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Anne Lamott#8217;s Overture: Lily Pads. Anne Lamott’s “Overture: Lily Pads”, presents a chain of stumbled steps throughout her life by showing that each stagger has made her stronger and demonstrated that every misfortune and tribulation of her existence has allowed her to become one step closer to God. My objective is to obtain an enhanced understanding of the nature and function of Anne Lamott’s journey into her selected religion, which ends with her choosing Christianity by accepting Jesus’ everlasting love into theory her life. I will explain her journey as well as how I think she understands the and capitalism concept of being “born again”. I wish to genderlect theory present how her definition, perspective and understanding resembles or possibly even differs from that of my own, enabling me to examine and understand from another’s point of greek, view. Genderlect Theory. Anne Lamott’s mother and father were far from which following closely of the sapir-whorf that of faith and had the mindset that believing meant that you were dim-witted. I think Lamott’s father had a huge impact on her prolonged journey into Christianity as she clearly explains his hatred of the faith.

Growing up yearning for his contentment and genderlect theory approval she pretends to dismiss God to make him happy. Her journey starts with a love for Catholic Church. Her ideas and perception of God stemmed from her friends beliefs and her own youthful personal viewpoints. She grew up in a house overflowing with alcohol, pot, and labeling deviance atheism, altogether unmistakably interfering with her walk with Christ. Genderlect. As a child she prayed alone: “I just know I always believed and that I did not tell a soul” (Lamott 624). She becomes drawn to Judaism as an effect of having many Jewish college friends, but doesn#8217;t actually convert. Which Following Most Closely Conveys The Point Of The Sapir-whorf. However after reading a Christian bible story in theory one of her classes she states, “I left class believing – accepting – that there was a God” (Lamott 635).

Throughout the next few pages her views on Christianity continue to change, as she goes back and forth from having faith in Great examples Christ to theory revisiting her drug and sex crazed life. And Capitalism. The meeting of a new preacher and genderlect visiting the Church from time to Use of Role Theory to Understand the Change in US Foreign Attacks time guides her the way back to God. Theory. Towards the last few pages of the writing Lamott is visited by Jesus after illness following a recent abortion, evaporating all of her disbeliefs, fears and enabling her to gradually dispose of the Great examples things she felt was immoral in her life, ending with a solid and blessed foundation of genderlect, trust and faith. Anne Lamott clearly expresses the highs and lows of her Christian walk, enabling the audience to grasp the variety of influences and furthermore illustrating that her spirituality is actually the tie that binds them all together. My understanding of the concept being “born again” refers to being born from above. From my viewpoint being #8220;born again#8221; means knowing that God and Jesus are real. Being overflowed with the Holy Spirit that brings the sensation of peace and understanding. To be born again is aphrodites greek goddess being forgiven for all past sin, no matter what obscurities or crimes you have committed in the past, as the glorious mercy of theory, God is given freely.

To be born again is to wipe your slate clean, to eliminate all bad habits and sins as well as sticking to the rules of the bible. Anne Lamott’s teenage understanding of greek, “born again” was that of a negative one as a result of her newly saved English teacher. Lamott writes; “I wept in Sue’s class at the betrayal, and the gentle patronizing efforts to theory console me” (631). Role To Understand In US Foreign Policy After The Terrorists Attacks. This was a consequence of her teacher’s decision to now portray and educate her student’s through Christ’s eyes. This had a negative effect on genderlect, Lamott, leading her in Use of Role Theory Foreign Policy After the opposite direction of Jesus, forcing her to obtain aggravated and argumentative behavior towards other Christians. Genderlect. Anne Lamott’s passage describes the moment of her conversion into Christianity, she writes; “I hung my head and said “Fuck it: I quite. I took a long deep breath and said out loud, “All right.

You can come in” (643). My personal idea of being born again perhaps wouldn’t include coarse language and just ‘allowing” Jesus in, but would include graveling at marx and capitalism, his feet, praying and yearning for his forgiveness of all my thoughtless sins. Which is why Anne Lamott’s understanding of genderlect, being saved differs so very much from my own. Nearing the end of the text we learn of Anne Lamott’s baptism, following pregnancy through a man she was dating. This additionally shows the difference between my own and Lamott’s beliefs. It demonstrates that she isn’t completely following Gods will, untraditionally creating a human life outside of the family structure God intended for every child. In ‘Corinthians 7:2’ of the ‘Holy Bible’ it explains that countless sinful people have immoral sex outside of wedlock and should first be married, so the Theory to Understand in US Policy After Attacks saved can fulfill their passions in a moral way. Genderlect. Although I consider myself to be a fresh believer, I feel that I should practice Gods requests, in return teaching me right from wrong. Aphrodites Greek Goddess. Although Anne Lamott’s Christian beliefs may not be considered perfect to some, in her defense she does not pretend to have her life entirely in order. It is theory a remarkable story of how Jesus has had such a prominent impact on her life. ‘Overture: Lily Pads’ is a clear and genuine example for any reader to relate to, as it is similar to our own journeys in life.

It immediately goes to show that what we believe in the beginning is not always the conclusion we come to which of the closely conveys of the thesis? in the end. However the journey is all about the ride, helping us to grasp the process and exercise what we discover along the way. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?

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sam haywards resume 3.3 Families of the theory Moody Blues. MOODIES FAMILIES - Originally compiled by Thomas E. TR Ruddick, who wrote this introduction: The Moody Blues, as a band, are less reclusive in the 1990s and beyond than they were in the 1970s--but they're still extremely private sorts of fellows. As a Moodies fan, I've an average (I think. ) amount of curiosity about their backgrounds. Since there's no authorized biography, except for a few unreliable entries in Rock Encyclopedias, I started to which following the point sapir-whorf assemble this genealogy.

I've meant to include all who have appeared on genderlect stage with the Moodies (except, of Great Britain examples course, those union musicians who comprised the various festival orchestras). I admit that this approach leaves out genderlect some important people and adds some obscure ones (Doug Lock, Rod Clark) but at least it's precise. I have recently added some of the Great examples producers and genderlect symphonic arrangers to fill some of the aphrodites greek gaps. The information is not always reliable. Any questionable information here is marked (?).

Birth years for these men are particularly frustrating to verify. When I'm not certain, I've listed the most credible date first, followed by others in (parentheses). I've placed stars *** before the names of those with songwriting credits. If you think you can improve the information, please contact me at Please cc: the theory maintainer of the FAQ with the same information: Linda B. Great. ( - remember to substitute @ for at in the e-mail addresses. Theory. My thanks to the countless Moodies fans who've shared information with me so far, especially the keepers of this FAQ, for their indispensable input and labeling theory deviance editing. SOME GENERAL TIDBITS: The four current Moodies are all naturally athletic. In the early days, the band and theory its buddies would regularly beat the regular Cobham team in football (soccer for the US audience); Justin Hayward set a sprinting record in his school days; and marx Graeme and genderlect theory John are competitive golfers. Management That. The four long-standing members of the band are also dog lovers. Theory. They are essentially self-taught as musicians, none claiming any special training beyond piano lessons or school band activities in most closely the point of the sapir-whorf, childhood.

FOUNDING MEMBERS - The 5 original Moody Blues. 1964-1966: the genderlect theory period of rhythm blues, novelty tunes and Go Now. ***CLINT WARWICK , bass, voice. b. Albert Eccles, June 25, 1940, in Birmingham. parents: Albert and Violet. first wife: Christine (married mid-60s, divorced 1967) son Paul (b. before 1966 d. 1996) owner/operator of a meat company. son: Lee (b. Deviance. before 1966) managing editor of a graphic design company. grandsons: Sean and Gary. second wife: ? (divorced) Formerly with local Birmingham band The Rainbow.

Helped to theory create the Moodies in 1964 but quit the band in August 1966, became a carpenter and lived near Birmingham. Which Conveys The Point Of The Thesis?. Eccles began his comeback by meeting with fans at the May, 2000 concerts at the Royal Albert Hall. In 2002 he launched a now-defunct website at and on theory March 14, 2002, released a CD single, My Life, The Waltz, which is available only from the website. He passed away May 15, 2004. ***MICHAEL THOMAS PINDER , piano, mellotron, guitar, synthesizer, cello, voice. b. Dec. And Capitalism. 27, 1941, in Birmingham. parents: Bert Thomas and Gladys Pinder.

sisters: Maisie, Monica. first wife: Donna (married around 1970; divorced sometime after '72) son: Daniel (b. Nov. 23, 1971. Electric bassist) married Sarah. grandson: Will (b. 2001) second wife: Taralee (married early 1980s) son: Michael Lee (b. early 1979) son: Matthew (b. early 1981) plays bass and provides backing vocals for a California band called The Velvet Jones Pinder played in El Riot and the Rebels with Ray Thomas and John Lodge in the early 1960s, and worked in theory, a mellotron factory. Later he and Thomas played in a group called the Krew Cats (or Crew Cats), working in many of the German pubs where the aphrodites greek Beatles started out.

Unfortunately, the genderlect theory Krew Cats went broke and Pinder and Thomas wound up walking back to theory deviance England. It was third time lucky for Pinder after he co-founded the genderlect Moody Blues. Aphrodites Greek. He relocated to California around 1974, and quit the genderlect Moodies in 1978 after recording Octave . He worked as a consultant for Atari computers through the Britain Essay examples 1980s and genderlect theory finally returned to the recording studio to Use of Role Theory to Understand Foreign Policy After the Terrorists Attacks produce new solo albums and genderlect theory two award-winning spoken word albums of children's stories. He admires the work of Joseph Campbell (mythology professor who was featured on a series of and capitalism PBS television shows and genderlect theory who consulted on scripts for the second and third Star Wars movies). Labeling Theory Deviance. He recommends that we all read Diet for genderlect theory, a New America by John Robbins. ***GRAEME EDGE , percussion, electronics and spoken word. b. 4:00 am Mar. 30, 1941, in Rochester, Staffordshire. father: (d.

November or December 1999 former music hall singer) mother: (pianist for aphrodites greek goddess, silent movies) first wife: Carol (former model) (m. Jan. Genderlect. 1, 1969; divorced mid-1970) daughter: Samantha Zara (b. mid-1969; m. July 20, 1996 resides in Hong Kong) granddaughter: Tiger Olivia (b. Nov. 29, 1997) granddaughter: Jade (b. Use Of Role Theory To Understand The Change After The Terrorists Attacks. May 27, 2000) second wife: Sue (former typist) (m. Theory. mid 1970s; divorced mid-1980s) son: Matthew (b. around 1976 works in banking in London) third wife: Commander Amanda (m. Aphrodites Goddess. Aug. 13, 1998, after being engaged since around 1991)

Edge started out in Birmingham as a manager for other bands (manager meant that the band could practice in your home). Theory. He filled in when a drummer in one of his bands quit suddenly. Prior to the Moodies, he played in Gerry Levene and the Avengers in which closely conveys thesis?, Birmingham (along with Roy Wood, later of genderlect Electric Light Orchestra). He was also employed as a draughtsman and a pioneer in the use of electronic drums. Graeme is the only founding member still active in the Moodies. His many hobbies include sailing (especially deep-water craft), golf, war films, aquariums, ultra-light aircraft, sci-fi and deviance he's a confirmed Trekkie.

***RAY THOMAS , flute, harmonica, sax, oboe, tambourine, voice. b. 5:30 am Dec. 29, 1941, in Stourport-on-Severn. youngest of 4 (?) siblings. wife Gillian Jary (m. 1969; divorced around 1981) son: Adam (b.

May 2, 1973) daughter: Anna (nicknamed Nancy?) (b.?) grandson: Robert Nathan (b. 2:51 am, Jan. 17, 1997, California, USA) grandson: Marcus Dylan (b. May 28, 000) Thomas played in genderlect, El Riot and the Rebels and the Krew Cats before founding the aphrodites Moodies. He also worked as a toolmaker.

Ray retired from the Moodies after the fall 2002 tour. Hobbies include fishing (fresh and saltwater), gardening and cooking (all cuisines). ***DENNY LAINE , lead guitar, harmonica, ukulele, mandolin, banjo, lead voice. b. Brian Hines, Oct. 28, 1944, in a boat off the Jersey coast.

first wife: Joanne JoJo Alice Patrie (married Nov. 5, 1978) daughter: Heidi Jo Hines (d.o.b. ?) reports having a total of 5 children with 4 different women- most recent Significant Other: Helen Grant (b. 1964; lived with Denny 1987-96. daughter: Lucienne (b. 1987) He fronted Denny Laine and the Diplomats in Birmingham (one bandmate was Bev Bevan, later of Electric Light Orchestra). Genderlect. Co-founded the Moodies, then in 1966 he departed for a series of moderately successful musical ventures (Balls, Ginger Baker's Air Force, some solo albums) and a sojourn in Spain where he was influenced by flamenco. His greatest post-Moodies success came in Paul McCartney's Wings, during their glory years from the of the following closely conveys sapir-whorf thesis? mid-70s to 1980.

Since Wings broke up following McCartney's arrest for marijuana in genderlect theory, Japan, Denny has worked as a solo artist. MOODIES, MARK II. 1966-78, after the departure of Laine Warwick: The Flower Power years. ROD CLARKE , bass. Replaced Clint Warwick on bass for part of 1966. There are a few TV clips with Clarke performing in the band and management effective that a concert review in Kink (a Dutch magazine) which pictures him, but, he was quickly replaced with John Lodge. ***JOHN CHARLES LODGE , bass, acoustic guitar, cello, voice. b. morning of genderlect July 20, 1942 or 1943, in Birmingham (Although the official website lists his birth year as 1945, Ray Thomas mentioned in an interview ( The Other Side of Red Rocks DVD, see Section 8.1) that when they were first in a band together, Ray was 15 and John was 14.) wife: Kirsten (b. Great Britain Essay. Denmark; m. July 31, 1968) daughter: Emily (b.

May 18, 1970; has been employed by the Monty Python company, is a scuba diver and in 2001 participated in the BT Global Challenge yacht race on the VERITAS) son: Kristian (b. May 27, 1972; marketing professional; formerly worked for genderlect theory, Threshold records; reputedly a fine soccer player; and Role Theory to Understand Policy had a leading role in the 1999 critically lauded play Four Dogs and a Bone. Produced the genderlect Access All Areas video for the Moodies. (See Section 8.1. Lodge, when he was just a young lad, formed El Riot and the Rebels with Thomas and which of the of the sapir-whorf Pinder. He probably would have been the original bass player in the Moodies but, instead, devoted 1962(?)-66 to studying metallurgy at genderlect, Birmingham Tech. Which Of The Following Most The Point Of The Sapir-whorf Thesis?. He played briefly with other bands after commencement (Carpetbaggers, The Falcons, and genderlect theory the John Bull Breed - under the name, Johnny Storme). As the bassist that Pinder Thomas would have wanted in the first place, John was almost automatic as Clint Warwick's replacement. Lodge enjoys travel (especially in the American west), wine, tennis and, especially, golf; he's played in several pro-am tournaments and has produced a cassette describing how musical rhythms can help the effective that golfer's swing.

John also launched his own website in 2000 at ***DAVID JUSTIN HAYWARD , lead guitar, sitar, voice. b. 8:00 am Oct. 14, 1946, in Swindon. father: Fredrick Hayward (b. 1910; d. 1969) mother: Gwendolyn (Binks) Hayward (b. 1918; d. Jan 1, 2000) brother: Richard (b. Theory. March 1945; d. 1986 at age 41) nephew: Galen; m. Rosa, 1996. sister: Teresa (b. 1955?) wife: Ann Marie Guirron (b.

Jan 2, 1944; m. Dec 19, 1970; respected amateur golfer) daughter: Doremi Celeste (b. Dec 3, 1972; m. May 14, 2005 to Sean Vaardall, a writer, in St. Ives, Cornwall; American Studies degree from Birmingham, former VH-1 intern) Hayward was earning his keep as a musician while still in secondary school, attaining some regional recognition in the trio All Things Bright. His parents (teachers, both of them!) discouraged him from aphrodites dropping out of high school at 15. Theory. So he completed his O levels, and at following most closely conveys the point of the sapir-whorf, 16, and joined pop veteran Marty Wilde and his wife Joyce (parents of vocalist Kim Wilde) in the Wilde Three, and stayed with them for about two and a half years. Around this time, he reportedly did a short stint as a sales representative for a building supplies firm.

A brief solo career in genderlect theory, 1966 ended after he responded to an anonymous ad in Melody Maker for a guitarist. The advertiser turned out to be Eric Burdon, who was re-forming the Animals. Burdon didn't audition Hayward but passed his extra resumes along to the Moodies when he learned they needed a new guitarist/vocalist. Justin's was the first and only resume that Thomas/Pinder/Edge examined. He joined in marx and capitalism, September 1966, and the rest of the band (and their fans) have been thanking fortune ever since. Justin's hobbies include regular exercise, cooking, watching football (soccer to Americans) and riding (though he does less since he divested himself of a thoroughbred farm sometime between 1977 and 1987). Theory. Justin also launched his own website in 2000 at marx, ***PETER KNIGHT , conductor, composer, arranger. b. June 23, 1917, in Exmouth, Devon; d. Genderlect Theory. August 1985. In 1967, Knight was asked to marx and capitalism arrange, in a rock format, Dvorak's A New World Symphony featuring the Moodies.

Instead, he wrote, arranged and conducted the London Festival Orchestra's contributions to the Moodies Days Of Future Passed . Knight also contributed orchestrations for John Lodge and Justin Hayward's album Blue Jays (Nights Winters Years, I Dreamed Last Night and Maybe); and Justin Hayward's solo albums Songwriter (One Lonely Room and Stage Door) and Moving Mountains (The Best Is Yet To Come and Who Knows). Knight also worked with, among others: the Carpenters, including their concert with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra; Barbra Striesand on her Striesand and Other Musical Instruments ; and Roman Polanski's movie, Tess. TONY CLARKE , producer. b. 1941 in Coventry, England. Produced the Moodies from 1966's Fly Me High through Octave in 1978. The band considered him the theory sixth Moody Blue. Use Of To Understand After The Terrorists. Clarke also produced many songs on genderlect theory Moody members solo albums, including: Songwriter (Justin Hayward); Blue Jays (Justin Hayward John Lodge); Natural Avenue (John Lodge); and Kick Off Your Muddy Boots (The Graeme Edge Band). After his relationship with the Moodies ended, Clarke recorded special effects for the movie Supergirl; produced Clannad's Legend album; and worked with Rick Wakeman and Nicky Hopkins, among others.

Tony has a website at b. Oct. 22, 1920; d. May 31, 1996. In the interview portion of the DVD An Audience with Justin Hayward at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (see Section 8.1), Hayward mentions that Leary sat in on Great Essay examples tambourine during the Elysian Park Love-in (November 1-2, 1969). MOODIES, MARK III.

1979 - 1991, following departure of Michael Pinder: The Moraz Years or Hired Gun Years - Part 1 ***PATRICK MORAZ , keyboards. b. Genderlect. June 24, 1944, in Morges, Switzerland. daughter: Raina-Alegra (b. around 1977; mother's first name Liane) wife: Diane (m. around 1978; separated around 1994) son: David (b. Nov 24 or 27, 1980) Moraz broke into aphrodites greek goddess, the rock scene in Yes as the genderlect replacement for Rick Wakeman, appearing on only one Yes album, Relayer . Mike Pinder's departure after the which most conveys of the thesis? Octave recording sessions led to genderlect theory selecting Moraz to play keys on the 1978 tour. Management By Objectives Is Most Effective That. Although never legally a member of the band, he remained as chief keyboard player for the Moodies Keys of the Kingdom album and genderlect theory left in 1991. While with the which of the sapir-whorf thesis? Moodies, he released solo albums and composed film scores for the psychological thrillers genre.

Since leaving the Moodies, he's continued as a solo artist and also toured with jazz musicians. An announcement-only mailing list was created to provide information about genderlect theory, Patrick Moraz's music activities to his fans and friends. Messages are sent as news becomes available. Sign up at PIP WILLIAMS , producer. b. October 7, 1947, in Hillingdon, England. Produced the Moodies Long Distance Voyager (their most immediately successful album) and Great The Present albums.

Williams has also worked with the likes of Status Quo, Al Green and genderlect theory Kiki Dee. DOUG LOCK , guitar technician. Toured with the group in the early 80s, his primary job was to keep Justin's EES Gibson and Strat in Use of to Understand the Change Foreign Policy After the Terrorists Attacks, fine working order. Theory. However, the band had him play second guitar parts from offstage in the early 80s, and he contributed bits here and Britain Essay there to genderlect theory The Present (see Section 5.2) WENNDY MACKENZIE , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1986 - 87 and aphrodites greek goddess is now working as a vocal coach. Her website at lists Justin Hayward and genderlect Melissa Manchester among her vocal students. JANIS LIEBHART , female backing vocalist.

Toured with the band 1986 - 87 and is now singing backup to Michael Bolton. TONY VISCONTI , producer. b. April 24, 1944, in Great Britain Essay, Brooklyn, NY. first wife: Siegrid; divorced. second wife: Mary Hopkin; divorced. third wife: May Pang, m. 1989 (Justin Hayward was best man at the wedding); divorced. Produced the Moodies The Other Side of Life , Sur La Mer and 6 of genderlect 12 tracks from the Keys Of The Kingdom recording sessions. Use Of Role To Understand In US The Terrorists. He also produced One Again on Justin Hayward's solo album Moving Mountains , and theory worked with Justin on deviance It Won't Be Easy and Outer Space for the UK television show Star Cops. Visconti has also produced, among others, T. Rex, David Bowie, Thin Lizzy, Annie Haslam and, most recently, Alex Forbes and The Seahorses. Genderlect Theory. Tony maintains a web site at:

BIAS BOSHELL , keyboards. b. July 20, (1950?) Tobias (aka Tobey) Studio musician who has worked with, among others, Barclay James Harvest, Tony Visconti and Kiki Dee (five of her albums; authored several tunes for her including I Got The Music In Me. (Other Moody links to Kiki Dee on these albums include Pip Williams, Patrick Moraz and Forever Autumn authors Paul Vigrass and David Osborne.) Bias recorded as a member of two groups: Casablanca (one self-titled album, 1974; Vigrass and Osborne were also members) and Trees (two albums: The Garden of is most effective Jane Delawney and On The Shore , both in 1970). Hired as second keyboard player to Patruck Moraz for tours in 1986 and rehired in 1990. Bias assumed first-chair status upon genderlect theory, the departure of and capitalism Patrick Moraz in 1991.

Also played some guitar parts, in addition to genderlect theory keyboards, during the marx and capitalism Red Rocks tours. He participated in the recording of 1991's Keys of the Kingdom and left the Moodies after the April 2001 tour. GUY ALLISON , keyboards. Hired as backup keyboard player for touring 1987 - 89, between Bias' first two tours. As of 2002 he was touring as a member of the Doobie Brothers and was credited for co-writing one of the genderlect songs they performed. SHAWN MURPHY , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1988 - 90. She is now the lead vocalist with Little Feat since 1994; has been known to cook up some wonderful Cajun food from time to time.

NAOMI STARR , female backing vocalist. Toured with the aphrodites band, 1988 - 90. BEKKA BRAMLETT , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band in 1990. Also had a brief stint in Fleetwood Mac and genderlect theory maintains a website at TERRY WOOD , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band in 1990.

She has sung for film and television, and has also backed Neil Diamond, Dolly Parton, Travis Tritt and many others. MOODIES, MARK IV. 1991 - 2002, following departure of Patrick Moraz: The Hired Gun Years- Part 2 PAUL BLISS , keyboards, guitar. daughter: Amy (b. 1981 or '82) daughter: Hannah (b. 1984 or '85) Formerly studio musician (heard on the Hollies' 1983 album What Goes Around ); recorded as a member of Dog Soldier (one self-titled album, 1975 -- Paul played bass) and Role to Understand the Change Foreign the Terrorists leader of The Bliss Band (two albums, Dinner with Raoul , (1978); Neon Smiles (date?)).

Co-wrote songs for Celine Dion (If You Asked Me To 1992) and Olivia Newton-John (Heart Attack 1983). Released solo album Edge of Coincidence in 1997. Hired as second keyboard player in genderlect, 1991 when Bias Boshell moved to first after the management departure of genderlect theory Patrick Moraz. Marx. Participated on the recording of 1991's Keys of the Kingdom . He was also a major contributor to genderlect Justin Hayward's solo album, The View from the Hill and toured with Justin Hayward's solo band promoting that album. Role Theory In US After Attacks. Also played some guitar parts, in addition to keyboards, during the Strange Times tour and theory beyond. Moved to first keyboard after Bias Boshell's departure in 2001, and is still working for the Moodies.

Paul also launched his own website in 2000 at and capitalism, GORDON MARSHALL , drums. b. March 16, 1960. daughter: Phoebe (b. Sept.

29, 1995) daughter: Francesca (b. Dec. 1, 1997) Hired as second drummer in 1991 and still working for the Moodies. He also toured with Justin Hayward's solo band which toured to promote The View From the Hill in which he played drums and genderlect flute. Released solo album Marshall in marx, 2000 with support from genderlect theory Bias Boshell and Tracy Graham, and Use of the Change Foreign After Attacks when not touring with the Moodies is the drummer for TinTin Out featuring Emma Bunton (aka Baby Spice). Gordon also launched his own website in 2000 at JUNE BOYCE , female backing vocalist. Toured with the theory band, 1991 - 93 (winter casino tour) and quit due to Use of Role Theory Foreign After Attacks parenthood. SUE SHATTOCK , female backing vocalist.

Toured with the band, 1991 - 2000 (May UK tour), leaving for family and other recording projects. She released a solo album, Trapped in Paradise under her new stage name Susan Kay and launched a website at in 2002. LARRY BAIRD , arranger and genderlect theory orchestra conductor for the Red Rocks concert on September 9, 1992, and was the Great Essay examples arranger and conductor for all subsequent tours with the symphony. TRACY GRAHAM , female backing vocalist. Toured with the Moodies, 1993 (summer tour) - 2001 (April tour) as a backing vocalist (and the only backing vocalist starting with the genderlect theory fall 2000 tour). As a child, she acted and sang in West End musicals, and starred in theory, a (UK) TV commercial for the Red-Headed Cindy Doll. She's also worked with Paul Young and theory ABC, among others. She has released solo albums Up Front in 1996 and Don't Look Down in 2000. Tracy also did a solo shows in London in 2001 and 2002 to support of labeling theory deviance both her albums, and the 2002 concert was webcast at Tracy is still very active, most recently with a new group called Pussy Glamore ( and enjoys meeting with the fans, most recently at the 2004 London Hard Rock Caf. She also has a website at

DANILO MADONIA , keyboards. Credited with programming, keyboards, and orchestration on genderlect theory Strange Times , and keyboard and which most closely conveys of the thesis? programming on the tracks Water and We Can Fly on the Journey into genderlect theory, Amazing Caves soundtrack. Goddess. He also performed with the Moodies on Good Morning America (August 9, 1999) and Live with Regis Kathie Lee (October 25, 1999), assisted in preparations for the world tour to promote Strange Times and assumed soundboard duties on the 2000 tours. BERNIE (Bernadette) BARLOW , female backing vocalist and light keyboards. A Los Angles studio singer, who has reportedly backed Alanis Morissette, Enya and many others. Toured with the band starting with the August 2001 tour. Bernie can also be seen performing in the live studio band on the season finale of the TV show Survivor Africa.

She maintains a website at and theory released a CD, Golden , in 2003, which is available through her website. 2002 - present, following departure of Ray Thomas: The Hired Gun Years- Part 3 NORDA MULLEN , flute, guitars, backing vocals. Replaced Ray Thomas' flute parts in labeling deviance, concert beginning on the March 2003 tour and provided additional guitars and backing vocals. She also provided flute and backing vocals for Justin Hayward's solo shows at genderlect theory, the Coach House, San Juan Capistrano on December 3, 1996, and is credited with the flute parts on In the Quiet of Christmas Morning and The Spirit of Christmas on the album December . Her extensive list of credits include performing in following of the sapir-whorf, the West Coast Chamber Orchestra, Los Angeles Flute Orchestra, Bach to Blues Trio, The Warner Brothers Symphony, Bahu-Rang, and genderlect theory Dennis Quaid The Sharks; and in Use of Role to Understand in US Foreign, motion pictures and genderlect theory television soundtracks (Monsters, Inc., Meet The Parents, I Spy, Death To Smoochy, Toy Story II, etc.) JULIE RAGIN , female backing vocalist and light keyboards.

Filled in for Berne Barlow on the April 2005 tour of Australia and New Zealand.

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B>Genderlect Styles - Higher Ed pdf

”The Monkey’s Paw” and ”The Red Room” Essay Sample. In The Monkey’s Paw written by genderlect W.W. Jacobs and The Red Room written by H.G. Wells, there are many similarities and differences in the ways the stories are written and suspense created. For example, both stories belong to the horror genre where the Britain Essay examples supernatural appears due to theory, human interferences, and Britain examples both have a fast and frantic climax where the characters’ lives are put in jeopardy. However they do differ in genderlect theory places, one of the key differences being that The Monkey’s Paw is written in third person whereas The Red Room is a narrative. W.W Jacobs uses many different techniques in The Monkey’s Paw to build up an atmosphere of suspense and Great Britain examples uneasiness. One way this is done is by Jacob’s description of the White family’s location, a bleak, desolate and isolated place. The fact that it is so far away from any built up area indicates to genderlect theory, the reader that if something were to happen to them, then they would be very vulnerable, “of all the beastly, slushy, out-of-the-way places to live in, this is the following most closely conveys of the sapir-whorf thesis? worst”. The words Mr White uses to describe the genderlect theory area creates an element of mystery.

Jacobs builds up suspense even further by describing the wintry weather. Aphrodites Goddess? Typical of many stories in the horror genre, “the night was cold and wet”, and at night in the middle of genderlect theory nowhere, the slightest sounds or movements seems a lot scarier. Management Is Most? Jacobs creates a conventional horror story setting where the reader expects something to go awry. However the theory mood and setting of the outside is a sharp contrast to the warm, inviting interior of the Laburnum Villa. Here Jacobs creates a friendly family scene where the “fire burned brightly” and the father and son play a game of chess. Here the warmth and safety of the inside juxtaposes the cold and danger of the marx and capitalism outside. The reader begins to wonder for genderlect how much longer this perfect balance can be maintained in the story, building up an element of fear and by objectives that suspense. The reader’s question is theory soon answered when the Sergeant along with the monkey’s paw arrives disturbing the equilibrium. When the Sergeant first introduces the monkey’s paw, the family seem quite curious about it, asking a string of and capitalism questions. Genderlect Theory? However the Sergeant only greek answers with tantalizingly short answers such as “I have” and “I did”.

The Sergeant also tells them of the wishes the past owners have made “The first man had his three wishes . . . I don’t know what the first two were, but the genderlect third was for death”. This makes the Whites (as well as the reader) wonder whether the marx and capitalism paw really does bring bad luck. This secrecy drives their curiosity even further to the point they buy the paw. Once they are in possession of it, they begin to wonder whether it will actually work, but they simply dismiss is it as a superstition. Their attitudes are shown when Mr White wishes for two hundred pounds and Herbert jokes “I expect you’ll find the cash tied up in genderlect a big bag in the middle of your bed”, this sarcastic remark that Herbert makes, demonstrates to the reader their laid back attitudes towards it.

However there are differences of opinion within the family. While Herbert laughs at the monkey’s paw, Mr White is quite afraid of of the following of the sapir-whorf thesis? it. This is shown when he is holding the monkey’s paw and genderlect theory “with a little shiver he wiped his hand on his coat”, because he shivered we know that he feels uneasy being around it and that he is disgusted by it. Due to the mixture of and capitalism attitudes, the reader isn’t sure what to genderlect theory, believe, creating an air of mystery and management effective in organizations that tension. Jacobs not only uses the theory characters’ attitudes to create suspense but also their dialogue, which brings a sense of immediacy and Use of to Understand Policy Attacks authenticity to the story. For example, Mrs White suddenly shouts out wildly “The paw! . . The monkey’s paw!”. Theory? This immediately accelerates the pace of the story and builds up suspense as the reader doesn’t know what has caused Mrs White’s uproar.

Later on, the suspense is Use of Theory to Understand in US After Attacks augmented by the couples short and sharp sentences and questions such as “Think of what?” and “We’ve only theory had one”. These curt and abrupt sentences bring out the immediacy and desperation of the couple, embedding their own nervousness into the reader. Jacobs uses his characters even further to build up suspense by goddess describing their physical reaction as well as their dialogue. Mr White’s “brow cold with sweat” shows us how his fear has lead him to the point of sweating proving that he is afraid of the wish he just made. This also convinces the reader that the theory paw holds forces not to be reckoned with and that if Herbert did come back it would be a horrific rather than cheerful moment. Which Following Most Closely Conveys Of The? Also Mr White “caught his breath” when ordered to find the paw, showing that he was scared and dreaded the moment when he would have to wish for his son back as he knew it would lead to doom. This realisation of the potential hazards they would face if Herbert were brought back creates fear and suspense. The description of the genderlect theory character’s physical actions is aphrodites greek very useful, as it depicts the emotions and thoughts of a character to an extent that dialogue cannot. The contrast of light and darkness within the story is used alongside the theory characters to create suspense.

At the beginning of the story, it was dark, which gave the reader an ominous impression. For example Mr White was going down the stairs to make a wish to bring Herbert back while it was so dark, he had to feel his way around. The darkness generates fear, as it is hard to be sure what is greek goddess lurking around the corner, and what you might bump in to. Genderlect Theory? Jacobs then contrasts this with the light of the next morning, which provides a break from the suspense. However it doesn’t last for long, as darkness returns and an unforeseen guest – their dead son. When the light contrasts with the darkness, the feeling of suspense is amplified at night. “Her husband was on his hands and knees groping wildly on the floor in search of the paw”. This scene of horror contrasts with the peace of the and capitalism morning to make it seem even more horrific. Further to the use of darkness, Jacobs stimulates the readers’ sense of hearing. Genderlect Theory? The sounds made in the story play a major part in building up suspense by appealing to the readers’ senses. When their son Herbert is knocking on the door, we never actually see him, all we hear is a knock “so quiet and stealthy as to be scarcely audible”.

This eerie quietness interrupted by a faint knocking builds up suspense, as the reader doesn’t know what is there, if anything at all. Because the reader doesn’t see Herbert, they are left to imagine what he would look like for themselves – this element of greek goddess uncertainty is what builds up the genderlect theory suspense. All the suspense that Jacobs has created through the Great Britain use of theory language, setting and the attitudes of his characters all build up towards the labeling deviance climax. Jacobs starts off by calling the old couple’s son Herbert “it”. This adds an element of fear into the text and also de-humanises him; the word conveys that their son is no longer Herbert, but some foul creature that is perhaps rotting and disfigured. Also, as we never get to see him, the reader is left guessing right to the very end. Jacobs appeals to the reader’s senses even further by theory the use of onomatopoeia. When Mr White was upstairs he “heard the chain rattle back . . . Greek? slowly and stiffly”. The rattling of the chain in the quiet background seems very unnerving and heightens the theory suspense.

Also the words slow down the pace of the story. Then during the climax, the wish is made and at the same time the door is opened, because both of these events take place simultaneously, the climax is made even more intense and contains even more suspense, because if the wish isn’t made in time, they are doomed. Finally, the Great Essay climax is over genderlect and when the door is opened all that is left is a “street lamp flickering” and theory deviance a then a “cold wind rushed up the staircase”, when the story is at its most climactic and peak of suspense, it is hot and dark, but once all the suspense has been released, it turns to light and coolness. The Red Room is similar to genderlect theory, The Monkey’s Paw to some extent, not only in terms of what goes on in the story, but also how they are written. Of The Following Most The Point Thesis?? The mysterious setting of The Red Room helps build up an genderlect theory, atmosphere of suspense, which has similarities as well as differences to that created in The Monkey’s Paw. Unlike Jacobs, Wells uses the characters in The Red Room to create an marx and capitalism, unnerving setting for genderlect theory the story. The old custodians portray an image of disease and decay, “His eyes were covered by Great Britain Essay examples a shade and his lower lip half averted, hung pale and pink from his decaying yellow teeth”. This image of grotesque deformed old people emphasises the overall feeling of strangeness and tension in the story.

This is further amplified when “a monstrous shadow of theory him crouched upon the wall and mocked his action”. The shadow embeds fear into the reader, as they wonder if the shadow itself is alive, which creates tension as the reader wonders what will happen next. Also, none of the Role to Understand the Change in US Foreign the Terrorists custodians have any names and we don’t know why they are there in the first place, this element of doubt also adds to the suspense. This technique that Wells uses to build up suspense is different to Jacobs, as Wells uses his characters, while Jacobs uses the effect created by the juxtaposition of genderlect two different settings to theory, create an uncanny and intense atmosphere. Furthermore, Wells uses typical Gothic imagery used in almost any ‘haunted house’. Firstly, the Gothic motif – the candle, is very important within the story as it is used to genderlect theory, create an atmosphere of apprehension as well as safety and relief. While on his way to the red room, his “candle flared and made the shadows cower and quiver”. Here the candle creates a sinister atmosphere as it personifies the Role Theory in US Policy shadows making them seem alive, which stirs the reader. This is in contrast to Jacob’s technique, as he doesn’t use Gothic motifs to create horror, instead he uses light and darkness, which makes The Red Room a lot more typical of the Gothic genre than The Monkey’s Paw.

However there are some similarities, as both writers use the attitudes of their characters to help create suspense. Genderlect Theory? In The Red Room the attitude of the narrator plays a crucial part in building up tension. At first the narrator is sceptical and doubtful about the red room and its alleged supernatural powers. He says “I can assure you .. . that it will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me”. His arrogant behaviour creates uneasiness in the reader’s mind as it is typical for the pompous non-believer to be the first victim and be avenged by the supernatural. This draws a parallel to The Monkey’s Paw as Herbert made fun out of the paw, and he turned out to be the first victim of the marx and capitalism paw.

Another similarity is that the narrator believes that he can challenge the supernatural with his gun alone “with my hand in the pocket held my revolver”. After the custodians’ momentous warnings, of how the room has claimed victims in the past and theory how infamous it is, the readers know a revolver wouldn’t do much help. The attitudes that the narrator has, is similar to that of the Whites, as they too believe the paw to be a joke, and aphrodites goddess mock the old man for his seriousness. Theory? This is exactly what the narrator does to the custodians, ” ‘If,’ I said a little louder, ‘if you will show me to this haunted room of Theory in US Foreign Policy After Attacks yours, I will relieve you from the task of entertaining me'”. Due to theory, the narrator’s attitudes towards the room, the deviance audience are put in suspense as they are awaiting and expecting the worst, yet they still wonder why the narrator isn’t feeling as timorous as the custodians and the reader themselves.

Once the narrator has entered the red room, his attitudes align with those of the custodians, as he too becomes curios and genderlect afraid of the room, which is reflected upon the reader. To start off with he is afraid although he tries to labeling theory deviance, deny his fear to himself, “Did I do that myself in a flash of absent-mindedness?”. He knows that something else put that light out, although he tries to blame it on genderlect theory himself. As the marx and capitalism story progresses, his fear increases “speaking with a half-hysterical facetiousness, and scratching away at a match the while for the mantel candlesticks.” Here we can see the nature of the narrator’s nerves, as he is becoming increasingly frantic. He is running out of genderlect explanations for the strange occurrences, so he is beginning to believe the legends the room holds. By Objectives In Organizations? Eventually, he gives in and can’t deny the power of the room, “I flung out my arms in a vain effort to thrust that ponderous blackness away from me”

The narrator knows that there is nothing more he can do as he says he attempted in “vain”. The narrator is like the Whites, as they both gradually begin to realise, as the story progresses, the power of what they are dealing with. Theory? What the narrator once believed to be a myth is now reality as he is which of the closely conveys the point sapir-whorf now experiencing the genderlect theory effects of the red room and its “ponderous blackness”. The change of attitudes the narrator goes through is similar to the Whites’ – doubtful to which following most conveys the point sapir-whorf thesis?, inquisitive to belief and then fear. The state of hysteria which the red room inflicts on the narrator, causes the reader to fear the red room too, as they see how it can turn even the most over-confident man into a “screaming”, “frantic”, “crying” one. While it took the genderlect theory narrator a night of head pounding torture, the custodians knew from the start the potential hazards the red room had in store. The old woman sitting by Britain examples the fire mutters “Tonight of all nights” throughout the story, showing that she is fearful of the red room, and genderlect theory that tonight something terrible is going to happen. The old woman is very vague about what she is saying, so it leaves an element of theory doubt within the reader, as they don’t know for sure what is going to happen creating tension.

The old woman and the sergeant are similar, as they both give indistinct and unclear answers creating a mysterious and shadowy atmosphere. To amplify this mysterious and shadowy atmosphere Wells uses a variety of literary techniques and writing styles to create suspense in The Red Room. Firstly Wells personifies the shadows to create a sense of the unknown, “a shadow came sweeping up after me, and genderlect one fled before me into the darkness overhead” Wells portrays the shadows as enemies as they came sweeping after him, making it seem as if the narrator is being hunted by shadows. This is one of the differences between the two stories as Wells employs personification to help create suspense, whereas Jacobs mainly relies on which following most closely sapir-whorf the dialogue of his characters. However it can also be seen as a similarity because in The Monkey’s Paw whenever it is dark there is danger, which is what Wells is trying to convey through the use of shadows. Also the language Wells uses to describe the narrator’s physical movement helps create suspense. When the lights go out in the red room the narrator “stumbled”, “fell” and leaped around not only genderlect theory hurting himself but sending furniture flying around in all directions. These words evoke a violent mood within the story, as he seems so frantic creating a sense of suspense. Another literary technique Wells uses is onomatopoeia, as it creates a more emotive text. By Objectives That? “The echoes rang up and down the spiral staircase”, here Wells describes the paranormal way in which sound travels through the castle causing nervousness within the reader. This is also what Jacobs does in The Monkey’s Paw, where, during the climax he describes the sounds made by the bolt making the reader wait and creating suspense.

Wells also uses onomatopoeia to genderlect theory, help juxtapose warmth with coldness and danger. The “crackling of the fire” contrasts with the draughty and chilly subterranean passageway, which gives the castle an uncanny feel as it has both extremes of warmth and cold, safety and Role the Change After danger. This is another connection between the two stories; in The Monkey’s Paw, Jacobs describes the inviting and safe interior of the villa and contrasts it with the cold and theory dangerous outdoors. The way in which Wells appeals to the readers’ senses makes the story seem a lot more real and emotive, which helps the creation of suspense and mystery. The peak of this suspense and mystery is near the end, where the story climaxes. The narrator is running around the room frantically trying to find the exit, and while doing this, the pace of the story is management in organizations that increased making it seem a lot more urgent, “I leaped panting and dishevelled from candle to candle in genderlect a vain struggle. . . I sent a chair headlong, I stumbled and fell”

Here the narrator is very frantic hurting himself while trying to flee. This is similar to the climax of The Monkey’s Paw, as Jacobs describes Mr White’s frantic behaviour while “groping” around for the paw. Also, Wells prolongs the climax by describing the fall of the narrator “a horrible sensation of falling that lasted an age”. This technique is also adopted by Jacobs while the bolt drew back slowly, making the reader wait in agonising anticipation. The techniques used by Wells at the end of The Red Room are very successful as they create a very emotive and aphrodites greek visceral climax. In conclusion, The Red Room seems to be more successful than The Monkey’s Paw at building up suspense. This is due to the literary excellence of theory Wells. Theory? He personifies man’s greatest fear – darkness creating a sense of dread and unease which Jacobs fails to do, he uses onomatopoeia more effectively than Jacobs to create an even more emotive text making things described in the story seem a lot more real and the climax that Wells creates in the story is a lot more frenetic and wild than the climax of genderlect theory The Monkey’s Paw. Is this the perfect essay for you?

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. Theory. What experiences and Great accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the genderlect, resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job.

For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . Marx And Capitalism. 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on genderlect theory your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Essay. Put the theory, Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of which of the of the sapir-whorf thesis? a folded newspaper (or, in genderlect, the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume.

This top section is what the aphrodites greek, hiring manager is going to genderlect theory, see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to Great Essay examples, get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the genderlect theory, get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. By Objectives Is Most Effective. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the genderlect, rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to labeling deviance, organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding.

The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the genderlect theory, bottom line is most of the sapir-whorf this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to genderlect, showcase on aphrodites greek goddess more than one page of your resume, then go for genderlect, it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out theory, these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to genderlect theory, tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on is most effective in organizations that that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in genderlect theory, a minute. But the most basic principle of management by objectives is most in organizations good resume formatting and genderlect theory design? Keep it simple.

Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and which following closely conveys 12 and theory leaving a healthy amount of white space on Role After the Terrorists Attacks the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on genderlect theory readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully.

If you’re applying through an labeling deviance, ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to genderlect, add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and and capitalism design work to theory, make it awesome. Goddess. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to genderlect theory, include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on Great Essay examples the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is theory that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of Great examples time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Genderlect Theory. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to aphrodites greek, look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is theory arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right!

13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. Theory. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the genderlect theory, latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job.

No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in most the point of the, a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to genderlect, throw in Use of Role Theory to Understand the Change in US Foreign Policy After, tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Theory. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to aphrodites greek, be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to theory, all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by marx your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them.

Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Genderlect. Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to Great Britain Essay examples, get across.

Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the theory, result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only aphrodites goddess, put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.

Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on theory which words to Britain Essay examples, include? Dump the theory, job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to Essay, describe how awesome you are. Genderlect. 24. Experience First, Education Second.

Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and Great Essay relevant to you getting the job than where you went to genderlect theory, college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. Aphrodites Greek Goddess. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates.

The reviewer cares more about theory whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to Great Britain Essay, showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and genderlect motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for labeling theory, a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word.

Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. Theory. If you have lots of greek skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Genderlect Theory. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Labeling Deviance. Again—we’re going for theory, skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only Great Britain examples, add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company?

Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about theory it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for which the point of the sapir-whorf, your church on the reg. Genderlect. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by aphrodites greek goddess someone who disagrees with the genderlect, cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Britain Examples. Do include awards and genderlect theory accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards.

Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. Theory. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in theory, an interview.

If you have gaps of a few months in Great Britain examples, your work history, don’t list the genderlect theory, usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for by objectives is most in organizations, leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to genderlect, new city.” By addressing the management by objectives is most, gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at genderlect, the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into management by objectives effective, your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from genderlect theory Jenny Foss for Use of Role Theory the Change in US Foreign After the Terrorists, killing it on genderlect your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is Theory to Understand Foreign Policy as demanding and genderlect theory intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to and capitalism, take this section of theory your resume seriously. 39.

Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the deviance, hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at genderlect theory, it in both Google Docs and Word, and is most in organizations then attach it to genderlect theory, an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to greek, save your resume and genderlect send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the aphrodites, hiring manager has to take.

Carve out genderlect theory, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is marx updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.

Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Genderlect. Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the marx and capitalism, standard of writing on the web. Theory. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and deviance led the genderlect, company’s branded content team. Management Effective. If you’re an genderlect theory, individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the which of the following most closely sapir-whorf thesis?, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Essay: Listening comprehension in the EFL environment. LISTENING COMPREHENSION – THEORY OVERVIEW. This chapter contains an overview of theory related to listening comprehension in EFL environment. First, the importance of listening comprehension is discussed. Second, difficulties in listening comprehension for theory EFL learners are illustrated.

Third, listening comprehension processing is management by objectives is most that discussed. Fourth, evidences from previous related research that listening instruction could lead to improvement, as measured by genderlect theory, pre-tests and post-tests, were discussed. Fifth, nature and management by objectives effective in organizations characteristics of theory children’s learning are reviewed. Lastly, research questions of the present study are stated. 1. The Importance of Listening Comprehension. The increased importance of listening comprehension in language learning may be attributed largely to the development of labeling theory deviance communicative language teaching approach, which attempts to prepare learners to transfer their classroom skills to real-life context, over genderlect the past three decades (Asher, 1977; Krashen, 1982; Omaggio Hadley, 2001; Vande Berg, 1993). Marx And Capitalism! There has been a shift from non-teaching listening comprehension in genderlect, the audio-lingual period to teaching listening comprehension in of the following most closely of the sapir-whorf thesis?, a strategy-based approach (Mendelsohn, 1998). Before World War II, the teaching of reading was given the genderlect most attention while that of listening comprehension was the most infertile and the least understood language skill (Winitz, 1981). By Objectives Is Most In Organizations That! Under the predominant audio-lingual approach in the 1960’s and the early 1970’s, the teaching of listening comprehension was still minor. With the genderlect increasing interest towards communicative language teaching approach, several researches revealed the importance of listening comprehension (Brown #038; Yule, 1983; Faerch #038; Kasper, 1986; Feyten, 1991; Long, 1985).

Listening comprehension has ever since received a lot more attention in which of the most conveys the point, language teaching. On the theory one hand, technological advances and the growing awareness of the importance of listening in the world have made listening even more important in the communication process (Mendelsohn, 1998). In current globalized society, with universal and Britain Essay examples massive exposure to radio, television, satellite broadcasts, and internet, individuals are expected to be increasingly prepared to receive information through listening and speaking, more than ever before (Dunkel, 1991; Vande Berg, 1993). On the other hand, some scholars (Nord, 1981; Wintiz, 1981) considered proficiency in listening comprehension as a necessary condition for acquiring production language skills, specifically speaking and writing. The comprehension-based teaching approach supports that students at the beginning level should be allowed to keep silent until they feel safe and ready to produce the genderlect target language. Thus, it can be reasonably concluded that students are probably engaged in listening before they are able to speak and write in and capitalism, the target language, which means that second language instruction at a beginning level should focus on developing learners’ listening comprehension ability. Still, other scholars (Dunkel, 1991; Long, 1985; Rost, 1990; Vogely, 1999) stressed that listening is important because it provides input as the raw material for learners to process in theory, language learning. Role Theory Foreign Policy The Terrorists! Without correctly understanding the input, any learning simply cannot begin (Rost, 1994). Furthermore, the failure of genderlect listening comprehension of the target language is an impetus, not merely an obstacle, to language learning as well as to communication interaction (Rost, 1994). The recognition of the Use of Role the Change After importance of listening comprehension has resulted in an increased number of theory listening activities in students’ textbooks and even in comprehension-based methodology texts designed specifically for which following closely conveys of the sapir-whorf teaching listening (Anderson #038; Lynch, 1988; Rost, 1990; Underwood, 1989; Ur, 1984).

Several studies have found that through the genderlect theory use of effective pre-listening activities, instructors can increase students’ understanding of the listening passages, which in turn develops their listening proficiency and contributes to marx, their mastery of the target language (Herron, 1994; Richards, 1983; Rubin, 1994; Teichert, 1996; Vande Berg, 1993). 2. Difficulties in Listening Comprehension for EFL Learners. The first difficulty in listening comprehension for EFL learners is that they are less likely to share the same schema with native speakers (Ur, 1984; Harmer, 2001). As Kant (1781/ 1963) claimed, new information, new concepts, and new ideas can have meaning only when they can be related to something the individual already knows. This applies as much to genderlect theory, second language comprehension as it does to comprehension in one’s native language. The empirical research in the related field has come to be known as schema theory and has demonstrated the Role Theory to Understand Policy After the Terrorists Attacks truth of genderlect Kant’s original observation and of the opening quote from Anderson et al (1977). Schema theory research has shown the importance of background knowledge in Use of Theory to Understand the Change Foreign After the Terrorists Attacks, language comprehension (Bartlett, 1932; Rumelhart, 1980; Rumelhart #038; Ortony, 1977).

According to schema theory, a text provides directions for listeners or readers as to how they should retrieve or construct meaning from their own previously acquired knowledge. This previously acquired knowledge is called the theory listeners’ or readers’ background knowledge, and the previously acquired knowledge structures are called schemata (Bartlett, 1932; Adams #038; Collins, 1979; Rumelhart, 1980). The prior knowledge, or schema, that a L2 listener brings to the listening task plays a vital part in goddess, interpreting the material, and should be considered in the evaluation of learners’ listening comprehension (Long, 1990; Raphan, 1996). Genderlect Theory! Based on schema theory, the process of interpretation and comprehension is guided by the principle that every input is mapped against greek, some existing schema and that all aspects of that schema must be compatible with the input information (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). Efficient language comprehension requires the ability to relate the textual input to one’s own background knowledge, which means that understanding words, sentences, and entire texts relies not merely on one’s linguistic knowledge but also the theory knowledge of the which following closely conveys the point of the thesis? world (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). Genderlect Theory! According to Richards (1983), much of conveys the point sapir-whorf our knowledge of the world is organized around scripts, which is our memory about particular situations, the goals, participants, and procedures commonly associated with them, and the information needed to understand is therefore not explicitly present in the utterance but is genderlect provided by the listeners from their repertoire of scripts. This means that the connections between events need not be specified when we talk about them, since they are already known and can be inferred. Marx! Without the right kind of pre-existing knowledge, or relevant script, comprehension may become very difficult (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983). Non-native speakers may have a different shared knowledge of cultural reference and discourse patterning in their own language and culture; their individual scripts may differ in certain degree and content from genderlect theory target language scripts, and that poses additional problems for some foreign language learners who have to work twice as hard to understand what they hear. (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983; Underwood, 1989).

The second difficulty is Britain examples that EFL learners are usually much less familiar with different accents and that they sometimes have considerable problems when they encounter a new accent in theory, the listening process (Kennedy, 1978). Of The Most Closely Conveys The Point Sapir-whorf! Accent is theory potentially an by objectives is most effective, important variable in listening comprehension (Buck, 2001). Theory! Many foreign-language learners who are used to the accent of their own teacher are surprised when they find they have difficulty understanding someone else (Ur, 1984). An unfamiliar accent can cause problems in communication and may disrupt the whole comprehension process (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991). Native speakers are generally used to listening to a variety of accents while EFL learners are less exposed to different accents (Buck, 2001). Theory Deviance! Besides, learners who have more experience in listening to and understand a number of different accents are more likely to genderlect theory, be able to cope successfully with listening tasks than those who have only heard one or two (Ur, 1984).

Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that it generally takes a L2 learner much longer to adjust to the voice if the accent is very different from any with which he is familiar than a native speaker (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991). The third difficulty is that EFL learners are less capable of perceiving prosodic features in English speech which have a direct impact on how listeners process and interpret discourse segments (Buck, 2001; Lynch, 1998; Rubin, 1994). Essay Examples! The rhythmic pattern of spoken English is one of its distinctive features (Richards, 1983). Unlike many languages in the world that are syllable-timed, which means that the length of time required to genderlect theory, pronounce an utterance depends upon the number of syllables it contains, English is a stressed-timed language (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). What this means is Theory to Understand the Change the Terrorists Attacks that the time between stressed syllables is reasonably constant in theory, any utterance, and Use of Role Theory in US Foreign Policy After the remaining syllables in the utterance, no matter how many there are, must accommodate to genderlect, the rhythm established by the stressed syllables (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995). As a stressed-timed language, the following English sentences would take about the same amount of time to articulate, even though the number of syllables contained in each sentence is very different (Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995):

The CAT is INTerested in proTECTing its KITTens. LARGE CARS WASTE GAS. The result of the stress-timed language is that the words between the Great Britain stressed syllables are pronounced very quickly, with no stress or mild stress, and if there are more words they are pronounced even quicker to fit in the short time, subjecting to considerable phonological modification (Buck, 2001). Theory! Also, Vanderplank (1988) argues that perception of which following most conveys the point of the thesis? stress is an important factor in theory, rapid and efficient listening comprehension. This adds another dimension to the listener’s task, since listeners must learn the complex set of rules that determine the pronunciation of Use of Role Theory in US Foreign the Terrorists connected speech and be able to identify words according to the rhythmic structure within which they occur (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). Any lack of theory such phonological knowledge can pose comprehension difficulty (Buck, 2001). Marx And Capitalism! In the research of Henricksen (1984), most native speakers had little difficulty understanding words in their modified form in an utterance whereas the presence of phonological modification significantly reduces comprehension for genderlect second-language listeners. In addition, Vanderplank (1985) found interesting differences in native speakers’ and Use of Role Theory in US Policy the Terrorists non-native speakers’ ability to perceive stress by addressing that ‘native speakers were in general agreement as to sentence stress location, while only a small number of non-native speakers agree with native speaker judgments as to theory, stress location, and the ability to perceive stress location was not significantly linked to level of English ability in learners’ (p.

38). Still, Bond and Garnes (1980) agree that speech perception is also subject to what they call ‘heuristic strategies’ such as paying attention to stress, intonation patterns, and stressed vowels. Theory Deviance! Therefore, listeners need to know how the sound system works in genderlect theory, English speech, in order to be able to process natural listening task in management is most effective, real time (Buck, 2001). The fourth difficulty is that hesitation and theory pausing could cause perceptual problems and thus comprehension errors for non-native speakers (Voss, 1979). In his study, 22 non-native speakers of English were asked to listen to a passage of by objectives is most in organizations spontaneous speech, about 210 words long.

Results indicated that nearly one-third of all perception errors were related to hesitation phenomena. These errors were due to listeners’ either misinterpreting hesitations as words, or parts of genderlect words, or to misinterpreting parts of words as hesitations (Voss, 1979). Theory To Understand In US Foreign Policy After The Terrorists Attacks! In contrast, some researches indicated that hesitation and pausing help listening comprehension (Blau, 1990; Blau, 1991; Dunkel, 1988; Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). However, Voss is the only one among these researchers who used real and genderlect spontaneous speech. All of the other studies used a written text read aloud. Voss (1979) suggests that native speakers are usually not bothered by hesitation phenomena since they possess strategies to recognize and process such phenomena while focusing on and capitalism meaning, and non-native speakers get stuck in bottom-up processing of phonetic utterances that do not affect meaning, while native speakers discard these utterances in favour of top-down processing. Genderlect! There are indications that in marx, some cases hesitation and theory pausing can help listening comprehension, and in others they may cause problems (Buck, 2001). In the researches of management effective that Friedman #038; Johnson (1971) and Johnson #038; Friedman (1971), pauses inserted at meaningful syntactic boundaries can benefit comprehension, whereas random pauses do not. When one-second pauses were introduced into a text at the juncture between clauses, comprehension improved, while pauses inserted randomly into the text resulted in lower levels of comprehension (Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). Consequently, the ability to understand spoken English must include the ability to deal with hesitation and pausing (Buck, 2001). Hesitation and pausing also affects our impression of the pace of speech (Richards, 1983).

The impression of theory faster or slower speech generally results from the marx and capitalism amount of pausing that speakers use (Richards, 1983). Stanley (1978) suggests that when speech was faster, language learners ‘constantly failed to perceive individual phonemes and hence words with which they were already familiar’ (1978: 289). Comprehension declines as the speakers talk faster, and genderlect the weight of the evidence suggests that the decline in comprehension is rather slow until a threshold level is most closely conveys thesis? reached, at which time an increased speech rate leads to a much more rapid decline in genderlect, comprehension (Buck, 2001). Griffiths (1990) found potential evidence that speech faster than two-hundred words per minute (w.p.m.) is difficult for lower-intermediate learners to understand. He found that this level of students perform best at 127 w.p.m. Moreover, Griffiths (1992) investigated the effects of three different speech rates (127, 188, and goddess 250 w.p.m.) on listening comprehension of second-language learners and genderlect concluded that comprehension was significantly better at the slowest speech rate and worse at the higher rates. On the other hand, Blau (1990; 1991) found that speech ranging from 145 to 185 w.p.m. Aphrodites! did not significantly affect listening comprehension of intermediate- and advanced-level L2 learners. As for the general concept of speech rate, Rivers (1981) cites the theory following figures: Fast: above 220 w.p.m. Moderately fast: 190-220 w.p.m. Average: 160-220 w.p.m.

Moderately slow: 130-160 w.p.m. Slow: below 130 wpm. Besides, Sticht (1971) quotes a normal speech rate of examples 165 to 180 words per minute for native speakers of English. Based on genderlect theory the researches abovementioned, speech rate is management by objectives effective in organizations that one of the variables that affect listening comprehension, which may relate to text variables, such as vocabulary, syntax or topic, type of text used, and amount of background knowledge required (Buck, 2001; Rubin, 1994). The fifth difficulty is genderlect that learners tend to think they have to completely understand what they hear, consequently causing anxiety (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984).

Most foreign-language learners run into management by objectives is most effective in organizations that, a psychological problem: they have a kind of obligation to understand everything, even things that are not important, and they feel discouraged and may even completely give up listening if they encounter an incomprehensible word (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984). Foreign language beginning learners have to understand all when they hear only single words or short sentences. However, when listening comprehension passages get longer, they still assume that total comprehension is successful comprehension, and find it very difficult to get used to the idea that they can be competent listeners with less than one hundred percent comprehension (Ur, 1984). Genderlect Theory! From the following closely conveys the point sapir-whorf thesis? anecdotal evidence in the research of O’Malley et al. (1989), it is found that ”effective listeners seemed to genderlect theory, be aware when they stopped attending and made an effort to redirect their attention to Theory After Attacks, the task’ (p. 428) and ‘ineffective listeners reported that when they encountered an unknown word or phrase in a listening text, they usually just stopped listening or failed to be aware of their inattention’ (p. 428). Foreign-language learners have this difficulty probably because their receptive system is overloaded (Ur, 1984). Genderlect Theory! They have to management by objectives is most in organizations, work much harder at genderlect decoding than native listeners and try to interpret every detail as it comes up instead of relaxing and taking a broader view.

Compared with reading and writing, listening is more stressful for learners since it involves serious time constraints on Britain Essay examples processing, which cause learners’ anxiety (Ur, 1984). 3. Listening Comprehension Processing. Most models of listening perception in genderlect theory, language learning include what is usually referred to as top-down, bottom-up and interactive processing. 3.1. Top-down processing. In top-down processing, the listeners need to use their pre-existing knowledge to interpret or get a general view of the listening passage and to create appropriate and plausible expectation of what they are about to theory deviance, come across (Harmer, 2001; Goodman 1967; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991; Smith 1971). Theory! Top-down processing occurs as the perceptual system makes general predictions based on general schemata, or prior knowledge, and then searches the input, either visual or auditory, for information to fit into, or verify these predictions, and thus top-down processing is conceptually-driven or knowledge-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991). In the study of Shohamy and Inbar (1991), it was reasonably hypothesized that listeners who employed a knowledge-based approach first made predictions about the passage they were about to listen to, basing their predictions on the questions they previewed prior to listening. And Capitalism! In the first listening listeners might have checked their hypotheses and only afterwards, in a second listening, may have filled in the information gaps by supplying the local cues.

Bacon (1989) and Vande Berg (1993) found that appropriate pre-listening activities could benefit learners’ comprehension for various listening exercises. Advance organizers, such as brainstorming (Vande Berg, 1993), illustrations and key words (Teichert, 1996), picture prediction (Harmer, 2001) and genderlect making inferences after listening to a series of sentences (Brown, 2001), can be used to facilitate learners’ top-down processing and marx help them be engaged in listening tasks. 3.2. Bottom-up processing. In bottom-up processing, the listener focuses on individual words and phrases by genderlect theory, decoding the linguistic input rapidly and accurately to refute implausible interpretation, and achieves understanding by combining these detailed elements together to build up a whole view of the listening passage (Harmer, 2001; Carrell 1983, 1988; Carrell #038; Eisterhold 1983; Rost 1990).

Thus, bottom-up processing is Use of Role the Change in US Foreign Policy After Attacks data-driven or text-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Rubin, 1994). There are two types of comprehension strategies identified by Van Dijk and Kintsch (1983): one is genderlect local strategies which require learners’ attention to relations and links between the facts denoted by Use of Role to Understand After the Terrorists, local clauses and sentences, and the other is global/ macro-strategies which require a focus on the overall coherence, gist or topic of a text. Based on the statements above mentioned, it can be concluded that the local strategies are related to bottom-up processing while the global/ macro-strategies are related to top-down processing. Theory! Kelly (1991) proposed that in the early stages of most closely of the sapir-whorf thesis? foreign language learning, learners rely very much on bottom-up processing when listening and only when they consider that they are making progress to the proficiency and theory skills in the foreign language, they bring into semantic and Britain Essay other knowledge related to top-down processing. Some bottom-up pre-listening activities were proposed by several researchers to theory, make listening comprehension easier. Providing listeners with key vocabulary before listening proved valuable in Raphan’s (1996) and Rost’s (2002) studies. Harmer (2001) mentioned a bottom-up processing activity of finding differences between a written text and a recorded account of the same events that can be implemented in marx and capitalism, teaching listening. Another bottom-up activity for theory beginning listeners is to listen to a series of sentences and then circle one (out of three) verb form contained in the sentences (Brown, 2001). 3.3.

Interactive processing. Listening comprehension is considered by some researchers as an interactive process between top-down and bottom-up processing and as a continuous modification of of the sapir-whorf thesis? a developing interpretation in genderlect, response to incoming information and the Change the Terrorists Attacks pre-existing knowledge (Brownell, 1996; Buck, 1991; Harmer, 2001). Perception occurs when sufficient information has been provided both from the genderlect theory expectations set up by top-down processing and from linguistic input by bottom-up processing (Kelly, 1991). According to examples, Kelly (1991), if the theory sound signal is weak, obscured or incomplete, the listener will probably make greater use of top-down processing; similarly, it is Great Essay when the genderlect listener’s expectations are low or not sensible that he will need to rely more on the sensory level and to hear clearly what is being said by bottom-up processing, and which following thesis? such view of perception processing would probably fit in genderlect theory, with almost all current models of Britain auditory speech perception. Similarly, some studies have indicated that effective listening comprehension takes place when the listener can successfully monitor their interpretation by theory, constantly checking it against the incoming linguistic cues and to modify their hypotheses accordingly (Tyler #038; Warren, 1987; Buck, 1990). Goddess! In his research, Buck (1990) indicated that a number of listeners monitored the incoming information with what they had already heard before or with their background knowledge to theory, develop their interpretation of the examples listening text. Further, there were instances in genderlect, his study that serious comprehension problems had occurred when listeners failed to notice their developing interpretations were incompatible with the incoming information. Aphrodites! In addition, O’Malley, Chamot, and theory Kupper (1989) indicated that bottom-up processing is only fragmentary for efficient EFL listeners; they activate more L1 knowledge in Britain Essay, the form of schemata and use both top-down and bottom-up strategies to construct meaning. Hildyard and Olson (1982) found that efficient listeners and readers use the knowledge-based interactive mode of genderlect theory text processing, while low level students relate mostly to local details.

According to Rumelhart (1980), both top-down and bottom-up processing should be occurring at all levels simultaneously: bottom-up processing ensures that the listeners will be sensitive to information that is new or contradictory to their ongoing hypotheses about the management in organizations text; top-down processing helps the listeners to resolve ambiguities or to select between alternative possible interpretations of the incoming data. 3.4. Effectiveness of genderlect top-down and bottom-up processing. There is continuous discussion about the Use of Role the Change in US Foreign the Terrorists Attacks role of genderlect theory top-down and bottom-up processing in listening comprehension, but little could we conclude whether top-down or bottom-up processing is more important to a listener. Some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension depends more on top-down processing.

In the researches of Carrell #038; Eisterhold (1983), Conrad (1981, 1985), Hildyard #038; Olson (1982), Kelly (1991), Meyer #038; McConkie (1973), Rumelhart (1983), Shohamy #038; Inbar (1991), Van Dijk #038; Kintsh (1983), it is theory found that skilled listeners, like proficient readers, use a knowledge-based mode of genderlect theory text processing, namely top-down processing, whereas less-skilled listeners and readers both attend mostly to local details as in the bottom-up processing. Similarly, Voss (1984) found that ‘successful speech perception depends on an active reconstruction process applying top-down strategies to the acoustic input, i.e., assigning ultimate values to segments and other lower-order units on the basis of hypotheses about a larger stretch’ (p. 148). Labeling Theory Deviance! In Weissenreider’s (1987) study, schemata which are crucial in top-down processing were found to be beneficial in listening comprehension. Her results show that both textual schemata (knowledge about the newscast processing) and content schemata (topic familiarity with specific news) help the listening comprehension of non-native speakers, particularly when participants are capable of incorporating cognitive strategies. Lund (1991) provides evidence for theory top-down processing in his study by comparing listening and by objectives effective in organizations that reading of first-, second-, and third-semester university students of German. He concluded that participants relied considerably on top-down processing in theory, listening tasks.

Wolff (1987) worked with twelve- to eighteen-year-old German students of deviance English and found that while students appeared to genderlect theory, make a simultaneous use of bottom-up and top-down processing with an easy listening text, they used more top-down processing strategies for more difficult texts. In addition, some researches indicated that beginners rely very heavily on background knowledge and hardly use other cues in and capitalism, listening comprehension while learners with better linguistic proficiency use their greater linguistic knowledge and experience to help them understand a text (Mueller, 1980; Vandergrift, 1997). Genderlect! Thus, providing background information and previewing are particularly important and effective for the less proficient language student to comprehend a text (Hudson, 1982). Nevertheless, some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension relies more on bottom-up processing than on goddess top-down strategies. Schemata in top-down processing can also have dysfunctional effects on genderlect listening comprehension (Long, 1990; O’Malley et al., 1989). Greek Goddess! In Long’s (1990) study, participants completed a survey of their background knowledge of two topics used, namely, gold rush and rock groups, and he found that participants overextended their gold rush schemata onto a set of theory data that were clearly incompatible.

It is clear, then, that schemata can hurt, as well as help listening comprehension and it can also be inferred that linguistic knowledge plays a prominent role in Essay examples, comprehension when appropriate schemata are not available to the listener (Long, 1990). 4. Evidences from Previous Research Related to Listening Comprehension. Results from previous research that instruction can lead to listening improvement, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, are inconsistent. On the one hand, there was no significant improvement in the studies of genderlect theory Johnson and Long (2007), O’Malley et al. (1985), and McGruddy (1995). Johnson and Long (2007) assessed listening competency of college students through the Watson-Barker Listening Test (Watson #038; Barker, 2000). Labeling! There were no significant differences between the genderlect scores of pre- and post-test after listening instruction, indicating that listening instruction did not influence performance-based listening ability. O’Malley et al. (1985) found differences, but not statistically significant, in the scores at the post-test of EFL learners who received different types of listening instruction. In the research of McGruddy (1995), significant differences in pre-test and post-test were observed merely in a non-standardized listening test rather than in labeling, a standardized test.

On the other hand, some studies revealed more success in terms of listening instruction. In the study of Nichols, Brown and Keller (2006), the trained group of genderlect theory 31 freshman students made significant gains in scores during the period of listening instruction. In Kohler’s (2002) study, 70 learners of Spanish at of the conveys the point of the sapir-whorf thesis? a university received listening instruction. Their listening comprehension significantly increased, compared with the non-intervention group. However, there does not appear to genderlect theory, have been a pre-test of learners’ listening comprehension, without which it is difficult to Theory to Understand the Change Foreign After the Terrorists, conclude Kohler’s claim of significant improvement in theory, listening comprehension of the experimental group.

In addition, in labeling deviance, the study of Graham and Macaro (2008), 151 senior high school students of French as a foreign language in England were targeted, and theory a positive impact of listening strategy instruction was noticed. Students who underwent listening instruction significantly outperformed those who did not receive such instruction, and students reported that they themselves recognized this improvement. 5. Characteristics of Children’s Learning. Based on Britain examples the theory of Piaget and Inhelder (1969), there are four phases of genderlect theory children’s cognitive development, which are sensory-motor period, preoperational period, concrete operation period and formal operation period. The period of concrete operation generally represents the elementary school students, ranging from 7 to 12 years old. Children in the concrete operation period begin to think logically. Theory! Operations are associated with personal experience and are in concrete situation, but not in genderlect, abstract manipulation. Children’s learning in this period relies heavily on operational activities, such as objects, pictures and physical experiments.

Another theory concerning children’s learning is the scaffolding theory (Wood, Bruner, #038; Ross, 1976) which was developed based on the concept of zone of proximal development proposed by Vygotsky (1978). Zone of marx and capitalism proximal development refers to the differences between the genderlect theory level of actual development and the level of potential development; the management by objectives is most level of genderlect theory actual development means children’s actual independent problem-solving competence while the level of potential development means children’s problem-solving competence developed either through the Great Britain Essay examples leading or guidance from genderlect theory adults or instructors or through the collaboration or cooperation with more competent peers (Wertsch, 1984). The zone, or the Theory to Understand the Change Policy After Attacks difference, of proximal development does not mean a fixed distance or concrete space of learning; rather, it refers to the possible, learnable scope created by the interaction between people and its changes with the development of individuals (Cole, 1985; Moll, 1990). Scaffolding, when applied in genderlect theory, teaching practices, generally refers to the development of learners’ gradual comprehension of knowledge through the interaction between the instructor and the learners. Aphrodites Goddess! In such interaction, teachers, as assistants in children’s learning process, provide necessary assistance to foster learners’ cognition with the genderlect theory consideration of learners’ development level. The interaction which is the scaffolding in the teaching process generally follows the Great examples pattern of question asking from the teacher, replying from students, specific guidance of asking further questions from the teacher, and then replying from students. According to Harmer (2001), young children learn differently from adolescents, and adults in theory, many ways. Children tend to respond to meaning even if they do not understand individual words. They learn from aphrodites greek goddess everything around them rather than only focusing on the precise topic they are being taught. Their understanding comes not just from explanation, but also from what they see and hear and, crucially, from what they have a chance to touch and interact with.

In addition, children have a limited attention span, unless activities are extremely engaging or interesting they can easily get bored, losing interest after around ten minutes. In the light of these characteristics, teachers at this level need to theory, provide a rich diet of learning experiences which encourages students to get information from a variety of sources (Harmer, 2001). In addition, in the process of scaffolding in teaching, it is Use of to Understand Foreign Policy After Attacks essential for teachers to be skilful in asking questions to activate students’ thinking and creativity, which are helpful in deepening and genderlect broadening the language development of the marx and capitalism students. Teachers are suggested to avoid closed-ended, unimportant or forcing questions, but to provide open-ended, supportive or guiding ones to encourage the interaction between teachers and genderlect students. Teachers need to work with their students either individually or in groups to develop good relationships, and need to plan a range of activities for a given time period, and to be flexible enough to move on to the next exercise when they see their students getting bored. 6. Research Questions of the Present Study. Listening comprehension is important for EFL learners. Beginning instruction in a second language should focus on developing learners’ listening comprehension. In Romania, formal EFL beginning instruction falls in elementary education, a phase in and capitalism, which listening comprehension should be paid attention to.

It is likely that listening instruction in genderlect theory, elementary school puts more emphasis on bottom-up listening processing than on top-down processing. As Kelly (1991) noted, EFL beginning learners rely very much on bottom-up listening processing, it is possible for Use of Theory to Understand Foreign the Terrorists Attacks elementary students to resort more to bottom-up processing when listening. Although some studies have investigated either the effects of different advance organizers on listening comprehension of undergraduate and genderlect theory junior-high school students (Sherman, 1997; Vande Berg, 1993; Herron, Hanley, #038; Cole, 1995) or how to teach high school students listening skills more effectively, little research has been done regarding the teaching of management effective that listening in elementary school, which is the beginning level of theory EFL learners. From the above discussion in the theory review, little research has targeted elementary EFL learners in terms of listening instruction. The effect of listening instruction, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, are inconsistent in previous research which mostly involved undergraduate and high school students. Although it is apparent that listening involves both top-down and bottom-up processing, most elementary English learners tend to focus on bottom-up rather than top-down processing (Kelly, 1991). Therefore, it would be valuable to investigate the effect of labeling theory listening instruction as well as the listening processing of elementary EFL learners.

The present study focused on three research questions: (1) Do interactive processing teaching activities result in better listening performance than bottom-up teaching activities? (2) Why or why not? (3) When do elementary EFL learners rely on genderlect theory top-down processing, bottom-up processing and by objectives that interactive processing? To address the research questions, comparison of performance between two groups was conducted after the two groups of participants had respectively received a series of listening instruction, namely interactive pre-listening activities and bottom-up pre-listening activities so that the effectiveness of different pre-listening activities could be evaluated to investigate whether interactive processing activities lead to better performance than bottom-up processing activities. Furthermore, a questionnaire was administered for the interactive group after the post-test to investigate when elementary EFL learners rely on top-down processing, bottom-up processing and interactive processing. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of theory coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Britain! Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of genderlect theory expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Education work in labeling, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Education essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Listening comprehension in the EFL environment . Available from: [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Management strategies on learner discipline 27-05-17 - The challenges of trilingual education in Kazakhstan 24-05-17 - Motivation and speaking skills 03-05-17 - Academic libraries 25-04-17 - Clinical education 18-02-17 - Instructional Simulation 21-12-16 - Motivation of teachers - Teaching foreign languages in Romania – the rank of the ESL 11-11-16 - ETHICS FOR LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (LIS) PROFESSIONALS 26-08-16 - INITIATING IMPROVISATION (USED AND UNUSED MATERIAL) WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ART EDUCATION PRACTICE. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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Essay: CSR in the Hospitality – Hotel Industry: How green marketing contributed to recover from the recession. Analysis of the genderlect theory, Hospitality Industry. The hospitality industry is a multibillion-dollar industry serving millions of people worldwide, and it is expected to grow more in the future with an of the most closely conveys of the sapir-whorf thesis?, estimation of additional 1,000 million travelers and tourist by the year 2020. Currently there are around 21million hotel rooms globally serving 876million travelers per year (data for 2011-12). Hotel operations vary in size, cost, and function, serving travelers with different budgets and purposes. From an genderlect theory, economic perspective, looking at the hotel industry, we identified that the level of competition among different hotel brands is high, key competitors, to name a few, are: InterContinental Hotel Group, Hilton, Accor, Marriot, Wyndham, and Starwood. So in Use of Role Theory the Change Foreign After Attacks order to achieve an economical advantage over their competitors, the hotel has to be able to provide superior services with relatively lower price. The level of new entrants is medium high, this is because hotel industry has been divided into genderlect numerous small segments serving travelers with different budgets and purposes, with the rising concerns of pricing and environmental issues, more and more new types of which of the closely conveys the point of the hotels have been set up (e.g. capsule hotels in Japan) to genderlect, meet the demand of greek goddess energy saving, eco-friendly, and price sensitive.

But to the big players in the hotel business, the new comers does not pose a high treats. Concerning the bargaining power of suppliers and genderlect theory, buyers, the hotel industry is facing a relatively high level, due to the fact that more and in US Foreign the Terrorists, more suppliers and buyers are starting to look into not only the theory, level of services of the hotel, or the level of luxury vs. Marx? price, but also the sustainability of the hotel, the brand image of the hotel owners and their initiatives towards environmental and social issues. Here in the United States alone, in 2012, with 51,214 properties, 5 million guestrooms, the hotel industry generated $155billion in sales and genderlect theory, $39billion in pretax income. It is a 14.1% growth comparing to 2011’s data. This indicates that the hotel business is still growing with an alarming speed, and it is getting increasingly important for the hotel brands to respond to CSR challenges, and to pay more attention to sustainability issues. Which Of The The Point Of The Sapir-whorf Thesis?? Hotel owners are faced with the challenge of better responding to the environmental issues, social issues, and economic issues while satisfying demand of the general stakeholders, remaining attractive to investors, and making a profit. Theory? As costs of energy consumptions rise and demand becomes sensitive to environmental and social performance, CSR challenges and sustainability has become a critical issue faced by hotel owners today. And Capitalism? Among the major hotel groups and genderlect theory, players in the hotel industry that have taken initiatives and steps towards sustainable growth and environmentally and socially responsible, the following players are worth mentioning: InterContinental Hotels Group, Accor, Marriot, Hilton, Starwood, and Wyndham. In addition to marx and capitalism, overcome the challenges of genderlect theory incorporating social and environmental responsibilities into their business operations, they also take a step further to pushing the social and environmental awareness of Britain Essay examples stakeholders. Key words, RevPAR (Revenue per available rooms)= Occupancy rate (%) times Average Daily Rate (ADR) Steps: lodging market potential.

Labor and skill shortage. Drivers to sustainability: Hoteliers widened the genderlect theory, scope of their sustainability efforts by theory deviance, incorporating environmental objectives into a broader corporate social responsibility (CSR) approach, which included the genderlect, establishment of partnerships with a variety of Essay public and private environmental organizations. The LEED green building program gained significant global momentum amongst institutional investors for new build projects. Genderlect? The financial crisis of theory deviance 2008 ‘ 2009 resulted in an increased emphasis on cost control measures, which has prompted hoteliers to reevaluate their plant equipment and operational practices to reduce utility costs. Current thought in genderlect theory facility management, and specifically hospitality operations, is largely focused on optimizing operational efficiency (and the theory deviance, resultant cost savings) in genderlect theory primarily three areas: energy, water, and waste. Energy.

Hotels consume energy for HVAC operations, lighting, cooking fuel, and other miscellaneous power requirements. By Objectives Is Most Effective In Organizations That? From a facility management perspective, the genderlect, majority of focus is placed on reducing energy intensity, which can be accomplished using a technical, engineering-based approach known as commissioning. Front of the house energy efficiency measures include lighting retrofits, minimization of plug loads, and of the following closely the point thesis?, sealing of the building envelope. Back of the house energy efficiency measures include improved equipment and equipment scheduling, proper sensor calibration, elimination of simultaneous heating and cooling, and maintenance of proper building ventilation. Recent advances in technology relating to renewable sources of energy (solar, geothermal, wind, etc.) have improved the genderlect theory, economics of using these alternative energy sources at the individual facility level. Water.

Hotels consume water on a domestic basis (bathrooms, FB, laundry), as well as ‘process’ water for Use of After Attacks facility operations (HVAC, irrigation, cleaning and maintenance). Hotels also collect and in some cases treat greywater (i.e. Genderlect Theory? water generated from domestic activities) and blackwater (i.e. sewage) generated by guests and back of the house operations. Typical water conservation measures employed by hoteliers include fixture retrofits, towel and linen reuse programs, HVAC and plumbing system improvements, and marx and capitalism, use of recycled / rain water for process and irrigation use. Wastes. Waste streams generated by hotels include wastes from construction and refurbishment, consumables (e.g. paper, toner, batteries), durable goods (e.g., furniture, office equipment, appliances), FB wastes, hazardous materials (e.g. Theory? cleaning solutions, fluorescent bulbs), and deviance, recyclable oil. Hoteliers employ a variety of strategies to theory, reduce, reuse, and recycle wastes to minimize processing and hauling costs. Vendors are increasingly providing ‘waste-to-energy’ processing services, whereby wastes are processed into alternative energy sources such as natural gas or biodiesel fuel and sold back to hoteliers at reduced prices. In addition to Role Theory the Change in US Policy After the Terrorists Attacks, the three core areas of genderlect theory facility development and operations, other emerging areas of focus include sustainable procurement, indoor environmental quality (focusing on air quality and chemical/cleaning product use), and staff training programs (which can facilitate improved performance and higher levels of employee satisfication/retention). The number of resources to assist hotel owners and operators in understanding and implementing sustainability measures is vast. These resources are provided by international organizations, public agencies (national and local governments), environmental firms, architectural engineering consultancies, energy firms, utilities, trade organizations, and other entities. Additionally, a growing number of environmental certification programs have arisen that are targeted toward the marx, hospitality sector.

These programs can be divided into several broad categories, including: 1) Environmental programs targeted toward the hospitality industry; 2) Programs targeted toward green building design and operation; and 3) Green product certifications and theory, standards. Table 1 on by objectives effective, the following page lists some of the more prevalent certification programs that are relevant to the hospitality sector. Drivers Toward Sustainability. In today’s economic climate, there are multiple factors that encourage business owners and managers to adopt sustainability measures into standard operational procedures. Genderlect Theory? While the more obvious drivers include cost savings and greek, demonstration of corporate social responsibility to investors, a number of more subtle reasons ‘ such as employee retention and enhancing the guest experience ‘ are also coming increasingly into play. Theory? These motivations are explored below.

Cost savings. The realization of a bottom line financial return from implementation of sustainable business practices is arguably the strongest motivating factor to Great Britain Essay, encourage private sector participation. Energy efficiency and conservation measures have been studied in depth over the past several decades, leading to assessments that the majority of theory building stock throughout the world is consuming more energy than necessary. There are also potentially significant opportunities for Use of Role in US Foreign the Terrorists Attacks cost savings in the areas of water consumption and waste handling/recycling. Genderlect Theory? From a financial perspective, many of the cost reduction and efficiency strategies can be achieved with no-cost or low-cost measures focused on optimization of the performance of both equipment and personnel. Given the competitive nature of the lodging industry and the associated difficulty of increasing revenue, the potential for reduction of operating costs provides a compelling incentive for theory deviance hoteliers to consider investment in environmental technologies, as well as more efficient operational procedures. Regulatory affairs. Genderlect Theory? Existing environmental regulations targeted toward the hotel sector are largely focused on various aspect of facility operations such as stormwater management, hazardous materials handling, and management by objectives effective in organizations that, environmental health and genderlect, safety.

However, a wide range of present and future legislative activities will impact hotel design, construction and operations. This legislation ranges from the Role Theory to Understand the Change Foreign the Terrorists, broad and long-term (e.g. cap and trade legislation regarding emissions) to the specific (e.g. Genderlect Theory? U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which applies phased efficiency standards to incandescent light bulbs). The concept of Life Cycle Assessment for products (i.e. the Theory to Understand Foreign After the Terrorists Attacks, ‘Cradle to Cradle’ review of environmental impacts from raw material extraction through disposal) has gained significant acceptance as a policy instrument and genderlect theory, basis for evolving regulatory mechanisms ‘ most notably in the European Union. Hoteliers will need to monitor legislation at the national and local levels to aphrodites, properly plan for operational practices and associated capital expenditures that may be required in the future. Stabilized utility prices and availability. Going beyond simple cost savings and regulatory regimes, hoteliers can deploy more efficient equipment and alternative forms of utility generation to hedge against future price increases in utility costs. This approach is especially important in geographic locations with developing or unreliable infrastructure, to prevent a compromised guest experience in the form of power cuts or sub-standard water quality. Marketing / Brand image. Most of the major hotel brands have incorporated some fashion of sustainability platform into their brand definition.

Sustainability initiatives are routinely demonstrated in both marketing materials and annual reports (for publicly traded entities). Several brands have been repositioned to cater to a younger generation of genderlect theory more environmentally and socially-conscious customers. The effectiveness of environmental certification programs to impact facility selection at the consumer level has been less successful to date ‘ based on HVS’ recent conversations with hotel executives, most guests still select lodging based on location, amenities, price, and brand reputation. Theory Deviance? There has been somewhat greater market penetration for certification programs within the corporate travel sector, especially relating to the growing field of green meetings and conventions. Guest experience. Hoteliers are increasingly understanding that investments in theory environmental technology can have a direct positive impact on guest experience, which can affect both occupancy and ADR. The new generation of greek ‘intelligent’ HVAC systems and energy management devices, coupled with a properly managed maintenance regime, can result in significant improvements in thermal comfort and genderlect, indoor air quality ‘ for both guests and employees. Improvements can also be realized in the indoor acoustic environment, where noise from building equipment such as fans, boilers and compressors can negatively impact the guest experience. Creation of a positive corporate culture / Employee retention.

Investor requirements. Theory To Understand The Change After Attacks? Investors in both public and private companies are increasingly looking for quantifiable indicators of sustainable performance, which has led large public corporations such as IBM and Walmart to adopt strong sustainability programs with measurable performance indicators. Sustainability has emerged as an genderlect theory, investable concept, with the which closely conveys the point of the thesis?, underlying assumption that ‘corporate sustainability leaders achieve long-term shareholder value by gearing their strategies and management to harness the market’s potential for genderlect sustainability products and services while at the same time successfully reducing and avoiding sustainability costs and risks.’ (Source: Dow Jones sustainability website, Lodging Market potential Index Michigan State University: Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to and capitalism, a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: CSR in the Hospitality – Hotel Industry: How green marketing contributed to recover from the recession . Available from: [03-10-17].

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