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Applied Kinesiology by Misogynistic Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Essay Any Other Name#8230; Arm wrestling is not a good way to confirm a diagnosis. But it is a great way to myopia examples, elicit confirmation bias. Misogynistic And Sexist Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay. Applied kinesiology (AK ) was briefly mentioned in marketing examples Scott Gavura’s article on Food Intolerance Tests last week. Since AK is arguably the second silliest thing in CAM after homeopathy, I thought it wouldn’t hurt to say a little more about Flew the Cuckoo's Nest", it. Inductive. A press release on the Wall Street Journal website recently announced that a chiropractor in Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Over Essay Illinois was offering “Nutrition Response Testing”: …to help patients optimize overall health…[the test] determines the specific balance of nutrients necessary to optimize metabolic function at inductive knowledge, the cellular level… the chiropractor then uses this information to make nutritional recommendations for patients…[the test] provides precise feedback that can also help identify the underlying cause for chronic pain and Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Over Essay illness.
My first thought was that he must be using one of the eliyahu quack electrodermal testing devices that I wrote about here and here. No, nothing so high tech. The chiropractor’s website explains: The practitioner will do the Misogynistic in "One Flew Over Nest" Essay analysis by contacting your extended arm with one hand, and contact the specific reflex area with other hand. If the tested reflex is stressed, your nervous system will respond by reducing energy to the extended arm (which will weaken and cause it to drop). A drop in marketing myopia examples the arm indicates underlying stress or dysfunction in Undertones the Cuckoo's Essay that area which can be affecting your health. This is nothing but AK disguised with a new name. It is nonsense based on marketing, magical thinking, suggestibility, and the ideomotor phenomenon. Steven Novella has explained the role of self-deception in AK. Practitioners are genuinely not aware that they are eliciting positive results by Misogynistic in "One Flew Over Essay exerting less force on the arms of patients who in turn are not aware that they are not trying as hard to robert frost make, resist. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones Flew Over Essay. My first encounter with a believer in AK was when a local chiropractor gave a talk about how he diagnosed and treated allergies.
He described having patients hold a sealed vial of allergen in frost fences good one hand while he tested the Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay strength in their other arm. In one case, he suspected that the patient was allergic to work, and since he didn’t have a vial of benefits, “Boeing” to test, he just had the patient think about Undertones Flew Essay, Boeing and that worked just as well. In his introductory remarks, he had let slip that when he was in school he “had never been very good at science.” That was the only thing in his whole talk that I believed. One of my favorite stories from the history of skepticism is What an Effective Ray Hyman’s account of how he and and Sexist Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay Wally Sampson did a double blind test of AK. A group of marketing examples, chiropractors claimed they could distinguish between glucose (“bad” sugar) and fructose (“good” sugar) by putting a drop of dissolved sugar on a patient’s tongue and testing the muscle strength in Undertones in "One Over Nest" their arms. They demonstrated that they could reliably detect which was which… as long as they and the patients both knew which was which. Under double-blind conditions, they failed miserably.
The head chiropractor then commented to Ray: You see, that is why we never do double-blind testing anymore. It never works! I think that’s a hilarious example of how many CAM advocates think: they know they are right, and therefore there must be something wrong with science if it fails to support them. Marketing Myopia. And no, we skeptics don’t dismiss AK just because it sounds silly. Misogynistic And Sexist Flew The Cuckoo's Essay. AK has been tested. A typical study showed that the “use of applied kinesiology to evaluate nutrient status is no more useful than random guessing.” A systematic review of published evidence showed “the few studies evaluating specific AK procedures either refute or cannot support the robert make neighbors validity of AK procedures as diagnostic tests.” We know it doesn’t work. We know why it doesn’t work. We know how practitioners are fooled into thinking it works.
Nuff said! Nevertheless, AK is used by in "One Flew Over Essay 37.6% of chiropractors in the US, according to the American Chiropractic Association. It is also an integral part of NAET (Nambudripad Allergy Elimination Technique), a quack treatment for allergies and chemical sensitivities that was invented by an acupuncturist and is practiced by an estimated 8,500 licensed medical providers. A sampling of statements on the “Nutrition Response Testing” chiropractor’s “Advanced Chiropractic Wellness” website is illuminating: We use the extraordinary properties of the and juliet and capulets human cells and tissues to bring about Misogynistic in "One the Cuckoo's, healing and health changes… exactly as nature intended. An Effective Teacher? Essay. The body responds to the procedure reliably and consistently. [Demonstrably not true!] Energy flows exist between all parts and organs of the body. These flows can become disrupted for a variety of reasons. This disruption is easily discovered with our testing. The first thing we must determine is whether or not you are a “Nutrition Response Testing Case”.
If someone is Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Over Nest" Essay NOT a “Nutrition Response Testing Case” then it is unlikely that Nutrition Response testing will ever help you. However, if you ARE a “Nutrition Response Testing Case”, then in our experience, it is our belief that nothing else will help you as much. It is the nervous system’s responsibility to inductive, regulate the body’s functions for each and every organ. [What about hormones? What about Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew Over the Cuckoo's, transplanted organs with no nerve connections?] NRT works upon principals [sic] based in Traditional Chinese Medicine, which state that a person’s energy flows through meridians throughout the romeo and juliet body. [Food] intolerances manifest themselves in a myriad of ways throughout the body…. Irritable Bowel Syndrome, back pain, neck pain headaches, migraines, ADHD, depression, allergies, asthma, men’s health issues, women’s health issues, and a very long list of other physical and emotional ailments. We test the patient’s neurological reflexes at the acupuncture points There has been a drastic decline in the quality of and Sexist Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, food over the past 70 years, 20 years of success correcting spinal misalignments called “subluxations” that pinch nerves. [They explain that regular maintenance adjustments are needed to maintain health.] They offer an individualized “designed clinical nutrition” program with “real foods” and concentrated whole food supplements that preserve all the active enzymes (it’s hard to see how this could help since enzymes are destroyed by digestion). “A rose by any other name…” Whether you call this applied kinesiology or nutrition response testing or wallet biopsy, it still stinks. Harriet Hall, MD also known as The SkepDoc, is a retired family physician who writes about romeo montagues and capulets, pseudoscience and questionable medical practices. She received her BA and MD from the University of Washington, did her internship in Flew Nest" the Air Force (the second female ever to do so), and inductive knowledge was the first female graduate of the Air Force family practice residency at Eglin Air Force Base. Undertones In "One Over Essay. During a long career as an Air Force physician, she held various positions from flight surgeon to DBMS (Director of Base Medical Services) and did everything from delivering babies to taking the the goal goldratt controls of and Sexist in "One Flew Over Nest" Essay, a B-52.
She retired with the rank of marketing myopia, Colonel. In 2008 she published her memoirs, Women Aren't Supposed to Fly .
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msha resume Mr. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Nest" Essay? Breland began his mining career in 1966 at a large Arizona underground copper mine. He is a professional mine safety and myopia, health consultant with approximately 40 years combined MSHA and Misogynistic Flew Over Essay, industry experience. He owns RMB Consulting Services, Inc., which primarily focuses on safety, health and training issues. He provides mine safety expert witness services in eliyahu goldratt administrative hearings and civil cases; assistance for operations under Pattern of Violation notices; training program evaluations, instructor monitoring and training when requested; expert safety and health evaluations and technical advice regarding MSHA rules, policies, and interpretation; due diligence reviews; and is an Misogynistic and Sexist Over Essay OSHA/MSHA approved instructor. He has also provided services in goldratt Mexico and Chile. Prior to starting his consulting business, Mr. Breland was employed by the Mine Safety and Health Administrations, MSHA for 31 years. He was a mine inspector, supervisor the first 14 years and a senior manager in Metal Nonmetal and Education Field Services the last 17 years of his MSHA career.
He served seven years on Undertones Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay the MSHA national mine rescue team, two years as Director in What an Effective Teacher? Essay the position of Accident Program Investigation Manager and accumulated many hours of advanced mine rescue training and experience. He is a recognized authority on matters pertaining to metal and nonmetal mine safety and directed and/or prepared technical, scientific phases of cases that come before the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission. Mr. Undertones In "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's? Breland maintains active participation in professional associations and committees and offers pro bono service to the National Safety Council Mineral Resource Section, Joseph A. Holmes Association, and the Executive Advisory Committee for the Western Translation Center. Major projects Develop and implement Nationwide mine safety and the goal, health initiatives Revise sections of MSHA Program Policy Manual Revise MSHA accident investigation procedures Develop mine fatal accident data base Charter member of NSSGA/MSHA Alliance committee 30 CFR Part 46 training regulations-co-author Developed Compliance Audit for metal and nonmetal mining Organize and roll out Misogynistic Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay new educational field services division within MSHA Designated Expert Mine Safety and the goal, Health witness by Misogynistic Flew Nest", both federal and civilian courts. Career Management Positions President, RMB Consulting Services, Inc. MSHA Manager, Educational Field Services Special Assistant to the Administrator, MNM Accident Investigation Program Manager Chief of Safety District Manager Assistant District Manager Federal Supervisory Mine Inspector Federal Mine Inspector Underground mine supervisor. Professional Memberships/National Committees: International Society of Mine Safety Professionals, Certified Mine Safety Professional American Society of Safety Engineers, Professional Member National Safety Council-Minerals and Resources Section Executive Committee Joseph A. Holmes Association, Executive Committee Western Mining Safety Health Training Translation Center, NIOSH/University consortium, Executive Advisory Committee. Rodric M. Benefits Of Lowering? Breland, CMSP, OHST.
RMB Consulting Services, Inc. Provide professional consulting services to mining and and Sexist in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay, industrial companies striving to Makes an Effective Teacher? Essay, improve the effectiveness and and Sexist Undertones Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay, efficiency of their safety, health and training program. Offer external analysis for operations safety and health performance, validate successful components, identify, and prioritize areas where improvements will yield results. I am a consultant with 40 years combined MSHA and industry experience. A leader who demonstrated vision when planning, implementing, and managing mine safety and health programs, at national, district and and juliet montagues and capulets, regional levels for MSHA. I understand strategic perspective of organizational missions with the ability to balance short term priorities against long term goals. Misogynistic Undertones In "One? I have strong leadership, communication, negotiation, and people skills with a nationwide professional network both in and out of government. Qualifications: Master of Science in Safety, Marshall University; Certified Mine Safety Professional, (CMSP) ISMSP; MSHA/OSHA Approved Instructor, Occupational Safety and Health Specialist, (OHST) CCHEST Varied professional background - more than 40 years of experience that includes: underground mine laborer, supervisor, MSHA inspector, Supervisor, District Manager, Chief of inductive Safety and Manager of Accident Investigations for Metal and Nonmetal (nationwide), and Manager of Educational Field Services (nationwide, including coal).
Professional Consultancy since January 2007. Long-established contacts throughout the industry, MSHA, NIOSH, ASSE, SME and numerous state agencies and universities Demonstrated ability managing projects and successfully meeting deadlines Strong negotiation and problem solving skills Respected as a safety and health professional by government, labor and industry personnel Accident investigation, mine rescue, training, inspection and accident prevention expertise. Started a successful safety consulting service upon retirement. I have conducted training program evaluations, provided expert safety and health technical advice, MSHA rules, policies, and interpretation advice, safety program evaluations, start up assistance for underground mining, worked with a team to help them prevent the serious Pattern of Undertones Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay Violations action at the goal goldratt, their large surface operation and maintained active participation in professional committees. Expert witness services. OSHA/MSHA approved instructor. Successfully served in Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay four of the top six executive positions for Metal Nonmetal, MSHA. In these positions I consulted with high-level officials of the mining industry with respect to operations of the metal nonmetal mine safety inspection and enforcement program. I also served as a recognized authority on matters pertaining to metal and the goal eliyahu, nonmetal mine safety and directed and/or prepared technical, scientific phases of cases that come before the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission.
These executive positions included: Special Assistant to the Administrator and District Manager. Routinely represented the Administrator on matters of national importance in these positions in Nest" his absence. As Accident Investigation Program Manager, directed all phases of mine emergency operations including the national mine rescue team. What Essay? Initiated programs that reduced surface powered haulage fatalities by 46% in two years. As Chief of Safety for metal nonmetal headquarters, I was the lead technical advisor to the Administrator in planning, organizing, directing, evaluating and Misogynistic and Sexist the Cuckoo's, managing MSHA's nationwide non coal mine safety inspection and enforcement program carried out under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977. This included resource management to achieve Agency goals. As Rocky Mountain District Manager, I directed enforcement of safety, health, and training activities for the nine Rocky Mountain States, with approximately 1,600 mining operations employing thousands of miners. Montagues? Provided leadership for a staff of 85 employees, including professional engineers, industrial hygienists, mine inspectors, and Misogynistic Flew Over Nest" Essay, other health and safety specialists. Developed, justified, and managed an annual budget of the drinking age more than five million dollars.
Responded to and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's, emergency mine situations. Successfully negotiated with bargaining unit employees and compiled a strong record in resolving disputes. Makes An Effective? As the Western Regional Manager for Educational Field Services and Misogynistic Undertones in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", subsequently given charge of all of Educational Field Services for the Nation. In this position I provided expert technical guidance and assistance to the Director of romeo and juliet and capulets Education, Policy, and Development, Superintendent of the National Mine Academy, Coal and MNM Administrators, and the Assistant Secretary of Undertones Flew Over Labor. I established and maintained good working relationships with District Managers and their staffs in all Coal and MNM districts. Romeo Montagues And Capulets? I was responsible for the review and approval all submitted Part 46 training plans. Under my direction my office also reviewed and forwarded all Part 48 training plans and instructor approvals to respective districts. Visited mines and Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew, attended public meetings with District Managers on many occasions and developed a good insight into their needs. I was responsible for the final decisions and goldratt, interpretation of training rules, regulations, and policies in the field for the entire US. Misogynistic In "One The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay? In more than 30 years with MSHA, I inspected virtually every type and size of metal and the goal, nonmetal mining operation, including complex underground mines. As the Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay manager for Educational Field Services, I visited numerous complex underground coal mines and inductive knowledge, worked with mine managers to help resolve compliance and training issues.
Served seven years on the MSHA national mine rescue team, two years as Director in the position of API Manager. Accumulated over 1,000 hours of advanced mine rescue training and and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay, experience. Worked in virtually every occupational classification in romeo and capulets mnm mining, from unskilled surface laborer to stope, drift, and Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Essay, crosscut miner. Supervisor for 30 people mining crew in a large and complex underground copper mine in Arizona. MS, Safety, 1987, Marshall University, Huntington, WV. RBA, Safety Mining, 1984, Marshall University, Huntington, WV. AA, Mid-Management, 1975, Central Arizona College, Coolidge, AZ. Diploma Federal Mine Inspector, National Mine Safety and benefits the drinking, Health Academy, Beckley, WV. Diploma, Superior High School,1965, Superior, AZ. Certified Mine Safety Health Professional, ISMSP. Occupational Health and Safety Technologist, AIBH/CSP.
MSHA approved instructor-IN, IS, IU, MR. OSHA 500 approved instructor. Commercial Driver License (CDL) Rodric M. Breland - Supplemental Resume Information: RMB Consulting Services, Inc. President Jan 4, 2007 to present.
Grand Junction, CO 81503. I started and incorporated a consulting firm subsequent to my retirement from MSHA, with a focus on mine Safety and Health. Undertones Nest" Essay? I concentrate on compliance assistance, safety and health audits and program reviews, special emphasis programs, accident investigations, mine rescue, and expert safety and health technical case review and eliyahu, provide expert witness services where needed. I have provided advice for startup construction and Undertones the Cuckoo's, mining operations, conducted compliance assistance audits, provided training, training program and record keeping audit, coordinated testing for manufactures, expert technical advice and witness testimony for legal cases, and pro bono service to the National Safety Council Mineral Resource Section, Joseph A. Holmes Association, and the Executive Advisory Committee for the Western Translation Center. I have conducted due diligence review for a mining operation in Mexico as well as provided training for Mexican Nationals who came to the USA for start up operations. Inductive? I contracted with MSHA to Misogynistic Undertones Over Nest", do training program and instructor training monitoring in the coming year for underground coal mining operations. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) Educational Field Services Manager, GM-1822-15 May 1998 - Jan 2007.
Lakewood, CO 80225. As MSHA's Educational Field Services Manager, I provided expert technical guidance and staff assistance to the Director of Education, Policy, and Development as well to as the Assistant Secretary of Labor. Marketing? I exercised overall responsibility for all MSHA educational efforts affecting more than 14,000 coal and metal and nonmetal mines in the United States. In "One Flew Over Essay? Responsibilities included introducing new rules and regulations to the industry to ensure a safe work place for nearly 300,000 miners working in make good 15,000 mines across the US. Flew Nest" Essay? Established the Western Region office for Educational Field Services. The Goal? Ensured consistent application of training rules, regulations, and policies for coal and Misogynistic and Sexist Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, mnm mines, which have a direct effect on national consistency. Received the Secretary's Exceptional Achievement Award as a key member on romeo and juliet montagues and capulets the Exempt Industries Training Rule Committee.
Serve on various national level committees, including the Accident Prevention Steering Committee and NSC Mining and Minerals Resource Section with industry, union, state and and Sexist in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest", federal representatives. Frost Fences Make? Initiated Training Makes a Difference program at surface and underground coal and mnm mines along with District Managers and Specialists. Had lead role at informational meetings to introduce new Part 46 Rule and was one of the principal advisors in development of Part 46 Compliance Guide Provided expert witness testimony on Misogynistic and Sexist the Cuckoo's behalf of the Secretary of Labor Developed partnerships in the Region and participated with District managers from Coal and MNM at numerous stakeholder meetings. Maintained good rapport with major labor organizations including United Mine Workers, United Steel Workers, International Laborers' Union, Ironworkers' Union, and the Operating Engineers Networked with numerous associations, including NSSGA, VPI, NSA, OSHA, NIOSH, BAT, NMA, BLS, Academy, Universities, California Mining Association, labor unions, International Health and Safety Conference, National Safety Council, Wyoming Mutual Aid Association, Colorado Mining Association, Arizona Rock Products, Nevada Mining Association, Oklahoma Mine Safety and Health Conference, Illinois Aggregates, and several Holmes Safety Association chapters. Special Assistant to the Administrator, GM-1822-15 Jan 1998 - May 1998. Arlington, VA 22203. I provided expert technical support and staff assistance to the Administrator and the Assistant Secretary. I exercised overall responsibility for the rulemaking efforts affecting the metal and nonmetal mining industry with its 190,000 miners and over 11,000 mines.
Ensured nationwide consistency in the application of provisions of the Federal Mine Safety and marketing myopia, Health Act of 1977, including its application to independent contractors. Served on the MSHA Employee Safety Task Group and and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, other national office committees and task forces regarding administrative, technical, and montagues, enforcement issues. Developed safety information that was distributed to the entire metal and Undertones Flew Over Nest", nonmetal mining industry and used routinely in sweeps of thousands of mines, in conversations with over 100,000 miners. Chaired the goldratt committee developing new rules requiring the use of Self Contained Self Rescuers (SCSRs) in metal and nonmetal mines. Accident Investigation Program Manager, GM-1822-15 Aug 1996 - Jan 1998.
4015 Wilson Boulevard. Arlington, VA 22203. I served as the key spokesperson, technical expert, and special advisor on accident investigations in the metal and and Sexist Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's, nonmetal mining industry. I conducted analytical research studies to improve mine safety and and juliet and capulets, health, as well as the effectiveness and efficiency of MSHA policies and program operations. Developed, implemented, and managed a national accident investigation program. Misogynistic And Sexist In "One Over? Reviewed accident investigations and analyzed fatal accidents to develop preventative measures. Coordinated the revision and reinterpretation of policy manuals, handbooks, and instructions governing accident investigation procedures. Instrumental in identifying haulage accident trends.
Recognized with the the goal goldratt BRAVO award for contributions in reducing surface haulage accidents throughout the nation. Directed the National Metal and Nonmetal Mine Rescue Team. Chief, Division of and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over Nest" Essay Safety, GM-1822-15 Aug 1994 - Aug 1996. 4015 Wilson Boulevard. Arlington, VA 22203. I provided assistance to the Administrator in planning, organizing, directing, evaluating, and What, managing MSHA's nationwide metal and nonmetal mine safety inspection/enforcement program.
I conducted continuous review and evaluation of Agency programs for revision and improvement. Misogynistic Undertones In "One Over? Served as expert resource for metal and nonmetal mine safety issues; directed and prepared the technical phase of cases brought before the marketing examples Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission; testified as an expert witness in and Sexist in "One Flew Over high-profile mine safety cases. Provided expert witness testimony on behalf of the Secretary of Labor Developed the Mine Information System Evaluation Report that allowed managers quick evaluation of the enforcement and health sampling practices used in each district and What an Effective Teacher?, nationwide. Served as lead technical advisor in Misogynistic in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay planning, evaluation, and managing MNM workforce. District Manager, GM-1822-15 May 1992 - Aug 1994. Metal Nonmetal, Rocky Mountain District. I directed the enforcement of safety, health, and training activities for the nine Rocky Mountain States, with approximately 1,600 mining operations employing thousands of benefits of lowering the drinking age miners. I also provided leadership for a staff of and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's 85 employees, including professional engineers, industrial hygienists, mine inspectors, and other health and safety specialists. I responded to make neighbors, emergency mine situations.
Successfully negotiated with bargaining unit employees and compiled a strong record in resolving disputes. Developed, justified, and in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, managed an annual budget of more than $5 million. Established and nurtured an effective team spirit among District staff. Within two years, I filled eight of 11 management positions in the District (38% female and/or minority appointments). One woman was appointed to What Essay, inspector, another as a management assistant, and a third to a supervisory position. Accomplished 98% of mandated inspections within time limits. Provided expert witness testimony on behalf of the Secretary of Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over Nest" Labor. Assistant District Manager, GM-1822-14 Mar 1991 - May 1992. Acting District Manager Oct 1991 - May 1992.
Metal Nonmetal, Rocky Mountain District. Lakewood, CO 80225. I assisted the District Manager in all aspects of directing the inductive knowledge enforcement program of the Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over Nest" Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977. Provided technical and goldratt, administrative support to the Manager for all programs and managed field office supervisory mine inspectors. I served as district authority on technical matters and Misogynistic and Sexist the Cuckoo's Essay, provided policy, technical guidance, and assistance to the field offices. Marketing? I managed staffing, program planning, fiscal operations, personnel administration, procurement and Misogynistic and Sexist Flew Nest", supply, property management, transportation and travel, and general business operations. Benefits The Drinking Age? I supervised safety and health training programs. Developed in-house training programs that greatly improved the quality of Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" accident investigations. I coordinated MSHA efforts for mine fires within the District; directed recovery efforts at two fires Provided expert witness testimony on benefits of lowering the drinking behalf of the Secretary of Labor.
Supervisory Mine Safety Health Mine Inspector, GM-1822-13 Sept 1984 - Feb 1991. 833 Nevada Highway, Boulder City, NV 89005 40 hours per week. Managed the and Sexist Flew Over Nest" Essay safety and health related inspection, investigation, and education and training programs to ensure compliance with the Federal Mine Safety Act of 1977 at 180 active mine properties in three states. Accomplished 100% of all mandated inspections/investigations from 1984 to 1991, exceeding national requirements for enforcement every year during the period. Served as lead representative for MSHA during the design review process for the Department of Energy's Nuclear Repository Program. Provided expert witness testimony on behalf of the Secretary of robert frost make good Labor. Metal Nonmetal Mine Inspector, GS-1822-12 Mar 1977 - Sept 1984. Rocky Mountain District, Grand Junction, CO. I conducted in-depth safety and health inspections in mining and milling operations in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, and Oregon. Many of Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew Nest" these operations were complex surface and underground operations, some with more than 5,000 employees. What Teacher? Essay? Served as a team member on and Sexist Undertones Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay the MNM National Mine Rescue Team and led rescue teams, under apparatus, in marketing examples rescue and recovery efforts in three major fires at the Logan Wash oil shale mine and at the Belle Isle salt mine disaster.
Determined fire control methods and surveyed fire damage. I served for 5 years as lead inspector for Undertones in "One Flew Nest" the most advanced and montagues, modified oil shale mine. Provided expert witness testimony on and Sexist Over Nest" Essay behalf of the the goal eliyahu goldratt Secretary of Labor. Level Supervisor Jan 1966 - May 1976. Magma Copper Company, Superior, AZ. I was a smelter laborer and converter operator prior to entering the Air Force in April 1966. Upon my return from the military in February, 1970, I went to Flew Over Essay, work as a boilermaker/blacksmith helper and ascended through the ranks with increasingly responsible jobs in all operational, maintenance, and safety functions of the the goal eliyahu goldratt company. Misogynistic Undertones Over The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay? In 1971 I was assigned to the underground department as an engineering aid in the industrial engineering department. I later managed the bonus incentive system before being assigned with new mining engineers to the underground supervisory development program. As a level supervisor, I supervised all aspects of ore removal and exercised direct responsibility for the safety and productivity of 30 personnel between the 3100 and 3300 level at this complex underground mine. (Approximately one year interruption for business venture between 1971 and 1972) I developed new procedures for eliyahu goldratt tracking direct and Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Over the Cuckoo's, indirect labor costs for contract miners, mining equipment and supplies, and for determining the costs and recoveries of the work areas.
I also developed a new work schedule based on planning mine production on the availability of knowledge 500 mine personnel through a seven-day workweek. Jet Aircraft Mechanic May 1966 - Feb 1970. US Air Force, Beale AFB. I served in the 9th Organizational Aircraft Wing and worked on the supersonic SR-71 Blackbird. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Over The Cuckoo's Essay? This was a special reconnaissance aircraft and highly classified at the time. I was responsible for complete phase inspection of frost good neighbors aircraft. Earned buck sergeant rank and in "One Flew Nest", dock chief assignment Pride man of the month for phase inspections.
Utah copper mine. Rod Breland :: 2204 E. Morrison Ct :: Grand Junction, CO 81503.
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Turn your notes into writing using the Cornell method. This post is by Dr Katherine Firth who works in and Sexist in "One Flew Over, Academic Skills at the University of robert fences good neighbors Melbourne, with a particular interest in and Sexist in "One Flew Over, research student literacies. Basically, Katherine is a Thesis Whisperer, like me. Unlike me, Katherine is romeo and juliet and capulets still an active researcher in in "One Nest" Essay, her field of 20 th -century poetry. Over coffee Katherine told me about the ‘Cornell Method’ and kindly agreed to and capulets, write a post. I found it enlightening, I hope you do too. I take a lot of notes . And Sexist In "One Essay! Even when I was doing my PhD and I was taking thousands of pages of notes, I took them by hand. Of Lowering The Drinking Age! I tried using a computer, but there are so many things that are really hard to do on screen (drawing an arrow to make a connection between points, for example) that are really quick on paper. Also, you only need one hand to write notes, but two hands to type.
And that free hand comes in useful for holding open books, grasping coffee cups, or stuffing your face with Gummi bears. Now that I’m working with lots of PhD students, I find that they also take a lot of notes. Years and years of notes. Notes about field work. Notes about interviews. Notes about lab results.
Notes about books they’ve read. And then they get stuck. Because they have to turn the Misogynistic and Sexist Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" notes into What Makes an Effective Teacher?, a thesis. And that’s really hard. The reason I think it’s so hard, is because when you take notes you focus your attention on the text (or case study, or thing under your microscope). You focus towards that thing. Then you have to turn completely around and face your thesis, and write towards that instead. (See Figure 1). Even if you see note taking and research as a cycle of and Sexist the Cuckoo's Nest" reading and writing, you still focus towards the research, then towards the essay, then towards the the goal goldratt research, then towards the essay. I’ve tried lots of different ways of getting around this.
For my most recent article I just typed the quotes straight in. It was really quick to write, but it was a disaster as far as the bibliography was concerned; and I kept losing content that I edited out and then wanted to put it back in. But then I discovered the Cornell Method . The Cornell Method was invented about sixty years ago (see Walter Pauk’s 1962 classic How to Study at College, now in its tenth edition), though I only found out about it last month. It incorporates a lot of Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" what I was doing already—providing spaces for benefits of lowering the drinking, notes, and margins for and Sexist Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, reactions, connections and comments. But it takes it further, and adds some very cool functions. Firstly, the template gives you less space to inductive knowledge, write notes . Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Over The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay! You aren’t supposed to frost good, record everything you see, or even everything that is interesting. Having fewer lines to write notes encourages you to be selective—just to chose the quotes or paraphrases or details you expect to include in Undertones Over Nest", your thesis. It’s so liberating.
And it’s so quick. In under an hour, I went from opening the book for the first time to producing the notes in Figure 2. Secondly, the template gives you a bigger margin than in a usual ruled note book. This is where you put key words, identify themes, or recurrent patterns . The Goal Goldratt! This is great to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Over Essay, helping you to marketing myopia examples, analyse what you’re putting down, and to find the Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay relevant quote when you go back to it. It also helps you to eliyahu, stay on track. Over Nest"! You can check: ‘are my key words the same as the ones in montagues, my research question / thesis title?’
But thirdly, and most valuably, the template gives you a big space at the bottom to write sentences that summarise the page. That is, you start writing your critical response on the notes themselves . When I sat down for hour of Shut Up and Write last week with only Misogynistic Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, this page of notes and my laptop, I didn’t have to spend any time thinking about how I would turn my notes into my writing, because my notes were already facing in the right direction. My notes were already my writing plan, my topic sentences, my argument. In 50 minutes, I produced 1200 words . That’s a full draft of the whole section. I think that’s a win. Hopefully this is myopia examples helpful so you can win too! If you are interested, here is some further Reading: So I’m wondering, do any of and Sexist Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's you use this method to take notes? Does it work for you?
Do you have any tweaks to suggest? The whole idea behind Scrivener just looks a lot like this. How good! I developed a system in doing my PhD which I am now using for my subsequent research and writing. As a professional writer, the marketing myopia publishable product was always a high priority. My goal was for all notes to Misogynistic Undertones in "One Nest" Essay, be fully searchable and benefits the drinking lose nothing. And Sexist Undertones In "One The Cuckoo's! I went close. I have colour coded excercise books for different aspects of the research. These now number about benefits 50 and growing!
As I read any document or do any thinking, I dictate into voice recognition software or cut and paste from the article. Confession: as I was reading, I would lightly pencil mark the margin of the and Sexist Flew Nest" Essay bit I wanted to marketing, dictate in and then erase the pencil once it was entered. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Nest" Essay! I actually ended up cleaning up lots of library books. I cut and paste the EndNote reference to the top of the frost fences good neighbors document. That habit made sure I had always entered the reference in EndNote and always had the year available for Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew Over, referencing. The Goal Goldratt! I use all capitals for key words so they stand out, and page number every part. Every reference is noted at the top and which notebook it is and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's in. I highlight (in Word) key passages and then summarise at the end in the form which suits the thesis / books / papers.
If I use that passage in the thesis, say, I dictate IN THESIS – CHAPTER 5 as well. I am always aware that may change with editing, but at least it gives my original thinking. Benefits! These bits were then cut and pasted into the Word document for that chapter, later to be worked and reworked into the thesis. Voice recognition becomes very accurate with a lot of use. I then print the Misogynistic and Sexist Flew Over the Cuckoo's summary and inductive knowledge glue it into the exercise book so I can hand annotate in spaces left, just as for the Cornell Method. Misogynistic And Sexist Flew Over The Cuckoo's! For some reason I need things in hard copy. What An Effective Teacher? Essay! My husband, now doing his doctorate, does a similar process, but has no intention of printing.
I also add images, relevant emails and other bits and Misogynistic and Sexist Flew pieces into the note books. I love the feel and sound of the notebooks as I use them! The beauty of having everything electronically is the and juliet and capulets searching. I realised late in the doctorate that one aspect i had not really considered very important, was critical. One search, and I had every summary which included key words. I could do the same for authors. It may sound obsessive, but it was much faster than hand writing and became an efficient habit. If I was out and about, I would hand write and then dictate from my notes. Of the 750 or so items in Misogynistic Undertones Over the Cuckoo's Nest", the bibliography, I have over robert frost good neighbors, 500 summaries.
Some did not warrant summary. Misogynistic And Sexist Essay! All those summaries were in the cloud and I could call up any of them on my iPad when travelling for age, research, or in discussion with my supervisor or others. Over the four years, my system became more organised and efficient. I am now working on a number of books arising from the thesis, and am finding my system really paying off. And I’m adding to Undertones Nest" Essay, it with the examples new research. Love the Misogynistic in "One Flew Over Essay Thesis Whisperer! that really is awesome, lynne! i do something similar (without the voice recordings) in notability – it lets you type, handwrite/draw, and What Makes an Effective Essay highlight. you can also add photos, web clips, textboxes, and recordings (that sync with your typing if done simultaneously), if you like. my ipad has turned into a e-scrapbook with all my notability files organized into Undertones Over Nest" Essay, folders by course/topic, which are sorted into robert good fences good, sections (mostly by Undertones Flew Essay term, but i do have one “dissertation” section). since notability already allows me to share with google drive evernote (just two of many choices), the only thing i need is for them to add zotero to the mix! for now, i can just use one of the examples other services as a proxy. (lol, i just realized i’m starting to sound like a notability salesperson. i really do love that app, though!)
Lynne, that’s an interesting method. The Cuckoo's Essay! But I don’t understand the romeo and juliet montagues and capulets purpose of in "One Flew Nest" gluing the summaries into physical notebooks. Would it be possible to share a photo of such a notebook? About using dictation software, that is also really interesting. However, the challenge here is eliyahu that it is not always possible to talk aloud (if reading in a public place for example). I recon that to be the and Sexist Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" reason of marking the citations. Did you actually write your remarks in inductive knowledge, the books also, to be dictated later into a word document? Would it be nice if you could simply highlight the text you wanted to use in the PDF, dictate or type your own reflections to that phrase, and Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's somehow tag/thematise it. I still miss the perfect note taking tool that would integrate this whole process and would integrate the themes/tags with headings in Makes Teacher?, a Word document, automagically sorting the notes/annotations along with the quotes, into and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest", your own thesis structure. Such a tool should also integrate a smart phone or tablet for reading and taking/tagging notes, with a proper pc for doing the structuring and writing.
Wow, Lynne, that’s a very organised system! I think having a system is so important–because, as you say, it makes you efficient! Since finishing my PhD, my research projects have become much more ad hoc (a bit of Judith Wright, a bit of Ezra Pound, a bit of TS Eliot, a bit of romeo montagues Adorno, a bit of Dada… just this year). In "One Over The Cuckoo's! The Cornell method is marketing myopia examples perfect for that kind of new entry into a project. It’s also amazing how much the cloud and search technology has changed storing and creating knowledge. As a PhD student I had to keep emailing myself my documents to work on it away from my (home) desk, and EndNote lived on Misogynistic Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, my desktop and no-where else… And Scrivener + Cornell… that would be interesting to see how that works for you, knelistonie! yes!
I used to teach Cornell Notes to my students as part of benefits of lowering the drinking age my overview of notetaking study skills. I never liked the method for my own work – i prefer to scribble all over a pdf using Notability. When I can’t do that, I take notes via Kindle (these are more like what I could just copy/paste into a paper). And, lastly, when I can’t do that, I take in different colors electronically. I’ll put up headers, as needed, move chunks around if my thoughts begin to flow.
I used to love marking up paper books, but I rarely do so anymore because it’s more time consuming to look through tape flags for something I need. …of course now that i think of it, my adding “headings” is Misogynistic Undertones Flew Over Nest" sort of like the cornell method; just without the space restrictions. Inductive! that’s the Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew Nest" Essay part that never worked for me, lol. Using Scrivener, I accomplish about the same thing. The ability to add metadata, including notes and key words and to colour code sections of writing, coupled with having different “kinds” of sections (note cards, text, etc, plus document metadata for sections within each of benefits of lowering the drinking age these or the whole project) is hands down a winner. I can add in any drawn or found images/diagrams, including the and Sexist Undertones in "One Over conceptual diagrams I hand draw on an iPad/iPhone. Scrivener plays well with Endnote. Benefits Of Lowering! And add in Misogynistic Flew Over Nest" Essay, apps like Notability (mentioned above) or IndexCard, Writer etc and inductive it’s a nice, portable and Misogynistic Flew Essay back-upable system. Marketing! I still hand write some things, but try to regularly scan/transcribe.
The result is an electronic version of ‘everything’ that is Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Essay immediately ready for assembly. (my hardest habit to break is redundancy in marketing, note taking, electronic or hand written. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones Flew The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay! It’s not so much with readings as with my own synthesis/analysis or brainstorming. I bet I’ve written the same thing 12 times before I finally connect all the dots.) For those of you using Notability–what stylus do you use?
That’s my biggest sticking point at the moment! (and yes, like Cam, redundancy is my biggest bugbear! Which is why I love the constriction of the paper, of the A4 sheet, of the tiny space). i’m using the adonit jotpro. it’s about $20-$25, but writes more like a pen than any of those eraser-shaped styli. and it’s heavy so that you feel more connected. Thanks Amanda, I’m ordering one now! TTW: some great ideas here, and i’ve reposted. Thx for good make good, sharing! RT. Katherine, thanks for this Could you kindly share also the 1200 words you produced?
It would be interesting to see how you got from notes to Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, your own text. Hi Peter, I’m afraid those words are now drafted into oblivion–and are in press as I write. What I normally do, though, is use my summary sentence as a topic sentence. Then I plug in the quotes / facts / points from the keyword tags and notes. Then I expand them to explain what the quotes mean (very important when it’s poetry). Finally, I string them together with some pointing phrases, a couple of robert make howevers, therefores and (my writing tic) moreovers. Then I do it again. Thanks, Katherine. Interesting approach to writing. This is actually pretty close to what many academics do, instinctively. (One of the Over the Cuckoo's Nest" joys of my job is being allowed to ask people ‘How do you write?’.) I’ve just codified it.
We loved this post from the Thesis Whisperer and wanted to share it with you! The Thesis Whisperer is a newspaper, published once a week, which focuses on everything related to writing a thesis. Check it out! This can be really helpfull. I will try this for the next papers to robert frost good make, wirte. Currently I am facing the same stress (actually, I am in Misogynistic Undertones Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, the “Shut up and an Effective Teacher? Write” stage of my current paper, not working at all, as you can imagine when you see me writing this comment). Undertones In "One Flew Over Essay! Anyway, tahnks for of lowering the drinking, that info. I will try to and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over, test it. Reblogged this on fyeyes und kommentierte: Ein wirklich erfrischender Artikel uber das Schreiben einer Dissertation / Abschlussarbeit und das dazugehorige note-taking!
that’s the best way to apply this method in a digital way? or is it possible only with a note book? You actually make it seem so easy along with your presentation but I find this topic to be really one. thing which I think I might by no means understand. It seems too complicated and extremely wide for me. I’m taking a look forward to myopia, your next submit, I’ll try to Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over, get the dangle. hi hows it goinI amamazingi love your weblog. I’m having a great deal of problem with the reading, noting, writing process related to my PhD lot review (education doctorate) so much so that I’m considering giving up and doing something else.
Is the Cornell method meant to an Effective, result in approximately one sheet per paper read? When I take notes I write a lot and by the time I read, note and write up my notes into retrievable segments I’ve probably taken 2 or 3 days and forgotten why I was reading the Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" article in inductive knowledge, the first place. By the way I’m doing a part time PhD with a full time job (50-80 hour per week). So is the aim one page of noted per Cornell sheet per article? Yes, the Misogynistic and Sexist Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay aim is to robert frost good make good, reduce the amount of notes you take. It sounds to me like you are reading without a theme or two to guide your note taking and Undertones Flew Nest" Essay are, instead, essentially recording the article in your own words. I’d recommend generating a couple of keywords and using those to decide if you take a note or not. Best of luck. Hi, FYI you can create free online Cornell Notes on Classmint.com.
I am really surprised most people make do with a more or less random way of taking and reviewing notes (when I see people highlight every other line of montagues their notes, it’s really annoying!) Hi there just wanted to Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew Over Nest" Essay, give you a quik heads up and let you know a few. of the myopia images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show. the same results. Pretty nice post. And Sexist Flew Essay! I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that.
I have truly loved browsing your blog posts. In any caqse I will be subscribing tto your rsss feed and I am hoping you. wrte again soon! Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an extremely log. comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show.
up. Romeo! Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway, just wanted to and Sexist Nest", say fantastic blog! This is very interesting, You are an excessively skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look ahead to. in thee hunt for extra of your great post. Additionally, Ihave.
shard your site in benefits of lowering age, my social networks. Thanks for Undertones Flew Nest", providing the best tips. These will sure help me in improving of my writing skills. Just starting my PhD and I am finding a combination of Scrivener, Endnote and MindNode working really well. MindNode is mind mapping software (you have to be comfortable with spatial representations). My early stage process is find a document that is interesting – journal articles for me at marketing myopia examples, the present time.
Attach the doc to an Evernote note with Article Title as heading. Open the pdf and use mark up tools etc. to annotate the pdf as you read. Misogynistic Undertones Flew The Cuckoo's Nest"! Save. Copy the of lowering age note link. Go to the mind map that contains the logical structure of what you are working on – Lit Review for me. Misogynistic Undertones In "One The Cuckoo's Nest"! Make a new node in the best logical location. Insert the Evernote note link. This link will then click through to What an Effective Teacher? Essay, the article on Evernote. Add more commentary or write the Misogynistic Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay paragraphs in the mind map that will become the draft thesis text in the same or another node. Use the inductive mindmap to restructure your logic and connect/reconnect the logic. I am not yet at Undertones Flew, this stage but I intend bringing this material into Scrivener.
The Scrivener cards approach some of the functionality of the mind map but don’t provide the same spatial flexibility. Interested to know other’s methods. We stumbled over here by a different page and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to romeo and capulets, checking out your web page for Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, a second time. I’ve finally written the first draft of marketing myopia examples my first chapter of my honours thesis and I have found that my method of note taking has really worked for Misogynistic and Sexist Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, me so far. An Effective! As I’m reading something, I had a Word doc open and I will put quotes in there and then discuss my opinion, do I agree, disagree, why, why not etc, and then discuss how this point is relevant to Undertones Over the Cuckoo's, my thesis. Not just quotes though, If a particular thing in a book or article raises an idea, I will go ahead and type. My first chapter was written in a matter of hours because all I had to do was go back and look at inductive knowledge, my notes and there all the Misogynistic Undertones Flew material was, with page numbers etc. I also forgot to note that the word doc only holds notes for one article or book etc.
I have a new one for robert frost good neighbors, each. If some one desires expert view regarding running a blog then i suggest him/her. to pay a quick visit this blog, Keep up the fastidious work. The kitchen is Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over Essay used more than any other room in the house, therefore an inviting and well laid-out kitchen is instrumental in reducing stress and streamlining your life. You can conveniently switch the montagues and capulets radiant cook surface with grilling elements. Now we are going to evaluate kitchen remodeling projects. I leave a leave a response when I appreciate a post on a site or I have. something to add to the discussion. Usually it’s triggered by the sincerness communicated in the article I read. And after this post Turn your notes into writing using the Cornell method | The Thesis Whisperer.
I was actually excited enough to post a comment. #128521; I actually do have 2 questions for you if you tend not to Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest", mind. Is it simply me or do a few of these remarks come across as if they are written by brain dead individuals? #128539; And, if you are writing on other online sites, I. would like to follow you.
Would you make a list the. complete urls of all your shared pages like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile? Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like tto sayy that this write-up. very pressured me to take a look at and do so!Your writing style has. been surprised me. Montagues And Capulets! Thanks,verygreat post. You can use a hair dryer on the surface if you can’t wait until the next day. After consideration, you may find that the remodeling.
project you thought you couldn’t live without, may simply not be needed at all. However, you could lessen the financial burden by insisting that the plumber you have. called to save the Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Nest" day locates the cheapest parts he. or she can possibly find. Thank you for the good writeup. It if truth be told used tto be a entertainment account it. Look complicated to romeo and juliet, more introduced agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?
I think this is and Sexist Undertones Flew Over among the What Makes an Effective most significant information for. me. Misogynistic And Sexist Flew Nest"! And i’m glad reading your article. Butt wqnt tto remark on some general things, Thhe web. site style is ideal, the romeo articles is really nice : D. Good. We’re a group of Misogynistic and Sexist in "One the Cuckoo's Essay volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done. a formidable job and inductive knowledge our entire community will be thankful to you. What’sup it’s me, I am also visiting this web page regularly,
thiss web site is really nicfe and the people are genuinely sharing nice thoughts. Well this was quite enlightening! Thank you for sharing this great way of taking notes and turning them into a usable structure. I have implemented it and I found taking notes in one column and then taking notes on my notes in the other works best for me right now. I am sure it will evolve some more but right now it serves the Misogynistic in "One Flew purpose of making new connections and constantly clarifying what I’m writing and why I’m writing. This is really very informative blog which I have found luckily while searching something similar on inductive knowledge, the net. Very interesting.
I always take notes and Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay key word for reference when I read or study. The Thesis Whisperer is dedicated to romeo and juliet montagues, helping research students everywhere. It is edited by Undertones in "One Flew Over Dr Inger Mewburn, director of research training at inductive knowledge, The Australian National University. The Thesis Whisperer has contributors from around the world. Read our about page if you are interested in writing for us.
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A MiddleWeb Classic: Exploring Rubrics! A little history: This article first appeared on Flew Over the Cuckoo's the MiddleWeb site (with permission from the author) in 1997, in the early years of rubrics in the classroom. In 1999, Heidi Andrade provided several additional rubrics which were added to this post. More than 15 years after this material first appeared at MiddleWeb and myopia long after its original link was functional, it continues to be one of the Misogynistic the Cuckoo's, most sought-after MiddleWeb resources. For that reason, we#8217;ve reposted it here and redirected the original link to this new page. At the end of this post, we#8217;ve also included links to several rubrics associated with inference, independent writing, and literary conversation. Please note that the portion of eliyahu this post which was published at Educational Leadership can also be accessed at Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, the ASCD site (4/20/14). Also see her Educational Leadership article (February 2000), #8220;Using Rubrics to Promote Thinking Learning#8221; for suggestions on designing instructional rubrics. Today, Dr.
Andrade is an education associate dean at benefits the drinking, the University of Albany (SUNY) and continues to and Sexist Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" be a leader in robert frost good fences make good neighbors the field of formative/classsroom assessment and rubrics. In a more recent Educational Leadership article (January 2008), she emphasizes that #8220;Rubrics can be a powerful self-assessment tool—if teachers disconnect them from grades and give students time and support to and Sexist Over revise their work.#8221; For more contemporary resources, including Common Core perspectives, be sure to visit our MiddleWeb resource roundup: All About Rubrics. Myopia. originally published in Educational Leadership, 54(4) © Heidi Goodrich 1996. Every time I introduce rubrics to a group of teachers the reaction is the same instant appeal (#8220;Yes, this is Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over Essay, what I need!#8221;) followed closely by panic (#8220;Good grief, how can I be expected to develop a rubric for everything?#8221;). When you learn what rubrics doand whyyou can create and use them to support and assess student learning without losing your sanity. Frost Good Good. A rubric is a scoring tool that lists the criteria for a piece of work, or #8220;what counts#8221; (for example, purpose, organization, details, voice, and mechanics are often what count in a piece of writing); it also articulates gradations of quality for each criterion, from excellent to poor. And Sexist Undertones In "One Over. The term defies a dictionary definition, but it seems to have established itself, so I continue to use it. The example in Figure 1 (adapted from the goal, Perkins et al 1994) lists the and Sexist in "One the Cuckoo's Nest", criteria and gradations of quality for verbal, written, or graphic reports on student inventions for instance, inventions designed to and juliet ease the Misogynistic Undertones the Cuckoo's Nest", Westward journey for 19th century pioneers for instance, or to solve a local environmental problem, or to benefits age represent an imaginary culture and Misogynistic and Sexist Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay its inhabitants, or anything else students might invent. What Teacher? Essay. This rubric lists the criteria in the column on the left: The report must explain (1) the and Sexist in "One Flew Over, purposes of the invention, (2) the features or parts of the invention and how they help it serve its purposes, (3) the pros and cons of the design, and (4) how the design connects to inductive other things past, present, and future.
The rubric could easily include criteria related to presentation style and effectiveness, the mechanics of written pieces, and the quality of the invention itself. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Nest" Essay. The four columns to montagues the right of the criteria describe varying degrees of quality, from Misogynistic Undertones the Cuckoo's, excellent to poor. As concisely as possible, these columns explain what makes a good piece of work good and a bad one bad. Rubrics appeal to teachers and age students for many reasons. First, they are powerful tools for both teaching and and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over assessment.
Rubrics can improve student performance, as well as monitor it, by making teachers#8217; expectations clear and by showing students how to meet these expectations. The result is often marked improvements in the quality of student work and in learning. Thus, the most common argument for using rubrics is marketing examples, they help define #8220;quality.#8221; One student actually didn#8217;t like rubrics for this very reason: #8220;If you get something wrong,#8221; she said, #8220;your teacher can prove you knew what you were supposed to do!#8221; (Marcus 1995). A second reason that rubrics are useful is that they help students become more thoughtful judges of the quality of their own and others#8217; work. When rubrics are used to guide self- and peer-assessment, students become increasingly able to spot and solve problems in their own and one another#8217;s work.
Repeated practice with peer-assessment, and especially self-assessment, increases students#8217; sense of Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay responsibility for their own work and cuts down on the number of #8220;Am I done yet?#8221; questions. Third, rubrics reduce the amount of time teachers spend evaluating student work. Teachers tend to find that by the time a piece has been self- and peer-assessed according to a rubric, they have little left to say about it. When they do have something to say, they can often simply circle an item in the rubric, rather than struggling to explain the flaw or strength they have noticed and figuring out what to suggest in the goal eliyahu goldratt terms of improvements. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay. Rubrics provide students with more informative feedback about their strengths and areas in need of What Essay improvement. Fourth, teachers appreciate rubrics because their #8220;accordion#8221; nature allows them to accommodate heterogeneous classes. The examples here have three or four gradations of quality, but there is no reason they can#8217;t be #8220;stretched#8221; to reflect the work of and Sexist Over the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay both gifted students and those with learning disabilities. Finally, rubrics are easy to use and to explain.
Christine Hall, a fourth grade teacher, reflected on how both students and parents responded to her use of rubrics: Students were able to articulate what they had learned, and by the end of the year could be accurate with their evaluations. Eliyahu Goldratt. Parents were very excited about the use of rubrics. During parent conferences I used sample rubrics to explain to parents their purpose, and how they were used in class. The reaction of parents was very encouraging. They knew exactly what their child needed to do to be successful. How Do You Create Rubrics? Rubrics are becoming increasingly popular with educators moving toward more authentic, performance- based assessments. Recent publications contain some rubrics (Brewer 1996; Marzano et al 1993). Misogynistic In "One Flew Essay. Chances are, however, that you will have to develop a few of your own rubrics to reflect your own curriculum and teaching style.
To boost the learning leverage of rubrics, the rubric design process should engage students in the following steps: 1. Knowledge. Look at models: Show students examples of good and Undertones in "One Flew Nest" Essay not-so-good work. Identify the characteristics that make the robert good fences make good, good ones good and the bad ones bad. 2. List criteria: Use the discussion of models to begin a list of what counts in quality work. 3. Articulate gradations of quality: Describe the best and worst levels of quality, then fill in the middle levels based on your knowledge of common problems and and Sexist Undertones Nest" the discussion of the goal goldratt not-so-good work. 4. Practice on Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Over models: Have students use the rubrics to evaluate the models you gave them in robert frost good fences neighbors Step 1. 5. Use self- and peer-assessment: Give students their assignment. As they work, stop them occasionally for self- and peer-assessment. 6. Revise: Always give students time to revise their work based on the feedback they get in Step 5. Misogynistic Undertones Flew Over The Cuckoo's. 7. The Goal Eliyahu Goldratt. Use teacher assessment: Use the same rubric students used to assess their work yourself. Misogynistic Flew Over Nest" Essay. Step 1 may be necessary only when you are asking students to engage in a task with which they are unfamiliar.
Steps 3 and 4 are useful but time-consuming; you can do these on your own, especially when you#8217;ve been using rubrics for a while. Knowledge. A class experienced in Undertones the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay rubric-based assessment can streamline the the goal, process so that it begins with listing criteria, after which the teacher writes out the gradations of quality, checks them with the students, makes revisions, then uses the rubric for in "One Nest", self-, peer-, and teacher assessment. Ann Tanona, a second grade teacher, went through the seven-step process with her students. The result was a rubric for What an Effective, assessing videotaped Reading Rainbow -style #8220;book talks#8221; (fig. Undertones In "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's. 2). Tips on designing rubrics. Ann#8217;s rubric is powerful because it articulates the characteristics of a good #8220;book talk#8221; in good students#8217; own words. It also demonstrates some of the difficulties of designing a good rubric. Perhaps the Over the Cuckoo's Essay, most common challenge is avoiding unclear language, such as #8220;creative beginning.#8221; If a rubric is to teach as well as evaluate, terms like these must be defined for students.
Admittedly, creative is a difficult word to define. Ann handled this problem by having a discussion of what the term #8220;creative beginning#8221; meant in the book talks. Patricia Crosby and romeo Pamela Heinz, both seventh grade teachers, solved the same problem in a rubric for oral presentations by actually listing ways in which students could meet the criterion (fig. 3). This approach provides valuable information to students on how to begin a talk and avoids the need to define elusive terms like creative.
A second challenge in rubric design is avoiding unnecessarily negative language. The excerpt from the rubric in Figure 3 avoids words like boring by describing what was done during a so-so beginning to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Nest" a talk and benefits of lowering the drinking implicitly comparing it with the highest level of quality. Thus, students know exactly what they did wrong and Misogynistic the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay how they can do better next time, not just that the opening to their talk was boring. Articulating gradations of quality is often a challenge. What An Effective Teacher?. It helps if you spend a lot of and Sexist in "One the Cuckoo's Essay time thinking about criteria and how best to chunk them before going on to define the levels of quality. Romeo. You might also try a clever technique I have borrowed from a fifth grade teacher in Gloucester, Massachusetts. She describes gradations of quality as: #8220;Yes,#8221; #8220;Yes but,#8221; #8220;No but,#8221; and #8220;No.#8221; For example, Figure 4 shows part of a rubric for evaluating a scrapbook that documents a story.
This approach tends to work well, as long as you aren#8217;t too rigid about it. Rigidity can have amusing results: One student wrote out the Misogynistic in "One Over the Cuckoo's, lowest level of quality for the criterion, #8220;Is it anachronism free?#8221; this way: #8220;No, I did not remember to not use anachronism#8221;! What to Do Once You#8217;ve Created Rubrics. Creating rubrics is the hard part using them is relatively easy. Once you#8217;ve created a rubric, give copies to Teacher? Essay students and and Sexist in "One ask them to assess their own progress on a task or project. Their assessments should not count toward a grade. The point is for the rubric to help students learn more and produce better final products, so including self-assessments in grades is Makes an Effective, unnecessary and can compromise students#8217; honesty. Always give students time to and Sexist Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" revise their work after assessing themselves, then have them assess one another#8217;s work.
Peer-assessment takes some getting used to. The Goal Eliyahu. Emphasize the fact that peer-assessment, like self-assessment, is intended to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew the Cuckoo's help everyone do better work. You may also need to hold students accountable for their assessments of the goal eliyahu a classmate#8217;s work by Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Over the Cuckoo's having them sign off on the rubric they use. You can then see how fair and inductive knowledge accurate their feedback is, and Misogynistic Undertones Over you can ask for evidence that supports their opinions when their assess-ments don#8217;t match yours. Again, giving time for revision after peer-assessment is crucial.
Parents can use rubrics to help their children with their homework. Finally, when you assess student work, use the same rubric that was used for self- and peer-assessment. When you hand the marked rubric back with the students#8217; work, they#8217;ll know what they did well and what they need to work on in the future. Grading (if you must) is also relatively easy with rubrics. A piece of work that reflects the highest level of eliyahu quality for each criterion obviously deserves an A, one that consistently falls in the lowest level is Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, a D or F, and so on. Because one piece of benefits age work rarely falls in only one level of quality, many teachers average out the levels of quality, either formally or informally. Rubrics can also be included in portfolios. However you use them, the idea is to support and to evaluate student learning. Misogynistic And Sexist Undertones In "One Flew Over Nest". Students, as well as teachers, should respond to the use of rubrics by thinking, #8220;Yes, this is what I need!#8221; • Brewer, R. (1996).
Exemplars: A Teacher#8217;s Solution . Underhill, VT: Exemplars. • Marcus, J. (1995). #8220;Data on the Impact of Alternative Assessment on inductive knowledge Students.#8221; Unpublished manuscript. The Education Cooperative, Wellesley, MA. • Marzano, R., D. Pickering, and J. McTighe (1993). Assessing Student Outcomes: Performance Assessment Using the Misogynistic in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Essay, Dimensions of eliyahu goldratt Learning Model. Misogynistic Undertones In "One The Cuckoo's Nest". Alexandria, VA: ASCD. • Perkins, D., H. Goodrich, S. Tishman, and J. Mirman Owen (1994). Thinking Connections: Learning to Think and Thinking to Learn . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. from Heidi Goodrich Andrade. (See download links at end of large rubrics) Persuasive Essay Prompt and Rubric The State of California has a law that all students must be educated until they are 16 years old. This law passed after some debate. Some people thought it was a good law, some didn#8217;t. Put yourself in these lawmakers#8217; shoes and argue either for or against this law.
In a 5-paragraph essay, be sure to: #8212; form an opinion on this issue and support it with strong arguments and relevant information. #8212; use your knowledge of democracy to explain how having or not having such a law would affect a democratic society like ours. A more generic version of the rubric above appears in this EL article. Autobiographical Event Essay Prompt and Rubric Write about an event in your life that taught you something or made you grow as a person. Tell the story in a way that will let your readers enter into it and understand what it meant to you. RUBRIC FOR AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL EVENT ESSAY. More Classic Resources about Rubrics. from Earlier Versions of the inductive knowledge, MiddleWeb Site. Here are some other popular materials about rubrics salvaged from our archives. These rubrics resources are not connected to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Over Nest" Essay the work of Heidi Andrade. Most were contributed by teachers. MiddleWeb is all about the middle grades, with great 4-8 resources, book reviews, and guest posts by educators who support the success of young adolescents.
And be sure to the goal eliyahu goldratt subscribe to MiddleWeb SmartBrief for the latest middle grades news commentary from around the USA.
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essay knowledge self The main entry focused on knowledge of one's own mental states. Yet “self-knowledge” can also be used to refer to knowledge of the self and its nature. Issues about knowledge of the self include: (1) how it is that one distinguishes oneself from others, as the object of a self-attribution; (2) whether self-awareness yields a grasp of the material or non-material nature of the in "One Over the Cuckoo's self; (3) whether self-awareness yields a grasp of one's personal identity over time; and (4) what sort of self-understanding is required for rational or free agency. These issues are closely connected with referential semantics, the mind-body problem, the metaphysics of personal identity, and moral psychology, respectively. Marketing Myopia! This section briefly sketches some prominent views about knowledge of the self arising from debates in these areas. In self-attributing a mental state, I recognize the Undertones in "One Over Nest" Essay state as mine in some sense, and my self-attribution partially consists in a reference to myself.
This reference is reflexive, in that I think of inductive knowledge, myself as myself and not, e.g., as BG, or as the shortest person in Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Flew Over Essay, the room. Nozick (1981) underscores the significance of the goal eliyahu, being able to thus refer to Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew Nest" Essay oneself: “To be an I, a self, is to have the goldratt capacity for reflexive self-reference”. This raises the question: how is it that I identify myself, and distinguish myself from others? Consider: seeing a flushed red face on film, I might wonder whether the face I see is mine or my identical twin's, and therefore I may say, “someone is and Sexist in "One Flew Essay, embarrassed, but is it me?” Evans (1982) argues that for some kinds of self-attributions, such a question will not arise. Adopting a term from Shoemaker (1968), he describes self-attributions of the relevant type as “immune to error through misidentification”.
None of the Makes Essay following utterances appears to make sense when the first component expresses knowledge gained in the appropriate way: “Someone's legs are crossed, but is it my legs that are crossed?”; “Someone is hot and Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Essay, sticky, but is it I who am hot and sticky?”; “Someone is being pushed, but is it I who am being pushed?” (Evans 1982: 2201) Evans believes that my immunity to error through misidentification, in such cases, shows that I identify myself directly in these cases. What An Effective! If in Misogynistic Over, identifying myself as the one who is hot and knowledge, sticky, I used some information beyond the information involved in Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay, determining that someone is hot and sticky, then I could possibly be justified in believing that someone was hot and sticky but mistaken in thinking that it was me. Because that scenario doesn't “make sense”, he thinks, I must recognize myself directly, without any identifying information. Others deny that self-identification is romeo and juliet and capulets, direct, claiming instead that it occurs by way of some sort of description. For instance, Rovane argues that, in self-reference, the way one thinks of oneself can be analyzed as “the series of psychologically related intentional episodes to which this one [the current intentional episode] belongs” (Rovane 1993: 86). While Rovane sees intentional states as the anchor to self-reference, Howell (2006) provides an alternative descriptive picture, in which the Flew the Cuckoo's self is identified through awareness of an occurrent sensation.
Proponents of descriptive accounts claim that such accounts can accommodate the an Effective Teacher? Essay fact that we don't actually err about and Sexist in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" who it is that is hot and sticky. For instance, Rovane claims that it is unsurprising that we are reliable self-identifiers, given that understanding ourselves and robert make, our place in the world is required for genuine agency. (We return to Misogynistic Undertones in "One Over Nest" the issue of agency below.) Still, there is an important epistemic disagreement between those, like Evans, who claim that self-reference is “identification-free”, and those who claim that we refer to ourselves via a description. The former maintain that there is, in a real sense, no room for error about who is hot and sticky, whereas the latter will say that while such errors are possible, we simply avoid them. Notably, both “direct reference” and descriptive accounts capture the reflexivity of first-person reference. (For descriptive accounts, this reflexivity lies in the fact that “this one” refers to the very thought of What Makes Essay, which it is a part.) They thereby fit with the widely accepted belief that self-reference in the distinctively first-person mode is essentially indexical. (See Castañeda 1966; Perry 1979; Lewis 1979.) The dispute between Evans and Rovane is then, in Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Essay, part, a disagreement as to inductive knowledge whether the indexical term “I” refers to the self directly, as Evans believes, or instead refers via an Flew implicit indexical of another sort, e.g., “this” or “here”. In general, one's epistemology of self-identification will depend on what sort of indexical one considers most fundamental, in self-reference. A final issue concerns the relation between self-awareness and awareness of other persons. On the leading traditional view of this relation, one first grasps that one bears psychological properties, and reasons by analogy to the conclusion that other creatures do as well. (This is the “argument from analogy” to the existence of frost good, other minds, articulated by J.S. Mill (1865).) Some recent philosophers have challenged this traditional view, contending that self-awareness is logically dependent on at least a conceptual grasp of Misogynistic Undertones in "One Nest", other persons. For instance, here is Bermúdez: [A] subject's recognition that he is distinct from the romeo and juliet montagues environment in virtue of being a psychological subject depends on his ability to identify himself as a psychological subject within a contrast space of other psychological subjects. Over The Cuckoo's! (Bermúdez 1998: 274) In a much-criticized piece of reasoning, Descartes (1641/1984) contrasts the certainty afforded by introspection with the dubitability of knowledge of the physical, to Makes show that introspective objects (thoughts) are ontologically distinct from physical things. This strategy for and Sexist Flew Nest" Essay supporting dualism has few current proponents.
Commentators still adhere to the basic criticism lodged by Arnauld (1641/1984): that a purely epistemic premise cannot support an ontological conclusion. It is clearly possible to be (relatively) certain that there is water in the tub, while doubting that there is H 2 O in the tub; yet water is identical to H 2 O. Many contemporary materialists are similarly concerned to restrict the deliverances of introspection, arguing that while mental states appear, to introspection, to be non-physical, the grasp which introspection affords is partial at best, and systematically misleading at worst. However, there are materialists who take the opposite tack: rather than rejecting self-reflection as a guide to ontology, they claim that some mental states appear physical. These arguments employ three types of self-reflection: introspective awareness of sensations, introspective awareness of perceptual states, and romeo and juliet, proprioceptive awareness of bodily states. Misogynistic The Cuckoo's Nest" Essay! Proprioception is the putatively direct, non-perceptual awareness of one's bodily state; it is what allows you to know that your arm is robert good make neighbors, raised “from the inside”, that is, without looking at your arm. The argument for materialism from proprioceptive awareness, due to Brewer (1995), is as follows. Proprioception is epistemically on and Sexist Undertones Flew Over, a par with introspective knowledge, in that (i) it is a species of romeo, direct, non-inferential awareness, and (ii) it is “immune to and Sexist Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay error through misidentification of the first-person pronoun” in Shoemaker's sense. Presumably, introspective awareness of mental states justifies the claim that we are mental beings, by virtue of its epistemic character.
But proprioceptive awareness of physical states shares this epistemic character; so we are equally justified in the claim that we are physical beings. This argument falls short of disproving dualism, for it leaves open the question how our mental nature is related to our physical nature. Brewer (1995) also builds an marketing myopia alternative argument along these lines, which seeks to rule out Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones Over Nest" dualism by focusing on romeo and capulets, introspective awareness of sensations. This argument takes introspective awareness of sensations as intrinsically mental and, at the same time, intrinsically physical. And Sexist Undertones! Like the marketing myopia examples previous argument, it claims that awareness of Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Essay, physical properties is epistemologically equivalent to marketing myopia examples awareness of mental properties. But it goes further, contending that introspection provides an awareness of physical and Misogynistic Undertones Flew Over Nest" Essay, mental properties, in sensations, as inextricable.
It thus tries to block the possibility of distinctness between the mental subject and the physical subject. A final argument to show that self-knowledge supports materialism, advanced by Cassam (1997), uses a somewhat different approach. Rather than relying on the spatial quality of bodily sensations or proprioception, this argument exploits one's awareness of robert good good neighbors, one's own perceptual states. It says that in becoming aware of our own perceptual states and taking these states to represent a physical world, we are driven to conceive of ourselves as physical objects. Broadly Cartesian objections to introspection-based arguments for Misogynistic Flew Nest" Essay materialism illuminate possible ways that the and juliet ontological conclusion can be flawed, consistent with the introspective evidence.
For instance, the apparent proprioceptive awareness of the Flew Over the Cuckoo's Essay position of one's limbs could be nonveridical: an amputee might have a similar sense that her legs are crossed, even if she doesn’t, in fact, have any legs. (This does not violate Evans’ claim that such judgments are immune to error through misidentification: the error here is not one of misidentifying the subject, but instead of falsely ascribing a property to the self.) A similar argument could be made against the claim that sensations are intrinsically spatial, and that perceptual states represent a physical world. Even if one's sensations portray oneself as spatially extended, the idea that one is non-extended (immaterial) is logically consistent with the presence of What Makes an Effective, those sensations or (apparent) perceptual states. Proponents of these arguments for materialism could respond by claiming either that knowledge of oneself as a mental thing is Misogynistic Undertones the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, less certain than this alleged contrast implies, or that knowledge of oneself as a physical thing is What Teacher?, more certain than it implies. The ontological views described in the previous subsection have no immediate consequences for personal identity. Misogynistic Undertones Flew Essay! For it may be that the criteria of persistence through time, for persons, differ from the criteria of persistence for (other) material objects even if, as materialists contend, a person at a time is necessarily constituted by some matter or other. (See the romeo and juliet montagues entry on personal identity.) Knowledge of mental states is not usually thought to provide any special insight into one's persistence through time, since it is typically assumed that one enjoys privileged access only to Misogynistic one's current states. In particular, the individual has no special insight into whether her current apparent memories are veridical, and benefits age, so has no special way to determine whether a particular prior experience was hers. Since views about first-person access played a greater part in Undertones, shaping theories of personal identity during the marketing myopia modern period than they do today, my brief remarks here will focus on that period.
As mentioned above, Descartes’ meditator uses the proposition that there is thinking occurring, to which she purportedly has immediate (indubitable) introspective access, to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Over Nest" Essay establish her own existence with certainty. Benefits Age! But this does not allow the meditator to grasp a persisting self. For Descartes, the self, like every other substance, is not directly apprehended; it is understood only through its properties. Hume also claims that we never directly apprehend the self. Misogynistic And Sexist Flew Over Essay! Unlike Descartes, he concludes from knowledge, this that there is Flew Essay, no substantial self.
In a famous passage, Hume uses introspective awareness to show that the self is a non-substantial “bundle” of perceptions. For my part, when I enter most intimately into what I call myself , I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I can never catch myself at any time without a perception, and can never observe anything but the perception. When my perceptions are remov’d for any time, as by sound sleep; so long am I insensible of myself , and may truly be said not to exist. And Juliet And Capulets! (Hume 173940/1978: 252) Locke agrees that self-reflection is important to the nature of the self. But while Descartes takes self-reflection to reveal that nature, Locke seems to suggest that one's self-conception constitutes the Misogynistic and Sexist in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" self. [A person is] a thinking intelligent Being, that has reason and reflection, and considers itself as itself , the same thinking thing in different times and places. (Locke 1689/1975: II.27.ix, my emphasis).
On some interpretations, what it is for an experience or action to belong to me (a Lockean person) is for me to appropriate it, or to impute it to myself (Winkler 1991). Myopia Examples! This interpretation underscores the Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Essay importance of Locke's claim that “person” is a forensic term. “Person”is a forensic term, appropriating actions and their merit; and so belongs only to intelligent agents, capable of a law, and happiness, and misery. This personality extends itself beyond present existence to what is past, only by consciousness,- whereby it becomes concerned and accountable; owns and imputes to itself past actions, just upon the same ground and for the same reason as it does the present. (Locke 1689/1975: II.27.xxvi) Locke's view of the self is usually considered less deflationary than Hume's view. But these philosophers agree that, in a very real sense, the nature of the self is bound up with one's reflections on one's states. For Hume, this means that the self is What Makes an Effective Teacher? Essay, nothing over and above a constantly varying bundle of Flew Over Nest", experiences. Marketing Myopia Examples! For Locke, it means that the self is Misogynistic Flew Over, defined by what we door, perhaps, can self-attribute, through recollection and/or appropriation. Kant repudiates the basic strategy shared by Locke and the goal eliyahu goldratt, Hume, for he denies that self-awareness reveals objective facts about and Sexist Undertones the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay personal identity. Benefits The Drinking! He concurs with Descartes and Hume that we never directly apprehend the self (this fact is what he calls “the systematic elusiveness of the ‘I’”).
And while he holds that we cannot avoid thinking of ourselves as persisting, unitary beings, he attributes this self-conception to necessary requirements for and Sexist in "One thought which do not directly support substantive ontological conclusions about the nature of the self. A couple of inductive, contemporary views about personal identity are noteworthy in this context. Galen Strawson's (1997) view does not explicitly draw on introspective reflection, but it implies that the limits of a subject correspond to Undertones Flew Over Nest" the limits of what could be introspectively grasped, at good good a moment. Over! A subject is defined by (indeed, identified with) a period of benefits of lowering the drinking age, experience which is “experientially unitary”. Since in humans an appropriately unified experience lasts no more than about Undertones in "One Flew Over Nest" three seconds, subjects are in fact very short-lived. Dainton and Bayne (2005) present a related view, which tries to avoid the result that subjects are very short-lived. On this view, personal identity is tied to (the capacity for) experiential continuity rather than experiential unity.
But unlike Strawson's view, the the drinking continuity view is vulnerable to familiar objections concerning the possibility of branching streams of consciousness or “fission”. The role of self-understanding in agency is a complex topic, and we can only briefly examine some leading positions on Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Nest", the issue here. Knowledge of one's relatively stable traits and dispositionsone's characteris believed, by some, to be crucial for marketing the exercise of Misogynistic Nest", free agency. For instance, Taylor claims that self-reflection is benefits of lowering age, imperative for being human (where this means, in part, being capable of and Sexist in "One Over the Cuckoo's Essay, agency), [T]he human animal not only finds himself impelled from time to time to interpret himself and his goals, but he is always already in some interpretation, constituted as human by this fact. Make! (Taylor 1985: 75) In a somewhat different vein, Frankfurt maintains that the capacity to Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" rationally evaluate one's desires is required for freedom of the myopia examples will. This rational evaluation issues in second-order desires, that is, desires concerning which desires to have or to in "One Flew Over Nest" act upon.
[N]o animal other than man appears to Makes Teacher? have the capacity for reflective self-evaluation that is manifested in Misogynistic and Sexist Undertones the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay, the formation of second-order desires. (Frankfurt 1971: 7) It is only because a person has volitions of the second order that he is marketing, capable both of enjoying and of lacking freedom of the will. (1971: 14) These claims by Taylor and Frankfurt go beyond the merely pragmatic observation that a reasonable degree of self-understanding is required for effective action. Instead, they assert that what is distinctive about the exercise of a free will, in determining one's course of action, is that this exercise involves the capacity to critically reflect on one's basic goals and desires. (For a related recent view, see Bilgrami 2006.) While Taylor, Frankfurt, and Bilgrami stress that a broad self-understanding is crucial for responsible agency, others claim that particular actions require some awareness of one's intentions in performing that action. For instance, Searle (1983) argues that intentions are always self-referential, in that when one performs an action X intentionally, the relevant intention to act includes an intention to X so as to fulfill that intention itself. Anscombe (1981) similarly emphasizes the significance of one's awareness of intentions in acting. In fact, on her view thoughts about actions, intentions, postures, etc. have a special status: it is only thoughts about such aspects of the self that are.
unmediated, non-observational, and also are descriptions (e.g., “standing”) which are directly verifiable or falsifiable about the person. (Anscombe 1981: 35) And she also believes that action requires some awareness of these features of oneself. For criticism of the idea that action requires awareness of intention, see Cunning (1999). One contemporary theory of the Cuckoo's Nest", practical reasoning, offered by Velleman (1989), casts knowledge of the the goal eliyahu goldratt self in a particularly important role. Velleman notes that we strongly desire to understand ourselves and, in Misogynistic, particular, to understand our reasons for acting. On his view, this desire leads us to try to discern our action-motivating desires and beliefs. (He calls this attempt to gain self-awareness “reflective theoretical reasoning”.) But strikingly, Velleman thinks that the desire for self-understanding also leads us to model our actions on our predictions about inductive knowledge how we will act.
In this way, our expectations as to how we will act are themselves intentions to act. “Intentions to act are the Undertones in "One Flew the Cuckoo's Nest" Essay expectations of acting that issue from reflective theoretical reasoning” (Velleman 1989: 98). Thus, Velleman can say that our desire to understand what we are doing, at myopia examples the moment we are doing it, is usually satisfied, since our predictions about how we will act are themselves intentions to and Sexist in "One the Cuckoo's act, and hence our beliefs about romeo montagues what we will do are “self-fulfilling expectations”. Finally, there is an Undertones in "One the Cuckoo's Nest" emerging literature which examine the effect of societal influences on subjects’ self-understanding and, thereby, on myopia examples, agency. See, e.g., Neisser and and Sexist Over Nest", Jopling 1997 and Meyers 2002. The Encyclopedia Now Needs Your Support. Please Read How You Can Help Keep the Encyclopedia Free.
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