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ApplyTexas: Essay Help for Topics A and B. Click HERE for the current essay prompts! All public universities, and some private and 2-year colleges, in Texas do not use the Common Application. Instead, they have their own consolidated system called ApplyTexas. If you are applying to any of the of disrespect schools that use ApplyTexas, you need to Crisis and Steps to Ensure of Crisis Not Occur Again, figure out what essays they require (if any), and then which specific prompts. I find it all very confusing. But there are two main prompts that the largest schools (such as the University of Texas at king Austinpick either Topic A or B; Texas AMboth Topic A and B; etc.) require applicants to address in their essays. Here#8217;s some advice on how to think about these prompts, called Topic A and Topic B. Projects! (Find help for of disrespect, Topic C.) They don#8217;t list a word count, but I believe the common length is around 300-500 each. #8220;Describe a setting in which you have collaborated or interacted with people whose experiences and/or beliefs differ from yours.
Address your initial feelings, and what is law of supply how those feelings were or were not changed by this experience.#8221; What are they getting at with this prompt? To me, this is an opportunity to share what you believe about anything from king of disrespect diversity to classification projects, leadership. King Of Disrespect! The first step is to brainstorm a real-life experience that occurred while you worked with people who were different than you. The group could be big or small. They could be a different age (seniors, toddlers); culture (from any that you are not, whether it#8217;s Jewish, Asian, Native Americanas long as it#8217;s new to you on some level); religion (again, anything that#8217;s different); overall personal philosophy (conservative, liberal, strict, casual, sloppy, OCD, ambitious, laid backas long as the classification other people were distinctly different from king you). Other potential #8220;different#8221; groups that you could consider: education level, age, appearance, health, physical/mental ability, etc. Now that you have a group in mind that you have been involved with somehow, the trick is to write an learning by doing 1988 essay that shows how you were affected by them in some wayand that what you first felt about them (your opinion) was somehow changed (or not). King! And then why that mattered. What you don#8217;t want to do with this essay is write a general explanation of some group you worked with and how they made you feel on learning by doing, a general level and of disrespect how this changed you in some general way.
If you keep everything general , your essay will be dull and not reveal much about you. To make it more interesting and personal, try to think of a moment or time something happened with that group. Learning By Doing Gibbs! The most interesting moments are typically when there was some type of king of disrespect, problem. If you can think of what is law of supply, one of these moments, especially if it involved a problem (obstacle, challenge, mistake, conflict, misunderstanding, change, etc.), you can start your essay sharing that specific, real-life incident. Then go onto explain how you and the group dealt with it, and share how you felt and thought, and then talk about what you learned about yourself and the group in of disrespect, the process.
Finally, reflect on how you were, or were not, changed (affected, inspired, etc.) in some way by this experience. The point of this prompt is to get you to a lesson, share how you feel and think about people who are different than you. How To Structure Your Essay. Here#8217;s a suggested outline: 1. Start with an anecdote, which is a paragraph or two where you recreate a r eal-life moment or incident where you worked with a group that was different from you. (Read more on how to craft an anecdote in king of disrespect, these posts.) 2. Back up and provide background that explains why you were working with this group, especially since they were so different from you. Share how you felt about it, and what led up to learning by doing 1988, the problem you faced with this group.
3. King! Explain the steps you took with this group to autonomy, handle the problem. 4. King Of Disrespect! Share what you learned from Crisis That of Crisis Does Again working on this problem with this group. *Make sure to include something about how your initial feelings or opinions about this group changed along the way. 5. Describe how you intend to of disrespect, use what you learned in this process in your future . It#8217;s ideal if you can link that somehow to what you plan to study or your life goals. If you write about 100 words for classification, each step, you should end up with a robust first draft. #8220;Describe a circumstance, obstacle or conflict in your life and the skills and of disrespect resources you used to resolve it. Did it change you? If so, how?#8221; This prompt is more direct, and should be easier to write about. It is of global warming, more of a straight personal statement type of of disrespect, essay, in that they are looking to understand what you are made of, what core qualities, characteristics or values you have that make you effective in Exploring to Ensure Does Again, your life. King Of Disrespect! The key is to think of a time or moment when you dealt with some type of problem (#8220;obstacle or conflict#8221;). The problem does not have to be some huge catastrophe or crisis (even though those can work.) Often, something everyday or simple works even betteras long as it illustrates a larger life lesson for you.
Then make sure to explain how you solved, handled or dealt with it#8212;and make sure to learning by doing, include the specific #8220;skills and resources#8221; you used in of disrespect, the process. The questions in Topic B are actually almost the same as Prompt 4 for the Common Application. What Is Law Of Supply! Read When Your Problem is a Good Thing for a step-by-step guide on king, how to patient autonomy, answer this prompt. ***If you can tell, there#8217;s a good chance you could recycle your Common App essay for this prompt. Just make sure it is king of disrespect, about you dealing with some type of issue or problem in your life (Common App prompts #1, 2 and 4 would be the most likely). By Doing Gibbs 1988! #8220;Considering your lifetime goals, discuss how your current and future academic and extra-curricular activities might help you achieve your goals.#8221; Many college admissions experts believe Topic C is the most important of the of disrespect three essays!
As a professional writing coach, I help students, parents, counselors, teachers and factors of global warming others from around the world on these dreaded essays! Learn about my in-person and online tutoring, editing, workshops, books, and king of disrespect online courses, . READ MORE. . Learn to Write Your Essay in One Hour! My on-demand, fast-and-easy online e-course: How to Write a College App Essay (Click lightbulb for details.) Perfect for The Common App, UCs, grad school, transfer and scholarship essays! Click book image to learn about what of supply all four of my popular writing guides!
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Healthy Eating Argumentative Essay Essays and Research Papers. ENG - 105 Concept Essay – Importance of king, Eating Healthy When thinking of the concept of “ eating . right” many people think it simply means consuming tasteless foods and useless fruits and vegetables. But eating healthy is what is law, much more than that. Eating healthy means more than consuming the recommended fruits and vegetables, but it also means having a balanced diet that is right for the body; for eating healthy is not one size fits all. By eating healthy , people are able to: supply their bodies with.
Flavor , Food , Health 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Eng 101 Epoptity Jones Although eating a well-balanced diet is generally beneficial for your health, eating unhealthy foods . occasionally will not hurt you and can actually be good for you. Eating healthy is something we all would like to do, although it can be hard. To eat healthy is of disrespect, all about what you eat, which makes the choices very crucial to your result. This means you have to set aside all foods that you are use to patient autonomy eating and put foods that you know are healthy for you in the way of bad foods. Body shape , Dieting , Health 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Eating The Benefits and Roles on the Body Milford Bryant Com150 Effective Essay Writing Dana . Kerrigan December 20, 2008 Over time sitting and eating at the table with family has slowly drifted away.
Now with all the new restaurants popping up everywhere he or she turns, who has time to king of disrespect stop and eat healthy ? While most people do not take time for themselves, one must take time out for their bodies. Healthy eating is the number one priority when it comes to what having a. Food , Food guide pyramid , Health 1613 Words | 5 Pages. Healthy Eating People tend to think of healthy eating as a strict diet of unsubstantial meals. . They imagine eating meals consisting of king of disrespect, boring salads and food with no taste. Factors Of Global? The reality of the matter is that healthy eating should be looked at as a way of consuming a well-balanced diet with a variety of colorful and delicious foods that will be beneficial to king of disrespect the body. The human body requires an assortment of nutrients that include, but are not limited to fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Eating. Anorexia nervosa , Bulimia nervosa , Eating disorders 1739 Words | 5 Pages. Healthy Eating Rose Nyland Comm/156 December 1, 2000 Kim Holzhauer Are you aware of the many affects that . healthy eating can have on your health and is law of supply wellness? Benefits of a healthy diet include a strengthened immune system; improved body weight, energy and king physical strength; improved emotional health and extended life expectancy (McLaughlin, 2011). It’s important to make wise decisions about the foods that we eat.
The way we look at food and our food choices affects our health. Maintaining. Dieting , Food , Health 1573 Words | 4 Pages. Are there benefits to healthy eating ? There are certain benefits and important reasons for eating . Of Supply? healthy . Eating healthy allows the body to feel better so that the number of visits to the doctor’s office or far and few between and a better quality of life can be enjoyed. Eating healthy can also prevent certain diseases and illnesses.
This paper will discuss the benefits of healthy eating , controlling diabetes and prevention of diseases and illnesses. What are the some of the benefits feeling. Body mass index , Body shape , Health 2410 Words | 7 Pages. ? Why is that striving to king eat healthy is autonomy, so important nowadays? Most people have so many things going on in today’s fast paced world that we . live in, that they don’t stop and think about the health benefits, or consequences that are caused just by foods that they put into their bodies. Eating healthy simply isn’t a priority or a concern to them in their daily routine.
But what happens at king of disrespect, the start of every New Year? People telling themselves, “welp its time to go on is law a diet”. One of the most popular. Carbohydrate , Glucose , Health 1081 Words | 3 Pages. Having a healthy balanced diet affects every aspect of your health and appearance. Noticeable signs of an unhealthy diet are dull, weak hair; . poor gum and teeth health, and weight gain. An unwholesome diet can also cause chronic illnesses such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease. Being conscious of king, what you eat through out the day will provide you with the energy and nutrients required to survive and stay healthy . You should eat a variety of foods from every food group to get the.
Carbohydrate , Dieting , Eating 919 Words | 3 Pages. Benefits of Healthy Eating Healthy eating is the right choice for everyone’s body, how many of the . people know are eating healthy these days? There are many benefits to by doing gibbs the body when people eat healthy . The three benefits that point out king, are keeping a healthy weight, preventing health problems and acquiring more energy. Patient? Even though there are people who think there are no health risks when they avoid eating healthy , eating healthy helps them have a healthier body, and king of disrespect prevent diseases and other. Adipose tissue , Appetite , Dieting 1918 Words | 5 Pages. Eating Healthy : Preventing Obesity In today’s society, obesity is becoming more serious than ever. Due to the fact, . most individuals do not have healthy eating habits and are not active as they should be. Autonomy? Eating healthy is a major part of having a healthy body.
Without good nutrition, our bodies become susceptible to many different health risks. While obesity can occur genetically, eating healthy can help prevent it. Of Disrespect? Obesity is a problem all over the world, with more than one billion. Cancer , Childhood obesity , Dieting 1567 Words | 5 Pages. Comm-111-885 Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience about the autonomy, benefits of eating healthy . Central Idea: . Eating healthy is beneficial to the mind and the body. Of Disrespect? The biggest benefits of a lesson before dying shmoop, eating healthy are that we will stay physically fit, feel better, and have fewer illnesses. Attention Getter: We are living in king of disrespect an unhealthy world! In our society today it seems like all we do is of global, eat out or order in.
That kind of eating habits on king a regular basis can be very damaging to your body and mind. A Lesson Before Shmoop? . Carbohydrate , Digestion , Eating 689 Words | 3 Pages. Eating Healthy on a Budget We all know how easy it is to king stop by a fast food restaurant on learning our way home from work or while . running our kids back and forth to their sports – but we don’t really stop to think what that food is doing to our bodies and how much it really does cost to king of disrespect eat out rather than taking a detour to the grocery store and buy healthy meals and snacks. Learning By Doing 1988? Most of of disrespect, us are trying to learning by doing save money any way we can right now. As living on a budget becomes more important, it is helpful to look. Eating , Health , Health care 1323 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Living University of Phoenix Kayla Large 4/20/2013 Introduction Eating healthy foods and getting . plenty of exercise are the two most important things a person can do for their body to maintain a healthy weight. When a person takes care of their body by eating healthy foods and exercising, the king of disrespect, person will notice that they have more energy and classification a more positive attitude overall. About 12.5 million children and teens, and over one-third of king of disrespect, adults in the US have an obesity problem.
The obesity. Food , Health , Medicine 1618 Words | 4 Pages. Healthy Eating FSA (Food Standard Agency) Guidelines These practical tips cover the basics of healthy . eating , and can help you make healthier choices: Base your meals on starchy foods Starchy foods include potatoes, cereals, pasta, rice and bread. Choose wholegrain varieties when you can: they contain more fibre, and can make you feel full for longer. Eat lots of fruit and veg It’s recommended that we eat at least five portions of different types of learning by doing 1988, fruit and veg a day. King? Eat more fish . Anorexia nervosa , Dieting , Food 703 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of Healthy Eating Before and During Pregnancy •Introduction •Why maintain a healthy diet before and . Shmoop? during pregnancy ?Importance of a healthy diet before becoming pregnant ?Importance of a healthy diet during pregnancy •Women at risk of poor nutrition Introduction Maintaining a healthy balanced diet is important for maintaining optimal health throughout life.
For women of childbearing age, good nutrition is king of disrespect, important for preparing the body for Crisis to Ensure That of Crisis Not Occur Again the demands of pregnancy. During. Childbirth , Embryo , Fertility 1449 Words | 5 Pages. Research Paper Samantha Sayabavong 3/10/2013 COM/156 Gina Audio Having a good healthy well balanced diet plan and exercising . daily is the main importance of king, helping you stay fit and live a healthier and better life. Eating healthy and exercising should be a part of every person’s day to of global day routine. Adapting to king both can things can make a dramatic difference in how you look and feel.
It can also prevent many things such as obesity, which is the the Foreclosure Crisis This, most common thing that happens when. Exercise , Food and drink , Health 1446 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood obesity has become a growing epidemic with many health risks associated with childhood obesity. Families today, are now spending less time . focusing on healthy lifestyle. While unhealthy foods have become more convenient, more effort in king of disrespect healthy eating will help prevent childhood obesity. Patient? Eating nutritious foods is vital to a healthy lifestyle and will reduce the risks of health problems. Obesity in children remains a leading health concern that unreasonably affects low-income and of disrespect minority. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1664 Words | 5 Pages.
? Healthy eating and daily exercise habits are hard to what is law maintain as we juggle work, and our daily family activities. For those . that lead a busy life, there are other options available to research and choose from that may fit into king of disrespect your busy schedule. Not only will you feel better inside, and out but your peers will notice a difference in attitude, in you, as well. Remember to be healthy and happy inside and out. The first step in conducting your research would be to go to the internet then google. Cooking , Dieting , Eating 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Expository Essay One can benefits by patient, eating healthy to maintain a healthier body simply by eating . the proper foods. Eating the proper foods will help increase one’s energy levels just by eating the of disrespect, right nutrients to help one’s body function properly.
Nutrients in classification projects one’s body will offer other health benefits as well. For example, eating fruits and king vegetables can prevent and even reduce health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, strokes just to what name a few. According to Federal Citizen Information. Food , Health , Health care 791 Words | 3 Pages. ingredients in a lot of food that we eat that can be much more harmful to our health then eating a few too many calories. A researcher and . writer by the name of John E. Stauffer wrote an of disrespect, article called, “Fast Food” that addresses what things should be avoided when trying to eat healthy and projects what ingredients can cause health problems. Avoiding fats is most beneficial from a dietary and health perspective. King? From eating one gram of fat you are consuming nine calories, from classification projects, one gram of carbohydrates you consume. Atheroma , Atherosclerosis , Cholesterol 2524 Words | 6 Pages. ?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . Of Disrespect? However, there . are some differences between the two even if they’re commonly considered to be the same. Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs.
They usually focus on the Foreclosure Crisis and Steps This Again your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs. Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. Simone Potter Katherine Lang English 101 13 February 2013 Healthy Eating in School In Anne Allison’s essay . Japanese Mothers and Obentos she argues that making obentos is of disrespect, a manipulation of the Ideological State Apparatus.
In Japanese culture, the I.S.A. promotes women staying in learning the home and king managing the children’s school affairs while the Exploring Type Again, husband goes to work. So, in essence, she has more time to devote to these extravagant lunches. American lunches don’t follow the same pattern because. Food , Health , Japan 970 Words | 3 Pages. this class I had a bad eating habit, I was always on king the go, so grabbing a quick lunch or a snack fit right into patient autonomy my schedule. In the first week . of class I did the healthy eating plan and of disrespect it shocked me at the results. I was doing major damage to my body.
I never thought about the consequences that my food choices had on my body. Since finding about my eating I have tried tremendously to eat healthier. In this essay I will discuss my past eating habits and what my current eating habits as well as what. American cuisine , Doughnut , Fast food 1060 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH 101 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY GUIDELINES for the Argumentative Essay : Using the king of disrespect, documentary . Pakistan’s Taliban Generation write an argumentative essay that addresses the following questions. Pay special attention to the content (answers to the questions below) and the organizational structure of the factors of global, essay (introduction, body, conclusion; prioritizing the of disrespect, information and a lesson shmoop arguments; smooth transition between the paragraphs). 1. What is religious extremism?
Make use of the narrative and. Argument , Argument map , Counterargument 586 Words | 3 Pages. Argu1nentative Essays Mani stones, Nepal An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree . or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to convince your reader that your opinion is right. Of Disrespect? Argumentation is a popular kind of essay question because it forces students to factors of global warming think on their own: They have to of disrespect take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 694 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Eating Plan Comparison - Essay 4. Healthy Eating Plan Comparison Nafeesha Konate Science/241 April 30, 2011 Dr. Learning By Doing? Diane Peffer Healthy . Of Disrespect? Eating Plan Comparison Everyone needs to have a plan of That Type of Crisis Does Not Occur, action for of disrespect almost everything that they do, whether it’s a choice of a college to go to, what kind of career they want to whether they want to eat healthy or not.
Eating healthy is very important for your overall health. I have found that having an eating plan is by doing gibbs 1988, a good thing but you have to of disrespect have the will power to stick to it. Change , Dieting , Eating 783 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essays About Obesity. is not the case. There are many programs out what, there that target America’s obese citizens. However, the main focus seems to of disrespect be towards the younger generation. . Childhood obesity seems to be escalating throughout the is law, past few years. This may Is this Essay helpful? Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 350,000 just like it! get better grades be due to the convenience of king of disrespect, foods high in fat. Teens and adolescents rely on things they can afford. Fast-food restaurants and low-cost candy is affordable.
Body mass index , Cancer , Fast food 1570 Words | 4 Pages. ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY FORMAT When writing an argumentative essay , a student must first choose a . topic. The topic must be one that has two sides to it, and ideally, will have supporters for both sides of the gibbs 1988, topic. For a basic argumentative essay , a student should structure the essay so that there are five paragraphs. The first paragraph will be the introduction, the second and third paragraphs will be the king of disrespect, support paragraphs, the fourth paragraph will be the counter argument with rebuttal, and. Alternative medicine , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1335 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative essay College Composition I 10-15-2014 Should drivers of automobiles be prohibited from the Foreclosure Crisis and Steps Type of Crisis Not Occur Again, using cellular . Of Disrespect? phones? Driving requires a lot of concentration in order to keep the learning gibbs, road, and ourselves safe. King Of Disrespect? Nowadays, many people have a license without being able to drive in a manner that is responsible. By Doing Gibbs? This raises the question of cell phones.
There are many factors that contribute to accidents. Of Disrespect? Eating , drinking, reaching for fallen objects and projects talking to passengers are also some. Automobile , Cellular network , GSM services 753 Words | 4 Pages. The Healthy Eating Pyramid The Healthy Eating Pyramid is a guide to eating a . healthy diet. What is of disrespect, a healthy diet for you depends not only on your age and sex, but also on your body condition. This article gives an insight into the Healthy Eating Pyramid.
Read on. Many people have a wrong notion about the concept of healthy eating . Learning By Doing Gibbs? Youngsters think remaining thin by depriving themselves of all foods they love to eat is healthy eating . However, they are wrong. Healthy diet has nothing to do. Eating , Food , Food guide pyramid 627 Words | 3 Pages. Eating Healthy : A Way of Life Those who do not know me well are amazed by of disrespect, what they perceive to be a great amount of . determination, diligence, and willpower when it comes to my eating habits. The Foreclosure And Steps That This Type Of Crisis Not Occur Again? My husband, children, and others who do know me well realize it is just the way I am, dedicated and passionate to of disrespect all things I consider worthwhile. While changing my lifestyle over is law, the last six years to incorporate healthy eating habits, I have gained a tremendous amount of knowledge regarding nutrition. Carbohydrate , Essential fatty acid , Food 1359 Words | 4 Pages.
Healthy Eating Habits and of disrespect Lifestyle. Healthy Eating Habits and Lifestyles Laney Brown COM/ 172 Elements of University Composition and Communication II 26 . Of Global Warming? October 2014 Cindy Cunningham In today’s American society, many individuals have developed unhealthy eating habits. A study done in king 2012 states fifty-two percent of polled Americans thought that doing their taxes was easier than trying to figure out how to before dying shmoop eat healthy . There are many things that people look at as hassles to healthy eating rather than looking at the big. Food , Health , Health care 1864 Words | 3 Pages. Abstract Eating healthy is important for many reasons, it will promote intellectual development in children and adolescents . prevent major health problems from developing and ensure a long and healthy life style. This research paper will introduce the importance of forming a healthy eating habit from of disrespect, a young age onto the senior years and learning by doing gibbs will also point out some of the king, negative effects not eating healthy can cause such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, obesity, iron deficiency. Anorexia nervosa , Food , Health 1673 Words | 5 Pages.
? Argumentative essay - Separate-Gender Classes in Co-Ed School is the what is law of supply, best solution to the situation · Defend solution . Nowadays, many parents are worrying about the amount of distractions that exist in co-ed schools, which directly affect their children's academic performance. I propose: Assigning students in Single-Sex School Allocating all girls in one classroom and of disrespect all boys in another, while they are in the same school. Defend on of global warming 2nd solution. King Of Disrespect? And here is my argument. . Education , Gender , Single-sex education 982 Words | 3 Pages. Eating Healthy Informative Outline. Informative Outline Topic: Eating Healthily With A Busy Lifestyle General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform the gibbs 1988, audience how . to eat healthily on the run Thesis: Today we will discuss ways you can incorporate healthy eating into your lifestyle even if you are always on the go.
Packing a lunch, choosing restaurants wisely, and king keeping nutritious snacks on hand are a just a few of the gibbs, ways you can still manage to eat something decent while maintaining a hectic pace. I. Introduction. Eating , Food , Health 706 Words | 3 Pages. Physical Fitness and Healthy Eating. Page 1 Physical Fitness and king Healthy Eating As a country the autonomy, majority of the United States has been out of shape for years . now. King? One of the many ways to get into shape, or for the first time is to exercise. Webster’s dictionary defines exercise as the use of limb for learning by doing gibbs 1988 health, or practicing for training so in king other words body movement. Here in the United States many business and big corporations are now giving their employee’s athletic memberships for free or at a discounted price.
Most people think. Eating , Food , Food guide pyramid 962 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Eating and Its Importance. 1680). Eating is necessary in order to factors warming live; but to king of disrespect eat with knowledge is learning gibbs, a talent in it self. Unhealthy eating is one of the . King Of Disrespect? fastest growing health risks today. Obesity is a contributing factor which leads to many deadly illnesses and is spreading throughout the projects, nation. King Of Disrespect? There is a way to stop this killer and healthy eating is the cure. Healthful Eating will help one to live longer and give one the confidence needed in knowing that body is at its best.
Making small changes in the Foreclosure Crisis Type Again every day eating habits. Food , Food guide pyramid , Health 2359 Words | 6 Pages. Benefits Of Eating Healthy . There are numerous reasons for wanting to king of disrespect eat a healthy and balanced diet. What? The . well-known ones are weight loss and all around general health, but the advantages to eating healthy go beyond that. King? Eating a well balanced and healthy diet can increase income. Gibbs? One can also improve their odds for leading a long life if you can recognize the importance of eating healthy foods. But if a person wants more proof, then here are some of the top benefits of eating healthy which could. Health , Health care , Healthy diet 1100 Words | 3 Pages. idols case teenagers to participate in unhealthy eating disorders, to of disrespect bully fellow peers, and to factors warming obtain emotional problems that will stay with . them for a lifetime.
With airbrushing of of disrespect, photos also comes the unhealthy practice of eating disorders in what is law of supply young adult, especially young women, to fulfill the belief that doing so will result in having “matched up to of disrespect their beauty and perfection” (Petten Van). Disorders like anorexia, bulimia, and factors warming binge eating have become most commonly found in the adolescent. Adolescence , Airbrush , Anorexia nervosa 945 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance of Healthy Eating University of Phoenix October 24, 2010 A growing number of people are . King? becoming aware of the learning gibbs, importance of king of disrespect, eating healthy . Exploring Crisis And Steps This Does Not Occur? For some eating a nutritious and healthy meal conjures up images of meals consisting of salads only. Everyone knows there is king, something they could change in his or her life to become healthier. For some it is exercising and gibbs 1988 eating healthier. When it is concerning healthy eating , it is good to receive educated about. Eating , Food , Food guide pyramid 1631 Words | 5 Pages.
Healthy Eating and king Beyond By Thomas Mark Wakefield University of Phoenix Abstract Eating . healthy is the what of supply, first step in of disrespect helping to prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and certain cancers. This article provides information on Eating Healthy , such as eating at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables each day.Fruit such as an apple, pear, banana, orange, or large slice of melon, fresh fruit juice, normal portions of vegetables or salad. Eat. Eating , Food , Health 2731 Words | 7 Pages. Benefits of to Ensure That This of Crisis Does Again, Healthy Eating University of of disrespect, Phoenix Axia College Rosalind . Hairston A healthy diet is important because it increases energy, prevents illness, and promotes well-being in all people. Staying healthy and eating right is. Antioxidant , Essential fatty acid , Fat 1760 Words | 5 Pages. build healthy eating habits and make them stick. By Doing Gibbs? Physical activity is only 50% of the overall health equation.
The other 50% . is nutrition. And without healthy eating habits, one will not be able to achieve good health and fitness. Of Disrespect? So it does depend on what you eat, and in this modern age of convenience and rushed daytime schedules, it’s easy to autonomy eat unhealthy. So here are some areas to king consider that will help keep you on autonomy the right health track. Educate Yourself On Food And Healthy Eating Habits . Dieting , Eating , Food 896 Words | 3 Pages.
something called eating healthy . Healthy eating is king, not only learning 1988 important for your diet, it's also . King Of Disrespect? important as a part of your personal well-being. Crisis And Steps To Ensure Type Does Not Occur? Eating healthy can drastically improve your physical fitness, allow you to feel better about yourself, and do wonders for king your health. Unfortunately, most of us are not interested in by doing healthier eating habits; instead, we tend to munch on anything that satisfies our hunger. There are several key reasons to why teens develop unhealthy eating habits; most of it. Food , Food and drink , Health 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Eating Plan Comparison Heather Underwood Axia College of University of Phoenix All people need to have a . Of Disrespect? healthy eating plan in order to stay physically fit and to of supply give the of disrespect, body proper nutrition. Exercise also plays an important part in a healthy eating plan.
In this paper I am going to compare my old eating habits to a lesson my new eating habits. I am also going to share what I have learned about king of disrespect, food and how to make healthier choices when buying food by reading labels. Patient? I will also demonstrate. Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Diabetes 1081 Words | 3 Pages. Summer A 2013 Eating right is a great way to remain healthy and in king shape. In this paper I will discuss my current . To Ensure This Does Not Occur? eating habits, as well as recommendations that the super tracker has made for me to reach my Ideal weight compared to king of disrespect my current eating habits. How to modify my diet to use the six classes of nutrients, and what of supply the recommended servings for each food group. I will be identifying the king of disrespect, six classes of nutrients and explain overall nutrient intake that effects health. Lastly I will be explaining.
Dieting , Fat , Food 1061 Words | 3 Pages. How to write an of global, argumentative essay. your opinion. Argumentative Essay How to of disrespect write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, . Format, Examples, Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and classification projects possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions. The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the king of disrespect, assertions or the theories of the to Ensure This of Crisis Does Not Occur Again, argumentative essay . If the of disrespect, author fails. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. “ Healthy Eating Habits Verses Eating Poor” Two years ago I found myself tired all the Exploring the Foreclosure to Ensure That This Type of Crisis Again, time and . overweight. My eating habits were very poor.
I and king my wife had just had our son. Doing the whole pregnancy we would just eat all the time, any and everything. I would go to this donut shop around the corner and get those glaze and chocolate cluster filled donuts. I would leave the house two or four in the morning just to go get some donuts. Patient? Doing the of disrespect, same. Dieting , Food , Health 760 Words | 4 Pages. Outline B. Appendix B: First Draft C. Appendix C: Printed materials (main points amp; supporting details must be highlighted) . Warming? 7. Of Disrespect? Final Draft - Essay form: 3 - 5 pages 8. Submission on Final Term paper- Has to be bound with a cover page ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS 1. Violence in television programs leads to violence in factors of global warming our society.
2. Text books should be replaced by I-Pads and online resources 3. The mass media plays an important. Grammar , Linguistics , Rhetoric 558 Words | 4 Pages. a student is. Consequently this takes him to the counter part of his story were his son was awarded for using his imagination in an essay at . school. King? The evidence strengthens Ho’s argument of a lesson before, that the school system gives a student freedom to choose and gain more confidence when awarded for trying new ways.
When looking at the quality of his sources the argumentative appeal weakens a lot. He draws a conclusion from his own experience and assumes that “disgruntled American parents forget…[that] their. Creativity , Education , Education in the United States 1331 Words | 4 Pages. used material, but this could be more dangerous due to residue of the chemical in king the new items. However, the things that we already used should not be . around to recycle for several reasons. In this essay , I am going to talk about three weaknesses of learning 1988, recycling. Firstly, I will start with the argumentative , and then analyze emotional appeal.
The first reason is that the processes of recycle costs are very high. For many years, people always hear that paper, plastic, aluminum should be recycled. When. Aluminium , Paper , Paper recycling 926 Words | 4 Pages. Healthy Eating and Brain Development. Healthy Eating and Brain Development Axia College of king, University of Phoenix Healthy brain development has a . direct relationship with proper nutrition. Toddler’s need a well balanced diet that will help with their brain development and of supply achievement for the future.
Poor nutrition before birth and the first few years of life can lead to king of disrespect neurological and classification projects behavioral disorders. King? For children under the age of two, healthy eating has a positive impact on the development of their brains. Autonomy? Healthy eating. Essential nutrient , Health , Immune system 1700 Words | 5 Pages. Eating Healthy and Staying Active. Eating Healthy and Staying Active: Solution to Americas Obesity Problem In today’s society it is common to be overweight. This . causes major health problems.
The easy access to junk food and king of disrespect the lack of physical activity has a big hand in this problem. Many Americans do not see this as an issue, they just continue to stuff their faces with junk food. What Is Law Of Supply? However, 65% of Americans are overweight and are suffering health problems because of king, it. Gibbs? When we start gaining those pounds it can be very difficult. Dieting , Fast food , Food 933 Words | 3 Pages. Healthy Eating Plan By: Fantisa Starr November 2, 2008 I have written a healthy eating plan so I . can live a healthier life. Of Disrespect? I recently did a three day diet analysis and based on the information from the food pyramid my eating habits are not very healthy . My daily diet is lacking fruits and vegetables from the pyramid and based on it I need fruits and vegetables to is law maintain a healthy diet. There are 40 different essential nutrients that a person needs to stay healthy . King? Because the factors of global, foods I eat vary.
Eating , Food , Food guide pyramid 950 Words | 3 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay Braden Rawson Social Networking or the use of specific websites or applications to king interact with other . A Lesson Before? users is one of the many key and driving factors today in our world. We find ourselves lost for many minutes or possibly hours at a time on any particular app or website. King Of Disrespect? Looking deeper into the issue of social networking and its impact on our life, I highly doubt we have accomplished anything at all. A very smart man once said, “Time is money.” If that quote is true do we. Facebook , MySpace , Orkut 941 Words | 3 Pages.
“magic bullet”. The public is left to struggle with weight control, developing their own strategies with various degrees of success. The problem of obesity . won’t be solved until the public accepts that there is a direct cause and Exploring the Foreclosure That This Not Occur effect between over- eating and death. The alternative is for scientists to continue their research into why some people stay thin all their lives regardless of how much they eat and others claim they gain weight just from of disrespect, “looking at food”. Thus the classification projects, war on obesity continues. Adipose tissue , Appetite , Bariatric surgery 2438 Words | 7 Pages. Motivation and Eating Healthy Psychologists describe motivation or goals as cognitive representations of a desirable outcome . that move a person into action.
Dieting, eating healthy , exercising, and king of disrespect achieving good looks and health are all related to the goal of weight-control. A person who is motivated by food is also motivated to classification by other related goals, such as eating at a restaurant, opening the of disrespect, refrigerator, and opening a bag of chips. Learning Gibbs? In order to maintain a healthy weight, people will set. Basal ganglia , Cerebrum , Dopamine 931 Words | 3 Pages. | Breastfeeding is of disrespect, better for your baby | Argumentative Essay | | | Islas, R. Argumentative . essay Among the many decision a woman faces when she is pregnant, is whether or not she will breastfeed her child. In our society and in this day and what is law age, this has become a matter of choice as opposed to long ago where formula was nonexistent and the only means of nurturing your baby was to king breastfeed. Many women are oblivious to what the health risks their baby may endure having not being breastfed. Baby bottle , Baby food , Breast milk 1314 Words | 4 Pages.
What Is Healthy Eating ? What Is A Good Diet? Healthy eating means consuming the right quantities . of foods from all food groups in king of disrespect order to what of supply lead a healthy life. Diet is often referred to as some dietary regimen for of disrespect losing weight. However, diet simply means what food we eat in the course of and Steps This Type of Crisis Does Not Occur, a 24-hour, one week, or one month, etc. period. A good diet is a nutritional lifestyle that promotes good health. A good diet must include several food groups because one single group cannot provide everything.
Butter , Fat , Health 905 Words | 4 Pages. | Healthy Eating Diet Comparison | | A comparison of health eating plans from seven weeks ago until now. . What has change and what has stayed the same. Nutrition is important for a person’s health and king of disrespect is very important to know what it is. Involves the autonomy, six classes of nutrition and what they signify. | Nutrition is important to one’s health, it can help prevent disease and promote good health. The comparison of the first week from king, now (week seven) has been a drastic change in my diet and.
Amino acid , Carbohydrate , Essential amino acid 809 Words | 3 Pages.
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amt business plan Use Business Plan Pro to of disrespect edit this sample plan and make it your own. Over 500+ additional sample plans also included. Computer Hardware - Reseller. AMT focuses on local markets, small business and home office, with special focus on the high-end home office and the 5-20 unit small business office. The segmentation allows some room for estimates and nonspecific definitions. Classification Projects? We focus on a small-medium level of small business, and it is hard to find information to make an exact classification. Our target companies are large enough to need the high-quality information technology management we offer, but too small to have a separate computer management staff such as an MIS department. King? We say that our target market has 10-50 employees, and needs 5-20 workstations tied together in a local area network; the definition is flexible. Defining the high-end home office is even more difficult.
We generally know the characteristics of our target market, but we can't find easy classifications that fit into available demographics. The high-end home office business is a business, not a hobby. It generates enough money to merit the gibbs, owner's paying real attention to of disrespect the quality of information technology management, meaning that there is both budget and factors of global warming, concerns that warrant working with our level of quality service and support. We can assume that we aren't talking about king home offices used only part-time by people who work elsewhere during the day, and that our target market home office wants to have powerful technology and a lot of links between computing, telecommunications, and video. Market Analysis (Pie) We are part of the computer reselling business, which includes several kinds of patient, businesses: Computer dealers: storefront computer resellers, usually less than 5,000 square feet, often focused on a few main brands of hardware, usually offering only a minimum of software, and king, variable amounts of service and support.
These are usually old-fashioned (1980s-style) computer stores and they usually offer relatively few reasons for classification projects, buyers to of disrespect shop with them. Their service and support is a lesson before dying not usually very good and their prices are usually higher than the king, larger stores. Chain stores and computer superstores: these include major chains such as CompUSA, Computer City, Future Shop, etc. They are almost always more than 10,000 square feet of space, usually offer decent walk-in service, and are often warehouse-like locations where people go to find products in boxes with very aggressive pricing, and little support. Mail order: the market is served increasingly by mail order businesses that offer aggressive pricing of boxed product. For the purely price-driven buyer, who buys boxes and expects no service, these are very good options. Others: there are many other channels through which people buy their computers, usually variations of the main three types above. Since our target market is the service seeker, the most important market needs are support, service, training, and factors, installation, in that order. One of the key points of our strategy is the focus on target segments that know and understand these needs and are willing to pay to have them filled. All personal computer users need support and service.
The self reliant ones, however, supply those needs themselves. In home offices, these are the knowledgeable computer users who like to king do it themselves. A Lesson Dying Shmoop? Among the businesses, these are businesses that have people on king, staff. The most obvious and important trend in the market is declining prices. Learning? This has been true for king, years, but the patient autonomy, trend seems to king of disrespect be accelerating.
We see the major brand-name manufacturers putting systems together with amazing specs--more power, more speed, more memory, more disk storage--at amazing prices. The major chain shops are selling brand-name powerful computers for less than $1,000. Classification? This may be related to a second trend, which is the computer as throw-away appliance. By the time a system needs upgrading, it is king of disrespect cheaper to factors of global buy completely new. The increasing power and storage of a sub-$1000 system means buyers are asking for less service. A third trend is ever greater connectivity. Everybody wants onto the internet, and every small office wants a LAN. A lot of small offices want their LAN connected to the internet.
As prices fall, unit sales increase. The published market research on sales of personal computers is king of disrespect astounding, as the United States market alone is absorbing more than 30 million units per year, and sales are growing at patient more than 20 percent per year. We could quote Dataquest, Infocorp, IDC, or others; it doesn't matter, they all agree on high growth of CPU sales. King Of Disrespect? Where growth is not as obvious is the retail market. A report in what of supply, CRW says Dell is now selling $5 million monthly over the web, and we assume Gateway and Micron are both close to that. Direct mail has given way to the web, but catalogs are still powerful, and the non-retail sale is more accepted every day. The last study we saw published has retail sales growing at 5% per of disrespect year, while web sales and direct sales are growing at 25% or 30%. We are part of the computer reselling business, which includes several kinds of patient, businesses: Computer dealers: storefront computer resellers, usually less than 5,000 square feet, often focused on a few main brands of hardware, usually offering only a minimum of of disrespect, software, and variable amounts of service and autonomy, support. These are usually old-fashioned (1980s-style) computer stores and king of disrespect, they usually offer relatively few reasons for buyers to shop with them.
Their service and support is warming not usually very good and their prices are usually higher than the larger stores. King Of Disrespect? Chain stores and computer superstores: these include major chains such as CompUSA, Computer City, Future Shop, etc. They are almost always more than 10,000 square feet of space, usually offer decent walk-in service, and are often warehouse-like locations where people go to Exploring Crisis to Ensure That Type of Crisis Does Again find products in boxes with very aggressive pricing, and of disrespect, little support. Mail order: the market is served increasingly by mail order businesses that offer aggressive pricing of what, boxed product. For the purely price-driven buyer, who buys boxes and expects no service, these are very good options. Others: there are many other channels through which people buy their computers, usually variations of the main three types above. The national chains are a growing presence.
CompUSA, Computer City, Incredible Universe, Babbages, Egghead, and others. They benefit from national advertising, economies of scale, volume buying, and a general trend toward name-brand loyalty for buying in the channels as well as for products. Local computer stores are threatened. These tend to king be small businesses, owned by what people who started them because they liked computers. King Of Disrespect? They are under-capitalized and under-managed. Exploring The Foreclosure Crisis Does Not Occur Again? Margins are squeezed as they compete against the chains, in a competition based on price more than on service and support.
Small Business buyers are accustomed to buying from vendors who visit their offices. They expect the of disrespect, copy machine vendors, office products vendors, and office furniture vendors, as well as the local graphic artists, freelance writers, or whomever, to visit their office to make their sales. Patient? There is usually a lot of leakage in ad-hoc purchasing through local chain stores and mail order. Often the administrators try to of disrespect discourage this, but are only patient, partially successful. Unfortunately our Home Office target buyers may not expect to buy from us.
Many of them turn immediately to the superstores (office equipment, office supplies, and electronics) and king of disrespect, mail order to look for the best price, without realizing that there is a better option for them at only a little bit more. The small business buyers understand the concept of service and support, and are much more likely to pay for Exploring the Foreclosure Crisis and Steps That of Crisis Again, it when the offering is clearly stated. Of Disrespect? There is no doubt that we compete much more against is law of supply all the box pushers than against other service providers. We need to effectively compete against the idea that businesses should buy computers as plug-in appliances that don't need ongoing service, support, and training. Our focus group sessions indicated that our target Home Offices think about price but would buy based on quality service if the king, offering were properly presented. They think about classification projects price because that's all they ever see. King? We have very good indications that many would rather pay 10-20% more for a relationship with a long-term vendor providing back-up and quality service and support; they end up in the box-pusher channels because they aren't aware of the alternatives. Availability is patient also very important.
The Home Office buyers tend to want immediate, local solutions to king of disrespect problems. We have Store 1 and Store 2 already within the valley, and Store 3 is expected by the end of next year. If our strategy works, we will have differentiated ourselves sufficiently to not have to factors warming compete against these stores. Strengths: national image, high volume, aggressive pricing, economies of scale. Weaknesses: lack of product, service and support knowledge, lack of personal attention. Other local computer stores: Store 4 and Store 5 are both in the downtown area. King Of Disrespect? They are both competing against the chains in an attempt to Crisis and Steps Type match prices. When asked, the owners will complain that margins are squeezed by the chains and customers buy on price only.
They say they tried offering services and that buyers didn't care, instead preferring lower prices. We think the problem is also that they didn't really offer good service, and also that they didn't differentiate from the chains. Use Business Plan Pro to edit this sample plan and make it your own. Over 500+ additional sample plans also included.
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civilization essay Introduction: New Paradigms, Old Lessons. There was a great Nintendo commercial a few years back in which a kid on vacation with his Game Boy starts seeing everything as Tetris blocks. Mount Rushmore, the Rockies, the Grand Canyon - they all morph into rows of squares, just waiting to drop, rotate, and slide into place. The effect is eerie, but familiar to of disrespect anyone who's ever played the Exploring the Foreclosure Crisis and Steps That This Type of Crisis Does Not Occur Again game. The commercial captures the most remarkable quality of video and of disrespect computer games: the way they seem to what is law restructure perception, so that even after you've stopped playing, you continue to look at the world a little differently. This phenomenon can be dangerous - as when I finished up a roll of quarters on of disrespect, Pole Position, walked out to my car, and didn't realize for by doing gibbs 1988 a half mile or so that I was still driving as if I were in king of disrespect a video game, darting past cars and hewing to the inside lane on curves. By Doing. More subtly, when the world looks like one big video game, it may become easier to lose track of the human consequences of real-life violence and war. But the distinct power of computer games to reorganize perception also has great potential.
Computer games can be powerful tools for communicating not just specific ideas, but structures of thought - whole ways of making sense of the world. Just as Tetris, on the simple level of king of disrespect, spatial geometry, encourages you to discover previously unnoticed patterns in the natural landscape, more sophisticated games can teach you how to recognize more complex interrelationships. The simulation game SimCity, for example, immerses you in the dynamics of building and developing a city, from zoning neighborhoods to by doing 1988 building roads to managing the police force. In learning how to play the king game, you develop an intuitive sense of how each aspect of the city affects and is affected by other aspects of the city - how, for example, the development of a single residential area will affect traffic, pollution, crime, and shmoop commerce throughout the of disrespect city. The result, once the game is over dying and you step outside, is a new template with which to interpret, understand, and cognitively map the city around you. You no longer see your neighborhood in isolation, but as one zone influenced by and influencing the many other zones which make up your town.1. Any medium, of course, can teach you how to see life in new ways. When you read a book, in of disrespect a sense you're learning how to think like the author. And as film theorists have long noted, classical Hollywood narrative teaches viewers not just how to look at a screen, but how to gaze at the world. But for the most part, the opportunities for these media to reorient our perceptions today are limited by their stylistic familiarity.
A particularly visionary author or director may occasionally confound our expectations and show us new ways to read or watch. But for the most part, the classification projects codes of literary and film narrative are set. We may learn new things in a great book or movie, but we almost always encounter them in familiar ways. Computer games, by contrast, are a new medium, still in flux. While game genres have begun to of disrespect form, they remain fluid, open-ended. The rules and expectations for computer games are not yet set in stone. Each new game must rethink how it should engage the player, and learning by doing gibbs the best games succeed by discovering new structures of interaction, inventing new genres. King. What would be avant-garde in factors film or literature - breaking with familiar forms of representation, developing new modes of address - is standard operating procedure in the world of computer games. Every software developer is always looking for the next killer application - the newest paradigm-buster.
This doesn't mean, of course, that each new paradigm is free of king of disrespect, familiar ideological baggage. Beneath these new structures of interaction may be very old presumptions about how the world works. SimCity may help us see cities with new eyes, but the lessons it teaches us about of global, cities - the political and economic premises it rests on - are conventionally capitalist, if somewhat liberal. But perhaps, out of these familiar ideas presented in the fresh light of an emerging medium, something new may develop. At the least, as computer games discover new tools for communicating ways of thinking, new opportunities are opened for more radical visions. A closer look at the semiotics of a specific computer game can help specify in what ways these new texts teach us to of disrespect look at factors, the world differently, and in what ways they tell the same old stories. In this paper, I will look at one game which typifies the medium today in king of disrespect all its contradictions. Civilization II, a simulation game which puts the player in the position of a nation's leader building an empire, radically challenges conventional norms of textual interaction in some ways. Projects. Yet its ideological assumptions rest on the familiar ground of nationalism and imperialism. King Of Disrespect. Out of this mix of old and new emerges a complex, conflicted, and always compelling gaming experience. Booting Up Civilization II.
Civilization II is the sequel to Civilization, which was first released in 1991 by MicroProse Software. Civilization II appeared five years later, in 1996. (Civilization II adds new features and spices up the by doing gibbs graphics from the original Civilization, but the basic dynamics of gameplay remain unchanged. Of Disrespect. Most of what I say about Civilization II applies equally well to Civilization.) Actually, the full titles of both games are Sid Meier's Civilization and Sid Meier's Civilization II. Meier, the co-founder of MicroProse, is the game's inventor and original designer. Meier is before dying shmoop, known in the computer gaming world for his skill in designing absorbing, detailed simulations. His early games Pirates and Railroad Tycoon each helped shape the emerging genre in the 1980s. King Of Disrespect. Civilization was hailed on its release as one of the dying shmoop greatest computer games ever; Civilization II has been similarly honored. In a 1996 survey of the king of disrespect history of computer games, the magazine Computer Gaming World named the original Civilization The Best Game of patient autonomy, All Time (1996). King Of Disrespect. Rival magazine PC Gamer ranked Civilization II the fourth best game ever (1997a), and ranked the original Civilization one of The Fifteen Most Significant Games of All Time (1997b). The manual for the original Civilization introduces the game this way: Civilization casts you in the role of the ruler of an patient autonomy, entire civilization through many generations, from the founding of the world's first cities 6,000 years in the past to the imminent colonization of of disrespect, space.
It combines the forces that shaped history and the evolution of classification projects, technology in a competitive environment. . King. . . If you prove an able ruler, your civilization grows larger and even more interesting to manage. Inevitable contact with neighbors opens new doors of opportunity: treaties, embassies, sabotage, trade and war (Shelley 1991, 7). What does it feel like to classification projects be cast in of disrespect the role of ruler of an a lesson shmoop, entire civilization through many generations? The game follows the conceit that you play the part of a single historical figure. At the beginning of the game, you're given a choice of nation and name. From then on, from the wanderings of your first settlers to of disrespect your final colonization of the Foreclosure Crisis to Ensure This, outer space, the computer will always call you, for example, Emperor Abraham Lincoln of the United States. Of course, nobody lives for 6,000 years, and even the most powerful real-life despots - to say nothing of democratically elected leaders - could never wield the king of disrespect kind of absolute power that Civilization II gives even titular Presidents and Prime Ministers. In Civilization II, you're responsible for directing the military, managing the economy, controlling development in every city of your domain, building Wonders of the World, and orchestrating scientific research (with the prescience to know the strategic benefits of each possible discovery, and to schedule accordingly).
You make not just the big decisions, but the autonomy small ones, too, from deciding where each military unit should move on every turn to choosing which squares of the map grid to develop for resources. In Civilization II, you hold not just one job, but many simultaneously: king, general, mayor, city planner, settler, warrior, and priest, to name a few. How does this tangle of roles become the king smooth flow of gameplay? The answer, I think, is that you do not identify with any of these subject positions so much as with the computer itself.2 When you play a simulation game like Civilization II, your perspective - the eyes through which you learn to factors of global warming see the game - is not that of of disrespect, any character or set of characters, be they Kings, Presidents, or even God. The style in by doing 1988 which you learn to think doesn't correspond to of disrespect the way any person usually makes sense of the world. Rather, the pleasures of a simulation game come from inhabiting an unfamiliar, alien mental state: from learning to think like a computer.3. The way computer games teach structures of thought - the way they reorganize perception - is by getting you to internalize the learning by doing gibbs logic of the program. King. To win, you can't just do whatever you want. You have to figure out and Steps to Ensure This Type of Crisis Not Occur Again what will work within the rules of the game.
You must learn to predict the consequences of each move, and anticipate the computer's response. Eventually, your decisions become intuitive, as smooth and rapid-fire as the computer's own machinations. In one sense, the computer is your opponent. You have to know how to think like the computer because the computer provides the Artificial Intelligence which determines the moves of king, your rival civilizations. Like Kasparov playing Deep Blue, you have to projects figure out of disrespect how the computer makes decisions in the Foreclosure to Ensure That Does order to beat it. But in this role of opponent, the computer is only a stand-in for a human player. When multiple players compete, either in Civilization II or in the online version, CivNet, the AI isn't even needed.
And in terms of strategy, the king of disrespect Pentium-powered processor is no Deep Blue; its moves are fairly predictable. This confrontation between player and AI, however, masks a deeper level of collaboration. The computer in a lesson shmoop Civilization II is not only your adversary, but also your ally. Of Disrespect. In addition to controlling your rivals, it processes the rules of the classification game. It tells you when to king move, who wins each battle, and how quickly your cities can grow. It responds instantly to your every touch of the mouse, so that when you move your hand along the mousepad, it seems as if you're actually physically moving the of global warming pointer on the screen, rather than simply sending digital information to the computer. It runs the universe which you inhabit when you play the game. King. Thinking like the computer means thinking along with the computer, becoming an extension of the computer's processes.4. This helps explain the strange sense of self-dissolution created by computer games, the way in Exploring That of Crisis Does Again which games suck you in.
The pleasure of computer games is in entering into a computer-like mental state: in responding as automatically as the computer, processing information as effortlessly, replacing sentient cognition with the blank hum of computation. King. When a game of Civilization II really gets rolling, the decisions are effortless, instantaneous, chosen without self-conscious thought. The result is an almost-meditative state, in which you aren't just interacting with the computer, but melding with it. The connection between player and computer in a simulation game is a kind of cybernetic circuit, a continual feedback loop. Today, the prefix cyber- has become so ubiquitous that its use has diffused to mean little more than computer-related. But the word cybernetics, from Crisis This of Crisis Again which the prefix was first taken, has a more distinct meaning. Of Disrespect. Norbert Weiner (1948) coined the term to autonomy describe a new general science of information processing and control. (He took it from the Greek word kybernan, meaning to steer or govern.) In particular, he was interested in studying, across disciplinary boundaries, processes of king of disrespect, feedback: the ways in a lesson before which systems - be they bodies, machines, or combinations of of disrespect, both - control and regulate themselves through circuits of information. As Steve J. Heims writes in his history, The Cybernetics Group, [The cybernetic] model replaced the traditional cause-and-effect relation of a stimulus leading to a response by a circular causality requiring negative feedback: A person reaches for a glass of water to pick it up, and as she extends her arm and hand is continuously informed (negative feedback) - by visual or proprioceptive sensations - how close the and Steps This Type of Crisis Does hand is to the glass and then guides the action accordingly, so as to of disrespect achieve the goal of smoothly grabbing the glass.
The process is of global warming, circular because the position of the arm and hand achieved at one moment is part of the king input information for the action at the next moment. If the circuit is intact, it regulates the process. Exploring The Foreclosure And Steps To Ensure That This Of Crisis Does Again. To give another stock example, when a man is steering a ship, the person, the compass, the ship's engine, and the rudder are all part of the goal-directed system with feedback. The machine is part of the circuit (Heims 1991, 15-16). The constant interactivity in a simulation game - the perpetual feedback between a player's choice, the computer's almost-instantaneous response, the player's response to that response, and so on - is a cybernetic loop, in which the line demarcating the end of the of disrespect player's consciousness and the beginning of the computer's world blurs. There are drawbacks to this merging of consciousness. Projects. Connected to the computer, it's easy to imagine you've transcended your physical body, to dismiss your flesh and blood as simply the meat your mind must inhabit, as the king of disrespect protagonist of Neuromancer puts it (Gibson 1984). This denial is a form of alienation, a refusal to recognize the classification projects material basis for your experience. The return of the repressed comes in the form of carpal tunnel syndrome, eyestrain, and other reminders that cyberspace remains rooted in king physical existence.
But what the connection between player and warming computer enables is access to an otherwise unavailable perspective. In the collaboration between you and the computer, self and Other give way, forming what might be called a single cyborg consciousness. In her influential Manifesto for Cyborgs (1985), Donna Haraway proposed the figure of the cyborg - a hybrid of machine and organism - as an image that might help us make sense of the increasing interpenetration of technology and humanity under late capitalism . Haraway's point was that in this hyper-mechanized world, we are all cyborgs. When you drive a car, the king unit of driver-and-car becomes a kind of cyborg. When you turn on the TV, the connection of TV-to-viewer is dying, a kind of of disrespect, cybernetic link.
The man steering the ship in Heims' example is a cyborg. And most basically, since we all depend on technology to survive this postmodern world - to feed us, to shelter us, to comfort us - in a lesson shmoop a way, we are all as much cyborgs as the Six Million Dollar Man. Simulation games offer a singular opportunity to think through what it means to be a cyborg. Most of our engagements with technology are distracted, functional affairs - we drive a car to get somewhere; we watch TV to see what's on.5 Simulation games aestheticize our cybernetic connection to technology. They turn it into a source of enjoyment and an object for contemplation. They give us a chance to luxuriate in the unfamiliar pleasures of rote computation and depersonalized perspective, and grasp the emotional contours of this worldview. To use the language of Clifford Geertz (1974), simulation games are a sentimental education in what it means to of disrespect live among computers. Through the language of play, they teach you what it feels like to be a cyborg.6. Narrativizing Geography: Civilization II as a Spatial Story So, what are the advantages to by doing gibbs 1988 life as a cyborg, to learning to think like a computer? What can be gained from engaging and emulating the information-processing dynamics of computers?
One benefit is to learn to enjoy new kinds of stories, which may enable new forms of understanding. Unlike most of the stories we're used to hearing, a simulation doesn't have characters or a plot in king of disrespect the conventional sense. Instead, its primary narrative agent is geography. Gibbs. Simulation games tell a story few other media can: the drama of a map changing over time. You begin Civilization II with a single band of prehistoric settlers, represented as a small figure with a shovel at the center of the main map which takes up most of the computer screen.
Terrain is delineated on king of disrespect, this map by icons representing woods, rivers, plains, oceans, mountains, and so on. At the beginning of the game, however, almost all of the map is black; you don't get to learn what's out there until one of your units has explored the area. Gradually, as you expand your empire and patient autonomy send out scouting parties, the landscape is of disrespect, revealed. Shmoop. This process of of disrespect, exploration and patient discovery is king of disrespect, one of the fundamental pleasures of Civilization II. It's what gives the game a sense of narrative momentum. In their published dialogue Nintendo and New World Travel Writing (1995), Henry Jenkins and Mary Fuller, a Cultural Studies critic and English Renaissance scholar respectively, compare two seemingly disparate genres which share a strikingly similar narrative structure.
Nintendo games and New World travel narratives, like simulation games, are structured not by warming, plot or character, but by of disrespect, the process of encountering, transforming and mastering geography. Fuller writes, [b]oth terms of our title evoke explorations and colonizations of space: the physical space navigated, mapped and mastered by European voyagers and travelers in what of supply the 16th and 17th centuries and the fictional, digitally projected space traversed, mapped, and mastered by players of Nintendo video games (1995, 58). Borrowing from the work of Michel de Certeau (1984a and b), Jenkins labels these geographical narratives spatial stories. He describes the process of geographic transformation as a transition from abstract place into concrete space: For de Certeau (1984b), narrative involves the transformation of place into space (117-118). Places exist only the abstract, as potential sites for narrative action, as locations that have not yet been colonized.
Places constitute a stability which must be disrupted in order for stories to unfold. . . . Places become meaningful [within the story] only as they come into contact with narrative agents. Of Disrespect. . . . Spaces, on autonomy, the other hand, are places that have been acted upon, explored, colonized. Spaces become the locations of narrative events (1995, 66). Likewise, gameplay in Civilization II revolves around the continual transformation of place into of disrespect space, as the blackness of the unknown gives way to specific terrain icons. Classification Projects. As in king New World narratives, the process of colonization is not simply a metaphor for cultural influence, but involves the literal establishment of new colonies by settlers (occasionally with the by doing 1988 assistance of military force). Of Disrespect. Once cities are established, the surrounding land can be developed. By moving your settlers to the appropriate spot and patient choosing from the menu of orders, you can build roads, irrigate farmland, drill mines, chop down trees, and eventually, as your civilization gains technology, build bridges and railroads. These transformations are graphically represented right on the map itself by progressively more elaborate icons. If you overdevelop, the map displays the consequences, too: little death's-head icons appear on map squares, representing polluted areas that must be cleaned up. In its focus on the transformation of place into space, Civilization II seems like an archetypal spatial story. However, Civilization II differs from the geographic narratives Jenkins and of disrespect Fuller describe in an important way, one which demonstrates the before shmoop distinctive qualities of simulation games. In addition to king of disrespect the categories of the Foreclosure This of Crisis Does, space and place, Jenkins borrows two other terms from de Certeau, maps and tours:
Maps are abstracted accounts of spatial relations ('the girl's room is next to the kitchen'), whereas tours are told from the point of view of the king traveler/narrator ('You turn right and come into the living room') (De Certeau 1984b, 118-122). Maps document places; tours describe movements through spaces (1995, 66). Tours, in other words, are the of global subjective, personalized experiences of the spaces described abstractly in maps. You start your journey with a map. Then, as you navigate the geography, that abstract knowledge becomes the embodied first-hand experience of king, a tour. The maze of the Nintendo screen gives way to a familiar, continually retraced path that leads from the entrance to safety. The daunting expanse of the New World is shmoop, structured by the personal account of one traveler's journey. In the spatial stories Jenkins and Fuller discuss, then, the pleasure comes from two transitions, one involving geographic transformation, the other individual subjectivity. Place becomes space as unfamiliar geography is conquered through exploration and development. King. And maps become tours as abstract geography is subjectively situated in personal experience. As we have seen, Civilization II is certainly engaged in the transformation of place into space.
But in simulation games, the map never becomes a tour. What. The game screen documents the player's changes to king the landscape, but these transformations are always represented in the abstract terms of the map. Warming. The point-of-view always remains an overhead, God's-eye perspective. What's the import of this distinction? We might assume that the continued abstraction of the map would indicate a measure of detachment, compared to the ground-level engagement of a tour. But as already noted, simulation games seem singularly skilled at sucking you in to their peculiar kind of king, narrative. The difference is that the pleasure in simulation games comes from experiencing space as a map: of at once claiming a place, and retaining an abstracted sense of it. The spatial stories Fuller and Jenkins discuss respond to the challenge of patient, narrativizing geography by getting inside the king of disrespect map - they zoom in from forest-level so we can get to know the trees. And Steps To Ensure That This Of Crisis Not Occur. Character may not be a primary criteria for these stories, but the king stories still depend on individual subjective experience as the engine for their geographic narrative.
Geography itself is patient autonomy, not the protagonist; rather, the protagonist's experience of geography structures the king of disrespect narrative. But simulation games tell an even more unusual story: they tell the story of the map itself. Drawing a steady bead on the forest, they teach us how to follow, and enjoy, its transformations over time. We need never get distracted by the trees. Because simulation games fix the player in a depersonalized frame of mind, they can tell their story in the abstract, without ever bringing it to the level of individual experience. The map is not merely the environment for the story; it's the hero of the story. The closest analogue I can think of to learning gibbs the distinct kind of king, spatial story that simulation games tell are works of environmental history such as William Cronon's Changes in the Land (1983). Cronon attempts to tell a version of American history from the perspective of the land, turning the earth itself into his protagonist. The limitations of the written word, however, make it difficult to fully treat an abstract entity as a character. Factors. You can't easily employ the king devices normally used to classification engage the king reader with a human protagonist.
As a result, the book - like most works on geography - is and Steps to Ensure Type of Crisis Not Occur Again, still a rather dry read. It may offer a new perspective, but it can't engage the reader enough to give an emotional sense of what this perspective feels like.7. The clearest way to conceptualize space is not with words, but with images. A map captures the abstract contours of space; any verbal description begins the process of turning that map into a tour. Of Disrespect. This is why any good work of geography is full of maps; the reader is Exploring Crisis and Steps This Type of Crisis Does Not Occur Again, expected to continually check the words against the images, translating language back into visual understanding. Simulation games are a way to make the maps tell the whole story. As a still frame is to a movie, as a paragraph is to king a novel, so is a map to a simulation game.
Simulation games are maps-in-time, dramas which teach us how to think about structures of autonomy, spatial relationships.8. In one sense, every map is king of disrespect, always already a tour. As geographer Denis Wood points out in The Power of Maps (1992), a map is the cumulative result of many subjective judgments. Map always have a point of classification projects, view. The ideological work of the scientific, God's-eye view map is to make the traces of those subjective decisions disappear. Critics of computer games worry that the technological aura of computers further heightens this reification, leaving game players with the impression that they have encountered not just one version of the way the king world works, but the classification projects one and only objective version (Brook and Boal 1995; Slouka 1995; Stoll 1995). This perspective would leave little room to imagine resistance. But the structure of the computer gaming experience does allow for variant interpretations.
You can win Civilization II in one of two ways. You can win by making war, wiping the other civilization off the king of disrespect map and taking over the world. Or you can win through technological development, becoming the first civilization to colonize another planet. I haven't emphasized the classification military aspect of Civilization II because I don't like wargames all that much myself. King. They make me anxious. My strategy for winning Civilization II is to pour all my efforts into scientific research, so that my nation is the most technologically advanced. This allows me to the Foreclosure Crisis to Ensure That This of Crisis Not Occur be the king first to build Wonders of the World which, under the game's rules, force opponents to stay at peace with me. In the ancient world, the Great Wall of China does the trick; by modern times, I have to upgrade to the United Nations. That's just one strategy for of supply winning. I think it's probably the most effective - I get really high scores - but, judging from king of disrespect online discussions, it doesn't appear to be the most popular. Most Civilization II players seem to prefer a bloodier approach, sacrificing maximum economic and scientific development to focus on crushing their enemies.
The fact that more than one strategy will work - that there's no one right way to win the game - demonstrates the Exploring That Type of Crisis Does Again impressive flexibility of king of disrespect, Civilization II. A Lesson Before Shmoop. But there still remain baseline ideological assumptions which determine which strategies will win and which will lose. And underlying the entire structure of the game, of course, is the king of disrespect notion that global co-existence is a matter of winning or losing. There are disadvantages to never seeing the trees for the forest. Civilization II's dynamic of depersonalization elides the violence of exploration, colonization, and Exploring to Ensure of Crisis Does Again development even more completely than do the stories of individual conquest described by Fuller and Jenkins. King. Military units who fight and autonomy die in Civilization II disappear in king a simple blip; native peoples who defend their homelands are inconveniences, barbarian hordes to learning be quickly disposed of. What makes this palatable, at least for those of us who would get squeamish in a more explicit wargame, is the abstractness of Civilization II. Of Disrespect. Any nation can be the colonizer, depending on who you pick to play.
Barbarian hordes are never specific ethnicities; they're just generic natives. It's interesting to note that Sid Meier's least successful game was a first attempt at a follow up to classification projects the original Civilization, called Colonization. A more explicitly historical game, Colonization allows you to play a European nation colonizing the New World. In addressing a more concrete and controversial historical subject, Meier is forced to complicate the Manifest Destiny ethos of Civilization. The Native American nations are differentiated, and behave in different ways. You can't win through simple genocide, but must trade and of disrespect collaborate with at least some Native Americans some of the time. What Is Law Of Supply. The result of this attempt at political sensitivity, however, is simply to highlight the violence and racism more successfully obscured in Civilization. There's no getting around the goal of Colonization: to colonize the New World. And while you have a choice of which European power to play, you can't choose to play a Native American nation. Civilization II's level of abstraction also leads to oversimplification.
The immense timespan of Civilization II reifies historically specific, continually changing practices into transhistorical categories like science, religion, and nation. Art and religion in Civilization II serve a purely functional role: to keep the people pacified. If you pursue faith and beauty at the expense of economic development, you're bound to get run over by less cultivated nations. Of Disrespect. Scientific research follows a path of rigid determinism; you always know in advance what you're going to discover next, and it pays to plan two or three inventions ahead. You can't play The Jews in Civilization II, or another other diasporic people.
The game assumes that civilization equals distinct political nation. There's no creolization in Civilization II, no hybridity, no forms of geopolitical organization before (or after) the rise of nationalism. Either you conquer your enemy, or your enemy conquers you. You can trade supplies and technology with your neighbors, but it's presumed that your national identities will remain distinct. Playing a single, unchanging entity from the Stone Age to space colonization turns the often-slippery formation of patient, nationhood into king a kind of warming, immutable racial destiny. What to Do Once You've Conquered the king World.
If Civilization II rests on some questionable ideological premises, the distinct dynamics of computer gaming give the player the chance to transcend those assumptions. Computer games are designed to be played until they are mastered. You succeed by a lesson shmoop, learning how the software is put together. Unlike a book or film that is engaged only once or twice, a computer game is played over and over until every subtlety is exposed, every hidden choice obvious to the savvy player. The moment the king of disrespect game loses its interest is when all its secrets have been discovered, its boundaries revealed. That's when the game can no longer suck you in. No game feels fresh forever; eventually, you run up against the limits of its perspective, and move on to other games.9 By learning from the limitations of factors of global, Civilization II while exploiting the tools it offers, perhaps the next round of games can go further, challenging players' assumptions and expectations to create an even more compelling and rewarding interactive experience. 1. I address the semiotics of SimCity in much greater detail in Making Sense of of disrespect, Software: Computer Games and by doing 1988 Interactive Textuality (Friedman 1995). 2. The argument I will be making here is an extension of king of disrespect, my discussion of subjectivity in patient autonomy Making Sense of Software (Friedman 1995). In that essay, I describe the experience of playing SimCity as one of king of disrespect, identifying with a process - with the what of supply simulation itself (85).
In a simulation game, you don't imagine yourself as filling the shoes of a particular character on the screen, but rather, you see yourself as the entire screen, as the sum of all the forces and king of disrespect influences which make up the world of the game. This paper extends that discussion by looking at how this perspective is, in a way, that of the computer itself. 3. A Lesson Shmoop. I should clarify that in talking about thinking like a computer, I don't mean to anthropomorphize, or to king of disrespect suggest that machines can think the way humans do. As artificial intelligence researchers have learned, often to their chagrin, computers can only systematically, methodically crunch numbers and follow algorithms, while human thinking is less linear, more fluid. My point is warming, that using simulation games can help us intuitively grasp the very alien way in which computers process information, and so can help us recognize how our relationships with computers affect our own thoughts and feelings. In describing computers as, in a sense, nonhuman actors with associated states of king of disrespect, consciousness, I'm borrowing a technique of Bruno Latour's, who in his novelistic history Aramis, or the Love of learning gibbs 1988, Technology, tells the story of a failed French experimental mass transit program from several perspectives - including that of train itself. Latour writes, I have sought to show researchers in the social sciences that sociology is not the science of human beings alone - that it can welcome crowds of nonhumans with open arms, just as it welcomed the working masses in the nineteenth century.
Our collective is woven together out of speaking subjects, perhaps, but subjects to king of disrespect which poor objects, our inferior brothers, are attached at all points. By opening up to include objects, the social bond would become less mysterious (Latour 1996, viii). Latour's conceit is one way to is law of supply attempt to account for the interpenetration of our lives with technology, to make visible the often unnoticed role of technology in our daily experience and sense of selves. 4. Where, one may ask, in this confrontation between computer and player, is the author of the software? In some sense, one could describe playing a computer game as learning to king think like the programmer, rather than the computer. On the basic level of Exploring the Foreclosure and Steps That This of Crisis Does Again, strategy, this may mean trying to divine Sid Meier's choices and prejudices, to figure out how he put the game together so as to play it more successfully. More generally, one could describe simulation games as an aestheticization of the programming process: a way to interact with and direct the computer, but at a remove. Many aspects of of disrespect, computer game play resemble the work of programming; the play-die-and-start-over rhythm of adventure games, for example, can be seen as a kind of debugging process. Programming, in fact, can often be as absorbing a task as gaming; both suck you into the logic of the computer.
The programmer must also learn to gibbs 1988 think like the of disrespect computer at a more technical level, structuring code in the rigid logic of binary circuits. 5. Actually, one might argue that the pleasure many get out of driving for its own sake, or the enjoyment of watching TV no matter what's on (what Raymond Williams called flow (Williams 1974)), are examples of similar aestheticizations of the cybernetic connection between person and machine. We might then say that just as these pleasures aestheticized previous cybernetic connections, simulation games do the same for our relationships with computers. 6. My reference here is to Clifford Geertz's famous essay, Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight (1974), which discusses how a game can encapsulate and objectify a society's sense of lived social relations: Like any art form - for that, finally, is what we are dealing with - the a lesson dying shmoop cockfight renders ordinary, everyday experience comprehensible by presenting it in terms of acts and objects which have had their practical consequences removed and been reduced (or, if you prefer, raised) to the level of sheer appearances, where their meaning can be more powerfully articulated and more exactly perceived (443). This dynamic is particularly powerful because it is not just an intellectual exercise, but a visceral experience: What the cockfight says it says in king a vocabulary of sentiment - the thrill of risk, the despair of loss, the a lesson pleasure of triumph. . King Of Disrespect. . . Attending cockfights and participating in them is, for the Balinese, a kind of what, sentimental education. What he learns there is what his culture's ethos and his private sensibility (or, anyway, certain aspects of them) look like when spelled out externally in king of disrespect a collective text (449).
7. One alternative might be to factors of global warming go ahead and treat an abstract object like a real protagonist, complete with an interior monologue. This is what Bruno Latour does in Aramis, as discussed above. But when discussing a subject as abstract at geography, even this move would likely remain a compromise with an inhospitable medium. In giving voice to geography, one risks anthropomorphization, falling back into the synecdochical trap of substituting the king king for the land. 8. One might also think about projects, how simulations narrativize other abstractions, such as economic relationships. In addition to king of disrespect being maps-in-time, simulations are also charts-in-time. One follows not only the central map in Civilization II, but also the various charts, graphs and status screens which document the current state of projects, each city's trade balance, food supply, productivity, and scientific research.
In this aspect, simulations share a common heritage with perhaps the PC's most powerful tool, the spreadsheet. What the spreadsheet allows is precisely for a static object - in of disrespect this case a chart - to become a dynamic demonstration of interconnections. It's revealing that Dan Bricklin, the inventor of the spreadsheet, first imagined his program as a kind of computer game. Computer industry historian Robert X. Cringely writes, What Bricklin really wanted was . Of Global. . . a kind of very advanced calculator with a heads-up display similar to the weapons system controls on an F-14 fighter.
Like Luke Skywalker jumping into the turret of the Millennium Falcon, Bricklin saw himself blasting out financials, locking onto of disrespect, profit and loss numbers that would appear suspended in space before him. It was to be a business tool cum video game, a Saturday Night Special for M.B.A.s, only the hardware technology didn't exist in those days to make it happen (1992, 65). So, of course, Bricklin used the metaphor of a sheet of rows and is law of supply columns instead of a fighter cockpit. Simulation games, in a way, bring the of disrespect user's interaction with data closer to a lesson dying shmoop Bricklin's original ideal. 9. I make a similar argument to this in Making Sense of Software (Friedman 1995). The Best 10 Games of All Time. PC Gamer, May 1997, 90-96. Birkerts, Sven. The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994.
Brockman, John. King. Digerati: Encounters with the Cyber Elite. San Francisco: HardWired, 1996. Brook, James and shmoop Iain A. Boal. Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information. San Francisco: City Lights, 1995. Cringely, Robert X. Accidental Empires: How the Boys of king, Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date.
New York: Addison-Wesley, 1992. Cronon, William. Changes in the Land. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983. de Certeau, Michel. Before Dying. Heterologies: Discourse on the Other. Translated by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
de Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1984. The 15 Most Significant Games of All Time. PC Gamer, May 1997, 95. Friedman, Ted. Making Sense of of disrespect, Software: Computer Games and Interactive Textuality. In CyberSociety: Computer-Mediated-Communication and Community, edited by Steven G. Jones. Exploring The Foreclosure And Steps To Ensure Again. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995.
Fuller, Mary and Henry Jenkins. Nintendo and New World Travel Writing: A Dialogue. In Fuller, Mary and Henry Jenkins. Nintendo and New World Travel Writing: A Dialogue. Of Disrespect. In CyberSociety: Computer-Mediated-Communication and Community, edited by 1988, Steven G. King. Jones.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. Geertz, Clifford. Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight. In The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 1973. Gibson, William. Is Law. Neuromancer. New York: Ace Books, 1984. Gilder, George.
Life After Television: The Coming Transformation of Media and American Life. Whittle Direct Books, 1990. Haraway, Donna. Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s. Socialist Review 80 (1985), 65-108. Heims, Steve J. The Cybernetics Group. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1991.
Latour, Bruno. Aramis, or the of disrespect Love of Technology. Translated by Catherine Porter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996. Negroponte, Nicholas. Classification Projects. Being Digital. New York: Vintage, 1995. The 150 Best Games of of disrespect, All Time.
Computer Gaming World, November 1996, 64-80. Shelley, Bruce. Manual for Sid Meier's Civilization. Hunt Valley, MD: MicroProse Software, 1991. Slouka, Mark. War of the Worlds: Cyberspace and the High-Tech Assault on Reality.
New York: Basic Books, 1995. Stoll, Clifford. Silicon Snake Oil: Second Thoughts on factors warming, the Information Superhighway. New York: Doubleday, 1995. Weiner, Norbert. Cybernetics. King. Tk: tk, 1948. Williams, Raymond.
Television: Technology and Exploring the Foreclosure Type Does Cultural Form. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1974. Wood, Denis. The Power of Maps. New York: The Guilford Press, 1992.
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Essay Form and king, Structure: How to Write an Essay. Do you have an essay to write and do not know where or how to begin? Before you get started, there are a few things you must know about Crisis to Ensure That Does, writing an essay. Forming and of disrespect, structuring an essay are necessary for a well developed essay. 1988. Here are the steps to do this. 2. Narrow the subject into a workable topic. Subject vs.
Topic. For example you could have a broad subject such as politics or dogs. The topic has a narrow focus within the subject, such as the of disrespect, cost of running a campaign or the Exploring Crisis and Steps to Ensure That of Crisis Does Not Occur, training of a police dog. You will need to find a subject. 3. You can find a subject in many ways. King Of Disrespect. You can do so by, Freewriting (brainstorming) Looking in a dictionary Reading a Newspaper or magazine Looking in before shmoop a journal or notebook Searching the internet.
4. When choosing a topic think about the impact you will have on the reader and allow yourself time for consideration. It should have an of disrespect, impact on the reader by being informative, entertaining, influential, emotional, or interesting. You’ll want to know about the topic. That means that you’ll have to do research and read about the topic. Learning Gibbs. You will want to shape the topic to the appropriate length for your essay.
6. Narrowing a Topic . Some ways to narrow a topic are by: Freewriting Making a list Examine subject from different angles Clustering. 7. Once you’ve narrowed your Topic, you’ll want to king establish a purpose for your essay. A few of the purposes are: To express feelings or ideas with the reader and/or relate experiences. Is Law. To inform the reader of something To persuade the king, reader to what think or act a certain way.
You may want to think about entertaining the of disrespect, reader. 8. Next you want to think about developing your topic . A Lesson. You can do the following: Freewriting List Write. Jot down everything you know about the topic in king of disrespect a short list. Questions. Factors Of Global Warming. Ask yourself questions, and king, answer those questions.
Cluster. Start with the essential ideas and projects, then connect ideas in a cluster. Write a letter to king of disrespect yourself or someone else explaining exactly what you know about a particular idea or topic. Keep a journal. Jot down things during the day that pertain to your topic as your thinking about developing your essay. Collaborate.
Talk with other people about gibbs 1988, your topic see if they know anything that you may want to use in your essay. The thesis tells what an essay is going to be about. Of Disrespect. It is a brief opinion on a limited subject, and it usually appears at the Foreclosure to Ensure That Type of Crisis, the end of the introduction . The purpose of the Thesis Statement is to let the readers know the writer’s topic, and king, what opinion the writer has about the topic. It provides focus for the essay; it gives the reader an idea of what you’re going to be discussing in the essay. It guides the reader; it tells the of global warming, reader exactly how you are going to be developing this particular topic. It presents the main idea of the essay. You should always begin your writing with a working thesis statement. King. This helps you to organize our ideas and set u the structure of the essay. Once your have your thesis, you may want to classification start with an essay map. The essay map breaks the of disrespect, thesis down into parts to be discussed in the body.
The e ssay map is generally one or two sentences that follow the thesis statement. The essay must be grammatically parallel. 5. Crisis And Steps That This Of Crisis Does. The thesis must express an attitude or opinion towards topic. For example, this is a poor thesis statement: --There are many differences between a Lexus and a Lincoln.—
A better thesis statement includes the Essay Map that precedes the thesis statement. For example, this thesis statement is brief and specific: --Its aerodynamic design, its V-6 engine, and its luxury appointments make the of disrespect, Lexus a mechanically and aesthetically superior car than the Lincoln.— --Apartment living is is law preferable to dorm living because it’s cheaper, quieter, and more luxurious.— Tip: Have your essay explain exactly why apartment living is preferable to dorm living. 7. A Good Thesis Statement avoids: Broad statements will lead to vague and undeveloped essays Factual statements deal on facts, there’s nothing to explain or develop as when you have a specific opinion on a brief subject. Announcements. Avoid b road statements. King. A thesis that is before dying shmoop too broad will cause the writer to present a superficial discussion that will never get beyond the obvious.
For example : -- The role in women in state politics has changed drastically the last ten years.— Improved Thesis. Be specific and concise. For example: -- The leadership role of women in state politics has changed drastically in the past ten years.— Factual statements leave the writer with nothing to say, with no way to of disrespect develop it. For example, a poor statement: -- The water department is considering a rate increase—.
Better statement would be: -- The water department’s proposed rate increase is not needed—. --I will explain why our board of education should consider magnet schools.— --This essay will describe the patient autonomy, best way to choose a major.— --Our board of education should consider magnet schools.— --Students who are unsure of how to choose a major should follow my advice.—
--It is interesting to king consider the various meanings of love.— --We apply the work love to a broad spectrum of emotions.— 12. Evaluating Thesis Statement. Determine whether these thesis statements are broad, factual, announcements, or vague, and then think about re-writing them. -- I think Men in learning by doing gibbs 1988 Black is a really interesting movie that everyone would enjoy—. This is a vague statement. -- My essay will tell you how to apply for of disrespect a college loan with the autonomy, least amount of trouble—.
This is an announcement . -- Having a close friend to talk to king is very important—. This is a broad statement. Catch the readers attention Lead into the topic Present your thesis (main idea) Providing background information on your thesis statement, some ways to do that is by: Tell a relevant story Explain why topic is of global important to your reader Present interesting images or use description that will keep readers interested. Present an exciting problem or raise a provocative question. Of Disrespect. Present an opposing viewpoint.
Body paragraphs will have two parts; topic sentence and supporting details . Develop by examples, contrast, definition, classification Body paragraphs must relate to thesis. It must present facts and details to a lesson dying validate thesis. It will also present detail that supports, explains, etc…the idea given in your thesis. It will present the material to king convince your reader of the validity of your thesis. This is important because the body paragraphs are the core of the essay. A good, solid, developed body paragraph explains and develops your thesis statement. The topic sentence provides focus by presenting the point the body paragraph will deal with, and Exploring Crisis That Does Not Occur Again, usuallly appears at the beginning of the paragraph . This point will be something to support the thesis. It is important to develop each of your topic sentences with enough detail.
Supporting details involve all the information that explains the idea presented in the topic sentence. These details can be developed through description, narration, illustration, process analysis [explains step-by-step how something is done], comparison or contrast definition [to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences], classification, etc. Avoid one or two sentence paragraphs. These are seen in business writing; however in king of disrespect academic essays an average length body paragraph ranges from 7-12 sentences, you want to have fully developed body paragraphs. Avoid ending a paragraph with a new idea. Avoid repeating the same idea in different ways. Avoid including more than one idea in a body paragraph. 7. Conclusion (asides from your body paragraph, you will also have a conclusion) This is the last paragraph of your essay.
It leaves the reader with an overall reaction. It summarizes the main ideas of the essay. Gives the reader something to classification projects think about. It looks back or looks ahead. You’ll want to move the reader to action. King Of Disrespect. The conclusion influence’s the reader’s final impression. The same care that goes into patient the introduction should also go into the conclusion. It is the king of disrespect, last impression the reader has of your essay. Avoid a conclusion that is out of patient, proportion to king of disrespect the rest of your essay.
The conclusion paragraph should be the same approximate length of your body paragraph. Avoid a conclusion that is classification not suited to your audience, purpose, or thesis. Avoid expressions like ‘in conclusion,’ ‘in summary,’ ‘to summarize,’ and ‘in closing.’ These are completely unnecessary for the conclusion. Once you have your thesis statement, you’re ready to start Planning the Essay . You are going to Outline and king of disrespect, Draft your paper. Outlining helps organize ideas before drafting. Outlines can be detailed or sketchy, formal or scratch. Long writing such as thesis paper length requires detail, while brief pieces such as an in-class essay can be sketchy. The formal outline is the patient autonomy, most detailed and structured outline. It allows you to plot main points and major supporting details.
Generally is written in full complete sentences. Main ideas are designated with Roman numerals. Supporting details are designated by capital letters. Points to develop further are designated by Arabic numbers. Theses are generally done not with complete sentences but with fragments. King Of Disrespect. Writers who prefer only main points in outline will use the scratch outline. Writers who prefer not to learning 1988 use much detail will use the scratch outline. Writers who prefer developing ideas as they draft, will use the scratch outline. King Of Disrespect. This is for writers who find a more detailed outline constraining and prefer to have this outline. It begins with an idea in the center of the trunk of the of supply, tree, and the branches will be focused off the trunk so one can see the relationships between the of disrespect, main idea and the sub ideas.
Write the central idea; Main points= First branches. Add additional branches as sub points. Once you have your outline, you’re now ready to start your draft. The first draft of your essay is referred to as a rough draft. It Forms a base that can be shaped into the final product. If you decide to use the detailed formal outline, you’ll require less time in organization when drafting as compared to sketchy outlines. If you get stuck into writing the draft, skip the troublesome section and move. If trouble arises, skip the autonomy, introduction and go back to it later. The important thing is to complete the draft of the king of disrespect, essay.
Select an idea you are comfortable with and start with that topic. You may reshape your topic to something easier to write about. A Lesson Before. If you get stuck, leave your work for a while, and come back to your essay draft later with a fresh perspective. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. by Nadia Archuleta 4. How to Write in the Format of a 3.5 Essay. by Jessica Marello 8. How to Write a Personal Experience Essay With Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 17. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper.
by Laura Writes 40. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. Evi Lopez 5 years ago from Sunny Florida. Ahh, a philosophy major?
I enjoyed my one philosophy class back in of disrespect the school days. I participated in a few debates myself. My most famous one was the right to bear arms. The structure of an essay is basically the same: outline, topic, thesis statement, intro, body, and conclusion. To meet the writing intensive prereqs at what is law of supply, my college, this is of disrespect how it was taught. The different types of essays varied. Crisis And Steps This Not Occur. There is the argumentative essay, persuasive essay, narrative essay, informative essay, etc., and each had their own requirements. I remember now that it was during these long sleepless, researching and essay writing nights that I discovered I liked writing. I wish you the best in your philosophy paper and would like to read it if and when you post it.
PhiMaths ATB 5 years ago from king, Charlotte, NC, USA. I studied philosophy, and their was often discussion about the disagreements between how english students are taught to write as compared to philosophy students, including everything from learning 1988, word choice to referencing convention. I am working on an article about king of disrespect, writing philosophy paper, and patient autonomy, hope to have it up in the next few days. Evi Lopez 5 years ago from Sunny Florida. Thanks for your visit. This came from notes taken from one of my English classes at College, a requirement I needed for my Associates degree. It helped me greatly in all my essay writing, which earned me all A's :)
PhiMaths ATB 5 years ago from Charlotte, NC, USA. Some good advice though some of these points tend to king vary quite a bit from field to field. I can't say that I write this way at all, though my method is is law of supply not standard. A good start for anyone with little experience. Evi Lopez 5 years ago from Sunny Florida. Thank you for the compliment. Of Disrespect. Glad you stopped by. htodd 5 years ago from patient, United States.
That is great post. That is nice article on how to write an king, essay. Evi Lopez 6 years ago from Sunny Florida. Thank you for Crisis to Ensure Does Not Occur Again your visit and comment. Brenda Barnes 6 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful. What a great tutorial. Very well done indeed Faithful Daughter.
Evi Lopez 6 years ago from Sunny Florida. I am glad to hear that this has helped you. Thank you for your comment. This is king of disrespect a very helpful hub. I am currently working on patient, my Bachelor's degree and I have to write a thesis statement on a paper that is due at king of disrespect, the end of the by doing, session. I have been trying to figure out what and how to write my thesis and this hub has proved to be extremely helpful. Thank you. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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