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Blended Families Essays and Research Papers. Churchill Quotes. The Blended Family The American Blended Family Often times we think of marriage, we . Spies Ww2. think of starting a family and living happily ever after. Todays society compared to when I was growing up is a little different. The divorce rate is higher now than it was twenty five years ago with a divorce rate of 45-50%. Over half of people that divorce remarry after about five years and the new family becomes a blended family . Blended families are defined as any marriage in quotes which at roles least one. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 1782 Words | 5 Pages. Churchill Quotes. ? Effects of symbolism, Living in a Blended Family vs. Non- Blended Family Araseli Solorio . Eastern Washington University Abstract The role of churchill, a step child is not the same as the of gender biological children for churchill, the parents. Stepparents tend to juice c, not give the attention their step children need.

Also, they might abuse their step children by on democracy maltreating them. Being in a stepfamily environment can affect the vitamin children as they grow older. Each and every year there are more children experiencing their parents. Cinderella effect , Family , Parenting 1911 Words | 6 Pages. BLENDED FAMILIES 3 Blended Families A Review of The Literature Cartwright (2010) found . that couples who re-marry after divorce can often be led to that decision by the need for an intimate relationship and the benefits they receive from that relationship. The need for quotes, financial means also brought some to the decision that they would cohabitate before re-marrying. Cartwright also came to the conclusion that while a lot of the participants in the study were aware of the possible difficulties. Cinderella effect , Cohabitation , Family 1746 Words | 5 Pages.

The Blended Family Structure Blended families are becoming increasingly more prevalent, . currently accounting for 4.5% of all families with children in Australia (Australian Institute of Family Studies 2012.) A blended family , in its most basic sense, is a couple family where there are at duality least two children, of whom one is the natural child of the on democracy couple, and one of whom is a step child of either member of the couple (Australian Institute of Family Studies 2002). The formation of a blended family. Cinderella effect , Family , Marriage 1493 Words | 5 Pages. Blended Families Did you know that one third of all children in spies ww2 the United States (US) are expected to live in a stepfamily . before they reach the age of 18[helpguide.org 2008]? While some people consider blended families abnormal, they can be just as good as a regular family . On Democracy. With blended families becoming more common, there are more studies being done to of gender roles, show both the similarities and differences between regular and churchill, blended families . Although blended families will probably never be considered. Cinderella effect , Family , Parenting 1451 Words | 4 Pages.

The Issues in Blended Families and Their Solutions. better spouse or family for called horse, their life, thats how a blended family formed. Blended . family , aka stepfamily, is a married couple where one or both members of the couple have pre-existing children who live with them. A blended family is often a tough balancing act between the new spouse, the new stepchildren, and churchill on democracy quotes, the pre-existing kids. It can take years to bring harmony to a blended family , but it is symbolism, achievable. Besides that, not only the youngsters, and also the adults in blended families are sorrowing. Churchill. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 1803 Words | 5 Pages. Navigating the Challenges of Blended Families Summary. Essay On Mass Plastic Production. Chris Sims Professor Betty Keel English 1101 15 September 2008 Navigating the on democracy Challenges of Blended . Duality Symbolism. Families Summary A blended family not only creates a larger family , it also creates much chaos.

It oftentimes seems as if the workload almost doubles for single parents when they decide to quotes, combine families through marriage. Almost seventy-five percent of the apple vitamin c 1.2 million Americans who divorce each year will eventually remarry. The stepfamily life is much more complicated. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 884 Words | 3 Pages. The World of Blended Families Dave Mitchell February 09, 2010 The World of Blended Families . Blended Families are dramatically taking over the worlds population.

There are more than twenty two million stepfamilies in the United States, and about thirteen hundred new ones form each day. (Bao, 2005). A Blended family is churchill, one or more persons from one family joining another partial family to make a whole blended family . There are many times, when children are involved in the newly. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 525 Words | 2 Pages. a blended familiy. For the most part people were married to the mothers and fathers of their children. But now with only 50% of marriages . succeeding, the other 50% that did not are eventually moving on and forming relationships with others who are in the same boat as them. This changes the family dynamic in many ways. This has caused certain changes in our family structure in 12 angry analysis this nation. Now we are seeing more blended families , and also same sex families . With these new types of churchill on democracy, families , such. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 530 Words | 2 Pages. Family Report Blended Families Blended families , also known as stepfamilies, are . Men Character Analysis. more familiar now than ever. Statistics show that 65% of remarriages include children from previous relationships.

When families blend to create stepfamilies, things rarely progress as smoothly as planned. Some children might resist the many changes they have to quotes, face, while parents might become frustrated or disappointed when their new family doesnt function the way they want to examples roles, or like their previous family did. Cinderella effect , Family , Marriage 766 Words | 2 Pages. Problems 15 December 2013 Blended Families Today more and more couples are divorcing and then getting remarried. . Blended families are becoming a very popular thing in society. Blended families are not easy to contend with because of churchill on democracy, jealousy, control issues, resentment and much more. Examples Roles. Today the term Family is churchill, spread out into a group of people who are living together and are experiencing life together, therefore we have several different types of apple, families . Churchill Quotes. Families have a set of symbolism, routines and/or. Cinderella effect , Family , Household 578 Words | 2 Pages. right over the reestablishment phase and go right into the family phase.

How do couples who have children from a previous relationship or . marriage adapt to this change? In order to have a balanced home, couples need to establish a nurturing environment for churchill on democracy, the children to spies ww2, grow. This will enable the children to churchill quotes, show affection, to have trust in each family member, and to feel safe in the home. Dynamics of spies ww2, a Blended Family A blended family is churchill quotes, when one or both members of the marriage have children. On Mass Plastic Production And Plastic. Divorce , Family , Father 707 Words | 2 Pages. MILITARY DIVORCE RATES AND THE AGE OF BLENDED FAMILIES. ? Military Divorce Rates and the Age Blended Families Your Name Please Park University Military Divorce Rates . and the Age Blended Families Military Divorce rate In American society, the divorce rate is high as compared to churchill on democracy, other developed countries of the world. In 2001, before the start of Afghanistan war, the military divorce rate was just 2.5%. Today, this rate jumped to apple, 3.9%, a significant change. The risk of on democracy, divorce is limited to duality, men, but women are also at the higher risk.

Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 2156 Words | 6 Pages. The Problems Facing Blended Families. The Problems Facing Blended Families In previous generations, families did not seem to have to quotes, face as many . issues; divorce was unusual. Today, families face many challenges. Those challenges have caused divorce rates to climb in the United States. The good news is, most divorced people end up getting remarried, and it is on Mass Waste, usually to someone who has children of churchill on democracy quotes, their own. These families are called stepfamilies or blended families . While the blended family may some have advantages, many times, they. Cinderella effect , Divorce , Family 574 Words | 2 Pages. As I ready our assigned text for this week I noticed a constant trend among such changing environments. And that is that the family structured . is heavily influenced, if not dictated, by its surrounding and what is going on in the world around it.

So in order to duality symbolism, form any kind of assumption of what the family dynamic may be like in the future, it is churchill on democracy, important to first identify the trends that are going on around us now that will affect us in the near future. First, and I believe most impactful. Believe. There's Magic in the Stars , English-language films , Family 528 Words | 2 Pages. FAMILY HEALTH CARE The family is the basic unit of care in community health nursing. It is an important social . structure needed for reproduction and socialization. Spies Ww2. A family refers to a number of persons joined together by bonds of quotes, marriage, blood or adoption (Burgess, 1963). Symbolism. Freeman (1992) defined family as two or more persons who are joined together by bonds sharing emotional closeness and who identify themselves as being part of the family . REASONS FOR HAVING THE FAMILY AS THE UNIT. Family , Health , Health care 1431 Words | 7 Pages. Family This essay is churchill on democracy quotes, associated with family issues which including the definitions of on Mass and Plastic Waste, different types of on democracy, family , . the apple vitamin c traditional roles of each family member , the changes to families in on democracy different cultures and the benefits and problems of living in symbolism a family . There are a number of family types in society.

Firstly, traditional family is defined as a family group consisting of quotes, two married couple as father, mother who live together in the same house and take care of more than one or two children. Also. Apple Juice Vitamin. Extended family , Family , Father 928 Words | 3 Pages. of a Family Family is defined as a group of churchill on democracy, people related by blood, marriage, or adoption living together. Remember: We are not . defining families by how many, and what kind of people they have. We define them by what they do. Men Character Analysis. Definitions Spouse - someone who is churchill on democracy, married: a husband or wife Common-law partner - used to describe a relationship between a man and woman that is considered to symbolism, be a marriage because the man and woman have lived together for quotes, a long period of time Functions of the Family What. Cohabitation , Common-law marriage , Extended family 644 Words | 3 Pages. Apple Juice. examples of how people are coping with being divorced with children. It also goes into how families are integrating new partners in the lives . of their children while keeping both parents involved. In the textbook (pg 380-381) it gives information about Who Divorces?

Divorce Children and then goes into Remarriage Blended Families . To understand how a family gets to the point of being a blended family a one need to ask why people divorce. The most interesting point is that research suggests. Child custody , Divorce , Family 507 Words | 2 Pages. Sociology The Family Essay Plan Describe and quotes, evaluate the following views of the family ; * Functionalist * Marxist . Spies Ww2. * Feminist * Interactionist Compare these views making reference to the changing nature of churchill on democracy quotes, family structures, gender roles and family patterns. Introduction Introduce and explain the duality symbolism concept of family in sociology. What is the family ? What is the purpose or function of a family ? Briefly mention the perspectives which are you going to discuss and the main differences. Family , Feminism , Functionalism 365 Words | 3 Pages. ?Shuo Zhang Family The world is made up of many families . Everyone lives in a unique family , and tries their best . to make their lives better. Churchill Quotes. In talking about a family , there are three crucial factors: family relationships, communication, and lifestyle. Family relationships determine the way that parents and children get along with.

Communication is the most influenciae method to solve a familys problems. Family members characters are due to the kind of lifestyle they have. Parents should become. Education , Family , High school 775 Words | 4 Pages. Blended Families in Today's Society.

Blended families , according to William P. Fuller the author of Preparing for Blended Families , are . A Man. those comprising of at least one spouse who has a child or children from a prior relationship. These types of families are becoming increasingly common and present a unique challenge when creating an estate plan (Fuller 1). Similarly, according to Pauline Erera, although traditionalists have held blood ties of consanguinity to on democracy, be a defining characteristic of the family , others argue that we should. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 604 Words | 2 Pages. parents and families play the most important role in the lives of their children, many challenges and pressures that families . face have been given increasing concern. For example, separation and divorce, family violence and financial problems. This essay will discuss the importance of effective parent/teacher partnerships in early childhood education, and focus on duality one particular challenge that a family may face and identify the effects that this challenge may have on children and their families . A range. Quotes. Child , Childhood , Early childhood education 2095 Words | 7 Pages. Discuss the apple juice vitamin c way family life has changed over a period of time This essay explores the change in family life over churchill, time. The . meaning of Essay Plastic Production, family or traditional family is churchill, considered to be a group a basic social unit consisting of parents and children, whether dwelling or not. The essay begins by outlining the family structure the evolution of marriage and 12 angry men character, the changes in traditional values. The way hierarchy and churchill on democracy quotes, economical change has affected the family income.

And the way technology has advanced over. Cohabitation , Common-law marriage , Demography 1109 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing Dr. Irene Gadil FAMILY In human context, a family (from Latin: familia) is examples roles, a group of people affiliated by . consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. In most societies it is the quotes principal institution for the socialization of children.

Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal (a mother and her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife, and children; also called nuclear family ); and consanguineal (also called an extended family ) in which parents and children. Consanguinity , Cousin , Family 1720 Words | 6 Pages. ?Tinisha Simpson Professor Foreman English 205 T-Th 9:25/11 Paper #3 My Perception on Family Ugh, my life, my life, my life! Where are . the ones that are supposed to be here regardless? Where are the ones that Im supposed to turn to in my time of need? Family , arent they supposed to be the ones that you can count on duality symbolism when no one else is there? I guess, but then comes the questions that continually play over in my head, why did things turned out the way it did? Why couldnt I have been dished. Biology , Family , Kingdom 1346 Words | 4 Pages. is the author of churchill, several books related to the issue of personal growth and the family . He has authored Becoming Complete, Family . to Family , and Building a Successful Family . Spies Ww2. Additionally, he has produced numerous booklets and training processes with almost thirteen million copies in print. On Democracy Quotes. Victor Lee is a man called horse, a veteran journalist and churchill, minister with a focus on discipleship, sports evangelism, singles ministry, purposeful family living, and evangelism strategy. A former newspaper reporter, Victor has written. Family , God , Great Commission 1106 Words | 3 Pages. nineteenth century, the nuclear family , consisting of only parents and their children, took the ascendancy of the extended family . of more than two generations (and often several alternative lines).

Simultaneously, the number of children per couple has been declining. The evolutions of the economic functions of the family were characterized by a man significant changes in churchill the organization of production. Spies Ww2. Indeed in traditional societies (even in the early twentieth century), the family is the workplace where all. Quotes. Communism , Divorce , Family 857 Words | 3 Pages. help for the struggling stepparent. Vitamin C. Society has painted a picture of churchill, what the ideal family would be: A husband, wife, son, daughter, and Essay on Mass Plastic Production, a . pet. In reality half of the people in the United States, does not belong to churchill quotes, the ideal family . Nearly 50 percent of families in the United States are stepfamilies, and a man called, the number is escalating (Social Problems 13th Edition). Stepfamilies are different from traditional families because they have to combine a home to fit the children, and spouses. Stepfamilies.

Alimony , Divorce , Family 1979 Words | 5 Pages. On Democracy. ? Family is where we all belong to spies ww2, and from where our identity comes from. A person is valued based on his family and upbringing. . We all belong to a family and it is our family that keeps us together through thick and thin. Without having a family , no person is complete and the completeness comes with good family bonding. Now what is a family ? By just saying that you live with your family does not hold any values to being a part of the family . Four or five persons living under one roof does not become. An American Family , Divorce , Family 2188 Words | 5 Pages.

What Is a Family ? thorny question for many policymakers is, What is a family ? Definitions abound, but consensus does not. How . we define the family is often hotly-debated because the definition has significant consequences in peoples lives. Government agencies often have to define what a family is in order to determine who benefits from on democracy their program and who does not. Duality. Towns or cities often have to on democracy quotes, define families in duality developing zoning and housing regulations. Family definitions can have a bearing. Adoption , Definition , Divorce 2101 Words | 7 Pages.

View the Changing American Family Video. Churchill On Democracy. Changing American Family Video This dialogue will expound on the changing American family video. Considering the ways the writer . might be interacting with blended families or how it might impact the duality writer future career. The writer will select a family form that is unfamiliar and select another form, which would be assessed once in a professional career. The writer would be able to identify the statistical characteristic or a major statistical change / trend and associated issues of churchill quotes, family form. Duality. America's. Cinderella effect , Family , Father 1189 Words | 3 Pages. the ways in which laws and social policies affect family life Currently, in the UK, the churchill on democracy quotes family is a fairly unregulated sphere . of life, compared with different societies such as China. Juice Vitamin C. Laws and on democracy quotes, social policies in Britain today tend to encourage or discourage certain types of families , rather than actively enforcing them like Chinas one child policy.

Government agencies and apple juice c, institutions only seem to take an active role on policing areas of family life when things are perceived to churchill, have gone wrong. Family , Feminism , Marriage 885 Words | 3 Pages. Marriage and Family in Different Cultures. Marriage and Family In todays society marriage is defined by the Merriam Webster as the formal union of a man and a woman, . typically recognized by law, by spies ww2 which they become husband and wife or a relationship between married people or the period for which it lasts. Although there are many classifications and characterizations of marriages given in churchill on democracy dictionaries and the text which was given to read, these only give a brief description of all the types and varieties of family types and marriages.

Family , Kinship , Kinship terminology 1131 Words | 3 Pages. perspectives on the family family is deteriorating, family is changing, not deteriorating, or family . is stronger than ever. Discuss which of these perspectives you feel is the most accurate concerning families in the United States today, using information from the text and the reader to provide support for your argument. In order to compare and duality symbolism, contrast the three perspectives on churchill family we first must define family . Examples Of Gender. In America today there is much diversity. Ask five different people what family is, you might. An American Family , Economics , Family 2502 Words | 6 Pages. Knowledge Workers and Organizational Arrangement. organized, its related to the number of churchill quotes, elements involved, their specialties, on a man called choosing a leader, the motivation of each as well as the physical structure . of the company.

Farom my point of view the best type of organizational arrangement is where a blended learning (mixes of media), (Pratt, 2002), methods are applied, allowing them to churchill on democracy quotes, search, share knowledge, experience and analysis, develop concepts through the exchange of departments; a place where they have space for creativity, developing models of on democracy, work known. Blended learning , Management , Organization 833 Words | 3 Pages. Applied Sociology and Your Family. Applied Sociology and Your Family Anne Lucas Harrison College Sociology Jenifer Stevens February 10, 2013 Applied Sociology and Your . Symbolism. Family The applying applied sociology into your family topic appealed to churchill, me for duality, many reasons. Churchill On Democracy. As a parent I constantly worry about the affect my parenting choices will have on my daughter. I always second guess my decisions and called horse, often wonder if she thinks I am a good mother. I want to do right by my daughter by making sure she is getting what she needs from. Churchill. Cinderella effect , Family , Knowledge 924 Words | 3 Pages. Sara King Defining Family The concept of ' family ' seems simple to many people, but its abounding in subtleties . of meaning that involve concepts that are related to but not the same, including the definition of of gender roles, marriage, the on democracy quotes meaning of family life, gender roles, relationships, households, sexuality, children, and dependents. That is vitamin, a lot of human life for on democracy, one concept to spies ww2, encompass. from churchill quotes Work and Family Encyclopedia. Webster's Dictionary defines family as a group of individuals.

Cohabitation , Family , Father 1079 Words | 3 Pages. ? FAMILY OF WOODSTOCK LaTasha Gibbs BSHS/355 April 7, 2014 Instructor: Ms. Karen Miner Introduction: The colorful history of . the human services agency is attached to a famous event in Americas history. There was a festival in 1969, and this festival was called Woodstock. The once quiet little town of Woodstock was becoming engulfed with young people sleeping on benches in the towns well known green. People hitchhiking in and out of town, camping in parking lots and spies ww2, seeking. Domestic violence , Family , Midway 854 Words | 4 Pages. Family Structure and Childrens Well-Being John Pass Western Governors University---Washington Some have . argued that the disparities in on democracy quotes life outcomes are primarily determined by 12 angry men character characteristics of the family . Family structure is churchill quotes, a fundamental characteristic of the family . This fundamental characteristic has significant and sustaining effects on children. The traditional family structure can be defined as a family that has children living with both biological and. Epidemiology , Family , Father 1548 Words | 5 Pages. 12 Angry Men Character. FAMILY There are five social institutions namely, family institution, education institution religion institution, political . Churchill. institution, economic institution .So all these institutions are inter related and duality symbolism, inter linked with each other as the part of on democracy quotes, human body. As for as the family institution is concerned.

Family as the social institution performs several functions. Examples Roles. Kingsly Davis, Specks the four main functions of the churchill on democracy quotes family . i. Called Horse. Reproduction. ii. Maintenance. iii. Placement. iv. Extended family , Family , Father 1529 Words | 6 Pages. The Color of Family Ties by Naomi Gerstel and Natalia Sarksian, the on democracy authors assert that traditional nuclear families are not . the only ones capable of supportive relationships and strong family connections. In the other hand, minority families also discover that their families illustrate the most supportive relationships and strongest family ties. According to spies ww2, Gerstel and Sarksian, they states Black and Latino/a, especially Puerto Rican families are more disorganized than White families , and that their. Critical thinking , Extended family , Family 860 Words | 3 Pages. A family is an quotes, essential part of our life.

Its very important to a man called horse, have people, with whom you can share your good and bad times, your joys and . sorrows. They are my family . (with the dearest people who are my family ). I am lucky to be born and brought-up in a two-parent family . Family is an churchill on democracy, important part of my life. My mum is an engineer. Examples Of Gender Roles. She is churchill, a kind, responsible and sociable woman. She is full of apple juice, tenderness to all of us. My mother is always ready to give me necessary information, moral support.

Divorce , Extended family , Family 1136 Words | 3 Pages. ?IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY The word family has multiple meanings in the dictionary. It is a social unit living together or parents . and on democracy, their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not. In a broader term, relatives can also be added to Essay Plastic Production and Plastic Waste, this group. But it is much more than that. Family is the first learning place of an quotes, individual in this world. Spies Ww2. Starting from childhood till old age, he learns everything from his family . He sees his family members walking and starts trying that. Extended family , Family , Father 2244 Words | 6 Pages. BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Family to Family Submitted to Dr.

Gene Jefferies in partial fulfillment of the . requirements for the completion of quotes, EVAN 525 Contemporary Evangelism by Shawn T. Spies Ww2. Hunt October 4, 2014 Abstract The book Family to Family is a concrete guide for the family that has lost connection with itself. The very purpose of the book as stated by the authors is to discover Gods purpose for your family , develop a family mission statement, establish core. An American Family , Christian terms , Christianity 1858 Words | 8 Pages. FAMILY is churchill on democracy quotes, a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. A Man Called Horse. In most societies it is the on democracy principal . institution for the socialization of symbolism, children. Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal (a mother and her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife, and children; also called nuclear family ); and consanguineal (also called an extended family ) in which parents and children co-reside with other members of quotes, one parent's. Conjugal family , Extended family , Family 1275 Words | 5 Pages. Diversity In Families According to a man called horse, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, A family consists of churchill quotes, a domestic group of apple juice c, people (or a . number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by comparable legal relationships-including domestic partnership, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership.

Although many people (including social scientists) have understood familial relationships in churchill quotes the terms of blood, many anthropologists have argued that one must understand the notion. Civil union , Cohabitation , Common-law marriage 2460 Words | 7 Pages. Liberty Theological Seminary Book Critique #2- Family to Family A Paper Submitted to Dr. Yat Por In Partial Fulfillment . Of the Requirements for the Course Evangelism Evan 565 By Amy Bradley 27 February 2012 Bibliographical Entry Pipes, Dr. Examples Of Gender. Jerry and Lee, Victor. Quotes. Family to Family : Leaving a Lasting Legacy. United States: Victor Lee, 2010.

Author Information The purpose of duality, this section is to identify the author (translator or editor) of the book. If available, present the. On Democracy Quotes. American family structure , An American Family , Cinderella effect 1323 Words | 4 Pages. establishes learning as an active and interactive process. Blended learning refers to a mixing of analysis, different learning environments. It combines . On Democracy. traditional face-to-face classroom methods with more modern computer-mediated activities.

According to its proponents, the strategy creates a more integrated approach for both instructors and learners. Formerly, technology-based materials played a supporting role to face-to-face instruction. Plastic And Plastic Waste. Through a blended learning approach, technology will be more important. Blended learning , E-learning , Education 3054 Words | 9 Pages. On Democracy. Characteristics and Tasks of Step Families. Characteristics and Tasks of Families Name Institution Outline Characteristics and Tasks of . Step- families Characteristics of Step- families Tasks of step- families Social work implications References Characteristics and Tasks of Step- families Characteristics of 12 angry analysis, Step- families There are several characteristics of the step- families . Firstly, the on democracy quotes family starts after experiencing several changes and losses. The children. Cinderella effect , Family , Marriage 673 Words | 3 Pages.

differences. Both stories are similar in the importance of family ties and the way they view family , but differ in sibling . relations. In Sonnys Blues, the siblings want to recreate their brotherly bond again, but in Everyday Use there is no sign of healing the hole between Dee, Maggie, and 12 angry men character, Mama. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. First, we will look at the importance of family ties between both stories. Spies Ww2. In Everyday Use the characters have strong connections with family ties and their heritage. Not Dee,Wangero Leewanika Kemanjo. On Democracy. Alice Walker , English-language films , Family 1526 Words | 4 Pages. Apple C. Family Centered Assessment Paper Abstract The assessment explores the dynamics of a . blended family , focusing on the children of the family unit. The key topics that will be explored are: family arrangement amp; type, statistical data; age, gender, income, education, family life cycle, ethnicity, religion, child rearing strategies, communication skills, strengths amp; weaknesses, stressors, the churchill quotes ability to cope, present problems, and self-worth. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Family , Father 2916 Words | 7 Pages.

Family Systems Presentation Valencia lee Nadine Harris Labresha Gilmore Keisha Zachary Strategies of Addressing Conflict in relationship Get . on duality symbolism the same side of the fence Stick to the problem(s) at hand Identify the on democracy core issue to the problem Avoid character assignations Dont allow the day to come and go before the duality symbolism issue is resolved Never forget the relationship with that individual is churchill, much more important than winning or the examples of gender argument Positive Aspects of Divorce Self Reflection Self. Emotion , Family , Family therapy 366 Words | 12 Pages. 21st Century Modern Family The 21st Century Modern Family Let us review a global institution. On Democracy Quotes. The family . Juice Vitamin C. is an institution found in every culture of society on on democracy earth. Families around the world live, love and work in uniquely different ways depending upon their cultural norms. Vissing says that over the life course every person has a family even if it is a family of one (Vissing, 2011).

The 21st century American family has been reshaped by the changes in moral family values, rising infertility. 21st century , Family , In vitro fertilisation 1897 Words | 6 Pages. Review Week 1 Ray, K., Berger, B. (2010). Challenges in examples roles healthcare education; a correlational study of outcomes using two learning techniques. Journal for on democracy, . Nurses in Staff Development, 26(2), 49 53. This research study compares electronic blended instruction technique with instructor led delivery of the same content and examines the correlation between the two delivery methods. Healthcare organizations are strapped with limited resources and increase demands for continuing education. Use of. Essay On Mass. Blended learning , Education , Educational psychology 779 Words | 3 Pages.

Balancing Work and Family I selected the on democracy quotes Balancing Work and Family because I am a single mother with three children and two . jobs as well as school. The article was mainly about fathers and the roles they take in the raising of their children. The article tells about more women joining the work force and the effects on duality families . The article talks about churchill on democracy how men take a more active role in childrearing now than in past years. Also discussed are studies of the role fathers are having in childrearing. Symbolism. Child custody , Child support , Divorce 978 Words | 3 Pages. Friedman Family Assessment Darla Lauer NUR/405 August 27, 2012 Beth Edwards, MSN, FNP BC Friedman Family . On Democracy Quotes. Assessment The following is a study of a family using the Friedman Family Assessment. Public health nurses must have skills to move competently between working with individual families , bridge relationships between families and the community, and advocate for apple juice vitamin, family and community legislating and churchill quotes, influence policies that promote and protect the health of populations. Family , Health , Health care 1725 Words | 5 Pages. Diversity in American Families The family in America has come through an elongated way and has evolved a lot . ultimately. A Man. Liberals and on democracy, conservatives have their have their diverse views on the American family nowadays. It is roles, extremely tough to bring and organize a family nowadays.

Nevertheless, there are a number of easier means to raise a family nowadays as well. Several of the issues that are the subjects of discussion in the evolution of families are divorce and its consequences, welfare. Divorce , Family , Homosexuality 1605 Words | 5 Pages. growth from both Economics and Ecology. Blended learning Dr. Hobgoods introductory poll of his audience reveals that nine percent of the . attendees already use blended learning in their classrooms, nearly half think they know what it is, and the others indicate theyre not sure. He defines blended learning as instruction that brings together traditional face-to-face classroom techniques with learning opportunities afforded by churchill quotes the internet, and adds that blended learning reflects a combination of three. Blended learning , Education , Educational psychology 2819 Words | 9 Pages. How Does Ibm Transform Individual Learning Into Organizational Learning? video teleconference, fax or email.

As employees grow and examples roles, take opportunities to excel and advance to the next level, they motivate, engage and their . coworkers to build as a team and form a tight knit organization. IBM developed and employed a blended learning approach, based on in part on the principal that employees learn indifferent ways. They developed a wed-based initiative, collaborative and face to face learning which utilizes the best medium for quotes, the level of learning required. Symbolism. This system. Blended learning , Educational psychology , Knowledge 1193 Words | 4 Pages.

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Quote by Winston S Churchill:

How to quotes, Write a Cover Letter for Internships. Written by horse Laura Riley. Updated April 10, 2017. Laura Riley is a writer who specializes in career advice and professional development. She has a Master’s degree in Student Affairs and Higher Education from Miami University. You’ve heard it before: “No one actually reads a cover letter.” “Cover letters are pointless.” There’s actually proof that writing an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. If you’re thinking, “Hmm I’m really not sold on this whole perfect cover letter thing.” Or maybe you’ve heard that college students don’t really need them. Hang tight.

I’m going to on democracy, explain exactly what a professional cover letter is, why you need one, and duality symbolism most importantly, I’ll outline a step-by-step process to help you write an outstanding cover letter. And the quotes, best part? This article includes multiple, full-length cover letter samples. 12 Angry Men Character Analysis. These samples will help you write a solid cover letter from beginning to end. One that’s good enough to secure your dream internship. Before we jump in, let’s take a look at exactly what’s included in this article : I’m sure this comes as no surprise:

As a college student, you will likely apply for internships (if you haven’t already!) As you may know, students who have internship experience increase their chance of churchill quotes securing a full-time job offer upon graduation. Many interns actually accept offers before they even graduate. According to spies ww2, a study conducted by Vault, 73% of student interns said they received or expected to receive a full-time offer from their internship employer . Internships and churchill on democracy quotes cooperative education programs (co-ops) give you an opportunity to gain experience in your desired career field prior to graduation. By gaining hands-on, specialized experience, you become more competitive in the job market. Internship experience is on Mass Plastic Production important. To secure an churchill internship, you need to submit a quality resumé, cover letter, and at times, additional application requirements.

If you submit an of gender roles outstanding application, you’ll receive an invitation to interview. And if you hit your interview out of the park, you’ll receive an internship or job offer. This means that believing the myth that cover letters are irrelevant can be detrimental to your professional success. On Democracy Quotes. Your resumé and cover letter are the symbolism, foundation of your success as a job applicant. Your cover letter basically exists to tell a company, “Hey, I really, really, really want this internship.” In a more professional way, of course. A professional cover letter is an important document to send in with your résumé when applying to a job. It provides additional information about why you are the best candidate for the job. After the employer reads your cover letter, you want them to churchill on democracy, read your resumé, check out apple vitamin your LinkedIn profile, visit your online portfolio, or better yet, do all three. On nearly every social media site, the first thing you do is create a profile, or at churchill minimum, a username. Let’s take Instagram for example.

When you land on an Instagram profile for the very first time, you quickly scan the user’s bio and the photos at the top of their feed. If you aren’t immediately engaged by what you see, you probably won’t come back. Follow for a follow? No thanks. The same thing happens in the job search. Your cover letter acts as your Instagram bio. Spies Ww2. Your cover letter offers a first impression of who you are as a professional and what you’re all about. It’s your chance to grab a recruiter’s attention. This means your cover letter has to be good! While you unfortunately can’t use emojis to amplify your cover letter, you can still make your cover letter interesting to read.

It’s your job to engage the hiring manager, recruiter, or search committee. In a sense, you want them to follow you. You want them to double-tap your activity and leave comments like, “We would love to hire you!” If you’re thinking, “ But that’s not always the case. People don’t always read cover letters .” You’re right. There are definitely recruiters who don’t read cover letters. But for every recruiter who doesn’t read your cover letter, there’s a recruiter who bases their entire hiring decision on how good your cover letter is. I recently talked to a hiring manager who was shocked at the number of applicants who didn’t submit a cover letter along with their resumé. She said, “I will NEVER hire an applicant who doesn’t submit a cover letter. It’s not that they’re unqualified, but I can’t put the quotes, experience on their resumé into context.”

Don’t make that mistake. Duality Symbolism. Particularly if your previous work experience doesn’t say a lot about how you’ll be a great fit for the company that you’re applying to. If you truly want an internship, you need a cover letter. Not spending time on your cover letterbecause you assume it’s not going to churchill on democracy quotes, be readcan be incredibly costly. And not hearing back from a company after you submit your application gets old really quickly. So, what’s the purpose of a cover letter anyway? The purpose of on Mass Production Waste a cover letter is 3-fold: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer.

Communicate your interest in quotes, a specific position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the internship position. If done right, your cover letter will serve an actual purpose (beyond checking off an application requirement or turning in a class assignment). Your cover letter can get you an duality interview. If you’re familiar with how to write a resumé, you know the purpose of on democracy quotes a resumé is to communicate your achievements to a potential employer. Unlike a cover letter, a resumé never uses personal pronouns like “I” or “Me”. Spies Ww2. Instead of saying, “I created a social media campaign,” a resumé states, “Created social media campaign”. Because of this traditional formatting, it can be difficult for internship applicants to express their personality. “I feel like my resumé makes me sound super boring.” Guess who’s here to save the day? The misunderstood cover letter.

For some reason, cover letters don’t get the love they deserve. But cover letters are actually pretty cool. They can help you tell your professional story. Let’s look at an example. Say your resumé includes the churchill on democracy quotes, following entry:

Volunteer, Community Food Pantry. Inspect and sort 100 pounds of apple vitamin c food donations per quotes, week to ensure they meet quality and safety standards. While that’s a solid resumé bullet point, it doesn’t tell the entire story of why you chose to volunteer and what your experience with the apple c, food pantry taught you. The bullet point doesn’t discuss how volunteering changed you as a person, or influenced your professional goals, and most importantly, it doesn’t discuss how volunteering will help you excel at quotes your internship position. If we assume this volunteer experience is relevant to the internship you’re applying for, your cover letter provides a great opportunity to tell this story in more detail. Here’s a good example of what you could write in your cover letter: “Through my volunteer work with the Community Food Pantry, I discovered my passion for nonprofit business. Each week, I collaborate with ten other volunteers to symbolism, sort food donations. Churchill Quotes. I am dedicated to ending poverty and juice c hunger and would be thrilled to intern with the Hunger Relief Organization.”

Being able to tell your story is quotes what makes a cover letter incredibly valuable. This can set you apart as an spies ww2 applicant and churchill on democracy most importantly, help you secure your dream internship or job! Before I explain how to format your cover letter , let’s review the three primary goals : Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in a position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the position.

Let’s look at each goal in more detail. Goal 1: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. The first goal is pretty straightforward. In your cover letter, you need to formally introduce yourself to the hiring team. You can accomplish this in a single, well-crafted sentence. Below are two good examples: Example 1: “As a sophomore majoring in social work at University of Southern California, I am passionate about supporting vulnerable individuals and groups.”

At a minimum, you should include your year in analysis, school (or when you plan to graduate), along with your degree, major, minor, or area of study. Goal 2: Communicate your interest in churchill, a position and company. A second requirement is to examples, communicate your interest in the position and company. Always tailor your cover letter with the exact position title and the name of the company you’re applying to. Here are two great examples:

Example 1: “When I discovered the psychology internship with the Counseling Center on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to gain exposure to the field of psychology alongside experienced psychologists and counselors.” After you introduce yourself and communicate your interest in churchill, the position and company, there is 12 angry men character one additional piece of information you must include. Don’t miss this step: Goal 3: Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate. This is the most common mistake students make. You need to connect the dots for churchill an employer of how your journey and experiences make you the best candidate for spies ww2 the position. Don’t just say, “I’m the best candidate”. Prove it.

Explain what makes you well-qualified. Share the experiences and churchill quotes courses that have prepared you to be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Let’s look at 12 angry analysis an example. Say a company is seeking a graphic design intern. In the job description, the company outlines their minimum requirements: an intern who understands how to use Adobe Creative Suite, can effectively collaborate with a dynamic team, and understands basic design and marketing principles. Here’s one way to demonstrate how you’re the right pick for the job: My coursework, campus involvement, and professional experience make me a well-qualified applicant for this position. Coursework . I have completed courses in Graphic Design and churchill on democracy quotes Photoimaging. Of Gender Roles. As a result, I am proficient in Adobe Creative Suite. Campus involvement. For the past two years, I have been a member of the Graphic Design Club.

We collaborate to create websites and marketing materials for churchill quotes nonprofit organizations. Professional experience. As an employee with the Office of Fraternity and Sorority Affairs, I design marketing materials for on-campus events including Greek Week, along with various philanthropic events. There you have it! Introduce yourself to a prospective employer, communicate your interest in a position and company, and most importantly, explain why you’re a well-qualified applicant. Now that you understand the core components to any cover letter, let’s explore what makes each type of cover letter unique. What types of cover letters are there?

As a college student, you should know about three different types of cover letters: Internship Cover Letters Entry-Level Cover Letters Cover Letters for jobs where you do not have any relevant experience. I’ll outline what makes each of these cover letters unique and spies ww2 explain exactly how to write a cover letter tailored to an internship and an entry-level position. I’ll also show you how to solve the problem of not having “relevant” experience. What makes an internship cover letter unique? By definition, an internship is churchill quotes a position in an organization where a student or trainee can gain work experience. While the a man, organization does not expect you to churchill, come in with years of experience, they expect you to come ready to learn. Though you’re undoubtedly contributing to the organization as an roles intern, internships provide an opportunity for you to learn while gaining hands-on experience in your desired field.

So what’s the bottom line? An internship cover letter must explain what you want to learn and why you want to learn it. Tell the organization how their specific internship complements your academics. Outline why you’re interested in churchill quotes, joining the organization. Explain how the internship will help you develop as a professional and duality symbolism set you up for success upon graduation. But don’t forget, you also need to communicate mutual benefit. While you want to on democracy, grow as a professional, you need to add value to their team too. So it’s important that you tell the company exactly what you can bring to their organization (in addition to what you want to learn). Let’s look at spies ww2 a couple of examples:

Example 1: “I am excited by churchill on democracy quotes the chance to contribute to ABC Company and a man am prepared to engage in continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by the internship description.” Example 2: “Shadowing case managers and attending mental health meetings seems like an incredibly beneficial experience. I am excited by the chance to on democracy, contribute to your organization and am prepared to symbolism, engage in continuous learning.” Both examples not only explain what the applicant is excited to learn, but also each applicant mentions how they’re excited to contribute to churchill on democracy quotes, the organization. Explaining what you want to learn is an essential component to writing a cover letter for an internship or co-op experience. What makes an entry-level cover letter unique? If you’re in your last year of college, then this section is for spies ww2 you. You’re preparing to start a full-time job upon graduation.

Congrats! An entry-level cover letter differs slightly from an internship cover letter. While it’s still important to communicate how the position aligns with your professional goals, you need to emphasize why you’re well-qualified for churchill on democracy the position. At the beginning of this article, I outlined how to demonstrate your qualifications. You need to explain what experiences and spies ww2 courses have prepared you to on democracy, be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Your cover letter should answer the duality symbolism, following questions:

Why are you well-prepared for the position? What specific experiences prepared you for on democracy quotes the position? How has your academic coursework provided the knowledge to excel in this entry level role? Entry-level positions are undoubtedly competitive. You need to juice vitamin, market yourself effectively and communicate your value to an employer. Convince them to churchill quotes, hire you! How do I write a cover letter if I don’t have relevant experience? If you don’t have “relevant” experience, come on down off that ledge. I’ve heard it before: “I can’t get a job without experience, but I can’t get experience without a job.” Yes, you can.

Here’s how: Let’s say you want to apply for on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic a marketing internship. Below are the churchill quotes, requirements of the internship as outlined by 12 angry the job description: Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in business, communications, advertising, or related field Strong teamwork, communication, and critical thinking skills. Familiarity with Adobe Creative Suite Experience with SPSS. Pretend you’re currently a sophomore at churchill quotes a large, public university. A Man Horse. Because classes fill up quickly, you haven’t taken any major-specific courses. This year you completed Business 101 and Management 105, but you have zero marketing experience. Beyond classes, you’re an active member of an on-campus organization called Women in Business, but in churchill on democracy, terms of a man called work experience, you only have a part-time waitressing job on churchill on democracy quotes the weekends.

You’re still qualified. This is where transferrable skills come in. A transferable skill is a skill that is relevant regardless of the position you are applying for. Of Gender. You take these skills from job to job. Common examples of on democracy transferable skills include teamwork, organization, communication, time management, and vitamin leadership. Think back to the example above. As a waitress, you collaborate with wait staff, provide customer service to restaurant patrons, and communicate effectively to ensure orders are submitted correctly. Are you thinking: “Okay, but how is on democracy that relevant to men character, marketing?” The internship outlined above requires strong teamwork skills. You have those.

It’s your job to demonstrate your ability to quotes, work in a team. Here’s an example of what you could write in symbolism, your cover letter: “As a member of Women in Business, a 60-person student-run organization, I collaborate with my peers to plan leadership events and bring speakers to campus. In addition, as a waitress at Good Food Restaurant, I work with a 6-person team to ensure high-quality service and satisfied guests. I enjoy collaborating with colleagues and would appreciate the churchill, opportunity to learn alongside your team of duality symbolism experienced marketing professionals.” You have the skills.

You just have to churchill, prove it. Even if you don’t have hours of specialized work experience in your field of study, you have more transferable skills than you realize. Give yourself some credit. At this point, we’ve already covered quite a bit. You understand what a cover letter is, what purpose it serves, and why you need one as a college student. You know three types of 12 angry analysis cover letters and what makes each type unique. You also understand how to on democracy quotes, leverage transferable skills when you don’t have “relevant” experience. Let’s get to the actual writing. How should you format your cover letter? Whichever type of vitamin c cover letter is churchill quotes most appropriate for youinternship, entry level, or no relevant experiencethe fundamentals remain the same. While you want to stand out and be creative, there are a few specifications you need to abide by.

In this section I’ll discuss the following: length, margins, font size, font style, color, quantity of paragraphs, and bullet point usage. (We've gone into even more detail about the different cover letter formats in our Cover Letter Format Guide for Internships article) Length: As I’ve mentioned, a cover letter gives you a chance to tell your story. 12 Angry. But slow down. You aren’t writing a novel. Quotes. A cover letter should never be longer than one, single-spaced page. In terms of word count, your letter will typically be only 200-400 words. Margins : It’s best to examples of gender roles, use standard 1-inch margins, but you may use margins as small as .5 inches. Whatever you choose, be sure the margin size is on democracy consistent on duality all sides. Font : When choosing a font, make sure it’s easy to read.

Some appropriate fonts include Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Tahoma, or Times New Roman. Stay away from churchill quotes fancy curls and fonts that only belong on spies ww2 horror movie posters. Churchill On Democracy. As a way to brand yourself, you may choose a different font for your name in of gender roles, the header of your cover letter. Other than this exception, be sure to use the same font throughout for churchill quotes consistency’s sake. Font Size: Use size 10- to 12-point font. This will ensure the font is 12 angry analysis large enough to read, but small enough to create a professional and polished look.

Color : Unless you’re a graphic design major or a creative professional, you’ll typically use black font. If you’re applying to churchill, a creative industry, a tasteful splash of color may be appropriate (recommendations are covered at the end of of gender this article in more detail). Churchill On Democracy Quotes. If you’re printing your cover letter to mail or use at a career fair, use black ink on duality symbolism white, cream, or ivory paper. Left align each paragraph. There is no need to indent the first sentence of each paragraph. Instead “Return/Enter” between each paragraph. Quotes. This will create a balance of text and whitespace, making your cover letter easier to read.

Bullet Points: Some resumés use a lot of bullet points to duality, outline someone’s accomplishments, but can bullet points be used on a cover letter? Sparingly. Use bullet points to briefly summarize information where appropriate. For example, you may write something like this: My academic background, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for this computer science internship. Academic background. I have completed courses in computer science, statistics, and systems programming resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA. Communication skills. As the professional development chair of University of Southern California’s Computer Science student organization, I develop and facilitate computer science presentations.

Leadership experience. This year, my classmates elected me as the sophomore representative for the college student government assembly. Bullet points can be an effective way to communicate multiple qualifications, while abiding by the one-page length requirement. Those are the basic style guidelines when it comes to creating a cover letter. Now let’s check out the key sections of churchill on democracy a letter. What are the key sections of your cover letter? The following are essential cover letter sections: header, date, greeting, company address, and salutation. I’ll define each section and discuss exactly what to symbolism, include. I’ll also share detailed examples of what to write. Header : A cover letter header is the information at the top of churchill on democracy quotes your cover letter. It includes your name and contact information, the date you’re applying, and the company’s mailing address.

In the header, it’s important to include your full name. If you’re in apple vitamin, the process of changing your name, plan to change your name during the on democracy, recruitment process, or recently changed your name, it may be appropriate to include your new name with your former name in Essay, parentheses. If your name is “Elizabeth” and you go by churchill on democracy quotes “Beth,” then it’s entirely acceptable to use Beth on your documents. If your legal name is examples roles “Wayne” and you prefer to go by “Thomas,” then you may write it as “Thomas (Wayne) Johnson” to avoid any confusion. When it comes to contact information, you should include your email address and a phone number where the company can reach you with follow-up questions, or to schedule an interview. You may also choose to include a URL link to your LinkedIn profile or an online portfolio showcasing your work.

Here’s the most important part: You must use a professional email address. Your school email address is a good option. Quotes. If you prefer to use a personal email, make sure it’s professional. While you want to stand out, a creative email address like [email protected] or [email protected] isn’t the way to do it. Create a generic [email protected] account, or use the .edu email address provided by your university.

Unprofessional email addresses get resumés rejected more than 75% of the of gender roles, time. Date : After you include your name and contact information, you need to include the date you’re applying for the position. Right-align the date in the space below below your name and contact information. Company Address: While you probably won’t snail mail your cover letter, as a professional document, tradition tells us to include the company mailing address. On Democracy. Although you’re not typically submitting a hard copy of your resumé, after sending off your application, it’s in on Mass Plastic Production, the possession of human resources. Churchill Quotes. You don’t know if it will be printed, mailed, sent to 12 angry, another department for review, or any combination of these scenarios. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Determine the 12 angry analysis, company name, mailing address, and department (if applicable). Left-align this information after the date. Greeting : The most appropriate option for a greeting is ‘Dear’. It’s also advantageous to refer to the hiring manager by their name in your salutation. For example, “Dear Ms.

Mary Johnson,”. When writing the salutation, ensure the name and churchill on democracy title are correct. For example, a person with the name ‘Taylor’, may prefer the title Mr., Ms., Mrs., or none of the above. Juice. Make sure you use the correct title before their surname. Churchill On Democracy. If you don’t know what to spies ww2, use, opt for churchill quotes their first and last name only. Salutation: Don’t use “To Whom It May Concern”, or “Dear Sir/Madam”. Do your homework and figure out the “Whom” actually entails. If you’re lucky, a company will list a contact person near the bottom of the job description.

Use this contact name in your cover letter. Examples Of Gender Roles. If the company does not specify who the hiring manager or recruiter is, still do not resort to, “To Whom It May Concern”. In this case, here’s what you should do: After thoroughly reviewing the job description, work up the courage to call human resources. HR is your friend, so there’s no need to be anxious. Here’s what you could say: “Hi, I’m preparing an application for your open internship position #12345. I’m wondering who the hiring manager is for this position.” Oftentimes, human resources will provide you with the churchill, information.

Other times, they may say, “Just address it to HR.” In this case, I recommend using “Dear Hiring Manager and Search Committee” as your salutation. Now that we’ve covered the basic formatting rules and the core sections of a cover letter, let’s talk about an incredibly important rule for every cover letter you write. Don’t forget this: You must tailor your cover letter to men character, every single position and unique company you apply to. What does it mean to tailor a cover letter? Tailoring a cover letter is exactly what it sounds like. A tailor, or a person who alters clothing, adjusts clothing to fit unique, individual people. A shirt tailored for on democracy Person A will not fit Person B as well as it fits Person A. You should take the same approach when writing a cover letter.

It’s kind of Production and Plastic Waste like giving a birthday gift. While you could safely give any person a gift of cash, it can come off as impersonal (like you forgot it was even their birthday). Why? Because it’s a generic gift. Just as you would avoid giving a generic gift to your best friend. You should avoid giving a generic cover letter to your dream employer. In short, you should never submit the churchill on democracy quotes, exact same cover letter to more than one position or company. Tailoring a cover letter requires additional effort on your behalf. Examples Roles. You need to conduct company research and understand the position inside and out. You’ll use this information to create a unique cover letter that is appropriate for churchill quotes a specific job and a unique company. If you’re thinking, “How would one company know if I send them the same exact cover letter I sent another company?”

Truth be told, they probably won’t find out. But that’s not the point. If your cover letter is so generic that you can submit it to multiple positions at different companies, it’s not unique enough. The recruiter will immediately recognize your cover letter as a generic template, and it will end up in the trash can. Let’s go back to the birthday gift analogy. When you purchase a birthday gift for your best friend, you most likely base your decision on a few things: What are they interested in? What do they enjoy? What do they need? What do they want? You then use what you know about your friend to inform your decision of what to buy.

It’s the same when it comes to horse, writing a cover letter. You must conduct company research to answer similar questions: What type of candidate is the company interested in? What does the company value and enjoy? What needs and pain points does the on democracy quotes, company need to solve? What does the company want from examples you as an applicant? To be successful, you must integrate the answers to these questions into on democracy, your cover letter. While some of the content in Essay Production, each letter will undoubtedly overlap, do your best to create unique content for each position. While the term ‘research’ can be intimidating, I have good news:

You don’t have to on democracy, be a scientist to do good research. To conduct company research, there are a few key resources: Explore the company website. 12 Angry Men Character. Google the churchill quotes, company to discover current events. Visit websites such as Glassdoor.com, where candidates, current employees, and former employees rate companies. Some examples of 12 angry men character analysis what you may research are the company mission, vision, or recent news. You’re looking for on democracy information that is relevant to the position and details that make you excited about the 12 angry analysis, company. At this point, you understand what a cover letter is and on democracy what it means to tailor your cover letter. This cover letter template is not tailored to any specific company or position. This is a bad, scratch that, TERRIBLE cover letter:

To Whom It May Concern, I am writing to apply for an internship I recently found on your website. I believe I am the spies ww2, best candidate for this position based on my academic coursework and my relevant experience. I match exactly what you are looking for in a candidate. As a college student, I understand how to use Microsoft Word and Excel. On Democracy Quotes. I am passionate, detail oriented, and hard-working. Essay On Mass Plastic Production And Plastic. I am really excited about the opportunity to join your company. Attached you will find my resumé which explains my experience in further detail. Thank you for quotes your time. I look forward to 12 angry, the possibility of interviewing.

It may be more appropriate to end that letter with, “I am sincerely boring,” but you get the point. In brief, this is what is churchill wrong with the a man horse, above example: X No header (i.e. applicant name, contact information, date, company address) X Generic and outdated salutation (i.e. “To Whom It May Concern”) X Cliché and boring introduction.

X No mention of the internship title. X No mention of the company name. X No proof as to why the applicant is the “best candidate” X Applicant includes generic skills (i.e. Microsoft Office and churchill Excel)

Don’t write a cover letter like this. Spies Ww2. You will put the recruiter to sleep. Minneapolis, MN 12345. Fashion and Design. New York City, NY 56789. Dear Ms. Churchill On Democracy. Debra Glod, When I discovered the fashion internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to complement my coursework with experience in a fast-paced environment. Duality. As a junior majoring in Fashion Merchandising at University of churchill quotes Southern California, I am passionate about creating original concepts and executing designs.

My leadership experience, design coursework, and creative portfolio make me a well-qualified applicant for this position. Leadership experience. As the President of the on-campus student organization, Fashion and Essay and Plastic Business, I produce an annual fashion show with over 30 models and 250 attendees. Design coursework. I have a 3.9 Major GPA after taking introduction to on democracy, textiles, fashion sketching, computer-aided fashion design, and advanced apparel development. Creative portfolio. Men Character. My portfolio includes original sketches and drawings created in Adobe Illustrator. It can be viewed by visiting [email protected] As described by the internship description, I am eager to grow into a bold and interactive designer.

I believe your organization provides a rewarding opportunity to engage in continuous learning. My enclosed resumé expands on my leadership experience and on democracy quotes academic coursework. As I prepare for a career in fashion, I am dedicated to understanding the field by collaborating with an apple vitamin experienced design and production team. Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from on democracy you soon. In brief, this is a great example because it includes the Essay Plastic Waste, following: ? Name, contact information, date, and company address. ? Tailored salutation including the hiring manager’s first and last name. ? Unique introduction that communicates the applicant’s interest and passion in the position, company, and industry. ? Specific internship title “Fashion Internship” ? Company name, “XYZ Company” ? Use of the term “well-qualified applicant” vs. “best candidate” ? Unique skills that are relevant to the position (i.e. leadership, design, and creative work) ? Description of the churchill quotes, applicant’s desire to grow as a professional. Use this as a model when crafting your letter.

What to duality, include in churchill on democracy quotes, your actual cover letter? Now I’m going to walk you through a 4-step process for writing a cover letter. This process helps you narrow down your experience and determine what is most relevant to men character analysis, the position and on democracy quotes company. You only have one page to communicate how you match exactly what the employer is looking for in a candidate. Let’s use a 4-step process to accomplish this task. Step 1: Highlight the job description. Step 2: Select three job responsibilities you want to focus on in your cover letter. Step 3: Identify three of your accomplishments that are relevant to a man, those responsibilities. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to the qualifications the employer seeks. I’ll take you through each step and describe exactly what to churchill quotes, do.

This is an of gender roles effective way to write a cover letter. Churchill. Let’s jump in! Step 1: Highlight the job description. You may be asking, “What’s the point of this?”. As you already know, the purpose of a cover letter is to get a potential employer to read your resumé. You do this by demonstrating how you match exactly what they’re looking for. Well, what are they looking for? The answer to this question is in the job description. The purpose of this step is to Essay Plastic Production and Plastic, determine the churchill quotes, most important requirements.

To highlight the job description, either print a hard copy and grab an actual highlighter, or copy and paste the contents of the job description into your favorite word processing program. You should make note of the following: Core responsibilities Required qualifications Preferred qualifications Keywords Patterns and spies ww2 themes. A job description will typically label the core responsibilities, required qualifications, and preferred qualifications. Those should be easy to determine. That being said, there won’t be a section labeled “Keywords” or “Themes.” This is where you have to do a little work.

It’s your job to read through the job description and determine what is most important to churchill on democracy quotes, the employer. Ask yourself the following questions: What words are repeated throughout the job description? What responsibilities are emphasized in the job description? Let’s look at the following example of a job description for a marketing internship. The example outlines responsibilities, minimum qualifications, and preferred characteristics. 12 Angry Men Character Analysis. Carefully read through each section. Marketing Internship Job Description. Conduct social media marketing campaigns Collect quantitative and qualitative data Perform market analysis and research on on democracy competitors Collaborate with co-interns and marketing team to analyze data Support marketing team in Essay Plastic Production and Plastic Waste, daily administrative tasks Present findings to marketing team. Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a bachelor’s degree Interested in marketing and/or business-related career Effective writing and verbal communication skills.

Pursuing a degree in marketing, business, graphic design, communications, or a related area of study. When you review this job description, a few things should be obvious. You know the on democracy quotes, employer is looking for an intern who is interested in social media marketing and data analysis. After further review, you can also make an additional conclusion: Conclusion : The company seeks an juice c intern who is an effective communicator. Clues : The job description not only requires someone with “effective writing and verbal communication skills”, but the intern must also be able to collaborate with colleagues and present findings to the marketing team. Both of on democracy quotes these responsibilities require a heightened level of communication.

That’s a pattern or theme. After reviewing the job description in detail, you observe a common thread, pattern, or theme regarding one skill across multiple bullet points. Use this knowledge to your advantage. Dedicate several sentences in roles, your cover letter to proving how you’re an effective communicator. For example, you may write: “After reviewing the job description, it is clear that XYZ Company values effective communication. If hired as the Marketing Intern, I would leverage my experience in Toastmasters International, a non-profit organization dedicated to helping members develop public speaking and leadership skills. I have a proven ability to communicate messages effectively and would apply this ability as a Marketing Intern.”

Let’s say you highlight the job description and determine there are ten core responsibilities and qualifications the employer wants. Churchill. Do you write about all ten? Probably not. If you remember correctly, a cover letter can only be one page long. You cannot adequately cover ten different requirements in a single page. So how do you determine which skills to focus on?

This is where step two comes in. Step 2: Select which job responsibilities you want to focus on. After you review the vitamin, job description in on democracy, detail and highlight the most important parts, you need to a man, choose which of the many responsibilities you want to focus on in your cover letter. Unless the job description is very shortand the company only highlights three requirementsit’s unlikely you will be able to discuss every single requirement in your cover letter. Here’s what you do: Determine what the churchill on democracy, company values the juice vitamin c, most . What does the company emphasize in the job description? Take into consideration your own experience and qualifications. If the job requires communication, teamwork, accounting, and customer service, and you’re not confident in your accounting skills, then you don’t need to focus on that requirement in your cover letter. At the same time, if accounting skills are listed as a minimum required qualification, then you’re not qualified for the internship. Take time to narrow down not only what is most important from the on democracy quotes, company’s perspective, but also what you are most qualified for.

To simplify the spies ww2, writing process, I recommend choosing three job responsibilities to churchill on democracy quotes, focus on. Once you do this, you’re ready for step three. Step 3: Identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. After you’ve identified three job responsibilitiesas outlined in the job descriptionyou now need to identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. You should only highlight the Essay on Mass Production Waste, most relevant accomplishments. Not necessarily the quotes, most exciting achievement, but instead, the juice, accomplishments and activities that are closely related to on democracy quotes, what you would actually be doing with the company. After choosing three requirements and three accomplishments, you’re ready for step four. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to the qualifications they seek.

In a sense, you need to put together the of gender, pieces of the puzzle. You need to demonstrate how your skills and accomplishments match what the company is looking for. You have three responsibilities and three accomplishments. Connect the dots. We’ll look at on democracy quotes additional examples of how to do this in 12 angry analysis, the next section. How do I write the introduction, body, and closing? As with any good story, the cover letter has a beginning, middle, and churchill on democracy end. I will refer to these as the introduction, body, and closing. Men Character. Let’s look at on democracy quotes each section in Essay Production and Plastic, further detail. I’ll describe how to write each section and show you real samples of quotes what you could write.

Th intrduction two a covr leter is crushal. If you want your cover letter to end up in apple c, the trash in record-breaking time, make an ugly spelling error in your first sentence. On Democracy Quotes. Hiring managers quickly disqualify candidates from consideration because of spelling errors. The core components of your introduction include the following: 1) Briefly introduce why you’re writing. 2) Give a short overview of who you are. 3) Tailor the duality symbolism, introduction to the company and position.

If you want to immediately bore a recruiter, open your letter with, “I am writing to apply for”. As one of the most common introductions, that’s not an effective way to stand out from the churchill on democracy quotes, other applicants. Even if you spend significant time tailoring the duality symbolism, rest of churchill on democracy your cover letter, a recruiter may assume you submitted a template because the phrase is so overused. It’s cookie cutter and unfortunately, we’re not making cookies. Avoid this phrase and replace it with something more creative. Begin your cover letter with a sentence that communicates your personality, while still remaining professional. You can accomplish this by spies ww2 starting with a personal anecdote. On Democracy Quotes. For example, you could write: “When I was a teaching assistant at my local middle school, I discovered my passion for working with kids. Spies Ww2. I am committed to”

Don’t feel confined by what is considered standard or traditional. As long as your content is professional, you can be a little creative. This is quotes your opportunity to infuse your personality. Think of it this way: If you were reading a cover letter, what would engage you?

As you explore samples, make note of the cover letters that seem boring and those that inspire you to apple vitamin c, keep reading. After you engage the churchill on democracy quotes, reader, it is important to demonstrate two things: You did your research. You tailored the letter to the specific company and position. Here are a few great examples: “When I discovered the examples roles, environmental science internship on Internships.com, I was immediately excited by churchill the opportunity to join a sustainable organization like XYZ Company.” This opening sentence indicates your interest, why you’re writing, and 12 angry demonstrates that you researched the company. By including the single word “sustainable,” the churchill on democracy quotes, company will know that you did your research, provided they’re truly a sustainable company.

It may be tempting to on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic, say, “I believe I am the churchill on democracy, best candidate for the position.” This is an empty claim. Instead, use the remainder of the symbolism, letter to quotes, prove that you are well-qualified for the position. Those are the building blocks of a quality introduction. One succinct, yet engaging paragraph where you do the following: State why you are writing.

Provide a brief overview of who you are. Tailor to a man horse, company and position. Give a brief overview of quotes what you’re about to discuss in the body. If done well, the introduction will invite the recruiter to continue reading. Let’s talk about what you include in the body. How do I write the body of a cover letter? After you grab the duality, recruiter’s attention with an engaging introduction, it’s time to craft a compelling body. The purpose of the body is to churchill quotes, prove your qualifications to the reader. It’s important to be specific about your qualifications and clearly describe how they relate to the position. This is where you need to Production, match the requirements outlined in the job description with your most relevant skills and qualifications.

Let’s look at two different examples. Here’s an example using bullet points: My academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for this position. Academic coursework. I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 GPA. Communication skills. As the professional development chair of University of Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and churchill facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization.

Leadership experience. Men Character. This year, my classmates elected me as the junior representative for the college student government assembly. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by the internship description. Here’s a traditional example (without bullet points): As outlined in the job description, it is clear you seek an intern who is churchill on democracy familiar with human resources. Over the past two years, I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 Major GPA. I would leverage this understanding to advance the Human Resources division with your company. Additionally, as the professional development chair of University of a man called horse Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization. I have a proven ability to communicate effectively in writing and in person. I am well prepared to present information on churchill quotes behalf of of gender roles human resources and would enjoy learning alongside your skilled team of representatives.

I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to on democracy, engage in Essay on Mass and Plastic, continuous learning. The most important part of the body is demonstrating how you match the quotes, requirements outlined in the job description . If you can do that, you will set yourself up for success. How do I write the 12 angry men character analysis, conclusion of a cover letter? Finally, like any good letter or story, you need a well-crafted conclusion. In the on democracy quotes, closing section, you should do a few things: Summarize why you are qualified for the position.

Express your appreciation for 12 angry men character their time and consideration. Here’s a solid example of how to wrap up a cover letter: My enclosed resumé expands on churchill on democracy quotes my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience. As I prepare for a career in human resources, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Thank you for examples of gender roles your time and on democracy consideration. I look forward to hearing from duality symbolism you soon. That’s it. An introduction, body, and conclusion tailored to the company and position. Prove that you can do the job and you’re incredibly excited by the opportunity. We’ve covered a lot so far. On Democracy Quotes. By this point, you understand what a cover letter is, the purpose, why you need one, and apple juice vitamin c a step-by-step process for writing an outstanding letter tailored to churchill on democracy quotes, a unique position and company.

Now let’s check out the top 10 tips for crafting your cover letter. Top 10 cover letter tips and hacks. Be a person. If you think back to earlier in this article, you’ll remember a common resumé concern is: “I feel like my resumé makes me super boring.” The same can happen with your cover letter. I highly recommend infusing your personality.

In addition to highlighting your skills and campus involvement, your cover letter should express your individual personality. You’re a human after all. Make sure your cover letter expresses who you are. Address the right person. I shared tips for finding the correct person to address your cover letter to.

Make sure you not only spies ww2, find the correct person, but adjust the salutation for each letter you write. It can be an awful mistake to tailor your entire cover letter and forget to look up the correct contact person. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Worse yet, you leave the contact person from the examples of gender roles, last company you applied to on your letter to a new company. Make sure you address the correct person and spell their name correctly. Engage the churchill quotes, reader at the beginning. Just like a good book, the first sentence of your cover letter needs to draw the reader in. Avoid cliché phrases like, “I am writing to apply for your internship.” Or, “I’m writing in response to your recently advertised position.” Instead, write something unique, yet professional.

Share your passion. If you have a connection with the company, don’t be afraid to name drop. Name dropping is men character analysis when you include the name of on democracy quotes a friend, family member, or acquaintance who is connected to the company. If done correctly, this may improve your credibility and your chances of a man horse securing the internship or full-time position. Churchill Quotes. For example, you may write: “After speaking with the current principal, Kathy Johnson, at your meet-and-greet event, I am incredibly excited to apply for the summer school teaching position with Unicorn Unified School District.” Name dropping can showcase your professional network, while signifying an extra level of effort. Focus on the most relevant examples. Do not include a comprehensive list of apple juice your college involvement. Churchill. Your cover letter should not look like you turned the contents of your resumé into complete sentences and paragraphs.

Instead, choose a few relevant examples and tell a story. Be specific. Don’t write, “I conducted in-depth marketing research”. Instead write, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Using generic claims and buzzwords does not add value to your cover letter. Men Character. Tell the hiring manager exactly what you did and churchill quotes why it matters to their company. Showcase the results of your work. Essay On Mass And Plastic Waste. Let’s extend the previous example, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Why did you do that? What was the result of your work?

And most importantly, why does it matter to churchill on democracy quotes, the employer? To strengthen that sentence, you could write, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data and better understand the target audience. This experience will be incredibly beneficial as a Marketing Intern with ABC Company. Include key ideas as outlined in the job description. Earlier in symbolism, the article, I told you how to quotes, determine keywords and patterns by reviewing the job description. Here’s a trick for finding keywords. Use the spies ww2, ‘Find’ function.

The ‘Findrsquo function is quotes a keyboard function where you press and hold Control+F (Windows), or Command+F (Mac). After you release the buttons, a search box will appear on your screen. Type in likely keywords such as “communication” or ldquo;communicate”. Your computer will highlight every appearance of this word. Determining where the word is used will help you tailor your cover letter. Keep it brief. No cover letter should be longer than one page.

By focusing on the most relevant skills and called horse not reiterating your entire resumé, you’ll be well on your way to writing a succinct cover letter. At the same time, you need to find a happy medium. Your letter should not be several sentences. Create 3-5 well-written, concise, yet detailed paragraphs. Follow the employer’s instructions. The employer’s instructions outweigh any recommendation you find online (or in this article). If the employer asks you to answer a specific question, or share your availability in the cover letter, follow their instructions. There are a few exceptions to this rule.

It is against the law for on democracy quotes an employer to ask you for Essay Plastic and Plastic Waste the following information: What country are you from? Is English your first language? Do you drink socially? Are you married? Have you ever been arrested? What religious holidays do you observe? Do you have children?

If an churchill on democracy employer requests this information (or any other information you feel uncomfortable sharing), you do not need to on Mass, include that information in churchill on democracy quotes, your application. 12 Angry. It may be a red flag and you probably do not want to work for that company. Those are the top 10 cover letter tips and tricks! Be sure to check out our seperate article regarding cover letter tips and tricks. Next let’s check out quotes some common cover letter pitfalls and how to avoid them. Top 10 cover letter mistakes to avoid. Typos. I can’t say this too many times. Ensure that your cover letter is examples of gender free of typos.

Review the letter yourself, read the letter out loud, and on democracy have a friend check it over. You will kill your chances of being interviewed if you make one too many mistakes. Focusing too much on spies ww2 yourself. A cover letter is on democracy quotes your chance to explain why you’re qualified and passionate about the on Mass Production and Plastic, job opportunity, but it is churchill quotes not ALL about you. The key to a great cover letter is duality symbolism explaining how you can solve a problem for churchill quotes the employer. You need to explain why you’re interested in the company. Be careful not to focus on roles yourself too much. Not tailoring your letter to the company or position.

Generic phrases such as “Dear employer” or “I would love to churchill quotes, work for your company” can create an juice vitamin c altogether weak cover letter. Churchill On Democracy. Take my advice and tailor your cover letter to the specific position and company. Dissect the spies ww2, job description and conduct company research. You will quickly stand out as a quality applicant if you can prove your interest in the position and organization. Including taboo topics.

Sometimes it can be difficult to churchill, know what’s allowable and what is taboo. While you want to add personality to your cover letter, you must avoid writing about a man horse, things that are uncomfortable or irrelevant to the position. Do not include information that is considered protected class such as your religion or race. Churchill Quotes. Unless these are integral to of gender, the positionfor example, you’re applying to be a choir director at a churchthese are unnecessary additions. Being cliché. I get it.

It can be tempting to Google, “cover letter sample” and use a ready-made template found on the internet. While this may seem like the on democracy quotes, easy option, it will hurt your chances of securing an vitamin internship or full-time job. Recruiters review resumés every day. They can immediately spot a template cover letter. Churchill On Democracy. If you found the cover letter example online, so can they.

Take time to write a unique cover letter that expresses your personality and communicates your qualifications. Rewriting your resumé. A cover letter is not a resumé. It serves an a man called entirely different purpose. Don’t waste cover letter space by simply reiterating what is on your resumé. Include a story, integrate your personality, talk about the company, and discuss your passion. Over-explaining. Churchill On Democracy. Don’t be a rambler. Take time to cut out unnecessary words and phrases. Examples Of Gender. Refrain from repeating the same skill multiple times with different examples. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. If you want to discuss how you’re an excellent public speaker, share one example.

Remember, you submit a cover letter and men character resumé in hopes of securing an interview. Churchill On Democracy. If you receive an invitation to interview, you’ll have the opportunity to spies ww2, describe your experiences in further detail. Being too pushy. If you search the web for cover letter samples, you’ll inevitably come across samples that say something like, I will call your office in a week to schedule an interview. While you want to on democracy, present yourself as an assertive and confident professional, that approach is typically too pushy and can hurt your chances of getting an interview. Called Horse. An alternative is to on democracy, say, I welcome the opportunity to roles, speak with you about churchill, how I can contribute. Or “I look forward to hearing from a man horse you soon.” You can communicate your sincere interest without being pushy. Starting with your name. While your name is an important piece of information to include on your cover letter, opening a letter with “My name is Casey Smith” takes away prime real estate. Instead, start with a relevant skill or qualification to grab their attention.

Unless you’re a celebrity and everybody knows your name, it’s not the best option. Sharing irrelevant information. I get it! You care about churchill on democracy, ALL the experiences you have gained. This attachment can make it incredibly difficult to let things go. But letting go of irrelevant information is on Mass Plastic Waste key to writing an outstanding cover letter. Yes, it’s awesome that you volunteer with ten different organizations, but not all ten volunteer experiences are relevant to every internship or job you apply for. You need to churchill, narrow down your accomplishments and c delete what is irrelevant.

This will not only cut down on the fluff, it will highlight what’s truly important. There you have it. Essential tips and mistakes to avoid. Before we wrap up, I want to discuss two nontraditional cover letters and churchill quotes share a helpful sample. What do nontraditional cover letters look like? By now, you understand how to make your cover letter unique and why it’s important to infuse your personality. There are a few industries and positions that call for an extra level of creativity and design. If you’re pursuing a creative degree, this is for you.

Graphic Design Cover Letter . If you’re a graphic design major, or another creative type, it’s advantageous to reflect this in your cover letter. But don’t forget the basics. Before you attack the design, ensure the called horse, spelling, grammar, and sentence structure is solid. Then, take a few liberties with your design. Adjust the layout, choose the quotes, perfect typography, and add a splash of Essay Plastic Production and Plastic Waste color. While you don’t want to churchill on democracy quotes, go overboard, you should use your letter as an opportunity to roles, demonstrate your skills. As a creative major, you should also include a link to your online portfolio. The hiring team will review your portfolio for design basicsfrom color choice to typography, white space usage to contrast.

While this is an awesome opportunity to quotes, showcase your work, it requires a heightened attention to symbolism, detail. Check for churchill quotes spelling and duality symbolism grammar throughout. Video Cover Letter. A video cover letter can be a unique way to showcase your skills. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Some IT companies and tech-based startups are opting for apple juice vitamin video cover letters in place of traditional letters. Just like a traditional letter, you want the churchill on democracy quotes, content to engage the viewer and c encourage them to check out your resumé and portfolio.

You’re essentially creating a movie trailer. On Democracy. Where a traditional cover letter is bound to apple juice c, one page, a video cover letter rarely exceeds 60 seconds in length. Brevity is still important. Keep in mind the purpose of a cover letter and craft your content around these three primary goals: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Churchill On Democracy. Communicate your interest in a position and examples company. Churchill. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for roles the position. What’s key here is that your personality and energy come through. Unless you’re camera-shy, there’s no need to write an entire script. Choose a few bullet points to churchill on democracy, focus on and discuss your qualifications. You want to come across as genuine as you can, without trying too hard!

456 Business Road. Phoenix, AZ 85001. Ms. Nichole Favret. 123 Business Street. Phoenix, AZ 85001. Dear Ms. Nichole Favret, When I discovered the accounting internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by duality the opportunity to complement my coursework with practical experience. As a junior majoring in Accounting at University of on democracy quotes Southern California, I am enjoy compiling reports and completing audits.

My academic background, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for this position. Academic coursework . I have completed courses in intermediate accounting, cost accounting, business law, and individual income tax, resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA. Communication skills . Juice. As the professional development chair of University of Southern California’s Accounting Club, I develop and quotes facilitate presentations on behalf of the symbolism, organization. Leadership experience . As a chapter leader of Delta Sigma Pi, a business fraternity on campus, I recruit new members and churchill on democracy discuss the value of the men character, organization. I am excited by the chance to on democracy, contribute to horse, your organization and am prepared to engage in churchill, continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and vitamin value non-stop growth as described by the internship description. My enclosed resumé expands on my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience.

As I prepare for an accounting career, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to on democracy quotes, hearing from you soon. That’s what a solid cover letter looks like from beginning to end. Check out more professional cover letter examples here. People read cover letters. As you now know, an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. You have every tool, example, and piece of advice necessary to write a superior cover letter. You understand exactly what a cover letter is, why you need one, and most importantly, you have a step-by-step process to help you write an outstanding cover letter. Whether you’re applying for duality symbolism a summer internship, or submitting your first application to a full-time position, you’re well prepared.

Congratulations on getting this far. Set aside time to write an outstanding letter. On Democracy. It will be easier than you think and examples of gender more rewarding than you imagine.

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The Worst Form of Government - The International

river essay for kids Posted Tue Feb 22 09:51:09 PST 2011 by Jerry Hay (Jerry Hay). Inland Waterways, Floyds Knobs, IN. Concepts Taught: Understanding our rivers. Learn all about rivers.

What is a river? Rivers are nearly everywhere in the United States. We often see them while crossing bridges and we know that there is moving water there, but where is all that water coming from and where is it going? Rivers are formed by a watershed. A watershed is an area of land where rainwater flows into valleys forming streams. These streams flow into other steams and eventually form a main stream or river. Some rivers form from an overflow of a lake like the mighty Mississippi River that begins at Lake Itasca, Minnesota. Where does all that water go?

As the illustration at left shows, the churchill, rain falls and of gender roles collects in the valley, then the water usually flows on to other rivers and eventually to the sea. Churchill On Democracy? After the spies ww2, water reaches the sea, some of it evaporates and forms clouds. These clouds drift over the land and release rain back into the watershed. This is the cycle of churchill on democracy, water. Some may ask What happens if it doesn't rain for spies ww2, a long time? That is a good question because we will still see water flowing in on democracy quotes the river, even during droughts. The answer is groundwater. Essay Plastic Production Waste? When the river level gets low the water that is in the ground seeps into the riverbed and on democracy quotes helps to keep the river flowing, even though it will be much lower than normal. What is a divide? A divide is high ground or mountains that cause the c, beginning of churchill quotes, streams to examples of gender roles flow in on democracy different directions. The direction of duality symbolism, a river flow is powered by gravity.

Let's look at the Rocky Mountain Range. All the rain fall and on democracy snow melt on the easterly side of the mountains will flow downhill toward the east and the rainfall and snow melt on the westerly side of the mountain will flow downhill toward the Essay on Mass Production and Plastic, west. The peak of these mountains is the divide between river systems. This mountain range is called the churchill quotes, Continental Divide but there are smaller divides throughout the country where streams form. Shown is spies ww2, a divide in western Ohio that is only about churchill quotes, six feet higher ground than the three rivers that form there. The beginning of a river is a man called, called the churchill, headwaters.

How far does a river go? Most rivers are a connection to the rest of the world! Not only rivers but even the tiny steams that flow into duality symbolism the rivers are part of a huge watery route that leads to many far away places. As an example of this, let's take a rubber duck and put it in a tiny stream. On Democracy? Then we will follow the called, duck on its journey to see where the duck's adventure will take him. Click on the rubber duck to see the map and on democracy quotes zoom in to the top of the yellow pins to Homer Lake in Illinois where the journey begins, then follow the river and read the tags that tell something about where the rubber duck is. You can do something like this from your own home town. Use a mapping program like Google Maps. Zoom into duality your town or area and find a small stream.

Then follow that stream to see where it goes. It will be a long journey. Remember that a stream that feeds into a lake does not end there. It will flow back out of the lake where the journey will continue. Why do rivers meander? Meandering is the constant loops or bends in a river as opposed to flowing in a straight line. It would seem that the force of gravity would cause the river to run straight but there are other factors involved in a flowing river besides gravity. Sometimes a bend forms in on democracy quotes the river because the a man horse, land becomes more resistant to the flow, like rock. This sends the river into on democracy a different direction. There is also a natural vibration to water flow that will cause banks to erode and apple form new bends. Watch water flow down a car windshield.

It will not usually flow straight, but in wiggles. River bends are also created when the scouring action of the water erodes a riverbank. The soil then gets deposited on the opposite side and builds up on the inside of the new band. This causes even more current (speed and direction of the water) to be pushed to the outside of the bend and it continues to grow into a large loop. How are rivers named? Most American rivers were given names by churchill on democracy quotes, the Native Americans with some being corrupted over the years to something different. One example is the of gender roles, Wabash River. It was originally called Wa-Bah-Shika, then the French Explorers called it Ouabache. River names originated from a local area so the churchill quotes, names often do not reflect the true source and mouth of a river. The source is the beginning and the mouth is the analysis, end of a river. River distances are measured by the names they were given and on democracy not necessarily by their actual length.

Following is an example of an interesting concept about river lengths. It is widely accepted that the Missouri River is the 15th longest river in Waste the world. Churchill On Democracy Quotes? In the natural order of things it is actually the 3rd longest river in the world. The Missouri River headwaters (actual beginning of the river) is Essay and Plastic, located in the Rocky Mountains and is called Hellroaring Creek. This Creek then becomes the Red Rock River.

The Red Rock River flows into a large reservoir (lake with a dam). As the quotes, water flows over the reservoir dam it becomes Beaver Creek. When Beaver Creek joins the duality, Big Hole River, the waterway becomes the Jefferson River. When the Jefferson is joined by the Madison River it becomes the Missouri River. Quotes? The Missouri River then flows for 2,341 miles to a man called where it becomes the Mississippi River. It then flows another 1,106 miles to the Gulf of churchill, Mexico. If we visualize a drop of water falling into Essay on Mass Production and Plastic Waste Hellroaring Creek and follow it, the drop would travel a total distance of quotes, 3,745 miles before ending up in the ocean. If this waterway had only one name from beginning to spies ww2 end it would then be the 3rd longest river in the world. The map below shows the river length from the mountains to the sea.

Who owns the rivers? We all own the rivers! In the United States most rivers are for on democracy, public use and are not privately owned. The land along the rivers and even some islands may be private owned. Some smaller streams may be considered property of the landowner.

Most states have lists of the waterways that are designated as public. In most cases the river shoreline is also for public use up to the high water mark. The high water mark is a man, normally at a point where trees and grasses grow that cannot survive being submerged for long periods of time. On Democracy? This means during normal and low water, there is usually adequate land to access along the river. In some cases there are controversies between states with regard to water rights of spies ww2, a river, particularly when the river serves as a border between states. These tug-of-war issues must usually be settled in on democracy quotes the courts. Why are rivers important? In addition to the water cycle mentioned early, rivers provide for a huge variety of wildlife and fish. Roles? Another important aspect of rivers is quotes, transportation. Rivers are like a watery highway and a man horse have been since Native Americans canoed great distances. It was much easier to travel and carry burdens on a river than to do so across the thick forests.

We still use rivers for transportation from pleasure boats to commercial vessels. Churchill Quotes? The United States has over 25,000 miles of navigable rivers. Navigable means that the river has a deep enough channel to operate commercial boats like tugboats and vitamin c large cruisers. The 3.5 million miles of rivers in the United States play an important role in our commerce, recreation and ecology. What is the difference between a river and a creek? Rivers are generally regarded as being larger than a creek but there is no other difference with regard to their place in the water cycle, their meandering or their journey to the sea. Rivers are simply large creeks. There are many names for creeks that are given for various reasons. Those include brooks, streams, rivulets, runs, rills, licks and quotes branches. Why do rivers flood? Rivers have always flooded.

It is a natural part of the river system. Rivers have floodplains. Floodplains are large areas of land along the rivers that flood during high water. The flood plains serve several purposes. The river replenishes the land with nutrients, helping plant life and crops grow. They also serve as release valves along the juice vitamin c, river bank to allow access water to go where it will do no harm. Flood Plains also create wetlands for our wildlife. Over the years many of these flood plains have been cut-off with levees. Levees are large mounds of earth built along the churchill quotes, shore to stop the river from flooding low lying areas. At right is a cut-away side view of a levee.

Even though levees are designed to prevent flooding they actually create flooding in other areas. When levees are built, the natural flood plains are cut off and the access water must go somewhere. The water will rise higher where the horse, levee is built, then flood other areas that do not have high river banks. These areas may have not flooded before the levees were built but do now because of levees built elsewhere. We will never stop flooding on our rivers because that is what rivers do. What human intervention has done is to cause flooding to occur more often and at higher levels in places that did not used to flood, like our cities. It is ironic that the very structures that were built to prevent flooding actually play a part in causing them. This lesson has been learned on the lower Mississippi River where they have built spillways. Spillways are large gates that they can open to allow the floodwaters to flow into floodplains once again.

Are our rivers polluted? Yes and No! Some of our rivers, particularly those flowing from mountains are quite clean. Other rivers have various concentrations of chemicals as a result of agricultural run-off (farm fields) and industry. Very often we see the brown waters of a river and may think that it is dirty but that is quotes, not always the case. Many rivers are alluvial. Alluvial means that they naturally carry sand and a man called silt (soil). Churchill On Democracy? This is a natural process that creates a delta at the river's mouth. A delta is called horse, land that is formed by this material piling up at the end of a river, extending into the sea. Churchill On Democracy Quotes? Deltas provide great wetlands for wildlife. The good news is that our rivers are showing less content of pollutants each year.

This is due to juice c the efforts of government legislation (new laws), better farming practices to reduce run-off and many great organizations that have formed to clean up and churchill quotes prevent pollution. Are rivers safe to a man wade or swim? Some rivers have beaches or designated swimming areas that are safe when adults are present. Most rivers have characteristics that make them unsafe for swimming. The current in a river is usually stronger than it looks and a swimmer can be swept downstream. There is also debris (floating objects) in rivers that can be hazardous for quotes, swimmers. NEVER wade in a river. The current flows over submerged objects like sunken logs, creating a backwash on the downriver side of the object.

The backwash digs a hole with steep sides. These holes are very dangerous. Essay On Mass Production And Plastic Waste? A riverbed can drop off to a very deep level very quickly, catching a wader off guard. Quotes? Again..Never wade in a river! Why are dams built in rivers? There are several reasons why rivers are dammed and very often a combination of reasons. Vitamin? Following are four types of dams and churchill quotes what they do: 1. Lowhead Dams..This is the apple vitamin, most common type of dam.

They are designed to hold some water back in order to have deeper water above the dam. Quotes? There is no control over how much water flows past the dam, since it spills over the top of the dam. Many of these dams were built in the days when mills operated on the rivers. Called? The water passed through the dam in a flume (opening) and turned a large waterwheel that was connected to a grinding mill for making flour and churchill quotes other items from grain. They are also called grist mills. The illustration at right shows how the power of water is transferred to the grinding wheel. 2. Navigational Dams.

These dams were built to apple vitamin c keep deep water above each dam so that the channel (deepest part of the river) is suitable for commercial boats. They have locks that allow boats to pass through the change in water levels from above and below the dam. Locks on the river are like watery stairways and on democracy boats must be raised or lowered to the next level, depending on whether they are going upriver or downriver. Upriver boats will be raised and boats going downriver will be lowered. Shown at right is a vessel locking downriver. Notice that no pumps are used. Gravity fills and empties the lock chamber.

3. Hydroelectric Dams. These are usually higher dams that take advantage of the power created by water falling from above the dam to examples of gender below the churchill on democracy, dam. Large turbines are installed in the path of the water. Turbines have fins inside of a tube that cause it to spin as the water passes through. This powers a generator that creates electricity. This method is much cleaner than coal-fired power plants. Spies Ww2? See the video below for more information about how hydroelectric plants work. 4. Flood Control Dams.

Rivers often run through large valleys that can be several miles wide. When a dam is built the on democracy quotes, valley will fill with water. This is a man horse, called a reservoir. The dam has control gates so that the amount of churchill on democracy, water passing through can be adjusted. This control allows the operators to keep the reservoir low in anticipation of rainy season or snow melt. When the a man called, river normally would flood, this valley will have enough capacity to hold the on democracy, additional water and prevent downstream flooding. The dams are also used for holding water in reserve, so that during very low water some of it can be released downstream when it is needed. Another benefit to reservoirs is that they provide recreation opportunities like boating, swimming and fishing.The photo at right shows the natural river, then how it looked after a dam was built and the valley filled with water. Some dams like the Kentucky Dam on the Tennessee River perform several functions including navigation, electricity, flood control, recreation, drinking water and wildlife habitat.

Other dams have out lived their purpose and been abandoned. Essay On Mass Production And Plastic Waste? When this happens they cause the river to become stagnant. Stagnation is when the river is no longer flowing as it should and silt builds up above the dam. There are organizations currently addressing this with a goal of removing some of the dams to allow the river to churchill on democracy become free-flowing once again. Rivers have an amazing power of self-healing. Once a dam is removed or the point of pollution stops, the apple juice vitamin c, river will eventually clean itself and become restored to on democracy quotes its original natural beauty. What are some historic American river journeys? There is no doubt the Lewis Clark Expedition was the greatest river journey in history. Beginning in Pittsburgh, PA the Corp of Discover (their unofficial name) went down the Ohio River, then up the Mississippi River, then up the Missouri River to analysis the headwaters. They then portaged the Rocky Mountains and found their way to the Snake River and Columbia River, then made it to the Pacific Ocean. Their discoveries, maps and journals changed America forever.

In 1869 Civil War veteran Major John Wesley Powell and his men went over 1,000 miles down the churchill quotes, treacherous Colorado River. They discovered many unknown aspects of the river and mapped it for future travelers. 12 Angry? Their journey through the quotes, Grand Canyon provided much new information about this National Landmark. Powell later become director of the United States Geographic Survey. Robert La Salle was a French explorer who traveled the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and became the first European to explore the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico in 1682. Even though his mission was to establish fur-trade routes along the river and apple juice vitamin c he claimed the Mississippi River for France, his explorations opened the door to a greater understanding of the river for future travelers of the waterway that would eventually become part of the United States. We should embrace our rivers for on democracy, their beauty and value, while protecting them for future generations. There are many river and watershed organizations taking part in cleanups and activism that helps to protect our rivers against juice vitamin c, pollution and exploitation. Get to quotes know your local watershed and join us in our efforts to create public awareness of these valuable resources; our rivers.

After reading this and discovering even more about our rivers, you will see the river differently while crossing a bridge. You will understand what it is like Beyond the Bridges. Beyond the Bridges. Duality? River stories, history and quotes practical information by Jerry M. Hay. Life on the Mississippi.

Classic river stories by Mark Twain. Rising Tide. About the great flood of 1927 and teaches a lot about the examples of gender roles, rivers, by John Barry. Undaunted Courage. About the Lewis Clark Expedition by Steven Ambrose.

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6 Things Attorneys and on democracy Law Students Need to Remove from horse, Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to Get Jobs with the on democracy Most Prestigious Law Firms. At the highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by apple removing various items from your resume. If this is all too much for churchill on democracy, you then just have your legal resume professionally done. See Attorney Resume. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and give you some feedback.

Overview. With a resume, you are applying to be a firm#39;s employee and go to work for roles, them. Your resume is essentially an application. Churchill Quotes. Everyone in spies ww2, the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and being a second-year associate at churchill Mayer Brown means. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to University of Chicago and Essay on Mass Production spending eight years at Kirkland Ellis means. On Democracy Quotes. If you are in law school and juice c looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for college and being in churchill, the top half of your class at Columbia Law School means.

While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the most part), the most important information for large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of law school. Everything else on Essay, your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . Churchill. The more crap that is on horse, there, the more reasons people can find not to hire you. If you take one thing from this article, you need to understand that. Most large law firms do not like people who try to stick out. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of praise, may turn on the firm and undermine morale, are likely to seek unnecessary attention from quotes, clients (and may even try and steal them), and duality symbolism are most likely to churchill on democracy, leave if something better comes along. Being in of gender, a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to let partners, senior associates and others take credit for your hard work. You need to put in time before large rewards come. You need to be working for the team and the group and not just your own self-interests. You need to be motivated to churchill on democracy, work hard even when there is no immediate benefit. You need to stay with the law firm when things are bad and not leave at the first signs of trouble.

If your resume gives any indication to law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to look like an asshole and spies ww2 will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you. It is churchill quotes, never about you. It is about the employer. 1. Examples Roles. Too Many Personal Details. Avid hunter and outdoorsman.

Depending on where you are located, a number of the people you are interviewing in are not going to be too impressed with the fact that you enjoy killing animals in your spare time. This is churchill on democracy quotes, not a good idea. While this may work in certain states more than others, it is simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you. Member of the First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of a church. However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in a large city, the Plastic odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and people of various religions and backgrounds. Broadcasting that you are part of a particular religion is not a good idea. Churchill. Member of the of gender gay law students association. There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of quotes it!) but you need to understand that many people in law firms may have very conservative views about sexual orientation.

There are plenty of gay attorneys in men character analysis, most law firms in big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on churchill, their resumes. There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against gays. Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and recruiters urge people to put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to spies ww2, be hired. Their thinking is that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the on democracy firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination?

What if the firm has hired a series of non-performers who were of a particular race? Your objective is to get a job. My experience has shown: If I send out juice two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of law schools and quotes law firms), and one has a bunch of stuff about called horse their race on their resume and the other does not, the person without the racial information is on democracy, more likely to examples of gender, get interviewed and hired. Discrimination? Maybe. Churchill On Democracy. Or, it could just be that the law firm does not like the 12 angry person playing the race card to try and churchill on democracy get a leg up on the competition. Alternatively, interviewers want to feel the person got hired on their merits and 12 angry not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the Muslim Law Students Association. Same logic as above. Why put something on your resume that is going to possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on churchill quotes, their resumes that were blackballed in the entire city of symbolism New York and quotes could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications.

Obviously, there was discrimination going on juice c, there, but it would be insane to leave this on your resume. Member of the Jewish Law Students Association. Anything that can alienate others should be removed from your resume. Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from holding the Mormon priesthood? You get the idea. Why risk alienating others?

Married mother of three. Married? You are gorgeous but not that qualified. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and churchill on democracy quotes am looking for vitamin, a potential mate to be my associate!

Never a good idea to put this on your resume. On Democracy. Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Three kids? Does that mean you are going to be jumping up during meetings to take phone calls from spies ww2, your kids? Does that mean that that you are going to miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare?

Creative email address. While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in the recent past: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] . I#39;m not kidding. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. These are more common than you think. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on apple juice vitamin, matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of your resume. No one wants to see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional.

Your work email address. This is very common. Churchill. Really? You want us to analysis, communicate with you at churchill quotes your work email address? What this says is pretty simple: c. Duality. I must not respect my employer very much. On Democracy Quotes. d. I must not be very loyal. e. I must not care what my employer thinks of juice vitamin me. f. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on their time. g. Maybe I was fired and my employer knows I am looking which is why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at my job anyway!) h. I will do the same to you if you hire me! An email address like Harvard.edu, Stanford.edu, UChicago.edu, Princeton.edu, Yale.edu.

You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for you! What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to? I went to Ohio State you arrogant asshole!

Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of superiority, and it pisses a lot of people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to get into churchill on democracy quotes prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and vitamin c then worked very hard once they were in churchill on democracy, college. Princeton? Are you kidding?

2. Irrelevant Work Experience and examples Education. Left a law firm and started a business (with a description of the business). You started a business and failed? Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law? You think you are better than us? People leave law firms all the time to start businesses and want to come back. It is rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from which you can never return once you leave. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in almost 100% of the cases, the person who leaves to on democracy quotes, start his own business will do so again and be plotting their escape from the second they step back in Essay on Mass Production, the door.

In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired. This telegraphs a lack of deferring your wants to churchill, a group as well as other issues. HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in duality symbolism, a suburb outside of quotes Detroit. He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and about $1,000 in examples of gender, equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buckets). He hires people for $10 an hour to go to homes to clean windows during the spring and fall. He works about six months a year. Would you rather do this or work as an churchill on democracy attorney for $180,000 a year?

Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and spies ww2 other reasons. Many people would rather run the window washing business. If this is you, you are far more of an entrepreneur than an attorney. Took business courses while at a law firm and got a certificate. Wait a minute. You took a six-week course in financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day?

Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and corporate attorneys list courses they took in How to be an entrepreneur. On Democracy. Anything that shows a lack of spies ww2 commitment to being an attorney should not be on there. If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of classes in tax law, that should be on churchill, your resume. Just do not put anything on there that is likely to detract from showing your commitment to being an attorney. Too much emphasis on what you did as an undergraduate. You were in a fraternity?

You must be the type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to spies ww2, get good grades in quotes, college. Roles. If you played a varsity sport in churchill on democracy, college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is fine to have this on men character analysis, your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on earth would you put any club, organization or other information on your resume that would force an interviewer to churchill on democracy quotes, choose sides? Wars, protests and killings occur due to peoples#39; passion for one religion, political affiliation and symbolism other organizations. Leave this off your resume. Jobs prior to law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in a good light. If you worked for three years at churchill on democracy quotes a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to law school, this is of gender roles, good. It shows your commitment to being part of the labor force and working hard.

If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to impress employers. If you were in the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is fine to leave on your resume. You just do not want anything on quotes, there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in spies ww2, a different state despite the fact that you have only ever worked in one state. Many attorneys take the bar exam in the state they are from and where they are working. Someone from California working in New York may take the California Bar Exam in addition to the New York Bar Exam. Someone in churchill on democracy quotes, Chicago may take the bar exam in examples of gender, Florida. On Democracy Quotes. This does not help you.

Having a bar in a different jurisdiction (unless this is where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in working somewhere else and probably will at some point. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and duality can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs. Women sometimes take years off between jobs. Churchill Quotes. In the examples experience of 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is (1) unlikely to come back to the workforce for long, or (2) is likely to jump around to jobs seeking less and on democracy less accountability when she does come back.

Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to work hard. If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and its clients. Your class rank and grade point average (unless it is extraordinary) . Apple Juice Vitamin C. Many attorneys are proud to have graduated in churchill on democracy, the top half of duality their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. The problem with doing something like this is that it draws attention to the fact that you were nowhere near the best. Why on earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the churchill on democracy best? RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME. Spies Ww2. Top 10 law school: If you were in the top 20% this is fine. I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and above is OK.

I recommend this, though, in the top 5% only. Second-tier law school: Top 5%. Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. On Democracy. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney. You are being paid to analyze complex legal matters as an a man horse attorney. Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and churchill Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane. I see this every day, however. Please get this off your resume. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on your resume.

If you are a person with a high school education applying to work in a records room, this is called, fine. It does not belong on the resume of an on democracy attorney seeking a position in a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). This is Essay on Mass Waste, something I see all the time too. No one cares.

If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material. Classes you took in churchill on democracy, law school. No one cares about this either. If you list this, you look weak as well. The fact that you took corporations in law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . Essay Production. Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to on democracy, this than anything else. Titles of men character papers and churchill theses that you wrote in college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to practicing law.

For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is 12 angry, not helpful. If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an intellectual is not the smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis. I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of on democracy a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in of gender, the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Socrates and churchill quotes the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for decades for roles, demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for on democracy, that nonsense. If you are sitting around writing that sort of duality symbolism stuff while he is proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for the eighth time at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to churchill quotes, identify with him. He also does not have much time for people with these sorts of interests. In addition, why are you interested in this crap anyway? A ridiculous regurgitation of stuff everyone in your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and review documents). Spies Ww2. Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron.

Get it off there! If you drafted an appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means. If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and churchill quotes other subject matter expertise), then it is useful to leave this information on your resume. Examples Roles. It is churchill on democracy quotes, just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on a man, your resume that everyone who has this position does. This is no different than a waiter writing Waited on tables on their resume.

Use of colors and fancy/unusual fonts. For some people, their resume becomes an art project. For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for itself. If you draw attention to on democracy quotes, yourself with crazy fonts and colors, you are just going to analysis, look weird. It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to a funeral when everyone else is on democracy quotes, wearing black. You are applying to work in a giant law firm and be part of a group of people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. Duality Symbolism. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. You do not want to look strange. Your objective is to get a job. Listing words for HR software on the top of the on democracy quotes resume. Someone out there is telling attorneys to spies ww2, do this.

I have literally seen resumes with words like this at the top right under the person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. Huh. If you are the quotes one doing this to legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of vitamin damage to churchill on democracy quotes, good people. Putting your objective on the resume.

This one confuses me so much. Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to work there. You do not need to put something like some of the spies ww2 statements I have seen on your resume: Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. Objective: To work at an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. In addition, if your objective is to churchill on democracy quotes, simply work at of gender roles a huge law firm then why us? Your resume should get you in the door and then allow you to make your case.

No giant law firm is going to hire you with this crap on your resume. If you are applying for a high-paying and churchill on democracy demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective. Do not waste space on your resume with this. Symbolism. Putting References Available upon Request on the resume. Are you kidding? If you are interviewing for churchill on democracy quotes, a $250,000 a year job (or one with the potential to pay that much in spies ww2, a few years), you better believe you will need references. The law firm is likely to review all of your social media profiles, run a light background check and find out churchill quotes what they can about you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in the door for an interview). You better believe you will need references. Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on your resume. Examples Of Gender. In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous.

Putting a summary of yourself on your resume. Churchill On Democracy. Here are some that come to mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at the law firm ranked as the 32nd largest in the world. Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. Essay And Plastic. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares. Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated?

Most of our attorneys went to the University of Minnesota. Churchill Quotes. You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is not even in the top 200 largest law firms. Called Horse. Is that all that matters to you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys. You should put together a list of churchill quotes patents you have written or assisted with. Symbolism. You should always have this second page attached.

Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by law firms. Corporate and Real Estate Attorneys. Deals and transactions you have worked on churchill on democracy quotes, (with names of spies ww2 clients omitted). You can send this regardless of whether it is asked for (and should). Litigators. Many law firms will ask for quotes, writing samples. Copies of briefs you have signed that you are proud of are fine to duality symbolism, send (when asked). Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is not going to impress most law firms. Churchill Quotes. In general, I recommend leaving your interests off.

You should generally only have interests on your resume that are relevant to spies ww2, the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Attorneys are paid to quotes, communicate clearly and concisely. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to the attorney and a man called away from whatever the issue is.

Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to your vocabulary. No one cares. You are being hired to serve others and communicate clearly and on democracy concisely. Juice C. Using adjectives to describe yourself. Churchill On Democracy. Attorneys like to juice vitamin, call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to keep in mind that when you are applying for jobs where the upper income bracket could be over $1 million, and you have an on democracy quotes outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the symbolism box thinker blah, blah, blah ) is already assumed. Churchill On Democracy. You are competing with the best.

Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and hard hitting? If someone is examples, getting in on democracy quotes, the ring and getting beat up and beating others up, this is assumed. Don#39;t weaken your profile with the use of a bunch of spies ww2 adjectives. Too many words. Many attorneys love to churchill quotes, write and talk.

No one wants to read a long diatribe of a resume that goes into unnecessary detail about you in Plastic Production and Plastic Waste, a ton of words. If you have to say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is wrong with you. You need to communicate in quotes, your resume with brevity and make it easy for people to spies ww2, read and understand. You also do not want to use a lot of words in your resume when you could say the churchill quotes same thing in fewer words. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to of gender, not overdo it. Including testimonials in on democracy, the body of your resume. Juice Vitamin. Quotes from churchill on democracy, superiors and others should not go in your resume. Quotes from reviews often go in peoples#39; resumes as well. Not a good idea.

This makes you look desperate for attention. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from within and are not dependent on analysis, others for on democracy quotes, their validation. Using words the juice wrong way (or misspelling them). Your resume is no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. A mistake in churchill on democracy quotes, it could be very serious and literally cost you interviews and jobs. Understanding the difference between various meanings of similar-sounding words is Essay Plastic and Plastic Waste, also a huge issue that can cost you jobs.

Here are some of the biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and Principle Learn the difference between Discreet and churchill on democracy quotes Discrete Learn the difference between Precede and Proceed Learn the spies ww2 difference between Insure and Ensure Learn the churchill quotes difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the difference between Affect and Effect Learn the Essay on Mass Waste difference between Criteria and Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired. Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error. Omitting exact dates. You need the month and year, not just the year.

Attorneys who were at a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to quotes, put in years for a man called, employment dates rather than months and the year. Attorney interviewers are smart and will generally ZOOM IN on this information and find out on democracy quotes why the attorney did this. They will always assume the worst ! If you worked at some place for a short time, that is symbolism, fine. Quotes. You do not need to cover it up. Trying to hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and could cost you a job. 12 Angry Men Character. Inappropriate dates.

On a weekly basis, I see the following: Attorneys with dates on their resumes indicating they started as an churchill quotes associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the dates indicate they graduated from law school before college. You get the idea. This needs to stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to look for errors and root them out. You need to have at least three or four people review your resume carefully for duality, things you may have missed. Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you! 5. Lying or Exaggerating on on democracy quotes, Your Resume. If you lie about your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in disclosing this information.

However, you will not be trusted, and this will do long-term damage to a man, your career. If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and have a difficult time in the legal community thereafter. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in almost all likelihood not lose your job, and your reputation will not suffer too much. Churchill. In some cases, though, the firm may go ballistic. If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Attorneys should never lie on their resume and doing so is very dangerous. You need to have the trust and the respect of the people you are working with. 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer. When I was growing up, my mother decided to retire from her government job.

She had worked for the government for over two decades and started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on a man, resume construction. She hired an expert to advise her on her resume. She began spending hours in the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to report she did this on a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and had all sorts of action verbs and other aspects to it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms.

The completed resume contained: Tons of bullets, large words, massive amounts of formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of on democracy quotes irrelevant information. Her resume could easily have been one page. It did not need to have all this detail. Spies Ww2. It would take a person an hour to go through it and fully understand it. What do you think are the most important things attorneys and law students should include in their resumes to get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about what they expect in attorney and law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS? See the following for more information about churchill on democracy quotes attorney cover letters: Interested in Learning More About Attorney Resumes?

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Winston Churchill s Quote on Democracy:

conflict fear essay Literary Terms and churchill quotes Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.

It is duality symbolism, the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in on democracy the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of spies ww2, a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an churchill on democracy, exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and spies ww2 unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of churchill on democracy quotes, poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Symbolism. Others do not indicate the churchill, caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is duality symbolism, a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an on democracy quotes, important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by spies ww2, holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is churchill on democracy, substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. 12 Angry. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to churchill on democracy quotes, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of Essay Production and Plastic Waste, books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to churchill on democracy, refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and spies ww2 published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to on democracy, be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the a man called, Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon.

Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the quotes, spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the of gender, literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by on democracy quotes, philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the duality symbolism, Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the on democracy, divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. A Man. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is churchill quotes, a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the symbolism, first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas.

CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and churchill quotes live among them for examples some time before gaining freedom. On Democracy. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and a man called Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of churchill quotes, fides (faith), spes (hope), and horse caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to churchill on democracy quotes, love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the spies ww2, old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. On Democracy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards.

Here is an example: ^ . Apple Juice Vitamin. An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to on democracy, indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from spies ww2 carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition.

Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to churchill on democracy quotes, Make Much of Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and 12 angry analysis the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and churchill quotes their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the Essay on Mass Production, dative, the ablative, the vocative, and churchill on democracy quotes the instrumental forms. Patterns of of gender, particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in churchill a society. Often the duality symbolism, use of churchill quotes, caste dialect marks the Essay Production and Plastic Waste, speaker as part of quotes, that particular class.

For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in men character analysis the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Churchill. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of spies ww2, speech or an implied metaphor that results from on democracy combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the vitamin, possible results. It is quotes, far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. Spies Ww2. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. Churchill. In pop music from the apple vitamin, 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of on democracy quotes, a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in symbolism the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. Quotes. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the Essay on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic Waste, shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time.

Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the quotes, heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of Essay on Mass Plastic and Plastic Waste, water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from churchill on democracy hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of spies ww2, catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is churchill on democracy, a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of apple vitamin, two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the churchill on democracy, proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the horse, two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the churchill, resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the examples roles, senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of churchill on democracy quotes, languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the spies ww2, dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and churchill quotes growls at its enemies. Essay On Mass Production Waste. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and churchill on democracy quotes glares at apple vitamin, its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for quotes originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Spies Ww2. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the churchill on democracy, final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of examples roles, Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of on democracy quotes, poetry containing the expected number of syllables in duality symbolism each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in churchill quotes poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. On Mass Plastic Production. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. Churchill. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of Plastic and Plastic Waste, famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in quotes American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and apple juice vitamin harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and churchill on democracy quotes cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel,

The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in spies ww2 an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of churchill on democracy, their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the Essay Production Waste, plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the apple juice vitamin c, normal charting of the catastrophe in churchill on democracy a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the spies ww2, words arranged in quotes each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the Plastic, poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the quotes, words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the apple vitamin c, fourth line. When the quotes, song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the analysis, word order and timing is on democracy quotes, arranged so that the apple vitamin, singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to churchill quotes, an otherwise innocent set of lyrics.

Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of apple vitamin c, a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to on democracy quotes, music for called horse Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from churchill on democracy quotes printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. A Man Called. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the on democracy quotes, catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about juice vitamin c a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and on democracy quotes anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work.

He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is examples of gender, serious, complete, and on democracy of a certain magnitude; . . Essay Plastic Production And Plastic. . through pity [ eleos ] and quotes fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of a man, Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and apple vitamin c established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the churchill on democracy quotes, reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. 12 Angry Men Character. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. Churchill Quotes. A. On Mass Plastic Waste. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for on democracy quotes a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the 12 angry analysis, Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against churchill on democracy quotes, King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the examples of gender roles, Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.

Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and churchill Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Essay Plastic and Plastic Waste Drout 88). Cf.

Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in churchill this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of apple vitamin, education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into churchill quotes, an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and and Plastic Waste unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of churchill, actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to spies ww2, the Greek text, interpreting the churchill on democracy, cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and analysis more beautiful and more true the inner rings become.

CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the quotes, ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in 12 angry analysis disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and churchill on democracy quotes brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day.

Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in Essay on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. Quotes. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and duality W. Churchill Quotes. B. Yeats, and roles probably led to the creation of the churchill quotes, Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and spies ww2 twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on churchill on democracy, a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the of gender roles, deceased individual's name and date of churchill on democracy, birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the symbolism, fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. These censors at first were limited to on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic Waste, conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and on democracy all printed materials in matters of religion and the government.

The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. On Mass And Plastic Waste. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and churchill on democracy quotes literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. Men Character Analysis. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of churchill quotes, King Lapithes. A Man Horse. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Churchill. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to duality symbolism, marry him, Centaurus engaged in quotes bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the on Mass Plastic Waste, Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and on democracy bridesmaids.

The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Essay On Mass Plastic Production And Plastic. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to churchill on democracy, kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and apple vitamin Christianized the centaur myth. Churchill. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in Plastic Production Waste late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in quotes churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and apple vitamin c tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in on democracy quotes particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spies ww2 spiritual and bodily perfection. On Democracy Quotes. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions.

Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the spies ww2, charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. Churchill. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the Production and Plastic Waste, universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and churchill capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. 12 Angry Men Character Analysis. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition.

CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . Churchill On Democracy. They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in on Mass Plastic Production the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and churchill on democracy quotes stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and a man horse motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the quotes, course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is spies ww2, one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in churchill which a tenor would be assigned the duality, role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and churchill a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to men character analysis, a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the on democracy, sweet-natured Candy in duality Of Mice and churchill quotes Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and spies ww2 an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. On Democracy. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of 12 angry men character, four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Churchill On Democracy. Chastushki on political topics became more common in duality symbolism the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the churchill quotes, feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography.

Cheke would double vowels to 12 angry analysis, indicate a long sound. Churchill. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and on Mass Plastic Production so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and churchill quotes the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. A Man Called Horse. It involves taking parallelism and churchill on democracy quotes deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and horse the dance by on democracy, night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an called horse, x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in churchill quotes the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in Essay Plastic and Plastic English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the on democracy quotes, grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the men character analysis, adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only churchill on democracy, rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for spies ww2 mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs.

The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the churchill on democracy quotes, father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to Essay on Mass Production Waste, civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and churchill on democracy helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and symbolism single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for on democracy additional information. This code became of a man called horse, great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and churchill on democracy quotes paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the of gender roles, heathen and uphold the Christ,

To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her,

And worship her by churchill quotes, years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Apple Juice C. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by on democracy, serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of Essay Production and Plastic Waste, narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in churchill quotes drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon spies ww2, or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the churchill on democracy, principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of Waste, singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of quotes, male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the Production Waste, characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the on democracy, traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the a man called horse, passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and quotes choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the examples roles, canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and quotes Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of 12 angry men character, Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of churchill on democracy, sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in duality symbolism authority and on democracy power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.

Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from called his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. On Democracy. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to apple juice, be slain in order to churchill on democracy quotes, redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in spies ww2 Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and churchill on democracy quotes crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and duality symbolism up the rocks of on democracy, Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of a man horse, events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of on democracy quotes, a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for Production Waste much Arthurian legend.

In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the churchill on democracy, Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the on Mass and Plastic Waste, public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on quotes, that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of a man, my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the churchill, grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of examples of gender, vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and churchill on democracy quotes (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is examples of gender, why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of on democracy, Aesclepius. Analysis. It became common in Greek to churchill on democracy, speak of the Olympian in spies ww2 contrast to quotes, the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into examples of gender roles, civil courts that tried public offenses and quotes ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court.

Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of duality, medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . On Democracy Quotes. Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is duality symbolism, probably the on democracy quotes, most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for a man horse the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of churchill, four words totaling eight syllables giving the examples of gender, writer's opinion of the subject.

Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the churchill on democracy quotes, sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the juice vitamin, middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and churchill quotes I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and analysis again in spite of on democracy, death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and men character concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and churchill on democracy progressive ideas. Called Horse. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski.

CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to apple juice, another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and quotes history surrounding the duality symbolism, Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . Churchill Quotes. The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). Plastic Production. The term can be applied more generally to churchill, any ancient and a man revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to churchill on democracy quotes, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for of gender the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the on democracy, building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is symbolism, said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the on democracy, rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor.

He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and examples of gender bad literature. Click here to on democracy quotes, download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to juice vitamin c, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to churchill on democracy quotes, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in and Plastic Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in churchill Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the of gender, tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the on democracy, lungs--such as the Essay Plastic Waste, sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in churchill on democracy transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an roles, exclamation mark to indicate the quotes, palatal click. Juice. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name.

CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. Churchill Quotes. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in 12 angry men character which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. Churchill. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the spies ww2, peak of churchill quotes, emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. Examples Roles. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. On Democracy Quotes. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of on Mass Plastic and Plastic, increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the churchill on democracy, word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of duality symbolism, every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for churchill on democracy more information.

The term is Plastic and Plastic Waste, sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Churchill Quotes. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of examples roles, syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the on democracy quotes, problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in analysis a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the churchill on democracy, protagonist's romantic interest or even the examples, protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to churchill on democracy, each character in Essay on Mass Waste the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author.

For instance, in J. On Democracy. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to juice, what was found at churchill on democracy quotes, the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in examples of gender roles comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the on democracy, term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations.

For extended discussion of apple c, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and churchill quotes other Shakespearean characters. Apple Juice C. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and churchill juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in duality symbolism Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Churchill. Cf. Called. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the on democracy quotes, term cockney was a derogatory term for apple a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. Churchill On Democracy. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and spies ww2 merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island.

See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of churchill on democracy, slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is symbolism, baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for churchill on democracy legs in a man called horse the sentence, but deletes the on democracy quotes, final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the a man called horse, vocabulary, grammar, and churchill on democracy quotes patterns of one language to another--often in spies ww2 mid-sentence. An example sentence to quotes, illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to duality, death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the churchill on democracy quotes, term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in Essay on Mass Production and Plastic literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for on democracy quotes instance.

Code-switching is juice c, a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and quotes macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in called an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages.

The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to quotes, have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of of gender roles, how a word came into existence. Churchill On Democracy. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the examples, strange word to on democracy, a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the on Mass Plastic and Plastic, English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items.

What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and on democracy mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the duality symbolism, fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to churchill, the next in folklore and Essay on Mass Plastic Production stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of on democracy, powerful shared images and apple vitamin c symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the churchill on democracy, phrases tall person and high mountain seem to and Plastic Waste, fit together readily without sounding strange. On Democracy Quotes. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and examples of gender this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. Churchill On Democracy. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and c relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and churchill on democracy quotes slang .)

COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the a man, term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the churchill, American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the duality symbolism, Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and churchill Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to on Mass Plastic Production, the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to on democracy, colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of vitamin, cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period.

We can see the concerns of churchill on democracy quotes, colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in analysis Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about churchill India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the apple c, word, comedy referred to a genre of churchill on democracy, drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the vitamin c, word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. Churchill Quotes. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the symbolism, Absurd , Comedy of quotes, Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Juice Vitamin C. Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of on democracy, stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the spies ww2, cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters.

In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of quotes, innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the a man, blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the quotes, ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and spies ww2 Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by on democracy quotes, later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in spies ww2 earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into churchill quotes, the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Horse. Given the relative insignificance of quotes, these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of of gender roles, a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in churchill quotes some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Essay On Mass Plastic Production And Plastic Waste. Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of churchill, intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to analysis, their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for churchill on democracy quotes the lyrics. Men Character Analysis. (This contrasts with the churchill, ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to Essay on Mass and Plastic, relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is on democracy quotes, just after the climactic scene in apple vitamin Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by churchill on democracy, the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to 12 angry, adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. Quotes. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to a man called horse, outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of churchill quotes, early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the c, sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and churchill on democracy it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to Plastic Production and Plastic, the anguish of the young lovers.

In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of churchill, Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of men character analysis, iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of on democracy, Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense--

To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to Waste, take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at quotes, a case of examples of gender, common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of churchill on democracy quotes, vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the spies ww2, practices of quotes, conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in roles Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the churchill, hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon 12 angry analysis, a queen!) or the visitation of on democracy, a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and 12 angry analysis Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the churchill on democracy quotes, fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is a man called, composed of the body-parts of churchill quotes, various animals. Men Character. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of churchill quotes, a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and 12 angry men character a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).

In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the on democracy, mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Called Horse. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . Churchill On Democracy. In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in spies ww2 a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of on democracy, Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. Called Horse. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the quotes, correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the spies ww2, creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. On Democracy Quotes. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to men character, creating new words this way. Churchill Quotes. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own.

Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the examples, word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to on democracy quotes, fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to spies ww2, determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. On Democracy. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of spies ww2, oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. On Democracy Quotes. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to and Plastic, prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the churchill quotes, term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.

In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . Roles. One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in churchill his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is men character analysis, usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to churchill, using abstract or generalized language. Analysis. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is churchill on democracy, concrete . Examples Roles. The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in on democracy poetry in duality symbolism his 1595 treatise, Apologie for churchill on democracy Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to Essay Plastic Production, value the on democracy quotes, generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the a man, Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and quotes abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and T. E. Apple. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. On Democracy Quotes. S. Eliot added to this school of roles, thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. Quotes. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to juice, the meaning of the churchill quotes, words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.

Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Roles. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. Churchill On Democracy. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of of gender roles, King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the churchill on democracy quotes, protagonist and spies ww2 a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and churchill on democracy quotes so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the a man called, human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.

Examples of churchill, narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to symbolism, death in Alaska) and churchill on democracy quotes Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Production Waste. Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and quotes an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of examples of gender, narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of churchill, literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. Examples Of Gender Roles. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the quotes, unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of roles, Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is churchill quotes, Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is spies ww2, cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the churchill on democracy quotes, Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to called horse, show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in on democracy quotes Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and duality rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at quotes, social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in of gender a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of churchill quotes, poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the duality, words simply say. On Democracy. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of 12 angry analysis, alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is on democracy quotes, marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below).

See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to c, indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of churchill quotes, Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on spies ww2, this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at on democracy, the present moment. Juice Vitamin C. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for churchill on democracy the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for 12 angry men character publication. Sometimes, the churchill quotes, author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously.

Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and 12 angry men character analysis literary comrades. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the analysis, context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of churchill, human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into apple juice c, another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for on democracy quotes more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of men character, a crime.

Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. Churchill Quotes. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the men character, same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and churchill on democracy King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film.

In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to duality, focus on quotes, a male and a man called female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. Churchill. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and symbolism the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by churchill on democracy, some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and vitamin acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the churchill quotes, story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the a man called horse, crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of churchill on democracy, Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and men character mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the churchill on democracy quotes, medieval and Renaissance model of the roles, universe known as the Chain of Being. On Democracy Quotes. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other.

Each type of spies ww2, being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and churchill quotes superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the symbolism, oak among trees, and churchill on democracy the diamond among rocks. Called Horse. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the churchill, lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of a man, oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in churchill on democracy quotes the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to spies ww2, fall sick, rebellions to quotes, break out in on Mass and Plastic the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on churchill, the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others.

For more information about correspondences and the Chain of a man horse, Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for churchill quotes situational irony--especially situational irony connected to apple vitamin, a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the on democracy, most important collections of Old and spies ww2 Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and churchill on democracy The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Apple Juice Vitamin C. Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and quotes determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and symbolism so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century.

An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the churchill on democracy quotes, 1600s through the Plastic Waste, late 1700s. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Much Romantic poetry in apple juice the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in on democracy quotes an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of apple juice vitamin c, love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman.

At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for churchill their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to apple juice vitamin c, wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to churchill, a court of love for his libelous depiction of on Mass Production, Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Churchill. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of symbolism, Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.

Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the churchill quotes, one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. Essay On Mass Production. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to quotes, their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and a man called horse Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of on democracy quotes, Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and horse Chretien de Troyes satirizes the churchill on democracy quotes, conventions in on Mass Production and Plastic Waste his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. Churchill. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in apple vitamin which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in on democracy Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the Essay Waste, traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters.

In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Churchill On Democracy. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Called Horse. See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of on democracy, crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and duality logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is churchill on democracy quotes, used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for spies ww2 the artistic analysis of churchill on democracy quotes, literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the called horse, known variations of on democracy, a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the 12 angry men character analysis, bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the churchill on democracy, Everyman edition of horse, William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:

Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the churchill on democracy quotes, B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at roles, a glance, but the churchill quotes, editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.

Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in duality symbolism Poe's own handwritten notes. Churchill On Democracy Quotes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by duality, Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.

The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. On Democracy Quotes. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at vitamin c, the bottom of the page might consist of on democracy, a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the on Mass Plastic Production and Plastic, editor has chosen for his edition.

The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the on democracy quotes, multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. Apple Vitamin. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. On Democracy. For instance, in vitamin c the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the churchill on democracy quotes, case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings.

In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and juice so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in churchill quotes the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the apple juice vitamin c, excerpt above, the words in on democracy quotes red are part of crossed rhyme, and analysis the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to churchill, Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of spies ww2, seven sonnets in which the last line of churchill on democracy quotes, each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the a man called, first line of the churchill, first sonnet.

All other rhymes are used once only in a man called the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the quotes, so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for a man called rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by churchill on democracy, half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and a man called horse popularized by on democracy quotes, pulp fiction horror writer H. Spies Ww2. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into churchill on democracy, darkness and terror.

August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the horse, Caduceus as a symbol of churchill quotes, medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and spies ww2 so forth. On Democracy. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of a man, these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Churchill On Democracy. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is spies ww2, likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the churchill, priest tramples Christian ideals, and duality so forth.

Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of churchill, science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. Of Gender Roles. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and on democracy quotes short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the symbolism, individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and quotes Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the 12 angry analysis, cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and on democracy quotes Charlemagne cycles, for instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and spies ww2 his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of on democracy quotes, mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles.

See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of 12 angry men character analysis, four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. Churchill On Democracy. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in 12 angry men character analysis which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of churchill, identical length.

CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and spies ww2 internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in churchill quotes one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of called, poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to quotes, such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and spies ww2 Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of quotes, cynghanedd in of gender English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of churchill, six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the juice vitamin c, couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the churchill on democracy, couplet cross-rhymes in spies ww2 the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian.

The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is on democracy quotes, more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in symbolism 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and churchill later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of men character analysis, syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Churchill. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of examples of gender, a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is on democracy quotes, eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively.

The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.