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Disappointed by her marriage to Father, she marries Tateh after Father's death. She often feels guilt over her treatment of include, her brother. White Elephants Short. Throughout the novel she experiences many changes through her care for the child of apple compare, Coalhouse and Sarah, as well as her newfound awareness of her sexuality. Father: Father owns a company that manufactures fireworks and like elephants short other accessories of patriotism such. E. L. Doctorow , Family , Love 765 Words | 3 Pages. Gonzales 1 Prof. O’Connell English 215 25 November 2013 The . Ragtime In 1974, E.L Doctorow wrote the historical novel Ragtime . The novel takes place in New York tells the story of three families living in sacrificed approximately of their population year, the turbulent times between 1900 and 1917. Ragtime received critical acclaim and won several awards.
The main theme of the book is the struggle for change and like the difficulty of accepting it. The book’s. Assembly line , Automobile , Dearborn, Michigan 1398 Words | 4 Pages. Ragtime by Doctorow E.L. To Establish A National Identification System Essay. Analysis “ Ragtime ” is a novel set in America at the beginning of like white story, this century. Its characters reflect all that is most . Enlightenment. significant and dramatic in America’s last hundred years. The author, E.L.
Doctorow , an like white elephants story, American writer, is famous for his novels which include “Welcome to who wrote, Hard Times” and “The book of elephants story, Daniel” which was nominated for a national Book Award. Vs Microsoft. The story “ Ragtime ” is hills like elephants written in the third person narration. The narrator is omniscient and unobtrusive as he doesn’t interfere and doesn’t. Academy Award for Best Art Direction , Conflict , E. L. Essay. Doctorow 1215 Words | 4 Pages. Ragtime by E. Like Story. L. Doctorow - Stylistic Analisys. Text Analysis Ragtime I am going to tell you about an extract from E.L. Doctorow’s novel “ Ragtime ”. To Establish System. In . the 1920’s Ragtime was a form of music, song and dance of black US origin. We can distinctly see the structure of the text: its exposition, the story, climax and denouement. In the exposition a Negro man who was looking for a young woman named Sarah is described. He was driving along the street in elephants short story, a new car which was shining and gleaming trying to find the needed address. He was dressed.
Accept , Atmosphere , E. L. Attempts. Doctorow 735 Words | 2 Pages. may strive for a simple life, its attainment might not be possible. In the elephants story book Ragtime by thomas enlightenment ideas, E.L. Doctorow , a father who likes to . Like Elephants Short. read articles to the family during dinner, is the perfect example of apple vs microsoft compare, this kind of hills short story, character. He has a family of five. Attempts System. However, big changes occur in his family. An ordinary life is like elephants all he seeks, but the of nightingales world keeps challenging him with changes that completely destroy him. His experiences in Ragtime represent the life and value system of like elephants short story, middle/upper class men at the turn of.
E. L. Doctorow , Family , Father 998 Words | 3 Pages. The analysis of the abstract from the novel « Ragtime » by E.L. Doctorow “ Ragtime ” is a novel about . the American life at the beginning of the 20th century. The extract taken for the analysis tells about the time when Coalhouse gets a good job with the Jim Europe Chief Club Orchestra and tries to bring Sarah back. The theme on the general level is my responsibilities include “difficult relations between “white” and “black” people”; the like theme on the plot level is “love story of two colored people – Sarah and Coalhouse”.
The novel. Academy Award for Best Art Direction , African American , Black people 1240 Words | 3 Pages. RAGTIME By E.L.Doctorow This extract is taken from the approximately of their novel “ Ragtime ” by the American writer E.L.Doctorow and is centred on a . black jazz pianist, Coalhouse Walker Jr. The text contains a detailed narration of the way Coalhouse Walker Jr. Made his appearance at a certain house in which a white family lived. We are given neither the names of the family, nor their ages, nor any other details. Hills Like White Story. The author calls them Mother, Father, Grandfather, Mother’s Younger Brother and the boy, but they do. Jazz , Metaphor , Protagonist 1749 Words | 5 Pages.
ACF 214-FINANCE PROJECT Group Leader-Mr. Ajay Yadav Company- Larsen and Toubro ( L T) Individual Coursework Date-21/03/12 . By, Shashank Bahadur Shah Section-A, 100172, BBA 2yr (2010-2013) INDEX 1) Introduction 2). Capital asset pricing model , Corporation , Dividend yield 1997 Words | 7 Pages. ?Stylistic analysis of the extract from thomas enlightenment ideas “ Ragtime ” This novel is written by like story, the well-known novelist E.L. . What Percentage Of Their Population. Doctorow . He was born in like white elephants, the Bronx, New York City, the my responsibilities include son of Rose (Levine) and David Richard Doctorow , second-generation Americans of Russian Jewish descent who named him after Edgar Allan Poe. E . L . DOCTOROW’S works of fiction include Homer Langley,The March, Billy Bathgate, Ragtime , the Book of Daniel, City of God, Welcome to Hard Times, Loon Lake, World’s Fair, The Waterworks, and All. Billy Bathgate , E. L. Doctorow , Loon Lake 641 Words | 2 Pages. Hills Like White Elephants. Ragtime by Maria Sevostyanova EG-42 “ Ragtime ” is a novel about the who wrote the sea American life at the beginning of the . Hills Like White. 20th century. This book was written by the aztecs approximately population year, the American writer Edgar Laurence Doktorow in hills like short story, 1975. This story tells us about Coalhouse Walker Jr., a black pianist, who leaves his pregnant girlfriend Sarah to make a career.
Sarah tries to kill her baby but a family of include, honest and like white elephants short story kind people takes her into their house to take care of her and her baby. The extract taken for the analysis. Of Nightingales. 20th century , Character , E. L. Doctorow 707 Words | 2 Pages. ?A Room with a View Passage Analysis Essay In E.M Forester’s A Room with a View, a small excerpt in chapter fourteen reveals Lucy conversing . with her conscience and hills like elephants short story discussing her predicament with Miss Bartlett. Lucy fluctuates between her feelings for thomas George Emerson, and her perceived duty to marry Cecil. Lucy’s character develops through this disposition as she exposes her favor toward Mr. Emerson and seemingly closes in on her final decision between the two men in hills short, her life. Lucy was raised to. Marriage , Mind 1210 Words | 4 Pages. Include. John Pierpont Morgan: The turn of the century in American, when E.L.
Doctorow's novel Ragtime is set, was a time marked by rapid technological . developments and industrialization. These years also brought a heavy flood of white elephants short, immigrants as well as an increasingly urban American landscape. Hobbes Ideas. Technological advancements enabled increased efficiency and mass production. However, Doctorow clearly brings into question the consequences of this new technology for hills the average American worker. J.P. Morgan's discussion. Financier , George Peabody , House of Morgan 1263 Words | 4 Pages. ?Running head: L . J. Ideas. Summers Company – Case Study Case Study: L . J. Summers Company K Green Case Study . Like Story. Analysis : L . Thomas Ideas. J. Like Elephants Short Story. Summers Company Problem The problem in this case is who wrote the old man and L . J. Summers Company’s recently implemented cost reduction plan is like white causing degradation in my responsibilities include, the organization’s laissez-faire culture and elephants short story has put the the aztecs sacrificed percentage of their company at risk while challenging their competitive advantage.
Furthermore, the like white elephants short inexperienced production manager (owner’s son, Blaine) is using his unearned power as an include, authoritarian. Case study , Employment , Leadership 1053 Words | 6 Pages. L ’ Oreal External Analysis (Dutch Market) Environmental Analysis : Demographics: There are several demographic . changes in the Netherlands which influence the Dutch market. Story. * Fast aging of population * Fast growing segments now are 25 or older * Increasing number of Dutch women work outside home * Dutch women are delaying childbirth Economics: Due to these demographic trends, Dutch women are becoming more self-confident and independent. Thus they have more disposable income. Brand , Competition , Competitor analysis 735 Words | 4 Pages. E -Readers 1 Running Head: E -Reader Market Analysis . E -Reader Market Analysis Business November 11, 2011 E -Readers 2 Abstract The electronic reader ( E -reader) is considered a relatively recent phenomena; at least in its modern manifestation in the sea, the so called E -readers and “tablets.” As the hills white short story days of apple vs microsoft and contrast, traditional print media as the dominant source of information continue to grind to hills like elephants short, a screeching halt; we see new frontiers being reached. E-book , Mass media , Publication 783 Words | 3 Pages. Ragtime: Black People and E.l. Doctorow. Text Analysis Text from Ragtime This novel written by the well-known novelist named E.L.
Doctorow is about . the apple vs microsoft and contrast race relations in turn-of-the-century America and reflects many of the changes the short story nation faced at that time. E.L. Doctorow addresses several major social changes in turn-of-the-century America in my responsibilities include, his novel Ragtime . Ragtime is centered around several very different people, from rich to poor. He conveys the effects of like story, these changes through the who wrote reactions of the characters. Some. African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 686 Words | 2 Pages. Sex in Ragtime Throughout the novel, there are instances of both violent and more refined sexual references. Elephants. While an obvious reason for . these is the who wrote the old titillating effects of them, there are deeper, more relevant reasons for white short them.
There are three main groups within which the sexual activity takes place: Father and Mother, Younger Brother and Evelyn Nesbit, and Harry Houdini and Harry K. Thaw. Some are more obvious and explicit than others, but they all have great purpose. The sexual activity between. Evelyn Nesbit , Harry Kendall Thaw , Human sexual behavior 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Case Study Analysis Discussion Questions 1. E +Co chose to target and nurture local entrepreneurs for their expertise in the . local needs. Of Nightingales. The locals are in the best position to find the hills white elephants most desirable combination of need and the most appropriate clean energy solutions. So by providing investment capital and business development solutions to local entrepreneurs and the aztecs sacrificed percentage every year businesses rather than starting and managing the businesses themselves, E +Co is demonstrating that while they have some of the hills white short answers. Business , Business plan , Entrepreneur 1566 Words | 4 Pages.
Money Does Not Buy Happiness In Ragtime , a famous piece of American literature written by of nightingales that, E.L. Doctorow , Father suffers the . White Elephants. fate of being unsuccessful. It seems that Father’s character is depicted by ideas, Doctorow as an extremely ordinary upper-class American of the 1920’s. He’s conservative, fairly wealthy, sexist, and racist. Hills Elephants Story. He’s an explorer, an entrepreneur, and compare a patriot. Doctorow uses Father to show us that success certainly cannot be found through money, and for that matter, fitting in with. 841 Words | 3 Pages. ? Schafer Analysis In Daniel L . White Elephants. Schafer’s book Anna Madgigine Jai Kingsley: African Princess, Florida Slave, Plantation . Slaveowner, the life of a somewhat mysterious African born woman is broken down. There were many challenges to writing a biography on a woman who did not write any letters nor kept a diary on the events of her life. Thomas. This and the fact that she was an African slave in the beginning of hills like white elephants short, her life over in Florida made writing such a biography all the who wrote the old more challenging. I feel that.
African slave trade , Arab slave trade , Atlantic slave trade 1036 Words | 3 Pages. A Rhetorical analysis on “ E Pluribus Unum” In the editorial “ E Pluribus Unum”, the hills elephants story author, Paul Krugman, . questioned “Is America in 2013, in any meaningful sense, the same country that declared independence in 1776?” His answer to the question was “yes, it is the same and thomas hobbes he convinces his audience that it is this way by using Aristotle’s rhetorical triangle, which has ethos, pathos and logos. We will analyze the editorial, and see how it is used to persuade people. By finding out how these appeals. Appeal , E pluribus unum , Ethos 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Hills Like White Elephants. TOPIC The Magic of Music (the Storyline of Sara and Coalhouse Walker) TOPIC The Phenomenon of Ragtime Everyone knows the word . 'music'. We repeat it almost daily in this or that context.
But are there many people who can give a clear definition of this term on the spot?. If you ask 10 different people, you will get 10 different answers. In general, music is regarded as an art form that involves organized sounds and silence. It is Attempts a National Identification System expressed in like white elephants story, terms of pitch (melody and harmony), rhythm. Art music , Blues , Jazz 739 Words | 2 Pages. ?WALL- E : A Movie Displaying a Likely Future In a world today where humans litter even the minute of include, a thing such as a simple can of soda, . White Short Story. where students rely solely on calculators and computers to Attempts to Establish a National System, complete class or school work, moreover; small businesses present day cannot even thrive due to the dominance of corporations in the world. Thus, the direction society is like white elephants short story headed is approximately every a future that is doomed to over consumption, an overbearing reliance on technology and corporate capitalism. Like White Short Story. With that said. Hobbes Ideas. 81st Academy Awards , Human , Human evolution 1295 Words | 3 Pages.
E.L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime is hills white elephants a story involving certain characters, each trying to thomas enlightenment, find his or her place in America. Elephants Short. Doctorow . focus’s on many themes throughout the novel, however, one theme that he gives to the reader from the very beginning of the novel is the American dream. Many characters throughout the novel individually take diverse journeys in order to fulfill what they might describe as “The American Dream.” Throughout Ragtime several characters venture upon momentous journeys whether. E. L. Doctorow , Family , Flag of the United States 1483 Words | 4 Pages. E-Commerce Industry Analysis- Porter's. System Essay. Firm Strategy, Structure and hills like white story Rivalry | * India’s e retailers have primarily relied on PE funds and venture capitalists * Pricing . is the of nightingales that weep point of differentiation from hills like short existing Brick and Mortar shops * Focus on segments like Books and apparels to slowly increase their offerings * innovations in delivery and technology in recent years like Cash on Delivery, CRM * Introduction of Guarantied replacement approach.Rivalry- * Business model is easy to copy * Beginning of. Amazon.com , Business model , Electronic commerce 1596 Words | 5 Pages. Technological Innovation E Ink Case Study Analysis Bronikowski, Jasinski, Yoder February 10, 2012 Executive Summary . E Ink is an attractive investment for venture capital. The company has a skilled management team that has proven able to overcome the complex technical issues of commercializing an emerging technology.
As a result, E Ink’s current film technology is who wrote man and well positioned to become the dominant design in markets where E Ink has large market shares and high revenue potential. E Ink should focus. Display device , E Ink , Electronic paper 2033 Words | 7 Pages. K R I S H N A R A J G 6 2, P e r u m a l K o v i l S t r e e t , P a p p a n a i . Like Short. c k e n P a l a y a m , C o i m b a t o r e –6 4 1 0 3 7. Email: [email protected] Mobile: 9751- 988 -966 Date of birth: 7h September 1985 O b j e c t i v e Seek constant growth in career. Looking forward to the aztecs sacrificed what percentage every year, a dynamic organization where I can contribute my entrepreneurial, knowledge and skills significantly for the growth of the organization and further. Bank , Business analyst , Customer 775 Words | 5 Pages. An E-Business Analysis of Amazon.Com, Inc. An E -Business Analysis of Amazon.com, Inc.
BUS 352: e -Business An E -Business . Analysis of Amazon.com, Inc. Very few individuals can say that they have done what Jeffry Bezos has done. Hills Short Story. Jeffrey Bezos is the founder and CEO of the what every world’s largest online retailer, Amazon.com, Inc. Back in 1994, when the company finally came into hills like white elephants story, fruition, the idea of selling anything via the internet was something new and pretty radical. Originally started as an online bookstore, but soon developing. Amazon Kindle , Amazon Web Services , Amazon.com 1365 Words | 4 Pages. ?In the novel « Ragtime » by E.L. Doctorow the scene is laid in to Establish Essay, New York city. The given extract introduces the story of a . White Elephants Short Story. professional musician Coalhouse Walker who wants to give back Sarah`s affection. The story begins with the mention of the arrival of the who wrote the sea Negro man in New York where one white family lives.
After that the author gives a brief description of a black man who comes to see his beloved and points out hills like elephants story, that for Mother he doesn’t act as other Negroes do. Further on Doctorow digresses from. African American , Black people , E. L. Doctorow 383 Words | 2 Pages. industry, discuss the ways it has attempted to increase its competitive advantage overtime. If it operates in a mature industry, discuss how it has tried to that, . manage the five forces of industry competition. L T being in a infrastructure industry which is in growth stages in India. L T Has developed a competitive strategy to protect its business level strategy by concentrating in building block of distinctive competencies.
It has a strategy of like elephants short, being first in innovate process that leads to increase. Business , Corporation , Management 1413 Words | 6 Pages. Automobile , Automotive industry , Chevrolet 1677 Words | 5 Pages. INTRODUCTION The aim of this report is to put together a SWOT analysis for Avis Singapore, to recommend how it can increase its share market . to compete better with other car rental companies in the Singaporean market and apple compare identify other external forces that can affect the whole car rental market in Singapore. Avis is an hills like white story, internationally recognised car rental company, it is placed second in man and the sea, the world and fifth in like white short, Singapore and approximately percentage population every identified as a strong brand. Avis opened its first location in Singapore.
Car rental , Car rental companies , Customer 964 Words | 3 Pages. Story. ? Ragtime and Blues Ragtime and Blues are the two music styles that give Jazz her name and life. . Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment Ideas. Ragtime and blues, which are generated and rose into popularity at mostly the same time of period, are usually considered as closely connected because of Jazz and yet are very distinctive music styles. They affect Jazz in different perspectives, such as Ragtime in the usage of syncopation, the swing feeling, and Blues in the composition form, the improvisation, and hills like white short story the “Soul”. African American , Blues , Jazz 911 Words | 3 Pages. RAGTIME MUSIC PROJECT What is Ragtime Music? Ragtime was a relatively brief-lived musical form, its . popularity lasting for about twenty years, but it was an essential link between earlier forms of “Negro music,” European (“classical”) music, and jazz. It was defined at apple compare the time by its then-revolutionary use of syncopation, or it’s “ragged rhythm,” which refers to its rhythmically broken up melodies. Its rhythms made it lively and short story springy, and therefore ideal for dancing. How/Why it started. Jazz , John Stillwell Stark , Joseph Lamb 843 Words | 4 Pages. Strategic Management and Industry Analysis.
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PAPER I. The Old Man And. Introduction a. Company Background b. Paper Design and Methodology c. Scope and Delimitation II. External . Analysis a. Economic Forces b. Political Forces c. Hills Like White Story. Socio-Cultural d. Technological e . Environmental f. The Old Man And. Competitive Forces III. Industry Analysis a. Industry Analysis – Introduction about the hills like white elephants industry b. Marketing Mix 1. Product and Market Share 2. Price 3. Promotion 4. Distribution Channels 5. Customer 6. Target Market 7. Competition . Balanced scorecard , Management , Marketing 350 Words | 4 Pages. the text conform to, or deviate from, the conventions of Identification Essay, a particular genre, and for white story what purpose? ! ! Known for compare and contrast his dislike of hills like story, conventions and a National Identification Essay structure, . the highly structured nature of a sonnet would, at first glance, appear to be unappealing to e e cummings. However, Cummings has struck the like white short fine balance between maintaining traditional form and introducing radical reform. Who Wrote The Old. His sonnet ‘it may not always be so’ conforms to the conventional fourteen-line length, positioning of the like elephants short story volta and my responsibilities iambic. E. E. Cummings , Iambic pentameter , Love 994 Words | 2 Pages. Like Elephants Short Story. Assurance of Learning Exercise 1A, (Step 4) A SWOT analysis of McDonalds restaurant industry reveals that they have a lot of strengths, . weaknesses, opportunities and threats. To start 3 strengths would include brand names, locations and localized menu options. Brand items of McDonalds keep the competition from copying their products, for to Establish Identification System Essay example, the happy meal, Big Mac, egg McMuffin are all brand name items of McDonalds. McDonalds maintains 42% of the United States hamburger business.
Location. Brand , Burger King , Credit rating 1070 Words | 4 Pages. MALAYSIAN CASE: e -PAY Question 1: What are the short functions of product families in the cases of Toshiba and Sony Walkman? In the . above mentioned cases, product families were considered as vital and important to be combined and associated with appropriate strategies in achieving business sustainability. Purposeful strategizing based upon families of products has been empirically proven to my responsibilities include, increase a company's performance over hills white elephants time. In large corporations such as Toshiba. Bluetooth , GSM services , Mobile network operator 1634 Words | 6 Pages. Ragtime was a very influential part of the development of jazz.
Ragtime became very popular in the late 1800's. Ragtime's . distinct style set it apart from the other genres. Syncopation is what defines this art form. This is when the loud accents fall in the old the sea, between the beats. Anything that is syncopated is basically ragtime . One of the most important ragtime composers was Scott Joplin. Like all great artists, Joplin did not restrict himself to this favored art form. Both before the advent of. Like White Elephants Short. Big Bill Broonzy , Blind Boy Fuller , Blues 876 Words | 3 Pages.
Topic Huawei E-commerce Strategy Analysis. Huawei Device E -commerce Strategy Analysis Abstract: In China, the include E -commerce is emerging from 2003, the white short famous . ARAS disaster. Sacrificed Approximately Year. In that time, people were forbidden to go to like white elephants story, outside. The Old. Some traditional dealers were forced to set up E -commerce store to maintain the business or reduce the lost. The article try to hills like white, analyzes Huawei Device E -commerce strategy and give own comments on this strategy. Part1 E -commerce in China Huawei Consumer Business Group 1.1 E -commerce Introduction in China . Electronic commerce , Huawei , Internet 1934 Words | 6 Pages. Overview(larson toubro) The evolution of L T into the country's largest engineering and construction organization is among the most . Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment Ideas. remarkable success stories in Indian industry. L T was founded in Bombay (Mumbai) in like short, 1938 by two Danish engineers, Henning Holck-Larsen and Soren Kristian Toubro. Both of them were strongly committed to developing India's engineering capabilities to thomas hobbes enlightenment, meet the like short story demands of industry. Beginning with the import of machinery from the sea Europe, L T rapidly took on engineering and construction. Chemical engineering , Civil engineering , Design 884 Words | 4 Pages.
L Oreal And It S Strategy Analysis. ranked second, which is the like white story Estee Lauder was quite far distant from L’Oreal as it occupied only 8%. With the help of cutting-edge technology, L’Oreal also . took a strong pace in the introduction of their skin care products. Strategic Analysis SWOT Analysis of L’Oreal Strengths The main strength of L’Oreal is to offer the best products to their customers by continually conducting strong and new research, innovation and development in who wrote the old, the concept of beauty. They are also leading the beauty and. Cosmetics , L'Oreal , Liliane Bettencourt 1436 Words | 4 Pages.
Burleigh Heads G o l d C o a s t C i t y C o u n c i l ’ s To u r i s m S t r a t e g y 66 Part 3 . Strategic Destination Development . with its village atmosphere, Burleigh Heads is a contemporary Australian beach escape. 13.4 Burleigh Heads Burleigh Heads is part of the southern Gold Coast. It has a village atmosphere with a strong sense of local identity and community. The Burleigh Headland to the south and South Nobby to like elephants story, the north provides Burleigh Heads’ beachfront with a cove-like. Beach , Coast , Coastal geography 864 Words | 3 Pages. The author of the novel “ Ragtime ” is rather popular American writer Edgar Lawrence Doctorow who was born in the aztecs approximately what population every, the Bronx, New York . Hills. City.
He was the approximately son of second-generation Americans of Russian Jewish descent. He published his first literary effort, The Beetle, in the school literary magazine, Dynamo. Young Edgar described his masterpiece as “a tale of etymological self-defamation inspired by my reading of Kafka”. During all his life he was send to the military service, than had a wife and 3 children. Black people , Character , E. L. Hills Like Elephants Story. Doctorow 1576 Words | 4 Pages. Elements of vs microsoft and contrast, Pastiche in Wall-E, a Postmodernism Analysis. Hills White Elephants Short. CHAPTER III ANALYSIS An example of postmodernism application in film is WALL- E . It is an animation movie released in 2008 by . Pixar Animation Studios. The film is about a robot named WALL- E . Throughout the story, there are references or similar encounters with the previous or past works in films. These elements are the pastiche of WALL- E . 3.1 Post-Apocalyptic Earth First of all, the setting of earth in WALL- E is clearly a resemblance of other post-apocalypse films. 28 Days Later (2002) is. Anakin Skywalker , Antagonist , Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction 1948 Words | 6 Pages. business we call it E -business or E -commerce.
E -commerce is technology mediated exchanges between parts as well as . the electronically based intra- or interorganizational activities that facilitate such exchanges (Rayport, J. F. Jaworski, B. Of Nightingales That Weep. J. 2004). These days E -business is growing at an incredible speed and it makes today’s business environment become more challenging, competitive, rapidly changing and complex than ever before. As more organizations understand the importance of E -business concepts. Customer , Electronic business , Electronic commerce 2186 Words | 7 Pages. Chain Analysis Paper Andrea M. Smith University of Phoenix- Online EBUS 400 – E -Business John Bennett October 27, 2008 . Supply Chain Analysis Paper Traditionally, brick and mortar buildings have been the like story usual setting for a company to conduct business.
Today, technological advances have made a way for and contrast companies to conduct their business through another media, the internet. This type of white short story, business is known as e -business or electronic business. Pride, Hughes, and Kapoor (2002) define an what population year, e -business. Business-to-business , Business-to-consumer , Consumer-to-consumer 836 Words | 3 Pages. ? Analysis of a Non-Fictional Text The 4 basic types of non-fictional texts 1. Descriptive texts: the author wants to inform in a . relatively balanced and neutral way (e.g. Description of hills short, a landscape, a place, a person, an object. ) 2. Narrative texts: the author wants to inform the reader about a development or a sequence of events; the report (objectively or subjectively) gives answers to the questions who? what? where. Argument map , Counterargument , Critical thinking 727 Words | 2 Pages. * Agenda• The Boeing Company – Background/Five Forces Analysis • Boeing in who wrote the old the sea, the 1990’s• The e -Enabled Advantage• . Hills Like Short. Analysis • Recommendations * 3. Boeing Through the Years g h e s June 17: Boeing unveils their new May 17: strategy “ e - July 15: The July 15: Delivery of Enabled” at the aztecs what percentage of their every the Boeing Boeing enters Airbus Paris the first Airplane commercial outsold International Dec 1: Boeing 777 Company is white elephants story aviation with Boeing for Air ShowJuly 28: Airbus to UnitedWorld War named the Boeing 707 the Attempts a National Identification System first enters. Airbus , Airline , Boeing 1027 Words | 3 Pages. ? IT Management and E -business Introduction E -business has become a household name in like white story, this 21st . Century.
The convenience as well as the little capital involved has made it to include, be very popular among entrepreneurs. With e -business, a company can start even in a bedroom without any overhead expenses. Like Short Story. In 2004, Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg designed Facebook from his Harvard University Dorm room and today it is ranked as the most visited social site with over that weep 845. Business , Business-to-business , Consumer-to-consumer 1952 Words | 6 Pages. Name e -Business Website Evaluation Due Date Week 4 – Fri, 2013, 5:00 pm Worth 10% (45 marks) Course Objectives . This assessment task relates to the following course objectives: • discuss the meaning of e -Commerce from a business and technical perspective • appreciate the business environments conducive to the use of successful e -Commerce applications • compare and hills like white elephants report on the types of e -Commerce and their application to my responsibilities, business • review the story technologies used to. Academia , EBay , Electronic business 1043 Words | 7 Pages. FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS OF LARSEN amp; TOUBRO LTD. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER | PARTICULARS | PAGE NO. | 1 | INTRODUCTION , OBJECTIVES . amp; METHODOLOGY | 2 | 2 | FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS / EQUITY RESEARCH | 4 | 3 | FACTORS,TERMINOLOGIES WITH RATIOS | 9 | | | | 4 | INTRODUCTION OF LARSEN AND TOUBRO FOR VALUATION | 34 | 5 | PESTEL ANALYSIS , PORTER FIVE FORCES MODEL, SWOT ANALYSIS : L amp;T | 38 | 6 | LARSEN AND TOUBRO EQUITY VALUATION | 43 | 7 | INTERPRETATION/ ANALYSIS | 51 | 8. Compare And Contrast. Balance sheet , Depreciation , Financial ratio 18733 Words | 70 Pages. Ahold vs. Tesco Case Analysis Group 5: Rayan Alqubaysi, Yuchen (Jason) Jin, Laura Payne, Lei Wang Introduction of Case ? Alpha Plus Asset . Management- investment decision ? Analyzed history, business strategy, recent performance and like short future goals 0 0 Differences in stock prices with similar ROEs How should cash position be taken into account when assessing performance?
Porter’s Five Forces of Competitive Position Ahold Threat of new entrants (Market) Bargaining power of customers (Products) Bargaining. Asset , Balance sheet , Depreciation 478 Words | 18 Pages. Thomas. number of like white, E -procurement tools that could be distinguished in the marketplace (de Boer et al., 2001). Some of them are already well developed . and highly accepted in the marketplace; nonetheless, there are numerous E -procurement tools that are immature and require further development (Wang, 2006). My Responsibilities. For the purpose for this paper, we aim to focus on like white short the E -procurement tools that are widely accepted in the government and private sectors. Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment. The four most common E -procurement tools being used consist of E -Sourcing.
Auction , Demand chain management , Logistics 1524 Words | 5 Pages.
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Essay: Social networking and recruitment. Recent research by The American Society for Training #038; Development states that Social Networking Sites (henceforward ‘SNS’) like LinkedIn, Twitter or Facebook have officially surpassed the online job boards as the preferred way of acquiring talent. It states that recruiters and companies are increasingly using SNSs to hills like elephants short story find new employees (ASTD, 2011). Another study done by Jobvite among more than 800 HR professionals concludes that almost 60% plan to enlightenment increase their budgets for social recruiting while only 16% plan to spend more on hills white short story job boards (Jobvite, 2011). Nearly two-thirds of employees surveyed have successfully recruited employees through social networks, with 64% stating that they made successful hires through SNS in 2011 compared to 58% in 2010 (Ibid.). Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment Ideas! According to Dan Finnigan (the CEO of Jobvite) the fastest growing companies increasingly use the publicly available profiles on LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter to develop valuable talent pools for elephants short story, new hires (Jobvite, 2011). Furthermore, according to Shelley Gorman (director of career management at the UNC-Kenan-Flager Business School) using social media for recruiting purposes is very effective for a number of reasons: it expands the applicant pool, allows employers to reach international candidates, and the technology is my responsibilities, extremely cost-effective (Gorman, 2011). Based on these figures and statements it seems to be of utmost importance to hills elephants story raise one’s profile on the Internet as well as proactively manage and promote it when looking for a new position. Socrates stated around 2400 years ago: ‘the way to the aztecs sacrificed what percentage of their every year gain a good reputation is to endeavour to be what you desire to appear’ (Karaduman, 2013: 1).
With this he highlights the importance of a concept contemporarily called ‘personal branding’. This is the hills like white elephants process whereby people in that, general are marked as brands; these personal brands are different from for instance their reputation and impression (Karaduman, 2013; Seidman, 2012; Labrecque, 2011.). Every single person is unique in its own way, each with its own physical characteristics, skills, experiences and white elephants education thus every single person may use these properties to create his own unique personal brand. However, a brand is only of use if it is visible to others; making the brand known through decent and vs microsoft and contrast proactive management and an effective promotion is therefore essential (Karaduman, 2013; Dutta, 2010.). Hills Like Elephants Story! Through its ideological and technological structure, SNSs allow people to promote themselves as brands in a relatively cheap and efficient way (Kietzman et al, 2011). They facilitate the creation of personal profiles containing information, including one’s professional background.
According to the literature, credibility plays a crucial role in corporate branding; this may also be the Essay case with personal branding (Erdem #038; Swait, 2004; Baek et. al., 2010). It positively affects the purchase intention of the consumer through a higher perceived quality, a saving of hills story information costs and a reduction of a National Identification System perceived risk (Erdem #038; Swait, 1998; Baek et. al., 2010). Traditionally, mainly professional knowledge workers such as publishers, editors, reviewers, news reporters and hills like white elephants short story librarians have maintained the credibility of information (Rieh #038; Danielson, 2007). Nowadays, the online web 2.0 era offers a vast amount of information assessed through a wide variety of systems and resources, this information has a high chance of being incomplete, out of of nightingales weep date, inaccurate or simply poorly organized (Janes #038; Rosenfeld, 1996). With the emergence of the Internet, web credibility is hills white story, becoming increasingly important (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2000; Fog et. al., 2001). Although a research field has been developed on online credibility on the corporate level, there has been very limited research on how credibility of personal online social media profiles affects the screening process in recruitment, while it is well possible that credibility plays a major role when recruiters are screening social media profiles. Thus, the challenge offered by the use of these profiles is to establish how well they provide trustworthy and valid, job-relevant information. Screening information of a potential candidate’s online personal brand is becoming an issue for recruiters as the information displayed has a high chance of being less credible.
In this research thesis the concept of credibility will be researched in two principal domains: source credibility and medium credibility. The source and medium credibility are the main factors recruiters keep in of nightingales, mind when reviewing candidates (Allgeier, 2009). Like Short! In conclusion this thesis will focus on how recruiters screen the the old background of potential jobseekers through social media, considering that companies are using social media as the main source for the screening procedure to an even greater extend (Davison, 2011; Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010; Wright 2011). As a result the research aims to address the following research question: How does online personal credibility influence the screening process in recruitment and what factors contribute to this credibility? To answer the like research question four sub-questions were established. Research has shown that in many situations a credible source is much more effective than a less credible source in gaining attention and include enhancing recall (Sternthal et al, 1978). Hills! Thus, people and companies often spend considerable time or resources to create the most positive and that powerful impact on white short story the effectiveness of Attempts to Establish a National Identification Essay their brand message therefore the second sub-question will focus on: a) How does online source credibility influence the screening process? Furthermore, A web-users’ first task is to elephants short story rate the credibility of the medium based on surface characteristics such as usability, appearance, organization of information, interface design (Wathen #038; Burkell, 2002), so the first sub question is: b) How does online medium credibility influence the screening process?
Third, all information online is not necessarily of ideas equal value, in many cases certain information is thought to be more trustworthy or better than other information (Hilligoss #038; Rieh, 2008). The challenge that recruiters face is how to hills like white elephants judge which information is apple vs microsoft, credible and which is not: c) What criteria do recruiters employ to assess the credibility of recruiter’s online information? Lastly, The web has a fundamental and important influence on recruitment procedures, however it is relatively new (Davison, 2011). Offline procedures are definitely not out-dated (Ibid.), therefore it is like white elephants, important to that research the differences between online and offline procedures: d) How do these criteria differ from offline criteria? The remainder of story this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 describes the that different aspects we need to hills like white elephants understand in order to answer the research questions. Previous research will be used that has been implemented on: social media, screening processes in of nightingales weep, recruitment, challenges of using social networking sites in recruitment, communication and credibility, source credibility and like white story medium credibility.
Section 3 describes the research method and participants used in this study. In section 4, an extensive analysis of the evidence found. Section 5 concludes and my responsibilities contains propositions. Short Story! In section 6 the hobbes ideas practical and theoretical contributions are outlined and section 7 contains any limitations of the study, which lead to further research recommendations. 2. Literature review. 2.1 Social Media. The Internet has become the most essential component in white short, the navigation of everyday normal life (Amichai-Hamburger #038; Vinitzky, 2010). Internet influences all aspects of my responsibilities human behaviour from the way people interact or spend their leisure time to like white elephants short story the way in which corporations operate. (Hughes, 2012). Via the Internet, huge amounts of information are being disseminated to worldwide audiences in an instant, while the web offers an arena for public and social interaction as well. At the ground of online information transfer and social interaction lies the most popular and fastest growing type of Internet site: Social media (Nielsen-Wire, 2010). Social media is defined as collaborative online applications and technologies that enable connectivity, participation, sharing of information, user-generated content, and collaboration amongst community of users (Henderson #038; Bowley, 2010).
These include social networking sites, wikis, blogs, podcasts, vidcasts, vlogs, mashups, folksonomies and online virtual worlds (Henderson #038; Bowley, 2010). In this research we will mainly focus on the use of social networking sites for recruitment purposes because a SNS has the premise that individuals mainly use it to strengthen existing social relationships or use it as a social networking tool either for personal or professional purposes (Ellison et al, 2007; Johnstone et al, 2008). 2.2 Social Networking Sites. SNSs can be defined as a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, and that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). They are virtual collections of of their population every user-profiles, which may be shared with other people. The Internet provides numerous communication platforms at like white short story which people can meet and interact with each other (Malita et al, 2010). These platforms in general focus on building online communities of people who share activities and/or interests. These services consist of the representation of a user, often in the form of the aztecs sacrificed approximately what percentage of their every a profile (ibid.) and offer various ways for users to interact over the Internet through text, photo or video messaging (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). An important note to make is that users can control access to their personal information, through privacy settings. However research done by Dwyer et al (2007) shows that users are not exercising their right to privacy, with 100 % of participants to a survey reveal their real name on hills like white Facebook online. The social networking tool refers to the possibility of connections between strangers as well as those who already have had a relationship with each other and allows SNS to Attempts to Establish a National Essay be defined specifically as sites for networking and connecting with people (Beer, 2008).
With the rise of SNSs, the amount of personal data such as employment history, interests and education are online available for all to hills elephants see. What Population Year! This gives recruiters a greater insight into like story, the candidate’s skills and man and the sea personality and many potential employees may find themselves being contacted proactively through SNSs for job opportunities they were not aware of because their profile matched a recruiter’s search on a SNS (Doherty, 2010). This way SNSs are becoming an essential tool for companies that try to interact with passive candidates, who are employed not actively looking for a new opportunity (ibid.). It might be the case that these prospective employees do not have an hills like white short story, updated CV because they have been working for the same company for several years, however they do have extensive information stored on SNSs that can be found and used for human resource purposes. According to the research done by Stepstone.com SNSs are used in the full recruitment process in many ways, but they are mostly used for: attracting potential applicants by creating and displaying the employer brand, finding suitable potential employees through direct search, searching for more background information on prospective employees, and sacrificed percentage of their population every year posting jobs in social network communities (Stepstone, 2013).
Another research stated that the most important usages of hills white short social media in the aztecs sacrificed approximately of their population every, the recruitment process were applicants researching organizations by searching their social media pages, locating job postings on like white elephants SNS and the search on SNS by HR professionals to gather information about applicants (Davison, 2011). 2.3 Prospective employees and Social Media. In this study the screening process refers to all existing profiles of job seeking candidates that have been uncovered during either online or offline searches and that fit the position to to Establish Identification System Essay be filled with regard to white short story experience, education, background etcetera. After all it is the recruiter’s task to screen the background of the potential candidates and establish his or her fit for the position and company. During the recruitment process, organizations might request references from the apple compare job seeker (Foote #038; Robinson, 1999). However with the white elephants story existence of SNS, people’s lives and professional profiles are publicly available and more easily accessible.
Employers or recruiters that check applicants’ profiles gain different information than they collect from offline information like CVs (Breaugh #038; Stark, 2000). This might lead to a positive effect on the hiring decision but can also lead to rejection of the candidate (Stepstone, 2013). In 2008 it was discovered that 13% of companies used SNS for screening, 18% was planning to do so (SHRM, 2008). In 2013 a research concluded that 73% of companies were using SNS to check candidates (Stepstone, 2013). A survey done by Attempts System Essay, Jobvite (2012) found that for organisations engaged in the practice of using social media to screen job applicants the most important factor for using SNS was obtaining information beyond what was stated in like white story, a cover letter or CV (70% of participants of that weep survey). Like White Story! At the same time however, 48% of the participants were worried about not being able to verify the who wrote the sea information obtained. Davison et al. Like Elephants Short! (2011) in this context confirm that the information potential candidates choose to share on SNSs can be edited or be one-sided to make their profile more attractive.
This means that it may not be possible to verify if the information obtained is accurate. Two thirds of job seekers are aware of the fact that random people are able to check their profile (Stepstone, 2013). These job seekers know that the information on their profile(s) can have an impact on vs microsoft their hiring chances, and a third of the job seekers modify their profile to raise their chances. Whether social media profiles improve the white elephants story chances to be hired of the applicants to be hired remains to be seen. The survey revealed that the information retrieved from social media profiles had a positive influence on compare and contrast the hiring decision in almost half of the cases (Stepstone, 2013). In a quarter of the cases the information led to a rejection of the applicant. The same survey concluded that the hills white elephants short most positive influence of social media information on the hiring decision was that the profile supported professional qualifications. The publication of who wrote the old the sea inappropriate pictures was found to story be the most negative influence. See figure 1 for a complete overview of the influences of social media on the hiring decision. Figure 1, influence of social media on hiring decisions (Stepstone, 2013)
Using SNS for HR decisions has become a common practice (Davison et. al., 2011). However, using SNS for the screening process of potential employees is relatively new. A study in 2008 revealed that 34% of organizations were using SNS to of nightingales recruit or contact potential applicants and 19% were planning to use them (SHRM, 2008). Hills Story! In 2011 a research showed that 49% of French recruiters were now using social media to recruit (Regionsjob, 2011). Who Wrote The Old Man And The Sea! Another, more recent global study from 2012 revealed that 92% of employers were using or planning to use social media as a recruitment tool (Jobvite, 2012). Despite a fast rise, the candidate volume generated by social media is hills like white elephants short story, lower than other channels such as job boards, agencies, print media, and internal sources (TNS, 2013).
Professional networks such as LinkedIn are said to be the enlightenment ideas type of social media most commonly used for recruitment purposes (Stepstone, 2013). In 2013, 64% of companies were using LinkedIn to find new talent, making it the most popular SNS for recruitment purposes (Stepstone, 2013; Broughton #038; Foley, 2013). 41% uses Facebook and 29% are using Twitter for finding future employees. Furthermore, 73% of hires via SNS came from LinkedIn, 20% from Facebook and 7% from Twitter. See figure 2 for the application volumes per recruitment channel and like white short story the satisfaction rate. Figure 2, application volumes per recruitment channel and satisfaction rate (Stepstone, 2013) Thus, Companies are increasingly reaching out to socially connected job seekers (TNS, 2013). Social media presents an opportunity for vs microsoft compare, extra reach for both the organization as well as the job seeker. Whenever there is a job opening, it’s most effective to use as many channels as possible to make the most out of the hills like white story recruitment campaign (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010).
Adopting a multichannel approach is successful, so companies should not hesitate to use Facebook or Twitter to entice more potential employees towards online job postings next to the more traditional media like newspaper adverts (TNS, 2013). However searching online offers numerous challenges to keep in mind for a recruiter. In the next part we will go deeper into this issue. 2.4 Challenges in recruitment through social media. While there are many advantages of the concept of approximately what population year recruitment using SNSs, it is also important to consider the challenges. The recruitment specialist may want to develop and use various tools and instruments to screen different potential candidates for a vacancy. The main encounter when using these tools is the credibility of information displayed by a candidate. The relative newness of Internet with its scarcity of explicit editorial policies and its information overload may suggest that information collected through the Internet might be dubious or difficult to appraise. We will go deeper into hills like white elephants story, this issue later on in the sacrificed approximately what percentage year research.
Furthermore, SNSs should not be used as a sole mean for recruitment, because despite their popularity, there are still people who do not use it (Doherty, 2010). Recruiters should therefore be careful in neglecting these people and having the risk of missing out on great talent. In addition, SNSs have transformed how we communicate and white elephants short as these tools become regular for professional purposes, the boundaries between private and professional information are blurred, raising moral and ethical questions (ibid.). Organizations must be very careful when using public, non-professional information to support a neglecting decision. Since the arrival of SNSs many organizations have treated them with suspicion and often made it the responsibility of the who wrote the old man and human resource department to police its use internally (Doherty, 2010). Story! However organizations are now embracing SNS with open arms as a way to attract and retain employees.
As said before, this leads to of nightingales a lot of organizations creating presences on hills like white story LinkedIn, Twitter and Attempts to Establish Facbook in hills short, order to engage with candidates and give them the opportunity to interact with them on a more informal basis. The use of SNSs in recruitment is a very active and fast-moving domain. Thus, what may be up-to-date today could have disappeared from the virtual landscape tomorrow. Therefore it is crucial for recruitment firms to enlightenment create a set of guidelines that can be applied to any form of SNS in like white elephants story, the recruitment or screening process. Currently there are maybe hundreds of vs microsoft compare different Social Media applications including new ones appearing every single day (Kaeplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). As a recruitment agency it is simply impossible to participate in like white short story, all of them. Attempts A National System Essay! Choosing the right medium for the given purpose depends on the message being communicated and on the target group to be reached (Ibid). Like White Elephants Short! Each social media application usually might attract a certain group of people and the organizations should be active wherever their target group is active. For instance, if the main target of recruiter for thomas hobbes enlightenment, a certain vacancy is a maritime specialist in Germany, it is most effective to use the SNS that offers these specialists. Another challenge in using SNSs for like short, recruitment purposes is relying on different applications in order to create the most complete picture of vs microsoft a candidate (Kapenlan #038; Haenlein, 2010). In this case it is important to ensure that the information is hills like elephants story, aligned with each other.
A recruiter might use different SNSs to create an hobbes enlightenment ideas, extensive profile. This may seem as a worthwhile and elephants story profitable strategy, but the goal of recruitment is the resolution of ambiguity and reduction of uncertainty (ibid.), and contradicting messages may create confusion. 2.5 Personal branding. As stated before, although primarily designed for socialising with friends and family, Social Networking Sites are increasingly recognized as an important professional tool, particularly in the field of recruitment (Girard et al, 2014; Karaduman, 2013). They seem to the aztecs approximately what percentage year serve two main purposes. Firstly, they function as a marketing instrument (Sivertzen et al, 2013). Jobseekers use these networks to market themselves to story potential employers and vice versa. Secondly, they serve as a screening mechanism for employers; the latter may use information available on the web to cheaply and Attempts to Establish Identification Essay easily gain a more detailed image of a potential employee than is available through traditional recruitment methods (Labrecque, 2010).
In both cases personal branding is key, as it determines whether the created image is perceived as positive or negative by a recruiter. Personal branding is a new marketing concept related to a marketing strategy that a person adopts in order to promote him or herself in hills like short, a market. Personal branding has achieved huge popularity in the last decade due to the rising number of books, web sites, magazines, training programs and specialized literature about my responsibilities include, how exactly to brand oneself for success in the business world (Montoya, 2002; Arruda #038; Dixson, 2007). Like Elephants Story! The key premise of personal branding is that anyone can be considered as a brand, and everyone has a personal brand regardless of the aztecs sacrificed percentage of their population every its age, position or industry he or she works in (Peters, 1997). Shephard (2005) defines personal branding as activities undertaken by individuals to make themselves known in the marketplace. Hughes (2007) simply equates people to hills elephants story goods or services and my responsibilities states that the American Marketing Association definition of a brand should simply be extended to include people. Most people are not aware of their personal brand and do not manage it strategically, consistently, and effectively (Ramparsad, 2009). However personal branding becomes a very important marketing tool for people and it has accelerated in SNSs (Shepherd, 2005).
The rise of SNS has formed a need for a deeper analysis of hills white short story building personal brands not just for social but as well as for professional purposes. The emergence of the web 2.0 with social media such as Google, Facebook, Linkedin and Twitter made it virtually impossible for who wrote the old the sea, anyone to like white keep from creating a personal brand, whether they give permission or not (Vaselou #038; Joinson, 2009; Labrecque et al, 2011). Individuals not aware in the discipline of marketing might often participate in the act of marketing (either positive or negative) without them knowing to do so. Establishing a unique personal brand by developing an active communication of one’s brand and by evaluating its impact on ones image and reputation to fulfil professional objectives is what we discuss in this research paper. Compare! This process involves three phases just like any other (corporate) brand, the first phase is to establish a brand identity, the hills short second is to develop the brand’s positioning and to Establish a National the third is to evaluate the brand’s image (Khedher, 2014). Personal brand identity starts with establishing an hills, inventory of attributes, beliefs, motives, values, and experiences in terms of which people define themselves in a role (Mcnally #038; Speak, 2002). People creating personal brands should differentiate themselves to stand out from a crowd while fitting expectations and needs of their target market (ibid.) this especially is a crucial part in this study as differentiating your personal brand in the employment market is crucial to my responsibilities get hired by hills like elephants story, an employer. Personal brand positioning refers to the active marketing communications of a brand identity to a specific target market.
People should use brand positioning to highlight their best attributes that are value to their target audience while differentiating themselves from other people in sacrificed approximately what of their year, the same marketplace (Khedher, 2014). In other words the hills like white short positioning occurs through the self presentation, nonverbal cues, verbal disclosures, and actions to shape the perception of others’ about your competence, character and ability to meet the standards (Roberts, 2005). Personal brand assessment is include, about taking control of someone’s own image and like white like a corporate brand it is established to achieve results. People who construct viable professional images are mostly perceived as being capable of meeting any goals. Who Wrote Man And The Sea! The basic objective of this assessment is to determine whether the branding efforts has achieved the branding goals and met personal or in this case professional goals. In conclusion in personal brands, might lead to financial success and economic profitability as it offers people a way to theorize and negotiate in the employment landscape (Lair et al, 2005). People are able to position themselves as brands to like compete against others for similar employment opportunities.
Branded people might this way maximize their own employability and thus eventually increase their lifetime earnings (Montaya, 2002). The business world is gradually recognizing the importance of controlling personal brands and offering strategic advice about how one can project a desired brand identity through the use of different social media (Labercque et al. 2011; Safko #038; Brake 2009; Schwabel 2009). However, despite the significance of branding and to Establish a National Identification the high acceptance rate of social media, very few specific, empirical studies have dealt with these issues (Karaduman, 2013). Using SNSs for screening purposes is usually not a formal aspect of the recruitment process (Davison, 2011). Like Elephants Short Story! Due to this apparent lack of literature on what factors influence the success rate of vs microsoft online personal brands in the job recruiting process, this research will consist of hills elephants story a qualitative exploratory research aiming to Attempts a National System Essay understand what elements in general recruiters deem as most important when screening a potential candidate. Hills Short! At the same time however, through this literature review, one factor has been found to be an important decisive factor in the screening process and will therefore form the core of the research: ‘credibility’. The following section describes this factor and the aztecs sacrificed percentage of their population year its role in white story, this research. 2.6 Credibility and Message Communication. To explain the concept of credibility we first need to understand how messages are being created.
Traditionally, a recruitment agency or a human resource department communicates its vacancies and is responsible for finding potential employees. This communication process consists of three main concepts: the my responsibilities include source, the message and the receiver. In this research the source is referred to as the like white short online personal profile of a potential candidate, and the receiver is referred to as the recruiter. Shannon-Weaver (1948) illustrates this in The Model of Communication (see figure 3). The Aztecs What Percentage Population Every! The source needs to deliver a message and has to encode it by means of a format (form, content and channel). When reached by a receiver, the message will be decoded and hills like short story interpreted. Whether the interpreted message is the same as the message sent by the source, depends on how the message is encoded and decoded (Shannon-Weaver, 1948). Figure 3, Model of Communication (Shannon-Weaver, 1948) A medium must be chosen to fit the of nightingales that weep message that is sent.
When a channel is too rich for its purpose its use will be inefficient (Daft, Lengel, 1984). According to Kaplan and Haenlein (2010) SNSs can be seen as medium rich channels in terms of the like white Media Richness Theory. In conclusion, it is not needed and moreover not possible to that use a rich medium for every message, but a medium should be chosen that fits the hills message. In this study the medium will be distinguished in offline mediums and the different online mediums. The information source in this research is the who wrote man and online personal brand of a potential candidate. The channel is either an online or offline medium. And the receiver is the recruiter. We will focus on the perceived credibility of the information sent from sender to hills white story receiver and what contributes to this credibility.
In the following part credibility will be explained thoroughly. Credibility has been defined as trust, believability, reliability, accuracy, objectivity, fairness, and many other concepts (Self, 1996). It also has been defined in my responsibilities include, terms of hills like white elephants short story features of persuasive sources, characteristics of the message structure and content, and perceptions of the old the sea media (Metzger et al, 2003). Despite the fact that communication researchers have been concerned with source credibility since the 1950s, there is still no clear definition of hills white elephants short story credibility. The main view across definitions is the aztecs approximately what population year, believability (Fogg et al, 2001; Hilligoss #038; Rieh, 2007).
Credible people are believable people, and hills like white elephants credible information is believable information (Tseng #038; Fogg, 1999). Most credibility researchers agree that there are at least two key measurements of credibility: trustworthiness and expertise. A person who is trustworthy is honest, careful in choice of apple and contrast words and unwilling to deceive (Wilson, 1983). Information is hills white elephants story, trustworthy when it seems to who wrote the old be reliable, unbiased and hills elephants fair. Expertise is ‘the perceived knowledge, skill, and experience of the source’ (Fogg, 2003). When people find that sources have expertise, they are likely to of nightingales judge that the information is trustworthy and thus, in the case of a recruiting process, an organization is more likely to accept a potential candidate to fill a vacancy. The concept of credibility has been discussed at least since Aristotle’s examination of ethos and his opinions of speakers’ relative skills to persuade listeners (Rieh, 2007). Disciplinary approaches to investigate credibility systematically developed in the last century, starting in the field of (offline) communication. The influence of various characteristics of a source on a recipient’s message acceptance is an important topic among the study of credibility (Hovland et al, 1953; Rimmer #038; Weaver, 1987). Communication researchers have tended to emphasize on sources and media, seeing credibility as a perceived characteristic.
Credibility has received considerable attention since the last twenty years when the Internet started providing a new information interaction environment that allowed users to hills like seek for information and communicate with others in ways never possible before (Kiousis, 2009). There are many different studies on credibility that are field-specific within communication, psychology, IT, or marketing. Thomas Enlightenment Ideas! Flanagin and Metzger (2003) propose credibility assessment as an iterative process involving one or more ‘credibility judgements’. As an information seeker finds information, a series of judgements are made about the hills white elephants short story credibility of the information. These judgements are based on various factors that are discussed in depth in the following parts. In summary, the System judgements comprise the credibility assessment, which leads to like white elephants story the decision to accept or reject information. In this research thesis the concept of thomas hobbes ideas credibility will be researched in two principal domains: source credibility and medium credibility. Source credibility involves examining how different communicator features can influence the managing of a message. The communicator in this study is defined as the individual that portrays its information in online (personal) profiles.
Medium credibility on hills like short story the other hand focuses more on the channel through which content is delivered rather than the dispatcher of that content. 2.6.2 Source credibility. Marketing researchers have found out that the my responsibilities concept of source credibility is a very powerful facility for influencing consumers (Eisend, 2004). Whenever a consumer perceives a source as having the highest credibility compared to other sources, the consumer is much more receptive to messages and is more likely to be persuaded and thus has a higher chance to consume. Hills Like! However whereas the concept of source credibility hasn’t changed over time, consumers and consumption behaviour did change during the last decades. The trustworthiness and expertise of a source are envisaged as two central attributes of source credibility (Kiousis, 2009). The source is typically defined as an individual that communicates information to sacrificed approximately what every year the receiver (Kiousis, 2009).
Perceived source credibility has also been defined as ‘the judgements made by the perceiver’concerning the believability of a communicator’ (O’Keefe, 1990). Different attributes contribute to the trustworthiness of the sender. For instance expertise, authority or professionalism are indicators for an receiver to story establish the credibility of the message. In addition to these communicator variables the thomas ideas message variables are also found to shape source credibility (Chartprasert, 1993). Hills Elephants! Complicated message or simplistic writing styles may affect opinions of the source credibility (ibid). Credibility appears to my responsibilities include be a variable that is studied within the context of the sender (or communicator), the channel or message itself. From this scarce literature on credibility in the field of Information Technology (IT) we learn that credibility primarily focuses on perceptions of the like short story sources and channels. In this thesis we thus also would specifically like to thomas enlightenment focus on the potential candidate’s credibility (the source) as well as the online or offline channel being used (medium credibility). The receiver in this case is the recruiter. The perceived source credibility becomes a crucial variable in social media to examine the information available.
This because with the ever growing amount of hills like elephants short story information available through thousands of new channels, the gatekeeping function seems to shift away from away from the producers of who wrote man and content and it goes onto the consumers of the content (Haas #038; Waerden, 2003). Gatekeeping is the process through which content creators decide which information will be covered and reported; what information is shown to consumers. Formally the information would be screened by gatekeepers, including journalists and editors (Shoemaker #038; Vos, 2009). These gatekeepers are seen as an important part in the process of ensuring credibility and they are likely to be doing so (Reese #038; Ballinger, 2001). However the white elephants story growth of new (online) media means that information consumers are now less beholden of what passes through these gatekeepers, therefore consumers of this information must become more responsible for making decisions about the credibility of the information online (Westerman, 2010). Therefore in the new media environments and thus in the field of recruitment the a National Essay gates are now located not only with the information providers, in this research the potential candidates, but also with information consumers, in this study the recruiters, who in the new media environment are acting as gatekeepers (Kovach #038; Rosenstiel, 1999). This shift has forced the information receivers to keep a constant eye at the information and hills like elephants story pass and Attempts to Establish a National Identification use the information that seems relevant and like white elephants useful. Attempts A National Essay! This can be seen in the environments of SNSs where information is published it is hills elephants short story, reviewed by other users of the site and may be commented or shared according to its credibility (Westerman, 2010). Enlightenment! This is the hallmark of SNSs in general.
According to Sundar (2008): ‘the lack of assurance of any uniformity in content quality, which necessitates a continual monitoring of short story credibility on the part of users. It is crucial to keep in my mind that credibility is a perception, and thus is not a quality inherent within a channel or source itself, therefore many aspects might impact the perceived credibility of online materials (Fogg #038; Tseng, 1999). In this study we will thus elaborate these aspects of credibility of online personal brands and its influence on my responsibilities include the screening process of recruiters consequently on the potential hiring decision. Part of the source credibility is the issue of Personal Credibility (Henceforward PC). PC is related to bigger, more conceptual questions around the story credibility of online information, personal branding and hobbes enlightenment marketing in general. All information recruiters gather about a certain personal profile is hills white, not necessarily of equal value.
In many cases, certain info seems to be better, or trustworthier, than other information (Rieh #038; Hilligoss 2007). Apple Vs Microsoft! According to Allgeier (2009) getting people’s confidence that you will do the elephants short story right thing is not about my responsibilities, creating a ‘slick’ personal brand, however it is hills like short, about being believable, trustworthy and compare and contrast credible (Baek et al, 2010; Erdem, 2004; Balester, 2011). PC is like elephants short, what we do, in addition to how we do it, that causes people to trust, respect, and believe in us (Allgeier, 2009). Online personal credibility is man and, closely related to the online credibility of corporate brands, as they are both defined as the believability of the product or personal profile information embedded in the brand, depending on hills like elephants story the consumers’ or recruiter’s perceptions of whether the hobbes enlightenment brand or profile has the ability and willingness to continuously deliver what has been promised (Erdem #038; Swait, 2008; Allgeier, 2009). Subsequently, besides the question of how job seekers can create a credible online profile, recruiters face the challenge of judging which information is like white elephants, more credible. We will now go into the other aspect of credibility: the medium credibility. 2.6.3 Medium credibility. Medium credibility focuses on the medium through which the message is a National Identification System, delivered e.g. newspaper compared to television (Golan, 2010). Like Elephants Short! The reliance on compare a medium is short story, positively related to perceptions of its credibility (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007).
Yet, the growing reliance on the Internet raises concerns about its credibility. The Sea! Several studies suggest that Internet users are indulging in content verification behaviours and are becoming much more vigilant and selective (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2001). Elephants Short Story! An explanation could be that the general lack of gatekeeping on information on the Internet forces frequent users to engage in constant credibility verification (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007). It predicts that the reliance and use of traditional media (print and my responsibilities include television), would predict more accurately the credibility of the Internet (Johnson, 2000). The impact or credibility of a message depends on the particular publication or channel through which it is white short story, transmitted (Hovland et al, 1953). Westley and Severin (1964) differentiated the perception of credibility between the media credibility and media preference. Weep! In other words recruiters do not always see their most preferred medium (either online or offline) as the most credible one. For them it is hills elephants story, more on of nightingales weep the channel through which the content is delivered rather than the sender of that content (Abel #038; Wirth, 1977; Gantz, 1981; Newhagen, 1997). Hills White Story! In this thesis the medium Web credibility will be used in a variety of disciplines. This form of to Establish a National Identification Essay credibility needs to be discussed independently from other types of credibility because the conventional methods for short story, assessing credibility may not be feasible on the Web due to its speed, complex features and link structure it also is the main medium we use for the research as the study focuses on online personal branding. Humans increasingly rely on the Internet and web-based information despite a lot of evidence that it may potentially be inaccurate and biased (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2000).
However the Internet differs from other technologies used for information retrieval that may affect the credibility of an information source. The free-flow of information is taking over the Internet where anyone can be an author (ibid). This introduces an increased potential for error or exploitation (Westley #038; Severin, 2004). Editorial review is man and, much less or non-existent in Internet publication compared to printed counterparts. Media consumers, in like white elephants, this case recruiters, learn to distinguish through the various sources of online information through the experiences of using them (Flanagin #038; Metzger 2000). Over time they become familiar with different information delivery styles of different media; they develop levels of thomas enlightenment ideas media literacy into the norms of media usage. Recruiters might encounter issues establishing credibility of online personal brands. In this research we will try to establish the hills like elephants forms of credibility assessment a recruiter has when screening personal profiles. Personal characteristics have been connected to medium credibility of the reviewer. Melican and compare Dixon (2008) found that participants who reviewed non-traditional Internet sources as more credible than traditional (offline) sources acquired a higher racism score. The scientists argued that non-traditional Web media offer individuals the opportunity to seek out white elephants short, information that is in line with their own ideologies.
Furthermore, research shows that age affects credibility attitudes. Thomas Enlightenment! Bucy (2003) stated that younger university students deemed online news more credible than older media consumers. And it suggested that the perceived skill of for instance a journalist is a strong indicator of credibility of the message. Other research on web credibility concentrates on the specific aspects of like white elephants story different websites. Flanagin and Metzger (2000) studied the credibility of different websites. They suggest that web credibility may be related to different aspects of the sites as the design: ‘It is likely that high perceived credibility would result under situations with well designed, reputable genres of sites, containing highly salient and involving messages.’ They also suggest that different characteristics of apple vs microsoft compare a message and the audience might affect the perception of truthfulness. Furthermore they stated that news websites were considered most credible and personal sites were evaluated as the least credible. In this research the online personal brands will be assessed according to different characteristics to find out which aspects are making a profile more or less credible according to recruitment specialists.
In summary the research distinguishes credibility in hills like white elephants, source or (online) personal credibility and that medium credibility and hills like how this perceived credibility affects the screening process and weep thus eventually the hiring decision. In summary, the modern information technology is beginning to hills like story have a significant effect on credibility research, because it highpoints the need to re-examine what constitutes a perceived source and blurring the line between traditional concepts such as message, source, receiver and medium (Kiousis, 2009). Credibility is often attached to objects of assessment as in message credibility, media credibility and source credibility, reflecting the fact that these objects differ (Rieh, 2007). At the same time, however, credibility evaluations of sources and messages are primarily interlinked and influence one another (Slater, Rouner, 1996). As result a theoretical framework is established; see figure 4. Figure 4, theoretical framework. 3. Research methodology. Due to sacrificed approximately what percentage population a lack of like white short existing literature on factors that measure credibility when screening personal profiles, it is impossible and undesirable to ‘test’ certain hypotheses through quantitative research methods (Saunders #038; Lewis, 2012). Instead the research aims to be explorative so as to include gain a detailed understanding of the elements that generate credibility from the perspective of recruitment agents.
Therefore, in this study a qualitative research methodology has been applied. By using a qualitative analysis method with in-depth interviews of recruitment specialists this allows the use of a more narrow scope rather than when using a survey design research, which can reach a more broad population. This might be a limitation of the research, nevertheless in like short, this study a qualitative research suits better as the factors of credibility in recruiting are relatively unknown and the factors will need to be revealed and uncovered by the insights of human resource specialists. It therefore involves face-to-face interviews with company representatives in approximately population every, the areas of personal branding and hills like white short story human resource management with a special focus on credibility perceptions. Together with backgrounds of the organisation, the who wrote the old man and the sea findings from both the hills like white story literature review and the interviews have been presented thematically. Hobbes Enlightenment! The ‘sampling frame’ consists of internal and external recruitment agents.
Internal recruitment specialists usually do their candidate searches on behalf of the like short company that employs them, while external experts work for an independent recruitment agency that recruits people for an outside organization. The ‘sampling size’ consists of ten participants, five of which internal recruiters and five external recruiters. My Responsibilities! Furthermore, participants have been evaluated on white story the base of a diverse scope of fields they recruit for. Refer to Appendix 1 for an overview of interview questions. The research conducts in-depth interviews with each of the participants. These face-to-face or Skype interviews have taken place in December 2014 and January 2015. The interviews were semi-structured, meaning that a loosely framework of compare questions is hills white story, followed, that allows the conversation to be largely directed by the participant, while remaining within the area of the research interest. Participants have been asked about their organisation’s use of social media when screening staff with regard to my responsibilities the extent and types of social media, their view on effective personal branding strategies as well as their rationale for credibility of like white short information on personal brands. Each of the interviews have been transcribed and coded (see appendix 4 and 5), and the transcriptions will be analysed using ‘thematic analysis’, a common method of data analysis in qualitative research (Bryman, 2012).
The purpose of this method is to create a catalogue of the central themes that then helps the of nightingales that weep researcher to structure the data and hills like elephants short extract meaningful insights on which theory is based. The selection of particular themes is done through recognising recurring categories that relate to the research focus (i.e. the research question). We have distilled themes from the aztecs sacrificed approximately what percentage population every year each of the interviews, which form the factors that constitute to Personal Credibility. Subsequently, we will compare the different interviews and extract ‘meta’ themes that will answer the research question. Finally, based on these conclusions we have formulated propositions as to like story how job seekers can ‘improve’ their PC in order to be more attractive to recruiters, how recruiters can enhance their screening procedures according to credibility and how SNS’s can improve their sites in order to become more popular for both recruiters and jobseekers.
3.1 Interview procedure. The interviews were focused on ideas the recruitment procedure of different recruiters. Over a period of 45 min to an hour the topics on hand were thoroughly explored. While the structure of these interviews varied somewhat according to the answers the interviewee gave, generally the like white elephants short story interviews revolved around the following items and questions. First of all the participants were asked about their professional background and the current recruitment agency they are working regarding its size expressed in the number of the old man and employees. Then we would ask about their recruitment procedure from the like white short story point of a vacancy to an eventual hiring. Thomas Enlightenment! Furthermore we would ask about the participant’s SNS usage while performing a recruitment search. White Short Story! Also we were interested in the important factors or characteristics they would screen in order to test the of nightingales suitability of a potential candidate. In addition during the hills like short interview we would go deeper into its credibility assessment of candidates and which factors or characteristics contribute to a candidate’s perceived credibility. Lastly we would ask the participant to that weep give advice on creating a credible online personal brand. All individuals were contacted via email, and were introduced to the nature of the project and the contribution we felt the individual could make to the study.
Before the start of the interview we explained that the material collected would be considered confidential within our research team: the interviewee is only identified by his background information in this research, no personal or company names will be used. Most individuals that were approached were delighted to contribute to the project, many suggesting it to be an important area that needs more investigation and like short can be very useful for both jobseekers and recruiters. Include! All the interviews were tape recorded and like white elephants eventually transcribed for the analysis. The researcher produced a list of codes accordingly to the transcriptions and hobbes enlightenment ideas after representing themes identified in the textual data. A total of ten individuals participated in the interview. See appendix 2 for hills, a schematic overview of the background per interviewee.
In summary the participants ranged from 26 ‘ 63 years old with a minimum of three years relevant recruitment experience and one participant having 17 years of experience. 60% of participants were male with six working at man and a large organization (more then 51 employees), two working at hills like white elephants story a medium organization (16-50 employees) and Attempts System Essay two working at a small organization (less then 15 employees). As said before we interviewed five internal recruiters and hills story five external recruiters with a large diversity of levels of recruitment activities on enlightenment ideas behalf of hills elephants various industries including NGO’s, IT, commercial, finance, marketing, logistics, industrial, and fashion retail. Levels of positions recruited for ranged from junior positions with a minimum salary of ‘24.000 per year to senior executive positions with a maximum salary of of nightingales weep ‘220.000 per white short story, year. All participants had at least a college (HBO) degree with most of them (eight participants) having at least a bachelor at university level. The participants showed a large variety concerning their judgement of how credulous the presented information of candidates is, with females being more credulous about candidates whereas males were less trusting to the information received. In addition to the background questions, more general questions regarding SNS use were asked this is displayed in Appendix 3 in schematic form. All participants said they employ one or the who wrote the sea other SNS when they are screening a candidate’s profile.
Ranging from one to even ten different SNS’s per candidate. Furthermore all ten interviewees stated that they make use of LinkedIn for screening purposes. The four other most used SNS’s included: Facebook (six participants), Google (seven participants), Twitter (four participants), Monsterboard (three participants). Several participants mentioned infrequent use of other less well-known SNS’s but these were mostly field and location specific. Several common themes emerged from the analysis of the participant’s answers concerning their expertise on recruiting and like short story screening candidates on credibility. These themes can be differentiated between 1) source and 2) medium credibility: The themes that submerged within source credibility are: references, the verification of information and the identification of profile characteristics.
The themes that submerged within medium credibility are: Online medium features and my responsibilities include character, medium utilization and online and offline differences. The findings are presented using quotes of the participants so that their expertise may be heard as well as enabling the readers to determine transferability. See appendix 4 for the schematic overview of the codes and themes. Theme 1: References. References or recommendations are the testimonials of hills elephants story (ex-) employers or (ex-) colleagues that say something about the potential candidate. These employee or so-called customer reviews were mentioned by all participants as the most important indicator of credibility of the information on either online or offline profiles: ‘The thing that I use most is the references someone can place on LinkedIn.
As you probably know you can get a certain reference or endorser on LinkedIn. Enlightenment! For me that is white elephants short story, rather important because that shows how a person has worked for or together with another person. That is who wrote man and the sea, rather credible for me. On a CV not everyone puts the hills like elephants story references on it, they mostly say: references upon request. But on their LinkedIn profile you can see it instantly.’ (Participant 1) These recommendations truly show the professionalism of a person and may display any skills or talents that is important when building a credible personal brand.
However, according to the participants in this research’, merely focusing on what is said in these references is sacrificed percentage population every, not enough. They stated that the relationship between the candidate and referral is of high importance as well. The authority the hills white short referral has or had over the employee is crucial. A ‘simple’ colleague, friend, or acquaintance does not always indicate truthful information because it could have been a friendly deed to write something kind about the person in question. Hobbes Enlightenment! Yet, a person with authority or a status creates a more credible opinion on the information: ‘Most important is the relation between the referral and the potential candidate. Did they work together and what is the authority of this other person.’ (Participant 2) Furthermore, LinkedIn provides the option to give endorsements rather than references in full text form.
These so-called endorsers are a set of skills or expertise that are automatically made based on your past experiences and education. Other people in your network may provide these endorsers to you just by hills white, clicking on the skills. These will then be displayed on your profile for everyone to see. According to four participants these endorsements (participant 2, 4, 5, 7) do not count as heavy as the recommendations as it is a National Identification System, much less personal and anyone can give you these skills just by a mouse click without even having to know you: ‘Endorsements are not very important to me, because I get endorsed by people who I did not even speak to. Hills Like Story! So these to me are not good indicators to assess a person.’ (Participant 4) Lastly, all participants in this study stated that they usually check on include references by calling a former company or school either with or without the candidate’s consent. Company policies of story two of the compare participants demand that recruiters need an ‘OK’ from the candidate in order to contact a former employer, other participants’ policies are less demanding with the recruiters being allowed to contact whoever they want. Yet, giving negative feedback about a former employee is prohibited in The Netherlands thus the information given might be of less quality. Still all participants stated they could easily find out if a candidate has something to hide about his former employment: ‘We are not allowed to find references and hills like short story contact them ourselves, we need approval of the candidate. The company cannot give me negative feedback about the of nightingales candidate but on like white short the other side if I ask if he or she would hire the same person again and the reference says no, I know enough.’ (Participant 7) Theme 2: Verification of information.
Apart from the various activities involved in the identification of jobseekers and thus attracting potential candidates, the the aztecs approximately population screening of the background of a jobseeker on the different information mediums is the most important task of white short a recruiter. Other than education, working experiences, certain skills or expertise that need to match with a job-position, the credibility of the information supplied is an important indicator to establish suitability of a candidate. One of the most frequent mentioned returning statements specified by the participants is the approximately what of their population every verification of like a candidate’s information by my responsibilities, asking face-to-face (or through phone) about their background valuations, rather then only examining through a (online) profile. With this approach the hills elephants short story recruiter can immediately establish if the candidate is detailed enough about its sincerity of the information provided. My Responsibilities! In some cases candidates do not show an like white elephants, adequate online information picture, thus by the aztecs what year, asking the candidate it may be clarified: ‘I ask very detailed questions face-to-face where I need examples of everything a person did.’ (Participant 7) Alternative verification mechanisms were mentioned by half of the participants (Participants: 1, 7, 8, 9, 10): i.e. comparing between online and offline information as well as checking offline information against different other online mediums. Collecting as much as possible details about a candidate, either online or offline is the most effective mode of operation. By comparing all this information, the recruiter may establish its degree of truthfulness; if certain parts do not match this may create suspicion that may lead to further checking and possibly the candidate’s rejection: ‘In my opinion the online and white story offline information should be combined as thorough as possible to create a complete profile of a candidate.’ (Participant 1)
The online screening procedure of a candidate is usually initiated by typing a person’s name into the Google search bar (Participants: 1, 5, 6, 9): ‘I do always type in their name into Google. To see what pops up.’ (Participant 5) Theme 3: Identification of profile characteristics. The third theme that emerged from the interviews is the process of creating a synopsis of a candidate’s online profile. Relevant profile characteristics that were mentioned more than once by different participants are outlined in the next section.
Five subthemes are important for the assessment of a credible profile according to the participants. Subtheme 1: Expertise of a candidate. Firstly, the candidate’s expertise is of crucial importance for establishing the suitability of a candidate for a particular position. All participants mentioned to be looking at education, past working experiences, and apple compare and contrast other skills that may enhance the candidate’s fittingness with a position. One participant (participant: 9) indicated that the more expertise a person has in hills like short story, a certain field, the more credible its profile is perceived: ‘In addition, candidates that are incredibly experienced in their field usually are more credible about the information they give; it is not worth to my responsibilities include them to hills white elephants short story be untruthful about Attempts a National, certain experiences.’ (Participant 9) Subtheme 2: Physical image of a candidate. As said before, all information displayed in a profile is hills like story, highly relevant to recruiters in order to apple compare and contrast get a realistic idea of whom they are dealing with.
To this purpose any source can be worthwhile, whether online or offline. White Elephants! In order to get a candidate’s complete overview, almost all participants (Participants: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10) stated that they value online access to physical images of candidates. Enlightenment Ideas! However this is not necessarily an indication that presentation of a natural and sincere picture leads to a higher perceived credibility of the hills white short person. From the research we cannot conclude what recruiters consider as a ‘credible’ picture, but they did state that displaying professionalism, representativeness and friendliness are most effective in a picture: ‘The picture is important to sacrificed approximately of their year me. For instance for hills white elephants, one of our brands’ the image of a person is very important. Someone needs to look representative for the company. Sacrificed Of Their Year! He or she needs to look well taken care of hills like short story as this is one of the job specifications in of nightingales that, the store.’ (Participant 7) Subtheme 3: Size of a candidate’s network and connections. Several participants (Participants: 3, 4, 5, 6, 8) mentioned the relevance of the amount of connections and white elephants story network size, this being an important characteristic to look for.
According to these participants it may reveal positive or negative traits of the candidate’s personality. Having lots of connections may imply you are dealing with a sociable person or somebody who is include, highly valued in his (professional) environment. One participant stated however that having an excessive amount of elephants short story connections (say, one thousand or more) might indicate untruthfulness because it is hard to believe that someone can know so many people. Nonetheless, all participants stated they would never only base their opinion on the sole characteristic of a network size or an amount of apple compare and contrast connections. Still, two participants (participants: 3, 4) did state that having a lot of hills like story connections (say, more than 500) does indicate a higher credibility of the information presented. After all, all of these relations might be accessible sources for the verification of the information posted. Identification! So, this can be a barrier for a candidate to white elephants short post untruthful material: ‘What I forgot to mention before in online profiles is the amount of connections, the more connections someone has the more credible the information displayed seems to include be. Because these connections can verify the information posted online. If something is short, not right I assume someone will make a note of that.’ (Participant 5)
Subtheme 4: Candidate’s online participation of groups and associations. This item follows the sacrificed what population every findings of the like foregoing subtheme: the that weep majority of the participating recruiters (Participants: 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9) stated to wanting to like white short know what online groups the Attempts a National Identification Essay candidate is associated with. It demonstrates the interest in the specific field or industry a candidate operates in. Hills White Elephants Story! According to two participants (Participant: 5, 7), presenting online interest in a particular field by participating and associating with a group in this field, is an vs microsoft, important indicator of hills white elephants short information credibility: ‘I do always have a quick look to the groups or companies a candidate likes. Because this shows how serious you take your field or industry.’ (Participant 5) Subtheme 5: Detailed and thorough profile. All participants attach great importance to the applicant presenting an immaculate, complete, correct and detailed profile whether online or offline. The participants expect dates, past positions, education, degrees, etcetera be outlined correctly and thoroughly. Any flaws, mistakes or omissions may lead to to Establish a National Identification suspicion and elephants short consequently to a rejection. Therefore the applicant should always make sure the information is very detailed and well taken care off to avoid any mistrust: ‘Undetailed information is a main indicator of less credible information. That! No dates or no names can be seen as not trustworthy and I always investigate further.’ (Participant: 7)
In order to improve its chances to enter the screening process of a potential employer, or in this study a recruiter, the applicant is to present himself as if selling its own, personal brand. A clear, immaculate, self-written summary is a characteristic the short recruiter will evaluate with preference. It expresses how the of nightingales candidate sees himself and it may indicate professionalism and likeability, which will contribute to the credibility of the information posted. Several participants (participants: 5, 6, 7, 9) stated that in this respect originality is an effective tool as well. Recruitment experts review dozens of profiles each day and therefore a more creative and white elephants story inventive presentation may attract special attention. One participant mentioned a video pitch of who wrote someone as an example that he remembered: ‘Ideally, there is a video-style pitch and many references to contacts and links.’ (Participant 9) Furthermore, some participants (Participants: 2, 3, 4, 10) liked to hills like see precise details of the candidate’s past working experiences. They mentioned achievements, successes or certain (e.g. sales) targets realised as useful information, which thus raises the include chances of hills white elephants story being selected. Such detailed information contributes to a higher perception of credibility of the presented info as well: ‘Picture is very important, a summary of themselves what they do. What I also really like is the apple vs microsoft job description of the previous employer in a summary and shows the things you achieved so for instance the elephants targets and enlightenment ideas accomplishments someone made with these projects.
It gives a better insight in a person.’ (Participant 4) 4.2.2 Medium credibility. Theme 1: Character of medium, personal / professional. Social Networking Sites differ in the information displayed and serve different purposes. According to the participants, SNSs like LinkedIn or Monsterboard focus on more professional targets while Facebook or Twitter are seen as more personal and private mediums. Thus, the various online media differ in their goals and hills like white elephants short are used accordingly by candidates as well as recruiters.
An important issue many recruiters in this research are facing is the use of personal (or even private) information on SNSs, like Facebook. Its use might be considered to be unethical or even morally improper. LinkedIn is meant for weep, professional purposes, like job opportunities or widening your professional network while Facebook is hills like white elephants short story, more informal meant for thomas hobbes enlightenment ideas, connecting to friends and family and sharing daily-life information. Hills Like White Elephants Story! With the apple compare easily accessible and ever growing (private) information available on online networks this has become a useful instrument for a recruiter to white elephants screen a candidate on a more private scale. This option is relatively new for recruiters but does create major moral and ethical issues. Participants’ opinions on making use of private information of potential candidates were widespread. Three participants (Participants: 2, 5, 6) stated that using private information for thomas enlightenment ideas, creating a more complete image of a candidate is definitely not an honest or morally correct way of recruiting. They said that such practices should be avoided. A candidate’s private information should remain untouched: ‘Facebook is really private and stuff you put on there should not be used in any recruitment company. I don’t care what people do in hills like white elephants, their private life. The Aztecs Sacrificed What Percentage Of Their Population Year! It is like white elephants, not some hint that is related to their job, the things that you really need you can find on CV or other professional networks that are made for recruitment possibilities, Here you can read things about their professional career or their voluntary work, internships or work and travel etc.
What you see on Facebook is absolutely not related to their job. And whatever is not related to the job is not important.’ (Participant 2) In one case the of nightingales that participant (Participant: 2) pointed at like short the juridical aspects of using private information for the purpose of weep deciding the suitability of like short a candidate. He remarked that it is illegal to employ this kind of info, such as photographs, pictures and online private conversations: ‘You are a very bad recruiter if you do that, because it is even illegal when you are looking at vs microsoft compare this or even taking this kind of information in consideration. It’s public in story, the sense you can look into that, but it is very unprofessional using this information for recruitment purposes. As a candidate you can go to the court and request the reasons why you are not recruited, if the company does not have sufficient reasons for rejecting a candidate it may cause problems for the old man and, the company.’ (Participant 2) However, other participants (Participants: 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10) in this study did indicate the great importance of white short story using info posted on the more private social networks. In their opinion this allows them to get a more reliable overall picture of a candidate and include therefore it contributes to the process of creating credible candidate profiles. One participant mentioned the emergence of a saturated job market causing enormous competition among jobseekers. Like White Elephants Story! Nowadays, you really need to stand out: one master degree does not suffice; you had better do a second or show a more than excellent track record and so on. The job market suffers from an on-going inflation of Excellences; from a continuous rising of the bids.
Therefore, looking further than the traditional information given by candidates, recruitment decisions become more reliable when also based on the more personal background material: ‘It is important to who wrote man and the sea combine the CV with the personal background of a person in order to get the best idea of hills white short a potential employee. Hard skills are easy to find, you have them on your resume and sum them up. Attempts To Establish A National System Essay! But it is much more important for a company to see what kind of person they are bringing in. They are interested in the personality of someone. These characteristics cannot be found on like elephants a CV because the resume is my responsibilities, rather short. Hills Elephants! Everyone tries to fit everything in 1 or 2 pages because it is impossible to have like a 5 page resume.’ (Participant 1) Theme 2: Medium utilization.
Screening features or search options offered by various mediums differ a lot. All participants stated LinkedIn as the user-friendliest tool for my responsibilities include, searching and screening purposes. It offers extensive search functions and even provides a special (paid) recruiters-account that gives recruiters the opportunity to find and contact anyone that has a profile. With the like white short nonpaid LinkedIn profile it is not possible to sacrificed approximately percentage of their population every year locate everyone; this only offers the possibility to send messages to people in your own network. Furthermore LinkedIn is the largest professional SNS in the world with new members emerging every minute: ‘I use LinkedIn because it has at the moment around 1 billion people using it, every couple seconds it has a new member so it’s extremely quick growing SNS. LinkedIn has groups of the different fields, positions etc. You can put up positions to such a big pole of people.
You can target search with Boolean searching with extensive options. There is white short, LinkedIn.com and LinkedIn.com/recruiter. Part of this program are the options you can choose (what kind of companies you are looking for, experience etc.) are very extensive and great for approximately what every year, recruitment direct searching.’ (Participant 4) Other mediums like for instance internal and branch oriented recruitment databases or Monsterboard are considered to be out-dated and/or not user friendly, as mentioned by several of the participants (Participants: 4, 5, 7, 8). Often, jobseekers forget about their online presence in these less popular databases and therefore neglect to hills white elephants story keep them updated. However, two participants (Participants: 4, 7) said these databases often do offer private contact details, like a personal phone number or email address, which of course is vs microsoft and contrast, very useful for like short, a quick and immediate contact with a potential candidate. LinkedIn usually does not offer this kind of info and therefore is of nightingales weep, a drawback if one wants a rapid response of like white elephants story a particulate candidate: ‘So what I do is that I search for candidates through LinkedIn and to Establish Identification System Essay whenever I found a potential candidate I look for contact details like email or telephone number which are usually not displayed on LinkedIn profile so I would go to Monsterboard where this information is hills like white elephants short story, more often displayed.’ (Participant 4) One of the participants (participant: 1) in this study stated that in thomas, seven years of experience in hills elephants story, recruitment he has come across two people that did not have a profile on LinkedIn: ‘In my case I came across twice people that did not have a LinkedIn profile and I found out that they did not want to display their information for who wrote the old the sea, the whole world to see.’ (Participant 1) As mentioned before, all participants stated they make use of LinkedIn. Like White! This demonstrates the that weep great popularity of LinkedIn in social networking for professional purposes.
In this respect, one participant considers the white elephants short story fact of who wrote the old man and the sea not having an online profile a negative signal. It will diminish the like white jobseekers chance of being hired or it even may put his credibility in doubt because it seems the person is hiding information: ‘For that reason they did not want to be online. So this could be an indicator of sacrificed approximately what of their every year less credibility because it can be perceived as you are hiding something.'(Participant 1) Therefore, if you are seeking a job, having online presence is of crucial importance to not only to being found and contacted but also to hills white elephants short avoid jeopardizing the quality of your personal brand or even your credibility. The popularity of the online social network strongly relates to the perceived credibility on the information of my responsibilities candidates and job positions, according to several participants. In highly popular mediums, like LinkedIn, the presented information may easier be verified by the easily accessible connections. When something is untrue it may have been commented on. Furthermore, by posting a certain position at a company, the companies profile is notified for its approval.
This, however does not apply to any company, only those that are registered with an official LinkedIn profile: ‘On LinkedIn it is difficult to create big lies because if I say I worked at a certain company, the company gets an email asking if its true that I worked there.’ (Participant 7) Theme 3: Online / offline information. Almost all participants (Participants: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 10) indicated the existence of small, but not negligible differences between online and offline recruiting information. Offline information usually is information that is not publicly available for everyone to like story read. This information can be gathered from an internal database, a CV sent by the candidate itself or any information the include candidate gives face to face. Most participants stated they assess all information the same way, whether online or offline. Yet, as said in the foregoing paragraph, online information seems to be more credible because it may be verified by its connections in the network. Two participants (Participants: 3, 8) stated that the online information seems less credible due the positivism of information provided. They believe that candidates tend to present themselves advantageously and prejudiced. They feel that most people try to like white elephants short upgrade their personal brand to the public as much as possible, thus trying to make them appear better than they actually are: ‘I assess an online profile different because from experience I know people tend to put only the positive information online, to create a successful image to the world and people they know.’ (Participant 8) Accordingly, all participants would ideally like to see a combination of both offline info, such as a written CV, as well as an online personal brand.
This way, in the opinion of recruiters, one can establish the best possible overview of a candidate’s background. Furthermore, combining both types of information can also be used as a credibility check; to assess if all available information corresponds across the different mediums: ‘When we approach and include attract candidates we monitor behaviour and look for hills white elephants short story, confirmation of the data presented in their CV, interviews and also on his social network profiles. My Responsibilities Include! In other words we are looking for concurrence and consistency of the presented data from different sources and angles.’ (Participant 3) 5. Conclusion and Propositions. The aim of this thesis is to understand what mechanisms underlie the online recruitment process in order to give recommendations on how one might be more successful on the online job market and hills like white elephants how recruiters may assemble a complete and truthful profile of and contrast a potential candidate through the use of online screening processes. A thematic analysis of the interview transcripts describing the experiences of the like short story participants on how online personal credibility influences the screening process identified six themes, divided in source and medium credibility. In this section, these themes will be discussed in regard to the literature bases concerning the themes of ‘references’, ‘verification’, ‘identification of profile characteristics’, ‘character and features of mediums’, ‘medium utilization” and ‘differences between online and offline information’ and man and this is done with regard to the new understanding that this study contributes. Furthermore a set of propositions has been made following each theme. The first theme, ‘references’, suggest that written reviews are the most important factor for establishing source credibility.
These references or recommendations can be perceived as word-of-mouth of a personal brand. A consumer’s word-of-mouth has been commonly cited as the single most important factor that determines the long-term success of experience goods (De Vany #038; Walls, 1996). Other literature also suggests the importance of hills like white short product reviews as a marketing tool to improve reliability of a product or service and thus increases sales (Chevalier #038; Mayzlin, 2006; Dellarocas et al, 2007; Duan #038; Whinston, 2007). This is in line with what the participants mentioned as the most frequent code for indicating credibility. According to Pollach (2006), the examination of the authors of to Establish a National Identification Essay product reviews or in this case the writers of hills white story recommendations can be examined in light of who wrote the sea Aristotle’s classic credibility appeals of ethos this being an intrinsic value of the character of the speaker. These arguments seek to persuade a reader by like white story, calling to apple vs microsoft compare the character of the writer by displaying expertise, experience or authority. This again is in line with the findings of the research as most participants stated the relation of the writer of hills like white short story a recommendation to weep the candidate is of great importance to establish the like elephants short story effectiveness of the recommendation. Ideally the recommender is a person that had authority over the candidate rather than ‘just’ a friend or acquaintance. Proposition 1: In order to enhance source credibility of an online personal brand it is crucial to collect as many positive references as possible from people who have or had authority over the old man and the sea a candidate.
The second theme that emerged with regard to establishing online source credibility is the verification of the presented information of potential candidates. A common method used in verification is done through online screening. Hills Elephants! Therefore it is also the preferred technique of recruiters to establish credibility of the information displayed. The outcome of such a verification process may also serve as an important indicator of the who wrote the old man and the sea credibility of the screened info, that is whether there exists concurrence of the info from various sources, either online and offline. Hills White Elephants Short Story! Such verifications are often done through e.g. job interviews either face-to-face or over the phone and or Skype or by comparing data of other (online or offline) sources.
Literature on include web-based credibility assesses the verification of information as being a complicated matter. Like White Elephants Story! As to Flanagin #038; Metzger (2003), several characteristics of who wrote the old man and web-based information stimulate concerns about its credibility. Moreover, given the hills like white newness and complexity of these concerns, the a National Identification assessment of information and verification has largely become the responsibility of the like short media consumer. The participants in this study make extensive use of thomas ideas various verification procedures. For instance, participants undertake specific measures to verify information by sourcing on hills elephants short different online mediums. By checking the information on one platform, the information on another can be verified. The online search is mostly done by to Establish System, Google name searches.
P2: By certifying that all presented information (online and offline) concurs, a candidate’s personal credibility is ameliorated. The third theme that has emerged from like short this study is the importance of sacrificed what identifying typical profile characteristics. Within this theme, five sub-themes appeared from the interviews. Sub-theme number one deals with the expertise of like white elephants story a candidate. As stated in the foregoing literature review, research directed at the topic of credibility concludes that there are at least two key criteria for the assessment of credibility: expertise and trustworthiness. Expertise is ‘the perceived knowledge, skill, and experience of the the aztecs sacrificed what every year source’ (Fogg, 2003). When people find that sources have expertise, they are likely to judge that the hills white elephants short story information is ideas, trustworthy and thus, in hills like white elephants short, the case of compare and contrast a recruiting process, an organization is more likely to accept a potential candidate to fill a vacancy. This is in line with the participants’ view on expertise of candidates. The second sub-theme that appeared in the interviews was the importance of the presence of a physical image in a posted candidate’s profile. Although an attractive and like elephants short story friendly, though professional photo, does not have a direct relation to the credibility of the source, the participants did indicate that adding to include your profile a decent picture or even better a video raises the chances of being hired.
There has been no scientific research about recruitment chances and having a specific kind of photo. Hills Like Short! The participants did say that the assessment of a picture for recruitment purposes could be a controversial issue due to hobbes ideas the arbitrariness of reviewing a person based on its looks. The third subtheme mentioned was the amount of connections a candidate has within its online network. Opinions differed on whether demonstrating excessive online connections on your profile are an advantageous feature or not. According to Guy et al, (2009) the most salient common characteristic of the SNSs is that it allows users to explicitly define their social network, i.e. the like elephants story list of man and people to whom they are connected (friends, colleagues, family members, etc). SNSs are exploiting their explicit network for various features, such as LinkedIn’s recommendations. Therefore, for SNSs it is highly important to encourage its users to connect to more people and reach a more comprehensive social network. For the participants in this study the main opinion was that having many connections means more credible information because these connections may verify the information displayed on the profile. However other participants stated an excessive amount of connections indicates less credibility because hardly anyone can know many hundreds of people. The fourth sub-theme that materialized from short this study is how a personal brand or profile relates to the persons participation in groups and associations. An active participation may show engagement in the areas that have a special value to weep a potential employer.
It may indicate professionalism and authority in this particular field and thus enhances the credibility of a candidate: see also subtheme one concerning ‘expertise’. The fifth subtheme is ‘thoroughness of a profile’. Providing correct details of hills white e.g. dates, positions, career, achievements, etcetera indicate credibility. This sub-theme is pretty straightforward and relates to sacrificed population the assessment of detailed information on credibility, which shows that the more thorough and complete the information is, the higher the like elephants perceived credibility (Kaplan, 1971). P3: The credibility of a candidate’s personal brand or profile is furthermore enhanced if these demonstrate several essential features or characteristics. These are: a display of expertise, participation in (professional) peer groups, extensive networking, correct and immaculate online and/or written resume, representative physical picture or video. As far as medium credibility is concerned returning themes in the interviews were: the nature and style of the SNS’s, their utilizations and the differences in information content between on my responsibilities the one hand online medium sources and on the other offline mediums. The participants reported major differences between the information content of online sites with a predominantly professional character and those of a more personal nature. Like! They stated that profiles on LinkedIn display more professional information whereas Facebook and the old the sea Twitter are sites that are chiefly used to display info on a private scale. In recruitment these two SNS styles serve different purposes: see the discussion under 4.2.2, theme 1. The study shows that info derived from story different SNS’s has a crucial influence on the recruitment process and hence this also has an impact on its credibility. Because of its relatively newness there is almost no literature on the use of private information in screening processes.
However, due to its sensitivity to base a HR decision on personal material found online it is a hot topic among the specialists interviewed and it is a crucial finding in that, this study. As far as this study is concerned, there were no guidelines found and it seems that it depends on the nature of the company and personal beliefs and values of the like recruiter. This study shows there is a need for organizations to have a policy in place on candidate screening through social media. Also, recruitment companies and HR departments should consider potential legal issues, especially those surrounding data protection and apple vs microsoft privacy. Social networking considerations should potentially be added to like white elephants the standard recruitment policies in order to avoid legal issues. It might be advisable to set up best practice guidelines for the use of SNSs and align and integrate these within the organization’s existing recruitment processes. This would avoid differences in sacrificed what of their every year, candidate experience when applying for hills like white elephants, a job, no matter how they submit their application, either via email, post, company website or social media.
P4: In recruitment, the screening of social networks with a different nature contributes to compare and contrast credibility. But considering the sensitivity of handling personal data displayed on some of these networks this should be done with great care. The second theme that surfaced in the medium credibility category is the utilization of the hills white short medium. From the apple and contrast interviews one can conclude that the greater the amount of users of a particular network the hills white elephants story higher the chance of finding credible information since a multitude of users may acknowledge or deny this information. This conclusion corresponds with the Attempts to Establish a National Identification System Essay findings in existing literature where a general lack of gatekeeping on information on the Internet forces frequent users to engage in constant credibility verification (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007). Furthermore, some SNSs, such as LinkedIn, have great credibility assessment features (e.g. Hills! a message to the company whenever a person indicates that he or she works or has worked at the company). These features make LinkedIn as a much more credible medium than for instance Facebook which does not possess such a feedback feature. Lastly, the interviews revealed the importance of the that weep different features that distinguish between online and offline mediums. Like Elephants Short Story! . Data displayed on the Internet often deviate from their printed counterparts that can be collected through an offline medium. As pointed out in the literature review, media consumers – in this case recruiters – have learned to vs microsoft distinguish between the various sources of story online information through the experiences of the aztecs every using them (Flanagin #038; Metzger 2000). By developing extensive experience in screening data of candidates they have become familiar with different information delivery styles of different mediums; they have developed levels of media literacy into the norms of like white short story media use.
However, this study also indicates that the combination of all online and offline information available gives recruiters the best possible chance of Attempts a National Identification screening a candidate on the credibility of information supplied. Whenever recruiters access potential candidate’s social networking sites, it should be clear in mind that the information may not be accurate. This online available information might be written by someone else, or the like elephants short story name might not correspond with the actual applicant. Therefore if employers decide to include use the information on SNSs for screening purposes it is advisable to inform the candidates beforehand and to treat them in this respect uniformly. In the procedure of recruitment, accruing data on social networks will never be able to elephants story entirely replace face-to-face contact. Thus, verifying data displayed on the Internet by asking face-to-face will continue to Attempts to Establish a National Essay be a necessary instrument for the assessment of credibility. Combining the screening of SNSs with other, more traditional, forms of white short story recruitment contributes to accessing the widest possible range of potential candidates. This will avoid any issues with not considering candidates who are less comfortable with or have a lack of access to SNSs. P5: Recruiters should always seek to verify the include information on a candidate’s SNSs through other means.
The impact of hills story social networking sites on apple recruitment processes has been studied many times before. White Elephants Short Story! However, the credibility of the apple information a candidate has and how this impacts the screening process has never been studied before. The effects of credibility seem to white story be relevant. The practical and theoretical contributions are discussed below. On a practical level the research results are of use to job seekers, recruiters and social networking sites.
The research gives recommendations as to my responsibilities include how the first group can improve their personal credibility, thereby improving their personal brand and thus have a higher chance of being considered for hills white elephants story, job opportunities. The second group, recruiters, will benefit from the research because the outcomes intend to give guidelines as to how one might assess credibility of online profiles. Also, recruiters might benefit from the discussion this research initiated on how to deal with personal data displayed on the Internet. The third group, SNSs, receive advice through this study on how to improve their features for the aztecs year, becoming a credible social networking medium. With this knowledge it may expand its target group by adding tools in order to hills white elephants short story improve credibility assessments. This research will contribute to the theoretical field of (online) credibility by vs microsoft compare, applying the before-mentioned parameters of white short story credibility to the screening process in job recruitment. It thereby tests its relevance and validity in this field, as well as expands the set of ‘credibility judgements’ through a qualitative research approach. On a theoretical level, this research intends to contribute to thomas the field of online information credibility in general and draws some conclusions in relation to like white elephants short the discipline of vs microsoft marketing and hills like elephants story more especially to enlightenment the subject of personal branding. It contributes to the screening procedure of recruiters and elephants shows the thomas hobbes different criteria recruiters use to assess the white elephants short hiring decision. 7. Further research and my responsibilities include Limitations. Despite the fascinating insights in source and medium credibility in white elephants short, regard to man and the sea the screening process for hills like short, recruiters, the results of this study should be interpreted with respect to its limitations.
These limitations result in suggestions for further research. The first restriction that this study is confronted with is the limited size of the number of participants. It offers support for additional research with this set of questions with a more numerous participant pool. Such further exploration would certainly contribute to a further deepening of this research. The second limitation is the rather narrow scope of research methods employed. Attempts To Establish A National Essay! Rather than doing research in hills like elephants short story, a setting of actual, live recruitment screening and verification processes, the research took place in an artificial setting of interviews and questionnaires. The data thus accrued were so to speak ‘second hand’ while, due to the ethical sensitivity when it comes to screening candidates, the participants might not have been completely open about their operating methods and man and the sea decision-making processes. Future research should take this in consideration and consider using alternative methods.
Thirdly, because the current study relies on participants of recruitment professionals with an academic background, the white elephants short external generalization of the findings could be constrained. . Hobbes Enlightenment Ideas! To what extent someone with a non-scientific view might deal with source and hills like medium credibility on the Internet has not been looked at. To Establish System! Thus, future research is needed to examine whether findings on credibility on the Internet can be generalized to a wider population. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on like white story hand, waiting to help you. Sacrificed Approximately! Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to hills white short story help you with your studies.
This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Social networking and the old man and recruitment . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/business/essay-social-networking-and-recruitment/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to hills like story have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Event organisation: Merchant City festival 22-08-17 - Understanding Your Startup’s Cash Flows - NGOs – Unicef - Revenue models - Working capital - Importance of my responsibilities include customers in an unregulated market – Parcelforce 12-08-17 - Impacts of global capitalism and internationalisation of short economic activity - Strategic marketing plan – Apple - Culture in organisations - Impact of choice of country on System Essay starting a business. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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cotton mather essays COTTON MATHER (1662/3-1727/8). The eldest son of New England's leading divine, Increase Mather, and grandson of the colony's spiritual founders Richaard Mather and John Cotton, Mather was born in hills like, Boston, educated at Harvard (B.A. 1678; M.A. 1681), and received an enlightenment ideas honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Glasgow University (1710). As pastor of Boston's Second Church (Congregational), he came into hills like white short story the political limelight during America's version of the thomas hobbes enlightenment Glorious Revolution, when Bostonians deposed their royal governor, Sir Edmund Andros (April 1689). During the witchcraft debacle (1692-93), Mather both warns the Salem judges against admitting spectral evidence as grounds for hills like white short indictment and advocates prayer and fasting to who wrote the old the sea, cure the afflicted, but he also writes New England's official defense of the court's procedures on hills white short which his modern reputation largely depends: The Wonders of the Invisible World (1693). As the Lord's remembrancer and keeper of the Puritan conscience, he writes the grandest of American jeremiads, his epic church history Magnalia Christi Americana (1702). Like his father a staunch defender of Puritan orthodoxy, Mather persuades Elihu Yale, a London merchant and practicing Anglican, to endow Yale University (1703) as the new nursery of Attempts a National Identification, Puritanism, when Harvard seemed to become too liberal in its teaching and too independent in its thinking. If such endeavors bespeak Mather's partisan politics on the one hand and his transcendent thinking on the other, it is his chiliastic credo that leads him to champion Pietist ecumenism, his effort to unite all Christian denominations in New England, nay all Christians, Jews, and Moslems in the Orient and Occident, under the hills like white short story umbrella of his 3 Maxims of Piety to hasten the Second Coming of Christ.
Likewise, his interest in the New Sciences and in new medical theories distinguishes Mather from his American contemporaries. He is elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1713), defends and popularizes the a National Identification System new scientific theories of Henry More, William Derham, John Ray, Thomas Burnet, William Whiston, Sir Isaac Newton, and others, and staunchly advocates a new germ theory and inoculation against hills short story, smallpox in the face of the who wrote the old man and the sea united opposition of like elephants, Boston's physicians during the epidemic of 1721. Whereas Increase Mather never quite made the transition into the Enlightenment, his son Cotton had come full circle; he represents the best of early Enlightenment thinking in colonial America. My Responsibilities. His contributions to the literature of the New England Errand are as diverse as his publications are prolific and inexhaustible. Hills Like Story. In all, he published more than four hundred works on all aspects of the contemporary debate: theological, historical, biographical, political, and scientific. It is therefore deplorable that Mather's reputation is still largely overshadowed by the specter of Salem witchcraft. No single work of the old man and, Mather's gargantuan publication record does justice to white elephants short, his long, productive career in New England's foremost pulpit, but several representative types afford a glimpse at include his overall achievement. The Diary of Cotton Mather (Vol. Like White Short Story. I, 1911; II, 1912; III, 1964) provides a more comprehensive insight into his volatile nature than his autobiography Paterna (1976). His Diary is a Puritan document par excellence.
It focuses on him as an instrument of the aztecs approximately percentage population every, divine providence in the world. If his public persona in hills like, his sermons is overbearing and bombastic, his private persona in his Diary is modest and Identification System unostentatious: a doting son, loving father, affectionate husband, and caring Pastor Evangelicus--fully aware of his own weaknesses. Mather's mythic image still rests on his involvement in the Salem witchcraft debacle (1692-93) and on hills white elephants short Robert Calef's libelling allegations in More Wonders of the Invisible World (1700). Mather's most important publications on hobbes ideas the supernatural are Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcraft and Possessions (1689) and Wonders of the Invisible World (1693). The former mostly recounts the possessions and antics of the Goodwin children, the eldest of whom Mather observed in his own home and eventually cured through fasting, prayer, and patient reassurance. While to modern readers the narrative smacks of singular gullibility, Mather's practical tests, careful observations, and--most important--sanative procedure in hills like white story, indemnifying the girl's excesses, bespeak his experimental treatment of the case. The latter work aims at vs microsoft compare several purposes. Hills Like. On the one hand, Wonders is New England's official defense of the court's verdict and testimony to the power of Satan and his minions; on the other, it is Mather's contribution to pneumatology, with John Gaul, Sir Matthew Hale, John Dee, William Perkins, Joseph Glanvill, and Richard Baxter in the lead. And Contrast. Before Mather excerpts the six most notorious cases of Salem witchcraft, he buttresses his account with the official endorsement of Lt. Governor William Stoughton, with a disquisition on the devil's machinations described by the best authorities that the subject affords, with a previously delivered sermon at Andover, and hills like short with his own experimentations.
Mather's Wonders , however, does not end without a due note of hobbes enlightenment, caution. While exposing Satan's plot to hills like white short, overthrow New England's churches, Mather also recommends his father's caveat Cases of Conscience (1693), thus effectively rejecting the use of spectral evidence as grounds for compare and contrast conviction and condemning confessions extracted under torture. What ties the various parts together is Mather's millenarian theme of Christ's imminence, of which Satan's plot is the best evidence. Robert Calef's accusation that Mather and his ilk incited the hysteria is, perhaps, unfounded, but Calef's charge of Mather's ambidextrous disposition seems warranted. For while Mather defends the court's verdict and justifies the government's position, he also voices his great discomfort with the court's procedure in the matter. Wonders appeared in print just when the trials were halting, but it remains, in his own words, that reviled Book, a bane to his name.
His most enduring and, at once, most famous legacy is his Puritan epic Magnalia Christi Americana (London, 1702), an ecclesiastical history of New England in the contemporary tradition of providence literature. In seven books of uneven length, Mather commemorates on hills like short an epic scale virtually every aspect of New England's formative period (1620-1698). From a literary point of view, Mather's Plutarchan biographies of New England's governors and ministers (book 2) are of greatest interest. Puritan heroes are juxtaposed with heroes of classical and biblical antiquity, with the former surpassing the latter by emulating their outstanding characteristics. Even though each life follows the pattern of the aztecs approximately what year, medieval hagiography, he does not fail to mention some of his heroes' shortcomings and how they overcame them.
Since its appearance, Magnalia Christi Americana has been criticized for its lack of thematic unity, bombastic style, and undigested material. However flawed by modern standards, each of the like white short story seven books develops a specific theme, unified by Mather's Virgilian theme of the mighty works of what percentage population every year, Christ in like elephants short, the Western hemisphere; Mather's Baroque style--though outdated by the aztecs sacrificed approximately what percentage of their every his standards of his time--is entirely consistent with his own stylistic principles delineated in Manuductio ad Ministerium (1726): to entertain with stylistic flourishes while instructing with pearls of wisdom. Finally, Mather's consistent narrative voice and rhetorical intent unifies his subject matter as the white elephants grandest of jeremiads that American Puritanism has brought forth. Out of Mather's Pietist impulse and scientific endeavor grow three strands of works, the best examples of which are his civic-minded Bonifacius (1710), his compendium of the New Sciences The Christian Philosopher (1720/1), his medical handbook The Angel of my responsibilities include, Bethesda (wr. 1723/24, publ. 1972), his manual for the ministry Manuductio ad Ministerium (1726), and his hermeneutical defense of eschatology The Threefold Paradise: Triparadisus (wr. 1712, 1720-27; publ.
1995). Mather's Bonifacius, An Essay . . . to Do Good represents the most comprehensive expression of hills story, his life's purpose: Fructuosis , to apple vs microsoft compare and contrast, be serviceable to hills like short, one's fellow man. His lifelong interest in the German Pietist movement of his Frederician colleague August Hermann Francke, of Halle (Saxony), convinced Mather that specific practical advice rather than pious exhortations could engender social reform. His subsequent essays (chapters) address all classes of society and their various occupations. In typical Renaissance fashion, Mather was at home in virtually every discipline of human knowledge, ancient and sacrificed approximately what percentage of their population every year modern. Though a theologian by hills like short story vocation, he was a virtuoso of science by avocation, as his Curiosa Americana (1712, 1714) and his Christian Philosopher (1720/1) attest. In the the aztecs what population every former, he describes in more than 23 separate epistles his pseudo-scientific observations of the American flora and fauna, ornithology, birth defects, rattlesnakes, earthquakes, Indian customs, and many other American curiosities. Perfectly consistent with European standards of the time, Curiosa also pioneers theories of psychogenic causes of disease and hills like white of plant hybridization, the earliest known account, which became the basis for who wrote the old the Linnaean system of hills like elephants short story, botany. Of Nightingales Weep. The Royal Society of London bestowed upon hills short story, Mather the prestigious title of F.R.S. (1713).
He was only the eighth colonial American to man and the sea, become a Fellow. Short Story. Like Increase Mather's Illustrious Providences (1684), Cotton Mather's Christian Philosopher provides a rational foundation for Christianity, attempting to reconcile Scripture revelation with the New Sciences. Apple Compare. But unlike his father's earlier work, Christian Philosopher moves with ease between scientific explanations and theological justifications. Above all else, Cotton Mather demonstrates the adaptability of Calvinism to a new philosophy in its progress toward the Transcendentalism of the nineteenth century. As an like elephants short story experimenter of medicine, Mather was as qualified as any medical practitioner in the Old and New World, for he studied medicine at approximately what of their population every Harvard when his adolescent stammer seemed to render him unsuitable for the ministry. His lifelong interest and solid foundation is apparent in this single, most comprehensive medical handbook in colonial America, The Angel of Bethesda (wr. 1723/24, publ. 1972). Its threefold purpose--religious, medical, scientific--is an outgrowth of short, his practical Pietism: to provide the indigent with a medical handbook in the absence of a physician. In 66 chapters (or Capsulae, as he wittily calls them), Mather quotes from Attempts a National System, more than 250 of the best medical authorities, borrowing remedies from the Galenical, chemical, and occult schools of medicine.
Here loom large such worthies as Hippocrates, Galen, Paracelsus, Zoroaster, Plato, but also van Helmont, Boyle, and hills like white story Sydenham. Each capsula follows the same pattern: (1) Mather's pious improvement on the disease, followed by thomas enlightenment ideas (2) its clear description and interpretation, and (3) the best-known remedies and dosages for the possible cure of the ailment. Yet Mather's Angel is like white elephants short, remarkable not for its singular medical lore, but for its highly advanced theories that are of continuing interest to modern medicine. Among still valuable recommendations are his prophylactic rules of include, temperate diet, physical exercise, and hills like white short discouragement of smoking. His most enduring legacy, however, is his method of overcoming stammer, his benevolent treatment of psychiatric cases, his discussion of of nightingales that, psychosomatic causes of illness, his immunological recommendations on inoculation against smallpox (eighty years before Edward Jenner developed his vaccine), and his disquisition on germ theory (animalculae)--long before Lister and Pasteur discovered their bacteriological approaches to like elephants short, preventive medicine in the nineteenth century. The warm, comforting, and understanding tone of Mather's Angel , its clear structure and consistent narrative voice, are characteristically embellished by his entertaining wit, nuggets of wisdom, and the aztecs sacrificed what every occasional metaphors and puns. In light of his scientific achievements, one almost forgets that Cotton Mather was a pastor and minister first and foremost. Anticipating his imminent departure from this world, he hastened to like short, write his Manuductio ad Ministerium (1726), a book-length manual for the ministry. Short on sectarian ideology, Manuductio embodies Mather's educational principles for the gentleman minister: Next to the traditional classical languages, he recommends such modern languages as French and Spanish; he devalues the customary Aristotelian curriculum of rhetoric, logic, and metaphysics in compare, favor of the new Cartesian logic implemented at Harvard, and advises students to spend their time on the study of the Bible, German Pietism, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, the New Sciences, geography, ancient and modern history and biography, as well as music for refreshment and poetry for recreation.
His revealing recommendations on style (not an end in hills white elephants, itself but a means to an end), composition of sermons, and who wrote the sea polished oratory, evince, just how far Mather had come in his old age: the minister of the future was to be above all a humane, liberal, erudite gentleman pastor, whose reformed Calvinism, humanistic scholarship, and polished grace did not neglect such practical matters as a balanced diet and physical exercise to offset the stress of his duties. Cotton Mather's lifelong preoccupation with millennialism and its significance to his thought and white elephants story work have only recently attracted full-scale attention. Beginning with Things to be Look'd for (1691), he published more than fifty works in which eschatology played a major role. In fact, it is hard to read any of his writings without finding some reference to the imminence of Christ's Second Coming. Of his major works on that topic, three stand out: Problema Theologicum (wr. 1695-1703; publ.
1994), a 95-page manuscript reflecting the principal issues in Mather's early millennialism; Triparadisus , his definitive treatment of his millenarian theories (387 ms. Thomas Hobbes. pages) in response to the hermeneutical debate in Europe; and his Biblia Americana , a gargantuan and unfinished critical commentary on the Bible in white elephants short, six folio volumes (c. 4,500 pages folio), fortified with synopses of the best hermeneutical scholarship of the day. Unlike his earlier Problema Theologicum in which Mather advances an inchoate system of pre- and postmillennialist theories, his Threefold Paradise ( Triparadisus ) is his most comprehensive study of of their population every year, apocalypticism. Hills Like Elephants Story. As a hermeneutical defense of revealed religion, Mather's discourse seeks to negotiate between orthodox exegesis of the Attempts to Establish Identification System prophecies and the new philological and historical-contextual challenges to the Scriptures by hills like short story such European scholars as Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, Baruch Spinoza, Richard Simon, Henry Hammond, Thomas Burnet, William Whiston, and Anthony Collins. Threefold Paradise marks Mather's decisive break from the hermeneutical positions he had inherited from my responsibilities include, his intellectual forebears but also represents the culmination of elephants story, his lifelong interest in that, eschatology, which lay at the core of his cosmology and which was the fundamental mainspring of his ministerial and theological office.
From 1720 to 1726, Mather's exegesis underwent a radical shift from a futurist interpretation of the hills like short prophecies to a preterit position--from arguing that several signs of Christ's return were still to be fulfilled, to asserting that all signs had been given several times over. Part I of Mather's Threefold Paradise delineates the history and location of the Garden of of nightingales weep, Eden as evidenced in the Pentateuch, ancient histories, patristic literature, and contemporary travel accounts. Part II is largely a refutation of psychopannychism, that is, a rebuttal of the idea that the soul is dormant, and hills like white elephants a defense of the apple compare soul's immortality. Part III is by far the longest and most valuable discussion and covers in twelve subsections a variety of topics affected by the hermeneutical revisionism then taking shape in Europe: the tradition of a literal conflagration of the like Earth, his defense of approximately population year, a literal New Heaven and New Earth during the millennium, his allegorization of the conversion of the Jewish people, and his prophetic timetables calculating the millennial reign of hills short, Christ. In this late work then, Mather emerges as colonial America's greatest theologian before Jonathan Edwards.