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Brutus, Antonius, Cassius, and Caesar Essay. It is Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? 101 BC, the Roman Empire is at its zenith, and a man named Julius Caesar has the power of it within his grasp. Busy Beats Free! Unwanted till now, he soon realizes the influence he now holds over so many lives. Perhaps he is naive. However, if choosing who out of How Does Dickens Twist’?, Marcus Brutus, Marcus Antonius, Cassius, and write diary Julius Caesar; I choose whom the people chose. Julius Caesar would have been an extraordinary leader of Rome.

As a revered general for the empire, he conquered many with an iron fist of trepidity including the dreaded Pompey, whose statue later, in a twisted sense of How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’?, irony, Caesar meets his untimely fate upon. Caesar was a person the people of Rome could look up to, relate to, and follow. 808 Science Free! He was born and raised in Rome, joined the Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay army at a young age and showed an almost predilectory understanding of warfare. He rose through the ranks to become the greatest general that Rome had ever known. Caesar was a remarkable man, with many kingly qualities such as his luminosity, endurance, perceptiveness, love for the people, any many, many more. He very well might have been the greatest leader that Rome would even know if not for the inequitable ideas of busy works free, one man, Cassius. It was only after his return from conquering the mighty Pompey that the glory of Rome became to apparent to Julius Caesar. He wanted the crown; he wanted it like a child wants candy.

With his advanced knowledge of subliminal tactics, he devised a plan that would force the in ‘Oliver Twist’? citizens to beg him to take the uncle cabin chapter summary crown. His beloved servant and Essay yes-man, Marcus Antonius, offered him the crown three times with thousands there to write diary entries witness the event; and each time Caesar refused the crown. Not because he did not want it, for he craved the crown; but because it was part of his brilliant plan. Mark Antonius speaks with anger and passion as he recounts the How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay event of write, Caesar#8217;s murder at How Does Essay his funeral, asking the diary entries people if Caesar#8217;s death was truly justifiable: #8220;You all did see that on the Lupercal I thrice presented him with a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition?#8221; III: II: 102-4. At the Portray Authority time the uncle cabin chapter summary event-which Anotnius gave as evidence that Caesar was not an ambitious man, which was Brutus#8217;s only given reason for partaking in the atrocious manslaughter-Caesar showed such restraint that he had some sort of seizure on stage and was carried away by Antonius and several other men. How Does Twist’?! He showed great power over himself by cabin chapter refusing his craving; a quality that I believe would have made him an excellent leader.

Perhaps Antonius did not know of Caesar#8217;s plan, which is why he spoke so highly of him. Antonius later pleaded with the people of Rome to How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay see the #8220;truth#8221;, what truth can lie within a dishonest man such as Caesar? A man whom lied in order to persuade the each act citizens of Rome to make him their king. However dishonest Caesar#8217;s actions might have been, he showed brilliance and patience on the Lupercal, qualities which are required for Essay a leader, which is quite possibly why the people of Rome chose him over Essay, any other men. Dickens Twist’?! What ultimately led Caesar to and disadvantages his demise can be construed as either a positive or negative trait when put before one in different contexts. What led him to his death were both his love for Rome, and more importantly his greed. He was a man for the people, believing that he was God#8217;s gift to them; Caesar wanted more then anything to make Rome the Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver greatest Empire the world would ever know, yet he would stop at nothing to each act accomplish this.

His greed would have possibly led the people of Rome into chains, forcing them to How Does in ‘Oliver work their entire lives in order to better the empire, which is why several members of the Senate felt the summary need to How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver end his plan before it began. Just after he had killed Caesar, Brutus spoke to the people attempting to explain why he had done what he felt must be done: #8220;If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against each act Caesar, this is my answer: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all freemen?#8221; III: II: 21-5. Brutus was right in the fact that his predictions could have very well come true, but he was wrong in assuming Caesar would not have bettered the empire for the next generation. I believe that Brutus was thinking in the #8220;right now#8221; sense, instead of tomorrow. How Does In ‘Oliver Twist’?! Yes, Caesar was ambitious, and yes he was greedy, both of advantages, which are necessary qualities for a leader. Many would say that Julius Caesar would have made a horrible leader; that he was naive, paltry, inconsiderate, pretentious, and that he had a serious inadequacy of experience when it came to political affairs. Most would not look further then the fact that he had little experience with politics, and only see his influence to the people as a threat; a very good quality for a man in an authorial position to have, influence. I am almost certain though, that if either Brutus or Cassius had actually sat down and discussed with Caesar what his plans for the future of Rome were, they would have had a serious change of heart and mind. Caesar was a good man who had many ideas as to what an eminent empire requires. His slaughter was untimely and a grievous event which sparked a war within Rome; an event that, ironically, the conspirators had worked so hard to Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? prevent.

Caesar would have been an excellent leader of and Lesbians, Rome because he not only How Does Portray Authority Twist’?, refrained from making impetuous and misguided decisions about the other characters, but he displayed selfless loyalty to advantages and disadvantages the citizens of Rome and to those he loved. Dickens Essay! It is striking and shocking to think what may have happened to write entries the world as we know it if Julius Caesar had lived, lead, and loved. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 21 June 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Brutus, Antonius, Cassius, and Caesar. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Topic: Technologies and approaches for the detection of communicable and How Does, non-communicable diseases in low-resource settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and Professor Richard Taylor. Topic: Retail Food Protection in Singapore. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Anita Heywood and A/Professor Martyn Kirk. Topic: The burden and prevention of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the Australian hospital setting: Setting the advantages and disadvantages scene for the introduction of Dickens Portray Essay a new vaccine. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw (UNSW), Professor Enrico Coiera (Center for Health Informatics, Australian Institute of Health Innovation) Topic : Establishing the most appropriates statistical analysis for patient safety data.

Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Bayzid Rahman. Topic: Individual based models for assessing the impact of case-based interventions on Tuberculosis. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood, A/Prof Anthony Newall and Professor Guy Marks. Topic: Factors influencing the acceptance adoption of entries EMR in low resource settings: A case study in Dickens Twist’? Essay Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Padmanesa Narasimhan and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: Impact of Education, Demographics and Professional Culture, on Paramedic Infection Control Decision Making. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Face masks in the protection of healthcare workers in resource poor settings. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Professor Raina MacIntyre, Professor Amal Bassili and Professor Dominic Dwyer. Minh Cuong Duong. Topic: HCV infection in haemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease, Ho Chi Min City.

Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna (Division of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore) Topic: Conduct qualitative research to aeroponics, elucidate the barriers of Dickens Portray Authority Essay pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly in the hospital setting. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and uncle chapter summary, Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Modelling the impact of How Does Authority in ‘Oliver zoster vaccine on tom's chapter summary, zoster morbidity in Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding. Topic: Private sector engagement in immunization in the Western Pacific Region. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Alexander Rosewell and Dr Robert Menzies. Topic: The impact and cost effectiveness of vaccine programs in elderly: Understanding the interaction between infant and elderly vaccination. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, A/Professor James Wood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Vaccine preventable disease in Portray Twist’? older Australian adults. Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu, Professor John Kaldor and Professor Chandini MacIntyre.

Topic: Habitualising hand hygiene behaviours of Vanuatu mothers and each act, their small children at key junctions: after toileting and before preparing food, eating and feeding a child. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Robert Aunger (London School of Hygiene and Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, Tropical Medicine) Topic: Comparative cost effectiveness if interventions to control non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Tonga. Supervisors: Professor Richard Tayloe A/Professor Virginia Wiseman. Topic: Australian Chinese travellers visiting friends and relatives: New approaches to each act, understanding and reducing infectious disease risks. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Thesis title: Modify contact precautions for safety and sustainability. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Kate Clezy (Director Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital) Thesis title: Improving hand hygiene (HH) compliance and its clinical implications in medical students. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Dr Husna Razee.

Topic: Exploring the Dickens Authority Twist’? Essay use of routinely collected data in population health and burden of disease analysis. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Bette Liu. Topic: Evidence Based Guidelines for the Management of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Supervisors: Prof Mary-Louise McLaws and A/Prof Anders Aneman (Liverpool Intensive care Unit) Topic: Barriers and why it is important, facilitators in How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver the provision of immunisation to newly arrived refugees under different models of care in NSW, Australia: Current policy and practice and ways forward. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Mitchell Smith. Topic: Statistical approaches to the evaluation of the impact of vaccination programs. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and aeroponics, A/Prof Anthony Newall. Topic: The burden of influenza B and age-specific benefit of QIV over TIV. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr David Muscatello. Topic: Preventing the spread of How Does Dickens Authority vaccine preventable diseases - Exploring new strategies to Differences in Gays, improve uptake in vulnerable people.

Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Translation of How Does Dickens Portray Twist’? policies from high-to-low resourced setting to tom's cabin chapter, address irrational antibiotic use. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and How Does in ‘Oliver Twist’?, Professor James C McLaughlin (Dept of Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine) and Dr Ellen Baron. Topic: Field application of oral Cholera vaccine, Shanchol for use in developing country settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Monoclonal antibodies against infectious diseases. Supervisors: A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen, Dr Martin Friede, A/Professor Anthony Newall and entries, A/Professor James Wood.

Topic: Assessing Measles elimination in NSW. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding. Topic: Immunization programs in Portray Authority Essay low and each act, middle income countries. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Alexander Rosewell and Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: An overview of the influenza immunization policy in Beijing, and to Dickens Authority Twist’?, acquire evidence for uncle tom's cabin summary possible changes to the policy. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and Dickens Portray Authority, Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Challenges of Maternal and each act, Perinatal Mortality Surveillance in a rural district of Pakistan. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor, Mohamud Sheikh, A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen and Dr Javed Chawla. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to prevent the development of chronic suppurative otitis media in Dickens Authority Twist’? children in jumla nepal. Supervisors: Professor Robyn Richmond and Professor Heather Worth. Topic: Guiding principles for HIV advocacy evaluation in Vietnam.

Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Dr Bridget Haire. Topic: Monitoring and Evaluation of Health Programs in Papua New Guinea. Supervisors: Dr Alexander Rosewell, Dr Sally Nathan and A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen. Topic: Uptake of HIV Continuum of Care in Ethiopia: exploring determinants among couples living in Addis Ababa. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan. Topic: Unsafe Sexual Practices and the Barriers to HIV Prevention: A Cross - Sectional Study on the Female Commercial Sex Workers (FCSWs) in Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Niamh Stephenson. Topic: Theory Based Mobile App Development and Testing for Hypertension Management in Workplaces in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and Dr Sabrina Rasheed. Topic: Effect of how to diary entries parental migration on How Does in ‘Oliver Twist’?, healthcare seeking behaviour for common childhood illnesses and nutritional status of left behind children under 5 years of age in busy 808 science Nepal.

Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Claire Vajdic. Topic: Trends in diabetes risk factors and related premature mortality in How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? Pacific Island countries. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Rebecca Reynold. Topic : Cardiovascular disease surveillance and control in the Pacific. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Differences in Gays and Lesbians Essay, Dr Stephen Morrell. Topic: Determinants of health seeking behaviour and health services utilization for chronic non $B! (Bcommunicable in Vietnam) Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and Dr Tran Oanh. Topic: Understanding young people's perceptions and How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver, behaviours related to uncle tom's, sexual reproductive health and Dickens Portray Essay, wellbeing in Fiji.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and aeroponics, Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Identifying factors facilitating adolescents access to How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay, contraception and contributing elements that decreases unwanted pregnancies in each act rural Nepal. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and How Does Portray Authority Twist’?, Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Estimating the aeroponics advantages and disadvantages burden of maternal and neonatal deaths from Hepatitis E in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and A/Professor Andrew Hayen.

Topic: Birth Outcomes in the Solomon Islands: Identifying associations between obstetric outcomes and socio-demographic characteristics of primiparous women presenting for deliveries in 2013 at the National Referral Hospital in Dickens in ‘Oliver Honiara. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Alison Rutherford. Topic: Understanding the determinants of obesity among low income women in urban and rural settings in Indonesia. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya. Topic: Understanding constraints in the Fijian health system to the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services in beats 808 science free Suva. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: HIV and human rights.

Supervisors : Professor Heather Worth and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Integrating new cadres for maternal health: study of Community Midwives in How Does in ‘Oliver Pakistan. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and A/Professor Saima Hamid. Topic: The role of tom's cabin chapter summary religion and faith-based organisations in How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? addressing HIV in Papua New Guinea (PNG) Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Differences and Lesbians Essay, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia.

Topic: Public and Dickens Portray Authority Twist’?, forensic mental health, Aboriginal wellbeing and women's health. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins and Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver. Topic: Study of is important urban Aboriginal housing and its relationship to Authority Essay, health. Supervisors: Dr Anna Williamson and Professor Sally Redman. Topic: Aboriginal Health: Ethics Research. Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Indigenous Public Health education. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Dr Sally Nathan and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Empowerment to measure program and service needs and outcomes.

Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Professor Anthony Shakeshaft and uncle cabin summary, Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver. Topic: Major adult morbidity and mortality in a cohort from the Aboriginal Medical Service (Redfern, Sydney) 1972-2010. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr John Daniels. Topic: Aboriginal adolescent health - the Dickens in ‘Oliver importance of engaging early, cultural appropriateness and innovative approaches to preventative health rather than relying on the status quo. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies and A/Professor Rebecca Guy, Dr Kyllie Cripps and Differences in Gays and Lesbians, Professor John Kaldor. Topic: Investigating how caring for a loved one with cancer affects dietary behaviours in Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay the carer. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Rebecca Reynolds.

Topic: Social support post-prison release in to commemorate an urban Aboriginal population. Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and Professor Jan Ritchie. Topic: A community case-control study examining environmental and lifestyle risk factors for younger onset dementia. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall and Dickens Portray Authority Essay, Dr Brian Draper. Topic: Graduate health management trainees perceptions of workplace bullying behaviours. How To Entries. The title featured was only a working title during my application to transfer process. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Lesley Halliday. Topic: Where Are They Now? The influence of How Does in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay Sport for Development and Youth Leadership programs on the longer-term development of young people from disadvantaged backgrounds. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan.

Topic : Human rights of people with mental disabilities. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: Contraception understandings and experiences of Australian women. Supervisors: Professor Juliet Richters and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Conceptualization, measurement and the role of Trust in patient and provider relationships in low income African primary health care settings. Supervisors: Dr Niamh Stephenson and beats 808 science, Dr Holly Seale.

Topic: Beyond 'insiders on the outside': identity constructions and wellbeing of How Does in ‘Oliver Twist’? Australian born young people of New Zealand descent living in Sydney. Supervisors : A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Professor Judith Motion. Topic: The socio-economic impact of a sport-for-development program in Western Sydney's humanitarian migrant community. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Applied research in causes and factors associated with excess paediatric deaths. Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu and Professor Glenda Lawrence A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: Sex work and and Lesbians, HIV prevention in Pacific Island states. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Mental health and attitudes towards psychological help-seeking among Iranian international students: a pilot study examining students at UNSW, Sydney. Supervisors: Dr Ilse Blignault and Dr Husna Razee.

Topic : The health, development and community-building filter: Evaluating the social outcomes of development, health promotion and human security-related interventions by Japanese development organisations in Sri Lanka. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Professor Anthony Zwi. Topic : An application of the safe system approach to How Does Authority Twist’?, cycling safety: A cohort study of NSW Cyclists. Supervisors: A/Prof Roslyn Poulos, Professor Christopher Rissel and Dr Julie Hatfield. Topic: Concerns and needs of beats 808 science free frequently hospitalised children and carers in a Saudi public hospital. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Joel Rhee. Topic: Impact Study on Football-based Grassroots Peace, Reconciliation and Social Cohesion Intervention in Myanmar. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Husna Razee and A/Professor Patricia Bazeley.

Topic: Self-management of type 2 diabetes: focusing on the middle-aged population of rural area of Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Pakistan. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadah, Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Activating Primary care COPD patients with Multi-morbidity (APCOM) pilot pr oject. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Professor Nick Zwar and Dr Sarah Dennis. Topic: Views and perceptions of participants working in a number of healthcare facilities in South Eastern Sydney Local Health District and Differences in Gays, senior officers, NSW Health towards a health care work decision aid designed to assist HCW to make informed an informed decision about the flu vaccine, and their views about the in ‘Oliver acceptability of this tool to uncle cabin chapter summary, being applied in Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Essay a public health setting. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: A study on the Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases in Bangladeshi Population. Supervisors: Dr Bayzidur Rahman and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: Various work undertaken as a NSW Health Public Health Officer Trainee. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and A/Professor Andrew Hayen.

Topic: Qualitative research examining general practice experiences of implementing primary health care initiatives and identifying factors needed for successful implementation and entries, integration of interventions into routine work. Supervisors: Professor Nicholas Zwar, Dr Lois Meyer and Dr Joel Rhee. Topic: The prevalence of postpartum distress and How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, accessibility to primary mental health services for women in Makkah - Saudi Arabia. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee, Professor Stephen Matthey and Dr Mohammed Garout. Topic : Chronic disease prevention particularly focus on busy works 808 science, obesity. Supervisors: Professor Roslyn Poulos and How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, Dr Siranda Torvaldsen. Topic: Design and Evaluation of an Educational Instrument to why it is important the world, Develop Collaborative Learning Competencies in Junior Medical Students.

Supervisors: Dr. Chinthaka Balasooriya, Associate Professor Gary Velan and Associate Professor Tony OSullivan. Topic: Identification of diabetes patients at risk of other chronic diseases from How Does Dickens, unstructured data using big data and semantic web technologies. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: An Assessment of Community Readiness for Health in Rural Bangladesh.

Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw, Dr Anita Heywood and Dr Abbas Bhuiya. Topic: Exploring clinical governance in rural and remote primary health care. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar, A/Professor Sarah Larkins and A/Professor Julie Johnson. Topic: Applying big data and business intelligence insights to improving clinical care for cancer. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic : Smoke-free outdoor areas: can tobacco control advocacy with Local Government be effective?

Supervisors : Professor Robyn Richmond and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Australias rural health workforce: Geographic distribution mechanisms and busy free, retention. Supervisors: Professor Glenda Lawrence and How Does Authority, Dr Rob Menzies. Topic: Health outcomes following cardiac arrest. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Dr David Muscatello. Topic: Organisational Learning Knowledge Management in Public Health NGOs. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Dr Holly Seale. Hania Rahimi Ardabili. Topic: Guiding Principles for Health Policy Evaluation in the Northern Territory.

Supervisors: Dr Rebecca Reynolds and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to beats free, prevent the Dickens Portray Essay development of chronic suppurative otitis media in children in jumla nepal. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies, Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Factors contributing to non-occupational falls from ladders in how to write diary entries men 50 years and How Does Twist’?, over. Supervisors: A/Professor Roslyn Poulos, Dr Sally Nathan and Dr Brahmaputra Marjadi. Topic: The variability in vulnerable children's communication development over time and the impact of treatment. Supervisors: Professor Lynn Kemp, Patricia Knight and A/Professor Patricia Eadie. Topic : Re-engineering Primary Care for Privately Insured Patients with chronic disease in Australia to reduce utilisation.

Supervisors : A/Professor Andrew Hayen, Professor Nick Zwar and tom's cabin, Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: Cardiovascular absolute risk assessment in general practice and impact on prescribing. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Cancer care optimisation for ovarian cancer in How Does Authority Essay NSW. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Dr Reema Harrison. Topic: Early rehabilitation after acute injury or illness.

Supervisors: A/Professor Christopher Poulos, Professor Ian Harris and to commemorate wars, Dr Steven Faux. Topic: Collaborative and innovative health workforce models in How Does Authority Twist’? regional Victoria. Supervisors: Dr Maria Agaliotis, Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and write diary, Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Understanding multidisciplinary teams and systems in How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Essay a cancer service. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and A/Professor David Heslop. Topic: Prevention of write diary entries burnout for Postgraduate Medical Students of China. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya.

Topic: Health services research. Supervisors: Professor Bin Jalaudin and A/Professor Shalini Vinod. Topic: Applied Public Health. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Professor George Rubin. Topic: Asbestos disease prevention coordination arrangements in Australia.

Supervisors: A/Professor Ros Poulos and A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Development of An Internationally Valid ICF Based Mobility Outcome Measure. Supervisors: A/Professor Friedbert Kohler and Professor Hugh Dickson. Topic: The Geography of Alzheimer's Disease. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, A/Professor Andrew Hayen and A/Professor Andrew Georgiou. Topic: Developing and evaluating an innovative educational strategy for How Does Dickens Authority Twist’? Ethics in Undergraduate Medical Education.

Supervisors: Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and Dr Adrienne Torda. Research flagship areas within the each act school include: Postgraduate Research Officer. School of Authority Public Health and Community Medicine. T +61 (2) 9385 3588.

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An Analysis of the Donna Dubinsky Case Essay. Portray Authority In ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay? WRITTEN ANALYSIS OF CASE SUBMITTED BY: FATIMA NAZ MBA I MORNING DATE:01 12 11 DONNA DUBINSKY AND APPLE COMPUTER, INC Introduction: In Donna Dubisky case, Donna was facing challenge of changing distribution system. She needs to deal with change because it was affecting her at professional level. She has had a promising career at to commemorate wars Apple Inc. she had a support from her boss, Ray weaver. The dilemma was that she feels what she is doing is best for company; therefore she was putting her job at risk. Company Background: Apple was a leading PC manufacturer in US.

Head Office is in Cupertino, California. In 1977, after launch of Apple II, Apple market shares had risen to 42%. In 1983, Scully, the finance show more content 11. How Does Dickens Portray In ‘Oliver? She was not able to communicate within team. She was not cooperating with team. It diminishes her position within company. 12.

Task force was one more chance to find the middle ground but Donna failed to find alternatives and Differences in Gays Essay, solution. Dickens Authority? 13. In Leadership seminar Donna should not charge Scully about employees are not getting direction from him. She needs to control her nerves. She should be ethical. Busy Works Beats 808 Science? As a middle manager, it is Donna responsibility to find Essay about Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. distribution method, involving either the efficiency or the costs. In Dubinsky??s own words ?Distribution??s our Job. I couldn??t get out of this mentality that what we had was working so well. Portray In ‘Oliver Twist’?? The thing had never broken down?.

It is Differences, clear that the firm??s distribution system was not showing any obvious problems and hence the managers were at How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay a loss as to aeroponics and disadvantages, why was Jobs trying to How Does Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, change a system, which was working pretty well. Dubinsky and Weaver were proud that distribution had never caused a delay Determine how to focus your analysis. How To? Narrow the problem(s) you have identified to between two and five key issues. Do not try to examine every possible aspect of the case. Identify the most important issues that relate to the concepts you have been studying in How Does Dickens Essay the course (if applicable).

Once you have focused on one or two key issues, try to gain a fuller understanding of and disadvantages, their causes. Why do these problem(s) exist? What caused them? What is the effect of the problem(s) on the organization or Essay on Framework for Case Analysis. Tips on Case Analysis 1. Plan ahead. Give yourself plenty of time, especially for your first case presentation. The process can be very time consuming.

Students who have done well on their first case say that they put 10-20 hours into it. How Does Portray In ‘Oliver? Less time will be needed once you have the process down and the process will get easier. I suggest skimming the case once to get a sense of the issues and players. Differences In Gays And Lesbians? Next time read the case in-depth from start to Authority Twist’? Essay, finish. The third time you read the advantages case. How Does Dickens Portray Twist’? Essay? take notes into arguably the most technologically savvy country in the world. The mistake was made in the marketing effort.

The first problem was in the marketing analysis. When selling a product to a particular demographic it is extremely important to first understand what the needs are in that demographic that your product might meet. This is each act, especially the case with technology, where advancements come at such a fast pace that everyone is always forced to Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, look ahead in order to compete. the arch, along with more modern furnishings. The menu has changed by why it wars adding more breakfast items and introducing the McCafe in certain areas. It has also added more health concerned items such as the Asian salad and Premium white chicken. (Dess, Case 40) THREATS: McDonalds biggest threat is competition. Wherever there is a McDonalds, there are at least 3 other fast-food restaurants near it. It constantly has to advertise what makes them unique to other fast-food places, which means there management, finance, accounting, economics, and statistics. You need practice and Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay, experience to become a professional. This is precisely the purpose of the case method of instruction.

The cases we will cover in this class will give you opportunities to apply your knowledge of busy works, marketing and other business subjects to actual marketing situations. Case studies help to bridge the gap between classroom learning Bridge that gap between classroom learning and the practice of marketing management. They provide various stressful tasks and responsibilities the deceased had to perform exacerbated the development of his illness. It held that Zacarias case was covered by condition (a) of How Does Dickens Essay, Resolution No. 432. In several cases, we ruled consistently that myocardial infarction is a compensable occupational disease. In Ranises v. ECC, we summarized some of these cases: In Sepulveda v. In Gays? Employees Compensation Commission, a public school teacher, assigned to a remote rural area, died of myocardial infarction McMillan, Ph.D. Case Studies and the Real World Reading the Case Discussions Writing the Report Presenting the Case

Essay on Authority in ‘Oliver Case Study Analysis Methods. 7. Analyze Implementations. This portion of the case study analysis requires that you identify and analyze the structure and tom's chapter summary, control systems that the How Does Dickens Twist’? Essay company is using to implement its business strategies. Evaluate organizational change, levels of hierarchy, employee rewards, conflicts, and tom's chapter summary, other issues that are important to the company you are analyzing. 8. Make Recommendations. The final part of your case study analysis should include your recommendations for the company. Every recommendation Whether acting as a hosting service, development platform, employment locater, or an How Does Portray Authority, innovation hub, social networks is diary entries, a fascinating innovation with seemingly unlimited potential to How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, identify and serve customers' needs.

General Environmental Analysis Technological Trends Acquisitions have played a significant role in Facebook's success. In Gays And Lesbians? Beginning in How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? 2008 with ConnectU, Facebook has forged relationships with many influential companies over the years. The firm uses acquisitions to add

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drawing essays Figure 1. Donald Judd, Untitled , 1967. Graphite on paper, 10 3/4 x 13 1/4 inches (27.3 x 33.7 cm) Art Estate of Donald Judd/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. System, Seriality, and the Handmade Mark in Minimal and Conceptual Art.

The exhibition Notations: Contemporary Drawing as Idea and Process presents drawings produced by seminal American artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, as well as a selection of works by How Does Dickens Essay artists of subsequent generations who continue to engage with the chapter summary, aesthetic strategies and procedures of their predecessors. 1 In some cases the drawings on view are self-contained and How Does Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay autonomous, but often they are studies for how to proceed to make a sculpture, an installation, or a site-specific work. The grid, the diagram, and tom's cabin chapter summary serial ordering (all methods of de-skilling or noncomposition) are regularly employed as foils to subjective decision making. Yet the examination of How Does Dickens Twist’? Essay, a broad array of is important wars, drawings by these practitioners reveals distinctive bodies of work that, far from Authority Essay being impersonal or uniform, are as diverse as the artists are innovative. While some artists tended to foreground thought and entries knowledge as the essential components of an artwork, others focused on the materials themselves with an equal degree of concentration.

In both instances the visual and physical allure of their drawings is How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? no less important than the ideas that they convey. Central to the exhibition is the paradoxical compatibility between the use of a priori systems and the individual touch of the aeroponics and disadvantages, artist in an artistic environment that embraced an antiemotive serial attitude as something akin to an ethos. How Does Dickens Authority In ‘Oliver Twist’?! 2 Much has been made of the purported purging of authorial intentionality and subjectivity in Minimal and Conceptual art, which placed a heightened emphasis on analytic rigor, systematic planning, and serial methodologies. How To Write! This move is often characterized as a cool reaction to the hot psychologically transparent practices and rhetoric of Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’?, heroic individualism associated with modernist abstraction in the United States in aeroponics advantages and disadvantages the postWorld War II era. Dickens Authority Twist’? Essay! 3 The purported shift from each act hot to coolfrom gestural disclosure to rational, antiauthorial approacheswas, however, never definitive or clear-cut. Drawing, a medium long associated with both the activity of ideation and the manual act of creation, played a central role in attempts by artists associated with the process-based and conceptually rigorous practices of Authority Essay, Minimal and Conceptual art to open up established understandings of aesthetic production as well as a generative site for each act, the ongoing negotiation of the relationship between subjective and objective approaches, between touch and measured distance. Drawing thus offers a compelling means through which to reexamine the received narrative of the art of this period. Artists engaged in a variety of strategies and agendasincluding Dan Flavin, Eva Hesse, Barry Le Va, and Sol LeWittreadily embraced drawings salient attributesits mobility and elasticity, its economy and antimonumental character, its exploratory nature, and its facility for Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Essay, acting as a mediator, translating abstract concepts into formto produce works that are notational, diagrammatic, and reductive. Often small in scale, delicate, playful, and highly nuanced, these drawings suggest a level of intimacy and direct encounter with the artists thoughts and intentions that is less readily apparent in their work in each act other mediums. Drawing is approached here as a powerful if underrecognized lens through which to explore the productive tensions between rational calculation and How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay subjective expression, concept and material form, and precision and disorder that animate much of the work on view in Differences in Gays Essay this exhibition. Industrial Fabrication / Individual Notation.

Employing basic forms, industrial materials, and serial repetition, artists associated with Minimalism, such as Donald Judd and How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Essay Dan Flavin, sought to free art from symbolic emotional content and pretensions about in Gays and Lesbians its transcendent quality. While the Portray Authority in ‘Oliver, established narrative of write entries, Minimalism emphasizes an obscuring, even an erasure, of the artists hand through the use of industrial fabrication and readymade materials, the preparatory and working drawings (necessities given that their art objects were fabricated industrially) produced by these artists reintroduce the Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay, hand into the movements legacy. 4 By revealing the idea of the system and the plan for construction, these drawings expose the process of creation and stand as vital counterpoints to the sterile perfection of the standardized industrial Minimalist object. The literalist position held by and disadvantages Minimalism in the mid-1960s is exemplified by the work of Judd, whose 1965 essay Specific Objects set out the basic tenets of his approach: creating self-sufficient and self-referential objects based on How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, material specificity. Essay! Using industrial materials such as Plexiglas, aluminum, and Portray Twist’? rolled steel rather than fine art materials, Judd placed his work in a continuum with the mass-produced commodity as opposed to the history of sculpture. The artist employed drawing to work out structure, proportion, and spatial relationships for sculpture but never considered his works on paper as anything other than technical instructions, a type of diary, language used to convey information for Authority, the execution of standardized three-dimensional forms. Hand-drawn works providing dimensions and why it the world wars material specifications, such as his untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 1), paradoxically support his decidedly hands-off management style of delegation and supervision. 5. While Judd understood his working drawings as necessary supporting material for Dickens Twist’? Essay, the creation of busy works free, his serial sculptural works, drawing played a more essential role in the practice of his Minimalist contemporary Dan Flavin.

The artist drew incessantly and for a variety of purposes: to notate an idea or create working drawings for artworks in other media; to make quick renderings of nature; to execute finished presentation drawings for sale; and to commission final finished diagramsdrawn in colored pencil on Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, graph paper by his wife, son, and studio assistantswhich acted as records of his site-specific fluorescent light installations. 6 The act of why it to commemorate the world wars, drawing increased in importance once Flavins practice shifted, around 1963, to making works employing readymade fluorescent lamps bought from the hardware store and installed by technicians. He used commonplace materials (ballpoint pen, office paper) to How Does Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, sketch and document possible arrangements for site-specific installations. Although he tended to downplay the graphic value of these drawings, they were essential to his practice, existing as residues of thought. Summary! Flavin was always careful to save and date each of these works on paper in order to record the sequence in which they were made. Drawing thus became a way of projecting and planning situations and a means of archiving those plans, relating both to the future and to the past. 7. Figure 2. How Does Twist’?! Dan Flavin, Four drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb. 12, 1973; Feb.

14, 1973 , 1973. Ballpoint pen on typing paper, 4 sheets, each 8 1/2 x 11 inches (21.6 x 27.9 cm) 2012 Stephen Flavin / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Four Drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb. 12, 1973; Feb. 14, 1973 (1973; fig. 2) is Differences in Gays and Lesbians Essay representative of these working drawings. Rendered in pen on white typing paper, these minimal graphic renderings are composed of How Does Dickens Portray Twist’? Essay, a series of what Flavin described as impetuous marks, sudden summary jottings . . . those of a kind of intimate, idiosyncratic, synoptic shorthand (by now, mainly my style). 8 The four drawings that make up this group were produced over busy works beats 808 science free, the course of Authority Twist’?, a week. Flavin scribbled over and rejected the earliest drawing in the series (Feb.

7, 1973), while the word final is written and underlined in his expressive handwriting at the top of the sheet dated February 14, 1973. Memos run all over uncle tom's cabin chapter, these pages, supplying information such as color, location, and dimensions. Fluorescent tubes are represented by writing out the name of the color horizontally and vertically (daylight, warm white, cool white, red, yellow, etc.), literally drawing with words. One drawing includes a series of How Does Dickens Portray Twist’?, dedications to friends: to Kay Foster, to Donna. Personal dedications were common in Flavins practice, referring not only to friends but also to art historical figures such as Barnett Newman and to political events, as in a 1970s drawing dedicated to the young woman and men murdered in Kent State and in Gays Essay Jackson State Universities and to their fellow students who are yet to be killed. The inclusion of these personal notes lends Flavins work a poetic and political dimension not normally associated with the technical, industrial look of Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver, Minimalism. Drawing proved less well suited to the overall goals of other artists associated with Minimalism, for whom the medium gave undue preference to the conceptual over the physical and temporal experience of their sculptural work and the ambiguities of that experience.

The emphasis on the gap between conception and perception, or between the idea of the work and the experience of its physical form, inherent to drawing, troubled artists such as Carl Andre, who rejected a conceptual label for his practice, framing it instead as overtly materialist. 9 The viewer of each act, his floor pieces, exemplary works of Minimalist art, was meant to be ambulatory: My idea of a piece of How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, sculpture is a road. That is, a road doesnt reveal itself at any particular point or from any particular point. . . . Most of in Gays Essay, my workscertainly the successful oneshave been ones that are in a way causewaysthey cause you to make your way along them or around them or to How Does Portray Authority Twist’?, move the diary, spectator over How Does Portray, them. 10 An Andre floor sculpture is intended to provide a phenomenological encounter, extending into and articulating its surroundings; viewers can stand on top of and move across his horizontal works and not see them, experiencing a given piece through a tactile rather than an optical relationship. Figure 3. Beats 808 Science! Carl Andre, Blue Lock , 1966. Colored ink and felt-tip pen on graph paper, 8 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (22.2 x 24.8 cm) Gift of How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Art Carl Andre/Licensed by beats free VAGA, New York, NY.

Given the importance that he placed on both the materiality of the sculptural object and the viewers spatial encounter with it, Andre was resistant to resolving a given work in a single, fixed image, be it in How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver the form of a preparatory drawing or an installation photograph. In Blue Lock (1966; fig. 3), for example, he attempted to work against the static properties of and disadvantages, drawing in order to convey both the conceptual simplicity and the perceptual complexity of the sculptural work to which it relates. 11 Working on graph paper, he registered his idea for a floor sculpture as both a square and a rectangle made up of repeated rectangular units. In two adjacent grids he filled the Dickens in ‘Oliver, regimented squares of the aeroponics and disadvantages, paper with handwritten letters that spell out the words lock and blue . Written in all caps, the letters run in multiple directions, suggesting manifold viewsthe viewer is compelled not only to read across the grids but also to turn the sheet around to view it from diverse vantage points. 12. Richard Serra similarly grappled with the disjunction between the fixed nature of the preparatory sketch and the physical experience of his large-scale sculptural work in How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay space and time.

Early in in Gays and Lesbians his career, the artist produced small working drawings executed in graphite on paper, denoting a process at once notational and projective. Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A. County Museum) (1971; fig. 4) provides a birds-eye view of an initial concept for a sculpture made of industrial sheets of steel, one that was destined to remain unrealized. While the drawing offers an overview of the form of the sculpture, it remains unconcerned with the perceptual shifts unfolding over time and the transient experiences of a specific site, which would become a major feature of Serras monumental sculptural projects. 13 The artist soon rejected such working drawings altogether, stating: I never make sketches or drawings for sculptures. How Does Dickens Portray Essay! I dont work from an a priori concept or image. Sculptors who work from drawings, depictions, illustrations, are more than likely removed from the working process with materials and construction. 14. Figure 4. Richard Serra, Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A.

County Museum) , 1971. Graphite on paper, 17 3/4 x 23 1/2 inches (45.1 x 59.7 cm) 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Figure 5. Richard Serra, Titled Arc , 1986. Oil crayon on paper, 19 x 24 1/2 inches (48.3 x 62.2 cm) 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Drawing would remain a fundamental practice for Serra nevertheless. He began to reverse the mediums traditional role, however, sketching his sculptures after they were completed as a means of thinking through formal problems and understanding what he sees and encounters. Differences And Lesbians! 15 With Tilted Arc (1986; fig. 5), one in a series of sketches in notebooks made with oil crayon, drawing becomes a means to Portray in ‘Oliver Essay, revisit a piece, in this case his work of advantages and disadvantages, public art of the same title constructed in Authority 1981 at Federal Plaza in New York. While photographs of the sculpture fulfill the roles of works beats, documentation and dissemination, Serras drawingconsisting of a few bold, black lines in oil crayonperforms another function, that of How Does Authority Twist’? Essay, distilling his physical experience of the and Lesbians, piece on-site.

The process of making the work is palpable: the actions of the Authority Twist’? Essay, hand, its movement and pressure, are visible and uncle cabin chapter summary felt on the surface of the paper. Much like the quick notations and personal dedications found in Authority Twist’? Essay Flavins workwhich subvert the cold, detached character of each act, his light installationsSerras physically expressive and gestural drawing works to destabilize the aggressive character of his monumental sculptural practice. Begun during the prolonged public hearings and lawsuits relating to Tilted Arc , which would result in the removal and ultimate destruction of the sculpture in 1989, this series of sketches also retains what Yve-Alain Bois has described as a sense of mourning, a sober look back at Authority Twist’? Essay a project that can never again be experienced in works beats 808 science real time and space. 16. Prescribed Procedures / Amorphous Results. By the late 1960s, the emphasis on Dickens Essay, materiality and physicality of experience, evinced in both Andres and Serras distinctive approaches to drawing and sculpture, was pervasive. Many artists attempting to extend or, in some cases, react against diary, the principles of Minimalism explored process, performance, installation, and site-specific approaches to creation. Barry Le Vas opening up of the Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Essay, boundaries of sculptural experience with his antiformal dispersals of nontraditional materials exemplifies a larger shift away from the pristine, manufactured look of Minimalism toward an exploration of the ways in which a work of art literally comes into being.

The term Process art encompassed practices like Le Vas, in which the importance of a work of write diary, art is understood to lie more in its materiality and how it was made than in the final product. Process-based works frequently took the form of How Does in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, ephemeral actions, such as the aeroponics advantages and disadvantages, performance of common tasks detached from subjectivity, as well as temporary, site-specific installations. Dickens Portray In ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay! Preparatory and presentation drawings are often the only remaining witnesses (besides documentary photographs) to the transient events that these artists enacted and the materials that they engaged with. Figure 6. Barry Le Va, Wash , 1969. Ink on graph paper mounted on paper, 18 1/2 x 22 inches (47 x 55.9 cm) 2012 Barry Le Va. In 1966 Le Va began producing his distribution pieces, floor-based installations that rejected traditional notions of a strictly ordered composition. These works exploited the cabin summary, properties of everyday materialsfelt, chalk, flour, broken glass, mineral oil, iron oxideand the relative relationships established through loose juxtaposition.

Despite the Portray Twist’?, accidental nature of Le Vas mutable compositional strategy, drawing remained central to his sculptural practice, in the form of diagrammatic sketches or flexible blueprints that brought order to the formlessness that characterizes his contingent installations. 17 He drew to be alone with myself, to discover and clarify my thoughts, to visualize my thoughts, and diary entries to convince myself some thoughts are worth pursuing. 18 Certainly one can detect a sense of disegno in his conception of drawingthat is, a projective and idealist belief in the medium as uniquely capable of Authority Essay, revealing the Differences, artists mind at work and exposing the mechanism of the creative process. Yet Le Vas employment of the diagram (a form typically associated with architecture, engineering, and mathematics rather than with art) in works such as Wash (1968; fig. 6), a study for a distribution piece, complicates the romantic idea of drawing as an unmediated reflection of the mind of an individual as registered through the autographic mark. His methodical ordering of space on the page belies the accidental appearance and unstable dispersal of materials that define his distribution pieces by revealing the predetermined nature of the overall arrangement of the work. 19 Orderly and precise in process and appearance, his works on paper enact a reversal of the traditional understanding of drawing as a flexible site for spontaneous creation.

In Le Vas case, spontaneity is ultimately deferred onto the unfolding of Dickens Portray Twist’?, events occurring in the space of the write diary, gallery itself. Wash (1968) exemplifies the generative tension between the random and the orderly that Le Va actively cultivated in his early works. The drawing includes passages of graph paper on which the Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, artist first mapped out the aeroponics and disadvantages, distribution of in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, pieces of felt and shards of glass. Le Va and many of his contemporaries frequently used graph paper, not so much for its look as for each act, its suitability for the transfer of How Does Twist’?, ideas into form. As the artist Mel Bochner reasoned, graph paper reduces the tedious aspects of drawing, and permits the easy and immediate alignment of random thoughts into conventionalized patterns of each act, reading and forming. 20 Le Va cut up the uniform graph paper into Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, random shapes, repositioned the fragments atop a sheet of white paper, and connected the in Gays and Lesbians Essay, pieces through a series of colorful stains made using red, black, and gray ink. The artists handwritten inscription placed under the drawing makes it clear that the stains are meant to reference specific materials: red or black iron oxide and mineral oil. This diagram was apparently never realized in sculptural form but is related to a series of impermanent installations that Le Va would complete at the Walker Art Center in How Does in ‘Oliver Minneapolis in in Gays and Lesbians Essay 1969.

These installations involved minerals in different states of saturation (wet, damp, and dry) and their potential chemical reactions. Substances were poured directly on the gallery floor and were allowed to Dickens Twist’?, dissolve and run into one another, eventually drying, cracking, and staining over time. 21 The strict formal economy of Le Vas drawn plan simultaneously contradicts and works beats 808 science enhances the flux, flexibility, and physical damage unleashed in the space of the gallery. Figure 7. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 1973. Graphite on paper, 7 5/8 x 11 1/8 inches (19.4 x 28.3 cm) Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Gary Wolff, 2011. 2012 William Anastasi. Figure 8. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 2009. Graphite on paper, 8 x 11 1/2 inches (20.3 x 29.2 cm) 2012 William Anastasi.

William Anastasis subway drawings (figs. How Does Dickens Authority In ‘Oliver Essay! 7, 8) engage a similar process-driven dynamichighly prescribed yet open to unforeseen occurrenceswhile reflecting a very different intention from the deliberate, diagrammatic approach employed by Le Va. Beginning in the late 1960s, Anastasi developed his unconventional series of unsighted worksblind drawings, pocket drawings, and uncle tom's cabin chapter subway drawingsas means of abdicating rather than establishing control by submitting the graphic process to chance. To create his ongoing series of subway drawings, he sits on Dickens Authority Twist’? Essay, a subway train, places a sheet of Differences and Lesbians Essay, paper on a board on his lap, takes a pencil in each hand, rests the points on the paper, closes his eyes, dons headphones to block out all ambient sound, and lets the movement of his body in transit determine the composition of each work. Rather than relying on vision, he creates the work by assigning himself a simple task and arbitrary limits: each drawing is produced in the time it takes him to Portray Authority, get from each act point A to point B on the subway and is finished when he gets off the train at How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay a predetermined destination. Busy! By drawing blind and How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? incorporating chance, Anastasi subverts the tradition of drawing as a synthesis of vision, knowledge, and manual skill. In carrying out this prescribed act, which is both meditative and absurd, the and Lesbians, artist places his focus squarely on phenomenology. Phenomenological impact became a key aspect in some strains of Minimalist sculptural production in the late 1960s as artists such as Carl Andre, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra were preoccupied not only How Does Essay with the process of production but also with how a work was perceived by the viewer in real time and space.

22 These artists often forced the spectators body into a confrontation with an object or a visual field as a form of defamiliarization, exhorting viewers to become conscious of their own processes of busy 808 science free, perception in How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’? order to see beyond the prevailing conventions of art. Each Act! With Anastasis more modest drawings, however, it is not the How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’?, spectators active experience of a sculptural work that is highlighted but that of the artist himself. His body becomes a key instrument in the overall performance, serving as a passive implement that absorbs and records motion. Differences In Gays! Always consisting of two scribbled clusters of lines that move in all different directions, the How Does Authority, subway drawings read as residues of a durational performance and as records of Anastasis travels across New York, revealing the temporal experience of the artist. Systematic in approach and detached in procedure, this brand of embodied mark making nevertheless proffers a significant reopening to the bodily subject. Sol LeWitt pushed the process- and systems-based approach to artistic production in still another direction. Rejecting any focus on the performing body of the artist, he elevated the working through of an idea to a position of how to write diary entries, importance, which he understood as equal to that of the How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Essay, resulting work. Though initially associated with Minimal art, LeWitt emerged as one of the leaders of Conceptual art. In his Paragraphs on Conceptual Art (1967), which became in effect a manifesto for the movement, he crystallized a radically divergent move in postwar art toward praxis as idea based: If the artist carries through his idea and makes it into visible form, then all the steps in how to write diary entries the process are of importance. How Does Portray Authority Twist’?! The idea itself, even if not made visual, is as much a work of art as any other aesthetic product.

All intervening stepsscribbles, sketches, drawings, failed works, models, studies, thoughts, conversationsare of interest. 23 Given the importance LeWitt placed on cabin summary, the intervening steps in the manifestation of an idea, both drawing and language (visual experience and linguistic experience) hold a privileged place in his body of work. Figure 9. Sol LeWitt, Three-Part Variations on Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 , 1967. Ink and graphite on paper, 11 3/4 x 23 3/4 inches (29.8 x 60.3 cm) 2012 The LeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Three-Part Variations on Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 (1967; fig. 9) is a drawing of a series of three-dimensional structures related to How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay, concurrent sculptural explorations. LeWitt plotted different permutations on each act, three-cube constructions or, as he wrote at the top of the drawing in Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay capital letters: three three-part variations in which the top and bottom cube have one side removed (3) while the middle cube is solid (1). The artist replaced traditional principles of busy works free, sculptural organization and How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver compositional relational order with a chosen permutational system that can be rationally calculated and thus understood by the viewer either mentally or in material form. The cubes are drawn in isometric perspective (a technique commonly employed in in Gays and Lesbians Essay technical or engineering drawings) on a hand-drawn grid. The use of the grid emphasizes the uniformity of the Portray Authority Twist’?, cubes: each cube is two grid squares tall and two grid squares wide.

The grid and the technical rendering give the why it is important, appearance of an ordered sequence intended to provide objective visual information, expressing a universalizing vision of industrial-age perfection based on in ‘Oliver, serial production. It appears that LeWitt used this language of efficiency in order to subvert it, however. 24 The seemingly endless potential for beats free, variation implied in Authority in ‘Oliver his system gives the lie to tom's cabin chapter, the fundamental arbitrariness of Portray in ‘Oliver, his concept and the subjective decision making that orders it. Aeroponics Advantages And Disadvantages! He employed the grid, the Authority in ‘Oliver, cube, and serial structure as checks to subjective choices, yet his drawing and its system of rules paradoxically work to reaffirm the creative role of the artist. 25. Although the serial is commonly associated with the rationalism found in Minimalist works by artists such as Judd, Andre, and Flavin, it always holds within it a relationship to its opposite: the random or antirational.

LeWitt acknowledged as much in his second text on Conceptual art, Sentences on Conceptual Art (1969), making a distinction between the logical approach of scientific or industrial production and that of aesthetic experience: 1. Tom's Chapter Summary! Conceptual artists are mystics rather than rationalists. They leap to conclusions that logic cannot reach. 2. Rational judgments repeat rational judgments. 3. Irrational judgments lead to new experience.

4. Formal art is essentially rational. 5. In ‘Oliver! Irrational thoughts should be followed absolutely and logically. 26. LeWitt uses the word irrational loosely in Differences and Lesbians Essay this text. Employed in How Does Dickens Essay this context as a means of signaling the polar opposite of rational judgment and sound logic, the term also implies a type of action that is completely beyond human control, a meaning that seems to move outside the bounds of the dichotomy that he strives to set up between the rational and the subjective. While LeWitt held on to a systematic approach to artistic production, he recognized that only by moving past the tautological thinking of rationalist aesthetic approaches could one arrive at new forms and experiences. Figure 10. Eva Hesse, Untitled , 1967.

Ink on graph paper, 11 x 8 1/2 inches (27.9 x 21.6 cm) The Estate of diary entries, Eva Hesse, Hauser #038; Wirth Zurich London. Eva Hesse also probed the Authority in ‘Oliver, relationship between order and disorder, between serial methodology and antirational processes, yet her work delineates an opposing limit of this practice. Although she was part of the circle of Minimalist and why it to commemorate wars Conceptual artists who worked and socialized in New York in How Does Twist’? the 1960s and 1970s, her artistic production is in Gays and Lesbians often characterized as Postminimal, a term that acknowledges her move to open up the How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, constrained structures of Minimalism by advantages giving geometric form an organic and bodily dimension. Hesses work is notable for the way in which it implicates the body in new waysthe body understood as a psychic site rather than the How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, neutral or passive one of Anastasis subway drawings and why it is important to commemorate wars much Minimalist art. Dickens Authority In ‘Oliver! Drawing played a central part in how to diary entries this expansion of boundaries. By 1966 Hesse began making a series of drawings using black ink on graph paper. How Does Dickens Authority In ‘Oliver Essay! She worked with the uncle cabin chapter summary, controlled grid, but was equally interested in the potential for accident, embarking on Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’?, what has frequently been described as a form of compulsive repetition and works free accumulation.

The artist herself gave credence to How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, such an interpretation with statements such as, Series, serial, serial art, is another way of repeating absurdity. 27 Her untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. How To Diary! 10) is Portray Authority Essay exemplary of this series of works in Differences in Gays Essay which the Essay, basic element of the in Gays, circle is repeated over and over to fill in the form of the grid. Although relatively sparse, the drawing exudes a concentrated intensity that works to heighten the psychological dimension of Minimalisms embrace of geometry and repetition. The recurrence of the circle involves a mechanical gesture, yet the end result is decidedly uneven; upon closer inspection, the How Does Twist’?, irregularities of each circle reveal themselves. Busy Works Beats 808 Science! Diversity and variation are achieved not as a function of Portray Authority Essay, rules of permutation, as in LeWitts drawing, but as a result of the uneven pressure of the artists hand on the paper. Chapter Summary! This endows the drawing with a decidedly personal, tactile dimension that opposes the How Does Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Essay, strict reductivism of LeWitt, her Conceptualist contemporary. Minimal and Conceptual Drawing and its Legacy.

Although their approaches and agendas were notably distinct, all the artists discussed here were working through the fallout of a modernist vision of each act, art and society, self-consciously rethinking and challenging established traditions of artistic practice. How Does Portray In ‘Oliver Twist’?! Created during a liminal moment between modernism and postmodernism, their drawings represent less a stylistically coherent body of work than an intensive mode of thinking about redefining the material and conceptual conditions of art-making. While attempting to move away from the emotive claims of their Abstract Expressionist predecessors, artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and how to write Conceptual practices wanted to uphold the freedom of experimentation with form and materials initiated by artists such as Jackson Pollock. The climate of How Does Portray Authority Twist’? Essay, analysis and material experimentation of the 1960s and 1970s in the United States not only why it to commemorate wars addressed the artwork and Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? standards of artistic production but also extended to how to write, the critique of institutions, the role of the artist and audience, the dissemination of artworks in the market, and the industrial conditions of Authority Essay, modern society. 28 Drawing was certainly not the only medium to reflect these tendencies, but its diverse implementation, immediate character, and ability to convey process made it a particularly apt means of registering the uncle tom's cabin, generative tension between analytical strategy and Portray Authority individual creation that underpins much of the works 808 science free, art produced at this time. Figure 11. N. How Does Dickens Portray Authority Twist’?! Dash, Commuter , 2011. Graphite on why it is important wars, paper, 14 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (37.5 x 24.8 cm) In the four decades since the How Does Dickens Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’?, 1970s, several significant paradigm shifts have reshaped the political and busy beats social world in which we live, including the How Does Authority Twist’? Essay, rapid rise of the digital age and an increased global connectedness accompanied by greater mobility, standardization, and homogenization.

Art has continued to adapt to these new conditions. Many of the issues that motivated the artistic struggle to work through and against modernist endgamesthe idea that art is predicated on a progressive model of invention or the essentialist notion that something like the absolute essence of painting or sculpture existsare of little interest to subsequent generations of artists. 29 They no longer feel compelled to grapple with the rules of busy works beats 808 science free, such a limited approach; nor are they constrained by postmodernisms negative and How Does Authority in ‘Oliver Essay nostalgic appraisal of the modernist past. Rather, artists working today openly reference and revise the art historical past, including the history of modernism, exploiting the possibility afforded them of freely engaging with the creative process to arrive at new forms and ideas. Figure 12. Jill OBryan, 40,000 Breaths Breathed Between June 20, 2000 and is important the world March 15, 2005 , 2000-05. Graphite on paper, 60 x 60 inches (152.4 x 152.4 cm) The artists N. Dash and How Does Essay Jill OBryan, for instance, adopt a range of modernist strategies, including repetitive and each act serial processes as well as body and performance art, all of which emerged in the 1960s and early 1970s. They take these strategies down markedly different paths, however, placing overt emphasis on aesthetic gratification, material exploration, and individual gesture coupled with a strong engagement with the tasks and rhythms of daily life. Rather than explicitly linking the practice of drawing to large-scale sculptural installations and other conceptual projectsas was the case in the work of Flavin, Serra, Le Va, and LeWittboth artists embark on highly hermetic forms of How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, creation through which the properties of drawing are probed and developed. They highlight labor-intensive methods of manual craft and the materiality of the tom's cabin chapter summary, specific medium being employed yet also implicate the artists body.

N. Dashs Commuter Works (ongoing since 2010) move beyond the notebook, the preparatory sketch, and the traditional form of pencil on paper (fig. 11). Her works appear conceptually in line with Anastasis subway drawings in that they record the artists bodily movements while riding public transportation in New York, but they are created without the How Does Dickens Portray Essay, use of a drawing implement, revealing a desire for a more immediate connection between the makers hand and the materials. Dash produces these works by folding, rubbing, creasing, and refolding sheets of paper and in Gays and Lesbians then applying pigment (graphite or indigo powder) to them by hand in order to highlight the Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver, progressive accumulation of wrinkles and marks. Her practice is based less on an exploration of automatic processes, chance occurrences, or a sublimation of the uncle, subjective self, as are Anastasis subway drawings, and Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay more on an examination of the means by which bodily expression can be embedded into the support materials associated with painting, sculpture, and drawing. Jill OBryans large-scale 40,000 Breaths Breathed between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 (20002005; fig. 12) also turns drawing into a recording device as the artist meticulously tracked her individual breaths over the course of five years, using only pencil marks on uncle cabin summary, paper. In a manner similar to the accumulative gestures seen in Hesses gridded drawing, the graphic patterns that emerge across OBryans large sheet are not rigid or precise but rather organic and irregular, undulating with a gradation of tones based on the amount of pressure the artist exerted on the paper. The final drawing appears as nothing less than a test of endurance, one that resonates with certain approaches to body art and feminist agendas. With its emphasis on time and repetition, the work emerges as a fragile, obsessive attempt to explore the conditions of selfhood and register something of the daily experience of art.

Figure 13. Janet Cohen, San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4-0 , 2004. Graphite on How Does Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’?, paper, 9 1/4 x 13 inches (23.5 x 33 cm) Janet Cohen, 2004. Janet Cohens ongoing practice of meticulously charting popular activities such as the seemingly random events of a baseball game offers yet another variation on this internal and beats indexical approach to mark making, one that appears to speak simultaneously to the fragmentation of contemporary life and nostalgia for a sense of How Does in ‘Oliver, completeness. Her clustered diagrams of overlapping numbers and letters in in Gays black and white pencil are the result of her own idiosyncratic system for Dickens Essay, estimating locations where pitches cross the strike zone and the results of the actual pitches during a given baseball game. In Gays And Lesbians! Works such as San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 40 (2004; fig. 13) exist as both abstract representations of How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, these events and as highly individual catalogs of time and aeroponics advantages thought whose underlying system is understood by the artist alone. What exactly is at stake today in this intertwined desire for an immediacy of touch within prescribed limits? Marking up a blank piece of paperexperiencing a concrete and immediate way of making art within an evolving digital landscape that often removes us from experiencing the real and ourselvesappears to offer itself as an inherently human activity. The use of predetermined parameters complements such individual efforts, providing a means of organizing thought, tracking time, and perhaps bringing a sense of in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, order and consistency to the disorder of daily events. Drawing has always served as a vital means of making sense of the world around us and the forces that animate it, mediating rather than mirroring our lived condition.

In the Differences Essay, 1960s and Dickens Portray Authority Twist’? 1970s artists grappled with industrial conditions then shaping their everyday lives by engaging systematic and programmatic procedures to guide their work. In many instances, the pronounced engagement with seriality and repetitive marking, charting, and diagramming offered a means not of adopting the why it is important wars, rational logic of industry but of How Does Dickens Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay, highlighting arts potential escape from it. It seems apt in in Gays todays contemporary climate of How Does in ‘Oliver Essay, ongoing upheaval and perpetual advancement of digital technologies that the desire to draw, to mark, to track is embraced by artists who, much like their historical predecessors, seek to expand the capacities for invention while working to regain a sense of human experience. 1. In Gays! All the Dickens Twist’? Essay, works in the exhibition are drawn from the collection of Sally and busy works beats Wynn Kramarsky, New York; several of them have been donated by the couple to The Museum of Modern Art, New York. How Does Dickens Authority In ‘Oliver Twist’? Essay! Over the past few decades, the uncle tom's chapter, Kramarskys have amassed a collection that provides an impressive overview of canonical Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, while continuing to collect works by emerging artists whose work is in How Does Portray in ‘Oliver line with this core aesthetic. 2. The term comes from Mel Bochner, The Serial Attitude, Artforum 16 (December 1967): 2833. 3. See Irving Sandler, The New Cool-Art, Art in America 53 (February 1965): 96-101, and Pepe Karmel, An In-Between Era, in New York Cool: Painting and Sculpture from the NYU Art Collection (New York: Grey Art Gallery, New York University, 2008), 2135. In recent years, several scholars have begun to rewrite the received history of postwar American art. See, for example, Catherine Craft, An Audience of why it is important to commemorate, Artists: Dada, Neo-Dada, and Dickens Authority the Emergence of Abstract Expressionism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012). 4. The language of late capitalist efficiency and aeroponics and disadvantages organization informed many of these projects as artists mimicked the How Does Dickens Essay, division of labor into uncle tom's, mental and manual realms by commissioning others to realize their ideas or, in some cases, sidestepping actual material production altogether.

For an in-depth analysis of the relationship between artistic production, labor, and the shifting socioeconomic context in 1960s America, see Helen Molesworth, Work Ethic (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Dickens in ‘Oliver Twist’?, Art, 2003), and Julia Bryan-Wilson, Art Workers: Radical Practice in the Vietnam War Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009). 5. Judds drawings, and the significant revision of the role of the artist that they suggest, would meet with controversy later in his career, when the Italian collector Giuseppe Panza authorized the fabrication of sculptures from the artists working drawings without Judds permission. Judd declared these works forgeries, insisting that his oversight was required in the fabrication of his work. See Susan Hapgood, Remaking Art History, Art in America 78 (July 1990): 11417. See also Molesworth, Work Ethic , 163. 6. Numerous publications since the 1970s have explored the role that drawing played in Flavins artistic practice.

See Emily S. Rauh, Dan Flavin: Drawings and Diagrams, 19631972 (Saint Louis: Saint Louis Art Museum, 1973); Dan Flavin: Drawings, Diagrams, and Prints, 19721975 (Fort Worth, TX: Fort Worth Art Museum, 1977); and Dan Flavin Drawing (New York: Morgan Library, 2012). 7. Briony Fer, Nocturama: Flavins Light Diagrams, in aeroponics advantages and disadvantages Dan Flavin: New Light , ed. Jeffrey Weiss (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2006), 46. 8. Dan Flavin, statement on view at the Kunstmuseum Basel in the exhibition Zeichnungen, Diagramme, Duckgraphik, 1972 bis 1975, und Zwei Installationen in fluoreszierendem Licht von Dan Flavin (1975), reprinted in Dan Flavin (1976), 6. 9. In a 1970 interview with Phyllis Tuchman, Andre states, I am certainly no kind of conceptual artist because the How Does Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver, physical existence of my work cannot be separated from the idea of it.My art springs from my desire to have things in the world which would otherwise never be there. See Phyllis Tuchman, An Interview with Carl Andre, Artforum 8 (June 1970): 60. 10. Andre, ibid., 57. 11. The drawing relates to Andres planar floor sculptures Blue Lock Trial (1966), Blue Lock (1967), and Black Lock (1967).

The latter two works have since been destroyed. 12. Christine Mehring provides a compelling reading of this drawing. See Mehring, Carl Andre: Blue Lock, 1966, in Drawing Is Another Kind of Language: Recent American Drawings from each act a New York Private Collection , by Pamela M. Lee and Christine Mehring (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Art Museums, 1997), 2829. 13. How Does Dickens Portray In ‘Oliver! Yve-Alain Bois, Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes: On Richard Serras Drawings, in Richard Serra: Drawings, Zeichnungen, 19691990 (Bern, Switzerland: Bentelli, 1990), 17. 14. Richard Serra, Interview: Richard Serra and Bernard Lamarche-Vadel, New York, May 1980, first published in Artistes (November 1980), reprinted in Richard Serra: Interviews, Etc., 19701980 (Yonkers, NY: Hudson River Museum, 1980), 146. 15. For an in-depth analysis of Serras approach to drawing across his career, see Bernice Rose, Michelle White, and Gary Garrels, eds., Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective (Houston: Menil Collection, 2011). 16.

Bois, Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes, 28. 17. Klaus Kertess has aptly described Le Vas drawings as having the clarity and conviction of a topographic map or a computerized analysis of atmospheric turbulence. See Klaus Kertess, Between the Lines: The Drawings of Barry Le Va, in Barry Le Va, 19661988 (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon Art Gallery, 1988), 27. 18. Barry Le Va, Notes (undated), reprinted in Accumulated Vision: Barry Le Va (Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, 2005), 89. 19. Ingrid Schaffner has perceptively noted that while Le Vas installation photographs might tell us how Le Va sees his installations, it is his drawings that tell us how to read them. See Ingrid Schaffner, Accumulated Vision and each act Violence, Barry Le Va, in Portray in ‘Oliver Twist’? Accumulated Vision , 61. 20. Mel Bochner, Anyone Can Learn to Draw, press release for Drawings , Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich, 1969, reprinted in Bochner, Solar System #038; Rest Rooms: Writings and Interviews, 19652007 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008), 61. 21.

Marcia Tucker describes the in Gays and Lesbians Essay, 1969 installations in Tucker, Barry Le Va: Work from 19661978, in Barry Le Va: Four Consecutive Installations and Drawings, 19671978 (New York: New Museum, 1978), 12. For photographs of the installation, see ibid., 24, 25. 22. How Does Dickens! See particularly Robert Morriss series of essays, Notes on Sculpture (February 1966) and Notes on Sculpture, Part II (October 1966), reprinted in Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993). 23. Sol LeWitt, Paragraphs on Conceptual Art, in Open Systems: Rethinking Art, c. 1970 , ed. Donna DeSalvo (London: Tate Modern, 2005), 180; originally published in and disadvantages Artforum 5 (Summer 1967). 24.

James Meyer, Minimalism: Art and Dickens Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Polemics in the Sixties (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), 187. 25. In the 1960s LeWitt was attracted to the cube and the square as grammatical devices from which the work may proceed. He went on to elaborate: They are standard and universally recognized, no initiation being required of the viewer. . . . The use of a square or cube obviates the necessity of inventing other forms and reserves their use for invention. See Sol LeWitt, untitled statement in Lucy Lippard et al., Homage to the Square, Art in America 55 (JulyAugust 1967): 54. 26. LeWitt, Sentences on Conceptual Art, in Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts , ed. Adachiara Zevi (Rome: I Libri di AEIOU, 1994), 88, originally published in 09 (New York, 1969). 27. Eva Hesse, quoted in tom's chapter summary Lucy Lippard, Eva Hesse (New York: De Capo, 1976), 96. 28. Josef Helfenstein, Concept, Process, Dematerialization: Reflections on How Does Portray in ‘Oliver Essay, the Role of Drawings in Recent Art, in Drawings of Choice from a New York Collection , ed.

Josef Helfenstein and Jonathan Fineberg (Champaign, IL: Krannert Art Museum, 2002), 13. 29. Yve-Alain Bois examines the end of why it to commemorate wars, modernist painting in Dickens in ‘Oliver Essay terms of play and gaming, suggesting that painting is never an endgame but a game comprising different matches. See Yve-Alain Bois, Painting as Model (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990), 24142. Works Beats 808 Science Free! Jordan Kantor also takes up Boiss analogy in How Does Portray Authority in ‘Oliver Twist’? her essay Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames, in Drawing from the Modern, 19752005 (New York: Museum of each act, Modern Art, 2005), 5354. Error: Twitter did not respond. How Does Authority! Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

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