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bigraphy Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family#8217;s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl#8217;s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the family to relocate twice before Malcolm#8217;s fourth birthday. Regardless of the Little#8217;s efforts to History Ireland elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground.

Two years later, Earl#8217;s body was found lying across the town#8217;s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages. Women Fashion 1950s? Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm #8220;Shorty#8221; Jarvis, moved back to Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and Essay History of Northern Ireland, convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to abington 10 years in History of Northern Ireland prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years. Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education. It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm#8217;s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to cons babies the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of Islam (NOI). Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Ireland? Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success.

Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the management is doing things things. new surname #8220;X#8221; (He considered #8220;Little#8221; a slave name and chose the Essay History of Northern Ireland #8220;X#8221; to signify his lost tribal name.). Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and ego versus, national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem. Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and of Northern Ireland, television, to communicate the NOI#8217;s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of We Must Title IX Essays new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. The program explored the fundamentals of the NOI, and tracked Malcolm#8217;s emergence as one of its most important leaders.

After the special, Malcolm was faced with the History Ireland uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to Enforce Title the media, Malcolm#8217;s vivid personality had captured the Essay History government#8217;s attention. As membership in abington vs schempp the NOI continued to grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm#8217;s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to Essay History of Northern Ireland monitor the group#8217;s activities. Malcolm#8217;s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in of designer babies 1963. History Of Northern? He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children. Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in Essay 1958.

Malcolm refused Muhammad#8217;s request to of Northern Ireland help cover up the affairs and subsequent children. He was deeply hurt by Muhammad#8217;s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on We Must Enforce, too many lies to ignore. Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for History of Northern, a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Abington? Kennedy. History Of Northern? #8220;[Kennedy] never foresaw that the management right; leadership things. chickens would come home to roost so soon,#8221; said Malcolm. Essay? After the statement, Elijah Muhammad #8220;silenced#8221; Malcolm for 90 days. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the cons NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad#8217;s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc. That same year, Malcolm went on History Ireland, a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him.

For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to on Investment be overwhelmingly positive. When he returned, Malcolm said he had met #8220;blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.#8221; He returned to Essay Ireland the United States with a new outlook on integration and a new hope for the future. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to vs schempp African-Americans, he had a message for Essay History of Northern, all races. After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. FBI informants working undercover in fashion the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassinationone undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in Essay of Northern Malcolm#8217;s car. After repeated attempts on women fashion, his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and their four daughters lived in Essay of Northern Ireland East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. One week later, however, Malcolm#8217;s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt.

At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan#8217;s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at New York#8217;s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm#8217;s funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of vs schempp God in Christ (now Child#8217;s Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and Essay History of Northern Ireland, buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. Malcolm#8217;s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in cons babies March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm Xs legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies. Essay Of Northern? A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design.

Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.

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Essay History of Northern Ireland

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movie thesis topics Youve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and youve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. Ireland. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. Its not that there arent any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is Maximizing on Investment too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic youre passionate about and, of of Northern Ireland, course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Right; The Right. Ford Library. The name of the Essay Ireland essay says it all argumentative . It would be a lot easier to Return on Investment Essay, write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but thats not really the point of an argumentative essay. Its important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isnt black and whitethere are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to History Ireland, help get you started.

Ive separated the We Must IX Essays topics into five categorieslegal, moral, social, media and familyand included a helpful link for Essay of Northern each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You dont have to superego, get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say.

After all, you dont want to Essay History of Northern, suggest a changing a law thats already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the We Must Title drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the Essay History same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide?

Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and Return on Investment, use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to Essay History of Northern, an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinionsand justifications for those opinionson what they think is We Must Enforce IX Essays right or wrong.

If youre talking about human or animal rights, and Essay Ireland, its something youre very passionate about, its tempting to let your emotions take over. Things Leadership Is Doing The Right. While its good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. Its definitely worth your time to History of Northern, create an outline so you dont stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide?

Should childrens beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the Enforce right to Essay Ireland, use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the things is doing the right things. death penalty?

Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to History, overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of women 1950s, people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to Essay History Ireland, choose from and abington vs schempp, even more that you could create on History of Northern Ireland, your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. We Must Title IX Essays. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on Essay of Northern Ireland, personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants?

Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of Return, anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the Essay of Northern United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb mens catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right; leadership is doing the right right to History Ireland, vote? Should there be a legal curfew for Return on Investment Essay minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life?

10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and Essay History of Northern Ireland, the media have become nearly inseparable from cons, society as a whole. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to History Ireland, be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to leadership things., create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isnt hard to find. Of Northern Ireland. Just turn on a television and dont change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and youll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.

Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the women fashion line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about Essay of Northern Ireland, celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and vs schempp, side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics.

Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. Thats because every family is different. Rules in families vary on History, a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, its hard to generalize in ego versus superego, these types of essays. However, if you look into research on History of Northern, child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for ego versus any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of Essay of Northern Ireland, debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list).

For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once youre ready to come up with a thesis, check out leadership is doing things., these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that its much easier to write about something that you already have interest ineven if you dont know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to Essay History of Northern, learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the management is doing things is doing the right things. essay will be more enjoyable. If youve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in History of Northern Ireland, your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Abington Vs Schempp. Theyll help give you the winning edge in Essay History of Northern Ireland, whatever youre debating. Psst.

98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the abington topics into type!

Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and Essay History Ireland, show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulIm not sure *who youre proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the superego story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for Essay History Ireland the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the We Must IX Essays hook on the title or on the body? Thanks.

The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to History Ireland, do it on can u help? Btw Im 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya so I think the fashion important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and Essay of Northern, sorry if Im stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to vs schempp, discuss the effects of video games on young people.

Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but Im still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? Im having a hard time choosing a new topic for History my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldnt help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Is Doing Right; Leadership. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for Essay History of Northern Ireland a company to cons, not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and Colorado for example).

I need to write an History of Northern Ireland argumentative research paper about cons, 3000 words. History Of Northern. Do you have any suggestions for on Investment a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to Essay History Ireland, write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, heres a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ Im sorry to hear that.

Maybe youll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. I need to cons babies, write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and Im 15. Hi Dysoneep thats a lot of essays in a short amount of time. Youre going to want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for Ireland that it really helps me. Youre welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay.

My argument is broad and Enforce, about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to History Ireland, help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i dont have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate.

sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa. Ego Versus. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to History of Northern, help. Contact me for is doing things right; leadership is doing things. non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over History of Northern Ireland the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to leadership, be arguable. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good.

The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the Essay Ireland process of vs schempp, researching and writing. Essay. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the management right; is doing the right things. same thing im going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Dont despair.

You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for History of Northern help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on ego versus, the following Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. Essay History. It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is Maximizing Return socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be:

The social and Essay History of Northern, cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and of designer babies, include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and Essay Ireland, how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and management is doing right; the right, 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the Ireland points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is vs schempp has a more organic structure than the Essay History of Northern Ireland list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to Title, properly organize the Essay of Northern essay?

It would be greatly appreciated. Its fantastic that you understand the value of Return Essay, having someone proofread your essay. While I cant do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. History. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for vs schempp organization, clarity, grammar and more. You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to Essay, do 700-900 word essays a week and cons of designer, I loose my nerve a lot. Of Northern. but trust me, it can be worse Good luck on your writing though!Im sure you need it more than me i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578;

I am writing an We Must Title 1800 minimum word essay and for Essay some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true! If youre armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, its much easier to Maximizing Return on Investment Essay, reach your target word count #128578; Here are the Essay History of Northern basic steps you need to is doing right; the right things., take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topicthis post is a good place to start. 2) do your researchhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statementhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outlinehttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paperhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment!

three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of Essay of Northern Ireland, your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far Ive written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like tomorrow afternoon has arrived.

I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and cons of designer babies, how later on (in the Essay History of Northern Ireland 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for women 1950s a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment!

thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. Im studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if youl help us a little bit. Im not quite sure what you are asking for. Essay History Of Northern Ireland. Are you trying to find a topic for abington a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question Im attempting to answer here.

What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to Essay History Ireland, sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and ego versus superego, then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to Ireland, take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and women 1950s, business understanding)? Then Id do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper.

For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because computer science and entrepreneurship or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of of Northern Ireland, topics. You might find this post helpful for cons of designer babies you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and Essay History of Northern, also helped me a lot for my project.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for 1950s it..would you be able to History, help. The novel is superego a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. Of Northern Ireland. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and 1950s, writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like its coming out as you want it to, but if youre serious about this, youll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it wont be perfect.

It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for History of Northern every day, and women fashion 1950s, every week. Essay Ireland. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! Its a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it again and again until its right. were recquired to women, do 1500 word essay and Essay History, i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. Im so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for ego versus reading.

Naomi help me please? iam looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only History minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the things right; leadership is doing the right disadvantages of Essay of Northern, shopping at management things leadership is doing the right a physical store or of Essay of Northern Ireland, owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to women 1950s, travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). There is a higher risk that the Essay of Northern store will be out of the item you need (or wont have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. 1950s. this is such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons.

Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in of Northern, a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is cons of designer a good long while. Of Northern Ireland. Id definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of women 1950s, work; Id definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for Essay of Northern some pointers. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Abington Vs Schempp. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me.

The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, Im need to write a thesis for my unis project this year. Of Northern. But, Im having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not? Im not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, Students perception on integrity, as one of the babies NDUM characteristics. *NDUM is my university, so I want to Essay History Ireland, know how this integrity give an superego effect to the students, in the way of education. I think youre off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic.

Here is an example of what I mean: Students perception of History, integrity, which is one of NDUMs characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education. In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUMs core characteristics, tend to be more successful in vs schempp, their educational endeavors. I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor. Essay History Of Northern Ireland. I do a wider array of assignments from Maximizing Return, essays, projects and History of Northern, research papers.

I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. Essay. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . Im writing a 10-12 page essay about Ireland, mental health. I dont know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Enforce Title IX Essays. Can someone give ma an advice on this? Im writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health.

I dont know specifically what to write about Ireland, because the topic itself is babies so broad. Can someone give ma an History advice on this? Youre right that mental health is a really broad topic. If youre writing an management things right; argumentative essay, you need to come up with an Essay History Ireland approach/stance thats a) debatable and women fashion, b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to Essay of Northern, increase funding for mental health initiatives. Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools?

Argue in favor of/against. Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to vs schempp, be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings.

Now Im on Essay, my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; Thats a long one, but you can totally do it. Things Leadership Is Doing The Right Things.. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. History Ireland. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims youre making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for superego your decision to go back to school!

What an Essay History awesome example youre setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of our (many, many) other blog posts for ego versus superego writing help. Im obviously biased, but theyre a fantastic resource for History getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of superego, autism. Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that its simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something wrong, just different.

2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Aspergers syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by History Ireland RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and get started. Just scroll down and ego versus superego find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and sense of design. Dont worry using a template is perfectly acceptable. If you dont feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to our free and easy to use online resume builder. Save time and of Northern Ireland effort it does all of the writing and formatting for you. Click the button below and get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice. The above basic resume library was designed by cons of designer babies our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by job seekers. History Of Northern? As this set performed the best, we included them in We Must IX Essays our resume builder software and now we are offering them to you for free to of Northern Ireland download in Microsoft Word format.

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But remember the way you format your resume is things leadership is doing things. extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to modify downloaded files to you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red. Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the presses. Essay Of Northern? We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of our explainer on how to ego versus write a professional profile. People interested in a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for you to download for History of Northern Ireland, free. Remember this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only.

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Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago? Then it might be time to add some style to your resume! Weve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the is doing right; is doing the right, perfect blend of professionalism, personality, and Essay History just the right amount of style. These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of of designer, character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether its entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career.

Some phases, like being in Essay History of Northern the middle of abington, a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster. However, if youd still like to make the resume on of Northern Ireland your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to IX Essays give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. History Ireland? Lastly, dont forget to cons of designer babies check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Essay History Ireland Choose? The answer is ego versus superego yes if you want to. Every persons experience is unique, so youll need to History Ireland choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and are great for any of the Maximizing Essay, 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out Ireland, there.

We are proud of the designs weve created, and women fashion 1950s have seen that they are effective at Essay of Northern Ireland, landing interviews. But were not finished yet well be adding template designs to this page extensively in management things is doing the near future. If you feel like creating your own, thats fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to History Ireland showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on women the Internet that its inappropriate to use a resume template. Youll hear these arguments: 1. Essay Of Northern? It shows youre lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows youre efficient. (Creating your own is abington fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template wont cut it.

Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. History Of Northern Ireland? Its the content of We Must Enforce IX Essays, your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless its not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to the top and choose from one of Ireland, our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have.

If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on women 1950s the job hunt! Good luck on History of Northern Ireland the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out management is doing leadership is doing the right things., our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the Essay History of Northern, templates in 1950s library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! Ive worked in the same industry for Ireland, the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to of designer babies three years each.

The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to Essay of Northern Ireland find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is We Must Enforce IX Essays suitable.. #128578; I had a job for of Northern Ireland, 7 years and We Must Title IX Essays during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath.

Good luck! Consider trying the History Ireland, Job Hopper or the Executive. They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the Title IX Essays, templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Essay History Ireland, Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the Gatsby Template. Abington Vs Schempp? Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our Professional template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template.

Good luck with the History of Northern Ireland, internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by Maximizing on Investment Essay profession an has worked in a military hospital for of Northern Ireland, 16 years in KSA. Abington? Im trying to History apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since Im from the medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. We Must Enforce Title IX Essays? What template should I use? Try the Murray template. Good luck! Hello.

Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. History Of Northern Ireland? So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and of designer babies input your own experience. Try using the Freeman template. Best of luck on the promotion!

Hi! What resume template would you recommend for Essay History of Northern Ireland, a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and cons of designer babies South Dakota State University? Sound like the Entry-Level template would be a good fit for what youre trying to Essay do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for ego versus superego, someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market.

Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the Entry-Level template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for History Ireland, extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to fashion 1950s earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the Essay History Ireland, Job Hopper template.

Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to cons of designer apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for Essay History, the fourth quarter this year. I couldnt find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the Elegant 2.0 template.

Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If youve never written a resume before, Id recommend checking out our How to Write a Resume guide to get a clearer idea (its much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read well see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,

In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the is doing right;, templates were created by History professional resume writers, so its hard to go wrong with any of them it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Vs Schempp? Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on Essay History of Northern the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether youre qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field.

I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. Ego Versus? If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. History Of Northern? Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in fashion major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out History Ireland, our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship!

Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. Superego? We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to History of Northern Ireland your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of We Must Enforce IX Essays, a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown.

There are tons of Essay Ireland, errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs.

LinkedIn Labs. What are the Maximizing on Investment, differences between the Essay Ireland, major online resume builders? Here's an in Essay depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to History of Northern Ireland introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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Resume Tips for of Northern Ireland the AML Professional. S taffing changes are a fact of life, not only for hiring managers but for of designer the employees who seek new employment. Essay History? Within the anti-money laundering (AML) profession, it is critical for employers to hire the management things right; leadership most qualified individuals. Not only is the success of the AML program dependent on the skill level of associates performing high-profile tasks, but regulators expect each institution to Essay, have a staff of qualified, well-trained AML professionals. Matching the right applicant to an open role can sometimes seem more like a game of chance than a scientific process, often hinging on a single documentthe resume. Women 1950s? The AML industry is a growth industry. The periodic reassessment by Essay Ireland the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the definition of financial institutions and higher AML risk businesses, often results in the need for additional professionals trained to women, identify financial crimes. Essay Ireland? The dreaded matters requiring attention can also accelerate the need to find qualified industry professionals. Though the Return Essay need for qualified financial crimes prevention specialists is constantly growing, it may be difficult to differentiate oneself in History Ireland, the pool of growing applicants for is doing things. open roles. Given how competitive the job market is, a well-constructed resume is one sure-fire way to rise to of Northern Ireland, the top of the applicant pool.

Below are some general tips to construct a resume that will provide the information needed by hiring managers to make a well-informed decision regarding your qualifications for the role. Vs Schempp? Let us first look at format: Use a resume template 1 Templates accomplish two goals. First, templates force the of Northern writer to place key information in Title IX Essays, places hiring managers expect to find them. Second, templates use a columnar format, which saves space. Do not include images or headers/footers. Embedded images, headers and/or footers cause issues for screening software. Mirror, mirror While it is important to tailor your resume to Essay of Northern Ireland, the role for which you are applying, it is equally important to ego versus superego, ensure that the resume mirrors the company in which the History role resides. If you are applying to a position in a different industry (software), make your resume more innovativeuse color, fun formatting, icons, etc., advises Ashley Crill, senior manager of human resources at Bankers Toolbox. We Must Enforce IX Essays? Alternatively, if the role resides in a traditional bank, plain vanilla will probably be better received. White space is your friend White space draws the readers eyes to critical elements.

Generally, recruiters do not read resumesat best, you can hope that someone scans your resume. Essay History Ireland? Avoid dense blocks of text. The goal is to ego versus, immediately and succinctly identify for of Northern Ireland the reader why you are perfect for women the role. To achieve white space and limit unnecessary words, list achievements in bulleted points (five maximum). Keep bullets to two lines maximum. Focus on accomplishmentsnot skills The bullets should highlight accomplishments and positive impacts rather than list job duties/responsibilities. Select a maximum of five projects/accomplishments to list on the resume. Whenever possible, quantify the accomplishments to Essay Ireland, solidify how you added value to management is doing the right, former employers. When drafting accomplishments, present the Essay accomplishments in a result by structure. Abington Vs Schempp? For instance: Expanded responsibilities of investigative team by creation and implementation of templated review responses, which permitted the team to Essay of Northern Ireland, assist with higher risk customer reviews. Do not cover up A well-written resume is worth far more than a cover letter.

You get 30 seconds to wow someone with your resume. If you send a cover letter that eats into women fashion the time says Crill of Bankers Toolbox. Essay Ireland? Now, let us look at actual content 2 : Keep it short (one to two pages) As previously stated, recruiters generally perform a very quick spot check of your resume. In general, limit your resume to one page if you have less than 10 years of experience and no more than two pages if you have more than 10 years of experience. Abington Vs Schempp? A lengthy resume will not necessarily make you seem more impressive to the reader, but it will certainly force the reader to Essay History Ireland, play hide-and-seek for the important details about your qualifications for the role.

One notable exception to the keep it short rule is that regulatory agencies generally expect to receive extremely detailed information. The summary section is critical 3 The summary should be one of the first items listed on the resume. It should be no more than five sentences and customized to the role you are applying for. Consider it your 30-second elevator pitch to the recruiter. The summary should concisely relay the most pertinent and notable highlights of your career. Remember, it is superego, critical to grab the recruiters attention quickly because they likely will not take the time to read the entire document to History of Northern, get a sense of who you are. Be very subjective about the objectives section The recruiter knows the abington type of role you are interested in because you have applied for a role at his/her company. The objectives section takes up valuable real estate on your one or two-page resume, so delete it immediately. Include a URL to your professional profile (e.g., LinkedIn) at your own risk Considering the value of the space on your resume, give careful thought about including URLs.

Those hiring managers that want to search you, will do so with or without the URL. A 2015 study 4 indicates that social media has become a cost-effective tool in the hiring process. Essay History Ireland? Ninety-two percent of recruiters surveyed indicated they use social media when seeking to fill a role. Thus, if you do not provide a URL or a link to a profile, you should make it easy for recruiters to find you online by differentiating your name when possible. For example, use a middle initial. Then, use that naming format consistently on your resume and on your job application. This will reduce the likelihood of recruiters mistaking the profile of ego versus superego someone else for History of Northern yours. Imitation may just get you the job Because many businesses use applicant tracking systems (ATS) aka computer screening, candidates would do well to is doing leadership is doing the right, customize a resume to the role applied for by ensuring to use keywords mentioned in the job posting.

ATS mathematically scores resumes for relevance and sends only the most qualified through for review by human resources. A less recommended alternativein lieu of customizing a resume for each role applied foris that an Essay of Northern Ireland applicant can identify the key words and phrases that are used routinely in the job descriptions and incorporate them into the resume. However, do not repeat the exact verbiage in the job description. Matching keywords will better assist an applicant makes it past the initial screenings and moves on to the abington vs schempp next phase of the Essay History Ireland hiring process. Provide company descriptions While it will take up valuable space in the document, it is helpful for recruiters to know the size of the companies for which you have worked. Being a vice president at a company with 25,000 employees is a bit different than being a vice president at a company with 25 employees. Keep the description short, but informative. Ego Versus? The companys About Us website section should provide helpful information. Highlight yourself Include just enough interesting information to leave the recruiter wanting to know more about you, but keep it professional and not personal. If the company is heavily supportive of History Ireland community/volunteer efforts, it may be advantageous to Enforce IX Essays, mention your volunteer experience.

Hobbies that demonstrate skills relevant to the job, like creativity, may be a positive differentiating factor separating yours from the dozens of other resumes being reviewed. However, be careful. Customize the resume to highlight your character, but remember to tie every entry back to a purpose. Essay History Ireland? More to the story You can add additional experience like awards, industry participation, boards or committees in We Must Title IX Essays, a separate section of the resume titled Additional Experience. Remember that brevity is a virtue. Essay? Focus on what matters most to the company or the Enforce role. If you are applying for a programing role, your state swimming championship is Essay History of Northern, likely not relevant. Above all, be honest First of all, if you dont tell the truth it could come back to haunt youeither before you get a job offer or in Enforce IX Essays, the future.

There have been plenty of people fired years after the Ireland fact because they lied on their resume to get a job. Secondly, many, if not most, employers check at least basic references and if your employment history doesnt jive with the Title IX Essays information discovered during a background check youre definitely not going to get hired. 5 Finally, no one wins when someone is hired into History of Northern a role into which she/he cannot perform or succeed because the experience, skills or knowledge is just not there. Therefore, do not consider fluffing up your qualifications or experience. Now that you have the cons babies basics for History Ireland a resume, it is time to tailor the information to the financial crimes industry. Maximizing On Investment? All systems go, sort of Essay Ensure your resume highlights industry-specific systems you have worked in or with. When possible, list the experience you have with the system (e.g., implemented BAM+, including testing and setting parameters for a $4.3 billion community bank). Do not waste valuable space or time listing basic software proficiency (e.g., Microsoft Word). However, do ensure you spotlight areas where you have more than a passing proficiency level (e.g., expert in Microsoft Excel). Of Designer Babies? Remember, anything you list on a resume opens you up for testing or questions on the topic. Defenses up Your resume must provide detailed explanation of the previous positions you have held including the History of Northern Ireland role played in superego, the lines of defense. Key terms like governance, control assessment, risk assessment, issues, resolution, compliance, etc., should be used when applicable.

In summary, there are three key points to keep in mind when crafting a resume: 1) Be honest, 2) Tell a short, interesting story, and 3) Tailor your story to the role, company or industry to which you are applying. Amy Wotapka, CAMS, risk management consultant, Bankers Toolbox, Racine, WI, [email protected]on.net. From Law Enforcement to AML and Fraud Compliance. Interviewing Tips for Non-IT Financial Crimes Professionals. You must be logged in to post a comment. Add ACAMS Today to your Mobile Device's Home Screen for One Touch Access. Open Safari in your iOS device and navigate to www.acamstoday.org. Tap the settings button (bottom of the screen, an icon depicting an Essay of Northern Ireland upward arrow moving away from a square).

Tap Add to Home Screen and of designer, then Add . Open Google Chrome on your Android device and navigate to www.acamstoday.org. Essay History Ireland? Tap the Browser settings button (top right of the screen, an icon depicting three vertical dots). Tap Add to abington, Home Screen and then Add . The Global Financial Crimes Compliance (GFCC) function is part of American Expre#8230;

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china essay trade Information Office of the State Council. The People's Republic of China. December 2011, Beijing. I. Historic Progress in China's Foreign Trade. II. Reform of and Improvements to Essay Ireland China's Foreign Trade System. III. Cons Of Designer. The Development of Essay of Northern, China's Foreign Trade Contributes to superego the World Economy. IV.

Promoting Basically Balanced Growth of Foreign Trade. V. History. Constructing All-round Economic and Trade Partnerships with Mutually Beneficial Cooperation. VI. Realizing Sustainable Development of Foreign Trade. Peace, development and cooperation are the Title, trends in Essay of Northern Ireland today's world. Of Designer. Since the adoption of the of Northern, reform and opening up policy more than 30 years ago, China has conformed to the trend of ego versus superego, economic globalization by opening wider to the outside world and promoting economic and Ireland, trade cooperation with other countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. Through years of development, foreign trade has become one of Title IX Essays, China's most dynamic and fastest-growing sectors, placing China among the world's largest trade countries.

China's foreign trade development has strengthened the Essay History, nation's ties with the rest of the world, effectively pushed forward the country's modernization, and We Must Title, promoted world prosperity and progress. China entered the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. During the of Northern, past decade, China has quickened its integration into the global economy while its foreign trade has been further invigorated. On the 10th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO, the Chinese government issues this White Paper to give a comprehensive introduction to China's foreign trade development. I. Historic Progress in China's Foreign Trade. After the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, China adhered to the principle of independence and self-reliance, and gradually carried out economic and trade exchanges with foreign countries.

However, hindered by the international political environment at that time and the country's planned economic system, China's foreign trade development was relatively slow. In 1978 China entered the new period of reform and opening up. Devoting major efforts to the development of foreign trade became an important approach to accelerate modernization, shake off backwardness, promote the growth of economy, and improve comprehensive national strength. Over the past 30 years or so, seizing the opportunity of the world economy's long-term prosperity and the deepening economic globalization, China has opened wider to the outside world, attracted and utilized foreign investment, introduced advanced technology, transformed and upgraded domestic industries, and achieved rapid development in foreign trade through all-round participation in the international division of labor and competition. -- China's total trade volume in vs schempp goods ranks high globally. In 1978 the total value of China's import and export was only 20.6 billion U.S. dollars, ranking 32nd in world trade and accounting for less than 1 percent of the world's total. In 2010 the total value of China's import and export reached 2.974 trillion U.S. dollars, 144 times as much as that in 1978, averaging an annual growth of 16.8 percent. In 2010 the History Ireland, total value of China's export was 1.5778 trillion U.S. dollars, showing an a 17.2 percent annual growth on average, and the total value of its import was 1.3962 trillion U.S. dollars, showing a 16.4 percent annual growth on management right; leadership is doing average. Ireland. In 2010, the total volumes of superego, China's export and import accounted for 10.4 percent and 9.1 percent of the Essay History Ireland, world's total, respectively. By the end of 2010 China had been the of designer babies, world's largest exporter and of Northern Ireland, second-largest importer for two consecutive years.

(Figure 1 China's Import and women 1950s, Export of Goods 1978-2010) -- The structure of China's trade in Essay History of Northern Ireland goods has fundamentally changed. China's export commodity structure shifted from the primary products dominated to manufactured goods dominated in the 1980s, and from mainly light industrial and textile products to mainly mechanical and electronic products in the 1990s. In the new century, China's export of high-tech products, led by electronics and information technology commodities, has been increasingly expanded. In addition to state-owned enterprises, foreign-invested enterprises and private enterprises also engage in foreign trade, and their total value of import and export has each exceeded that of the state-owned enterprises. From the 1980s to the early 21st century, China's processing trade flourished, accounting for half of the country's foreign trade volume. IX Essays. Throughout China's foreign trade development, foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade have played very significant roles. (Table 1 China's Export Commodity Structure 1980-2010) -- China has formed an all-round and diversified import and export market.

Since the adoption of the reform and opening up policy, China has been promoting foreign trade on all fronts, and established trade relations with the vast majority of the world's countries and regions. China's trade partners have increased from a small number of countries and regions in 1978 to 231 countries and regions now. The European Union (EU), the United States, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Japan, and the other BRIC countries have become China's major trade partners. In this new century China's trade with newly emerging markets and developing countries has maintained sustained and relatively rapid growth. In China's total trade in goods from 2005 to 2010 the proportion of Essay of Northern Ireland, trade with ASEAN increased from 9.2 percent to 9.8 percent, with other BRIC countries from 4.9 percent to 6.9 percent, with Latin America from 3.5 percent to 6.2 percent, and with Africa from 2.8 percent to 4.3 percent. (Figure 2 China's Top 10 Cargo Trade Partners in 2010) -- China's international competitiveness in services trade has been enhanced. With its WTO entry, China's trade in services entered a new stage of development. Enforce Title. With its scale rapidly enlarged and its pattern gradually optimized, China's trade in services now ranks among the top in the world. China's trade in tourism, transport and other fields has maintained a steady growth momentum. China's cross-border services in construction, communications, insurance, finance, computers and information, royalties and license fees, consultation and related fields, as well as service outsourcing, have been growing rapidly.

From 2001 to 2010 China's total services trade value (excluding government services) witnessed a more-than-five-fold growth from History Ireland, 71.9 billion U.S. dollars to 362.4 billion U.S. dollars. China's proportion in world services trade exports rose from 2.4 percent to 4.6 percent, worth 170.2 billion U.S. dollars in 2010, and jumped from the vs schempp, 12th place in Essay of Northern Ireland the world to the 4th; China's proportion in world services trade imports increased from 2.6 percent to 5.5 percent, worth 192.2 billion U.S. dollars in ego versus superego 2010, moving from the Essay History Ireland, 10th place in the world to the 3rd. (Figure 3 China's Services Trade Imports and women 1950s, Exports 1982-2010) (Figure 4 The Growth of China's Total Import and Export Volume in Major Service Sectors 2005-2010) (More) China's foreign trade development has greatly pushed forward the country's modernization drive. Essay Of Northern. China has grown into an open economy.

Participation in the international division of labor and competition, introduction of advanced technology, equipment and management methods, and utilization of foreign direct investment have greatly promoted China's technological progress and industrial upgrading, and also improved the management and We Must IX Essays, market competitiveness of Essay, its enterprises. Ego Versus. The rapid growth of Essay History of Northern Ireland, processing trade has brought into play China's comparative advantage of an abundant labor force, and accelerated the country's industrialization and urbanization. Foreign trade has directly contributed to the employment of over 80 million Chinese people, more than 60 percent of whom are from rural areas, and employees' income and fashion, living standards have been remarkably improved. Foreign trade, domestic investment and domestic consumption have become the three major engines propelling China's economic growth. The historic progress in History Ireland China's foreign trade has been closely connected with the changes in Return on Investment the international and domestic situations. Essay History Ireland. Starting in the 1980s, peace and development became the theme of the times. With the acceleration of economic globalization, the flow and allocation of vs schempp, capital, technology, products, markets, resources, labor force and similar elements became more dynamic around the world.

Scientific and technological progress, led by information and communications technology, has greatly improved production efficiency; international industrial transfer has continuously deepened and developed. Of Northern. Economic globalization, scientific and technological progress, international industrial transfer and strengthened cooperation between countries have provided historic opportunities for China's integration into the world economy. The Chinese government, conforming to the trend of the times and taking economic construction as the cons babies, central task, has implemented the reform and opening up policy, developed economic and technological cooperation with other countries, vigorously and rationally utilized foreign investment, brought its comparative advantage into Essay, full play, promoted the deepening of the division of labor in the international industrial chain, and provided favorable conditions for its own foreign trade development. During this process foreign enterprises, and multinational corporations in particular, have obtained abundant opportunities to invest in China, added value to We Must their capital, technology, management experience, marketing channels and other elements, and shared the fruits of China's rapid economic growth. China's foreign trade development benefits greatly from Essay History, its reform and opening up, from economic globalization, and from taking the path of cooperation and ego versus superego, mutual benefit. China cannot develop itself in isolation from the rest of the world, and global prosperity and stability cannot be maintained without China's participation. China remains a developing country.

Compared with other world trade powers, China's export industry remains at the low end of the global industrial chain. China's resource and energy inputs and environmental cost are relatively high, while the international competitiveness of enterprises and History, the risk-resistance of some industries are relatively weak. China's transformation from Enforce IX Essays, a large trading country to a strong trading power will be a comparatively long-term process requiring arduous efforts. II. Reform of and Improvements to China's Foreign Trade System. Before China adopted the reform and opening up policy in 1978, its foreign trade was governed by mandatory planning, and the state absorbed both the Essay History, profits and the losses of enterprises. Since the reform and opening up policy was initiated, China's foreign trade system has completed the transformation from mandatory planning to giving full play to the fundamental role of the market - from state monopoly to full openness, and from indiscriminate egalitarianism to giving enterprises discretionary management power and making them responsible for their own profits and losses. During the negotiations over the restoration of its GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) membership and entry into Return Essay, the WTO, and after it became a WTO member, China gradually adopted international trade practices, and established a unified, open foreign trade system compatible with multilateral trade rules. During the initial period of reform and opening up, China's foreign trade system reform focused on the transformation of its unitary planning, transfer of management and operation power in foreign trade to lower levels, implementation of the system of allowing enterprises to retain a certain portion of foreign exchange earnings, and establishment of a foreign exchange coordination market.

China absorbed foreign direct investment to introduce foreign-invested enterprises as new business entities in its foreign trade sector, breaking the monopoly of of Northern, state-owned foreign trade enterprises. After that, China introduced a responsibility system in doing foreign trade, gradually replacing mandatory planning with guided planning. The state also set up an export tax rebates system in line with the general practice of international trade. In October 1992, China clearly put forward the goal of reform toward a socialist market economy. Vs Schempp. A comprehensive reform of the systems of finance, taxation, banking, foreign trade and foreign exchange was carried out accordingly. In January 1994, the Chinese government discontinued all export subsidies, making all import and export enterprises fully responsible for Ireland their own profits and losses. The official and market-regulated exchange rates of Title IX Essays, China's currency, the Renminbi (RMB), coexisted in a unitary and managed floating exchange rate system based on market demand and supply.

Foreign trade enterprises were incorporated, and Ireland, pilot programs for the import and fashion 1950s, export agency system were carried out. In the same year, the Foreign Trade Law of the People's Republic of China was promulgated, establishing principles such as safeguarding a foreign trade order of equity and Ireland, freedom, and a basic legal system for foreign trade. In December 1996, China realized current account convertibility for the RMB. Meanwhile, China voluntarily made significant tariff cuts, and reduced non-tariff measures such as quotas and licenses. These reform measures helped China initially establish a foreign trade administration and regulation system based on the market economy, giving full play to such economic levers as the exchange rate, taxation, tariffs and finance. On December 11, 2001, China became the of designer babies, 143rd member country of the Essay History, World Trade Organization after 16 years of negotiations. To honor its commitments upon entry into the WTO, China expanded its opening-up in the fields of superego, industry, agriculture and the services trade, and History Ireland, accelerated trade and investment facilitation and liberalization.

Meanwhile, the state deepened the reform of its foreign trade system, improved its foreign trade legal system, reduced trade barriers and administrative intervention, rationalized government responsibilities in foreign trade administration, made government behavior more open, more impartial and management is doing things the right, more transparent, and of Northern, promoted the development of an open economy to a new stage. (more) - Expediting improvements to the legal system for foreign economic relations and trade. After its entry into the WTO, China reviewed over 2,300 laws and regulations, and departmental rules. Those that did not accord with WTO rules and China's commitments upon Enforce, entry into the WTO were abolished or revised. History. Administrative licensing procedures are reduced and regulated in the revised laws and regulations, and cons of designer babies, a legal system of Essay History Ireland, trade promotion and remedy has been established and improved. In accordance with the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) administered by Title, the WTO, China revised its laws and regulations and judicial interpretations related to intellectual property rights, and thereby constructed a complete legal system that conforms to China's actual conditions and Essay History of Northern, international practices.

- Taking further measures to lower tariffs and ego versus superego, reduce non-tariff measures. History Ireland. During the transitional period following China's entry into the WTO, the general level of China's import tariffs was lowered from Maximizing, 15.3 percent in 2001 to Essay History Ireland 9.9 percent in 2005. By January 2005, the majority of China's tariff reduction commitments had been fulfilled; China had removed non-tariff barriers, including quota, licensing and designated bidding, measures concerning 424 tariff lines, and only retained licensing administration over imports that are controlled for the sake of public safety and the environment in line with international conventions and WTO rules. By 2010 China's overall tariff level had dropped to 9.8 percent - 15.2 percent in the case of agricultural products and 8.9 percent in abington vs schempp the case of industrial products. Since 2005, China has completely maintained its bound tariff rate.

- Fully liberalizing access to foreign trade operations. According to the Foreign Trade Law of the People's Republic of China that was revised in 2004, starting from July 2004, foreign trade dealers only History, need to register with the We Must Title IX Essays, authority responsible, and no longer have to ask for approval from the Chinese government. This change has facilitated the diversification of China's foreign trade entities, consisting of state-owned, foreign-invested and private enterprises. History Of Northern. The imports and exports of women fashion 1950s, state-owned and foreign-invested enterprises have maintained sustained growth, while private enterprises have seen their foreign trade develop rapidly and their share of of Northern, China's import and export market keeps expanding, becoming key players in China's foreign trade. In 2010 the babies, import and export volume of state-owned enterprises, foreign-invested enterprises and private enterprises in the country's total was 20.9 percent, 53.8 percent and 25.3 percent, respectively.

- Further opening the services market. China has earnestly fulfilled its commitments upon entry into the WTO by offering market access to international service providers in a wide range of fields, including finance, telecommunications, construction, distribution, logistics, tourism and education. Of Northern. China has opened up 100 of the WTO's 160 sub-sectors of services trade, approaching the average level of developed countries. In 2010 a total of 13,905 foreign-invested enterprises in the services sector had been set up in China, with 48.7 billion U.S. dollars of foreign investment actually used, accounting for 50.7 percent of the total number of newly founded foreign-invested enterprises in China's non-financial sectors and 46.1 percent of the total amount of foreign investment actually utilized that year, respectively. - Creating a level playing field. China has striven to provide a flexible, fair and stable market for domestic and international enterprises by establishing and improving the legal system and Maximizing Return, the law-enforcement and supervisory mechanism for fair trade, and curbing and cracking down on unfair practices in foreign trade operations, such as infringement of rights, dumping, smuggling and disruption of the market order. Following domestic laws and international trade rules, China has strengthened its efforts in monitoring and early warning, and adopted measures such as trade remedy and antitrust investigation to correct the unfair practices of its trade partners, and to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of domestic industries and enterprises. Facing the international financial crisis, China worked hand in hand with the international community to firmly oppose all forms of trade protectionism, strictly adhered to relevant WTO rules, and treated domestic and foreign products equally while carrying out the stimulus plan, promoting fair competition between domestic and foreign enterprises. By 2010, all of China's commitments made upon of Northern, entry into women 1950s, the WTO had been fulfilled. History Ireland. China's earnest efforts are commended by Maximizing Return, the majority of the WTO members. The Chinese government received three trade policy reviews from the WTO in 2006, 2008 and 2010, respectively.

The WTO's basic principles, such as non-discrimination, transparency and Essay History of Northern Ireland, fair competition, have been included in China's laws, regulations and related systems. Ego Versus Superego. A deeper understanding of concepts such as market orientation, opening up, fair competition, the rule of law and intellectual property rights has been achieved among the Chinese people, promoting the further opening up of the national economy and more improvements to the market economy. III. The Development of China's Foreign Trade Contributes to the World Economy. The development of China's foreign trade has accelerated the modernization of the national economy, enhanced the country's comprehensive strength, and improved the Essay History Ireland, standard of living of more than 1.3 billion Chinese people.

It has also helped integrate the Chinese economy into the world economy, and make economic globalization conducive to the common prosperity of all countries and regions. China's reform and opening up and ego versus superego, its active participation in Essay economic globalization have made the We Must Title, country one of the world's fastest-growing economies. Essay Ireland. Over the past more than 10 years, China, along with other emerging economies, has become an increasingly important force propelling world economic growth. According to Enforce IX Essays the World Bank, from 2001 to 2010, China's GDP increased by of Northern, 4.6 trillion U.S. dollars, representing 14.7 percent of the increase in the world aggregate, and the share of China's GDP in the world rose to 9.3 percent over Maximizing the same period. Essay Of Northern Ireland. Data from the WTO shows that from 2000 to 2009, the average annual growth rates of China's exports and imports were 17 percent and 15 percent, respectively, much higher than the 3 percent annual growth rate of Enforce, world trade. During the international financial crisis, China's foreign trade was among the first to stabilize, promoting the recovery of the world economy.

After the crisis broke out in 2008, the Chinese government adopted in of Northern time a series of policies and measures to stimulate the economy, expand domestic demand and stabilize imports and ego versus superego, exports. In 2009, global goods imports decreased by 12.8 percent, while China's goods imports increased by History Ireland, 2.9 percent, making it the only country to maintain growth among the world's largest economies. The China factor sustained the exports of many countries affected by the financial crisis, stimulated demand in the global commodities market, and boosted confidence, giving a new momentum to the world's economic recovery and growth. During its third review of China's trade policy, the WTO pointed out that China had played a constructive role in stimulating global demand during the international financial crisis, and had thus made significant contributions to the stability of the world economy. The development of China's foreign trade has helped enhance the national welfare of China and its trading partners. As it accelerated its integration into the global division of labor, China has gradually developed into a major producer and exporter of industrial products relying on its labor cost advantage, relatively strong industrial supporting, processing and manufacturing capabilities, and ego versus, increasing labor productivity. It provides inexpensive and quality commodities to meet the diverse demands of the international market. China's advantage due to economies of Essay History Ireland, scale and low processing costs in the global manufacturing industry partially offsets the rising prices of upstream factors of production, playing an Maximizing on Investment important role in curbing global inflation and raising the real purchasing power of consumers of its trading partners. The development of China's foreign trade has provided a broad market for its trading partners. Since 2001, China's import of goods has increased by approximately five times, representing an annual growth rate of around 20 percent. China's rapidly expanding imports have become a major driving force for global economic growth, creating an enormous market for its trading partners to augment their exports.

At present, China is the largest export market for Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia, ASEAN, Brazil and South Africa, the second largest for the EU, and Essay History of Northern, the third largest for the US and ego versus, India. As China's industrialization and urbanization are moving forward rapidly, and its domestic demand keeps growing, the country's continuously expanding and opening market will offer increasing opportunities to its trading partners. Meanwhile, China is one of the developing countries granting the biggest market access to the least-developed countries (LDCs). By July 2010, China had granted zero-tariff treatment to over 4,700 commodities from 36 LDCs which had established diplomatic ties with China. The zero-tariff commodities accounted for 60 percent of the Essay History of Northern, total imports from those countries. China has promised to continue expanding its preferential treatment to the LDCs having diplomatic ties with China until the We Must Enforce Title, zero-tariff commodities reach 97 percent of the total imports from those countries. The zero-tariff measure has helped increase the exports of LDCs to China. Since 2008, China has been the largest export market for Essay History LDCs. In 2010, China's import of goods from LDCs accounted for approximately one quarter of those countries' total exports, an increase of 58 percent over the previous year. China has participated in and helped push forward the reform of the global economic governance mechanism. The Chinese government actively advocates a balanced, inclusive and mutually beneficial multilateral trade system, and strives to establish a fair and Title, equitable new international economic and trade order.

As a large developing country with a rapidly growing economy, China plays an active role in the G20 and BRICs summits, Doha Round talks, and other international dialogue and cooperation mechanisms. China does its best to assume international responsibilities that suit its development level and strength. China continuously consolidates its cooperation with emerging countries in the fields of economy, finance, trade and investment, and works toward an equitable and rational international economic order that benefits all countries. In addition, China strictly fulfills its international obligations regarding export controls. It consistently advocates the complete prohibition and thorough dismantling of all weapons of mass destruction, and firmly opposes the proliferation of such weapons and their carriers. China's relevant laws clearly prescribe that the state may take necessary measures to restrict the import and export of goods and technologies relating to fissionable materials or the materials from which they are derived, as well as the Essay History of Northern Ireland, import and ego versus superego, export relating to arms, ammunition or other military supplies. China earnestly abides by international conventions regarding export controls, and fulfills its non-proliferation commitments, actively contributing to Essay Ireland world peace and regional stability. Over the past few years, the Chinese government has adopted a wide range of internationally recognized norms and practices, and formed a complete export control system covering nuclear, biological, chemical, missile and other sensitive items and is doing right; is doing things., technologies, providing legal grounds and institutional guarantees for the better realization of the goal of non-proliferation. IV. Promoting Basically Balanced Growth of Foreign Trade. The primary factors determining whether a country's foreign trade is in surplus or deficit are its economic structure and the international competitiveness of its products or services.

China does not pursue a foreign trade surplus intentionally. There has been a certain amount of deficit in China's services trade for Essay Ireland a long time, and the trade in goods was in deficit for most of the years prior to 1990. After 1990, with large-scale industrial outsourcing and relocation, China enhanced its competitiveness in manufactured goods. Growth in exports overtook that of imports, turning the overall deficit to a surplus in management right; leadership is doing trade in goods. In 2005 China's surplus in Essay History of Northern Ireland trade in goods reached 100 billion U.S. dollars for the first time, which was followed by superego, vigorous growth for four consecutive years.

In 2008 the surplus hit 298.1 billion U.S. dollars, the highest point in history, before slowing down gradually. The surpluses in trade in goods for 2009 and 2010 were 195.7 billion U.S. Essay Of Northern Ireland. dollars and 181.6 billion U.S. Women. dollars, down 34.4 percent and 7.2 percent year-on-year respectively. In 2010 China's surplus in trade in goods accounted for 6.1 percent of the History, total import and export volume and 3.1 percent of the GDP. Of the nine nations with the vs schempp, largest trade balances (favorable or unfavorable), China was not high up in the league table in terms of the two ratios. (Table 2 Comparison of the Nine Countries with the Largest Balances in History of Northern Trade in Goods in 2010) The fact that China is enjoying a surplus in trade in goods reflects its position in the international division of labor at the current stage. China has now relatively big advantages in the processing and assembling of industrial products, and is the largest producer and exporter of industrial products. Cons. The United States, European Union and some other countries and regions are the major end consumer markets. With the of Northern Ireland, transfer of large numbers of labor-intensive processing and assembling sectors to China from Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong SAR and other nations and regions, their surpluses with the United States and Europe were also transferred to superego China. The result is that while China is currently enjoying a surplus in trade in goods primarily with the Essay History, United States and Europe, it also has long-term trade deficits with Japan, Republic of Korea, ASEAN and other major intermediate producers.

In 2010 China's surpluses in superego trade in goods with the United States and Essay History, the European Union were 181.3 billion U.S. Superego. dollars and 142.8 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, and its total deficit in trade in goods with Japan, Republic of History of Northern, Korea and ASEAN was 141.6 billion U.S. dollars. The deficit in trade in goods between China's mainland and ego versus superego, Taiwan reached 86 billion U.S. dollars. To produce and export industrial products, China needs to import large quantities of primary goods, thus creating a deficit in trade in goods with certain exporters of primary goods. It is the country's different level and status of History, participation in the international division of labor in manufacturing and the services industry that leads to China's big surplus in trade in goods but a long-term deficit in of designer babies services trade. (Figure 5 China's Trade Balances with Major Trading Partners 2006-2010)

China's surplus in trade in goods mainly comes from foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade. Essay Ireland. With the spread of economic globalization as well as the refinement of the division of labor and the development of economies of ego versus, scale, an increasing amount of Essay History of Northern Ireland, international trade - intra-industry trade or processing trade based on ego versus superego value-chain specialization - is predominated by multinationals. Since the adoption of the reform and opening up policy in History 1978, China has experienced rapid growth in attraction of foreign direct investment. For a fairly long period of time the import and abington, export business of foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade mainly operated by foreign-invested enterprises accounted for about 50 percent of China's trade volume in goods, and of Northern Ireland, were also the major source of the superego, country's surplus in trade in Essay History goods. In 2009 and 2010 the surplus in trade in goods created by foreign-invested enterprises reached 127 billion U.S. dollars and 124.3 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, accounting for 64.8 percent and 68.4percent of the total surplus of China's trade in goods in the two years. Processing trade surplus of foreign-invested enterprises in superego the same period hit 264.6 billion U.S. dollars and 322.9 billion U.S. dollars, significantly higher than the country's total trade surplus for 2009 and of Northern Ireland, 2010. While foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade enjoyed a big favorable trade balance, the import and export of China's state-owned enterprises, general trade and other forms of trade were in deficit.

The limits on certain high-tech trade set by developed countries also affect the women, trade balance between China and some of History Ireland, its trading partners. As China is currently accelerating its pace of industrialization, it needs to import advanced equipment and technologies from developed countries. Unfortunately, some developed countries, sticking to their old way of thinking, impose various restrictions on the export of high-end equipment and advanced technologies to China, resulting in Title slow growth in the export of these sectors. To a certain extent such limits hinder China's imports from Essay of Northern Ireland, these countries, posing an unfavorable impact on bilateral trade balance. As China turned its trade deficit into a surplus, the country improved its international balance of payments and enhanced its resistance to external risks. Is Doing Things Right;. However, the sharp increase in surplus also created trouble for the Chinese economy. The large volume of RMB input in export settlement complicates macroeconomic control, and the rapid expansion of China's surplus in Essay History Ireland trade in goods also results in more trade frictions between China and its trading partners, as well as persistent pressure on the RMB to appreciate. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the imbalance in the development of foreign trade, and has adopted a series of policies and measures to curb overheated surplus growth. First, it proactively adjusts the economic structure, strives to expand domestic demand, and is doing things right; leadership the right things., especially increases investment in projects to improve the people's livelihood and stimulate household consumption. Second, it enacts a series of policies to Essay History Ireland expand imports, simplify the abington vs schempp, procedures of import administration and import payment, lower the temporary tax rates on certain imported commodities, improve the import promotion system and facilitate import businesses.

Third, it has adjusted the export tax rebates policy, lowered or cancelled export tax rebates for some products that consume too much energy and cause serious pollution and certain resource-based products. Fourth, it has amended the prohibited and restricted categories of processing trade, expanding the scope of the prohibited category and promoting this sector's restructuring and upgrading. Fifth, it has changed the situation of the pegged exchange rate of the yuan against the US dollar since the Asian financial crisis, and adopted the administered floating exchange rate system based on Essay Ireland market demand, and adjusted it with reference to a basket of currencies from July 21, 2005. During the period from the cons of designer babies, exchange rate reform in July 2005 to the end of August 2011, the Essay, nominal exchange rate of the yuan against the dollar appreciated by about 30 percent. China's measures to promote balanced foreign trade growth have achieved obvious effects. The nation's surplus in is doing right; is doing the right trade in goods has been on a steady decline since 2009, and the proportion of surplus in the total import and export trade volume and the GDP also started to drop in 2008, moving toward a balance in foreign trade. China's efforts not only of Northern, serve the development of its own economy, but are also practical moves to promote the structural adjustment and the rebalancing of the global economy. V. Constructing All-round Economic and Trade Partnerships with Mutually Beneficial Cooperation.

China stresses all-round development in fashion its foreign trade. China adheres to developing economic and trade partnerships based on practical cooperation and mutual benefit with all countries, no matter they are big or small, rich or poor. China enjoys steady growth in of Northern its trade with developed countries, and realizes complementary advantages as well as reciprocity and mutual benefit. China' s trade with the European Union has been developing steadily in recent years. The European Union mainly exports manufactured products to China, including advanced mechanical and management is doing right; leadership is doing the right, electronic products, transport vehicles, complete plants, core parts and components, precision components and other high-tech products which are highly competitive in the Chinese market. Foreign trade between China and the United States has a solid development base. Essay History Ireland. China exports a large variety of consumer goods to meet the demands of American consumers, while satisfying its own need for development by constantly expanding imports of electronic, aerospace, biological, medical, agricultural and cons, services trade items from the United States. China and Japan are geographically proximate to each other and this is an advantage in bilateral trade.

Sino-Japanese trade promotes continuous cooperation and progress in industry while spurring the development of regional economic comparative advantages and History of Northern, cooperation in of designer East Asia. China' s trade and investment cooperation with developed countries such as Canada, Australia, Switzerland and New Zealand also maintain a good momentum of development. China's trade with emerging economies and developing countries is History of Northern Ireland experiencing robust growth, with huge development potential. With the comprehensive implementation of the women fashion 1950s, China-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement in 2010, tariffs have been cancelled for 90% of the commodities traded between them, vigorously promoting the rapid growth of bilateral trade between China and ASEAN. The free entry of specialties and competitive products into Essay of Northern Ireland, each other' s market suits the various needs of the two sides. Foreign trade between China and Republic of Korea keeps growing constantly and fashion 1950s, steadily. Bilateral investment and economic cooperation also present broad prospects. China' s trade with the other BRIC countries has been enjoying rapid growth in recent years, which promotes the development of the member countries' respective advantageous industries and shows the History Ireland, broad development prospects of emerging markets. In recent years China has seen relatively fast growth in its trade with other developing countries, further development of trade with its historical trading partners in the Arab world, broadening areas of economic and trade cooperation with Latin American countries, and Enforce IX Essays, bilateral trade with African countries, which gives full play to the complementary advantages of the two sides' resources and economic structures. China attaches great importance to the institutional set-up of bilateral and regional economic and trade cooperation. Currently over 150 countries and regions have signed agreements on bilateral trade or economic cooperation with China, which has established and maintains high-level economic dialogue mechanisms with the United States, Europe, Japan, Great Britain, Russia and other major economies.

China proactively participates in Essay History Ireland the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, ASEAN (10+3) meetings, which also include Japan and Republic of Korea, the East Asia Summit, Forum on Maximizing Return Essay China-Africa Cooperation, Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation Committee, Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Committee, Greater Tumen Initiative, and other regional and subregional economic cooperation mechanisms. China adheres to the principle of Essay, good neighborly friendship and partnership in establishing and developing various forms of border economic and Enforce Title IX Essays, trade cooperation. China takes proactive initiatives to participate in and promote regional economic integration. History. By the end of We Must Title IX Essays, 2010 China had held 15 rounds of negotiations on free trade or closer economic partnership arrangements with 28 countries and Essay History of Northern Ireland, regions on five continents, and signed and implemented 10 free trade agreements or closer economic partnership arrangements. Currently five free trade agreement talks are under way. China advocates the establishment of an East Asia free trade zone. In 2010 the cons of designer babies, total volume of Ireland, bilateral trade in goods between China and its trade partners in its ten free trade agreements or closer economic partnership arrangements (ASEAN, Pakistan, Chile, Singapore, New Zealand, Peru, Costa Rica, Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR and Taiwan) reached US$782.6 billion, accounting for over a quarter of the country' s total import and export volume. China has actively participated in and promoted the World Trade Organization's Doha Round talks, and strives to safeguard the authority of the multilateral trading system. China stresses that the negotiations should be conducive to the implementation of the principle of fairness and justice of the multilateral trading system, and reflect the goal of the Doha Round as a development round. China takes part in the Doha Round' s talks on agriculture, non-agricultural goods, services, rules and other issues, submitting over 40 negotiating texts on its own and over 100 texts with other members.

To promote the Doha Round talks, China repeatedly expressed its wish to make constructive contributions suited to its level of development. In settling disputes with its trading partners, China gives consideration to the interests of all parties, and seeks common ground while shelving differences. Since China' s entry into the WTO and Maximizing Return Essay, with the continuous growth of its imports and exports, the number of trade disputes and frictions between China and its trading partners has increased. These cases mainly involved textile products, shoes, tires, car parts and components, steel and chemical products, and mainly covered the issues of IPR, trade balance, fair trade, food safety, environmental protection and other areas of History of Northern, concern. Fashion. China has always preferred dialogue to confrontation, and cooperation to pressure, and chooses to settle disputes between trading partners through consultation and negotiation. History Of Northern Ireland. China adheres to giving consideration to and balancing the interests of We Must, all parties and settling disputes through dialogue, consultation and negotiation by utilizing bilateral and multilateral channels and following the rules and under the framework of the WTO. Of Northern Ireland. In recent years China has adopted various measures to further open up its market, protect IPR, promote trade balance, reform the exchange rate formation mechanism of the RMB and standardize the operational order of Maximizing Return on Investment Essay, imports and History Ireland, exports, among other areas, fully taking into account the concerns of its trading partners. Ego Versus Superego. When consultations fail to settle a dispute, China appropriately handles the issue with its trading partners through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, in Ireland order to maintain the stability of the Maximizing Return on Investment, multilateral trading system.

VI. Realizing Sustainable Development of Foreign Trade. At present, unbalanced, inconsistent and Essay of Northern Ireland, unsustainable development factors persist in China's foreign trade. They are manifested in the following ways: Export growth mainly relies on the input and consumption of resources, energy, land, manpower, environment, etc., while the input of science and technology, management, innovation and other factors are insufficient, resulting in an ever more conspicuous contradiction between foreign trade development and the constraint on resource supply and environmental carrying capacity; enterprises are not competitive enough in RD, design, marketing and services, and products with their own intellectual property rights and with their own brands account for only a small proportion of the exports; the contribution of foreign trade to abington vs schempp China's primary, secondary and tertiary industries is Essay of Northern Ireland unbalanced; central and western China falls behind other regions in the scale and cons, level of foreign trade; and foreign trade needs improvement in terms of the quality of its products and Essay History, profits. The Chinese government is clearly aware of these problems and management things is doing the right things., has taken active measures to accelerate the change of the development pattern of foreign trade, and achieve sustainable development. Fostering comprehensive competitive edge of foreign trade development. In recent years, with the rising labor cost and spiraling prices of resources, energy and History, other production factors, the low-cost advantage of export-oriented industries has been greatly weakened.

In the face of ego versus superego, these new conditions, the Chinese government has set the strategic goal of turning the mode of foreign trade from extensive to intensive development. During the 11th Five-year Plan period (2006-2010) the Chinese government adjusted import and export taxation policies and implemented the strategies of fostering foreign trade by science and technology, market diversification and putting quality first. It launched pilot projects for transforming and upgrading processing trade, improved financial and insurance services for import and export enterprises, and encouraged enterprises to accelerate technical progress and optimize product structure. With these measures, China enhanced the comprehensive competitiveness of its foreign trade. Most import and Essay History of Northern, export enterprises withstood challenges of the ego versus superego, international financial crisis, and China's foreign trade recovered soon after the crisis. During the 12th Five-year Plan period (2011-2015) China will make efforts to maintain its current competitive edge in exports, foster new advantages centering on Essay technology, branding, quality and services at vs schempp, a faster pace, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, extend the Essay of Northern Ireland, value-added chain of Maximizing Return on Investment Essay, processing trade, and the competitiveness and added value of enterprises and products. It will vigorously develop trade in services to History of Northern promote balanced development between it and Maximizing Return on Investment, trade in goods. It will open the services trade wider to the outside world, promote service outsourcing, and try to expand the export of new services. It will improve and implement state policies in the fields of finance and taxation, banking and insurance, foreign currency management, customs clearance, inspection and quarantine, and logistics and transportation, in a bid to Essay History speed up trade and investment facilitation for We Must Enforce IX Essays the stable and healthy development of foreign trade. Promoting energy conservation and emission reduction in History of Northern foreign trade development. As early as in 1994, the Chinese government published China's Agenda 21 - White Paper on China's Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century, setting goals on energy conservation and emission reduction for women 1950s national economic and social development.

In both the 11th and 12th five-year plans, the government made the Essay History of Northern, reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emission intensity two obligatory targets. Since 2004 the Chinese government has lowered and even abolished export tax rebates for some energy-intensive, heavily-polluting and resource-based products, banned or limited the processing trade in some such products, and encouraged import and export enterprises to keep up with the management things right; is doing, world's advanced environmental standards. As a result, in recent years such products have seen their proportion in exports decreasing, while the export of new-energy, energy-conserving and environmental-friendly products has grown by Essay History, a big margin. Most import and Maximizing Return Essay, export enterprises above a designated scale have obtained ISO14000 certification or other environmental standard certifications. China will try to readjust its economic and industrial structure, accelerate the application of advanced energy-conserving and environmental technologies, and promote more balanced development between foreign trade and resource conservation and environmental protection. Strengthening trade-related intellectual property protection. Strengthening intellectual property protection is necessary for China to comply with its international obligations. It is Essay Ireland also an essential move if China seeks to We Must Enforce transform its economic growth mode and build an innovative country. The Chinese government has made tremendous efforts in this regard, and made significant progress in legislation, law enforcement, publicity, training and enhancing the social awareness of IPR protection. In 2008 China promulgated the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy, making IPR protection a national strategy. From 2006 to 2011, China published the Action Plan on Essay History of Northern Intellectual Property Protection for six consecutive years, putting in ego versus superego place over History of Northern Ireland 1,000 concrete measures covering the fields of legislation, law enforcement, education and training, cultural communication and exchanges with the outside world.

In 2010 China filed 12,295 applications for international patents in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, registering a growth rate of 55.6percent over 2009, which was the fastest increase in the world. China also rose from the fifth to the fourth place in terms of women fashion 1950s, patent application in the world. Essay Ireland. At present, it is a common challenge facing all countries to strengthen foreign trade-related intellectual property protection, and a world trend to strengthen dialogue and cooperation in this area. The Chinese government will, under related international conventions and within its own legislative framework, strengthen exchanges and management is doing right; leadership is doing the right, cooperation with other countries and regions for History the healthy development of intellectual property. Enhancing the quality and safety requirements of export products. Generally speaking, the quality of China's export products is constantly improving, and they are becoming more and more popular among consumers around the world. In 2009 and 2010, 11.032 million batches and 13.054 million batches, respectively, of fashion 1950s, China's export products were examined by inspection and quarantine authorities, with only 0.15 percent and 0.14 percent being substandard; the export values totaled 429.27 billion U.S. dollars and History of Northern, 552.18 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, with 0.12 percent and 0.13 percent, respectively, found substandard.

In 2010 China exported 127,000 batches of food to the United States, with 99.53 percent up to standard, and 138,000 batches to the European Union, with 99.78 percent up to standard. According to a report from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan on imported food, in 2010 tests on 20 percent of food imported from China found that 99.74 percent was up to abington standard, higher than that of History Ireland, food imported from the United States and European Union in the same period. On Investment. However, a small number of Chinese enterprises still ignore product quality and safety to bring down cost, while some foreign importers turn a blind eye to quality and credibility, and try every means to bring down the price or even authorize Chinese producers to use substandard materials. All this harms the Ireland, image of ego versus, made-in-China products. To tackle these problems, in Essay of Northern recent years, the Chinese government has improved laws and vs schempp, regulations on product quality and safety, strengthened supervision at every link, and strictly investigated and punished the few enterprises that had violated laws and regulations and caused quality problems. In March 2011, China launched the Essay of Northern, Year of Improving the vs schempp, Quality of Foreign Trade Products, through which it aimed to improve the mechanism of Ireland, approval, certification and supervision of the quality and safety of foreign trade products, thereby enhancing the quality and abington, safety of export products. Raising import and export enterprises' sense of social responsibility. As China opens wider to the outside world, more and more enterprises have come to realize that along with development and expansion they should shoulder their corresponding social responsibilities. This can not only help promote social harmony and progress, but also enhance enterprises' competitiveness and capacity for sustainable development. Advocating the Scientific Outlook on Development and the idea of a harmonious society, Chinese governments at Ireland, all levels encourage enterprises to enhance their sense of social responsibility, respect labor rights, safeguard consumers' rights and protect the ecological environment. In the meantime, the Chinese government encourages enterprises to accept relevant social responsibilities in the field of foreign trade and try to get necessary certifications.

Since the new Law on Labor Contracts and its implementation regulations took effect in 2008, import and export enterprises have established the system of five insurances (old-age insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, work injury insurance and maternity insurance), as well as a housing fund. The Chinese government regards it as an is doing things important task in the course of promoting foreign trade transformation and History of Northern, upgrading to enhance enterprises' sense of social responsibility. It is therefore determined to We Must Title IX Essays strengthen publicity and training in this regard, establish and improve a management system marked by Essay History of Northern, integrity for import and We Must Enforce, export enterprises, improve public supervision on enterprises to make sure they fulfill their social responsibilities, carry out international cooperation in fostering and managing enterprises' sense of History, social responsibility, and call on import and export enterprises to constantly enhance their performance in ego versus superego this regard. Promoting international cooperation in emerging industries of strategic importance. To develop new strategic industries is of great significance for China to realize foreign trade transformation and upgrading, and sustainable development. After over 30 years of reform and opening up, China has seen its overall strength grow remarkably, its science and technology advancing and its industrial system improving markedly, laying a solid foundation for Essay History of Northern Ireland the development of emerging industries of ego versus, strategic importance.

However, compared to developed countries, these industries in of Northern Ireland China are still in their infancy. In the wake of the 2008 international financial crisis, all the world's major economies have been developing emerging industries at babies, a faster pace, and China has taken the Essay of Northern, development of these industries as an important task in the course of its industrial rejuvenation. To promote the priority areas, while giving play to the basic role of the market in allocating resources, the Chinese government has strengthened its policy guidance, regulated market order, improved its investment environment and encouraged enterprises to enhance their technological innovation capabilities. 1950s. This basic policy of supporting emerging industries of strategic importance conforms to international trade rules. China is willing to strengthen communication with other countries in scientific research, technological development and capacity building, and work with them to create a new situation for international cooperation and Essay History Ireland, development in emerging industries. At present, the underlying impact of the international financial crisis, the protracted, arduous and complicated nature of the world economic recovery is vs schempp manifesting itself, and the global economic structure and trade layout face in-depth readjustment. China will make new adjustments to its foreign trade, in an effort to turn foreign trade from scale expansion to History of Northern quality and profit improvement, and from mainly relying on its low-cost advantage to enhancing its comprehensive competitive edge, thereby turning China from a big trading country to a strong trading power. China's foreign trade is still hampered by many uncertainties and management things right; is doing the right things., is bound to meet new difficulties and challenges. During the 12th Five-year Plan period China will open itself wider to the outside world as a driver for further reform, development and innovation, make full use of its advantages, strengthen international cooperation in of Northern Ireland all respects, and integrate itself into the world economy on a wider scale and at a higher level.

China is willing to work with its trading partners to cope with the various challenges facing the world economy and trade, and promote its foreign trade to realize a more balanced, coordinated and on Investment, sustainable development, and share prosperity and mutually-beneficial results with its trading partners.

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Can computers really grade essay tests? The inside track on History Washington politics. *Invalid email address. New software described in this New York Times story allows teachers to leave essay grading to Maximizing Essay, the computer. It was developed by EdX, the nonprofit organization that was founded jointly by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of History Ireland, Technology and that will give the software to other schools for cons of designer babies, free. The story says that the software uses artificial intelligence to grade student essays and short written answers. Multiple-choice exams have, of course, been graded by machine for a long time, but essays are another matter.

Can a computer program accurately capture the depth, beauty, structure, relevance, creativity etc., of an essay? The National Council of Teachers of English says, unequivocally, no in its newest position statement. History Of Northern! Here it is: Machine Scoring Fails the Return Essay, Test. [A] computer could not measure accuracy, reasoning, adequacy of evidence, good sense, ethical stance, convincing argument, meaningful organization, clarity, and veracity in your essay. If this is true I dont believe a computer would be able to measure my full capabilities and grade me fairly. Akash, student. [H]ow can the feedback a computer gives match the Essay of Northern, carefully considered comments a teacher leaves in the margins or at the end of your paper? Pinar, student. (Responses to Maximizing Essay, New York Times The Learning Network blog post, How Would You Feel about a Computer Grading Your Essays?, 5 April 2013) Writing is a highly complex ability developed over years of practice, across a wide range of tasks and contexts, and with copious, meaningful feedback.

Students must have this kind of sustained experience to meet the demands of higher education, the needs of a 21st-century workforce, the challenges of civic participation, and the realization of full, meaningful lives. As the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) sweep into individual classrooms, they bring with them a renewed sense of the importance of writing to students education. Writing teachers have found many aspects of the CCSS to applaud; however, we must be diligent in History, developing assessment systems that do not threaten the possibilities for the rich, multifaceted approach to writing instruction advocated in the CCSS. Effective writing assessments need to account for the nature of writing, the ways students develop writing ability, and the role of the teacher in fostering that development. Research 1 on the assessment of student writing consistently shows that high-stakes writing tests alter the normal conditions of writing by denying students the opportunity to think, read, talk with others, address real audiences, develop ideas, and revise their emerging texts over is doing leadership the right things. time.

Often, the results of such tests can affect the livelihoods of teachers, the fate of schools, or the of Northern Ireland, educational opportunities for students. In such conditions, the narrowly conceived, artificial form of the tests begins to subvert attention to IX Essays, other purposes and varieties of writing development in the classroom. Eventually, the tests erode the foundations of excellence in Ireland, writing instruction, resulting in superego, students who are less prepared to meet the demands of their continued education and of Northern, future occupations. Especially in the transition from high school to college, students are ill served when their writing experience has been dictated by tests that ignore the is doing right;, ever-more complex and varied types and uses of writing found in higher education. Note : (1) All references to research are supported by the extensive work documented in the annotated bibliography attached to this report. These concerns increasingly voiced by Essay History Ireland, parents, teachers, school administrators, students, and members of the Return on Investment Essay, general public are intensified by the use of machine-scoring systems to read and evaluate students writing. Ireland! To meet the outcomes of the Common Core State Standards, various consortia, private corporations, and superego, testing agencies propose to use computerized assessments of student writing. The attraction is of Northern obvious: once programmed, machines might reduce the fashion 1950s, costs otherwise associated with the Ireland, human labor of reading, interpreting, and evaluating the writing of our students. Cons Babies! Yet when we consider what is Essay History Ireland lost because of machine scoring, the presumed savings turn into significant new costs to students, to our educational institutions, and to society.

Heres why: Computers are unable to recognize or judge those elements that we most associate with good writing (logic, clarity, accuracy, ideas relevant to a specific topic, innovative style, effective appeals to audience, different forms of organization, types of persuasion, quality of evidence, humor or irony, and effective uses of repetition, to name just a few). Using computers to read and evaluate students writing (1) denies students the chance to ego versus superego, have anything but limited features recognized in their writing; and (2) compels teachers to Essay History of Northern, ignore what is most important in fashion, writing instruction in Essay of Northern, order to teach what is least important. Computers use different, cruder methods than human readers to ego versus superego, judge students writing. For example, some systems gauge the sophistication of vocabulary by measuring the average length of words and how often the words are used in a corpus of History Ireland, texts; or they gauge the development of ideas by counting the length and number of ego versus, sentences per paragraph.

Computers are programmed to score papers written to very specific prompts, reducing the Essay History Ireland, incentive for teachers to develop innovative and creative occasions for writing, even for assessment. Computers get progressively worse at scoring as the length of the writing increases, compelling test makers to design shorter writing tasks that dont represent the range and variety of writing assignments needed to prepare students for the more complex writing they will encounter in college. Computer scoring favors the most objective, surface features of writing (grammar, spelling, punctuation), but problems in these areas are often created by the testing conditions and are the most easily rectified in normal writing conditions when there is time to revise and Return Essay, edit. Privileging surface features disproportionately penalizes nonnative speakers of English who may be on a developmental path that machine scoring fails to recognize. Conclusions that computers can score as well as humans are the result of humans being trained to score like the computers (for example, being told not to make judgments on the accuracy of History of Northern, information). Computer scoring systems can be gamed because they are poor at working with human language, further weakening the validity of their assessments and separating students not on the basis of writing ability but on whether they know and can use machine-tricking strategies.

Computer scoring discriminates against students who are less familiar with using technology to write or complete tests. Further, machine scoring disadvantages school districts that lack funds to provide technology tools for every student and Maximizing on Investment Essay, skews technology acquisition toward devices needed to meet testing requirements. Computer scoring removes the purpose from written communication to create human interactions through a complex, socially consequential system of meaning making and sends a message to students that writing is not worth their time because reading it is Ireland not worth the time of the people teaching and assessing them. What Are the Alternatives? Together with other professional organizations, the National Council of Teachers of English has established research-based guidelines for effective teaching and assessment of writing, such as the Standards for the Assessment of Reading and Writing (rev. ed., 2009), the Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing (2011), the NCTE Beliefs about the management is doing is doing the right things., Teaching of Essay of Northern Ireland, Writing (2004), and the Framework for 21st Century Curriculum and Assessment (2008, 2013). In the broadest sense, these guidelines contend that good assessment supports teaching and learning. Specifically, high-quality assessment practices will. encourage students to become engaged in literacy learning, to reflect on their own reading and writing in productive ways, and to abington vs schempp, set respective literacy goals; yield high-quality, useful information to inform teachers about curriculum, instruction, and Essay History of Northern, the assessment process itself; balance the women, need to assess summatively (make final judgments about the quality of student work) with the need to assess formatively (engage in ongoing, in-process judgments about what students know and can do, and what to teach next); recognize the complexity of literacy in todays society and reflect that richness through holistic, authentic, and varied writing instruction; at their core, involve professionals who are experienced in teaching writing, knowledgeable about students literacy development, and Essay, familiar with current research in abington, literacy education. A number of effective practices enact these research-based principles, including portfolio assessment; teacher assessment teams; balanced assessment plans that involve more localized (classroom- and Essay History of Northern, district-based) assessments designed and administered by abington, classroom teachers; and audit teams of teachers, teacher educators, and writing specialists who visit districts to review samples of Essay of Northern Ireland, student work and the curriculum that has yielded them. We focus briefly here on portfolios because of the extensive scholarship that supports them and Maximizing on Investment, the positive experience that many educators, schools, and school districts have had with them. Engaging teams of teachers in evaluating portfolios at the building, district, or state level has the potential to honor the challenging expectations of the CCSS while also reflecting what we know about effective assessment practices.

Portfolios offer the opportunity to. look at student writing across multiple events, capturing growth over time while avoiding the limitations of one test on one day; look at the range of writing across a group of students while preserving the individual character of each students writing; review student writing through multiple lenses, including content accuracy and Essay Ireland, use of resources; assess student writing in the context of local values and goals as well as national standards. Just as portfolios provide multiple types of data for assessment, they also allow students to learn as a result of engaging in the assessment process, something seldom associated with more traditional one-time assessments. Students gain insight about their own writing, about ways to identify and describe its growth, and about how others human readers interpret their work. Management Things Leadership Things.! The process encourages reflection and goal setting that can result in further learning beyond the assessment experience. Similarly, teachers grow as a result of administering and of Northern, scoring the portfolio assessments, something seldom associated with more traditional one-time assessments. This embedded professional development includes learning more about typical levels of writing skill found at a particular level of schooling along with ways to identify and describe quality writing and growth in writing. The discussions about collections of writing samples and criteria for assessing the writing contribute to a shared investment among all participating teachers in We Must IX Essays, the writing growth of all students. Further, when the portfolios include a wide range of artifacts from learning and writing experiences, teachers assessing the portfolios learn new ideas for classroom instruction as well as ways to History Ireland, design more sophisticated methods of assessing student work on a daily basis. Several states such as Kentucky, Nebraska, Vermont, and California have experimented with the superego, development of large-scale portfolio assessment projects that make use of Essay History of Northern Ireland, teams of teachers working collaboratively to management right; the right things., assess samples of student work.

Rather than investing heavily in assessment plans that cannot meet the goals of the Essay History Ireland, CCSS, various legislative groups, private companies, and educational institutions could direct those funds into refining these nascent portfolio assessment systems. This investment would also support teacher professional development and enhance the quality of instruction in classrooms something that machine-scored writing prompts cannot offer. In 2010, the ego versus superego, federal government awarded $330 million to two consortia of states to provide ongoing feedback to teachers during the course of the school year, measure annual school growth, and move beyond narrowly focused bubble tests (United States Department of Education). Further, these assessments will need to History of Northern, align to the new standards for learning in English and mathematics. This has proven to be a formidable task, but it is achievable. Management Is Doing Things Right; Leadership Is Doing The Right Things.! By combining the already existing National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assessment structures for evaluating school system performance with ongoing portfolio assessment of student learning by educators, we can cost-effectively assess writing without relying on flawed machine-scoring methods.

By doing so, we can simultaneously deepen student and educator learning while promoting grass-roots innovation at the classroom level. For a fraction of the History of Northern, cost in time and money of abington, building a new generation of Essay of Northern, machine assessments, we can invest in rigorous assessment and teaching processes that enrich, rather than interrupt, high-quality instruction. Of Designer! Our students and their families deserve it, the research base supports it, and Essay, literacy educators and cons, administrators will welcome it.