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budget essay sample All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Effective Budgeting Research Paper. Effective budgeting makes significant contributions towards enhancing the about Little Women: Reproduction efficiency of execution of organizational functions, implying that improper budget can jeopardize the achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization. In addition, excellent budgeting processes should match the business needs of the organization. The basic implication that can be derived from this is that an effective systematic budgeting process is shmoop, influenced by the core concepts of planning and control, which can help in value creation for the organization. In addition, excellent budgeting functions as a framework for organizational planning and control and resource allocation, whereby the organizational goals and objectives are represented quantitatively in financial terms. The paper aimed at critically evaluating the following assertions: 1) an excellent budget process is the Essay Reproduction ability to convert objectives and goal into woolworths opening data.
2) Finding the resources to implement the budget calls for extensive use of human resources and involves correct perceptions of individual roles and communication plays an important role. The paper also discussed the differences between communication flows when the budgeting process is imposed or participatory. It was summed up that an excellent budget plays an integral in the achievement of organizational goals and adjectives, which implies that excellent budgeting has the ability of transforming the organizational goals and objectives into data. It was also established that the effective implementation of the budget requires the extensive deployment of human resources, which is attained through correct perceptions of the individual roles and the role that communication plays in the formation of an excellent budget. Table of Contents.
An excellent budget process is the ability to convert objectives and goal into data 5. About Little Reproduction. Performance objectives and budgeting 5. Integration and coordination during the budgeting process 6. Finding the resources to a lesson before shmoop, implement the budget calls for extensive use of human resources and involves correct perceptions of individual roles and communication plays an important role 8. The differences between the communication flows when the budgeting process is imposed or participatory 11. Little Women: Musical. The test of an excellent budget is the ability to convert objectives and goals into data. A budget is defined as the quantitative allocation of organizational resources for particular operations and plans for what a forthcoming time. Essay About Little Reproduction. They usually serve as the financial blueprint for the company basing on its goals and objectives. The success of the budget is evaluated in terms of its facilitation of the realization of the The American examples established goals and about Little Women:, objectives during the budgeting process (Brigham #038; Ehrhardt, 2011). Effective budgeting makes significant contributions towards enhancing the efficiency of execution of Dream of Home Ownership, organizational functions, implying that improper budget can jeopardize the achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization. In addition, excellent budgeting processes should match the business needs of the organization. The basic implication that can be derived from this is Essay about Little Women:, that an effective systematic budgeting process is influenced by the core concepts of planning and control, which can help in value creation for the organization.
In addition, excellent budgeting functions as a framework for organizational planning and control, whereby the organizational goals and objectives are represented quantitatively in examples financial terms. The formulated plans are used in Little Women: Reproduction the course of the business period, whereby the actual outcomes are compared with the anticipated results outlined in the budget (Deegan #038; Unerman, 2005). Opening. As a control mechanism, the management can make use of the performance evaluations to execute appropriate corrective strategies. The role of excellent budgeting is best understood in Essay Little Women: Musical the context of the five core functions of management including planning, staffing, organizing, controlling and directing. Budgeting is needed in the planning and controlling phases of management. In the eyfs cycle light of this view, finding the resources required to implement the budget requires the extensive use of about Little Reproduction, human resources and entails correct perceptions of individual roles an communication plays an montagues important role in the budgeting operations, whether it is imposed or participatory. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the above statement and discusses the differences between the communication flaws and when the budgeting process is imposed or participatory (Eddie #038; Peter, 2007).
An excellent budget process is the ability to convert objectives and goal into data. Little Women: Musical. Budgeting, just like planning, is future oriented. This means that a plan indicates what the goals and objectives of the organization at dying, some point in the future. Organizations usually have some variables that it should control, which may include the financial resources, the production methods, human resources and organizational assets. Forecasts and planning are an important aspect of the planning process that takes into consideration the external factors affecting the business operations, which the organization has no control of. Such variables include actions undertaken by the government, the spending habits of the consumers, the interest rates and the strategies adopted by the competitors (Gibson, 2010). Little Musical. Owing to a lesson dying, the fact that the management of the organization is not in a capacity to influence the external factors, its planning and budgeting should be confined within the controllable variables. This implies that planning entails what the organization is going to do in about Little Musical Reproduction relation to Dream Ownership examples, the variables that it has the capacity to control. The management of an organization can use excellent budgeting to aid the planning process (Gibson, 2010). The establishment of goals is an Essay about Little Musical initial step in the planning and budgeting process.
The organizational goals are diverse and before shmoop, can include increasing profitability and returns on investment, competitive advantage, increasing the market share and so on. Little Reproduction. There are different levels of what is the of inflation, goals that an organization can adopt including the general goals, which are considered to be directional and can include strategies for growth, adopting a low cost strategy and quality leadership. Irrespective of the hierarchical levels of the goals adopted by the various organizational levels, it is important that they harmonize with each other (Higson, 2003). Excellent budgeting should aim at ensuring the goals adopted by the organization are attained in the long term; this is due to the fact budgeting facilitates effective resource allocation to Little Women: Reproduction, the organizational goals that are of priority depending on the hierarchy of the goals at the various levels within the organization (Higson, 2003). Performance objectives and budgeting. Performance objectives are considered as targets adopted by the organization. It is important to note that performance objectives are measurable, action-oriented and what is the uk, specific, implying that they have a time dimension. Excellent budgeting can help the management of an organization to formalize its goals and the performance objectives in Musical Reproduction financial terms for woolworths kotara hours a given time duration (Horngren, 2003).
Excellent budgeting processes require the organizational management to outline its plans within a common denominator. For example, the plans adopted by Essay about Musical the marketing department will be incorporated to a sales budget and a budget for the marketing expense, which are established at the same time (Bogsnes, 2008). Integration and coordination during the budgeting process. It is vital to take into consideration the eyfs planning cycle fact that excellent budgeting coordinates all the business operations. This implies that effective budgeting serves to integrate the revenue plans, the about Reproduction expenditure plans, financial and asset requirements. This implies that budgeting serves to integrate all the plans of the various functional units within the interrupted organization. Coordination and integration are an important aspect of budgeting that facilitates the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives (Brigham #038; Ehrhardt, 2011). Effective coordination among the various functional units within the organization can help in bring their plans to correspondence with the about Women: Reproduction objectives of the organization.
It is for this reason that an effective budgeting process can be used to convert the established goals and objectives into real data and outcomes for the organization. This is attained by harmonizing the goals and objectives of various functional units with the what is the rate in the organization with its overall goals (Horngren, 2003). Excellent budgeting process entails a documentation of the assumptions and the specific plans in the budget, which a core requirement during the budgeting process. A significant advantage associated effective and systematic budgeting process is that it results to systematic planning. Lack of proper documentation implies that the management can undertake shortcuts during the planning process (Higson, 2003).
In addition, documentation serves as a justification of the Essay about Little budget; which is usually done in a manner to reflect the organizational requirements to facilitate the achievement of the objectives of the organization. It can therefore be argued that through documentation and justification of budget, the organizational goals and objectives can be transformed into actual outcomes that are measurable (Horngren, 2003). Woolworths. Excellent budgeting process also facilitates the control function of about Reproduction, organizational management. Controlling mainly entails monitoring and evaluating the plan implementation, after which corrective action can be adopted. Owing to a lesson before dying shmoop, the fact that budgets are financial representation of the organizational plans, there are directly connected to Essay Little Women: Reproduction, the control function of organizational management (Jeremy #038; Robin, 2003). The budget can be used as a performance evaluation tool for the actual financial performance of the organization. This is achieved by dying shmoop a comparison of the actual performance with the budget provisions in about Little order to romeo and capulets, measure the level of Musical Reproduction, deviations, which may be used as an indicator for corrective actions, which can be modified in accordance with the goals and objectives of the organization. This is based on the view that excellent budgeting provides the management of the organization with a framework for analysis and interpreting the outcomes in order to adopt reactive strategies (Maher, 2005). It is important to take into consideration the a lesson dying shmoop fact effective budgeting is not a form of forecasting. Essay About Little Women:. Forecasting mainly entails the and juliet montagues prediction of the outcomes of the events, which is in contrary to budgeting, which entails planning for the outcome and adopting control strategies in order to capitalize on the chances for the attainment of the desired outcomes.
The effectiveness of budgeting processes requires the coordination and involvement of all management levels in order to ensure the Little Women: Reproduction realization of the potential benefits associated with coordination and controlling (Maher, 2005). Excellent budgeting also makes significant contributions to the attainment of the organizational goals by kotara opening providing a framework for Essay Little Musical effective strategic planning, which mainly entails planning for the future direction of the firm basing on the present state of affairs. The role of effective budgeting is of Home Essay examples, that it facilitates the establishment of realistic goals for the business in Little Musical accordance to the business environment (Warren #038; Reeve, 2011). Strategic management involves the transformation of The American Dream of Home Ownership Essay, organizational resources into elements that can enhance the Essay about Little Women: performance of the organization, mostly in their external business environments. Some of the effective approaches to strategic management include the specification of the organizations vision and mission, development of well-planned policies and effective allocation of is the in the uk, resources in order to facilitate the realization of the about Women: Reproduction stipulated goals and objectives of the firm. Organizations are in dire need of strategic planning primarily because of the unpredictable trend of the global market place. Effective budgeting enhances the the girl interrupted precision of strategy formation. . If strategy formation and evaluation are effective, the implementation of strategic management will not be a significant challenge to the business enterprise (Solomon, 2010).
Strategy formation typically entails option generation, which involves the establishment possible plan of Essay about Women: Musical, approaches. Strategic formation is a sequential process, which begins by conducting a situation analysis for the organization, an eyfs evaluation of the status for the business enterprise. Having carried an analysis, objectives are set in accordance with the long term and short term business requirements (Sid #038; Eric, 2003). Vision statements are also drafted, financial goals and strategic business objectives are set up. Essay Musical. It is important that the proposed objectives put into consideration the results of situational analysis, as a result, facilitate the woolworths kotara opening establishment of strategic plan. The strategic plan should outline the process of the about Little realization of the proposed objectives. Effective budgeting also facilitates the process of strategic implementation of the plan, which entails the putting of the proposed strategic plan into dying action. Strategic planning depends on strategic evaluation, after the choice of effective plan of approach that clearly outlines the goals and Women:, objectives of the contemporary strategic management ( Harvard Business School, 2005). Because of the what rate in the increasing complexity of the business environment and increasing decentralization of large organizations, there is need to adopt effective controlling and planning strategies. As a result, excellent budgeting comes in handy because they are based on the guiding principles of Essay Musical Reproduction, responsibility accounting and The American Dream of Home Essay examples, financial reporting.
The organizational budget, together with the details plans serves to document the Women: Musical Reproduction goals and objectives of the organization. The fundamental argument is that linking the budget to the strategic planning processes serves to enhance the what is the rate in the uk organizational planning effort, which is core towards the attainment of the goals and objectives of the organization. Therefore, it can be summed up that an excellent budget process is the ability to convert objectives and goal into data (Shim #038; Siegel, 2011). Finding the resources to implement the budget calls for extensive use of human resources and involves correct perceptions of individual roles and communication plays an important role. In order to implement an effective budget, firms need to be selective when allocating the responsibilities of the budgeting processes. This implies that the people responsible for the budgeting process should take into account he values, strategies and plans of the organization. In addition, cost efficiency and effectiveness is required and that the knowledge of the resources required to generate the revenue for the strategic plans should be effectively allocated (Gibson, 2010).
These pre-requisites are essential when making the Little Women: Musical Reproduction extensive use of human resources during the a lesson budgeting process during the planning, controlling and allocation of the organizational resources. The implication of this is that organizations should make use budgeting teams that are of an optimal size in order to Essay Women:, eliminate the eyfs potential discrepancies when forming the budgets. Effective budgeting processes require extensive use of human resources and their respective involvement in the process (Gibson, 2010). For the budgeting process to about Women:, be sound, it must meet the needs of the before dying organization, maintain a consistency with the organizational structure and take into consideration the human resources. Essay Reproduction. In addition, a sound budgeting process needs the integration and cooperation of the various organizational level including the top level management, the operational management and the support of the lower level staff within the organization (Gibson, 2010).
Apart from using the human resources during budget formation, it is also important that the budget should aim at exploiting the organizational resources including the financial and human resources. Owing to the fact that the budget establishes the vision for organizational growth, the success of its execution depends on a lesson before shmoop the effectiveness of the personnel in charge of its execution. Furthermore, the budget is considered as a managerial tool for the organization that can be used in foreseeing its operations and the allocation of personnel and financial resources for the completion of the business operations outlined in the budget (Roman, 2003). Little Women: Musical Reproduction. Extensive use of the human resource entails the role of the management in the explaining the the girl budget. After the Essay about Women: Musical approval of the final budget for the organization for every functional department within the organizations and the budget for the entire organization, they are distributed to of inflation, the departmental managers. This can create resentment in cases whereby a department’s organization was significantly reduced in the final budget. In order to eliminate potential cases of resentment, which can significantly affect the Essay about Little Reproduction commitment that departmental managers have on the goals and objectives of the organization, the top management has the responsibility of explaining the budgetary decisions and their rationalization. An honest disclosure during the budgeting process is needed for it to be sound (Gibson, 2010). Assigning responsibility is also a vital phase of the eyfs budgeting process that requires the extensive use of human resources. An effective budgeting process requires that every member of the organization has a responsibility in achieving the financial goals outlined in the budget.
This is not usually simple due to the fact that there is sharing of responsibility across the various functional units and Essay about Little Reproduction, organizational levels. The Girl Interrupted. Such constraints to effective budgeting can be eliminated through ensuring that there is accountability for the outcomes to the levels that makes the Essay about Little Musical execution of the budget effective. Each personnel involved in the execution of the budget must be aware of the manager that he/she is supposed to report to ( Harvard Business School, 2005). Effective implementation of the budget requires the use of responsibility reporting, which facilitates the tracing of all the budgetary expenditures to a particular manager within the organization. This simply means that budgetary expenditures must be authorized by a particular manager within the organization. Responsibility reporting is analogous to the view that performance objectives must be traceable to montagues and capulets, managers within the firm. Therefore, budgetary expenses incurred by a manager and the functional unit in his/her control when in pursuit of the performance objective should be recorded.
Responsibility accounting fosters responsible spending, which is directly related to the organizational structure of the firm (Deegan #038; Unerman, 2005). A participative bottom-up approach to budget implementation and preparation is recommended for the finding the resources needed to implement the budget. A participative bottom up approach ensures that there is extensive use of Little Reproduction, human resources. The bottom up budgeting process starts at before, the operating level and is determined by the goals and Essay Little Women:, objectives of the functional units. However, the goals adopted by the functional units should make significant contributions towards the attainment of the and juliet montagues and capulets overall goals and objectives of the larger organization (Sid #038; Eric, 2003).
Departmental managers are usually more motivated when their participation is Essay Reproduction, guaranteed in the budgetary process. A wider participation ensures that the budget receives support and the underlying goals that are to be accomplished after its implementation. Budgetary decisions have to be explained to the members of the organizations through communication. In addition, a participative approach enhances the accuracy of the budget estimates, which is a core requirement in the achievements of the goals and objectives of the firm. Managers who have operational responsibility for activities outlined in the budget have a better understanding of the outcomes that can be realized and their respective costs (Shim #038; Siegel, 2011). In addition, this eliminates the blames directed at unrealistic goals for not achieved the expectations of the budget when that have participated in the formation of the budget. Irrespective of the romeo and juliet montagues and capulets involvement of the lower level managers in the implementation of the budget, the top level management must still be involved in the budgeting process in order to integrate the goals of the various functional units and ensure that that they are consistent with the goals of the larger organization. Participative bottom-up approach is needed in cases the responsibility of the organizational unit managers require innovation. This is because the managers of the functional units have comprehensive knowledge of Essay Women: Musical Reproduction, what should be achieved, the what rate opportunities and challenges, the resources to be allocated and the problem areas that must be addressed (Gibson, 2010). Organizational communication plays an important role in finding the resources required for the implementation of the budget. The effectiveness of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation significantly depends on communication.
In addition, communication serves to harmonize the goals and objectives of various departments to ensure that they concur with the goals and objectives of the entire organization. Organizational communication is also needed when fostering coordination among the various management levels within the organization. This plays an important role in eliminating resentments within the organization due to perceived biases in budgetary decisions (Maher, 2005). As such, the top management has the responsibility of outlining the budgetary decisions and the reasons for Musical Reproduction the choice of such decisions. It is arguably evident the effective implementation of the budget requires the extensive deployment of human resources, which is attained through correct perceptions of the individual roles and the role that communication plays in the formation of an excellent budget (Jeremy #038; Robin, 2003). The differences between the communication flows when the budgeting process is the girl, imposed or participatory. There are two different approaches that organizations can deploy during the budgeting process.
They include the participative bottom up and the authoritative top down approach whereby the budget is imposed (Deegan #038; Unerman, 2005). The participative budgeting process entails the involvement of the operational managers while the authoritative budgeting process is characterized by budgetary imposition on the lower level managers with their participation being restrained. It is important to note that the success of the budget is mainly determined by the manner in which the budget was developed. Budget programs that have turned out about Women: Musical Reproduction, successful are characterized by the active participation of managers who have the responsibilities of cost control, which is a key element of participative budgeting. There is before, a probability that the authoritative budgets that are imposed will result to increased cases of resentments, which are significant barriers towards the attainment of cooperation and about Little Women: Reproduction, commitment that is needed to facilitate the achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization ( Harvard Business School, 2005). Communication flows during budgeting are mainly determined by the amount of participation of the and juliet montagues and capulets lower level managers in the budgeting process. The flow of budget data in the context of Women:, participative budgeting process starts from the a lesson lower levels of responsibility to the higher levels of management responsibility. Typical scenarios of budget data flow starts from supervisory levels of management, then to about Women: Musical Reproduction, the middle management to the top management. Basically, each personnel having cost control responsibilities are supposed to and juliet, develop their own budgetary estimates, after which they submit their budget estimations to the next higher management levels within the organization (Eddie #038; Peter, 2007). Reviews and consolidation of the budget data takes place as the budget data flows move up the higher levels of management.
This usually involves a scrutiny of the budgets with higher management levels. Budget reviews serve to eliminate the potential occurrences of budget slacks, which will result to inefficiency and waste. In the context of participatory budgets, reviews are undertaken prior to the acceptance of the budgets by the top management. In addition, participative budgets ensure that all levels of the organization corporate when developing the Women: Musical Reproduction budget. Owing to the fact that the top management is not familiar with the operational aspects of the the girl interrupted organization, the budgeting process should rely on the data provided by the subordinates, with the top level management having a role of harmonizing the goals of the various functional units within the firm. Essay About Little Women: Musical Reproduction. Therefore, each of the cost responsibility levels within the organization should make significant contributions that can help in the formulation of an integrated budget ( Harvard Business School, 2005).
The top down budgetary approach is usually implemented during long term budget in circumstances whereby the organization is characterized by interdependence within the various functional units. A top down approach usually entails an a lesson imposed budgeting approach, whereby the budget data flows from the higher levels of management responsibility towards the lower levels of responsibilities. Under this approach, the different functional units are given specific performance objectives (Higson, 2003). There is a possibility that the budgets adopted by the functional units cannot ensure the achievement of the goals and Women: Reproduction, objectives of the larger organization due to potential inconsistencies relating to the assumptions adopted by the different functional units. A drawback of this budgeting methodology is dying, that the lower levels staff may not have the required to formulate effective budgets that are needed for every functional unit within the organization (Gibson, 2010). In addition, this approach to communication flows can significantly affect the motivation and commitment of Little Women: Musical Reproduction, managers due to the fact they are restrained from preparing the kotara opening hours budget, rather their budgets are shaped by the budgetary requirements imposed by the top level management. This approach restrains creativity.
It is vital for the budget to take into account the inputs of the affected operational managers, which are supposed to be integrated in the larger organizational budget. This paper has discussed the role of about, excellent budgeting in transforming organizational goals and objectives into data and the differences between the communication flows in cases of imposed and the girl, participative budget. Effective budgeting makes significant contributions towards enhancing the efficiency of execution of about Reproduction, organizational functions, implying that improper budget can jeopardize the achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization. In addition, excellent budgeting processes should match the business needs of the organization. The basic implication that can be derived from this is that an effective systematic budgeting process is influenced by the core concepts of planning and control, which can help in value creation for The American Dream Ownership the organization.
It is important to note that the about Little Reproduction success of the budget is mainly determined by the manner in which the budget was developed. Budget programs that have turned out successful are characterized by the active participation of managers who have the responsibilities of cost control, which is a key element of participative budgeting. Harvard Business School, 2005. The essentials of finance and budgeting. New York: Harvard Business Press. Bogsnes, B., 2008. Implementing Beyond Budgeting: Unlocking the Performance Potential.
New York: John Wiley and Sons. Brigham, E.F. #038; Ehrhardt, E.C., 2011. Financial management: Theory and practice. Romeo. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning. Deegan, C. Essay About Little Women:. #038; Unerman, J., 2005. The financial reporting environment. In Financial accounting theory.
London: McGraw Hill. pp.31-54. Eddie, M. #038; Peter, A., 2007. Accounting: An Introduction. New York: Financial Times Prentice Hall. Gibson, C., 2010. Financial Reporting #038; Analysis: Using Financial Accounting Information. New York: Cengage Learning. Higson, A., 2003. Corporate financial reporting: theory and practice. London: Sage.
Horngren, D., 2003. Cost Accounting A Managerial Emphasis. New York: Prentice Hall. Jeremy, H. #038; Robin, F., 2003. Beyond budgeting: how managers can break free from the annual performance trap.
New York: Harvard Business Press. Eyfs Planning Cycle. Maher, L., 2005. About Women: Reproduction. Fundamentals of Cost Accounting. New York: Mc GrawHill. Roman, H., 2003. Budgeting: Approaches and Shortcomings. Essay. New York: GRIN Verlag. Shim, J. #038; Siegel, J., 2011. Budgeting Basics and Beyond.
New York: John Wiley and Sons. Sid, K. About Musical. #038; Eric, D., 2003. Budgeting for managers. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional. Solomon, J., 2010. Corporate Governance and Accountability. New York: John Wiley and romeo montagues and capulets, Sons.
Warren, C. #038; Reeve, J., 2011. Financial and Essay Little Reproduction, Managerial Accounting. New York: Cengage Learning.
Little Women: Musical Reproduction Essay - Casa Durval Paiva
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Pertinent understanding of banks NBFCs fraud control system for all retail assets products and Essay Women: Musical Reproduction services, cards and other channels fraud fraud investigations Investigate fraud cases of retail loan advances, carry out the investigations of internal external frauds, theft and losses of company assets and prepare investigation report, identify root cause leading to instances of impropriety use the result of planning cycle, investigations, matter to Essay Little, identify risk related issues and recommend policy to is the rate in the uk, mitigate the risk Analyzing fraud trends, establishing monitoring key fraud indicators, performing a fraud risk assessment, identifying operational deficiencies and human factors that enable/influence activity and conducting fraud training Formulate quarterly audit / process review plan design review scope, risk parameters and implement risk based internal audits to Little Women: Reproduction, ensure regulatory (RBI) compliance ethics Oversee the conduct of risk based process reviews/audits to determine and detect vulnerabilities in systems and/ or policies/ procedures that may potentially lead to fraudulent activity and/or abuse Finalizing review / audit report post discussing with stake holders and taking compliance report maintain action taken report (ATR) and analyzed negative trends, highlights non compliant issues suggested policy enhancements Random effective digital sampling of new retail loan proposals and check authenticity of documents attached as KYC, Financial statements others to filter financial crime credit risk management ensure no fraud creeps into system Initiating mystery shopping for Bank/NBFC employees / external agencies about the procedures of dealing with various policies process and report to central compliance team and concern management head Develop and present meaningful MIS to facilitate decisions, with quick turnarounds related to fraud risk trend and circulate fraud related MIS/red flags to all stakeholders for proper corrective actions within regulatory framework Conduct regular surprise audits of external vendors (vendor process management) and also train develop external risk agencies in fraud detection, appropriate referrals, fraud prevention investigation New initiatives are taken to develop fraud rules in planning cycle, deduce mechanism followed in the loans origination systems to prevent frauds more effectively and formulated new policies of AML KYC and implemented across the region Conduct training workshop for external internal stakeholders within organization as well as with law enforcement authority to create fraud risk awareness related to KYC, AML. Thorough understanding of banks fraud control system for Essay Little Women: all retail assets liability products and services, cards and e-channels payments and scam mail, lottery fraud thru’ cost effective digital sampling activity Investigate fraud cases of retail loan advances, anti-money laundering (AML), suspicious transaction report (STR), Hunter match, money mules and conclude with logical modus operandi root cause proposing corrective measures Conducted risk based process review / audit in retail branches and finalizing the audit reports basis observations Analyzing risk profiling of the branches and developed risk dashboards and combined all enterprise information such as key risk indicators and facilitated in identification of risk across cross functional business line Carry out eyfs cycle Fraud Risk Assessments to identify areas specifically vulnerable to fraud, and actively engage with other stake holders to implement fraud monitoring and fraud preventive controls Identify the about Women: Musical, prone areas of corruption, fraud, operational policies and practices with a view to timely recommend modification in policies ensure authenticity of policies vis a vis compliance and conduct the a lesson before dying shmoop, Regional Compliance Committee (RCC) for reviewing fraud investigation cases with senior management and probe to fix accountability and taking disciplinary action as per matrix. Responsible for ensuring Internal Control at Essay Little the Branch by proper checks and The American Dream of Home Ownership examples balances with routine banking transactions and ensuring customer satisfaction and first level of Essay about Women: Reproduction, scrutiny and authenticating of KYC and signing AOF for ensuring KYC Compliance of every opened account Deposits Support central Anti Money laundering Monitoring Unit with prompt response after completing required due diligence at branch level of the suspected accounts within proper time frame Ensure Audit rating to be satisfactory and what of inflation in the closure of audit report within proper time lines Reconciliation of any differences with Banks and Clearing related suspense accounts and ensuring entries are not outstanding for more than three days Special emphasis given to verify all Cash Related Registers and Reproduction Branch other registers on monthly basis and report to BM / Manager for interrupted remedial action. 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Worked in the “Earning Estimate” project and analyzed financial report of different companies given by Bloomberg Captured all date’s in eyfs cycle, system after analyzing historical current financial reports Predicted future estimation of the about Women: Musical, company basis past financial reports. EXTERNAL INTERNAL PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS. Pursuing “Cyber Crimes and a lesson before dying Fraud Management” from Indian Institute of Little, Banking and Finance Certification of “Internal Control over Financial Reporting – SOX Compliance” from ICICI Bank Ltd Certificate of “Audit Compliance” from ICICI Bank Ltd Certificate of “Fraud Prevention and Control” and Financial Crime Prevention” from ICICI Bank Ltd. Master Degree in Business Administration (Finance) with 1st class on 2012 Master Degree in Social Work with 55% from Rabindra Bharati University Completed Post Graduate Diploma in planning cycle, Social Work obtaining marks 58% Bachelor Degree of Essay about Little Musical, Commerce from Calcutta University (3 Yrs) on 2005 Higher Secondary Examination from B.C.H.S.E on a lesson, 2002 in 1st division Matriculation from Essay Little Musical, B.B.S.E on 2000 in 1st division. MS Dos, Windows XP, MS Word, Excel, Power Point and office communication system, Banking Software, Updated Finacle (Version 10.2.9), Finone, APS, FCRM, 1.5 Integrated Microfinance Banking Application, Talisma, SAS, Hunter, Cibil.
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The Film Easy Rider – Sample Essay. Easy Rider (1969) is the late 60s road movie tale of a search for liberty in a corrupt and conformist America, in the middle of violence, fear and bigotry. Essay Musical Reproduction? It was released in the year of the Woodstock show, and created in a year of kotara two disastrous assassinations, the Vietnam War accrual and election of Nixon; the tone of this film is remarkably casual and unwelcoming, reflecting the failure of the Little Women: idealistic 1960s (Basinger, 1994, p.34). Easy Rider was a ritualistic experience and seen by young audience in the late 60s as a reflection of their lifelike hopes of redemptive and fears of the establishment. According to Basinger (1994, p.67), Easy Rider is really minimal in terms of its creative value and plot, is both honored as a symbol of the prevalent and historical culture of the the girl time, and the story of the modern but apocalyptic journey by two sanctimonious, drug-fuelled, anti-hero bikers eastward via the American Southwest. Their journey to Essay about Women: Musical, Mardi Gras in New Orleans takes them via boundless, intact landscapes, numerous cities, a hippie community, and a graveyard with hookers, but also via regions where locals are highly prejudiced and odious of their long-haired liberty and use of drugs. Interrupted? The title of the film refers to their rootlessness and trip to make money easily.
Furthermore, it jargons for Essay Little Women: Reproduction a pimp who earns his living out of the earnings of a prostitute. Nevertheless, The Loners was the before shmoop original title of the film. Wyatt and Essay Little Musical, Billy, names of the main characters propose the two notable Western criminals known as Billy the Kid and romeo and juliet, Wyatt Earp. Instead of making a trip westward on horses just like the Little Women: Reproduction frontiersmen, the two contemporary cowboys travel eastward from Los Angeles- the kotara opening culmination of the ancient border- on an ornamented Harley-Davidson choppers on a heroic trip into the anonymous for the American dream (Cook, 2000, p.60). Importance of the Essay about Little Musical Reproduction Film. Even though the interrupted 1970s started with Hollywood facing a financial and artistic despair, the decade became a creative high point in the US film industry.
Restrictions on adult content and Little Women: Reproduction, sexuality, violence, and language loosened up, and these features became highly extensive. Cook (2000, p.77) asserts that the hippie movement, the civil rights movement, evolving gender roles, free love, drug use, and the development of rock and roll certainly had an effect. Furthermore, Hollywood was transformed and reborn with the previous failure of the studio system, and the jobs of numerous new and experimental film-makers in the course of a Hollywood New Wave. The counter-culture of the time had prejudiced Hollywood to be abler, to undertake more risks and to experiment with alternate, young film makers, as old Hollywood specialists and traditional moguls deceased and a new generation of film makers emerged. Romeo And Juliet? A number of the movie-makers and audiences of the 1960s had viewed a sight of new probabilities, new story-telling methods and more expressive artistic choices, by the influences of various European makers, and by watching these astonishment hits in the past decade (Corrigan et al., 2011, p.56). Directors and Essay about Little, young viewers, who declined to compromise with middling film offerings, supported widening the borders and is the in the uk, conservative principles of film even more in modern days. The 1970s decade was famous for films with memorable and creative subject matter that reflected the questioning spirit and certainty of the times even though the Women: Musical Reproduction 50s and 60s were popular for wide-screen epics on CinemaScopic silver screens (Corrigan et al., 2011, p.88). Motion picture art appeared to curl at the same period that the conquest in the Vietnam War, Fall of President Nixon, augmenting drug use, the Kent State Massacre, an increasing energy crisis, the Watergate Scandal, and the Munich Olympics shoot-out illustrated marvelous disillusion, an romeo and capulets, interrogative politicized spirit among the public and absence of faith in institutions- a remark upon the insanity of Women: Musical war and woolworths kotara opening hours, the dark side of the American Dream. Essay About Little Women: Reproduction? The tumultuous times, lack of US reliability, hints of intrigue paranoia like in Alan J. Is The In The Uk? Pakula’s post-Watergate film The Parallax View (1974) with Warren Beatty as a muckraking detective of the death of a senator, and the discontent toward the government (Thomson, 2004, p.66).
The Strawberry Statement (1970) originated from James S. Kunen’s journal and popular account of the 1968 student strike at Columbia and subjugated for its countercultural message by MGM, reverberated support of student campus protests. Even Jaws (1975) of Spielberg could be understood as an Essay Little Women:, allegory for the Watergate conspiracy. Social activism of 1960s usually turned into Ownership examples an inner narcissism, and yet this indeterminate era led to emergence of some of the Essay finest, boldest, and most commercially-successful films ever made like the prompt Oscar-winning hit The Godfather (1972) by an almost untested director called William Friedkin’s horror classic The Exorcist (1973). According to Thomson (2004, p.88), the 1970s also laid equally unforgettable cult films, as varied Two-Lane Blacktop (1971) and the idiosyncratic Willy Wonka The Chocolate Factory (1971) of Monte Hellman. The raw, persistent and inflexible The Panic in interrupted, Needle Park (1971) of Jerry Schatzberg and 20 th Century Fox unambiguously depicted heroin drug use among addicts in New York City, with Al Pacino in his first main acting part as a drug pusher and section of heroin-doomed couple. First American film Taking Off (1971) by Czechoslovakian film-maker Milos Forman ridiculed insightfully the adult bourgeois and its supposed generation gap from the young generation (Thomson, 2004, p.88). Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction? There were also periods when anticipated hits turned to calamities; nevertheless, those kinds of musical imaginary remake Lost Horizon (1973). Rise to the American Independent Film Movement of the 1970s and How That Independent Movement Reflected the Culture of 1970s America.
Unlike currently, during the interrupted 1970s, the American film industry saw a demand for films that talked about the Essay about Little reformist values of the age group that that had rose in the late 60s. Eyfs? The downfall of the Hollywood studio system in Musical, the 1960s was not only the outcome of a recession and overproduction but also due to the evolving social atmosphere in the US that had ascended from cultural concerns. Participation of US in what is the in the uk, the Vietnam War, the threat of nuclear destruction, famous music, political dishonesty, race and Little, gender strains, and drugs all facilitated the fast evolving national identity. Consequently, the non-conformist, young counterculture that had arisen out of the 60s, banned conservatism in almost all features of American tradition, including prevalent cinema (Biskind, 1999, p.388). The moral stories observed in films of traditional Hollywood no longer talked to the new generation of free-spirited youths. Eyfs Planning Cycle? Radical films became highly precise symbols of the latest cultural standards of American teenagers, and those types of films showed to Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction, be fruitful amongst them and in cycle, theaters. With American traditional anxieties spreading into the 70s, a demand started to develop for additional films, which confronted social institutional standards, which could not be attained by rigid Hollywood studio films, and hence, the age of alternate/independent cinema in famous culture was initiated (Biskind, 1999, p.423). Teenage filmmakers such as Martin Scorsese, who had arisen from the counterculture of the 1960s, and Women:, were under the influence of conforming European cinema movements and auteurs who confronted the before dying Hollywood domination of film and narrative, began to be modified by Hollywood studios to make cinemas that addressed the profound American counterculture viewers (Biskind, 1999, p.427). Nonetheless, the new function of nearly all Hollywood studios in postclassical prevalent cinema was restricted to supply and/or funding, as studios became the brokers between the Essay about Women: Musical Reproduction developers and the audience, leaving most creative power to the filmmakers themselves (Hill British Film Institute, 1996, p.40).
Besides, since quite a number of and juliet these films can be produced with comparatively minor budgets, the threat feature became very squat for investors. Little Reproduction? This gave room for a window of chance for experimentation and examination in typical film, which led to an age of eyfs cognizant shooting, which has hitherto to be viewed again in prevalent cinema. “Martin Scorsese, who was one of the indie tycoon camp of eccentric filmmakers of Roger Corman in the course of the 70s created films that were concerned with concepts of Essay Reproduction working class Americans, the American household lively, city culture, faith, and maleness as viewed in film like Taxi Driver (1976)” (Lev, 2007, p19). What was symbolic in regard to the cinemas of the girl interrupted early career of Scorsese was that conventional Hollywood treaties of a perfect film had sat back to Little Musical, grittiness, wobbly handheld cameras, untargeted shots, attractive plots, and multi-dimensional actors. Films in before dying shmoop, the course of this age were not more concerned with conservative aesthetics or cinematic show but highly with content. The alternate cinemas, which contained popular cinema in the first semi the 1970s, targeted at expanding the borders of conservative genre prospects. Early cinemas of Scorsese were not solely gangster or mystery films in the conservative Hollywood sense of genre grouping, but were the outcome of numerous and unclassified genres fused together. The cinemas of this age, cared little about conforming to Women: Reproduction, particular audience or genre expectations, but as an alternative, were grounded in planning cycle, authentic and unromantic representations that illustrated more precisely the discrepancies of daily life and Essay about Musical, individuals (Lev, 2007, p22). The American Dream Ownership Essay? This led to a highly established cinema that confronted matters of the time period honestly, as opposed to Essay about, the incredible film of is the in the traditional Hollywood. Characters such as Travis Bickle in Essay about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, Taxi Driver of Scorsese became cultural icons that demonstrated the American social atmosphere in the course the Dream 70s (Hill British Film Institute, 1996, p. About Musical? 44). Mental unsteadiness of Travis in Taxi Driver is insightful of the bipolar-ness of The American Dream of Home examples New York City during that era.
The city, an about Musical Reproduction, emblem of interrupted American culture is grimy with dishonesty, consumed by evils and sin that Travis expects to remedy via acts of Essay about Musical Reproduction vigilantism. According to McDonagh (2004, p.67), “all the faunae including whores, skunk cats, buggers, queens, pixies, dopers, junkies, gruesome, venal, among others come out during the night. One day, an actual rain will come and eyfs planning cycle, shower all this fraud off the Essay Little Musical Reproduction roads.” Travis does not choose sides between institutions and eyfs, the individuals; to Travis, it is not only the organizations that are immoral but the entire society, including the individuals; everybody and everything that is a produce of the social concept (McDonagh 2004, p.87). The search for blockbuster. The supposed rebirth of Hollywood was created upon perfecting some of the cultural film genres of fruitful past of Hollywood with larger block-buster scopes. Oftentimes, studios would finance heavily in a few bankrolled cinemas alone with an Women: Musical Reproduction, expectation that one or two would thrive lucratively (Basinger, 1994, p.188). The once-powerful MGM Studios sold off quite a number of romeo and juliet montagues its properties in the 1970s, abandoned the cinema making commerce, and diversified into other sections especially casinos and hotels.
According to Basinger (1994, p.199), a lot of about Little Women: Reproduction attention was paid to box-office receipts and the manufacturing of action-and-teenage-oriented epic cinemas with stunning special impacts. However, it was becoming progressively harder to Dream of Home Essay, foretell what will sell or become a success. Economic crisis of Hollywood in in the 50s and Little Women:, 60s, particularly in the course of war against the trap of television, were eased to some extent with the presence of summer epic films or event movies sold to mass viewers in kotara opening hours, the 70s, particularly after the overwhelming success of two persuasive films: Jaws (1975) by Steven and Star Wars (1977) by George (Cook, 2000, p.198). The budget for Jaws became the uppermost grossing movie in history until Star Wars even though Jaws grew from $4 million to $9 million in the course of production. Both Star Wars and Jaws were the Essay Women: Reproduction earliest cinemas to get over $100 million in payments. In 1971, the normal price of a film ticket was $1.65 and approximately $2.5 in first-run theatres by 1978 (Cook, 2000, p.200).
Second-run movie theatres may possibly charge less and usually reduced their admission fee to $1.00. By 1978, the average film budget was approximately 5 million, augmenting vividly to $11 million by 1980 because of inflation and augmenting prices. Thus, production of Hollywood movies reduced quickly in the late 1970s. For instance, down to 354 produced in 1978 in contrast the total of 560 produced previous year. New markets for Hollywood’s products. The presence of auxiliary markets for romeo and juliet montagues and capulets the products of Hollywood emerged in the course of this decade:
Cable TV- Home Box Office (HBO) the first pay/premium TV channel- was established in 1972. About Little Musical Reproduction? HBO illustrated in 1975 the prominence of its programming became the first in TV industry to of Home Ownership, apply satellites for common broadcast of programming with its Thrilla in Manila, boxing match between Joe Frazier and Muhammad Ali. The industry decided to shift main film openings from mid-week to Fridays in 1973 so as to maximize profits from Essay about Women: Reproduction, weekend viewers. Pay cable TV was capable of what rate in the uk permitting blasphemy and gender beyond what would be provide on commercial network TV, first comedy special of disgraceful comedian George Carlin was broadcasted on Essay Little Women: HBO as On Location: George Carlin at kotara opening, USC (1977) with warning disclaimers regarding the use of powerful language. It was the first on about numerous HBO comedy performance broadcasts (Cook, 2000, p.222). Multi-plex theaters: the propagation of before dying shmoop multi-screen cable theaters in suburban regions, substituting big film palaces, implied that more films could be illustrated to minor viewers, the largest Cineplex of the world- with 18 theaters- established in Toronto in 1979. Promotional/celebrity magazines- People Magazine , first published as weekly magazine in March of about Little Women: 1974- with Mia Farrow on its first cover- after Life Magazine obsolete its weekly publications in 1972, took over the function of personality watching and promotion of movie for eyfs cycle the industry. Hollywood understood that it could upsurge its profits by publicizing its new productions on TV shown first to be fruitful with the mass television marketing campaign- of $700,000- for Reproduction Jaws (1975)- the movie was also reserved into nearly 500 theatres for its starting weekend- a record.
Gone with the Wind (1939)- first broadcasted on interrupted network television in 1976 and drew an enormous viewer over two nights- regarding 34 million individuals in the biggest ever film viewers to watch a feature movie on about the TV. As prices dropped; VHS video players, laser disc players, and the production of movies on what rate videocassette tapes and Essay about Little, discs multiplied, developing a new industry and adding considerable revenue and profits for the film studios. One film-associated industry, which side-benefited from the growth of the VCR was the hours pornography industry, no longer would adult-film audiences have to visit dingy X-rated movie theaters to see porn movies, and this led to Essay Reproduction, sky-rocketing proceeds from the rental and sales of X-rated VCR videotapes (Corrigan et al., 2011, p.100). Another side outcome was that independent film-makers and manufacturers could now market their movies more efficiently by supplying tapes and discs watching. However, all of these variations had a down-side as well; theater presence would start to eyfs cycle, radically decline in the next decade because of the invasion of home video. In the film industry, we are at interesting time. Going on board on approximately 40 years since the onset of the Women: blockbuster syndrome, viewers are still blitzed with infinite superhero, horror, action/adventure, buddy, thriller, and idealistic comedy movies that have flooded films theaters across the country, and now the globe (Corrigan et al., 2011, p.105). This has led to films, which are always stale, missing in the girl interrupted, tale quality, and detached from society, and which state the degree to which Hollywood studios have subjugated blockbuster so as to turn proceeds as fast as possible.
However, the about Little Musical luckless thing is that quite a number of these movies are not turning on their investments that reflect eventually the philosophy behind Hollywood blockbuster cinematography that proposes that seven out of every 10 films lose money, two out of shmoop 10 even break, and one will be a huge success. A film such as John Carter (2012) by Disney, marketed significantly a sci-fi enchanted that was anticipated to be an enormous Hollywood epic this spring, premiered to theatres to feeble welcome and Musical, has not even break even after running five weeks in theatres. It is is the uk foretold that the movie will lose $200 million. This has led to a question on Essay Little Musical whether this is a reflection of the developing dissatisfaction of viewers with Hollywood blockbusters style movies. After all, viewers have been provided with the similar five or so movies annually for a lesson before dying shmoop about four 40 years now.
Maybe the solution will be taking the marketing dollars of the about Little Women: seven out of 10 collapsed blockbuster movies released annually and finance them into romeo the marketing crusades of independent movies, which have observed success in the film centenary circuit. Unluckily, the Women: Musical Reproduction response is Ownership Essay examples not modest, because currently, not more than 1% of independent movies, which are selected in movie festivities, get supply deals, and Essay Little Women: Reproduction, the ones that are acknowledged are not as a result of their excellent plots or characters although due to their marketability (Latham, 2012). Marginalized market for alternative movies is drying up as well even though it is in existence. With the development of subdivision studios by main Hollywood corporations like Fox Searchlight or Sony Picture Classics that provide for the release of movies, which feed the segmented indie-alternative market, which has described a sovereign movie as a sovereign movie. Free from Hollywood studio effect is no longer in existence. These latest movies released by sectors of The American Essay examples Hollywood corporations merely pose as sovereign movies whereas still sporting their bankable semi-eccentric and a-list plots. Women: Reproduction? In the course of late 1980s and romeo and juliet and capulets, 1990s, a brilliant light of expectation was observed with the presence of sovereign suppliers (Latham, 2012).
Nevertheless, currently, the Hollywood corporations have swallowed up a number of those supplier firms as witnessed with Miramax, Good Machine, and United Artists. In general, Easy Rider had significant impact in the film industry that is being filled in US even currently. It led to freedom that we are enjoying in field industries today, not only in US, but across the world. Easy Rider is a good background for modern and future generations to use in fighting for freedom of film industry. Hence, we should fight for film industry at all cost.
Basinger, J, 1994, American Cinema: One Hundred Years of Filmmaking , New York: Rizzoli, 12-254. Biskind, P, 1999, Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex ‘n’ Drugs ‘n’ Rock ‘n’ Roll Generation Saved Hollywood , New York, Bloomsbury Publishing, 77-438. Cook, A, 2000, Lost Illusions: American Cinema in the Shadow of Musical Reproduction Watergate and Vietnam, 1970-1979 , New York: C. Scribner, 45-243. Corrigan, T., Patricia, W., and Meta, M, 2011, Critical Visions in Film Theory: Classic and Contemporary Readings , Boston: Bedford/St. A Lesson Before? Martin’s, 34-111. Hill, L and British Film Institute, 1996, Easy rider , New York, BFI Publishing, 12-77. Latham, C, 2012, A Little Bit of Hulk Helps Reality Go down, Chicago Tribune. 13 July 2008.
Web. 13 May 2012. Lev, P, 2007, “1979: Movies and Women:, the End of an Era.” American Cinema of the romeo and juliet montagues 1970s: Themes and Variations. Ed. Lester D. Friedman , New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 9-187. McDonagh, M, 2004, “The Exploitation Generation Or: How Marginal Movies Came in from the Cold.” The Last Great American Picture Show: New Hollywood Cinema in Little Musical Reproduction, the 1970s. Ed. Thomas Elsaesser, Alexander Horwath, and before dying shmoop, Noel King , Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP, 13-76. Peters, M, 2008, 2008, Action Films in the 1980s: How the Presidency of Ronald Reagan Influenced Hollywood Cinema , Suite101.com. 22 May 2008. Thomson, D, 2004, “The Decade When Movies Mattered,” The Last Great American Picture Show: New Hollywood Cinema in the 1970s.
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21 Dumb Mistakes to Avoid When Writing Your First E-book. You#8217;ve thought about writing an e-book. In fact, you#8217;ve already imagined the front cover. You can see the main title, and underneath, your name. And when you picture it, you feel a ripple of about Women: Musical Reproduction, pride. An e-book would be a big step up for you as a writer. Because while blog posts are a great way to express your ideas, you can#8217;t help feeling they#8217;re a little, well, fleeting.
Lightweight even. Whereas an e-book is more substantial. It#8217;s taken more seriously. It has more gravitas. And having an e-book with your name on what in the the front transforms you from about Little Women: Musical, a mere blogger into that more impressive beast an kotara opening hours, author . But how do you become an e-book author without falling victim to the same mistakes that sabotage the about Little Musical, attempts of so many other bloggers?
Three Rock-Solid Reasons to Write Your First E-book. Before looking at our list of mistakes, let#8217;s take a quick look at why writing an e-book is not just attractive to many bloggers, but also a smart move. 1) A Valuable E-book is a Powerful Sign-up Incentive for New Subscribers. Does your email list grow s-l-o-w-l-y, with perhaps one or two new subscribers each week … at best? The truth is that readers are reluctant to hand over and juliet their email addresses even if they love your content. About Musical! So they may need a little extra nudge to sign up (you could even call it a bribe). An e-book packed full of valuable content makes a great incentive. If you can offer free information your audience would gladly pay for, you#8217;ll see dramatic improvements in your sign-up rates.
2) A Premium E-book Allows You to Make Some Real Money From Your Blog. When I started blogging, it took me 11 months of writing three to five posts per a lesson before dying shmoop week to get my first AdSense check for $100. That#8217;s because in the real world, you need a huge blog to make any real money from advertising. The following year, I launched an e-book that paid for me to go to Essay Women: Musical Reproduction, the SXSW conference (flights, ticket, hotel and all) … and that e-book continues to woolworths kotara hours, sell for me today. If you#8217;re earning pennies from ads or you haven#8217;t managed to monetize your blog yet, then an e-book could transform your blog from a fun hobby into a real money earner. 3) An Authoritative E-book Positions You as an Expert in Your Field. Little Women: Musical Reproduction! If you want to build a name for yourself in your field, an eyfs, e-book is a great way to boost your credibility and about Musical authority. By publishing on Amazon, you can appear literally alongside some of the biggest names in your industry. In fact, you may find you get more reviews and attention than much better-known authors who are simply less web-savvy. Why Most E-books Are Embarrassingly Bad. On the surface, writing an e-book seems relatively easy.
Lots of interrupted, bloggers seem to about Little Musical, be doing it, so how hard can it be? But in reality, most e-books that see the light of day are horrible. Embarrassingly bad. That#8217;s because your average e-book author doesn#8217;t have a clue about writing a book. And they don#8217;t have any of the support that a traditional author would be given by is the, their publisher. But producing a quality e-book is almost as hard as publishing a traditional book. The basic tasks are the same.
It#8217;s just that you have to do them all yourself. Which is about Little Women:, why avoiding the mistakes that catch most first-time e-book authors is woolworths, critically important. Planning Mistakes: How to Doom Your E-book Before You Even Start Writing. Sadly, you can easily cripple your e-book before you#8217;ve even written a word of about Reproduction, it. I had two spectacular e-book flops due to the second mistake on opening this list, and many of the Essay about Little Women: Musical, others have cost me valuable time.
So avoid the following dumb mistakes if you don#8217;t want to fall at the girl the first hurdle. #1: Choosing a Topic You Know Little About. About Little Musical Reproduction! If you want to create a premium e-book , you can be tempted to pick a #8220;hot topic#8221; thinking that#8217;s where the money is. Likewise, when creating a sign-up bribe, you might think you need to entice readers with the latest information about an emerging topic. And if you#8217;re publishing on cycle Amazon, it#8217;s easy to think you need to target one of the most popular categories. But picking a topic like this is Essay Little Women: Musical, a BIG mistake. If you know little or nothing about your chosen topic, creating an e-book will be a huge amount of before dying, work. About Little Women: Reproduction! You#8217;ll have to do a ton of research, interview experts, and perhaps even pay a real guru to get you up to speed. Write about something you actually know about which almost certainly means tying your e-book to the girl, your blog#8217;s core topic. You#8217;ll not only save a ton of Essay Little, time on research, you#8217;ll also have a ready-made audience for woolworths hours your writing. #2: Writing the Women:, E-book Your Audience #8220;Needs#8221; I#8217;ve fallen into this trap myself (twice) and I#8217;ve seen a heck of a lot of other bloggers do the eyfs, same.
It happens when you realize there#8217;s a topic you know your readers need , and you know you can write the Essay about Little Women: Reproduction, perfect book that will genuinely help them. Sounds great, but people don#8217;t always know what they need. And your sense of what it is might not be spot-on either. Don#8217;t give your readers what you think they need. The Girl Interrupted! Give them what they know they want. About Little Women: Reproduction! How?
Run a survey, and eyfs ask your readers to choose between three or four e-book topics. (This is also a good opportunity to about Little Musical, find out what is the how much they#8217;d pay, whether they#8217;re beginners or more experienced, and what specific questions they need your help to answer.) #3: Thinking Like a Writer, Not a Publisher. Planning isn#8217;t just about deciding what you#8217;re going to Reproduction, write and The American Dream Essay what order you#8217;re going to about Musical Reproduction, write it in. Because when you decide to create an e-book, you#8217;re not just a writer; you#8217;re also a publisher (and marketer). Opening Hours! If you don#8217;t start thinking now about how you#8217;ll sell your book whether that means selling it for Essay Reproduction money or just selling the concept to rate uk, your readers you#8217;ll run into problems later on. Draft your sales page while you#8217;re planning your e-book. Make it sound as attractive and useful as possible (try Jon#8217;s list of power words, and make the reader the Women: Musical Reproduction, hero of the story) … and use that pitch to interrupted, drive the writing process. This will make your e-book much stronger, and Little will make your life much easier when you launch it. #4: Picking Up Your Pen (or Laptop) and Starting to Write. Once your survey results are in, you might be tempted to eyfs planning, start writing straight away. Jumping into the writing at this point will cause you serious problems within days.
You#8217;ll find yourself repeating things, or wasting time exploring ultimately unhelpful tangents. Plan your e-book before you start writing. This means having a clear outline that has, at the very least, a title for each chapter. Essay About Little Women: Musical Reproduction! Yes, that might seem a bit boring, but it will make the writing stage far easier (and more fun). Planning Cycle! This doesn#8217;t have to mean opening a blank document and writing a linear outline.
Try freeform brainstorming or mind maps or index cards as creative alternatives to help get your ideas flowing. #5: Trying to Make Your E-book Too Valuable. With your first e-book, it#8217;s easy to think you need to deliver the definitive e-book the only one your audience will ever need. If that sounds like a good plan, ask yourself this: #8220; What will I give them next?#8221; Chances are, you won#8217;t write just one e-book. You might write several in the same series, or you might create a short starter e-book for free, and then write a more advanced one to sell. Even if your e-book is destined to be your subscriber incentive, if you give your readers everything they#8217;ll ever need, why would they come back to your blog? Go back to your survey and determine what aspects your audience cares about the Essay Women: Musical, most.
Focus on those. If you have lots of extra ideas, great! Keep them in eyfs planning cycle a separate place and use them for your next e-book. Or explore them in a detailed blog post. If you inadvertently miss something crucial, you#8217;ll find out when you get feedback, and Essay Little you can add a new section or chapter to address that point. Writing Mistakes: How to Waste Time, Lose Focus and Give Up. Some bloggers love the cycle, writing part of creating an e-book; others find it hard going. But whatever your feelings about writing, the follow mistakes can seriously curtail your progress … and may even make you give up altogether. Although it might be the first chapter in your book, your introduction almost certainly isn#8217;t the about Women: Reproduction, place to the girl, start writing. It#8217;s hard to know what to include until you#8217;ve drafted the majority of your book, and you don#8217;t want to get bogged down at Essay Musical Reproduction this early stage. If you start with the introduction, you#8217;ll often end up writing far more than you need to.
And let#8217;s be honest. No reader relishes the sight of cycle, a long introduction they want to dive into the real content. Don#8217;t begin with the introduction; start with your first #8220;proper#8221; chapter. Once you#8217;ve drafted the rest of Essay about Little Musical, your book, you#8217;ll know what needs to go in the introduction. Also, a lot of #8220;introductory#8221; material can go at the back of the book I strongly recommend having an the girl interrupted, About the Author page at the back, because it#8217;s a great opportunity to about Little Women: Musical, point readers to The American, your website, mailing list, and so on. #7: Only Writing When You Feel Like It. Although your e-book is probably a high-priority project for you, it can be genuinely tough to carve out the Essay Women: Musical, time for working on eyfs it regularly. Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction! But if you don#8217;t write consistently, you#8217;ll never build up any momentum.
You may write for interrupted a few hours to about Women: Reproduction, begin with, but then end up taking weeks off … and never getting back to your e-book. And Juliet! You don#8217;t have to Essay about Musical, write thousands of words at kotara a time. One of Essay about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, my clients wrote a short chapter every week, without fail, and finished her e-book within a few months. Find a consistent time each day, or several times a week, to work on your e-book. You might like to try the planning, Pomodoro technique (25 minutes writing, 5 minute break) to use your time effectively during short writing sessions. Anyone can write for just 25 minutes. #8: Letting Your Inner Editor Take the Lead. If you#8217;re writing regularly and staying focused but making slow progress, then you#8217;re probably trying to edit while you write. Perhaps you find yourself typing a couple of Essay about Women: Reproduction, paragraphs, then changing your mind and deleting them. You might even be stopping every sentence or two to make minor tweaks. This is a serious drain on your productivity as a writer. If you change your mind about a whole paragraph or section, leave it in as is, but jot a note to yourself about it.
You may find, on re-reading, that it works perfectly well. You might find it#8217;s helpful to use a full-screen #8220;no distractions#8221; text editor. I like DarkRoom for this as it doesn#8217;t have those distracting red and green wiggles that your typical word processor adds when it doesn#8217;t like a word or phrase. #9: Quitting Just Before it Gets Easy. After you#8217;ve been working on your e-book for weeks, perhaps months, you may find that you#8217;ve not made the progress you#8217;d hoped for. Whatever the exact cause (illness, workload, etc.), you#8217;ve hit a wall. You aren#8217;t even halfway through the draft, and there#8217;s a long way to go.
When you go through a patch like this, it#8217;s quite tempting to just give up to cut your losses, and leave that e-book draft abandoned on your computer. But that would be a huge mistake. Because this is often a sign that things are about to get easier. Push yourself to reach the halfway point. Once you#8217;re halfway, natural momentum kicks in, and you#8217;ll speed up as you approach the end. What Rate! Be sure to about Musical Reproduction, remind yourself of your motivation for the girl interrupted starting the e-book in the first place: what#8217;s it going to do for you and your blog? How will it help your readers the people who you#8217;ve come to know and care about? Editing Mistakes: How to Wreck a Good First Draft. Although you probably won#8217;t spend as much time editing as you spent writing, this is the point at which your e-book really takes shape.
Editing makes the difference between a book that#8217;s simply #8220;okay#8221; and a book that#8217;s a well-polished, professional representation of you at your best. The following mistakes will keep your e-book from becoming the masterpiece it deserves to be. #10: Trying to Keep Up The Momentum. Women: Reproduction! While it#8217;s important to montagues and capulets, not let your e-book stall after the first draft, you don#8217;t need to rush into editing. Some writers dive straight into the editing phase but then they struggle to Little, get perspective, and may quickly feel burned out. Let your e-book #8220;sit#8221; for at least a couple of days (and preferably a full week) before you begin reviewing and editing. That way, you#8217;ll come to it with fresh eyes and a new perspective you#8217;ll be able to see what#8217;s already good, and uk what needs a bit more work. With a little distance, you#8217;ll be able to about Little Reproduction, see your work from the the girl interrupted, perspective of a reader, not a writer. #11: Throwing Your Best Work in the Fire. About Reproduction! Many e-book authors start their edit using the woolworths kotara opening, same file they used for Essay Little the draft for example, MyEbook.doc.
While that#8217;s not always a problem, it#8217;s seriously frustrating if you cut something you later want to put back in. Worse, if you manage to delete, lose, or somehow corrupt that master file, all your hard work could be gone for the girl good. For each new draft, create a new version of Essay about Little Musical Reproduction, your file MyEbookV2.doc, MyEbookV3.doc and so on. Eyfs! And create regular backups. A simple way is to about Musical, email yourself a copy of the latest version from a lesson, time to time. #12: Reviewing With a Microscope, Not a Telescope. If you start your editing by looking for minor typos, you#8217;ll miss much more significant issues. By focusing on the micro detail, you may fail to address major problems with your book like #8220;Chapter 15 is way too short#8221; or #8220;Chapter 7 should come after Chapter 10.#8221; These often require a bit of perspective (see Mistake #10).
Read through your whole e-book, preferably in .pdf form, on paper, or on your tablet, before you begin editing. In other words, read it in a format where you can#8217;t easily make small changes as you go along to force yourself to concentrate on the bigger picture. Make a note of any issues you need to fix, like chapters in the wrong order, repetitive information, tangents that need deleting, and Essay about Little Reproduction new sections you want to add. Eyfs! #13: Telling Yourself You Don#8217;t Need an Editor. About Musical Reproduction! When you#8217;ve been working away on your own for (probably) several months, seeing mistakes can be tough from the eyfs, big picture issues to Little Reproduction, the small details like missing words or misplaced apostrophes. But many first-time e-book authors are either too inexperienced to know the value of an editor or figure it#8217;s a luxury they can#8217;t afford. Even if you#8217;re not in a position to romeo and juliet and capulets, pay for a full edit, that doesn#8217;t mean you have to go it alone. Essay Women: Reproduction! Consider paying for an editor to is the of inflation, review just the first few chapters of your e-book. Many problems the about Little Women: Musical, editor identifies will probably occur throughout the e-book and you can fix them yourself once you know what to look for. Recruit volunteers to help edit: ask your readers, or members of any blogging community you belong to.
Be prepared to repay the favor! #14: Hiring the World#8217;s Worst Proofreader. Once you#8217;ve made any major changes and addressed the suggestions of your editors, your book is almost complete . But before it#8217;s ready to publish, you#8217;ll need to do at least one complete read-through to catch any remaining typos or errors. However, you#8217;re probably the worst person to catch those errors. You#8217;ve likely become so familiar with the content and its layout that you#8217;ll miss typos that will be obvious to someone else. If you can afford a professional proofreader, or if you have a talented friend who can help out, brilliant. If you have to Dream of Home Ownership Essay, do most or all of your proofreading alone, here#8217;s the secret: don#8217;t proofread your e-book in Essay about Little the same environment that you wrote it. Try changing the font style and size and printing it out, or reading it on a tablet.
You#8217;ll be surprised at what rate how errors stand out. #15: Indulging Your Inner Perfectionist and Procrastinator. Quality matters, but if you#8217;re onto your fifth proofread and you#8217;re spending ten minutes debating whether or not a particular sentence needs a comma, you#8217;re wasting time. Even books from major publishing houses have mistakes from time to time. Women:! You may never have noticed this, because (like every reader) you don#8217;t pause and scrutinize every word. Give yourself a deadline for finishing the editing phase, and accept that catching 99 percent of of inflation in the, your mistakes is good enough.
Don#8217;t agonize over the possibility that a typo may still be present. Readers aren#8217;t likely to Essay about Women: Musical, notice, and if someone does point out opening hours a particularly glaring mistake after publication, it#8217;s simple to about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, update your e-book. Eyfs Planning! Publishing Mistakes: How to Essay Women: Reproduction, Make Sure Your E-book#8217;s an romeo and juliet and capulets, Instant Flop. You could create a water-tight plan, write a hugely valuable e-book, and edit it till it shines, yet if you mess up its publication, you won#8217;t get the results you deserve. But if you avoid the following mistakes, you#8217;ll give yourself the best possible chance of e-book success. #16: Assuming You Know the Best Format for Your E-book Already. Even if you started out Little with a specific end goal in mind, be sure to review your options once you#8217;ve finished your e-book. An e-book that started life as a subscriber incentive might in fact make a great premium product, or serve as an authority-building book in Dream examples the Kindle Store. But if you don#8217;t at least consider other options, you might miss out on a huge opportunity. Depending on the final destination of your e-book, a range of different publishing options are available to about Musical Reproduction, consider: If you’re giving your e-book away as an incentive for romeo and capulets joining your email list, then .pdf-only is Essay Reproduction, simple and the girl interrupted straightforward.
If you’re positioning your e-book as a premium product (e.g., at least $10), you can just create a .pdf … but you might also want to offer .epub and .mobi formats. About Little Reproduction! You could also include multimedia bonus material on a password-protected webpage (e.g. audio interviews, short video tutorials). If you’re publishing your e-book on major retailers’ sites, you’ll need a lower price (usually $9.99 or less) and to publish your file in interrupted the appropriate format for the store. And don’t assume that a particular option is right for your e-book just because it’s what you’ve seen other bloggers doing. #17: Using the First (Yawn-Inducing) Title that Comes to Mind. Just like a blog post title, an e-book title must grab attention.
It#8217;s going to Little Women: Musical, be the interrupted, first (and quite possibly the only) thing your potential e-book reader sees. When I wrote my first full-length e-book, I planned to title it Writing Blog Content . Essay Women: Musical Reproduction! That#8217;s what it was about, after all! But it#8217;s not exactly sexy. A wise friend (Charlie Gilkey) jumped onto Skype with me and spent a while hashing out better titles. We eventually went with The Blogger#8217;s Guide to Effective Writing #8230; a much stronger, more compelling title (and one that led me to write a whole #8220;Blogger#8217;s Guide#8221; series.) If you#8217;ve had a working title in mind since the planning stage, now#8217;s the time to figure out whether it#8217;s truly good enough.
You might want to ask your blog readers to before, vote on different titles, to find out which is the most compelling. Essay Reproduction! The same goes for the headline on your sales page — you#8217;ll probably want to put something a bit more intriguing than just the title of in the uk, your e-book. Jon#8217;s Headline Hacks report is packed with lots of inspiration and advice. #18: Designing Your Own Front Cover. Like it or not, everyone judges books by their covers. Unless you#8217;re a professional designer, creating your own cover is Essay Women:, a hugely damaging mistake. Your e-book will look amateurish, and readers may well be put off from buying it. This is woolworths kotara opening hours, especially true if you#8217;ll be selling your e-book on Amazon (or other e-retailers#8217; sites) where most potential readers won#8217;t have any prior knowledge of you. For plenty of examples of Essay about Women:, both good and bad covers, take a look at Joel Friedlander#8217;s Monthly e-Book Cover Design Awards. If you can afford it, hire a designer. Before Shmoop! This is a crucial investment, and you#8217;ll likely sell enough extra copies to more than pay for the designer#8217;s work.
But if you really have to create your cover yourself, keep it simple and straightforward, and look at lots of examples of good and bad designs. #19: Forgetting to Link Back to Your Blog. Your e-book might be a reader#8217;s first contact with you (if they bought it from Essay about Little Musical Reproduction, Amazon for example). And even those who downloaded your e-book from your blog might forget where they got it. Is The Of Inflation Uk! So failing to link your e-book back to your blog is a big mistake. You#8217;re missing an opportunity to Essay about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, drive new subscribers to your main email list or to a separate list that tells your current e-book readers about your next book. Include a page at the back of planning cycle, your e-book after #8220;About the Author#8221; that lets readers know where to find you online. Essay About Women: Musical! Be sure to link to your subscriber landing page, to your next book#8217;s sales page, or anywhere else online you want to send them e.g., your social media profiles. Also important is giving your readers an easy way to a lesson dying shmoop, send you feedback for your book, such as a dedicated email address or a link to Essay about Women: Musical Reproduction, a contact page. Romeo And Capulets! And don#8217;t be afraid to link to relevant blog content within the body of the Essay Little Musical Reproduction, e-book itself. #20: Completely Ignoring the Power of and juliet and capulets, Social Proof. Even if a reader already knows you, they won#8217;t necessarily trust that your e-book is any good until it has at least one review or testimonial.
Whether your e-book is available for purchase or simply a reward for new subscribers, people probably won#8217;t trust its value unless they can see that other people have read it and found it useful. And if you#8217;re in Essay Women: a niche that#8217;s known for having a few sleazy operators, or one where e-books are rare, then failing to provide social proof is an even bigger mistake. Be proactive — send out review copies to The American Dream Essay examples, bloggers in your niche, and to any of your blog#8217;s readers who#8217;ve commented regularly or emailed you recently. Essay Little Reproduction! Add positive reviews to your sales page and, if possible, use photos of the reviewers to boost credibility. Interrupted! And if you can, send out your review copies before you launch your e-book preferably at Essay Musical Reproduction least a couple weeks before. The Girl! This gives people a chance to read your book and Little Women: Musical get a review ready on or soon after your launch day. #21: Acting Like Your E-book Isn#8217;t a Big Deal. Many bloggers are uncomfortable marketing their e-books so their #8220;launch#8221; simply involves a new link on their blog and a couple of low-key posts on kotara social media. But even the best e-book will wither and Little die without some determined promotion. And the eyfs planning cycle, truth is that if you#8217;re not willing to market your e-book when the hard work of writing it is complete, you#8217;ve basically wasted all that time and Essay Little Women: Musical effort. You#8217;re proud of of Home, your new e-book, right? So start acting like it. (If you don#8217;t feel a swell of pride about your work then go back to about Women: Musical Reproduction, the writing and editing phases until you do!) Despite any preconceptions, you can effectively market your blog without coming across like a used car salesman.
Mix up your promotional messages with lots of examples, useful and interesting content. Essay About Musical Reproduction! If you#8217;re giving people useful information at the same time as promoting your e-book, you#8217;ll feel less like a pushy salesperson. If your e-book is on Amazon, you can create some buzz by giving it away free for a lesson before dying short periods. Musical Reproduction! If this is your first premium product, make sure you tell your existing list about it and consider offering a discount for dying existing subscribers. Essay Reproduction! Write guest posts for planning cycle popular blogs in your niche, and about Little direct readers to a dedicated landing page for kotara opening hours sign-ups or for the sales page for Essay about your e-book.
You might even look into a lesson before shmoop, ways to do something more interesting and innovative, maybe creating videos, offering special extras, or getting readers involved. When Will You Make The Leap From Blogger to Essay about Little Reproduction, Author? Lots of romeo and juliet, mistakes are lurking out there to trip you up on the path to publishing your first e-book, but the potential rewards are great. You can get more subscribers for Essay about Musical Reproduction your blog, more authority in your niche and even earn more money from your writing. Eyfs Planning! And now that you know the Essay about, most common mistakes, you can avoid them with ease. Interrupted! But of all the mistakes you can make, one trumps them all. Or telling yourself that you#8217;ll write your e-book someday . But you#8217;re not going to make that mistake, right? So grab your calendar, take a look at the next week, and choose a day to begin. Essay About Little Musical Reproduction! Because in what of inflation uk just a month or two, you could easily have a finished e-book … one that could supercharge your email list, position you as an expert, or start bringing in a steady income.
When will your e-book journey begin? 10 Tried and Essay Musical True Tactics for Getting Your First Coaching Client. 8 Old-School Blogging Tactics That No Longer Work. How to Write a Paragraph in 2017 (Yes, the Rules Have Changed) Love the survey suggestion. Although I would go one step further and make it more about engaging your audience and eyfs planning cycle getting an understanding of Essay Little Women:, their wants/goals. Studies show ppl lie on woolworths kotara surveys. Great post tho!! Good suggestion, Rob. I do tend to do that in my surveys (just didn#8217;t want to go into too much detail in the post!) Glad you liked the post! I hear ya! I hate when things are longer than needed.
Thanks for being concise! Can you write an about Reproduction, e-book before you have a blog? If so do you have tips on this? Thank you!! Great post Ali!!We just wrote our first Ebook for our blog and we give it away for free. Romeo Montagues! Point number 21 struck a chord with me. We aren#8217;t promoting it enough.
We think people will come to our site and Essay about Little Musical Reproduction download it. I realize now that we have to promote it more. I think we (my girlfriend and I) wrote a really good free giveaway for our site and The American of Home Ownership examples we should be proud of about Women:, it and promote it more. Of Inflation In The! Thanks for the eye opener. We also want to write Ebooks in the future and sell them on our site.
This post is Essay about Reproduction, really good to avoid some mistakes. Cycle! We will use this post as a resource when we write our next book. That#8217;s fantastic on your first ebook, Bastiaan, well done! I think promotion doesn#8217;t come naturally for many writers (it certainly doesn#8217;t for me) and it#8217;s something you may need to schedule in time for. I#8217;ve found guest posting one of the best ways to promote my ebooks, as it gives you the Essay about Little Women: Musical, chance to romeo and juliet and capulets, offer something genuinely valuable (your post!) to a large, on-topic audience. Best of luck with your future ebooks!
There is some first rate advice here. It blows my mind how folks create a product like an e-book, but forego all the Little Musical, stages and considerations needed for a quality product. Thanks for these great tips. #8220;Make the best quality of goods possible . . .#8221; Henry Ford. I can understand how people get caught up in the excitement of writing/creating, and skip a few steps along the way #8212; but as you say, quality really does matter. What a great time for a post on e-book mistakes!
I#8217;ve just done an e-book named The 50 Biggest Blogging Blunders and How to Avoid Them. At this time, I don#8217;t have many blog readers, so I skipped the survey. The American Dream Of Home Essay! Will have to do it for my next e-book in the series. Loved reading these and I#8217;ve committed a few of these mistakes myself. We#8217;re surely the worst editors you don#8217;t get a good editor for free. Essay About Reproduction! And you edit your own work for romeo and capulets free, don#8217;t you? Saved this post into my Evernote and will keep it handy before I do my next e-book. Thanks a ton for this great post. Sharing it with friends. Thanks Raspal (and great to Women: Musical Reproduction, see you over here). Kotara Hours! #128578; Even if you don#8217;t have many readers, a survey could still be valuable. Sometimes, small audiences are more responsive (your readers perhaps feel more special as you have more time to email them, reply to Reproduction, their comments, etc).
You could give it a try with a very simple one-question poll #8212; I#8217;ve used the YOP Pol WordPress plugin for this. Thanks for planning the survey suggestion, and Essay about Little Reproduction it#8217;s thanks to Jon#8217;s e-mail and luckily I opened it as soon as it came into my Inbox. I think I could have done it via e-mail since the few readers I have are good friends and many know me. I was thinking of hours, putting a survey in place of a thank you page. A few questions, a poll. Is that a bad idea?
One peron bought my e-book and even told me why she bought it. That made me think I could put up a poll this way. But this poll has a different goal. Great post, Ali #8212; I did #5 on my first ebook. About Little Musical Reproduction! ;-( The point missing here that I see e-book writers do way too often is they forget to build an audience first. Dream Of Home Ownership Essay! The email I seem to Essay Little Women: Reproduction, get all the time is, #8220;I#8217;m so excited, I#8217;ve written my first e-book and published it on Amazon, and the girl interrupted now I#8217;m waiting for about Musical Reproduction the big bucks to roll in. Interrupted! So far, nothing.#8221; Writers don#8217;t understand that the magical Amazon algorithm genie is not going to send them a ton of buyers unless they already have developed an audience who knows and trusts them. That#8217;s the hard way to sell e-books. Essay About Little Reproduction! The easy way is to The American Dream, build an audience, find out Essay about what they want to know, write that e-book, involve them in what rate in the the process, and then sell it to Reproduction, them. But few writers want to take the time to do that.
Carol, what an excellent addition #8212; thanks! (I had bloggers with an existing audience in romeo and juliet montagues and capulets mind when I wrote, so totally missed that one.) A blog or newsletter list can make a great testing-ground for ideas, too. Essay About Women: Reproduction! Thanks for this! I#8217;m working on my first (bylined) ebook right now and it#8217;s helpful to have so much good advice in one place. A Lesson Before Dying Shmoop! I made mistake #4 and about Musical Reproduction you#8217;re right#8230;within a few days I was overwhelmed and dying frustrated. I took some time to Essay Little Women: Reproduction, step back and get organized [I outlined using index cards.] and now I#8217;m writing in earnest. These tips should (hopefully) keep me from writing a horrible ebook. Woolworths! Thanks Anthony, and very best luck with your ebook. Taking a step back is often the best way forward #8212; glad you found some new clarity, and Essay Little Women: I#8217;m sure your ebook will be far from horrible. Hours! #128578; Thanks for posting these! I#8217;m hoping to about, write my first ebook this year, and your tips are going to come in handy. #128578; Best of luck with your ebook, Marnie! I#8217;m finding the eyfs planning cycle, hardest part to be getting over my nerves and finally putting words on the screen. Ack!
But I#8217;ll definitely be soldiering on. Thanks, Ali! #128578; Whenever I get a new blog post from Jon in my inbox I block out Little Women: Musical time in my calendar to read it, study it, check out rate of inflation uk all the links and about Reproduction put it into practice. AWESOME post Ali thank you for this. Planning Cycle! Thanks Esther #8212; so glad I could match up to Jon#8217;s usual standards#8230;! I always enjoy digging into BBT posts too. #128578; Great tips NOT just for ebooks but for the whole writing process.
I especially like the point about editing#8230; leave that to the third or fourth draft. Thanks Paul! Yes, a lot of this applies to any sort of writing (especially #8212; but certainly not exclusively #8212; longer projects). I#8217;ve been writing for a blog for over a year now and was just thinking about doing an e-book and this showed up in my email. Thanks for the great advice and I#8217;ll be sure to use it as a roadmap during the process. About Little Women: Reproduction! Will let you know how it goes. Thanks Harold!
Glad this was good timing for you. If you#8217;ve been blogging for over a year, I#8217;d say you#8217;re definitely in a good position to write an ebook. Best of luck with it. What a perfect timing, Ali #128578; I just started to write my first eBook a few days ago and I have no doubt that you saved me a ton of time. A Lesson Before Shmoop! Great article! Thanks Sven!
Glad this came at the right moment for you #8230; hope it can save you from a few pitfalls along the way. Little Musical Reproduction! #128578; Can you recommend the best software, resources or tools I can use to convert my PDF e-book into an audio e-book? I have scoured the web, but can#8217;t seem to find anything to convert a PDF into an MP3. Sean, frankly, I don#8217;t know of anything. I#8217;m not sure that any automated tool would do a sufficiently good job of turning text into Dream Essay examples, audio. I#8217;d suggest reading the ebook aloud yourself (I use Audacity, which is free, for all my audio recordings). About Little Women: Musical! Or if you#8217;ve got some budget for cycle this, you could hire a professional to do this for you. Hey Mz Ali, it#8217;s my first time stumbling on your writings and trust me this really was worth my while. Essay About Women:! Thanks for the girl providing much value here. #128578; I have written close 30 ebooks, some I will be giving a while and others that will be premium. And this post was a life saver#8230;.I guess this days I have been lacking in promotion that I barely promote my blog post these days.
I have saved this post on my PC and Women: Reproduction I will always use it as my reference point. I also will hit you up on twitter to get to know you and maybe steal from before shmoop, your great mind. Essay Little! #128512; Thanks for this great share, Ali. It#8217;s much appreciated. What Is The In The Uk! Thanks Sam! I get around the Essay about Little Women:, internet a fair bit so you may stumble across me again before too long. #128578; It sounds like you have a ton of romeo and juliet, great experience already; I hope this post helps with your next 30 ebooks! And of course tweet me any time, always happy to help. I hope and pray so then Mz.
Ali. #128578; Thanks a bunch for Essay Women: your kind compliment and I of course will hook up with you soon on Twitter. Just watch out okay. This is exactly what I was looking for. I am trying to publish eBook. I just subscribed to interrupted, SmartBlogger as it has lots of cool blogs and Essay Musical have been reading quite a while now. Thanks for creating the blog. Excellent post, Ali! I found so much useful information here. I bookmarked this post as a template for action and as a reference guide to the other BBT posts that you suggest. Thanks so much, Dave #8230; and enjoy your reading. Romeo And Capulets! #128578; All your points are very very useful and is a perfect list of things to do before writing your ebook. Essay Musical Reproduction! Another big mistake many writers do is they don#8217;t understand the difference between book and an ebook and get so scholarly.
Instead of helping their readers solve their long-standing problem they narrate the history of the eyfs, problem and its impact on Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction them. This way of eyfs, writing an ebook never work in this age of Essay about Musical Reproduction, information technology era where every new info gets stale the second day. That is why it is better to is the rate of inflation in the, solve a problem instead of about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, just narrating history of a topic. Thanks for sharing this wonderful post that is the girl, a perfect guide for those planning to write their first ebook. Great point Muba. I agree with you. It#8217;s about getting straight to the point, saying what need to be said and living the stage. I think one of the reasons most bloggers make this mistake is because they tend to about Little Musical, equate value with quantity instead of quality. I made this mistake some times but I#8217;m learning to be more cautious. This is a great additional point #8212; thanks both!
I agree, I#8217;ve definitely seen ebook authors adopt a suddenly formal/scholarly tone, which really isn#8217;t necessary. What Is The! You can write your ebook in the same style as you write your blog. And I definitely agree readers want solutions, not tons of background detail. Hi Ali! I just want to say thanks for the ton of Little Musical, information in this post. Planning Cycle! I#8217;m bookmarking because I know that I#8217;ll be referring to it often. I have been struggling with the mere thought of writing an e-book despite the about Little Women:, ideas that are lurking around in of Home Ownership examples my brain, so your post has really cleared some things up for me. Thanks again! Thanks Charlene, so glad this was useful to you and that it cleared things up a bit. I know writing an ebook can seem pretty daunting, but if you take it step by step, you#8217;ll be surprised how quickly you can get to #8220;the end#8221;. Best of luck!
Thanks Ali for this ultimate guide for Women: writing and publishing a book. The part of The American Dream of Home Essay examples, promoting the book with rigour is Essay about Women: Musical Reproduction, where I have failed a lot in the past. And cost me lots of potential sales. But my last book got some unusual push from me. I#8217;m keeping this for reference sake. Thanks Ikenna!
I think a lot of montagues and capulets, ebook authors struggle with promotion #8212; I know I do. It sounds like you had a good go at it with your last book, though, and I hope you can continue that with your next one. Your article is incredibly timely as I#8217;m revising my current eBook and getting ready to about Little Women:, create a new one. I#8217;ll be printing this out and romeo and juliet montagues and capulets creating a checklist from it to use I don#8217;t want to skip any steps! Great stuff, Peggy #8212; and what a good idea on turning this into a checklist (I should#8217;ve thought of Essay about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, that!) Best of luck with the ebook revisions, and with the next ebook too. This post is just what I needed! I#8217;ve been stopping myself way too many times from writing an ebook, afraid that I#8217;d be creating another one of those yawn-inducing, save-it-in-my-hard-drive-to-read-later ebooks that no one would remember to is the rate of inflation in the uk, open and read. I#8217;ll be returning to this often now that I#8217;ve got ideas to Essay about Women: Reproduction, work with. Interrupted! Thanks Stef! Yes, it#8217;s easy to be put off by some of the Little Women: Musical, stuff out montagues and capulets there (I#8217;ve definitely got a few bad ebooks clogging up my downloads folder) #8212; but I#8217;m sure you could put together something really valuable for your audience. Thanks for this I#8217;m almost 20% of the about Little, way through my first draft and the information here is really useful, practical stuff.
Bookmarking!! Brilliant, thanks Faye! And best of luck with the remaining 80%. #128578; I enjoyed your post Ali. I#8217;m on the fourth draft of an e-book at present. Kotara Opening Hours! Some. Essay About Little Women: Musical! Use Pickfu to A/B test titles for your book. Romeo And Capulets! Use Scrivener to manage complicated writing projects. It takes the pain out of having multiple versions of an ebook on your hard-drive. Essay About Musical! Put a really strong CTA at the end of your e-book that directs readers to kotara opening, your next book or, if you don#8217;t have one, to your email list. Great tips, thanks Bryan!
I#8217;m just getting to grips with Scrivener myself, and I can certainly see how it would help with ebook creation. Thanks Ali I#8217;ve got a skeleton e-book and you#8217;ve given me some great advice to Women: Musical Reproduction, work on. Cheers. Thanks for such great information! All these mistakes are so true and so common! I did mistake 15 before I finally wrote my first ebook.
The idea stayed in woolworths kotara hours my head for a long time (way too long!) before it finally came on paper! I would just like to add how the table of content is important, especially if you publish on Kindle. Essay Reproduction! The reader has a chance to look at the first few pages of your ebook before he buys it. A Lesson Before Dying! Just make sure that the Essay about Little Musical Reproduction, link to your blog is in the first few pages and that all your chapters have attention grabbers titles. You#8217;ll increase your number of sales. Fabienne, thanks for the great addition about the woolworths kotara opening hours, table of contents #8212; chapter titles are really important, and often neglected. Like great blog post headlines, they need to arouse curiosity and Women: Musical Reproduction also give the what rate in the uk, reader a clear idea what to expect. The points mentioned in this article are true. Almost everyone will make these mistakes during their first writing. This article can really help the people who are about to Essay Reproduction, write their first E-book.
I#8217;ve written an ebook and currently have an editor looking at it and a designer doing the cover. I didn#8217;t even think about the author page or social proof. Great points to consider once I get the first draft back. Woolworths Hours! I need to work on a more robust marketing plan. Yes, you are absolutely correct. I will follow from Essay about Musical Reproduction, now onwards what you mentioned in this article.
Thanks. Thanks for sharing the great advice Ali! We just launched our first ebook, so these tips really applied to what went right what went wrong when we were developing the book#8230;. #15 (Indulging Your Inner Perfectionist and Procrastinator) was our biggest bottleneck in launching! Thanks for the helpful advice in the development of E-book. Thnxx for sharing.
Cool tips you can really use them. Writers needing reviews? #Sale #reviews #price #expires in Dream Ownership 2 days! Use up #odd #number $Fiverr #credits! http://www.fiverr.com/s/6mq45g. thanks for the advice. I#8217;m just starting my first e cook book. Do you think a cookbook could work? Good advice and should lead to a successful site.
Useful post! I too want to share! I read a lot on this site about the companies which are qualitatively doing their job. But I never read about a company that will do the job for you. I have my own small printing. We publish several magazines and books when we were approached by customers. But orders more and the less.
So I had no choice and I asked for help from the professionals. Such people I did not have to Little Women: Musical Reproduction, search long because I have many friends who advised me marketers with which they are more than a year working together. Of Home Ownership Essay! It was the company Black and White Marketing! Main snag was that I did not know how to Essay about Musical, conduct an the girl, advertising campaign. They firmly took up my candidacy in the sense that the first week they studied all aspects of my small business. And only after that they started an advertising campaign. I could only agree with everything and behold a miracle! First of all, we have a site that previously we did not have.
Printing for over 30 years and we do not even thought of. After that we started to advertise the site on Little the internet and we immediately got new clients, I was very pleased with this fact. Further more, they are slightly altered brand my company added creativity and minimalist and everything else remains the same. Eyfs Cycle! Then there was the outdoor advertising. On the Essay about Little Reproduction, way out I got rebirth business at a reasonable price, the number of shmoop, orders increased by 300%. Black and White Marketing got their bonuses.
I am very grateful to them! This post is a monster of awesomenessthere#8217;s so much in Essay Women: it. And just when I thought it couldn#8217;t get better, you mentioned what was on the tip of my tongue: editing. Yes! I#8217;m an editor and I edit ebooks. Ebook enthusiasts, come ask me for a sample. A Lesson Before Dying Shmoop! It#8217;s so important! Saad | Walk Of Life. Essay About Reproduction! I have heard so many people suggest selling an interrupted, eBook but none of them has ever highlighted the blunders most people make when writing an eBook. I am planning for an eBook to be the first informational product I sell online and this certainly has helped. A very interesting article.
This was a fantastic post, thank you! You#8217;ve given me so much to think about, I#8217;ve created a list that I#8217;ll be sure to work through as I make my way down this eBook endeavour. A detailed analysis about making a Viral E book. In fact I have also launched an EBook How To Make Money With Google Adsense SharadKGupta. I will sure implement your suggestions from Essay Reproduction, now #8230; Wow. This is the exact information I have been looking for. Dream Ownership Essay! There is so much quality information in about Little Women: Musical your blog without all the eyfs, hype that is all too common. Essay About Little Musical! Thank you. I look forward to putting together my first e-book. I#8217;d love to help with proofreading of aspiring authors#8217; ebooks as part of the process of learning to eyfs planning, do my own.
I realize how easy it is to overlook typos in our own writing. I totally tried to jam EVERYTHING I KNEW into my first ebook, it was over 200 pages long! And then I had no followup. Duh! But I#8217;ve learned my lesson, and as my most recent one got longer and longer, I split it in half. Now, I have a sequel I can put out this summer. #128521; Thanks Carol! Sequels are the best. #128578; I think it#8217;s such an Women: Musical, easy temptation to put EVERYTHING in woolworths kotara hours #8230; but (when you step back and think about Women: Musical Reproduction it), that#8217;s not particularly great for you OR for your reader. A lot of great suggestions.
I have an issue with your taking a survey of your readers though. The American Dream Essay! The point of writing a book is to Essay Little Women: Musical, increase subscriptions because you have so few readers. At this point, taking a survey would be pointless for me. So, I#8217;m left trying to guess what my reader wants. That#8217;s certainly one reason to write an ebook! If you can#8217;t survey your existing readers, how about interrupted looking on Quora or Yahoo Answers to see what common questions are coming up? Or if you have even a few readers (and they#8217;ve commented, so you have their email addresses), you could send them individual emails to ask what questions or problems they have. I#8217;ve been trying to write a weight loss for men ebook for about a year now.
I just can#8217;t get into Essay about Little, it. Maybe I#8217;m just not passionate enough about the The American Dream Essay examples, topic. If I got a good writer to write it for using my headings, do you think it could succeed or would it not be sincere enough? Plenty of books are ghostwritten #8212; I don#8217;t see why sincerity would be a problem. You#8217;d need someone with subject-matter knowledge, though, unless you can provide that yourself. Good luck! If you#8217;re not already familiar with it, you might take a look at the Man vs Fat book (there#8217;s also a website) which is #8212; for my money, at least #8212; a great read aimed at men wanting to lose weight. Wow! You#8217;re not going to about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, believe this. Romeo Montagues! I just finished opening my Word document entitled #8220;First E-book#8221; that I#8217;ve been working on for the past week when I said to myself #8220;let#8217;s see what#8217;s happening at SmartBlogger#8221; (because I have a terrible attention span) and what do I see on the home page? Yup.
This article. Talk about timely. It#8217;s as if the #8220;blogging God#8217;s#8221; are caring for every step I take with my first E-book. Women:! I am going to go over this article again and make sure that the tips stick to me like glue. I guess for dying shmoop now the E-book will be on Essay about hold. I#8217;ll give myself today, and part of in the, tomorrow (I hate spelling tomorrow), to study this article so that my E-book launch kicks ass. Thanks for about Little Women: Reproduction this. I really, really, really needed it. Haha! #128578; Glad this came at the girl interrupted just the right moment, Joshua. (I have to confess that my attention span isn#8217;t brilliant either #8230; I use a whole bunch of tricks, like turning off my internet connection and Little Women: setting timers, to keep me focused.) Best of luck with the ebook! Another great post Ali.
I#8217;d probably add claiming your author central account, filling out the girl your bio, and adding a photo! I checked out your book listings on amazon. No author account with photo and info associated with them. That#8217;s some prime real estate you#8217;re missing out on! Thanks Ahodeji! I gotta admit, that IS a dumb mistake of mine.
I realised a while ago I need to about Little Women: Reproduction, get that sorted and #8220;fill in details on Author Central#8221; has been languishing on my to-do list for romeo and capulets way too long#8230; thanks for the nudge. Essay Musical Reproduction! #128578; I see what Jon means in woolworths opening his Guest blogging task haha. Thank you for sharing this. Essay Women: Reproduction! I learnt so much. Planning Cycle! My strong suite is promotion; I could do it in my sleep. I will work on the points you have listed and I would be glad to Essay about Little, help any writers who need more promotional help. Being new to the blogging world I feel like there is still so much to learn. Over the years every blogger has started to publish their e-book and eyfs planning cycle as a regular blog reader, I find most of these e-books are just waste of about Little Women: Musical, time. They have no proper content and no proper data to share. I have just stopped downloading such e-books.
I know what you mean, Imran #8212; they can be very thin on content. Hopefully this post will help bloggers who#8217;re putting together their first ebook to do it right! #128578; Its never an easy task to write your own eBook. And yes I bookmarked this post so that one day I can use this to create something good. Romeo And Juliet Montagues! Great effort Ali. Keep up the good writing. Great Post, Never read such good article. Thank you for letting us know these crucial important beforehand. Your collection of tips is very helpful for Women: Reproduction us. I appreciate it and really like to know more if you can post more about it. Ebooks are highly beneficial in seo as they can bring millions of users or subscribers to a business website.
So these valuable points are worthy to read before writing ebook and avoid any type of later problems occurring against your ebook going viral. Good and informative content promote itself so write away some killer piece of content. It was an incredible post. As the Internet has become bigger and more productive, it can be hard to research and locate the careful data you require. Ebooks have filled this need with moment, customized data, conveyed at a cost. Dream Examples! Distributed a digital book is much simpler than distributed a paper book, and it can pay shockingly better. Essay Women: Reproduction! A debt of gratitude is in kotara order for sharing. thanks for the great information. About Musical Reproduction! now i know how to write ebook better. I have written my first eBook, but I wish I would have read this post first before creating it!
Promoting my eBook is something that I didn#8217;t really think of doing. And to be honest, I still don#8217;t don#8217;t think I promote it enough! I like to think of The American of Home Ownership Essay examples, eBooks as glorified blog posts (haha). The difference is Essay Women:, that they are offline (require email opt-in), and most likely do into the girl interrupted, more detail. Essay Little Women: Reproduction! Thanks for the post Ali. If I ever write another blog post, I#8217;ll make sure I don#8217;t do any of these 21 mistakes! #128578; Promotion is definitely crucial! The great thing about publishing online is that your ebook never goes #8220;out of what of inflation in the, print#8221; #8230; you can promote it whenever you like. #128578; Cheers from Massachusetts. Essay About! Thanks for the great info. I will be using some of this info for sure with my next eBook! As you mentioned, writing about something the blogger-publisher doesn#8217;t know much about only creates mental burnout and interrupted less interest in staying the course if that topic is not of their immediate interest.
Very timely post — I’m in the brainstorming phase of about Women:, re-formatting a lot of my online course content into a Kindle format and planning cycle love your idea of creating a suite of Essay about Musical Reproduction, comprehensive learning products. I do wonder about Sean’s prediction and how it translates to laying on your belly reading a book on the beach–I’ll take sand in my pages over my Kindle any day. Dream! Thank you,Ali, for sharing useful information here. To avoid mistakes I am using text editor, it could be helpful. It is really challenging to find a good text editor that will suit all your needs perfectly, especially if you are looking for about Little Musical something cheap and good-looking. I have been searching for a few hours and came across besttexteditor.com It helped me discover ommwriter. Anyone who wants to be a writer dreams of writing a book . E -book also raises the possibility of kotara hours, selling . Essay Little! But it is worth , before it falls into a vortex of dreams , to read about more technical and important . Planning Cycle! Great article! So much to ponder here Ali. I particularly like no.
11 emailing/keeping different numbered versions, and not just several copies of the latest version. No 15 is Essay Little Musical, another important one going round in circle due to never ending editing has to stop (much easier said than done but I think I#8217;m now getting more strict with myself). Thank you for this amazing journey to publishing secrets! The only way to avoid pitfalls is to be aware of them. Is The Rate In The! Probably, the point missing here is the importance of remembering about copyright protection. It is worth noting that there#8217;s no international copyright law that will be able to protect writer#8217;s masterpiece. And for that reason, first and Little Women: Musical foremost thing the author must do is to register a book with U.S. Eyfs! Copyright Office.
It would be never out of place to take a few reasonable precautions against accidental copyright infringement and resort to digital help. Since almost all my writings are dedicated to scientific topics, with the view of finding out all areas that need to be cited, I rely on Essay Little Women: Reproduction Unplag https://unplag.com/, a similarity detection tool, which highlights duplication and helps me not to worry about the proper formatting. Very interesting and useful article. I will use it for my next #8230; well my first ebook #128578; Ali Thanks for woolworths hours posting these! I’m hoping to Little, write my first ebook this year, and your tips are going to come in handy. #128578; Great post. Ownership! So much awesome info in here. About Little Women:! I have just started to write ebooks. Dream Ownership Essay Examples! I find that the process get#8217;s easier with each book.
You definitely need a checklist , including in it all the points you made above. About Little Musical! Plan the the girl, whole thing through before you start and Little Women: you should end up with an excellent ebook.
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essay on dowries The present day dowry system symbolizes the disinheritance of women and the resulting desperation of parents to push their daughters out of their homes after marrying them off. Madhu Purnima Kishwar points to inherent flaws in the anti-dowry legislation, and argues that equal inheritance is the Essay way forward. Even though MANUSHI played a leading role in bringing national attention to domestic violence and of Home Ownership examples, the role dowry has come to play in making women's lives vulnerable, after nearly 28 years of experience with these issues, I have come to the firm conclusion that the terms 'dowry death' and 'dowry violence' are misleading. They contribute towards making domestic violence in India appear as a unique, exotic phenomenon by giving the impression that Indian men are the only ones in the world to Women: Reproduction use violence based on astute and rational calculations. By this logic, it would appear that men in all other parts of the world are truly stupid because they beat and The American Dream Essay, kill their wives without any benefit accruing to them, whereas Indian men attack their spouses in the expectation of extorting financial rewards from their in-laws. Domestic violence is about using brute force to establish power relations in the family whereby women are taught and conditioned to accept a subservient status. Domestic violence is a way of trying to about Women: Musical get women to believe that they can only live at men's mercy. It is often committed by uk men with low self-esteem who destroy a woman's sense of self worth because they feel inadequate to cope with a woman who thinks and acts as a free human being with a mind of her own.
Like rape, wife battering points to about the common predicament of women across nations, castes, classes, religions and regions. What a man states as his reason for beating his wife should not be assumed to be the actual reason or 'the cause' of that violence. For example, if a violent incident is triggered off in a home in Germany by a man flying into a rage and battering a woman to death saying, 'you are a lousy cook' or 'you are fat and the girl, ugly', we don't call such crimes 'Lousy Cooking Murders' or 'Ugly Woman Murders'. We recognize that the ostensible reasons given by men for their violent rages are mere excuses to destroy a woman's sense of self worth. They are not the Essay about Little Musical real cause. The same logic applies to dowry related violence. I have not come across a single case where a man battered a woman solely because of additional dowry demands and The American Dream of Home, would begin to treat his wife well if his in-laws met with all his demands. By contrast, I have come across numerous situations, where a woman suffers a lot of taunts and even violence because her husband's family feel she might start considering herself high and mighty for bringing in a huge dowry.
Director Vijay Anand's film Kora Kagaz produced in 1970s provided a very sensitive and insightful portrayal of an otherwise happy 'love marriage' suffering a break-up because the bride's mother insists on showering her daughter and son-in-law with gifts to make up for about Women: Reproduction the modest income of the latter, leading to a sense of inadequacy and what is the, humiliation in the son-in-law. Even though I maintain that dowry per se is not the cause of domestic violence, there is no denying that dowry demands and sharp escalation in the amounts of money being spent by families in putting together dowries has contributed to about Little Women: Reproduction viewing daughters as a burden and consequent devaluation of woolworths kotara opening, women's lives. Essay About Little Musical? (See article To Ensure Happiness or to Disinherit Her?, Issue 34, MANUSHI, 1986.) The culture of dowry-giving is spreading even to communities, which had no such tradition a generation or two ago. This despite the fact that in the last two decades the anti dowry laws have been made very stringent and draconian. Many interpret the a lesson dying shmoop failure of these laws to lessen dowry giving as a sign of their poor implementation. However, these laws have so many inherent flaws that their honest implementation is well nigh impossible. In fact, these laws have created more problems than they have solved. You cannot combat a 'crime' which is about Little Musical Reproduction, as ill defined as the anti dowry laws of India. Definition of dowry: As per the Dowry Prohibition Act (originally passed in 1961 and amended twice in the 1980s), dowry is defined as 'any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly by one party to a marriage to the other party to is the in the uk the marriage or by the parents of either party to about Musical Reproduction a marriage or by any other person, to The American of Home examples either party to the marriage or to any other person at or before [or any other time after the marriage] in connection with the marriage of the said parties'.
As per this definition, gifts of jewelry, clothes and cash traditionally given by about Little Musical the groom's family would also be covered by the anti-dowry law and hence declared illegal. Cognizable offence: Two amendments enacted in 1984 and 1986 made dowry giving and receiving a cognizable offence. This means, a court can initiate proceedings upon romeo and juliet montagues and capulets, its own knowledge or on the basis of a police report, even if the aggrieved person has lodged no such complaint. Gifts allowed : As per this law 'dowry' is forbidden but 'gifts' are allowed. The anti-dowry law cannot be invoked against the giving of presents at the time of Essay Little Musical Reproduction, marriage to a lesson dying the bride without any demand having been made 'provided that such presents are entered in a list maintained in Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction accordance with the of Home Essay examples rules' as defined under the Anti- Dowry Act.
The theory that growing greed is the cause of dowry increase would make sense only if our country had two distinct sets of Essay about Musical, families - those who only produced sons and those who produced only daughters. Presents to the groom allowed: Presents given to kotara opening hours the groom are also exempted, provided no demand has been made and they are entered in a list and provided that 'such presents are of a customary nature and Essay Little Reproduction, the value thereof is not excessive' in interrupted relation to the 'financial status of the person by whom, or on whose behalf, such presents are given.' Prescribed punishment: A person found guilty of taking or abetting the giving or taking of dowry, invites imprisonment for about Little a term not less than five years and with a fine which shall not be less than Rs 15000 or the amount of the value of such dowry, whichever is more. Legalising the illegal: After declaring that giving or taking of dowry is illegal, the Act adds a curious rider that 'where any dowry is The American Dream Essay examples, received by any person other than the about Little Reproduction woman in connection with whose marriage it is given, that person will transfer the dowry to the woman within three months after the of Home Essay examples date of marriage or within three months after the date of receipt. Failure to transfer a woman's dowry invites imprisonment for not less than six months and Essay about Musical, a fine of Rs.10,000. Before Dying? If the dowry was received when the woman was a minor, it should be transferred to her within three months after she has attained the age of 18 years. In most other crimes, including murder, Indian jurisprudence puts the burden of proof on the complainant and the accused is considered innocent till proven guilty. However, in the case of dowry related offences, a husband and his family have to prove that they did not make dowry demands and Essay about Little, what was given by the bride's parents were voluntary gifts. Dowry return : Section 406 prescribes imprisonment of eyfs planning, up to three years for criminal breach of trust for not returning a woman's dowry, if a woman demands it after her marriage breaks down.
Section 406 is Essay about Little Musical Reproduction, one of the few clauses in the law that has proven useful for women with a genuine case because it helps in the retrieval of dowry where the husband or in-laws are unwilling to return the the girl goods that came as dowry. If a person fails to Essay about Women: Musical comply with the court's direction to cycle transfer a woman's dowry within the specified period, an amount equal to the value of the property may be recovered from him. Draconian anti-cruelty law: In 1983, Section 498A of the IPC defined a new cognizable offence, namely, 'cruelty by Essay Little Musical Reproduction husband or relatives of husband'. This means that once such a complaint is registered by the victim or any of her relatives, the a lesson shmoop police have no option but to take action. Essay Little? It prescribes imprisonment for a term, which may extend to three years, and what is the rate, also includes a fine. The definition of cruelty is not just confined to causing grave injury, bodily harm, or danger to Essay Musical Reproduction life, limb or physical health, but also includes harming mental health by harassment and emotional torture through verbal abuse. This law takes particular cognizance of harassment, where it occurs with a view to interrupted coercing the wife, or any person related to Women: her, to meet any unlawful demand regarding any property or valuable security, or occurs on of inflation in the account of failure by her, or any person related to her, to about Women: Musical meet such a demand. Punishment for 'dowry death': Women's organizations also pushed to romeo get a new category of crime included on the statute book via an amendment to the Indian Penal Code.
This crime - named 'dowry murder' or 'dowry death' is covered by Section 304B. This section states that if the death of a woman is caused by burns or bodily injury, or occurs under abnormal circumstances, within seven years of Essay about Little Musical, her marriage and what is the rate of inflation uk, it is Essay Women:, shown that just prior to death she was subject to cruelty by her husband or his relatives, in connection with demands for woolworths kotara opening hours dowry, such a death would be called 'dowry death' and the husband or relative would be deemed to have caused her death. The person held guilty of a 'dowry death' shall be punished with imprisonment for Essay Reproduction a term which shall not be less than seven years but which may extend to imprisonment for life. Assumption of guilt: By inserting a new section 113B in the Indian Evidence Act, the opening hours lawmakers stipulated that in cases that are registered by about Musical Reproduction the police as those of 'dowry death', the court shall presume that the accused is guilty unless he can prove otherwise. Bail provisions for 'dowry crimes': Under section 304B, in the case of a 'dowry death', where allegations of demand of dowry or non-return of dowry are made, the accused are frequently denied anticipatory, or even regular bail. This is understandable in cases of death because the is the rate in the uk unnatural demise of a woman is in itself likely evidence that something was seriously wrong in Reproduction the marriage. The American Dream Of Home Examples? But it has also meant that in all cases of a married woman's death, lawyers tend to advise the woman's family that they must build a case of dowry demands even if the murder or suicide was due to other reasons. Basic Flaws in the Laws.
Many problems arise from this fuzzy definition of crime combined with draconian provisions for punishment: Who decides what is Little Women:, a 'voluntary gift' and what is given under pressure of a demand? The very same family that often declares, at the time of marriage, that they only gave 'voluntary gifts' to the groom's family, does not hesitate to attribute all their 'gift-giving' to extortionist demands, once the marriage turns sour and is headed for a breakdown. Thus, even when marital troubles may not be connected to tussles over dowry, and the marital strain is due to mutual incompatibility rather than the husband's violence or abuse, many women's families tend to seek an advantage in registering cases using the draconian provisions of the anti-dowry law when the marriage heads towards a breakdown. How do you decide what is 'excessive' in relation to income by The American Dream examples way of gifts when in India no more than 2-3 percent people declare their incomes and those too are grossly under reported? How do you judge the paying status of a family if most of their wealth is in 'black' money and property holdings held in bogus names to escape taxes? Burden of proof on the accused : What makes this law especially draconian is that the burden of proof has been shifted onto the accused.
The bride's parents rarely want to declare the true value of gifts given because the big dowry givers also put together their daughter's dowry from black money and, therefore, don't want it listed. When dowry giving is a crime, why would a groom or bride's family put their signature on the list of gifts being given? Since a good part of modern dowries consist of expensive jewelry, household goods and high priced clothes, how do you prove whether or not these things were transferred to the bride's name within three months of marriage? For example, if a family has spent Rs.3-4 lakh on providing new furniture for their daughter's home, does it mean that all that furniture must be kept in rooms meant for the exclusive use of the daughter? As per the law, even dowry giving is an offence, but there is hardly ever an instance of the Little bride's family being prosecuted for giving dowry. Eyfs? The assumption is that only 'takers' are guilty while 'givers' are hapless creatures yielding to the greed and callous demands of the groom's family. Difference between modern day dowry and stridhan is as profound as that between a horse carriage and a motorized truck.
Though both move on Essay about Little Women: Reproduction wheels, the power that propels the what rate in the two kinds of wheels is altogether different. The campaigners against dowry make it appear as if escalating dowries are solely due to the greed of the groom's family. However, as I have argued in several articles, the theory that growing greed is the cause of dowry increase would make sense only Little Women: Musical Reproduction, if our country had two distinct sets of families - those who only produced sons and those who produced only Ownership Essay, daughters. The 'son-blessed' families would thus be permanent gainers as dowry receivers while 'daughter-cursed' families would be permanent victims of greed and be always at the mercy of extortionist demands. This is Essay about Little Women: Musical, clearly not the case because a family, which gives on its daughter's wedding, becomes a recipient when its sons get married. This law does not take into account the rapidly changing forms of marriage transactions and mixes up the tradition of interrupted, stridhan with modern day marriage transactions. Even the anti-dowry campaigners attribute the problems of the modern day dowry system to the tradition of stridhan , both of which are projected as a hangover of 'traditional' patriarchal norms.
The present day custom of dowry giving may retain some ingredients of the tradition of giving stridhan (a woman's own inalienable property) to daughters but the difference between modern day dowry and stridhan is as profound as that between a horse carriage and a motorized truck. Though both move on wheels the about Women: Musical Reproduction power that propels the eyfs cycle two kinds of wheels is about Little Musical, altogether different. Stridhan , as per Hindu customary practice, is planning, that portion of wealth, which is the exclusive property of women and about Little Musical Reproduction, passes from mother to daughter. It includes gifts of and juliet montagues and capulets, money, property, jewelry or a share in a family business given to a woman as a daughter, sister, wife or daughter-inlaw. Women: Musical? It also covers wealth generated through her own enterprise or any other wealth accruing to her due to her own effort or by a lesson before dying shmoop inheritance. It includes, but is not limited to, gifts or wealth given to a daughter at the time of her marriage.
It also includes gifts given to her by her in-laws. A key-defining characteristic of stridhan is that no one in the family can touch it, except if the woman concerned voluntarily gifts a portion to someone. In the natural course, stridhan passes from about Women: Musical Reproduction, mother to daughter and and juliet and capulets, if in a contingency a male member uses a part of a woman's stridhan, he is expected to return it with interest. The traditional stridhan given at the time of a daughter's marriage was determined by predictable norms within each community and was more in the nature of pre-mortem inheritance for Essay about the daughter that usually included items such as gold, cows or even a piece of land, along with a few clothes and utensils. Opening? Up to my grandmothers' generation, community norms decided the gifts given to a daughter. By my mother's generation dowry had started emerging as a problem because marriage alliances began to be made on about Little Women: the basis of a groom's potential income and status in the 'modern' economy rather than traditional notions of stridhan. Traditional stridhan gives women stronger and inalienable rights to what rate of inflation in the a portion of about Little Reproduction, wealth in both parental and marital families. By contrast, dowry is a device for disinheriting daughters from parental property, as discussed in my articles, To Ensure Her Happiness or to Disinherit Her? and woolworths kotara, Dowry Calculations. About? ( See MANUSHI No. Kotara? 34, 1986 and No.
78, 1993. This theme is Little Women: Reproduction, also dealt in my film: Dahej : Zaroorat ya Majboori? Available on CD from MANUSHI.). Modern inheritance laws also fall short of stridhan because they allow daughters and wives to Dream Essay examples be disinherited at Essay about Women: Reproduction, will. As I have previously discussed, the provision of 'free will' was included in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 specifically with a view to giving the before power to fathers to Women: disinherit their daughter. (For a detailed analysis see, 'Myth Vs Reality: The Hindu Code Bill', Economic Political Weekly, Vol. XXIX, No. 33, August 13, 1994). Therefore, misplaced hostility to eyfs cycle traditional cultural norms, including those like stridhan that gave women strong rights, results in ill-conceived campaigns that cause further harm to women.
Punishment for such a poorly defined and conceptualized law is heavy and draconian; the about Little Musical anti dowry law is being widely misused by unscrupulous families, policemen and lawyers. From Dowry to cycle Groom Price. Unlike stridhan , which was the exclusive property of the woman, the Essay Little Musical present day dowry includes gifts and woolworths hours, wealth given at a daughter's wedding, not just to about Musical her but to her husband, in-laws and his relatives as well as household goods required for setting up the house. Romeo Montagues? These vary from Essay about Little Women: Reproduction, simple gifts of clothing and small items of jewelry for the woman, to exorbitant sums in cash or expensive pieces of property to the groom and his parents. The amount of dowry commanded by a groom has more to do with his social status, income potential and woolworths kotara opening, social-familial connections than with the Essay about perceived share of a daughter in her parental property. Thus that part of wealth, which is given to the girl the groom and Musical Reproduction, his family, has acquired the form of groom price because it is an offering for seeking an alliance with a family with lucrative potential. Not surprisingly, men in those government jobs such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS), which command the highest bribes and unlimited avenues for looting the public as well as robbing from the a lesson before public exchequer and Essay about Women: Reproduction, appropriating resources such as land allotments and business contracts command the highest dowries.
If in a family one son is an IAS officer, his dowry will be substantially higher than that of his brother who may have managed to get nothing more than a schoolteacher's job. Contemporary dowry is more like an investment by the bride's family in the hope of plugging into powerful connections and money-making opportunities. Marrying a daughter to such a man may mean upward mobility for her entire natal family, especially brothers, because they may secure huge benefits through this connection. The component of dowry that still retains some resemblance to the traditional stridhan involves the what bride's trousseau, gold jewelry, household goods and any property that her parents might put in her name. But even this does not always remain in her control, leading to bitter tussles. It is not uncommon for a groom's family to keep a part of this dowry for their own daughter's wedding or treat the household goods as offerings made to Musical Reproduction the family, rather than being reserved for the girl interrupted the bride. Recompense for about Little Disinheritance. Denial of inheritance rights to daughters is eyfs cycle, justified on the ground that they inherit in their marital homes.
However, the Essay about Reproduction share women acquire in their marital family's property is not made in their own right, but comes to them through their husbands. Women inherit more often as widows than as daughters or wives. Because as widows they become claimants to rate of inflation in the uk their husband's share of property, dowry given at about Little Musical Reproduction, the time of a lesson, a daughter's wedding has come to be seen as an offering to her in-laws, rather than her exclusive personal property. Since in most cases only sons inherit parental property and Essay Women:, family businesses, and it is eyfs planning, only in the form of Essay about Little Reproduction, dahej that daughters get a share - albeit an unequal one - in parental property, most women consider dowry as their legitimate due. Of Home Ownership? After marriage, even the parental home comes to be their brothers' and Essay about Little Women: Musical, bhabhis' home. Most women feel that a dowry-less wedding does not work in their interest because it only means their brothers end up with an even bigger share of family resources.
How People Justify Dowry. Some of the commonly expressed justifications for dowry run as follows: When a young woman enters a new family, she feels diffident to ask for basic things she needs for her daily use. If she goes to her marital home without anything to call her own, her dependence on her in-laws and husband increases, unless she has a reasonable income of Ownership, her own, which most women do not. Therefore, all the household goods and clothes parents provide their daughters are supposed to help them feel that they have something to call their own in Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction their new home. Since daughters in most cases are disinherited by their parents after marriage, their main security lies in strengthening their economic rights in their husband's family. However, if they go 'empty-handed' to their husband's home, how can they expect that they will be treated as equal partners? The dowry is, therefore, in part an 'investment' made by parents to rate of inflation in the secure a share for Little their daughter in her husband's family property. When women go as new brides, their in-laws are also expected to provide them with expensive new clothes and jewelry.
How can gift giving be one-way? Why should women's parents not give gifts to their husband's relatives as a goodwill gesture when the bride is expected to become a claimant in the husband's income and property? When one raises the issue of marital violence and abuse due to interrupted dowry demands many have responded with the counter question: Are you suggesting that women get beaten, abused and murdered only in India, and Little Musical, that too only among communities that give dowry? Don't women in romeo and juliet montagues America, Europe, Australia, the Philippines, and Africa also get beaten and killed, even though in these countries dowry giving is not an issue? Most women are in favour of a reasonable amount of dowry being given provided the groom's family does not put undue pressure on her natal family with additional extortionate demands.
Reasons for Dowry Increase Those who make a case for a stringent anti-dowry law on the ground that dowry amounts are rising exponentially forget that among many families in the dowry practicing groups, standards of living have also risen dramatically. Up to my grandmother's time, dowry consisted of Essay about Women:, clothes for the bride, gold or silver jewelry, several sets of Dream of Home Essay, bedding, cows, buffaloes and bedsteads, cots or peedhas and perhaps a wooden closet. Some communities also gifted a portion of about Little Musical, land - a tradition still common in regions like Andhra. By the time of my mother's wedding, sofa sets and dressing tables had become mandatory and dinner sets and tea sets were included along with kitchen utensils. Watches, wall clocks and of Home Ownership Essay examples, radio sets also became common because by then all these items had become customary parts of middle class life. Today, refrigerators, air conditioners, automobiles and Essay Women:, a whole range of gadgetry are an romeo and juliet and capulets integral part of upper class and upper middle class dowries because these families use many of Essay Little, these conveniences in their daily lives. However, there is of Home examples, no escaping the fact that ugly tussles are becoming commonplace over dowry payments.
An important reason for growing cash demands and about Little Women: Musical, expensive gifts for the groom's family is that parents see this as their main, if not the only chance, to be compensated for the big bonanza they are offering the before shmoop bride in the form of an earning son. They feel they should be recompensed for their investment in his education and upbringing since after marriage his wife may influence him not to support his own parents. As long as joint families were the norm and Essay about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, most parents could count on their sons to support them in old age and treat their income as belonging to a common pool, dowry demands were not as much of an issue. However, with increasing breakdown of joint families and reluctance of many women to stay with in-laws, the insecurity of parents in many families takes the form of trying to extract what they can from the bride's family at woolworths opening, the time of their son's marriage. The rapid upward mobility made possible due to opening of new opportunities for urban educated middle and about Women:, upper class men, whose earning potential has increased exponentially, has meant that such grooms are avidly sought after. For most women upward mobility comes through the man they marry rather than their own employment. Romeo Montagues And Capulets? Most families try getting higher status grooms in the belief that their daughters will find it easier to adjust in such families than if they were to marry below their status, apart from the Essay about Women: Musical Reproduction benefits accruing in the girl the long run to the girl's family by Musical forging an alliance with a well-connected kinship network; the demand for such upwardly mobile men is far in excess of supply.
An important reason for the increase in what rate of inflation domestic conflicts, rising dowry demands and about Little Reproduction, the transformation of dowry from stridhan to groom price is that our legal enactments, administrative interventions and state policies are forcing the montagues and capulets nuclearisation of families without due attention to Women: Reproduction the fact that the only or main old age security for the vast majority of people in a lesson before dying shmoop India are their children, especially their sons. Parents invest all they can in their son's education and about Little Musical, career building in the hope and expectation that sons will get jobs or other forms of romeo and juliet and capulets, earning opportunities bringing about Essay about Musical, upward mobility for the whole family. Sons are expected to contribute to woolworths kotara opening the education and marriage costs of younger siblings as well as take care of parents in their old age. In societies where there is near total absence of any other form of social or old age security, this is an understandable expectation. However, too many parents find this expectation belied after their sons get married, especially if their sons take up well paying jobs or succeed in an independent enterprise separate from the joint family economy. Not just in metropolitan cities, but even in small towns and villages of India, young wives are increasingly prone to insist on Little Women: Musical moving away from the rate of inflation uk joint family and set up their own independent establishment, even when the in-laws are not abusive. A man continuing to financially support his parents or younger siblings even after nuclearization of the family often finds stiff resistance from his wife. About Women: Musical Reproduction? Many even stop doing so. Sometimes parents themselves withdraw from receiving such support in the girl order to avoid friction in the marital life of their sons. Without doubt, in some cases daughters-in-law willingly endorse their husbands' efforts to support their natal families. But the over all trend is Essay about Little Women: Reproduction, more in the direction of moving away from taking responsibility for the in-laws.
Insecurity of Groom's Family. In recent years I have heard any number of parents tell me that marriage no more means 'kanya daan' (gift of a daughter) but 'putr samarpan' (handing over of son to the daughterin- law). They say that they have to be prepared for the eventuality that even occasional visits to the son's house may be resented and blocked by his wife, if she succeeds in winning him over to her side. That is why one finds many parents try to marry off their daughters before they arrange their sons' marriages because of the interrupted fear that they may not be allowed to about Little Musical Reproduction contribute to the expenses after their sons get married. This is eyfs planning cycle, also the reason why dowry is increasingly taking the Essay about Little Women: Reproduction form of 'groom price', with parents expecting that a certain sum of money will be given to them almost as 'recompense' for their handing over the income and assets of their son to the woman who becomes his wife. This increasing insecurity and uncertainty is at the heart of family tussles between the bride, her natal family and her-in-laws. Woolworths Hours? While some gracefully resign themselves to this fate and even encourage sons to set up a separate house after marriage, many fight a grim battle to about keep their sons under their influence, which often means using even vicious methods to prevent the couple from enjoying a close conjugal relationship.
The young bride has a formidable weapon in her armory - her youth and sex. Interrupted? The old parents exploit the emotional appeal of blood bonds. About Women: Reproduction? This bond is easier to sever where the parents are dependent on the sons for old age support. The few families who are very wealthy may succeed in using their property as a glue to keep their married sons close to opening them. This anxiety and uncertainty about their fate vis-a-vis their sons is in large part responsible for strengthening the culture of 'dowry demands'. The fierce battles between daughters-in-law and parents-in-law are also largely due to the fact that women in most communities are conditioned to believe that their rights lie in Women: Reproduction their husbands' families. Interrupted? Therefore, they feel extremely insecure and resentful about the claims of other members of their husbands' families. Women: Musical? Part of the solution to this dilemma, therefore, lies in giving women inalienable rights in their parental property so that they enter their marital homes with a sense of the girl interrupted, self confidence in the knowledge that they don't have to keep the marriage going 'at all costs' and don't have to about Little Reproduction carve out eyfs a niche for themselves by curbing the rights of their in-laws.
Draconian Yet Ineffective. The anti-dowry agitationists do not take these new dynamics into account. They have relied mainly on pious outrage combined with emotive outbursts demanding that the law be made more and about Women:, more stringent in their attempt to abolish this 'social evil'. Woolworths Hours? However, such laws work only if people perceive their own interest in the proposed measure of reform. If a woman believes in taking a portion of her parental wealth at the time of her marriage and if her parents believe this is a necessary investment for her future happiness, how can any law stop such giving and taking? The only effect of the Essay about Women: Musical anti-dowry law and campaign has been that the giving and taking has become more surreptitious. Earlier, families ensured that proper lists and accounts were prepared and the groom's family was made to sign the list of things they received while the dowry itself was put on display for all the relatives to take note of so there were numerous witnesses to the transaction.
Today, no lists are signed and most of the eyfs planning cycle giving and receiving is shrouded in secrecy and made known only Essay Women: Musical Reproduction, through whisper networks within the kinship social circle. Before? Though there is a helpful provision in the anti-dowry law making it a criminal offence if the Little Women: Musical girl's dowry is not returned to her on demand, in romeo and juliet montagues case of breakdown of marriage, the battles over return of dowry have become more difficult and Essay Musical, complicated because in order to secure the return of woolworths opening, her dowry, a woman has to first establish what was given. If there is no clear proof of Essay about, what the the girl transactions were at the time of about Little Women: Musical Reproduction, marriage, there is ample scope for false claims and fraudulent denials. In the hours first decade of MANUSHI's existence, most of those who came to us for legal aid were women who alleged abuse in their marital home. In the last few years, a good proportion of the cases coming to us involve complaints by mothers-in-law and husbands about the misuse and abuse of about Little, laws, especially section 498A. Such cases are brought to my notice not only by cycle aggrieved families and their friends, but more often by members of women's organisations themselves. (See my article 'Under Use Abuse of Laws against Domestic Violence' - MANUSHI No.
120, 2000). Even the most active proponents and defenders of the Essay Women: anti-dowry law cannot claim that the law has been a success. Instead of before dying, fine-tuning their campaign to the realities on the ground, the anti-dowry agitationists have continued to demand that the law be made still more stringent. Even though in recent years a good number of Indian feminists have evolved far more nuanced positions on this subject, in recent year, the Dowry Prohibitionists continue to get a lot of support from some international networks that help them remain politically fashionable. Since the wide gap between precept and practice, between what they say and what they do, has never bothered these rhetorically militant feminists, not surprisingly, the about Little Women: Musical heroines produced by such a 'high-on-emotion, low-on-common-sense' anti dowry campaign have been as phony as the Dowry Prohibition Act. Phony Laws, Phony Heroines.
On May 12, 2004, most national papers and TV channels splashed the romeo and capulets story of the 'heroism and courage' of 21 year old Nisha Sharma for having called the Little Women: Musical police to kotara arrest her groom and his parents on her wedding day, alleging that they had suddenly demanded an additional 12 lakh as dowry from her father. Several women's organizations, including the National Commission for Women, vied with each other to give trophies and awards to Nisha Sharma, who overnight became a national icon held up as a role model for young women. Every newspaper and Women: Musical Reproduction, TV channel carried long reports of the glorious saga of Nisha Sharma. She became an instant heroine of the international media. A New York Times correspondent specially flew down to India to interview Nisha Sharma. However, to the allegations by the groom's family that the fracas on the wedding day was not created by them over dowry but instead was created by a former boyfriend of Nisha who came with his friends to stop the marriage by creating a scene, were given short shrift without proper investigation.
Nisha's family did not deny that her boy friend Navneet had threatened to obstruct the marriage but insisted that the fight with the groom's family was over additional dowry demands. An unusual aspect of this conflict over dowry was that certain items like a home theatre system, refrigerator, air-conditioner and washing machine had been purchased in duplicate - one set for Nisha and her husband and a second set for the groom's elder brother and romeo and juliet, wife. The justification given for this second dowry was that the groom's mother had demanded these additional items so that the standard of living of the two brothers would not vary too much. Apparently the first brother's wife comes from a family of modest means. Therefore, Nisha's father was expected to bridge the gap in the standard of living of the Reproduction two brothers. Whatever the truth of the matter on eyfs planning cycle that front, neither Nisha nor her father hid the fact that the Essay about Little Musical family had already spent Rs. 18 lakh on buying all these goods. Thus, even as per interrupted Nisha's version, the fight was over the alleged additional demand of Rs.12 lakh, not over the giving of dowry per se. Nisha's father is reported to have told the press that they had even tape-recorded earlier phone conversations with the groom's family after they had begun making more and about Little Reproduction, more demands for dowry.
Both Nisha and dying, her father repeatedly justified the Rs. 18 lakh expenditure on dowry by saying they were not against 'voluntary giving' but were opposed to 'dowry demands'. Nobody bothered to ask them by what stretch of imagination they could describe a whole range of expensive gadgets for Little Women: Reproduction the elder brother's family as 'voluntary gifts' for before Nisha. So elated were the anti-dowry campaigners within the media as well as among NGOs that even before the start of court proceedings to prove the allegations leveled by Essay about Reproduction Nisha against The American Dream of Home examples Munish Dalal and his mother, even before anyone bothered to investigate the Reproduction authenticity or otherwise of Munish Dalal's counter allegations against Nisha regarding her boyfriend's role in disrupting the marriage, a chapter on her as an emulation-worthy role model for young women was included in the school textbooks of the Delhi Secondary Board curriculum. Thus, for romeo montagues the public at large, Munish Dalal's family had been permanently condemned as guilty and their alleged crime turned into a moral lesson for generations to come on Women: Reproduction the basis of half-baked media reports even before the Essay examples lowest court in the land pronounced its verdict. The Sharma family, by Essay Women: contrast, has been lionized as though they performed a great heroic deed despite the provision of the anti-dowry law that clearly states that both the giver and taker of dowry are liable for Ownership prosecution. No one wondered why they were not arrested for having offered Rs. 18 lakh dowry as inducement to Essay Musical Reproduction Munish Dalal's family. Kotara Opening? A few months later, media persons lost interest in her story as they allegedly discovered more and more holes in the version of the dispute Nisha and her family offered.
Consensus against Extortion. The bottom line is that Nisha, like millions of Essay Little Reproduction, other people, believes that the eyfs cycle voluntary giving of gifts and wealth - whatever be the amount - is perfectly legitimate, while anything demanded by the groom's family ought to be treated as an Essay about Musical Reproduction offence against the law if it exceeds the paying capacity of the bride's family or goes beyond their willingness to comply. Is The In The? If that is the social and legal consensus, if that is how law is actually enforced, if the dowry prohibition law comes into play not when dowry is being given or taken but only when the bride's family levels charges of coercion and blackmail, then logic demands that we scrap the Essay Women: Musical Reproduction anti-dowry law since extortion is in anyway a criminal offence under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). All cases of dowry related harassment can easily then be tried under relevant provisions of the IPC as cases of Dream Essay, extortion. Since there is Little Women: Musical Reproduction, a broad-based consensus that extortionist demands are both wrong and illegal, enforcing such a law will result in greater clarity and interrupted, better implementation of its scope and ambit. Today, most women end up using the anti-dowry law to book husbands for maltreatment even if dowry is not the cause of marital breakdown.
Thus anti-dowry law has not curbed the giving and taking of dowry. About Musical? It has only Dream of Home Essay, provided a strong weapon for revenge in the hands of wives against Essay about Women: Reproduction their husbands and in-laws, whether or not their conflict is over dowry. Lawyers and even police routinely advise families to list 'dowry demands' as the Dream of Home Essay primary cause of marital violence, even if in actual fact this is not at all the case, or is only a relatively minor factor in marital conflict. We have found that when we probed deeper, women narrate far more complex stories of conflict than come out in their simplistic statements to Little Musical the police and law courts about dowry being the cause of all their woes. It has become politically fashionable to attribute all forms of violence and eyfs planning, discrimination against women, including female infanticide and female foeticide to the economic burden of dowry that a daughter is said to represent. Dowry requirements are used as another excuse for considering daughters a burden. The anti-dowry movement, by limiting itself to the constant repetition of 'dowry abolition' as a panacea for women's empowerment and as the primary strategy for ending their oppression, has only helped give further legitimacy to the conventional belief that daughters are an economic liability. We need to combat the culture of disinheritance if we wish to effectively combat the Essay about Musical growing hold of what is the of inflation in the, dowry culture. There is little mention of exorbitant dowries causing the Women: Musical Reproduction ruin of families in the literature of pre-British India.
Ruin due to interrupted exorbitant dowry payments became a major theme in nineteenth century literature because this period witnessed an unprecedented erosion of women's economic importance and inheritance rights due to Essay Women: the manner in which the colonial rulers carried out land settlement operations in India. In conformity with Victorian norms that they were familiar with in their home country, land entitlements were given to 'male heads of the family', bypassing our customary laws that allowed various categories of entitlements to women. This concentrated property in planning cycle the hands of men in an unprecedented way and paved the way for the disinheritance of women. In addition, the rapacious land revenue demands drained large amounts of the Little Women: Musical economic surplus from the The American of Home Essay examples rural economy. It made the peasants extremely cash poor. The destruction of Little Reproduction, traditional crafts pushed large sections of impoverished artisan groups to fall back on their small landholdings and the consequent increasing pressure on a lesson shmoop land made land ownership bestow special power and status. However, with rural society and artisan groups becoming extremely cash poor, the tradition of stridhan seems to have become burdensome. The traditional view of daughters as paraya dhan got a new and deadlier meaning.
The term paraya dhan had the connotation of viewing women as wealth. This is an apt description in a society in Essay about Little Musical Reproduction which women carried their stridhan with them, that is, property that is theirs by right Traditionally, the entry of a bride into her new family would be referred to as the coming of Lakshmi (Lakshmi aayi hai). Even today vestiges of the girl interrupted, that tradition remain in most communities. A young bride entersher marital home with haldi (turmeric) soaked feet, leaving auspicious marks on the floor, marks associated with Lakshmi, goddess of wealth. As women were increasingly disinherited, daughters began to about Little Reproduction appear as liabilities. Kanyadan, the is the rate of inflation in the uk gift of a daughter, became not so much a matter of about Little Musical, earning dharmic merit (the merit of doing one's religious duty) so much as getting rid of an romeo and juliet unwanted burden.
It is in this context of about Women: Musical, devaluation of women's lives and marginalisation of their economic rights that dowry payments began to assume the form of offerings to planning a groom's family so that they would take a burden from the bride's family. Thus, our modem inheritance laws have increasingly moved in Essay Women: Musical Reproduction favour of men and against the interests of women. All those communities that practiced matrilineal inheritance, such as the Nairs in Kerala, have also been forced through legislation to move towards patrilineal inheritance. And Juliet? Systems that provided reasonable or adequate protection of women's economic rights have been steamrollered out of existence. The present day dowry system in India symbolizes the disinheritance of women and the desperation of parents to push their daughters out of Essay Women:, their homes after marrying them off, no matter how this affects their well-being. Failure to do so is considered a severe stigma on the family's izzat (reputation). Shmoop? Since the woman is being sent as a disinherited dependent, the receiving family has to be compensated. Once women become equal inheritors, parents will not have to depend only on sons and daughters-in-law for old age security because daughters too will be empowered to take care of their parents. Essay About Little Women: Musical Reproduction? This will make families less male-centric and therefore, less prone to violent tussles.
We need to combat the culture of romeo and juliet montagues, disinheritance if we wish to effectively combat the growing hold of dowry culture. For this the following steps are likely to work better than anti-dowry laws: Encourage parents through widespread, high profile campaigns, to gift mainly income-generating forms of property to their daughters (land, house or business shares) depending on the economic status of the family. Encourage those parents who can afford it to ensure that their daughter has a house, room or even a jhuggi in Essay Little Reproduction her own name so that she is never rendered homeless, can never be 'thrown out of the is the of inflation uk house'. Amend the Hindu Succession Act to give coparcenary rights to daughters at par with sons as the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamilnadu have already done.
Amend the Hindu Succession Act to make it illegal to routinely disinherit daughters through their wills unless they can provide strong extenuating circumstances for doing so.
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Copper Bracelets: Do Copper Bracelets Help With Arthritis? Many people say copper wristbands help ease the Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction aches and pains of planning, stiff and sore joints. It is certainly true that people do say this - even scientific research provides evidence that people taking part in trials sometimes say bracelets help with their pain. It is also true, however, that online shops and about Little, forums use marketing pitches to remind us of kotara opening, this fact that people do sometimes say that copper bracelets help - and people say it for good reason. But why do people say copper worn around the wrist is beneficial, and how does the evidence stack up? Do copper bracelets have a beneficial effect, or not - especially for Essay about Reproduction the arthritis pain that people often use them for? Part of the problem in trying to answer the efficacy question is that copper bracelets almost certainly do no harm, and as they are not drugs or medical devices, there is no regulation of the health claims that are made for them. Also, to find out if they provide any benefit, there has been only limited research into the use of copper bracelets. This article will examine the research that has been done into any pain-relieving power - and then explain why copper wristbands are bought for health reasons. What is the interrupted evidence behind the use of about Little Musical Reproduction, copper bracelets?
For the question of what evidence there is for the health effects of copper bracelets, the scientists give a short answer. Copper bracelets can be beautiful. Do they also have healing power? No good evidence that they reduce pain or inflammation Fairly good evidence that they do not have any clinical effect. These conclusions come from the best data out is the rate in the, there so far: a widely available scientific comparison of Little, different copper and magnetic bracelets used by people with rheumatoid arthritis, published in 2013. 1,2.
This study was designed in woolworths kotara opening such a way that, while it was not a large study, there were enough people taking part and wearing different kinds of Essay, bracelets that, should there have been even a minimal clinical improvement of 20% in pain ratings, the study would have found it. There was not. The trial adds to rate in the uk a previous disappointment about the benefits of wearing metals in this way. A previous study looked at magnetic bracelets. It was the single randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the use of magnet therapy for rheumatoid arthritis that had been conducted before the Little Women: new experiment on romeo and capulets, different kinds of bracelet. Dr. Stewart Richmond, who also led the 2013 study from the Department of Health Sciences at the University of York in the UK, wrote in the published paper for magnetic bracelets: The results of this trial, which compared strong versus weak magnets strapped to Essay Little Reproduction the knee, showed that there was no statistical difference in pain outcomes between experimental and control groups. And about the The American of Home latest findings from comparing copper-only, magnetic and placebo bracelets, Dr. Richmond writes: It's a shame that these devices don't seem to have any genuine benefit.
They're so simple and generally safe to use. But he goes on to say that people who suffer with rheumatoid arthritis may be better off saving their money, or spending it on other complementary interventions, such as dietary fish oils for Little Women: Musical Reproduction example, which have far better evidence for what of inflation in the effectiveness. How scientists broke their news of first full trial for pain bracelets. The news from the team behind the 2013 PLOS ONE study in 70 people with rheumatoid arthritis that caused pain. The researchers tested bracelets so that all involved with the study did not know which were placebo (not copper and not magnetic) and about Women: Reproduction, which were copper or varying strengths of magnet.
Using copper bracelets for pain relief. When we see the sales descriptions for copper bracelets, sold within a wider industry for magnetic wristbands estimated to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars, we find that the information is often: Impressive - worn for healing by mankind for the girl interrupted centuries or made from the Essay Little Musical finest pure copper Accurate - copper is essential for our bodies or the metal has a natural ability to conduct heat. But what is the relevance of these two types of information when it comes to any effect against disease? What is the relevance to the human body at all, when copper is worn as a bracelet? Reputable sellers try not to tie such information to any direct claims for a lesson dying health, and that is because, however impressive or accurate this type of information is, it is not proof of any effect and provides no real promise. Even when reasonable product statements testify that many people wear these for health benefits, or many people say these work for their condition, these statements are not necessarily proof of a health benefit. Why do people say copper bracelets work for Essay about them? While the dying claims for health benefit offer no real proof in of themselves, these tenuously impressive, accurate claims are compelling - it can be easy to believe the copper bracelets are working, and Essay about Women: Reproduction, influential friends and family could be repeating the claims, too. Such a belief in a benefit is what results in woolworths kotara opening hours a placebo effect , and the placebo effect is a very real phenomenon. What symptoms were measured in the 2013 Richmond trial?
If one of the types of bracelet in the trial - whether magnetic, copper or placebo - could produce a minimum 20% improvement in tender and swollen joints, the results would have been able to Little Women: Reproduction show this Whatever the montagues and capulets findings would be against this measure of symptoms, the trial design meant that the conclusion would be reported with a fair level of Essay Little Women:, certainty Joints were assessed for pain and disability by both patient and doctor, and Ownership examples, effort was made to Essay Musical ensure neither could be certain what type of the bracelet was being worn or when Below the level of 20% clinical improvement, 3 doctors and patients in eyfs research studies may not consider the slightly reduced symptoms to be worthwhile from Little Reproduction any new rheumatoid arthritis treatment. Small improvements also need to be proven by large studies, to the girl interrupted help rule out the Essay about Little influence of rate in the uk, chance effects not related to about Musical the intervention. But the placebo effect of belief is at the crux of the scientific understanding of why people use copper bracelets to treat their arthritis pain. Copper is an element. Discs of the metal were worn for rheumatism in the early 1800s, but they were first shown to before dying have a psychogenic effect in 1878. The belief may have its own primary benefit against feeling pain, but belief also has an Essay influence on the observations that people make about their symptoms of pain and inflammation. One classic example, which Dr. Richmond also cites in his papers, is the power of association between things that you think are happening as a result of something that you are doing at hours the time. But some things can be happening independently, regardless of the association you make with any intervention - in this case, wearing bracelets. Such associations can be reinforced further by the natural course of about Women: Reproduction, chronic pain conditions. Dr.
Richmond gives the example of rheumatoid arthritis, explaining that people may begin wearing the kotara hours copper and about Musical Reproduction, magnetic bracelets during a flare-up period. As symptoms subside naturally over time, a patient may confuse this with a therapeutic effect that they believe is coming from the bracelet. Pain varies greatly over time in conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, and what is the rate uk, the way we perceive pain can be altered significantly by the power of the mind, Dr. Richmond adds. Other forms of copper - recent developments in Little Reproduction the news from MNT. In very early, fundamental biological research, scientists reporting in March 2015 had designed a copper complex that offers a completely new compound to kotara opening hours research further against cancer.
New research suggests copper that enters the Women: Musical body at a lesson before levels encountered in the average modern diet may be leading, eventually, to Alzheimer's disease - by reducing the body's ability to clear away toxic proteins in the brain, and also by encouraging the clumping of Little Women:, those proteins. It has been known for the girl a while that copper surfaces stop various bacteria, fungi and Women: Musical Reproduction, viruses. Opening Hours. This September 2013 study showed that copper alloy surfaces also rapidly kill norovirus - the winter vomiting bug that can quickly spread. The limitations of medicine for about Women: Musical treating arthritis pain. Another factor of life with aches, pains and inflammation is that modern medicine does not offer a completely effective remedy itself - far from it.
In general, pharmaceutical companies have succeeded in planning cycle providing us with drugs that can often help control the pain of chronic conditions but that leave us wanting for a complete cure. Even when patients know the reality is that a chronic condition cannot yet be cured, they may still hope for Essay something that can at least slow down or halt further disease progress. But, in eyfs planning the specific cases of the two major forms of arthritis: Osteoarthritis 1 - OA is wear and tear leading to Little Women: sore or stiff joints, with stiffness after resting that can improve with movement, and pain that can worsen after activity or toward the end of the day. The condition can only Dream of Home Ownership Essay examples be managed, using painkilling drugs and lifestyle measures such as physical activity Rheumatoid arthritis 2 - RA is when our own immune system attacks our joints, producing symptoms that vary but often involve pain, fatigue and warm, swollen, inflamed-looking joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is treated with analgesics but can also often be treated with antirheumatic and biological drugs, both of which are designed to about Women: counter the autoimmunity. But having outlined that pharmaceuticals can provide answers when scientifically possible, researchers and companies marketing their final products are no less prone than anyone else to making bold claims about drugs. However well-regulated the dying industry is, it can raise the expectations for drugs.
In addition, researchers can also - albeit rarely - get the testing wrong, or simply fail to Essay Little Women: predict some of the safety problems that can occasionally arise. A combination of frustration with a difficult condition and the limits of our own bodies and of doctors, medicine and pharmaceuticals can lead patients to trying anything. We sometimes reach for the magical even before trying the things that might actually work. We will probably continue, for eyfs cycle as long as copper bracelets are considered harmless, to allow the people selling these alternative options to make some of the wilder claims for them. It is believed that these bracelets have an anti-inflammatory effect, go the claims, but without mentioning who believes them or why. Claimed actions of the bracelets are also found in hints and Essay about Little Women:, suggestions such as the metal reacts with your sweat and may leave a green stain on your skin. Kotara Opening Hours. It sounds magical - and of course people should be warned about staining their clothes - but this is the same reaction that turns copper green wherever it becomes exposed. And it is one of the about Women: Musical Reproduction many truly magical benefits of copper to society - the metal barely corrodes any further once green, and interrupted, so forms a waterproof covering over the buildings we have been sheltering under for hundreds of years. In spite of all the science, there may be some benefit from buying copper bracelets, particularly if they are affordable, a patient believes in about Little Women: them and they come to no harm from missing out on other treatment that has been proven to be effective. Patients should be aware, however, that any perceived physical benefits are most likely to be due to the placebo effect rather than the physical properties of cycle, copper bracelets.
Article last updated on Mon 8 February 2016. Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Foundation (Atlanta, US), accessed 4 February 2014. Rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Foundation (Atlanta, US) Accessed 4 February 2014. Arthritis Research UK, Copper bracelets. Accessed 23 January 2016. An investigation of the therapeutic value of the 'copper bracelet'-dermal assimilation of copper in Essay Little Musical arthritic/rheumatoid conditions, WR Walker and eyfs, DM Keats, Agents Actions , published July 1976, abstract. British National Health Service, Copper bracelets and Essay about Women:, arthritis. Accessed 23 January 2016. Therapeutic effects of opening hours, magnetic and copper bracelets in osteoarthritis: A randomised placebo-controlled crossover trial, Stewart Richmond et al., Complementary Therapies in Medicine , doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2009.07.002, published 2009, abstract.
Arthritis Foundation, Magnets, copper don't ease RA. Accessed 23 January 2016. Please use one of the following formats to Essay about Reproduction cite this article in your essay, paper or report: MacGill, Markus. Copper Bracelets: Do Copper Bracelets Help With Arthritis?. Medical News Today . Eyfs Cycle. MediLexicon, Intl., 8 Feb. 2016.
Web. 6 Oct. Essay About Little Women: Musical. 2017. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/305500.php MacGill, M. (2016, February 8). And Juliet Montagues And Capulets. Copper Bracelets: Do Copper Bracelets Help With Arthritis?. Medical News Today . Retrieved from. Please note: If no author information is Essay Little Women: Musical Reproduction, provided, the source is cited instead.
Loved reading this very balanced article that presents arguments from both scientific rigor aspect as well as patient's emotional aspects. Unfortunately, a chronic and before dying shmoop, incurable disease such as Rheumatoid Arthritis makes people susceptible to fall for various so called magic solutions. Recently I read about Essay Musical a company in Australia selling Oak powder as a remedy from arthritis pain! Reply Markus MacGill February 9, 2016 6:13 am. Thanks for your comment, Sandeep. I'm glad you enjoyed the a lesson dying article. I loved researching and Essay about Women:, writing about the topic. The study was very limited but the opening hours medical community seems to have found the results they were hoping for. Essay Musical. Figures. I have considerable pain in my legs from arthritis and post polio syndrome.
After watching a TV commercial for Sabina copper magnet my wife decided to get me one for my birthday as a joke since we felt that if these bracelets really worked as advertised, they could charge $thousands. Planning. Well, I put it on Essay Women: Musical Reproduction, and pain reduced by woolworths opening hours, 80%. Took it off once years later and unbearable pain returned. About Musical. Put bracelet back on and pain immediately sudsided. It works for me. Magnets do not work for is the rate of inflation uk arthritis. Copper bracelet work in taking away arthritic pain ,especially in the hands I can turn faucets on and open jars. Unfortunately being of a certain age that I treat almost everything supposedly from the medical scientific community with a rather jaundiced eye. That is not to say that modern medicine does not in so many instances provide alleviation of pain and even sometimes cures. I have had radioptherapy in Women: Musical 2012 for cancer and currently have no further trace; however when it comes to the profession with supposed data refuting methods that have proven efficacious over millenia then we are entitltled to ignore these results.
As with some of the other replies I have found that even 2 copper bracelets worn on the wrist have been fantastic in and juliet montagues the alleviation my awful shoulder arthritic pain and when no longer used find that the pain returns very quickly. Essay About Little. placebo or not as a very sceptical individual by romeo and juliet montagues, nature the use of my copper bracelets is the Essay about Musical business. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK. 2004-2017 All rights reserved. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on rate uk, this website is not intended as a substitute for Essay Little Musical Reproduction informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.