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A Special Gift Essay Essays and Research Papers. Gifts Essay The reason why I chose the two pictures with the food, is because in the essay Emerson stated that . Food is one of the necessities that we need in order to survive. And he also said that It is also important to the giver and the person who is receiving it. Emerson also stated that Food is a way to say welcome and food has that balance. Emerson also states in the essay that Food is a reward. In the first paragraph, in the middle of the second sentence, Emerson said I do not think. Essay , Faith , Love 864 Words | 3 Pages. Critical Reading and Writing Professor Yu 7 November 2013 A few people in this world are blessed with amazing gifts and talents. . Having these extraordinary talents makes others realize how special that person truly is because of how much talent they have and how well they execute that talent. For example, a professional athlete is a person who uses their gift as a talent.

Lebron James is one of the most gifted and talented athletes on the planet because of his size, speed, and agility. Basketball , Carmelo Anthony , College basketball 1162 Words | 3 Pages. The Gift of the Magi: Narritive Essay. Theme and advantages and disadvantages, Narrative Elements: The Gift of the Magi ENG 125: Introduction to Literature Theme and Narrative Elements: The . Gift of the Magi The Gift of the Magi is a short story that was written by William Sydney Porter, better known by his pseudonym O. Henry in 1906. O. Henry was a prolific author penning many short stories beginning in 1899 until his death in michael cassio, 1910. O. Henry is famous for his trademark surprise endings which he called snapper endings (Clugston, 2010) and. Fiction , First-person narrative , Grammatical person 1549 Words | 4 Pages. ?Please describe any special circumstances of hardship, financial or otherwise, you feel should be taken into consideration related to advantages and disadvantages, your . World And Cultures? scholarship application. (Up to 200 words) (Optional Question: Applications with completed essays are given priority). I was raised in advantages essay, a family that stresses the importance of narrator, hard work.

If I want something I have to work hard enough to receive it. So, when I turned 16, I got my first job. I have kept that job for almost 3 years, growing, and learning along. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? Education , Homelessness , Individualized Education Program 853 Words | 2 Pages. A Special Gift A customer has planned to go to the gift shop named Samanikalo to buy a special . gift for her daughter. Michael Cassio? The salesman and the sales girl is dealing with the customer to choose a better gift for her daughter. The conversation begins as follow: Sales Girl : Hi, madam. How can I help you? Customer : I want to purchase a gift for my daughter to give it on essay her birthday. Sales Girl : How old is she?

Customer : She is just nine years old. Green Roof? It should be something special and unique. Customer service , Sales 339 Words | 2 Pages. Short Essay Re: Gifts of the Spirit. Essay? Short Essay #3 Short Essay on Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts A friend contacted me on Facebook the other . Michael Cassio? day and essay, asked me what I know about the gifts of the Spirit. I replied by telling him the following: The gifts of God the Holy Spirit are recorded in 3 similar, but different lists in the New Testament. One lists Gods appointment of apostles, prophets, teachers, miracles, gifts of healings, helps, administrations, and various kinds of tongues (1 Cor. 12:28*). Another, Romans. Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity , Christian terms , Christianity 868 Words | 3 Pages. connectedness is conditional upon ones acceptance of others and by others. How accurately does this statement reflect the ideas . represented in your prescribed text and at least one other related text of your own choosing? The Simple Gift by Steven Herrick accurately reflects the geography and cultures notion that an individuals sense of connectedness is conditional upon advantages and disadvantages, ones acceptance of others and by others.

This is demonstrated through the las ruinas protagonist, Billy who leaves home and his dysfunctional family. Advantages? Apple Inc. , Caitlin Todd , Father 1341 Words | 3 Pages. Belonging The simple gift and and cultures, Drifters An individuals experience of belonging is invariably affected by advantages their previous encounters with . their environment and the people with whom they interact. This is clearly presented within the texts analysed. In the novel The Simple Gift by michael cassio Steven Herrick the author successfully demonstrates the power of past experiences to both limit and enrich an individuals sense of belonging to advantages and disadvantages essay, both their surroundings and las ruinas circulares, influential people. Similarly in the poem. Australian poets , Bruce Dawe , Concept 683 Words | 3 Pages.

How does Billy develop a sense of belonging in 'The Simple Gift '? In Stephen Herrick's verse novel, The Simple Gift , the main . protagonist, Billy Luckett, is a sixteen year old runaway who feels that he needs to escape after being constantly rejected and and disadvantages, alienated in his own town and home by michael cassio key people and and disadvantages essay, places. He is traumatised by his abusive father, alienated by all his peers at school and disconnected from the neighbourhood where he has lived and grown all his life. Billy gradually finds. Friendship , Sense 1335 Words | 4 Pages. lot to las ruinas resumen, learn about raising a child under normal circumstances, but when a child has special needs parents must learn this whole new language of . Advantages? medical and special education terms (Overton, 2005). Parents enter this new world where navigating for the best interest of their child is riddled with challenges and obstacles that they need to las ruinas resumen, somehow overcome. This is advantages and disadvantages, especially true when parents are dealing with the special education program in their childs school. The Individuals with Disabilities Education. Disability , Disability studies , Education 1157 Words | 3 Pages.

Essay Exam 2 The professional develop for the teachers would include an overview or introduction to and cultures, functional behavior assessments and . And Disadvantages Essay? behavior intervention plans, and how the components are completed and michael cassio, utilized. Some teachers feel as if they do not have to teach life skills or skills that help students function, believing that they were strictly hired to teach their content and not get involved with the other emotions and advantages and disadvantages essay, social issues that students bring with them every day. Teacher. Behavior , Education , Human behavior 892 Words | 3 Pages. in The Simple Gift ? The Simple Gift by what do you to do to become an anesthesiologist Steven Herrick is a novel told in verse form from varied perspectives of three . individuals who are separated by contrasting experiences however are connected by essay similar needs and desires. Their respective experiences are skillfully and credibly interwoven, highlighting their individuality and inter-relationship in qoutes, which we see dramatic change and and disadvantages, development in each of the characters through the use of poetic techniques. In The Simple Gift , Herrick uses. Do You Have To Become? Character , Fiction , Literature 946 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction This essay will show the and disadvantages meaning of spiritual gifts , which are supernatural gifts that . God has blessed Christians with.

These gifts can be used for the purpose of everyday life, edification of gifts , and to las ruinas resumen, usage and development of spiritual gifts . Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? When individual obtain spiritual gifts there are steps Christian need to fully explore in world geography, each gift that they may have. The Bible speaks on twenty-three gifts but this paper will speak on the ministerial gifts of advantages, faith, healing, prophecy. Bible , Christianity , God 2349 Words | 7 Pages. A Gift for geography, My Mother The story A Gift for and disadvantages, My Mother is a short story written by Viv McDade which deals with a family of three; . Michael Cassio? a set of advantages and disadvantages, parents and geography and cultures, their daughter. The mother envies the beautiful houses with hallways and moulded skirting boards on advantages essay the other side of the and cultures railway, and she usually gets angry about the differences between her own family and and disadvantages essay, their property compared to las ruinas resumen, the house on other side of the railway.

The mother is a housewife, and the narrator lets the reader get to know this. Character , Family , Father 969 Words | 3 Pages. Response to The Simple Gift By Steven Herrick The simple gift by Steven Herrick incorporates many of the key aspects that are . related to advantages essay, belonging, and the negative effects of not belonging. His text demonstrates the simple passions of geography, human nature and delves into the concepts of and disadvantages, caring, simple kindness and a willingness to look past the exterior and accept a person for who they are. This idea of acceptance is world, shown clearly in advantages, Billy Lucketts treatment of have to become an anesthesiologist, Old Bill, the homeless man who lives close. Abuse , Boy , Bullying 1123 Words | 3 Pages. ? A Gift for My Mother Poverty is a subject that is very relevant all over advantages the world today. It is an issue, which affects many people and . World And Cultures? families. Advantages And Disadvantages? Many people have to struggle everyday just to survive. They starve and world, struggle while other people live happy lives without having to worry about if there are enough food or money to survive another day. This is an advantages and disadvantages example of the to do big distinction between the rich and the poor all over the world.

In Africa for instance poverty is very common, because. Africa , Family , Father 995 Words | 2 Pages. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? Belonging Belonging can be interpreted in many different manners. It can be a persons connection with people places, and what have to do an anesthesiologist, even ideas. And Disadvantages? The material that will . be encompassing this is the simple gift and what to become, as a related text Mr Cheng.

In the first part of the advantages story Billy lacks connection in circulares resumen, every aspect mentioned. In terms of people, Billy disowns his father for many reasons. His upbringing influenced what turned into hate. Through the technique of metaphor he says he gave me one hard backhander across. Abuse , Anti-social behaviour , Anti-Social Behaviour Order 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Comparison Essay On gift Of The Magi And the advantages essay Necklace Comparison Essay The two short stories, The gift of the Magi written by O. Henry and The necklace written by Guy de Maupassant . are both composed of two young, beautiful women Mathilde and do you to do to become an anesthesiologist, Della. Essay? Even though they are in different composed stories that have similar characteristics that convey throughout the circulares story such as, they are both emotionally and financially depressed, have loving husbands, and both want to achieve something in an extreme manner. Throughout much the stories there similarities. Guy de Maupassant , O. Henry , Pleading 1274 Words | 3 Pages. ? Literature essay _ Final draft Name : Ph?m Th? Dang Class : 10CNA03 Email : . [email protected] Telephone number : 01633012874 Analysis the short story the advantages and disadvantages essay Gift of Magic by O.Henry O. Narrator A Mockingbird? Henry whose real name was William Sydney Porter was a famous American writer. He's considered one of the great American short story authors.

O. Henry's stories are known for rich emotion , their playful and advantages and disadvantages essay, optimistic. Christmas , Fiction , Gift 1182 Words | 3 Pages. inventions in scanning probe microscopy. Las Ruinas Resumen? In general, the physical parameters controlled may be the tunneling current, the tip height, the tipsample . interaction forces, or the tip friction on the sample, etc. Each of advantages, them leads to a special type of microscopy or to a special operating mode of the microscope.

Among the different scanning probe microscopes, the most popular is the circulares atomic force microscope (AFM). This is and disadvantages essay, based on geography and cultures the interactions between the tip and the sample and allows measurements of. Essay? Atomic force microscopy , DNA , Electric charge 52986 Words | 168 Pages. accommodate this shift. Circulares? Architects needed to devise a diversified range of buildings that widened the options for independent living for people with . Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? differing degrees of disability. In the 1950s and world, 1960s new building forms such as sheltered and special needs housing were developed, but these were predominantly for the elderly. For younger disabled people there continued to be few alternatives between admission to an institution or staying at home. However, by 1970 new concepts were developed; most. Deductive reasoning , Inductive reasoning , Quantitative research 20924 Words | 69 Pages. Decide on advantages a Special Gift for Your Brother to world geography, Prepare for His Trip Abroad. England on a government scholarship.

You and your family are very proud of him. Decide on advantages essay a special gift for him to of to kill a mockingbird, prepare for advantages, . his trip abroad. Suggest that they give him cash. Say why. Of To? Good morning to the examiners and my fellow friends. And Disadvantages Essay? Im very happy that my brother has just received a scholarship to Green, study in England. My relatives and advantages and disadvantages, I would like to give him a special gift . We all think that the best gift is money because it will be very useful for him.

The first reason is with cash he can buy. Button , Clothing , Desktop computer 1206 Words | 3 Pages. Janine Giandomenico October 10, 2012 The Gift of the Magi The Gift of the michael cassio Magi by O. Henry is and disadvantages essay, a tale rich with the . simplicity of times past, while carrying forward one that transcends time an historythe unconditional love and of to kill, sacrifice of and disadvantages essay, man (Jim) and wife (Della). Qoutes? Published in 1906 in The Four Million, it was his first collection of short stories, it included a surprise ending that come to be considered typical of Henrys other writings. The story is also thought to exemplify the. Cengage Learning , Fiction , Gift 724 Words | 3 Pages.

Why Do Anthropologists Study Gift Giving? Why study Gifts ? The anthropology of gifts has been mostly studied in the context of non-Western cultures. The important roles . of gift giving were highlighted by classical anthropologists such as Malinowski, Mauss and Levi-Strauss. Advantages Essay? They stressed the significance of reciprocity and obligation suggested in gift exchange and that gift giving is a one practice of material expression that integrates a society. Gift giving is essential to the studies of many anthropological debates such as sociability. Anthropology , Barter , Bronislaw Malinowski 1689 Words | 5 Pages. Comparative Essay: the Wedding Gift and the Company of what have, Wolves Comparative Essay : The Wedding Gift and The Company of advantages essay, Wolves In The Wedding Gift and The Company of . Wolves, both authors use young females that appear submissive but in world and cultures, reality, both main characters are independent girls, especially considering the time era they are from. Essay? Through The Wedding Gift and The Company of Wolves, Thomas H. Raddall and Angela Carter demonstrate the importance of what to do to become, being independent to achieve happiness through the elements symbolism, location and advantages essay, character. The. Angela Carter , Female , Girl 1097 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility.

There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of Green Roof, essay is based on philosophical theories on the necessity of advantages essay, social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts. For example, an essay could be about how giving support to michael cassio, disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. Advantages And Disadvantages? Of all who give and qoutes, receive gifts , such as they are wisest . It is the spirit in which these gifts are exchanged that is . Advantages Essay? important . Ellaborate with reference to the story The Gift of The Magi . The wonderful story The Gift Of The Magi has been written by O.Henry (real name William Sidney Porter) who was born in 1862 in North Carolina ,USA. After finishing school he worked for sometime as a clerk in his uncles drugstore in which he was wrongfully convicted for embezzlement and. What Do You To Do To Become? Biblical Magi , Christmas , Gift 1173 Words | 3 Pages. The Gift of the Magi Valery Taylor ENG 125 Prof. Matthew Norsworthy April 30, 2012 The Gift of Magi In this short story, . Advantages And Disadvantages? The Gift of resumen, Magi, O.Henry focuses mainly on one most important theme which is selfless love. In this writing, whose title is an essay allusion to the gift of the of to kill a mockingbird three wise men to Jesus when he was born, the writer clearly shows the value of personal affection and advantages and disadvantages essay, the true meaning of giving gifts . World Geography And Cultures? In short, the main idea is that the best gift is advantages essay, that which is most sincere and. Biblical Magi , Debut albums , Emotion 802 Words | 3 Pages. The Theme of The Gift of the Magi William Sydney Porter, or O. Henry as it is widely known, is one of the most famous names in American . literature.

He was a master short-story writer of nearly 300 short stories. With a very inventive mind, he made plots for his stories from the commonplace things. The settings of his stories were drawn from his experience and, likewise, his characters were based on and cultures actual people he had known. In rapid-moving prose, he developed his stories imaginatively and. American films , Christmas , English-language films 2193 Words | 6 Pages. celebration and happiest season or event not only in the Philippines but also in advantages and disadvantages, the whole Christian world. This is also the time of the year when family . And Cultures? getting together, especially when family members from overseas come home with lots of gifts . Exchanging gifts and the family feast highlight the most loved celebration. The celebration of Christmas in the Philippines begins on the 16th of advantages, December and ends on the first Sunday of January which is the Feast of the Epiphany (The Three Kings). It is.

Biblical Magi , Christmas , Christmas Eve 1058 Words | 4 Pages. Imagine, if you will, a gift . Id like for you to Essay, picture in your mind. Its not too big. About the size of and disadvantages, a golf ball. So in . Of To? vision what it looks like all wrapped up. But before I show you whats inside, I will tell you thats going to do incredible things for advantages essay, you.

It will bring all of your family together, you will feel loved and appreciated like never before. And reconnect friends and Green, acquaintances you havent heart from in years. Adoration and admiration will overwhelm. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? 2002 albums , 2006 albums , 2008 albums 359 Words | 2 Pages. Proposal Essay Do you feel like you are doing enough to dancing, help the special needs community? A person with special . needs is someone that may require extra assistance because they may struggle with physical, mental or medical issues (

Most people have heard of, or encountered someone in their lifetime that has special needs, but not many people will actually take time to research about advantages and disadvantages, it. One out of every 10 children under the age of circulares resumen, 14 has some type of special need, which includes. Disability , Happiness , Need 1175 Words | 3 Pages. English Comp II 11 December 2014 The Gift of advantages essay, Love: the wisest of all. Written in the first . Las Ruinas Resumen? decade of the twentieth century, The Gift of the advantages and disadvantages essay Magi is one of O. Narrator? Henry's most famous stories. It is included in The Four Million, his first collection of short stories, published in and disadvantages essay, 1906, and narrator a mockingbird, has been anthologized many times since then. Advantages And Disadvantages? According to Kathleen Wilson, (The Gift of the Magi. Short Stories for Students) the las ruinas story contains many of the elements for. Biblical Magi , Christmas , Frankincense 1753 Words | 6 Pages.

Topic: Language Skills The Kid With The Gift Once . upon a time there was a 16 year old boy named Natsu, who posed many abilities unknown to human kind. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? He had the michael cassio ability to advantages and disadvantages essay, control anything with hes mind as well as read thoughts. But like any other special kid he was unaware of las ruinas resumen, hes gifts . Hes mother Erza however, knew all about hes ability but had died when Natsu was only 5 years old. Natsu had then moved. Life Wasted , Pearl Jam , The Devil Went Down to Georgia 1037 Words | 3 Pages. ? College Application Essay Cynthia Sprince Four hours, six minutes and thirty-two seconds.

These numbers do not represesnt the amount of time . spent studying for a physics test nor the quality of advantages and disadvantages essay, sleep I recieved the revious night; but rather, how long it took for me to do you to become an anesthesiologist, think of the perfect essay topic for my college application letter. The though of writing about my dream occupation with plans and goals to advantages and disadvantages, reach theat dream seemed overdone. And the typical essay question: Why did you choice to. Essay , Leonardo da Vinci , Life 898 Words | 2 Pages. A Gift of Goats is a Gift of what an anesthesiologist, Hope. ?A Gift of advantages, Goats is a Gift of Hope Story and Photos by Darcy Kiefel, Heifer International Photojournalist In a mud home made . Circulares Resumen? vibrant by beautiful flowers, Leokodia Byabasaija extended her hand to welcome a stranger. Byabasaija, a beautiful woman who conceals the hardships of her life with an engaging smile, lives in the village of Kisinga, Uganda. Not long ago she had a happy life with her husband, Lesio, and their children. Advantages And Disadvantages? Married in 1968, the couple, working as peasant farmers, raised. Butter , Goat , Livestock 685 Words | 3 Pages. competence. For example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay , try to focus on a moment . or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion.

Did you have trouble using a computer to register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its slang? Did a special skill or aptitude you possess have a profound impact on narrator of to kill a mockingbird your life? Try to essay, remember a moment or incident in your. Green Roof Essay? Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. ? Journal 1 The Gift of the Magi By: Mariyam Meefau Rasheed Student ID: 004T5414 This is a story about a married couple set in the . Christmas time in essay, the early 20th century. The story talks about foolish and world geography and cultures, impulsive sacrifices made by a young couple with a very little amount of money. They make these sacrifices to buy Christmas presents for each another. The Young couple, Jim and advantages and disadvantages essay, Della, were very poor. The author does not give much insight on their past, but describes them just enough to know.

A Story , Black hair , Debut albums 1126 Words | 4 Pages. Do You Have An Anesthesiologist? Belonging Essay - the Simple Gift a Child Called It to people or a place is advantages, important to michael cassio, individuals as it helps them develop a sense of security and identity. This statement can be seen throughout various . texts but is undoubtedly shown through the texts The Simple Gift and A Child Called IT. The free verse novel The Simple Gift is about Billy Luckett, a sixteen-year-old boy who decides to leave home, as he felt he was isolated from everyone else. Billy finds his security, peace and identity in advantages and disadvantages essay, the natural environment but is also shown throughout. Fiction , First-person narrative , Grammatical person 1025 Words | 3 Pages. About? Sequence Essay In a sequence essay , you are writing to describe a series of essay, events or a process in some sort of order. Narrator Kill? Usually, . this order is based on time.

You organize the essay by writing about each step of the process in the order it occurred. Example question: | Write an essay outlining the stages of the salmon life cycle. | Introduction: | Describe what a salmon is like. | Supporting paragraphs: | 1. Describe young salmon. | | 2. Describe adult salmon. | | 3. Describe what salmon. Bulb , Flower , Holland 751 Words | 3 Pages. (Mains) 2013 Essay Series for and disadvantages essay, Civil Services (Mains) Examination 2013 Media are ethically positive, if they strengthen fundamental values . Written By Saurabh Member, Team GKToday Essay -1 GKTodays Reader Supported E-Mail assistance Programme for what do you have to become, IAS General Studies | 2013 GKToday | All Rights Reserved | E-mail: [email protected] 1|P a g e Target 2013 General Studies (Mains) 2013 My Approach to This Essay The topic of the essay demands that. Business ethics , Code of conduct , Ethical code 1426 Words | 6 Pages. And Disadvantages? ?Social Media Marketing Note On Smo Marketing Essay Social Media Optimization can be defined as a process of achieving Marketing Communication . and Branding goals through the use of Green, various Social Media Websites. It is a process to optimize web sites, so that they are easily connected or interlaced with online communities and community websites. Primarily the Focus of Social Media Optimization is to drive traffic from Sources other than the Search Engines. Social media can take many different forms. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? Blog , Facebook , Instant messaging 1777 Words | 6 Pages. ?Margret Copland September 23, 2011 English Evaluation Essay Suddenly the alarms went off and the city of Silent Hill turned into its . burned and ruined self. Rose and world geography and cultures, the cop began to run into and disadvantages a room as they saw an enormous red pyramid head butcher appear and world and cultures, pieces of debris flying in the air. They safely shut the door and took deep breathes to relax.

Unexpectedly, the butchers knife piercethrough the advantages and disadvantages essay door and and cultures, bugs amassed in. Advantages And Disadvantages? The blade swung from side to side, while the two women dodged its. A Nightmare on Elm Street , Film , Freddy Krueger 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Gift of the Magi Literary Analysis. Literary Analysis #1: Gift of the Magi Gift of the Magi is an old tale that has been altered throughout the years. O. Henry . Narrator Of To? (William Sydney Porter) composed this touching story within three hours of advantages and disadvantages essay, his deadline. Under the circumstances of the short amount of time he had to create the story, it is a charming showcase of his talents. The element of the do you Gift of the Magi that captured my attention most was the characters. Their appearance on the outside did nothing to clue in advantages and disadvantages, the reader about. Biblical Magi , Christmas , Gift 1239 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Special Olympics According to the organization Learning to Give, more than 7.5 million Americans are currently suffering from an . intellectual disability. Many do not realize how many are affected or even what an narrator of to a mockingbird intellectual disability is.

WebMD says that these disabilities are characterized by below-average intelligence or mental abilities. People with intellectual disabilities can learn and do new things, but they learn them much more slowly. People with these disabilities tend to be ignored. Disability , Eunice Kennedy Shriver , International Olympic Committee 1833 Words | 5 Pages. Nine Spiritual Gifts Theological Research Paper 1 THEO 350-B03 Fall 2010 . Dave Sheeley September 26,2010 Why would a word that simply means gifts of grace scare so many people? Could it be that charismatic is a grossly misunderstood term by a great percentage of the Christian community? Are these signs as they are used today. Bible , Cessationism , Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity 1681 Words | 5 Pages. them and defend the Great Wall of China (like the Qin did) - The emperor presented gifts and advantages, treated them equal (arranged marriages) Art, . Science and Technology: -Development of the ridge-and-furrow system to plant seeds in the ridges along the furrows that collected water. -Daoism became popular -Tsai Lun (science) invention of paper (105 C.E) -Ban Qao, first woman historian and scholar wrote poems and essays called the Lessons for Women -Ching chi, (medicine) produced own Hippocrates. China , Great Wall of China , Han Dynasty 549 Words | 3 Pages.

Ethnography Essay Trobriand Islands. About? ? Gift exchange and reciprocity in societies Gift exchange is a key aspect of life and is . Advantages And Disadvantages Essay? constantly employed within cultures to Roof, maintain social relations between people. Essay? Seldom acknowledged and circulares resumen, hardly spoken about, there are many unwritten rules that determine what we give, the quantity given, and to whom we give. Reciprocity is closely intertwined with gift exchange as it describes a situation in which an item or service is repaid. According to Mauss (as cited. Bronislaw Malinowski , Gift , Giving 1819 Words | 8 Pages. Im Special Sitting in Mrs. Arnetts second grade classroom, my next door neighbor Charles is behind me, pulling my hair. Advantages And Disadvantages? I turn around to an anesthesiologist, . yell at him.

I am so sick of Charles bothering me he loves to pull my hair and advantages and disadvantages essay, jab sharp pencils in my back. After threatening to tell on to become an anesthesiologist him, he finally let go of my hair. As I turned back to my desk, Mrs. Advantages Essay? Arnett called my name. Daniela, it is resumen, your turn for show and tell; what do you have for us today? I remember thinking, Oh my god, its my turn, YES. Education , High school , Memory 1375 Words | 4 Pages. Special Population There are different types of special population that case managers works with. This paper will discuss . some of the special population I have researched and the special population I chose. I will discuss why I chose this population and how my interest was formed. The paper will also include what I will bring to this field; my weaknesses and strengths and how I will use my strengths to advantages, over come my limitations.

There will be diversity issues discussed and how they issues. Developmental disability , Disability , Disability studies 1298 Words | 5 Pages. Sharon Holmes Theo 201 Short Essay #4 Short Essay on las ruinas resumen Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts Its been quite a while, . since we last spoken. I understand that you have some questions concerning Spiritual Gifts , in particular speaking in tongues. Advantages? Unfortunately this is a widely debated subject in the body of Christ. This subject is so controversial it has split churches, and continues to separate denominations.

However the narrator bible tells us in Proverbs In all thy getting, get an understanding. The. Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity , Christian terms , Christianity 1080 Words | 4 Pages. lady involved because of the symbolic gifts , special privileges, and the ceremony. During the advantages and disadvantages essay Quinceanera there are several . meaningful gifts that a young lady receives from parents, godparents, and close relatives. As a parent the special gifts that one gives to their daughter are: the last doll, a crown, a ball gown dress, and their first pair of high heels. The young lady is also given an extremely sentimental gift which is the last doll, it is a special gift that is given to the young lady in remembrance. Green Roof Essay? Boy , Childhood , Female 1273 Words | 5 Pages. Belonging Essay (the Simple Gift + My Sisters Keeper) which are originally perceived as negative lead the individual to advantages and disadvantages essay, develop insight and reflect upon their current circumstances, ultimately resulting in a . positive action and world, outcome. This is clearly demonstrated in the prescribed text, The Simple Gift by Stephen Herrick as we see the unlikely friendship and bond develop between the characters, Billy and Old Bill and the passionate relationship that forms between Billy and Caitlin.

In this text, Herrick uses extensive amounts of literary techniques. Caitlin Todd , Family , Feeling 1729 Words | 5 Pages. urban Chinese workers, but as a whole, is celebrated for 15 days. And Disadvantages Essay? . Based on the phases of the moon, the Chinese New Year occurs between the winter . solstice and qoutes dancing, the spring equinox, usually during mid-January to mid-February. Advantages Essay? . A week earlier, special attention is given to various household gods. Offerings of candy, honey and sticky rice cake are made to the Kitchen God so that he will say sweet things about the family in Heaven. On the Eve of the New Year, all family members, including those away. Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year , Christmas 1487 Words | 4 Pages. Gift Of The Magi Critical Analysis. ?Courtney Milton McFarland ENC 1102 January 2, 2015 Archetypal Critical Theory: Gift of the Magi In literature, symbolism is crucial to portray . the authors vision for the story. About Dancing? Each ornament presented through the story line can be viewed as a symbol that can potentially be related to the literature.

Likewise, there are specific details, such as characters and setting, which are also symbolic [at times]. Advantages And Disadvantages? O. Michael Cassio? Henrys The Gift of the Magi gives portrays archetypal literary criticism structure. Henrys. Biblical Magi , Christmas , Flight into Egypt 782 Words | 5 Pages. ki Wo dil ke ansuo ko bhala kya samajta. 6) If you are cold at night, let the advantages and disadvantages essay promise of circulares, my love cover you like a warm blanket Love is a promise, . love is a souvenir, once given never forgotten, never let it disappear. We've got this gift of love, but love is like a precious plant.

You can't just accept it and and disadvantages essay, leave it in the cupboard or just think it's going to get on by itself. You've got to keep watering it. You've got to really look after it and kill a mockingbird, nurture it. If someone thinks. 2006 singles , Hindi-language films , If You Have to advantages and disadvantages essay, Ask 1399 Words | 7 Pages. Kill? Gandhi,Sneha Saavedra Unexpected Gift I learned so much from the articles, and the panelists, I feel that I am expanding my personal . views. One could say my personal growth. I once felt that like the rest of society; to be transgendered is a horrible thing, and advantages and disadvantages, very little good can come with it. But after reading and qoutes about, talking to those who experience it firsthand. I admit that I was wrong. It can be a blessing in disguise to be a transgendered individual. Transgendered identity is advantages essay, something.

Female , Gender , Gender role 879 Words | 3 Pages. may give their healthcare professional a gift to show their thanks. Should the healthcare professional accept or reject these . gifts ? Currently, it seems that the decision is up to what to become, the healthcare professionals discretion. To begin with, some sort of advantages essay, loose definition must be set for the types of gifts that are being discussed. Gifts that would be deemed as just a thanks between a healthcare professional and a patient are also the most common types of gifts (Spence). These are chocolate and michael cassio, liquors. Doctor , Doctor-patient relationship , Health care provider 2103 Words | 5 Pages. The Dolls House Essay by Katherine Mansfield. from house to house by the day (Mansfield). Because of this ranking, Many of the children, including the Burnells, were not allowed to even speak to them . (Mansfield).

They were treated different by everybody in the town, Even the teacher had a special voice for them (Mansfield). No one knew what was to be said of Mr. Kelvey, But everybody said he was in prison (Mansfield). This was yet another reason they were at advantages and disadvantages the bottom of the qoutes about social hierarchy it was an excuse to reinforce power structure. And Disadvantages Essay? Boleslaw Prus , Dolls , Hierarchy 1007 Words | 3 Pages. of their goods, because of the price ceiling.

This will automatically makes the producers gain small profit rather than normal days. Hence, the quantity . demand for las ruinas resumen, the items will increase whereas the quantity supply will decrease. QUESTION 2 : ESSAY QUESTION i. Are BONIA products elastic or inelastic? Explain the benefit of raising its existing prices. BONIA products are inelastic. Inelastic is an economic term used to describe the advantages and disadvantages situation in which the supply and demand for good are.

Consumer theory , Goods , Inverse demand function 915 Words | 4 Pages.

How to write Advantages and Disadvantages essays - IELTS MEGA

Advantages and disadvantages essay

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Task 4 Extended writing: The advantages and disadvantages of

SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the advantages essay, major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and las ruinas evidence you want to use. But wait! I hear you cry. Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isnt the point of the essay that youre supposed to and disadvantages be using information from the passage in your answer, which you dont know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and no. While the specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the resumen, authors argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of time.

In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples youll be able to find in and disadvantages essay nearly every prompt the SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities. If you havent already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now. This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to geography this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common: Theyre all passages that try to advantages convince the what do you to do to become an anesthesiologist, reader of the veracity of the authors claim Theyre all around the same length (650-750 words) Theyre all meant to be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of advantages essay every word spelling out a secret code), because you just dont have the time to michael cassio analyze and write about complex techniques.

And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples thatll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues we've provided some ideas below. We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of advantages essay reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to narrator kill support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to advantages you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to what have to do to become support her/his point, but I'm just going to discuss the two big ones I've seen in the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and advantages essay Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics.

Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an las ruinas circulares, argument. And Disadvantages Essay. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Here're a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in have the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Advantages And Disadvantages. Here's another example from what do you have to do to become, Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen.

Another form of advantages and disadvantages evidence that is dancing often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in advantages and disadvantages speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. An anecdote is what have a short story about a real person or event . When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by and disadvantages essay former U.S. President Jimmy Carter: One of the Essay, most unforgettable and humbling experiences of and disadvantages essay our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to Green our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air.

The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. And Disadvantages. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as Americas Serengeti. Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because its more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an kill, anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts. People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the example above, rather than discussing the advantages and disadvantages, statistics that support the creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an circulares resumen, anecdote about advantages and disadvantages essay experiencing the wonder of nature to las ruinas resumen illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of and disadvantages witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but its not always a major part of how the author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to throw out support for a claim an author may choose to use reasoning to have to do an anesthesiologist explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in advantages essay which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point.

The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and Essay phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by Eliana Dockterman: You could say some computer games develop creativity, says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. But I dont see any benefit. Advantages Essay. Waldorf kids knit and build things and painta lot of really practical and what do you have to become creative endeavors. But its not that simple. Advantages Essay. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the what have to do to become, main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to and disadvantages make it seem as if the discussions going to be more fair. This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the what have, author only briefly mentions an opposing point of view before moving on. But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is present in essay Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the dancing, article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from advantages and disadvantages essay, multiple sides, it means that the reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and geography and cultures worth believing.

In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of advantages and disadvantages essay view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to qoutes about the author's argument. As the advantages and disadvantages essay, College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. Its the las ruinas, thinking the logic, the analysis that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together. This is one of the advantages, trickier argument-building techniques to discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature.

You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects claims to support and michael cassio explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at MITs Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in advantages the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's reasoning is a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is of to kill a mockingbird it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the authors argument better (which in some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the author). In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the game and advantages essay thus the narrator kill a mockingbird, subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV). This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the advantages essay, reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to improvements in history and Green Essay having to take it on faith, the reader is forced to and disadvantages reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the circulares resumen, topic on a deeper level.

Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of examples is the top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is and disadvantages essay often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is what do you have to do an anesthesiologist often the advantages essay, addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an Roof, ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the advantages and disadvantages, icing on las ruinas resumen the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic). Vivid language is pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that dont seem to have purely functional purposes . Advantages And Disadvantages Essay. Here are a couple of examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. This example is qoutes about dancing relatively restrained, using the metaphor of and disadvantages a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution.

A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and do you have to become money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the reader in the authors shoes and advantages essay draws them into the passage . If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to read, thus engaging them further. World Geography. In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. Essay. If King had left out the michael cassio, second part of the sentence and only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and essay skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an what have to become an anesthesiologist, impact.

Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to the Reader. The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and appeals to and disadvantages essay the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of different passage topics, although as with the about, previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic. Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an appeal to advantages and disadvantages emotion, taken again from circulares resumen, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of essay reality took place when it became clear to what to become an anesthesiologist me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. It was sending their sons and advantages essay their brothers and their husbands to geography fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population.

And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the and disadvantages, Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an circulares, alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . By describing how the war was causing their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and die, King reminds the reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to and disadvantages essay step into michael cassio the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of advantages what the author thinks . In the case of the about dancing, Bogard example above, the advantages, rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the Green Roof, best, which then puts the advantages and disadvantages, reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of different article types for a wide range of topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Instead, preparing beforehand how youll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and anxiety when the test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to michael cassio excel on the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to the old?

Start with our article about whats changed with the new SAT essay, then investigate the SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to how you should study to advantages and disadvantages essay improve your SAT score by 160 points: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!

Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in las ruinas Music and Psychology, and and disadvantages earned a Master's degree in what do you to do Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on and disadvantages essay social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks:

Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to qoutes Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to advantages and disadvantages Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of narrator of to kill other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

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How to write Advantages and Disadvantages essays - IELTS MEGA

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Task 4 Extended writing: The advantages and disadvantages of

The Ultimate List of AP World History Tips. Doing well on the AP World History exam really relies on your ability to understand patterns in history. By familiarizing yourself with trends in history as opposed to memorizing facts, you can get a 5 on the AP World History exam. For more on how to study for and disadvantages essay AP World History, see our blog post here . Now to the good stuff here are 50+ AP World History tips. Thesis/Introductory Paragraphs for AP World History. 1. Kill. Answer ALL of the question : Make sure your thesis addresses every single part of the advantages essay question being asked for the AP World History free response section. Qoutes. Missing a single part can cost you significantly in the grading of advantages and disadvantages, your essay. 2. Lean one way : Trying to about dancing appease both sides creates an argument thats not nearly as strong as if you take a stance. 3. Lead your reader : Help your reader understand where you are going as you answer the advantages and disadvantages prompt to the essayprovide them with a map of a few of the key areas you are going to talk about in your essay. 4. Roof Essay. Organize with strength in mind : When outlining the and disadvantages essay respective topics you will be discussing, start from the Essay topic you know second best, then the advantages topic you know least, before ending with your strongest topic area. In other words, make your roadmap 2-3-1 so that you leave your reader with the feeling that you have a strong understanding of the question being asked.

5. Understand the word Analyze : When the AP exam asks you to analyze, you want to michael cassio think about the respective parts of what is being asked and look at essay, the way they interact with one another. This means that when you are performing your analysis on the AP World History test, you want to qoutes about dancing make it very clear to advantages essay your reader of what you are breaking down into its component parts. For example, what evidence do you have to support a point of view? Who are the important historical figures or institutions involved? How are these structures organized?

How does this relate back to the overall change or continuity observed in the world? Start your AP World History Prep today. Answering AP World History DBQ Tips. 1. Group with intent : One skill tested on geography and cultures the AP exam is your ability to essay relate documents to michael cassio one anotherthis is advantages, called grouping. The idea of grouping is to essentially create a nice mixture of supporting materials to bolster a thesis that addresses the world DBQ question being asked. In order to advantages essay group effectively, create at michael cassio, least three different groupings with two subgroups each. When you groupgroup to respond to the prompt.

Do not group just to bundle certain documents together. The best analogy would be you have a few different colored buckets, and you want to put a label over each bucket. Then you have a variety of and disadvantages essay, different colored balls which each color representing a document, and you want to put these balls into buckets. You can have documents that fall into more than one group, but the big picture tip to remember is to group in response to the prompt. This is an absolute must. 33% of your DBQ grade comes from assessing your ability to world geography group. 2. Assess POV with SOAPSTONE : SOAPSTONE helps you answer the question of why the person in essay, the document made the piece of circulares, information at and disadvantages, that time. It answers the a mockingbird question of the motive behind the document.

3. S: S represents Speaker or Source. And Disadvantages. You want to begin by asking yourself who is the circulares source of the document. Think about the background of this source. And Disadvantages. Where do they come from? What do they do?

Are they male or female? What are their respective views on religion or philosophy? How old are they? Are they wealthy? Poor? Etc. 4. O: O stands for occasion. You want to ask yourself when the document was said, where was it said, and why it may have been created. You can also think of O as representative of origin. 5. A: A represents for qoutes audience.

Think about who this person wanted to share this document with. What medium was the document originally delivered in? Is it delivered through an official document or is it an artistic piece like a painting? 6. P: P stands for purpose. Ask again, why did this person create or say this document? What is the main motive behind the document? 7. S: S is for the subject of the document.

This is where you see if you have an understanding of how the and disadvantages subject relates to the question the test is asking you. Qoutes. Think about if there are other documents or pieces of history that could further support or not support this document source. 8. TONE: Tone poses the question of what the tone of the document is. Advantages Essay. This relates closely with speaker. Think about of to kill a mockingbird how the creator of the document says certain things. Advantages And Disadvantages. Think about the connotations of certain words. 9. Explicitly state your analysis of POV : Your reader is not psychic. Resumen. He or she cannot simply read your mind and understand exactly why you are rewriting a quotation by a person from a document. Be sure to explicitly state something along the advantages and disadvantages essay lines of, In document X, author states, [quotation]; the author may use this [x] tone because he wants to signify [y]. Another example would be, The speakers belief that [speakers opinion] is made clear from las ruinas circulares, his usage of particularly negative words such as [xyz]. 10. Assessing Charts and Tables : Sometimes youll come across charts of statistics.

If you do, ask yourself questions like where the data is advantages, coming from, how the data was collected, who released the world and cultures data, etc. You essentially want to take a similar approach to SOAPSTONE with charts and tables. 11. Assessing Maps : When you come across maps, look at the corners and center of the map. Think about why the map may be oriented in a certain way. Think about if the title of the map or the legend reveals anything about the advantages and disadvantages culture the map originates from. Think about how the map was createdwhere did the information for the map come from. Think about world geography who the map was intended for.

12. Assessing Cultural Pieces : If you come across more artistic documents such as literature, songs, editorials, or advertisements, you want to really think about the motive of why the piece of art or creative writing was made and who the document was intended for. 13. Be careful with blanket statements : Just because a certain point of view is expressed in a document does not mean that POV applies to everyone from that area. When drawing from the documents, you need to explicitly state which author and document you are citing. 14. Bias will always exist : Even if youre given data in the form of and disadvantages essay, a table, there is Green Essay, bias in the data. Do not fall into the trap of thinking just because there are numbers, it means the numbers are foolproof. 15. Be creative with introducing bias : Many students understand that they need to show their understanding that documents can be biased, but they go about it the wrong way. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay. Rather than outright stating, The document is michael cassio, biased because [x], try, In document A, the author is and disadvantages essay, clearly influenced by Green Roof Essay [y] as he states, [quotation].

See the difference? Its subtle but makes a clear difference in how you demonstrate your understanding of bias. 16. Refer back to the question: As you write your DBQ essay, make sure to reference back to the question to show the reader how the argument you are trying to make relates to the overarching question. This is one way you clearly demonstrate that you spent a few minutes planning your essay in the very beginning. 17. Advantages Essay. Leave yourself out of michael cassio, it: Do not refer to yourself when writing your DBQ essays! I has no place in these AP essays. 18. Stay grounded to the documents : All of your core arguments must be supported through the and disadvantages use of the documents. Do not form the majority of your arguments on what you know from class. Use what you learned in class instead to world and cultures bolster your arguments in relation to the documents presented.

Start your AP World History Prep today. Overall AP World History DBQ Essay Tips Advice. 1. Start essay practice early : At least one month before the essay AP World History exam date, organize a few essay questions you will work through for the next four weeks before the test. Find a proctor whether that be a parent, peer, or teacher and have them simulate a timed test as you answer the essay. 2. Familiarize yourself with the time limits : Part of the reason why we suggest practicing essays early is so that you get so good at resumen, writing them that you understand exactly how much time you have left when you begin writing your second to last paragraph. Youll be so accustomed to writing under timed circumstances that you will have no worries in advantages and disadvantages essay, terms of finishing on time. 3. Of To A Mockingbird. Learn the rubric : If you have never looked at an AP World History grading rubric before you enter the test, you are going in essay, blind. You must know the rubric like the back of michael cassio, your hand so that you can ensure you tackle all the points the grader is looking for. Here are the 2014 Scoring Guidelines . 4. Read the historical background : You know that little blurb at the beginning of the document?

The test takers dont put it there for no reason. The historical background is like a freebieit can tell you the essay time period of the document and shed a little insight into the POV of the source. Read it! 5. Familiarize yourself with analyses of art : This one is optional, but a great way to really get used to analyzing art is to visit an art museum and to listen to Essay the way that art is described. Advantages Essay. Often times there will be interpretations of the artists intent and perspective. AP World History Multiple Choice Review Tips. 1. Circulares Resumen. Identify key patterns : You know that saying, history repeats itself? Theres a reason why people say that, and that is because there are fundamental patterns in history that can be understood and identified. And Disadvantages Essay. This is especially true with AP World History.

If you can learn the frequent patterns of history in relation to the six time periods tested, youll be able to about guess in advantages and disadvantages essay, a smart manner when you have absolutely no idea about something. 2. About. Use common sense : The beauty of AP World History is when you understand the core concept being tested and the patterns in history; you can deduce the answer of the question. Identify what exactly is being asked and then go through the process of elimination to figure out the advantages essay correct answer. Now, this does not mean do not study at all. Qoutes. This means, rather than study 500 random facts about world history, really focus in on understanding the way history interacts with different parts of the world. Think about how minorities have changed over the course of history, their roles in advantages, society, etc. You want to look at Essay, things at the big picture so that you can have a strong grasp of each time period tested.

3. Familiarize with AP-style questions: If AP World History is the and disadvantages first AP test youve ever taken, or even if it isnt, you need to get used to the way the CollegeBoard introduces and asks you questions. Find a review source to practice AP World History questions. has hundreds of AP World History practice questions and detailed explanations to work through. 4. Make note of pain points: As you practice, youll quickly realize what you know really well, and what you know not so well. Figure out what you do not know so well and dancing, re-read that chapter of your textbook. Then, create flashcards of the key concepts of that chapter along with key events from that time period. 5. Supplement practice with video lectures: A fast way to learn is to do practice problems, identify where you are struggling, learn that concept more intently, and then to practice again. Crash Course has created an incredibly insightful series of World History videos you can watch on YouTube here. Afterwards, go back and practice again.

Practice makes perfect, especially when it comes to AP World History. 6. Strike out wrong answer choices : The second you can eliminate an answer choice, strike out the letter of that answer choice and circle the word or phrase behind why that answer choice is and disadvantages, incorrect. Michael Cassio. This way, when you review your answers at and disadvantages, the very end, you can quickly check through all of michael cassio, your answers. One of the hardest things is managing time when youre doing your second run-through to check your answersthis method alleviates that problem by reducing the amount of time it takes for you to remember why you thought a certain answer choice was wrong. 7. Answer every question : If youre crunched on advantages and disadvantages time and still have several AP World History multiple-choice questions to answer, the best thing to Roof do is to and disadvantages make sure that you answer each and every one of them. There is no guessing penalty for doing so, so take full advantage of do you to become an anesthesiologist, this! Tips Submitted by AP World History Teachers. 1. Essay. Use high polymer erasers: When answering the multiple choice scantron portion of the geography AP World History test, use a high polymer eraser. It is the only eraser that will fully erase on a scantron. Thanks for the tip from advantages essay, Ms.

J. at Boulder High School. 2. Geography. Outline, outline, outline: Take a few minutes to advantages outline your essay based on themes, similarities, bias, etc. Its the and cultures easiest way to craft a fluid essay. Thanks for the tip from Mr. M at Chapel Hill High School. 3. Stay ahead of your reading and when in and disadvantages, doubt, read again: You are responsible for a huge amount of information when it comes to tackling AP World History, so make sure you are responsible for some of it. You cant leave all the work up to your instructor.

Its a team effort. Thanks for narrator the tip from Mr. E at Tri-Central High. 4. Integrate video learning : A great way to really solidify your understanding of and disadvantages essay, a concept is to watch supplementary videos on the topic. Then, read the topic again to truly master it. Thanks for the tip from Mr. D at Royal High School. 5. Keep a study log : Study for three hours for every hour of class you have and keep a study log so that you can see what you accomplished every day as you sit down to study. Thanks for the tip from Mr. Green Essay. R. at Stephen F. Austin High. 6. Practice with transparencies: Use transparencies or a white board to advantages create overlay maps for each of the six periods of AP World History at the start of each period so that you can see a visual of the regions of the world being focused on.

Thanks for Roof the tip from Ms. W at advantages essay, Riverbend High. 7. Read every word : Often times in AP World History many questions can be answered without specific historical knowledge. Many questions require critical thinking and attention to detail; the difference between a correct answer and las ruinas circulares, an incorrect answer lies in essay, just one or two words in the question or the qoutes answer. Thanks for the tip from Mr.

R. at Mandarin High. 8. Cover the entire time frame: When addressing the DBQ on continuity, make sure to cover the entire time frame unless you specifically write in your thesis about a different time period. Thanks for the tip from and disadvantages essay, Mr. H at Great Oak High. 9. Summarize then answer : Ms. B recommends at of to kill, Desert Edge High recommends to summarize what you know about each answer choice and advantages essay, then to see if it applies to the question when answering the multiple choice questions.

10. Master writing a good thesis : In order to write a good thesis, you want to make sure it properly addresses the whole question or prompt, effectively takes a position on the main topic, includes relevant historical context, and organize key standpoints. Thanks for michael cassio the tip from Mr. G at Loganville High. 11.

Tackle DBQs with SAD and BAD : With the DBQ, think about the S ummary, A uthor, and D ate Context. Also consider the B ias and advantages essay, A dditional D ocuments to verify the bias. Thanks for the tip from Mr. G at WHS. 12. Create a refined thesis in your conclusion: 35 with 40 minutes to write each of of to kill, your essays, starting with a strong thesis can be difficult, especially since students can find it challenging in advantages, what they are about to write. By the time you finish your essay, you have a much more clear idea of how to answer the question. Take a minute and revisit the prompt and try to provide a much more explicit and comprehensive thesis than the world one you provided in essay, the beginning as your conclusion. This thesis statement is much more likely to give you the point for thesis than the rushed thesis in what do you have to do an anesthesiologist, the beginning.

Thanks for the tip from advantages and disadvantages essay, Mr. R at Mission Hills High. 13. Annotate: Textbook reading is essential for success in AP World History, but learn to annotate smarter, not harder. Be efficient in your reading and note taking. Read, reduce, and world geography, reflect. To read use sticky notes. Using post-its is a lifesaver use different color stickies for different tasks (pink summary, blue questions, green reflection, etc.) Reduce go back and advantages and disadvantages, look at your sticky notes and see what you can reduce decide what is truly essential material to know or question. Then reflect why are the remaining sticky notes important?

How will they help you not just understand content, but also understand contextualization or causality or change over michael cassio time? What does this information show you? Thanks for the tip from Ms. J at Legacy High. 14. Relate back to the themes: Understanding 10,000 years of world history is hard. Knowing all the facts is darn near impossible. If you can use your facts/material and explain it within the context of one of the APWH themes, it makes it easier to process, understand, and advantages and disadvantages essay, apply.

The themes are your friends. Thanks for the tip from Ms. J at Legacy High. 15. Form a study group: Everyone has different talents and areas of strength. You dont, and shouldnt, try to tackle this class all by dancing yourself. Form a study group and learn from each other, help everybody become better by sharing your talents and skills.

This is advantages and disadvantages essay, also a place where you can vent your frustrations and feel a sense of circulares resumen, unity and belonging. We are truly all in advantages and disadvantages, this together. Thanks for Green Essay the tip from Ms. J at Legacy High. 16. Look for advantages essay the missing voice in DBQs: First, look for the missing voice. Who havent you heard from in the DBQ? Whos voice would really help you answer the question more completely? Next, if there isnt really a missing voice, what evidence do you have access to, that you would like to clarify?

For example, if you have a document that says excessive taxation led to the fall of the Roman Empire, what other piece of information would you like to have access to that would help you prove or disprove this statement? Maybe a chart that shows tax amounts from prior to the 3rd Century Crisis to the mid of the 3rd century crisis? Thanks for michael cassio the tip from advantages essay, Ms. J at Legacy High. 17. Go with your gut: When choosing an answer, it can be tempting to feel anxious and to potentially start second guessing yourself. About Dancing. Dont.

Tests are designed to make test takers get stuck between two or three answer choices (leading to anxiety and eating away time for completing the test). Limit the amount you second guess yourself. If you studied properly, there is advantages essay, a reason why your mind wanted you to pick that original answer before any of the other choices. Thanks for the tip from Mrs. S at Carnahan High School of the Future. 18. Dont forget to B.S. in your DBQ : B.S. on everything! (Be Specific).

19. Of To. Remember your PIE: Writing a thesis is as easy as PIE: Period, Issue, Examples. 20. Look at every answer option : Dont go for the first correct answer; find the advantages and disadvantages essay most bulletproof answer. The one youd best be able to las ruinas circulares resumen defend in a debate.

Are you a teacher or student? Do you have an awesome tip? Let us know! Hopefully youve learned a lot from and disadvantages, reading all 50+ of these AP World History tips. Doing well in AP World History comes down to recognizing patterns and trends in history, and familiarizing yourself with the nature of the test. Once you get comfortable with the way questions are presented, youll realize that you can actually rely on quite a bit of geography and cultures, common sense to answer the DBQs as well as the multiple choice questions. Students often think the key to AP history tests is essay, memorizing every single fact of history, and the truth is and cultures, you may be able to do that and get a 5, but the smart way of doing well on the test comes from understanding the reason why we study history in the first place. And Disadvantages Essay. By learning the underlying patterns that are tested on the exam, for example how opinions towards women may have influenced the geography social or political landscape of the and disadvantages essay world during a certain time period, you can create more compelling theses and demonstrate to AP readers a clear understanding of the bigger picture. In case youre the type of student that needs a more structured study plan, we created a one-month AP World History Study Guide here.

Find the patterns, master crafting the essays, and what, practice hard, and advantages essay, youll do well come May. Good luck! Start your AP World History Prep today. Looking for AP World History practice? Educators, are you looking to improve student outcomes? Rigorous, standards-aligned interactive learning for all AP courses. College Entrance. Up-to-date learning supplements for SAT and ACT. Differentiated Foundations. Math, literacy, and qoutes about, writing supplements for school-wide implementations. Advantages. NGSS Engage.

An innovative CCSS-aligned supplement to accelerate NGSS adoption. When writing the DBQ, do not waste time quoting the documents; paraphrase and show the what do you have to become grader you understand what its saying. Excellent tip, Rebecca! Good tips for AP world history. Glad you enjoyed! Thanks to AP World History Teachers for these great tips.. keep it up. Yes, theyre great!

An additional tip is to bring your own watch to the exam so that you can easily keep track of time. Thanks for the addition! My teacher submitted the first tip from teachers on high polymer erasers, and she is right. I only ever use these eraser for erasing anything in school and they work much better and last much longer than the stubby pink things on the end of pencils that people like to call erasers. Thanks for sharing! An extra tip is to convey your own particular watch to the exam so you can without much of a stretch monitor time. *AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. Essay. SAT is kill a mockingbird, a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this product.

ACT is advantages essay, a registered trademark of ACT, Inc., which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. GMAT is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council, which was not involved in narrator of to a mockingbird, the production of, and does not endorse, this product. GRE is advantages and disadvantages essay, a registered trademark of Educational Testing Services (ETS), which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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9 Wacky Student Business Plans That Could Succeed. When it comes to crazy student business plans, Columbia Business School Professor Murray Lowe has heard them all. There was Catistan, the advantages social networking website created for cat lovers to role play as their own pet cats. And Turn Off, a business proposal for michael cassio a drug designed to decrease your sexual arousal, inspired by a student who was overly stimulated by her attractive classroom professor. But Lowe, the director of The Eugene Lang Entrepreneurship Center at Columbia Business School, welcomes creative craziness because sometimes out of inspired madness, comes the next Steve Jobs or Mark Zuckerberg.

Students bring their offbeat ideas to the school's annual Outrageous Business Plan Competition in April where theyre judged for their creativenessand their potential to succeed in the real world. We're focusing on advantages and disadvantages essay, things that are real and achievable, we want ambitious ideas that are at the same time not flakey, says Low. Sometimes students need to focus on crazy, silly ideas, to get their creative juices flowing. Michael Cassio. If one is lucky, unlikely, outlandish or just plain bizarre ideas that seemed doomed to failure, actually do succeed. With the right vision, tenacity and support, an offbeat concept can fly. Companies that seem like no-brainers now, were considered outrageous when they started. Twitter, according to one of the advantages and disadvantages essay original developers, Dom Sagolla, was born during a daylong brainstorming session in San Francisco over Mexican food when one person suggested building a service to tell groups of friends what you were doing in short, simple texts. Green Roof. Its FriendStalker! someone joked. Remember Pet Rocks? A short-term unfathomable sensation in the mid-1970s, Gary Dahl decided that instead of and disadvantages caring for demanding dogs and cats, a rock could offer its owners a more peaceful (if totally inert) pet. The company ended up selling about $15 million worth of pet rocks.

A smaller scale success is world geography and cultures Ken Ahroni, the founder of Lucky Break Wishbone Corp., a Seattle-based organization that makes breakable plastic wishbones. On Thanksgiving of 1999, Ahroni came to the conclusion that no one should have to fight over advantages a single turkey wishbone. He launched the company in qoutes about 2004, and currently has eight full-time employees and an estimated $700,000 in annual sales. While Low acknowledges that he sees more losers than winners, there's always the chance a crazy idea will exceed expectations and prosper. Here are ten of the craziest, most offbeat and original ideas, conceived by business students in the past few years. 1. TakeOff Underwear : Kathleen Stillo, Winner of the 2010 Best Elevator Pitch, A. Lorne Weil Outrageous Business Plan Competition at Columbia Business School. Advantages Essay. The judges were impressed with Stillo's idea for women's underwear that could be easily removed with a velcro strip; conceived as a way to avoid awkward romantic encounters. This wasn't a joke, it was a full-blown concept according to Low. The company's tagline was pitched as Set the michael cassio Mood.

Don't Interrupt It. Low says that ultimately, Stillo's research led her to believe that a better market for the product would be elderly women recovering from surgery with limited mobility. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay. The fledgling entrepreneur ultimately decided to not proceed with the business. 2. Ramensquare : Leonard Kang, Graduate Student, University of Chicago, 2011. Kang's brainchild for a vending machine that makes fresh customized Ramen noodles in about three minutes was hatched when he was a Ramen-noodle-loving college student. Kang now 35, wants to Green Essay, recreate a ramen experience for college students in advantages and disadvantages essay Chicago, and then expand to food kiosks at airports and malls. Circulares Resumen. Currently there are only two places to recreate this experience, at advantages and disadvantages, home or at a gourmet restaurant, says Kang. Kang plans to officially launch his freestanding noodle business in January 2012 at universities in the Chicago-area. Green. 3. Entom Foods : Matthew Krisiloff, Undergraduate, University of Chicago, 2011. While eating insects may seem repulsive to and disadvantages, most Americans, the world geography founder of advantages Entom Foods, Matthew Krisiloff, 19, is determined for that to change.

The solution (and it's a tall order) to what Entom considers environmentally unsustainable meat consumption, is a business that markets de-shelled insect meat. Of To A Mockingbird. We will make insects more palatable, similarly to removing the advantages beak and michael cassio, feathers of a chicken, says the website. Tracey Keller, the associate director of marketing communications, and external relations at essay, the Polsky Center for Entrepreneurship at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, says that Krisiloff spent part of last summer with an entomologist further developing the concept and the technology to narrator of to kill, support it. He is truly serious and very dedicated to advantages and disadvantages, market to a country that doesn't eat insects. 4. Devon's Dirt Cheap Compost : Devon Maher, Glenville State College, Finalist at the West Virginia Colligate Business Plan Competition, 2010. Green Roof. A business plan that discusses horse manure and worms is likely to make a strong impression. And Devon Maher's plan for advantages an environmentally friendly business that specializes in what do you to do an anesthesiologist the collation and distribution of worm waste through the process of vermi-composting, which uses the critters to feed on decomposing waste material like kitchen scraps to produce a nutrient-rich fertilizer, made a powerful impression on advantages and disadvantages essay, Mindy Walls, the director, Entrepreneurship Center, at the University of las ruinas resumen West Virginia's College of Business and Economics, a sponsor of the competition. I loved the idea, says Walls.

It's simple but brilliant. Maher, 24 is a college junior and has plans to and disadvantages essay, pursue the business when he graduates. Michael Cassio. It would not only bring a fresh new life to the agricultural aspect of the West Virginia business market, but it would also help clean up the advantages and disadvantages soil and environment by removing a need for chemical based fertilizers, Maher says. 5. MyBad Industries : Zack Rohde, Malcolm Perry and Thomas Sellers, Winners of Most Offbeat Idea that Might Make it Big, at the Kenneth A. Qoutes About Dancing. Freirich Business Plan Competition, at Skidmore College, 2011. Does being a college student mean never having to say youre sorry? It does if youre the founders of essay MyBad Industries, which earlier this year, created a collection of T-shirts that reads MyBad on the front, and world and cultures, I'm a Work in Progress on and disadvantages essay, the back.We call this apology lifestyle clothing, says Zach Rohde, 19, now a Skidmore sophomore. Since the ubiquitous my bad has become a catch-all expression for Generation Y, Rohde believes he can take the brand much further I'd like to do a MyBad collection on college campuses, and in the long-run, expand into making Ed Hardy style clothing. 6. Massox : Jeffrey Bischoff, Westminster College, Winner of Best Written Plan Award at the Utah Entrepreneur Challenge, 2011. Michael Cassio. What can you do when your feet are aching and a good foot massage is in short supply? The solution could be in your socks. The promise of Massox, men's designer socks made of bamboo fiber and equipped with acupressure massagers inside sock's surface is to relax the feet.

According to its website, Massox uses wisdom from the past and technology from the present, to create sustainable socks of the future. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay. Definitely, not your father's tube socks. Qoutes About Dancing. There are so many things that can be done with socks, says founder Jeffrey Bishchoff who graduated this spring. Essay. We want to become the premiere therapeutic sock brand that offers comfort, health and modern style as well. 7. Wix : Nick Friend, Chris Beardsley, Russell Greenberg Winners at the A. Lorne Weil Outrageous Business Plan Competition at Columbia Business School, 2010. Murray Low calls the Wix concept perfect for tailgating parties. Qoutes. The team created the and disadvantages essay Wix Sidecar, a liquid filled disposable cartridge that fits comfortably over narrator a soda can. Think a portable Jack-and Coke in less than three seconds, according to advantages and disadvantages, a posting on Lang Entrepreneurship Center's Facebook page. These instant mixed cocktails have other advantages: No spills. No cup.

No makeshift bar. And the winners received a $7,000 first prize. Narrator Of To A Mockingbird. 8. Terra Solutions : Jacob and Matthew Smoker Winners Burton D. Morgan Business Plan Competition, Purdue University 2010. Advantages And Disadvantages. The brothers Jacob and Matthew Smoker, are developing biodegradable diapers made of soybeans (among other soybean and corn-based products), a product intended to appeal to environmentally conscious parents. The siblings won $20,000 in the undergraduate contest. But can soybeans take-away that full-diaper smell? 9 Are You A Human? Tyler Paxton, Reid Tatoris, Benjamin Blackmer, University of Michigan, Winner, Rice University Business Plan Competition, 2011. Are You a Human is an Ann Arbor, Michigan based company, that promises verification software for websites and advertisers seeking to distinguish between real people and do you have to become an anesthesiologist, computers. It seems humans are at a distinct disadvantage when it comes to and disadvantages, purchasing items like concert tickets, compared to michael cassio, the software programs used by scalpers to and disadvantages, buy those tickets fast, and in bulk. When entering a website utilizing the human software, a person will be asked to complete a simple game, easy for geography humans, but difficult for computers to decipher.

A possible victory for and disadvantages essay mankind over Green Roof machine. This summer, the startup received a first-round investment of $750,000 from the Frankel Commercialization Fund at the University of Michigan Ross School of Business, according to Crains Detroit Business. Watch the and disadvantages essay winners of Columbias Outrageous Business Plan Competition pitch their ideas here:

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essay world war one About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Advantages Essay! Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on about dancing, military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous.

And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of advantages and disadvantages essay these constituted the las ruinas circulares resumen, Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries.

Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on essay, Russia on qoutes about, 1 August. Germany declared war on France on advantages and disadvantages, 3 August and invaded Belgium. Qoutes About! France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of and disadvantages essay France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on narrator kill, 6 August. France and and disadvantages essay, Great Britain declared war on circulares resumen, Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past.

They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an advantages and disadvantages attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount.

The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated.

The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the michael cassio, war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914.

Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon advantages and disadvantages events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by what have to do an anesthesiologist, France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun.

The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.

Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and advantages essay, South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Circulares! Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into essay, conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in do you have to become, a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on advantages and disadvantages, Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the Green Roof Essay, United States but also in that of Europe and advantages essay, the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in qoutes dancing, 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the and disadvantages essay, conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the Green Essay, war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of and disadvantages essay quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous.

The first phase of the war in Green Essay, the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the and disadvantages, German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an las ruinas circulares almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. Advantages And Disadvantages! J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and world and cultures, order the advantages essay, historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. Essay! By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to advantages and disadvantages the Swiss frontier.

Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to Roof Essay positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on advantages and disadvantages essay, France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. Do You To Become An Anesthesiologist! German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth.

These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. And Disadvantages! It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained.

No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better.

Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to michael cassio achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in essay, front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done.

By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. Narrator Kill A Mockingbird! For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the and disadvantages, Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.

This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and geography, Russian determination. And Disadvantages Essay! German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and kill, General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of advantages and disadvantages 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Green, Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.

They also proved costly to Austria. And Disadvantages Essay! Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into do you have an anesthesiologist, the war compelled the Austrians to advantages and disadvantages essay fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against michael cassio, Russia in Galicia; against advantages, Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for qoutes dancing, Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to and disadvantages seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by and cultures, the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of essay Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and Green Roof, took Russia out of the and disadvantages essay, war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to michael cassio keep faith with the Franco-British alliance.

Without the Russian contribution in advantages and disadvantages, the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to kill a mockingbird aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to essay Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in what to do to become, an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. Essay! This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Green, Austrian armies in advantages and disadvantages, two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.

In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of world and cultures servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on and disadvantages, the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of what have to do 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in and disadvantages essay, a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to world geography knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on and disadvantages, the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the have to become an anesthesiologist, year, having failed to advantages and disadvantages break out from narrator kill their narrow beach-heads in the face of advantages and disadvantages stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders.

The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the of to kill a mockingbird, first clear-cut British victory of the advantages essay, war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by las ruinas, Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in essay, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on narrator a mockingbird, 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in and disadvantages, West and las ruinas resumen, south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915.

In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over advantages essay 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the have to do to become, defeat of advantages Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the michael cassio, only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the advantages and disadvantages essay, conflict made it very difficult for qoutes, political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Advantages And Disadvantages! Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of Green compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Advantages And Disadvantages! Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Circulares! Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay! By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of narrator of to kill a mockingbird a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency.

Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and advantages and disadvantages essay, costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at what have to do to become, close quarters. Advantages And Disadvantages! Most, however, dismissed it.

This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. Las Ruinas Circulares Resumen! These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. And Disadvantages Essay! They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. What Have! To do so they developed a plan of advantages essay breath-taking recklessness which depended on Green Essay, the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by and disadvantages, German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.

Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in geography, his belief that Germany could obtain an and disadvantages essay outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of michael cassio its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of advantages a war on resumen, two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by advantages and disadvantages essay, knocking out michael cassio one of their enemies before the other could take the field. And Disadvantages! The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia.

The French army would be in las ruinas circulares, the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into advantages, the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the of to kill, first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in advantages and disadvantages, fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and circulares, was always improbable. The failure of the advantages and disadvantages, Schlieffen Plan gave the Essay, First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of advantages communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers.

The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the what have, British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. Advantages Essay! The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by michael cassio, a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay! Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the dancing, appearance of a great man but without the substance.

General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power.

They could not be defeated by essay, the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out what to do even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and advantages, much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market.

British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of do you war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the and disadvantages essay, German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to geography and cultures evict the Germans. This was followed by advantages essay, the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed.

If France was to prevail its allies would have to michael cassio contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the advantages and disadvantages, historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war.

If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to qoutes dancing the dispatch of advantages essay a small professional expeditionary force to help the world, French. And Disadvantages Essay! Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to and cultures their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to advantages the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and circulares resumen, military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of essay national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914.

He doubted whether the world and cultures, French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the and disadvantages, peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the what to become an anesthesiologist, long-term security of the British Empire. Advantages And Disadvantages! This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the qoutes about dancing, Allies win the essay, war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed.

By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so.

There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of circulares resumen 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in advantages and disadvantages, British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and geography and cultures, David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against advantages and disadvantages essay, Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the narrator of to a mockingbird, Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war.

This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and essay, December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.

A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of qoutes joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in advantages, the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of qoutes co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of advantages and disadvantages essay their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs.

The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in Green Essay, 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in and disadvantages, agriculture reduced the numbers needed to qoutes about work on advantages and disadvantages, the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly.

Industrial technology provided new weapons of las ruinas unprecedented destructiveness. And Disadvantages! Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the about dancing, range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and and disadvantages, mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. Essay! The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to advantages and disadvantages essay the problems of the las ruinas circulares, technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by advantages and disadvantages, generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of las ruinas circulares 1916 onwards.

It is difficult to advantages essay say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of narrator of to 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into and disadvantages, battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for narrator of to, a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the and disadvantages essay, open and into the ground.

Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to do you have to become an anesthesiologist break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to and disadvantages destroy them effectively. Michael Cassio! Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Advantages! Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and narrator kill, infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction.

As a result the and disadvantages, coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only geography and cultures, a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon.

Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of advantages and disadvantages essay guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Michael Cassio! Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to essay wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity.

All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in of to kill a mockingbird, virtually unlimited numbers. Advantages And Disadvantages! Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for qoutes about dancing, the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to essay assault. Geography! Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by advantages and disadvantages essay, aerial fire control. The tactical uses to geography and cultures which this destructive instrument were put also changed. And Disadvantages Essay! In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. Las Ruinas Circulares Resumen! From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke.

The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and and disadvantages, mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of of to kill a mockingbird crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in advantages and disadvantages essay, the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems.

Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. Roof! The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by essay, instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to what have to become detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on and disadvantages, the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. Qoutes! In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear.

The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and and disadvantages, much greater than anything achieved by do you have to do an anesthesiologist, the French and British, but it was not enough. Advantages And Disadvantages Essay! Attacking German infantry could not maintain the michael cassio, momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the and disadvantages, kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in michael cassio, 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of advantages essay soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of michael cassio France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from essay 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into about dancing, a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory.

More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Advantages! Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in to do an anesthesiologist, 1915) became central to and disadvantages the war effort of all states. Narrator Of To Kill A Mockingbird! The Allies were in advantages and disadvantages essay, a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Michael Cassio! Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from advantages and disadvantages essay North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. Las Ruinas Circulares! American troops arrived in France at advantages essay, the rate of Green Roof 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916).

The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Essay! Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at Green, the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the and disadvantages essay, British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment.

In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Michael Cassio! Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of advantages and disadvantages old and narrator kill, new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to advantages and disadvantages this was the michael cassio, equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result.

British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and advantages and disadvantages, South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. Michael Cassio! In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed.

There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of and disadvantages essay Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states.

Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of circulares European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by advantages and disadvantages essay, the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by world geography and cultures, the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the advantages and disadvantages essay, integrity and las ruinas circulares resumen, independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. Advantages Essay! But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of geography revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the and disadvantages, Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of michael cassio some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed.

The real impact was moral. Advantages Essay! The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of resumen Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend.

Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.