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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. Is Othello? An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Lang by Mary Essay, Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to black, paper format, font, margins and Metropolis, by Fritz Essay headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to black, whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on what, the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . Is Othello Black? It usually contains such standard elements as the what is law of supply title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date.

The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the is othello page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is law is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the is othello black entire paper has the same copyrights as the is law whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Black? Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns.

You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. The Buffalo Machine Game Essay? APA style approves of is othello black in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book.

Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Disciplinary? Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Is Othello? Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in mildred book, the paper, and black it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in rousseau theory, APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; its recommended to use the font serif typeface for black, the text and rousseau theory sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the is othello black paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in disciplinary spanking, rtf file from P rof E . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an black, order on our website. Your essay will come to disciplinary, you in is othello black, the APA format with a free bibliography and Lang and Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley Essay proper in-text citations.

Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and black free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in rousseau theory, the order form to is othello, get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need. Rousseau Theory? We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in is othello black, an instant. P rof E is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help.

Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to what of supply, write an A+ essay in is othello black, APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to disciplinary spanking, gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of black your life while we write an A+ paper for Farmworker's Daughter Essay, you and deliver it to is othello black, your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Disciplinary? Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of is othello our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ! Click here to place your order.

References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in pierce book, APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in is othello black, APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the what is law of supply man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924).

2. If you are quoting the black source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the Daughter year of publication is already mentioned in is othello black, the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. By Fritz Lang By Mary Shelley Essay? Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to black, the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Mildred Book? Multiple authors reference . Black? If the Slot Machine Online Essay source is is othello black, written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at Metropolis, by Fritz Lang least in the first reference within the is othello black essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the Daughter Essay first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference.

5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the is othello black stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the what is law need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in black, the course of the essay and cited in is law of supply, the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is is othello black, also important to what is law, know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of is othello publication).

Title of work: SUBTITLE. Rousseau Theory? Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in is othello black, chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. Rousseau Theory? on-line source : Author, A. Is Othello Black? A. Metropolis, By Fritz By Mary Shelley? (Year, Month Date if availiable).

Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on black, Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow.

The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the Farmworker's Essay first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the black main body should have headings!

Title page should be numbered in APA format. A running header should be placed in the right corner at the top of the Daughter page next to the page number. Black? A running header in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. Metropolis, By Fritz Lang Essay? APA styles requires to is othello black, write a short title first, put a colon and write the by Fritz Lang Essay full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the is othello black name of book professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at is othello the bottom of the page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups one of which is the American Psychological Association or the Metropolis, by Fritz by Mary Essay APA.

As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and black the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is The Buffalo Slot Online Game, actually an is othello black, easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is what is law, said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to is othello, be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the Metropolis, by Fritz Lang by Mary writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.

In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Is Othello Black? Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of pierce academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by is othello, an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E believes that compliance remains a must.

College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.

The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. Rousseau Theory? P rof E believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on black, the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the rousseau theory whole essay. P rof E is is othello black, professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.

Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for Farmworker's Daughter Essay, the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

Why is Othello black? Understanding why Shakespeare made

Is othello black

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Revisions to Lipset's Economic Theory of Democratic Development: India as a Case Study. Cornell International Affairs Review. Seymour M. Lipset dubbed economic development a “social requisite to democracy,” considering factors such as national wealth, a large degree of industrialization, and black, high levels of education to be necessary fertilizers to prepare a breeding ground for democracy. Citing many different cases throughout history leading up to Farmworker's Essay, the present (which, for him at the time of is othello, writing his article, “Some Social Requisites of Democracy,” was 1959), he famously posited that “the more well-to-do a nation, the greater the chances that it will sustain democracy.” 1 While these arguments may ring true for many countries (particularly Western ones), one country in particular does not follow that trend and, thus, fails to fit into his model. Slot Machine. That country is India.

India has long been known as a relatively poor country; even today, as it is increasingly being referred to as an black, emerging world power along with China, it has a GNI per capita of mildred pierce, just $1,220. That is less than three percent of the United States’ GNI of $46,360, for black comparison. 2 The percent of the Indian population at is law, or below the black, poverty line was a whopping 51.3 percent in 1978, when India was already an independent democracy. 3 Even as recently as 2005, the percent of the population living in poverty was still high, at 27.5 percent. 4 Yet, since its independence from Farmworker's British colonialism in 1947, India has had “more than five decades of periodic elections in which all offices are contested,” making it a “successful democracy.” 5. Clearly, this data provides a surprisingly strong challenge to Lipset’s theory. Is Othello. Lipset even goes as far as to say in his assessment, that “[i]n the rest of Asia east of the Arab world, only is law, two states, the Philippines and black, Japan, have maintained democratic regimes without the presence of large antidemocratic parties since 1945.” 6 While it is true that India gained independence in 1947, a difference of two years is clearly not enough justification for Lipset’s monumental oversight. Thus, India’s case illuminates the inadequacy of Lipset’s argument. Possible revisions to his theory are removing the assumption of causality between the factors he mentions, understanding and giving attention to India’s special circumstances of post-colonialism, and and Frankenstein,, adding a clause emphasizing the is othello, importance of a national set of values based on religion. Lipset mentions three indicators of rousseau theory, a country’s development towards democracy, or rather, social prerequisites for democracy: wealth, education, and industrialization. He seems to support Daniel Lerner’s step-by-step path to democracy: wealth leads to education (associated with literacy and is othello, media growth, which mutually fuel one another), which leads to technology and industrial development.

The “functional interdependence” of these factors create modernization which Lipset argues eventually leads to democracy. 7 The logic behind this argument of Lipset’s is that “only in a wealthy society in which relatively few citizens lived in real poverty could a situation exist in which the mass of the population could intelligently participate in politics and could develop the selfrestraint necessary to avoid succumbing to the appeals of rousseau theory, irresponsible demagogues.” 8 Each of these indicators of democracy as proposed by Lipset will now be discussed at length in relation to the case of India. While Lipset argues that a triangleshaped stratification of society associated with widespread poverty makes a country vulnerable to undemocratic value systems, India has proved quite the is othello black, opposite. Lipset argues that increased national wealth changes the disciplinary, stratification of society from a triangle shape with the elite on top and is othello, a large lower class, to book, a diamond shape, with very few rich, very few poor, and a large, moderately well-to-do, middle class. The triangle shape is vulnerable to undemocratic value systems because the gap between the rich and poor creates pressure on the upper strata to treat the lower class as “innately inferior” or “a lower caste,” in order to legitimize their superiority in their own eyes.

9. Lipset’s use of the word “caste” here is an is othello, uncanny coincidence, as the mildred, religious caste system has, for years, been a source of great social and political inequality in is othello black, India, a problem with which India still struggles. However, instead of the Indian democracy crumbling under the rousseau theory, pressure of this and leading to undemocratic legislation or an oligarchy of the is othello, elite, quite the opposite has actually happened. The Indian democracy has instituted “constitutional safeguards to the backwards sections of the population” 10 and the government continues to try to erase long-ingrained prejudices through equalizing legislation. Another point Lipset emphasizes is that economic development leads to mildred, higher levels of education, which then lead to democracy; in the case of India, however, this is where Lipset’s logical progression first falters. Lipset finds the black, relationship between increased wealth and is law, higher education to be consistent at the primary, post-primary, and higher educational level. In the case of India, however this relationship is not untrue. Although India is far less economically developed than other major world democracies, its education level is still up to par with some of the black, strongest democracies of the world, including the United States. For example, India’s higher education system is second only to is law of supply, the United States and black, China. 11 Furthermore, India produces 350,000 engineers a year, which is twice as many the United States produces.

12. In fact, in Farmworker's, a line graph of primary school completion rates for is othello India, the The Buffalo Machine Game, United States, and black, Japan (which has the strongest education system in the world, with a 100 percent primary school completion rate), one can see that India is on the verge of overtaking the United States and moving beyond, closer to Japan. 13 In other words, India’s education system is growing faster than either of the other two countries. In contradiction to Lipset’s theory, then, economic development is not a prerequisite for high levels of education, as this has not been true in the Indian case. Despite being still economically developing, India shares the same playing field in education as other democratic giants. Lipset’s theory also proposes that economic development is necessary for the eventual development of the media, but India’s lively media contradicts this point as well. Both Lipset and Farmworker's Daughter, Lerner assert that once a country becomes wealthy, education leads to widespread literacy, which fertilizes growth of a robust media.

Lerner explains: “There is a close reciprocal relationship between [literacy and is othello, media growth], for the literate develop the media which in turn spreads literacy.” 14 The proposal, then, is that the widespread media would, presumably, bolster support for personal and civic freedoms, which would lead to a struggle for democracy. Even though India did not start out with the wealth, which Lipset and Lerner regard as necessary for these developments, India still does “enjoy free and lively media[with] considerable scope to express political dissent and protest.” 15 Some of the fastest growing media markets in the world are those in the Asia-Pacific, and among those, “India is one of the most important markets from a growth perspective.” 16. Finally, the third factor contributing to what, democracy, for Lipset, is industrialization; and yet again, India does not fit the theory. One of the indices for industrialization, according to is othello, Lipset, is “the percentage of employed males in agriculture.” 17 As recently as 2010, the percent of India’s population living in rural, agricultural areas was an overwhelming majority of 70.3 percent of the population. 18 (For the purpose of comparison, the United States had just 18.0 percent of the population living in rural areas in the same year. 19 ) The other index by which Lipset quantifies industrialization is “the per capita commercially produced “energy” being used in the countryper person per year”. 20 This statistic, in terms of kilograms of oil per capita, was just 560 kilograms in 2010 in India, an Metropolis, Essay, extremely small figure. 21 (Again, as a point of comparison, the United States consumed 7,051 kilograms per capita in the same year. 22 ) This vast disparity clearly illustrates that India’s industrialization still lags far behind other countries’, perhaps the most so of the three indicators of democracy that Lipset proposes.

Yet, despite the absence of this third “social requisite,” democracy exists and thrives in India. As shown thus far, India’s strong democracy does not fit comfortably into Lipset’s theory of economic development leading to democracy, and instead seems to cut jagged holes into the logical progression of his argument. Lipset says the first step towards democracy is increased wealth, which India does not have. Although India has very recently been developing economically to compete with China and the rest of the is othello, world, its democracy has thrived since 1947, back when this was not the what of supply, case. Lipset says increased wealth will lead to higher levels of education and black, media development, which also have occurred in India without the prerequisite of wealth. Finally, he says education and literacy will lead to industrialization and urbanization, culminating in what is law of supply, democracy, and on this last point, India again does not fit, as it is still considered a developing country that is not fully industrialized. Is Othello. So, the story of the Indian democracy within the Online Game Essay, context of Lipset’s theory of economic development is a series of exceptions, deviations, and inconsistency.

How, then, did India become a democracy if not through Lipset’s proposed logical progression? Is there some flaw in Lipset’s theory, or some key element he missed? Lipset’s theory is based upon an assumption of causation, which is its basic flaw. Lipset left room for exceptions to black, his theory, and this is important to understand while considering its critique, based on what is law of supply India. In fact, Lipset practically begins his paper with a disclaimer stating that he does not claim to have covered every possible case of democracy in his theory, and is othello, that an exception or two to the general trends he proposes “cannot be the sole basis for rejecting the hypothesis.” 23 While this may be true, this stark exception to this theory cannot be ignored, either. The study of exceptions is not necessarily worthless or overly exacting. Studying the case of India as it relates to Lipset’s thesis can still yield worthwhile insight into the theory and Metropolis, Lang Shelley Essay, how it can be revised to be more all-encompassing. Is Othello. With this perspective in mildred book, mind, the causes of India’s atypical democratic development and possible revisions to black, Lipset’s theory will now be discussed.

Lipset’s theory is based upon an assumption of causation, which is its basic flaw. He asserts that wealth leads to education, which leads to industrialization, which leads to democracy, but it is clear that for India, these events have not necessarily occurred, nor are they necessarily occurring, in is law of supply, that order. While a robust democracy and a strong education system have already been achieved, the country is still economically and black, industrially developing. However, it cannot be ignored that most strong democracies around the Metropolis, by Fritz Essay, world are indeed wealthy and possess the characteristics that Lipset has pointed out, so the basic foundation of is othello, his theory is true. So, the disciplinary spanking, factors do in fact go together, but they are not caused by one another at allrather, simply correlated. Is Othello. Having any one or more of the different characteristics Lipset indicates does increase the likelihood of the country becoming a democracy, but there is no universal, causal, and sequential path that leads to it. Democratic countries must not necessarily be, but rather tend to be wealthy and industrialized with an educated, growing middle class. This change in understanding the relationship between the factors makes the theory much more flexible and would allow it to encompass India as well. With this revision made, the theory would simply assume that the remaining aspects correlated with democracy that India does not have yet are simply on their way. What Is Law. This claim seems to be true so far, for is othello black there has been a growing buzz about India’s development over the past few years.

With a record growth rate of Metropolis, by Fritz Lang by Mary, 9.5 percent per year in economic development, India is second only to China in this field, and black, is expected to overtake it by rousseau theory, the year 2013. 24 India is industrializing as well, albeit more slowly. Is Othello Black. Perhaps soon, India will achieve all four characteristics of education, industrialization, wealth, and democracy; they will have just occurred in a different order. So, Lipset’s mistake was to assume causality among a set of variables that were really only correlated. Removing causality from the argument would render the theory less exact, but more accurate. Another point to consider is that the beginning of “India” as it is known today, was an atypical one, and this may have contributed to its relative ease of rousseau theory, becoming a democracy. Lipset pointed out that “a deviant caseoften may actually strengthen the is othello, basic hypothesis if an intensive study of it reveals the special conditions which prevented the usual relationship from appearing” 25 and what, this precisely relates to black, India. Lipset’s theory of development is obviously intended to be a gradual progression towards democracy. That is to say, over the course of disciplinary spanking, a hundred, two hundred, or more years, Lipset would expect the country to acquire the different characteristics leading to democracy. India does not fit Lipset’s and a few other development theories because they presume this slow development into democracy, and India had quite the black, opposite. India abruptly became a democracy in 1947 after gaining independence after over 200 years of British colonialism.

It was not a natural progression from what had existed before, because what had existed before suddenly vanished. The Buffalo Slot Essay. Because of black, this atypical development, India does not fit many such development theories. For example, Barrington Moore’s theory of rousseau theory, democratic development is is othello, similar to Lipset’s in The Buffalo Slot Machine Online Game Essay, that it also presumes gradual political development from one form of government to the other. Moore posited that hegemonies and competitive oligarchies transform into “near-polyarchies,” then nearpolyarchies into full polyarchies, and lastly, full polyarchies into is othello democracies in the third wave of democratization. 26 Continued on Next Page S. M. Lipset, “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Association 53 (1959): 69. World Bank, “GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$),” 11 April 2011, . World Bank, “Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of rousseau theory, population),” 11 April 2011, . Black. World Bank, “Poverty headcount ratio at mildred pierce book, national poverty line (% of population),” 11 April 2011, . Is Othello. Atul Kohli, The success of India’s democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001) 3. S. M. Lipset, “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Association 53 (1959): 80.

Lipset, 82. Spanking. Lipset, 75. Lipset, 83. Srinivas, M. N, “Caste in is othello, Modern India,” The Journal of Asian Studies 16 (1957): 529. Machine Game. Eastman, Julia, “Notes on Higher Education in India: Current Status and Issues,” Association of Universities and Colleges of black, Canada (Victoria: University of Victoria Press, 2011) 1. Basu, Kaushik, “India’s faltering education system,” BBC News 18 Aug.

2006, 14 April 2011 . World Bank, “Primary completion rate, total (% of spanking, relevant age group),” 11 April 2011, . Quoted in Lipset, 82. Kohli, 3. Kohli-Khandekar, 17. Lipset, 78. World Bank, “Rural population (% of total population),” 11 April 2011, . World Bank, “Rural population (% of total population),” . Is Othello Black. Lipset, 78. World Bank, “Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita),” 11 April 2011, . World Bank, “Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita),” 11 April 2011, . Lipset, 70. ET Bureau, “India to become world’s fastest growing economy by 2013-15: Morgan Stanley.” The Economic Times 17 Aug. 2010, 16 April 2011 . Lipset, 75 Moore, Barrington, Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in Slot Online Essay, the Making of the Modern World (Boston: Beacon Press, 1993) 11. Lipset, 72. Lipset, 79. Lipset, 81. Lipset, 79.

Huntington’s Class of Civilizations, quoted in Alfred Stepan, “Religion, Democracy and the “Twin Tolerations,”” Journal of Democracy, 11.4 (2000): 38. Ministry of Home Affairs, Census of India, Government of India, 2001, 13 April 2011 . Black. Goel, 6. Disciplinary Spanking. Stepan, 55. Lipset, 75. Banerjee, A. (2012). Is Othello Black. Revisions to Lipset's Economic Theory of Democratic Development: India as a Case Study. Cornell International Affairs Review , 6 (1). Retrieved from

Banerjee, Anwesha. Revisions to Lipset's Economic Theory of Democratic Development: India as a Case Study. Cornell International Affairs Review 6.1 (2012). Banerjee, Anwesha. 2012.

Revisions to Lipset's Economic Theory of Democratic Development: India as a Case Study. Cornell International Affairs Review 6 (1), BANERJEE, A. 2012. Revisions to spanking, Lipset's Economic Theory of Democratic Development: India as a Case Study. Is Othello Black. Cornell International Affairs Review [Online], 6. Available: This article was published in. A publication of Cornell University. Rural-Urban Migration and Agricultural Transformation in India: Observing the Impact on Childhood Migration From Bihar to New Delhi.

India and Nigeria: Similar Colonial Legacies, Vastly Different Trajectories: An Examination of the disciplinary spanking, Differing Fates of Two Former British Colonies. Health and Nutritional Status of the Indian Tribes of Tripura and Effects on Education. Further Reading in Political Science. The copyright to this article and other articles from is othello JournalQuest are maintained by the publishing journal and/or the individual authors according to agreements set forth by and between the publishing journal and The Buffalo Slot Machine Game, the author. Other materials 2017 Student Pulse, LLC.

All rights reserved. ISSN: 2153-5760. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. Is Othello. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Moreover, the views expressed here do not necessarily represent the views of spanking, Student Pulse, its owners, staff, contributors, or affiliates.

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3M Health Information Systems Case Study. 3M Health Information Systems (3M HIS), based in Salt Lake City, Utah, is one of the worlds largest providers of software for the healthcare industry. Hospitals throughout the United State use the companys 3M 360 Encompass System to integrate their clinical documentation and coding workflows. The organization provides solutions in more than 20 countries and 7,500 hospitals worldwide. 3M HIS's software solutions are a critical part of the healthcare-system workflow for is othello many organizations. Our applications are the glue between patients, healthcare providers, and payers, says David Frazee, chief technology officer of 3M Health Information Systems. A core part of the solution uses natural-language processing to automatically create medical codes, which are critical to is law of supply, both clinicians and the business of healthcare delivery.

Providers use our software solutions to efficiently manage their revenue-cycle operations, but can also use the results to is othello black, identify deficiencies in Metropolis, by Fritz Essay, clinical documentation and automatically recommend measures to is othello, eliminate them. Previously, 3M HIS relied on multiple IT centers and collocated environments to support its software solutions. However, this approach led to major challenges. For example, certain activities required more compute and storage capacity at certain hours of the The Buffalo Game Essay, day. We spend approximately 18 hours per day processing at peak capacity, says Rick Austin, manager of Advanced Technology at 3M Health Information Systems. Is Othello Black. During the remaining six hours per rousseau theory, day, as well as weekends, we were processing significantly off-peak, but still had to manage, maintain, and is othello pay for is law the underlying unused compute environment during those times. We lacked the is othello black, ability to efficiently support that ebb and flow associated with our various workloads. 3M Health Information Systems also needed the agility to develop and deploy new applications faster. Our ability to is law, adequately support our researchers, scientists, and black developers was not where it needed to be, Austin says. We wanted to lay the foundation necessary to reduce or eliminate barriers needed to increase the speed of innovation at HIS. 3M Health Information Systems determined that moving to the cloud was the best way to is law, address its challenges. We knew the cloud was the only way to get the scalability, speed, and security our customers expect from 3M, says Austin. The organization considered building its own private cloud and using solutions from cloud providers, including Amazon Web Services (AWS). After a thorough analysis, 3M HIS found AWS to have the best infrastructure and performance to meet its needs. One of our key processes operated 20 percent more efficiently on AWS than on is othello any other platform, without changing our code, Frazee says. After choosing AWS, 3M HIS began migrating several important applications to the AWS Cloud. The organization worked closely with AWS Professional Services, which provided the expert architecture and rousseau theory configuration guidance required to accelerate the is othello black, migration. Is Law. AWS Professional Services played an important role in is othello, the migration, says Austin. Metropolis, By Fritz Lang Shelley Essay. Its one thing to is othello black, provision servers, but its another to configure an environment that complies with strict security requirements. This would have been very difficult without the assistance from Farmworker's Daughter AWS Professional Services. 3M HIS's applications run on hundreds of is othello, Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances and Slot use Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3).

3M HIS also uses Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS), which helps the organization operate and scale its relational database deployments. Is Othello. Additionally, 3M HIS leverages the AWS-managed CodeCommit source-control service to host private Git repositories, AWS CodeDeploy to automate deployment, and AWS CloudFormation to automate infrastructureall supporting a DevOps culture that includes using AWS CodePipeline to manage its continuous integration and rousseau theory continuous delivery deployment workflows. 3M HIS also meets a portion of its regulatory and security requirements by using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM). Although 3M Health Information Systems employed a multi-cloud strategy and continues to host some applications in other data centers, it plans to rely more on AWS in the coming months. We will move an additional dozen applications and is othello services to AWS in pierce, the coming months, says Frazee. We see the cloud as the safest, most scalable, and most cost effective place to operate. By running its applications on is othello AWS, 3M HIS can easily scale up or down without needing to acquire and provision servers months in advance. Rousseau Theory. The server-provisioning process used to take us 10 weeks or more, but its down to minutes using AWS, says Austin. That gives us the flexibility to support the scaling events we experience several times per is othello, day. We pay for what we need when we need it.

We no longer need to pay for and manage unnecessary peak compute capacity. We recently had a customer request a large volume of processing, and we simply spun up an additional 200 instances of Metropolis, by Fritz Lang Shelley Essay, our service on AWS. When the large workload completed, we just turned off those instances. The organization is also able to innovate faster by using AWS services to increase developer efficiency. We can more easily and quickly build our application environments and manage our applications by using AWS CodeDeploy and CodeCommit, says Austin. We are fully supporting our continuous integration and deployment pipelines by relying on AWS, and that has really boosted our development efficiency. Using AWS, weve gone from deployments taking six weeks to one per week, and very soon we expect that to be multiple deployments per day. As it continues to migrate more of its applications to AWS, 3M HIS expects to create and implement innovative new healthcare software for its customers. 3M HIS is is othello, not in the IT business. Metropolis, Lang Shelley Essay. Rather, we are a healthcare-analytics company, says Frazee. We are getting out of IT operations, and by going to AWS, we can focus our RD team on is othello black the science of healthcare. For us that means analytics rather than IT, enabling us to attack the healthcare industrys cost and quality challenges. Amazon Web Services is Hiring.

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a dynamic, growing business unit within We are currently hiring Software Development Engineers, Product Managers, Account Managers, Solutions Architects, Support Engineers, System Engineers, Designers and disciplinary spanking more. Visit our Careers page or our Developer-specific Careers page to learn more. Amazon Web Services is an is othello black, Equal Opportunity Employer.

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Desirees Baby and Desirees Baby Essay. Mans Domination Over Woman in Desirees Baby . Kate Chopins Short Story Desirees Baby . Throughout time, humans struggled with issues of conformity and individuality. In the modern world, individuality is black idealized, as it is associated with strength. Weak individuals are usually portrayed as conforming to society and having almost no personal ideas. In Desirees Baby , a short story, the author Kate Chopin deals with the struggles of what is law of supply African descendants in black, the French colonies during the time of slave labor. Rousseau Theory? The protagonist is a white woman named Desiree who is of unknown origin and birth as she was found abandoned as an is othello infant at an aristocrats doorstep. Eighteen years after her discovery, she and pierce, a fellow aristocrat, Armand Aubigny, fall in love and get married.

They soon have a child, yet conflict arises when the black child is discovered to be black. The young family is destroyed when the baby s father, Armand, refuses to accept the child. In Desirees Baby , Chopin demonstrates through Armands conflicts how weak humans conform to environmental norms.Armand is shown to pierce, be a weak character by his internal conflict himself. Armands weakness is initially shown by the way he treats his slaves. Is Othello Black? Although there is evidence to support that Armand is a man characteristic of the and Frankenstein, Shelley Essay time, he seems to actually have benevolent feelings towards slaves. However, he is too weak express these feelings and is othello black, instead acts in a rather strict manner: Young Aubignys rule was a strict one, too, and under it his negroes had forgotten how to be gay, as they had been during the old masters easy-going and indulgent lifetime, (Chopin 9). In addition to his internal conflict about treatment of slaves, this quotation tells the reader a great deal about Armands general weakness as an individual.

Besides the fact that his forcefulness is Essay strict by the narrators standards, it was strict even for 18th century Louisiana: Armands rule is described as far stricter than his fathers rule in the very same passage. From this, the reader understands that Armand is is othello black attempting to assume a persona of the powerful aristocratic slave-owner. However, in this attempt, Armand demonstrates his very weakness: he is insecure and so must prove his strength. Another example of book Armands weakness lies in his attempt to destroy all evidence relating to his relationship with Desiree. Armand feels that a marriage to a potentially black woman could be damaging to black, his to his place in society so he burns all of the evidence of her presence in his life: In the centre of the smoothly swept back yard was a great bonfire, (Chopin 13). Although it is true that during the setting of the story, such a marriage could have been damaging, if he truly were a strong character, he would have defended his own beliefs and maintained his marriage. A final example of by Fritz Lang and Frankenstein, Shelley Armands weakness is in black, his discovery of a letter from The Buffalo Online, his mother to black, his father and the reactions implied by the author. Metropolis, Lang By Mary Shelley? The letter carries details about Armands own race and how he is actually black. Is Othello? Armands implied reactions are. . Societal Boundaries in Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and Desiree's Baby . Stories about the tragic mulatto have conjured feelings of anger, racism, and sympathy since the 19th century. In Kate Chopins short story Desirees Baby , Desiree plays the role of the tragic mulatto. This is a person who believes they are white, but finds out that they are actually black.

There are three categories of the tragic mulatto and often they are female. Metropolis, And Frankenstein, By Mary Shelley Essay? The first is a woman fair enough to pass for white. She falls in love with a white man, but her mixed identity is revealed and black, the story ends dreadfully. The second is a woman who appears white and hides her mixed race status by lying. Shes accepted as being European or Spanish. Once her identity is found out, she loses her place in the community. Lastly is a woman who is accepted and liked socially, but once her Black heritage is recognized, she is forced into slavery and is sexually dominated by Slot Machine Essay her slave master.

Desiree is a racial stereotype in the story because her ancestry is unknown. Peel states that Desiree casts doubt on the meaning of race, sex and class (Peel 223). Solely based on her looks, she is assumed white and adopted by a white family. Is Othello? When Armand, her husband, interprets their baby s appearance, he assumes that the child and the mother are not white (225). Book? Her missing identity forces her to act as the tragic mulatto. Racial identity is determined by family history where the black assumption of what of supply race is through skin color. The story takes place in an antebellum Creole community ruled by institutions based on apparently clear dualities: master over the slave, white over black, and black, man over rousseau theory woman (224). The South was marked with a racial system known as the is othello black one drop- rule, which meant that any person with one drop of black blood was deemed black (Shen 289).

Armand is a great example of how important race and ethnicity was, Confident that he is is law of supply white, a male, and a master, he feels in black, control of the system (224). Armand was a slave master and treated his slaves harshly. Mildred Pierce? Chopin compares him to satin when it comes to the treatment of the slaves. Is Othello Black? Rather than being easy-going like his father, he loved to be the dominator and let his slaves know who was in charge. He was such a strict and furious master that the slaves had forgot how to be gay (Chopin 232). Not only were male slaves mistreated, but the women had to endure sexual relations with the master. Mildred Pierce Book? Zandrine, a female slave, is described as a yellow woman (232). This indicates that the former slave master had to have sex with the female slaves to produce mixed children. Another sign of the master having sexual relations with the female slaves are shown when Desiree states that Armand could hear the baby cry as far away as La Blanches cabin (233). Although Chopin does not directly state the reason of why Armand was at the slave cabin, it is indirectly understood.

Desiree loves her husband so much that she is oblivious to the obvious.She grew to black, be beautiful and gentle, affectionate and sincere,-the. . In the story of Desirees Baby by Kate Chopin, there are many literary themes that can be analyzed such as love, racism, gender inequality, and The Buffalo Slot Online Game Essay, miscegenation. What this analysis will focus on is primarily on the central male character, Armand Aubigny, and on his views towards racism. More specifically, what this essay will aim to prove is that Armand Aubigny looked down upon the African race to is othello, the point where he hated them. Daughter Essay? One of the biggest driving points to aid this idea is is othello how his family name shaped his behavior and actions according to the societal normalities of mildred his time period. Another important aspect that will be considered is his very relationship towards his slaves in how he treated them cruelly even to the point where he is described as having the spirit of Satan (Chopin 3).

In addition to this, the reader will also see Armands negative reaction to being aware of the implications of his son and wife having mixed blood in is othello black, where he practically disowns them. With all this culminating to Armand finding out the ugly truth that the race he had treated so horribly is actually a part of his very own blood as well. Armand Aubigny took pride in his family name to the point where it influenced his viewpoint towards his slaves. In the story it says What did it matter about a name when he could give her one of the oldest and proudest in Louisiana (Chopin 1)? Typically in the South, the aristocratic family name meant everything in terms of Farmworker's Daughter identity, wealth, and power. Back in the antebellum period, segregation and slavery was accepted as it was deeply engraved in the Southern culture.

To be a slave meant to be of the lowest in the social ladder as they were considered property, while the big plantation and slave owners were of the highest class. On top of all of that, these types of is othello families would have a long lineage of white history as slave ownership was the is law main occupation as seen with Armand having one of the oldest family names. Not only did he have the oldest, but his name was one of the biggest and wealthiest in is othello black, all of Louisiana. Mildred Book? As a result, Armand Aubigny grew up to view his family name as his sense of is othello black pride and superiority while he saw his slaves as an Farmworker's Daughter inferior group of people. With this mindset, Aubignys oppression of his slaves was so cruel that he practically hated them. The narrator of the story describes, Young Aubignys rule was a strict one, too, and under it his negroes had forgotten how to be gay, as they have been during the old masters easy-going and indulgent life (Chopin 1). Is Othello? What is interesting to note is that under the previous owner, Monsieur Aubigny who is the mildred father of Armand, the slaves were happy and enjoyed their masters tolerant lifestyle. In contrast, the young Aubigny treated his slaves in such a way that took away their happiness. Is Othello Black? Armand could have treated his slaves the same way his father treated them, but he handled his slaves in a way that made them forget how to be actually happy. To make. . Desiree's Baby By Kate Chopin Essay. Love is a force more formidable than any other.

It is invisible it cannot be seen or measured, yet it is spanking powerful enough to transform you in a moment, and offer you more joy than any material possession could are words deeply moving and thoughtful to love and life. In Kate Chopins Desirees Baby , it seemed Armand Aubignys love for his baby and wife had done exactly that, transformed him into is othello black, a happier plantation owner. Pierce Book? His wife, Desiree Aubigny, thrived in is othello black, the love he was pouring out because she loved him desperately. Their love was immediate as was his parents love when they lived in mildred book, Paris. It seemed Armand and is othello black, Desirees life was to Farmworker's Essay, be a fairytale from their pistol shot love and marriage to is othello black, their newborn boy that would carry on the Aubignys family name. This fairytale was tragically short lived, the Daughter newborn baby carried African American characteristics. Armand quickly turned on Desiree and is othello black, proceeded to Farmworker's, kick her off the plantation. Is Othello Black? The last time he saw her was when she disappeared among the pierce reeds and willows . . . and black, she did not come back. He blamed her due to her questionable heritage of being an orphan before she was welcomed into the Valmondes home. When in truth, he held the African American trait in his blood on his mothers side.

Chopin shows one that in true love there is colorblindness; but in others, it relies completely on Daughter Essay, the blood beneath the skin. Monsieur Valmonde was nervous when Armand began sending wedding gifts to his dear, adopted daughter, Desiree. Valmonde knew of Desirees obscure origin and wanted things well considered for his daughter and did not want Armand to rush into this decision. Armand did not care to notice his haste to wed Desiree because what did it matter . . . when he could give her one of the oldest and proudest names in Louisiana? This is when Chopin first gives one an inside look into Armands distinct and arrogant behavior. Allness is black a personality trait in by Fritz Lang Essay, which a person assumes that what he says or knows is absolute, definitive. Armand is a cruel, arrogant man who is blind to everything not involving himself. He is one to believe he is always right. Armand has set himself atop a pedestal and would never consider a connection to the race he torments and punishes daily.

He considers himself a saint for changing Desirees last name to black, that of an disciplinary spanking Aubigny. Armand is colorblind to the world and the true blood beneath his skin, but he is soon to realize his true origins and the lie he has been living. The Aubignys were known to fall in love as if struck by a pistol shot. Armands father experienced true love with Armands mother, regardless of superficial features. Chopins irony is supreme when mentioning Armands mother and is othello black, father in Daughter, Desirees Baby . Black? Armand is unaware, but he is facing a tragic mulatta stereotype. He does not know his true origin and the reason his parents moved to Paris before his birth. His parents love was true and blind and Essay, only until. Black? . True Love Cannot Be Broken: Desiress's Baby By Kate Chopin. Desirees Baby by Farmworker's Kate Chopin is the epitome of amazing love. This story can be compared to is othello, The Story of an Hour, as well as The Storm. However, rather than highlight her characters sexuality or internal emotional conflicts, Chopin manages to make a gradual impact on Desirees strength, courage, and is law, pride; elements that made me fall in love with the story of a woman who is is othello a victim of assumptions, lies, and racism.

Unconditional love is the rousseau theory predominant characteristic that allows both Desiree and her baby to survive her husbands narrow-minded personality, and black, indirectly allows them to escape a cruel reality. Chopin story is spanking a realistic example of is othello a womans struggles. . Racism In The Father Of Desirees Baby By Kate Chopin. The Father of Desirees Baby . Throughout the years many variations of the ideas on race, class, and culture have been presented based upon different factors. In earlier times peoples views were not nearly the disciplinary same as they are presented today. Ideas that women belong in the kitchen or that African-Americans were an inferior race were common.

Those views were very popular during the time of Kate Chopins book Desirees Baby . Chopins book explores the controversial areas of race and class as well as touching on is othello black, the subject of culture. Desirees Baby shows the life of Desiree from a young child through adulthood. Mildred Book? The young Desiree was found by black a rich family alone on the streets. Even in by Fritz by Mary, a time where race and social class was important the is othello wealthy, a rich couple took in spanking, young Desiree without knowing her ancestral background. Desiree lived a good life with the family. Is Othello Black? The story then switches to when Desiree was a young adult and mildred pierce book, falls in love with Armand Aubigny. Armand also comes from is othello, a wealthy background and still falls for Desiree without knowing her racial background. Essay? Eventually, the young couple has a baby but to their surprise the baby comes out with African traits.

Armand is not happy and rethinks whether she has African in her background or if maybe she had an is othello black affair with a slave. Desirees mother offers to have her and the baby come back and stay with them but when Desiree leaves she disappears and is never seen again. Later, Armand finds out that it may not have been Desiree that carries African roots but himself, from his mothers side. Overall, Chopins work looks into the controversial issues of race, class, gender and Daughter Essay, culture using ironies and the story-line to infer the views of these topics. Chopin establishes the inferiority of African-American and the importance of race by is othello establishing the use of slaves on Armands plantation and by the conflict that arises when Desiree and Armands son resembles African roots. Metropolis, By Fritz Lang Shelley? Armands brutality to black, the slaves shows that the white men of that era thought they were the superior race.

They believed that they were of lesser value and less intelligent then Africans. Chopin did not appear to put this in to add to the story in terms of literary devices such as character development. The reason appears to be just because the setting would not be complete without the appearance of slaves as this was a big part of Daughter Essay wealthy life back in that era. The emphasized point of race was when Desiree and is othello black, Armands son was born resembling that of mildred book African roots. Armands loving and open nature changed when he accused her of is othello black having roots that could be traced back to African descent. Even though it could be seen that she had fairer skin then him. This is where one of Chopins many ironies is demonstrated. At the very end of the The Buffalo Slot Machine Online Game Essay story after it is inferred that Desiree has killed herself, Armand finds a letter from is othello black, his mother, she wrote, night and day, I think the good God for having so arranged our lives that our dear Armand will never know that. . Kate Chopin's Desiree's Baby This essay will focus on the short story by Kate Chopin and is law, its use of symbols, setting and characters. Desirees baby was perhaps one of the best stories Ive ever read. Analyzing it was not easy at all.

Its use of symbols was very hard to is othello, comprehend. Of Supply? At first, it doesnt make sense. Is Othello Black? But as you think critically, all the mildred symbols, and setting and the characters in this literature plunge together in one amazing story.Literary Analysis on is othello, Kate Chopin's Desiree's Baby Tell me what it means! she cried despairingly. It means, he answered lightly, that the child is not white; it means that you are not white (Chopin, p. 192). Kate Chopin's Desiree's Baby is a well-known short story. In her life, Kate Chopin actively searched for female spiritual emancipation and expressed it in her writing(Deter, 2000). Throughout the story, Kate Chopin uses symbolism to convey her themes of racial predisposition, unequal gender roles, and Metropolis, by Fritz Essay, social ladder in is othello, a society. The characters and the setting in this short story help provide the readers with more understanding of how patriarchal our society is at that time. The story begins with the mildred book narrator speaking of Desiree, and how she was found lying asleep, next to the property entrance. It was evident that she was abandoned; there were assumptions of who might have possibly left the black small infant child. The story line took place in Louisiana. During the particular time era, and in this region, large plantations were very common, slavery too. The family who found Desiree was plantation owners and presumed wealthy.

The name of the what great plantation is is othello black Valmonde. Its namesake came from the name of the owners. The narrator states that the Madame believes the child to be essentially a gift; that she was without child of the flesh (Chopin, p. 189). Since she couldnt carry a child of by Fritz Lang and Frankenstein, Shelley Essay her own, finding a baby at her doorsteps was a blessing for her. During this period, some found it tolerable to leave a baby on the doorsteps of a family to provide a chance of a better life. Especially if you are a single parent who cant sustain a proper life for your child. Is Othello? In the very beginning Desiree was left on a stone pillar at the Valmonde estate; it is also here that Armand Aubigny sees her and falls instantly in love with her.

The stone pillar is a symbol of firm, forced male dominance in a patriarchal society. It is how men were of superior to anybody else. Desiree grew into a beautiful and gentle-hearted young woman and soon found a wealthy suitor asking for her hand. The Buffalo Slot? This young suitor was Armand Aubigny. He had known of Desirees past but was in black, love and did not care. Armand Aubignys character in this story was racist and despicable but the young bride was in love and looked past his faulty character.

Early. . Analysis Of Desirees Baby By Kate Chopin. John MooreProfessor Gary WalkerAmerican Literature IIMarch 6th, 2014Desirees Baby and Southern Social StructureThe short story Desirees Baby by Farmworker's Daughter Kate Chopin provides a sobering depiction of how the dark forces of prejudice and social hierarchy tore apart a plantation owning family in the state of Louisiana. Desirees character is that of a lady who carries the is othello burden of being submissive to a domineering husband, a role she keeps until the disciplinary spanking very end of the narrative. Desiree is portrayed as an agent of light so to speak throughout the plotline but is seriously blinded by her doglike allegiance to her husband Armand, who is in essence her master and her livelihood. The struggle for female independence is a signature theme in a number of Chopins works and was a struggle for women in the South during this time period (McCullough 413).

Armands dominance over Desiree and her overall sense of well-being is certainly a reflection of the is othello issue of rousseau theory sexist prejudice that Chopin chose to write about is othello, throughout her literary career. Chopin also depicts the mildred pierce racial prejudice in the South by revealing how blacks on the plantation are treated and by illustrating how severe the is othello black consequences were of Desiree and Armands baby being African American was. His dark personality coupled with the societal norm of male superiority enabled this toxic relationship structure to occur and helped shape the events following the Daughter Essay discovery of the child being black. Armands role of master over the plantation workers was based on skin color and his birthright to the plantation which was reflective of is othello black Southern culture during the time period (Toth). It is abundantly clear that Desirees Baby serves as a microcosm of Metropolis, by Fritz Lang and Frankenstein, by Mary Essay how societal hierarchy's and traditions that are rooted in elitist prejudice have a poisoning effect on those who are entangled in their grip.Desirees unwavering love and codependency upon is othello black, her husband Armand ultimately proves to be unjustifiable and plays a significant role in book, her demise. When he frowned she trembled, but loved him (Chopin 417). This direct excerpt from the story best depicts just how delusional Desirees affection for her husband was and paints a crystal clear picture of the overall state of their relationship. Black? Desirees unconditional love of Armand is a stark contrast to the affection he gives her in return. Armand seemingly returns Desirees pure and Daughter Essay, permanent love for him with an affection that is conditional and calculated (Toth). Is Othello Black? Armand fell in love with Desiree in an instantaneous fashion that occurred eighteen years prior to the events of the story (Chopin 415).

His initial affection for Desiree is portrayed as seemingly dangerous due to its suddenness and great potency. The husbands love for Shelley Essay, Desiree is present throughout their marriage up until his discovery that the is othello child is of African American decent (Chopin). It becomes evident that Armand no longer views Desiree as lovable and The Buffalo Online, that she is now detrimental to his societal standing. . Breaking Through The Barrier: Kate Chopin. Breaking Through the Barrier Inspiration comes from anywhere or anything. Kate Chopin being born at black, a time where men were thought as superior, soared above the level plain of Daughter Essay tradition and prejudice through her books and is othello black, short stories that defied this norm (Chopin 217). As Chopin once said, the artist must possess the courageous soul that dares and defies (Chopin 165). Prime examples of this writing style are her book and short stories The Awakening, The Story of an Hour, and Desirees Baby . These books share Kate Chopin's passion for feminism and her views toward gender roles and equality. Spanking? I will analyze Kate Chopins style and literary strategies and explain how society had an effect on women change throughout nineteenth-century. One great example of Chopin's literary style is her book, The Awakening, which was published in black, 1899, and it immediately created a controversy. Critics were shocked by her depiction of a woman with active sexual desires, who dares to leave her husband and mildred pierce book, have an affair. Kate Chopin was socially ostracized after the publication of her novel.

Her main character, Edna, begins to question marriage and describes it as one of the most lamentable spectacles on earth (Chopin 70). This awakening happened at the time she met Robert, the elder son of Madame Lebrun. At first, the relationship between Edna and Robert is naive. They mostly talk by the beach and swim. However, as time passes Edna becomes closer to Robert. She begins to realize that she is unhappy with her husband and is inspired to paint as she used to in her youth. Robert helps her become aware of her independence and sexuality. Chopin uses Edna's childhood memories, her immersion in the sea and birds as symbols of Ednas rebirth and awakening to a new conception of self rather than returning to is othello black, the enslavement of a husband and societys norms. The Awakening is largely about an identity crisis. Dissatisfied with her labels as wife and mother, the awakening that Edna experiences is the awakening of The Buffalo Machine her true self.

Another story by Chopin is is othello The Story of an Hour which was published in what, 1894. It is black a story about a woman, Mrs. Mallard who is given the horrible news that her husband has just passed away in a train wreck. Devastated by her husbands sudden death, she rushes to her bedroom to be left alone. While in her room, she is upset about her husbands sudden death, however; she seems to mildred pierce book, be pleased about it. Now that her husband has passed away, Mrs. Mallard begins to is othello black, look at life in a different way: a much more independent and free world. She realized that there would be no powerful will bending hers in that blind persistence with which men and women believe they have a right to impose a private will upon a fellow-creature (Chopin 1). However her happiness came to an end when her husband walked through the front door, causing Mrs.

Mallard to have a heart attack from the joy that kills (Chopin 1). Here the protagonist of The Story. . Henry David Thoreau famously said that the mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. What is called resignation is confirmed desperation. When we compare and contrast these two stories, The Story of an Hour and Desirees Baby , by Kate Chapin, we learn that this sentiment may be especially true for women. Mildred Pierce? Kate Chapin uses The Story of an Hour and Desirees Baby to bravely explore the is othello social inequalities of women in mildred pierce, terms of marriage and divorce. The combination of these two stories point out black, that despite the Farmworker's Daughter presence of is othello love, not all marriages are happy and not all divorces are sad. In Desirees Baby , Desiree has married for love and wishes to stay married and through no fault of her own, she is forced to divorce. In contrast The Story of an Hour is rousseau theory about Louise, who has married out of social obligation and wishes to divorce, but is forced to stay married. Both women are forced to follow paths not of their own choosing and submit to the rules set down by a male dominated society.

In spite of societys tendency to is othello black, romanticize marriage, many women find marriage to be a limiting burden; for others, marriage may be the only chance at life. Since time out of mind society has had a long standing tradition of a double standard in its treatment of the gender roles. Men were judged more on their assets. Their business and social connections made up their reputations, and mildred pierce, they were treated as individual people regardless of black their marriage status. In contrast, the very identity of a woman was dependent on The Buffalo Slot Machine Game, her connection to a man and his social position. For women, marriage and children was the only way to have a happy or meaningful life.

It was unthinkable that a woman would not marry. Single women were sometimes viewed as odd in social circles and a womans reputation was her only asset. As a result of this double standard, marriage was the only option available to black, a woman who did not wish to live in poverty on the fringes of society. Once married, divorce was not a socially acceptable decision for couples, especially for the wife. The only socially acceptable form of mildred formal separation of husband and wife was death.

That being said, the event of a divorce in the life of a man was undesirable, but not completely devastating to his social standing. However, for women, divorce meant social death. Poverty and severe criticism from polite society were often the consequences for women in cases of divorce. For these reasons, many women stayed in unhappy marriages. Is Othello? In these two stories, Kate Chapin tells the truth about this social doctrine. Disciplinary Spanking? The Story of An Hour is about Mrs. Louise Mallard, who receives word that her husband Mr. Brently Mallard, has died in an accident. Kate Chapin uses the context of the relationship between Mr. and Mrs. Mallard to show the social inequality of women and the consequences of marriage as a social obligation. Upon receiving word of her husbands death, Mrs. Mallard immediately breaks down in apparent. . How Writers Of 19th Century Stories Create Tension And Suspense.

How Writers of black 19th Century Stories Create Tension and what is law, Suspense . I choose symbolism for the stories Desirees Baby and is othello black, Sweat. For Desirees Baby , I choose the stone pillar, Armands bonfire, the yellow nurse, and L Abri. The stone pillar symbolizes Desirees unknown past and future; Armands bonfire symbolizes Armands act of erasing everything of mildred book Desiree and their baby ; the yellow nurse symbolizes the is othello black color of the mixed baby ; and finally LAbri, symbolizes the secrecy of the plantation and of Armands past. The symbols I choose for Sweat are white clothes, the snake, the whip and slavery. Desirees Baby starts out with Desiree and the baby not being seen by Madame Valmonde. They were gone for The Buffalo Slot Machine Game Essay, four weeks.

They come back and Desiree goes to sleep with the baby in her arms. Madame takes a look at the baby and is othello black, says, This is not the baby ! (903). The baby grew, his fingernails were growing his arms and legs grew as well. (904) Armand was felt proud to have a boy- but if they had a girl, he would still love her the same way as if they had the boy. The baby was 4 months old but he was not white, so Armand thought that Desiree was half black and with her being adopted, no one know for sure . Is Law Of Supply? So he throws the is othello baby and Desiree out of the house. Lang By Mary? He thought Almighty God had dealt cruelly and unjustly with him; and felt, somehow, that he was paying Him back in kind when he stabbed thus into his wife's soul. Moreover he no longer loved her, because of the unconscious injury she had brought upon is othello, his home and his name. The stone pillar is The Buffalo Machine Online Game what Desiree was sleeping beside in the beginning when Armand first saw her and it was also what she ended up laying by in the end, after Armand kicked her and their baby out. The stone pillar is a symbol of Desirees unknown past and soon-to-be future of a tombstone for her unmarked gravesite, ending with an is othello unforeseen future. The second symbol I noticed, was Armands bonfire that he had at the end of the story.

In this bonfire, he threw everything of the mildred pierce baby s and is othello black, of Desirees into the fire pit. This bonfire could be a symbol of Armand getting rid of everything in his past and erasing everything from his life that had to do with Desiree and their baby . Another symbol I saw in Desirees Baby was the disciplinary yellow nurse woman who is of a different race, making note to is othello black, the reader that on the plantation, back in that day, that not all were white there. The yellow nurse is a symbol of Desirees baby not being white and of being a mixed color, which is what the plot of the Slot Essay story was about. There are many areas and houses that can be scary, maybe even haunted, but theres one place that is pretty scary, which would be LAbri. Its dark outside and LAbri is is othello black a scary dark gloomy place and it holds a big dark secret which no one knows about. This is another symbol, in book, Desirees Baby . A big dark secret, being of which, is black a symbol that no one knows, not even Armand of himself being of a mixed race. In the story, when the baby cries Armand says that he can hear the. . Wow, how the times have changed.

Just imagine this scenario. A group of rousseau theory friends go out to eat at a restaurant. They walk in the establishment and a man stops them. You all are black. You cant be in here!, the man says. The group of friends must leave because of the color of is othello black their skin. No one really thinks about of supply, events like this anymore because everyone today is is othello black allowed to socialize together. Metropolis, By Fritz Lang Essay? Authors Kate Chopin and is othello black, Alice Walker were probably very familiar with this type of rousseau theory situation. Is Othello Black? Chopin, who was a descendant of the French but lived in Louisiana (Barnet, Burto, and Cain 50), witnessed the era of slavery and the fight to abolish it. Although, she was very young at the time she experienced the action first hand.

Alice Walker, on the other hand, saw a different part of the struggle. She saw the fight for rousseau theory, equality and also the Womens Rights Movement. The struggles of African Americans during each of black these time frames are reflected greatly in rousseau theory, each of their writings. Desirees Baby and Everyday Use both give a vivid portrayal of societys views on is othello black, African Americans by pierce showing great detail in black, the setting description, the attitudes of the characters, and the conflicts that the characters face. It was a sad looking place, began Chopin in Desirees Baby , to briefly describe the home of Desiree and Armand Aubigny. This description automatically sets a bleak tone for the story. The story does have pleasant times such as in the beginning. Desiree was an abandoned child whom Monsieur Valmonde found by a pillar one day. She grew to be beautiful young woman who was then courted and married to Armand Aubigny. Even though Desirees origin was uncertain Armand did not care.

The story goes on to state that Armand owned slaves and his rule was a strict one (Chopin 105) as most slave owners during this period. The initial description of the Aubigny home, though, does foreshadow that there will be a twist to the perfect life the couple seems to have. It does not, however, propose that race will be the issue at the time. Alice Walkers Everyday Use has more insight into pierce book, the homes many African Americans lived in black, during the early to mid 1900s, who had not transitioned into Slot Online Game, the new era of opportunities for African Americans. The hard clay is swept clean as a floor, (Walker 109) the roof is tinThere are not real windows, just some holes cut in the sides,(Walker 110) and rawhide holding the shutters up on the outside (Walker 110) are all great descriptions of the home in which the mother and is othello, Maggie lived in. This surely is not what most would picture anyone of any color living in today in America. The Buffalo Slot Online? The sad part is that there are still people living in is othello black, homes as described in the story, but most people do not pay them any mind. Daughter? The next observation that needs to be made of these two stories would be the attitudes of the characters. Is Othello? As stated above about the rule of Armand Aubigny, he ruled very strictly over his slaves. By Fritz Lang Shelley? After the couple had. . The short story Desirees Baby : by Kate Chopin is my favorite story so far in what we read in class. Why?

Well because Chopin Shows how far a man will go just to save his familys name and reputation. This interested me because I couldnt believe a man would go that far keep his reputation and how Chopin address real life issues and shows how one emotion can be your down fall at is othello black, the same time.. The man in Desirees baby who took his words and actions to far is named Armand Aubigny . Chopin made Armand make his decision based on assumptions, racism, anger and male dominance. . Imagine finding out that your entire life was a lie, and that every single thing you knew about your identity and your family was completely false! Armand Aubigny, one of the main characters in Desirees Baby by Kate Chopin, experiences this exact dilemma throughout this short story. Desirees Baby is rousseau theory a story about is othello black, a young man and woman, who fall in Lang and Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, love, but Desiree, who does not know her birth parents, is considered nameless. When she and Armand have a child, they are both very surprised because the black childs skin color is not white as expected. It is obvious that the child is biracial, and spanking, immediately, Desiree is blamed for the color of the black childs skin because of her uncertain background. The truth, however, is that it is Armand who has lived his entire life as a biracial person without even knowing his true heritage!

This problem frames the rest of the events in the story, and the ultimate demise of both of these characters. Desirees Baby takes place in the Antebellum Period (1789-1849) where slavery was starting to become less common. Never the less slavery was still prominent in the southern states such as Louisiana, which is pierce book where the story takes place. Armand, a plantation owner, treated his slaves as many plantation owners did, with anger, punishment, degradation, and humiliation, which were accomplished through his words and actions. .