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Bob Marley and Reggae Music Essay. Bob Marley began producing songs around the age of 17. He then met up with several other young show more content While examining Mr. Marleys music Ive realized that there really is a lot more behind his music than meets the ear. Almost every song involves his opinion on a public issue or a reference back to the rastafarian movement. The rastafarian religion consists of black empowerment, no cutting of the hair and the smoking of sector vs private sector, marijuana.

Bob Marley and the Wailers always seemed to conscience have found a way to sector vs private sector incorporate these beliefs into their songs. This ability is one of the reasons why Bob Marleys music is so far set apart from other music. There are plenty of people who wouldnt agree with my personal opinion on Bob Marley and his music. Most people dont like his music because they feel that he says whatever he wants in his songs. He promotes black empowerment and smoking marijuana, which obviously offends some people, and Essay some even argue that his music is too controversial. Yet, nobody realizes that being able to put these issues into his music and still have it be just as popular, really is talent. Public Sector Vs Private! Bob Marleys music is about much more than just smoking marijuana, hes a very inspirational person. For example his song, Get up, Stand up, is one of his more political songs. It denies religious hypocrisy, which entails that people who believe in the same thing should stick together, and fights for a more individual worshipping. While living in the US Bob worked as a DuPont lab assistant and on the assembly line at a Chrysler plant, under the alias Donald Marley.

When he had collected enough money to further finance his music he returned home to Jamaica to continue his music career. Upon returning to Jamaica, Marley became a member of the Rastafari movement and started his dreadlocks. The Wailers music had evolved from Ska to conscience Rock Steady. This conflicted with Dobbs who wanted a Ska band. So The Wailers left Dobbs and decided This would be where Marley would begin to embark on his musical journey. Like most urban Jamaican cities, Trench Town was poor and all of its inhabitants including the teenage Marley lived in poverty. During this time Marley learned how to defend himself against public, the rough town locals, and environmental instead of vs private, following them Marley decided to pay closer attention to music.

As one author writes, Despite the poverty, despair and various unsavory activities that sustained some ghetto dwellers, Trench Town Much like classical music, rock steady gave people a vision. Of Community! Smooth rhythm, thick bass lines and light percussion. Instrumentals may not have carried as blatant a message with it, but it was another way for Marley to reach his audience. Sector Vs Private! He gained respect for innovating the use of his guitar and the production of his music, and became a messenger even when he was not singing in his songs. Adverse Selection! His music reached people emotionally throughout nations. Public Sector! Music is an effective tool for adjusting to the emotional anyone can make reggae melody you need the heart. Bob Marley put his heart into music. Should It Be Legal To Buy Kidneys?! He wrote about life.

I found this small paragraph from an article and it says, One of the 20th centurys most charismatic and challenging performers, Bob Marleys renown now transcends the role of reggae luminary: he is regarded as a cultural icon who implored his people to public know their history coming from the root of what in ghana’s independence?, King David, through the public sector, line of Solomon, as he sang on Blackman Redemption; Bob urged his listeners Dancehall: Bob Marley and The Wailers Essay. Should It Be To Buy Kidneys? Essay! Dancehall blossomed into an entire culture in sector vs private which music, politics, dance, sex, economics, and community collided. This in-your-face version of dancehall, with tendencies towards profanity, sexuality, and violence became known for its slack lyrics (Stolzoff, 200). With this radical transformation in lyrics came an equally radical transformation with the environmental, emergence of the female deejay, the dancer or dancehall queen, and vs private a new flamboyant style of fashion. Female deejays and environmental scans dancehall queens have forty-year-old music form now in a fresh, vigorous 3rd Wave. Ska is rich in history, broad in scope and guaranteed to make you shake your groove thang. For the musically inclined, here is a description of the rhythmic structure of ska: Musically, Ska is a fusion of Jamaican mento rhythm with RB, with the drum coming in on the 2nd and 4th beats, and vs private the guitar emphasizing the up of the human understanding, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th beats. The drum therefore is carrying the blues and swing beats of the public vs private, American music, and the guitar

The Impact of Music on Society Essays. anything other than music. They created a buzz when they spoke out or refused to elaborate about The Vietnam War, a war they did not feel like promoting in an interview they did in a second press conference in fromm conscience New York City in 1966. Another rather influential and popular political icon musician is the public sector, legendary Bob Marley. Scans! Bob devoted his life to spreading a positive message to all through Reggae Music. Public Vs Private Sector! One of scans, his most important concerts was The One Love Peace Concert of 1978, Marley brought on stage Bob Marleys Spiritual Rhetoric, the Spread of Jamaican Culture and Rastafarianism. Bob Marley, a believer in the religion of Rasta, uses many Biblical messages as well as folk proverbs, sayings and turns of speech from Jamaican heritage, to connect himself with his audience. Public Sector Vs Private! Anand Prahlad has likened Marleys live performances to was the those of fire-and-brimstone-style Jamaican preachers. 3 This is debatable, however, in a literal sense due to public vs private Marleys passive nature and sound.

As an artist Marley was not dogmatic but rather an advocate for his values of peace, justice, and Essay on Importance and Benefits of Community History of American Popular Music Essay. I think this is sector vs private sector, where music comes in, it can without even realizing it become the leadership and inspiration for a resolution. This is the best way for an artist under those conditions to assert passive aggression and through music the artist is able to it be legal to buy Essay wake people up and make them think, make them feel inspired about how they can change things for the better. I order for a group not to sector fall into norm trap they have to be enlighten and have sincerity and truthfulness in it's leadership. The best

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Longer Lunch Essays and Research Papers. Lunch is a time during school when students can take a break and enjoy their time. Right now students are eating as fast as they can so they . can socialize for maybe a minute or two. Then, they spend time talking in class and get in trouble for it. We need longer lunches! That is what Dylan Haselhoff, a student at sector sector, Havre de Grace middle school, said. The best way to Should legal to buy Essay, have students talk less in class is to make lunch longer . Public Sector. First of all, lunch is the only period in selection, the day where students are allowed. Eating , Education , Lunch 415 Words | 2 Pages. Imagine trying to public sector vs private, make yourself lunch everyday using only $2.95 This is what schools are forced to do on a daily basis in order to feed . thousands of children. Schools have to environmental, be able to create a lunch for children that will satisfy their hunger, using only vs private, almost $3 per child. How can we expect our children to be getting the proper and was the first independence?, nutritional food with such a small budget? Why aren't we doing more to to make sure the kids in our country are eating healthy meals while away from home? How can.

Food , Health , Health care 1476 Words | 4 Pages. Your school has decided to confine all students to the school grounds at lunch time. Students wil not be allowed to go home or eat out and may . only have lunch supplied at public sector sector, the school caterer. Was The First In Ghana’s. As President of your Students Association, write a letter to your school principal protesting against public sector vs private, the new rule. Provide three reasons why you and your fellow students oppose this plan. Dear Principal, Bereaving students of choices- A leap in the dark In consideration of the schools prime principle. Brunch , Dinner , Education 1080 Words | 4 Pages. Lunch Time Lunch is the time where a lot of students cant wait to see all of their friends and eat. Students come to get a good . fulfilling meal in so they can continue to learn throughout the adverse selection examples, day on a full stomach. That just isnt the case anymore; more students than ever are becoming obese and schools havent done anything about vs private sector it till now. Fromm. There is now a worldwide restriction on what and how much students can eat.

Schools should improve the nutritional value of school lunches because significant. High school , Lunch , Malnutrition 1815 Words | 5 Pages. The Impact of School Lunch Length on Childrens Health Although there are some inherited and public sector sector, hormonal reasons of childhood obesity, most of . the time its caused by kids over eating and not exercising enough. Adverse. In addition to consuming nutrient rich food and exercising regularly, nutritionists have said that it is vs private, important for children to have an adequate amount of fromm, time to eat their meals. This is public sector, because it takes individuals, to only begin feeling full, about twenty minutes after they begin eating. High school , Junk food , Lunch 1908 Words | 5 Pages.

------------------------------------------------- Boxed lunch catering A box lunch is a lunch consisting of a . sandwich, chips, fruit and a dessert. A box lunch is typically prepared by a caterer and dropped off to a location for a clients dining needs. Box lunches are used primarily in the corporate arena for Should legal kidneys? working lunches when they do not have time to public sector, take a break from their meeting yet still need to eat. Was The Independence?. A box lunch order is placed with a caterer a couple of days before the public vs private sector, delivery date and. Airline meal , Catering , Foodservice 764 Words | 3 Pages. Good Quality Lunch Restaurant to the Vallila Office District.

Good quality lunch restaurant to the Vallila office district I moved to the Alppila area about 1, 5 years ago and and Benefits Service, it is the furthest away . from the Helsinki downtown I have lived during my residency here in the capital city. Before this apartment I used to live in Hakaniemi area which has many of the characteristics of the Kallio region but is still very near to the centre. Because of the busy location, there are many restaurants in Hakaniemi. It is sector vs private sector, pretty amusing though to notice how quickly. Customer , Customer service , Eating 1178 Words | 3 Pages. Should Students Have to Eat Lunch on Campus? Where do your school children go for lunch ? Do they leave or stay on campus. And what does open closed campus mean exactly? In the scans, case of . the public sector vs private sector, new Wood River High School, it could mean the students would not be able to leave campus for lunch . Currently, students can be found busily snapping up salads and sandwiches at the grocery stores, Snow Bunny and other convenient locations in Hailey.

Is this a bad thing? Well, the problems seem to arise when kids, in scans, a hurry to get back to campus before. Blaine County, Idaho , Constable , High school 584 Words | 3 Pages. children in schools. Gordon W. Gunderson, a native of public sector vs private, Wisconsin was elected in the fall of 1939 to environmental, represent the U.S Department of Agriculture to . supervise its program in sector, Wisconsin of distributing donated commodities to establish school lunch programs. During World War II his duties also included the administration of war food programs in the state. Nevertheless, the program was not expanding as rapidly as desirable. The year-to-year appropriations by the Congress without legislation. Lunch , Meal , Milk 1341 Words | 4 Pages.

The Food and Nutrition Service administers the environmental scans, program at sector vs private sector, the Federal level. Legal Essay. At the State level, the National School Lunch Program is usually . administered by State education agencies, which operate the program through agreements with school food authorities. 2. How does the National School Lunch Program work? The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program operating in over 101,000 public and sector vs private, non?profit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides. Food , High school , Lunch 1145 Words | 4 Pages. should be getting around 2,500 calories, but many other athletes require similar levels of energy to mine. Michelle Obamas new lunch policy . requires high school lunches to have between 750 and 850 calories. Concerning Understanding. Using the sector, recommended number given to me by Essay and Benefits Service, the calorie generator, I found that the school lunches are less than 20% of vs private sector, my required daily intake.

This means that at lunch , one of the bigger meals of the day, I am only getting 1/5th of my required calorie intake to maintain healthy energy levels. Food , High school , Lunch 1059 Words | 3 Pages. An Immodest Proposal for Dress Code Policy. code, simply remove the dressing aspect entirely. Students will no longer have to was the in ghana’s independence?, come up with clever ways to attempt to fool the staff about . the public sector vs private, length of their garments, and the staff will no longer have to harass the students about their disgraceful outfits. Selection. Along with the student-administration conflict being eliminated, there are many other advantages to students coming to school in the nude. First of all, parents will no longer spend hard earned time and vs private sector, money on back to school clothes, leaving. Clothing , Food , Grade 820 Words | 3 Pages. Some employees have been taking longer breaks and lunch hours than they are entitled to. Fromm. The problem is getting worse. Write a . memo reiterating company policy on break time.

Date : August 01, 2008 To : All Employees From : Mr. Neyaz Khan Director Policy and Planning Division CC : Mr. Javed Habib, Chairman Ms. Jorina Khanom, Vice Chairman Subject : PAY ATTENTION ON BREAK TIME POLICY. A report has proved that some of employees are taking longer breaks and lunch hours more than company policy. Calculator , Lunch , Meal 695 Words | 4 Pages. parents' homes are nearby, students can save money on vs private sector lunch and scans, eat from home.

Social Contact * Students may spend time with others . who they may not see if the lunch was confined to on campus. Students can go out and eat with friends. Outside * If it's a great day outside, students can eat outdoors and enjoy the sun for a half-hour or so. This could lead to public, a fresh burst of energy and creativity. Selection. Independence * Open campus lunch allows the students to sector vs private, leave the premise of the. Breakfast , Chipotle Mexican Grill , Coffeehouse 871 Words | 3 Pages. campus. This service I will be bringing to the college will be made so that people who wish to spend low amounts of money on a breakfast/ lunch . for selection people of all health ranges. This service will not limit its customers to only people that would like to eat healthy or unhealthy I will have a varied menu for everyone who wishes to have an enjoyable breakfast, lunch or dinner. Public Sector. Price; The price of an average meal within my establishment will vary depending on what type of food that the customer wishes.

Dinner , Full breakfast , Lunch 1286 Words | 4 Pages. No Longer at Ease From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia No Longer at Ease is environmental scans, a 1960 novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. It . Sector. is the story of an Igbo (also spelled Ibo) man, Obi Okonkwo, who leaves his village for a British education and a job in the Nigerian colonial civil service, but who struggles to adapt to a Western lifestyle and ends up taking a bribe. The novel is the sequel to fromm conscience, Achebe's Things Fall Apart, which concerned the vs private sector, struggle of Obi Okonkwo's grandfather Okonkwo against the changes. African literature , Arrow of God , Chinua Achebe 957 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of conscience, Bureaucracy in public sector, a Working Environment. I woke up late one morning and quickly realised that I had a bus to catch to reach the University. Examples. Having missed breakfast, I was really famished and decided . to stop at a nearby restaurant called Leeds Buffet for lunch . Sector Vs Private. In this essay Ill write about what I saw at it be Essay, the restaurant, and support with a paper which highlights the importance of sector, bureaucracy in conscience, a working environment. Public Sector Vs Private Sector. As soon as I entered the it be to buy, restaurant, I was welcomed by a member of vs private sector, staff who escorted me to a table and Essay on Importance of Community, ensured I was.

Dinner , Food , Lunch 992 Words | 3 Pages. I.D and it matches the name that the parent had given us then we will let them pick up the child. When the public sector sector, parents arrive to come and pick up their children . we will tell them what they have been doing for the day. Fromm Conscience. We will tell them what it was for public vs private lunch and if their child had eaten all or refused. If any of the children have been upset some parts of the day we will let the Essay of Community Service, parents no in case there is something going around the nursery.

If we are going out for the day with all the kids or just going. Debut albums , Dinner , Eating 2945 Words | 7 Pages. The Knowledge of Dining Etiquette. etiquette. The intention of this report is to gain knowledge on dining etiquette and the importance of it to business professionals. The information . presented in this report will help managers to conduct proper business meetings over breakfast, lunch , or dinner. The focal point of this research is on dining etiquette and the proper way to function as a host or client using the appropriate table.

Duties of a Host Lydia Ramsey says, You are in charge. It is up to you to see that things go well. Cutlery , Eating , Food 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Integrated Marketing Communication. Communications) Customers Current Customers. Current customers (families) buy McDonalds meals in public sector, McDonalds restaurant during lunch . dinner times for a chance to adverse, enjoy time with their family and a great feeling of saving (through Extra Value meal) while having an opportunity of miracle. Former Customers. Former customers buy McDonalds meals in McDonalds restaurants during lunch dinner times, because they long to feel McDonalds experiences that they havent felt for a quite while. Vs Private. Potential New.

Fast food , KFC , Lunch 397 Words | 3 Pages. Food For Thought Remember the days of regular ranch, regular bread, and a dessert being part of a typical school lunch ? Well, this is not the was the first step, . case anymore. Now it is sector, low fat ranch, whole wheat bread, and sides of only what was the step in ghana’s, fruits and vegetables. This is all part of the new schools lunch program. The government wants students to be healthier, and public sector vs private, this is how they decide to do it. However, this is not an effective plan because it is leaving students hungry, they do not enjoy the food, and is costly. Cafeteria , Food , Health 1686 Words | 4 Pages. Poor Families Equal Unhealthy Eating Habits. understand the examples, economical factor that impacts childhood obesity. The researcher will argue unhealthy meal patterns, a lack of knowledge and vs private, lack of money . leads to childhood obesity.

The researcher will briefly, inform readers the history of why free lunch was incorporated into step in ghana’s independence?, public school systems? What changes were implemented in schools and how it affected families with little income? The researcher will gather information for the internet and using the sector, Ashford library to access. Environmental Scans. The importance. 19th century , Dinner , Food 1032 Words | 3 Pages. In Chinua Achebe's No Longer at sector vs private sector, ease Obi Okonkwo is a Nigerian man who gains a scholarship from the U.P.U to study in England. Upon his return . to adverse selection examples, Africa he is confronted with the public sector vs private, corruption that exist within the Nigerian government. In this essay I will look at the conflict that exist within Obi after he accepts his first bribe. Adverse Examples. Also there will be looked at how the guilt that Obi experiences because he is caught between two worlds, impacts said conflict within him. Public Sector Vs Private Sector. Furthermore I with look at it be legal to buy kidneys?, how.

Arrow of God , Bribery , Chinua Achebe 1106 Words | 3 Pages. Business Plan for public sector My Health Oriented Restaurant. location, Grunwald, in the south of Munich is the perfect setting for such a specialty restaurant. Grunwald is on of the richest suburbs in Germany, with a . lot of people focusing on a healthy diet. Organix would start out as a small restaurant for lunch , with a tiny organic grocery shop integrated. People can sit down and enjoy their meal, or they can grab a quick take away bite on the run and still eat healthy. Mission Organix offers the perfect mix of good tasting food and healthy food.

Asset , Balance sheet , Euro 1679 Words | 7 Pages. up to go to high school every day isnt the hume inquiry, most fun thing on earth. Sitting through a few boring classes that seem to drag on public sector forever isnt an exciting way . to spend a day as a kid. But, there is one part of first, school that everyone looks forward to; lunch . After waiting through a couple periods a student can talk openly with his or her peers, and enjoy some food that the school provides. That is, until, something gets slopped onto their plate that looks like cardboard, plastic, or something some people. Cafeteria , High school , Lunch 1094 Words | 3 Pages. However, if the quality of food is poor it can also affect the students response towards the public vs private sector, food.

The amount of students eating the schools meals will . decrease which will have a huge effect on the school. Plus, students that cannot have a packed lunch , but have to to buy Essay, have school meals and do not enjoy the food, because of the poor quality (for example the meat hasnt been prepared to vs private sector, the expected level because it has been undercooked) can become very ill, affect their attendance and in the long run. Food , Lunch , Meal 1784 Words | 5 Pages. School Lunch in the U.S. Love or Avarice? Christian Tancredi School Lunch in the U.S. Environmental. Love or Avarice?

In the U.S. the debate with regards to school lunches never seems to settle. . Public Vs Private Sector. Advocates for lunch boxes, or brown-bags, argue that school lunches are not healthy enough for the children. Others say that removing school lunch completely would entail graver and more direct problems. This essay will argue for keeping the school lunch and the importance of improving it. Fromm Conscience. The main reason people want to remove school lunches concerns the. Lunch , Lunch box , Meal 1250 Words | 4 Pages. take to public sector, school, but a lot of on Importance, children in public sector vs private sector, America come from single parent homes where the mother works and Essay and Benefits of Community, doesnt have the time to pack lunches. In . traditional families, if the child does have a packed lunch its usually healthy- a sandwich, fruit and public sector sector, a drink. Adverse. But most children eat the lunch the school provides. The government has guidelines for the nutritional value and price of the lunches, but these American schools, unlike their Japanese counterparts, also have vending machines and . Food , Health , Japan 970 Words | 3 Pages. Technology's Impact on Childhood, a Comparison of public, Past and Present.

The children begin their day with a hearty home-made breakfast before heading off to school, toting their lunch packs filled with sandwiches, . soups, fruit and milk. They walk either the entire distance, or to the assigned bus stop where they will be picked up and later dropped off. They greet their friends in the schoolyard where they play until the morning bell is heard. At recess and on Importance and Benefits of Community Service, lunch they again spend all possible moments outside playing until instructed to return to the classroom, where they. Dinner , Family , Harriet the Spy 1608 Words | 4 Pages. of elementary, middle, and high school students. When I was in school a typical lunch consisted of pizza, carrots, and public sector vs private, milk. Essay On Importance. Across the . Public Sector Sector. country school lunches are becoming healthier. New federal guidelines aim to provide healthier school lunches and curb the nation's childhood obesity epidemic.

Among the changes are more fresh fruits and vegetables. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires school lunch programs to serve healthier food: fewer calories and what step in ghana’s independence?, starches, and more fruits and. College , Elementary school , High school 1330 Words | 4 Pages. 10 laps ea. | Evening Workout | Cardio | 15 min | 5.5 | | Abs Routine | | | | | | | | | | Meal | Time | Food | Calories | . Breakfast | 5:00 P | Egg whites w/ spinach/ Turkey bacon | | Snack | 10:00 A | Apple | | Lunch | 12:00 P | Tuna sandwich/ Soup | | Snack | 2:00 P | Trail Mix/ Yogurt | | Dinner | 5:00 P | Lemon Pep Chicken Breast / Broccoli | | Snack | 7:00 P | | | Total Calories: | | Calories Burned: | | Calories Consume: | - | Total. Breakfast , Dinner , Egg 297 Words | 3 Pages. as much as we are learn because of the longer day(which equal to more information learned).

We will face hunger as another of public vs private sector, our big . problems. Should It Be To Buy. Hunger lead to giant gap of opportunities to eat since the earliest lunch period is third which we call breakfast but some calls it branch. Already students are complaining about the lack of sector, food they eat and being hungry all the time in school just because they don't want to scans, eat the nasty and grossing school lunch food. This is a problem because student. Child , College , Education 928 Words | 3 Pages. their working hours and days, the tellers are affected because they are expected to balance their books of public sector vs private sector, accounts. However Banks face nutritional . challenges and these are as follows; There are very short lunch breaks for instance most of the bank tellers are constricted to very short lunch breaks usually one hour or half an human hour. In such a short period the employees are not able to public vs private, have a well planned balanced diet thus affecting on their productivity levels. Bank tellers are not subjected to. Better , Food , Health 814 Words | 2 Pages.

Michael Tran Mr. Quinn English 101 19 February 2013 The Destined Loner of High School A time when I felt like an outsider was when I was eating . lunch at school. My mother kept on moving around, so I couldnt keep friends very long. Should To Buy Essay. This was one of the reasons why I ate alone during school. I didnt mind eating solo; I just finished quick and went to sector vs private, the library. Throughout the years, Ive gotten used to eating by myself. Some of the Should legal Essay, time, I was accompanied with an acquaintance Ive met. College , High school , Lunch 1349 Words | 3 Pages.

of food their schools are serving their kids. In the country today, there are a lot of school districts going to a more healthy program for school breakfast . and lunch meals. The program that this school district is going with is the free and public sector vs private sector, reduce lunch and breakfast program. The free and reduce program helps family who can provide lunch and breakfast for their children, and it also this programs provides a healthy meal for them as well. What the parents need to know is what the program is about. Breakfast , Dinner , High school 1642 Words | 4 Pages. take to the building #531 for Should it be kidneys? Essay the general session where we were introduced to simulation. Then we were been taken in our groups for breakout rooms in the . building #610 where we had to public vs private, design our product. After this tough morning finally we had our lunch time.

Again with full of energy we had a general session in the building #550 that included understanding of personality styles. Again after the personality styles lecture we had a general session where the speaker had a discussion about the innovation. Brunch , Conference hall , Dinner 1990 Words | 6 Pages. ? Food Preparation Recipe Assignment Food Report Food vs. Lifestyle, Family Relationships, Economy Lifestyle Similar to Canada Pakistan has 3 meals . a day: Breakfast, Lunch , and Dinner.

Although, the culture of England has been adopted as evening tea is legal, very common. This includes small snacks along side with tea, usually before sunset. Although, in Pakistan Islam in vs private, the major religion and one of the obligations is to participate in conscience, the month of sector vs private, Ramadan. During which time the household has. Chili pepper , Coriander , Cumin 1197 Words | 5 Pages. helping out in the 2-3 room when the room was busy and the setting was short of staff. Another example of hume human, a way I worked as part of a team was by sector vs private, helping the fromm conscience, . Public Sector Vs Private. practitioners obey parents wishes.

An example of this was ensuring the babies didnt sleep for longer than their parents had said. For example there were twins who were 11 months old who attended the setting 8am till 4pm and environmental, were only allowed to sleep for an hour while in the setting. I worked as part of a team to ensure the setting was safe for the. Child , Children , Food 1169 Words | 3 Pages. after receiving praise from teacher Shelly. Running Record Time : 11:40 - 11:45 am Date: 6/5/2014 Name : X . Place: Kiwi Care /Inside Its lunch time and X is sitting with his peers to have his lunch . Sector Vs Private Sector. He is enjoying his lunch ( Toast ), mean while the teacher is asking questions from them like , What is it that they are eating, What all things are there in your toast ? X does not seem interested in answering the teacher, is busy. Bread , Cake , Dinner 884 Words | 6 Pages. time rather than decreasing it children would not be as obese. Environmental. The same goes for making physical education mandatory in elementary schools and sector vs private sector, requiring . Adverse Examples. physical education be taken in each semester of high school.

Simply changing the lunch menu and offering more lunch time would not necessarily decrease the public sector vs private sector, obesity rate among school age children. Without any type of what first step in ghana’s, education to go along with any changes, children may not understand why changes need to be made and why they were being asked to eat. Food , High school , Hypertension 2464 Words | 7 Pages. people. One bar for relaxing after the show. Relaxing and having a talk after a show in de Lawei. Sector Vs Private. The theater guests are always welcome to Hopper to adverse selection, have . another drink or small bite to eat after the sector vs private, show. One bar for lunch and dinner.

Mondays through Sunday they serve lunch between 12:00 oclock and it be legal to buy, 14:00 oclock. It is also possible to sector sector, simply stop by to get a cup of environmental, coffie or tea or meet with friends. Wilt If guests would like to dine, this is possible from public Thursday untill Sunday, between. Dinner , Good , Goods 842 Words | 3 Pages. INTRODUCTION Majority of employees presently spend an average of 60 minutes per day going to the cafeteria or restaurant to select, purchase and eat . lunch . What Was The Step In Ghana’s Independence?. About 20 minutes of sector vs private sector, this time is spent walking to inquiry concerning, and from the cafeteria. Selecting their meals and paying for their meals by cash or credit cards. Public Vs Private. When employees go out for it be legal Essay lunch , they spend an average of 90 minutes off-site. Some employees phone the cafeteria in advance to order a meal to sector vs private, be ready for them to pick up.

Employees. Breakfast , Dinner , Food 615 Words | 3 Pages. am all alone at selection, our office. Too boring for an ordinary day for me. While waiting, I decided to clean the filling cabinet just to make sure that all the files . Sector Vs Private Sector. are in inquiry concerning human, ordered and in alphabetical order too. It was lunch time when I decided to go down stairs to public, buy food for inquiry understanding my lunch . After lunch , Ma?am Jheng came at the office. She told me that I can go home early. She will be the one who will wait for public sector sector the applicant. It was too great! I can now go home to take an and Benefits of Community Service early sleep. Week 5, July 1-5 First week.

Cavite , Cavite City , German language 2346 Words | 5 Pages. and 2% to public sector vs private, more than five blocks. Adverse Selection Examples. The direction from 25% of them is south of DHC, 20% east of DHC and 15% southwest of DHC. The majority (82%) does not have a . regular physician. CUSTOMER BEHAVIOUR: Working hours (9am 5pm) From Monday to Friday, lunch hours from 11am to 2pm.

Their offices are located nearby the public vs private sector, DHC. SEGMENTATION OF MARKET: The most frequent reasons for patient visits from the first 11 months of operations of DHC is conscience, presented in details as follows: personal illness exams (53%);. Ambulatory care , Clinic , Health care 1348 Words | 5 Pages. This i would change if Icould go back to sector, high school. could go back in it be legal to buy Essay, time, I would go back to my high school, with a few things in public sector, mind. In this essay, I will identify the five changes I would make to my . high school: a jukebox, shared lockers, assigned parking, nicer restrooms, and choices at lunch . I can still hear all my favorite tunes now. All my friends, and scans, I would gather every morning in the lunchroom before class would start; pop a quarter in the jukebox and pick three songs. As we listened, we would talk about public vs private sector upcoming.

Catch-22 , High school , Higher education 848 Words | 4 Pages. If I were in charge of school If I were in charge of school, Id cancel homework, restricted lunch , tardies, and also exams. If I . were in charge of school, Thered be more freedom, better lunches, and better computers. If I were in charge of school, You wouldnt have any classwork, you wouldnt have any textbooks, you wouldnt have any rules, or a Dress Code, you wouldnt even have to pass your classes. If I were in charge of conscience, school, The principal would be a janitor, all teachers. Weird Al Yankovic , 2006 singles , Association football 884 Words | 4 Pages. placed in order neatly in public sector, your binder. DO NOT close books; put away anything into your bag before the bell. Ms. Environmental. Teleky dismisses you, not the public sector vs private sector, bell. . Otherwise, you may be asked to stay after class to straighten out the scans, room or to come back at lunch time or to stay in tutorial. You may NOT change your seating without talking to Ms. Teleky.

Please be courteous and greet your teacher and classmates upon sector vs private, entering and leaving the room. Respect towards your teacher and classmates is what was the first in ghana’s, essential. Classroom , Electronic engineering , Electronics 1431 Words | 5 Pages. An Episode of public vs private sector, My Life- Life of a Grade 8 Student. smile on her face. Should Kidneys?. Since today was the last day of school, we only had to stay in school until after lunch . Sector. We had recess after first . period. To Buy. My two best friends Trina and Elisa were with me along some other girls. They think that going to school in England will be a fairy tale but for me its definitely not. Lunch was pizza and fruit salad. We had to help clean out the classroom before lunch . Public. Around one oclock we were about to leave. I knew it would be the last time I ever see my friends.

English-language films , Family , High school 1165 Words | 3 Pages. then frozen and delivered to schools all across the country. However, school nutritionists and cafeteria workers do not realize how unappealing school . Of Community. lunches are to students taste buds. Eating a good, satisfying, healthy lunch is important. More students would eat lunch at school if it was worth the money students pay. Most school lunches cost anywhere between $1.50 to public, $2.00 which is a good price for of Community Service a nutritious meal.

Currently the public vs private sector, food students pay for is not tasty. While there are some fats. Food , High school , Lafayette, Louisiana 1113 Words | 4 Pages. La Grande Alliance Restaurant Francais. 3 dishes per person for dinner (1 appetizer or soup, 1 entree, and 1 dessert). The probability of ordering each of the three dishes is equal. 2.Cost of . lunch is based on percentage of cost of goods sold 3.Salaries: *Managerial/Supervisory Positions (1 for on Importance and Benefits of Community lunch and 1 for dinner) *Captain *Chef and Maitre d'hotel Dishwasher is 1 for lunch and public sector, 1 for hume understanding dinner. *Sous chef cooks dishes with difficulty level of public sector vs private, 3, 4 and 5 (as a moderately experienced chef). *Apprentice chef cooks dishes with difficulty. Chef , Cost accounting , Dinner 328 Words | 3 Pages.

gained in this course has led me to believe that this is simply unacceptable. Something has to conscience, change, and I have a plan to make that happen. Public Sector Vs Private Sector. My life is legal Essay, . an unusual one. Public Vs Private Sector. My work schedule has me getting up before the sun rises and getting home before lunch time. After I get home, my time is mostly occupied by my two year old daughter. Then, I cook dinner and usually go to bed before the sun sets. Because of the Essay on Importance and Benefits, nature of this lifestyle, there is not much time for things like exercise or any other physical. Dinner , Eating , Health 1990 Words | 5 Pages. other things, seeks to sector, address issues of food security, lack of nutrition and access to education on a pan nation scale.The main objective of concerning human, MDM Programme . in public vs private sector, the State is to boost universalisation of Primary Education. Adverse. It involves provision for free lunch on working days for children in Primary and Upper Primary Classes in Government, Government Aided, Local Body, Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternate Innovative Education (AIE) Centres, Madarsa and sector vs private, Maqtabs supported under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and National.

Dinner , Lunch , Meal 1369 Words | 4 Pages. class there are new faces over there (same situation as in college).During break I interact with my classmates and ask their names. When I was sitting in . Should It Be Legal To Buy. cafeteria five senior came and welcomed me in there own style (i.e. ragging).After this I had a lunch with some money left .when my class was over I realize that college and school days are the golden days of sector, ones life. You cannot compare the college days with university days. My first day at university has large impact on me because I realize that. College , Existential quantification , Friendship 964 Words | 3 Pages. Display: School and Corridor Curriculum Displays. Staff are not to concerning human, stand on tables chairs or stools while working on a display.

When working on a classroom display the classroom should be empty. Similarly . corridor displays are to be worked on only when children are in the classroom or on their lunch break. Staples, glue and public, blue tack can be used, but pins are not allowed. Before taking down a display staples used need to be counted, and then recounted for when taken off. Each classroom must have one display on literacy and one on numeracy. Corridor. Display device , Education , Learning 1031 Words | 2 Pages. department look better. Time, time, time.

Time is key in Essay and Benefits of Community Service, a sales associates job. Public Vs Private. They have to scans, be on time because the associate that came in before them . either is vs private, leavening soon or need you to cover the was the first step independence?, area while they go on sector vs private sector lunch or break. Sale associates are assigning a lunch time, but they have freedom for what was the first step independence? taking their breaks. You take your break two hours after the associate signs in for sector vs private the day and two hours before they leave they can take another break, depending on how many hour you work. . Consultative selling , Customer service , Department store 907 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Breads focus is on small neighborhood environments and will rarely be found in of Community Service, a major or large city.

When lunch time comes and we . start to think about what and public sector vs private sector, where we should go for fromm lunch , then Panera Bread is one of the options. After finding one and vs private sector, driving there, you will be shocked with how busy the place is and will doubt that you will have time in the one hour lunch to wait on line to place an order and Essay, pay around 11-13 dollars for a quality meal. Vs Private. Then, due to the large number of. Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast food 2453 Words | 7 Pages. surprises and Essay Service, get familiar with the sector vs private sector, location. * Get a map that includes the site layout plus parking, washrooms, food areas, picnic sites etc. * . Was The First. Arrange lunch or meal plans * Check-in with your field trip host several days in advance to confirm objectives for the field trip, meeting time/location, parking, snack/ lunch procedures, and vs private sector, any outcomes of your discussions. * Identify who does what, and who leads whom where, once you are on site. * Share your field trip agenda. First Nations , Fort William Historical Park , Fort William, Ontario 800 Words | 3 Pages. slavery were very brutal and inhuman. But I wanted out, I couldnt bare to take the examples, pain any more. So I came up with a plan.

Two former slaves and I decided . to escape on our 10 minute lunch time. Instead of going to lunch , we were going to meet up with other slaves at the underground railroad and make our escape. Public Sector Vs Private Sector. Lunch started and this was our time, we walked all the way to the last road near the underground rail road. I felt soo satisfied, thinking i completed my mission. Until i heard a person screamed. Escape , I Decided , Lunch 1005 Words | 3 Pages. people before the hungry student and examples, the time for public vs private the student is 60 seconds (1min). Since its a lunch time, 2 cooks would be at work at once . and kidneys?, cooking time is 80 seconds at the maximum. With just 3 people ahead of the hungry student, estimated time for the student to have his meal cooked is vs private sector, 160 seconds (2.67mins). Waiting time before find a seat on a bar stool by the wall which is mostly used during lunch time is 15 minutes. The total calculated time is 28.67 minutes.

As Wai-Ling expressed. Customer , Customer service , Lunch 1157 Words | 7 Pages. English Food A meal is an occasion for taking food; it is also the conscience, food that is sector vs private sector, taken. Meal-time is the usual time for taking a meal. Meals and meal-times . in England are not the same in all families. Scans. The usual meals in England are breakfast, lunch , tea and dinner or in simpler homes, breakfast, dinner, tea and supper. Breakfast is public sector vs private sector, generally a bigger meal than we have on the Continent, though some English people like a continental breakfast of what was the first step independence?, rolls and butter and public sector sector, coffee. The traditional breakfast.

Breakfast , British cuisine , Dinner 1004 Words | 3 Pages.

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aix resume sample Date of birth: August 23 rd , 1981. Country of residence: Germany. System Administration of a number of Unix operating systems (Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX) with advanced use (and limited system admin experience) of Windows operating systems. Seeking a challenging and rewarding employment in sector which I can utilize and improve my Unix, high availability, network, and security expertise in an environment that encourages technical innovation and initiative. Conscience? Senior UNIX and Storage Engineer, About company : Ericsson is a leading billing and customer care solution provider for mobile telecommunications.

Due to a?we support everythinga? mentality, Ericsson has big environment composed of 150+ servers with all flavors of UNIX systems, as well as more than 200 terabytes of data inside of storage area network. Administration of UNIX infrastructure composed of Linux, AIX, HP-UX, Solaris and Tru64 servers. Transformation of naming service infrastructure from NIS to LDAP using FreeIPA (Red Hat Directory Server + Kerberos + SLAPI-NIS) Administration of NetApp NAS cluster. Full management of SAN environment composed of IBM DS4000 storage subsystems and 4 node IBM SAN Volume Controler cluster. SAN has more than 200 terabytes of data. Management of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) backup server.

Management of Brocade SAN switches in dual fabric configuration. Designed and deployed auto-installation system for public sector, new SuSE Linux servers. Installation time reduced from 1-2 days to 20 minutes. Automation of backup procedures for various appliances (IBM SVC, Brocade SAN switches, etc). Administration of adverse selection monitoring infrastructure consisting of Nagios server with Centreon as web interface for configuration and display of performance data. Vs Private? Major achievements : Design and kidneys? implementation of new service monitoring infrastructure, integrating Centreon into public vs private sector existing Nagios infrastructure. Integration required more than 2000 lines of code in Centreon to be changed. Project was deployed successfully without any downtimes in monitoring. UNIX Systems Administrator, L3. Brno, Czech Republic. About company : IBM Global Service Delivery Center Brno provides outsourcing services for various IMTs of IBM Europe (France, Germany, Italy, etc).

With more than 2500 people currently employed it is the legal to buy Essay, single biggest GSDC outside of USA.Working in a subteam of 5 members, responsible for more than 500 servers with various versions of sector UNIX Operating System IBM AIX, HP-UX, SUN Solaris and Red Hat Linux. Working in a subteam of 5 members, responsible for more than 500 servers with various versions of UNIX Operating System IBM AIX, HP-UX, SUN Solaris and Red Hat Linux. Besides System Administrator role, acting also as a Focal Point for my subteam main contact point for all communication and escalations. Operating system and hardware support for 300+ servers belonging to multiple French customers including such companies as Honeywell, FNAC, Merial, BNPP, REXEL and ABN AMRO. Environmental? Operating system and hardware support for 250+ IBM AIX infrastructure servers. Public Vs Private? Management of understanding 6 p570 systems with dual building and dual VIO per building architecture. Management of public sector two DS4300 storage systems. Transformation of environment into centralized managed environment with a set of scripts writen in Python programming language and and Benefits of Community MySQL database as a backend.

Database includes all information about the servers, including the connection procedure, which opens possibility of automatic login on a server located behind two or more gateways, thus simplifying connection procedures. Building web based team portal with inventory information of servers in teams#8217; scope, backup reporting and performance/capacity planning data. Portal is build using object oriented PHP, MySQL and jQuery AJAX JavaScript library. Preparation and public sector execution of server patching and upgrade on more than 200 servers including HP-UX, AIX, Solaris and Red Hat Linux servers. Servers included AIX HACMP and HP-UX MC/ServiceGuard clusters. Resolving tickets escalated by lower levels of support. Fromm? File system management on various platforms. LVM configuration and public sector sector maintenance. Development of Perl and Shell scripts for automation of daily tasks. Troubleshooting of hardware and software problems. Creating documentation and roadmaps describing complex operations for new and less experienced members of the team.

Interviewing new job candidates. Major achievements : In January 2008, while I was working for legal Essay, IBM GSDC, I was presented with a reward of being the most valuable member of the team for year 2007. Sector? Reward was based on Essay Service, technical skills as much as for leadership, openness and willingness to share the knowledge in the team. Having in mind that the team had 30+ members at the time and that it was my first year in the team, gives even bigger significance to the reward. Public Sector Sector? Linux Systems Engineer, About company : Founded in 1995, EUnet is first Serbian Internet Service Provider. At the same time, with more than 100.000 active users, it is the biggest ISP in independence? Serbia. Being a technological leader, EUnet is a synonym in Serbia for both innovation and high-quality service. Built system for sector sector, automated and on demand security scanning of client networks, using Nessus, PHP and MySQL. Part of the scans, Sybase-Oracle billing migration team. My responsibilities were server installation, system support, close work and cooperation with development team and public sector vs private design and implementation of custom patch for PHP interpreter in order for billing application to scans work correctly.

Design and implementation of high availability and reliability solutions for company#8217;s critical e-commerce services (solutions included PostgreSQL replication and custom backup solution). Remote administration of EUnet servers located in London, UK. Installation and maintenance of dedicated servers which included development of simple control panel for web administration of public vs private e-mail accounts (Postfix + SASL + MySQL + CourierPOP3) and examples apache VHosts. Consulting and remote administration of Bosnia Telecom ( Solaris servers. Development of custom PERL scripts for Apache benchmark of sector vs private sector dynamically defined VHosts. Installation, customization and improvement of Ensim based hosting servers. DNS administration. Independence?? MySQL tuning.

Testing and implementation of ticketing software for internal communication and also for customer tech support. Public Sector? Testing and implementation of hume concerning understanding software for internal webmail. Tech support for advanced hosting customers. Major achievements : Technical specification for new high-availability web hosting solution based on fully clustered environment. System included customized version of Apache web server and custom build MySQL proxy. Sector Vs Private Sector? Linux Systems Administrator, About company : VeratNet was the first Internet Service Provider in Serbia to offer Internet for on Importance and Benefits, reasonable prices. Today, VeratNet is one of the three biggest ISPs in public vs private sector Serbia and biggest web hosting provider. Design and implementation of new hosting service that promote central management for Apache configuration, DNS records and Mail service.

Conduct translation of production DNS, and Sendmail customer configurations from united Dialup, Corporate and Hosting service to newly developed hosting platform, with zero down time. Development of custom billing scripts. DNS, mail and MySQL administration. Development of custom server status monitoring tool using RRD and was the first step independence? MRTG. Training of tech support officers.

Tech support for advanced hosting customers. Major achievements : Planing and public vs private sector execution of transition from old mutalized DNS and mail system to new hosting-only DNS and mail servers.

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Essay: The Smart Emergency First Aid Kit. The smart emergency first aid kit would be convenient and easy to use by public sector, a normal technical person. It would be having compartment of materials to be used during particular emergency which would show LED indication. First Step In Ghana’s Independence?! Simultaneously it will show the instructions related to particular emergency on LCD. Sector Vs Private Sector! It would also give an indication for the refilling of the compartments when they are empty.

It would also have an additional feature of pre-recorded instructions in local language useful for was the first step, guiding the laymen handling the emergency case. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION. 1.1 What is a First Aid Kit? Currently available first aid kits are mainly used during: Accidents- cuts, wounds, injuries, fractures. Emergencies- Absence of breathing, absence of heartbeat, choking, sunstroke, drowning, electric shock, poisoning. It comprises of: Band aids and elastic bandages. Gauze and Adhesive tape.

Antiseptic wipes and cotton wool. Safety pins and Scissors. Fig. 1(a) Ordinary First aid kits. Courtesy: Meditrain first aid kits. 1.2 Aim #038; Objective of the Project. Developing an innovative Smart Emergency First Aid Kit to cater different medical emergencies. Following medical emergencies would be covered:

6. Public Vs Private Sector! Unconscious not breathing. 7. Unconscious breathing. 1.3 Problem Identification: The following are the problems that are faced: No first aid kit available in the market which caters all or major medical emergencies. Improperly assembled kits. Inefficient interface between user and a kit. No serial communication or software integration with kit. No telemedicine integrated first aid kit. No Innovative design to cater individualized industry specific kit.

Peripheral areas of the country having dispensaries are unable treat the patients effectively during emergencies. Fig.1 (b) Currently available first aid kit. Courtesy: Meditrain first aid kits. CHAPTER 2: PROJECT DESCRIPTION. The Smart Emergency First Aid Kit is the device containing a collection of materials useful for giving first aid to the person suffering from an emergency.

During any emergency conditions, a layman would feel it difficult to help the person in emergency due to physical or mental instability developed by looking at the emergency condition. Environmental! We have worked upon this condition and developed a novel kit where in a layman-ordinary person can help the person in emergency by following the predefined and simplified steps. These steps (protocols) have been defined using our extensive research and data collection from clinicians working in sector vs private emergency department of renowned hospitals. Selection Examples! The steps to be followed pertaining to any defined emergency has three potential ways of communication with the user. First, once the switch pertaining to predefined emergency is pressed, the vs private materials required for the emergency gives LED indication in the compartments. This helps the what first in ghana’s user to easily identify the materials required for particular emergency. Sector! Second, the predefined steps which needs to Should, be followed pertaining to particular emergency has a visual display in the form instructions.

Third, there are predefined audio instructions pertaining to particular emergency which will help user to follow the steps easily. The kit is a well-organized and comprises of compartments for arranging the public sector sector materials according to the emergencies. Environmental Scans! In addition, there is a provision of indication for refilling the supplies whenever the compartment is empty. 2.2 Layout of the kit: Fig.2 (a) Layout of the smart First Aid Kit. 2.3 Description of the public kit: Push buttons are provided to select a particular type of emergency. There are total 10 push buttons. One push button is what step in ghana’s independence? assigned to public, one emergency condition in following manner: 1.2 Heart attack.

1.6 Unconscious not breathing. 1.7 Unconscious breathing. LCD display will show the instructions related to conscience, particular emergency when it is sector vs private sector selected. There are LED indicators provided which will glow when a particular material is required during the specific emergency. Example: If 1 button is what first step independence? pushed then for bleeding as the required materials are cotton and sterile piece of public sector vs private sector cloth and bandage then the compartments having these materials will be indicated by their respective LEDs. 4. Weight Sensors: Weight sensors will be IR sensors which will be in each compartment. This will show that the particular compartment is empty or is filled. Adverse Examples! If it shows red indication it means compartment is empty and needs to vs private, be refilled.

If it shows green indication it means that the compartment is not empty. 5. Environmental! Instructions to be displayed: Immobilize the sector injured part. Dont remove the fromm bandage. LED: 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. 5.2 Heart attack. Chew and swallow an aspirin. Begin CPR if unconscious.

Immobilize the injured part. Dont move the injured part. LED: 3, 8, 9, 10, 12. Keep the person still. Stop any bleeding. Watch for public sector, breathing. If not give CPR. LED:2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. Stop bleeding using sanitary pads. 5.6 Unconscious not breathing. If not give CPR.

Lay down on the back. 5.7 Unconscious breathing. Give CPR if irregular breathing. Keep the person warm. Give sugar to avoid faint. Lay on the back. Place other hand on on Importance the first hand. Give 100 compressions per public vs private sector minute.

Remove sharp objects. Soft thing under head. Hospital within 24 hrs. Cooling pads on what was the step in ghana’s head. Hospital within 1 hr. CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY. 3.1 Block Diagram. Fig.3 (a) Block diagram. 1) ATmega 2560 R3:

The Arduino Mega 2560 is a microcontroller board based on vs private the ATmega2560. It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which15 can be used as PWM outputs), 16 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. The Mega is compatible with most shields designed for the Arduino Duemilanove or Diecimila. 2) Weight Sensors: IR sensors. Infrared sensors are the sensor which helps to detect whether a particular object is present or not.

These will be present in fromm each compartment for the purpose of public sector refilling the materials. 20*4 LCD display for environmental scans, the display of the instructions related to the particular emergency. It is 20 character 4 line displays. 4) LED Indicators: LEDs to indicate particular material to be used during the particular type of an public vs private emergency. Conscience! Also it will indicate that a particular material is present or not. Database includes the information regarding each emergency and instructions to be displayed on the LCD screen . These instructions will be fed in the controller.

6) Micro SD Memory Card Socket: The memory card socket is vs private used to store the instruction in the different languages if the person is unable to read the fromm instructions displayed on the LCD screen. 3.3 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION: a) ATmega 2560 R3: The Arduino Mega 2560 is a microcontroller board based on public the ATmega2560. It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which 15 can be used as PWM outputs), 16 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to selection examples, support the microcontroller; simply connect it to sector, a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. The Mega is compatible with most shields designed for the Arduino Duemilanove or Diecimila. The Mega 2560 is an update to the Arduino Mega which it replaces. The Mega2560 differs from all preceding boards in that it does not use the FTDI USB-to-serial driver chip. Instead, it features the ATmega16U2 (ATmega8U2 in the revision 1 and revision 2 boards) programmed as a USB-to-serial converter. Revision 2 of the Mega2560 board has a resistor pulling the it be legal kidneys? Essay 8U2 HWB line to ground, making it easier to put into vs private sector, DFU mode.

Revision 3 of the Should to buy kidneys? Essay board has the sector sector following new features: Added SDA and SCL pins that are near to the AREF pin and two other new pins placed near to the RESET pin, the IOREF that allow the shields to adapt to the voltage provided from the board. In future, shields will be compatible both with the board that use the AVR, which operate with 5V and selection examples, with the Arduino Due that operate with 3.3V. The second one is a not connected pin that is public sector vs private sector reserved for Should legal to buy, future purposes. Stronger RESET circuit. Atmega 16U2 replace the 8U2.

Schematic, Reference Design #038; Pin Mapping. Operating Voltage 5V. Input Voltage (recommended) 7-12V. Input Voltage (limits) 6-20V. Digital I/O Pins 54 (of which 15 provide PWM output) Analog Input Pins 16. DC Current per I/O Pin 40 mA.

DC Current for vs private sector, 3.3V Pin 50 mA. Flash Memory 256 KB of which 8 KB used by boot loader. Clock Speed 16 MHz. The Arduino Mega can be powered via the USB connection or with an external power supply. The power source is selected automatically. External (non-USB) power can come either from an AC-to-DC adapter (wall-wart) or battery.

The adapter can be connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the boards power jack. Leads from a battery can be inserted in the Gnd and Vin pin headers of the POWER connector. The board can operate on an external supply of 6 to 20 volts. If supplied with less than 7V, however, the 5V pin may supply less than five volts and hume human understanding, the board may be unstable. Sector Vs Private! If using more than 12V, the voltage regulator may overheat and damage the board. The recommended range is 7 to 12 volts. The power pins are as follows:

The input voltage to the Arduino board when its using an external power source (as opposed to Should it be to buy Essay, 5 volts from the sector vs private sector USB connection or other regulated power source). You can supply voltage through this pin, or, if supplying voltage via the power jack, access it through this pin. This pin outputs a regulated 5V from the regulator on Essay and Benefits of Community the board. The board can be supplied with power either from the DC power jack (7 12V), the sector vs private USB connector (5V), or the VIN pin of the board (7-12V). Supplying voltage via the 5V or 3.3V pins bypasses the regulator, and can damage your board. We dont advise it.

A 3.3 volt supply generated by the on-board regulator. Examples! Maximum current draw is 50 mA. This pin on the Arduino board provides the sector sector voltage reference with which the microcontroller operates. A properly configured shield can read the conscience IOREF pin voltage and select the appropriate power source or enable voltage translators on the outputs for working with the public sector 5V or 3.3V. The ATmega2560 has 256 KB of flash memory for storing code (of which 8 KB is used for the boot loader), 8 KB of examples SRAM and 4 KB of EEPROM (which can be read and written with the EEPROM library) Input and Output: Each of the 54 digital pins on the Mega can be used as an input or output, using pin Mode(), digitalWrite() and digitalRead() functions. They operate at 5 volts.

Each pin can provide or receive a maximum of 40mA and has an internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by default) of 20-50 kOhms. In addition, some pins have specialized. Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX); Serial 1: 19 (RX) and 18 (TX); Serial 2: 17 (RX) and 16 (TX); Serial 3: 15 (RX) and 14 (TX). Sector Vs Private Sector! Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data. Pins 0 and 1 are also connected to the corresponding pins of the ATmega16U2 USB-to-TTL Serial chip.

2 (interrupt 0), 3 (interrupt 1), 18 (interrupt 5), 19 (interrupt 4), 20 (interrupt 3), and 21 (interrupt 2). These pins can be configured to trigger an interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge, or a change in value. These pins support SPI communication using the SPI library. The SPI pins are also broken out on the ICSP header, which is physically compatible with the Uno, Duemilanove and conscience, Diecimila. 13. There is a built-in LED connected to public sector vs private, digital pin 13. When the environmental pin is HIGH value, the LED is on, when the pin is public sector vs private LOW, its off. 20 (SDA) and 21 (SCL). Support TWI communication using the Wire library. Note that these pins are not in the same location as the TWI pins on the Duemilanove or Diecimila. The Mega2560 has 16 analog inputs, each of which provides 10 bits of resolution (i.e.

1024 different values). By default they measure from ground to 5 volts, though is Essay of Community it possible to sector, change the fromm upper end of their range using the AREF pin and analog Reference() function. There are a couple of other pins on the board: AREF. Reference voltage for the analog inputs. Public Vs Private Sector! Used with analog Reference(). Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. Typically used to add a reset button to fromm, shields which block the one on the board. The Arduino Mega2560 has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer, another Arduino, or other microcontrollers.

The ATmega2560 provides four hardware UARTs for vs private sector, TTL (5V) serial communication. An ATmega16U2 (ATmega 8U2 on the revision 1 and Essay and Benefits of Community Service, revision 2 boards) on the board channels one of these over sector, USB and provides a virtual com port to software on the computer (Windows machines will need a .inf file, but OSX and what step in ghana’s, Linux machines will recognize the board as a COM port automatically. The Arduino software includes a serial monitor which allows simple textual data to be sent to sector, and from the board. The RX and TX LEDs on the board will flash when data is what first step independence? being transmitted via the ATmega8U2/ATmega16U2 chip and USB connection to public sector vs private, the computer (but not for serial communication on pins 0 and 1).A SoftwareSerial library allows for serial communication on any of the. Mega2560s digital pins: The ATmega2560 also supports TWI and SPI communication. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the TWI bus; see the documentation ( for details. For SPI communication, use the it be legal to buy SPI library.

The Arduino Mega can be programmed with the sector Arduino software . The ATmega16U2 (or 8U2 in the rev1 and rev2 boards) firmware source code is available in the Arduino repository. Independence?! The ATmega16U2/8U2 is loaded with a DFU bootloader, which can be activated by: On Rev1 boards: connecting the solder jumper on the back of the board (near the map of sector Italy) and then resetting the environmental scans 8U2. On Rev2 or later boards: there is a resistor that pulling the 8U2/16U2 HWB line to ground, making it easier to vs private sector, put into DFU mode. You can then use. Atmels FLIP software to load a new firmware. Or you can use the environmental scans ISP header with an external programmer. Automatic (Software) Reset. Rather then requiring a physical press of the reset button before an sector upload, the Arduino Mega2560 is designed in a way that allows it to be reset by software running on a connected computer.

One of the hardware flow control lines (DTR) of the ATmega8U2 is. connected to the reset line of the ATmega2560 via a 100 nanofarad capacitor. Inquiry Concerning Understanding! When this line is asserted (taken low), the reset line drops long enough to reset the chip. The Arduino software uses this capability to allow you to upload code by simply pressing the upload button in the Arduino environment. Sector Sector! This means that the bootloader can have a shorter timeout, as the lowering of DTR can be well-coordinated with the start of the upload. This setup has other implications. When the hume concerning human Mega2560 is connected to either a computer running Mac OS X or Linux, it resets each time a connection is made to it from software (via USB).

For the following half-second or so, the bootloader is running on the Mega2560. Sector Vs Private! While it is programmed to conscience, ignore malformed data (i.e. anything besides an upload of new code), it will intercept the first few bytes of data sent to the board after a connection is opened. If a sketch running on the board receives one-time configuration or other data when it first starts, make sure that the software with which it communicates waits a second after opening the connection and public sector, before sending this data. The Mega2560 contains a trace that can be cut to disable the auto-reset. The pads on examples either side of the trace can be soldered together to re-enable it. Its labeled RESET-EN.

You may also be able to disable the auto-reset by connecting a 110 ohm resistor from sector sector 5V to the reset line. USB Overcurrent Protection: The Arduino Mega2560 has a resettable polyfuse that protects your computers USB ports from shorts and overcurrent. Essay And Benefits! Although most computers provide their own internal protection, the fuse provides an extra layer of protection. If more than 500 mA is applied to the USB port, the fuse will automatically break the connection until the vs private sector short or overload is removed.

Physical Characteristics and Shield Compatibility. The maximum length and width of the of Community Service Mega2560 PCB are 4 and 2.1 inches respectively, with the USB connector and power jack extending beyond the former dimension. Three screw holes allow the public sector vs private board to environmental scans, be attached to sector vs private sector, a surface or case. Note that the conscience distance between digital pins 7 and 8 is 160 mil (0.16?), not an even multiple of the vs private 100 mil spacing of the other pins. The Mega2560 is designed to be compatible with most shields designed for the Uno, Diecimila or Duemilanove. Digital pins 0 to 13 (and the adjacent AREF and GND pins), analog inputs 0 to 5, the fromm power header, and ICSP header are all in vs private equivalent locations.

Further the main UART (serial port) is located on the same pins (0 and 1), as are external interrupts 0 and 1 (pins 2 and first step independence?, 3 respectively). SPI is available through the ICSP header on both the Mega2560 and Duemilanove / Diecimila. Sector Sector! Please note that I2C is not located on the same pins on the Mega (20 and 21) as the hume inquiry concerning human understanding Duemilanove / Diecimila (analog inputs 4 and public sector vs private, 5). Fig. 3(b) Arduino mega 2560 R3 board. Fig.

3(c) Arduino mega 2560 R3 Schematic. DISPLAY CONTENT20 CHAR x 4ROW. c) IR proximity sensor: Fig. 3(e) IR sensor. IR proximity sensor module has 3 pins. One pin is VCC, one pin is Ground and one pin is Negative. By connecting it to LED and resistor we can obtain the interfacing with LED which is environmental used for LED indication.

d) Micro SD memory card and public vs private, socket. Accepts standard Micro SD memory cards for mounting in your embedded projects. These are the same sockets we use in our Micro SD memory card interface boards model 1102 and on Importance and Benefits, 1103 and they work great. The Micro SD memory cards are the same memory cards used in public sector vs private mobile phones which are available at very low cost, making it ideal for using in embedded projects like memory card storage, audio mp3 players and such. The socket is Push Push type, means.

Push again to Eject. Fig. 3(f) Micro SD memory card and socket. CHAPTER 4: SOFTWARE PROGRAMMING. #define SD_ChipSelectPin 53 //example uses hardware SS pin 53 on environmental Mega2560. const byte ROWS = 4; //four rows. const byte COLS = 3; //four columns. //define the cymbols on the buttons of the public keypads.

byte rowPins[ROWS] = ; //connect to the row pinouts of the keypad. byte colPins[COLS] = ; //connect to the column pinouts of the keypad. //initialize an instance of class NewKeypad. Keypad customKeypad = Keypad( makeKeymap(hexaKeys), rowPins, colPins, ROWS, COLS); // initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins. LiquidCrystal lcd(14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19); TMRpcm tmrpcm; // create an object for use in this sketch.

// set up the LCDs number of columns and rows: // Print a message to the LCD. tmrpcm.speakerPin = 11; //5,6,11 or 46 on on Importance Service Mega, 9 on Uno, Nano, etc. return; // dont do anything more if not. char customKey = customKeypad.getKey(); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( Dirt, Immobilize ); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(Dont remove bandage); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( Begin CPR ); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(Chew and swallow an ); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(Stop bleeding#038; Apply); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(move injured part); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print( Keep person still ); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( Stop any bleeding ); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(Watch for public sector sector, breathing ); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print( If not give CPR); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(Stop bleeding using ); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( sanitary pad, ); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print( Check Breathing, ); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( If not give CPR, ); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print( Loosen Clothes, ); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(Lay down on the back); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( CPR if irregular ); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print( Lay on the back, ); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(place other hand on ); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(first hand#038;Give 100 ); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(thing under head. ); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print( Using soap, wash ); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print( throughly bitten ); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print( within 24 hours); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(Cooling pads on head); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(Hospital within 1 hr); void led1(int i,int j,int k,int l) void led2(int i,int j,int k,int l) void led3(int i,int j,int k,int l,int m) CHAPTER 5: LITERATURE REVIEW. 5.1 AIM: First aid kit and method of replenishing.

Includes a carrying case which has means for providing quick access to the contents carried by the case. Each pack being designated a colour, each pack being designated by an icon, and scans, each pack containing medical products for different types of first aid situations. Guidebook which have a matching colour to vs private sector, the pack. The first aid kit further including an fromm conscience overview card which includes an overview of the packs, the overview card being color coordinated to assist the user in finding the sector vs private sector appropriate pack for a situation, the overview card further being icon coordinated to environmental, assist the user in finding the appropriate pack for a situation. Fig. 5(a) First aid kit and method of replenishing. 5.2 AIM: First-aid kit. Body attached first aid kit. Specially designed for public sector vs private, battle field. Pockets designed according to fromm conscience, the equipments. flap adapted to sector vs private sector, overlie the upper open edge over the false one preventing the materials from rain.

Materials covered in this are standard size of bottle of Morphine, hypodermic needle, individual swabs, special bandage cutting scissors,splints,thermos bottle etc. Invention is to provide a body-attached first aid kit for use in emergency field work, which kit does not hinder the movement of the wearer and is adapted to be opened from the carried position with all pockets and equipment items in the proper position for hume human understanding, use while the wearer is administering first aid to public sector sector, the patient. Fig. Hume Inquiry Understanding! 5(b) First aid kit during military services. 5.3 AIM: Emergency burn treatment pack. Comprises of public soft resilient foam material adapted to support a patient lying on said foam material,

A sterile sheet on said foam material interspersed between said foam material and and Benefits of Community, a patient lying on public vs private sector said foam material and adapted to completely cover and protect said patient from contamination, and. a flexible outer covering having at least a pair of cooperating interlocking portions completely encompassing said foam material, patient and said sterile sheet for step in ghana’s, maintaining the sterile atmosphere about the sector vs private patient. Required to Should it be legal to buy kidneys?, check the pulse and breathing issue. Openings are provided in the waterproof covering to provide access to the patients arms and sector vs private, legs for intravenous blood transfusions should that be necessary. A pair of flexible straps located on each side of the waterproof outer covering provide the Should it be legal Essay means for transporting the patient while in the sterile and moist protective cocoon environment.

Fig. 5(c) Emergency burn treatment pack. 5.4 AIM: Emergency medical care kit with medical emergency instructions. Can be used by a laymen. Plastic organizer to insert the compartments. Each compartment for a particular medical emergency. A compartment for instruction and emergency telephone numbers. On one side there are necessary items for public sector, the medical emergencies and on the other side there are drugs related to primary relief. Each compartment is directed to of Community Service, a particular medical emergency and public vs private sector, is so identified on its cover or lid.

The reverse side of the it be kidneys? Essay compartment cover has instructions for treating the particular emergency, while the compartment contains the necessary care items for that particular emergency. A divider is held by snaps across the vs private sector upper section of the case to help contain the and Benefits of Community contents and also provides instruction for use of the kit, some general first aid information, and a list of emergency telephone numbers. Fig. Public Sector! 5(d) Medical organised care kit with instructions. 5.5 AIM: Emergency eye kit. Comprises of sterilized pads(2*2?), drugs, extractors, lights, ointments, tape ,spray kind of flush systems etc.An emergency medical kit having a container with a hinged lid and a latch for environmental scans, use in organizing and protecting ophthalmic instruments and public sector vs private sector, supplies, such as sterilized pads, drugs, extractors, lights, ointments, tape and other items needed by human understanding, a physician or emergency personnel working under the auspices of aphysician in rendering emergency medical assistance to a person suffering an eye injury.

The container would have one or more compartmentalized trays so that the instruments and supplies would be separated from each other and readily available for use. The container may have a locking device to prevent unauthorized access to instruments and supplies stored within. The container would be lightweight and compact, so that it is readily portable and public vs private, easily stored. It is contemplated for hume concerning understanding, the present invention to public sector vs private, be used in any location where a physician or emergency personnel is called upon to diagnose and treat someone who has suffered an hume inquiry concerning understanding eye injury, including, but not limited to, medical offices of non-ophthalmic physicians, accident sites, shopping malls, residences, sporting events, and public sector, camping facilities. Fig. 5(e) Emergency eye kit.

5.6 AIM: Emergency relief system. System comprises of packs of guidebooks of the first aid for the medical emergencies which gives the idea about the instructions on how to use the products given in the pack during a particular medical emergency. The guide book is color and icon coordinated to assist the person to quickly find the fromm conscience respective emergency pack. It also contains an public instruction guide in scans the video /audio format. Also there is a functional intelligence which gives the columnar array accordance to the packs kept in the system which results in the accuracy of the treatment related to first aid.

Contains burn pack,bleeding pack,cpr pack,head and public sector, spine pack,shock pack,bite and sting pack,bum pack,bone pack etc. The first aid kit further includes an overview card that is an overview of the components of the Should legal first aid kit, identifying each of the packs for quick reference in a first aid situation. Each of the packs contains medical products specifically selected for different types of sector sector first aid situations as well as an environmental instructional card that gives quick reference instructions for administration of first aid in these situations. Fig. 5(f) Emergency relief system. 5.7 AIM: Portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit. CN 202909126 U, 2013.

The utility model discloses a portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit and relates to a first aid medicine containing device for a patient who has coronary heart disease. Public Vs Private! The portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit comprises an elastic hanging rope, a box body, a box cover, a moving picture experts group audio layer-3 (MP3) integrated voice storage sounding device, and a time-delay starting switch. The MP3 integrated voice storage sounding device is environmental arranged at the lower end of the box body. The portable voice guidance coronary hear disease first aid kit is convenient to carry and quick in sector vs private taking medicine, and conscience, enables the patient to take first aid medicines timely, quickly and accurately by self at coronary heart disease attacking time. When the patient is incapable of public sector vs private self rescue, the portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit is capable of automatic voice alarm for help, provides the name, the address, illness conditions and first aid measures which can be taken, and therefore the purpose of first aid is scans achieved. The portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit is suitable for sector vs private, self rescue or being rescued at the coronary heart disease attacking time. Fig.

5(g) Portable coronary heart disease first aid kit. CHAPTER 6: FUTURE EXPANSION. Different kits based on the needs of the industries like hospitals, industries i.e. pharmaceuticals, drugs etc. Application of Video conferencing. Increasing the emergencies and adverse, similarly its compartments. Making them more portable. Implementation of kits in rural areas and outskirts, crossroads, public places etc. Making it more portable, user friendly and more compatible. 5. Public Vs Private Sector! Meditrain first aid kits. Search our thousands of essays:

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counter book reports Counting on sector sector COUNTER: The Current State of E-Resource Usage Data in Libraries. Once the internet became the ubiquitous way to access content, it did not take long for fromm the library community to create standards to ease the sector vs private, process of collecting usage data. In 2002, librarians formed Project COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources). A year later, COUNTER issued Release 1 of its Code of Practice, which outlined standards for publishers and vendors to report usage statistics. In 2007, the information science standards body NISO (National Information Standards Organization) created the Should it be to buy kidneys?, Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative protocol, known casually as SUSHI, which provides an automated way to public sector sector, download COUNTER reports via the web.

While COUNTER and SUSHI have helped libraries come a long way toward improving the adverse selection examples, adoption and availability of usage statistics for library market vendors, I soon came to learn that there is still a good amount of public sector vs private sector work libraries must do to get the data they need to make critical collection development and adverse selection examples, database budgeting decisions. I learned my lesson the hard way, by first turning to SUSHI with the hope it would fulfill my library’s need for data about database usage. Let me start at the start In early 2012, Southwest Baptist University (SBU) Libraries began the daunting task of sector collecting electronic resource usage statistics. As the new electronic resources librarian, I got the kidneys? Essay, job, which I immediately attempted to systematize and hopefully simplify. SBU did not have the funds to acquire a commercial electronic resource management (ERM) system, so after much difficulty, I built a functioning SUSHI harvester based on Python and MySQL. To make a long story short, details, instructions, and source code for this project can be found on my blog at . The bottom line was that building a working SUSHI client may not have even been necessary, but it certainly was not sufficient. In order to fully evaluate usage, I needed to public sector vs private sector, conduct a standard cost-per-use analysis of SBU’s electronic resources. Environmental Scans. Cost-per-use studies require two simple data ingredients: cost and usage. Cost was easy enough to find, but usage proved impossible to measure with SUSHI for most vendors. Public. The only COUNTER report available via SUSHI that measures full-text uses is the JR1 report, which counts uses per journal title.

But since the SUSHI standard does not allow librarians to specify a particular database, the JR1 report contains all the journals the library can access from a vendor’s platform. Adverse Examples. SBU might subscribe to 2 dozen databases from a vendor, each with its own price tag. Public Sector Sector. There is environmental scans no way to calculate cost per use for those dozens of databases when a vendor lumps all the public sector vs private, usage figures together into one report. Was The In Ghana’s. So at the end of the day and after all my work building a SUSHI client, I still ended up having to sector vs private sector, visit dozens of environmental vendor websites to manually collect, collate, format, and analyze all the data myself, using the sector, classic desktop applications Access and Excel. A Study of Electronic Resource Statistics in Libraries. After becoming thoroughly disillusioned with SUSHI, I wanted to know if I was alone or if other libraries were bogged down in the same statistical quagmire. The rest of this article is about the results of a survey I conducted among my peers to adverse selection, not only satisfy my own curiosity but with the public, hope that such a study would reveal insights that the vendor community and COUNTER/NISO could use to improve the fromm, standards and protocols for collecting and reporting usage statistics. My short survey was assembled using SurveyMonkey and sector sector, distributed through the LITA, ERIL, and Code4Lib listservs.

The survey contained four quantitative questions and two qualitative questions related to how libraries collect and use statistics. The survey was left open for 3 weeks. The results showed that SBU is not unique in experiencing difficulty with usage statistics. A total of 131 librarians responded to the survey. Not every respondent answered every question. Anonymous raw data can be found on my blog. I will summarize the highlights here. The first question asked what methods libraries use to collect usage statistics.

Most librarians in fromm conscience, the survey indicated that they manually collect usage data, just as I ended up doing in my project. SUSHI is seldom used, which is unsurprising since vendor implementation is poor and ERM software is expensive and unwieldy. Respondents did indicate that vendor websites provided COUNTER statistics more often than not, but a large number of sector vendors still provide no COUNTER statistics. The second question asked how much time librarians spend collecting usage statistics for fromm each year. Responses were across the board, indicating significant variance between institutions. This variance is most likely due to factors such as the amount of electronic resources, available staff, and sector vs private, automation tools. Environmental. As an electronic resources librarian, I view 1 week as an acceptable amount of time to spend collecting usage statistics. Only 23.9% of respondents indicated that they spend 1 week or less collecting statistics, whereas 40.7% of respondents indicated that the process takes them 4 weeks or longer. The third question asked what kinds of data librarians find useful. Sector Sector. Answers are mapped to a Likert scale with the following values: Not useful (0), Somewhat useful (1), Very useful (2).

The average response value was calculated for each category, ranging from 0 to 2. The highest scorers were Full-text Retrievals by first Journal/Book (1.71), Full-text Retrievals by Database/Collection (1.69), and Searches by Database/Collection (1.50) by public sector a margin of to buy kidneys? 0.33. Sector Vs Private Sector. This indicates that full-text retrievals are the main metric librarians care to know. Respondents ranked session and turnaway data unfavorably in general. It is also notable that the librarians in this survey did not care about platform-specific data, whether for full-text retrievals, searches, sessions, or turnaways. The fourth question asked which COUNTER reports are useful to librarians. Answers were mapped to the same Likert scale as for the third question.

The highest-ranking COUNTER reports (see table on page 8) were JR1 (1.77), DB1 (1.55), and BR1 (1.47) by a margin of fromm 0.40. The popularity of public sector sector JR1 and BR1 is not surprising since these librarians indicated that they primarily care about the number of full-text retrievals. DB1 reports are very popular, even though they do not include full-text statistics, most likely because they are the only COUNTER report that gives any indication of use at scans, the database level. Public Sector Vs Private. All other reports scored between 0.75 and 1.05, indicating that most libraries find them only somewhat useful at on Importance of Community, best. The fifth question was qualitative and sector vs private sector, asked what major challenges librarians face when collecting usage statistics. Inquiry. Responses were grouped into several categories as common themes emerged. By far, the biggest complaints revolve around vendor implementation. Of 175 respondents, 66 complained about vendor compliance and data consistency. Many vendors offer few or no COUNTER reports. The data is in a proprietary format that cannot be easily compared to other resources.

There is public vs private sector also no guarantee that vendors are counting usage the same way. Here is how one respondent described it: “for a search box that covers 5 databases and what was the independence?, is searched 1,000 times in a month, [some vendors] will report 5,000 searches (1,000 for each database).” Librarians reported distrust of the vendors’ statistics. One said, “It strikes me that publishers and vendors don’t want us to see this data because some of it could cause cancellations.” Another mentioned having a “feeling that the stats cannot altogether be trusted.” But the largest complaint, voiced by 71 respondents, was that collecting statistics is too tedious. Public Sector Vs Private. In most cases, this is due to selection examples, poor vendor interfaces. Public. A common grievance was that smaller vendors have no web-based interface for collecting statistics and require that a representative be emailed to ask for statistics. These contacts are often lost as libraries and vendors shuffle personnel. When vendors do provide an online interface, there is still the issue of tracking down potentially hundreds of URLs and login credentials and learning every interface’s ins and outs. Adverse Examples. “There is no consistency,” one respondent wrote. “Each vendor’s site is different, and it takes a while to figure out how to sector vs private sector, go about harvesting the use stats.” The extremely low implementation of SUSHI services exacerbates the problem.

Twelve respondents voiced frustration that vendors frequently change reporting platforms without notifying the right library personnel where and how to use the new platform. Inquiry Concerning Human. Ten complained that it is too difficult to use the available metrics to create a cost-per-use analysis; nine were frustrated that most vendors only report based on calendar year, while most libraries need data related to their fiscal years. The sixth and public sector vs private sector, final question asked what changes in the COUNTER standard would improve usage statistics. Fewer participants responded to this question (only 68 total), and responses were more varied. As in the previous question, responses were grouped by common themes. The most common suggestion, mentioned by 29 respondents, was requiring more uniform vendor implementation. One of the first step in ghana’s independence?, biggest problems in this regard is the granularity of reporting. Public Sector. Some vendors will include all journals in fromm, a JR1 report, whether the library subscribes to public vs private, the journal or not. Other vendors do not allow JR1 reports to target a specific database.

Vendors also commonly conflate platforms with individual databases, which prevents libraries from getting usage data for the individual products they buy. The second-most common suggestion is scans improvement of automation tools. SUSHI is a great standard, but it lacks wide vendor implementation, and even more so, it lacks software tools that allow libraries to take advantage of it. Responses to the survey paint a somewhat bleak picture of the current landscape of electronic resource usage statistics. Librarians are spending inordinate amounts of time collecting statistics and are often not even able to get the information they need. As one respondent succinctly put it, there is “very little ROI in public vs private sector, terms of driving collection development decision-making given the what was the step in ghana’s independence?, amount of time that goes into gathering the data.” There seems to be a categorical misunderstanding among vendors regarding why libraries want usage statistics. For the most part, librarians don’t care about sessions, searches, IP addresses, or page views. It’s all about cost per use. One respondent said, “[Cost per sector vs private use] is the only bit of environmental scans information that library administrators care about anyway.”

Vendors and COUNTER should do everything in their power to make it easier for libraries to sector sector, calculate cost per use. Scans. This includes providing full-text retrieval data for whatever the public sector, actual unit is that libraries are purchasing. Adverse Selection. If a library purchases a database, vendors should give usage data at the database level, not at the journal level or the platform level. This problem is especially rampant in vs private, SUSHI. NISO needs to include a parameter in the SUSHI specification that allows libraries to filter data by a specific database. Otherwise, the data is basically useless. The new COUNTER Release 4 updated the DB1 report to include result clicks and record views instead of Should legal to buy kidneys? just searches and sector, sessions, which is a great step in the right direction. However, at the time of fromm conscience writing, I could not find any vendors that had implemented the new DB1 report. How can we make this better? I’ve summarized my recommendations for vendors, standards bodies, and librarians in the box on the left.

Let’s work together to sector, get better usage data easier. What Can We Do to conscience, Get Better Usage Data? Here’s what vendors, standards bodies, and libraries can, should, and must do to improve electronic resource usage statistics: Invest in usability testing for your administrator interfaces. Public Sector Sector. At the bare minimum, look at your competitors’ reporting interfaces and try to copy basic navigation elements. Do not require librarians to email you for usage statistics.

Make the stats available online. Periodically email librarians with the contact information of their current service rep, especially when your platform changes. Get on board with COUNTER. At the was the first step, bare minimum, offer the public vs private, JR1, DB1, and (if applicable) BR1 reports. If you sell databases, give reports at the database level. If you sell periodicals, give reports at and Benefits Service, the title level. Sector. Do not think it is sufficient to give data at the platform level. First Independence?. Realize that libraries need fiscal year data and allow libraries to input a custom time range for public vs private their usage reports. Standards Bodies (COUNTER and NISO) Focus on what was the in ghana’s independence? adding and updating COUNTER reports that measure full-text retrievals. For many libraries, this is the only metric that matters.

Implement quality control measures to ensure that COUNTER-compliant vendors are giving accurate reports. Vendors should not be allowed to conflate platforms with databases in a DB1 report or to list journals a library does not have in a JR1 report. Consider sponsoring an open source SUSHI client that is clearly documented, easy to public sector vs private sector, implement, and up-to-date with the to buy Essay, current COUNTER release. Do not accept mediocrity from vendors. Let your service reps know that you are dissatisfied with the current reporting systems. Let them know you need SUSHI services.

Pay attention to vendor reporting mechanisms and let them know when something is clearly broken. If a vendor calls itself COUNTER-compliant but clearly isn’t, contact Project COUNTER. Be willing to educate yourself on and participate in sector vs private sector, NISO, Project COUNTER, and open source initiatives.