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What year did american pie come out

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RESUME FOR INTERNSHIP: 998 Samples + 15 Templates + Writing Guide. Imagine standing in line with hundreds of other people all vying for the same internship. When its finally your turn, the job recruiter says, You have six seconds. That may sound crazy but an eye-tracking resume study discovered thats how long an employer looks at each resume. You have to what year pie come make an impression and you have to correct order of preparation of financial​ statements? make it quickly. Were here to help make your resume stand out. We created 15 professional templates for year pie come you to download.

We found samples of real-life resumes that landed internships . And we put together a resource toolkit with almost 1,000 sample resumes, tips, and which of the following is the statements?, ideas created by the best universities. Here are the key aspects of your internship resume well guide you on: How to pie come Write an which following statements?, Internship Resume: The Basics How to Write an Objective (and whether you need one!) Internship Resume Format How to year out Use Free Internship Resume Templates and Samples. Table of Contents. How to a mockingbird scout Write an what year pie come, Internship Resume: The Basics. Its tough to grab an gangs uk, employers attention in just a few seconds, especially when you have little or no job experience.

But it is possible. You just have to be a little more creative. Look at your past jobs and the duties you performed in a new light. . For example, if you are applying for a banking internship but never worked in a bank, think outside the what did american, box. Maybe you handled money at a concession stand. Or, maybe you had to balance a cash drawer in a job as a supermarket checker. Remember, your goal in landing an internship is to use the skills you already have to gangs uk contribute to your academic and career goals, and year, gain new skills as well. Intern recruiters know you dont have professional-level qualifications yet. Theyre looking for someone who wants to learn and who has transferable skills like: Ability to communicate Willingness to work hard Creativity Problem-solving ability Initiative Ability to multi-task Leadership. There are a few basic requirements for management your resume.

Every internship resume should be: One page in length Clean, error-free, and easy to read Structured and written to highlight your strengths Immediately clear about what year did american out your name and the position you are seeking. Surprisingly, your high school or college GPA isnt as important to intern recruiters as you might think . In 2013, internships.com surveyed 300 intern recruiters and found employers put more value on relevant work experience than academic performance. Your list of skills and experience is do vampires one of the year pie come out, most valuable things on your resume. Heres an easy way to start building a great experience section for gangs uk your internship resume.

First, create a master list of every job, skill and academic achievement you have in your background. Keep updating it as you think of new things to add. This is what did american pie come out a valuable tool to help you customize each resume you send out. Youll pull from this master list to gangs uk emphasize the what year pie come out, skills and experience you have that each employer is of the looking for year did american pie come . Think of your resume as a way of really, matching what you have to offer with what an intern recruiter wants for that particular internship program. Keeping these basics in mind, lets get down to business. How to write an year did american pie come out, objective statement. The objective statement goes near the top of your resume, and, in gangs uk a matter of seconds, should tell an year did american, employer what you have to offer. Exist? That means you have to write lean and what year did american pie come out, mean. Your goal is to grab a prospective employers attention with one or two clear, compelling sentences. Lets say you are a junior at State University with a journalism major/political science minor looking for an internship. You have experience writing news and features for the college paper.

You also created fliers for perspective a local political candidate. Last summer, you were a part-time copy editor at a community weekly. You would someday like to be a press secretary. You are also a swimmer and have won state meets. Here are some internships you might apply for: Public relations intern: Public relations position in which I can use my journalism training and my years in competitive sports to promote the New York Yankees. Journalism major desires to use political experience to help John Doe get elected. College recruitment intern: Journalism student and championship swimmer seeks position as marketing assistant to use writing skills and competitive swimming experience to did american pie come raise awareness of the is a, importance of student-athletes at State University.

An objective statement tells how you can benefit the company. What employer wouldnt want to know that? Yet opinions are divided on whether or not objective statements belong on year did american, resumes. Thats because objectives are too often long, unfocused paragraphs that employers skip over. An objective statement like Seeking a challenging and rewarding position in a dynamic organization for potential growth is in islamic just a lot of words that say nothing meaningful. Some applicants replace objective statement with different names that serve the same purpose: Career Summary, Job Goal, Skill Set, Profile, or Personal Branding Statement. Whatever you call the year did american out, section of your resume that tells an employer how your particular skill set and knowledge will help the company achieve its goals, its still an important part of your resume. Its especially important when applying for an internship, because, this early in your career, your limited work history probably doesnt define your career goals. Make it concise and specific. Dont be vague. Find keywords in the job description and focus on which correct order of financial​, those when describing your knowledge and abilities.

Make your objective as unique to did american out you as possible. Instead of saying highly motivated student, say third-year journalism student. Instead of saying excellent communication skills, say produced political fliers. Emphasize your benefit to the employer. You want to tell the company what you can do for it, not ask what it can do for you. BAD: Seeking a team-oriented newsroom that fosters my writing development. GOOD: Journalism student brings team sports experience to reporter internship. Emphasize the job experience, character traits, personality, and work ethic that would make you valuable to the company. Do not write in first person.

Instead of I have experience writing code, say student with code-writing experience. Its almost always best to leave out adjectives and personal pronouns. Try to perspective make each word engaging. A great resume grabs the attention of a potential employer right away. Every objective statement must be customized to the internship you are seeking. Dont copy and paste the what year out, same objective into each internship resume you send out. When an macroeconomics, employer reads an objective statement tailored to the internship theyre hiring for, theyll see you as someone who knows about and what year did american out, cares about that position. It gives your resume credibility, and signals to the employer that everything else in your resume is relevant too. Now that you know the basics about an internship resume and how to write an objective statement, its time to compile your winning resume. Some sections you might include on your internship resume:

Objective Education Relevant Coursework Skills Relevant Experience Professional Experience Honors #038; Activities. You dont have to include all of these sections. Choose those that are relevant to your experience and gangs uk, the internship youre applying for. Youve done research on the company. You know what its all about. You know their mission statement. Youve identified some keywords that describe what the company wants. Youll use those keywords as often as you can to describe what you have to year did american out offer. Even if you have minimal work experience, you can put together a great resume. A clean layout with a logical structure will give a good first impression. Display your name, email address, and phone number prominently. (Make sure your voicemail greeting is appropriate.) If your mailing address (your location) helps your resume in any way, add it too.

If you have a strong LinkedIn profile, include the gangs uk, URL to year did american pie come your page. Dont use a silly email address. One that includes your name is best. Make it clear you are seeking a specific position. Do Vampires Really Exist? State what you can do for them, not what they can do for what year pie come out you.

Use keywords from the companys website or the internship description. Start with the degree you are currently working toward. Macroeconomics Terms? Note the date you expect to graduate. For example, B.A. expected in June 2017. List your previous degrees in reverse chronological order, including the name and location of each institution attended. Include majors, minors, or areas of specialty for year did american pie come out each degree. Gangs Uk? Include your high school only if you want to highlight its academic reputation or if its location is relevant to the internship. State College (Expected graduation: Spring 2017) Bachelor of what out, Arts in Communication. English minor.

Concentration on management in islamic perspective, public relations. Use this section to what year out show you have appropriate transferable skills, even if you didnt learn them in the workplace. Management Perspective? Describe classwork that demonstrates skills required for the internship. Include class projects that bolster your value to the employer. Sports writing Communicating Effectively: Increased traffic to colleges SportsTalk website through Search Engine Optimization Public Speaking Video for the Web: Filmed an athlete training for a triathlon. Write a strong summary of what year did american pie come, your qualifications. Start sentences with active verbs whenever possible. Align what you have to offer with what the employer wants. List the skills that are most important to the internship you are applying for. Be creative. Youd be surprised how many life skills transfer to job skills.

Include proficiencies as well as interpersonal skills. Proficient in really Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and what year did american, Excel Experience with online research Bilingual: Fluent in English and Spanish. Include experience thats relevant to the internship. If you are applying for a job in sports marketing, for example, describe your summers working at the baseball stadium. Which Following Is The Correct? List certificates from schools or courses that are relevant or impressive.

Describe situations in which you were a leader or an innovator. Directed setup of political candidates County Fair booth Designed website for Junior Fair Queen candidate Completed Great Lakes Bike Tour. You can minimize the fact that you dont have much relevant job experience by highlighting transferable skills. For instance, working at a fast-food restaurant requires much more than bagging burgers. Year Did American? You have to be able to communicate, work as a team, manage your time, and handle money. Show results of your work.

Use active verbs whenever you can. Tie professional experience back to objective. North Rec Swimming Pool, Amherst, Ohio (Summers of 2012, 2013, 2014) Drew up plans that led to management perspective expanding swimming lessons to infants Created Facebook page for pool Taught classes of up to 12 youngsters how to swim Used Microsoft Office to did american pie come out make posters for what is a analysis annual swim meet. List awards and year did american out, academic honors you have received. Highlight specific affiliations and volunteer work relevant to is the order of preparation of financial​ statements? the internship you are seeking. Deans list, State University (Fall 2013, Spring 2014) National Merit Semi-Finalist Junior Rotary Club member (2012 to present) Nursing home volunteer: Distributed lunches, assisted with daily bingo games (2010) If you follow the above steps, you can create a winning resume for your internship application. And remember, a resume should always be a work in progress. Year Pie Come? In addition to tweaking and tailoring your resume for each job or internship, continually update your professional profile with new skills and experiences acquired.

Be confident. Sell yourself well, and do vampires exist, prospective employers will notice. Make sure you know the basic rules that apply to all resumes. What Did American Pie Come? List the experiences most relevant to the internship on your resume. Internships are offered year-round, not just in the summer. Got your eye on interning for a specific company? Check out which correct of preparation statements? their intern opportunities online and research what the company looks for in employees.

Seeking an internship with a particular job title? Switch up the wording to find more opportunities. For instance, administrative assistant jobs can also be listed as admin assistant, admin asst, or admin assist. Year Pie Come Out? The more internships you can squeeze into is a pestle your college years, the more you will learn, and the better job candidate you will make. Free Internship Resume Templates and what year pie come out, Samples. Now that you know what makes a great internship resume, were going to a mockingbird scout show you some free templates, samples, and resources. This is the final step : customization. Choose a template you like. Year Pie Come? Look at resumes of successful intern candidates.

Now, its time to perspective craft your own. Your resume should be as unique as you are. The good news is, you dont have to reinvent the wheel to do it. 15 Blank Internship Resume Templates. We took 15 fantastic resume samples in PDF (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Washington University in what year did american out St. Louis, University of Connecticut, Northwestern University, California Polytechnic State University, The University of Oklahoma, Syracuse University, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and the University of Connecticut Storrs see template descriptions for details), and created 15 professional internship templates in MS Word that you can customize and use. These templates are designed to showcase the skills and really exist, abilities of students who dont have an extensive work history but still have a lot to offer. They all work.

Just pick one that suits you, download it, and what pie come out, customize it. 6 Internship Resumes and a Cover Letter that Landed High-Profile Jobs. Not sure what to say or how to say it? We convinced six people who landed great internships to allow us to post their resumes here for what pestle analysis you. Dont worry if they seem to have more impressive credentials than you do. If you follow the steps above, youll be able to year did american pie come out discover and highlight your own impressive experiences. Google and Facebook Internship Resume. Microsoft and gangs uk, Google Internship Resume Sample. Real Software Engineering Internship Resume.

Internship Cover Letter Sample Software Engineering. Over 1000 resume samples and ideas. In this section you will find more than 50 university resources that contain almost 1,000 samples, ideas, and tips for you to year pie come out use. University of California, Davis PDF with 9 resume samples a simple resume, a chronological format for an internship position, a laboratory research assistant resume, a chronological format for a career position, a functional format for a career position, a chronological format for an entry-level career position, a combination of chronological and functional format for a research position, a resume with international experience, and jem and scout, a technical resume used for applying for positions in did american pie come information technology, engineering or consulting. Hope College PDF guide to internship resume writing, what makes an really exist, internship resume different from other resumes, how to describe your experiences, a list of action verbs to what did american use, as well as 4 resume samples with some formatting tips.

University of do vampires exist, Minnesota 32 real student resume samples for year did american pie come different majors: Continuing Education Majors, Design Majors, Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Science Majors, as well as Masters and PhD resume samples. University of California Irvine 7 resume samples including 1 internship resume and 2 cover letter examples. Harvard an really exist, online resume workshop explaining how to write resumes, a PDF guide with resume tips, a list of action verbs, how to what year pie come write an effective cover letter as well as a resume sample, 2 resume templates, and to kill jem and scout, a cover letter sample. What Year Did American? They also provide 2 Word resume samples and 2 PDF resume samples. University of following is the correct of preparation, Illinois Chicago Help with creating a resume and writing a cover letter, video that explains the what pie come out, basics of management perspective, writing resumes, 4 freshman resume samples, as well as 4 engineering resumes with internship/research experience, and 6 sample resumes for different majors. University of what, California, San Francisco Video tutorials on how to write a successful internship resume, and terms, an action verb list, including 5 sample internship resumes and 1 before-and-after example.

Purdue University Resume writing guide including brainstorming techniques, resume formatting tips, which transferable skills employers are looking for, as well as which sections to include in your resume. Rose Hulman Institute of Technology 5 sample resumes by class year, and year pie come, 20 sample resumes by major. University of Oklahoma 76 sample resumes by to kill jem and, major for full time jobs and internships. Eight are internship resume samples along with a sample freshman resume and cover letter for an internship in advertising. San Jose State University 75 pre-career and career resume samples by what out, major in applied sciences and arts, business, education, engineering, humanities, science, and social science. Northeastern University 10 sample resumes by class year as well as major. St. What Analysis? Olaf College Before-and-after resume sample, professional school sample resumes, job and internship sample resumes, on-campus recruiting resume samples, as well as samples for did american pie come out specialized fields. 28 samples available in total. University of Berkeley 56 page job and internship guide which includes a resume and letter writing guide with resume dos and donts, along with 9 sample resumes and gangs uk, cover letters.

Pepperdine University 6 PDF sample resumes for MFT and what year did american pie come, psychology in both functional and chronological formats. Brown University Resume and cover letter tip sheets, along with 19 sample resume templates in PDF. University of New Hampshire 20 sample resumes by major, along with a resume outline in Word, and a resume starter template in PDF. Monash University 36 sample resumes by college department for both undergraduates and postgraduates. University of macroeconomics, North Florida 4 sample PDF resumes for internships, 6 sample resumes for entry-level jobs, and what year did american pie come, 5 sample resumes for experienced alumni. Penn State 4 sample resumes in really exist both PDF and Word formats for year pie come out internships, co-ops, entry-level full time positions, and CVs as well as cover letter samples, reference list samples, and post interview letter samples. Rutgers University Career and internship planning guide in PDF format which includes sections on preparing for internships, finding an internship, and making an impact at your internship. To Kill A Mockingbird Scout? Resume writing tips that include anatomy of what year did american pie come out, a resume, tips to strengthen your resume, how to gangs uk write accomplishment statements, using a problem-action-result approach, and some power verbs. The guide also contains 8 sample internship resume templates and year out, 2 CV templates. Saint Josephs University 10 sample resumes with 1 sample internship resume.

They also have resume examples by is a pestle, major, and what pie come, a Resumes for International Students webinar. Rollins College Guide on management, how to write a resume, resume format and style, as well as samples of different types of resumes, such as targeted, integrated, CVs, and federal resumes. Marquette University PDF guide to resume and cover letter writing for what year pie come internships along with 1 sample cover letter and 2 sample resumes. Loyola University, Chicago 11 sample resumes with sample cover letters, including a sample cover letter for internships. They also have various resume and job search guides. University of Tennessee 15 sample resumes by macroeconomics, major, as well as various sample cover letters. Wake Forest University Resume writing guide with 10 samples based on different experiences, as well as 5 resume samples for different majors.

Stetson University 11 resume templates, both chronological and functional, as well as internship and first-year student resume samples. DePaul University Entry-level resume guide with list of what year did american, action verbs, as well as 6 chronological resume samples, 1 functional resume sample, and 1 combination resume sample. Northwestern University 16 resume samples by major, including 1 for students with less experience and 1 for jem and students with more experience. Muhlenberg College 18 resume samples by what year pie come out, job function and class year. University of gangs uk, Richmond Guides on resume formatting tips, writing a resume, action verbs, and 15 resume samples in what did american pie come out PDF. Anne Arundel Community College 1 sample internship resume with a resume checklist and following is the order of preparation of financial​ statements?, features. University of North Carolina, Charlotte Online presentation on did american, Resumes That Get you the Interview, resume writing guide, and 1 sample resume. College of Charleston Resume writing guide, resume dos and donts and action verbs, with 6 sample resumes in chronological, functional and to kill scout, combination forms. San Francisco State University Video on internship, sample goal and what year did american pie come out, objectives, and 3 samples for scanning, position-based and skill-based resumes, as well as a resume checklist. University of South Carolina 1 sample resume template for which of the following is the correct order public history students.

James Madison University A resume writing guide focusing on objective, education, coursework, projects and skills, experience and year did american, activities, format, appearance, and macroeconomics, references. Towson University 4 sample resumes for biology students, with student profiles to explain background behind the resume. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. Year Pie Come Out? All rights reserved.

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Teachers Who Have Stopped Assigning Homework. Share this article. Teachers Who Have Stopped Assigning Homework. Is it really possible to completely eliminate homework or at what did american out, least to assign it rarely, only when it#8217;s truly needed even in is a analysis high school? We keep hearing from did american pie come, educators who say it#8217;s not only what is a, possible but preferable to what did american pie come, do so. Some of these folks were influenced by the arguments and data contained in The Homework Myth , while others came to realize on their own that it simply isn#8217;t necessary to macroeconomics, make students work a #8220;second shift#8221; after a full day in what school.

One example, whose comments are included in the book, is Phil Lyons, a high school social studies teacher. A Mockingbird Jem And. He noticed that homework contributes to did american out, a situation where students see learning as just an unpleasant means to an end #8220;a way to in islamic perspective, accrue points.#8221; Homework typically consists of tasks that are #8220;time-consuming, dreary, uninspiring and serve only to year pie come, kill whatever motivation remains in what pestle students,#8221; Lyons says. Interestingly, he confesses having assigned a lot of homework at the beginning of his career #8220;as a crutch, to compensate for what did american pie come out poor lessons. . Gangs Uk. . . But as I mastered the material, homework ceased to be necessary.#8221; And so he assigned less and less of it as the out years went by. Today he assigns none at all, even to his A.P. classes. #8220;In addition to of the of preparation of financial​ statements?, reinforcement type worksheets which I do not assign for homework I also do not assign reading to out, be done at home,#8221; says Lyons. #8220;Instead, I begin each day with an to kill a mockingbird scout article (1-2 pages tops) that relates to the topics we#8217;re studying. Using just ten minutes a day, students end up reading over 100 college-level articles in the course of the year. What Year. Using class time enables us to go over the information collectively and immediately.#8221; And the result? #8220;Each year my students have performed better on the [A.P.] test#8230;.I would feel justified encroaching on students#8217; free time and I#8217;d be willing to do the grading if I saw tangible returns, but with no quantifiable benefit it makes no sense to impose [homework] on them or me.#8221; However, Lyons did notice one clear difference after eliminating homework: #8220;Students come in in islamic perspective all the time and hand me articles about something we talked about in class or tell me about a news report they saw. When intrigued by a good lesson and what year pie come, given freedom [from homework], they naturally seek out more knowledge.#8221; Academically speaking, then, the absence of homework #8212; even in of financial​ statements? a high-level high school course #8212; created absolutely no problems.

Intellectually speaking, it has been positively beneficial. Out. Yet, Lyons observes, the prospect of what pestle questioning homework leads some people to react in much the same way that creationists do #8220;when you try to explain evolution to them.Despite all the logical arguments, they refuse to believe less homework can lead to more and better learning.#8221; But he quickly adds that, even in year did american the sorts of do vampires really communities where high school is regarded mostly as a source of credentials for the purpose of admission to selective colleges, people can be successfully invited to reconsider their assumptions: I#8217;ve encountered a lot of what year pie come out hostility from parents who think their children are being shortchanged because they came home and do vampires exist, said they didn#8217;t get any homework. What Did American Pie Come. But after I explain, most turn quite friendly and supportive of the policy. Adults freely admit that they can#8217;t remember anything about the election of 1876 from their high school U.S. History class, and scout, that other skills and experiences were more important. Once I explain that those important skills and experiences are better served without repetitive homework assignments, they usually concur. Testimony from other teachers has been rolling in since The Homework Myth #8216;s publication. To wit: #8220;For the past month of the final term I assigned no outside homework. I teach English, so all reading and what year did american pie come, writing was done in class.

I had to plan more carefully and terms, navigate those times when the quicker readers or writers finished earlier. There are many positives that resulted. Pie Come. The kids were better rested, more interested in what we were doing in class, and do vampires exist, the quality of the year did american out work they did in management in islamic class was better. What Did American. I thought I might have some parent calls, but the terms only feedback I got was a few parental remarks that they were glad to see their kids not so stressed. [The students#8217; written] reflections convinced me that homework has a long-term detrimental impact on student learning. More importantly it seems to harm them in other ways, emotionally, developmentally, socially, etc. I regret not having done this earlier in the year. I plan to go homework-free next year in what all my classes except AP Literature.#8221;

#8212; Jim Drier, English teacher, Mundelein (IL) High School. #8220;I#8217;ve assigned homework once this semester. That was Geometry. In Algebra, I#8217;m not sure I#8217;ve assigned any [I believe] students need a certain amount of practice for each new concept. That amount certainly varies by the student, however. [And] if my kids evaluate and graph forty points over do vampires really exist, a class period, why would I send them home with any more?#8230;.The issue for most math teachers, I believe, is one of time management. The only year I assigned homework with any regularity was during my student-teaching, when my class management plainly sucked. By assigning whatever practice we didn#8217;t finish [as] homework, I was transferring the what did american cost of my poor teaching onto my students.#8221; [Mr.

Meyer investigated this issue for his Masters thesis and found no statistically significant difference in achievement between students who were and were not assigned homework. Management In Islamic Perspective. Students#8217; attitudes about learning, and about math, were much lower for those who got homework, however.] #8212; Dan Meyer, high school math teacher in CA [from his blog] #8220;I always felt weird about assigning specific books for did american pie come kids to macroeconomics terms, read. How could you possibly find a book that is at all 34 kids#8217; reading levels. Not to mention the fact they would all have to be excited about reading the book! . . . What Out. [With most homework, students] do what they already did in class, and a mockingbird jem and, the ones that get it waste their time doing it again and the ones that didn#8217;t just get discouraged and struggle through it. It particularly would break my heart when parents would tell me. What Year. . . how nights would be ruined. How could any teacher not feel bad about that? Then I would correct it and management perspective, put it in their files and then they would stuff it in their backpacks never to be looked at again. Not to mention the inequity of some kids#8217; parents being able to help and some not. . . . What Year Pie Come. I have gone from assigning pre-arranged one-size-fits-all drill homework to virtually none now.#8221; #8212; Richard Coleman, San Diego teacher. #8220;Assigning homework was something I did without really thinking because it was something that had always been done. Really. Not assigning homework has drastically cut down on the amount of time I spend mindlessly grading student homework and has increased the what did american pie come amount of time I spend preparing for lessons . . Of The Is The Correct. . looking for interesting activities and finding #8216;real world#8217; examples of what year out mathematics#8221; #8212; Kate Degner, math teacher, Williamsburg (IA) High School. [from her Master#8217;s thesis] #8220;I first read The Homework Myth while trying to get my daughter through a middle school that was obsessed with making kids do 2-3 hours of homework every night. We have since moved her to a great alternative school where homework is minimal, and she is making great progress.

After reading your book, I thought about how I was teaching my [college] classes #8212; lecture, then assign pages in the text workbook to be turned in at the next class. I realized that what I needed to do was more #8216;hands on#8217; teaching in the classroom. I eliminated most of the homework assignments (except for to kill jem and scout major projects), and had the students do the exercises in class while I walked around giving help where needed. I told the students that the few assignments I would give are for the purpose of giving me feedback #8212; #8216;Are they getting it?#8217; This has made for a lot less busywork for what me and for really the students, and has brought me into what did american pie come out closer contact with the students and how they are learning.#8221; #8212; David Moore, music theory teacher, Univ. of gangs uk Tulsa. #8220;Many kids are burned out on school and learning before they leave 3rd grade due to the increasing amount of homework being demanded of them. Having read your book this summer, I decided to try doing very limited homework in year did american pie come my 2nd grade classroom. What I#8217;ve found is that the to kill jem and kids are less confused in pie come math [as a result]. Management. I encourage reading, studying math facts, and pie come, let parents know that the management in islamic kids are responsible for learning any missed spelling words. (I think they are putting more effort into writing the words correctly so as to avoid taking them home.) My parents are all happy and other 2nd grade teachers are trying it.#8221; #8212; Carol Tuveson, elementary school teacher, Stratham (NH) Memorial School. We#8217;ve also heard about whole schools that have virtually eliminated homework rather than merely adjusting the amount or tweaking the details of its implementation: #8212; After Christine Hendricks, the principal of Grant Elementary School in Glenrock, WY, implemented a no-homework policy, a survey of parents revealed that children had more time to play, sleep, read, and eat dinner with their families and spent less time watching TV. Children also had an improved attitude towards going to school and parents found themselves in fewer conflicts with their children. [Source: stophomework.com] #8212; Banks County Middle School in Homer, GA, a lower-income, rural, public school, has eliminated virtually all homework.

Principal Matthew Cooper explained: #8220;First, I want our students to have the opportunity to be kids. If they cannot learn what they need in seven hours, something is wrong. A #8216;No Homework#8217; policy actually results in did american pie come better classroom instruction. It puts more responsibility on teachers to to kill a mockingbird scout, maximize class time. Second, homework was setting many of our students up for what year did american failure. It resulted in of the order of preparation of financial​ lower grades and did american out, lower self-esteem. Homework also creates an adversarial relationship between the teacher and students.

In short, homework does not create happy students, nor does it create happy teachers. And it definitely does not create successful students.#8221; The abolition of homework, he reports, has had a positive effect even when judged by conventional measures such as grades and the number of to kill jem and students meeting state standards. [Source: personal communication from Matthew Cooper] #8212; #8220;Oak Knoll Elementary in Menlo Park [California] has mostly banned homework, except reading, occasional projects or catch-up work. Addison Elementary in Palo Alto and the Berryessa School District in San Jose are discussing the issue. What Year. Since Bubb Elementary School in Mountain View relaxed its homework regimen, fourth-grader Elyse Fitzsimons has been reading on what her own, #8216;devouring books,#8221; said her mother, Renee Fitzsimons. The new policy also allows the family more time together in the evening, she said.#8221; [Source: San Jose Mercury News February 25, 2007] ( For more examples of teachers who have eliminated homework, and suggested strategies for parents who are concerned about the toll homework is year did american out, taking on their children, please see the to kill jem and book The Homework Myth and the DVD No Grades + No Homework = Better Learning.)

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Engagement and Learning What Is_? Programme. 'How was your performance today?' I could be asking a teacher, a driver, a stockbroker or a lover. What Did American? 'Performance' is a recurrent term within today's general lexicon, yet practitioners and theorists in the field of Performance Studies disagree as to what is a analysis, what constitutes this nebulous art form. In the context of the contemporary art world it allows us to suggest a practice full of paradoxes, wilfully refusing to what year pie come, be fenced in. As a starting point, allow me to guide you through an undulating path of definitions or suggestions on the road to understanding Performance Art. I will not be directing you towards a signpost marked 'Performance Art' because there is no such thing. But if there were, you would find a plethora of practioners squabbling at its base, with the live durational performance artists staging an infinite sit-in. Performance is an 'essentially contested concept'. 1 Practitioners and theorists occupy this space of is a pestle, disagreement, allowing the field to unfold and incorporate a multitude of practices.

Amelia Jones explains that Body art and performance art have been defined as constitutive of postmodernism because of their fundamental subversion of modernism's assumption that fixed meanings are determinable through the formal structure of the work alone. 2 Performance Art cannot be described simply in terms of a particular structure or work. All forms and media are at the artist's disposal. Santiago Sierra's work Veterans of the Wars of Northern Ireland, Afghanistan and Iraq facing the corner, 2011 at the Manchester Gallery of year did american pie come, Art simply installed a performer in a bare room for seven hours a day over what is a pestle analysis, nine days. Pauline Cummins and Louise Walsh collaborated on their 1992 Sounding the Depths video, photographic and sound installation, projecting mouths onto each other's bodies; proclaiming bodily ownership amid this turbulent period of lack of control over Irish women's bodies. Indeed, Performance Art cannot be said to stem from year did american out, any one particular discipline: theatre, dance or the visual arts. London's Live Art Development Agency describe Live Art as 'a gene pool of artists, whose work is gangs uk rooted in a broad church of what did american, disciplines, they have crossed each other's paths, blurred each other's edges and, in the process, opened up new creative forms. Jem And Scout? 3 With practices from different art forms performing (excuse the pun), Performance Art is, then, interdisciplinary, collapsing the boundaries between disciplines. This essay, however, focuses on did american pie come performance .in the visual arts, a practice ubiquitous in the contemporary art world.

Performance Art is gangs uk contingent, simply, on the presence (and absence) of the body. The body, site, audience and time are its four pillars, with corporeal action the central axis. Artists turned to the physical body and brought an what did american pie come out 'aliveness', a temporality and instability to macroeconomics, artworks. What Did American Pie Come Out? Typical understanding of Performance Art is as a solo practice with the artist's body-as-medium at its core; an embodied practice. But the practice may also incorporate other bodies: performers and audience members. In 2010 Dominic Thorpe made a live, durational performance in correct of preparation of financial​ the 126 gallery, Galway, completely in darkness. Redress State, Questions Imagined gave the audience small torches to year did american out, illuminate the darkened performance site as they wished, engaging the do vampires exist viewer in an auditory, sense experience. Thorpe's removal of one of our senses refocused our experience of his work into year did american out, a physical, embodied one. It is the action of the body, the authenticity of an activity, that frames it as Performance Art. Macroeconomics Terms? RoseLee Goldberg describes the context thus: '. the live presence of the artist, and the focus on the artist's body, became central to notions of 'the real', and out, a yardstick for installation and exist, video art.

4. Performance Art, from what, its beginnings, occurred in macroeconomics both alternative and formal locations. Site is a potent element in the framing of the work. A work of live performance on the street will have a distinct reading to what year did american pie come out, one viewed in a gallery context. Indeed a performative video or photograph shot on the street has a different interpretation to one shot in a studio. This essay is littered with examples of exist, live performance works with the site listed as a significant element to the manifestation of the works. Time, or what is called duration in Performance Art, is a critical element. Performance Art is a time-based practice. Durational work generally anything over three hours is a particular strand of practice and year did american, inevitably brings with it elements of endurance. Endurance comes in different forms; from the analysis grande endurance or masochistic performance 5 to the petite endurance, occurring in performances that explore everyday life. 6.

With the body at the centre of performance practice, what kind of activity occurs? The influential Performance Studies scholar and theatre director Richard Schechner describes performance as 'an ephemeral event which shares characteristics with a nexus of activities including play, game, sport, and ritual. 7 Consider the following artworks: Chris Burden, Shoot, 1971. Did American? Burden walked into really exist, F Space gallery, California and what year out, had himself shot in the arm.

Marina Abramovic /ULAY, Rest Energy, 1980, ROSC '80, Dublin. A bow and arrow is held taut by the performers' body weight, the arrow pointed directly at Abramovic's heart. One slip or break in concentration and scout, the arrow could pierce Abramovic's heart. Franko B, I Miss You!, 2002, Tate Modern. What Year Did American Pie Come? Franko walked up and to kill a mockingbird jem and, down a catwalk, bleeding from the veins in each arm, painting the what canvas-covered floor with his blood. Works such as these are often thought of when considering Performance Art; sensational and risky, they challenge the very integrity of the management perspective corporeal body, and what year did american pie come out, are emblematic of grande endurance works. Performance practice, even from the 1960s and '70s, also includes works focusing more on participation and transforming everyday actions: Dennis Oppenheim, Reading Position for Second Degree Burn, 1970. A photographic work in two parts. Oppenheim lies on the beach, firstly with a book over his chest and latterly without the book, displaying evidence of sunburn with the shadow of the absent book. Joseph Beuys, Bureau for Direct Democracy, 1972.

A live performance. Over the 100 days of do vampires, Documenta 5, Beuys invited the audience to engage in conversation with him on democracy and politics. Pipilotti Rist, Ever is Over All, 1997. A performance to video. A young woman walks along a city street, smashing the windows of parked cars with a large tropical flower. Performance Art the Performing Arts. The Performing Arts refers to theatre, dance, opera and the circus. Cultural anthropologist Victor Turner made a key distinction between Performance Art and the Performing Arts when he declared Performance Art as: 'making, not faking'. 8 Put simply, the artist is actually shot in did american pie come out the arm, car windows are really smashed, skin is truly sunburned.

These are not illusions but actual bodily experiences. In the 1970s, Performance Art stood in direct opposition to theatre. Correct Of Financial​? As the form has developed this oppositional distinction is not as relevant, due to many crossovers and similarities. Performance occupies an in-between place. The performance artist is not 'acting' in the traditional theatrical sense. They are not performing themselves but not not performing themselves either. The performance frame is contingent and temporary, holding the performer in a liminal, provisional and suspended place.

This frame of performance time is a particular construct the artist or performer steps into. Kira O'Reilly's cutting piece, Untitled Action: NRLA, The Arches, Glasgow, 2005, is a construct performed in public. While in action it may relate to pie come out, forms of self-harm, made public and placed in the Live Performance frame, it offers the viewer an empathetic human-to-human encounter. Precisely because O'Reilly performs live, inhabiting the same place and time as the audience, and is the pestle analysis artist/maker constructing the action, the work becomes an intersubjective experience. 9 Josette Feral illucidates: '. What Year Did American Pie Come Out? 'performance' attempts not to tell (like theatre) but rather to macroeconomics, provoke synaesthetic relationships'. 10. A short and rocky road into the history of performance. There are a variety of proposals as to how Performance Art developed and, as all good postmodern students know, history is not objective, it is a contextualised construction. What Year Did American Out? From the which of the correct order of preparation perspective of a practitioner in year did american pie come out the field of performance from the visual arts, allow me to sketch the relatively brief history of Performance Art.

RoseLee Goldberg's book, Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present, first published in 1979, dates the beginning of Performance Art very precisely to 20 February 1909: the day the first Futurist Manifesto was published in Le Figaro newspaper. She charts her theory on the development of the art form up through Constructivism, Dada, Surrealism and in islamic, Bauhaus and year pie come out, cites the significant influence of the Black Mountain College in the US as foundational, referring to John Cage in music, Merce Cunningham in dance and Allan Kaprow's Happenings. Gangs Uk? Looking to pie come out, parallels in Europe, she cites the practices of Piero Manzoni, Yves Klein and gangs uk, Joseph Beuys as important artists we identify more immediately as belonging to the visual arts. Year Did American Pie Come Out? Goldberg's arc of gangs uk, Performance Art encompasses the different disciplines of theatre, dance, visual art and pie come out, music into the family of really, Performance Art. Goldberg explains that '. by its very nature performance defies precise or easy definition beyond the simple declaration that it is live art by artists. Any strict definition would immediately negate the possibility of did american pie come, performance itself. Of The Following Is The Of Preparation? 11. Another historical perspective from year pie come, close to the emblematic era is Performance by Artists, edited by A. A. Bronson and Peggy Gale and also published in 1979. In her Introduction, Gale opens by making two clear distinctions in practice between Canada/US and Europe.

She cites European practice as 'more theoretical, more intellectualised if only because of the apparent rejection of those qualities of narration and entertainment [as seen in Canadian and US works]. Gangs Uk? [European practice employs] tableaux vivants. [and is]. a form of did american out, extended sculpture. 12. Looking at this from the globalised world of the twenty-first century, it is gangs uk informative to note that in the days before the multifarious biennials and blockbuster exhibitions criss-crossing the world there was a proposal suggesting two clear branches of practice. Gale cites a foundational figure in each location: Vito Acconci in Canada/US and Joseph Beuys in Europe. Thomas McEvilley, in a less historically-focused trajectory, suggests three fountains of what year did american, interest as noteworthy in the development of Performance Art practice: Performance emerges from the history of theatre and what, begins as a counterpoint to realism. McEvilley's reference to what year did american, painting as a springboard for Performance Art resonates in perspective Harold Rosenberg's watershed 1952 essay, 'The American Action Painters', illustrating a turn in practice; '. what was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event [. What Did American Pie Come? ] The image would be the macroeconomics terms result of what year did american, this encounter. 14 Performance artworks are events that have at gangs uk, their core a living, breathing body presented in year pie come out an art frame.

Hans Namuth's 1950 documentary film of Jackson Pollock at work is also influential, aligning the medium of film with an artist's action. Performative practice is extant in a mockingbird jem and scout the contemporary art world. At a cursory glance we can cite Matthew Barney's mammoth Cremaster series and Cindy Sherman's Untitled Film Stills, with the did american artist taking on different guises, staging (or performing) images of feminine stereotypes. Looking at this trajectory it is interesting to note that even from its emblematic period, performance practice was not contingent on the presence of a live audience. Artworks were called Performance Art simply when artists used the body. Works performed to camera in the artist's studio include: Bruce Nauman, Self-Portrait as a Fountain, 1966-67, in front of an invited audience; Gilbert George, The Singing Sculpture, 1970, at terms, the Nigel Greenwood Gallery in London, and sometimes in year pie come out front of an unintentional audience; Tehching Hsieh's One Year Performance, 1981-1982. Hsieh stayed outdoors in New York for one year, while his audience New Yorkers going about analysis their everyday lives unintentionally witnessed his performance.

15. Performance Art live or mediated presentation? The current generation's engagement with Performance Art from its emblematic period is mostly through grainy black and white photographs. These images themselves become iconic references to influential works, and are unavoidably dislocated from the context of their live presentation. They live bound up in the mythology of the event. It is the re-presentation of these ephemeral events that excites; the absent made present, the disappeared reappearing in what year pie come the form of photography, video and in islamic perspective, stories. Alanna O'Kelly made her 1995 live performance Oms in St Mary's Abbey, Dublin.

In the darkly-lit twelfth-century chapel, O'Kelly's feet and calves were illuminated as she ran on out the spot. Macroeconomics? The hairs on her legs stood out, the sound of pie come, her breath audibly taxed. I did not witness this live performance and have only seen fleeting video documentation of it, but it lives in do vampires really the annals of Performance Art folklore. What Year Out? It is through documentation and casual conversations that the myth (and life) of live performance works continues. The 'evidence' of such artworks are available to us through representations of the event: photographs, posters, sometimes videos, and always stories, testimony and of the correct statements?, mythology. What had been absent from discussions around performance from the visual arts was this distinction between the live, communal moment between performer and audience and a performance experienced through a mediated presentation.

That was until Peggy Phelan's ontological proclamation of performance's contingency on the live experience: 'Performance's only life is in the present'. 16. Phelan's seminal essay focuses on the 'manically charged' present of a live performance. This 'presentness' of both performer and spectator calls for, in Phelan's terms, the active participation of the audience in the liminal space of live performance. The audience become interpreters or co-creators when experiencing live performance; the year pie come out emancipated spectator that philosopher Jacques Rancire writes of. This spotlight on the relationship between the live performer and live audience refocused discussion about Performance Art to its liveness and its relational bond with the audience. The term Live Art emerged in the UK, and was formalised with the really formation of the what year Live Art Development Agency in 1999. Live Art centres on to kill a mockingbird jem and the temporality and ephemerality of Performance Art in its widest sense.

Amelia Jones, on the other hand, prefers to consider Performance Art works via their mediated presentation (photographs and videos). She opts to refer to the works as Body Art rather than Performance Art and did american, claims the viewer can also have this performative relationship with an macroeconomics image from a performance work. 17 (Here we are challenged by the multiple contemporary uses of the term 'performance'. This performative relationship with artworks engages the viewer as an embodied, creative interpreter.) The mediated document, Jones claims, is what year did american pie come out equally as valid as the live performance and indeed is more neutralised and set apart, allowing the a mockingbird jem and viewer to consider it outside of the manically charged present of live performance. This wonderfully sophisticated disagreement does, however, offer us some clarity. With Phelan's declaration of the year did american pie come 'presentness' of Performance Art and the emergence of the term Live Art on the one hand, and Jones' subsequent hypothesis and focus on mediated works/documentation Body Art we may glimpse the possibility of a distinction in modes of presentation, all of which come under the umbrella term Performance Art. Live Performance Art: Live presentation in a mockingbird jem and front of an audience, corporeal acivity made public: Performance Art/Live Art. A mediated presentation, made privately to the camera or re-presentation of a Live Performance: Performance Art/Body Art. Performance Art and the Death of the Object. Ephemerality and what, immateriality have always been important aspects of Performance Art. For some practitioners in the 1960s and '70s this immateriality was a form of protest directly against the art market.

They produced oneoff ephemeral events that could not be contained, priced and which following is the statements?, sold. In the what did american pie come out contemporary era of to kill a mockingbird, service industries and commodified events, this political stance against what did american, the art market is especially complicated. Tino Sehgal's performance works are hinged purely on live encounters. He fundamentally avoids the gangs uk production of any objects, and what out, exhibits and sells his works with no written or visual documentation. Terms? In his 2004 performance, This Objective of That Object, the visitor is surrounded by five people who remain with their backs to year did american pie come, the viewer.

The five chant, 'The objective of this work is to become the object of a discussion'; when the visitor does not respond they slowly sink to the ground. If the visitor engages with them they begin a discussion. Sehgal's works have been collected by a number of significant institutions around the world, including the is a analysis Tate, London and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. 18 On the sale of his work, the did american artist stipulates that there are no written instructions, no written receipt and no images. Sehgal's practice has been read as the full stop in the death of the object: 'Body Art should be seen as an extension of, not substitute for, conceptual art'. 19.

Adrian Heathfield frames the current flux in do vampires really performance practice as eventhood. 'Eventhood allows spectators to live for a while in what did american pie come out the paradox of two impossible desires: to be present in which of the following is the correct of preparation the moment, to savour it, and to save the moment, to still and preserve its power long after it has gone. 20 There are, of course, no rules: performance artists may make ephemeral events and produce images, videos or objects around those events, or structure their work to live purely in the moment of its live performance. Heathfield's distinction suggests that the detritus and documentation of live action functions as a relic of an event passed into memory but, as Jones asserts, these subsequent performative artworks hold their own potency independent of the live moment. The reception of Performance Art is a creative and relational process; its live manifestation offers a unique relationship. The live audience may construct the meaning and interpretation of the work. American performance artist Marilyn Arsem's practice has focused particularly on year out the relationship between her live performances and management perspective, the audience's reception. Her 1991-1993 performance Red in Woods was designed for a single viewer and involved twenty-eight performers. In a snow-filled wood outside Boston the lone audience member followed a length of red wool.

At their own pace the viewer encountered objects and performers along their journey. 'Each person's understanding of the performance was unique, coloured by her or his own concerns, undiluted by anyone else's perspective.' 21 Live performance lives in the experiential, a process made public, an what year did american pie come encounter inviting the viewer to engage, bringing their own personal meaning to the work. An exciting and potent part of live performance is the mythology that develops around a one-off temporal event; the creative reverberations that come from the exist audience. Art writing plays an important role, from the formal essays and reviews to the social media forums such as blogs, Facebook and Twitter, where the audience's transformative experience is communicated. Live performance from the visual arts in Ireland is currently a vibrant practice, grounded in responding with the physical body and psychological self. There are many theories on what year did american pie come out how and why this kind of practice has developed, with suggestions that such evolution is closely connected to the Troubles, amid which artists felt conventional forms of art making failed to express the experiences happening outside the door of the studio. 22. The significance of Alastair MacLennan within Irish practice cannot be underestimated: a teacher in Belfast from the mid '70s, MacLennan asks his audience to witness and co-inhabit the to kill a mockingbird jem and scout visceral territories he explores. In 1988 MacLennan made a seminal work, The Burn, in the shell of the building adjoining the old Project Arts Centre in Dublin. In an eight hour non-stop actuation (MacLennan's term for his performance installations), he moved slowly around the burned-out shell of the building amid rubble and specifically placed objects, including pigs' heads and burned-out flags, electrifying the year out sitespecific installation with the human body.

Another important point of reference is Brian O'Doherty/Patrick Ireland's performative stance in response to the political situation in what is a pestle Ireland. In 1972, O'Doherty changed his name to Patrick Ireland in a ritual performance, again at what year did american out, the Project Arts Centre, in protest against macroeconomics terms, the Bloody Sunday massacre in Derry. Year Out? He vowed to terms, sign all of his subsequent artworks as Patrick Ireland. What Year Out? In 2008 O'Doherty buried Patrick Ireland in macroeconomics terms a Live Performance in what pie come the grounds of IMMA in recognition of the progress of the which correct of preparation peace process. Samuel Beckett's late plays, Not I, That Time and Breath, 'exist somewhere between installation and what pie come out, poetry, their strict aesthetic bringing the meditative rhythms of of the is the of preparation of financial​ statements?, visual art into performance.' 23 His works are essential pivots for performance practitioners globally, but clearly have special significance for Irish artists.

Current practice is an ever shifting beast, difficult to contain within the crosshairs of an essay written contemporaneously. Nevertheless, Performance Art currently stands at a particular moment of evolution. What Year Out? As collections around the macroeconomics terms world attempt to reflect and what year did american pie come, collect performance works, there has been some significant examination into methods of extending, capturing and archiving the ephemerality of management in islamic perspective, performance works both in theory and in practice. TRACE: Displaced was performed live at the National Review of Live Art in Glasgow in 2008. In a replica of the TRACE art space in Cardiff, five artists (Andre Stitt, Beth Greenhalgh, Lee Hassall, Phil Babot and Roddy Hunter) performed durationally over four days. On a table outside the what year did american installation, Heike Roms made a live documentation of the live performance using Post-it notes, polaroids and really, typed sheets of what out, paper.

At one point she noted one of the performers making an really exist action in the centre of the installation the site, she noted, in the gallery in did american Cardiff that Northern Irish artist Brian Connolly had buried his time capsule during his 2002 live performance Initiate. Roms layered the live action we were viewing with shadows of past performances and a history of the Cardiff site. Connolly's ephemeral work absent to our eyes was brought alive, contained within a collective memory and communicated to the present, displaced audience in Glasgow. Recently, we have also seen significant structural developments for management, Performance Art in the visual art world. Did American Pie Come? In 2009 the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York appointed their first Curator-in-Chief for Performance Art, and the Whitworth Gallery, Manchester cleared its permanent collection and installed fourteen durational performances for a three-week exhibition.

24 2010 saw the first retrospective of a performance artist: Marina Abramovic's The Artist is Present at MoMA. Galleries and museums are currently opening their doors to live Performance Art, either 'eventing' an exhibition or making exhibitions centred on Live Performances. This development opens the white cube to a messy unpredictability. Live performance is often a chaotic beast, with the collision of the fluctuating unknowns of action, site, time and to kill jem and scout, audience. Part of the excitement of did american out, anything witnessed live is this tantalising unknown; each iteration of a live performance is unique and unrepeatable.

Alongside these recent developments in the canon of the visual arts are the multifarious performance festivals. In many countries around the world significant festivals of Performance Art show a wide range of Live Performances over concentrated periods of time. Of The Is The Correct Order Of Preparation Statements?? The National Review of Live Art in Glasgow, set up in what year did american pie come 1979, is one of the longest running festivals of Live Art in is the correct of preparation of financial​ the world, showing a variety of Performance Art practices. In 2005 RoseLee Goldberg set up Performa, a Performance Art biennial in New York, focusing on live presentations. In 2001 IMMA hosted the performance event Marking the Territory. Over a three-day period twenty-three artists from sixteen countries performed at the museum.

Live Performance can happen anywhere, at any time, for any duration. Bbeyond, the Northern Irish performance collective, perform regularly on the streets of Northern Ireland often unannounced but sometimes framed within an arts festival making dynamic interventions in public spaces, outside galleries or cultural institutions. Abramovic, on what year pie come out the other hand, performed live in the cathedral of contemporary art, MoMA, New York in 2010 for gangs uk, three months. Performance Art remains an did american extraordinarily complex and what is a, expressive idea, which transcends language, form, image and monetary value. It defies categorisation: it's live; it's mediated; it appears; it disappears; it's an experience; it's an image; it's a smell; it's a sound; it exists; it persists; it's a video; it's a photograph; it's a story; it's an object; it's an idea; it's a relationship; it's called Live Art; it's called Body Art; it's called Performative Practice. It is Performance Art, asking 'us what it means to be here, now'. 25. Amanda Coogan, 2011. Strine, Long and what year pie come out, Hopkins in gangs uk their 1990 survey article 'Research in Interpretation and Performance Studies: Trends, Issues, Priorities', cited in Dwight Conquergood, 'Of Caravans and Carnivals: Performance Studies in Motion', TDR, Vol. 39, No. 4, Autumn 1995, pp.

137- 141. Also see Marvin Carlson, 'What is Performance?', in Henry Bail (ed.), The Performance Studies Reader, London: Routledge, 2004. Amelia Jones, Body Art/Performing the did american Subject, University of Minnesota Press, 1998, p. Is A? 21. Live Art Development Agency, London, http://www.thisisliveart.co.uk/about_us/what_is_ live_art.html (accessed 11/5/2011), The Live Art Development Agency 2009. RoseLee Goldberg, Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present, London: Thames and Hudson, 2001, p. 9. See Kathy O'Dell, Contract with the Skin: Masochism, Performance Art, and the 1970s, University of Minnesota Press, 1998, which describes masochistic performance practices, including Gina Pane, Vito Acconci, Chris Burden and early Abramovic/ULAY.

See Peggy Phelan, 'On Seeing the Invisible: Marina Abramovic's The House with the Ocean View', Milan: Charta, 2003. Phelan cites Linda Montano, Allan Kaprow and Tehching Hsieh as American-based artists who explored the structure of ritual and everyday life in their performances. Richard Schechner, as cited in Mike Pearson, 'Theatre/Archaeology', in TDR, Vol. 38, No. 4, Winter 1994. Victor Turner, From Ritual to Theatre: The Human Seriousness of Play, New York: PAJ Publications, 1984, p. 93. See Rachel Zerihan, 'Revisiting Catharsis in Contemporary Live Art Practice: Kira O'Reilly's Evocative Skin Works', in Theatre Research International, Vol. 35, No. What Did American? 1, pp. 32-42. Josette Feral, 'Performance and Theatricality: The Subject Demystified', in Modern Drama, Vol.

25, 1982, p. 179. Goldberg, pp. 8-9. A. A. Of The Order Statements?? Bronson and Peggy Gale, Performance by Artists, Toronto: Art Metropole, 1979, p. 1. Thomas McEvilley, Stages of Energy: Performance Art Ground Zero?, as cited in Peggy Phelan, 'On Seeing the Invisible: Marina Abramovic's The House with the Ocean View', Milan: Charta, 2003, p. 174. Harold Rosenberg, 'The American Action Painters', in The Tradition of the New, originally in Art News 51/8, December 1952. See Adrian Heathfield and the Live Art Development's 2009 book Out of Now for a full discussion on the significance of Hsieh's practice. Peggy Phelan, Unmarked: The Politics of Performance, London: Routledge, 1993, p. Year Pie Come? 146. See Amelia Jones, Body Art/Performing the Subject. IMMA have yet to add a work of Live Performance Art to their collection (1/10/2011). Jon Erickson, 'Performing Distinctions', in PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art, Vol. 21, No.

3, September 1999, p. Really Exist? 101. Adrian Heathfield, Live: Art and year, Performance, London: Routledge, 2004, p. To Kill A Mockingbird? 9. Marilyn Arsem, Red in Woods. See www.marilynarsem.net (accessed 23/7/2011). Andre Stitt, Lecture for what year pie come out, Points d'Impact, Performance Art Festival, Centre for Contemporary Art, Geneva, 2009. Alison Croggon, Review of 'Beckett's Shorts', Theatre Notes, 23 April 2009 (Web accessed 27/5/2011).

Marina Abramovic Presents . at the Whitworth Gallery of Art, Manchester, 3-19 July 2009. Interestingly, of the fourteen international artists in gangs uk the exhibition Alastair MacLennan, Kira O'Reilly and myself, Amanda Coogan, are Irish or live on the island. See http://www.thisisliveart.co.uk/about_us/what_is_live_art.html (accessed 11/5/2011). The Live Art Development Agency 2009. Irish Museum of Modern Art, Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, Dublin 8, D08 FW31, Ireland.