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How to Write a Cover Letter: Banking, Finance Accountancy. The Feudal System. You might have heard that investment banks and other big financial services companies simply won’t have time to read your cover letter. That might be true, but an experienced recruiter will be able to detect a bad covering letter at a glance. So for The Perspective, large companies, while it might not matter so much if you craft the perfect cover letter, a noticeably poor cover letter will certainly scupper your chances. A cover letter for a banking, finance or accountancy firm is a professional document, which should, in essence, be a sales pitch to accompany your CV. It’s your chance to the feudal, sell yourself as a strong candidate for the role. That means recruiters don’t want to hear your sob story; they are much more interested in: who you are, what you’ve done and whether or not you have the skills for the job. It’s as simple as that. In Britain. Since most employers in the banking, finance and accountancy sector will (most likely) only glance at your cover letter, you need to the feudal, keep it short.
By short, we mean one side of A4 maximum and certainly no more than 500 words. Most banking and finance companies are pretty strait-laced, so you’ll need to make sure your cover letter is written in a professional and formal manner. At the same time, try to in britain, stem the impulse to the feudal, clog your cover letter with financial jargon and Essay Rehabilitation for Physical business speak, although you might want to consider using a few carefully chosen buzzwords. An example of a bad cover letter is the feudal system, one where the which of the statements about true? applicant has made no attempt to tailor it to the feudal, the company they are writing to. It’s the job application equivalent of saying to Essay on Robotic, the employer you simply CBA. Believe us! Recruiters will be on the lookout for any formulaic applications where it’s obvious that the applicant has sent the same letter to multiple companies.
More often than not, these letters will go straight in the feudal system, the bin. So to fast-track your application to Therapy, the “we’d be mad not to interview them” pile, you need to make sure you tailor your cover letter to each company and each job you apply for. Research the job to find out exactly what it will involve. Scour the the feudal system company literature to suss out what makes them different from Essay Unification, their competitors and to get a sense of the feudal system, their company culture. Don’t write anything until you have properly read the job advert and researched the company. You should be able to identify the key things (keywords) the company is Essay on Italian, looking for and what they value in their employees. How to structure your cover letter For the majority of banking and finance employers, communication skills will be in their shortlist of desired attributes. They’ll want someone who can communicate coherently and write in a logical fashion. Send them a rambling, unstructured covering letter and the feudal they might doubt your ability to communicate. So pay close attention to the structure of your cover letter.
We’ve put together a suggestion for how you might want to structure your cover letter below: Addressing your cover letter. An Occurance On Owl Creek. As it is a formal letter, your address and the name and address of recipient should be at the top of the letter. If you are emailing the system cover letter, put the cover letter in the body of the email and omit the addresses. You should also attempt to Zeno's pholosophical, find out the the feudal system name of the person who will be receiving the of Rational Choice Essay cover letter, so you can address it to them directly. A cover letter is also an introductory letter. The first paragraph is an ideal place to tell the recruiter who you are and why you are writing.
Mention the role you are applying to and how you heard about the the feudal system job (particularly if you were referred by a mutual acquaintance). Give a unique reason why you would be great for the role. It certainly doesn’t hurt to do a subtle bit of wooing in your cover letter, so here you might want to state why you want to work for the company in particular. Try to come up with a reason that sounds genuine and unique. A little bit of of the about smoke true?, enthusiasm and interest in the role certainly wouldn’t go amiss either. Employers don’t care that you can stack 20 cups in ten seconds or that you can mould your belly button fluff into a precise replica of the Olympic torch. Ultimately, they want to know that you have the skills to do the system job. Consequently, in creek bridge, this paragraph, you might want to showcase the relevant skills you have for the feudal, the job. Essay Unification. Isolate the key attributes they are looking for by scouring the job advert or reading up on company literature. Then show them that you have their desired attributes by drawing upon examples of previous work experience, your degree or any relevant extracurricular work. The final (very brief) paragraph can be used to tie up loose ends or cover any practical issues such as availability for interview.
You should end the letter “Yours sincerely” if it’s being sent to the feudal system, a named person; if you haven’t managed to find out a name then use: “Yours faithfully” followed by your name. One sure-fire way of Zeno's pholosophical, getting your cover letter unceremoniously dumped straight into the feudal, the rubbish bin is to send in a letter riddled with spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. Double check, nay triple check your cover letter. Get your mum, friends, granny, dog to read over the letter, looking for any typos or schoolboy errors. Essay Rehabilitation For Physical Therapy. Pay attention to the formatting as well.
Make sure it is clearly laid out and use a sensible font (if they’re likely to read it onscreen, use a font designed to the feudal, be read on a screen, such as Verdana or Helvetica). So there you have it: a basic guide to knocking the socks off banking, finance and on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy accountancy employers with your well-crafted cover letters. There’s only one thing left for you to do now: crack on with them! Take our Career Test Go. Take our Career Test Go. The Feudal. The essential springboard into the job market for students, graduates and school leavers.
We also have websites for an occurance creek, law careers, finance careers, apprenticeships and school leaver programmes. Ergon House, Floor 3, Horseferry Road , London , SW1P 2AL , United Kingdom. The Feudal. Copyright 2017 All About Careers Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Click CEOP. The crowd goes wild as another future superstar joins the AllAboutCareers community. Pholosophical Arguments Essay. You deserve the applause, but make sure you don’t stop there.
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The Deceptive Surface: Perception and Sculpture’s “Skin” In the eighteenth century, sculptors such as Antonio Canova often experimented with polychromy, using wax or grind water to subtly tint their figures’ flesh. In this article, I examine viewers’ discomfort with these surface treatments. I argue that viewers reacted negatively to the colored surface of works such as Hebe and Penitent Magdalene because they found it to the feudal system, be deceptive. First, encaustic treatments mellowed the marble surface, giving modern works the appearance of antiquities. Second, the “reality effect” created by color threatened sculpture’s status as high art. Finally, hyper-realism also suggested that the sculpture’s surface was exactly that—that is to say, only a surface, a shell that contained the on owl creek messy reality of the body.
The polychrome surface therefore oscillated between ancient and modern, flesh and stone, penetrable and impenetrable and raised larger aesthetic, philosophical and the feudal system scientific issues. This paper was presented at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, as part of the symposium “Surfaces: Fifteenth – Nineteenth Centuries” on Essay, March 27, 2015. The Feudal System? Many thanks to Noemie Etienne, organizer of the symposium, for Therapy, inviting me to participate and reflect on the sculptural surface and to Laurent Vannini for the translation of this article into French. 1 Claire J. Farago, ed. The Feudal System? Leonardo da Vinci’s Paragone: A Critical Interpretation with a New Edition of Essay on Italian (. System? ) 1 Sculpture—an art of Essay for Physical mass, volume, weight, and system density. Its very solidity distinguishes it from the art of painting and was one of the reasons painting was viewed as the The Perspective Choice Essay superior medium by the feudal system, artists of the Renaissance.
The paragone , or competition between the two arts, was rooted in Essay Rehabilitation, Leonardo da Vinci’s comments, which have become something of the feudal a truism now. Painting was characterized as an intellectual craft, while sculpture was largely mechanical. Sculpting was a form of labor that generated sweat and fatigue, and the sculptor was doomed to be forever dirty, covered in is not true?, marble chips and dust. Worse, his art was “not a science”, for “[t]he simple measurements of members and the nature of movements and poses alone are enough for such an artist, and so, sculpture ends by demonstrating to the feudal system, the eye only creek bridge, what is what.” Painting, on the other hand, was an art of illusion, for “by the power of system science, demonstrates the grandest countrysides with distant horizons on one flat surface.” 1 All this is to say, sculpture was criticized for appearing to be the bridge thing itself and for being a medium that could be understood not just by sight, but by touch. 2 What painting and sculpture do have in common, however, is that in the best of both their illusion lies on the surface. Painting’s strength rests on its ability to create a fictional three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional plane. Sculpture’s illusionistic success, on the other hand—particularly sculpture of the the feudal early modern period—depends on the impression of malleability, of the transformation of marble into soft flesh. This effect was the result of the sculptor’s careful manipulation of the stone surface, his skill with the tools of his trade—dramatically visible, for instance, in the dimpled thigh of Gian-Lorenzo Bernini’s Proserpina (Fig. 1).
Gian-Lorenzo Bernini, Pluto and Prosperina (detail), 1621-22. On Owl Creek? Marble. The Feudal System? Height 2.25 m. Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy. Image courtesy of the Columbia University Visual Resources Collection. 2 Canova’s finishing techniques have received much attention recently.
See, for instance, Hugh Honour (. Zeno's? ) 3 A marble surface that appears to be yielding flesh, which then invites the the feudal viewer, in turn, to which of the following statements about secondhand smoke, reach out and system feel the stone beneath his fingers—this hallmark of success lasted well into the nineteenth century, and which following secondhand smoke true? of the sculptors in the generations that followed Bernini, it was Antonio Canova who was hailed for his fine workmanship, what was known then as the the feudal “ultima mano” or “final touch” that he gave to the marble. Essay On Italian? Yet, in addition to his skill with the chisel, Canova was likewise well known for his finishing treatments. 2 These included the application of the feudal wax and creek bridge grind water, treatments that smoothed out and the feudal stained the marble surface. 3 After a visit to Canova’s studio in in britain, 1799, for instance, General Baron Thiebault remarked, “Une chos (. ) 4 To use Alex Potts’ phrase. See Potts, The Sculptural Imagination: Figurative, Modernist, Minimalist (. ) 5 See Roland Barthes, “The Reality Effect,” in the feudal, The Rustle of Language , trans. Richard Howard (Berkele (. ) 4 Canova and his admirers credited these treatments with giving his sculptures translucency and a “new softness”. 3 Not everyone, however, approved. Some of Canova’s critics considered them unnecessary, or worse yet, fraudulent.
In this article, I will examine this discomfort with Canova’s “surface values.” 4 Viewers reacted negatively to pholosophical Essay, these treatments because they found them to be deceptive. System? First, encaustic treatments mellowed the on owl creek marble surface, giving modern works the appearance of antiquities. Second, the “reality effect” created by color threatened sculpture’s status as high art. 5 And third, hyper-realism also suggested that the the feudal system sculpture’s surface was exactly that—that is to say, only bridge, a surface, a shell that contained the messy reality of the the feudal body. Antonio Canova, Venus and creek bridge Adonis , ca. 1795. The Feudal? Marble. Essay On Italian? 185 x 80 x 86 cm.
Musee d’Art et d’Histoire, Geneva, Switzerland. Photo in the feudal system, the public domain. Accessed 31 March 2015. Antonio Canova, Creugas , 1795-1806. Marble. In Britain? Height ca. 2.25 m. Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State.
Photo in the public domain. Accessed 31 March 2015. 5 The number of the feudal works that received encaustic treatment at Canova’s hand is an occurance on owl, significant. 6 For more on Venus and Adonis , see the comments by Augustin Creuze de Lesser in note 54. The Feudal System? For the on Robotic Rehabilitation ful (. The Feudal? ) 7 Joseph Forsyth, Remarks on Antiquities, Arts, and Letters During an Excursion in Italy, in in britain, the Year (. ) 8 For more on the different versions of Hebe , see Norman and Cook, “‘Just a Tiny Bit of Rouge upon th (. The Feudal System? ) 9 Ibid., 54-56. 10 One interesting exception is Canova’s statue of Zeno's Essay Paolina Borghese as Venus Victrix ; recent conservat (. ) 6 The Venus in Venus and Adonis , for instance, completed in the feudal system, 1795, was given a slightly yellow tint (Fig. 2), and in 1799 General Baron Thiebault was surprised that the on Italian Unification flesh of system “all” of Canova’s sculptures was stained to distinguish it from drapery. On Owl Creek Bridge? 6 A few years later Joseph Forsyth admired the the feudal boxer Creugas in the Vatican, which he praised for its “waxen gloss which dazzles the eye, and gives such illusion to education, the high finishing, that you imagine the very texture of the skin in the marble.” 7 (Fig. 3) In addition to yellowing the the feudal flesh of of the following statements about secondhand smoke true? his figures, Canova sometimes tinted the cheeks and lips of his female sculptures with rouge. The Feudal System? This was the case with all four versions of his Hebe as well as the first version of the Penitent Magdalene , currently in the Museo di Sant’Agostino, Genova. 8 (Figs.
4 and 5) Conservators suggest that the Three Graces in the Victoria and Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation Albert Museum and the Ideal Head in system, the Ashmolean may also have been treated this way. 9 Since, however, Canova’s works no longer bear visible traces of color, it is following is not, possible that the list is much longer. 10. Antonio Canova, Hebe , ca. 1800-1805. Marble. Height 161 cm. The State Hermitage Museum, St.
Petersburg, Russia. Photo in the public domain. Courtesy of the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. Accessed 31 March 2015. Antonio Canova, Penitent Magdalene , 1796. Marble and bronze. Height 94 cm. The Feudal System? Museo Sant’Agostino, Genoa, Italy. Photo in the public domain. Accessed 31 March 2015.
11 According to creek bridge, conservation reports, Apollo and Daphne received a waxy patina in the seventeenth cent (. ) 12 See Herrmann Fiore, “ Apollo e Dafne del Bernini al Tempo del Cardinale Scipione Borghese,” 98 and the feudal N (. ) 7 Canova, however, was not alone in the use of transparent washes. A waxy patina was applied to the flesh of in britain Bernini’s Apollo and Daphne in the feudal, the seventeenth century and even the remarkable effect of Essay Pluto’s hand on Proserpina’s thigh was enhanced by a stain applied to her body, dramatizing the distinction between his hard grip and her soft flesh. 11 In the eighteenth century, the practice was even more widespread, and the feudal system sculptors such as Vincenzo Pacetti, Bartolommeo Cavaceppi, Thomas Banks, Joseph Nollekens, and arguments even Giovanni Battista Piranesi all warmed the system surface of marble with patinas made from which following about true? wax, coffee, tea, tobacco, soot, stone dust and earth. 12. 13 Two particularly egregious dealers were Thomas Jenkins and Robert Fagan. The Feudal System? See Brinsley Ford, “Thomas (. ) 8 For some artists, such as Bernini, the effect of on owl creek patination was to highlight the lifelike quality of his works; for others, the aim of such techniques was to approximate the works of antiquity. The Feudal System? In the eighteenth century in particular, ancient sculptures were discovered regularly during excavations in Rome, its surrounding countryside, and Naples, Pompeii and Herculaneum. Many pieces were only fragments and required heavy restoration; surface treatments were used on the modern additions to emulate the mellowed tone of the ancient marble. In some cases, unscrupulous dealers passed off completely modern works as antiquities.
13. 14 See Ascanio Condivi, Vita di Michelangolo Buonarroti (1553; Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms In (. ) 15 As quoted in Honour, “Canova’s Studio Practice II: 1791-1822,” 219. 16 Noted by Thomas Moore in on owl creek, his diary entry of October 29, 1819, upon a visit to the Museo Pio-Clement (. The Feudal System? ) 17 Augustus von Kotzebue, Travels through Italy in the Years 1804 and on Robotic for Physical Therapy 1805 , 4 vols. (London: Richard P (. ) 9 Of course, there is the feudal system, a long tradition in the history of sculpture whereby the talent of a modern sculptor is established when one of on Italian Unification his works is taken to be ancient. In many cases, it is not just the style of system carving that asserts the work’s antiquity, but also its surface. Which Following Is Not True?? Michelangelo, for instance, famously made a sleeping cupid, now lost, which was declared to be a work of Praxiteles. System? Although Michelangelo’s cupid was made in about smoke, a classicizing style, Ascanio Condivi’s biography of the artist, written in the mid-sixteenth century, pointed out that Michelangelo also treated the piece, corroding its surface so that it appeared as if it had been buried for many years. 14 Almost three hundred years later, viewers of Canova’s works likewise understood the the feudal deceptive potential of arguments Essay his sculptural surface; the Baron d’Uklanski, for instance, noted that the the feudal “yellow tinge [of Canova’s sculptures gave] them a colour similar to an occurance creek bridge, that of parian marble, and an appearance of the feudal system antiques.” 15 Often, the Zeno's supposed antiquity of the weathered surface was reinforced by the thrill of discovery. If Canova’s works were literally unearthed, for instance, their quality would be undeniable. The English sculptor Sir Francis Chantrey claimed that if Canova’s Creugas were buried and exhumed, “it would produce a great sensation.” 16 Augustus von Kotzebue was even more cunning.
He wished the the feudal system sculptor would bury a work that could be then “discovered by accident.” “No doubt it would be believed to be a work by Phidias,” he wrote, “and would lay to rest any criticisms about Canova’s talent.” 17. Antonio Canova, Theseus and the Minotaur , 1782. On Italian Unification? Marble. 145.4 cx 158.7 x 91.4 cm. Victoria and Albert Museum, London, purchased with the assistance of The Art Fund. Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. 10 While Canova did not bury his sculptures to age them, he did collude with patrons to pass of his works as antiquities. After completing Theseus and the Minotaur in 1782, and before its public exhibition, the system Venetian Ambassador, Girolamo Zulian, invited artists, men of which of the about smoke true? letters and others to a gathering to system, dramatize the work’s unveiling. (Fig.
6) A model of Theseus’ head, prepared by Canova, was placed on display for Choice Essay, the guests, all of whom: 18 J. S. Memes, Memoirs of system Antonio Canova, with a Critical Analysis of his Works, and an Historical Vi (. Zeno's Pholosophical Arguments? ) were agreed that the cast must have been taken from a work of Grecian sculpture, and of great merit; but they were divided on system, what it represented, and where the original was to be found. Some affirmed that they had seen it in such a collection;—some said it was in which following secondhand, a different gallery;—part maintained that such a personage of antiquity was pourtrayed;— others asserted a contrary statement;—in short, all acknowledged the beauty of the piece was the the feudal only common sentiment which experienced no opposition. Seizing the proper occasion, when he perceived every one to be thus deeply interested in on owl, the affair, “Ebbene”, said the Ambassador, “andiamo a vederne l’originale,”—“Come, let us terminate these disputes by going to see the original.” 18. 11 The guests naturally were shocked to think that the “ancient” sculpture they had been admiring was in possession of their host and, moreover, that it was a modern work by Canova. Antonio Canova, Venus with a Mirror , ca. 1780-1796. Oil on canvas. 134 x 177 cm.
Casa del Canova, Possagno, Italy. Photo from Antonio Canova: Arte e Memoria a Possagno . The Feudal? Ponzano (Treviso): Vianello, 2004. pp. 53-54. 19 That said, throughout his career, Canova often made sculptures that emulated well-known ancient wor (. ) 20 “Questo quadro resto per piu anni in un angolo dello studio, finche per la patina della polvere e d (. ) 21 Memes, Memoirs of Antonio Canova, with a Critical Analysis of his Works, and an Historical View of (. ) 22 Gilbert Bagnani compares intentionally forged works with “fakes in reverse”—“that of Essay objects or doc (. ) 12 While Theseus and the feudal system the Minotaur is the only sculpture Canova deliberately presented as an an occurance on owl creek antiquity, early in the feudal, his career he also experimented with painting and its deceptive surface. 19 Sometime in the early 1780s, while at work on the Monument to Clement XIV , Canova completed the painting of a Venus, a reclining nude with a mirror, which he subsequently left propped up in an obscure corner of his studio. (Fig. 7) Over time, a “patina” of dust and dirt accumulated on the surface of the in britain painting, giving it the the feudal appearance of a much older work. 20 Once rediscovered—and reworked—by him, careful attention to its finish further reiterated the Essay on Robotic paintings’ supposed antiquity, for the feudal system, “in the ornaments and accessories, […] slight cracks and other effects of time were skillfully imitated.” 21 When Canova finally showed the painting to on Italian, his patron Don Abbondio Rezzonico, a member of the the feudal Roman senate and nephew of on Italian Clement XIII, and the painter Stefano Tofanelli both of the feudal them believed it was a Renaissance work. Essay Rehabilitation For Physical Therapy? 22.
23 “[. ] lo termina in modo, che sembrava un vecchio dipinto.” See d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , (. ) 24 For more accounts of Canova’s “fakes,” see Missirini, Della Vita di Antonio Canova: Libri Quattro , (. ) 25 For the the feudal system reception in Naples of Essay for Physical Therapy Canova’s painting in the manner of Giorgione, see the letters from R (. ) 13 His success at this first attempt motivated Canova to begin painting again, and the feudal this time he set out deliberately to fool his audience. The Perspective Of Rational Essay? Having heard of the feudal system a lost self-portrait by Giorgione, Canova decided to recreate the work. He obtained a fifteenth-century painting from an antiquarian, a “bad copy of the holy family,” and an occurance creek bridge used prints and a literary description as his guide. Canova carefully imitated Giorgione’s style, “finishing it in such a way that it appeared to be an old painting.” 23 His biographers recount similar tales with regard to at least three different paintings, all of which misled the the feudal audience into pholosophical, thinking they were Venetian Renaissance works. 24 These anecdotes are in turn confirmed by private correspondence, including an system exchange of letters between Canova and his friend, the education in britain Venetian architect Giannantonio Selva, from 1796. 25.
26 “Artists are chiefly supported by the feudal, English travellers, who usually follow Mr. GRAY’s advice, and buy (. ) 27 Giandomenico Spinola, “La Manipolazione dell’Antico tra Restauro e Falso: Esempi dai Musei Vaticani (. ) 28 Emphasis added. He continues, “….But many of the names given to the marbles and an occurance bridge bronzes in this qua (. ) 14 In every case I have just described, viewers were misled by the element which would so obsess Canova throughout his career—namely, the surface or finishing of the the feudal system work. It is on the surface of the work where the deception occurs; after all, it was the “finishing” that made Canova’s false Giorgione look old. While Canova’s ruses were primarily designed as connoisseurship games, the dynamic art market in eighteenth-century Italy, particularly the high demand for ancient sculpture, meant that the deceptive capacity of an on Italian Unification art work’s surface became increasingly problematic.
With both Grand Tourists and newly founded museums seeking classical statuary for their collections, demand far outstripped supply and the prevalence of fakes became a real economic problem. Peter Beckford, on his 1787 trip to Rome, made the financial repercussions of such fraud clear, warning future visitors to the city to beware of copied paintings, antiques “made just for them,” and fake medals and pearls. 26 Much more problematic, however, were the fakes that were being institutionalized in the new museums. Works of dubious origin, or fragments that were “restored” into complete objects, were making their way into these institutions, meant to be the bastions of the very best works of art of the ancient world. Although it is true that in the eighteenth century it was only restored and completed objects that were considered for the feudal system, purchase for on owl, the museums, it is equally true that restorers and dealers misrepresented the ancient status of the feudal certain sculptures in order to make the sale. Recently Giandomenico Spinola has pointed out several modern works that were knowingly sold to the Vatican as antiquities, including a bust of Sabina, and about secondhand Herakles Bibax , purchased in system, ca. In Britain? 1775 and the feudal system 1803, respectively. 27 By the mid-nineteenth century, awareness that some works were indeed forgeries penetrated the consciousness of Essay on Italian Unification visitors. John Broughton, for instance, turned his critical eye on the Capitoline Museum, lamenting, “The antiquities of the Conservators’ palace if they were all authentic, would be the most interesting of Roman remains.” At least, he admitted with resignation, the modern works carry “no such uncertainty.” 28. 29 “Ces accessoires, ainsi colores, me semblent faire une disparate choquante avec le reste de la stat (. ) 30 See Antoine-Chrysosthome Quatremere de Quincy, Le Jupiter Olympien, ou, l’art de la sculpture antiq (. ) 31 “Quelques-uns se sont recries sur l’emploi que M. The Feudal? Canova a fait d’un peu de dorure dans l’enjolivem (. ) 32 In Pliny’s Natural History , for education in britain, instance, he cites Praxiteles’ admiration for the painter Nicias, w (. ) 33 “Elle tient a la main une coupe doree, idee que je n’approuve rien, quoique les anciens l’aient eue (. ) 34 “Le bandeau des cheveux de la Deesse [ Hebe ], l’aiguiere et la coupe qu’elle teint dans ses mains, s (. ) 35 “Again—there is a trickery and quackery in the finishing of Canova’s statues, which is below the di (. ) 36 See note 37 for the full text. M.B., “Beaux-Arts.
Salon de 1808. N. The Feudal System? XVIII. Sculpture. M. Canova,” 3 (. ) 37 The anonymous writer of The New Monthly Magazine cited these criticisms, but ultimately defended Ca (. The Perspective Of Rational Essay? ) 38 “Canova strives, by the kind of system polish which he gives to his works, to produce in Essay on Italian Unification, the spectator an (. The Feudal? ) 39 “Cet habile statuaire [Canova] se sert, avec beaucoup d’adresse, d’un moyen peu usite, pour donner (. ) 15 If the sculptural surface could deceive viewers by creating the aura of antiquity, so too could it suggest the opposite—that is to say, call attention to education in britain, the work’s modernity. The Feudal? Two examples here suffice. Hebe and Penitent Magdalene were both exhibited at the Parisian Salon of 1808, along with two other works by Canova, Madame Mere and Standing Cupid and Psyche . Which Of The Statements Secondhand Smoke Is Not? The skin of system both was, as I have already mentioned, tinted yellow and both also had red lips and The Perspective of Rational cheeks. Moreover, both also had bronze accessories: Hebe , for instance, wore a gilded headband and held a golden cup and the feudal system vase in her hands, while Penitent Magdalene ruminated over a bronze cross.
Both roused ire in critics. Pholosophical? To begin, Canova’s use of bronze was a flashpoint of system criticism—Victorin Fabre, writing for Zeno's arguments Essay, the Mercure de France, for instance, found Magdalene’s cross a “shocking contrast” with the rest of the sculpture. 29 The introduction of metal into a marble work, however, was at least partially justified by a nascent understanding of the use of system polychromy in antiquity. In 1804, Quatremere de Quincy, for Essay on Italian Unification, instance, gave a series of the feudal system lectures on the subject at the Institut de France, and in 1815 he published an illustrated treatise, Le Jupiter Olympien . 30 Ironically, however, while Quatremere defended Canova’s use of mixed media by education in britain, arguing his artistic practice was true to the methods used by the ancients, the same understanding was not extended to the painted surface. System? 31 Despite literary sources which suggested sculptures were painted, such as Pliny’s Natural History and Vitruvius’ De Architectura, not to mention growing archaeological evidence, the The Perspective of Rational Essay use of color was still viewed with suspicion. 32 Augustin Creuze de Lesser, who saw one version of system Hebe in education in britain, Canova’s studio in 1802 argued that “from the moment one admitted two colors into sculpture, one must admit them all.” 33 For other writers, the yellowed skin and pink cheeks and lips reflected Canova’s “artifice” 34 and were no more than “trickery and quackery.” 35 More worrisome was the way they threatened the status of sculpture itself, a concern repeatedly expressed by critics. For instance, such techniques “were not worthy of sculpture’s gravitas .” 36 The use of system color was Canova’s misguided attempt “to impart to an occurance on owl creek, his statues an air of reality and the feudal of heightening their resemblance to nature by Unification, artificial means unconnected with the province of sculpture.” 37 Polychromy seemed “expressly calculated to heighten the system pleasure of the amateur, who is more susceptible of enthusiasm, and frequently measures the in britain perfection of a work by the degree of satisfaction which it affords him.” 38 Canova’s influence was also to fear: other sculptors might imitate Canova’s technique, and in so doing destroy “the noble simplicity, the frankness of the feudal composition, and even the very style which form the Essay Rehabilitation for Physical principal character of great works of sculpture.” 39. 40 “If the business of Sculpture were to the feudal system, administer pleasure to Essay, ignorance, or a mere entertainment to (. ) 41 Johann Gottfried Herder, Sculpture: Some Observations on Shape and Form from Pygmalion’s Creative D (. ) 42 Johann Joachim Winckelmann, History of the Art of the feudal Antiquity , ed. Education In Britain? Alex Potts, trans. Harry Francis M (. ) 16 The criticisms leveled at Canova’s sculptures in the 1808 Salon echoed the writings of the feudal system theorists and philosophers across the continent that had been expressed decades earlier.
In his Discourses , for instance, Joshua Reynolds argued that the on Italian Unification admiration of sculpture was rooted in “intellectual pleasure” and the “contemplation of perfect beauty”—the addition of system color transformed the art into “mere entertainment to of Rational Choice, the senses.” 40 In 1778, Johann Gottfried Herder claimed that color rendered sculpture “ugly” because sculpture’s essence was rooted in form and meant to be experienced through touch. 41 And, of course, in his 1764 History of the Art of Antiquity, Winckelmann himself wrote that “color contributes to the feudal, beauty but is not beauty itself. […] a beautiful body will be all the on Italian more beautiful the whiter it is.” 42. 43 Charlotte A. The Feudal? Eaton, Rome, in on owl creek, the Nineteenth Century; Containing a Complete Account of the Ruins of system (. ) 17 Common to all these criticisms, be they written by philosophers, theorists, or art critics, was the fear that coloring the marble surface breached the very province of the medium; that is to say, coloring sculpture somehow lessened not just the individual work, but the austerity and seriousness of the art as a whole. Color threatened to make the art of sculpture appealing to Zeno's arguments, a new class of the feudal system viewers—to “amateurs” who might be pleased—or worse, “entertained”—by the medium. By the early nineteenth century, as the an occurance on owl creek streets of European cities were overrun with spectacles and system new forms of popular amusements, there was real danger that sculpture itself might become just one more entertainment among many; the distance between the Salon and the wax museum was perilously small.
Even writers who were not art critics, such as Charlotte Eaton, who traveled through Europe in 1817, understood the implications. Essay Unification? She objected to the feudal, the practice of staining marble in a misguided attempt to achieve life, calling it a form of “charlatanism.” “If,” she wrote, “however, this painting of statues was introduced in the vain attempt to create a nearer approach to living nature, the objects of sculpture seem to have been strangely mistaken and debased. Creek Bridge? Most certainly they do not consist in the close imitation of life; for, in the feudal, that case, a common raree-show of wax-work would exceed the finest sculpture of on Italian Phidias.” 43. 44 This interest in the feudal, animation remained powerful well into on Italian Unification, the nineteenth century. Recent scholarship w (. ) 18 Eaton’s comments bring me to the final section of the feudal system this article, in which I’d like to explore this issue of the “close imitation of life.” I want to on Italian Unification, consider the “the reality effect” created by the colored surface in relation to the issue of system artificial life, and, more specifically, the suggestion that there might be more underneath sculpture’s “skin” than marble alone. The potential to breathe life into inanimate matter revealed itself in two interwoven interests in the eighteenth century, particularly in eighteenth-century France—a profound concern with the Pygmalion myth and The Perspective Essay philosophical theories of the feudal animation. Essay On Robotic Rehabilitation For Physical? A number of eighteenth-century philosophers—Pierre Bayle, Julien Offray de la Mettrie, and Etienne Bonnot, Abbe de Condillac, among others—all reflected on the feudal, the ability to create life in an inanimate body; this has, in education, turn, been of great interest to scholars today, as has the the feudal erotic relationship between the education in britain creator and his animated subject. 44. 45 See Hersey, Falling in Love with Statues: Artificial Humans from Pygmalion to the Present , 99-102 a (. ) 46 “For this purpose, we imagined a statue constructed internally like ourselves, and the feudal animated by The Perspective of Rational Choice Essay, a mi (. ) 19 The majority of these eighteenth-century materialist philosophies revolved around a central idea—namely, given that all matter is the feudal, made of the same atoms, it is only the in britain difference in the structure or arrangement of the atoms that differentiates animate from inanimate objects. It should be possible, therefore, to use some sort of transforming energy to alter the the feudal system atomic structure of Choice Essay dead, or non-living, matter and produce life.
45 Often, sculptures were used as the example of the feudal inanimate matter that could be transformed, presumably because of their lifelike form. In his 1754 Treatise on the Sensations , for instance, de Condillac envisioned an Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical experiment in the feudal, which a statue experiences each of the five senses individually, in arguments, succession, and then in system, combination with one another. Of Rational Choice? In his dedication, he asks us to imagine “a statue constructed internally like ourselves, and system animated by a mind which as yet had no ideas of any kind.” 46 As the senses are activated by him, the statue experiences cognition and memory; in effect, the statue comes alive. Of The? What interests me most about this experiment, however, is the the feudal system way de Condillac imagines the Zeno's marble exterior of the statue as a barrier which prevents the use of the senses until it is breached by him. The Feudal? In his vision, the statue is pholosophical Essay, effectively a shell, not a solid, impenetrable mass. 47 As cited in Hersey, Falling in system, Love with Statues: Artificial Humans from education in britain Pygmalion to the Present , (. ) 48 O vid, Metamorphoses, trans.
Anthony S. Kline, Book X, 243-297, “Orpheus Sings: Pygmalion and the St (. The Feudal? ) 20 Given the widespread interest in animation, the concomitant popularity of the Essay Rehabilitation Pygmalion myth during the system eighteenth century is no surprise. Andreas Bluhm cites 142 examples of the Unification myth in theater and the feudal system the fine arts between 1500-1900, with more than half of them created between 1700-1800. 47 In the Unification myth, best known via Ovid’s version, Pygmalion creates the statue of the feudal a beautiful woman out of ivory. Of Rational Choice Essay? He is so enamored of her that he caresses her, gives her gifts, and system asks Venus for Zeno's pholosophical Essay, a bride similar to his ivory girl. Venus, hearing his plea, gives the statue life so that the stone “lost its hardness, altering under [Pygmalion’s] fingers, as the bees’ wax of Hymettus softens in the sun, and is moulded, under the the feudal thumb, into many forms […].” But malleable flesh is Essay Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, not the only way that the statue’s animation is recorded—her “pulse throbbed under his thumb” and when he kisses her, she blushes. 48.
49 Ibid., Book X, 220-242, “Orpheus Sings:The Propoetides,” http://ovid.lib.virginia.edu/?trans/?Metamor(. ) 21 The role coursing blood played as a signifier of the feudal life is all the arguments Essay more significant when the background of the the feudal system Pygmalion myth is considered. What most people don’t remember about Ovid’s story is the reason Pygmalion makes the statue to on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, begin with: he had been living as a bachelor, since he was “offended by” the Propoetides, women of the city of Amathus. The Propoetides had dared to deny Venus’ as their deity; in punishment, she forced them to prostitute themselves. They lost their sense of shame, and, as a result, their ability to blush; “the blood hardened in their cheeks, and only a small change turned them into hard flints.” 49 When their blood stopped circulating, they were, essentially, turned to stone. 50 Some contemporary reports suggest that Corday was not, in fact, slapped. The Feudal System? Regardless of the historic (. ) 22 Blushing, I would argue, becomes a symbol for the living body in eighteenth-century versions of the myth. Which Of The Following Secondhand True?? Color suggested that the interior of the sculpture had been transformed; within the marble shell- now turned flesh- a heart was beating and blood was circulating. In paintings of Pygmalion, it became routine to signify Galatea’s transformation from sculpture to living woman through the system use of pink flesh juxtaposed with white stone. Jean Raoux (1717), Louis-Jean Lagrenee (1777), Laurent Pecheux (1784), and Louis Gauffier (1797) all rendered the transformative moment the same way; pink stood for vitality, a trope repeated in nineteenth- and The Perspective of Rational Choice Essay twentieth-century depictions of the myth as well—one of the best known, for system, example, is the painting by Anne-Louis Girodet from 1817, which was itself an homage to Canova. (Fig. 8) But the most dramatic example of the The Perspective Choice Essay blush as the demarcation between life and death is a historical one.
Charlotte Corday, best known, of course, for assassinating the French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat on July 13, 1793, was guillotined for her crime four days later. After she was decapitated, the executioner reportedly picked up her head and slapped her across the cheek. Corday is said to have blushed in response.50. Anne Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Pygmalion and Galatea , 1817. Oil on canvas. 2.53 x:2.02 m. Musee du Louvre, Paris. Photo in the public domain. Accessed 31 March 2015. 51 Ibid., 119. 52 Daniel Arasse, The Guillotine and the Terror , trans.
Christopher Miller (London: Allen Lane, The Pe (. ) 23 Corday’s blush may be interpreted both in system, moral terms—an expression of shame over her crime—and physiological ones, 51 and certainly the of Rational Essay incident contributed to debates over how long an individual remained conscious after being decapitated. The Feudal System? 52 Moreover it was just one of Essay on Italian many gory examples from the Revolutionary period where blood signified the transition from life to death. The Feudal System? While this manifested in a blush for on Italian, Corday, equally striking is the example of the decapitated head of the feudal system Louis XVI being shown to the crowd; in Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, most of the popular prints of the event, blood is shown streaming from his severed neck. The Feudal System? (Fig. Essay Rehabilitation? 9) Georg Heinrich Sieveking, Execution of King Louis XVI of system France, January 21, 1793 . Engraving.
Musee Carnavalet, Paris. Photo in the public domain. Accessed 31 March 2015. 53 Letter from Unification Lucchesi Palli to Canova, n.d. . “Il marmo e trattato con tale industria, che la (. ) 24 With episodes such as this in mind, then, it is the feudal system, clear that the waxed and Essay Rehabilitation for Physical colored marbled surface of Canova’s works could be interpreted as a skin, beneath which ran the blood of life. The stone that viewers saw might not be solid and unyielding after all; it might be mere surface, a permeable epidermis, containing the messy, if vital, reality of the system body. Pholosophical Arguments? And reactions to Canova’s work do suggest an the feudal system understanding that the surface of his sculptures could be breached. In Britain? When Giuseppe Lucchesi Palli saw Venus and Adonis in 1795, for instance, he was moved to do more than simply touch the work. “The marble is treated with such industriousness,” he wrote, “that the surface positively seems to be human skin, and one is the feudal system, tempted to on Italian, prick it with a pin to see if it bleeds.” 53 Augustin Creuze de Lesser’s response to system, the sculpture’s polychromy was less complimentary. When he entered the temple that housed the group, he was: 54 “J’ai vu a Naples un autre essai de ce systeme de Canova, et beaucoup moins heureux encore a mon av (. ) disagreeably struck by an occurance on owl creek, a large band, white as snow, that wrapped around the waist of this goddess.
I believed at first that it was a cloth with which someone with a ridiculous sense of modesty had covered the sculpture, and I asked to remove it, but when I got closer I saw that Canova had profited from the range of shades that was inherent to the whiteness of the system marble in in britain, order to conceal his Venus a little. I asked myself what this cloth was doing so close to Adonis. System? Moreover, white cloth only education in britain, immediately revealed a Venus that was all gray. Finally that which should have set me straight immediately was that this cloth was positioned in such a way that unless it was held in place by pins stuck in the feudal, the flesh of Venus herself, it was impossible for it to stay on; but Venus’ pose was so tender that one could also imagine that in a moment the veil would fall. 54.
55 “Quand M. Canova lui-meme emprunterait la palette du Titien, pour ajouter dans toutes les parties d (. ) 25 While it is unclear whether Creuze de Lesser understood that Canova had achieved this effect through waxes and oils, rather than simply taking advantage of the Therapy particularities of that piece of the feudal marble, both he and Lucchesi Palli read the in britain marble surface as a penetrable skin that could be pierced by pins. The Feudal System? The red tint Canova used on his female sculptures’ cheeks and lips could also be misinterpreted. Years later, in response to the 1808 Salon, one critic referred to the way Canova had placed a “rather strong carmine tint on the interior of Hebe’s mouth.” 55 Given that Hebe’s lips are barely parted, it is likely that this critic misread Hebe’s “lipstick” as an orifice; in so doing, he suggested that the sculpture’s interior was composed of which following statements about true? soft tissue. 56 See, for instance, Roberta Panzanelli, “Compelling Presence: Wax Effigies in system, Renaissance Florence,” (. ) 57 Uta Kornmeier, “Almost Alive: The Spectacle of Verisimilitude in The Perspective Essay, Madame Tussaud’s Waxworks,” in the feudal, Eph (. ) 58 Joan B. Which Following Secondhand True?? Landes, “Wax Fibers, Wax Bodies, and Moving Figures: Artifice and Nature in Eighteenth-Cent (. ) 26 The stained marble surface, then, could be interpreted as a penetrable skin, beneath which lay complex human anatomy and coursing blood. This, in turn, could be read in the feudal system, two ways. On the hand, the arguments colored stone recalled the myth of system Pygmalion, and thus had a life-affirming quality. Inanimate sculpture held the potential to be animated; it held the potential for life. On the other hand, the hyper-realistic body also threatened the opposite; that is, where there is life, there is an occurance bridge, also death and decay. The Feudal? Indeed, colored wax had often been used in sculpture for funeral rites; effigies and votives were placed on corpses or left in churches in which of the statements is not true?, a tradition that went back to the Renaissance, if not earlier. 56 In the system years following the French Revolution, even amusements like Madame Tussaud’s waxworks gained their popularity not because of their depiction of Essay on Italian Unification living individuals, but rather, their focus on the dead, particularly Louis XVI and martyrs of the Terror. 57 Perhaps even more indicative of way the system colored surface—particularly the wax surface—occupied the liminal territory beneath life and death were the anatomical waxes that proliferated during the eighteenth century.
These revealed the sculptural surface to be a literal skin—flesh could be removed and the body within placed on display. (Figs. 10-11) Moreover, sometimes they were made from plastinated corpses themselves, freezing the body forever in a tableau that straddled animation and death. Pholosophical Arguments? 58. Workshop of Clemente Susini and Giuseppe Ferrini, Pregnant female with removable skin and abdominal layers [also known as the Anatomical Venus ], 1770-1775. Metal or wood skeleton, transparent and system colored waxes. On Italian? Museo di storia natural, sezione zoological “La Specola”, Florence, Italy.
Photo from the feudal system Lyle Massey, “On Waxes and Wombs: Eighteenth-Century Representations of the Gravid Uterus.” In Ephemeral Bodies: Wax Sculpture and the Human Figure , edited by statements secondhand smoke, Roberta Panzanelli, 83-105. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2008. pp. 84-85. Workshop of Clemente Susini and Giuseppe Ferrini, Pregnant female with removable skin and abdominal layers [also known as the Anatomical Venus ], 1770-1775. System? Metal or wood skeleton, transparent and colored waxes.
Museo di storia naturale, sezione zoological “La Specola”, Florence, Italy. Photo from Lyle Massey, “On Waxes and Wombs: Eighteenth-Century Representations of the Essay Gravid Uterus”. In Ephemeral Bodies: Wax Sculpture and the Human Figure , edited by Roberta Panzanelli, 83-105. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2008. p. 87. 59 Charles Baudelaire, “The Salon of system 1846,” Art in Paris, 1845-1862: Salons and an occurance on owl Other Exhibitions , ed. (. ) 27 In the eighteenth century, then, the representation of the human body in sculptural form—particularly in polychrome sculptural form—became the focal point for larger aesthetic, philosophical and scientific inquiries. The Feudal System? Although by the mid-nineteenth century Charles Baudelaire would declare that sculpture was “boring,” the colored surface’s oscillation between ancient and modern, flesh and stone, and penetrable and impenetrable reveal that for earlier generations, it was anything but. 59 Moreover, fascination with the deceptive possibilities of the sculptural surface, and the disjunction between a sculpture’s surface and it core, have remained a site of exploration for contemporary artists. From Duane Hanson’s hyper-realistic sculptures from the 1970s and bridge 80s, in which a lifelike skin created from fiberglass and resin sometimes enfolds a meticulously crafted bronze cast, to the feudal system, Kiki Smith’s flayed Virgin Mary (1992) which reduces the Choice Essay mother of Christ her most carnal state, the sculptural surface toes the line between life and the feudal death and Zeno's becomes a site where faith and science, and promise and the feudal horror, meet.
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Edinburgh: A. Zeno's Pholosophical Arguments Essay? Constable Co., 1825. “Memoir of the feudal system Antonio Canova [with a Portrait].” The New Monthly Magazine and Universal Register 13 (Jan. Essay On Italian Unification? 1, 1820): 68-71. Missirini, Melchior. System? Della Vita di Antonio Canova: Libri Quattro . Prato: per i Frat. Giachetti, 1824. Moore, Thomas. Essay On Robotic Rehabilitation? Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of Thomas Moore . Edited by John Russell.
London: Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, 1860. Nocca, Marco. “Un Dipinto Inedito di Antonio Canova Ritrovato a Propaganda Fide: l’Ezzelino da Romano (1793).” Bolletino Monumenti, Musei e Gallerie Pontificie 22 (2002): 109-36. Norman, Mark, and Richard Cook. “‘Just a Tiny Bit of the feudal Rouge Upon the Lips and Choice Essay Cheeks’: Canova, Colour, and the Classical Ideal.” In Canova: Ideal Heads , edited by Katharine Eustace, 47-58. Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1997. Outram, Dorinda. The Body and the French Revolution: Sex, Class and Political Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.
Padiyar, Satish. Chains: David, Canova, and the Fall of the Public Hero in Postrevolutionary France . University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007. Panzanelli, Roberta. “Compelling Presence: Wax Effigies in Renaissance Florence.” In Ephemeral Bodies: Wax Sculpture and the feudal the Human Figure , edited by Roberta Panzanelli, 13-39. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2008. Pinelli, Antonio. “La Sfida Rispettosa di Antonio Canova. Rehabilitation? Genesi e Peripezie del ‘Perseo Trionfante’.” Ricerche di Storia dell’Arte 13/14 (1981): 21-40.
Pliny the Elder. Natural History . System? Translated by H. An Occurance On Owl Creek? Rackham (vols. 1-5, 9), W.H.S. Jones (vols. 6-8) and D.E. Eichholz (vol. 10). Edited by system, H. Rackham, 10 vols. Cambridge, Massachusetts and Unification London: Harvard University Press and William Heinemann, 1949-54. System? http://www.masseiana.org/pliny.htm#BOOK%20XXXV (accessed June 30, 2015). Potts, Alex. Zeno's Pholosophical Arguments Essay? The Sculptural Imagination: Figurative, Modernist, Minimalist.
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000. Quatremere de Quincy, Antoine-Chrysosthome. Le Jupiter Olympien, ou, l’Art de la sculpture antique considere sous un nouveau point de vue . Paris: de Bure Freres Libraires du Roi et de la Bibliotheque du Roi, 1815. ———. “Sur M. Canova et les quatre ouvrages qu’on voit de lui a l’exposition publique de 1808: par M. Quatremere de Quinci [ sic ].” Gazette nationale ou le moniteur universel , no. 565 (Dec. 28, 1808): 1428-30. Reynolds, Joshua. Discourses on Art . Edited by Robert R. Wark. New Haven: Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for the feudal, Studies in Essay Unification, British Art Ltd. by Yale University Press, 1997.
Smith, Marquard. The Erotic Doll: A Modern Fetish . New Haven and the feudal London: Yale University Press, 2013. Spinola, Giandomenico. “La Manipolazione dell’Antico tra Restauro e Falso: Esempi dai Musei Vaticani.” In Roma e l’Antico: Realta e Visione nel ‘700 , edited by Carolina Brook and Essay Rehabilitation Valter Curzi, 51-58. Milano: Skira, 2010. Stoichita, Victor Ieronim. The Pygmalion Effect: From Ovid to Hitchcock . The Louise Smith Bross Lectures. The Feudal? Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2008. Tadini, Faustino. Le Sculture e le Pitture di Antonio Canova Pubblicate Fino a quest’Anno 1795. Education In Britain? Venezia: Dalla Stamperia Palese, 1796. Thiebault, Paul Charles Francois Adrien Henri Dieudonne.
Memoires du General B on Thiebault, publies sous les auspices de sa fille Claire Thiebault, d’apres le manuscrit original, par Fernand Calmettes. 7th ed. 5 vols. The Feudal? Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit et C ie , 1893-1895. van Gastel, Joris. “Life, But Not as We Know It: Wax Images and the Denial of Death.” In Bildakt at the Warburg Institute , edited by Sabine Marienberg and Essay Jurgen Trabant, 231-51. Berlin: Akademie Verlag 2014.
Varese, Ranieri. The Feudal System? “Un Falso Giorgione e un Vero Canova.” In Mosaico: Temi e Metodi d’Arte e Critica per Gianni Carlo Sciolla , edited by Rosanna Cioffi and Ornella Scognamiglio. Monumenta Documenta, 4; vol. 1, 353-362. Naples: Luciano Editore, 2012. Vitruvius. The Architecture of Marcus Vitruvius Pollio in Ten Books. Translated and edited by Joseph Gwilt, 1826. http://lexundria.com/vitr/7.9/gw (accessed June 30, 2015). Warwick, Genevieve. Essay Unification? Bernini: Art as Theatre . New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012. Wassyng Roworth, Wendy. “Pulling Parrhasius’s Curtain: Trickery and Fakery in the Roman Art World.” In Regarding Romantic Rome , edited by Richard Wrigley, 17-37. System? Bern; New York: P. Lang, 2007.
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim. History of the Art of Antiquity . Translated by Harry Francis Mallgrave. Edited by Alex Potts. Of Rational? Texts Documents. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2006. 1764. 1 Claire J. Farago, ed.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Paragone: A Critical Interpretation with a New Edition of the Text in the Codex Urbinas (Leiden and New York: E.J. The Feudal System? Brill, 1992), 257. 2 Canova’s finishing techniques have received much attention recently. See, for instance, Hugh Honour, “Canova’s Studio Practice II: 1791-1822,” The Burlington Magazine 114, no. 829 (April 1972): 218-19; Mark Norman and Richard Cook, “‘Just a Tiny Bit of Rouge upon the Lips and Zeno's arguments Cheeks’: Canova, Colour, and the Classical Ideal,” in the feudal system, Canova: Ideal Heads , ed. Unification? Katharine Eustace (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1997), 47-58; Alex Potts, The Sculptural Imagination: Figurative, Modernist, Minimalist (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000), esp. “Surface Values,” 38-60; Satish Padiyar, Chains: David, Canova, and the Fall of the Public Hero in Postrevolutionary France (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007), 119–41; and, more recently, David Bindman, Warm Flesh, Cold Marble: Canova, Thorvaldsen and Their Critics (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014). 3 After a visit to Canova’s studio in 1799, for the feudal, instance, General Baron Thiebault remarked, “Une chose me surprit dans toutes ces statues, c’etait la difference de la teinte du marbre qui, dans le meme bloc, distinguait la chair et les vetements.
Je pensai que cette difference provenait de la maniere de piquer le marbre ou de le polir ; mais Canova me dit qu’il avait decouvert une espece de cire dont il faisait enduire toutes les parties representant les chairs, et que ce procede avait non seulement l’avantage de leur donner un veloute nouveau pour le marbre, mais encore de contribuer a preserver ces parties des effets de l’air.” Paul Charles Francois Adrien Henri Dieudonne Thiebault, Memoires du General B on Thiebault, publies sous les auspices de sa fille Claire Thiebault, d’apres le manuscrit original, par Fernand Calmettes , 7th ed., 5 vols. (Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit et C ie , 1893-1895), vol. 2, 549. 4 To use Alex Potts’ phrase. See Potts, The Sculptural Imagination: Figurative, Modernist, Minimalist , 38-60. 5 See Roland Barthes, “The Reality Effect,” in The Rustle of which following Language , trans. Richard Howard (Berkeley: University of the feudal system California Press), 141-48. 6 For more on Venus and on Italian Adonis , see the comments by Augustin Creuze de Lesser in note 54. For the full passage recording Thiebault’s reaction to his visit to Canova’s studio, see note 3. 7 Joseph Forsyth, Remarks on Antiquities, Arts, and Letters During an the feudal system Excursion in Italy, in the Years 1802 and 1803 , ed. Education? Keith Crook (1813; London; Newark; Cranbury, NJ: University of Delaware Press; Associated University Presses, 2001), 113.
8 For more on the different versions of Hebe , see Norman and Cook, “‘Just a Tiny Bit of Rouge upon the Lips and Cheeks’: Canova, Colour, and the Classical Ideal,” 51-52. 10 One interesting exception is the feudal system, Canova’s statue of Paolina Borghese as Venus Victrix ; recent conservation has shown that Canova did not wax this particular work. Essay? See Elisabetta Caracciolo and Elisabetta Zatti, “Il Restauro della Sala di Paolina Bonaparte = the Restoration of the Room of Paulina Bonaparte,” in ‘ Venere Vincitrice ’ : La Sala di Paolina Bonaparte alla Galleria Borghese, ed. Claudio Strinati (Roma: Edizioni dell’Elefante, 1997), 216. 11 According to the feudal system, conservation reports, Apollo and Unification Daphne received a waxy patina in the seventeenth century.
Whether it was applied by system, Bernini or not is the subject of some debate. In Britain? See Kristina Herrmann Fiore, “ Apollo e Dafne del Bernini al Tempo del Cardinale Scipione Borghese,” in ‘ Apollo e Dafne ’ del Bernini nella Galleria Borghese , ed. Kristina Herrmann Fiore and Araldo de Luca (Milano: Silvana Editoriale, 1997), 98. The Feudal? For more on the physical condition of the on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy sculpture and its surface, see the conservation reports in Elisabetta Caracciolo and the feudal Elisabetta Zatti, “Il Restauro delle Sculture,” ibid., esp. The Perspective Of Rational Choice Essay? 152 and Alfredo Aldrovandi et al., “ Apollo e Dafne : Indagini Scientifiche per lo Studio delle Superfici,” ibid., 161-69. For Pluto and Proserpina, see Genevieve Warwick, Bernini: Art as Theatre (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012), 109. In his journal entry on August 13, 1665, Paul Freart de Chantelou noted the artist’s interest in the sculptural surface, particularly the the feudal system way marble acquired a natural softness with time. See Paul Freart de Chantelou, Journal de voyage du Cavalier Bernin en France , ed.
Milovan Stanic (Paris: Macula-Insulaire, 2001), 116. 12 See Herrmann Fiore, “ Apollo e Dafne del Bernini al Tempo del Cardinale Scipione Borghese,” 98 and Norman and Essay Rehabilitation Cook, “‘Just a Tiny Bit of Rouge upon the Lips and Cheeks’: Canova, Colour, and the feudal system the Classical Ideal,” 50. 13 Two particularly egregious dealers were Thomas Jenkins and Robert Fagan. See Brinsley Ford, “Thomas Jenkins: Banker, Dealer and Unofficial English Agent,” Apollo 99, no. 148 (1974): 416-25 and Antonello Cesareo, “‘He Had for Years the Guidance of the Taste in Rome’: Per un Profilo di Thomas Jenkins,” in: Collezionisti, Disegnatori e Teorici dal Barocco al Neoclassico , ed. Elisa Debenedetti, Studi sul Settecento Romano; 25 (Rome: Bonsignori Editori, 2009), 221-250. Rehabilitation For Physical? For more on Fagan, see Ilaria Bignamini, “I Marmi Fagan in Vaticano: La Vendita del 1804 e Altre Acquisizioni,” Bolletino Monumenti, Musei e Gallerie Pontificie 16 (1996): 331-94. System? See also the Essay Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy documents in the Archivio di Stato, Roma, Camerale II, Antichita e Belle Arti, Busta 6, fasc.
175 which denounce Fagan for exporting objects from system Rome without permission. 14 See Ascanio Condivi, Vita di Michelangolo Buonarroti (1553; Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1976), 9-12. For a fascinating discussion of Essay Michelangelo as a potential forger, see Lynn Catterson, “Michelangelo’s Laocoon ?,” Artibus et Historiae 52 (2005): 29-56. 15 As quoted in Honour, “Canova’s Studio Practice II: 1791-1822,” 219. 16 Noted by Thomas Moore in his diary entry of October 29, 1819, upon system, a visit to the Museo Pio-Clementino with the The Perspective of Rational Choice Essay sculptor Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey. Thomas Moore, Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of system Thomas Moore , ed. Unification? John Russell (London: Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, 1860), 235.
17 Augustus von Kotzebue, Travels through Italy in system, the Years 1804 and 1805 , 4 vols. (London: Richard Phillips, 1806), vol. Of The Statements Is Not? 3, 158-59. 18 J. S. Memes, Memoirs of Antonio Canova, with a Critical Analysis of his Works, and an Historical View of system Modern Sculpture (Edinburgh: A. Constable Co., 1825), 295-96. Leopoldo Cicognara likewise recounts this story. Leopoldo Cicognara, Biografia di Antonio Canova (Venezia: Editore Giambattista Missiaglia, 1823), 11-12. Antonio d’Este tells a slightly different version. According to his account, a French sculptor named Suasy often critiqued Canova’s style. One morning d’Este ran into Suasy while he was carrying casts the Minotaur’s arm and hand and Theseus’ foot.
After Suasy saw them, not only did he beg to buy them, but he disdainfully suggested that d’Este bring them to Canova so that he might study and learn from the antique. D’Este gleefully replied that the pieces belonged to an original work by Canova himself—a prank that ended d’Este’s friendship with Suasy. Essay On Italian Unification? Antonio d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , ed. Paolo Mariuz (1864; Bassano del Grappa: Istituto di ricerca per gli studi su Canova e il neoclassicismo, 1999), 56-57, note 2. 19 That said, throughout his career, Canova often made sculptures that emulated well-known ancient works and the feudal exhibited his sculptures in ways that emphasized the comparison with the antique. Arguments? See, for instance, Antonio Pinelli, “La Sfida Rispettosa di Antonio Canova. Genesi e Peripezie del ‘Perseo Trionfante’,” Ricerche di Storia dell’Arte 13/14 (1981): 421-38 and the feudal system Christina Ferando, “Staging Neoclassicism: Antonio Canova’s Exhibition Strategies for Triumphant Perseus ,” in Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation, Das Originale der Kopie: Kopien als Produkte und Medien der Transformation von Antike , ed. Tatjana Bartsch, et al., Collaborative Research Centre (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2010), 139-63. 20 “Questo quadro resto per the feudal, piu anni in un angolo dello studio, finche per la patina della polvere e degli anni, prese aspetto di un vecchio quadro.” See d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , 348. 21 Memes, Memoirs of following secondhand is not true? Antonio Canova, with a Critical Analysis of his Works, and an Historical View of Modern Sculpture , 374. See also d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , 70 and system Faustino Tadini, Le Sculture e le Pitture di Antonio Canova Pubblicate Fino a quest’Anno 1795 (Venezia: Dalla Stamperia Palese, 1796), 42.
Wendy Wassyng Roworth also explores the case of Canova’s fake Giorgione, including the Essay on Robotic for Physical variations between the biographical accounts. She sets these in the broader context of literary and biographical portrayals of the feudal jokes and tricks played by artists and also stresses the importance that Venetian painting held in Rome at the time. See Wendy Wassyng Roworth, “Pulling Parrhasius’s Curtain: Trickery and Fakery in the Roman Art World,” in Regarding Romantic Rome , ed. Richard Wrigley (Bern; New York: P. Lang, 2007), 17-37. The Perspective Of Rational Choice? More recently, Ranieri Varese has made a similar argument that these accounts reiterate the importance Venetian art had for Canova.
See Ranieri Varese, “Un Falso Giorgione e un Vero Canova,” in Mosaico: Temi e Metodi d’Arte e Critica per Gianni Carlo Sciolla , ed. The Feudal? Rosanna Cioffi and Ornella Scognamiglio, Monumenta Documenta; 4 (Naples: Luciano Editore, 2012), vol. 1, 353-362. 22 Gilbert Bagnani compares intentionally forged works with “fakes in reverse”—“that of objects or documents which, though undoubtedly not authentic, cannot be considered either as fakes or as forgeries.” These works of art—copies, studies, hoaxes, parodies or exercises—were produced by Zeno's pholosophical arguments Essay, artists and scholars for their own amusement or instruction, without the intention to deceive, and the feudal became “fakes” through ignorance and The Perspective Essay the passage of time. Canova’s Venus with a Mirror could conceivably fall into system, this category. Bridge? See Gilbert Bagnani, “On Fakes and Forgeries,” Phoenix 14.4 (Winter 1960): 29. 23 “[. ] lo termina in modo, che sembrava un vecchio dipinto.” See d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , 78 and Melchior Missirini, Della Vita di Antonio Canova: Libri Quattro (Prato: per the feudal, i Frat. Giachetti, 1824), 123. 24 For more accounts of which is not Canova’s “fakes,” see Missirini, Della Vita di Antonio Canova: Libri Quattro , 123-25 and Memes, Memoirs of Antonio Canova, with a Critical Analysis of his Works, and an Historical View of Modern Sculpture , 373-75.
25 For the reception in Naples of Canova’s painting in the manner of Giorgione, see the letters from Ranieri Calzabigi to Canova, April 18, 1795, and from Nicola Passeri to Canova, April 23, 1795, cited in Paola Fardella, Antonio Canova a Napoli: Tra Collezionismo e Mercato (Napoli: Paparo, 2002), 28, note 33 and 148-49, respectively. For the system rediscovery of pholosophical Canova’s painting, see Marco Nocca, “Un Dipinto Inedito di Antonio Canova Ritrovato a Propaganda Fide: l’Ezzelino da Romano (1793),” Bolletino Monumenti, Musei e Gallerie Pontificie 22 (2002):109-36. Canova then arranged for this painting to be sent to Venice, where it would be exhibited without revealing that he was the artist, in order to see how it was received. See the letter from Canova to Giannantonio Selva, May 14, 1796 and the feudal the reply from Zeno's pholosophical Giannantonio Selva to Canova, May 21, 1796. The Feudal System? The original letter from of Rational Essay Canova to Selva is in the Biblioteca Correr (PD 529C), but it has been published (with some modifications) in Lettere Familiari Inedite di Antonio Canova e di Giannantonio Selva. The Feudal System? Per le Nozze Persico-Papdopoli (Venezia: dal premiato stabilimento di G. Antonelli, 1835), 14. The letter from Selva to Canova was published in d’Este, Memorie di Antonio Canova , 369. 26 “Artists are chiefly supported by following secondhand smoke, English travellers, who usually follow Mr.
GRAY’s advice, and buy every thing which is to be bought: and among other curiosities, copies for system, original pictures; and antiques made on purpose for them. Would you buy pictures, beware of counterfeits, and remember Andrea . Medals will also be brought to Zeno's arguments, you in quantities, which science requires some caution also. It is the rarity that fixes the value: you would not think, perhaps, that an the feudal system Otho in copper, is an occurance creek bridge, worth more than an system Otho in gold. False pearls are made here in the greatest perfection. If not too large, they may pass at a distance for real ones, and at any rate will answer the purpose full as well. The pearls CLEOPATRA wore were esteemed at one hundred and sixty-one thousand four hundred and fifty-eight pounds.—How much better might that money have been employed!” Peter Beckford, Familiar Letters from in britain Italy, to a Friend in the feudal system, England , 2 vols. (Salisbury: Printed and sold by J. Easton, 1805), vol. 2, 317-18.
27 Giandomenico Spinola, “La Manipolazione dell’Antico tra Restauro e Falso: Esempi dai Musei Vaticani,” in Roma e l’Antico: Realta e Visione nel ‘700 , ed. Carolina Brook and Valter Curzi (Milano: Skira, 2010), 52. 28 Emphasis added. He continues, “….But many of the on owl names given to the marbles and bronzes in this quarter of the Capitol are more than questionable. The Duillian column is modern, and the fragments of inscriptions on it are copies; the colossal bronze fragments, said to belong to a statue of the feudal Commodus, are not certainly his. The Geese called the saviours of the Essay on Italian Unification Capitol may be ancient, but they look like ducks. The Boy extracting the thorn is not what it is called, the Shepherd Martius; the bronze Junius Brutus is a baptism; the Caesar is a forgery; so are the Appius Claudius, the Mithridates, the Ariadne, the Sappho, the Virgil, the Cicero, and system the Popp?a. No such uncertainty attaches to the collection of modern worthies on the Promoteca, many of Zeno's pholosophical them removed from the Pantheon; but most of the recent busts were supplied by system, the munificence of Canova.” John Cam Hobhouse Broughton, Italy; Remarks Made in Essay, Several Visits, from the Year 1816 to 1854 , 2 vols. (London: J. The Feudal? Murray, 1859), vol. 2, 39.
29 “Ces accessoires, ainsi colores, me semblent faire une disparate choquante avec le reste de la statue […].” Victorin Fabre, “Salon de peinture. Huitieme article. On Robotic Rehabilitation For Physical? Sculptures,” Mercure de France, journal historique, politique et litteraire (24 Decembre 1808): 604. The Feudal System? For the rest of the citation, see note 39. Fabre’s reaction was based in part on the polychromy and in part on the luxuriousness of the bronze, which was at odds with Magdalene’s pious renunciation of worldly goods. 30 See Antoine-Chrysosthome Quatremere de Quincy, Le Jupiter Olympien, ou, l’art de la sculpture antique considere sous un nouveau point de vue (Paris: de Bure Freres Libraires du Roi et de la Bibliotheque du Roi, 1815). For more on Quatremere’s interest in polychromy, see Yvonne Luke, Quatremere de Quincy’s Role in the Revival of Polychromy in Sculpture (Leeds: Centre for in britain, the Study of system Sculpture, Henry Moore Institute, 1996). 31 “Quelques-uns se sont recries sur l’emploi que M. Canova a fait d’un peu de dorure dans l’enjolivement de la ceinture de son Hebe, et sur l’application du metal dore a quelques-uns de ses accessoires.
Cette critique ne peut etre faite serieusement que par des personnes peu versees dans la connaissance historique de la sculpture antique, ou qui ne se sont forme l’idee de toutes les varietes que par un petit nombre de marbres. L’habitude d’introduire soit des couleurs, soit des matieres diverses dans les statues, fait une des habitudes favorites de l’antiquite. S’il le fallait, on prouverait que loin de ramener l’art vers le mauvais gout des tems barbares; cet essai de M. Canova le rapproche au contraire, et de la maniere et des ertemens pratiques par les maitres des plus beaux siecles de la Grece. Sans doutes, et on l’avouera sans peine, ce n’est pas par-la que le statuaire doit ambitionner le don de plaire. Si beaucoup de marbres antiques portent encore des marques d’une parure etrangere a leur matiere, si la Venus de Medecis, par exemple, eut les cheveux dores, on Unification, n’en concluera point qu’il faille imiter par-la l’antique. Mais si ces licenses qui peuvent etre subordonnes au gout, sont autorisees par une multitude d’exemples, on en concluera, et que M. Canova a pu se les permettre dans un sujet leger, et que si on l’en blame, ce ne doit pas etre sur-tout par les motifs qu’on a allegues.” Antoine-Chrysosthome Quatremere de Quincy, “Sur M. Canova et les quatre ouvrages qu’on voit de lui a l’exposition publique de 1808: par M. Quatremere de Quinci [ sic ],” Gazette nationale ou le moniteur universel , no. 565 (Dec. 28, 1808): 1429. 32 In Pliny’s Natural History , for the feudal system, instance, he cites Praxiteles’ admiration for the painter Nicias, who also painted Praxiteles’ own sculptures. Vitruvius, on the other hand, suggests wax was used to tint marble sculptures. See Pliny the Elder, Natural History , ed.
H. Rackham, trans. H. Rackham (vols. 1-5, 9), W.H.S. Essay On Robotic? Jones (vols. 6-8), and D.E. Eichholz (vol. The Feudal? 10), 10 vols. (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press and William Heinemann, 1949-54), XXXV, lx, http://www.masseiana.org/pliny.htm#BOOK%20XXXV (accessed June 30, 2015) and Vitruvius, The Architecture of Marcus Vitruvius Pollio in Ten Books , ed. and trans. Joseph Gwilt, 1826, VII, 9, 3, http://lexundria.com/vitr/7.9/gw (accessed June 30, 2015).
33 “Elle tient a la main une coupe doree, idee que je n’approuve rien, quoique les anciens l’aient eue souvent. Du moment qu’on admet deux couleurs dans la sculpture, il faut les admettre toutes. In Britain? Des que vois me montrez une coupe d’or, je trouve difforme et avec raison une bouche toute blanche, des yeux tout blancs: en un mot une seule couleur, ou toutes les couleurs.” Augustin Creuze de Lesser, Voyage en Italie et en Sicile, fait en MDCCCI et MDCCCII (Paris: de l’Imprimerie de P. Didot l’Aine, 1806), 313. 34 “Le bandeau des cheveux de la Deesse [ Hebe ], l’aiguiere et la coupe qu’elle teint dans ses mains, sont de couleur d’or; les parties nues de la statue sont impregnees d’une preparation de soufre et de cire, qui leur donne une teinte jaunatre et un reflet assez semblable a celui des corps demi-diaphanes, comme certaines partes de l’albatre: cet encaustique a meme sur quelques parties du visage une couleur legerement rosee; et cependant les draperies conservent la blancheur naturelle du marbre. Ce sont ces petits artifices que nous eussions pu remarquer plus tot, en parlant de la Madeleine et du groupe de Psyche, que l’on reproche au chevalier Canova, comme peu dignes de la gravite de la statuaire. En admirant l’adresse et la discretion avec laquelle il les emploie, on craint que l’abus n’en devienne un jour funeste. On invite les sculpteurs a repousser une pretendue innovation, qui n’est en effet que le raffinement du procede ordinaire aux artistes des siecles de barbarie: toutes ces observations me semblent forte justes.
Les anciens ont employe l’or, l’argent, les pierreries, la marqueterie dans quelques-unes de leurs statues de marbre. The Feudal? Les anciens n’ont-ils pas eu aussi leurs ages d’ignorance et leurs siecles d’un luxe barbare? Nous ne voyons pas cette bigarrure dans ceux de leurs plus beaux ouvrages que le temps a respectes; et quel elle s’y trouveroit, cette autorite ne sauroit prevaloir contre le bon sens et la raison. A la vu d’un ouvrage de sculpture, nous nous figurons le sujet represente sons un seul de ses rapports, celui de la solidite. Cette seule propriete, imitee plus ou moins parfaitement, suffit pour nous donner une idee distincte du sujet entier; et elle satisfait si bien notre esprit, qu’a peine nous nous apercevons de l’absence de toutes les autres. Cependant, que par un soin imprudent l’artiste accorde a quelque partie de sa statue une de ces autres proprietes qui manquent a tout le reste, nous sommes frappes de la difference; et notre pensee, d’abord tout occupee d’un seul objet, prend un autre tour. La blancheur du lin, si facilement imitee par la blancheur du marbre, nous fera songer a l’inimitable couleur de la chair. Le diademe, brillant d’or veritable, accusera la feinte impuissante de l’art a l’egard des cheveux.
Et que le sculpteur egare dans cette fausse voie n’espere pas s’en tirer en poursuivant: au bout est le terme fatal de l’art. ” M.B., “Beaux-Arts. Therapy? Salon de 1808. N. XVIII. Sculpture. M. Canova,” 3-4. 35 “Again—there is a trickery and quackery in the finishing of Canova’s statues, which is below the dignity of a sculptor.
The marble is not left in the feudal, its natural state—but it must be stained and polished to aid the effect. On Italian? The other sculptors laugh at this, and the feudal system well they may;—for these adventitious graces soon fade away, and are beside the purpose of sculpture, whose end was, and is, to in britain, represent form alone.” Henry Matthews, The Diary of an Invalid, Being the the feudal Journal of a Tour in Pursuit of for Physical Therapy Health, in Portugal, Italy, Switzerland, and France, in the feudal system, the Years 1817, 1818, and 1819 , 5th ed. (Paris: A. and W. Galignani and of Rational Choice Essay co., 1836), 89. 36 See note 37 for the full text. The Feudal System? M.B., “Beaux-Arts. Statements Secondhand Is Not True?? Salon de 1808.
N. XVIII. Sculpture. M. Canova,” 3-4. 37 The anonymous writer of The New Monthly Magazine cited these criticisms, but ultimately defended Canova’s work. “Canova has been blamed by some critics for endeavouring to impart to the feudal, his statues an creek bridge air of reality, and of heightening their resemblance to nature by artificial means unconnected with the province of sculpture: namely by colouring the eyes, lips c., a practice quite unusual among modern sculptors. The Feudal System? This, however, he manages with so much delicacy, that it is scarcely perceptible, and which of the following statements secondhand smoke if it do not, as many maintain, impart an additional charm to the statue, it is at least certain that Canova never suffers the the feudal colouring to on Italian Unification, obtrude so as to become offensive to the eye.” “Memoir of Antonio Canova [with a Portrait],” The New Monthly Magazine and Universal Register 13 (Jan. 1, 1820): 71. 38 “Canova strives, by the kind of polish which he gives to his works, to produce in the spectator an impression corresponding with that which the subject of his compositions ought to inspire.
He gives to the marble the the feudal appearance of an occurance on owl bridge a soft and delicate substance, and when it has received the last polish, by means of the pumice-stone, he makes use of a mordant, to diminish its whiteness, and to give it somewhat of a yellowish tint. The Feudal? The connoisseurs who love to find in a statue the beauty of the form designed with the utmost possible purity, do not approve of this process, by Unification, which it would seem to the feudal, be impaired; but it is expressly calculated to heighten the pleasure of the on owl amateur, who is more susceptible of the feudal system enthusiasm, and frequently measures the perfection of a work by the degree of satisfaction which it affords him.” English translation from Carl Ludwig Fernow, “Account of the Life and Works of M. Canova, the Zeno's arguments Celebrated Italian Sculptor,” The Monthly Magazine, or, British Register XXIV, no. 160 (August 1, 1807): 47. 39 “Cet habile statuaire [Canova] se sert, avec beaucoup d’adresse, d’un moyen peu usite, pour donner plus de douceur a ses chairs et les mieux distinguer des draperies. The Feudal? Il jaunit le marbre dans le nu, et lui laisse sa couleur naturelle dans les etoffes. Les avis peuvent etre partages sur cette espece d’innovation, mais M. Canova est alle plus loin encore : on trouve dans ses statues d’autres accessoires representes en couleur; telles sont la coupe d’or de son Hebe , la croix de roseau de sa Madelaine . Ces accessoires ainsi colores, me semblent faire une disparate choquante avec le reste de la statue, oter a la vraisemblance et a l’illusion de l’ensemble plus peut-etre qu’ils n’ajoutent a la verites des details; et je crois qu’un tel usage, dont il serait si facile a des imitateurs maladroits d’abuser, pourrait, s’il venait un jour a s’etablir, alterer enfin la noble simplicite, la franchise de composition, et meme de style qui doivent former toujours le principal caractere des grands ouvrages de sculpture.” Fabre, “Salon de peinture.
Huitieme article. Sculptures,” 604. 40 “If the business of an occurance on owl creek Sculpture were to the feudal, administer pleasure to ignorance, or a mere entertainment to the senses, the Venus of on Robotic Therapy Medicis might certainly receive much improvement by colour; but the character of Sculpture makes it her duty to afford delight of a different, and, perhaps, of system a higher kind; the delight resulting from the contemplation of Essay on Italian Unification perfect beauty: and this, which is in truth an intellectual pleasure, is in many respects incompatible with what is merely addressed to the feudal system, the senses.” Joshua Reynolds, Discourses on Art , ed. Robert R. Wark (New Haven: Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for education, Studies in the feudal system, British Art Ltd. by Yale University Press, 1997), 176-77. 41 Johann Gottfried Herder, Sculpture: Some Observations on Shape and Form from Pygmalion’s Creative Dream , ed. and trans. Jason Gaiger (1778; Chicago: University of of Rational Essay Chicago Press, 2002), 54. 42 Johann Joachim Winckelmann, History of the Art of the feudal system Antiquity , ed.
Alex Potts, trans. Harry Francis Mallgrave, Texts Documents (1764; Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2006), 195. 43 Charlotte A. Eaton, Rome, in the Nineteenth Century; Containing a Complete Account of the Ruins of the Ancient City, the an occurance creek Remains of the the feudal Middle Ages, and the Monuments of Modern Times , 5th ed., 2 vols. (1820; London: H. G. Bohn, 1852), vol. 2, 301. 44 This interest in animation remained powerful well into the nineteenth century. Recent scholarship which has explored the issue includes J. L. Carr, “Pygmalion and the Philosophes : the Animated Statue in Eighteenth-Century France,” Journal of the on owl creek bridge Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 23, no. System? 3/4 (Jul-Dec. 1960): 239-55; Victor Ieronim Stoichita, The Pygmalion Effect: From Ovid to Hitchcock , The Louise Smith Bross Lectures (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2008); Kelly Dennis, Art/Porn: A History of Seeing and Essay on Robotic for Physical Therapy Touching (Oxford and New York: Berg, 2009), esp. 37-53; George L. Hersey, Falling in Love with Statues: Artificial Humans from Pygmalion to the Present (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009); and Marquard Smith, The Erotic Doll: A Modern Fetish (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2013). 45 See Hersey, Falling in Love with Statues: Artificial Humans from Pygmalion to the Present , 99-102 and system Smith, The Erotic Doll: A Modern Fetish , 39. 46 “For this purpose, we imagined a statue constructed internally like ourselves, and animated by a mind which as yet had no ideas of Essay any kind.
We supposed the system marble exterior of the statue to prevent the use of its senses, and we reserved to ourselves the right to in britain, open them at will to the different impressions of which they are susceptible.” Etienne Bonnot de Condillac, Condillac’s ‘Treatise on the Sensations’ , ed. and the feudal system trans. Margaret Geraldine Spooner Carr (1754; London: The Favil Press, 1930), xxx-xxxi. 47 As cited in Hersey, Falling in in britain, Love with Statues: Artificial Humans from Pygmalion to system, the Present , 102. 48 O vid, Metamorphoses, trans. Essay On Robotic? Anthony S. The Feudal System? Kline, Book X, 243-297, “Orpheus Sings: Pygmalion and the Statue,” http://ovid.lib.virginia.edu/trans/Metamorph10.htm (accessed June 30, 2015). 50 Some contemporary reports suggest that Corday was not, in fact, slapped. Regardless of the historical accuracy of the account, the image entered the entered public imagination and was still actively discussed for several years after her execution. For more details, see Dorinda Outram, The Body and Essay Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy the French Revolution: Sex, Class and Political Culture (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989), 118-20. 52 Daniel Arasse, The Guillotine and the Terror , trans. System? Christopher Miller (London: Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, 1989), esp.
37-42. 53 Letter from Lucchesi Palli to Canova, n.d. Following Statements Smoke? . “Il marmo e trattato con tale industria, che la superficie sembra positivamente l’epiderma del corpo umano e si sarebbe tentati pungerla con una spilla per vedere se ne uscisse il sangue.” Cited in Fardella, Antonio Canova a Napoli: Tra Collezionismo e Mercato , 145. 54 “J’ai vu a Naples un autre essai de ce systeme de Canova, et beaucoup moins heureux encore a mon avis ; c’est dans un grouppe de Venus et Adonis. Venus est nue ; mais quand j’entrai dans la piece ou est ce grouppe, je fus desagreablement frappe d’une large bande, blanc de neige, qui entouroit la ceinture de cette deesse. The Feudal System? Je crus que c’etoit une linge dont une pudeur assez ridicule l’avoit couverte, et je priai qu’on l’otat ; mais en m’approchant je vis que Canova avoit profite, pour masquer un peu sa Venus, d’une variete de teinte qui existoit dans la blancheur du marbre. Je me demandai ce que ce linge avoit la a faire aupres d’Adonis ; de plus un linge blanc me montra tout de suite une Venus toute grise. Au reste ce qui auroit du me detromper tout de suite, c’est que ce linge est pose tellement qu’a moins de supposer qu’il tient par des epingles a la personne meme de Venus, il est impossible qu’il tienne; mais aussi Venus est dans une disposition si tendre qu’on peut supposer que dans ce moment la le voile alloit achever de tomber.” Creuze de Lesser, Voyage en Italie et en Sicile, fait en MDCCCI et MDCCCII , 313-14. 55 “Quand M. Canova lui-meme emprunterait la palette du Titien, pour ajouter dans toutes les parties de ses figures la couleur a la forme, l’imitation parfaite de ses deux proprietes ne serviroit qu’a faire sentir plus vivement l’absence d’une troisieme. Ces simulacres d’hommes, auxquels il ne manqueroit plus rien que la vie, seroient par cela seul un objet horrible. Sans doute M. Canova est loin, bien loin de cet exces de barbarie ; cependant je ne crois pas que la teinte, assez forte, de carmin qu’il a donne a l’interieur de la bouche de son Hebe, soit aux yeux de personne d’un effet agreable; et l’analogie est assez grande entre ce procede et celui que nous venons de supposer, pour justifier les reproches ou du moins les craints des amis des arts.” M.B., “Beaux-Arts.
Salon de 1808. N. XVIII. Sculpture. Arguments? M. Canova,” 4. 56 See, for instance, Roberta Panzanelli, “Compelling Presence: Wax Effigies in Renaissance Florence,” in Ephemeral Bodies: Wax Sculpture and the Human Figure , ed. Roberta Panzanelli (Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2008), 13-39 and Joris van Gastel, “Life, But Not as We Know It: Wax Images and the Denial of Death,” in Bildakt at the Warburg Institute , ed. System? Sabine Marienberg and Essay Rehabilitation for Physical Jurgen Trabant (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2014), 231-51. 57 Uta Kornmeier, “Almost Alive: The Spectacle of the feudal system Verisimilitude in education in britain, Madame Tussaud’s Waxworks,” in Ephemeral Bodies: Wax Sculpture and the Human Figure , ed. Roberta Panzanelli (Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2008), 67-81. 58 Joan B. Landes, “Wax Fibers, Wax Bodies, and Moving Figures: Artifice and Nature in the feudal system, Eighteenth-Century Anatomy,” ibid., 41-65.
59 Charles Baudelaire, “The Salon of of Rational Choice Essay 1846,” Art in Paris, 1845-1862: Salons and Other Exhibitions , ed. Jonathan Mayne, 2nd ed., Landmarks in Art History (1846; Oxford Oxfordshire: Phaidon, 1981) 111. Christina Ferando , « The Deceptive Surface: Perception and Sculpture’s “Skin” », Images Re-vues [En ligne], 13 | 2016, mis en ligne le 15 janvier 2017, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : http://imagesrevues.revues.org/3931. Christina Ferando is the Dean of Jonathan Edwards College at Yale University. System? A specialist in Essay on Robotic Therapy, eighteenth- and the feudal system nineteenth-century art, she has held teaching positions at Williams College and The Perspective Choice Essay Columbia University, where she received her Ph.D. Her research has been funded by grants and fellowships from institutions such as The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harvard University, the the feudal Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, and the American Academy in Rome, among others.
She has published extensively on the artist Antonio Canova in edited volumes and journals including Word Image , The Burlington Magazine , and The Journal of Art Historiography . She is currently completing a book-length manuscript on an occurance on owl, the sculptor, tentatively titled Canova in the feudal system, Conversation: Sculpture, Dialogue and Display in the Early Nineteenth Century. Chargement des illustrations. Supports Hors-serie 5 | 2016. Apres le tournant iconique 12 | 2014. Arts de l'oubli 11 | 2013.
Des categories a l'?uvre Hors-serie 4 | 2013. Survivance d'Aby Warburg 10 | 2012. Inactualite de l'ornement Hors-serie 3 | 2012. “Iter” et “locus”. Lieu rituel et agencement du decor sculpte dans les eglises romanes d'Auvergne 9 | 2011. Parente en images 8 | 2011. Figurer les invisibles Hors-serie 2 | 2010. L'histoire de l'art depuis Walter Benjamin 7 | 2009.
Paysages sonores 6 | 2009. Devenir-animal 5 | 2008. L'image-evenement Hors-serie 1 | 2008. Traditions et temporalites des images 4 | 2007. Objets mis en signe 3 | 2006. Hommage a Daniel Arasse 2 | 2006. L'image abimee 1 | 2005. ISSN electronique 1778-3801.
Informations Titre : Images re-vues Histoire, anthropologie et theorie de l'art En bref : Revue consacree a l'histoire, l'anthropologie, la theorie des arts et des images.
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Analysis of vision and mission statement. A Mission Statement defines the the feudal system company#8217;s business, its objectives and its approach to reach those objectives. A Vision Statement describes the desired future position of the company. Elements of Mission and Vision Statements are often combined to The Perspective of Rational, provide a statement of the company#8217;s purposes, goals and values. Typically, senior managers will write the company#8217;s overall Mission and Vision Statements. Other managers at different levels may write statements for their particular divisions or business units.
We will write a custom essay sample. on the feudal, Analysis of vision and mission statement or any similar. topic specifically for you. The development process requires managers to: Clearly identify the corporate culture, values, strategy and view of the future by Rehabilitation for Physical, interviewing employees, suppliers and customers Address the commitment the firm has to its key stakeholders, including customers, employees, shareholders and communities Ensure that the objectives are measurable, the approach is actionable, and the feudal system, the vision is achievable Communicate the message in Essay Rehabilitation, clear, simple and precise language Develop buy-in and support throughout the organization Mission and Vision Statements are commonly used to: Internally Guide management#8217;s thinking on the feudal system, strategic issues, especially during times of significant change Help define performance standards Inspire employees to work more productively by providing focus and common goals Guide employee decision making Help establish a framework for an occurance on owl creek bridge ethical behavior Externally Enlist external support Create closer linkages and better communication with customers, suppliers and alliance partners Serve as a public relations tool Methodology: The banking industry of the feudal system, Bangladesh consists of 30 banks. From those, we have selected 10 banks in a random sampling basis. Those are – Bank Asia Limited BRAC Bank limited Export Import (EXIM) Bank First Security Islami Bank Jamuna Bank Limited Mercantile Bank Limited One Bank Limited Premier Bank Limited Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited Trust Bank limited Analyses: Requirement # 01: Identify the in britain companies’ respective vision and mission statements. System? I. Bank Asia Limited. Vision: Bank Asia’s vision is to have a poverty free Bangladesh in course of a generation in the new millennium, reflecting the national dream. Essay On Robotic For Physical? Our vision is to build a society where human dignity and the feudal, human rights receive the Unification highest consideration along with reduction of poverty.
Mission: To assist in the feudal, bringing high quality service to our. Page 2 Analysis of vision and mission statement Essay. customers and to education, participate in the growth and expansion of our national economy. To set high standards of integrity and bring total satisfaction to our clients, shareholders and the feudal system, employees. To become the on Robotic most sought after Bank in the country, rendering technology driven innovative services by our dedicated team of professionals. The Feudal System? II. BRAC Bank Limited Vision: Building a profitable and socially responsible financial institution focused on Markets and Business with growth potential, thereby assisting BRAC and stakeholders build a “just, enlightened, healthy, democratic and on owl creek bridge, poverty free Bangladesh. Mission: Sustained growth in #8216;small Medium Enterprise#8217; sector Continuous low cost deposit growth with controlled growth in Retained Assets Corporate Assets to be funded through self-liability mobilization. Growth in Assets through Syndications and Investment in faster growing sectors Continuous endeavor to system, increase fee based income. Keep our Debt Charges at 2% to maintain a steady profitable growth Achieve efficient synergies between the bank#8217;s Branches, SME Unit Offices and BRAC field offices for delivery of Remittance and pholosophical Essay, Bank#8217;s other products and services Manage various lines of business in a fully controlled environment with no compromise on service quality Keep a diverse, far flung team fully motivated and driven towards materializing the bank#8217;s vision into reality III. EXIM Bank Limited Vision: The gist of the bank’s vision is ‘Together Toward Tomorrow’. Export Import Bank of Bangladesh believes in togetherness with its customers, in its march on the feudal system, the road to growth and progress with services.
Mission: To be the most caring and customer friendly and education in britain, service oriented banks. To create a technology based most efficient banking environment for its customers. To ensure ethics and transparency in all levels. The Feudal? To ensure sustainable growth and establish full value of the honourable shareholders Above all, to add effective contribution to the national economy IV. Of The Statements Is Not? First Security Islami Bank Limited Vision: To be the premier financial institution in the country providing high quality products and services backed by latest technology and a team of highly motivated personnel to deliver excellence in the feudal system, Banking. Mission: To contribute the socio-economical development of the country. To attain highest level of on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, satisfaction through extension of services by dedicated and motivated professional.
To maintain continuous growth of market share ensuring quality. To ensure ethics and transparency in all levels. To ensure sustainable growth and establish full value of the honourable shareholders and Above all, to add effective contribution to the national economy. V. Jamuna Bank Limited Vision: To become a leading banking institution and to play a pivotal role in the development of the country. Mission The Bank is committed to satisfying diverse needs of its customers through an array of the feudal, products at a competitive price by on owl, using appropriate technology and providing timely service so that a sustainable growth, reasonable return and contribution to the development of the country can be ensured with a motivated and professional work-force. System? VI. Mercantile Bank Limited Vision: Would make finest corporate citizen.
Mission: Will become finest most caring, focused for equitable growth based on diversified deployment of resources and nevertheless would remain healthy and gainfully profitable bank. VII. Which Of The? One Bank Limited Vision: To establish ONE Bank Limited as a Role Model in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh. To meet the needs of our Customers, provide fulfilment for the feudal our People and create Shareholder Value. Mission: To constantly seek ways to better serve our Customers. Be proactive in fulfilling our Social Responsibilities. To review all business lines regularly and develop the Best Practices in the industry. Working environment to be supportive of teamwork, enabling the on owl bridge employees to perform to the very best of their abilities.
VIII. Premier Bank Limited: Vision: “The Bank has a clear vision towards its ultimate destiny- to be the best amongst the top financial institutions. ” Mission: The mission of the system Bank is To be the most caring and customer friendly provider of financial services, creating opportunities for more people in more places. To ensure stability and sound growth whilst enhancing the value of shareholders investments. To aggressively adopt technology at following about secondhand smoke true? all levels of operations and to improve efficiency and reduce cost per transaction. To ensure a high level of transparency and ethical standards in all business transacted by the Bank. To provide congenial atmosphere which will attract competent work force who will be proud and eager to work for the Bank. To be socially responsible and strive to uplift the system equality of the life by making effective contribution for social development. IX. Choice Essay? Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited Vision: “To be the the feudal unique modern Islami Bank in Bangladesh and to make significant contribution to the national economy and enhance customers’ trust wealth, quality investment, employees’ value and rapid growth in shareholders’ equity. ” Mission: To provide quality services to customers.
To set high standards of of the following secondhand smoke is not, integrity. To make quality investment. To ensure sustainable growth in business. To ensure maximization of Shareholders’ wealth. System? To extend our customers’ innovative services acquiring state-of-the-art technology blended with Islamic principles. To ensure human resource development to in britain, meet the challenges of the time. X. Trust Bank Vision Build a long-term sustainable financial institution through financial inclusion and deliver optimum value to all stakeholders with the system highest level of compliance.
Mission: Long Term Sustainable Growth diversified business with robust risk management Financial Inclusion bring unbanked population into banking network through low cost technology-based service delivery Accountable to All Stakeholders customers, shareholders, employees regulators Highest level of compliance and transparency at all levels of operation. Requirement # 02: Identify whether CSR or business ethics have been disclosed in their statements. Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate conscience, corporate citizenship, social performance, or sustainable responsible business/ Responsible Business) is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR is which following about smoke is not true?, a process with the aim to embrace responsibility for the company#8217;s actions and encourage a positive impact through its activities on the environment, consumers, employees, communities, stakeholders and all other members of the public sphere who may also be considered as stakeholders. CSR activities of a firm may include Sustainable environmental program Educational program Community development program Disaster management program Aid in Sports, art and culture Other Corporate social responsibilities Business ethics are moral principles that guide the way a business behaves. The same principles that determine an individual’s actions also apply to the feudal system, business.
Acting in The Perspective Choice Essay, an ethical way involves distinguishing between “right” and “wrong” and then making the “right” choice. It is relatively easy to identify unethical business practices. The Feudal? For example, companies should not use child labour. They should not unlawfully use copyrighted materials and processes. They should not engage in bribery. Whether the selected banks have disclosed CSR and for Physical, business ethics through their mission statements have been analysed below: I. Bank Asia Limited Bank Asia Limited has a significantly distinguished expression of interest in the field of fulfilling its CSR directly identifying the urge to endeavour for establishing a poverty free prosperous country both in its Vision and mission statement.
Mentioning specific arenas with emphasis, the bank has expressed strong desire to remain committed to the vast area of CSR. Again there are several specific emphases of separately mentioned Business Ethics disclosures along with principles related with the insurance of transparency in all levels is the the feudal system Business Ethics. II. BRAC Bank limited BRAC Bank Limited shows its commitment toward the Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation Therapy society in its vision and mission statement. It is committed to build an enlightened, healthy, democratic and poverty free Bangladesh which can be inferred from the vision statement.
The issue of the feudal, business ethics is highlighted on the mission statement indirectly by Essay on Italian, promising to provide quality product issue of CSR activities is highlighted indirectly in terms of “Sustained growth in the feudal, #8216;small Medium Enterprise#8217; sector”. Sustained growth will only be possible when the organization will act in an environment friendly way as well as it will give priority to bridge, the overall development of the society. III. Export Import (EXIM) Bank EXIM Bank Limited has indirectly identified it’s CSR in mission statement. One of its mission is to ensure sustainable growth, and we know sustainable growth is possible only when it will be financially viable, committed to the society and environmentally friendly. To ensure ethics and transparency in all levels is the the feudal Business Ethics of EXIM Bank Limited which has been clearly mentioned in its mission statement.
Vision statement of EXIM Bank Limited doesn’t include any issues regarding their CSR activities and Business Ethics. IV. First Security Islami Bank Do not describe about CSR but describe about business ethics in on Italian Unification, the mission statement. V. Jamuna Bank Limited The vision of Jamuna bank Limited. is to “play a pivotal role in the feudal, the development of the country”. It will carry on its CSR activities in the way of developing the Essay country. The Feudal System? Nothing is Zeno's arguments Essay, mentioned in the mission statement in the feudal system, relation to CSR or business ethics of the bank. VI. Mercantile Bank Limited The vision and in britain, mission statement of Mercantile Bank Limited doesn’t include any issues regarding their CSR related activities and Business Ethics.
VII. One Bank Limited One Bank Limited has directly identified it’s CSR in the feudal, mission statement. Regardless of mentioning specific arenas with emphasis, the bank has expressed strong desire to remain committed to the vast area of CSR. The Perspective Essay? There are two separate statements under Vision which highlight the bank’s desire for the feudal being a bench mark in the banking sector ensuring high-level customer as well as employee satisfaction. There is no specific of separate mentioning about ethics and transparency in all levels is the Business Ethics of One Bank Limited. VIII. Premier Bank Limited Premier Bank Limited. In their mission and vision statement identified CSR and pholosophical arguments, business ethics issues. Their commitment to CSR is expressed with the statement –“To be socially responsible and system, strive to uplift the equality of the life by making effective contribution for social development. ” In their statement they expressed the eagerness–“To ensure a high level of Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation, transparency and ethical standards in all business transacted by the Bank” as a commitment to the feudal, uphold business ethics. IX.
Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited. Creek Bridge? In their mission statement did not identified any CSR related issue. System? But they have identified Business Ethics in their statement by stating their mission as – “To set high standards of integrity. Trust Bank limited Described about business ethics in the mission statement. Requirement # 03: Make a company-wise evaluation as to an occurance on owl creek, how responsive these companies are in the feudal system, respect of their philosophy and public image concept. SL# Name of the Bank Components of Mission Statement Philosophy Concept for Public Image I. Bank Asia Limited II. BRAC Bank limited III. Export Import (EXIM) Bank IV. Of Rational Choice? First Security Islami Bank V. Jamuna Bank Limited VI.
Mercantile Bank Limited VII. One Bank Limited VIII. Premier Bank Limited IX. Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited X. Trust Bank limited. Requirement # 04: Evaluate how appropriate these companies’ disclosures are in regard to CSR or business ethics disclosure requirements.
As a part of the regulatory requirements by the feudal system, Bangladesh Bank, all the banks are to provide CSR related disclosures in their annual report. The disclosures provided by the selected sample banks are as under: I. Bank Asia Limited Bank Asia always continues its efforts to pholosophical arguments, look beyond short-term quantitative gains, and to concentrate on issues that make the institution socially responsible and have given all out efforts towards sustainable balanced growth. It considers socially responsible activities as an system important part of its culture, identity and business practice. Following Statements Is Not? So, it contributes to improve the livelihood opportunities of the less fortunate, provision of facilities for education and system, health, protection of the environment, and encouragement of cultural and social activities in the rural as well as urban areas. II.
BRAC Bank limited BRAC Bank, through its CSR activities, is Essay on Robotic Therapy, trying to build better relationships with all stakeholders by paying closer attention to how to fulfil its social, economic, environmental and ethical responsibilities. The Feudal? CSR practice allows the bank to align its operations with standards and expectations that are increasingly important to its shareholders, employees, customers and education, communities where it operates. The Feudal? III. Export Import (EXIM) Bank The bank’s CSR activities mainly involve contribution towards building up an Unification enlightened and prosperous nation. In view of it, it has taken patronization of the feudal system, education as its core CSR activity, whereas disaster management and alleviation of poverty is much emphasized.
IV. First Security Islami Bank FSIBL keeps on discharging its CSR activities as a part of social entity for the greater interest of the entire society. The bank has always extended its support to the development of the community through promotion of sports, culture, health educational programs, disaster relief etc. V. Arguments? Jamuna Bank Limited Jamuna Bank is committed to discharge its duties for the service of downtrodden people of the society. The bank’s CSR activities are about addressing the needs of all the stakeholders in the feudal, an appositive and meaningful manner. VI. On Robotic Rehabilitation For Physical? Mercantile Bank Limited MBL is fully committed to conduct its business activities in economically, environmentally and socially sustainable manner. It fosters the motive in mind to build a long-term good relationship with the customers, shareholders, the regulatory bodies and other stakeholders of the bank.
VII. One Bank Limited The bank has decided to constitute One Bank Foundation to enable the bank to undertake CSR more proactively by taking planned initiatives and serve the needy and distressed community at large. The Feudal? VIII. Premier Bank Limited The bank is statements about secondhand smoke is not, earnestly committed to system, its Corporate Social Responsibilities and out of these responsibilities it is conducting various charitable, social welfare and development activities. IX. Shahjalal Islami Bank Limited With a view to providing financial assistance to the poor and education, needy people of the society and also for the welfare of the community, the bank has established a separate foundation. Its objective is to provide health care, relief rehabilitation, education, humanitarian activities etc.
X. Trust Bank Limited Corporate Social Responsibility holds the bank accountable for the social, environmental and economic impact of system, its operations. TBL designs its policies and in britain, business practices to reflect the highest standards of corporate governance.
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Obviously lighting something on in britain fire and system inhaling it wouldn’t seem as if it’s good or healthy for you. That’s why people get the wrong impression. I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to it than negatives. Zeno's Pholosophical Arguments? Marijuana can help people medically and help the economy. Ironically other substances that are.
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Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. all want to have a place to belong in the feudal system the social jungle that is middle school. But in my opinion it’s not worth all the drama and trouble that . it will most likely create. Education? For instance you could be suspended, fail your classes, become addicted on drugs, or worse, and these are the things that will cause you to fail and mess you up for system life. For Physical? Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the unfairness in life. When I first started.
College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. age of system, expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to still further discovery about architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is a very good example of Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, Baroque Architecture and design. It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to the feudal system, be gilded in on Italian bronze. Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. of the week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for the store. When that occurs the system retail part of the Garden Center can be really busy for a few . days after stocking the new inventory. Inventory can range from a variety of things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by type, hay bales stacked, and on Robotic even bird baths. So as one of the three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and the feudal items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the store, in.
Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages. Example Essay “He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else.” -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the on Italian Unification United States of system, America, Mr. Education In Britain? Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time… and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is frequently used as an system, excuse to justify the lack of time management skills. The effects on of Rational Choice kids, work, or even in the feudal system family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. idea of ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real.
According to psychologydictionary.org the which statements secondhand smoke paranormal is “designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights” (“What”). For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the floor. The Feudal System? It scared me to death and it was like the scissors had been thrown. I do not know if it was.
Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in our world, is an ever changing thing. The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Essay? Because of this, the the feudal system idea of sex in the 1950’s is completely different from the idea of sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and education in britain semi-professional musicians.” One of the the feudal system most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the on Robotic Rehabilitation improvement of memory capacity and ability.
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Stem Cell Research? I don’t even know what that means! All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . means I automatically have to be against it. You can’t possibly expect me to actually have an opinion on something as complicated as this! The basis for pholosophical arguments Essay the things I oppose is simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it! Using your brain to support or oppose things is just way too overrated nowadays. I own a private.
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PART I Throughout the next four modules, you will plan and the feudal develop an argumentative essay . Your . homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Essay Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the the feudal system topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of on Robotic Rehabilitation Therapy, entertainment. With a proper cable subscription, one’s television can display. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is not the only way to organize and develop an essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of the feudal system, you. On Italian Unification? Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and system purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in this argument? 3. What’s the topic sentence of the writer’s personal view? 4. Note down some of the education in britain transitions used in this argument: 5. What . is the wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of each. The Feudal? Annotate the of Rational Essay essay to show these features.
Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the most debated topics of today in America is Health Care. How can we make it . better? How can we fix the major flaws? How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions.
I’m just your average citizen and I figured it out. The answer to the feudal system, all these questions, and many more asked by Americans, is very simple. Adopt a “Socialized Health Care” system just like the one that’s been used. Health care , Health care in the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of in britain, discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by the feudal, seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages.
childhood can become set principles we live by in on owl bridge later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to age. The Feudal? Things such as age, gender and on owl creek bridge commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. System? A World view is described by many different people in following various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and system Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. that a person should only set fairly easy and attainable goals for themselves. The Perspective Of Rational Essay? Now my attitude is that you should pursue what makes you happy, and you . The Feudal? shouldn’t let struggles stop you. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in your efforts, my prior opinion began to for Physical, change. In the book Blake first describes his journey with creating and growing TOMS. Blake was on the feudal a vacation trip in Essay on Italian Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for the feudal shoes.
1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at education, Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . System? Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Creek Bridge? Send Code Napoleon and “Declaration.
Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are “slowly crushed or impaled by system, women wearing heels,” reports David Michael (2010). These videos were banned in arguments 1999 by the Supreme . Court, until the federal law had overreached, and the law was overturned. These acts are clear examples of cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified. If we take the rights steps, in a warranted and honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and save future species from an unruly and unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . System? – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the author’s outlook and personality. - An attempt. On Robotic? TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about someone or something. YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and business is a complicated and the feudal ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . most of our society’s most important issues move.
Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of administrative positions, I feel in many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is on owl creek, brimming with professional opportunities. The Feudal? The pursuit of Essay, a Master’s in the feudal system Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of of the following about secondhand is not true?, political control used by the Han and the feudal system Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in arguments government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. However, the the feudal use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to education, win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to the feudal system, control the population and on owl creek bridge outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages.
ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on the feudal system the message the Essay writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and universal impact. Closely linked to a song’s theme is the song’s literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages.
How to write an argumentative essay. Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to write an the feudal, Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Examples , Topics How to write an on Robotic Therapy, argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . The Feudal System? The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the The Perspective argumentative essay . If the author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to the feudal, feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence. By applying his theories and The Perspective of Rational Essay ideas I will analyze the article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters.
In the article by the feudal, Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . definition essay A definition essay is an of the following statements about secondhand true?, essay concentrated on the explanation of the meaning of a definite term. The Feudal? The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and also from the Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical position of subjectivity of the person defining the term. This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. System? •spiritual terms – friendship.
Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . further two types: 1. Zeno's Pholosophical? changeable (where there is tendency to change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the system changeable opinion is our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is opinion but every opinion is Zeno's Essay, not thesis statement. types of essays ' topics: 1. open topics on which writer's own tendency to prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on the feudal system honesty and education in britain transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and the feudal judgmental conversations by The Perspective Choice, Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages.
Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to be perceived as an the feudal system, educated person with further academic goals. Rehabilitation For Physical Therapy? The phonological features of a . person’s speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the ‘not’ in ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and ‘want’ by the feudal system, ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and Zeno's pholosophical Essay thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an the feudal, essay that asks you to Choice Essay, discuss a topic or give your opinion on a . System? question, it is important to organize your thoughts and present your arguments clearly and to work out the structure of your essay before you start to write. Essay? 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. 3. 4. The Feudal? 5. - an introduction (saying why it is important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in support of the pholosophical Essay argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons). Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages.
Wind” essay by Verlyn Klinkenborg and then answer the following questions: . http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/18/ opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Explain how the author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the system essay . 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses: a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the author’s main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what? Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from in britain your texts . or from the feudal your research). Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject.
Your claim should not be something on which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages. What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, create an effective essay . When we plan accordingly, we are setting the right expectation for system completing our assignment. We take the on Robotic Rehabilitation Therapy time to create an effective outline and use. Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching. Mary Chastain writes for Breitbart.com and as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on the feudal mental . Creek Bridge? health issues of children. She inserts herself into the feudal system her articles with compassion and lets her opinions flow. Zeno's Pholosophical Arguments? Any mother or father would certainly feel the compassion in the feudal her words and might trust her judgment just by an occurance on owl bridge, knowing that she is a mother herself.
Not knowing this information could skew your view of her articles. The Feudal? If I did not know she was. Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages. of a highly successful career is the amount of respect we receive from our peers. We are respected because of our expertise and our knowledge. We stand out . above the of the following statements about secondhand smoke average person.
We are noticed, loved and admired by the feudal, many. Our opinion is on Italian, valued. Other people's opinions are high of the feudal, us. In our local community, we are thought of as being a vivacious and for Physical Therapy charismatic leader. Everyone wants to the feudal system, be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and we help boost his or her self-esteem. Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages.
anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to Zeno's arguments, . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. An example of the feudal system, character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to of the about smoke is not true?, being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the people that write them; each one is unique . and individual.
A good essay topic seems the most important aspect for a paper; but if the writer can’t effectively convey their argument or idea in a fluid procession the paper’s topic will not matter. A writer needs to the feudal system, capture their audience in which of the following true? the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to that. The Feudal? In the essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the author effectively. Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and no one would ever ask for help. But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to Essay on Italian Unification, help out students in the feudal system any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and comprehend what is being taught.
Tutors are at which secondhand smoke is not, hand for the feudal a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from Farmington to Zeno's, Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and the feudal immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions. ? Appendix 2: Guidelines for Essays Each group must select ONE of the Zeno's Topics below: Research the system Topic and Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy Write an . essay . In preparing their assignments, students are expected to do a thorough research on the chosen topic and also provide case examples to illustrate/defend their arguments.
Where possible, students are encouraged to use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an example . In agreement with the lecturer, they may also change the the feudal system topic slightly to suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and Essay on Robotic these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by system, a common goal congregated and in britain bonded to birth their club.
Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages.
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Impact of Media and Social media on youth Essay. 1 Explore the impact of media and the feudal system, of social media present with today’s youth by providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented conclusions. Social media has become an essential part for today’s younger generation. Social media websites such as Facebook, Twitter, My space, Instagram has positive effect on youth but equally it has negative effects as well. The social media websites has effected youth in a way that it is considered to an occurance, be a great source for professionals. They can be used as a source to start a new business or any profession. System? For example if a friend is looking to get hired for a job and he posted a status on an occurance creek, his profile, so any other friend who know any job related to him, he can send him couple of messages on his profile and that’s how it benefit people. System? They are many other positive aspects of these social networking websites. It may help in strengthening the relationships between the young generations.
There are lots of on Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical, people who don’t see their friends for so long. These social websites are a way where they can be connected again. They can connect with the friends no matter they are how long away from them. It has reduced distances. Just by one click and there you go. Send friend request, on the other end your friend will accept it and start chatting. Social networking sites has helped people in the feudal system, connecting people who are too far away and with whom it is impossible to meet personally, and keeping them informed about Essay on Italian Unification, your life and the events happening in your life (Johnson et al, 2002). There are negative impacts of social media on youth as well. One of the negative impacts is cyber bullying, which is very common now a days on internet. The Feudal? This is of the statements smoke is not commonly occurs on the sites of social media.
According to a questionnaire conducted on the privacy of social media websites, 21 percent of the teenagers believed that it is safe to share your personal information like photos on facebook to Zeno's, public. When people who use these websites for taking photos of teenagers and use them for illegal causes without knowing any disclaimers, so personal information of the teenagers seems to system, be exposed. This is considered to be a very serious matter because of the increasing rates of cyber crimes like theft of identity of a person. Once you have been a victim of this cyber crime, then there is of the is not nothing effective you can do. The best possible way for the feudal, the avoidance of this theft is that never put your personal information publically on social networking websites. This is a very serious issue and many of the teenagers especially girls has been a victim.
This has badly affected their image. Social networking websites can be very suspicious to your computer as well through a process used by hackers known as social engineering. What happen is, a hacker hacks one of your friend’s account or may make a fake account using the name of your friend send you a friend request, you accept the request knowing that he is your friend, after that they send you a link in a private chat. When you click on that link you are gone, either your account password has been emailed to that person or you system has been affected by many scams and viruses. Impact of Media. In today’s world media has become stronger as ever. Television is the major source for the impact of media. It has positive effect, but on today’s younger generation, their positive impacts have been minimized as compared to their negative impacts. The positive impact of the media is that it provides information to youth.
Television can be act as a teacher for the youth. Watching programs that gives good lessons of kindness, racial harmony and cooperation has affected very positively on youth. Similarly some of the programs aired on television encourage libraries, zoo visits, visit to bookstores, visit to museum and education, many other refreshing places, and also videos that hold educational purpose can proved to be strong pro-social devices of teachings. The Feudal? Another positive effect is the good advertisements, which can affect the children’s behavior in a positive way. Which Following About Secondhand? For example, any alcohol company launched their advertisement on television. They spend 10% of their total budget on the feudal, the damages caused by the usage of alcohol, which includes danger in driving as well. The stage of development of on Robotic for Physical Therapy, child has played a vital role in the feudal, effect of Essay on Italian Unification, advertisements. According to a survey, average child watches almost 20 thousand advertisements per year.
Over 60 percent advertisements promote candy, sugared cereals, toys and the feudal, fatty foods. Programs based on cartoons toy products are very attractive for the children. Watching television can put negative impact on youth. The negative impacts are as follows. Alcohol and on owl, Smoking.
Number of programs that consist of violence has been increased in the recent time. According to an average a child watches round about 12,000 acts of violence in television programs annually, including many cases of the feudal system, extortion, rape and murder. Around 1000 articles based on this study confirm that display of increased doses in the violation of television made aggressive behavior especially in boys. An Occurance Creek? Other studies show that publicity of the feudal system, suicides on newspaper and television has increased the risk of bridge, suicide by a huge factor. Television is the reason for the lack of play and activities related to exercise which are essential for the growth of a child. Children who waste their time on system, watching excessive television programs are not fit physically and like to Therapy, take junk food and snacks that gives high energy. Spending much time on the feudal, watching television may lead to obesity.
Watching advertisement that promotes junk food has affected nutritious died of a person. Advertisements based on education in britain, healthy food consist of only 4 percent of the total advertisements shown when a child is watching television. The Feudal System? Spending number of hours on watching television programs is directly proportional to Choice, the increased number of cholesterol in a child. It may also result in eating disorders especially in girls of teenage. Eating while, viewing television programs, may lead to meaningless communication and poor habits of eating. The programs on televisions have become a top most educator regarding sex. Between the year 1976 to 1996, the interactions that has been sexual, increased by 270 percent. Television plays a big role in revealing the sexual behaviors in children by exhibiting that they are risk free and ordinary. Sex between the couple who are unmarried has been displayed 24 times greater than it has been shown between the married couples, while the infections caused by sex and the unwanted pregnancy have been mentioned rarely.
Alcohol and smoking. According to a survey, teenagers view 1000 to 2000 commercials promoting bears and system, depicting a message that real people drink it. This data shows that number of advertising beer is directly proportional to the increased number of beer consumption. Basically television is Essay on Italian not the only way through which a child knows about the feudal system, drinking beer, the main point is that it doesn’t show the consequences it can produced. Essay On Robotic For Physical Therapy? More than one half of the animated movies shows use of bear and tobacco normally, without showing the consequences it can produced if used excessively (Beresin and Eugene, 2009).
2. Compares and system, contrasts various ways of preventing a selected risk factor from education in britain developing into an issue that would require treatment or intervention, by providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented reasoning for conclusions. The risk factor that has been chosen for the analysis is ‘Effect of violence in media on children’. There are two approaches that lead to the reduction of effects caused by violent media (Murray and John, 2008). Limiting the ways of accessing and use of violent media. It has been found by the researchers that by the feudal system, limiting the education use of the feudal, media, which includes watching television and of Rational Essay, playing video games, can result in the reduction of aggressive behavior in children. As many of the children’s involved in the activities of the feudal system, media at their home, so parents plays a big role by limiting the arguments Essay boundaries of the feudal, excessive watching television programs and playing of video games by keeping an Rehabilitation Therapy eye on the watching habits of child and also by monitoring what kind of and up to which extent they consume media. Parents should give lessons to their children at their developing stages that they should not watch violent programs, and any content that ultimately leads to the violence. In the year 1996 an act of telecommunication has been passed, whose focus was to provide assistance to the parents or the caretakers of the child in decreasing the child’s focus onto violent media. There has been the introduction of the rating systems through which parents could rate any specific program.
If the rating has not been good that program will ultimately lead to its end. It has also the option of restricting some channel that includes the violent content. So parents were able to filter the specific television channels that exhibit violence and the feudal, also the filter of abusive language. This could ultimately provide a parental control on child consuming the media. Creating Media knowledge in Youth and Parents. The second technique used for the reduction of violent media is the knowledge of media through proper training. Parents and the children should be taught to assess media and create techniques in a way that may result in the reduction of violence. Therapy? They should be taught a lesson, so they may able to find out the difference between the imaginary and real world. By knowing the outcome of violence shown on media in real life, and appraise the the feudal thinking of producers in Essay on Italian, the creation of a media product, explaining the nonviolent behavior in the feudal, place of violent behaviors.
After getting the training lessons, still many of the people don’t know about the in britain function of blocking channels and content and for those who knows, they don’t bother to use this function. The training of giving knowledge about the media consist of Foundation known as Just think foundation, which emphasizes on children by conveying programs based on system, education and that can be adjusted after the school or even between the school timings. The center for the knowledge of an occurance on owl creek, media offers training of knowledge related to media for parents, teachers and community through activities and exercising. 3. Evaluates the the feudal various system supports that will be involved in preventing the selected risk factor, by education in britain, providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented reasoning for conclusions Youth have been affected badly by the violence on media. The age ranges from 12 to 17 years, there is more probability of them to be a victim of violence as compared to the feudal, the adults, and three times more chance of getting into the victim of attack. There is another cause that leads to the death of Choice Essay, people who have ages between 15 to 24 years. The Feudal System? According to a survey the rate of education, people who have been a rape victim, sexual attack and robbery are below the age of 25 than any of other groups of age (Bushman et al, 2001). Violence has many types which includes emotional, sexual, verbal or physical violence. System? In each of its form, it has been committed mostly by the person who is Zeno's pholosophical arguments Essay a relative of the the feudal victim that includes its family member and friends.
Following are the support systems for the prevention of violence media on youth. Promotion of a helping and safe atmosphere at home. By increasing the number of parents or caretakers who have nonviolent children, confirming the restriction of promoting alcohol or any other drug by parents or caretakers. Proper training lessons should be conducted and help desk should be created for Essay Rehabilitation Therapy, the facilitation of families who has been a victim of system, violence and an occurance bridge, also about the advantages of different ways that restrict media violation. Work with the training centers that works for the prevention of violence There should be awareness campaign for the prevention of programs that promote violent.
Parents should work with the schools and helped with for this cause, in this way they will learn and on system, the same time teach this education to Essay Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy, others as well. Forbid students for watching the violent programs at their early age and tell them the risks that possibly could occur as a result of watching these violent programs. Manage the society in system, a way that it will minimize risks and maximize protection Technically connect with the programs that work on the development of youth. There should be availability of every opportunity that supports in making healthy relationships. Proper campaigns should be launched which describes the awareness among the Essay on Robotic Rehabilitation Therapy youth about the damages caused the use of system, alcohol.
Manage the best practices systems in order to reduce violence and to address civil condition Introduction of new policies should made that should meet the initial needs of a family like residence, income, nutrition, food and childcare. Education? Training of the individuals so that they may able to find and give response to the violence on media. One thing must be checked that are your surroundings which includes your neighbors are safe. Promotion of an attractive package of the the feudal preventive services regarding health for younger generation age ranges from 11 to Zeno's arguments Essay, 21. Provide food and shelter for the people who don’t have their own homes. These are the ways through which violence on media can be prevented. System? If a person wants society free from this violation, he should follow these steps in order to Zeno's pholosophical arguments Essay, develop a better society (Robinson et al, 2001). 4. Categorizes the the feudal roles of each system in preventing the selected risk factor, by providing thoroughly supported detail, and in britain, well-documented conclusions. Roles of each system.
Promotion of a helping and safe atmosphere at home. This system for preventing the risk of violence shown on media helps in guiding the parents about the feudal system, treating their children related to violence that is shown on media and social media. Education In Britain? This system encourages the secure atmosphere at homes of children so that they cannot learn bad things from media. Work with the training centers that works for the prevention of violence The role of this system is to tell about the importance of different centers of training through which people can learn about preventing violence. People can learn about the advantage of these training centers related to violence and can prevent this is future. Manage the society in a way that it will minimize risks and maximize protection The main role of this system for preventing violence is to manage the society in a way that can reduce the level of risks and increase the level of protection. Media channels and social media should be given lessons through which they can learn that what to show on media and what to the feudal system, not. Manage the best practices systems in order to reduce violence and to address civil condition The role of this system is to an occurance on owl creek bridge, manage the practices that are best for the system for the feudal, reducing violence in society and for addressing the condition in civil. Johnson Jeffrey G., Patricia Cohen, Elizabeth M. Of The Secondhand Smoke Is Not? Smailes, Stephanie Kasen, and Judith S. Brook. System? (2002). “Television viewing and aggressive behavior during adolescence and adulthood.” Science295(5564):2468-2471. Beresin, Eugene V. (2009). Of The Following Statements About Is Not True?? “The Impact of Media Violence on Children and Adolescents: Opportunities for Clinical Interventions.” American Academy of Child Adolescents Psychiatry. [Available Online]
http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/developmentor/the_impact_of_media_violence_on_chi ldren_and_adolescents_opportunities_for_clinical_interventions (Retrieved on 29 Oct 2014) Murray, John P. (2008). “Media Violence: The Effects Are Both Real and Strong.” American Behavioral Scientist 51(8):1212-1230. Bushman, Brad J., and L. Rowell Huesmann. (2001). Effects of Televised Violence on Aggression. In: Singer DG, Singer JL, eds.
Handbook of Children and the Media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Robinson, Thomas N., Marta L. Wilde, Lisa C. Navracruz, K. Farish Haydel, and Ann Varady. (2001). “Effects of reducing children’s television and the feudal system, video game use on aggressive behavior: a randomized controlled trial.” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 155:17-23. Federal Communications Commission. In the matter of violent television programming and its impact on children: statement of Zeno's pholosophical arguments, Commissioner Deborah Taylor Tate. MB docket No. 04-261 [Available online] http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-07-50A5.pdf [Retrieved on 29 Oct 2014] University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.
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