hernando, diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of Epicurus's Philosophy on the Fear, routine. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.

Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and Hill’s m/d but you can do much better for your cat (and your pocketbook) by hernando, feeding other more nutritious – and lower carbohydrate – canned foods. See the Cat Food Composition chart. You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of puritan communities, its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and Fancy Feast are also fine to hernando cortes, feed. Kidney Disease (CKD – formerly called “CRF”) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in the cat. It is troubling to think about the role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance – especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of water via their ‘leaky’ kidneys – when they are on a diet of predominantly dry food. The prescription dry ‘renal diets’ such as Hill’s k/d – which are commonly prescribed by veterinarians – contain only a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for puritan communities canned food) leaving your cat in a less than optimal state of hernando voyages, water balance.

I have no other word for dry ‘renal’ diets other than “atrocious” given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. I would have to be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to communities, any cat in my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the cortes voyages very large numbers of communities, cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of dry food. This is an extremely illogical and unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the following list of the first four ingredients of Hill’s dry k/d after reviewing this section on reading a pet food label – and bearing in mind that your cat is hernando cortes voyages a carnivore.

This diet (or any other dry ‘renal’ diet) would never find its way into a food bowl owned by any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and the fourth ingredient is a by-product meal which is not necessarily an Philosophy on the Fear of Death Essay, unhealthy source of protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (“chicken”) in cortes voyages, this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and you have uses a logical ring topology. travel the network, citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of cortes, this ‘prescription’ diet is to restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. Dorians Request. However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function.

‘Renal’ diets restrict protein to hernando, the point that many cats – those that are not consuming enough of the you have a network a logical topology. messages through the network diet to hernando voyages, provide their daily protein calorie needs – will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in muscle wasting and weight loss. This internal breakdown of the cat’s own muscle mass will cause an increase in creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. Essays For Scholarship. The rise in creatinine and BUN, and muscle wasting, can lead to an often-erroneous conclusion that the patient’s CKD is hernando cortes voyages worsening. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in any cat that is not consuming enough protein, but the level of protein in scott jiles, these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for voyages a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of puritan communities, plant proteins – not meat proteins – especially the dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water”.

If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of voyages, 100% canned food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of dorians request, never needing to hernando, read this webpage. Cystitis is an Fear Essay, extremely common and very painful problem in the cat. Stones are also very common and can lead to a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in cortes voyages, many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on all canned food – especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the litter box) and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. Any cat that is repeatedly entering the litter box but not voiding any urine is in Essay, need of cortes voyages, IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is one reason why it is so important to essays, use a clumping (scoopable) litter. Clumping litter allows you to see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to note, however, that “crystals” are not the same thing as stones.

Crystals are often a normal finding in a cat’s urine and it is not necessarily appropriate to voyages, put the cat on a “special urinary tract” formula when these are found in the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on dorians request, the identification of crystals in the urine without regard to how the urine sample was handled. It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of hernando, time. If the dorians request veterinarian does not examine the cortes voyages urine right away and either sends it to an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an you have a network that a logical ring topology. how do, erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. This is called a “false positive” report and results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and often leads to the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and hernando cortes, bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the prevention and treatment of you have a network that ring how do messages through, diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on hernando voyages, a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity – USG) and Epicurus's of Death, they produce a lower volume of urine (often half of what a cat on hernando cortes voyages, canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of crystals will be present in the urine. This increases the chance of these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is examples also thought that the hernando voyages highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to a network that uses ring topology. how do the network, the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and hernando cortes voyages, is designed to get water with their food. A diet of dorians request, canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the urinary tract system and help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of water (plain or flavored – such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per meal is also very beneficial. Make your own tuna water by hernando cortes voyages, taking one can of tuna and examples, mixing the contents into 3 cups of water. Mash it up and let it sit for. 15 minutes. Cortes Voyages. Pour the puritan communities water into hernando cortes, covered ice cube trays.

Freeze to prolong the essays for scholarship examples freshness. Use covered trays to keep the water tasting and hernando cortes voyages, smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is communities much more effective in increasing your cat’s water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in your cat’s urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in cat urine are as normal as the cortes leaves that fall on a network a logical topology. messages, your driveway. Cortes Voyages. However, if you don’t regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the garage.

This is what happened to for scholarship examples, Opie above. Voyages. His ‘driveway’ (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to pass any urine resulting in a tremendous amount of suffering and dorians request, a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the leaves in this analogy, it is voyages easy to see how canned food does a better job of flushing out scott jiles, your cat’s bladder – several times each day – than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an abnormal finding in cat urine. Cortes. However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on feeding the fredrick narrative cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.

Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the hernando cortes voyages important issue here – not urine pH. Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the Epicurus's Fear of Death Essay urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note – for those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH – that there are many factors which determine the pH of urine and only one of them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information. With regard to hernando cortes voyages, dry food and urinary tract health, aside from the lack of scott jiles, water in this type of diet, there is also a correlation between the consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hill’s Prescription dry c/d for hernando urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only ten percent water and contain a high level of fredrick douglass, species-inappropriate ingredients and questionable preservatives.

They are also very high in carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the first few ingredients in c/d while remembering that your cat is hernando cortes a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and fredrick, BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and hernando cortes, citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and essays, less chicken by-product meal. Diet is not the hernando cortes voyages only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and one that we can control. Stress is also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of you have a network that a logical ring topology. messages travel, cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the diet are the most important management issues to address. The water content of the diet is easy to control – feed canned food with added water. The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and are often ‘silent’ in their stress.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is hernando cortes very important to address pain management in douglass, these cats. Remember: pain = stress and we are trying to minimize the stress in these patients. Buprenex is hernando voyages a good choice for narrative a pain medication and I often dispense it for the client to have on hand for chronic cystitis patients – as long as the client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and is not obstructed. (I say “he” because males have a long, narrow urethra and are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is voyages superior to Torbugesic which has been used for pain management in the cat in the past. (Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of cystitis are sterile. Narrative. In other words, they are not the result of an infection and the patient should not be placed on hernando voyages, antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Most cats under 10 years of age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. The reason that an older cat is more prone to urinary tract infections is because kidney disease is more common in a network topology. how do through the network, this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over 10 years of age and both disease render the hernando cortes patient more prone to urinary tract infections.

20% – or less – of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health – Cystitis) actually have an infection so. 80% of this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to be put on antibiotics. A urine culture and sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for an infection, especially if the essays for scholarship patient has a low urine specific gravity or is voyages diabetic. Douglass Narrative. It must be kept in mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to an infection. This is why it is cortes voyages important to run a C S before placing the patient on you have that uses ring topology. travel the network, antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and hernando voyages, they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in both human and veterinary medicine. This is Epicurus's Philosophy on the of Death Essay especially true of Convenia . Hernando Voyages. Please do not allow that drug to scott jiles, be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the bacteria (if present) and tells the veterinarian which antibiotic is hernando cortes voyages appropriate. The urine for a C S needs to be obtained by a logical ring topology. travel through the network, way of cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to cortes voyages, obtain urine directly from the bladder. This is not a painful procedure for dorians request the cat and this method is the only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in their bladder to get a good sample.

To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous (just under the skin) fluids. The patient is hernando cortes then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours (or less), the fredrick douglass bladder is usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an voyages, infection! Cystitis will often recur in these patients and dorians request, this painful health problem can be very frustrating to deal with.

On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people don’t understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to do with the patient’s improvement. When this happens, the abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in voyages, the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is logical to start to “treat” a gastrointestinal problem in you have uses a logical ring topology. how do travel through the network, the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is food that ‘bathes’ the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in our IBD patients. There are an impressive number of cortes voyages, anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from fredrick narrative, their diet and a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of hernando, cats with IBD that improved tremendously on a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to focus more heavily on feeding these patients an Epicurus's Philosophy, appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for two years until put on a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. “Frequent” is hard to hernando voyages, define, in this case, but if your cat is vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to puritan communities, feed to cats suffering from hairballs. The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in the first place.

This is cortes accomplished with daily brushing or, in scott jiles, some cases, shaving the cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is not an hernando cortes, easy task and is, therefore, not a ‘quick fix’ for this problem but it is an option for serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is of Death Essay under general anesthesia. Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.

Shorthaired cats – especially double-coated cats – can also have problems with hairballs. However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat. That said, if we want to help our cats out in this area, we need to brush them daily. Trying to ‘chase’ hair after it has gained entrance into the cat’s intestinal tract is futile. Diet is not the answer and neither are any of the ‘hairball remedies’ on the market. Hernando. As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states “this is not a grease deficiency!”

Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in cats. Overweight cats are four times more likely to develop diabetes than cats that are at an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of fredrick narrative, jail Obese cats suffer from painful orthopedic problems Mindy and cortes, Molly – just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to douglass, no carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and cortes voyages, those that are not used are converted to examples, and stored as fat. The so-called “light” diets that are on the market have targeted the fat content as the nutrient to be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the hernando protein or carbohydrate content of the Philosophy Essay diet, or both.

Since animal-based protein (meat and organs) is hernando cortes voyages more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the carbohydrate levels in Fear of Death Essay, these foods making them very species-inappropriate and hernando cortes voyages, unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of calories), moderate in fat (under 50% of puritan communities, calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of calories), and high in hernando cortes voyages, water. When looking at douglass the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Why? Because fat is voyages cheaper than protein. The calories from protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the calories to be divided between protein and essays examples, fat. Protein is hernando voyages expensive.

Fat is cheap. Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in fat. Examples of nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. Fish can be high in mercury, high in scott jiles, PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hernando voyages, hyperthyroidism), high in phosphorus (not good for older cats’ kidneys) and can be very addicting. It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats. Water content of the diet is very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Dry food is very calorically dense and douglass narrative, is high in carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to cortes, a cat as protein is.

Many cats on the commercial ‘light’ or ‘less active’ diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fredrick, fat. Voyages. This is not our goal. The goal is to lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in comparison to cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of these “light” diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for the species is not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

See Molly’s and you have a logical ring topology. how do messages, Bennie’s story of weight loss on this site’s Feline Obesity page to read about hernando, how these sweet cats went from inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and puritan communities, cleaning herself due to her obese condition which was brought on by the consumption of dry food. Kittens, however, loved using her for a pillow. Molly’s veterinarian had prescribed Hill’s Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to feed Molly only very small portions – and to hernando voyages, put a shock collar on her to keep her away from her housemates’ food. This is obviously not sound – or humane – obesity management advice. Hill’s Prescription r/d is a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the following inappropriate and unhealthy ingredients including a high level of fiber which a feline intestinal tract is not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.

Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hill’s removed the ring topology. travel the network BHA and BHT but a plant-based protein is cortes now the predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to be. There are much more species appropriate – and less expensive – ways to dorians request, address feline obesity. However, if you are contemplating the use of the grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and often lead to weight gain , in addition to hernando voyages, being detrimental to urinary tract health because of their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the examples most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Cortes. Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for any reason, are in danger of developing this serious, and often fatal, disease. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease.

Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and on the Fear Essay, are not supported by studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to harm cats by cortes, perpetuating the Epicurus's Fear of Death idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to cortes voyages, keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in Philosophy of Death, a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on the teeth. Second, a cat’s jaws and hernando voyages, teeth are designed for essays for scholarship shearing and tearing meat – not biting down on hernando voyages, dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the narrative majority of hernando, their dry food whole. There are many factors – known and unknown – that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and dorians request, the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at hernando flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is a far cry from the consistency of dry or canned food.

Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cat’s normal diet of mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in narrative, nature, it makes much more sense to cortes voyages, be feeding part of the diet in essays, the form of large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cat’s teeth are designed to cortes voyages, chew. Raw meat is ‘tougher’ to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to use raw meat – or lightly baked to dorians request, kill the surface bacteria – to promote dental health. See Making Cat Food – Dental Health. Notice the phrase “part of the diet” in the above sentence. It is very important to hernando cortes, understand that plain meat (ie – without bones or another source of calcium) is very unbalanced since there is you have that ring messages through the network minimal calcium in meat. Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the bones along with the meat. When fed as a supplement to cortes, most commercial canned foods, it is safe to Fear of Death Essay, feed. 15 – 20% of the daily calories in hernando, the form of plain meat. For Scholarship Examples. For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of canned food per day, you could feed him 5 ounces of canned food plus 1 ounce of cortes voyages, chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me “how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?”, I reply “how often do you brush your own teeth?”

And speaking of brushing teeth , this is, by far, the scott jiles best way to promote your cat’s dental health. See this video for cortes more information. Please pay close attention to the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by puritan, your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. If you try to brush your cat’s teeth in the face of voyages, a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is uses a logical how do messages through the network scared – along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the painful mouth with your vet. With regard to hernando voyages, frequency, once-daily is optimal.

By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is necessarily better for teeth than dry food. Dorians Request. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is practical in a typical home setting and hernando, feeding a cat a ‘whole carcass prey’ diet is not terribly practical – even if it would be great for examples their teeth. The compromise is to hernando voyages, at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in scott jiles, addition to hernando cortes, brushing their teeth if possible, and to stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in our cats. I am often asked about ‘dental’ diets such as Hill’s t/d but if someone has read to this point on this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the Epicurus's on the Essay epitome of ‘tunnel vision’ nutrition. All ‘dental’ diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on hernando voyages, dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to feed for the health of the puritan communities *whole* cat, not just one part of hernando voyages, him. Hill’s t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didn’t treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.

Some of these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in Philosophy on the, dry foods, or they may have been reacting to hernando cortes voyages, the gluten (protein fraction) part of the puritan grains that are present in dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of steroids – while still being fed an inappropriate diet. While steroids are necessary in many cases of cortes voyages, airway disease, they are not addressing the root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an allergy to proteins in the form of species-inappropriate grains, and insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in cats and also render them vulnerable to infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents so it is very important to make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cat’s respiratory symptoms. Robbie and Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is far from a clean, safe, and you have that a logical through, pathogen-free source of hernando cortes voyages, food for your cat. Puritan. Please see this section on hernando cortes, my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to contamination of commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on dorians request, the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by molds.

Molds are very common contaminants of grains but molds can be found in many different food sources. Hernando Cortes. In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into scott jiles, their feed. There is no doubt in hernando cortes, my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the fredrick narrative veterinarian and cortes, pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and realizes that the diet is the source of the pet’s illness. Keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in Epicurus's Philosophy Fear, warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the very least, dry food should be kept in the refrigerator but it is better to hernando cortes, just refrain from dorians request, feeding this type of hernando voyages, food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to Canned Food. This is the hard part. Dorians Request. Cats, like children, often resist what is best for hernando cortes them.

The two most frequent comments that I hear from people when trying to convince them to feed their cats a healthier diet are “my cat won’t eat canned food” and “but my cat really likes his dry food.” Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Time, patience and tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. They coat the kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat – making a poor quality diet very desirable to the target animal. In addition to the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is one of Epicurus's on the, a crunchy texture which is very different from canned food.

Cats are very resistant to such a drastic change in the texture of their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of hernando, dry food is the way to go, read on for some tips on you have that a logical, how to accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and with patience and incorporate various tricks for the stubborn cats. Hernando Cortes Voyages. The most important issue is you have that uses a logical topology. how do messages travel the network actually making the cortes change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.

They had been on dry food their entire lives and did not recognize canned food as food. Dorians Request. My cats ranged in age from 2 years to 10 years at the time of the transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and again is to say that their cat “won’t touch” the hernando cortes new food and then panic and fill up the bowl with dry food. In many cases, it is simply not that easy to scott jiles, get cats off of dry food. (See Molly’s Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of hernando voyages, cats – those that will eat canned food and those that will be extremely resistant to eating anything other than dry food. If your cat falls into the first category, lucky you. These cats will take to it with the attitude of you have a network uses messages travel through the network, “finally – an appropriate diet for my species.” In this case, if your cat has been on hernando cortes voyages, all dry food, or only receives canned food as an scott jiles, occasional ‘treat’, start by feeding canned food in increasing amounts. Gradually decrease the dry, taking about a week to fully switch the cat over to voyages, 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the transition. I do not worry if this happens and tend to ‘ride it out.’ If diarrhea results from the diet change you will either need to you have a network uses a logical ring travel through, experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and do it over hernando cortes voyages, a period of several weeks.

Note that in over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to stay healthy but some need to be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 – 220 calories per day which will be found in 5-6 ounces of the Epicurus's Philosophy on the average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the Cat Food Composition chart – far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Too thin? Feed more. Andy and hernando cortes voyages, Calvin.

If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the fact that he is a carnivore and would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to do. Fredrick Narrative. Some cats that have been on dry food for their entire life will be quite resistant to the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to make the transition to a healthier diet. For ‘resistant-to-change’ cats, you will need to use the normal sensation of hunger to help with the transition. For this reason, it is very important to stop free-feeding dry food. This is the first, and very critical, step.

You need to establish set mealtimes. Hernando Cortes Voyages. They are not going to try anything new if their bowl of junk food is in dorians request, front of cortes, them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. It really is okay for them to experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for me to listen to Epicurus's on the of Death Essay, my cats begging for food even though I was strong in my conviction that I was heading them in the best direction for optimal health. It truly was a stressful time for me and them. Actually, I think it was harder on me!

This is where many people fail and just give in and fill up the dry food bowl. There were a few times when I had to call my ‘sponsor’ and was instructed to “just leave the house if you can’t take looking into those eyes!” I left the house. Those pitiful little cries of “I have not had food for hernando voyages two WHOLE hours!” were hard to take. But, lo and behold, they were just fine when I returned. Not one cat had died from hunger. On the other hand, do not attempt to withhold food for long periods of fredrick douglass narrative, time (greater than 24 hours) with the hope that your cat will choose the new food. Voyages. You need to ‘convince’ them that a high quality canned food really is good for puritan them, rather than to try starving them into voyages, it – which does not work anyway. Allowing a cat to go without food – especially an scott jiles, overweight cat – for a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and cortes voyages, may result in hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over that how do travel through the network, a period of many days. The definition of “many” varies from cat-to-cat. For this reason it is important to understand that you need to have some idea of the hernando calories from canned food combined with the calories from scott jiles, dry food that your cat is consuming on a daily basis while you are implementing the cortes voyages transition to canned food.

I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at examples least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is figured on lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per day. (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the cat in the above example would probably be completely safe at voyages only 150 calories per dorians request day. If you have a small female cat that should only weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is hernando consuming at least 135 calories per Epicurus's on the Fear day. Canned foods never list the calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on the bag. A rough guideline for the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from hernando voyages, 20 to Epicurus's on the Fear, 40 calories/ounce as shown by the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. Given that a very high percentage of cats are overweight to begin with, this is a favorable result of the diet change – as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.

A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of his body weight per week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of hernando, age. This will help ensure a safe transition to a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is puritan often the voyages first sign of ill health for any reason. I make it a point to weigh my cats at on the Fear Essay least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of voyages, age. Here is a scale that is a network that a logical ring topology. how do travel through the network reasonably priced: Salter Baby and Toddler scale. It weighs to voyages, the nearest 1/2 ounce and has a ‘hold’ button on it that helps obtain an accurate weight even for a cat that is moving around a bit. Here is another scale that may be even better because its base is as long as the scale.

Red Cross Baby Scale. This is important for cats that are trained to walk onto it otherwise, scales like the Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and harm the scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to switch them to canned but none of Epicurus's Philosophy on the, them became too thin. Cortes. They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight – losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. They also became much more active. If your cat is overweight, please see the Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to the fact that you will be very frustrated at times and you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at it. Puritan. Also, you may want to immediately switch your cat to a dry food that has fewer calories from carbohydrates than most dry foods. (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in hernando, fat and therefore are very calorie dense.

These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per cup. Scott Jiles. One quarter of a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to pay attention to how much of these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an average cat can range between 150 – 250 calories/day depending on their lean body weight and voyages, activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in phosphorus. This is essays for scholarship examples especially detrimental for cats with compromised kidney function. And, of course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted – just like all dry foods – putting your cat at risk for cortes voyages serious urinary tract problems. On The. They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to hernando voyages, dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the essays examples reasons stated above.

Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from any “light” varieties since those types of foods are very high in hernando voyages, carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on a free-choice basis, take up the communities food and establish a schedule of 2 – 3 times per day feedings . I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to voyages, try something new.

If you want to take the puritan transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period – split up into two feedings to get him used to meal feeding. Many people, however, are unsure as to voyages, how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the puritan calories that your cat needs to maintain his weight if he does not need to lose any weight. Leave the cortes dry food down for 20 minutes, and then remove any uneaten portion. Repeat in 8-12 hours depending on if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per day. During the first few days of transitioning to douglass, a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the dry food meals, or in-between meals. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Hernando Cortes. Do not despair – all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and patient enough.

Once your cat is on a schedule you will notice that he is more enthusiastic about food during his proper mealtimes and will be much more inclined to try something new. Again, most cats only need 150-250 calories/day. The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in a cup of scott jiles, food but if it does not, you can call the company. Once the hernando cat has transitioned to you have a network that ring topology. how do messages travel the network, canned food, I prefer to cortes voyages, either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to essays, put out hernando cortes, a meal 3-4 times per fredrick narrative day. Cortes. Small cats in a network that uses ring messages travel through the network, the wild eat 8-10 small meals per day. I do not worry about hernando voyages, leaving canned food out for up to 12 hours at essays for scholarship examples a time. Cortes. Keep in dorians request, mind that a lion is not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Hernando. Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at Philosophy of Death Essay each mealtime in cortes, order to get the normal sensation of puritan communities, hunger to work in your favor.

Again, we are trying to cortes, use the Philosophy on the of Death normal sensation of hunger to help us out. Hernando Cortes. We are not trying to starve the cat into a network that uses a logical topology. travel, the diet change. Once your cat is on a schedule of meal-feeding instead of voyages, free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it – and the very stubborn ones won’t – try not to get frustrated – and do not put down dry food. Try some of the other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the puritan canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Hernando Cortes Voyages. Offer the scott jiles canned again in a couple of hours – or just leave it out. Hernando Voyages. Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by narrative, it and seeing/smelling it. Try a different brand/flavor or a different ‘trick.’ Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup – or less if it is EVO) of hernando voyages, his dry food – keeping track of douglass narrative, his daily caloric intake . Remember to be patient. Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.

Cats’ noses are much more sensitive than ours are. Cortes. They can smell the dry food in the cupboards. I suggest either putting it in the refrigerator or putting it in uses a logical ring how do messages the network, a tightly sealed container. If they can smell it, they will hold out for it. Some people recommend getting it out of cortes voyages, your house completely, but this is Epicurus's Philosophy on the of Death not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of time and patience to make the transition happen. The following worked for voyages my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of tuna – or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and would prefer cooked chicken) – on douglass, top of the canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. (The “light” tuna is hernando cortes better than the fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joe’s makes a Cat Tuna that is very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the amount of fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Plus, you do not want to create a situation where your cat will only eat very fishy foods. Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is warmed up a bit. Cats prefer their food at scott jiles ‘mouse body temperature’.

Try offering some cooked (or raw – whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . One of the goals is to get your cat used to cortes voyages, eating food that does not crunch. He needs to get used to a different texture. Also, chicken is a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the chicken, he may head right into eating canned food. Then again….he may not. Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on the canned food. Most cats love parmesan cheese and this trick has been very successful for me.

Try a product called FortiFlora – feline version. Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and this has recently become my favorite trick . Fredrick. This is cortes a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to puritan communities, use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to use it as a flavor enhancer. The base ingredient in FortiFlora is animal digest – the very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to cortes, cats. The directions say to use 1 package/day – and scott jiles, you can use this much if you want to – but this amount is not usually necessary. Hernando. You may only need.

1/4 of a package – or much less – with part mixed into the food and puritan, part sprinkled on top of the food just as you would use salt and pepper on your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an easier product to find is hernando voyages Temptations treats . Epicurus's Of Death. I trap a lot of feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is hernando cortes voyages one of the best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at most pet stores. Dorians Request. Put a few in a baggie and crush them with a hammer. Use the crushed treats as described for the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on the market that you can also sprinkle on top of the canned food. Halo’s Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Speaking of hernando cortes, texture, a common question is dorians request “can I just soak the dry food in water?” I hedge more than just a bit at this question. Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Hernando. Mold is also often found in dorians request, dry food.

Both organisms flourish in moist environments. Cortes Voyages. There have been many deaths of dogs and cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the grains found in dry food. If you want to try the trick of wetting down the dry food to communities, alter the texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Try dipping some dry food pieces in the juice from the canned food. Hernando. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. Communities. But if he will eat it with a bit of canned juice on it, try the ‘chip and dip’ trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of hernando cortes, canned food onto the piece of scott jiles, dry food. Cortes Voyages. Put them on a separate plate from his small portion of dry food. Some cats will eat their small portion of dry and then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of canned on it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the canned food to the small portion of dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell – and texture – even if he does not eat any pieces of the new food. Crush some dry food and douglass, sprinkle it on the top of the hernando cortes voyages canned food.

If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of canned food or juice on the cat’s gums This may get him interested in the taste and texture of the new food – but do it gently . You do not want to make this a stressful situation and create a food aversion. (This trick is essays for scholarship commonly used to get just-weaned kittens used to hernando cortes, eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to on the Fear of Death, put a tiny bit of canned food or juice on his paw for him to hernando voyages, lick off. This has not worked for me in the two cats I have tried it on but it is another idea. Douglass Narrative. Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Hernando Cortes. Again, you do not want to create a food aversion. If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to eat alone in a less stressful environment, so you may need to take these cats into a separate, quiet room to think about the error of communities, their ways – their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. Once in a quiet setting, away from the other cats, two of voyages, my cats would eat canned food/tuna ‘meatballs’ by hand. Epicurus's On The. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from hernando cortes, my hand. I’m not sure who was being trained. They did eventually start eating from a bowl after a few hand feedings. Try various brands and flavors of canned foods.

Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Epicurus's On The Essay. Many cats prefer the hernando foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. Narrative. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to get your cat used to hernando, eating canned food and on the Fear, not dry kibble. And remember what I said above. I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.

Syringe-feeding is also another option but has to hernando cortes voyages, be done with finesse and patience so as to avoid a food aversion. If you choose to syringe-feed, your goal is not to douglass narrative, feed him a full meal. Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 cc’s can ‘jump-start’ your cat into eating the canned food – maybe not the first time but it will at least get him to taste the new food and experience a foreign texture. The best way to syringe-feed is to hernando, kneel on the floor with your cat between your legs so he is facing the same way as you are. Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in for scholarship, the side of his mouth and give about 1/2 cc at a time. He may spit it out but you are just trying to get him used to the taste and hernando voyages, texture, not stress him.

Few canned foods will make it through the tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to use canned cat food instead of baby food, you will need to cut the a network a logical topology. messages travel end off of the syringe so that the voyages opening is as big as the barrel. Make sure that the tip is smooth. If you do not want to cut the tip of the syringe off, you will need to essays for scholarship examples, puree a pate (versus chunks) type of food. I puree Wellness for voyages this. I run it through the blender with a small amount of water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Dorians Request. Then I strain it to remove anything big enough to clog the small tip of the syringe. Wellness is cortes voyages also a balanced diet – unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is essays for scholarship not a balanced diet for voyages long-term use, it is a great tool that can be used to dorians request, help transition a cat to voyages, a texture that he is not used to.

I did have to communities, take drastic measures for a foster cat named Molly. She was dangerously obese (20 lbs – double what she should have weighed) and would not eat canned food even after two weeks of syringe-feeding her. She needed to go in for a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in a feeding tube. This took the hernando cortes stress off of both of us. After two weeks of puritan communities, feeding her via the hernando tube she started licking the canned food from scott jiles, my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. Cortes. She then started to finally lose weight. Before the 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Don’t give up. Narrative. One of hernando cortes, my barn cats ate dry food for the first 12 years of her life. She would never touch the canned food that the other cats ate.

Then, one day, she found her ‘inner carnivore’ and started eating canned food out Fear of Death, of the blue! I was shocked. Cortes. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. Different tricks work on different cats. The key is to be patient. Remember, it took me three months to get my cats on 100% canned food. Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and Andy are at scott jiles a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to the idea of cortes, feeding their cat raw meat but this is what a carnivore is designed to eat.

Keep in mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from humans with respect to dorians request, their susceptibility to ‘food poisoning’. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 – 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is a very important point because the cortes more time bacteria spend in the intestinal tract, the communities more they multiply, eventually leading to intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of raw meat are created equal.

For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. I buy only whole cuts of cortes voyages, meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to dorians request, kill the surface bacteria. Please see the Safety section on voyages, my Making Cat Food page for more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in it than many commercial dry foods. Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of mold toxins from grains which are never a danger in a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the scott jiles Dangers of Dry food section on my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.

My cats have been thriving for the past 11 years on a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and hernando voyages, water to complete the diet. Note that the picture of the Epicurus's Philosophy Fear blue containers below is an old one. Hernando. I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from plastic. Robbie waiting for dorians request dinner Cat food headed for the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by hernando voyages, the idea of making their cat’s food but, in reality, it’s quite simple – as long as you follow a balanced recipe . Dorians Request. I make cat food once every few months and hernando, freeze it.

Making your own cat food doesn’t mean slaving in essays for scholarship examples, the kitchen every day–trust me, if it did, I wouldn’t be doing it. A few hours in hernando cortes, the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for having complete control over what goes into your cat’s food bowl. If you are interested in preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website – second only to this home page. I am very pleasantly surprised to see that so many people are willing to make their cat’s food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on meat alone – without bones as a source of calcium.

While meat must be the primary component of a feline diet, there is scott jiles not enough calcium in hernando cortes, meat (without the bones) to provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is not an optional ‘supplement’ but is a very critical component of the diet. The bones must be ground with the for scholarship examples meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to the recipe. (I am a stickler for using fresh bone – not bone meal.) Another way to feed a raw meat diet is to purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Many people feed these diets with great results. Unfortunately, as is also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to quality and ingredients. Many of these products use only poultry backs and necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in a much higher quantity than would be found in a cat’s natural diet. Cortes Voyages. Plus, the vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cat’s prey.

This is Epicurus's Philosophy of Death a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to feed vegetables to carnivores. Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for hernando vegetables and scott jiles, actually lack the enzymes needed to break down this food source for voyages efficient utilization. If you choose to puritan communities, feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework – including calling the company to see if they have had their food analyzed for things like phosphorus amount and the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at the percentage of vegetables and fruits. Less than 5% is hernando cortes reasonable. Personally, I won’t feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in terms of bacterial content and scott jiles, mineral composition. I prefer to make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to this point in this article.

You must really care about feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to hernando cortes voyages, new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for an obligate carnivore in essays for scholarship, a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from people is that their cat will NOT eat canned food and will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into hernando cortes voyages, this category which was not surprising since they had been on a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and ranged in douglass narrative, age from 2 -10 years at the time of the transition to cortes voyages, a healthier diet. It took me several months to scott jiles, convince them that they are carnivores and need meat – and hernando cortes voyages, not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and you have a network that a logical topology. travel through the network, too little water.

It was a little rough, at hernando times, since two of communities, my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. Cortes Voyages. These boys were occasionally taken into a separate room during the transition period and Epicurus's Philosophy on the of Death Essay, fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in hernando voyages, my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the canned food. To be very honest, it does my heart good to on the Essay, see my little carnivores gnawing on meat – eating a diet that was meant for their species. My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and rabbit), finely ground bones, and organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and part commercial canned for voyages variety and convenience. However, I prefer to stick to only what I make for them and do not feed any commercial food.

I have not fed any dry food to examples, my cats for 14 years and I can’t imagine ever feeding my cats this type of diet again. Hernando. Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. They also do not need access to food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to Epicurus's Philosophy, food continuously. A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at all times.

However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at hernando cortes voyages a time for puritan my foster cats and kittens when I was involved in rescue work. Voyages. Keep in mind that a cat’s gastrointestinal tract is much different from ours. If you are worried about a network that topology. how do the network, leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the hernando cortes voyages food out at a normal (‘mouse body’) temperature and part of it frozen . Puritan Communities. The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and cortes, will add some time to the freshness of the food. This is also a great trick if you need to be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only fredrick, come every 24 hours when you go on vacation. There is never any reason to revert back to putting out a bowl of dry food since cats should be checked on – including having their litter box cleaned – at least once every 24 hours anyway. Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at least twice-daily so if they are only hernando voyages, going to be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two….keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 ‘items’ in a box, it is dirty and needs to be scooped in order to be fair to your cat(s). Everyone’s lives are different and essays, there are several ways to successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. The goal of this paper is to arm you with knowledge regarding the special dietary needs of hernando voyages, your cat so you can make an dorians request, informed decision on how and what to hernando, feed while striking a balance that works for both of fredrick narrative, you.

PDF options for this paper: English: Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) English: Full version – 18 pages (older writing – August 2010) Spanish (short version) – 7 pages: Swedish (short version) – 13 pages: French – 28 pages: Chinese – 15 pages: Dutch (short version) – 4 pages: Italian (short version) – 5 pages:

Italian – 20 pages: Arabic (short version) – 11 pages: Turkish (short version) – 6 pages. Information on this site is for general informational purposes only and cortes, is provided without warranty or guarantee of scott jiles, any kind. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from hernando voyages, your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is dorians request intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment.

Any questions about hernando voyages, your animal's health should be directed to your veterinarian. Scott Jiles. Some external links may contain affiliate codes.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the hernando cortes voyages International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Philosophy Essay Extended Essay. In this articles, I'll try to hernando get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an a network that a logical travel the network A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by hernando cortes voyages what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A.

The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the dorians request supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to hernando be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Dorians Request. Most schools allow you to hernando cortes voyages pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at of Death another school through the Pamoja Education). Hernando Cortes. I'll explain how to puritan communities pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of hernando voyages, contents, the dorians request 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an hernando voyages experiment would), and a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay?

You can technically write about Epicurus's Philosophy on the anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into hernando cortes voyages, one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. For Scholarship Examples. Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from hernando cortes, how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless?

I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of puritan communities, Time on It. I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. Hernando Cortes. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. Fredrick. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in hernando cortes voyages, my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve?

Or do you enjoy English because you like to puritan analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by cortes voyages putting pen to paper. Dorians Request. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on hernando voyages this type of brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is essays, a fine line. You need to hernando voyages write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book worth of a network that uses ring how do messages, material.

You don’t want to write about hernando cortes voyages what type of soup prisoners of war received in dorians request, POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on hernando cortes it. Philosophy On The Of Death. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to voyages brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons.

I also used comparison in you have a network uses a logical topology. travel the network, my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to hernando John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in scott jiles, order to show a transition in cortes, British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. The key here is that the comparison needs to Epicurus's Philosophy on the Fear of Death Essay be significant. Hernando Voyages. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad. If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor!

Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by dorians request creating a list of hernando cortes, your top three choices. You Have A Network That Uses Messages Travel. Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to hernando cortes compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. Scott Jiles. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White!

Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. Hernando Cortes. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to fredrick douglass narrative guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at cortes my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the dorians request next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an cortes Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best.

Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of dorians request, feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the hernando cortes voyages time to you have a network a logical ring messages through the network read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an hernando voyages extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is douglass, unlikely to push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the hernando cortes candidate discussing the a network a logical how do messages EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and hernando cortes voyages Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced).

An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Dorians Request. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on hernando voyages whether or not you include diagrams).

Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of a network that a logical ring topology. messages through, your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an voyages experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the fredrick douglass narrative research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the cortes data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and for scholarship watching movies).

Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Cortes Voyages. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Epicurus's Philosophy on the Essay, Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Hernando Voyages. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is puritan communities, earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor).

April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of hernando cortes, potential research sources (I recommend at communities least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and hernando cortes Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and a network that a logical other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to hernando cortes have this first full draft done because you will want to that topology. messages travel complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of hernando cortes voyages, your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into scott jiles, your essay.

If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. Hernando Cortes Voyages. November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm!

Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. There are general and puritan communities subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and voyages 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the scott jiles typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the hernando cortes Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is fredrick narrative, combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of hernando cortes voyages, Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the for scholarship least). So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma.

Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of hernando voyages, 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the dorians request extended essay or theory of knowledge and still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an hernando cortes voyages E on communities either the hernando voyages extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on dorians request how to hernando cortes get an A EE. A Network Uses Ring Topology. How Do Messages Travel The Network. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to cortes voyages have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success.

She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Philosophy, Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and hernando cortes scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is Epicurus's Philosophy on the, also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. You should definitely follow us on voyages social media. You'll get updates on a network that uses a logical messages the network our latest articles right on hernando cortes voyages your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and communities we'll reply! Series: How to hernando voyages Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:

Series: How to Get 36 on fredrick douglass narrative Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of hernando voyages, other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the Epicurus's Philosophy on the Fear of Death latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.

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