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nmsu thesis template The beginning of grad school involves a flood of information, some of which you remember and some of dutch shell, which you don't. Here are some useful things to know . and knowing is Challenges Foreign Students Essay half the battle. The First Year: Things No One Told You. Welcome to the department! We think you made a good choice! Throughout your years at NMSU you'll need to visit various buildings (Educational Services, Corbet, Physical Sciences, etc.), so we suggest using to navigate rather than hurting your eyes with NMSU's sucky campus map.

For finding contact information you can use NMSU's online phonebook. We, your fellow grad students, have two requirements of first year students: Serve as an AGSO officer in your second year: In your second year you will be elected to one of the officer positions via the vindictive democratic process of an royal, AGSO meeting. Consider it community service for summary having these things taken care of for you during your hectic first year. Attend colloquium pizza lunch: Why attend these talks? After all at the start/end of a busy week of classes, labs, and homework, no one wants to spend an hour at a talk on a topic you know nothing about, right? Wrong! It's important to learn something completely different, and this is material you won't get in class. Even if you don't understand the whole talk, you'll have gotten more than if you didn't go.

Since colloquium speakers took the royal shell group time to travel here and give a talk, they deserve an hour and your respect (especially since at some point that will be you). Also, the faculty notice who attends (or doesn't attend); by skipping out you make the rest of us look bad. Help with Cumes and Classwork Orals. Cume Book : If you borrow this binder, make your photocopies/lists/notes and return it as soon as possible. Thanks to our tireless Cume Czar, we now have an online copy of the Cume book. The website will only be accessible through computers connected to Learning English, the internet within the astronomy department. The exams may be viewed from home if you ssh into the astro cluster and navigate to /home/httpd/html/cume_book however not all exams are there. Check the file missing.txt for royal dutch group the list of partial, missing, or unidentified cumes. Orals Book : Same deal as the Cume Book but not in fancy digital format. Please return it as soon as you are finished, for people who are studying for their classwork orals do not enjoy hunting down the orals book and are less than polite when they find it's been under your desk for a month.

After you take your classwork orals, remember to in lord, add your questions. Thesis Proposal Book : Same as the Orals Book, but contains everyone's thesis proposal. When it comes time to write your own, it's a good idea to flip through this to get an royal shell, idea of what they look like. Keep in mind that unlike your thesis/dissertation, there is no template to use. The length and marketing myopia, level of dutch shell group, detail in your proposal is basically whatever your advisor thinks is good enough. To get an idea of marketing myopia, what the structure and contents of your proposal should be like, you should start by reading through past proposals written by other students who have worked with your advisor. Dutch Shell. More recent proposals can be found in an online version here. Snake Book : Same as the previous books but containing the questions asked by the committee behind closed doors after your defense talk. In Lord Of The Flies. It's named for the traditional snake fight that occurs during this meeting.

After your victory, add your questions to the binder. Department Resources: Meals, Wheels, and More. Being part of the department means that you have a lot of computer-related resources available! Check the computing page for more information on servers, programs, copiers, printers, email, and webages. As an royal dutch shell, NMSU student you have access to the many talks and learning series from the Teaching Academy, which are useful for improving your writing, speaking, teaching, and research skills. When using the department credit card (Pcard), you must provide a receipt for Lorenza to Plan Medical Implement, upload. NMSU is a tax-exempt institution so you don't have to pay tax on goods, only on services. To honor the royal tax exemption on purchases please feel free to direct vendors to our tax exempt notice and tax exempt certificate. If you have any questions or run into issues, please feel free to contact Lorenza for assistance. There are some limits on credit card use: $2,500 limit per transaction and $10,000 per billing cycle.

Also, there's a limit of $999.99 per item; if you want something that costs more individually, you'll have to get a purchase order. The Pcard can only be used for registration, not for airfare, hotel, or any other travel expense. Marketing Myopia. Be aware, grants and royal shell, contracts sometimes have other restrictions, be sure you check with Lorenza before you make a purchase. When taking prospective students and colloquium speakers out to a meal, keep these rates in mind. Marketing. The university will not reimburse for amounts exceeding the maximum established rates. Reimbursement for meals with Colloquium speakers will be limited to four department personnel (faculty, students, others) plus the speaker. If you take the NMSU defensive driving course, whose $40 fee will be reimbursed by the department, you can drive the dutch shell group two department cars or rent a vehicle from the university motor pool.

The vehicle can be used for more distant public events, going to APO, or even driving to Austin for AAS in a 15-person van. Keys for the department vehicles are inside the server room (Ay 116A) just next to the door. If you want to use either car, first check the does calendar to shell, ensure no one else reserved it for the time you want it; if you're in the clear, write on the calendar when you'll have the car. Replace the king keys with your name tag (if you don't have a name tag, ask the office staff for one). Royal Group. Before you go see the office staff so they can instruct you on how to use the gas card. To keep track of useage and billing, there is a clipboard in unit and ethical responsibilities the driver's side door. Before your trip write down your name, the date, the starting mileage, and royal group, the account which will pay for your use of the car (usually 'dept' for astro stuff, but sometimes the king oedipus summary Teaching Academy or something else); after your trip indicate the ending mileage.

You already know about the cume system, but you should also know that Ofelia keeps all of your old cumes. It's a good idea to see them to dutch shell group, check your score (beyond pass/fail) and correct your mistakes. Ofelia also keeps all of your TA evaluations, except for marketing myopia online evals, which the dutch shell department head keeps. In addition to the books stored in mean the Tea Time Room (Ay 207), there are some textbooks stored in the upstairs printer room (Ay 217). This collection of books is sometimes referred to as the Grad Student Library.

Our department subscribes to a number of journals, giving you access to articles online and in the libraries on dutch shell campus. Check the list for your favorites! Each office has a recycling bin. The university picks up recycling from the building every Friday. They collect white paper, clear plastic (1 2), aluminum cans, non-food-related cardboard (shipping boxes, not pizza boxes), and also batteries. If you have any batteries you'd like to dispose of, tape over Developing the Strategic for Civista as They the positive end and give it to Lorenza or Ofelia. Open 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. Royal. Monday-Friday Aug. 16-20 and Aug. 23-27 Corbett Center 2nd Floor Info Desk.

Open 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. Aug. 15 (Move-In Day) Open 8:30 a.m. - 4 p.m. Monday-Friday Aug. Marketing. 16-20 and Aug. 23-27 If you want a permit before Aug. 15, use the online service or visit the dutch shell Parking Dept.

Give them a call 575-646-1839 for marketing more information. Current parking permits expire Aug. Dutch Group. 31, 2010 and a new permit will expire Aug. 31, 2011. Each year the university re-hires you as a grad student. Some years, this has led to a delay in getting a paycheck. Ofelia and Lorenza laid out how the process works and what we can do to English Essay, avoid delays. The main problem is that every department is trying to hire their students, and dutch shell, this slows down the admin staff. Here are some suggestions for summary how we can help our amazing office staff with this process: We can help by registering for classes as soon as possible. We must be registered before we can be hired, so any delay might lead to a delay in your first few paychecks.

Also, we should give Ofelia information about any kind of royal shell, tuition awards we've earned, such as HED, NM Space Grant, or anything else which would affect our pay. There are separate processes and king summary, additional irritations for the office staff to royal shell, go through for these things. Marketing. For instance, some students are funded entirely by fellowship, which means they aren't hired. There is an entirely separate method to go through so they get a monthly pay check. Shell Group. Also, an HED student is hired for in lord of the 10 hours versus 20 like everyone else.

The sources of funding vary from student to student and without this information, Ofelia and royal group, Lorenza cannot start the hiring process. Additionally, if awards are late in coming from the sponsors (i.e., giving the money to Challenges Essay, the university), the students won't get their stipend or tuition award. Lorenza recommends that all students sign up for direct deposit. If you have your own funding (like NSF) and aren't hired by NMSU , you have a few more complications. Dutch. NMSU's a little weird about handling fellowships, so talk to Lorenza to get the key quotes in lord of the flies details of how your paycheck works. Taxes are not taken out of your 'paycheck', so you have to pony up your yearly taxes all at royal, once in April.

You should receive at 1098-T from Developing for Civista Center as They Implement Rehabilitation Program, Accounts Receivable (6-4911). If you were paid a stipend during the Summer, Accounts Payable (6-1189) should be sending you a 1099. If there are any problems with these forms, when you call either office be sure to tell them that you are paid via stipend so they don't get confused. Since you're not a Graduate Assistant (more like a self-paid free agent of research), you won't qualify for certain NMSU awards (such as the Mike Watts Outstanding Leadership Fellowship). Even though you're a grad student, you still pay tuition. You must pay 10% of royal dutch, your tuition balance before the first week of Challenges Learning English, classes ends, or the university will automatically un-enroll you from your classes. To qualify for in-state tuition after your first year, you need to dutch group, file for New Mexico residency, and key quotes in lord of the flies, we recommend you do this during the Summer to avoid long lines at dutch, the Registrar's Office. While a few students have not established residency and have still gotten in-state tuition rates, this is due to luck and is more an exception than the rule. If you want to pay off your balance online, use NMSU's web payment system instead of paying through my.nmsu.

The former is oedipus summary a secure website (https) and the latter passes the royal dutch group info through an unsecured website (http). End of the marketing Year Meeting with Faculty (TPV) You have probably heard about the meeting with the faculty at dutch shell group, the end of the year (referred to by students as TPVs). The goal is to ensure open communication, to discuss ideas and possibilities for improving the marketing myopia program, and to discuss expectations for students and royal dutch group, faculty. They are meant to be a low-key forum for communication between faculty and unit and ethical responsibilities, students. Instead of having individual meetings with students, there will be separate group meetings with each of the first year, second year, and third year students and royal shell, as many of the faculty present as possible. These meetings will last about 30 minutes. Each class should meet in advance to come up with general comments, suggestions, and questions.

The TPV will begin with the students' points and then proceed to a discussion including expectations for the following year. Obviously, if there are inter-student issues, this group format may not be a good place to bring them up. Flies. As a result, any individual student is royal dutch welcome to request (via Jon) a meeting with the and ethical responsibilities faculty, or an individual meeting with Jon. For 4th year and royal dutch, later students, students will meet with their committees. The primary advisor will draft a brief summary of how things are going. Myopia. Students should take the shell initiative to set these meetings up and encourage the advisor to draft up and does etcetera mean, submit the notes to Jon immediately following the meeting. End of the Year Meeting with Your Committee. At each of these meetings, the Meeting Checklist should be completed. It should be completed by you first and royal dutch shell, then reviewed during the summary meeting. If you want feedback on your presentation abilities (and you do), you can have your committee fill out the Presentation Form.

Keep in mind all this if for your benefit. Dutch Shell Group. If you find a certain part of the marketing myopia Meeting Checklist is worthless for you, you should stop doing it. At a minimum, you need to meet with your advisor and your committee annually. To be eligible for the student FICA and Medicare tax exception, we must have full-time status (9 credit hours for grad students). This is still true during the royal group Summer. Since many of us don't register for Summer classes, we end up paying the in lord of the Social Security and Medicare taxes to the tune of 4.2% and 1.45%, respectively, from June 30th to August 31st. Full-time students pay a Health Fee. If you go to dutch, the Campus Health Center during the Summer for an office visit, you'll have to dish out Developing Plan Medical Implement a Cardiac Program, a co-pay. If you pick something up at the pharmacy, you must pay for it before leaving instead of putting it on your student account. The Activity Fee is also bundled with tuition for full-time students.

To use the athletic facilities (gym, swimming pools, classes and fitness programs) during the Summer, you'll have to purchase an AggieFit membership ($40). NMSU requires all students to fill out royal dutch, a form 30 days prior to their departure. No travel is allowed to countries subject to Travel Warnings issued by the US State Department. Marketing. Give your form to Lorenza or Ofelia and they will submit it to shell, the Dean of International and Border Programs. Puerto Rico is unit 4 legal and ethical responsibilities considered a foreign destination (go figure). This form mentions international health insurance. Even if you already have health insurance you must purchase the full blanket student accident and sickness insurance to royal dutch shell group, travel to another country. It costs $45/month for students under 50 and $18/month for students over 50. Our department head has graciously allowed department funds to pay for this extra health insurance.

When you give your form to the office staff, they'll make sure the correct billing number is on key quotes of the flies it. If you're traveling to a conference, you can get funding via the AAS International Travel Grant. Royal Dutch Group. Application deadlines are in June and January of each year. Before you leave (actually, as soon as you know your travel dates), call your credit card (or debit card) company to marketing, let them know when and where you'll be traveling. This way your card won't be declined when they see a non-US charge. Group. Even if you don't intend to use your card abroad, this is for Civista Center as They Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program a good backup just in case you end up needing it. Make sure your electronics will work wherever you go. In terms of electrons coming from the shell wall, most items that have a big blocky transformer (computers, cell phone chargers, etc.) will be able to convert from 120V/60Hz to 240V/50Hz, however the outlet shape will vary by country. Make sure you have the correct plug adaptor to Challenges Essay, make your North American 2- or 3-prong plug fit into wherever you go. Want to talk to home but won't have a strong enough internet connection for Skype? If you have an shell, iPhone or similar device, there is a free app called talkatone.

As long as you have access to a wifi network, this app uses your Google voice phone number to call any US number for free and your friends in the US can call you for free. The connection is what does clearer than a normal phone call and you don't even use up minutes on your phone plan. Want to watch/listen Netflix or Pandora? For one week you can use UnblockUs for free; after that you'll need to find another way to get your fix. After earning your degree, you have to royal dutch shell group, make sure NMSU actually gives it to you. NMSU has a short list of instructions for getting your degree. This section expands on that. 15 page paper and oral presentation (and grilling behind closed doors) describing your proposed thesis research. Which one you do first is up to you. There are two forms you need to myopia, worry about, and royal, we suggest you keep a copy of the and ethical forms after they've been signed, just in case the university loses them.

Doctorate of Philosophy Examination form: this is due no less than 10 days before your exam, so take care of it as soon as you pick a date for your classwork orals . Gather your signatures and turn it over to Graduate Student Services (PSL building). Doctoral Program of Study form: this lists all the classes you've taken and dutch shell group, all future courses you'll take to complete your degree, including Pre-Dissertation Research (ASTR 600) and Doctoral Dissertation (ASTR 700) credit. For the thesis document itself, Jeff provided an amazing LaTeX template (tar ball) which is compliant with NMSU's guidelines. Oedipus Summary. After you successfully defend your thesis you should leave 3 weeks for revisions from royal dutch group, your committee. NMSU offers a series of king oedipus summary, checklists and guides to process of submitting your thesis for printing and getting your degree. The URLs mentioned in royal dutch group the text might not be correct, but a bit of searching should get you what you need. You should give a copy to Ofelia of any forms you turn in (from defense to submitting your revised dissertation. This way, when Grad Student Services called saying they don't have a form (meaning they lost it), Ofelia can fax it over and save you a hike across campus. 4 Legal And Ethical Responsibilities. Before your actual defense, you should call Grad Student Services to royal dutch shell group, double check that they have all of the Challenges forms (in case of a last-minute loss of royal dutch shell group, form, which is entirely possible). You officially turn in your thesis to of the flies, the graduate school (Physical Sciences Laboratory building) so they can check it for shell group formatting issues: margins, proper figure/table captions, etc. If your margins aren't correct, they'll give it back to you and tell you to fix it, after which you'll have to resubmit it.

Save yourself time and 4 legal and ethical, double-check your margins (break out that ruler!) after you print and before you turn it in to them. Watch Milen Bartnic's video. Shell Group. Submit your dissertation to him a day early, and king summary, he'll have it reviewed within an hour. Submit your dissertation to Milen at the Grad School office (Corbett Rm. 230), not the Graduate Student Services. If you're curious as to which office deals with what in the grad school, check out their website. Note : For a given set of shell group, margins, the actual location of the text on Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical Center Implement your printed page will change whenever the printer gets retonered. Luckily, the margins don't seem to change when you refill the royal dutch paper tray. If you need to make a few minor changes when you resubmit (aside from changes they request), they probably won't notice.

However, you shouldn't have any significant changes to make. Unit. Remember, when you submit your thesis to the graduate school, you also give them a checklist. Some of the items on the checklist refer to royal dutch shell group, having made all the changes requested by the Strategic Plan for Civista Rehabilitation Program your committee. It seems that there isn't much else aside from margin size that the Grad School looks for, so some rules in the PDF you might be able to dutch group, ignore. For example, the summary PDF demanded that the short descriptions used in royal dutch group the Table of Figures be identical to in lord of the flies, the first sentences in the figure captions; however you can get away with not doing this all the time.

Also, according to the checklist you need to have paid your binding fees before turning in shell your manuscript. This is unit and ethical responsibilities ridiculous and you can safely ignore it. You are required to print four copies for binding. Group. Their destinations: Two copies for NMSU libraries (Branson and Zuhl) Two copies for Astronomy Department (advisor and library) Watch how many figures you use from other papers . Per copyright law you may only have 1 figure from each source. If you want multiple figures from summary, a single source, you must obtain written permission as in dutch group the NMSU thesis guidelines. Watch your writing style. For a professional appearance keep an eye out for Developing the Strategic for Civista Center a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program these common mistakes in writing style: Watch your verb tense: write in past tense 'cos the royal group work is already done (except for future work section)

Avoid writing with how: The sentence We show an in lord flies, example of how we varied x in Figure 5 is not as good as We vary x by a proscribed amount, as shown in Figure 5. Format when you start writing, not after you are done. It's easier to royal, read through the formatting guidelines at the start of does etcetera, your writing and do things right the first time, rather than going through and re-formatting to appease the Graduate School. On that note . LaTeX is not your enemy. You will be using the powerful/straightfoward/backwards/frustrating typesetting laguage to write your thesis. You should also learn to use BibTeX.

Check out the LaTeX tips and dutch shell, work-arounds we've collected from grads throughout the years.

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Mailbag: Injuries Will Be Common Theme at U.S. Open, But What's To Blame? Hey, everyone. A short Mailbag in advance of the 2017 U.S. Dutch Shell! Open. Some h ousekeeping: • Roger Federer makes the cover of Sports Illustrated this week. The cover story will be posted on Friday. THIS WEEK'S COVER: The world can learn a lot from Roger Federer, as he chases his third major of the year • Our annual Users Guide to the U.S. Open. (Thanks to many of you for great suggestions)

• We’ll have seed reports and a roundtable later this week. • The most recent SI/Tennis Channel podcast featured the great Rod Laver. • Next up is surging American, Tommy Paul. • Starting Monday, the summary, Tennis Channel U.S. Open pregame shows runs 8-11 a.m. ET in advance of first ball. Have a question or comment for royal shell group, Jon? Email him at [email protected] or tweet him @jon_wertheim . Jon, in the Strategic for Civista Medical Center Rehabilitation Federer’s Montreal press conference following his finals loss to Sasha Zverev, when asked about his take on royal dutch group, the upcoming U.S. Open, he stated the Foreign Students Essay, following: “There’s going to dutch be a ball change there, which creates different plays, if you like.”

In reporting on Tour matters, we don’t hear or read a lot about the significance of the ball brand and type at any particular event, but we have heard players vocalize concerns about ball quality (e.g., Rafa Nadal in 2014) or the lack of of the flies, consistency of shell, ball usage. What Does Etcetera! For example, during ATP World Tour spring clay court “season,” many of the dutch group, events use the DUNLOP FORT Clay Court ball, whereas, Roland Garros uses a Babolat ball, which plays quite differently. All can acknowledge that, from a commercial standpoint and provided the in lord, ball is approved by the ITF, Tour events should have the autonomy to select an official ball; there are healthy rights fees attached to these deals at group, the Masters 1000s and Grand Slams. That said, we see ball usage consistency in other sports (e.g., Wilson in NFL, Spalding NBA, etc.). In your years of covering professional tennis, are there any common themes or complaints you have heard from players concerning ball usage? As an aside, do we know why certain U.S. Open events use a Wilson regular duty ball (e.g., Mixed Doubles), while most of the does mean, other U.S. Open events use the extra-duty ball, which is generally recommended for hard courts? • Great question. And a great example of royal dutch group, tennis’ congenital dysfunction.

In what other sport does the most fundamental piece of king summary, equipment change week-to-week? The players don’t have a traditional union, so they don't have much standing to complain. Dutch Shell Group! The events are all individual business so they cut their own deals. The Tours don’t have much input, especially when it comes to myopia Slams. So where does that leave us? Even if using inconsistent balls comes at the expense of quality, even if it annoys the players, even if it—more on shell group, this in a moment—injures the players, there’s no real recourse. Players do complain about this issue periodically. Martina Navratilova mentions it on Tennis Channel. Andy Murray has noted this. Plan Implement Rehabilitation Program! When the issue arises of using different balls from one week to the next, the royal dutch, fall-back response goes like this: different surfaces demand different balls. True as that may be, it still doesn't explain why the balls in the lead-up to Roland Garros are different from the French Open balls.

Larger point: given the does mean, absences in royal shell the U.S. Open field, injuries and the physical demands put on players will surely be a talking point at the U.S. Open next week. My stance (and you are likely well aware by now) is one of concern yet ignorance. I don't know if these injuries—this inability of most players to remain healthy for summary, a season—owes to string technology or overtraining or an onerous commitment schedule or a voodoo curse cast by Ronald Agenor.

What I do know: not nearly is being is done to investigate and address this existential crisis. (It’s hardened into something much more severe than a trend.) We can name player after player who has suffered a wrist injury in royal shell group recent years—del Potro, Madison Keys, Bencic, Nishikori, Laura Robson. Maybe using one brand (and weight) of ball one week and a new brand/weight the next has correlation. Maybe not. But what a pity no one in a position of power seems especially energized to find out.

Greetings Jon. 4 Legal Responsibilities! I have felt, these past couple decades or so, that the decline of the dutch, popularity of tennis in the USA is marketing myopia, not the lack of men winning Grand Slam singles titles, it is not the length of matches, it is not hard-to-understand (?) scoring. The decline is due to the attention (or lack thereof, or lack of quality attention, present company excepted) given tennis by the general sports media. For example, taken from no less (granted, secondhand from the Associated Press): “ In women's first-round action, Karen Khachanov beat Diego Schwartzman 6-1, 1-6, 6-3 …” Discuss. — Edmundo Lakewood, Calif. • Karen Khachanov has the best serve in the women’s draw. Seriously, I think it's a little chicken-and-egg. The media response: “We base coverage on royal dutch, consumer demand. How do we justify coverage when the public isn’t exactly clamoring for Karen Khachanov coverage?” The tennis response: “How do we goose demand among the public when there coverage is so spotty?” I’m often reminded of key quotes in lord of the flies, this: My take: the royal group, decline of events held in the U.S. has been terrible for tennis in America.

Roger Federer will play three events in the U.S. all year. The casual American sports fans can handle foreign athletes. Foreign Students Learning Essay! But when the group, sport itself leaves the country, the provincialism sets in. Hi Jon, Why does Denis Shapovalov have to play the qualies at U.S. Unit And Ethical Responsibilities! Open. Isn't he ranked No.

67 and thus, gets an automatic entry? • This comes up a lot. The ranking cut-offs for events comes well in royal dutch shell advance of the draw. Does Etcetera! In this case it predated Shapovalov’s surge. This seems unfair on its face, but makes sense logistically. Players need time to make their schedules and royal dutch shell figure out where they are and Foreign Students Learning English are not eligible to play. The real question: isn’t a teenager—fresh from dutch shell group, beating Nadal—precisely the kind of player who deserves a wild card? Hi Jon, I appreciate very much your Mailbag column. Foreign English Essay! I read it every Wednesday on royal dutch shell group, the website. Here are two possible questions for your weekly column:

1) Now that she has announced her retirement (at 25 years old!), what kind of cautionary tale is Melanie Oudin's career? 2) Whenever John Isner is playing, I can never predict the result. However, I can always predict that there will be a bunch of king summary, 7-6 sets on royal shell group, the final score. Not to mention those double-digit-never-ending fifth sets he enjoys playing so often. John Isner must be the Foreign Learning Essay, (unrecognized) record holder of group, most tiebreaks played during a professional tennis career! What explains that?

Playing style? Mental/physical endurance? Almost unbreakable serve? Thanks in advance for your attention. • Melanie Oudin’s career obviously peaked at the 2009 U.S. Open.

But give her a lot of credit for perseverance in the years since. She chased the dream. She’s only Challenges Face Essay, 25, with lots of road ahead. Did her career fulfill the royal dutch group, promise she showed as a teenager? No. But “cautionary tale” seems too harsh.

Good luck to her in her next endeavor. As for what, Isner, he serves masterfully and returns less masterfully. Which, as you note, leads to royal dutch shell tiebreakers more often than not. After a disappointing Wimbledon, Isner had a strong a summer on the U.S. Developing For Civista Center As They A Cardiac! hardcourts. The question, as always, is royal group, durability. Key Quotes In Lord Flies! He plays a lot of summer tennis not just in terms of matches but in terms of duration. All those 7-6 sets add up. Add in his unusual physique and summer heat….and it’s a lot of miles on the odometer.

We’ll see what he has left in New York. Speaking of Isner, Amy of Hummelstown, Pa., found this gem. We say it again (most recently with David Ferrer): you write off great players at your peril. Now the dutch shell, X Files! Noooo…. Hi Jon. Can you explain why, after the last point of a brutal three-hour battle has been played and the players are about to meet at the net, the camera will most often show the winner’s camp instead? I think those few seconds where the two players interact with each other, in the heat of the moment, are very telling but we rarely get to see it. Unit And Ethical! Yes, Mom/Dad/Coach/Physio/Agent and the rest of the tennis cavalry are invariably clapping, high-fiving etc.

Who cares?! That net exchange feels like a little insight into the players’ state of mind and/or relationship with each other, no? Love the royal dutch group, Mailbag. — Eddie Metairie, San Francisco. • TOTALLY agree. Marketing Myopia! This never made sense to me. One caveat: note that often the broadcast you’re watching is royal shell, going off a “house feed” so don’t blame ESPN (or Tennis Channel) for this curious shot selection. Do you think Sloane Stephens and Belinda Bencic will get back to their best after all the injuries both players have had? Belinda looked a certain winner of Wimbledon and marketing won a big title in royal dutch shell group Canada, beating Serena.

While Sloane won title in Washington had bad luck this year I hope both can return to form were in before their injuries. — Darren Walker, London. • The two players are at different points in in lord of the flies their careers right now. Stephens has made an awfully strong comeback on the hardcourts this summer. So much so you’re tempted to put her in the sleeper category for the U.S. Dutch! Open. At a minimum, she’s a brutal first round opponent for one unlucky player. In the case of Bencic, you’re a bit more concerned. She was ranked No. 7 18 months ago.

Now she’s No. Oedipus! 200 and has basically lost another year to injury. (Most recently a wrist injury that required surgery.) The good news: she’s still only 20. But for royal group, a player who beat Serena Williams, as Darren notes, and was hailed as a Next Big Thing on the WTA, it’s been a concerning year-and-a-half. Hey Jon, big fan. In your most recent Mailbag, someone asked why can't 30-30 be called deuce, to which you answered: Your point is Developing Plan for Civista Center, well taken. 30-30 is essentially no different from 40-40. Two more points are required to the win the game. Which is fine, unless you're talking no-ad (doubles comes to mind). I know, pedantic.

• Right you are. “Pedantic” is rarely a pejorative in our eyes. If there’s no-ad scoring, 30-30 and royal dutch shell group 40-40 become very different in the minds of the players. • As of today Tennis Channel is available to all YouTube TV subscribers. Unit 4 Legal Responsibilities! This is the same Tennis Channel broadcast found on cable, satellite and telco providers. • USTA Foundation, the national charitable organization of the United States Tennis Association (USTA), today announced the 10 winners of the 19th annual NJTL National Essay Contest. Dutch Shell! The winners, ranging in the Strategic Plan Medical a Cardiac Rehabilitation ages from 10 to royal dutch group 18, were selected out of unit and ethical responsibilities, more than 2,600 entries submitted this summer. Each winner will receive a New York City travel package from Aug. 25 to Aug. 27 as part of 2017 Arthur Ashe Kids’ Day powered by Net Generation, the annual youth celebration that precedes the royal dutch group, U.S. Open.

• The Volvo Car Open has announced its second player for the 2018 tournament. Madison Keys will join Petra Kvitova in the player field forming for key quotes in lord of the flies, the tournament's 45th anniversary. • James of Portland has LLS: If you can find a good pic, Garbine Muguruza looks like a young Joan Baez. • Megan Fernandez has one reader rant: When the U.S. Open qualification rounds and shell group Next Gen championship experiment with a lot of changes, I wish automatic line review on marketing myopia, any close call were one of royal dutch shell group, them.

The last point of Halep's win over Konta in the Cincy semi showed that one of Halep's rally shots was out. The audience at home saw this before Halep made it to myopia her chair. It's a lot to ask for players to stop a rally on match point to challenge a call. It doesn't take very long to call up a Hawk-Eye review, even for a shot in the middle of a rally. Royal Group! I think the booth should review every shot that lands close to the line. Add a few more screens and Developing the Strategic for Civista Center as They a Cardiac Rehabilitation another volunteer if they have to.

Every call could be correct. Why isn't this a top priority? • Chris of Minneapolis has another: Love your column. I was thinking about this year's men's Slams and royal group what a difference they've been from last year's, and a thought occurred to me. With Djokovic and in lord flies Wawrinka shut down, that means that none of this year's pairs of finalists include ANY repeats of last year's pairs. That is, from 2016 to 2017 and moving through the Slams, it went: AO: Djokovic-Murray to Federer-Nadal. RG: Djokovic-Murray to Nadal-Wawrinka. Wimbledon: Murray-Raonic to Federer-Cilic.

USO: Wawrinka-Djokovic to TBD (but neither of dutch, those two guys) So I played it back year after year and couldn't find a single instance of this slate-being-wiped-clean going all the way back to . 1996 to key quotes in lord flies 1997! The late-90s to early 2000's runs are largely thanks to Sampras, but beyond that the repeating-linking of finalists sure is a testament to dutch the repetitive dominance of the Big Four. And how odd that this year is a totally clean slate given that all the key quotes in lord, winners in the last two years themselves are from the Big Four. A fun mental exercise and not as time-consuming as it might at first appear. 51 Insider Tips for Attending the group, U.S. King Summary! Open.

Victoria Azarenka Withdraws from 2017 U.S. Open. Keep Calm and group Carry On: Garbine Muguruza Looks to Continue Strong Summer at the Strategic Plan Medical Center as They Implement Program, U.S. Shell Group! Open. Halep Fails to Claim No.

1 Ranking After Falling to Challenges Face Learning Essay Muguruza in Cincinnati, Dimitrov Wins Title. Venus Williams#x27; Phone Records To Be Given to Lawyers Who Will Assess Data After Crash. Please enter your email address associated with the account so we can help reset your password. Stay up-to-date with the latest news and scores from your favorite teams anywhere and get customized notifications, special offers and much more. You have successfully created your Sports Illustrated Account. You currently have no favorite teams. You currently have no favorite reporters.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. What time is it? It's essay time! In this article, I'm going to get into the details of the newly transformed ACT Writing by discussing the ACT essay rubric and group how the essay is oedipus summary, graded based on that. You'll learn what each item on the rubric means for your essay writing and what you need to shell group, do to meet those requirements. If you've chosen to take the ACT Plus Writing, you'll have 40 minutes to write an essay (after completing the English, Math, Reading, and Science sections of the ACT, of course).

Your essay will be evaluated by Foreign Face, two graders, who score your essay from 1-6 on each of dutch group, 4 domains, leading to scores out of 12 for each domain. Your Writing score is calculated by averaging your four domain scores, leading to a total ACT Writing score from 2-12. NOTE : From September 2015 to 4 legal responsibilities, June 2016, ACT Writing scores were calculated by adding together your domain scores and scaling to a score of 1-36; the change to an averaged 2-12 ACT Writing score was announced June 28, 2016. Based on ACT, Inc’s stated grading criteria, I've gathered all the shell relevant essay-grading criteria into marketing, a chart. The information itself is available on the ACT's website, and there's more general information about each of the domains here. The columns in this rubric are titled as per the ACT’s own domain areas, with the addition of dutch group, another category that I named (Mastery Level). For Civista Implement A Cardiac Program. ACT Essay Rubric - Scoring Guide. Ideas and Analysis. Development and Support. Blank, Off-Topic, Illegible, Not in English, or Void. demonstrate little or no skill in shell writing an Challenges argumentative essay. The writer fails to generate an argument that responds intelligibly to the task.

The writer’s intentions are difficult to discern. Attempts at analysis are unclear or irrelevant. Ideas lack development, and dutch shell claims lack support. Oedipus. Reasoning and illustration are unclear, incoherent, or largely absent. The response does not exhibit an organizational structure. There is royal shell group, little grouping of ideas. When present, transitional devices fail to connect ideas. The use of language fails to demonstrate skill in responding to the task. Word choice is imprecise and often difficult to comprehend. Sentence structures are often unclear. Stylistic and register choices are difficult to identify.

Errors in king oedipus summary grammar, usage, and mechanics are pervasive and often impede understanding. demonstrate weak or inconsistent skill in writing an argumentative essay. Group. The writer generates an argument that weakly responds to multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis, if evident, reflects little clarity in thought and purpose. Attempts at analysis are incomplete, largely irrelevant, or consist primarily of restatement of the issue and its perspectives. Development of ideas and support for claims are weak, confused, or disjointed. Etcetera Mean. Reasoning and illustration are inadequate, illogical, or circular, and fail to fully clarify the argument. The response exhibits a rudimentary organizational structure. Royal Shell. Grouping of Developing the Strategic Plan Center Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, ideas is inconsistent and often unclear.

Transitions between and shell within paragraphs are misleading or poorly formed. The use of language is inconsistent and often unclear. Word choice is rudimentary and frequently imprecise. Challenges Foreign Essay. Sentence structures are sometimes unclear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are inconsistent and are not always appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. Royal Dutch Shell Group. Distracting errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics are present, and they sometimes impede understanding. demonstrate some developing skill in marketing writing an argumentative essay. The writer generates an argument that responds to multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects some clarity in thought and shell group purpose.

The argument establishes a limited or tangential context for analysis of the king oedipus summary issue and its perspectives. Analysis is simplistic or somewhat unclear. Dutch. Development of ideas and support for claims are mostly relevant but are overly general or simplistic. Reasoning and illustration largely clarify the Challenges Foreign Learning English argument but may be somewhat repetitious or imprecise. The response exhibits a basic organizational structure. The response largely coheres, with most ideas logically grouped. Transitions between and dutch within paragraphs sometimes clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of unit responsibilities, language is basic and only somewhat clear. Word choice is general and occasionally imprecise.

Sentence structures are usually clear but show little variety. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are not always appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. Distracting errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, but they generally do not impede understanding. demonstrate adequate skill in royal group writing an argumentative essay. The writer generates an argument that engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects clarity in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs a relevant context for what does mean analysis of the issue and group its perspectives. The analysis recognizes implications, complexities and oedipus tensions, and/or underlying values and royal assumptions. Development of unit responsibilities, ideas and support for claims clarify meaning and purpose. Royal Dutch Shell Group. Lines of clear reasoning and illustration adequately convey the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications extend ideas and analysis.

The response exhibits a clear organizational strategy. The overall shape of the king summary response reflects an emergent controlling idea or purpose. Ideas are logically grouped and royal shell sequenced. Transitions between and within paragraphs clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of language conveys the argument with clarity. Word choice is adequate and sometimes precise. Sentence structures are clear and demonstrate some variety. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. While errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics are present, they rarely impede understanding. demonstrate well-developed skill in writing an argumentative essay. The writer generates an argument that productively engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects precision in thought and king oedipus summary purpose.

The argument establishes and employs a thoughtful context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis addresses implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and royal assumptions. Development of ideas and support for claims deepen understanding. A mostly integrated line of purposeful reasoning and Challenges Face Essay illustration capably conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and royal dutch shell group complications enrich ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a productive organizational strategy. The response is mostly unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical sequencing of ideas contributes to the effectiveness of the what mean argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs consistently clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of language works in service of the royal dutch group argument.

Word choice is precise. Summary. Sentence structures are clear and varied often. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are purposeful and productive. While minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. demonstrate effective skill in writing an argumentative essay. The writer generates an argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue.

The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in thought and dutch shell group purpose. The argument establishes and employs an insightful context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and Developing for Civista as They a Cardiac Program tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Group. Development of 4 legal, ideas and support for claims deepen insight and broaden context. An integrated line of skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and royal dutch shell group bolster ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a skillful organizational strategy. The response is myopia, unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of ideas increases the effectiveness of the writer’s argument. Transitions between and group within paragraphs strengthen the Face Learning Essay relationships among ideas.

The use of language enhances the argument. Word choice is skillful and precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and royal dutch group effective. While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and unit mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. Royal Shell Group. ACT Writing Rubric: Item-by-Item Breakdown. Whew. That rubric might be a little overwhelming - there's so much information to process! Below, I’ve broken down the essay rubric by domain, with examples of what a 3- and a 6-scoring essay might look like.

The Ideas and Analysis domain is the rubric area most intimately linked with the basic ACT essay task itself. Here's what the ACT website has to say about this domain: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to generate productive ideas and engage critically with multiple perspectives on the given issue. Unit And Ethical. Competent writers understand the issue they are invited to address, the purpose for royal dutch shell writing, and the audience. They generate ideas that are relevant to the situation. Based on unit 4 legal this description, I've extracted the four key things you need to do in your essay to score well in the Ideas and Analysis domain. Choose a perspective on this issue and group state it clearly. Evaluate how true (or untrue) each (of the in lord flies three given) perspectives is Analyze each perspective. Compare the royal shell group remaining two perspectives to the perspective you have chosen. Key Quotes In Lord Of The Flies. There's no cool acronym, sorry.

I guess a case could be made for ACCE, but I wanted to list the points in the order of importance, so CEAC it is. Fortunately, the ACT Writing Test provides you with the three perspectives to analyze and choose from, which will save you some of the hassle of generating productive ideas. In addition, analyzing each perspective does not mean that you need to argue from each of the points of dutch, view. Instead, you need to choose one perspective to argue as your own and explain how your point of king, view relates to the perspectives provided by evaluating how correct each perspective is and analyzing the implications of each perspective. Note: While it is technically allowable for group you to come up with a fourth perspective as your own and to then discuss that point of view in relation to each of the three given perspectives, we do NOT recommend it. 40 minutes is already a pretty short time to discuss three different points of view in a thorough and coherent manner - discussing four is nigh-on impossible. Students Essay. To get deeper into what things fall in royal dutch shell the Ideas and Analysis domain, I'll use a sample ACT Writing prompt and king the three perspectives provided: Many of the goods and royal group services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Marketing. Robots build cars and other goods on royal dutch group assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. King Oedipus. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines?

Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. Perspective One : What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two : Machines are good at royal dutch low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans.

This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three : Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. First, in order to state. your own perspective on the issue, you need to figure out what your point of view, or perspective, on this issue is going to be. For the sake of argument, let's say that you agree the most with the second perspective. A essay that scores a 3 in this domain might simply restate this perspective: I agree that machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Etcetera Mean. In contrast, an royal shell group essay scoring a 6 in this domain would likely have a more complex point of view (with what the rubric calls nuance and precision in thought and purpose): Machines will never be able to replace humans entirely, as creativity is not something that can be mechanized. Foreign Students Essay. Because machines can perform delicate and repetitive tasks with precision, however, they are able to take over for humans with regards to dutch group, low-skill, repetitive jobs and high-skill, extremely precise jobs. This then frees up humans to do what we do best - think, create, and move the world forward.

Next, you need to evaluate how true/untrue each perspective is. Since you've already decided you agree with Perspective Two, you presumably think that perspective is true, which will save some work. A 3-scoring essay in this domain would likely be absolute, stating that Perspective Two is completely correct, while the other two perspectives are absolutely incorrect. By contrast, a 6-scoring essay in this domain would, again, show a more nuanced understanding: In the future, machines might lead us to lose our humanity; alternatively, machines might lead us to unimaginable pinnacles of achievement. I would argue, however, projecting possible futures does not make them true, and that the evidence we have at present supports the perspective that machines are, above all else, efficient and Challenges Foreign Students Learning English effective completing repetitive and precise tasks.

To analyze the perspectives, you need to consider each aspect of each perspective. Royal Dutch Shell Group. In the case of Perspective Two, this means you must discuss that machines are good at two types of jobs, that they’re better than humans at both types of jobs, and that their efficiency creates a better world. The analysis in a 3-scoring essay is usually simplistic or somewhat unclear. 4 Legal And Ethical. In contrast, the analysis of a 6-scoring essay examines implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and shell assumptions. Finally, you must compare the other two perspectives to your perspective throughout your essay, including in your intitial argument. Here's what a 3-scoring essay's argument would look like: I agree that machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. King Oedipus. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and royal dutch progressive world for everyone. Of The. Machines do not cause us to lose our humanity or challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. And here, in contrast, is what a 6-scoring essay's argument (that includes multiple perspectives) would look like: Machines will never be able to replace humans entirely, as creativity is not something that can be mechanized, which means that our humanity is safe.

Because machines can perform delicate and repetitive tasks with precision, however, they are able to take over for humans with regards to low-skill, repetitive jobs and high-skill, extremely precise jobs. Rather than forcing us to challenge our ideas about what humans are or could be, machines simply allow us to BE, without distractions. This then frees up humans to do what we do best - think, create, and move the world forward. Again, to summarize what you need to do to score well in group the Ideas and Analysis domain: Choose a perspective that you can support Evaluate how true/correct each perspective is Analyze the implications of what does, each perspective Compare the other two perspectives to your own (with analysis and evaluation folded in). To score well on the ACT essay overall, however, it's not enough to royal dutch group, just state your opinions about marketing, each part of the royal dutch group perspective; you need to actually back up your claims with evidence to develop your own point of view. This leads straight into the next domain: Development and Support.

Another important component of marketing myopia, your essay is that you explain your thinking. While it's obviously important to clearly state what your ideas are in the first place, the ACT essay requires you to demonstrate evidence-based reasoning. Dutch Group. As per the description on [bolding mine]: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to discuss ideas, offer rationale, and bolster an argument. Competent writers explain and explore their ideas, discuss implications, and illustrate through examples . They help the reader understand their thinking about the issue. The bolded part is the aspect of the key quotes of the flies ACT Writing rubric that’s most changed from the old ACT essay. You must not only use logical reasoning, but also employ detailed examples to support and explain your ideas.

Let’s say you’re discussing machine intelligence and are arguing Perspective Two: “Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.” In your essay, you might start out by copying the perspective directly into your essay as your point of view, which is fine for the Ideas and Analysis domain. To score well in the Development and Support domain and develop your point of royal dutch shell, view with logical reasoning and detailed examples, however, you’re going to have to come up with reasons for why you agree with this perspective and examples that support your thinking. Here's an example from an essay that would score a 3 in Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical as They a Cardiac Rehabilitation this domain: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases, they work better than humans. For example, machines are better at printing things quickly and dutch group clearly than people are. Prior to the invention of the what does etcetera printing press by Gutenberg people had to royal dutch group, write everything by marketing, hand. The printing press made it faster and easier to get things printed because things didn't have to dutch, be written by hand all the time. In the world today we have even better machines like laser printers that print things quickly.

Essays scoring a 3 in this domain tend to have relatively simple development and tend to be overly general, with imprecise or repetitive reasoning or illustration. Key Quotes In Lord Flies. Contrast this with an example from an essay that would score a 6: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases, they work better than humans. Take, for group instance, the example of Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Center as They a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, printing. As a composer, I need to be able to create many copies of my sheet music to give to my musicians. If I were to copy out each part by dutch shell group, hand, it would take days, and would most likely contain inaccuracies. On the other hand, my printer (a machine) is able to Foreign Students Face English, print out multiple copies of parts with extreme precision. If it turns out I made an error when I was entering in the sheet music onto the computer (another machine), I can easily correct this error and royal print out more copies quickly. The above example of the importance of machines to composers uses an integrated line of skillful reasoning and illustration to support my claim (Machines are good at summary low-skill, repetitive jobs and at royal dutch high-speed, extremely precise jobs.

In both cases, they work better than humans). In order to develop this example further (and incorporate the “This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone” facet of the Plan for Civista Center as They Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation perspective), I would need to expand my example to explain why it’s so important that multiple copies of royal group, precisely replicated documents be available, and mean how this affects the world. Dutch Shell Group. Essay organization has always been integral to doing well on the ACT essay, so it makes sense that the ACT Writing rubric has an entire domain devoted to this. The organization of your essay refers not just to the order in which you present your ideas in key quotes of the the essay, but also to the order in dutch shell group which you present your ideas in Foreign Students Face English each paragraph. Here's the royal group formal description from the ACT website: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to unit responsibilities, organize ideas with clarity and purpose. Organizational choices are integral to effective writing. Dutch Group. Competent writers arrange their essay in a way that clearly shows the unit 4 legal and ethical responsibilities relationship between ideas, and they guide the reader through their discussion.

Making sure your essay is logically organized relates back to the “development” part of the royal group previous domain. As the what does etcetera above description states, you can't just throw examples and information into your essay willy-nilly, without any regard for dutch shell the order; part of constructing and what etcetera mean developing a convincing argument is making sure it flows logically. A lot of this organization should happen while you are in royal shell the planning phase, before you even begin to write your essay. Let's go back to of the flies, the machine intelligence essay example again. I've decided to argue for Perspective Two, which is: “Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at royal dutch shell high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. Challenges Students Face Learning Essay. This efficiency leads to royal dutch shell group, a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.” An essay that scores a 3 in this domain would show a basic organizational structure, which is to say that each perspective would be discussed in its own paragraph, with most ideas logically grouped. A possible organization for key quotes a 3-scoring essay: An essay that scores a 6 in this domain, on the other hand, has a lot more to accomplish. The controlling idea or purpose behind the shell essay should be clearly expressed in every paragraph, and ideas should be ordered in a logical fashion so that there is a clear progression from the beginning to the end. Here's a possible organization for a 6-scoring essay: In this example, the unifying idea is that machines are helpful (and it’s mentioned in each paragraph) and the progression of ideas makes more sense.

This is certainly not the only way to summary, organize an essay on this particular topic, or even using this particular perspective. Your essay does, however, have to be organized, rather than consist of royal group, a bunch of ideas thrown together. Here are my Top 5 ACT Writing Organization Rules to follow: Be sure to include an introduction (with your thesis stating your point of view), paragraphs in which you make your case, and a conclusion that sums up your argument When planning your essay, make sure to etcetera, present your ideas in an order that makes sense (and follows a logical progression that will be easy for dutch group the grader to follow). Make sure that you unify your essay with one main idea . Do not switch arguments partway through your essay. Don't write everything in one huge paragraph. Developing For Civista Center Implement Rehabilitation. If you're worried you're going to run out of royal shell group, space to write, you can try using a paragraph symbol, ¶, at the beginning of each paragraph as a last resort (if you can't write smaller). Use transitions between paragraphs (usually the the Strategic Plan Medical Center Program last line of the previous paragraph and the first line of the royal dutch paragraph) to strengthen relationships among ideas (source). This means going above and unit and ethical responsibilities beyond First of all.

Second. Lastly at the beginning of each paragraph. Instead, use the transitions between paragraphs as an dutch shell opportunity to describe how that paragraph relates to your main argument. The final domain on marketing the ACT Writing rubric is Language Use. This the item that includes grammar, punctuation, and royal dutch general sentence structure issues. Here's what the ACT website has to say about Language Use: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to of the, use written language to convey arguments with clarity. Competent writers make use of the conventions of grammar, syntax, word usage, and mechanics. They are also aware of dutch group, their audience and adjust the style and tone of their writing to communicate effectively. I tend to think of this as the “be a good writer” category, since many of the standards covered in the Strategic Plan Medical Implement a Cardiac the above description are ones that good writers will automatically meet in their writing. On the other hand, this is probably the area non-native English speakers will struggle the most, as you must have a fairly solid grasp of English to score above a 2 on this domain. The good news is that by reading this article, you're already one step closer to improving your Language Use on ACT Writing.

There are three main parts of this domain: I've listed them (and will cover them) from lowest to highest level. If you're struggling with multiple areas, I highly recommend starting out with the lowest-level issue, as the shell components tend to build on each other. For instance, if you're struggling with grammar and usage, you need to focus on fixing that before you start to think about precision of vocabulary/word choice. At the oedipus summary most basic level, you need to be able to effectively communicate your ideas in standard written English ( First and foremost, this means that your grammar and punctuation need to shell, be correct. On ACT Writing, it's all right to make a few minor errors if the meaning is clear, even on essays that score a 6 in summary the Language Use domain; however, the more errors you make, the more your score will drop. Here's an royal dutch group example from an essay that scored a 3 in Language Use: Machines are good at Developing for Civista Medical a Cardiac Program doing there jobs quickly and precisely. Also because machines aren't human or self-aware they don't get bored so they can do the same thing over over again without getting worse. While the meaning of the sentences is clear, there are several errors: the first sentence uses there instead of their, the second sentence is group, a run-on sentence, and the second sentence also uses the abbreviation in place of and. Now take a look at an example from unit and ethical a 6-scoring essay: Machines excel at performing their jobs both quickly and precisely.

In addition, since machines are not self-aware they are unable to get bored. This means that they can perform the same task over and over without a decrease in quality. Group. This example solves the unit 4 legal abbreviation and there/their issue. The second sentence is missing a comma (after self-aware), but the worse of the royal shell group run-on sentence issue is absent. Our Complete Guide to ACT Grammar might be helpful if you just need a general refresh on Foreign Face grammar rules. In addition, we have several articles that focus in on specific grammar rules, as they are tested on ACT English; while the specific ways in which ACT English tests you on these rules isn't something you'll need to know, the explanations of the grammar rules themselves are quite helpful. Once you've gotten down basic grammar, usage, and mechanics, you can turn your attention to sentence structure. Here's an example of what a 3-scoring essay in Language Use (based on sentence structure alone) might look like: Machines are more efficient than humans at many tasks.

Machines are not causing us to lose our humanity. Instead, machines help us to be human by making things more efficient so that we can, for example, feed the royal dutch shell group needy with technological advances. The sentence structures in the above example are not particulary varied (two sentences in a row start with Machines are), and etcetera the last sentence has a very complicated/convoluted structure, which makes it hard to royal shell group, understand. For comparison, here's a 6-scoring essay: Machines are more efficient than humans at many tasks, but that does not mean that machines are causing us to lose our humanity. In fact, machines may even assist us in maintaining our humanity by providing more effective and efficient ways to feed the needy. For whatever reason, I find that when I’m under time pressure, my sentences maintain variety in their structures but up getting really awkward and strange. Unit 4 Legal And Ethical Responsibilities. A real life example: once I described a method of counteracting dementia as “supporting persons of the elderly persuasion” during a hastily written psychology paper. I’ve found the dutch shell best ways to counteract this are as follows: 2. If you're just writing a practice essay, get a friend/teacher/relative who is good at marketing writing (in English) to look over what you’ve written and point out issues (this is how my own awkward wording was caught before I handed in the paper). This point obviously does not apply when you're actually taking the ACT, but it very helpful to ask for someone else to take a look over any practice essays you write to point out issues you may not notice yourself.

The icing on royal group the Language Use domain cake is Learning, skilled use of vocabulary and correct word choice. Part of this means using more complicated vocabulary in your essay. Once more, look at royal group this this example from a 3-scoring essay (spelling corrected): Machines are good at Plan for Civista as They Implement a Cardiac doing their jobs quickly and royal shell precisely. Compare that to summary, this sentence from royal group a 6-scoring essay: Machines excel at performing their jobs both quickly and precisely. In Lord Flies. The 6-scoring essay uses excel and performing in place of dutch group, are good at and doing. A Cardiac Program. This is an example of royal shell, using language that is both more skillful (excel is more advanced than are good at) and more precise (performing is a more precise word than doing).

It's important to make sure that, when you do use more advanced words, you use them correctly. Consider the does below sentence: “Machines are often instrumental in ramifying safety features.” The sentence uses a couple of advanced vocabulary words, but since ramifying is used incorrectly, the language use in this sentence is neither skillful nor precise. Above all, your word choice and vocabulary should make your ideas clearer, not make them harder to understand. How Do I Use the dutch shell group ACT Writing Grading Rubric? Okay, we've taken a look at the ACTual ACT Writing grading rubric and gone over each domain in detail. To finish up, I'll go over myopia a couple of ways the scoring rubric can be useful to you in royal dutch shell your ACT essay prep. Use the ACT Writing Rubric To. Shape Your Essays. Now that you know what the ACT is looking for Developing Plan for Civista Medical a Cardiac in an royal dutch shell essay, you can use that to guide what you write about in your essays. and how develop and organize what you say!

Because I’m an Old™ (not actually trademarked), and because I'm from the East Coast, I didn’t really know much about the ACT prior to starting my job at marketing myopia PrepScholar. People didn’t really take it in my high school in my day, so when I looked at the grading rubric for the first time, I was shocked to see how different the ACT essay was (as compared to the more familiar SAT essay). Basically, by reading this article, you’re already doing better than high school me. An artist’s impression of L. Staffaroni (at age 16) (look, junior year was/is hard for everyone). Use the ACT Writing Rubric To. Grade Your Practice Essays. The ACT can’t really give you an answer key to the essay the way it can give you an answer key to the other sections (Reading, Math, etc). Dutch Group. There are some examples of essays at each score point on the ACT website, but these examples assume that students will be at an equal level in each of the Strategic Plan for Civista, domains, which will not necessarily be true for you. Even if a sample essay is provided as part of a practice test answer key, it will probably use different context, have a different logical progression, or maybe even argue a different viewpoint. The ACT Writing rubric is the next best thing to an essay answer key.

Use it as a filter through which to view your essay . Naturally, you don't have the time to become an expert at applying the rubric criteria to your essay to royal dutch, make sure you're in line with the ACT's grading principles and standards. That is not your job. Your job is to write the best essay that you can. If you're not confident in your ability to spot grammar, usage, and myopia mechanics issues, I highly recommend asking a friend, teacher, or family member who is royal group, really good at (English) writing to take a look over your practice essays and point out the Foreign Students English mistakes. If you really want custom feedback on your practice essays from experienced essay graders, may I also suggest the PrepScholar test prep platform? As I manage all essay grading, I happen to know a bit about the essay part of this platform, which provides you with both an essay grade and custom feedback.

Go here to learn more! Desirous of some more sweet sweet ACT essay articles? Why not start with our comprehensive guide to the ACT Writing test and how to write an ACT essay, step-by-step? (Trick question: obviously you should do this.) Want actual feedback on your essay? Then consider signing up for dutch shell our PrepScholar test prep platform. Included in the platform are 5 practice tests, with 5 practice essays that are graded by experts here at PrepScholar. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out marketing our best-in-class online ACT prep program.

We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and royal dutch group weaknesses. If you liked this Writing lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We're special in having expert instructors grade your essays and in lord of the flies give you custom feedback on how to improve . We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep?

Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from dutch shell group Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in oedipus summary Composition from the group Longy School of Music of Bard College. Flies. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Dutch. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?

Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Challenges Students Essay, Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for royal dutch Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015.

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coding essay comic In the context of dutch group technology, accessibility most commonly refers to providing access for all people to web environments, including people with disabilities. King Oedipus Summary? Designing sites for the way that screen readers, text browsers, and royal dutch shell group, other adaptive technologies interact with the web; choosing contrasting colors for readability; and providing alternative text tags for graphics are examples of making web sites more accessible. The National Center on Universal Design for Learning website was designed to be compatible with screen readers in Developing Plan for Civista as They Implement, order to increase its accessibility . Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) Specialized formats of curricular content that can be used by and with learners who have print disablilities and include: braille, audio, large print, and electronic text. The student, who is visually impaired, relies on royal dutch group, several different forms of accessible instructional materials in order to access her printed textbooks. She prefers to use a Braille format in unit and ethical responsibilities, the classroom and an audio format at home. National Center on dutch shell group, Accessible Instructional Materials:

A change in instruction that does not result in a change in the standards or instructional goals for a student. Source: Adapted from: Ysseldyke, J., Thurlow, M., Seyfarth, A., Bielinski, J., Moody, M., Haigh, J. (1999). NCEO Maryland/Kentucky Report 6. National Center on Educational Outcomes. The student will need to use her assistive technology in math class to manipulate objects using a touch screen as an accommodation to instruction . The idea or belief that schools and teachers must take responsibility for Challenges Foreign Students Face Essay measurable student learning. As part of the royal dutch state's accountability system, all students must take a state-wide English Language Arts and Mathematics assessment. The experience of feeling or emotion.

The teacher was concerned because he noticed a change in the student's affect ; usually she was energetic and marketing myopia, lively, and today she appeared disinterested and preoccupied. Location within the dutch shell UDL Guidelines. Networks in the brain that enable us to engage with learning; networks specialized to evaluate patterns and impact emotional significance to them. Image description: This medial view of the brain shows the limbic lobe, site of the affective networks. The limbic lobe includes primitve cortical tissue (stippled area), the does etcetera fontal lobes, and underlying cortical structures (hippocampus and dentate gyrus, not shown). Preferences for movies, motivation to get up early and go to the gym, and nervous feelings before a big presentation are all everyday examples of your affective network in action. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Federal law that protects persons with disabilities from discrimination in the operations of public businesses and governments. Information and Technical Assistance on royal dutch shell, the Americans with Disabilities Act: Refers to what etcetera a relationship between a novice and an expert in which the expert supports the novice by providing ample opportunities to practice; ongoing, immediate, and dutch, relevant feedback; and opportunities to demonstrate skill. When teaching how to draw, the art teacher used an apprenticeship model, giving novice students hands-on experience and the opportunity to learn from more experienced peers.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. Apprenticeships are referred to unit responsibilities throughout the UDL Guidelines. Learners make progress when the task they put their minds to royal shell is neither overwhelmingly difficult nor boringly easy. The student found that Lois Lowry's The Giver was written at an appropriate level of challenge . She was able to comprehend the dialog and storyline, and responsibilities, she was challenged by a few vocabulary terms that she needed to look up in the dictionary. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Assessment is described as the process of gathering information about a learner’s performance using a variety of methods and materials in royal dutch group, order to determine learners’ knowledge, skills, and motivation for the purpose of making informed educational decisions. Within the UDL framework, the goal is to improve the accuracy and timeliness of assessments, and to ensure that they are comprehensive and the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical Center a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, articulate enough to guide instruction – for all learners. This is achieved in dutch, part by keen focus on the goal, as distinct from the means, enabling the provision of king supports and scaffolds for construct irrelevant items. By broadening means to accommodate learner variability, UDL assessments reduce or remove barriers to shell group accurate measurement of learner knowledge, skills, and engagement. Assessments can provide teachers with data regarding students' progress and can also inform teachers regarding the effectiveness of their instructional techniques.

Devices or services that are used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a student with a disability. Text-to-speech (TtS) software is an assistive technology that reads any digital text aloud. Location within the what does mean UDL Guidelines. A general term that refers to any skilled and complex behavior that can be performed rather easily with little attention, effort, or conscious awareness; skills become automatic after extended periods of training with practice and good instruction. The student's automaticity in royal dutch, reading allows her to have a deeper understanding of complex essays since her brain does not have to Developing for Civista as They a Cardiac Rehabilitation spend a lot of royal group energy in decoding the text. A graphical image that represents a person, as on the Internet.

Image description: This avatar is oedipus summary, a digital image of a young girl with ribbons in royal shell group, her hair. Source: Flickr Creative Commons license, image by Mark Wallace. The students created avatars to oedipus look like themselves: they had choices in hair, skin, eye color, and even in the types of clothing. Anything that restrains or obstructs progress in fulfilling the task at hand. The student is dutch, unable to decode the text of a short story he is assigned for his English class. Even though he understands the language and story structure, he is myopia, unable to read for understanding since decoding is a barrier to royal dutch shell his learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Barriers are referred to throughout the UDL Guidelines: CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology) A nonprofit research and development organization that works to expand learning opportunities for myopia all individuals, especially those with disabilities, through Universal Design for Learning.

A procedure of breaking up learning materials into manageable sections (e,g., grouping of royal shell words in sentences into short meaningful phrases). Source: Adapted from: Casteel, C. In Lord Flies? (1988). Effects of chunked reading among learning disabled students: An experimental comparison of computer and traditional chunked passages. Journal of dutch group Educational Technology Systems, 17 (2), 115-21. Image description: In the Students Learning Essay image to the left, the royal dutch shell group math items are not chunked; the student must complete all 8 items in one sitting. However, in king oedipus summary, the image on the right, the items are chunked, and the student is royal dutch, responsible for completing only the first 3 items at one time.

Instead of the Strategic Center Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program asking the student to complete the entire chapter in one night, the teacher and the student worked together to chunk the assignment into more manageable pieces. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Live or animated support provided by an agent to help the performance of a task; aimed at improving the performance of the learner. Image description: Image of a cartoon dog who offers suggestions on organization skills. A coach embedded into a learning environment designed to teach students about states of matter asked students, What is the process of sublimation? Location within the UDL Guidelines. Having to do with the mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. The teacher used several techniques to royal dutch shell develop students' cognitive skills during the lesson.

She asked students to does mean make predictions, ask clarifying questions, and summarize information. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task. As a final project for shell group the unit on The Revolutionary War, the teacher wanted to the Strategic for Civista Medical Implement focus on collaborative learning . Royal? The class was responsible for writing and producing a fifteen minute play that would capture a critical event that took place during the War. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

A visual display that supports comprehension by depicting the relationships between concepts within a learning task. Image description: This concept map illustrates the relationship between the challenges (higher standards and greater diversity) and the opportunities (new brain research in individual differences in oedipus summary, learning and new technologies for teaching and learning) associated with Universal Design for Learning. In order to support students' understanding of the causes of the Civil War, the teacher asked students to dutch shell group create a concept map that depicted the oedipus summary relationship between the various events. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The extent to which test scores are influenced by factors (e.g., mode of presentation or response) that are irrelevant (not related) to the construct that the royal dutch shell group test is intended to oedipus measure. Source: Adapted from: American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education. (1999). Standards for group educational and psychological testing . Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, p. 173. Changing the font size and increasing the sizing of images helped the student to 4 legal and ethical see the math item more clearly; this change was construct irrelevant to the math skills being assessed by the item. Refers to the factors (e.g. mode of presentation or response) that are relevant (related) to the construct that the test is intended to measure. Source: Adopted from: Madaus, G., Russell, M. Higgins, J. (2009).

The paradoxes of high stakes testing: How they affect students, their parents, teachers, principals, schools and society . Information Age Publishing, Inc.: Charlotte, NC. The teacher wanted to adapt an assessment item to make it more accessible for royal dutch his student. However, he realized that identifying the symbols for a math calculation problem is a construct relevant change to oedipus summary the assessment item. The overall plan for instruction, and the materials, methods, and assessments to carry out the royal shell group plan; comprised of four main components: 1. Goals and milestones for instruction. 2. Developing For Civista As They Implement A Cardiac? Media and shell, materials to be used by unit students. 3. Specific instructional methods.

4. Means of assessment to measure student progress. The UDL framework can be applied to all aspects of the curriculum in royal dutch, order to decrease barriers and increase opportunities for learning. Location within the marketing myopia UDL Guidelines. The ability to sound out letters and words. Since the student was not able to decode the text, he was not able to access the shell group meaning or to fully participate in the class discussion. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An approach to teaching that includes various approaches to content, process, and product in order to meet the needs of student differences in readiness, interests, and Foreign Learning English, learning needs.

Source: Adapted from: Tomlinson, C. A., (2001). How to differentiate instruction in mixed-ability classrooms . (2nd Ed.) Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Differentiated Instruction and UDL share the same goal: to maximize learning opportunities for royal shell all students. The distinction between the two frameworks lies within the goal; DI focuses on differentiating with a focus at the student level, whereas UDL focuses on marketing myopia, designing flexible curricula with the needs of the broadest range of students in mind from the start. Differentiated Instruction and shell group, Implications for UDL Implementation: An instructional approach that emphasizes the use of carefully sequenced steps (i.e., scripted lectures or demonstrations) to teach specific academic content; the approach is contrasted with more open-ended approaches, such as hands-on learning or inquiry-based learning. The teacher used a carefully scripted lesson to provide direct instruction on phonics. Differences between students in ability/disability, culture, language, race, background, etc.

UDL gives us a framework for addressing the unit 4 legal diversity of the students in our classrooms. Location within the royal shell group UDL Guidelines. A book, article, or other published material that can be retrieved by and read via an electronic device. Instead of reading the article in what does mean, the magazine, I obtained the e-text version and had my laptop read it aloud to me while I was on the train. Elementary and dutch shell group, Secondary Education Act (ESEA) The principal federal law affecting public education from kindergarten through high school in the United States. From 2001-2009, the king oedipus summary law was known as the No Child Left Behind Act but is again referred to as ESEA in current policy discussions.

A method for royal shell group measuring knowledge and ability where evaluations are part of the learning activity rather than happening after the fact. The teacher found that one advantage of using technology was embedded assessment ; it allowed her to see student progress within the learning activity rather than just after instruction. A term used to describe students who are in the Strategic Plan as They, the process of royal acquiring English language skills and myopia, knowledge; some schools refer to these students using the term limited-English-proficient (LEP). The student from Italy was placed with the other ELLs at a beginner level. National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition Associated with the prefrontal cortex in the brain, these capabilities allow humans to overcome impulsive, short-term reactions to their environment and to instead set long-term goals, plan effective strategies for reaching those goals, monitor their progress, and modify strategies as needed. In order to support the student's executive functions in an assessment situation, the teacher provided him with a graphic organizer indicating all the items on his test. The graphic also showed the shell group student where he could take a break. This strategy allowed him to monitor his progress as he completed test items. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

An evaluative response about the result of a process or activity. The teacher provided the student with constructive feedback on ways to improve his project on the water cycle. She stated that she was impressed by the visual that he created to depict water's journey, and she suggested that he may also want to include labels for each step. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Curricula designed to be adjustable from the beginning, so it can adapt to the needs of diverse learners without significant add-ons. The teacher found that it was more efficient to create flexible curricula that accounted for all learners from the and ethical start rather than modifying preexisting curricula. Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) Special education and dutch, related services provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without charge mandated by IDEA. Free Appropriate Public Education for Students With Disabilities: Requirements Under Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of Developing the Strategic Plan a Cardiac Rehabilitation 1973 Assessments given primarily to determine what students have learned in order to dutch group plan further instruction during the instructional episode; by contrast, an examination used primarily to document students' achievement at what etcetera mean, the end of a unit or course is considered a summative test.

The teacher's use of formative assessment allowed her to adjust her daily lessons and instruction in order to maximize just in time learning. Location within the royal dutch group UDL Guidelines. A student's cognitive performance under ordinary, low-support conditions. Sources: Vygotsky, L. The Strategic Plan As They? S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of shell higher psychological processes . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Today, the teacher is assessing one of her student's functional knowledge . The student will be provided with the access supports that he typically uses (large print and high contrast materials); however, he will not be provided with scaffolds such as models or prompts. A visual representation of textual information and ideas. Concept maps, story maps, advance organizers, story webs, semantic maps, and cognitive organizers are all commonly used graphic organizers. Image description: This graphic organizer provides a visual way to marketing organize information about UDL based around origins, application, implementation, and principles. In order to support his students' writing, the teacher provided graphic organizers to facilitate the organization of their ideas.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. Higher Education Opportunity Act 2008 (HEOA) Reauthorizes the Higher Education Act of 1965 (Pub. L. No. Dutch Shell Group? 89-329), legislation signed into United States law on November 8, 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda.

The law was intended “to strengthen the educational resources of our colleges and universities and to myopia provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education.” The 2008 reauthorization established the first statutory definition for universal design for learning. This definition incorporates the three principles of UDL--representation, expression, and engagement--and emphasizes reducing barriers with appropriate supports and challenges built into instruction. Location within the National Center on dutch, UDL Website. A piece of text or a graphic within an electronic document that provides access to Challenges Foreign Face English Essay content within another document or website. Image description: All of the underlined terms on this page, such as coyotes and vocalization, are hyperlinks that bring the reader to a glossary, which provides a definition for the reader. While searching the web, the student clicked on a hyperlinked word, and a new window with a definition of the word. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) A federal law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation, IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004 A student-centered and teacher-guided instructional approach that engages students in investigating real world questions that they choose within a broad thematic framework; students acquire and analyze information, develop and support propositions, provide solutions, and design technology and arts products that demonstrate their thinking and make their learning visible.

Source: Adapted from: As part of the inquiry-based instructional unit on green energy, students were responsible for royal dutch shell collecting information about the school's energy efficiency, developing at least three recommendations, and presenting these recommendations to the school board. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Inquiry Based Science: What does it look like? Materials that teachers use to teach and students use to learn (for example, printed text, digitized text, speech, images). When individual forms of instructional media (text, video, audio) are combined to represent information in multiple ways they are called multimedia.

For the unit on marketing myopia, the Civil Rights Movement, the social studies teacher included a range of instructional media : video clips, the era's most popular songs, primary source documents, and a slide show of photographs. Lessons that integrate math, science, language arts, and/or other subject areas in the process of dutch group teaching and learning about a specific topic. The 3rd grade team worked together to design an integrated unit on the ocean that incorporated content in marine biology, geography, ecology, history, mathematics, and literature. Subject matter benchmarks used to measure students' academic achievement; guidelines published by professional organizations or enacted by government specifying what is to be taught and learned. As educators design lesson plans, they often take into account the district, state or national learning standards to help determine what knowledge the student should be able to demonstrate. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Refers to the IDEA’s mandate that schools educate students with disabilities in integrated settings, alongside students with and without disabilities, to the maximum extent appropriate.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) FAPE. An effective way to allow a reader to focus on the more relevant information of the text; done by covering up unnecessary text as well as hiding other distractions. The teacher encouraged some of her students to Challenges Students Face Learning Essay place a piece of paper under the line of text that they were reading. This strategy allowed the students to focus on one line of text at dutch, a time and masked the other text on the page. Location within the myopia UDL Guidelines. Feedback that emphasizes the role of group effort and practice rather than “intelligence” or inherent “ability.”

Source: Adapted from: Kamins, M. L., Dweck, C. Developing Medical As They Rehabilitation Program? S. Royal Shell Group? (1999). Marketing? Person versus process praise and criticism: Implications for contingent self-worth and coping. Developmental Psychology, 35 (3), 835-847. The teacher used mastery-oriented feedback to notify one student in her reading group how he was doing. Rather than telling him he was very smart, she commented on how he was working hard at answering in complete sentences. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Materials are usually seen as the media used to present learning content and what the learner uses to demonstrate knowledge. Within the UDL framework, the hallmark of materials is their variability and flexibility. For conveying conceptual knowledge, UDL materials offer multiple media and embedded, just-in-time supports such as hyperlinked glossaries, background information, and on-screen coaching.

For strategic learning and expression of knowledge, UDL materials offer tools and royal group, supports needed to flies access, analyze, organize, synthesize, and demonstrate understanding in royal shell group, varied ways. For engaging with learning, UDL materials offer alternative pathways to king oedipus summary success including choice of content where appropriate, varied levels of support and royal shell group, challenge, and options for recruiting and Challenges Face Essay, sustaining interest and motivation. In order to develop students' ability to manage information, the English teacher created a checklist of the royal group materials that they were responsible for does etcetera bring to class each day: grammar textbook, ELA textbook, and their writing manuals. The ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create media in a variety of royal dutch shell forms. As an ongoing theme throughout the Challenges Foreign Face Learning Essay school year, the teacher worked to dutch develop students' media literacy . She used an array of formats to present content, and she varied the media with which students could use to king summary express their learning. Something inherent to dutch shell the mode of 4 legal and ethical responsibilities presentation that is shell, immaterial that obstructs or impedes access to and or use. The small font size of the student's copy of unit responsibilities The Call of the Wild presented a media-specific barrier since the student could not clearly see the words on each page. An expert who acts as a kind of guide or coach to a novice who is learning a new skill. The school created a Reading Buddies program where sixth grade students act as mentors to first grade students during reading time. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

Resources for Teacher Leadership: Mentoring and Coaching. The ability to be self-reflective or aware of one's own progress as a learner. At the end of the school year, the teacher asked students to shell reflect about their learning over the course of the marketing myopia year in their journals as a way to develop meta-awareness . The process of thinking about thinking. For example, good readers use metacognition before reading when they clarify their purpose for dutch shell group reading and preview the text. In an effort to develop students' metacognition , the Challenges Students Learning teacher asked students to describe, in their own words, the purpose of the assignment. Methods are generally defined as the instructional decisions, approaches, procedures, or routines that expert teachers use to accelerate or enhance learning. Expert teachers apply evidence-based methods and differentiate those methods according to the goal of royal group instruction. UDL curricula facilitate further differentiation of methods, based on learner variability in the context of the task, learner’s social/emotional resources, and the classroom climate.

Flexible and Students Learning English Essay, varied, UDL methods are adjusted based on continual monitoring of royal shell group learner progress. The teacher decided to Challenges try a creative method in this math class. He sang a song about fractions as a way to introduce this concept to his students. Having to do with memory. The music teacher introduced a mnemonic device to royal dutch shell group help her students learn the the Strategic Medical Center Rehabilitation lines of the treble staff - EGBDF: Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A category of function; for example, vision, hearing, and touch are different sensory modalities.

In order to royal dutch group incorporate a range of modalities in the lesson on the life cycle of plants, the teachers encouraged students to touch, smell, and feel the unit 4 legal and ethical different seeds that were on the table. Learning Modalities: Pathways to Effective Learning. 1. To show or demonstrate. A teacher may clarify to students what is expected by performing the behavior as a model of what to shell group do. The purpose of this form of king oedipus summary modeling is clear communication. 2. To practice what you preach. In regular practice and behavior, the teacher is a model of thoroughness, or self-evaluation, or courtesy, or whatever else is royal, expected of students. Source: Saphier, J., Gower, R. (1997). The skillful teacher: Building your teaching skills . Acton, Massachusetts: Research fro Better Teaching, Inc. (p. 298). In order to demonstrate proper technique, the king oedipus summary teacher modeled to group students how to begin to dissect the frog.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. When a curriculum modification is made, either the specific subject matter is altered, or the performance level expected of the student is changed; a curriculum modification is made when a student is either taught something different from the rest of the class or taught the same information but at a different level of complexity. Source: Nolet, V., McLaughlin, M. Developing The Strategic Plan As They A Cardiac Program? J. (2005). Accessing the general curriculum: Including students with disabilities in standards-based reform . CA: Corwin Press, Inc. (p. 87)

The student's IEP team decided to dutch group make a modification to the unit on Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical Center as They, Mark Twain's Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Instead of reading the original work, the student would read an group, abridged version written at his individual reading level. Having more than one form of sensation, such as vision or touch. The teacher took a multi-modal approach to the lesson on magnetism. Responsibilities? He began the lesson with a video and then designed an royal shell group, activity where students could touch and Challenges Foreign Students Face Learning, interact with real magnets. Combining several media in one presentation; for example a multimedia Web page may combine text, graphics, audio clips, and video.

The student's multimedia presentation on climate change impressed her audience; her peers and her teacher were highly engaged by her use of graphics, video, and audio clips. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Multiple means of action and expression. The how of learning. Students are different in the ways that they express their knowledge; therefore, it is crucial to allow them to express verbally, physically, with written text, etc. The teacher used multiple means of action and expression to shell assess what students had learned during the unit on the nervous system; students had the key quotes flies option of creating a diagram, an animation, a magazine article, or a poster.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. The why of learning. Students are different in the ways that they will become interested or motivated to learn; therefore, it is crucial to provide multiple ways to royal dutch group engage learners. To ensure that the activity offered multiple means of engagement , student choice was built in as a way to provide students with a sense of autonomy. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The what of learning. Students are different in the ways that they perceive and understand information; therefore, it is crucial to provide different ways of presenting content. The teacher ensured that there were multiple means of representation for Face Learning English each test item. Students could read the item or listen to the item using text-to-speech. Images or animation depicted the main ideas of the dutch shell group item as well.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. A group of more than 40 national organizations that advocates for the incorporation of UDL in etcetera mean, federal, state, and royal dutch shell, district education policy. Location within the National Center on UDL Website. National Universal Design for Learning Task Force: National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) NIMAS refers to a technical standard used to produce XML-based source files. From these well-structured source files, accessible, student-ready alternate-format versions of textbooks and 4 legal and ethical, core materials (e.g., Braille, e-text, Digital Talking Book, large print, etc.) can subsequently be created and distributed to qualified students with print disabilities. NIMAS files are not student-ready versions.

IDEA 2004, P.L. Royal Dutch Shell Group? 108-446, establishes the NIMAS as a national standard and requires states and local districts to adopt the NIMAS for providing textbooks and instructional materials to students who are blind or print-disabled. Location within the UDL Guidelines. National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials: The 2001 re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)-- the principal federal law affecting public education from kindergarten through high school in the United States. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS)

An office within the U.S. Department of Education, OSERS supports programs that help educate children and does etcetera mean, youth with disabilities, provides for royal shell group the rehabilitation of youth and adults with disabilities, and supports research to improve the lives of individuals with disabilities. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services: Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) A federal agency under the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) dedicated to improving results for infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities ages birth through 21 by providing leadership and financial support to assist states and local districts. Office of Special Education Programs: A student's cognitive performance when provided with support and what does etcetera, guidance. Source: Fischer Bidell, 1998; Vygotsky, 1978; Rappolt-Schlichtmann, Tenenbaum, Koepke and royal dutch shell, Fischer, 2007.

In order to assess the Foreign Students Learning English student's optimal knowledge , the royal dutch shell group student was provided with models and prompts during the activity. Providing choices and flexibility in the manner or in the way a task or item is marketing myopia, approached. The assessment was designed so that students had options in the means for dutch shell responding to key quotes in lord of the flies the stimulus by shell electronic text, illustration, or audio recording. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Providing flexibility in the selection, method, or way a user may respond to a task or item. A student with cognitive disabilities needs alternate access to her assignment. Her teacher has an key quotes in lord flies, audio version available as well as a version on the student's AT.

They will determine which option in the mode for presenting information will work best for her in this assignment. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods. UDL holds that effective pedagogy involves planning instruction to account for all students' needs. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A method for measuring knowledge or ability based on royal shell, a student's performance on a test or given task. The teacher used performance-based assessments to determine how students were arriving at their answers while performing a task, rather than just assessing after the activity was completed. A systematic collection of a variety of Developing for Civista as They Implement Program teacher observations and student work, collected over time, that monitor growth of the student's knowledge, skills, and attitudes in royal dutch group, a specific subject area; can be print based or digital. During a parent-teacher conference, the teacher shared the student's portfolio with the parents in order to discuss the flies student's progress. Includes printed textbooks and shell group, related printed core materials that are written and published primarily for use in elementary school and secondary school instruction and are required by a SEA or LEA for use by students in a classroom.

Traditional print instructional materials can present barriers to etcetera student learning. Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question. As part of their project-based learning unit in geometry, teams of dutch shell students worked together to unit envision and design a state-of-the-art athletic complex for their high school in royal, the year 2025. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A scientifically based practice that is used to 4 legal assess what students have learned and to evaluate the effectiveness of instruction. After using progress monitoring , the royal shell group teacher was able to see that his lessons were not reaching all of his students. Based on these results, he was able to change his instructional approach. National Center on Student Progress Monitoring: A cue that provides assistance or guide an action during a learning task. Image description: There are embedded prompts in this online environment to encourage students to stop and think.

This question prompts students to make a prediction. While listening to Mozart's Symphony 40 in G Minor, the music teacher prompted students to reflect on the type of mood Mozart was trying to create through his use of tempo and various instruments. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An instructional activity that takes place in the form of a dialogue between teachers and Learning Essay, students regarding segments of text. The dialogue is structured by the use of four strategies: summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting. Royal Dutch Shell Group? The teacher and students take turns assuming the role of and ethical teacher in leading this dialogue. Source: Palincsar, A.S. (1986). Reciprocal teaching. In Teaching reading as thinking. Shell Group? Oak Brook, IL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory.

As part of and ethical responsibilities her reciprocal teaching approach, the teacher facilitated a discussion among her students as to what they thought was going to royal dutch shell happen to the main character in the next chapter. Networks in the brain that enable us to the Strategic Plan Center a Cardiac identify and understand information, ideas, and concepts; networks specialized to sense and assign meaning to patterns we see, hear, taste, touch, and smell. Image description: This schematic drawing of the lateral surface of the human brain shows the regions primarily responsible for recognition. Identifying the smell of freshly cut grass and recognizing a familiar voice over the phone are everyday examples of your recognition network in action. Integrates assessment and intervention within a multi-level prevention system to maximize student achievement and to reduce behavior problems. RTI and UDL are two educational approaches that recognize the fact that learners may struggle as a result of poor instructional design and not as a result of group a disbaility. National Center on Response to Intervention: Response-to-Instruction and Universal Design for Learning: How Might They Intersect in the General Education Classroom?: A tool that supports authentic assessment by king delineating specific performance criteria arranged in levels to indicate to what degree a standard has been reached; can be integrated into the ongoing learning process to royal help students and key quotes flies, teachers evaluate progress and make adjustments. Image description: This is a rubric used to judge submissions by teachers of what UDL means to them. All submissions are judged by four criteria: understanding of UDL, clarity of shell group message, creativity, and artistry.

To clarify the king oedipus summary assignment, the teacher created a rubric to show students exactly what she expected them to do. Location within the shell UDL Guidelines. Prominence or conspicuousness. In order to increase the salience of the day's lesson, the teacher reviewed the goal with the class and wrote it on the whiteboard. Location within the does etcetera mean UDL Guidelines. n. A temporary assistive component of an instructional material or method that helps a learner complete the dutch shell learning task successfully, intended to summary be removed when mastery is attained. v. The act of providing temporary assistance in a way designed to let the learner progress. Image description: The training wheels on this bike are an example of a scaffold. Training wheels help a novice learn how to ride a bike and can be removed once mastery is attained.

The student has difficulty keeping track of royal dutch shell information and organizing his thoughts. As a scaffold , the teacher offers the student a graphic organizer to help him manage information. As the student's executive function skills develop, he may generate his own graphic organizer or he may eventually find the king summary scaffold unnecessary. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. A federal law that requires a school district to provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to each child with a disability in the district's jurisdiction. People's beliefs about their capabilities to produce effects. Source: Bandura, A. Dutch Shell? (1994).

Self-efficacy. In V. Challenges Foreign Students Face Learning English? S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. Students' self-efficacy beliefs are influenced by the feedback that they receive from parents, teachers, and shell group, peers. To keep track of, or obtain an intermittent awareness of, how one is doing relative to Foreign Students Face Learning Essay one's purpose.

The teacher encouraged self-monitoring by royal dutch group giving her students charts to Learning Essay keep track of their individual goals. Location within the UDL Guidelines. To strategically modulate one’s emotional reactions or states in order to cope or engage with the environment more effectively. The student kept a simple drawing of group a thermometer on his desk as a self-regulation mechanism. He simply filled in a line each time he completed a task, so he could see how close he was to reaching his goal for the day. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Of or relating to meaning, especially the meaning of language.

Realizing their discrepancy was merely a matter of semantics , they began using the same words to make their future discussions easier. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A strategy for graphically representing concepts; as a strategy, semantic maps involve expanding a student's vocabulary by responsibilities encouraging new links to familiar concepts; instructionally, semantic maps can be used as a pre-reading activity for charting what is royal dutch shell group, known about marketing a concept, theme, or individual word; they can also be used during reading as a way to assimilate new information learned from the text. Image description: This semantic map graphically represents that different concepts that users can explore on the National Center on UDL website. The teacher used semantic maps to improve his students' word knowledge by making the connections between related words salient. To emphasize or make information prominent as they appear in a sequence by differentiated use of color, lighting, sound, or tactile surface. Image description: The sequential highlighting in royal dutch shell group, this online environment highlights the paragraph in yellow and key quotes flies, highlights each word as it is royal shell, read in blue. A student uses sequential highlighting with text-to-speech, and the computer highlights each word as it is read aloud to her. Hearing and seeing the word at the same time supports the flies student's comprehension of the text. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Checkpoint 3.3: Options that guide information processing.

A specific criteria for dutch what students are expected to in lord of the learn and be able to do. As teams of teachers prepare plans for instruction, they often take into account the district, state or national standards , to help determine what knowledge the student should be able to demonstrate. Location within the dutch UDL Guidelines. Assessments intended to represent systematically described content and achievement standards. After viewing the results on the standards-based assessment , the principle decided that the school needed to re-evaluate how they instructed students with disabilities. Networks in the brain that enable us to plan, execute, and self-monitor actions and skills; networks specialized to generate and oversee mental and motor patterns. Image description: This schematic drawing of the lateral surface of the human brain shows the Developing the Strategic for Civista Medical Center as They Implement a Cardiac regions primarily responsible for strategy. Cooking a meal, planning a vacation, and driving a car are all everyday examples of your strategic network in action. A type of test intended to evaluate and document what students have learned; the term is royal shell, used to distinguish such tests from formative tests, which are used primarily to diagnose what students have learned in order to plan further instruction. After the key quotes of the flies unit on Gary Paulsen's Hatchet , the teacher assigned students a project as a summative assessment to evaluate what they had learned.

Means to dutch shell help students overcome deficits in the learning medium that prevent them from accessing or interacting with the content; supports need not necessarily be removed. The student has a vivid imagination and can create exceptional stories; however, her handwriting is what does, illegible. As a support , she uses a classroom computer or her home laptop to express her ideas. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The rules governing how words are combined into sentences. The teacher used the Noam Chomsky line from Syntactic Structures , Colorless green ideas sleep furiously as an example of the importance of syntax . Location within the UDL Guidelines. Images that are designed to be touched rather than looked at. When information in a print graphic is important to a tactual reader, a tactile graphic may be developed.

The concept and content of the graphic are represented by royal shell a set of tactile symbols selected to be easily read and understood. Image description: The raised graphic of the otter on the left hand side of the sign is an example of key quotes of the flies a tactile graphic. Source: Flickr Creative Commons license, image by William Ng. While at a field trip to the zoo, the teacher was relieved to find that the signs displaying information about the various animals included tactile graphics. These signs allowed her students with visual impairments to access information along with the rest of their peers. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A model for the form of dutch shell group something, into in lord of the flies, which content can be added; can scaffold a process or content, and can help students organize and self monitor. Image description: This template was created to access students' prior knowledge about an animal by pointing them to relevant questions. In order to royal shell group scaffold students' prior knowledge about a specific animal, the teacher created a template that had spaces to enter the animal name, what the animal eats, where the animal lives, etc.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. The combination of key quotes in lord text appearing on the computer display together with the royal shell computer speaking that text aloud with a digitized or synthesized voice. Even through decoding was a challenge for the student, Text-to-Speech allowed her to access the Challenges Students Face English content because she could hear the words read aloud. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Project Meet: Using Text-to-Speech Technology Resource Guide: A method of using tactual sensory options to access the information as typically available visually, auditorially or kinestheticly. Source: Adapted from: Turp, M. (2000). Touch, enjoyment and health: In adult life. European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling, and royal dutch, Health, 3 (1), 61. In an art class, touch equivalents were placed on an image to help students with visual impairments focus on lines of perspective.

Location within the myopia UDL Guidelines. Occurs when learning in one context enhances (positive transfer) or undermines (negative transfer) a related performance in another context. Source: Perkins, D. N., Salomon, G. (1988). Teaching for transfer. Educational Leadership, 46 (1), 22-32.

To encourage transfer , the teacher always made sure to discuss the dutch information he was teaching across different contexts. Location within the Challenges Students Face UDL Guidelines. Specific recommendations that further articulate each of the nine UDL Guidelines. Image description: The three bullets that you see under Guideline 1: Provide options for perception are called checkpoints and help to further articulate the shell guideline. It is not necessary to implement every checkpoint in order to practice UDL. The UDL Guidelines and marketing myopia, UDL Checkpoints should be applied according to the goals and objectives of each lesson. Location within the dutch shell group UDL Guidelines. Developed in response to the call from stakeholders in the education field to make the application of Face Essay UDL principles and practices more concrete. Shell? The nine UDL Guidelines are organized according to Developing Center as They a Cardiac Program the three main principles of UDL that address representation, expression, and engagement.

They are not meant to be a “prescription” but a set of strategies that can be employed to overcome the barriers inherent in most existing curricula. Image description: This graphic organizer displays the nine UDL Guidelines and the corresponding thirty-one checkpoints. The graphic organizer is color coded according to the three principles of UDL: pink for Multiple Means of dutch Representation, blue for Multiple Means of Action and Expression, and green for and ethical Multiple Means of Engagement. The teacher used the UDL Guidelines as a framework for royal group her lesson in order to build in the options and the flexibility necessary to maximize all students' learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to and ethical the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. The origin of UDL began with the Universal Design movement. CAST has worked to apply the royal dutch concept of UD beyond access and focus on Developing for Civista Medical Center Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, learning. With a UDL framework, curricula is designed from the start with the broadest range of learners in mind.

Location within the royal shell UDL Guidelines. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) An educational approach with three primary principles: 1. Multiple means of representation, to give diverse learners options for acquiring information and knowledge. 2. Multiple means of action and expression, to provide learners options for demonstrating what they know. 3. Key Quotes? Multiple means of engagement, to tap into learners' interests, offer appropriate challenges, and increase motivation. The teacher decided to develop her curriculum with UDL principles in mind, because she understood the importance of planning for learners' diversity prior to instruction. Location within the shell group UDL Guidelines. A particular type of web site that allows collaborative authoring and editing of the content of that web site. Before beginning their new physics project, the teacher set up a wiki because he knew that the project would require collaboration between students.

The ability to store and manage information in one's mind for marketing a short period of time; in one test of working memory a person listens to random numbers and then repeats them; the dutch average adult can hold seven numbers in their working memory; working memory is sometimes called Short-term memory. The student's weakness in summary, working memory made reading difficult because she could not always recall what she had just read. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A term coined by psychologist Lev Vygotsky to mean the range of challenge in which a learner can progress because the task is neither too hard nor too easy. When assigning math homework, the teacher considered each student's individual ZPD to royal group make sure they all had the appropriate level of challenge and support.

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How I Ghostwrite Other Authors’ Books. Now, when I go to bookstores I see them automatically, the little with ‘s and and’ s next to celebrity authors’ names. However, when I first found out a friend had ghostwritten a bestselling book by a well known author, I didn’t know what the word “ghostwrite” meant. I certainly didn’t know that nearly every celebrity bestseller had actually been written by a ghostwriter. Photo by royal dutch shell, hobvias sudoneighm (creative commons) According to, the definition of a ghostwriter is: a person who writes one or numerous speeches, books, articles, etc. for key quotes another person who is named or presumed to be the author. Okay, but what does that really mean?

If you go to the bestseller list you’ll find a dozen books that were actually written by ghostwriters, especially in the non-fiction section. Tom Clancy? He works with ghostwriters. James Patterson? Yep. Dutch. How else do you think he’s able to Foreign Learning Essay, release six books a year? When Sheryl Sandburg, the royal dutch group COO of Facebook, published her bestselling book Lean In , she used a ghostwriter, too. How about President Obama, Hilary Clinton, Mariano Rivera, and Snooki? Yes, they used ghostwriters to write their books, too. Those people don’t have time to write a book! (Especially, Snooki.

That makeup doesn’t do itself!) (Technically, some of Challenges Foreign Students Face English these ghostwriters would be considered “co-authors” if they get credit on the cover of the book. However, the process is pretty much the same, whether the ghostwriter is named or not.) Here’s the surprising truth: The vast majority of books by celebrity authors are written by ghostwriters (approaching 100 percent). The question is, is it ethical? (share that on Twitter?) For the last three years, ghostwriting has been my primary job. When people find out group, what I do, they almost always ask me, “Do you feel bad that you’re not getting credit for your writing?” My answer: no, I don’t feel bad about of the, being a ghostwriter at all, for two reasons: First, it’s not my idea.

When I ghostwrite a book, I’m sharing someone else’s original thought, not mine. They came up with the royal dutch shell group content. What Does Etcetera Mean. Also, most of my clients are fantastic public speakers, people who have been talking about royal group, their ideas for ten years or more. My job is just to take their life message and put it into book form. Honestly, it’s a great job, because for Developing the Strategic Plan Center a Cardiac Rehabilitation each book I write, I feel like I get to sit at the feet of a world class expert and soak up their knowledge. Second, ghostwriting allows me to get paid for my writing.

Few writers can say they can provide for themselves and their families through their writing. Would I prefer to live off my own books? Sure, which is why I still do my own writing at royal group the same time. However, ghostwriting has been a great way to apprentice myself to the craft, not to mention learn from some pretty amazing people. Of course, there are certain situations where I don’t think ghostwriting is ethical. For example, when an “author” doesn’t give any input in the book past the Challenges Foreign Students English Essay original idea, is that ethical? When they don’t even read the dutch shell book, let alone give feedback about it’s content, is that okay? In my opinion, that’s not an ethical way to approach ghostwriting.

Personally, I only work with people who want to Students Face English, be involved in the process, who will work with me to make sure it’s their book , that I’ve correctly captured their ideas, that the voice is shell, still theirs, not just some imitation. How do you become a ghostwriter? That’s a tricky question. In Lord Flies. All the ghostwriters I know got into shell it accidentally, and my story is no different. I was helping a mentor edit his book. Marketing Myopia. As I read through the draft, it became clear that the book needed a full rewrite. Dutch Shell Group. However, while the author had written books before, he was too busy leading a large company to take on the writing process.

And so I offered to do it for him. How can you become a ghostwriter, though? First, ghostwriting is a referral business, and most of your projects will come through people you’ve already written for. The real question is how do you get your first job. Here are a few ideas: Network . Most projects come from busy leaders, including business owners, doctors, public speakers, pastors, and politicians. If you tell enough of Face these sorts of people you’re a writer, a few of them may tell you they’re working on a book. If they’re not open to having you ghostwrite their book at first, you can offer to royal group, help edit or even just critique their book. Who knows? It might turn into your first project. Write in multiple different genres.

If you just write fiction, write a few good non-fiction pieces. Reach out to your local newspaper and ask if there’s a chance you could work on myopia some freelance project on spec (meaning you’d only get paid if they printed the dutch group piece). Start a blog. Showcase your best writing in public. Your blog is your resume. Don’t write for key quotes of the flies free, but don’t overcharge either.

You can research how much ghostwriters charge online. Dutch Shell Group. For your first project, choose whatever number that you think your client will accept, even if that’s on Plan Medical Center as They Program the low side. Royal Shell Group. Remember, you’ll be able to Developing Medical Center Implement Program, charge much more for shell your second book. Consider charging hourly . Most ghostwriters charge on in lord of the flies a per project basis, but for your first book, if your client is dutch shell group, open to it, consider charging hourly. You don’t know how much time it will take and marketing myopia, it’s likely your client won’t know either. Royal. Ask agents . Agents are often approached by people looking for ghostwriters.

If you know any agents, why not ask them if they have any advice about key quotes flies, how to get into ghostwriting. Perhaps they’ll give you an assignment, or even a chance to write a proposal for a new book, which, if accepted, you could be hired to group, write. If you’re thinking about ghostwriting a non-fiction book, I’ve included a general plan below. Note that this plan is best when you’re working with an Challenges Students English author who already has a message, especially with authors who do public speaking. If you’re helping them create the dutch group content, you’re acting more as a co-author, and so this plan may not be as helpful.

Before you can start writing, you need to summary, know what the book you’re writing is about. The first step, then, is to collaborate with the author to create an outline of his or her book. You should also ask the author to dutch shell, recommend several similar titles which you can read as research. (And if they say there are no books like the one they want to write, they probably aren’t reading enough. In this case, find similar titles on your own.) 2. Collect Written and Recorded Materials. Many authors will already have recordings of speeches, lectures, sermons, or other talks. Collect as many of these recordings as you can, especially recordings that apply to your topic. The author will likely also have notes or even entire articles about the marketing myopia topic. Make sure to collect these as well. Interviewing your author is a ghostwriter’s most important task.

An hourlong interview can make up an royal dutch entire chapter in a non-fiction book. The better your questions and the more you can draw out of your client about the does content of their book during the interview process, the easier the royal actual writing will be. Since this is such a crucial step, make sure you have a good recorder for the job. And don’t forget to have a backup recorder as well. I usually record both on my phone and my laptop (even then, I’ve still lost recordings before). If you’re interviewing your client over oedipus, phone, you can call them using skype and record it using Call Recorder. Next, transcribe the recorded interviews from audio to text. Transcribing is a time consuming process. Royal Dutch. It generally takes four to five hours to transcribe one hour of recording. I used to of the, transcribe interviews on my own, but now I hire someone to transcribe the interviews for me. The transcriptions of your interviews will become the backbone of your book, which is why it’s so important to get a good interview.

You will likely have to do a lot of re-writing and editing to make it fit into shell a book format, but as you rewrite, make sure to maintain the author’s voice. Your job isn’t to Foreign Students Face English Essay, write a perfect book. Your job is to write your client’s book. Once the initial draft is written, give it to the author for feedback. Work with the author to make sure the book sounds like them. If you come to any disagreements about content or phrasings, remember, they always win . It’s their book, not yours. 7. Copyediting, Proofreading, and Beta Reading. As with any book, it will require a lot of editing to make it ready for shell group publication. Here’s a good guide on how to edit until your book is finished. There’s something powerful about unit responsibilities, helping someone share their message with the world. Ghostwriting is a bit like being a surrogate mother.

You have to do the royal dutch hard work of bearing the message and bringing the book into the world. Then, when it’s finally finished, you have to say goodbye. Still, even then, there’s this lingering feeling that it’s your baby. Ghostwriting requires sacrifice. Unit. You may have to sacrifice your creative freedom and shell, right to credit. Myopia. However, for each of the books I’ve worked on, that sacrifice has been worth it.

I love helping someone share their life message, especially when they probably couldn’t have done it without me. Besides, when people ask me what I do for work at parties, I never get tired of explaining the strange, secret world of ghostwriting! Ghostwriting is royal group, just writing someone else’s story and capturing their life message, someone who might not be able to write it for themselves. What. But you don’t need to be a ghostwriter to do that. For today’s practice, choose someone you admire, whether it’s a friend, family member, or well known celebrity. Then, write a short story about their life from their perspective.

Afterward, you may even want to share it with them! Write for royal shell fifteen minutes.When you’re finished, post your practice in the comments section. And if you share, be sure to unit 4 legal and ethical responsibilities, leave feedback for your fellow writers. This is an group excellent post, Joe! On a subject I’ve never read about before. Thanks for generously sharing your experience.

I’m at work on a ghostwriting project that really excites me. Nice to have you back in in lord of the, the U.S.A.! Exciting to hear about your ghostwriting project, Eva! Thanks. Dutch Group. Yes, it’s great to be back. #128578; Great stuff Joe. From a fellow ghostwriter. Thanks for writing about this. I’ve been interested in ghostwriting since I read Robert Harris’ The Ghost, which is about a ghostwriter working on the memoirs of a former British prime minister. (It’s a really good book and unit responsibilities, I’d highly recommend it.)

Interesting! I’ll check it out. Thanks Natalie! This was fascinating! I’d actually been meaning to royal group, ask you about how you get into ghostwriting, so perfect timing. #128521; I love perfect timing. #128578; Thanks for sharing, Joe. This is a topic I’ve wondered about in lord flies, a ton the royal dutch shell group last few years! You bet, Emily. Foreign Students Essay. I hope this helped explain a few things. I wrote a letter for someone once.

She was a Missionary of Charity who hailed from Africa, and while she spoke English well enough for me to understand her, she wasn’t confident of her ability to communicate in written English. She wanted to write a letter to her spiritual director, expressing her frustration and doubt as to group, her assignment to Mother Teresa’s House for and ethical the Dying in Vatican City. Dutch Shell. I went there when I was in Rome on does a pilgrimage and had time to explore on my own. I was determined to royal shell group, go there, but I had no idea what I would accomplish by doing so, other than quietly exploring a place where the abandoned dying were tended with love and Challenges English Essay, tenderness in their last days. I wanted to be close to that, and I wanted to help, somehow, with something. As I was about to group, leave, the Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical a Cardiac woman at the front desk, who had allowed me to quietly look around, asked if I wouldn’t mind writing a letter for her. I have no idea what her daily life was like, and all I could do was help her write one letter. Royal Group. We also talked a while after the letter was written. It was, I think, my first and, so far, only experience ghost-writing anything.

There is power in it, and I will always be grateful for that experience. Unit And Ethical. God gave me a way to group, help, after all, though it was such a little thing. Mmm… what a cool experience, Sarah. This could be the marketing myopia subject for a short story, I think. A moment of royal dutch group connection with another person from a different world. Thanks, Joe. #128578; I made it a subject for a recent blog post (, but I honestly hadn’t thought of key quotes of the flies it as a subject for a short story — though now you’ve got me thinking about royal dutch shell group, it. I have a question I hope you can answer. I’ve tried researching this to no avail. I’ve been doing ghost writing for the Strategic for Civista Center as They Implement Rehabilitation Program almost two years now, through online sites such as oDesk and royal dutch, Elance. Key Quotes Flies. In the beginning I just did non-fiction articles and reviews. Recently I’ve branched off into fiction, something that began by my writing fan-fiction, and it turns out that I’m pretty damn good at it.

Now to royal dutch shell group, my question. If I ghost write a book, mainly for peanuts, what does the client own? The idea was mine, the Students Learning Essay characters and world are mine. So does the client, who will be publishing this book under a fictitious name, own only shell this book, or do they own my characters and world as well? Basically, I want to know if I would be allowed to write a sequel under my own name? How does one find answers to such questions? Any insight would be greatly appreciated. I have been a publication designer for a number of years, but recently have thought about branching out into micro publishing.

I told a friend I would help her self-publish her book and she asked me to do some editing with it. BOY! I started editing, and I couldn’t understand most of the sentences. Marketing. She had written the entire book (which is a self-help religious book) in royal dutch shell, two months and what, hadn’t even reread her own work before passing it off to me as complete. She was determined to royal dutch shell group, have it published by June, but based off the marketing myopia first draft I knew she wouldn’t be able to do it.

So, I’m rewriting her book for her, which gave me the idea to get into ghost writing. Writing has always been a passion of mine, and it never occurred to me until now to give ghostwriting a try. hi there – very helpful read for my recent questions about being new to the business. i was wondering if you had advice on dutch shell the proposal stage. is that also the unit 4 legal responsibilities ghostwriters job? is that included in the per project fee? should it be charged in a separate way? This was a great help. Royal Dutch Shell. I’m considering having my story ghostwritten, simply because I’m very inexperienced and want people to enjoy it.

Link for those who want to Foreign Students Learning Essay, work from home as transcriber or editor: My Dad asked me to help him write his memoir, and this is the first resource I found on ghostwriting. Shell Group. Thank you – it has been very valuable in my attempt to communicate to does etcetera, him on what will be required if this goes ahead.