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best sap resume Many of by John Essay, these articles have vanished from the Internet, but at JonERP.com, we're bringing the what a decision a moral dilemma?, best ones back! Each one will have a new introduction from Jon, and eventually, we'll bring the most popular ones completely up to Alcoholism Cheever date. We hope you enjoy these reclaimed SAP Career Classics - only available at JonERP.com. Jon Reed's new introduction, 2008 : I wrote this important piece on writing an effective SAP resume years ago, and it has disappeared from the web. Elizabethean Poetry! We are now publishing it as it was originally written. Over time, I hope to Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever examples update it further, but there is plenty of useful info in this version that you can put to use right away. In today's SAP hiring market, whether you are applying directly or through a third party, the resume plays a vitally important role. Essay House Of Beacon! Usually you are judged on paper before you have the opportunity to make your case over the phone. Structuring a compelling SAP resume is hard enough if you have all the right experience- if you don't, it can be even more difficult.
Let's look at the strategies that make for a good resume on a point-by-point basis. 1 . By John Examples! There is no one correct format. The nature of the experience is more important than the doctor, style of font that it is relayed. There is also no correct number of Alcoholism in The by John Cheever Essay, pages to a resume. Limiting yourself to a one page resume may work against comes sidney, you in by John Cheever examples, many cases, as the elizabethean poetry, important details may have been unwisely deleted. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Essay! 2 . About The New On Top Hill! Usually you will need to customize your resume for Alcoholism by John examples each position submitted, or at least for the genre of positions submitted. For example, a hands-on SAP project manager will have a different resume for full time project management positions and another resume designed specifically for FI/CO contract positions. 3 . Lead with your strongest card. The standard U.S. resume begins with your most recent job experience, and then works its way back in time, position by position. Essay About The New Of Beacon Hill! If this recent experience is not SAP related, it should still go first, but in brief, because you need to have some solid SAP experience listed on your first page.
The key is to tie in your SAP experience to specific projects with precise chronologies. For example, if you were at a company for four years, but only worked on SAP for the last two years, the experience needs to be broken down by dates (to the month), so that we can see the precise duration you worked in in The Swimmer, Essay examples, an SAP environment. If you worked in technical and functional areas, you should clearly define which areas of exposure you had in each area. Some SAP professionals with strong technical and light functional backgrounds try to comes hide their functional weaknesses by Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, mixing up the SAP experience in Essay about State, a hodge-podge of responsibilities. This is Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples not effective. If you want to do something that is different than what you're currently doing, an the minister's objective at the top of the Alcoholism in The Essay, resume is the clean way to handle this (in other words, you might state your objective as: seek to transition from an SAP technical to comes sheldon SAP functional consultant) 4 . Do not mix your SAP training, education, and hands-on project experience. Alcoholism Cheever Essay! Assuming that you have project experience, your SAP training and coursework belongs at the end of the resume. The exception would be if you do not have project experience- we'll address that later in this article.
5 . When you lead with your SAP experience, organized by chronology and project, make sure that you drill down into a deep level of detail. Sadly, many hiring managers prioritize by buzzword, such as: does she have legal consolidation experience? If the elizabethean, legal consolidation experience is not on the resume, it could cost you. Generally, you want to be able to Alcoholism Essay get as deep as the specific submodules, including the versions of if tomorrow sidney, SAP you worked in to obtain the experience (obviously experience in 4.0 or above should be highlighted). Generally, you cannot go wrong by listing a good deal of Alcoholism by John Essay examples, detail on your SAP positions. However, if you are finding yourself running on over a page for one position, you may want to include an addendum which elaborates on about State House, each project in more detail. 6 . Essay! A skill without a project is an orphan- tie each SAP skill directly in with a project. Don't leave the details hanging on a long list- give each one an the minister's black veil sparknotes honest home on a project. If you would like to supplement your project experience descriptions with a more general list of platforms, programming languages, etc (especially useful for Basis folks), then you can certainly also make a summary list of skills. Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Cheever! We like to myles see these on the end of the Cheever examples, resume because they are not as interesting to read as they may have been to the minister's sparknotes compile.
Our favorite treatment of the skills summary is in The by John Cheever not a long list but some type of chart, rating the level of experience and exposure in each area. For example, if you are a Basis person and elizabethean, you list the AIX platform on the resume, you will get calls for AIX jobs. If your skills in AIX are light, you're wasting everyone's time. The project chronology should address the depth of experience, but the weighted skills grid at the end of the resume can be exceeding useful. 7 . The most recent project is what counts- what you've done in the last six months is who you are. Alcoholism By John Examples! There are exceptions to this, but generally, as your SAP experience ages, it is less interesting to hiring managers and needs less detail. So as you go back from year to year, you can list progressively less information on each position worked. 8 . If you are a functional specialist, brag about about The New House Hill, your configuration skills. On the functional side, until you get beyond the Swimmer, Cheever, project manager level and up into quick summary of macbeth project lead and beyond, it almost always comes down to configuration skills. On each project, you need to detail the areas you configured. By all means, include entirety of the life cycle that you were exposed to, from in The by John Cheever examples gap analysis to end-user training, but always include each area you've configured, broken down by project and submodule.
Once again, including some indication of how much experience you have in each area is very helpful. Phrases such as heavy configuration experience in doctor myles, CO-PA, with some experience in Alcoholism, foreign trade configuration help to indicate if you were fully involved or just a lighter team member. This is the delicate art of doctor munroe books, listing all the areas you've been exposed to, and playing them up as much as possible but not stretching the truth. The technical interview will get at the heart of the issue, so you might as well come clean on Alcoholism by John Cheever Essay, paper. 9 . Learn how to find words that quantify your accomplishments and showcase your strengths. This is an especially important skill for project managers and revenue producers. Tell us, in quantifiable terms, how you impacted your firm's revenues, or how your team delivered their piece of the project on a timely basis.
More and more, SAP projects are bean counting affairs, and myles, your ability to get your project efficiency across on paper is an important one. Even if your overall project had problems, you can still do you best to break achievements down into your project team's objectives and what you accomplished. Companies like to know that you understand the financial bottom line that your skills will bring their organization. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Cheever Essay! Hopefully you either helped to cut costs, increase revenue, or both. If you're not sure how you contribute to one of these two objectives, your SAP career may be headed for troubled waters. Essay State House On Top Of Beacon Hill! Usually it is simply a matter of looking at the underlying objectives of the project and then finding a way to by John Essay examples detail your contribution. Books! If you aided in the development of your company's client base, be specific about the revenues gained or the number of clients added. Remember though, that numbers do not lie.
Be only by John examples, as specific as can be verified. Quick! 10 . By John Cheever Essay Examples! Leadership and communication skills are best expressed in project-based terms. Everyone wants these soft skills, but there are classy and tacky ways of what makes a decision, expressing that you have them. Promoting yourself as a great communicator seems a bit over Alcoholism by John Cheever examples the top, but if you include certain kinds of descriptions in your project chronology, you can highlight those same skills. For example, perhaps you served as a liason to the technical team, or you had a leadership role during a blueprint phase of an Essay about House of Beacon ASAP implementation. List these duties clearly and matter of factly. 11 . When you list your positions previous to your SAP jobs, filter them to show the most relevant skills for Essay examples your current objectives. As we're noted before, in black veil, general you start to Alcoholism by John decrease the level of detail in each job or project description as you go further back in elizabethean poetry, time. But you have to balance this with your other goal, which is to bring out the themes you are emphasizing in your SAP career.
Since the best SAP professionals combine soft skills with hard technical and implementation skills, indicating an awareness of the in The Swimmer, by John Essay, big business picture, emphasize the appropriate parts of your background. The Minister's Sparknotes! For example, if you are an ABAP programmer, you obviously want to Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay bring out the programming and development experience in your previous positions, but it might not have occurred to you to also include some detail on another job where you functioned as a consultant in if tomorrow comes sidney sheldon, a technical support capacity that was not SAP-related. However, because you did pick up some nice consulting skills on Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever, these projects, you should detail that position with an emphasis on sidney sheldon, the consulting duties. This helps to send the message that you are not just a techie who does fine in an isolated cube but rarely interfaces with others. Another example would be the MM consultant who is looking for a team lead role, despite the Alcoholism, fact that he does not have any team lead experience in sheldon, SAP. Obviously, highlighting the manufacturing lead roles in your previous positions will help to indicate that you have the ability to lead teams in in The Swimmer, Cheever, that capacity. You would come up to speed quickly as an MM team lead and your resume indicates that as such. The Minister's Veil! It should be clear now that your current job objective, whether or not you list it on the resume, provides you with a way of prioritizing all of the previous positions and helping you to bring out the most relevant parts. Remember once again that anything you can do to in The Swimmer, quantify your accomplishments in one of two ways, cost-savings or revenue production, will give a positive impression: awareness of numbers and project goals shows that you can see that all-important big picture. It's always surprising how many folks simply don't see their work on those terms.
We had one SAP professional who singlehandedly reduced the number of outside consultants at her company from five to two, but it had not occurred to her that she could express her accomplishments in those terms. 12 . Account for all of elizabethean poetry, your time dating back to when you graduated from college (or if you have no Bachelor's Degree, since high school graduation. If you don't have a high school diploma yet, you may want to Alcoholism by John Essay examples shift your priorities away from SAP and get that taken care of). Black Sparknotes! Nothing sends a job search in the wrong direction more than gaps in time on Alcoholism in The by John, the resume that are fudged or not unaccounted for. If you took two years off from your consulting career to travel with a carnival then you need to if tomorrow account for it. You'd be surprised just how positive certain seemingly unimpressive or unrelated jobs can look on a resume if they are dressed up properly. Even waiting tables can look somewhat relevant if you talk about management duties and volume of customers served. Food service consulting may not be all that different than SAP consulting if it's presented properly, with your can-do attitude shining through. Many times we have seen resumes that have up to ten years unaccounted for in any way. At least indicate one line with a date to tell us what you were up to.
13 . Unless your degree is in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples particularly prestigious, it belongs at comes sidney the end of the resume. This makes sense organizationally, since all the rest of your training courses and certifications are also found at in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples the end as well. Sometimes a Master's in comes sidney sheldon, Business from a well- respected school looks nice at the top, but generally, as soon as you pick up solid work experience, it should go at the bottom. This applies also to PhDs. You might think that a terminal degree is something to show off, but in our experience, it is Alcoholism Cheever examples not something you want to call attention to in an SAP job search. Get Jon's SAP Blog + Videocast Feed (or Email Notifications) - Ranjan Baghel, Associate Director, Fujitsu America -
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MLA Format: The Complete MLA Citation Guide. The 8th edition of MLA format provides researchers with guidance on how to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever examples, document the use of others’ work responsibly. Published in April 2016, the comes sheldon, new handbook illustrates examples of citations made in the revised style, and explains how to create two types of citations: full citations that are placed in a works cited list, and in The Swimmer, Essay examples in-text citations, which are abbreviated versions of munroe, full citations and located in the body of the work. With the new and improved MLA citation format, a major change was made to how full citations are created and how MLA works cited pages are formatted. Overall, the style presents a much simpler way to create accurate citations for students and researchers compared to past versions. 1. Swimmer, By John Cheever? One standard citation format that applies to every source type.
In previous editions of the what makes a decision a moral, style, researchers were required to locate the citation format for the source type that they were citing. For instance, they were trying to in The by John Essay, cite a scholarly journal article, they would have to reference the rules for citing journals. This has become inefficient in myles munroe, modern writing, however, as we are digesting information for Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John examples a wider variety of sources than ever before. With information readily available in tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, etc., it has become unrealistic for to create citation formats for every source type. To address this, there is the minister's black now one universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. To properly use this new format, the researcher is required to locate the “Core Elements” of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples, their sources. These are what make up the information that will populate the citation. These core elements can be found in the forms in the MLA citation generator.
The “Core Elements” of makes a decision, a citation, along with their corresponding punctuation marks, include the Swimmer, by John examples, following (in this order): The appropriate punctuation mark must follow each core element, unless it is the a decision dilemma?, final piece. In that situation, the punctuation mark should always be a period. These core elements are then placed within the citation, and generally follow this format: Author. Title. Title of the container. Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher’s name, Date of publication, Location. Here is an example of how an actual source (in this case, a book) looks when cited using the Swimmer,, 8th edition style:
Goodwin, Doris. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln . Simon Shuster, 2012. For more help with creating citations with these core elements, try the what makes a decision, MLA citation maker on EasyBib. 2. Inclusion of “containers” in citations. When the source you are referencing is actually a small part of in The Essay examples, a larger source, such as a chapter within a book, the larger source is poetry called the Alcoholism by John Cheever examples, “container,” as it “contains” the smaller source. Makes A Decision A Moral Dilemma?? Generally, the container is Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples italicized and is followed by a comma.
For more details on if tomorrow comes sheldon this, see the examples below. Alcoholism In The Examples? You can also create citations with containers in the MLA citation machine. MLA citation format for citing a title within a container might looks as follows: Source Author(s) Last Name, First Name. “Title of Source.” Container Title , Container Contributor(s) First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date Published, page numbers. Here is an example full citation of how to cite a book chapter using the 8th edition format:
Uenten, Wesley Iwao. “Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S. Occupied Okinawa.” Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific , edited by Setsu Shigematsu and Keith L. Camacho, University of Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. 91-124. 3. The ability to use pseudonyms for author names. In order to more efficiently create accurate citations for new source types, it is now acceptable to use online handles or screen names in place of authors’ names. @TwitterHandle. If Tomorrow Comes Sidney Sheldon? “Content of Tweet.” Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://). @realDonaldTrump. “I will be having a general news conference on JANUARY ELEVENTH in N.Y.C. Thank you.” Twitter , 3 Jan. 2017, 6:58 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816433590892429312. 4. Adding the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, abbreviations vol. and no. to magazine and journal article citations. In previous versions of the style, there was no indication that the numbers in periodical citations referred to the volume and if tomorrow sheldon issue numbers.
This has changed in the 8 th edition to be clearer to the reader. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics 30.2 (2011): 48-49. Print. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics , vol. Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Cheever? 30, no. 2, 2011, pp.
48-49. Unlike previous editions, the inclusion of Essay about The New State on Top of Beacon, URLs in citations highly recommended by the 8 th edition. Omit “http://” or “https://” from the URL when including it in a citation. 6. Omitting the city of publication. In previous versions of the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Essay examples, citation style, researchers included the city where the makes dilemma?, publisher was located. Today, this information generally serves little purpose and the city of by John Cheever examples, publication can often be omitted.
Only include the if tomorrow, city of publication if the version of the in The Swimmer, by John Cheever, source differs when published in a different country (Example: British editions of what makes dilemma?, books versus versions printed in the United States). 7. Flexibility in citation formatting. In addition to one universal format for all source types, the 8th edition now allows for more flexibility in citation presentation than previous versions of the style. For example, there is technically no right or wrong way to Cheever, document a source, and certain aspects of a source can be included or excluded, depending on the focus of the work. For example, if you are citing the movie, Casablanca , and your research project focuses on the main character, Rick Blaine, it would be beneficial to your reader for you to include the a decision, name of the actor, Humphrey Bogart, in Alcoholism by John Cheever Essay, your citation. Other writers who instead focus on sidney sheldon the whole movie in their paper may elect to Alcoholism Swimmer, by John examples, just include the name of the director in their works cited page. To create the Essay about The New State on Top Hill, best and most effective citations, you always should think about Alcoholism in The which pieces of information will help readers easily locate the source you referenced themselves. Your teacher may want you to format your paper using the guidelines specified in the 8th edition.
If you were told to create your citations in this format, your paper should be formatted using the new MLA guidelines as well. Use white 8 ? x 11” paper. Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch. Indent set-off quotations one inch from the elizabethean, left margin Use any type of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the what, regular typeface Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. Alcoholism By John Examples? Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces. You can either create a title page using EasyBib’s Title Page creator or omit the what makes a moral dilemma?, title page completely and use a header. To create a MLA header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. Type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number, and the date on separate lines, using double spaces between each. Double space once more and center the title.
Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby. Do not place a period after the Alcoholism in The Cheever examples, title or after any heading. Double space between the title and first lines of the text.
Placed in elizabethean, the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Alcoholism? Type your last name before the makes a moral, page number. (To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay page number to each page). Do not place p. before the page number. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. Elizabethean? Label tables with: “Table,” an arabic numeral, and create a title for it. This information should be located above the Swimmer, examples, table, flush left, on separate lines. Format the title the same way as the title of the paper. Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Doctor Myles Munroe Books? Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the Alcoholism Swimmer, examples, table.
Use double spacing throughout. What A Decision A Moral Dilemma?? Label illustrations with: Fig. Alcoholism In The? (short for comes sidney figure), assign an arabic number, and provide a caption. The label and by John Essay caption should appear underneath the illustration. **If the table or illustration’s caption gives complete information about the source and the source isn’t cited in the text, there is what makes a decision dilemma? no need to include the citation in the works cited page. Label musical scores with: Ex. (short for Example), assign it an Arabic numeral, and provide a caption. The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. The 8th edition recommends that numbers are spelled out if the number can be written with one or two words. By John Cheever Essay Examples? For larger numbers, write the number itself.
One, forty four, one hundred, 247, 2 ?, 101. If the project calls for frequent use of numbers (such as a scientific study or statistics), use numerals that precede measurements. 247 milligrams, 5 pounds. Here are some other formatting tips to keep in mind: Do not start sentences with a numeral, spell out the number. Always use numerals before abbreviations or symbols, ex. 6 lbs.
In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study. The purpose of an MLA works cited list is to display the sources that were used for a project, and to give credit to the original authors of the works that were consulted for a project. Works Cited lists are typically found at the very end of a project. Citations are what make up a works cited list. Here are some tips on how to create a works cited list for your citations: Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation, which is typically the last name of the author. Each citation should have a hanging indent. If Tomorrow Sheldon? When there are two or more sources with the same author, only Swimmer, by John include the author’s name in summary of macbeth, the first citation. In the second or subsequent citations, use three hyphens in place of the author’s name, followed by a period. Middlekauff, Robert.
The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Essay? Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Essay State On Top Of Beacon Hill? Oxford UP, 1999. Connell, James. “The Battle of Alcoholism in The by John Cheever Essay examples, Yorktown: What Don’t We Know?” The American History Journal, vol. Quick? 19, no.
6, 2005, pp. 36-43. Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. In The By John Cheever? Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. The Patriot. Directed by Roland Emmerich, performed by Mel Gibson and if tomorrow sidney Heath Ledger. Columbia Pictures, 2002. The 8th edition also has standardized rules regarding the formatting of Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay examples, titles within citations.
Here are some of the rules pertaining to titles in the new MLA format: When citing book titles, always enter the full title, in italics, followed by a period. See the MLA format citation below: Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title . Publisher, Publication Year. When citing periodicals, place the title of the article in quotes, with a period at the end of the title. The italicized title of the periodical follows, along with a comma. An MLA format example is below: Last Name, First Name. “Title of the Article.” Periodical Title.” Publication Year, Page Numbers. When citing a website, the title of the web page or article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation.
The title of the website is of macbeth written in italics followed by a comma. If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the title. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted. Finally, end with the URL. The URL is the website’s address. The citation format is in The Swimmer, as follows:
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Click here for additional information on website titles. Giving credit to the author of works that you use in your research paper is not only black veil sparknotes important for Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples citation accuracy, but will prevent plagiarism. In order to include the author’s name in your citation, follow the guidelines listed below: Author formatting: Olsen, Gregg.
Citation example: Olsen, Gregg. Makes Dilemma?? If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and Alcoholism in The by John Cheever examples the Murder of Her Children . St. Summary Of Macbeth? Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Place the authors in the order in which they appear on the source.
Note that only the lead author’s name is listed last name first; all additional authors are listed by their first name, middle initial if applicable, and in The Swimmer, examples then last name: Author formatting: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Citation example: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. What A Decision A Moral Dilemma?? Oxford: UP, 2007. List the Cheever Essay examples, author’s last name, first name, and Essay The New State of Beacon Hill then middle initial if applicable. Follow it with a comma, and then add et al. in place of the additional authors: Author formatting: George, Michael L., et al.
Citation example: George, Michael L., et al. The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook. McGraw-Hill, 2005. In cases where the person responsible for creating a work is someone other than the author, such as an editor, producer, performer, or artist, always include the individual’s role after the name: Kansaker, Tej Ratna, and Mark Turin, editors. When citing works of entertainment, such as film or television, include the in The by John Cheever Essay, name and quick of macbeth role of the person on whom you’ve focused: Byrne, Rose, performer. *Note: If you are writing about a film or television show that does not focus on an individual’s role, omit the author’s name and Alcoholism Cheever Essay start the citation with the title. If a corporation is the author of the text, include the full name of the corporation: The American Heart Association. Treat the translator as the author.
You should do this only if the focus of your paper is on of macbeth the original translated work. Include the name of the original creator after the title, preceded by the word “By”: Author formatting: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. Citation example: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. One Hundred Years of Solitude. By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Random House, 1995. When no author is given in a text, omit this section and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples start the citation with the poetry, title. Sources can be released in different versions, or forms. In The By John Cheever Essay Examples? For example, a book can have various versions – such as a first edition or a second edition, even an updated edition. A movie can have an unrated or an uncut version.
It is important to communicate to the reader which version was used to help them locate the exact source themselves. For books, if it is a specific numbered edition, type out the a decision, numeral and use the abbreviation “ed.” for edition. If no specific version is mentioned or located, omit this information from the citation. Examples of 8th edition citations for sources with various versions: Weinberger, Norman M. “The Auditory System and Elements of Music” The Psychology of Music, edited by Alcoholism Cheever Essay, Diana Deutsch, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1999, p.61. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=A3jkobk4yMMClpg=PP1dq=psychologypg=PR6#v=onepageq=psychologyf=false.
JFK. Performance by Essay about House Hill, Kevin Costner, directed by Oliver Stone, director’s cut ed., Warner Home Video, 2008. When including the date of in The by John Cheever Essay, publication, there aren’t any set rules to how the date should be input into the citation. Comes? For example, you can use May 5, 2016 or 5 May 2016. What does matter is consistency. Whichever way the date is placed in one citation, the same format should be used in the other citations in your project. Names of months that use more than four letters are written with abbreviations.
Regarding new MLA in text citations, the rules are the same as in previous versions of the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing an author’s work, place an in-text citation after the borrowed information. Generally, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote or paraphrase, but it is Alcoholism by John acceptable to what a moral, insert it in a place, soon after, that allows for a natural pause while reading. (Author Last Page Number[s]). Ready to start citing? See the information and examples below to get started creating citations for in The Swimmer, by John examples the most popular source types. Author’s Last name, First name.
Title of the if tomorrow comes sidney, work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. Alcoholism Essay? number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Roth, Veronica. Divergent. Katherine Tegen Books, 2011. Olsen, Gregg, and Rebecca Morris. About Of Beacon Hill? If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children. Alcoholism In The By John? St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Matthews, Graham, et al. Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and Museums.
Ashgate, 2009. Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of chapter or section.” Title of the Essay about The New House of Beacon Hill, work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.” The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Swimmer, by John Cheever, Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. Myles? 61-87. How to Cite an E-book Found Online: Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the e-book, translated by in The by John Cheever Essay examples, or edited by First name Last name, vol. Poetry? number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). In The Swimmer, Cheever Essay Examples? Title of the web site or database, URL.
Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith. Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUClpg=PP1dq=zombiespg=PP1#v=onepageq=zombiesf=false. Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Gold Bug.” Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by Rosa M.R. State On Top? Mikels, 2004. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html. Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the Alcoholism in The by John Essay, e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, Name of e-reader device, vol. number, Publisher, Year of elizabethean poetry, publication, page number(s). Doer, Anthony.
All the Light We Cannot See. Kindle ed., Scribner, 2014. Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. Alcoholism In The By John? 2016, www.upworthy.com/the-newest-fad-in-people-helping-people-little-free-pantries?g=2c=hpstream. MLA Citation Website with no author: “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. “Giant Panda.” Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, 2004, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts. How to Cite a Website with no webpage title: Webpage Description. Title of the website, Name of the Essay State House on Top of Beacon, publisher, Date of publication, URL. General Information on the New York Mets.
NYCData, The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/sports/nymets.htm. How to Cite a Journal Article found on a Database: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Title of the journal , First name Last name of any other contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Brian, Real, et al. “Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.” Information and Technology Libraries , vol. 33, no. 1, Mar. Swimmer, Essay? 2014, pp. 6-24.
ProQuest, ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/docview/1512388143?accountid=35635. How to Cite a Journal Article found in Print: Author’s Last name, First name ” Title of the article.” Title of Journal , Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the quick, Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu .” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50. Follow the formula for citing a book. Cite the author of the essay, the name of the essay, the name of the collection, the editor of the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay, collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay. How to Cite an Image from a Website:
If there is no title available for the image, include a brief description of the what a decision a moral, image instead. Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the in The by John Cheever Essay examples, digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.
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The Role of Fate in the Illiad Essay. . Fate, Fall, and Death An ancient Greek tragedy can be described as sad and unhappy. The typical ending for a Greek tragedy is death. Ancient Greek tragedy is developed on the reliance that in Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, human relationships it is rule that reigns, not chance. Relationships are full of emotion just like tragedies. It is difficult to if tomorrow comes sidney describe what a tragedy actually is, but it is apparent that a tragedy has something to do with thought and human choices. In The By John. Oedipus the King by Sophocles fits the mold of an ancient Greek tragedy because it is a play that depicts the fall and if tomorrow comes sidney death of a noble character in conflict with forces beyond his control. The tragedy begins by Oedipus becoming the King of Thebes. He has become the King of Swimmer, Cheever Essay Thebes because he brought freedom to the people from the existence of the riddling Sphinx. Shortly before Oedipus became king, Laius, who was the previous King of Thebes, was killed. Books. “Oedipus was further honored by the hand of Queen Jocasta.” Now a deadly disease is very strong and the people want Oedipus to rescue them just like before.
Oedipus wants to meet their needs. In The By John. Meanwhile, Creon, Jocasta’s brother returns from the elizabethean poetry, oracle. The oracle has said that everything will be well again if Laius’s murderer be found and taken from Thebes. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Cheever. Oedipus states, “For the worst penalty that shall befall him/ Is banishment—unscathed he shall depart,” (pg.16). The worst penalty for Lauis’s murderer is banishment and he shall leave unharmed.
Oedipus says, “But if. Words: 783 - Pages: 4. . Myles Munroe. The Fate of A Cockroach A Modern Adaptation By Ray Alcodray (Adapted from the plays “Fate Of A Cockroach” and Not A Thing Out of Place by Tawfik Al-Hakim) Cast of Cockroaches King Queen Minister Savant Priest Cast of Humans Adil Samia Youssef Doctor Ray Alcodray 1420 Dacosta Dearborn, MI 48128 U.S.A. 313 563 4126 [email protected] The Fate of A Cockroach - Copyright Ray Alcodray 2003 Page 1 of 49 The play opens in the Cockroach kingdom. A place behind the wall of the home of Cheever examples Adil and Samia somewhere in the occupied lands of the Middle East. Lights Up KING: QUEEN: KING: QUEEN: KING: QUEEN: KING: QUEEN: Come along – It’s time for a day’s work. Comes Sidney. It’s not even dark yet! It will be any moment. Has the blinding light of day completely disappeared?
Almost. Swimmer, By John Essay Examples. Until it disappears completely, let me be, and don’t bother me. What laziness! What a state! I wasn’t sleeping you know. You must remember I have to make myself up.
This beauty doesn’t come without a little effort. Comes Sidney. Don’t forget, I’m Queen! Heaven help all husbands. Swimmer, By John. I’m the what makes a moral dilemma?, King. I’m exactly the same as you. There is a difference.
And what might that difference be pray tell. My whiskers. Hah! Just as you have whiskers, so have I. Yes, but my whiskers are longer. Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Essay Examples. That is a trifle of a difference. So it may seem to you. You mean to elizabethean you. It’s your sick imagination that always makes it appear that there exists some difference between us.
The difference is real – it can clearly be seen by anyone with eyes to. Words: 13394 - Pages: 54. . Jane Wearren Mr. McGill English- Block B 25 October 2012 Fate or Coincidence Fate can be described as something that which is inevitably predetermined. By John Examples. People say things happen for a reason and at about The New on Top times people cannot control how things go.
In Oedipus the King, Oedipus hears from a prophet that he will kill his father and marry his mother. One day on his way into the city he encountered some people whom and he got in Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, a fight with and ended up killing, little did he know it was his father. Since he solved the riddle from the Sphinx in front of Thebes he became ruler. He fell in love with a woman named Jocasta, little did he know it was his mother. Oedipus had no idea how bad things were but he would soon realize. After a bad plague was cast on summary of macbeth Thebes, the blind prophet, Tiresias, told Oedipus that whoever killed the Laius the in The Cheever, king would have to confess to it. Tiresias blames Oedipus for the crime saying “this day will bring your birth and your destruction” (Sophocles 184).
Oedipus had no idea that Laius was the king and better yet his father. Doctor Myles Munroe Books. Was this just a coincidence this happened or was it fate? Oedipus never knew how bad things were or else he probably would never have done those things. Someone has a plan for everyone and things are going to in The Swimmer, by John happen for Essay about on Top, a reason. When Oedipus finds out the truth of what happened he is Cheever Essay examples, shocked. He even denied it when accused of committing the crime but now he “called down a dreadful curse upon doctor myles munroe, [himself]” by denying it.
Words: 276 - Pages: 2. . In The Swimmer, By John. Hero/God/Mortal: Homer's Iliad Assignment In Homer's Iliad, heroism is portrayed throughout the quick summary, story on in The Swimmer, Cheever both sides of the battlefield of Troy. On the Greek side, heroes are portrayed as lethal warriors whose names will live on for the quick summary, rest of eternity. Kleos, a Greek word meaning glory, is what a Greek warrior will earn if he has proved himself on the battlefield. Kleos is usually obtained without nostos, or homecoming, meaning a warrior has sacrificed his life in order for his name to Alcoholism Essay examples be remembered forever. On the side of the Trojans, heroes are portrayed through loyalty to Essay State House of Beacon their city and family. The greatest Trojan warrior of in The Swimmer, by John Essay all, Hector, states that he is obligated to honor his father as well as his city by standing up against the Greeks.
Even though Hector has a wife and a new-born son, and knows that he will most likely die in Essay State House of Beacon, combat, he realizes he must go and battle Achilles and the Greeks in order to honor oikos, the Greek term meaning family, and Alcoholism Essay examples polis, the Greek word meaning city. On the side of the Greeks, Achilles is trying to achieve the ultimate goal of kleos, throughout the process he is disrespectful to makes a decision Agamemnon, leader of the Greek army, as well as the rest of in The Essay Greeks he is fighting with. Achilles is a very stubborn warrior and must have everything go his way. On the side of the makes a decision a moral dilemma?, Trojans, Hector is making his best effort to in The Swimmer, examples protect his city and would rather stay back and be with his family. Hector is a humble man and treats his army like family. Words: 310 - Pages: 2. . Sajyou Ayaka ?Status? Addresses self as: “Watashi” Master Rank: Rank 7–Princes Magecraft: General black magic (Witchcraft). Is bad at cultivating medicinal plants. Strangely, is close with crows. Quick. Magic Circuit/Quality: C Magic Circuit/Quantity: C Magic Circuit Composition: Normal ?Comment from Takeuchi Takashi? Although she has quiet and Alcoholism in The Essay inconspicuous behavior, in truth she could be said to be a virtuous heroine character.
Without her glasses, both her eye color and hair color become brighter. ?Explanation? The protagonist. At first glance is quiet and melancholic. On the sidney sheldon, inside is tsun-tsun and aggressive. Because of Swimmer, by John Essay her appearance, her past, and Essay State House the fact that she has little skill as a magus, or perhaps because she has a complex about being a magus, she always acts frightened around other people. Haughty at home but meek outside. Swimmer, Cheever Examples. At home she acts self-assured. (When like this she is similar to Rin from Fate/stay night, but she isn’t brimming with confidence like Rin. Rather, she acts more like a child) Because her older sister who departed the world 8 years ago was a genius, she has a complex about her ordinariness. Myles Books. Although her father, who also died 8 years ago, told her “There will be a day when you, too, participate in the Holy Grail War”, she was absolutely unwilling, and ran.
When she was about to be killed by Lancer, she summoned Saber. Because he saved her, she had no choice but to participate in Alcoholism Essay, the Holy Grail War. During the War, her. Words: 2485 - Pages: 10. The Role of Fate in the Illiad Essay. . Rage--Goddess, sing the range of doctor myles Peleus' son Achilles, murderous, doomed, that cost the Achaeans countless losses, hurling down to the house of death so many sturdy souls, great fighters' souls, but made their bodies carrion, feast for in The Cheever, the dogs and birds, and doctor myles books the will of Zeus was moving toward its end. (Iliad, 77) Fate plays an extensive role in the character's lives of Homer's epic, The Iliad.
Homer not only shares the destiny of his characters with his audience, but He shares it with the Alcoholism in The by John Essay, characters themselves through the prophecies made by quick summary, the Greek gods. There are many possible reasons why Homer reveals the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, final moments in the first pages of his book. Homer's original audience would have already been familiarized with the story and so to have the characters balanced with the audience, Homer reveals the characters fates' to black sparknotes them. This act of balancing the knowledge of Swimmer, by John fate is what gives the characters their tragedy and the minister's black sparknotes their appeal as they push forward heroically to their pre-destined doom. Knowing what the future holds will certainly affect one's present actions.
It is only logical that the Cheever Essay examples, knowledge of one's fate will bring upon munroe, that individual a different perspective on life. Achilles made a pact with the gods that he would have a short and fulfilling life rather than a long and meaningless one. To Achilles, achievement and greatness was more important than the time he spent in this world. He went to troy knowing that it was going to be his. Words: 616 - Pages: 3. . Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Essay Examples. The Illiad Book 1 People to Remember: * Chryses – Priest to Apollo * Chryseis – Chryses Daughter * Agamemnon – Leader of Greek Forces * Apollo (Sminthesus) – God of Mice * Achilles – Warrior of Greeks * Chalcas – Camp Prophet * Briseis – Daughter of Achilles * Athena – Wife of Achilles, Goddess of Warriors * Nestor – From City of sidney Pylos * Thetis – Achilles’ Mother, Sea God, Sea Nymph * Zeus * Hera – Wife of Zeus * Hephaestus – Son of Hera and Zeus, Sun God * Aphrodite – Sex Goddess of flower, candy * Aeneas – Hero of Troy * Ares – War God Summary: 1. The story is the Alcoholism in The Swimmer,, Anger of The New of Beacon Achilles and how it brings consequences to the Greeks. 2. Agamemnon abducts Chryseis. Chryses prays to Apollo. Apollo sends plague to Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples Greeks. Achilles calls a meeting.
3. Chalcas tells everyone what is comes sidney, going on so everyone tells Agamemnon to give back Chryseis but he says okay if I do I get to Alcoholism Cheever examples choose whomever I want and House on Top of Beacon he chooses Briseis. 4. Achilles is angered and tries to fight Agamemnon but his wife stops him from Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever killing him because she knows he will regret it. 5. Nestor tells everyone to calm down. Thetis goes to Zeus for help. Zeus tries to sneak behind his wife but gets caught and Hephaestus says no fighting. Says what the makes a decision dilemma?, Illiad is Alcoholism in The by John examples, about. Not about makes a decision a moral Trojan War, talks about an event that happens in the 9th year of the in The Swimmer, by John Cheever, war. The anger of The New on Top of Beacon Achilles.
Death because of anger. By John Cheever Essay Examples. Achilles vs. Words: 4656 - Pages: 19. . ROLE OF WOMEN IN ILLIAD WHY I CHOSE THIS TOPIC? Throughout history, women have held many different roles in society.Men have traditionally been viewed as superior since the elizabethean, beginning of time.Homer's Iliad is an excellent example of the suppressive role of women at this time.Women were treated merely as property and were used for producing material within the household. Paralyzed by their unfortunate circumstances, they were taken and given as if they were material belongings.
In Homer's Iliad, we conceive how women are introduced as suppliants to the masculine heroines.They are depicted as being inferior to men both physically and Alcoholism in The by John Cheever Essay examples intellectually.Throughout the Iliad, women play a modest but important role that embodies their relative significance and the impact they have on the affairs that take place. INTRODUCTION Different types of women are represented in a decision, the epic poem The Iliad: strong-willed andshrewd women, damsel-in-distress types, wicked and vengeful women, or even women who cause the Alcoholism in The Cheever Essay examples, downfall of the protagonist male hero. Moreover, there are also women depicted as possessions (war prizes) or women who have little or no control over her destiny. The epic poem, generally regarded as “a male-dominated world” focuses centrally on the rage between men but it also happen that most of the doctor myles munroe, time this rage is affected, initiated, and inspired by Alcoholism Cheever, a woman. HELEN OF TROY The most celebrated woman figure in the poem is probably Helen of Troy. Helen attracted men. Words: 939 - Pages: 4. . battle and Achilles is loyal to his friend Patroclus and avenges his death. All of the elements that I have talked about in this essay can be seen in American culture today and elizabethean poetry throughout history. This country has fought for everything that it has. This was evident when the British controlled the colonies and Alcoholism in The Cheever Essay the Americans fought them off in what a decision, the American Revolution.
To this day Americans still fight for what we believe in and are currently fighting a war against the terrorists. These men and women also show great courage. They go into battle knowing that they could lose their lives but still fight for their country. The most important part of our lives is family and friends. Alcoholism By John Examples. Without them we wouldn’t be nearly as happy as if we didn’t have them. We love them so much and would go to great lengths to care for and make them happy. Finally, loyalty is shown on a daily basis.
Loyalty is demonstrated through our relationships with our friends and myles munroe books family, a brand name, and even a pet such as a dog or a cat. The values of Greek mythology can still be seen today in American culture. Words: 1299 - Pages: 6. . the needle, and then label the blood sample. After this, they should deliver the sample to the correct laboratory within required timescales. Lastly, they would need to complete the patients’ records and enter the data on a computer. It is important that the test tubes are delivered safely to the lab, as the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, results of the tests are an important way for diagnosing illness. In order to succeed in their job, phlebotomists are trained, on-the-job training which can take up to myles six months.
As part of the training, they would learn the in The Swimmer, by John Cheever, role of phlebotomy within the pathology department, the methods of blood collection, the aspects of sparknotes blood taking and the requirements for different sample tubes and labelling protocols. Also, they will be trained to Alcoholism in The by John Cheever Essay learn the anatomical and physiological consideration in choosing appropriate sites for venepuncture and the health and safety aspects of phlebotomy. A Phlebotomist works in different places, mostly at the hospital. However, they also work in Blood bank, Government Facilities, Clinics, Laboratories, Military Institutions, Mobile Blood Collection Units, Physicians’ Offices, Prisons, Schools and Essay The New on Top of Beacon Hill Testing Centres. They work with nurse phlebotomy specialists, doctors and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay specialist phlebotomy technicians. In order to become a phlebotomist you will need to complete a certificate or associate’s degree program. However, some employers may look for GCSEs in subjects such as English, Maths, and Science. Words: 480 - Pages: 2. . Quick. HISTORY LEGENDS Good evening ladies and gentlemen.
Welcome to our show “History Legends”. As you know tonight is a special night, because we celebrate the 21st anniversary of the show. For such a special night, we need very special guests too, so please, stand up and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever examples welcome the greatest heroes of Greek mythology, who inspired millions of people throughout the what a moral, world and time - Gilgamesh from Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples The Epic of Gilgamesh and of macbeth Achilles from Iliad. Tonight, they are going to reveal secrets never heard before and change your perception of by John Cheever Essay examples life forever. It is amazing how the about Hill, stories you will hear, happened so far back in Swimmer, Essay examples, the past are applicable for our life today. Of Macbeth. Host: Hello Gilgamesh and Achilles. Alcoholism In The. You look amazing tonight. How do you feel? Gilgamesh: Great!
Achilles: A little old, but good! Host: How do you like the couch? Is it comfortable enough for quick, you? Gilgamesh: Well, my bed in Uruk was much better, but I can survive on that coach for an hour. Achilles: It’s better than sitting on the floor. Alcoholism In The By John Cheever Essay Examples. Host: You are funny! I will ask to be changed next time you come. Ok. Let’s start with the the minister's veil sparknotes, serious part now. Gilgamesh, Achilles, you know that you are the most famous heroes of all time, and all the people around the world who are watching you now have read your stories in the books “The Epic of Gilgamesh” and “Iliad”.
Everybody knows what happened in your lives and the descriptions of your journeys. Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay. How does it feel to be still known by everybody after more than 2,000 years and be. Words: 3201 - Pages: 13. . If Tomorrow Comes Sidney Sheldon. The great goddess, giver of all good things – I’ll never see myself disgraced. She is my mother! And the moons have marked me out, my blood-brothers, One moon on the wane, the next moon great with power. That is Alcoholism examples, my blood, my nature – I will never betray it, Never fail to search and learn my birth. (1182-1193) This passage eventually leads to about House on Top of Beacon Hill his confirmation of by John Cheever Essay Tiresias’s claims, and Oedipus’s subsequent downfall and blindness. It proves the existence of destiny in the play, as Oedipus has followed the path that was laid out for him by Tiresias entirely. House. However, Oedipus’s is not the only characters that demonstrated the role of fate in the novel, his counterpart Tiresias does as well. Tiresias is often considered a minor character in the story of Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay Oedipus, and elizabethean while he is not be a character who speaks throughout the play, his prophecy and actions catalyze Oedipus’s downfall. Early in Alcoholism in The Essay examples, the play, Tiresias abstains from telling Oedipus what has been in his visions.
This is of macbeth, because Tiresias knows that telling Oedipus his fate will only spell Oedipus’s downfall more quickly, so initially he does not fold to Oedipus’s pressure, saying: Tiresias: What will come will come. Even if I shroud it all in silence. Oedipus: What will come? You’re bound to tell me that. Tiresias: I will say no more. Do as you like, build your anger To whatever pitch you please, rage your worst - (387-392) Here, Sophocles clearly shows his bias towards the existence of fate, but this. Words: 2174 - Pages: 9. . In The Cheever Essay. Fate, Mistakes or Something Else? Is there such a thing as a mistake? We all talk about how everything happens for a reason. If Tomorrow Comes Sidney. I believe in the idea of in The by John Cheever Essay examples timing.
I realize that our experiences shape us. They make us who we are, and we would not be who we are without them. In life, we learn to accept the decisions we make, and we call them decisions rather than mistakes because they are all part of the master plan that develop us into who we will eventually be when we die? I do not know. When do we become who we are? Are we always becoming and never being?
Or is that the secret? Do we spend all our time trying to become and never pay attention to the fact that we actually are all along the way? If everything is an important and significant experience in our constant formation, then nothing could be a mistake; it is always just an experience. Myles Books. I am a skeptic of this belief. I think there is such a thing as wasted time. And if time were wasting, then every second of that time would be a mistake in the making.
Though I have been positive and happy with every experience I have had, I know there are people in the world whose lives are nearing an end, and they live with regret. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Essay Examples. It is something I hope never to know. I pray that I will do everything I can to be aware of quick myself, my life, my feelings – to be as honest as I can be so that I never have to look back on this life and think, “I wasted so much time. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Essay Examples. I wish I had done this. I wish I had done that. I have always wished I.
Words: 675 - Pages: 3. . The Fate of the Gods Iliad considered as a masterpiece at all levels, Homer combines literally devices in his books to books create a vivid image for the reader there by evoking the readers’ emotions. Homer set the scene by giving vivid details of Alcoholism Swimmer, every important warlord and the gods in the battle. Homer includes the role the warlords and the gods play in the battlefield at every stage. Not only does Homer characterize individual roles in Iliad, but also symbolizes the individual’s achievement in the battle by.
Gives the details roles the gods play in what makes a decision dilemma?, the battle, which keeps the reader focus on the central conflict. In Iliad, most of the scene depends on the individual’s character decision including the gods. From book 11, it can be seen as Zeus, the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay, head of the gods controls the progress of the battle by first raining blood on the Achaeans causing them to panic. In retrospect, Zeus sends Iris to deliver a message “Hector, son of Priam, Father Zeus Has sent me here with a message for you. As long as you see Lord Agamemnon storming to Essay House of Beacon through the ranks and laying them low you should hold back and order other troops to engage the Alcoholism in The by John Cheever, enemy” (p204, 220) , one of the Homer inclusion indicating the war inspired by the gods. The relationship of fate and human keeps the reader focus and in suspense as the wall of the a moral dilemma?, Greeks is doomed to fall by Alcoholism Swimmer, by John, Poseidon and Apollo. The fall of the The New State House on Top of Beacon, war justifies Homer uses of prophecy to progress the Alcoholism by John Essay examples, plot of the poem personifying the involvement of.
Words: 395 - Pages: 2. . Abstract Free will is the power of acting without the sheldon, constraint of necessity or fate, the ability to act at one's own discretion. Do you believe in free will or fate? Free will, we are responsible for our actions, we must pay the price for every choice we make. Fate believes that you may not pay the price for any wrong doing and thinks everything happens for a reason. Many people live life by by John examples, fate. Veil. FREE WILL Free will was compromised when people started believing that everything happens because that’s the plan god has, People started believing in Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples, fate. Many believed it to be compromised after Andreas Lubitz deliberately crashed flight 9525 on 24 March 2015, killing himself and the other 149 passengers and crew, they believed he suffered from depression. People thought he was a mass murderer and that he lost his free will because of depression.
We struggle to find the about State on Top of Beacon, causes and actions for mental illness; we wonder what make people commit the crimes they commit. We blame their childhood, their mental illness and life struggles. “The problem is that his behavior seemed deliberate and by John calculating; yet it is what makes a decision a moral dilemma?, also difficult to think of him as being in full control of himself. Such questions might be for clinicians and legal experts. But the Swimmer, by John Essay, philosophical question of free will also has a role to a moral dilemma? play in Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, how we understand such acts”(The Philosophers' Magazine online). Quick. Working at my previous call center job made me a harsh person, I believed that people lied to Alcoholism in The Cheever get.
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2017 Management Consulting Salaries for Undergraduates, MBAs/Grads, #038; Interns. Welcome to Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay 2017! This year promises the first total solar eclipse of the 21st century, the 2017 World Expo, and veil sparknotes the French and German elections—fingers crossed these will not cause the pandemoniums of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Brexit and the indelible 2016 US election. About State Of Beacon Hill? The field of management consulting also continues to have its fair share of Alcoholism in The by John examples excitement. This past year, many top consulting firms experienced revenue growth of 7-13% . Poetry? In many firms, a salient driving force behind revenue growth was the increasing demand for digital consulting services . In The Swimmer, Cheever Examples? This has led to a proliferation in the recruitment of data scientists, software specialists, and engineers as consulting firms develop their digital practices, thereby offering wider avenues for those hoping to doctor munroe books break into consulting. Those who manage to break into management consulting firms in 2017 will be recipients of steadily increasing consulting salaries. At top firms in the US, management consulting salaries have risen an average 4-5% , keeping well ahead of inflation. As noted by in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples many, management consulting salaries in if tomorrow comes sheldon, the US are exceptionally high when compared with other countries around the world. There are several reasons for this, the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John, most notable being talent acquisition competition pressure from poetry numerous banking and technology firms. In the United States, top undergraduate students can attain six-figure salaries on in The Cheever, Wall Street, at tech giants like Google, and if tomorrow sheldon even at hot Silicon Valley startups. As management consulting firms prefer to recruit the creme de la creme , who are currently in high demand in the US, these firms must pay the premium by offering high compensation packages.
Using compensation data we received from Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples industry insiders, successful interview prep clients, and our loyal readers, we have compiled a list of sparknotes management consulting salaries for those joining firms in 2017. Swimmer, By John Cheever Examples? This list contains data for interns and for elizabethean, those starting fresh out of Alcoholism undergraduate and MBA/graduate programs. All the salary figures are in elizabethean, US dollars unless otherwise denoted. In The Swimmer, By John? Also, the listed salary data is solely for those in management consulting roles within these firms. When evaluating compensation packages offered by consulting firms, there are several things to elizabethean poetry note with regards to bonuses. For the performance bonus, only the top 5-10% of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples employees receive the listed maximum amount. Average performers receive bonuses closer to half of the maximum amount, while poor performers typically only receive a small bonus if any. What Makes A Decision Dilemma?? Also, the size of relocation bonuses is primarily driven by distance one would have to in The Cheever move to work in quick, the specified office location.
If offerees live in the same city as the firm office, they are either offered no bonus or a small courtesy bonus (normally $2,000 in the US). However, if offerees live in Alcoholism Swimmer, examples, a distant state or country, they are typically offered the firm#8217;s maximum relocation amount. Relocation and if tomorrow comes signing bonuses can be administered in Alcoholism in The by John Essay, several different ways. Although they are typically distributed in sheldon, advance , they can be rewarded on the start date (e.g. at IBM GBS), or they can even be spread over several years (e.g. L.E.K.). Alcoholism By John Examples? When choosing between offers at different firms, we recommend placing more consideration on the base salary and what makes performance bonus than on in The Swimmer, by John Cheever, the size of the total compensation which includes the veil sparknotes, signing bonus. Because base salaries play a crucial role in determining future salaries, a base salary of $140,000 paired with a $20,000 signing bonus is preferable to a base salary of in The by John Cheever $136,000 paired with a signing bonus of $25,000, all else being equal. Makes A Decision A Moral Dilemma?? After accepting an offer from a consulting firm, remember to consider taxes before planning bonus spending. Taxes can be withdrawn before you receive the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Essay examples, payments, which can leave you in a dilemma if you planned to purchase that $10,000 ring with a $10,000 bonus.
Alternatively, bonus taxes can be withdrawn from future paychecks, reducing your monthly take-home income. Compensation Variation Across Office Locations. Our subscribers have asked us how consulting compensation packages vary across different offices within the same country. The salary data we collected shows that management consulting salaries are typically flat across all offices within a country. There are some exceptions. In the United States, offices in San Francisco sometimes proffer slightly higher salaries than other offices, partly because of the talent war with Silicon Valley firms. Other notable exceptions are Big 4 firms, where we sometimes witness a slight variance in compensation packages. Exceptions aside, flat compensation packages have two important implications. A Decision Dilemma?? First, one can maximize realized income by choosing an Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John, office location where the cost of living is lower . Be warned, maximizing realized income does not necessarily yield the what a decision dilemma?, sexiest alternative (e.g. choosing Atlanta over New York). Second, flat salaries leave little opportunity for salary negotiation , unless you are a top performer or experienced hire.
Below is the salary data for those joining consulting fresh out of an Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples, undergraduate or MBA program. If you recently received a management consulting offer that differs from any of the the minister's black sparknotes, listed figure below, or if you have data from any other consulting firms or from any other location around the globe, we would love to hear from Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever examples you. About House On Top Hill? Send us an email or leave a comment below. As always, your anonymity is Alcoholism Swimmer, by John examples guaranteed. 1st Year Out of Undergraduate Program Salaries. Base: $72,000 (Canada: C$70,000) Performance Bonus: up to $14,400 (20% of base in US and Canada) Total Cash (sum of above): up to $86,400 Retirement: 6% match for doctor myles books, 401k Profit Sharing: up to $7,200 (10% of base depending on firm performance) Signing Bonus: $5,000 (Canada: C$5,000) Relocation: up to Alcoholism Essay $10,000 (Canada: up to C$10,000) Huron Undergraduate Salary. 1st Year Out of MBA/Grad Program Salaries.
Base: $147,000 (Germany: ˆ85,000) Performance Bonus: up to myles $44,100 (Germany: up to ˆ16,000) Total Cash (sum of above): $191,100 Retirement: 401k contribution up to $8,000 Signing Bonus: $25,000 (plus $10,000 for summer interns) Relocation: up to $10,000 (Germany: up to ˆ5,000) Base: $120,000 (up to $145,000 depending on work experience; Dubai) Performance Bonus: up to $30,000 (25% of base; Dubai) Total Cash (sum of above): up to $150,000 (Dubai) Housing Allowance: $32,000 ($50,000 if married/family; Dubai) Relocation: up to $25,000 (Dubai) Cognizant Business Consulting MBA/Grad Salary. Base: $140,000 (Canada MBA: C$125,000) Performance Bonus: up to in The by John Cheever Essay examples $30,800 (22% of quick base) Total Cash (sum of above): $170,800 Retirement: 1/4 match of first 6% into 401k for a total of 1.5% Tuition Reimbursement: full 2nd year tuition for returning interns Signing Bonus: $25,000 (additional $17,500 for Alcoholism examples, returning interns, $20K early signing) (Canada: C$20,000) Relocation: $2,500 if local; up to $10,000 otherwise. Here are a few more consulting salaries in EMEA : Bain Associate in what a decision a moral dilemma?, Amsterdam: ˆ47,500 base, up to 25% bonus, ˆ4,000 moving allowance BCG Associate in Amsterdam: ˆ49,000 base, up to 15% bonus, ˆ3,000 moving allowance Strategy Associate in Amsterdam: ˆ52,000 base, up to in The by John Cheever examples 15% bonus Deloitte Consultant in Poland: ˆ46,500 base Deloitte/PwC Manager in Poland: ˆ71,500 base McKinsey Consultant in Poland: ˆ55,000 base Deloitte and PwC Associate in Spain: ˆ27,000 M/B/B Associate/Analyst in Spain: ˆ37,000. Internships range from 9-12 week periods in the United States to summary 12-16 week periods in Canada and the EMEA. Typically, monthly internship salaries are prorated based on the starting base salaries for a new hire minus the bonuses. Here are the internship salaries for undergraduates and Swimmer, by John examples MBAs/Grads: Undergraduate Program Internships.
Accenture Strategy: $31.50/hr, plus signing bonus and overtime A.T. Kearney: $12,000 Bain: $14,750 (10 weeks) AT Kearney MBA/Grad : $11,800/month Bain MBA/Grad : $29,000 (10 weeks) BCG MBA/Grad : $30,000 Deloitte MBA/Grad : $29,750 + full 2nd year MBA tuition for returning interns EY MBA/Grad: $30,000 ($10K/month) IBM MBA/Grad: $24,000 + $4,500 relocation IMS MBA/Grad : $11,500/month + $5,000 signing bonus L.E.K. MBA/Grad : $3125/week (9 weeks) + up to $25,000 tuition reimbursement for returning MBA interns KPMG MBA/Grad : $66/hour ($99/hour for of macbeth, overtime, 10 weeks) McKinsey MBA/Grad : $31,000 (10 weeks) Parthenon-EY MBA/Grad : $27,000 + $5,000 signing bonus (for 10 weeks) PwC MBA/Grad : $11,700/month Strategy MBA/Grad : $12,500/month. Salaries Along the Consulting Career Path. The above salaries are for Alcoholism Swimmer,, interns and those graduating from undergraduate and graduate programs.
After working in the firm for over a year, one can typically expect a 12-20% increase in total cash (base + performance bonus). After working 2-3 years in a consulting firm, one either leaves the the minister's veil, consulting firm or is promoted. Here are current figures for management consultant salaries at Alcoholism in The Cheever each promotion level within a top management consulting firm: First-year out of undergrad: $5k Performance Bonus: up to. $25k Performance Bonus: up to. Manager/Project Leader (2-3 years out of MBA): Associate principal/Senior project leader (4-5 years out of MBA): Junior Partner/Principal (6-8 years out of MBA): Senior Partner/Director (10+ years out of a decision dilemma? MBA): Base: $400-600k Bonus: $500k+ (all-in, senior partners at top firms usually make $1M+; top partners can make $4-5M while ultra-performers can make more) Although the golden handcuffs easily become more enticing as one is in The Swimmer, by John examples promoted within consulting firms, you can typically receive a pay increase when leaving consulting firms . It is no secret that those joining banking or trading roles can often receive at least a 50% increase in a moral, compensation , although their work/life (or more realistically, work/sleep) balance might suffer. Alcoholism In The? You can also leave consulting for Corporate America, where the work hours are typically less , and also receive a pay increase. In 2014, the about The New State House on Top Hill, average consultant who joined Corporate America received an average compensation increase of Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples 10-20% . Consulting salaries have been bullish for the past several years and the trend has continued into 2017.
Too bad you cannot easily buy a call option on consulting salaries. However, you can capitalize on this trend by working at the minister's veil a management consulting firm (aside from rising salaries, there are several other reasons why you might want to join). If you are interested in breaking into consulting or have any specific questions, we are here to help you. Don#8217;t hesitate to Essay examples contact us at [email protected] or book a Power Half Hour with one of elizabethean our ex-MBB consultants. If you have already decided that you want to break into consulting and want the best odds possible, take advantage of our world-class interview prep and resume prep services.
We work hard to offer world-class services, and as a result, over 55% of our Black Belt clients received offers from Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples top management consulting firms in 2016. Sparknotes? If you were offered a 2017 management consulting position , congrats! You deserve a pat on the back and Swimmer, by John examples a glass of champagne. As we aim to aid future consultants by if tomorrow comes sharing accurate compensation data, we would appreciate any salary data that you share. Add a comment below or send us an email. As always, your anonymity is in The examples guaranteed. Accenture Strategy#8217;s base is $147,500 first year out of MBA. How much is elizabethean poetry Oliver Wyman 1 year out of mba. Oliver Wyman doesn#8217;t recruit post-MBA so there are no #8220;traditional#8221; post-MBA Comp #s. Are these PwC MBA FT stats specifically for San Francisco?
I know of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples NYC and Chicago offers at 135k base/25k starting bonus (not signing). Quick? Also, a 10k early sign incentive for interns was not offered to my knowledge. How come consulting salaries are so much higher in the US than they are in Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever examples, Germany? As a surgeon, I#8217;ve been saving lives for 20+ years. I#8217;ll never make this kind of makes a decision a moral dilemma? money. Do people who have already started at Essay the MBB with a lower salary get the higher salaries based on poetry, these offers, or are you locked in (e.g. Last year#8217;s offers were 80k, these are closer to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Essay 83-84k). It is primarily because consulting firms in the US want to hire the best graduates, but they are competing for sheldon, this talent with firms on Wall Street, who pay very well.
It is Swimmer, Cheever examples a supply-demand situation. That dynamic may not exist in Germany. Strategy does not offer 10% 401k match#8230; that was a Booz policy which was switched with pwc. It is now a 6% match with a 5 year vesting period. Poetry? These salaries are based on MBA from Canadian Schools?, which ones in particular?, are these the top(top 10) echelon schools?. I would like to in The Cheever Essay see the correlation between the salaries posted above and the MBA programs that they have graduated from. This mistake has been on every list for the last 3 years#8230; BCG does not offer a 401k match across most (if not all) US offices and has not for what a moral, several years. The profit sharing is deposited into a 401k account INSTEAD of any matching. Not partner money, but surely better than the Alcoholism Cheever Essay examples, first 3 levels? Teachers help shape the lives of thousands of students over their career for 1/10 the amount you make.
I find this hard to quick summary of macbeth believe. All the family practitioners I know make more than senior consultants, and Swimmer, by John Essay some of the surgeons I know make $300k+ with a few at almost a million. As for the teacher comment, it sucks but they also don#8217;t need practically 12+ years of education, need to take out massive loans to get there, or have huge malpractice insurance to deal with. The Minister's Veil Sparknotes? The job isn#8217;t cushy but it isn#8217;t also life or death. In The Swimmer,? That and the opportunity cost of becoming a doctor is HUGE. Quick Summary? Just saying#8230; IBM GBS MBA intern pay is $24,000 + $4,500 relocation.
So $28,500 in Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples, 9.5 weeks, not $26,500. EY MBA intern is $10k/month. How much is Accenture Strategy Internship compensation from Summer 2016? This is poetry right. Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Cheever Essay Examples? I#8217;ve done the doctor vs. consultant math a dozen times with friends in both professions. The NPV of being a doc is 1.5x consultant under the most unfavorable set of a decision dilemma? assumptions. With any specialty, that floor rises to Alcoholism by John Cheever examples 2-3x.
Docs have a more differentiated skill set, require more school, aren#8217;t subject to up-or-out, etc. For 2016 MBA summer associates, that is. Comes Sidney? Does out-of-MBA salary here also apply to other master#8217;s degree? As for PwC, is the salary here also valid for technology consulting/advisory with master#8217;s degree? More than likely, not. MBAs are usually grouped into a like category with JDs and MDs when it comes to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples consulting. I guess it depends; most firms view a master#8217;s differently. I#8217;ve seen this difference in listings that specified MBAs being hired as #8220;associates#8221; and master#8217;s being hired as #8220;analysts#8221; ..fact check me; this is a good question because I have my engineering master#8217;s and sidney sheldon decided to go back to school for the MBA. Hey, do you know Accenture Strategy Summer Associate intern pay from Summer 2016? No. Non-MBA masters grads typically come in at by John examples the same level as undergrads.
Keep in elizabethean, mind that most MBA grads have 3-7 years of full-time work experience as well. Plenty of surgeons make at least this kind of in The examples money, with some making considerably more. (With a far longer shelf-life #8216;up or out#8217; attrition is pretty harsh, and very few make it to the senior levels. 60-70% of consultants don#8217;t make it to Manager/PL (and that#8217;s probably a somewhat conservative estimate, it#8217;s likely lower), of elizabethean poetry those perhaps a third make it to Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Essay examples Principal/Pre-Partner, and of those, perhaps one in five will make Partner in a good year. (In bad years, wash out is higher. Even taking the high ends of makes a decision dilemma? my conservative estimates, around 2.6% of those post-MBAs will make it to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever partner. (And yes, there#8217;s up or out at the Partner levels as well.) Not to mention, I can#8217;t imagine the work of being a surgeon getting mundane. As you progress at a partner level, life gets a bit episodic and you begin to question your life decisions. Elizabethean? (This might also account for where the attrition comes in.) MBB UK: 1st year post MBA: Between 80k-90k GBP base depending on firm. Roughly 110k USD. Above it says that it#8217;s typical for the salaries to be flat across regions and such, however this leads me to wonder whether this holds true regardless of the city where the in The by John Essay, position is the minister's black being offered. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Cheever Essay? For example, I was looking at Accenture#8217;s website and they have offices in major metro areas such as New York, Chicago, Arlington (D.C.), Boston, etc. but they also have offices in much smaller cities such as Boise, ID and Florham Park, NJ.
The question is, are there separate tiers for salaries depending on the city? For example, would the major cities have salaries that are essentially the ones posted above, while the much smaller cities have salaries that are somewhat lower, or is the flat salary rule applicable even when comparing Boise to NY? I#8217;m asking this because I#8217;m about to start an MBA at the minister's veil sparknotes ESADE (Spain) and have been talking to someone from Accenture whom was very helpful but doesn#8217;t know much about entry level MBA salaries (he only has a Bachelor#8217;s). I#8217;m in NJ and their nearest office to me is Florham Park which would mean that I could live at home and Alcoholism Swimmer, by John not pay rent, however this would only elizabethean poetry be worth it if the flat salary rule were true across the board. In The Swimmer, By John Essay Examples? If not, then NY it is. I just find it hard to believe that someone would pay a freshly minted MBA close to $200K in suburban NJ, but if that#8217;s the case, then that#8217;s great! Be mindful that the doctor munroe, salaries listed for most of the in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay, firms are for the Strategy organizations, as opposed to the overall company in general. Accenture Strategy is a much smaller business unit than the overall Accenture company. Accenture Strategy offers such enticing salaries and only has offices in a handful of places.
Alright, this makes a lot more sense. I figured it was too good to be true. I guess I#8217;ll have to look for something in NY then and just stay at my aunt#8217;s rent controlled apartment in Brooklyn. Hopefully I won#8217;t have to pay $3K for a one-bedroom! EY NYC PI Advisory Staff: Signing Bonus: $7 500. Year End Bonus: (none for Staff I - Staff II, $5000 for Staff II- Senior) 401k: Match up to 6% of salary.
EY NYC PI Advisory Intern: $30/hour with overtime at 1.5x. How would compensation be impacted by graduate degrees other than MBA such as Masters in Management or Masters in veil, Finance?
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Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and Periodic Style. I offer this essay in draft (or “beta”) form with the hope that it will provoke discussion. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Essay. When transliterating Greek in the body of the essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only real disadvantage is that epsilon and what a decision, eta, and omicron and in The by John Cheever examples, omega are not distinguished. With the myles Greek text at hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in a triumphal procession of Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate. I was surprised, then, on walking into a classroom once, all prepared to analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to find this saying on the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended.
It turns out that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of words easily supplied from the (very crowded) context. To this list of Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay, eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is a joke, of course. It pokes fun at poetry pedantry. But it is Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples also perfectly valid and makes a serious point.
The words on Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of saying the same thing. The goal is not an arid list of the minister's sparknotes, tropes with arrows pointing to the text but a better feeling for how the words before us work, for what makes them forceful and in The Swimmer, by John, effective. How big an armory of if tomorrow comes sheldon, rhetorical terms does a student of Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and Alcoholism by John Essay, English literature, is available at the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of poetry, Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms . Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the 200 or so which students had to memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only guides to help us understand and experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for what they have observed, they can learn it and use it. No student who describes accurately and insightfully how an author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. Poetry. In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard. One advantage of in The by John examples, starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on doctor munroe, details.
When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is easy to forget that the goal of arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. To learn about an author’s style is to learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts. Analysis and labeling and note-taking is useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay Examples. The goal is to go back and read those words, in order, as they were intended to the minister's black veil be read, letting the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John many “signposts” along the way guide us by shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to make sense of an author’s words may think of stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the emphasis which most of us place on the most obvious marks of style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. We pay great attention to veil sparknotes classification, which can become quite complex: is that an in The by John examples example of synecdoche or of metonymy?
Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts. The problem with them is that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the “character” or “cast of thought” each presents to us. To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to guide us as his thought unfolds. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in a well-turned sentence, mark the progression and structure of the thought. The real rhetoric is in the unfolding of the ideas in the order in which the author wants us to the minister's hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the way. To learn about an author’s style is to learn to in The Swimmer, Essay read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to disarrange the words but to hear what the ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on the style of the minister's veil, Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . . In The Essay. . Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling). It is for this reason that what we want to pay most attention to quick summary of macbeth in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and Swimmer, by John Essay, how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and Economy: Cicero and the Alien Style , p. 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by elizabethean, running in Alcoholism examples, the head, winds one into a ball”, and he rescues from quick obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , which asserts the Alcoholism in The by John examples importance for style of the a decision a moral length of whole sentences and of their parts. In The By John Examples. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is myles munroe interesting on the structure and relationship of sentences as a guide to style. As Rickert remarks (p.
111), “The study of the sentence is one of the by John examples most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the word “sentence” as a matter of sparknotes, convenience. There is no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for hours? Not a collection of tropes but something more fundamental and by John Cheever examples, harder to express in a phrase. Why did reading Isokrates for hours on doctor munroe, end once make me physically ill?
Why, after the excitement of the speech On the Crown , does an early speech of Demosthenes seem flat? Because a real stylist “gets in among” you. The “rhythm” of the Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay writer’s thought is what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Periodic Style. This essay, then, with profuse thanks to Ralph Johnson, will focus on the structure or “architecture” of a Greek sentence. The New State On Top Hill. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in mind two fundamental points: 1. Greek sentences can on occasion be very long, but the units of which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Greek is unusually rich in particles and conjunctions which serve as signposts.
These helpful qualities of the language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of a complex sentence–enough sense to in The examples have a fair idea of what makes a decision a moral, what the entire thing means–without really understanding the development of the whole. And the Swimmer, by John reason for this is often the very profusion of “marker-words” or “signposts” in Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to ignore them or at least to forget earlier signposts when later ones, in elizabethean poetry, corresponsion with them, appear. One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in accounting for every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to by John Essay examples profit by (re-)reading the author’s words and letting the sentence unfold as the original audience experienced it. Before we turn to the analysis of sample passages from Greek authors, let us consider the two main types of sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the loose style (lexis eiromene) and the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in a necklace); the second, “speech turned or guided toward an end”; the word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the starting and finish lines were the same: contestants went out and around the turning-post, then retraced their path.
The loose style is often called the “running style”, a term which can be confusing in Essay about The New House on Top of Beacon Hill, view of the race-course metaphor of the in The Essay examples term “periodic”. [Dover points out the difficulty of interpreting the terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and Kolon). Quick Summary Of Macbeth. He thinks that the word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from major pause and ‘returns’ to Alcoholism examples a state of rest by makes a decision a moral, leading to a second pause” (p. 39).] These two styles represent two ways of in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, developing and structuring sentences. In the loose style one statement is simply followed by if tomorrow sidney sheldon, another with no indication that another statement is Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever coming. The sentence ends with the final statement, without giving the reader or hearer any idea that it is about to end. Sheldon. It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Here is a banal example in Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, English: “Bill went to the store and bought some milk and decided to get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for it and couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to what follows; the series could stop at quick any point or go on indefinitely. There is no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end.
The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking. In a court case, for example, if one is trying to set out the facts and convince the jury of in The by John Essay, one’s honesty and straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the quick “facts”), this is the style to use. Of course, the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Essay examples loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the elizabethean poetry periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the periodic style, by contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. Alcoholism Cheever. The reader sees signs of doctor books, things to by John Essay examples come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of composing and of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop. A Moral Dilemma?. At the finish, the audience should feel that an appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed.
All periodic composition involves, in Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, one way or another, suspension of sense: the what makes a decision dilemma? arrangement of one or more elements of the sentence so that the thought is not felt to be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in periodic style: “After his trip to Swimmer, by John Cheever the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and veil sparknotes, couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by the preposition “after”. By John Essay. His purchases are subordinated in a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. If Tomorrow Sidney Sheldon. A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of Alcoholism examples, cheese. The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun.
The two reasons for this are appended in two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. . .”). As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an important point: unlike a simple narration in the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the sidney sheldon writer is trying to put across and will require the Swimmer, examples writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. This need not mean, and in Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the very end. More often, as above, the main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Many other arrangements are of course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. Summary. What is important, in reading as well as in Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John, composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure.
Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for us than syntactical and rhetorical baroque. Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. But we should recall the importance of Latin and makes a decision dilemma?, Greek periodic style as a model for modern prose from the Renaissance onward.
Here are examples in English of both styles. First, the lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the twentieth century, in a paragraph from Alcoholism Swimmer, examples Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the road. The country was barren and rocks stuck up through the clay. There was no grass beside the poetry road. Alcoholism Essay. Looking back we could see the country spread out the minister's black sparknotes below. Far back the fields were squares of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever, green and brown on the hillsides.
Making the horizon were the the minister's black brown mountains. They were strangely shaped. As we climbed higher the in The Cheever Essay horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. What A Moral Dilemma?. Then the road came over Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay, the crest, flattened out, and what a moral dilemma?, went into a forest. Alcoholism In The Essay. It was a forest of cork oaks, and what, the sun came through the trees in patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. Alcoholism In The Cheever Essay. We went through the forest and The New State House of Beacon Hill, the road came out and turned along a rise of land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it. These were not like the brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind.
These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from them. The green plain stretched off. It was cut by fences and Alcoholism Swimmer, by John examples, the white of the road showed through the trunks of the minister's black veil, a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to Alcoholism Swimmer, by John the edge of the rise we saw the red roofs and white houses of Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and away off on the shoulder of the the minister's sparknotes first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of Roncesvalles. (Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in the Preface to his edition of Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever examples, Shakespeare:
That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is quick of macbeth a complaint likely to be always continued by those who, being able to add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by disappointment upon consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the present age refuses, and flatter themselves that the regard which is yet denied by envy will be at last bestowed by time. . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is not absolute and Alcoholism in The Cheever Essay, definite, but gradual and comparative; to works not raised upon principles demonstrative and scientific, but appealing wholly to observation and quick of macbeth, experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay, esteem. What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and compared, and if they persist to value the possession it is because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in its favour. As among the works of nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in the productions of doctor myles munroe, genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the same kind. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John. . Munroe. . . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever, past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the degeneracy of mankind, but is the consequence of acknowledged and indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and myles munroe, what is most considered is best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. 262-263) The elegant and varied architecture of these sentences, made clear by a fullness of expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to remind us that English, too, is capable not only of “straight talk” but also of grandiloquence. We live in a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. [For the in The by John examples difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on Isokrates; E. Laughton, “Cicero and the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to the humanists of the Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. Of Macbeth. “period”, p. 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp.
20-21 and by John Cheever Essay, 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the period: that is, the sentence combining a number of thoughts and statements in munroe books, a number of balanced clauses. . . . It is Cheever quite difficult to enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . Summary. . . But one cannot come to by John Essay examples historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the basic art form of the early humanists. It was a test of myles, prowess, a focus for criticism, the full flower of the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, classical way with words and notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . . . it became at a critical moment a humanist model of artistic composition in general. What A Decision A Moral. . . . Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in a humanist school had been taught to apply to language. It did not mean what we mean by literary composition, but rather the putting together of the single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of elements: words go to make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and clauses come one after the Swimmer, by John Cheever other with no prior preparation, and a periodic style, where we are guided from a starting post, around a course, and back to a finish-line.
As one would expect, the loose style developed before the more elaborate periodic style. But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and writes just as elegantly and effortlessly in the periodic as in the loose style. The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of Deukalion, came to Aitolia for a kingdom and his dog gave birth to a log, and he ordered it to be buried, and from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. And from this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the Greeks of quick summary of macbeth, old called vines oinai). Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Essay. And from Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for black, the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the by John Cheever Essay examples previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis).
The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point. The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of which, therefore”), de, the summary participle kletheis, gar, and again de. Alcoholism In The By John Cheever. The Greek text above is given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is nothing, however, in either the what makes grammar or the Swimmer, Essay sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of each clause, including the doctor munroe books one set off by parentheses. (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at by John Essay the end of a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is from the Greek of Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the connection in any way crude: in the first sentence the three kai’s lead to a conclusion introduced by dio. The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the poetry participle, gar, de) and the words oinas, ekaloun and ampelous in the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the position of egeneto changes, as does the Alcoholism by John Cheever examples position and case of Oineus’ name.
This is not to claim any great sophistication for Hekataios’ Greek, but only to remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an what makes a decision dilemma? example of the loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is typical of Hekataios. He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay, example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is vastly more sophisticated. One should remember that he lived in Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”. He is a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by step to a dramatic climax–and has, in quick, retrospect, the essential quality of a periodos. Such sentences gain much of their effect from the very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions. Here is Herodotos’ description of the arrival of Adrastos at Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
When Croesus’ child had in hand his marriage, there arrived at Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and not clean in hands, being a Phrygian by birth and Swimmer, Cheever examples, of the royal house. This man, coming to Croesus’ house according to the local customs asked to summary of macbeth receive cleansing, and Croesus cleansed him. Alcoholism By John Examples. Cleansing is similar for the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the accustomed rites, he inquired where the man was from and who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and from where in Phrygia have you come to be at my hearth? Whom of men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of quick of macbeth, Gordias son of Midas I am the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John examples child, and I am called Adrastos, and having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by myles munroe books, my father and deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for nothing, remaining in Alcoholism by John, our land, and bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the flow of Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an author’s style is to note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.]
Herodotos’ sentences are longer and more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is summary immediately clear: it advances the story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at once. Thus the first sentence consists of a genitive absolute, followed by the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by more about the man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the end the in The Swimmer, by John Cheever phrases with men and de, both dependent on eon, lead up to the climactic word basileiou; the chiastic placement of the similar words geneei and of macbeth, geneos accentuates the Alcoholism Essay final phrase. Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. What Makes A Decision A Moral. In the second sentence, for Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay, example, a participle leads off, then the main verb, then a second verb appended with de.
Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to quick summary Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. . .de. . .de. He begins with his father’s and Alcoholism in The by John, grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the weight of this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them. This sentence is a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last. Further, this last element is itself divided into two parts, the poetry second of which is again divided. One could thus call the sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in this case) a clear beginning, middle and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples, end. Yet the effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in comes, a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Herodotos’ style are the repetitions and “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. . . .tis te eon kai kothen. (Note the chiastic order, and note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is of an unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to pause over each question, each answer, each event in the tale of Croesus, Atys and by John Cheever examples, Adrastos so that at the end, in poetry, the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the examples story (45.3), the myles munroe books whole weight slowly and Swimmer, examples, relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 8.]
For an comes sidney sheldon analysis of the periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and Alcoholism by John Cheever Essay examples, elegance of his style and the vividness and clarity of his narrations. In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is makes a moral describing his own arrest by Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples, the Thirty Tyrants: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on myles munroe books, their way. Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and handed me over to Alcoholism Swimmer, Cheever Peison. The others went to the workshop and makes a decision dilemma?, made a list of the slaves. I asked Peison if he wanted to take money and rescue me. He said he would, if it were a lot. I said then that I was ready to Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this.
Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be imperative to get some pledge from him. If Tomorrow. After he swore an Alcoholism Cheever Essay examples oath, calling down ruin on the minister's black veil, himself and his children, that he would accept the talent and save me, I went into the room and opened the chest. Peison noticed and came in, and when he saw the contents he called two of his servants and ordered them to Swimmer, by John Cheever take the things in the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to finite verbs but nonetheless retains the exact order in which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek. To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on a separate line, with indentations to show the relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the “loose” style of Lysias really is. The Minister's Sparknotes. To emphasize the Swimmer, by John Essay examples careful connection and subordination of the Greek (even where ideas seem to follow straightforwardly one after the other), words which serve as signposts are in boldface and circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. And dividing up the houses they went on their way.
And me, on the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out they handed me over to Peison; the rest, on the other hand, going to the workshop, made a list of the poetry slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to rescue me, taking money. he, on the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to Alcoholism in The by John Cheever give a talent of quick summary of macbeth, silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. (10) Now I knew that he had no regard for Alcoholism by John, either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to poetry be most necessary. to take a pledge from him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on himself and his children, (15) that accepting the Alcoholism Swimmer, talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the what makes a decision a moral box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the in The contents, called two of his servants.
and ordered them to take the things in the box. [As a tool for analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is Essay The New House on Top far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the goal is to understand the Alcoholism in The by John Cheever examples Greek, not to replace it. Students should develop the habit of translating Greek this way, in the order of the about State House Hill original. Alcoholism By John Cheever. To aim for Essay about The New House on Top of Beacon Hill, a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the line-division and indentation of this and other passages below. It is intended only to suggest the units of meaning into which the sentence seems to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples fall. Each such unit was probably, but far from certainly, followed by a distinct pause when the Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. House On Top Of Beacon Hill. No “scientific” accuracy is claimed or, indeed, is possible. Swimmer, By John Cheever Essay. Lines often, but not always, correspond to kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to place eipon oun , for example, on a separate line, but this would create a false impression of quick summary of macbeth, composition in very short units [kommata].)
We should remember, more fundamentally, that the very idea of Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever, a “sentence” is modern: ancient writers speak of a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to quick summary what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Essay examples, Demetrios). Poetry. Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and Economy , pp. 15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to what we call a “clause”; E. Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is no hard and fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). In The Essay Examples. As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to the structure of the doctor munroe sentence. In particular they do not always correspond to levels of in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, subordination. (I have always found complex systems of notation, based on subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by (re)organizing the “layout” of these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of doctor munroe, their own choice. Now for Lysias. In the passage quoted above there is almost nothing of overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the Swimmer, examples interweaving of participles and doctor myles munroe, finite verbs.
They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in three parts linked by kai. Lysias could have achieved greater concision and Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay examples, concentration, perhaps, by elizabethean poetry, putting everything into a single clause with several participles and one main verb, but this would spoil the simplicity of the narrative: Peison came into the room; he saw what was in Alcoholism by John Cheever examples, the chest; he issued a command. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in elizabethean, this passage as to whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Note especially eparomenos in Peison’s oath (15): the phrase in in The Cheever Essay examples, which it appears is sheldon a longer element between two shorter ones, and we linger on it before coming to the oath itself, labon. . Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Cheever Essay Examples. .sosein. Of course, even without such analysis the reader responds directly to what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is easy to miss how much he is telling us, simply and elegantly.
Notice also the variety. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. . . Of Macbeth. , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . ., eipon oun hoti . Examples. . . ., ho d’ homologese. . . ., epistamen men oun hoti. . The Minister's Black Veil Sparknotes. ., homos d’. . .edokei. . . ., epeide de omosen. . . . By John. Note, too, the placement of sosai. . .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . .sosein (16), labein (20). Elizabethean. The repetition is “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16). In The Essay Examples. In short, this is rhetorical art which succeeds by concealing itself. As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. If one wants to appreciate Lysias fully, one need only attempt to translate a similar narrative from Essay about State House on Top of Beacon Hill English to Greek! For an analysis of periodic sentences by Lysias, click here.
Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from time to time, for example in the fable about the origin of justice told by Protagoras in the dialogue of that name. Here is an excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Once there was a time. when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples appointed time of birth, gods molded them within the earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and earth.
And when they were ready to lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and Epimetheus. adorn them and poetry, assign powers to each as was fitting. (10) And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.” And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, their safety: to the ones he wrapped in smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the rest, maintaining a balance.
On its surface the style of this passage is naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of archaism to his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the second and third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and Essay about State on Top of Beacon Hill, ends with the same word (the figure of kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. . .hos. . .). [The subordinate clause hos prepei is virtually an adverb and Alcoholism in The examples, thus does not have a line to itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of line 7 is Essay The New on Top of Beacon Hill elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai. Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of forms of nemo carrying over from the preceding sentence (10) and into the next (14). In particular, the repetition of the last word of a sentence at the beginning of the next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay examples, the manner of Herodotos. Each of these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is shorter than the Essay about The New State on Top of Beacon one before. One can see the art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of variety that Plato always seeks, and a sure sign that he is Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples creating the Essay State of Beacon illusion of a naive style, not the real thing. This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. After the link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and the varied length of the clauses.
The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of a finite verb and introduces the whole category of animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in 18, with the verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay examples, the second catalog of attributes in 19-23. Here each category of if tomorrow sidney sheldon, animals is introduced by a relative clause, followed by a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected. The description of small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in Alcoholism by John, the manner of the minister's black veil, Plato, the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay enumeration is concisely cut short by the final summary in 23. Particularly elegant is the repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in the minister's black veil, the middle. A playful and sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Essay Examples. Nowhere is anything essential to quick grammatical sense or meaning suspended for by John Cheever Essay examples, more than one line, so that the dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style. Periodic Style: Demosthenes and Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of on Top of Beacon Hill, Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay determined precisely by its content, and which Demetrios then re-arranges into non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by what, suspending until the end of the sentence an element essential for the grammar and the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Men of the jury, most of Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, all because I think it benefits the city for the law to be annulled, second for the sake of Chabrias’ child, I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men. Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at the end. What gives it this quality? Unlike the examples of lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to elizabethean poetry the final kolon not only in The Cheever Essay examples, grammatically but also in sense: malista men heineka. . . If Tomorrow Comes Sidney Sheldon. ./eita kai. By John Cheever. . .heineka. Munroe. . . . The main verb homologesa comes at the beginning of the last kolon but requires an infinitive in indirect statement to complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the end by dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. The whole sentence is Swimmer, Cheever examples aimed at an end, which sunerein provides. Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the first two kola by varying their length, changing the position of heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of this into a non-period is instructive. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I shall speak for these men, citizens of Athens.
For Chabrias’ son is a friend of mine, and much more than him the elizabethean poetry city, for which it is right for me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared. Each kolon is independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at the end of any of the first three kola. Nothing forces us to look ahead for a conclusion to come. Alcoholism By John Cheever Essay Examples. (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in sight, but on a straight path of uncertain length. Each kolon is comes appended to the preceding one rather than fulfilling an expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay, Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to the minister's black sparknotes the table of in The by John, contents, click here. Here is a period from Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by Aristotle in the Rhetoric (1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Fame and memory and glory.
how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of this sort excel? Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Each element of the if tomorrow comes sidney sheldon sentence requires something later to complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of a question governed by the verbs khre and nomizein, the first of which requires an accusative subject, the second an by John Essay infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the makes a decision a moral sentence is about; finally, the phrase tous. . By John. .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us.
Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the structure of the sentence with repeated sounds and words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Each of these repetitions spans two or three kola and leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of Isokrates is analyzed below. Short and doctor myles munroe books, Long Kola: Xenophon and Thucydides. As is usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Were this not so, it would be very difficult to suspend the sense until the very end.
Two examples cited by Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the strikingly different effect of Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay, very short kola (kommata) and State Hill, unusually long ones. First, Xenophon’s description of the Alcoholism river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the the minister's veil Greek text, click here. For the Alcoholism in The by John Essay examples river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and the Agraioi and Amphilochoi, and through the Akarnanian plain, skirting the city Stratos upland. and discharging into the sea by Oiniadai and quick summary of macbeth, creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in winter to Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John mount a campaign.
The sentence, like the river, flows and twists and turns to its conclusion. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to wait for the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for the entire excursus introduced by gar. Poetry. An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the end, here is in The Swimmer, by John examples a sentence of Lysias, who was just as much at home in the periodic as in the loose style (25.18): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to harm. yourselves to ruin, none of the citizens will be left. In the protasis of the minister's black sparknotes, this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the Essay whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the infinitive apolesai on which it depends.
The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai. Not every periodic sentence postpones an essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the doctor myles munroe books most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for an audience to follow if they had to keep track of multiple suspensions of meaning and multiple subordinations until the final kolon. Alcoholism Swimmer, By John Cheever Essay Examples. Often the main verb comes at quick summary of macbeth the beginning or in the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the sentence moves on. Here is Isokrates’ description of in The by John Cheever, Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in if tomorrow, part by in The Swimmer, Essay examples, Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to so great a point of arrogance.
that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is elizabethean not a thing of human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland. and march through the sea, (10) yoking the Hellespont. and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and in The by John Cheever, everything else unfolds in later subordinations.
The layers of subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in sequence. Note how small the elements are which make up most of this sentence. The longest kola, the second and third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the sea and digs the land. And note the careful and Essay about State House of Beacon, varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and a pair of infinitives set off by men and de. Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12).
End-rhyme links the by John Cheever Essay paired verb forms, the first syllable of zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above. Many periodoi are based neither on suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from Lysias cited by C. D. Elizabethean Poetry. Adams in his insightful discussion of the differences between loose and in The Cheever examples, periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of poetry, no importance; the taking of money they considered of great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the Swimmer, Cheever examples citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to be married they balked. (12.21)
Strictly speaking, the first of these sentences presents an antithesis, the second a series of parallels. In each, however, as commonly, the kola are closely parallel in makes a decision dilemma?, form: in the first, each kolon consists of infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the parallel and in The Cheever examples, brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of immediate meaning but of general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Not only are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and what makes dilemma?, 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at the beginning and exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. Alcoholism By John Cheever Examples. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of doctor myles munroe books, property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and dramatic climax and Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay examples, brings a sense of elizabethean, periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in by John Cheever Essay examples, kola and kommata, click here.
Even a single kolon can be periodic. Demetrios cites (17) the opening of Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. Sparknotes. . . . Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is in The Essay examples this. A neat suspension of sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Since this period is makes dilemma? part of a longer sentence, it is worth quoting the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples whole thing: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the poetry result is this, that neither may the in The Cheever Essay examples things done by doctor, men with time become extinct. nor may great and wondrous deeds, some by foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever examples, a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the goal and sidney sheldon, scope of his History . Note the careful connections and the alternation of long and short kola. Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . .genetai, mete. . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the meaning of Alcoholism in The by John Cheever examples, erga is amplified by black veil, ta men. . . ta de. In The By John Cheever Examples. . . in apposition. Note, especially, how the Persian Wars appear, understated, in a kolon appended at the very end, in apposition to and amplifying what went before. Isokrates could have done no better.
Rhetorical, Historical, and Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an if tomorrow sidney sheldon end” or “completeness” in various ways and to various degrees. In The By John Cheever Essay. In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of quick of macbeth, sense, antithesis, and parallelism one should take note of the more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of period, according to how tightly they are constructed: the rhetorical period, the Swimmer, Cheever examples historical period, and the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the most rounded, with a “turning” and myles books, “concentration” at the end (Demetrios 10). Examples are the passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is withheld until the conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here.
A Short Historical Period of Xenophon. As an example of a historical period Demetrios cites the opening of Alcoholism examples, Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the poetry Greek text, click here. Of Dareios and in The Swimmer, by John, Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to Demetrios this sentence consists of two kola, each of which, while an integral part of the Essay about State House Hill sentence, completes its own thought. [One could also treat the phrases with men and de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in itself, but the second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an organized whole.
Many sentences, both shorter and longer, are organized in this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. The construction is looser than that of a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of a rounded whole. To return to the table of contents, click here. The philosophical period or period of dialogue is looser still and barely gives the impression of being a period at all. Demetrios cites the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever examples opening of Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess. and also wanting to see the festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on kolon in doctor books, apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is one of the most studied and artful of Greek sentences. [See, for Alcoholism in The by John Essay examples, example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. Summary. 41).] Plato is said to have puzzled long over Alcoholism Swimmer,, the order of the opening words. The very first word is the what a decision a moral dilemma? main verb; a full stop could be placed at the end of each kolon (except for the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis).
Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. The sentence is more than what it seems to be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is in The by John Essay really periodic. There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an author, should we expect to be able to say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and reader. Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on the three types of quick summary, period, click here. In order to place in perspective the use of rhetorical figures as guides to the architecture of a sentence, let us look at the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of Leontinoi, who amazed the Athenians with a style in Alcoholism in The by John, which repeated sounds and plays on words were part of the very texture of the Greek. Our Gorgianic exemplar is elizabethean poetry chapter 6 of the Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by Fortune’s volitions.
and the gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by force seized (5) or by words persuaded. If, then, because of the first, worthy to be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. (10) For it is natural not for the stronger thing by the weaker to be hindered, but for the weaker by the stronger to be ruled and guided, and for the stronger to lead. and the weaker to follow.
But god than man is a stronger thing (15) both in force and in Alcoholism in The by John, wisdom and in all else. If, then, to black veil sparknotes Fortune and Swimmer, examples, the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from her ill fame one must absolve. Not only is the passage composed for the most part of very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the same or nearly the same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is the minister's veil everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is a medieval conjecture based on Gorgias’ development of the argument in chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18). Parallel phrases follow one another in staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of Swimmer, by John Cheever, sound and structure comes from plays on sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and even forms of the same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the first form is doctor munroe books passive, the second middle; kreisson. Alcoholism In The Swimmer,. . .hessonos. . .hesson. Essay About House Hill. . Alcoholism By John Cheever. .kreissonos. . .kreisson. Makes A Decision A Moral. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus.
Note also the end-rhymes in -sthai and the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in in The Swimmer, Cheever Essay, 10: what appears to be a longer kolon is if tomorrow sidney broken up (or is Alcoholism in The by John Cheever it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the if tomorrow Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to sense. Second, the Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Essay argument from which this passage is excerpted is meticulously logical and entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in Euripides, Thucydides, and Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.] The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to isolate its smallest constituent elements. Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and isokola. But if we step back and look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident. The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of this main clause. Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the sense nicely near the center of the sentence.
The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. In the sidney sheldon next (10) the predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on the first word, pephuke: the Cheever examples first kolon, introduced by ou, leads to sparknotes the second, which answers ou with alla and where koluesthai is answered by two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the by John idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and Essay The New State of Beacon, de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on a single line. In The Swimmer, Essay Examples. They would then complete an ascending trikolon.
The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is what makes a moral dilemma? a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, By John Cheever. The final sentence consists of protasis + apodosis, each concluded by a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the the minister's veil sparknotes first word is MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11  p. Alcoholism In The Swimmer, Cheever Essay. 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and insistent jingles, seems at first anything but “periodic”. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in Essay The New House on Top, periods (15). Critics have puzzled over how his audience could have been so impressed by Gorgias’ speaking, but in the courts as well as in the ekklesia the by John Essay goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is a tour de force of what makes a decision a moral, exactly that. If we look to Alcoholism in The by John examples the overall length and structure of each successive argument in Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an expert packager of solid, familiar arguments in novel form. Often cited in the minister's black sparknotes, this context is Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and Cheever Essay, be seen doing so.
Later, for an audience to do this was a sign of an quick unoriginal speaker whose words followed an all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). This is the audience that, only months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from Aristophanes, evoke well the intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by Larue Van Hook: For either by Swimmer, by John Cheever examples, the disposition of fortune and the ratification of the gods and the determination of if tomorrow, necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by persuasion dumbfounded, or to by John Cheever Essay Love surrendered. If, however, it was against her will, the elizabethean culpable should not be exculpated.
For it is impossible to forestall divine disposals by Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever examples, human proposals. It is a law of what a decision a moral, nature that the stronger is not subordinated to Swimmer, by John Cheever examples the weaker, but the weaker is subjugated and quick of macbeth, dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the Alcoholism Swimmer, examples leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in a moral dilemma?, sight, and in all else. Therefore, if on fortune and Alcoholism Swimmer, Essay examples, the deity we must visit condemnation, the House on Top of Beacon infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in vol. 3 of the Cheever Loeb edition of Isokrates, pp. 55-57.] Here, lastly, is an example of the finest periodic style in Greek, the elizabethean poetry mature style of Demosthenes. Over the by John Essay examples course of his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and doctor myles, concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of Isokrates but mixing long and complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the opening of the speech On the Alcoholism Cheever Crown : For a graphic image of the doctor myles munroe Greek text, click here. First, Athenian men, I pray to all the Alcoholism Swimmer, by John gods and goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and all of you, that so much be accorded me from you for this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and your piety and black veil sparknotes, reputation, this for the gods to Swimmer, by John examples grant you: (5) not to make my opponent your advisor.
about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in addition to the other just things, this too is written: (10) to listen to if tomorrow comes sidney sheldon both in the same way. At the outset of his speech Demosthenes gives original form to a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and Alcoholism in The Swimmer, Cheever, each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. About State On Top. At each stage of the sentence grammatical “signposts” and other key words create a suspension of Alcoholism Cheever Essay examples, meaning which is only resolved in a later kolon. What. Demosthenes casts the entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the speech , which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay examples, proton men (1) and epeith’ (4). The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and if tomorrow sidney sheldon, a spondee. As for the content of the prayer, it will be given by the infinitives huparxai (3) and parastesai (5).
Preceding the Swimmer, by John Cheever Essay first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to the correlative tosauten for the completion of its meaning: in return for his efforts on behalf of the State on Top of Beacon Hill city and examples, its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by of macbeth, humin. . In The Swimmer, By John Cheever Examples. .par’ humon). Summary. The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to its antecedent touto (and note, in 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an elegant chiasmus with the earlier pronouns humin  and humon ). But the second part of the prayer is not complete. Unlike toiauten huparxai the Swimmer, by John phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to elizabethean complete the meaning of touto, which is supplied by the infinitive me. . By John Examples. .poiesasthai, in apposition to about State touto. In The By John Cheever Essay Examples. But we are not through yet. The word sumboulon requires an explanation, provided (7) by what makes a decision, a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8). Then he picks up and continues the construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. Alcoholism By John Essay. . .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to complete its meaning.
The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the black veil sparknotes jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by in The by John Cheever, the pronoun touto, in apposition to which comes the final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for both sides, invested now with the authority of the gods and the solemnity of the oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. Of Macbeth. The main verb leads off; the climax of the sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. Swimmer, Cheever. There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. The same variety is makes apparent in the two parts of the prayer (2-3, 5-11). Swimmer, By John Cheever. Even proton men and epeith’, the linchpins of the sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. If Tomorrow Comes. It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai. Line 4 above should logically be indented in the Greek graphic, but this is Alcoholism Swimmer, by John Cheever examples where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the first kolon–but how banal that would be!
A shorter period of Demosthenes is analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of periods of makes a decision dilemma?, Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to see Isokratean periods. Click here to see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by Isokrates and those of examples, Demosthenes is about House on Top brought out well by Eric Laughton in his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is by John Cheever Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and the Greek Orators”, AJP 82  27-49; see especially pp. The Minister's Veil Sparknotes. 41-49). Cf. H. C. Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.”
But when one looks back at the elegant repetitions and subordinations, at the effortless variety of in The Cheever, Plato’s expression, and especially at the elaborate edifice of 14-23 (nemon . . . enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of rounding, a sense that one has been led on a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end. It should be no surprise, in a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an example of a traditional fable, and a discussion of lexis eiromene in general, see E. Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp. 366-379. On Greek and Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to the Loeb edition of Babrius and Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. Quick Of Macbeth. xi-xxxiv.]