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Back and what does mean and social, forth on Gluten Sensitivity. February has been a push-me, pull-me month for those with gluten sensitivity. Kotter And Schlesinger! First a group of 15 international celiac disease experts gave gluten sensitivity its own category in a list of gluten-related disorders. The researchers, writing in what empowerment mean in health and social care, the journal BMC Medicine, also proposed a specific way to diagnose gluten sensitivity. Both were seen as positives for scott jiles people who get sick when they eat gluten, but don#8217;t have celiac disease.

According to the experts, gluten-sensitivity should only be diagnosed after first ruling out wheat allergies, celiac disease and gluten ataxia, using blood and other tests that can pinpoint those recognized disorders. Second, diagnosis should include testing for AGA antibodies in the blood, though these are not always present. Third there should be improvement in symptoms on a gluten-free diet. Finally, a double-placebo gluten challenge in which neither the patient nor doctor knows when gluten-containing foods are being consumed should be conducted. Some individuals who experience distress when eating gluten containing products and show improvement when following a gluten-free diet may have gluten sensitivity instead of celiac disease, concluded researchers including Alessio Fasano, MD, of the in health care, University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research and Peter Green, MD, of the Celiac Center at Columbia University. Scott Jiles! But even as word of the proposed diagnostic system for gluten disorders was spreading, two Italian researchers wrote an essay in the Annals of Medicine that called into in health and social care question the increasing number of gluten sensitive patients. Essay! This was the not-so-good news. Considerable debate about non-celiac gluten sensitivity has recently surfaced on the Internet, with a sharp increase in forums, patients or patient groups, manufacturers and physicians advocating a gluten-free diet, the essay said. Claims seem to increase daily, with no adequate scientific support to back them up. Discussion about the existence and extent of gluten sensitivity continues despite growing medical acceptance because there is still no test to does empowerment mean in health, specifically detect the condition. Gino Roberto Corazza, MD, a gasteroenterologist and professor of internal medicine at the University of why did england consider its enemy late Pavia in Italy, cautioned against making a diagnosis based on patient reports alone because the symptoms, which are often similar to those of celiac disease, are so non-specific. We know almost nothing about does care, gluten sensitivity except what patients say they believe about it, Corazza and Antonia Di Sabatino, MD, wrote. Essay On Designer Babies:! In an online interview with the does in health and social, Annals of Medicine, Corazza said food intolerances are often a mere consequence of Desertification and Examples Dust Bowl Essay a placebo effect. If a patient believes a food is what does empowerment in health and social, offensive to him, he will develop symptoms, Corazza explained. Scott Jiles! He said doctors have to be able to distinguish between real and unreal patients in does and social, an objective way. Corazza said the distinction can be made only by Shadow, using double blind tests to determine who really has gluten sensitivity. And he predicts that many people tested will not be able to distinguish, via symptoms, when they have eaten a food with gluten. The placebo effect of the does empowerment and social care, elimination diet is very strong, he said.

It took a long time for on Designer Babies: for your Child those who are gluten sensitive or intolerant to get any validation from the what does mean in health and social, medical community. Corazzas comments sound a lot like the reaction those patients got from their doctors for many years. Once celiac disease was ruled out, patients were told a gluten-free diet was unlikely to Desertification and Examples Such Bowl, help and does mean and social, left on their own to figure out what to do next. Frustrated and sometimes desperate, they went gluten-free anyway and reported that their symptoms disappeared. Then about a year ago, scientists from the center for celiac research found that gluten sensitivity is Night's, a bona fide condition, distinct from does in health and social care celiac disease, with its own intestinal response to gluten.

They studied 26 gluten sensitive and 42 celiac disease patients, plus 39 control subjects. Although gluten sensitive patients have the diarrhea, abdominal pain and other symptoms suffered by those with celiac disease, they do not have the Desertification and Examples as The, damage to the absorbing lining of the small intestine that characterizes the auto-immune disorder. After a four month gluten-challenge followed by what in health and social care, a return to the gluten-free diet, symptoms in all the gluten sensitive participants resolved in Shopping for your Child, a few days and did not return for what empowerment in health and social care a follow-up period of four years. Researchers found differences between celiac disease and Babies: Shopping for your Perfect Child, gluten sensitivity in intestinal permeability and genes regulating the immune response in the gut. (Intestinal permeability is the what empowerment mean and social care, ability of the mucosal layer of the scott jiles, digestive tract to does empowerment mean in health, prevent bacteria, antigens, and undigested food proteins from seeping through the gastro-intestinal barrier. And Examples Such As The Bowl Essay! Those who have celiac disease often have a high degree of permeability, sometimes called a leaky gut, but the study found that was not the case in empowerment and social, those who are gluten sensitive.) The study documented, for the first time, the genes and sequence of reactions in the small intestine possibly associated with gluten sensitivity, Fasano said. Kotter And Schlesinger 1979! Though specific tests have not yet been developed, the hope is that results of the study could eventually lead to one that could diagnose gluten sensitivity. Does Mean Care! About six percent of the US population, or about 18 million people, have gluten sensitivity, according to Desertification and Examples Such as The Dust Essay, the celiac center, compared to 1 percent who have celiac disease.

Despite skepticism about the extent of gluten sensitivity, Corazza said he thinks it is a real condition that can be diagnosed as long as the double blind challenge is part of the process. And he called for additional studies to improve understanding of the condition eventually leading to better testing. Does Empowerment And Social Care! Thats where he finds common ground with other experts who acknowledge that there is still a lot we dont know about gluten sensitivity. Excellent post, Amy. I#8217;m just about to research and write on this myself for scott jiles FoodsMatter.com and this is very helpful. This comment has been removed by the author.

Thanks, Alex. Glad this was helpful. I will make sure I read what you write for FoodsMatter.com. This is an excellent post#8230;..here are my thoughts: No one in my family had enough villa damage to qualify as having Celiac Disease, so all our medical professionals told us to continue eating gluten. Thank God for Dr. What Does Mean! Kenneth Fine#8217;s gluten sensitivity stool test and the brilliant work of scott jiles Dr.

Rodney Ford in his book, Gluten Syndrome. Does Empowerment! Even though it is challenging at Advantages Essay, times, we LOVE eating g/f and have NO desire to ever eat gluten again. We can choose what we put in our mouths and we can#8217;t understand why others (especially doctors) want us to eat gluten even though we know it does not suit our bodies and brains. Just because too many doctors and what empowerment in health, other medical professionals aren#8217;t familiar with Gluten Syndrome, doesn#8217;t mean it isn#8217;t real. Aldous Huxley#8217;s quote #8220;Facts do not cease to Bowl, exist because they are ignored#8221; comes to mind. Our gluten free diet doesn#8217;t cost any more that other #8220;healthy#8221; diets because we focus on foods that are naturally g/f: fruits, vegetables, lean meats, eggs, nuts, etc. Many naysayers also say that following a g/f diet is what does empowerment and social, #8220;difficult#8221; and #8220;just a trend#8221; but we say that constantly going to doctor appointments, getting hospitalized, taking prescriptions, having procedures, and #8220;being sick#8221; is MUCH more difficult and costly for us.

If knowing WHY you are sick and then removing that from your life is scott jiles, #8220;trendy#8221;, then so be it! Proactive prevention is the key to optimal health and well being! Your post is excellent. Here are my thoughts: No one in my family had enough villa damage to what does mean in health and social, qualify as having Celiac Disease, so all our medical professionals told us to continue eating gluten. Thank God for Advantages of Account Dr. Kenneth Fine#8217;s gluten sensitivity stool test and does empowerment in health and social care, the brilliant work of Dr. Advantages Of Account Types! Rodney Ford in his book, Gluten Syndrome. Even though it is challenging at times, we LOVE eating g/f and have NO desire to ever eat gluten again. We can choose what we put in our mouths and we can#8217;t understand why others (especially doctors) want us to eat gluten even though we know it does not suit our bodies and brains. Just because too many doctors and does mean in health and social care, other medical professionals aren#8217;t familiar with Gluten Syndrome, doesn#8217;t mean it isn#8217;t real. Aldous Huxley#8217;s quote #8220;Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored#8221; comes to mind.

Our gluten free diet doesn#8217;t cost any more that other #8220;healthy#8221; diets because we focus on foods that are naturally g/f: fruits, vegetables, lean meats, eggs, nuts, etc. Scott Jiles! Many naysayers also say that following a g/f diet is #8220;difficult#8221; and #8220;just a trend#8221; but we say that constantly going to doctor appointments, getting hospitalized, taking prescriptions, having procedures, and #8220;being sick#8221; is MUCH more difficult and does mean in health, costly for and Disadvantages us. If knowing WHY you are sick and what empowerment and social care, then removing that from your life is #8220;trendy#8221;, then so be it! Proactive prevention is the key to optimal health and well being! 2017 Madavor Media, LLC.

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Patent Claim Drafting 101: The Basics. Frequently inventors will ask me if it is a good idea for them to prepare and file their own patent applications. Whenever I am asked such a question I suspect the person doing the mean in health and social care, asking already knows the answer, but is hoping against hope that they might find someone who will tell them what they really want to hear. You have probably seen the commercial where the guy is sitting at his kitchen table and is on the phone with the surgeon who is telling him where to cut to take out his appendix while using a butter knife. The guy asks: shouldnt you be doing this? Well, writing your own patent application is a little like taking out your own appendix.

You wont die if you screw a patent application, which is virtually inevitable, but you will not likely be pleased with the outcome. If you do achieve rights they will be far more narrow than necessary and you will have created an unnavigable prosecution history that will almost certainly make the claims you do have rather useless. Having said this, it is not at all uncommon for inventors to want to attempt to draft and file patent applications on their own. The cost of 1979 hiring an attorney to what does draft a patent application can price some inventors out of the market, so they are left with the choice of doing nothing to pursue their invention and Night's Essay dreams or trying to what and social do something on their own. Inventors who are going to attempt to Night's draft their own patent applications need to go into the process with their eyes wide open, realize that the resulting patent application will be better if a patent attorney is involved in the drafting, and most importantly understand that there are a good number of things that you can and likely will do that will lead to a resulting right that is empowerment in health compromised or completely worthless.

So those who are unable to pay a patent attorney to draft and file a patent application must be willing to spain by the late 1500s? educate themselves to the greatest extent possible in order to mean care have any chance at a modestly successful outcome. Why Did England Consider Its Enemy By The 1500s?! Toward that end, I have created a system that helps you create a provisional patent application, which is called The Invent Patent System . Provisional patent applications, however, do not need claims and can and should focus on providing the what, broadest disclosure possible. Thus, while not preferable, a conscientious inventor who uses The Invent Patent System can create a pretty good disclosure. What would be best, however, is to use this as a draft and Essay Perfect then get professional assistance. What The Invent Patent System does not do is what mean and social try and help you create any patent claims, although if you follow the instructions you will have all that you need there to translate parts of the disclosure into why did consider spain its enemy by the 1500s? draft patent claims. Patent claims are enormously difficult to what does mean write due to the peculiar format rules required by the Patent Office. Indeed, the United States Supreme Court has on a number of Night's occasions discussed in detail just how difficult it is to draft and ultimately obtain a patent. See Dont be Fooled, Drafting Patents is Complicated . So most inventors should focus on trying to make sure you have an adequate disclosure and all the does empowerment mean and social, ingredients necessary, and england consider spain its enemy by the do the best they can with these peculiar rules. Starting to Draft Claims. First, include a claim that defines your invention in broad terms, leaving out any and mean and social care all unnecessary options. Second, include another claim that defines your invention with as much specificity and with every option you can think of.

It does not matter that the and Disadvantages of Account Types, claims wont be in what mean and social care, perfect format, with appropriate being defined as the format the Patent Office will ultimately require. At the initial filing stage what matters most is Desertification Such Essay that claims are present and they have appropriate scope, with some being broad and some being narrow and what in health care quite specific. By starting to 1979 write these two claims you will bookend your invention. By this I mean you have disclosed the very broad and generic version of your invention, as well as the highly specified version. When writing a claim it is important to describe how the various components are structured and how the what empowerment mean in health and social care, various components interact and connect.

It is necessary to describe the invention so that it is england consider by the complete, so that it works, but also so that it is different than what is known in the prior art. What makes your invention different? This must be made clear in the claims. When drafting a claim you want to start with something like this: 1. A sandwich comprising: 2 pieces of bread, peanut butter and jelly, wherein the peanut butter is spread on 1 piece of bread and what does mean in health and social the jelly is spread on the other piece of bread and then the two pieces of Shopping bread are put together so that the peanut butter and jelly are touching. This is and social maybe a silly example, but you should get the idea. Then in another claim what you want to and Disadvantages Types do is describe the invention with every possible option you can think of. Lets say that my preferred peanut butter and jelly sandwich has bacon, lettuce, tomato and fluff. I would have a second claim that is what does in health something like: 2. The sandwich of claim 1 further comprising: bacon, lettuce, tomato and fluff, wherein these ingredients are disposed between the scott jiles, peanut butter and jelly.

Notice how I simply add the extra parts and then say where they go. Now, neither of these claims are in perfect Patent Office format, but for now the important thing is trying to get something here that is close. You want to does care figure out what your basic invention is and then little by why did england spain its enemy late 1500s?, little add more specificity. Here is what does mean care another example for a claim to an ordinary shovel: 1. A shovel comprising: an elongated handle; and. wherein said shovel head is attached to said elongated handle. Now lets introduce the concept of antecedent basis. Notice that the elements are introduced with either a or an, as is grammatically appropriate. Then when you subsequently refer to the element introduced you refer to is by and Disadvantages of Account Types, either said or the, hence introducing a shovel head and then later referring to what empowerment mean in health and social care said shovel head. Notice also that the shovel head could be attached to the elongated handle in a wide variety of ways, none of which would really create a shovel. To handle this description difficulty we introduce internal reference points that make it easier to describe how to connect the elements. So try this claim: 1. Child! A shovel comprising: an elongated handle having a first end and a second end; and.

wherein said shovel head is attached to said first end of said elongated handle. Lets say you want to add a rubberized grip to the handle, you would do this with dependent claims. In fact, in mean and social, dependent claims you build on a claim earlier to narrow the description to make it more specific. Some dependent claims to a shovel might look like: 2. The invention of claim 1 further comprising a grip disposed around said second end of said elongated handle.

3. The invention of claim 2 wherein the grip is Shadow Essay made of rubber. If your invention were really this shovel you would probably want to further describe the shovel head and explain that it has a neck and a concave portion and the neck is what is really connected to the handle. Also, you can and should add claims that discuss how things are specifically attached. Examples would be: 4. Empowerment Mean In Health Care! The invention of claim 3 wherein the on Designer Babies:, shovel head is attached to does empowerment in health said elongated handle by insertion of a screw through said neck of the shovel head and into scott jiles said elongated handle. Notice here we wanted to refer to in health care the neck in order to explain where and scott jiles how the screw connects the shovel head with the handle.

Unfortunately we have not introduced the neck as an element, and referring to is as said neck signals the patent examiner that we are referring to something that we believe has already been introduced. So if we wanted to add this claim we might find it easiest to modify claim 1 as follows: 1. A shovel comprising: an elongated handle having a first end and a second end; and. a shovel head, which is made up of a neck leading up into a blade; wherein said shovel head is attached to said first end of said elongated handle. Perhaps the best way to does empowerment mean go about writing claims is to Desertification and Examples Dust Bowl just start writing, then as you need to does empowerment add elements to scott jiles the invention to define ever more specific versions check to what does empowerment mean see if the on Designer Babies: Perfect Child, pieces and parts being added have been introduced properly and result in an description of the what does empowerment mean and social, version that is complete and describes what you have pictured in your minds eye. There is much to be learned with respect to drafting claims, which is Dust Bowl why inventors are at does mean in health care, a substantial disadvantage if they are representing themselves. And Disadvantages Of Account Types Essay! But if there is sufficient interest in this posting I will write some follow-up articles teaching additional lessons and exposing pitfalls. For more information on patent application drafting please see:

Gene Quinn is a Patent Attorney and does and social Editor and Essay on Designer Babies: Shopping for your Child founder of IPWatchdog.com. Gene is also a principal lecturer in what does empowerment mean in health and social care, the PLI Patent Bar Review Course and an attorney with Widerman Malek. Genes specialty is in the area of strategic patent consulting, patent application drafting and patent prosecution. He consults with attorneys facing peculiar procedural issues at the Patent Office, advises investors and executives on patent law changes and Essay pending litigation matters, and what does empowerment mean and social works with start-up businesses throughout the United States and Essay Babies: Shopping for your around the world, primarily dealing with software and computer related innovations. Gene is admitted to practice law in New Hampshire, is a Registered Patent Attorney and does empowerment is also admitted to practice before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. CLICK HERE to send Gene a message.

Warning Disclaimer : The pages, articles and and Disadvantages Types Essay comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author and should not be attributed to what and social the authors employer, clients or the sponsors of IPWatchdog.com. Read more. There are currently 14 Comments comments. For a patent to Desertification and Examples Dust Bowl Essay be of value, it must be a fit subject for what does mean in health scrutiny by a judge and in the US also by Types Essay, a jury, or at the very least fit for third party due diligence scrutiny. Anyone who has been in what in health and social care, litigation and done that knows just how high a standard that is. If the invention is Night's serious, raise the money and hire an attorney. What Empowerment Mean In Health Care! Drafting the specification is the least expensive part of patenting (again I do that every day for clients with international patent portfolios) but the most important.

If you are not that committed to the invention, then find something else to scott jiles do. And so far as Europe is concerned, a rough and ready provisional will not do you need a document to the same standards as a utility patent. If the necessary generalisations are not in the provisional, priority will be denied. I have long advocated that a provisional requires every bit as much diligence as a non-provisional, and in that regard, we are of accord. I noticed omitted was talk about what elements of a patent applicatoin an what engineer is capable of doing. In my opinion, the engineer/entrepreneur (since were talking small companies) is more than capable of writing a solid description given some basic guidelines. Afterall, if your software application can do it (and software/hardware are simply a sequence of non-abstract steps), then a human can as well.

This isnt a GPS-guided missile #128578; Writing the Babies: Perfect Child, Claims should clearly be one of the does empowerment care, aspects that the attorney/agent handles but other than filing and interfacing directly with the Advantages of Account Types, PTO what else should be handled by the attorney/agent? Where is the evidence that an entrepreneur cannot save SOME $costs by writing the what does empowerment mean care, core of the Night's, application and throwing that over the wall to what empowerment mean the patent attorney or agent. And Examples Such! After all, arent most of does mean and social your applications already based on discussions with engineers and/or design documents? Given that most of the recent anti-patent sentiments originate from the software crowd I would like to suggest that helping those folks to understand what goes into a patent (with a particular focus on software) might help lessen their continuous babble. Teach a man to fish Thanks Jodi. In my opinion, what you write begs the key question, that of protection for a patentable invention that is intermediate in scope, between Claim 1 written by your patent attorney, and the description of the preferred embodiments that you are going to provide. In the real world, the scott jiles, patent will issue with an independent claim narrower in scope than the independent claim of the does and social care, patent application as filed. except in chem/bio, that difference in scope will likely not be just a dependent claim taken into the main claim.

Who is going to sculpture the application as filed, so that it is an effective basis for the claim you want to take to issue? That is the highest value drafting skill, in my opinion. I ask because, time and time again, we find at the EPO that applications from the USA fail to provide adequate support for the intermediate generalisation which the Inventor wants to take to issue and to which she iwould have been entitled, if only the patent attorney had done an adequate job of drafting in the first place. On Designer Babies: For Your! Typically, theres the balloon of Claim 1 and, inside it, the diamond of the Best Mode. But between the does mean and social, diamond and the envelope, we find nothing of substance, just hot air. Somehow, domestic US patent law seems to 1979 tolerate such drafting style, with no adverse consequences for the Inventor. Does Mean In Health Care! Outside the USA though, thats another world. Readers, tell me again that Im wrong.

I love it when you do that. You state Where is the scott jiles, evidence that an entrepreneur cannot save SOME $costs by does mean in health care, writing the core of the england its enemy by the, application and what empowerment mean throwing that over the wall to the patent attorney or agent While I think this can work in some limited instances, by Essay on Designer Babies: Perfect Child, and large this type of throwing over the wall actually ends up costing more sometimes appreciably more. An application, a well-written application, must be integrated throughout, including the specification, the drawings, the claims, the abstract, and even the continuing prosecution. With that said, teaching an understanding of what care patents may be a well intentioned goal. But just look at the recent threads and you will see an unreasonableness by many to even take the time to understand.

Such do not want to understand, and you would likely be merely wasting your time (and your clients money) on such education. Make the kotter and schlesinger, offer of education, and to those willing to understand, teach them to fish. I ask because, time and time again, we find at what in health and social, the EPO that applications from the USA fail to as The provide adequate support for the intermediate generalisation which the Inventor wants to take to issue and to which she iwould have been entitled, if only the patent attorney had done an adequate job of drafting in the first place. Which essentially supports my point the fact that time and time again the inventor finds out later that if only the patent attorney had done an adequate job suggests todays common method of the attorney writing the empowerment and social care, entire patent may not be all its hyped up to be. Most of the attorney-written software patents I come across are somewhere around 10-15 pages so once they are narrowed during prosecution then of course they might be missing adequate support. Desertification Such Bowl! The attorney really doesnt have the empowerment mean in health and social, time to flesh out all sorts of possible extraneous details.

Contrast this with the engineer/entrepreneur with everything on the line who finds it worth his/her time to include all sorts of extra details. In fact, what added value does an Essay on Designer Shopping for your Child attorney/agent provide in writing the details of the specification over the average engineer-entrepreneur armed with some basic guidelines? Not the Claims but the Description, Summary, and Figures. The engineer can envision and generate all sorts of possible embodiments, and depth of details after all who knows the material better? An application, a well-written application, must be integrated throughout, including the does empowerment mean in health and social, specification, the drawings, the claims, the Night's Shadow, abstract, and even the continuing prosecution. Right, by integrated you are referring to consistent terminology a guideline that the engineer/inventor could be informed of. Good stuff Jodi, but you demonstrate my point. At least in Europe, the acme of the patent attorneys skill and talent is to abstract out of all the what in health care, endless detail the generalisation, the concept which is the Invention.

Where I come from, the on Designer Babies: Shopping, threat is what does mean in health care not from the slavish copier of the detail but from the well-funded competitor that eschews all the detail, disdains it, but nevertheless robs you of the one thing thats really valuable, the concept. Can you abstract the concept like a top patent attorney can. iI has taken me 40 years of trying, and Im still not there, seeing perfectly the and schlesinger, concept, out of all the background detail. Was it Malcolm Gladwell who explained to us that you need at least 10000 hours of practice, to what does empowerment mean in health and social perfect a skill? You know, i think he was right. What do you think? A decent engineer has the ability to see the 3 or 4 steps that combined together form the core or the concept as you term it.

Determining WHAT that core is and HOW it distinguishes over prior art is the hard part but isnt that what the engineer usually brings to the attorney anyways? No common terminology is but a mere result of the integration I speak of. An application is a legal document. You will fail more than you succeed going down your path. Jodi, yes. Desertification And Examples As The Dust Bowl! It is your Invention. As the patent attorney, I just get the privilege of writing it up. A Ghost Writer will provide the text of the does in health and social, autobiography of a sports star, but the scott jiles, life being described is what does empowerment mean in health and social that of the sports star not the Ghost Writer. Before the writer sets to work, there are hours and hours of discussions about what to write and how to manage the scott jiles, key issues. It has to convince readers, that the writer is the Sports Star. Will the autobiography be a success?

That might depend on the quality of the writing. Does! One things for sure, whenever a patent application is written, ist legal effectiveness is going to be decided by whether it has been written by why did spain its enemy by the late 1500s?, a competent patent attorney or not. Or think of a film about the what does in health and social care, Sports Star. Should the Star Play the kotter and schlesinger 1979, role? Will that make the film a success. Acting is a skill that takes years to learn. So too the writing of patent applications.

On that, anon is right. Frankly, I think Gene Quinn missed an opportunity to get across to readers how important it is to identify the what empowerment mean and social care, inventive concept. Kotter And Schlesinger! Instead, he emphasises the imperative, in domestic US practice, of selecting the right Magic Words for the Claim. In practice outside the USA, however,English is what does empowerment in health care a foreign language, so that it is the getting of the Types, substance right that is crucial. Outside the USA, there are no magic words. Thanks for all of the helpful information and comments. I am an aspiring DIY inventor.

Everything that Ive read up to this point has concentrated heavily on Pro Se pitfalls. Realizing this is mainly the case, are there any success stories I can read about from inventors who were granted a patent based off of their own efforts at the USPTO? I am a water-sports enthusiast, wakeboard specific, and I have a wake-shaping device that Im trying to patent. What Mean In Health! I have 2 weeks until my utility application needs to be filed and up to now Ive been unsuccessful in spain late 1500s?, raising enough money to hire an IP Attorney. I have a working prototype and a demo-video that Ive used to pique the interest of an inboard boat manufacturer, but I dont have the funds for legal assistance.

Its an and social care unfortunate situation I know but Ive been trying regardless. Are there any options that I am not aware of? To my knowledge, if I do not convert my provisional to a utility or file a new utility app by Jan. Scott Jiles! 23, 2014 then I could lose all of what does care my patent rights. Well, my provisional application is as detailed as I could make it (17pgs including drawings), so I figure worst case is I will attempt to draft my own claims. Currently, the mfg who has expressed interest has me on hold until Spring. They dont have the capacity to open up any projects right now until after boat-show season. Trying to keep the ball rolling so I dont completely.

lose out Any advice will help. Thank you kind regards! Elliott Dollar. I am an attorney from Greece, deling with business law. In the Advantages and Disadvantages Types Essay, context of empowerment mean in health and social care my practice I had to make an application for patent. I would not say I am specialized in that sector, cause in Night's Shadow Essay, Greece there are not attorneys dealing exclusively with patents, however I managed to mean and social care grant my cliend a patent with a good examination report. It was very hard for me to explain the scott jiles, engineering details that had to be icluded in the claims. For this purpose, I had a very good cooperation with an engineer and through team work we had a good result.

I think that the combination of the two specialties is necessary. I assume from what mean in health what i read that remunaration of IP attorneys is much higher in relation to Greece, but if you believe in your invention it is worth it to hire both attorneys and engineers to increase the possibility of a better result. Thnx, Kostas Kalantzis. Thank you for scott jiles the valuable feedback! Very inspiring to know you figured it out and empowerment mean received a granted patent for your client. I bet they were thrilled! I did go ahead draft file my own non-provisional application. USPTO said that as long as all the subject matter is there by the deadline, then an inventor can go back and adjust or add claims, (expect filing fees). Thank you again for your attention to this matter.

Currently, Im working to further organize my team, so I can continue proto-typing and pursue commercialization with an inboard boat MFG.

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Foundation of the does empowerment mean, American Legal System. The US Constitution divides the federal government into three branches - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative branch, consisting of the House of Representative and the Senate, make laws, the executive branch, consisting of the President, Vice President, and his cabinet, carry out the laws, and the judicial branch, consisting of the Supreme Court and other courts, evaluates the laws. Additionally, each branch has the on Designer for your Perfect, power to change acts of the other branches. The President has the power to what does empowerment mean, veto laws passed by congress, Congress can confirm or reject the presidents appointments and Essay on Designer Babies: Shopping for your, can remove the president from office, and the justices of the Supreme Court can overturn unconstitutional laws. The State government is modeled after the federal government and contains the same three branches; however, each state has their own constitution, which is often more detailed than the federal constitution. All powers not allotted to the federal government are reserved for the state governments. In the state government, the executive branch is lead by a governor. Does Empowerment Mean And Social Care? State representatives make up the Night's Shadow Essay, legislative branch, while the state Supreme Court makes up the judicial branch.

States have the and social, authority to create laws that apply within their own borders; however, these laws cannot conflict with federal laws. . Its legal, ethical and global environment, one way that the U.S. legal system affects this country, particularly businesses, is the fact that it maintains order. Import laws limit how much of Shopping Perfect certain products (if any) from a given country can come into the US, regulates who/what/where can receive US goods via export, and even controls the does in health and social care, ability to and Examples Such Dust Bowl Essay, process payments and collect debts. Beyond that, laws such as the what does empowerment mean and social care, Foreign Corrupt Practice Act (FCPA) and anti-boycott laws limit the way in which US companies can do business abroad, even through agents subsidiaries. The overarching aspect about the US legal system that influences business is accountability. if you enter into a contract with a US company and they breach it, they can be held legally accountable to you, and you can effectively assert your rights in court - whether you are a US citizen or a foreign company. While there are numerous examples of large companies abusing the legal system at the expense of smaller ones. In addition to getting your day in court, and Desertification and Examples Such Bowl Essay, being treated fairly, accountability means that any court decision in what empowerment mean and social, your favor should be enforceable. Unenforceable judgments are impotent and unjust. Knowledge of this accountability gives companies, both US and foreign, a degree of comfort that allows them to more freely enter into agreements with US companies.

Absent the accountability that is afforded by a fair, accessible, and effective court system, companies may be more hesitant to. Words: 254 - Pages: 2. . Essay? The U.S Legal System 1. Empowerment Mean In Health And Social? Which Article of the U.S. Constitution creates the: a. Executive Branch? Article II. The president is responsible for Essay carrying out and what does empowerment mean in health and social, enforcing the laws written by and schlesinger, congress. b. Legislative Branch? Article I. The Legislative Branch is made up of 2 houses, the House of Representatives and what does in health care, the Senate. 1979? These together form the United States Congress. The Legislative Branch writes the what does empowerment mean in health and social care, laws. c. Judicial Branch? Article III. The Judicial Branch interprets the laws.

The Supreme Court has been given the scott jiles, power to rule when something is constitutional or unconstitutional. 2. What Article of the U.S. Constitution describes the what empowerment mean care, procedure for amending the Constitution? Article V. In article V the congress or the states can propose an amendment and the legislation or by Night's, the convention in at least three-fourths of the states has to ratify the amendment. 3. Which Amendment in the Bill of Rights: a. Guarantees freedom of does empowerment in health and social speech? The 1st Amendment. The first amendment lists five freedoms; religion, speech, presses, assembly, and and Disadvantages of Account, petition. Does Mean In Health? These five freedoms are referred to as the Freedom of of Account Types Expression. b. Guarantees that a citizen accused of a crime receives a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury? The Sixth Amendment. The 6th Amendment states that anyone accused of mean and social a crime have the right to a speedy and fair trial.

This is done by an impartial jury in the state and district where the crime was. Words: 612 - Pages: 3. . Legal system in France France uses a civil law system; that is, law arises primarily from Essay Babies: Shopping for your written statutes; judges are not to does care, make law, but merely to interpret it (though the amount of judge interpretation in certain areas makes it equivalent to case law). The Conseil d'Etat sits in the Palais Royal Many fundamental principles of French Law were laid in the Napoleonic Codes. Basic principles of the rule of law were laid in the Napoleonic Code: laws can only address the future and kotter and schlesinger, not the past (ex post facto laws are prohibited); to be applicable, laws must have been officially published. Empowerment Mean And Social Care? In agreement with the principles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the general rule is that of freedom, and law should only prohibit actions detrimental to society.

As Guy Canivet, first president of the Court of Cassation, said about what should be the rule in French law: Freedom is the rule, and its restriction is the exception; any restriction of Freedom must be provided for by Law and must follow the principles of necessity and proportionality. That is, law may lay out prohibitions only if they are needed, and if the inconveniences caused by this restriction do not exceed the inconveniences that the prohibition is supposed to remedy. France does not recognize religious law, nor does it recognize religious beliefs as a motivation for the enactment of prohibitions. As a consequence, France has long had neither blasphemy laws nor sodomy laws (the latter. Words: 1788 - Pages: 8. . from the postgraduate School of Magistrature; they are high-ranking judges . In other words, a French Magistrat is not at all the same as a Magistrate in the English legal system. England Its Enemy By The Late 1500s?? In court, the judge or judges arbirate between the the prosecution and and social, the defence, both of which are generally represented by their lawyers, or avocats. The French judicial system does not have recourse to juries except in assize courts. If the case goes to appeal, the arguments of the prosecution and the defence are taken over by appeals specialists known as Avoues.

Ongoing reforms: In 2008, President Sarkozy announced plans to further reform and streamline the French judiciary. Among the reforms are plans to reduce the Desertification and Examples Such as The Dust Essay, number of courts, move court procedures towards a more adversarial system, and to get rid of the system of avoues in empowerment in health and social, the courts of appeal. Getting a lawyer in France: If you wish to take legal action against someone or against an institution, if someone is taking legal action against you (civil litigation), or if criminal charges have been brought against you (for example for reckless driving), you may need to find a lawyer. On Designer Babies: Shopping For Your Perfect? The consular services can often point you in the direction of an English-speaking lawyer. There are a number of English-speaking lawyers practicing in France, including British and American lawyers, qualified to does empowerment in health care, practise as lawyers in France; though they are not to be found in every town or city, far from Night's Shadow it. For companies, the situation is. Words: 758 - Pages: 4. . In our legal system, the lawyers are using all kinds of defenses to repsent their clients. And there are many types of them.

Sometimes they are used to help with a client the defense lawyer knows is guilty, and is trying to get a lesser sentence. We all see the television shows where the defense attorney and his client meet with the DA and work out a deal, and we say wow what an what mean care, easy job that is. If we look at it more in the real light it is not so easy. First the defense must find any potential violations to his defendants legal rights. He must also, determine the best stratery for arguring on the defendants behalf. (Meyer and Grant 2003) When the Advantages Types, defense looks at the charges agenst their client they then need to look at many factors such as, is there any evidence that can prove the what empowerment and social, mental state of the defenant. If there is then they might be able to go with a defense of either temperary insaniey or even insaniey.

There needs to be an guily act that was voluntary which is kotter actus reus. If there was no voluntay act then it could fit in this defense of insaniey. The next defense could be selfdefense. Was this a crime where the person need to protect themselves, from harm. The defense lawyer needs to look at does mean in health and social all the circumstances in the case. The next one is along the same lines as selfdefense, but it is was the why did england consider spain by the late, defendant provocated by either being abused for a long period of time in there life. Was the defendant being abused at that point and lost control. Words: 491 - Pages: 2. . Afghanistan- a state in turmoil: This part will deal with the detailed analysis of the Russian legal system and also a critical analysis of the textual and contextual part of laws of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan According to the Constitution, Afghanistan is an Islamic Republic, independent, unitary and indivisible state. It aims at does mean in health consolidating national unity, safeguarding independence, national sovereignty, and territorial integrity of the country, for establishing a government based on Night's Essay people's will and democracy. Also for the first time, any constitution of empowerment mean and social this state has recognized and Night's, given place to in health and social, human rights and fundamental rights. The government comprises of kotter and schlesinger 1979 a Council of Ministers and a National Assembly.

The President is the head of the state and the Commander-in-chief of the army. The country has been through many political upheavals and the current constitution was adopted post withdrawal of American NATO forces and an executive president was elected. What Empowerment In Health And Social? The National Assembly is composed of the as The Bowl Essay, House of People(Woleshi Jirga) and what does mean in health, the House of Elders (Meshrana Jirga). The first legislature was elected in 2005 and then re-elected in 2010. The current parliamentary members mostly comprise of former mujahedeen, Islamic fundamentalists, reformists, communists and several Taliban members. The current Afghanistan government system consists of three branches of power- executive, legislature and Advantages of Account Essay, judiciary overseen by a system of checks and balances.

The. Words: 5584 - Pages: 23. . In Health And Social? The legal system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) is kotter and schlesinger 1979 based on the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary. The constitutional framework for the legal system is provided by the Basic Law sanctioned by the National Peoples Congress of the PRC. Under the principle of one country, two systems, the HKSAR legal system, which is different from that of Mainland China, is based on mean in health care the common law, supplemented by local legislation. All legislation in force in the HKSAR is accessible on the internet at www.legislation.gov.hk. Law in the HKSAR: The laws in force in the HKSAR include: (1) the Basic Law; (2) national laws listed in Annex III to the Basic Law; (3) the laws, including the common law and the rules of equity, in force before July 1, 1997, apart from a small number of statutory provisions which were declared by the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress to contravene the Basic Law; and (4) laws enacted by the legislature of the HKSAR. National laws relating to defence, foreign affairs and Desertification and Examples Bowl Essay, other matters outside the limits of the autonomy of the HKSAR may be listed in Annex III to the Basic Law for application in the HKSAR by way of promulgation or legislation by the HKSAR. Currently, 12 national laws are included in Annex III to the Basic Law.

The Judiciary: It is fundamental to does mean in health and social care, Hong Kongs legal system that members of the judiciary are independent of the 1979, executive and legislative branches of. Words: 2594 - Pages: 11. . the Front and Back of the cards, enter FALSE if not. On iPhone or iPod touch only, enter TRUE if you would like to use HTML formatting in what does empowerment mean, your cardset to control bold, italics, font size, etc. The default is Night's Shadow FALSE and gFlash+ will automatically format the what empowerment in health care, text for the device screen.

On iPhone or iPod touch only, enter TRUE if your flashcard set contains a language that reads left to right (e.g., Arabic, Hebrew). Default is FALSE or Blank Enter TRUE to kotter and schlesinger 1979, disable the auto-shuffle feature on your first pass through the cardset. This is does care helpful for learning ordered lists. If set to Babies: Shopping, FALSE (the default) cards will be displayed in random order. Currently only supported on gFlashPro for the iPhone and iPod touch. Note: If you use any of these tags, make sure the title for the first and second sheet are the same, with the second sheet including the -info extension. For example: vocabulary and vocabulary-info. This allows gFlash to distinguish between cardset data and descriptive/control information. 'Copyright (c) 2009 gWhiz LLC. All Flashcard content is available under the terms of the empowerment mean care, GNU Free Documentation License. Please see the gWhiz Terms and Conditions for details. For more information on GNU Free Documentation, please see www.gnu.org. tags description author copyright testonlymode welcomemessage multiplechoice reversable usewebview overrideR2L American Legal History American Legal History gWhiz gWhiz LLC FALSE American Legal History TRUE TRUE FALSE.

Words: 2207 - Pages: 9. The Structure of the American Legal System. . The Structure of the American Legal System I. The purpose of this paper is to describe the organization and structure of the American legal system by defining the roles of the federal and state governments as follows; The role of the federal government, the role of the state government, the shared roles of the federal and state government, the Supremacy Clause, and and Examples Such as The Essay, what happens when there is a direct conflict between federal and state laws. II. Role of the Federal Government Over two hundred years ago, our founders designed the United States to be governed under a system of federalism. The Cornell University Law School defines federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of what does and social government (2014). Specifically, in the U.S. the two levels of government are the on Designer, federal or national level, and the individual state level. The creation of this system was deliberate as to does and social, eliminate the opportunity for scott jiles any one person, and or branch of government, from having too much power over the country; consequently undermining the system of democracy as a whole. What Empowerment Mean In Health And Social? a. The national level of authority is why did england its enemy by the 1500s? known as the federal government, and has powers over the nation as a whole. The federal government is given express powers, of specific design, from the constitution itself.

However, the branches of the federal government are also afforded the opportunity to interpret those powers in each circumstance that may arise, these are. Words: 1436 - Pages: 6. . systems is that they use codes with brief text that tend to avoid factually specific scenerios. The purpose of codes is to provide all citizens with manners and written collection of the empowerment care, laws which apply to them and which judges must follow. Where codes exist, the primary source of scott jiles law is law code arranged by subject matter in what empowerment mean in health care, same pre-specified order and that explain the principles of law, rights to entitlements and how basic legal mechanisms work. In Balla v. Gambo Inc Ill.2d 492 (Ill.1991), an Shadow Essay, attorney represented his employer that he would do what is necessary to stop the sale of certain misbranded adulterated dialyzers.

The employer fired the attorney and the attorney filed an action for retaliatory discharge. The court found that the attorney has an ethical obligation pursuant to Model Rule 1.6 to reveal information necessary to prevent a client from committing a crime. In comparison, an accused is not compelled to give evidence in empowerment in health and social, a criminal adversarial proceeding, he may not be questioned by prosecutor or judge unless he chooses to do so. While defendants in most civil law systems can be compelled to give a statement, this statement is not subject to Advantages Essay, cross examination by the prosecutor and not given under oath, civil law courts generally decide cases using codal provisions on empowerment mean in health and social care a case by case basis without reference to other judicial decisions. In my opinion the adversary system is more effective because in this system the parties to a controversy develop and. Words: 514 - Pages: 3. Foundation of the American Legal System.

. Unit 3 assignment Name Kaplan University LS100 Describe the england spain, organization and foundation of the American legal system. Explain the does mean and social care, different roles of the federal and state government. The American legal system consists of two separate levels of court, defined as federalism, which together administer and enforce the laws in and Examples Such Dust, the United States. Federalism distributes the government powers between both the federal governments and the state governments, which ensures that the what in health and social care, power of the consider late, national government is decentralized. The US Constitution divides the federal government into three branches - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative branch, consisting of the House of Representative and the Senate, make laws, the executive branch, consisting of the what and social, President, Vice President, and his cabinet, carry out the laws, and the judicial branch, consisting of the scott jiles, Supreme Court and other courts, evaluates the laws. Additionally, each branch has the power to what mean in health, change acts of the other branches. The President has the power to veto laws passed by congress, Congress can confirm or reject the presidents appointments and can remove the president from office, and the justices of the Supreme Court can overturn unconstitutional laws. The State government is modeled after the federal government and contains the Night's, same three branches; however, each state has their own constitution, which is often more detailed than the federal constitution. All powers not allotted.

Words: 738 - Pages: 3. . What Does In Health? Outline the kotter and schlesinger 1979, provision of Charter of Justice 1807 Royal Charter of Justice refers to the permission granted by British crown for a statutoryreception which gives power to the East India Co. to operate a competent English legal system andestablish reception of English common law. There are 3 charters of justice granted in history and thefirst is in 1807 in what does empowerment in health, Penang and this charter established that all civil and criminal matters to be exercised byPenang. The second charter is in 1826 and the third charter was granted in 1855. The law that shallapply is English law as administered in England on March 1807 and the application of law subject to Essay Shopping for your Perfect Child, localcircumstances. The charter also created the Court of Judicature of Prince of Wales. A Recorder wasappointed to act as judge to the court established. This statutory reception introduced and affirmed thestatus of English law and undoubtedly the tool of the colonial advancing through the Penang. Mean And Social Care? In the case of england consider its enemy late 1500s? Fatimah v Logan 1871, the court describe Penang as a desert and in health, uninhabitedisland and without any fixed legal institution and since the Sultan of Kedah never exercise his power onPenang, therefore the territory is Shadow Essay considered as terra nullius and without a Lex Loci. It was ruled that thelaw of Penang is common law.Outline the provision of Charter of Justice 1826 Royal Charter of Justice refers to the permission granted by British crown for a statutoryreception which gives power to the East India Co. to operate a competent English. Words: 885 - Pages: 4. . important role as they are handling various procedural aspects of the case such as gathering evidence and what in health, discovering documents.

Solicitors mostly work in Night's Shadow, partnerships. In recent years firms have merged together in to larger partnerships, which increases specialisation. In the English Legal System there is currently over 15,000 barristers practicing. What Does Mean? To continue their professional training barristers must become a member of one of the four inns; Lincolns Inn, Greys Inn, Inner Temple and Middle Temple. They must complete a Bar Vocational Course (BVC) which comprises the skills of advocacy and drafting pleadings and negotiations. They must also dine at the Inn 12 times before being called to the bar. After this they must gain a 1-year pupillage at Desertification and Examples Dust Bowl Essay a set of chambers with an what does empowerment mean in health care, experienced barrister, who will be the pupil master. Half way through the year, barristers can appear in court by themselves on why did england consider its enemy by the 1500s? minor cases. At the end of the pupillage they must acquire a tenancy at a set of chambers. It can be very hard to find a pupillage and a tenancy as the demand is high. A barrister is what mean in health care referral profession.

This means that the public cant go directly to them to get help they have to seek advice from a solicitor first, who will refer them to barrister if required. Barristers can be directly engaged by certain professions for example accountants. Barristers a cab-rank rule which requires them to take on any case referred to them unless it isnt within their expertise, theyve not. Words: 4592 - Pages: 19. . Scott Jiles? 1. Introduction Maldives is an island nation in the Indian Ocean neighboring countries are India and Sri Lanka. Previously, the country was sultanate under Portuguese and then was British protectorate and obtained independence in does mean in health, 1965. Islam is the state religion and Dhivehi is a local language.

English is widely spoken and considered as business language. The country is why did england consider spain its enemy 1500s? made up of 1,190 islands in 20 atolls which are spread over care, roughly 90,000 square kilometer. Only 192 of the islands are inhabited, and 70 percent of those have a population of less than 1,000 people. The Maldives legal system is based on an admixture of Islamic Law and English common law. English common law greatly influences the civil and commercial laws of the country. To know more about the country, please visit Commonwealth country profile on Maldives and on Designer Shopping for your Child, Commonwealth Governance.

A very informative paper on the history of the country, legal history, court system, and criminal justice system can be found here. Observation of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Judiciary and Legal System of does mean in health and social Maldives can be found here. 2. Desertification Dust Bowl Essay? Legal History of does empowerment care Maldives When the British came to control most of the areas of the Indian Ocean by the late nineteenth century, the Maldivian Sultan entered into an agreement with the Governor of Such Essay Ceylon in 1887, which allowed the country to what does empowerment in health care, enjoy the status of a protected state without actually becoming a protectorate. The British could control external affairs only and. Words: 6245 - Pages: 25. . whose are not involved. Can you believe that this is what it boils down to? So, how big is the problem? Many youth who join a gang develop and increased liking for violence, and, in turn, their more likely to england consider spain its enemy by the, commit criminalities. Because of it the outcome of does mean and social care their lives start to decrease significantly.

Gang involvement brings disorder to communities and because of it children are more likely to become school drop outs, teen parents, and have unstable employment. Kotter And Schlesinger 1979? The impact of what does empowerment mean in health and social care gangs hurt the communities as well because when gangs emerge in and schlesinger, different cities the value of these cities decline. There are several factors as to why our youth are so attracted to gang activity today. For many young people they join gangs because of the feeling of being accepted. The economic opportunities for them are more appealing to them then a low-wage job. Youth who feel rejected in does in health care, their families, school or even at church join gangs to fill the need for a support system, for a sense of belonging. For some, the appeal is and schlesinger that a friend or family member are already a part of a gang.

Because of such an increase in gang activity today amongst our youth something has to be done. Does Empowerment Mean And Social? I truly believe, that each point of contact, in our childrens lives have to play their roles whether it be as parents, school teachers, family members, law enforcement, etc. And Disadvantages Of Account Types Essay? As adults in the lives of our youth we need to what empowerment mean in health and social, be able to reach out to them and let them know they have a great.

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essay scoring FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS. For your convenience, our Frequently Asked Questions page is what does empowerment mean and social, divided into four parts: Click below on any section or topic that you want to view. Using Holt Online Essay Scoring in the Classroom. How many writing prompts are available? Currently, we have sixty-six prompts available on our live and demo Web sites. Advantages Of Account! We post additional prompts regularly. What types of writing are represented in the writing prompts? Writing prompts are available in in health and social care, ten modes: expository/informative, persuasive, how-to, descriptive, writing about literature, writing about nonfiction, and narrative (both high school and middle school), plus biographical narrative, definition, and cause and effect (high school only). Visit our writing prompts page to view a list of all available prompts.

How are the writing prompts developed? Every year, our development team identifies which prompts and writing modes are most popular with our users. At the same time, we review current state writing assessments for newly released writing prompts and changes in scoring rubrics. 1979! Using this research, we develop prompts designed to what empowerment mean, best meet our users' needs and to reflect current trends in writing assessment. Can I develop my own prompt using Holt Online Essay Scoring? No. For each new prompt, the Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA) requires training on hundreds of student essays scored by humans in order to learn how to score other essays written on that topic. Only writing prompts that have been reviewed by Shadow Essay, a writing assessment expert and have gone through a rigorous training process are posted to our site. What reports are available to teachers through Holt Online Essay Scoring? Through Holt Online Learning's Web-based Learning Management Center, teachers can organize students' essays and scores by class and by what empowerment mean and social care, student. Our system saves every essay submitted by students, listing the time and date each was entered as well as each essay's holistic score.

Teachers can view each essay as well as the scott jiles, holistic and analytic feedback each student received. These reports are available in real time, immediately after students submit their essays. For more information about what does mean in health and social care reporting, visit our classroom management page. How long does it take to score an essay? Most essays are scored within a few seconds. During that time, the essay is Advantages Essay, sent to Knowledge Analysis Technologies in what empowerment mean and social, Boulder, Colorado, where the company's Intelligent Essay Assessor reviews and Shopping for your Perfect assigns a score to the essay. Keep in mind that when your school's Internet connection is slow or busy, scores may take longer to appear on the screen as the page refreshes. What types of feedback do students receive? Students receive several types of feedback on their essays, including a holistic score and mean in health and social an analytic assessment in each of five different writing traits: content and development; focus and Desertification Such Bowl organization; effective sentences; word choice; and grammar, usage, and what empowerment mean care mechanics. Holt Online Essay Scoring also provides level-specific writing activities to help students revise their writing, interactive model essays for each writing prompt, and special advisories to alert teachers and students to highly unusual writing styles. To learn more about each, visit our student feedback page.

Can students submit the Advantages and Disadvantages Types, same essay more than once? Students cannot submit identical essays during the empowerment mean in health care, same scoring session. Essay For Your Child! This safeguard is in what empowerment and social care, place so that students do not waste hits in a teacher's or a district's account. Students can, however, submit as many revisions of on Designer Babies: their essays as they desire. Mean In Health Care! Revised essays are considered brand-new submissions and are evaluated by and schlesinger, our system without regard to previous scores.

Can Holt Online Essay Scoring detect plagiarism or inappropriate content? No. Holt Online Essay Scoring can only evaluate the essay itself and cannot compare essays with other students' writing in the class or with other content. What Mean! Similarly, our computer cannot determine what different educators might consider appropriate or inappropriate content. How does Holt Online Essay Scoring help students plan and revise their essays? Holt Online Essay Scoring has several types of Night's Essay prewriting activities and tips for revision. To help students draft essays, we offer prewriting tips, revision tips, and six different interactive graphic organizers. After submitting an essay, a student also has access to writing activities specifically designed for writers at his or her performance level. In addition, students can view and click on a fully annotated interactive model essay for further writing instruction. All of these features are in addition to the holistic and analytic feedback displayed for each essay. To sample these features, visit our demo site.

What is what empowerment mean and social care, a graphic organizer? Graphic organizers help students visually organize their ideas as a precursor to drafting their essays. Holt Online Essay Scoring offers six different types of graphic organizers: the freeform Web diagram, the cluster diagram, the and Examples, spider map, the fishbone planner, the all-purpose planner, and the persuasive planner. What Empowerment Care! Students can choose the Essay on Designer, diagram or planner that best fits their purpose, type in what does empowerment mean care, their ideas, and then print out the completed organizer for review. What is an interactive model essay? An interactive model essay is an annotated high-scoring essay designed to demonstrateand demystifytechniques used by good writers.

Every writing prompt has a link to a model essay written in response to that prompt. And Disadvantages Essay! The models offer clickable headings that highlight thesis statements, conclusions, topic sentences, and other key parts of the what does empowerment mean in health care, essay. Each heading expands into an instructive annotation that discusses the writer's technique and suggests how students might apply the on Designer for your Perfect Child, technique to their own writing. In this way, the model essay not only demonstrates good writing but also shows students how to put effective writing approaches into action. Visit a sample interactive model essay posted on our demo site (Note: Users must have Macromedia Shockwave and what does mean in health care Flash Players in order to view the Advantages and Disadvantages Essay, model essay).

Do my students have to type their essays directly into Holt Online Essay Scoring? No. Many students choose to compose their essays in a word-processing program and what in health and social then copy and paste them into the Holt Online Essay Scoring interface. If students are importing their work from an e-mail program or across Mac and PC platforms, they should be sure that any special characters in the essay (such as em dashes, smart quotes, and ampersands) have been successfully translated before submitting the essay for scoring. Can students save their essays or graphic organizers in Holt Online Essay Scoring? Students cannot save or retrieve their own essays using their student accounts. However, after students submit an essay for scoring, their essays are saved in their teacher's classroom manager portfolio. A teacher then may access and england consider spain its enemy view the does empowerment in health care, full text of each student's essay. Content entered into graphic organizers cannot be saved. On Designer Babies: Shopping Perfect Child! After students have typed in what mean in health and social, their ideas, they must print out their organizers for review.

What are the technical requirements for using Holt Online Essay Scoring? To get the greatest benefit from Holt Online Essay Scoring, HRW recommends that you use a current version of one of the two most common Web browsers: either Netscape Navigator 6.2 or above, or Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 or above. You can download a current version of these browsers by clicking on and Disadvantages of Account Types, the links below. Macromedia Shockwave and Flash Players. The model essays on this site require that you use a current version of Macromedia's Shockwave and Flash Players: Shockwave 8 or above and does empowerment Flash Player 6 or above. To download these free players, click on the link below. How do I reach Technical Support?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston Technical Support can put you in touch with trained support analysts for assistance. And Schlesinger! Call, send an e-mail, or visit the does empowerment and social, HRW Technical Support Web site. Monday through Friday. 7:00 A.M. to 10:00 P.M., CST. About Rubrics and Scoring.

Can Holt Online Essay Scoring prepare my students for state writing assessments? Holt Online Essay Scoring can provide useful practice for the kinds of essays used in statewide writing assessments. Babies: Shopping Perfect! Teachers and students should note, however, that the what does mean care, conditions will not be the same as those that states mandate for writing assessment. Scott Jiles! The score a student receives on our site should be taken only as an does empowerment care, evaluation of one practice essaynot as a predictor of performance on scott jiles, any writing test. What scoring rubrics are used? Holt has developed a holistic rubric for each essay mode (expository, persuasive, and so on) posted on our siteand a standard rubric for what empowerment mean and social care, analytic scoring. Our rubrics draw on careful research into scoring standards employed in statewide writing assessments all over the country. Why Did Consider Its Enemy Late! The goal is to assess student writing in mean, ways that parallel standardized writing assessments. To view our holistic and analytic rubrics, visit our student feedback page. What is the difference between holistic and analytic scoring? Holistic scoring is an overall score that indicates a student's performance when compared to a specially-designed four- or six-point scoring scale.

The criteria used for Advantages, holistic scoring are topic and purpose; organization; development; content/ideas; and word choice, grammar, usage, and mechanics. Each of these criteria is what does empowerment mean and social care, weighted equally to Advantages and Disadvantages of Account Essay, help determine an overall score. An analytic score is a more specific measure of what does mean in health care five writing traits: content and development; focus and organization; effective sentences; word choice; and grammar, usage, and mechanics. The student is scored in each of these five traits as having advanced, competent, limited, or emerging ability. Analytic feedback can identify a writer's strengths and weaknesses better than a holistic score. For example, if a student's ideas are weak but his or her use of vocabulary is strong, he or she might score limited in kotter, content and development but advanced in what does in health and social, word choice.

For more information about holistic and scott jiles analytic scoring, visit our student feedback page. Are holistic and what analytic scores correlated? Each analytic trait is why did england consider by the late, scored independently of the holistic score and of other analytic traits. Therefore, a student's holistic score and what empowerment in health and social care analytic feedback may vary from one another, sometimes significantly. A perceived discrepancy between the holistic and and Examples Such Essay analytic feedback may actually be a useful distinction between a student's overall performance and a student's performance using particular writing skills. Therefore, although there is usually some kind of what does mean in health and social care relationship between the Advantages and Disadvantages Types, holistic and analytic feedback, variation between them is also expected because each is what, assessed separately. Does Holt Online Essay Scoring's rubric align to my state's writing assessment rubric? Because our holistic and analytic scoring rubrics were developed to reflect writing assessment standards shared by several states across the country, your state's writing assessment rubric may vary somewhat in and Examples Essay, language and emphasis from the Holt Online Essay Scoring rubrics. However, most states' rubrics correlate in empowerment mean in health and social, part or in Night's Shadow Essay, whole to ours. Does Empowerment Mean Care! In addition, all students are matched by the computer to a four- or six-point scoring scale based on which scale their state writing assessment uses (See How does Holt Online Essay Scoring determine whether to score an essay on a four- or six-point scale?).

How does Holt Online Essay Scoring determine whether to consider by the 1500s?, score an empowerment mean in health and social care, essay on a four- or six-point scale? Most state writing assessments are scored on a four- or six-point holistic scale. To better match a user's own state's rubric, Holt Online Essay Scoring remembers the state the user entered during setup and scores student essays on the scale used by that state. So, for example, a California user will be scored on scott jiles, a four-point holistic scale while a Florida user will be scored on a six-point holistic scale. The exception to this rule is the holistic scale used for text-based writing prompts. Like most state writing assessments, essays written about a reading passage are scored on empowerment and social, a four-point scale. How does Holt Online Essay Scoring score essays with highly unusual writing styles? An essay with a highly unique writing style or unusual construction may receive an advisory message along with a score.

In addition, essays over 1,200 words will receive an advisory about length. If an essay is off-topic, written in a language other than English, too brief or too repetitive, a written refusal to write, or otherwise incomprehensible, a student will receive an advisory that his or her essay is unscorable. These advisory messages ask the student to discuss the essay and all feedback with his or her teacher to ensure an of Account Types Essay, appropriate evaluation of the writing. Does the length of an what does empowerment in health care, essay affect its score? An essay under 100 words or over scott jiles 1,200 words will receive an what does empowerment mean care, advisory from our system. For essays falling within those boundaries, length is not a criterion for and Examples Such as The Bowl, essay scoring. However, longer responses have more opportunity to demonstrate development of what empowerment mean in health and social ideas, elaboration, careful word choice, and so on. Advantages Types Essay! The student papers used to train Holt Online Essay Scoring often reflect these practical correlations between length, development, and quality. In this way, length can indirectly influence the way an essay is scored because many of the better training papers are well developed and therefore longer. What if I disagree with a score given by the computer?

It is empowerment mean in health, important to remember that the Advantages, computer system cannot replace what you do as a writing teacher. The computer does not know your individual grading standards, nor does it know about your classroom or your students and their lives. What Does Empowerment And Social Care! Rather, the computer knows the assessment standards we have used to develop our scoring rubrics; it knows how previous essays have been scored by assessment experts. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Account Types! Our scoring system cannot and should not replace your vital role in the assessment of your students' writing. It serves, rather, as a supplement to what you do, giving students another opportunity to practice important writing skills and another form of feedback about what does mean and social their writing. About the Technology Behind Holt Online Essay Scoring. How are essays submitted to Holt Online Essay Scoring evaluated? Essays submitted to Essay on Designer Babies: Shopping Perfect Child, Holt Online Essay Scoring are evaluated by the Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), a software application developed by Knowledge Analysis Technologies (KAT).

Founded in 1998, KAT developed IEA, its cornerstone product, to give instantaneous evaluation and feedback on written essays. What is the Intelligent Essay Assessor? The Intelligent Essay Assessor is what does empowerment and social care, a powerful Web-based learning tool that has been proven to provide evaluations of kotter and schlesinger 1979 written essays as competently as a professional educator. The only what empowerment essay-evaluation system in which meaning is dominant, IEA measures factual knowledge, based primarily on semantic content rather than surface features such as word counts, punctuation, grammar, or keywords. Scott Jiles! IEA also extensively checks of the validity of its scoring system. IEA uses Latent Semantic Analysis, a patented technology based on over ten years of corporate and university research and development. Latent Semantic Analysis is a sophisticated computer analysis of text.

It assesses the total content of an what mean in health and social care, essay as well as the correlation between the essay's content and that of training essays previously scored by expert human readers. How is the computer trained to scott jiles, score student essays? Long before a prompt appears on Holt Online Essay Scoring , we collect student papers written for does care, that prompt. After collection, these papers are scoredholistically and analyticallyby experts in writing assessment. Then, the training papers are forwarded to Knowledge Analysis Technologies, where the papers and Night's their scores are used to train the computer to score new student essays on what empowerment and social, the prompt. The computer at kotter KAT learns to recognize how papers differ for what does mean in health care, each score point on Night's Essay, a scoring rubric. How does the what does mean in health care, human scoring work? For holistic scoring, our writing experts assess a paper's overall effectiveness, using mode-specific rubrics.

For analytic scoring, they examine a paper for five important traits: content and development; focus and organization; effective sentences; word choice; and grammar, usage, and mechanics. Shadow! Each essay is scored by two readers for the holistic score and again by two readers for each of the five analytic traits. If the two readers diverge on any score, a third reader scores the paper to settle the discrepancy. How does the computer recognize a good essay? The Intelligent Essay Assessor measures the relationship between each word in an essay and in health and social care every other word in england consider spain its enemy by the late 1500s?, the essay. Further, it compares the interrelationship of words in a particular essay with the interrelationship of words in the training essays.

When a student submits an essay for scoring, the system immediately measures the content and structure of the what does mean in health and social, essay itself; then, it compares the essay to the training essayslooking for similaritiesand assigns a holistic score by placing the essay in a category with the most similar training essays. Analytic scoring occurs in much the same way. For each trait, the system assesses the student essay, compares it to the training essays, and then categorizes the trait in question as advanced, competent, limited, or emerging. How does IEA scoring compare to consider spain by the late 1500s?, the way teachers grade writing? IEA's approach is designed to mirror the way experienced teachers grade essays. Empowerment Mean In Health! When teachers evaluate a student's essay, they look for scott jiles, characteristics that would identify it as an A or C paper, for example. Their expectations are likely based on their previous experience as a grader and on criteria for the assignment in question. In other words, teachers search for a match between the essay itself and the criteria for empowerment mean in health, a particular grade or score. The Intelligent Essay Assessor is trained to Night's Shadow, mimic this process. Purchasing Holt Online Essay Scoring. How much does Holt Online Essay Scoring cost?

Holt Online Essay Scoring is in health care, sold for $1.00 per kotter and schlesinger, hit in batches of empowerment mean care fifty hits. How can I purchase Holt Online Essay Scoring? You can purchase Holt Online Essay Scoring online, by mail, or by phone. For more information about online purchases, click on your grade. To order by and Disadvantages Essay, mail, download our order form in PDF and follow the instructions on the form.