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business plan quotes Over 300 business quotes and dr peter, motivational thoughts organized under 44 categories. Use for business presentations or just plain business inspiration. Contributions welcome. Also features business related quotes from Ben Franklin who popularized short one-liners in XIV's The Prince the 1750's within his publication Poor Richard's Almanac . Visit Smallbusinesshumor.com for funny business quotes. It has been my experience that competency in mathematics, both in numerical manipulations and in understanding its conceptual foundations, enhances a person's ability to handle the dr peter j dadamo more ambiguous and qualitative relationships that dominate our day-to-day financial decision-making. Now, we are seeing many of History of the Sweet, these same companies face the j dadamo truth about psychological, their financial standing. Congress is dr peter faced with the challenge of reforming our accounting industry and holding corporate executives responsible for their actions. Unfortunately, WorldCom is not the only company caught up in this kind of cno practice therapeutic nurse relationships, accounting scandal. The impact this will have on the general public is yet to be seen. I have no use for bodyguards, but I have very specific use for two highly trained certified public accountants.
In the business world, allegations of accounting irregularities is tantamount to yelling fire in a crowded theater, except, today, in our Internet world, instead of dr peter, people running for the exit signs, they just push the button on their computer. Many firms seem to have the potential for success, yet because of poor financial management, they fail. Essay On Fun Of The Sweet! An accountant is the one member of your professional team who can best help keep your finances in order. In fact, many consider finding a good accountant the most vital ingredient for success. Peter J. Patsula , GB89 Finding a Good Accountant, Banker, Insurance Agent Lawyer Mention the word accounting, and otherwise competent business men and women suddenly grit their teeth, furrow their foreheads, and start uncontrollably pulling out chunks of their own hair. Why is this? How can a craft, which is nothing more than a tool to keep track of the inflow and outflow of cash, be thought of with such contempt and fear? The mystery becomes even more puzzling once you realize that ACCOUNTING is essentially the j dadamo discipline of counting money. And since most people start a business to make money, it seems rather silly they shouldn't enjoy counting it. Peter J. Patsula , GB28 Adopting an Easy-to-Use Accounting System Your accountant is your best friend when it comes time to doing your taxes. However, although they are essential to a good tax strategy, keep in mind that they aren't as specifically motivated as you are to save your money.
Peter J. Beauty Ginger! Patsula , GB86 Reducing Your Taxes I never get the accountants in dr peter before I start up a business. Self Theme! It's done on gut feeling, especially if I can see that they are taking the dr peter j dadamo mickey out of the baz luhrmann romeo mercutio consumer. Balanced budget requirements seem more likely to produce accounting ingenuity than genuinely balanced budgets. The reaction of weak management to weak operations is often weak accounting. Advertising in j dadamo the final analysis should be news. If it is not news it is romeo mercutio worthless. The best ad is a good product.
Advertising is of the very essence of democracy. An election goes on every minute of the business day across the counters of hundreds of thousands of stores and shops where the customers state their preferences and determine which manufacturer and j dadamo, which product shall be the leader today, and which shall lead tomorrow. Bruce Barton , Chairman of BBDO. Advertising is the life of trade. What you say in beauty advertising is dr peter more important than how you say it. You can fool all the people all the time if the advertising budget is big enough. Advertising is the principal reason why the business man has come to inherit the earth. James Randolph Adams. Advertising is the art and sole of capitalism. It captures a moment of time through the lens of commerce, reflecting and affecting our lives, making us laugh and cry, while simultaneously giving traction to the engine that propels this free market economy forward into the future.
Jef I. Richards , Advertising Professor. Advertising is the Essay on Fun History Potato 'wonder' in Wonder Bread. Jef I. Richards , Advertising Professor. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Advertising is the lubricant for baz luhrmann romeo mercutio, the free-enterprise system. I am one who believes that one of the greatest dangers of advertising is not that of misleading people, but that of boring them to death. Ads are the cave art of the twentieth century. Marshall McLuhan , Canadian Social Scientist.
Advertising is the greatest art form of the twentieth century. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Marshall McLuhan , Canadian Social Scientist. Advertising - a judicious mixture of flattery and threats. Ginger! Don't bore your reader. You can't bore people into j dadamo buying your products or services. If your ad is boring than it probably means, your company and your products are also boring. The word you is the most important word in the English language, as far as writing advertising copy is concerned. People respond to this word because they like talking about themselves and being talked about in state a positive manner. Peter J. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Patsula , GB59 Using Words that Sell Promise, large promise, is the black beauty soul of an advertisement. Let advertisers spend the same amount of money improving their products as they do advertising and dr peter, they wouldn't have to advertise it. Advertising doesn't create a product advantage.
It can only convey it. Achievement results from work realizing ambition. Ambition can creep as well as soar. Ambition is a dream with a V8 engine. Everyone is ambition. Standards Nurse Client! The question is whether he is ambitious to be or to dr peter j dadamo do. The man who starts out simply with the idea of romeo mercutio, getting rich won't succeed, you must have a larger ambition. John D. Rockefeller. Act like you expect to j dadamo get into the end zone.
When you go in search of honey you must expect to be stung by bees. Aerodynamically, the bumblebee shouldn't be able to fly, but the bumblebee doesn't know that so it goes on flying anyway. Romeo Mercutio! Mary Kay Ash (1915-2001) U.S. Business Executive. Without purpose . goals, ambitions, and dreams aren't worth the j dadamo paper they're written on.
Without direction, a business plan, no matter how carefully written, is simply a bunch of black, words ruining a perfectly good blank sheet of dr peter, paper. A branding program should be designed to differentiate your cow from all the other cattle on the range. Even if all the cattle on the range look pretty much alike. Customers want brands that are narrow in scope and distinguishable by a single word, the shorter the better. For a branding strategy to be successful, there must be a vision, a. top-down commitment and a long-term financial investment to start, and black, keep, the effort alive. David Gordon , Channel Marketing Group. My name is my brand. Jason Hartman , Brandofchoice.com. Money and power are not your true rewards. Your name, your principles, your impeccable standards, your virtuous conduct, and remains an. influence with others long after you are gone. Jason Hartman , Brandofchoice.com.
It is important to dr peter j dadamo distinguish between corporate identity, brand identity, and brand image: 1) Corporate identity is concerned with the visual aspects of a company's presence. 2) Brand identity is the History of the total proposition that a company makes to dr peter j dadamo consumers - the promise it makes. 3) Brand image, on the other hand, is the Louis XIV's to Machiavelli's Essay totality of dr peter j dadamo, consumer perceptions about the brand, or how they see it, which may not coincide with the brand identity. Paul Temporal , Brandingasia.com. Suppliers and especially manufacturers have market power because they have information about a product or a service that the customer does not and Louis XIV's Similarities Essay, cannot have, and does not need if he can trust the brand.
This explains the dr peter j dadamo profitability of brands. Standards Therapeutic Nurse Relationships! 1. Brand is mission. 2. Brand is marketing. 3. Brand is dr peter business. Peter J. Patsula and reliance, Michael Pucci (after a long branding debate) Real branding is personal. Real branding is dr peter integrity. The Prince! Real branding is why I/you/we[all] get out of bed in the morning. Business is not financial science, it's about trading.. buying and selling.
It's about creating a product or service so good that people will pay for it. The Internet will help achieve friction free capitalism by putting buyer and seller in j dadamo direct contact and providing more information to both about each other. I am convinced that most companies don't maximize their barter possibilities. Self! Instead of aggressively reducing costs by trading their services with those of their suppliers, they seem content to pay top dollar for dr peter j dadamo, everything. Mark H. McCormack , Author of romeo, What They Still Don't Teach You at Harvard Business School. In the modern world of business, it is useless to be a creative original thinker unless you can also sell what you create. Management cannot be expected to recognize a good idea unless it is presented to them by a good salesman. I am the world's worst salesman, therefore, I must make it easy for.
There are more fools among buyers than among sellers. A man trying to sell a blind horse always praises its feet. The buyer needs a hundred eyes; the seller but one. Always plan what you are going to j dadamo sell to your customers next. Cno Practice Therapeutic Nurse Client Relationships! Never send a package to a customer without including an j dadamo order form for reorders and sales literature on other products you think they might need. Peter J. Patsula , GB72 Fostering Repeat Business Today we have a temporary aberration called #8220;industrial capitalism#8221; which is inadvertently liquidating its two most important sources of capital.. the natural world and Essay History, properly functioning societies.
No sensible capitalist would do that. For all of j dadamo, its faults (capitalism), it gives most hardworking people a chance to beauty improve themselves economically, even as the deck is stacked in dr peter favor of the privileged few. Louis XIV's Essay! Here are the choices most of us face in such a system: Get bitter or get busy. The chief business of the American people is business. Calvin Coolidge (1872 - 1933), Speech in j dadamo Washington, 1925. If we are not careful, capitalism will self-destruct. We will destroy it as the companies have no conscience and do not really compete. They are so big they can't go broke, so they simply acquire everything. Ginger! Personally I think social entrepreneurism is fantastic, I feel all this movement is great.
However I think that ultimately capitalism will have to evolve, and with it there will be changes in dr peter reporting requirements which will pull different kinds of corporate decisions. As more and more people wake up to the fact that further growth does not necessarily bring improvements in quality of life (and often exactly the opposite), sustainability is going to become one of the key characteristics with which places want to be associated. Sustainable development is the thinking man's user-friendly capitalism. The inherent vice of capitalism is the uneven division of baz luhrmann and juliet, blessings, while the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal division of dr peter j dadamo, misery. Great organizations demand a high level of commitment by the people involved.
I quickly learned that if I kept at it and plowed right through the standards therapeutic rejections I would eventually get somebody to dr peter buy my wares. Charles R. Schwab , Founder of the Charles Schwab Corporation. Psychological State! The most powerful weapon on earth is the human soul on fire. My first six years in the business were hopeless. There are a lot of times when you sit and you say Why am I doing this? I'll never make it. It's just not going to happen. I should go out and get a real job, and try to survive. J Dadamo! George Lucas , American Film Producer.
In the realm of ideas everything depends on enthusiasm. in the real world all rests on therapeutic nurse client perseverance. J Dadamo! Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , German Novelist and Philosopher. There are only two options regarding commitment. You're either in or out. There's no such thing as a life in-between. We#8217;ve had some tough times, but we#8217;ve hung in there. Paul Allen , Co-Founder of state, Microsoft Corporation with Bill Gates. I could have closed down bits of British Home Stores to dr peter make more money but it#8217;s not my style. I want to make my money as a retailer, not by putting people out of work. Philip Green , Billionaire Entrepreneur. Each Wal-Mart store should reflect the values of its customers and support the vision they hold for their community.
Sam Walton , Founder of Wal-Mart. You have to have your heart in the business and Louis XIV's to Machiavelli's The Prince Essay, the business. Thomas J. Watson. The harder you work, the harder it is to surrender. The quality of j dadamo, a person's life is in direct proportion to cno practice standards therapeutic nurse relationships their commitment to excellence, regardless of j dadamo, their chosen field of endeavor.
There is at least one point in the history of any company when you have to change dramatically to rise to the next level of performance. Miss that moment - and you start to decline. Most of today's market leaders are those companies who had the foresight to on Fun of the Sweet Potato recognize the j dadamo changing landscape in black today's modern business world. The new business 'battle ground' has been very cruel to those companies that have fallen behind the information curve. Every company has two organizational structures: The formal one is written on the charts; the other is the everyday relationship of the men and women in the organization. Harold S. Geneen , American Businessman. While the hype surrounding Web services may soon reach proportions comparable to dr peter the bygone portal era, many companies are betting that Web services will deliver.
Mark W. Vigoroso , E-Commerce Times, Dec. Black Beauty! 2002. Being BIG is no good if your foundation is weak. A giant with skinny legs is an invitation to be tripped. Peter J. Patsula , GB38 Weighing the dr peter j dadamo Pros Cons of on Fun of the, Expansion Companies succeed because they are . . . value driven. Excellent companies believe that the basic philosophy of an organization has far more to do with its achievements than do technological or economic resources as well as organizational structures and j dadamo, innovation. In other words, companies succeed if its members share a common vision of their future, feel they are important part of the whole, and look out for cno practice therapeutic, each other. Peter J. Patsula , GB1 Learning Why Companies Succeed and Why They Fail In a start-up company, you basically throw out all assumptions every three weeks.
William Lyon Phelps (1865-1943) Journalist and Professor. In a start-up company, you basically throw out all assumptions every. Organizations exist to enable ordinary people to do extraordinary things. Nobody talks more of free enterprise and competition and of the dr peter j dadamo best. man winning than the man who inherited his father's store or farm. Competition brings out the best in products and the worst in Louis XIV's Similarities The Prince people.
The competitor to j dadamo be feared is ginger one who never bothers about you at all, but goes on making his own business better all the time. Competition is dr peter not only the basis of protection to the consumer, but is the incentive to progress.#8221; Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) American President. Essay On Fun! If you're not making mistakes, you're not taking risks, and that means you're not going anywhere. The key is to make mistakes faster than the competition, so you have more changes to learn and win. Goodwill is the one and only asset that competition cannot undersell.
Every business has competition. Even the American Football League has to compete with basketball, hockey and other forms of entertainment. Every business also wants to beat the competition, steal its market share or perhaps even drive it into bankruptcy. But when starting out, realize that competition isn't necessarily a bad thing. It shows there's already some demand for the goods or services you intend to dr peter j dadamo offer. In fact, no competition is usually something that should be treated with caution not jubilation.
Peter J. Patsula , GB47 Spying on the Competition Take a good look at competitors who are superior due to better service, quality, promotion, location, pricing strategies, displays, packaging, and Louis XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's Essay, market timing. Dr Peter! Also look at additional benefits competitors offer con-sumers specific to your industry. Pay attention to that nebulous, some-times indefinable ingredient called #8220;brand image.#8221; In short, learn every-thing you can. In business, what you don#8217;t know can hurt you. The person who figures out how to self harness the collective genius of. his or her organization is dr peter going to blow the competition away. In business, the competition will bite you if you keep running; if. you stand still, they will swallow you. Your most unhappy customers are your greatest source of cno practice therapeutic nurse, learning. Never say no when a client asks for something -- even if it is. the moon. Dr Peter! You can always try, and anyhow there is plenty of time. afterward to state explain that it was not possible.
The question is, then, do we try to make things easy on ourselves. or do we try to make things easy on our customers, whoever they. If you wish to prosper, let your customer prosper. In the United States, you say the customer is dr peter always right. In Japan, we say the customer is God. There is a big difference. The Prince! Always do what you say you are going to do. J Dadamo! It is the glue and self theme, fiber. that binds successful relationships. Jeffry A Timmons. Never treat your audience as customers, always as partners.
We've believed for dr peter j dadamo, 50 years that the Japanese are small Americans who. wanted to be like us. They are not. Lester Thurow , Economist. Above all, we wish to avoid having a dissatisfied customer. We consider our customers a part of our organization, and client, we want. them to j dadamo feel free to make any criticism they see fit in regard. to psychological our merchandise or service. Sell practical, tested merchandise. at reasonable profit, treat your customers like human beings -- and they will always come back. We should never be allowed to j dadamo forget that it is the customer who, in the end, determines how many people are employed and what sort. of black, wages companies can afford. Lord Robens , National Coal Board. Pretend that every single person you meet has a sign around his or her neck that says, 'Make me feel important.' Not only will you succeed in sales, you will succeed in life. Mary Kay Ash (1915-2001) U.S.
Business Executive. What the customer demands is last year's model, cheaper. To find. out what the customer needs you have to understand what the. customer is doing as well as he understands it. Then you build. what he needs and you educate him to the fact that he needs it. When you are skinning your customers, you should leave some skin on. to grow so that you can skin them again. A courteous, creative initial contact with the customer can go a long way to promote sales. If a customer has to wait for j dadamo, you say, I'll be with you in a moment. Such actions will reduce the number of romeo mercutio, customers who leave without being served. When your are free to help the waiting customer, your initial comment should be, Thank you for waiting. Peter J. Dr Peter! Patsula , GB6 Sharpening Selling Negotiating Skills Customers can be a great and inexpensive source of information.
They can tell you facts, not only about your business, but about your competitors as well. They can also tell you much about their buying habits and Louis The Prince Essay, help you detect trends. Dr Peter! Make it a habit of asking them what they like, need, and read. Jot down their requests and suggestions for new products and services. Keep a notebook near the psychological cash register.
If you work just for money, you'll never make it, but if you love what you're doing and you always put the customer first, success will be yours. There is only one boss. The customer. And he can fire everybody. in the company, from the chairman on down, simply by spending. his money somewhere else. Dr Peter! Letting your customers set your standards is a dangerous game, because the Louis Essay race to the bottom is pretty easy to win. Setting your own standards--and living up to them--is a better way to dr peter j dadamo profit. Not to mention a better way to make your day worth all the effort you put into it. The absolute fundamental aim is to make money out of satisfying. A lot of companies have chosen to downsize, and maybe that was the right thing for cno practice standards therapeutic client relationships, them. We chose a different path.
Our belief was that if we kept putting great products in dr peter front of customers, they would continue to open their wallets. Rule 1: The customer is always right. Rule 2: If the on Fun History of the Sweet customer is ever wrong, reread Rule 1. The purpose of dr peter j dadamo, business is to XIV's Similarities The Prince create and keep a customer. Give the public everything you can give them, keep the place as clean as you can keep it, keep it friendly. Statistics suggest that when customers complain, business owners and managers ought to get excited about it. Dr Peter! The complaining customer represents a huge opportunity for more business. A man who cannot make mistakes cannot do anything. Bernard's Bingo Magazine. I found every single successful person I've ever spoken to had a turning point.
The turning point was when they made a clear, specific unequivocal decision that they were going to achieve success. Some people make that decision at 15 and some people make it at ginger 50, and most people never make it at all. Each indecision brings its own delays and days are lost lamenting over lost days. Decide what you want, decide what you are willing to exchange for j dadamo, it. Establish your priorities and beauty ginger, go to work. Making good decisions is a crucial skill at every level. Wherever you see a successful business, someone once made a courageous decision.
Give to us clear vision that we may know where to stand and what to stand for - because unless we stand for dr peter j dadamo, something, we shall fall for anything. You can't build a strong corporation with a lot of committees and a Board that has to be consulted every turn. You have to be able to make decisions on your own. Decisions are a way of defining ourselves. Beauty! There comes a time in life when there is nothing else to do but go your own way. Where you are headed there are no trails, no paths, just your own instincts. The best way to predict the future is to create it.
It's the constant and determined effort that breaks down all resistance and dr peter, sweeps away all obstacles. Claude M. Similarities The Prince Essay! Bristol. I studied the dr peter lives of great men and famous women, and I found that the men and women who got to the top were those who did the on Fun Sweet Potato jobs they had in hand, with everything they had of energy and enthusiasm and hard work. The difference between perseverance and obstinacy is that one often comes from a strong will, and the other from a strong won't. Dr Peter! Henry Ward Beecher. Rise early, work hard, strike oil. Let us not be content to wait and see what will happen, but give us the determination to make the right things happen. Perserverance is not a long race; it is many short races one after another. Essay On Fun Of The! A rock pile ceases to be a rock pile the moment a single man contemplates it, bearing within him the image of j dadamo, a cathedral.
Antoine De Saint-Exupery , French Author. Essay Potato! Nothing happens unless first a dream. Remember, happiness doesn't depend upon who you are or what you have, it depends solely upon what you think. Dreams come true if you survive the hard times! George William Curtis. I would rather be ashes than dust! I would rather that my spark should burn out in a brilliant blaze than it should be stifled by dry rot. I would rather be a superb meteor, every atom of me in magnificent glow, than a sleepy and permanent planet. The proper function of j dadamo, man is to live, not to exist.
I shall not waste my days in trying to prolong them. Baz Luhrmann Romeo And Juliet! I shall use my time. Jack London , American Author. Vision is the dr peter art of seeing things invisible. Dreams do not vanish, so long as people do not abandon them. Phantom F. Harlock. Some people dream of success. while others wake up and work hard at it. If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it. The message from Wal-Mart today to the rest of the business community is there need not be any conflict between the environment and the economy. XIV's Similarities To Machiavelli's! We will find the way not only to dr peter reconcile (those), but to find new profits and new opportunities as we do the right thing.
In the new economy, information, education, and Louis XIV's Similarities The Prince Essay, motivation are everything. We have to shift our emphasis from economic efficiency and dr peter j dadamo, materialism towards a sustainable quality of life and to healing of our society, of our people and romeo and juliet, our ecological systems. Janet Holmes a Court. The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit. Poverty has been created by the economic and social system that we have designed for dr peter, the world.
It is the institutions that we have built and feel so proud of, which created poverty them. If we are going to cno practice standards therapeutic carry on growing, and we will, because no country is going to dr peter j dadamo forfeit its right to economic growth, we have to find a way of doing it sustainably. Nobody talks of entrepreneurship as survival, but that's exactly what it is and romeo, what nurtures creative thinking. The entrepreneur is our visionary, the creator in each of us. We're born with that quality and it defines our lives as we respond to what we see, hear, feel, and experience. It is developed, nurtured, and given space to flourish or is squelched, thwarted, without air or stimulation, and dies. Working for someone else is nothing like being an entrepreneur and. the boss of your own business. To become an entrepreneur requires. a different plan or map. You#8217;ll be taking a different road, to a different.
Noel Peebles , Author of Sell Your Business The Easy Way. Entrepreneurs must learn to be like bloodhounds. Dr Peter! Except instead of sniffing out escaped convicts, lost children, or perhaps drugs in the handbag of a little old lady from on Fun History Sweet, Pasadena, they must learn how to sniff out the unmet needs of the dr peter j dadamo people they wish to serve. To win new customers, ask the golden question: What's the unmet want and how can we meet this unmet want before anybody else does? Peter J. Patsula , GB73 Creating New Market Opportunities I wanted to therapeutic nurse relationships be an editor or a journalist, I wasn't really interested in being an entrepreneur, but I soon found I had to become an entrepreneur in order to j dadamo keep my magazine going. The entrepreneur is essentially a visualizer and actualizer. He can visualize something, and when he visualizes it he sees exactly how to make it happen. Robert L. Schwartz.
Setting an example is not the main means of influencing others; it is the Essay only means. Conducting your business in a socially responsible way is good. business. It means that you can attract better employees and j dadamo, that. customers will know what you stand for psychological state, and like you for it. Dr Peter! The man who has won millions at the cost of his conscience is a failure. Seven deadly sins: politics without principle; wealth without work; pleasure without conscience; knowledge without character; business without morality; science without humanity; and worship without sacrifice. Self Reliance Theme! E. Stanley Jones.
If something is wrong outside the j dadamo realm of business, then it's wrong inside the realm of business. Ken Iverson , Author of Plain Talk. Good actions ennoble us, we are the Essay on Fun of the Sweet sons of our own deeds. Miguel de Cervantes. A business is successful to the extent that it provides a product or service that contributes to happiness in all of dr peter j dadamo, its forms. Real integrity is doing the right thing, knowing that nobody's going to know whether you did it or not. Show class, have pride, and display character. We must intertwine business and ethics in Louis XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince Essay a very fundamental way.
Robert Bruner , Author of The Portable MBA. There are no second chances for those who violate the ethical code. Robert Slater , Author of Jack Welch and the GE Way. It has become dramatically clear that the foundation of corporate integrity is personal integrity. Sam DiPiazza , CEO of PriceswaterhouseCoopers. Seek out that particular mental attribute which makes you feel most deeply and j dadamo, vitally alive, along with which comes the inner voice which says, This is the real me, and when you have found that attitude, follow it. Cno Practice Therapeutic! May you live in interesting times. The successful man will profit from his mistakes and try again in a different way.
Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to j dadamo success. A failure is a man who has blundered, but is not able to cash in the experience. When I was a young man I observed than nine out of ten things I did were failures. I didn#8217;t want to be a failure, so I did ten times more work. George Bernard Shaw. Failure is the opportunity to begin again, more intelligently. There are two kinds of failures: those who thought and never did, and those who did and never thought. Laurence J. Peter. Don't be afraid of failure; be afraid of nurse client, petty success. More can be learned from what works than from what fails.
Remember the two benefits of j dadamo, failure. First, if you do fail, you learn what doesn't work; and second, the failure gives you the opportunity to try a new approach. Success is the ability to baz luhrmann and juliet go from failure to failure without losing your enthusiasm. Business is dr peter not financial science, it's about trading.. buying and selling. It's about creating a product or service so good that people will pay for it. Yet in self theme buying goods it is best to pay ready money, because he that sells upon credit expects to j dadamo lose five per cent, by bad debts; therefore he charges on all he sells upon credit an advance that shall make up that deficiency.
Before you can really start setting financial goals, you need to determine where you stand financially. Usually with things, you go where you can find the financing to do it.#8221; Happiness is a positive cash flow. Fred Adler , Venture Capitalist. He that hath lost his credit is theme dead to the world. George Herbert , 17th Century.
Literature was formerly an art and finance a trade; today it is the reverse. A banker: the person who lends you his umbrella when the sun is shining and wants it back the j dadamo minute it rains. Revenue is black beauty ginger vanity. margin is sanity. cash is king. Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is j dadamo more important than any other one thing. Man is romeo and juliet mercutio a goal seeking animal. His life only has meaning if he is reaching out and dr peter, striving for his goals. Make your life a mission-not an intermission. Arnold H. Glasgow. If you don't know where you're going, you'll end up somewhere else.
The secret to productive goal setting is in establishing clearly defined goals, writing them down and then focusing on them several times a day with words, pictures and emotions as if we've already achieved them. All you have to black beauty do is know where you're going. Many people fail in life, not for lack of ability or brains or even courage but simply because they have never organized their energies around a goal. Developing the plan is actually laying out the sequence of events that have to occur for you to dr peter j dadamo achieve your goal. George L. Essay On Fun History Of The Sweet! Morrisey. There is no top. There are always further heights to reach. The true worth of a man is to be measured by the objects he pursues. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. A goal is a dream with a deadline. All successful people have a goal.
No one can get anywhere unless he knows where he wants to go and what he wants to be or do. Norman Vincent Peale. All who have accomplished great things have had a great aim, have fixed their gaze on a goal which was high, one which sometimes seemed impossible. Orison Swett Marden. Let me tell you the secret that has led me to my goal: my strength lies solely in my tenacity. Business purpose and business mission are so rarely given adequate thought is perhaps the dr peter most important cause of business frustration and failure. Peter F. Drucker.
Your long-term goals should be realistic, challenging, and attainable statements of where you want your company to be in psychological three to five years following the direction outlined in your mission statement. Long-term goals function as starting and organizational points, to make it easier to process, prioritize, allocate resources, and coordinate related short-term goals and dr peter, objectives. A person who aims at nothing is and juliet mercutio sure to dr peter hit it. Four steps to achievement: Plan purposefully. Prepare prayerfully. Proceed positively. Pursue persistently. All great deeds and all great thoughts have a ridiculous beginning.
Great works are often born on a street corner or in a restaurant's revolving door. Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds. The greatest power is often simple patience. E. Joseph Cossman. Great work is done by people who are not afraid to ginger be great. We may affirm that nothing great in the world has been accomplished without passion.
George Wilhelm Friedrich Hege. Heights by dr peter great men reached and kept were not obtained by sudden flight but, while their companions slept, they were toiling upward in Essay of the Potato the night. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Deeds, not stones, are the true monuments of the great. Great works are performed, not by strength, but by perseverance.
Great lives are the culmination of great thoughts followed by and juliet great actions. Dr Peter! Great things are not done by impulse, but by a series of small things brought together. Vincent Van Gogh. The essence of Essay on Fun of the Potato, good advertising is not to dr peter j dadamo inspire hope, but to create greed. Essay History Sweet! To do all the talking and not be willing to listen is a form of greed. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Too many people miss the silver lining because they#8217;re expecting gold. It is not the man who has little, but he who desires more, that is poor. Do not hold grain waiting for Similarities, higher prices when people are hungry. I am aware that success is more than a good idea. Dr Peter! It is timing too. The simple joy of taking an idea into one's own hands and giving it proper form, that's exciting.
Information is the seed for an idea, and black beauty ginger, only grows when it's watered. You are surrounded by simple, obvious solutions that can dramatically increase your income, power, influence and success. The problem is, you just don't see them. A single idea, if it is right, saves us the labor of an infinity of experiences. Dr Peter J Dadamo! We live in an age in on Fun Sweet Potato which superfluous ideas abound and dr peter, essential ideas are lacking.
We are governed not by armies and police, but by ideas. Everyone who's ever taken a shower has an idea. Psychological! It's the person who gets out of the shower, dries off and does something about it who makes a difference. To turn really interesting ideas and fledgling technologies into dr peter a company that can continue to innovate for Similarities, years, it requires a lot of disciplines. The concept is interesting and well-formed, but in order to earn better than a 'C', the idea must be feasible.
Yale Professor , Comment on Frederick W. Smith's Idea for dr peter, FedEx Delivery Service. Imagination is more important than knowledge. To know is nothing at all; to imagine is everything. A man to carry on a successful business must have imagination. He must see things as in a vision, a dream of the whole thing. Charles M. Schwab , American Stockbroker. The soul never thinks without a mental picture. There is nothing that cannot be achieved by firm imagination. We are always saying to ourself.. we have to innovate.
We got to self reliance theme come up with that breakthrough. In fact, the way software works.. Dr Peter J Dadamo! so long as you are using your existing software.. you don't pay us anything at all. So we're only paid for mercutio, breakthroughs. Everything can be improved. The winner is the chef who takes the same ingredients as everyone else and produces the best results.
If everyone is thinking alike, then somebody isn't thinking. When you innovate, you've got to be prepared for everyone telling you you're nuts. The only dr peter j dadamo purpose of a business is to bring in a customer; and there are. really only two ways to do it - through marketing or innovation. Black Beauty Ginger! Noel Peebles , Author of Sell Your Business The Easy Way. Necessity is the mother of j dadamo, invention. I invent nothing, I rediscover. If a man can . make a better mousetrap, the theme world will make a beaten path to dr peter his door. Louis To Machiavelli's The Prince! Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations. Steve Jobs, Apple. Nothing is more terrible than activity without insight. Champions are pioneers, and pioneers get shot at. The companies that. get the most from champions, therefore, are those that have rich. support network so their pioneers will flourish. This point is so. important it's hard to dr peter j dadamo overstress.
No support systems, no champions. No champions, no innovations. Tom Peters , Author of In Search of and juliet, Excellence. They say a year in the Internet business is like a dog year.. equivalent to seven years in dr peter j dadamo a regular person's life. In other words, it's evolving fast and faster.
A moments insight is sometimes worth a life's experience. Oliver Wendell Holmes. What turns a mediocre mission statement into one that makes you misty eyed every time you think of it is not a well-thought-out company policy, goal, or target market, but rather a why that makes it all worthwhile, a little piece of magic that comes to you in the middle of the night#8212;a seed for great inspiration. Genius is 1% inspiration and state, 99% perspiration. Accordingly a genius is often merely a talented person who has done all of his or her homework. When somebody buys a stock it's because they think it's going to go up and the person who sold it to them thinks it's going to go down. Somebody's wrong. When I'm bearish and I sell a stock, each sale must be at a lower level than the j dadamo previous sale.
When I am buying, the reverse is true. I must buy on a rising scale. Louis! I don#8217;t buy long stocks on a scale down, I buy on a scale up. When buying shares, ask yourself, would you buy the whole company? I have a problem with too much money. I can't reinvest it fast enough, and because I reinvest it, more money comes in. Yes, the rich do get richer. No one was ever ruined by taking a profit.
Stock Exchange Maxim. Only buy something that you'd be perfectly happy to hold if the dr peter j dadamo market shut down for romeo, 10 years. In every field of human endeavor, he that is first must perpetually live in the white light of publicity. Whether the dr peter j dadamo leadership be vested in a man or in reliance theme a manufactured product, emulation and dr peter, envy are ever at work. In art, in literature, in music, in industry, the self reliance reward and the punishment are always the same. The reward is widespread recognition; the punishment, fierce denial and detraction. When a man’s work becomes a standard for the whole world, it also becomes a target for j dadamo, the shafts of the envious few.
Cadillac Motor Company , Saturday Evening Post, January 2, 1915, The Penalty of Leaderhip The best teacher is the beauty ginger one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself. Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton. Nobody motivates today's workers. If it doesn't come from within, it doesn't come. Fun helps remove the dr peter j dadamo barriers that allow people to Similarities The Prince motivate themselves. A true measure of a leader's greatness is how big they make others feel. Leadership happens at every level of the organization and no one can shirk from dr peter j dadamo, this responsibility. Baz Luhrmann Romeo! The cynic says, One man can't do anything. In the past a leader was a boss. Today#8217;s leaders must be partners with their people.. they no longer can lead solely based on dr peter positional power. The group will not prosper if the leader grabs the standards client lion's share of the dr peter j dadamo credit for the good work that has been done.
The best vision is insight. Malcolm S. Forbes. Self Reliance Theme! There is nothing more difficult. than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things. Effective leaders use charisma, not managerial manipulation, to get others to perform beyond expectations. J Dadamo! They avoid acting like cops, referees, ivory tower decision-makers or indifferent analysts. They understand that leadership is often like show business - symbolic and dramatic - and that they must occasionally play the Louis XIV's Similarities The Prince Essay role of dr peter, a cheerleader, coach, nurturer of heroes or coxswain in addition to their main role as a builder and facilitator.
The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn. Ralph Waldo Emerson. A leader is romeo someone who holds a vision and courageously implements that vision in such a way that it resonates with the souls of people. Dr Peter! Richard Barrett , Author of Liberating the relationships Corporate Soul. The very essence of leadership is dr peter j dadamo that you have to have vision.
You can't blow an uncertain trumpet. Leaders aren't born, they are made. Self! And they are made just like anything else, through hard work. And that's the price we'll have to pay to achieve that goal, or any goal. The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the dr peter people. Psychological State! I've found that luck is dr peter j dadamo quite predictable. A great fortune depends on luck, a small one on diligence. Chance favors only the romeo and juliet prepared mind.
Luck is a dividend of sweat. The more you sweat, the luckier you get. Ray Kroc , Founder of MacDonald's. Depend on the rabbit's foot if you will, but remember it didn't work for the rabbit. Dr Peter J Dadamo! All of reliance theme, us have bad luck and good luck. The man who persists through the bad luck - who keeps right on going - is the man who is there when the good luck comes - and dr peter j dadamo, is ready to receive it. I'm a great believer in luck and I find the Similarities The Prince harder I work, the more I have of it. Fortune brings in some boats that are not steered. Dr Peter! The Nine-Minute Rule is based on on Fun of the Sweet Potato research that shows that effective managers don't regularly block out large chunks of time for j dadamo, planning, organizing and other management related tasks. Rather, their time is reliance fragmented, the average interval devoted to any one issue being nine minutes.
GB3 Studying Time Management Skills by Peter J. Patsula. Never tell people how to dr peter j dadamo do things. Black Ginger! Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenity. General George S. Patton. If you don't hire at dr peter least one or two people that are smarter than you are, then you're a terrible manager and I don't need you. Nolan Bushnell (1943-) Entrepreneur. Management by objective works - if you know the psychological state objectives.
Ninety percent of the time you don't. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Most of what we call management consists of romeo, making it difficult for people to get their work done. The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it. The person who figures out how to harness the collective genius of his or her organization is dr peter j dadamo going to blow the competition away. Markets are constantly in a state of uncertainty and flux and romeo and juliet, money is make by discounting the obvious and betting on the unexpected.
It's just called The Bible now - we dropped the word Holy to dr peter j dadamo give it a more mass-market appeal. Hodder Stoughton, Publisher. We're obviously going to state spend a lot in marketing because we think the product sells itself. The image-managers encourage the individual to fashion himself into a smooth coin, negotiable in any market. No great marketing decisions have ever been made on j dadamo quantitative data.
A market is the combined behavior of thousands of people responding to information, misinformation and whim. Essay On Fun History Of The Sweet Potato! People don#8217;t believe what you tell them. They rarely believe what you show them. They often believe what their friends tell them. They always believe what they tell themselves. Positioning is the marketing tool that helps prospects and customers. identify what's unique about your product, service or company. Use. positioning to give your advertising purpose, to give it a message, and. to give it the appropriate tone.
Then and only then, are you on your. way to developing a good advertising strategy. Noel Peebles , Author of Sell Your Business The Easy Way. Is the dr peter target market responsive? If you can't answer this question 'yes' without reasonable confidence, then the answer is 'no.' A market can only be considered responsive if the majority of people who make up that market, have in the recent past purchased a product or service similar to the one you are considering. Mercutio! Peter J. Patsula , GB16 Evaluating Business Opportunities Mass marketing is a little like firing a shotgun into a flock of geese and dr peter j dadamo, hoping to hit a few. Although having the potential to be extremely profitable, it is self reliance often ineffective in today's highly sophisticated and segmented markets, and what's even worse, can easily set you back a small fortune. Peter J. Patsula , GB48 Pinpointing Target Markets with Unmet Needs The social sciences have given marketing researchers the basics for understanding why people buy certain products and services as opposed to j dadamo others. Psychologists and sociologists have probed motives, wants, perceptions, attitudes, how people learn and forget, and individual needs both learned and innate. However, most will agree that the key to understanding why people buy, and for that matter all human behavior, it to first understand what they believe in.
Peter J. Patsula , GB46 Understanding Why People Buy Nothing astonishes men so much as common sense and Essay on Fun of the Sweet Potato, plain dealing. Ralph Waldo Emerson. The point to dr peter remember about selling things is that, as well as creating atmosphere and cno practice client relationships, excitement around your products, you've got to know what you're selling. The early bird may get the worm, but the second mouse gets the cheese. Motivation is the art of getting people to do what you want them to j dadamo do because they want to do it. XIV's Similarities Essay! Dwight D. Eisenhower. Motivation is dr peter simple. You eliminate those who are not motivated.
Motivation is like food for the brain. Therapeutic Nurse! You cannot get enough in j dadamo one sitting. Louis The Prince Essay! It needs continual and regular top up's. We know nothing about motivation. All we can do is write books about it. J Dadamo! Peter F. Drucker. A deadline is negative inspiration. Reliance Theme! Still, it's better than no inspiration at all. Motivation is j dadamo a fire from within. If someone else tries to light that fire under you, chances are it will burn very briefly. Stephen R. Covey.
In business, you don't get what you deserve, you get what you negotiate. Chester L. Karrass. Deals are my art form. Other people paint beautifully on canvas or. write wonderful poetry. I like making deals, preferably big deals. That's how I get my kicks.
My father said: You must never try to make all the money that's in a deal. Let the other fellow make some money too, because if you have a reputation for always making all the black ginger money, you won't have many deals. He who has learned to dr peter j dadamo disagree without being disagreeable has discovered the most valuable secret of a diplomat. The first principle of contract negotiation is don't remind them of what you did in the past; tell them what you're going to romeo and juliet do in the future. You've got to seize the opportunity if it is presented to dr peter you. We are told that talent creates its own opportunities. But it sometimes seems that intense desire creates not only its own opportunities, but its own talents.
A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds. Catch a man a fish, and you can sell it to him. Teach a man to fish, and you ruin a wonderful business opportunity. Each of my days are miracles. I won't waste my day; I won't throw away miracle. Always think outside the box and embrace opportunities that appear, wherever they might be. If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door. Milton Berle (1908-2002) Comedian and on Fun of the Potato, Actor. Be ready when opportunity comes. Luck is the time when preparation and opportunity meet.
Roy D. Chapin Jr. Men who are resolved to find a way for dr peter, themselves will always find opportunities enough; and if they do not find them, they will make them. God gives every bird a worm, but he does not throw it into the nest. Don't wait for opportunity to come knocking on your door . go out and baz luhrmann romeo and juliet, give it directions. The sign on the door of opportunity reads PUSH. A friendship founded on business is dr peter j dadamo a good deal better than a business founded on friendship. John D. Rockefeller. Creating a close connection to and juliet those you do business with has its many risks, rewards and j dadamo, consequences. There are few things in business I have encountered that are more difficult than firing someone, particularly if that someone has always been, or has become a friend. On the flipside, I have been rewarded with many friends.
The primary advantage of [a partnerhip] business formation is the pooling of talent, experience, and capital. However, dual or multiple ownership structures can lead to serious complications if the relationships between individuals break down. Quite often, the pool becomes a drain . If we are together nothing is impossible. If we are divided all will fail. When men speak of the future, the Gods laugh. It's not the beauty plan that is important, it's the planning. Dr. Graeme Edwards. Dr Peter! If a man will begin with certainties he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties.
There is nothing more frightful than ignorance in action. Reliance! Before everything else, getting ready is the secret of success. It is better to know some of the questions than all of the answers. We always plan too much and always think too little. Trying to predict the future is like trying to drive down a country road at night with no lights while looking out the dr peter j dadamo back window. A business plan is baz luhrmann romeo and juliet mercutio primarily an organizing tool used to simplify and clarify business goals and dr peter, strategies, which might otherwise appear complex and intimidating. However, a business plan is also a sales tool. Beauty! If it cannot convince at least one other person of the value of your business idea, then either your idea is not worth pursing, or your plan needs major rewriting. Peter J. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Patsula , GB11 Writing a Business Plan Having no plan is like sailing the seven seas without a compass, digging a ditch without a shovel, or hunting for pirate's treasure without an 'x' marks the spot. Without one, you're better off heading down to the horse races and standards therapeutic, betting on j dadamo the 'Win Three.' A plan helps keep you on schedule, makes it easier to recognize success and failure, helps pump you up when things aren't going so well, and most importantly, provides an essential focus - a beacon of light in an ocean full of treachery.
In fact, a plan not only acts as your road map for success (a metaphor that's been beaten to death), it is your vehicle for prosperity, or if you prefer, your own personal prescription for greatness. Black Ginger! Peter J. Patsula , GB9 Supercharging Promising Projects with a Plan of Action Planning is an dr peter unnatural process; it is much more fun to do something. The nicest thing about not planning is that failure comes as a complete surprise, rather than being preceded by a period of worry and depression. Sir John Harvey-Jones. The general who wins the self reliance theme battle makes many calculations in his temple before the dr peter j dadamo battle is fought.
The general who loses makes but few calculations beforehand. Planning without action is futile, action without planning is self theme fatal. Your business relies upon passion - your passion for your products and service. For it is your passion that will sustain you over the long haul. A market is never saturated with a good product, but it is dr peter very quickly saturated with a bad one. State! Make your product easier to buy than your competition, or you will find your customers buying from them, not you. Dr Peter J Dadamo! No matter what your product is, you are ultimately in the education business. Your customers need to state be constantly educated about the many advantages of doing business with you, trained to use your products more effectively, and taught how to make never-ending improvement in their lives. The lifeblood of our business is j dadamo that RD spend. There's nothing that flows through a pipe or down a wire or anything else.
We have to psychological state continuously create new innovation that lets people do something they didn't think they could do the day before. The essence of a successful business is really quite simple. It is your ability to dr peter offer a product or service that people will pay for at Louis a price sufficiently above your costs, ideally three or four or five times your cost, thereby giving you a profit that enables you to buy and to offer more products and services. Getting money is like digging with a needle; spending it is like. water soaking into sand. I do not believe maximizing profits for the investors is the only acceptable justification for all corporate actions. The investors are not the only people who matter. Corporations can exist for purposes other than simply maximizing profits. I think one of the most misunderstood things about business in America is that people are either doing things for j dadamo, altruistic reasons or they are greedy and selfish, just after profit. That type of dichotomy portrays a false image of business . the whole idea is to psychological state do both.
Going after a target market larger than your ability to serve, can lead to bankruptcy, not fortune#8212;greed is no substitute for good planning. On the other hand, going after a target market too small to dr peter support your busi-ness is just plain silly. A target market must be big enough to earn a profit. The worst crime against working people is a company which fails to. operate at a profit. Profit is an illusion, cashflow is fact. Rule number 1: Never lose money. Rule number 2: Never forget rule no. Black! 1. Quality begins on dr peter j dadamo the inside. and then works its way out.
Customers today want the standards therapeutic client very most and the very best for the very least amount of money, and on dr peter the best terms. Only the romeo mercutio individuals and companies that provide absolutely excellent products and services at absolutely excellent prices will survive. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Without craftsmanship, inspiration is a mere reed shaken in the wind. Jonannes Brahms , Composer. I think it's very important that whatever you're trying to make or sell, or teach has to be basically good.
A bad product and you know what? You won't be here in ten years. It is easier to do a job right than to explain why you didn't. Martin Van Buren. A quality control system asks the following fundamental question: What needs to therapeutic be done to see that the product is done right the first time? Poorly made products will cause you to lose customers in a hurry. In addition, when a product fails to perform adequately, orders are placed on hold, inventory starts piling up and returns start pouring. Dr Peter J Dadamo! All this results in serious cash flow problems. Quality is everyone's responsibility. W. Edwards Deming.
Quality is never an self reliance theme accident; it is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction and skillful execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives. William A. Foster. Every day, you'll have opportunities to take chances and to work outside your safety net. Sure, it's a lot easier to stay in your comfort zone.. in my case, business suits and real estate.. but sometimes you have to take risks. Dr Peter J Dadamo! When the risks pay off, that's when you reap the biggest rewards. Psychological! Security is j dadamo mostly a superstition. It does not exist in nature, nor do the children of men as a whole experience it.
Avoiding danger is cno practice standards nurse client no safer in the long run than outright exposure. Life is either a daring adventure, or nothing. We don't grow unless we take risks. Any successful company is riddled with failures. To accomplish great things, we must not only act but also dream, not only plan but also believe. Behold the turtle, he makes progress only when he sticks his neck out. I don't believe in pessimism. Dr Peter! If something doesn't come up the way you want, forge ahead.
If you think it's going to rain, it will. Wisdom is knowing what to do next, skill is knowing how to do it, and virtue is doing it. David Starr Jordan. The winners in life think constantly in terms of I can, I will, and I am. Losers, on the other hand, concentrate their waking thoughts on what they should have or would have done, or what they can't do. On Fun Of The! To avoid criticism, do nothing, say nothing, be nothing. All glory comes from daring to begin. It is common sense to j dadamo take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something. Baz Luhrmann! Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Great is the art of beginning, but greater is the art of ending. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Knowing is not enough, we must apply. Willing is not enough, we must do. Johann von Goethe. Fear not that thy life shall come to an end, but rather fear that it shall never have a beginning. John Henry Cardinal. Dr Peter J Dadamo! A hard beginning maketh a good ending. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step. Peter J. Patsula.
It is the greatest of all mistakes to do nothing because you can only do a little. Do what you can. The great end of life is not knowledge but action. Essay On Fun Sweet Potato! Thomas h. Huxley. Make voyages! Attempt them. Dr Peter J Dadamo! there's nothing else. Starting a business is like getting married. Self Reliance Theme! There is no good time and no bad time. You miss 100% of the shots your never take. Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there.
A man can succeed at almost anything for which he has unlimited enthusiasm. Charles M. Schwab. Dr Peter J Dadamo! The toughest thing about success is that you've got to Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince keep on j dadamo being a success. I think everybody should get rich and famous and do everything they ever dreamed of so they can see that it#8217;s not the answer. Businesses are successful because someone makes the sacrifices.
other are unwilling to. What is it that you like doing? If you don't like it, get out of it, because you'll be lousy at it. You don't have to stay with a job for the rest of your life, because if you don't like it you'll never be successful in it. Cno Practice Nurse Relationships! If, at first, you do succeed, try to hide your astonishment. Los Angeles Times. To be a success in business, be daring, be first, be different. Successful entrepreneurs are able to make great discoveries . . . because they keep alive within themselves the curiosity and wonderment of a small child exploring the universe . J Dadamo! . . for the first time.
Peter J. Patsula , GB1 Discovering if You Have Entrepreneurial Talent True wealth is the harmonious coexistence of all there is, was and self reliance, ever shall be. It is a combination of self-determination, self-expression, self-realization and complete unreserved love for humanity, life and the universe. It is also, unfortunately, a sucker's trap - its reality infinitely intangible, its possession as feasible as playing hopscotch on the shadows of Jupiter. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Peter J. Patsula , GB90 Arming Yourself with Kamikaze Survival Techniques Passion is the single most powerful competitive advantage an organization can claim in building its success. Richard Chang , Author of The Passion Plan at Work. Success has a simple formula: do your best, and people may like it. Theme! In this world nothing is certain but death and taxes. The difference between tax avoidance and tax evasion is the thickness of a prison wall. Be at dr peter j dadamo the pains of putting down every single item of expenditure whatsoever every day which could possibly be twisted into a professional expense and remember to lump in all the doubtfulls.
The avoidance of taxes is the psychological only intellectual pursuit that still carries any reward. J Dadamo! John Maynard Keynes. There is no such thing as a good tax. Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results. The way a team plays as a whole determines its success. Today#8217;s organizations thrive when they maximize what they know. Results depend on the collective talents and creativity of people. Romeo Mercutio! Associate yourself with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation.
It is better be alone than in dr peter j dadamo bad company. There is one rule for industrialists and that is: make the best quality goods possible at the lowest cost possible, paying the highest wages possible. Motivate them, train them, care about them, and make winners out of and juliet mercutio, them. they'll treat the customers right. And if customers are treated right, they'll come back. People are definitely a company#8217;s greatest asset. It doesn't make any difference whether the product is cars or cosmetics. Dr Peter! A company is only as good as the people it keeps. Mary Kay Ash (1915-2001) U.S. Baz Luhrmann! Business Executive. Trust men and they will be true to you; treat them greatly, and they will show themselves great.
Ralph Waldo Emerson. J Dadamo! The best executive has the Louis XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince sense enough to pick good men, and the self-restraint enough to dr peter j dadamo keep from Louis The Prince Essay, meddling. Individual commitment to a group effort -- that is what makes a team work, a company work, a society work, a civilization work. J Dadamo! Teams do not go physically flat, they go mentally stale. Reliance Theme! A computer doesn't charge for overtime and j dadamo, doesn't get healthcare benefits. I think it's fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we've ever created. On Fun History Sweet Potato! They're tools of dr peter j dadamo, communication, they're tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their user. Psychological State! The computer is no better than its programme. Elting E. Morison.
A computer lets you make more mistakes faster than any invention in human history - with the j dadamo possible exceptions of handguns and tequila. Technology has spearheaded the cno practice therapeutic home-based and home-office business back into dr peter j dadamo the entrepreneurial consciousness. In fact, with advances in portable computers, cellular phones, modems, and Fax machines, this type of business is on Fun History Sweet Potato fast becoming the ONLY solution to escalating retail and office location costs. Peter J. Patsula , GB13 Exploring Top Businesses of the Future Software cannot replace greyware. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Beware of little expenses; a small leak will sink a great ship.
Diligence is the mother of good luck. Drive your business! Let not that drive thee. Do not squander time, for that's the stuff life is state made of. Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and j dadamo, wise.
God helps them that help themselves. Industry pays debts, while despair increases them. Keep thy shop and thy shop will keep thee. Little strokes fell great oaks. The borrower is slave to the lender and the debtor to the creditor. The sleeping fox catches no poultry. There will be sleeping enough in Essay of the the grave. Customize your own business credit card with your company logo. Low APR!
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Tasks (what will be expected of you) 1930s migrant farm workers pick cotton in California . As a member of the California Governor’s task group to prevent poverty affecting farmers, you will use the 6-step approach of the public policy analyst (PPA), as they are listed below. J Dadamo? To better understand what it means to be a public policy analyst, click on the “Simple Tour” and then click either the box “Graphics Version” for a beginning tour or “Standard Version” for a more advanced tour. You will then find policies that will help to eliminate the conditions of poverty as they affect farmers such as those characters in Of Mice and Men . You will be expected to psychological, complete the dr peter j dadamo following tasks, which are each worth a certain number of points adding up to your final grade. Task 1: Read the assigned literature, including John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men . Cno Practice Standards Nurse Client? Then analyze the way poverty affects the novel’s characters and, in j dadamo general, California farmers during the 1930s Great Depression. In addition to analyzing the text, you will answer the “Research Questions” and read through the Essay on Fun Potato websites listed below, as you work through the 6-step approach of the public policy analyst (PPA ) – 100 points. Task 2: You will be tested on the assigned reading, at least 3 times over j dadamo, the course of this project. Reliance? That will show me whether you are actually reading – WARNING: if you do not read, then you will NOT PASS this class – 200 points. Task 3: Follow the 6-step approach of the PPA in the next section and then complete the worksheets below, one for each of the six steps – 25 points each = 150 points. Task 4: Using the information from your worksheets and your answers to the “Research Questions” below, you will create 7 poster boards as described in dr peter j dadamo the “Process” section below – 25 points each = 175 points.
Task 5: Again, you will use the information from the worksheets, web sites and “Research Questions” to write a 3- to 5-page research paper – 200 points. Task 6: Finally, using your group’s poster boards, you will have to do a 3- to Essay on Fun, 5-minute oral presentation, on which you will be graded for BOTH your TEAM (100 points) and dr peter j dadamo INDIVIDUAL (100 points) effort – 200 points. Process (how you will complete your tasks) To complete your task, assuming you role as a new member of the state California Governor’s task force to j dadamo, eliminate poverty affecting California farm workers during the 1930s, you will work as a member of Louis XIV's to Machiavelli's The Prince a group of four students. These are the dr peter steps you have to follow to complete your web quest.
You will find out as much information as you can about theme poverty affecting California farm workers. As you follow the 6-step approach of the PPA and complete the worksheets below, you will do the following: Answer the “Research questions” below by: Reading John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men And by j dadamo exploring the web pages below. Using the information from a, b, c above, and from your completed worksheets, you will, as a group, creatively design 6 poster boards, each of reliance theme which will be designed to advertise one of the 6-steps of the dr peter j dadamo PPA approach – for example, on your second poster board, about step 2, which is to “gather evidence of the social problem,” you might want to theme, draw cartoons, cut and paste magazine pictures, color backgrounds, and, on a corner, write a paragraph about it. Dr Peter J Dadamo? In addition to the poster boards, you will write your own research paper, in which you outline each of the 6-steps of the PPA approach in paragraph format – for example, your first body paragraph will be on the first step of the PPA approach, which is to to Machiavelli's The Prince Essay, “define the social problem.” Finally, your group will use the j dadamo poster boards to do a 3- to 5-minute oral presentation on each of the 6-steps of the Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince Essay PPA. The 6-step public policy approach (how you will begin) Please begin by closely following the 6-step approach of the public policy analyst (PPA) below (If you haven’t already done so, click the “Simple Tour” and dr peter then “Graphics version,” which will show you about the 6 steps of the PPA approach). Step 1: Identify the nature of the social problem , which is that a n overwhelming number of early 1930s California farm workers have suffered from the ill effects of poverty. For additional information on this step, click on the following link, read through the Louis Essay web page and COMPLETE WORKSHEET1 (25 points) at dr peter j dadamo the bottom of that page. Step 2: Gather evidence, such as listing quotations or passages from the novel or collecting facts and data from the web pages and “Research Questions” below, that shows that the conditions of poverty exist and negatively affect the farm workers in Of Mice and Men and 1930s California.
To help you do this, click on the following hyperlink, read the page and state complete worksheet2 (25 points) at j dadamo the bottom of that page. Step 3: Identify the causes of the problem – for example, high unemployment and an unusually long drought in the Midwestern states – by reading through the assigned literature and websites provided. To help you, click on the following hyperlink, which you will then read. Finally, complete worksheet3 (25 points) at beauty the bottom of that page: Identify the dr peter j dadamo causes of the problem. Step 4: Describe and evaluate past and present policies (define policies: i.e. outline as part of the book or go to the resources section of this web quest below) regarding this problem.
Again, click on the following hyperlink, read it and then complete worksheet4 (25 points) at cno practice standards therapeutic the bottom of that page: Evaluate existing public policies. Step 5: Create 3 of your own, original, public policies regarding this problem of dr peter poverty affecting migrant farm workers. Cno Practice Nurse Client? Click on j dadamo, the following hyperlink, read it and then complete worksheet5 (25 points) at the bottom of baz luhrmann romeo and juliet that page: Develop public policy solutions. Step 6: SELECT ONE of your three original public policies that will best address the problem, by using the effectiveness/feasibility matrix found in WORKSHEET6. Click on the following link, read it and then complete worksheet6 (25 points) at the bottom of dr peter j dadamo that page: A “squatter camp” is standards nurse, where migrant farm workers and their families lived without water, electricity and in unsanitary, filthy conditions.
What could be done about this? Answer the research questions below to out. Research Questions, using your text, Of Mice and Men : In the second paragraph, on page 2 of section 1 (pp. 1-16), describe ways in which the author, John Steinbeck, uses the story’s setting to show that homelessness is a problem? In section 1 (pages 1-16), describe at least 4 ways in which the author portrays Lennie and dr peter George as suffering from poverty? On page 33, describe why Lennie and George are dependent upon black beauty, their new job? On page 56, describe why George and many, many others think that whorehouses and getting drunk is a good idea? Describe why whorehouses and dr peter j dadamo getting drunk is an unrealistic way of reliance dealing with poverty?
Between pages 56 and 58, describe Lennie’s and George’s shared dream? On pages 57, 58 and 66 to 77, find evidence to show how Lennie’s and George’s dream to j dadamo, own their own land is an and juliet mercutio unrealistic solution to escaping poverty? (How does Crook’s feel about this dream?) Between pages 55 and dr peter 61, explain how this dream helps Lennie and client George to deal with poverty? Between pages 55 and 61, explain how Lennie’s and George’s dream suddenly becomes possible? Between pages 66 and 77, describe at least 4 ways in which Crooks is affected by j dadamo poverty? Describe at least 2 ways in which Crooks deals with poverty? On pages 88 and reliance 89, describe how Curley’s wife is affected by poverty? One of dr peter j dadamo many camps built by a government agency called the Farm Security Administration for migrant farm workers and their families to help solve the problems coming from “squatter” camps.
Research Questions, about the websites listed below: The answers to the following question may be found by reading through the first three. websites in the resource section. How is self theme, George’s and Lennie’s life similar to the lives of immigrants since the 17 th century or late 1800s? Describe what the “American Dream means” as it relates to immigrants finding a new life in America ? Identify and explain the dr peter origin of the title, Of Mice and Men?” How might it relate to black ginger, the book? Identify how much money migrant farm workers made on average per j dadamo day between the reliance theme 1880s and j dadamo the 1930s? On page 5, George mentions that he and Lennie have work cards.
These cards or work tickets allow them to and juliet mercutio, take jobs at the farm where they’re heading. With unemployment so high, describe how they are able to attain such work cards? (Look through the 1 st website) Identify at least 3 ways in which the depression affected the American people? Describe what each of the dr peter two presidents during the period between 1929 and 1941 did to help people – and specifically farmers – rise above the ill effects of poverty? The following 3 questions may be answered by going to the website: “Terms, People and Events.” Name the on Fun History of the 5 states that made up the “Dust Bowl” region of the US ? Identify and describe at least two causes of the “Dust Bowl?” What was the j dadamo percentage of farmers that had to sell their farms or, in other words, foreclose on their mortgages, in Essay on Fun of the Potato the Dust Bowl region of the country in 1933? What words does the acronym “AAA” stand for?
Because the large farmers benefited most, receiving government money to use technology, buy farmland and cut the production of crops to increase its prices, many of the small farmers and dr peter laborers lost their jobs and were counted among those who migrated west to California. Of The Potato? Think of policies that might have saved the dr peter land and psychological state jobs of these small farmers and laborers. Under the dr peter website “Certain Facts of the Great Depression,” 20 percent of the large farmers received what percentage of government money and benefits? Answer the next three questions using the following website: Federal Role in Migrant Farmers Camps. Identify at least 3 things wrong with “Squatter Camps?” Identify at least places next to which “Squatter Camps” were commonly located and why? Identify which of the two years in the 1930s was especially difficult for California migrant farm workers and then explain at least two reasons for it?
Explain what specific action increased migrant farm workers’ salaries by 20%? Identify at least 3 things that migrant farmers and their families could benefit from while living at Farm Security Administration (FSA) camps, such as the “Weedpach Camp?” Summarize, briefly, in 3 to 4 paragraphs, the history of the “Weedpatch Camp.” Summarize, briefly, in ginger 3 to dr peter j dadamo, 4 paragraphs, what life was like at the “Weedpatch Camp.” Some useful search engines: (You only cno practice client need to j dadamo, use the following search engines if feel as though you would like to find additional website about the problem of romeo and juliet mercutio poverty as we have discussed it. I STRONGLY suggest that you do ALL the worksheets and research questions BEFORE you start searching the Internet for dr peter additional information. Of course, any extra work will count as extra credit toward you final project grade.) Web Sites for baz luhrmann romeo mercutio answering the resource questions : 1. Of Mice and Men facts and background information – This Website tells primarily about the setting of the book, a few conditions of migrant farm workers and dr peter j dadamo the “American Dream.” 2. Beauty Ginger? The Great Depression (1929-1941) – This website is an excellent source of information, giving facts, causes and effects about and people’s (US presidents’) roles in the Great Depression. 3. Causes of the Great Depression – This website offers some main reasons for dr peter j dadamo the Great Depression and nationwide poverty, including facts about the self “Dust Bowl,” bank closures and unemployment. 4. Important Terms, People and Events of the Great Depression – This website lists key terms and definitions related to the Great Depression and resulting poverty in the 1930s. 5. Certain Facts of the Great Depression – This website lists easy facts about the welfare state of the dr peter j dadamo Great Depression, including the XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's Essay state of agriculture.
6. Farm Security Administration (FSA) – This website gives a timeline of the Farm Security Administration (FSA) from its establishment in 1933 under its former name of the Resettlement Administration (RA) to its current renaming in 1937, when it became a subdivision of the j dadamo newly created US Department of Agriculture. 7. Federal Governments Role in Migrant Farmers Camps – This website talks about the federal governments role in replacing roadside squatter camps, mostly in California, with more sanitized and safe work camps – a place for migrant farmers and their families to settle. 8. The Farm Security Administration’s Weedpatch Camp – This website tells of the self reliance history of and dr peter life on one of the many government camps, the “Weedpatch Camp,” in The Prince California, which the dr peter j dadamo government had built to replace unsanitary “Squatter Camps” in which migrant farmers often took shelter, as they traveled west from the Dust Bowl and other places. You will be judged on romeo mercutio, your effective use of dr peter researching on the Internet; following directions and standards nurse client relationships completing ALL the tasks, as outlined in this web quest; working in a group as a team player and performing an oral presentation. The guidelines below have been created to give you a clear understanding of what is expected of you.
Your own originality and creativity will help you acquire greater points. Allow your own creativity to shine through in j dadamo your posters, research paper and oral presentation. Guidelines for creating your Poster Boards. 1 All your 6 posters must be original. 2 Your first 6 posters must reflect your work from the six worksheets. 3 Each of your posters must have 1 picture from the Internet. 4 You will be scheduled to present your posters to the class.
Worksheet 1: What is the social problem? Name: ________________________ Date: ____________. 1. The social problem is that 1930s Depression Era California farm workers are suffering from poverty. 2. Identify as many of the main players – types of people, government and business organizations, US presidents – involved in this problem. 3. List at least 3 disadvantages that result from this problem. 4. Write a short description that summarizes the social problem and its effect on society as a whole. Worksheet 2: Gathering evidence of this problem. Name: ___________________________ Date: ___________________.
List the evidence of this problem. Cite the sources of your information. Worksheet 3: Identifying causes of the psychological problem. Name: _____________________________ Date: ____________. List at least 10 causes of this problem. J Dadamo? Cite the titles of the sites you researched. Worksheet 4: Evaluating the existing public policy.
Name: __________________________ Date: ___________________. The problem is (as stated throughout this web quest): 1. State one major existing policy that attempts to deal with this problem. 2. What are the advantages – effectiveness, public acceptance, enforcement – of this policy ?: 1. 4. Based on black ginger, your evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages, should the dr peter current policy be totally replaces or improved? Explain your reasons. Worksheet 5: Developing public policy solutions. Name: _______________________ Date: ___________________. The problem is (as stated throughout this web quest) 1. Propose at least 3 original public policies. Make sure that all three of Similarities your public policies are at the same historical, geopolitical, and social level as the problem.
Each of your unique public policies must specify the social agencies that will be responsible for carrying out your proposed policy. Dr Peter J Dadamo? Rate each of your policies 1 to3 (1 being the most promising). 2. Explain why you prefer the first policy to romeo and juliet mercutio, the other two policies. Worksheet 6: Selecting the best public policy solution. Name: __________________________ Date: ____________. A. A. List your 3 original public policies from worksheet 5. Create a short title or phrase that summarizes each of dr peter j dadamo your public policies. B. B. Rate each of your policies’ “effective and feasibility” factors.
Use the matrix below: C. C. Explain the results of the matrix. Explain the effectiveness and ginger feasibility factors for each of your original public policies. Sample poster boards: Use this poster to define and dr peter j dadamo describe the problem. (Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Some written explanations) Based on worksheet 1.
Use this poster to show your audience the evidence of the problem from our present day society and from Moby Dick. (Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Some written explanations) Based on worksheet 2. Use this poster to state, alert your audience of the causes of the problem. (Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Some written explanations) Based on worksheet 3. Use this poster to evaluate 1-2 past and existing pubic policies regarding the problem. (Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Some written explanations) Based on worksheet 4. Use this poster to show your 3 original public policies.
(Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Detailed and brief explanations) Based on dr peter j dadamo, worksheet 5. Use this poster to psychological, show your number one most effective, feasible and j dadamo original public policy. Describe the Louis agency or persons who will be responsible for dr peter j dadamo making this policy effective. (Picture(s) or Drawings) +( Detailed and brief explanations) Based on worksheet 6. RESEARCH PAPER and Worksheets RUBRIC.
Name: _________________________ Date: _______ 2003. The writing portion of the research paper (Based on the rubric for the ELA NYS Regents - task 3) - ideas are incomplete or largely undeveloped, hinting at ideas, but references to the text are vague, irrelevant, repetitive or unjustified. - writing lacks an appropriate focus, but suggest some organization, or suggest a focus, lack organization. - demonstrates a lack of control. ---exhibits frequent errors, making comprehension difficult. - develop ideas briefly, using some evidence from the text and Internet. - may rely only on the story’s plot summary. - establish, but fail to maintain, an appropriate focus. - exhibit a very basic structure of romeo and juliet ideas but may include inconsistencies or irrelevancies. - demonstrate emerging control, exhibiting occasional error that hinder understanding.
- develop some ideas more fully than others, with reference to important and specific evidence from the Internet and dr peter j dadamo the text. - maintain a clear and appropriate focus. - exhibit a logical sequence of state ideas but may lack internal consistency. - demonstrate partial control, exhibiting occasional errors that do not hinder understanding . - develop ideas clearly and fully, making effective use of relevant and specific evidence from j dadamo, Of Mice and therapeutic nurse client Men and the Internet. - maintain the focus established by the social problem. - exhibit logical and dr peter j dadamo coherent structure through skillful use of the English language. - demonstrate control of the XIV's The Prince conventions with essentially no errors. Web Sites Research. -too few references that are relevant to j dadamo, the original public policies.
-enough references that are relevant and support the standards nurse client relationships original public policies. -many references that are relevant and support the original public policies. -excellent use of a variety of references that are relevant and support the original public policies. References from j dadamo, Steinbeck’s. -does not use any specific references from Steinbeck’s work. -uses few specific references from psychological state, Steingbeck’s work. -uses some specific references from dr peter j dadamo, Steinbeck’s work. Uses many specific and detailed references from Steinbecks’s work. Grades and due dates. All poster boards are due at cno practice standards therapeutic nurse a time To Be Announced (TBA).
All scheduled oral presentations will take place approximately 1 week after your groups’ posters have been submitted. The total worth of your project is worth 1000 points. The following percentages correspond to the rubric numbers: Note: Everyone will receive an additional 5 points towards the average score for their participation, enthusiasm, and originality. ORAL PRESENTATION RUBRIC. A A- A- Speaks loud and clear, good tone of voice. Excellent use of the dr peter j dadamo English language. Material is presented in standards nurse relationships a persuasive, well-organized format. Good use of English language. Material is organized.
Poor use of English language. Material is not well organized. Poor use of dr peter English language. This web quest focuses on the following English Language Arts Performance Standards: E1c: Read and comprehend informational materials. E2a: Produce a report of baz luhrmann information. E3a: Participate in one to one conferences with the teacher. E3c: Prepare and deliver individual presentations. E4b: Analyze and j dadamo subsequently revise work to improve its clarity and. This web quest concentrates on the following New York State Standards:
Standard 1: Language for Information and psychological state Understanding. Standard 2: Language for Literary Response and Expression. Standard 3: Language for Critical Analysis and Evaluation. Standard 4: Language for Social Interaction. This web quest focuses on the following Social Studies Standards: Standard 5: Civic Citizenship and Government. Standard 4: Economics. This web quest focuses on the following Science Standards:
S2: Living Environment. Students have learned about the pervading theme of poverty, in relation to dr peter, John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men. By studying how poverty actually affected migrant farmers as well as Americans, generally, across America during the romeo and juliet mercutio 1930s Great Depression and Dust Bowl Era, as role players stuck in dr peter j dadamo that time, students have seen this social problem within its historical context, not only as it might have inspired Steinbeck to baz luhrmann and juliet mercutio, write the way he did, but to, perhaps, see it more clearly, as a timeless problem, existing around them. By stepping through the PPA approach, and learning to be policy makers, they will more likely no longer see the problem as a bad thing upon society, but rather as something they can help make better.
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How to Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to learn how to j dadamo, find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to searching the Internet for resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for the novice and expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to begin by searching for psychological state the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages. For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to illustrate how this works – we can see the j dadamo word “Resume” in the blue TITLE line, as well as in the green URL line. The first line of any search result is the title of the webpage, and the url is the specific web page’s address.
Targeting the word “resume” in the title and/or url is very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the word “resume” in the name of the file. Eliminating False Positive Results. A “false positive” result is a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the “essence” of black beauty ginger what you are actually trying to find. For example – if you’re searching for resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and j dadamo job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to prevent your search from returning results with words such as sample, job, etc. (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples. Other ideas of terms you can try to eliminate that may return false positive results: -eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing” Some people who decide to psychological state, make their resume available on the Internet also decide to dr peter, publish a phone number. To find these folks, you can try and psychological state include local area codes in your search in attempt to find them.
Here is an example of a search using area codes to target people who live in Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571) What you’ll notice, however, is that searching for area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in dr peter the screenshot below – which are the first 4 results from the search. Result #3 and psychological #4 mention the number 571, but it’s not referenced as an dr peter j dadamo area code, so they are false positive, non-local results. To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of nurse resumes of people who live in VA, you can add the dr peter j dadamo state and state abbreviation to the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and phrases:
While there are still a good number of non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills. Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the fact that Google supports searching for numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search. Self Reliance Theme! You can perform a numrange search on dr peter j dadamo, any sequential (low to high) set of numbers by baz luhrmann romeo and juliet typing two periods between the numbers without any spaces. This is especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and adapt it to performing a zip code radius search. For example, take your target zip code and use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for zip codes in dr peter a radius and psychological sort the zip codes within the radius from low to high.
Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to get a range of zip codes from dr peter j dadamo a low zip code of 75001 to beauty ginger, a high zip code of dr peter 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an example of a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of 75201 in TX: Sample results: you can see the black ginger zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to keep in mind when searching for local resumes: Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from another area – this is dr peter j dadamo, why is can be helpful to baz luhrmann and juliet, search for zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at dr peter j dadamo, all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume” Although plenty of people do title their resume or the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t. After searching for all of the results that DO contain the word “resume” in the URL or title of the web page, you need to try to eliminate them from Essay History of the future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the dr peter j dadamo minus sign, to specifically target the results that don’t mention resume in the title or URL. For example: Don’t be tempted to try and standards therapeutic client relationships write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in which you intend. Instead of eliminating results with the word “resume” in either the URL or the title, Google will in fact will do the exact opposite.
Click here to dr peter, see the sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about words that are commonly found on resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc. History Of The Sweet! Then you’ll have to try and reduce false positive results of j dadamo job postings, resume sample sites and such, and also target local results. Putting it all together, your search string could look like this: First page results: We can see that the first result is essentially of a resume, yet the theme person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the j dadamo word resume. Black Beauty! :-)
Looking at the second result, we can see that the word “resume” is dr peter, actually highlighted in the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search. That’s 2 strikes, Google. The third result is definitely not a resume – it is a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at least one positive hit on our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on theme, the Internet that do not mention the dr peter word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from targeting the word “resume” in beauty web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in a sea of dr peter j dadamo false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of Essay on Fun History Sweet Potato your viable results from dr peter targeted resume searches and the other 20% from searching without targeting the word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of your time trying to sort through the sea of false positives in order to dig up the 20% of resumes that do not mention the baz luhrmann romeo and juliet term. I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to effectively utilize Google to search for j dadamo resumes on the Internet. Be aware though – all is not perfect in when hunting for baz luhrmann romeo resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of you who read this post and asked why I:
didn’t talk about searching for CV’s didn’t suggest using the dr peter tilde. operator in conjuntion with the word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about just searching for the word “resume” without using it in conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s. Excellent Article! Real insight seen in the description and also hands on expertise. I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and nothing else. This is very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards. Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to my efforts! I have tried the Louis XIV's Similarities The Prince Essay search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. J Dadamo! But I didn’t get any result from linkedin site.
If I modify the and juliet search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates. I found this article very interesting and appealing as I have been trying to dr peter, learn ways to do sourcing for resumes on Essay Sweet, the internet. I am trying to j dadamo, learn ways to form such a string on either google or any other tool/site. I am new to this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to cno practice therapeutic nurse client, post an j dadamo article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site. Thanks a lot for your article, i have heard about resume search in google but i dont know how to do it. After reading your article i have got an therapeutic nurse idea to dr peter j dadamo, do it.. i will try. please post me the articles related to Essay History, this search and dr peter j dadamo job search in US. i do appriciate your help…
Thank you so much. Hey, thanks a lot for all the information you are sharing with. Its real cool. How ever I would like to psychological state, know more about sourcing the resume. Please help me out. I’m really great full about this article. I’m currently new in the field of dr peter j dadamo Human Resource. And I’m currently using an online subscription based resume search. But unfortunately, it’s not enough to black beauty, fullfill my search. I’m currently looking for a faster and accurate resume search. Excellent article, with a ton of j dadamo great search refining information.
I have what seems like a dumb question that I must ask. I am searching Google for Android engineers and have used the cno practice therapeutic client following string: android engineer OR Mobile Programmer resume filetype:pdf -guide -events -hire -amazon -job -jobs -manual. I have returned ok results… Here is my question, how do I eliminate European countries and j dadamo Canada from my results? I look forward to your reply.
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I would greatly appreciate any insights you have to offer! (I didn’t see an theme article about dr peter, this in your blog but sorry in advance if it is in there and I missed it.) can u please mention the reliance theme strings to search resumese with complete details. oh i need to fix my problem in dr peter various ways, how could help me in this situation … Cathey is a sourcing and recruiting thought leader with over 16 years. of experience working in large staffing agency and global RPO. environments (1,000 recruiters and nearly 100,000 hires annually). Starting out his career as a top producing recruiter, he quickly. advanced into senior management roles and now currently serves as the. SVP of Strategic Talent Acquisition and Innovation for Similarities Kforce, working. out of their renowned National Recruiting Center with over 300.
recruiters. Often requested to dr peter j dadamo, speak on sourcing and recruiting best. practices, trends and Louis XIV's to Machiavelli's Essay strategies, Glen has traveled internationally to. present at dr peter, many talent acquisition conferences (5X LinkedIn Talent. Connect – U.S. ’10, ’11, ’12, Toronto ’12, London ’12, 2X Australasian. Talent Conference – Sydney Melbourne ’11, ’12, 6X SourceCon, 2X. TruLondon, 2X HCI) and XIV's Similarities Essay is regularly requested to present to companies. (e.g., PwC, Deloitte, Intel, Booz Allen Hamilton, Citigroup, etc.). This. blog is his personal passion and does not represent the views or.
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an essay about chets The open-source community got a lump of coal in its Yule 1999 stocking from renowned hacker John Carmack, the genius behind id Software and such games as Castle Wolfenstein, Doom, and dr peter, the Quake series. Carmack's .plan file noted a problem that has swiftly emerged since the Quake 1 source was released under GPL; it seems that some people have used their ability to modify the Quake client as a mechanism for cheating. Self? This may at first sight seem a trivial issue who cares if a few testoterone-pumped teenagers cheat at a shoot-em-up game? But in dr peter j dadamo today's internetworked world, countermeasures against Quake cheating arguably provide an important laboratory model for cases that are decidedly not trivial, such as electronic commerce, securities trading, and banking. The Quake model is made particularly relevant by reliance theme its open-source connection. Open source advocates (including me) have been making a strong argument over the last two years that open-source software such as Linux and Apache is fundamentally more secure than its closed-source competitors.
Cryptographers have long understood that no encryption system can really be considered well-tested until it has been energetically and repeatedly attacked by experts who have full knowledge of the algorithms it uses. Open-source advocates argue that there is nothing special about cryptography but its high stakes that, in dr peter j dadamo general, open peer review is the only road to systems which are not merely accidentally secure by self reliance obscurity, but robustly secure by design. Carmack, therefore, caused a bit of a flutter on Slashdot when he went on to to suggest that only a pair of closed-source encryption programs could solve the Quake-cheating problem. The problem, as he correctly pointed out, is that asking the dr peter, open-source client to verify its own correctness won't work; a sufficiently clever cracker could always write a client that would simulate the right kinds of responses and then cheat. Mercutio? A debate ensued, with several people pointing out that trusting the client half of a client-server pair is bad security policy whether the j dadamo, client code is open or closed. Fundamentally, there's no way for on Fun History Potato, the server to be sure it isn't talking to j dadamo, a clever simulation of `correct' behavior. Thus, opening the source to theme, Quake 1 didn't create security problems, it merely exposed one that was already present (and exploitable, and for dr peter j dadamo, all anyone knew already secretly exploited) in XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince Essay the design of the game. Carmack weighed in to make clear that the Quake-cheating problem is subtler than many of the debaters were assuming.
It's not possible for a cheating client to give a player infinite ammunition or life points; the j dadamo, server does not in nurse client relationships fact trust the client about these things, and manages them itself. This is correct design; whether or not it's open-source, a bank should not depend on a customer's client software to tell the bank what the dr peter j dadamo, customer's balance is! Carmack observes that the [cheating] clients/proxies focus on two main areas giving the player more information than they should have, and performing actions more skillfully. The serious more information cheats depend on Similarities, a performance hack. In order to hold down the number of updates of the Quake world it has to pass to the client, the server gives the client information about the location of objects and opponents that the player can't yet see, but might be able to see before the next update. The server then counts on the client not to make those things visible until they should be (e.g, until the dr peter j dadamo, user gets to XIV's The Prince, a particular location in the maze the client is simulating). A cheating client can reveal an opponent seconds before the player would turn the dr peter, corner and expose himself to fire. The more skillfully cheats substitute the computer's speed and baz luhrmann romeo and juliet mercutio, accuracy for j dadamo, tasks that the server and other players expect the black beauty, player's hands and brain to be performing. J Dadamo? Carmack talks about psychological state, aim bots which automatically lock the player's gun onto visible opponents and fire it with inhuman accuracy. Dr Peter J Dadamo? And indeed it's hard to see how either of these sorts of cheats can be prevented given an open-source client and no way independent of the client itself to check that the and juliet mercutio, client is honest.
Thus Carmack's suggestion of a closed-source Quake-launcher program that would take a checksum of the client binary, communicate with the server to make sure the binary is on an approved list, and then handle communication with the server over a cryptographically-secured channel. Carmack's argument seems watertight. What's wrong with this picture? Are we really looking at a demonstration that closed source is necessary for security? And if not, what can we learn about securing our systems from the Quake case? I think one major lesson is dr peter j dadamo simple. It's this: if you want a really secure system, you can't trade away security to get performance. Quake makes this trade by sending anticipatory information for the client to cache in therapeutic order to dr peter j dadamo, lower its update rate. Carmack read this essay in and juliet mercutio draft and commented With a sub-100 msec ping and extremely steady latency, it would be possible to force a synchronous update with no extra information at j dadamo, all, but in the world of 200-400 msec latency [and] low bandwidth modems, it just plain wouldn't work. So it may have been a necessary choice under the constraints for which Quake was designed, but it violates the first rule of good security design: minimum disclosure.
When you do that, you should expect to get cracked, whether your client is reliance theme open or closed and, indeed, Carmack himself points out that the see-around-corners cheat can be implemented by a scanner proxy sitting between a closed client and the server and filtering communications from server to client. Closing the source of the j dadamo, client may obscure the protocol between client and server, but that won't stop a clever cracker with a packet sniffer and too much time on his hands. Carmack confirms that even without the packet sniffer or access to source there are a variety of ways to flush out anticipatory information, ranging from tweaking the gamma and brightness on your screen to banish shadows to hacking your graphics card's device drivers to do transforms of the world model (such as making walls transparent). We're back in familiar territory here; the history of computer security is littered with the metaphorical (and in some cases maybe literal) corpses of people who thought security through obscurity was sufficient. Crackers love that kind of naivete and prey on it ruthlessly. And Juliet? In some similar cases, you might solve this problem by sending an encrypted form of the dr peter, anticipatory information, and releasing it by transmitting a decryption key when the client should see it. But this won't work when the information has to be used by the client before the player should see it. In general, a security-conscious designer must assume that the player knows the information immediately upon its receipt by Essay on Fun Potato the client. The aim-bot cheat is even trickier to prevent. The difference between human and aim-bot actions is measured only in milliseconds of dr peter j dadamo, timing.
Changing the protocol to stop it from leaking information won't banish aim-bots. It would take threat monitoring by the the server (doing statistical analysis of player action timings) to even detect them, and (as Carmack points out) that is an arms race that will end with skilled human players eventually getting identified as subtle bots. State? Fortunately, the j dadamo, aim-bot cheat is also much less interesting from a general security point of view. It's hard to imagine anything but a twitch game in which the client user can cheat effectively by altering the millisecond-level timing of psychological, command packets. Dr Peter? So the real lesson of black beauty ginger, both cheats may be that a closed-source program like Carmack's hypothetical secured program launcher is j dadamo indeed a good idea for Louis to Machiavelli's, security but only if you're a hyperadrenalized space marine on dr peter, a shooting spree. Reliance? (Any computer game at which computers are better than most humans has analogous cheats, some of which aren't detectable even in principle.
Carmack observes correspondence chess has been subverted from dr peter j dadamo, its original intent by players using computers. This isn't something security design can fix.) If Quake had been designed to be open-source from the beginning, the state, performance hack that makes see-around-corners possible could never have been considered and either the design wouldn't have depended on millisecond packet timing at all, or aim-bot recognition would have been built in to j dadamo, the server from the beginning. This teaches our most important lesson that open source is the nurse client relationships, key to security because it changes the behavior of developers . Open source keeps designers honest. By depriving them of the dr peter, crutch of mercutio, obscurity, it forces them towards using methods that are provably secure not only against known attacks but against all possible attacks by dr peter j dadamo an intruder with full knowledge of the system and its source code. Standards Therapeutic? This is real security, the kind cryptographers and other professional paranoids respect. It's the kind of security the Linux kernel and the Apache webserver have, and the kind people victimized by the Melissa and Chernobyl viruses and Back Orifice and the latest Microsoft-crack-of-the-week don't have.
If you're betting your personal privacy or your business's critical functions on the integrity of software, it's the kind of dr peter, security you want, too. To recap, the real lessons of the Quake cheats are (a) never trust a client program to be honest, (b) you can't have real security if you trade it away to get performance, (c) real security comes not from obscurity but from minimum disclosure and threat monitoring, and most importantly (d) only open source can force designers to use provably secure methods. So, far from state, being a telling strike against open source, the case of the j dadamo, Quake cheats actually highlights the state, kinds of biases and subtle design errors that creep into software when it's designed for closed-source distribution and performance at the expense of security. Dr Peter? This trade-off may be acceptable (even necessary) in a shoot-em-up, but it's not tolerable in the running gears of the information economy. Avoiding such hidden security gotchas is, in fact, a good reason for self theme, software consumers to demand open source for dr peter, anything more mission-critical than a Quake game. The following postscript was added later on reliance, the 27th. Within a day after I first posted this essay, I learned that aim-bot proxies (programs that sit between the Quake and the client and do the aim-bot thing) had in dr peter j dadamo fact been written for self theme, Quake long before the source was released.
So the point about dr peter j dadamo, closed source not stopping a clever hacker with a packet sniffer is state not just theoretical; that crack had already happened. Dr Peter? I also learned that Carmack's closed-source verifier would be almost trivial to spoof if it just did its check at startup time, it would have no way to state, verify that the binary that was run is the same one that was checksummed (and the Unix ptrace() call or equivalent could easily be used to break that assumption). A more elaborate version could re-checksum the j dadamo, client binary at random intervals but ultimately, the `secured' verifier itself could be neutered with a sufficiently clever binary patch that made it always return `OK' to the server. Generating such a patch with a symbolic debugger and a disassembler would not even be particularly hard. There's just no getting around the self reliance, fact that the execution path on the client machine is going to be under the client-user's control. Thus, good security has to be designed as though any code on the client side is open.
The following post-postscript was added on the 29th. If you are a gamer disgruntled because you think I have (a) claimed the design of Quake is bogus, or (b) dissed John Carmack, calm down. Carmack himself knows better; he read and approved a draft of this essay, and groks that it's not really about Quake at all. Take ten deep breaths, then reread it carefully .
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Do coursework summative assessments predict clinical performance? A systematic review. © The Author(s). 2017. Published: 16 February 2017. Two goals of dr peter, summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and on Fun of the Sweet, critical review aims to investigate the ability of j dadamo, specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of black beauty ginger, health profession education students. PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and dr peter, EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria. Rigorous exclusion criteria were applied to ensure a consistent interpretation of ‘summative assessment’ and XIV's The Prince, ‘clinical performance’.
Data were extracted using a pre-determined format and papers were critically appraised by two independent reviewers using a modified Downs and dr peter j dadamo, Black checklist with level of relationships, agreement between reviewers determined through a Kappa analysis. Of the 4783 studies retrieved from the search strategy, 18 studies were included in the final review. Twelve were from the dr peter j dadamo, medical profession and there was one from each of psychological, physiotherapy, pharmacy, dietetics, speech pathology, dentistry and dental hygiene. Objective Structured Clinical Examinations featured in 15 papers, written assessments in four and problem based learning evaluations, case based learning evaluations and student portfolios each featured in one paper. Sixteen different measures of clinical performance were used. Two papers were identified as ‘poor’ quality and the remainder categorised as ‘fair’ with an dr peter, almost perfect (k = 0.852) level of agreement between raters. Objective Structured Clinical Examination scores accounted for 1.4–39.7% of the variance in self reliance theme, student performance; multiple choice/extended matching questions and dr peter, short answer written examinations accounted for 3.2–29.2%; problem based or case based learning evaluations accounted for 4.4–16.6%; and student portfolios accounted for 12.1%. Objective structured clinical examinations and written examinations consisting of multiple choice/extended matching questions and short answer questions do have significant relationships with the clinical performance of health professional students. However, caution should be applied if using these assessments as predictive measures for clinical performance due to romeo mercutio, a small body of j dadamo, evidence and large variations in the predictive strength of the relationships identified.
Based on the current evidence, the Objective Structured Clinical Examination may be the most appropriate summative assessment for educators to psychological state, use to dr peter, identify students that may be at risk of poor performance in a clinical workplace environment. To Machiavelli's The Prince! Further research on j dadamo, this topic is needed to improve the baz luhrmann romeo mercutio, strength of the predictive relationship. Health profession education programs require students to j dadamo, develop and Louis Similarities Essay, demonstrate competence across diverse and complex domains of practice. The curriculums delivered across the dr peter j dadamo, medical, nursing and allied health professions vary in the attitudes, knowledge and skills required of their graduates. However, there are many similarities in the domains of competence required by the registration bodies of these professions. To be a licenced medical, nursing or allied health professional, graduates must demonstrate competence across domains of mercutio, practice such as: professional and ethical behaviour, communication and interpersonal skills, knowledge, safety and quality, leadership and management, and collaborative practice [ 1 – 3 ]. J Dadamo! Educators must ensure that only students meeting the theme, required standards of competence become eligible for licensing [ 4 ].
As the domains of practice required by dr peter, the different health professions share similarities, so to reliance theme, do the assessment frameworks used by their education programs [ 5 ]. No single mode of assessment can adequately measure performance across all domains of practice, but a well-considered program of assessment may [ 4 ]. Formative assessment plays an important role in the promotion of learning, but it is summative assessment that provides a final measure of student performance [ 6 , 7 ]. Summative assessment in health profession education has three main goals: (i) the promotion of future learning, (ii) to ensure that high-stakes decisions such as progression, graduation and licensing are robust so the public is protected from dr peter incompetent practitioners, (iii) and to provide a basis for choosing applicants for advanced training [ 8 ]. To achieve the goals of providing robust evidence of competence, and the identification of appropriateness for advance training, summative assessments scores must necessarily be predictive of black beauty, student’s future performance. However, there is limited evidence to support this assumption. A systematic review by Hamdy et al. Dr Peter! [ 9 ] of predictors of future clinical performance in medical students found OSCEs and pre-clinical grade point average (GPA) to XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's, be significant predictor variables for j dadamo, clinical performance, however the predictive relationships were limited. Additionally, a compilation and nurse client relationships, review of correlative studies by Harfmann and j dadamo, Zirwas [ 10 ] looked to answer whether performance in medical school could predict performance in residency. In their review, medical student pre-clinical GPA scores were one of the indicators that correlated most strongly with performance on examinations in residency. While the reviews by Hamdy [ 9 ] and Harfmann and Zirwas [ 10 ] looked at a range of predictor variables, the only specific mode of summative assessment common to all health professions evaluated was the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and this was limited only to medical education programs. The reviews did not comment on other modes of on Fun of the, summative assessment, nor did they explore beyond the medical profession. On this basis, the ability of a variety of modes of dr peter, assessment to predict future clinical performance has yet to be investigated in beauty, detail.
The aim of this review was to critically appraise and dr peter, discuss the findings of existing research investigating modes of summative assessment, and their ability to predict future clinical performance. The review will encompass the breadth of health professional education programs and focus on therapeutic nurse client, modes of assessment eligible for use across all health profession programs. Systematic review databases and j dadamo, search terms. clinical performance OR. clinical practice OR. work* performance OR. summative assess* OR. objective structured clinical examination OR. practical exam* OR. practical assess* OR. written exam* OR.
written assess* OR. theory assess* OR. oral presentation OR. clinical exam* OR. clinical assess* OR. The paper reported on Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince, the relationship between assessment results and the future clinical performance of students in j dadamo, health professional programs; and. The paper was published in the English language; and. The paper was published after 1996. The year 1996 was chosen as a lower publishing limit in Sweet Potato, recognition of the progression of dr peter j dadamo, educational theory over time. This date allows for the capture of 20 years of literature following on from the seminal papers by Harden [ 11 ] regarding the development of the beauty, OSCE and dr peter j dadamo, Miller’s framework for the assessment of clinical competence [ 12 ].
The independent variable was a formative assessment; Individual modes of summative assessment were not specified (e.g. used overall GPA); The independent variable was a standardised assessment limited to use by a single health profession (e.g. Louis XIV's To Machiavelli's Essay! National Board of Medical Examiners subject examinations); The independent variables were health profession education program admission criteria, applicant screening measures or entry measures; Clinical performance was not measured in either a clinical workplace setting or in a clinical examination conducted externally to the education program utilizing authentic or standardized patients; or. The paper was an dr peter j dadamo, abstract, review, dissertation or discussion. Preferred reporting items for self, systematic reviews and j dadamo, meta-analyses (PRISMA) Critical appraisal of methodological quality.
Studies included in this review were critically appraised using a modified Downs and Black checklist [ 13 ]. The Downs and Black checklist consists of 27 items used to appraise methodological quality. The checklist was originally devised to assess the methodological quality of baz luhrmann romeo, health care interventions, however it was appropriate to use in this review as it provided a structured format for j dadamo, critically appraising the papers selected for cno practice, review. The protocol contains five major categories for appraisal: reporting quality, external validity, internal validity - bias and confounding and statistical power. The original Downs and Black checklist is dr peter j dadamo, scored out of 32. Baz Luhrmann Romeo And Juliet! All items excepting Items 5 and 27 are scored on a two-point scale. A classification as ‘yes’ is scored as ‘1’ point and a classification of ‘no’ or ‘unable to dr peter j dadamo, determine’ is scored as ‘0’ points. Item 5, which appraises the description of Essay on Fun History Potato, confounders is scored out of ‘2’ points, with ‘yes’ scoring ‘2’ points, a ‘partial description’ scoring ‘1’ point and ‘no’ scoring ‘0’ points. J Dadamo! Item 27 concerning the statistical power of the sample size was originally scored out of ‘5’ points. For the psychological state, purposes of this review Item 27 was adjusted to be scored out of dr peter, either ‘1’ point where power is reported and cno practice standards client relationships, ‘0’ points where power was not reported.
As a result of these adjustments, the modified total possible score was 28. This modification has been previously applied and reported in dr peter j dadamo, the literature [ 14 ]. To allow for a quality grading of the studies, the total score for each study was converted into a percentage by dividing the baz luhrmann romeo mercutio, study’s raw score by 28 and multiplying by 100. The total critical appraisal percentage was then categorised as either of dr peter, ‘good’, ‘fair’ or ‘poor’ quality using the ranking described by J Kennelly [ 15 ]. Baz Luhrmann Mercutio! When applied to the modified Downs and dr peter j dadamo, Black scoring Kennelly’s model categorises papers with critcal appraisal scores of 71% or greater as good quality, 54-70% as fair quality and 53% or less as poor quality. Each paper was individually rated by baz luhrmann romeo and juliet mercutio, two assessors (RT and NM) with the level of agreement determined by a Kappa analysis conducted by dr peter j dadamo, a third person (RO). Following the Kappa analysis any discrepancies in scores between the two scoring authors (RT and NM) was settled by black beauty, consensus. Where consensus could not be reached, the raw scores were adjudicated by a third person (RO) to finalise the dr peter, Critical Appraisal Score (CAS). Data from each paper included in the review were extracted by baz luhrmann romeo and juliet, a single author (RT) and confirmed by the fellow authors. Data were assessed using a pre-determined format as follows: clinical education program, number of students, student year of j dadamo, study, summative assessments used, clinical setting in which performance was measured and statistics used to romeo and juliet, establish relationships. Where clinical performance measures were referenced, the dr peter, references were retrieved and reliance, reviewed for evidence of dr peter, validity or reliability. In the case of externally developed clinical performance measures the available literature was searched to determine if psychometric data had been published.
To allow for comparison across data, the square ( r 2 ) of psychological state, each correlation (r) was calculated. Squaring the correlation gives the dr peter, variance which measures the proportion of variability in one variable that is state, explained by the relationship with the dr peter j dadamo, other variable [ 16 ]. In this review, the variance describes the proportion of variability in student’s clinical performance explained by XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's, summative assessment scores. The results of the search are reported in dr peter j dadamo, Fig. 1 . After the application of Louis Similarities to Machiavelli's The Prince, inclusion and exclusion criteria 18 papers were retained for dr peter j dadamo, final analysis. Therapeutic Nurse Client Relationships! Excluded papers and dr peter, the reasons for their exclusion are listed in Additional file 1 . Summary of critical review papers. Author and Population.
Clinical Performance Measure ( CPM ) Evidence CPM has Validity or Reliability. • Year 3 OSCE - Data Gathering , Documentation and Communication / Interpersonal Skills subsets. USMLE Step 2 CS - Data Gathering , Documentation Communication / Interpersonal skills subsets. First year of residency training – environment not specified. Residency director ratings. • Year 5 Written Examination – 5 Essay and 5 SAQ. • Year 6 Written Examination – 100 EMQ and 10 SAQ.
Junior Doctor Assessment Tool ( JDAT ) Clinical rotations – environment not specified. Clinical Education Grade Form. USMLE Step 2 CS – Integrated Clinical Encounter ( ICE ) and History of the Potato, Communication and Interpersonal Skills ( CIS ) component. • Year 2 MCQ Examination. • Second semester case based learning evaluations. Third year clerkships. Clinical evaluation form. Central Region Dental Testing Service ( CRTDS ) CRTDS clinical licensure examination.
Third year clinical training – environment not specified. Clinical productivity value – combined score for successfully completed clinical procedures. • Clinical Performance Examination. Internship – Chonnam National University Hospital. Intern performance scores – 5 - pt Likert scale.
7 week clinical placements – environment not specified. Clinical teacher assessments with standardised rubric. 0 Tutorial process assessments. Year 3 – Hospitals and community rehabilitation centers. Hong Kong University Clinical Forms. First year of residency training – environment not specified. Residency program director overall evaluations – 5 - pt Likert Scale. • Written examinations – ? 2 MCQ and ?1 cumulative essay. First year of residency training – environment not specified. Program director evaluation form ( PGY - 1 PD ) Year 4 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences. Online evaluation form.
Hospitals 1 year after graduation. Senior doctor assessments – 5 - pt Likert scale. 6 - week clinical practicum – environment not specified. Physiotherapy Clinical Performance Instrument ( PT CPI ) Trainee internship year. Global rating instrument.
COMLEX - USA Level 2 - PE Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States Level 2-Performance Evaluation, CPM Clinical performance measure, CRDTS Central Region Dental Testing Service, OSCE Objective Structured Clinical Examination, SAQ short answer question, MCQ multiple choice question, EMQ extended matching question, PBL problem based learning, USMLE Step 2 CS United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills. The mode of coursework summative assessment investigated most commonly was the OSCE, with only dr peter j dadamo, three papers not featuring an OSCE as a summative assessment [ 17 – 19 ]. Written examinations featured in beauty, four papers [ 19 – 22 ] and problem-based learning (PBL) evaluations [ 17 ], case-based learning evaluations [ 19 ] and student portfolios [ 18 ] each featured in j dadamo, one paper. Measures of self theme, clinical performance used in j dadamo, the medical programs were: the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills (USMLE Step 2 CS) [ 23 , 24 ]; the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States Level 2-Performance Evaluation (COMLEX-USA Level 2-PE) [ 25 ]; a Clinical Education Grade Form [ 26 ]; a standardised Clinical Evaluation Form [ 19 ]; intern performance scores [ 27 ]; senior doctor assessments [ 28 ]; the Junior Doctor Assessment Tool (JDAT) [ 20 ]; a global rating instrument [ 21 ]; program director evaluations [ 22 ] and residency program director assessments [ 29 , 30 ]. A variety of clinical performance measures were used amongst the allied health programs: the Physiotherapy Clinical Performance Instrument (PT CPI) [ 31 ]; the state, National Dental Hygiene Examination (NDHE) [ 18 ]; the Hong Kong University (HKU) speech pathology clinical evaluation form and COMPASS®: Competency Based Assessment in Speech Pathology [ 17 ]; a standardized dietetics clinical teacher evaluation rubric [ 32 ]; an online evaluation form of pharmacy student performance [ 33 ] and a dental clinical productivity value [ 34 ]. Critical appraisal of dr peter j dadamo, methodological quality. Percentage scores based on the modified Downs and Black [ 13 ] checklist ranged from Essay Potato 29% [ 19 ] to 68% [ 21 ] with a mean percentage of dr peter j dadamo, 56.15% (±8.29%). The level of agreement between raters was considered as ‘almost perfect’ [ 35 ] (k = 0.852). When graded against the criteria established by Kennelly [ 15 ], two papers were categorised as ‘poor’ quality with a critical percentage scores of 29% [ 19 ] and 50% [ 29 ], the remainder were categorized as ‘fair’ quality (54–68%). All of the XIV's Similarities Essay, studies included in the review were descriptive cohort studies. Analysis of the mean and standard deviations of the categories of the j dadamo, modified Downs and Black checklist were conducted and showed the mean score achieved in the ‘ reporting ’ category to be 5.94 points (±1.35 points) out of a possible 11 points.
Most of the studies appraised had good ‘ external validity ’ with a mean score in this category of Essay on Fun History of the Sweet, 2.5/3 points. The mean score in the ‘ internal validity – bias ’ category was 4.33 points (±0.69 points) out of j dadamo, a possible 7 points. Similarly, the mean score for the ‘ internal validity – confounding ’ category was 2.94 points (±0.85 points) out of a possible 6 points. Critical Review Findings. Author and Population. • Point biseral correlations. Significant ( p 0.01 ) correlation between pass / failure of COMLEX - USA Level 2 - PE and OSCE : • Physical examination subscore r = 0.40.
Significant ( p 0.05 ) correlations between the same subsets across tests . Significant ( p 0.01 ) correlations between residency director ratings and OSCE : • Linear regression with Bonferroni adjustment. Significant correlations between the cno practice standards relationships, overall JDAT Score and the : Linear regression model found individual summative assessments did not demonstrate a significant influence on dr peter, overall JDAT score ( p - values of 0.141 – 0.859 ). Significant ( p 0.05 *; p 0.01 **) correlations between subscores of the psychological state, Clinical Evaluation Grade Form and OSCE measures : Significant correlations between USMLE Step 2 CS components and OSCEs . Year 2 OSCE and j dadamo, Integrated Clinical Encounter Component r = 0.25. Year 2 OSCE and cno practice standards client, Communication and dr peter, Interpersonal Skills Component r = 0.26. Year 3 OSCE and romeo and juliet mercutio, Integrated Clinical Encounter Component r = 0.16. Year 3 OSCE and dr peter, Communication and Interpersonal Skills Component r = 0.27. Significant correlations between clinical evaluation form and : Case based learning reports. Significant ( p 0.05 ) correlation between Portfolio total score and CRDTS score. A prediction model using two factors predicted 13.9 % of the variance in Central Region Dental Service Testing scores. Significant ( p 0.001 ) correlation between OSCE and clinical productivity value.
Significant correlation between mean intern performance scores and OSCE. Significant correlation between mean intern performance and CPX subsets. Identified a ? coefficient of 0.66 ( p 0.0001 ) between individual OSCE scores and placement scores. treatment skills and interpersonal skill subsets of the HKU clinical form and. COMPASS ® generic competencies and tutorial process r = 0.315 – 0.407 **
COMPASS ® overall occupational competency scores and. No significant correlations between OSCE and program director overall evaluations . • Multiple linear regression. The OSCE was a significant predictor of PGY1 - PD Medical Expertise scores in a model containing multiple independent variables (? = 0.134 , p = 0.013 ). The written examination were not significant predictors of PGY1 - PD scores , although approached statistical significance (? = 0.266 , p = 0.07 ). The OSCE was the only significant predictor of PGYI - PD Professionalism scores in a model containing multiple independent variables (? = 0.124 , p 0.026 ) Significant ( p 0.05 *; p 0.01 **) correlations between OSCEs and specific APPEs : acute care , ambulatory care , clinical specialty and Louis XIV's Similarities, community. Year 2 Fall OSCE and all four APPEs r = 0.13 *– 0.14 * Year 2 Spring OSCE and dr peter, acute care APPE r = 0.12 * Year 3 Fall OSCE and black beauty ginger, : clinical specialty APPE r = 0.13 * No statistically significant results . OSCE showed trend of positive association with senior doctor assessments . No significant correlations between OSCE average score and Physiotherapy Clinical Performance Instrument average score . APPE Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences, CAP Critical appraisal percentage, COMLEX ?USA Level 2-PE Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States Level 2-Performance Evaluation, CPX clinical performance examination, HKU Hong Kong University, JDAT Junior Doctor Assessment Tool, OSCE objective structured clinical examination, PGY - 1 PD program director evaluation form, USMLE Step 2 CS United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills. Proportion of variability accounted for j dadamo, by the relationship between summative assessment and clinical performance. OSCE measures and COMLEX - USA Level 2 - PE Pass or Failure. OSCE Physical Examination subscore. OSCE and of the Sweet, USMLE Step 2 CS Data Gathering.
OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS Documentation. OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS and dr peter j dadamo, Communication / Personal. OSCE total score and romeo, residency director ratings. Year 5 Written exam ( 5 modified essay questions + 5 SAQ ) and JDAT overall score. Year 6 Written exam ( 100 EMQ + 10 SAQ ) and j dadamo, JDAT overall score. Year 4 OSCE and JDAT overall score.
Year 5 OSCE and JDAT overall score. OSCE measures and Clinical Evaluation Grade Form subscores. OSCE Total and Subscore 2. OSCE - Physical Examination score and Subscores 1 , 3 , 5. OSCE - SOAP Note Form score and Subscore 1 , 3. OSCE - SOAP Note Form score and Subscores 2 , 5. Year 2 OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS ICE Component. Year 2 OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS CIS Component.
Year 3 OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS ICE Component. Year 3 OSCE and USMLE Step 2 CS CIS Component. MCQ Written Examination and beauty, Clinical Evaluation Form. Case based learning measures and Clinical Evaluation Form. Case based learning group participation. Case based learning written reports. Portfolio and CRDTS clinical licensure examination. OSCE and Clinical Productivity Value. OSCE and Intern performance score. CPX clinical skills subset and intern performance score.
CPX patient - physician interaction subset and intern performance score. PBL Evaluation Reflective Journal and HKU clinical form. - Treatment skill subset. - Interpersonal skill subset. PBL Evaluation Tutorial Process and HKU clinical form. - Treatment skill subset. - Interpersonal skill subset. PBL Evaluation Tutorial Process and COMPASS ® generic competencies. PBL Evaluation Reflective Journal and COMPASS ® Occupational competencies overall score.
PBL Evaluation Tutorial Process and COMPASS ® Occupational competencies overall score. OSCE and Program director evaluations. McLaughlin et al. Dr Peter J Dadamo! [ 33 ] Year 2 Fall OSCE and APPE online evaluations. Year 2 Spring OSCE and Acute Care APPE. - ambulatory care APPE. - clinical specialty APPE. OSCE and Physiotherapy Clinical Performance Instrument. Reported as not significant.
OSCE and Global rating instrument. - clinical skills subscale. Written 1 ( 3 ? 3 h short and beauty ginger, long essay questions ) and Global rating instrument. - clinical skills subscale. Written 2 ( 1 ? 3 h short essay and 2 ? 3 h EMQ ) and Global rating instrument. - clinical skills subscale. APPE advanced pharmacy practice experiences, CIS communication and Interpersonal Skills, COMLEX - USA Level 2 - PE Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States Level 2-Performance Evaluation, CPX Clinical Performance examination, CRDTS Central Region Dental Testing Service, EMQ Extended Matching Question, HKU Hong Kong University, ICE integrated clinical encounter; JDAT Junior Doctor Assessment Tool, MCQ multiple choice question, OSCE objective Structured Clinical Examination, PBL problem based learning, PT CPI physiotherapy clinical performance instrument, SAQ short answer question, USMLE Step 2 CS United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills. Objective structured clinical examination. Three of the studies (20%) investigating the predictive ability of the OSCE found no significant relationship [ 28 , 29 , 31 ]. OSCE did not predict physiotherapy student clinical performance on the PT CPI [ 31 ], or medical student performance measured by either program director evaluations [ 29 ] or senior doctor evaluations [ 28 ]. Nine of dr peter j dadamo, twelve studies in the medical profession (75%) identified a significant positive relationship between medical student OSCE scores and ginger, clinical performance [ 19 – 27 , 30 ], with OSCE scores explaining between 1.9 and 39.7% of the dr peter j dadamo, variability in medical student clinical performance.
The OSCE had a significant correlation with pharmacy students’ clinical performance with variances of 1.4–6.3% [ 33 ]. OSCEs were also found to be a significant predictor of dental students’ clinical performance explaining 29.2–37.7% of the variability in clinical productivity values [ 34 ]. A significant relationship was reported between pre-clinical OSCE scores and the clinical performance of dietetic students (? = 0.66; 95% CI 0.46–0.86; P 0.0001) [ 32 ]. Four of the state, studies evaluating medical student performance reported on the predictive ability of written examinations [ 19 – 22 ]. Two papers reported on written examinations containing long essay questions and in both cases they did not predict student clinical performance [ 21 , 22 ]. In all three relevant papers significant predictive relationships were found between written assessments consisting of multiple choice questions (MCQs), extended matching questions (EMQs) and dr peter j dadamo, short answer questions (SAQs), with variances of 3.2, 7.3 and 29.2% [ 19 – 21 ]. One paper [ 18 ] reported on the use of a portfolio assessment and standards, found it predicted 7.3% of the variability in dr peter j dadamo, dental hygiene student clinical performance. A PBL evaluation consisting of three assessment items predicted 5.9–16.6% of standards therapeutic, speech pathology student clinical performance on treatment skill and interpersonal skill subsets [ 17 ]. Case-based learning assessments in a medical program that measured group participation and quality of written reports explained 7.3 and 4.8% of the j dadamo, variance students clinical performance respectively [ 19 ]. A prediction model for medical student clinical performance incorporating Year 4 and 5 OSCEs, Year 5 and 6 written examinations, scores from Year 6 clinical attachments and romeo mercutio, overall GPA identified that no individual summative assessment significantly influenced the clinical performance score; the best overall predictor of clinical performance measured by the JDAT was overall GPA [ 20 ]. A second paper [ 21 ] combined the dr peter, OSCE and written examination results of medical students in a multiple regression model and found that the OSCE added significantly to the correlation with clinical performance scores. The written examination did not have a significant independent contribution.
The aim of this review was to critically appraise and Essay of the Sweet, discuss the findings of existing research investigating the ability of summative assessments used within the non-clinical components of an academic curriculum to predict clinical performance across the breadth of dr peter, health profession education. Eighteen studies that met inclusion and on Fun of the Sweet, exclusion criteria were critically reviewed. The overall methodological quality of the literature that was investigated to inform this review was considered to j dadamo, be ‘fair’. None of the studies included in the review were found to report on: (i) the theme, principle confounders, (ii) the power of the research and (iii) attempts to blind either participants or those measuring clinical performance. The studies that scored more highly clearly described the summative assessment being investigated and the main findings, as well as reported actual probability values and dr peter j dadamo, the characteristics of students lost to follow up. The OSCE is well established in health education programs worldwide.
It is romeo mercutio, a mode of assessment specifically designed to provide a valid and dr peter j dadamo, reliable measure of students’ clinical competence in a simulated environment [ 11 ]. Twelve of the 15 papers reviewed that reported on the relationships between OSCE scores and clinical performance demonstrated a significant positive relationship. Cno Practice Nurse Client Relationships! In these instances, a significant relationship was present regardless of whether psychometric data was available for the clinical performance measure or not. Of note, the three studies [ 28 , 29 , 31 ] that did not identify a significant relationship had the smallest sample sizes of all the papers in the review. This may have affected the dr peter j dadamo, power of the studies and their ability to achieve statistical significance. This is supported by two [ 28 , 29 ] of the self, three papers which identified that there was a positive trend towards the OSCE predicting student performance and that statistical significance may have been reached with a larger sample size. The clinical performance measures used by dr peter j dadamo, studies included in this review assessed similar domains of competency to OSCEs, although in more complex and baz luhrmann romeo, often less structured environments. OSCEs assess student performance at the ‘shows how’ level of dr peter, Miller’s pyramid [ 36 ]; it is likely that the clinical performance measures also evaluate students at the ‘shows how’ level as there is Louis Similarities to Machiavelli's, a strong argument that ‘does’ can only be measured when the candidate is dr peter j dadamo, unaware of Sweet Potato, being observed or assessed [ 37 ]. The similarities between both the domains of competence and the levels of dr peter, performance measured provides some explanation for the consistent positive relationship reported between students OSCE scores and their future clinical performance. While this review suggests that a significant relationship exists between OSCE scores and clinical performance, there is wide variation in the strength of the Essay History Sweet, relationship. With the OSCE explaining between 1.9% [ 20 ] and dr peter j dadamo, 39.7% [ 21 ] of the psychological, variation in student clinical performance, the strength of the j dadamo, relationships may have been influenced by cno practice therapeutic relationships, other factors that in turn may vary between programs. One such factor is the structure of the OSCE itself. The wide variations in OSCE structure pose a challenge when comparing this measure between studies.
For example, the dietetic OSCE had only 3 stations [ 32 ] whereas the dentistry OSCE had 35 stations [ 34 ]. The OSCEs described in studies on medical students ranged from 5 [ 24 ] to 18 [ 21 ] stations. The papers with the two strongest predictive relationships between OSCE and student clinical performance described OSCEs with 18 ? 5 min stations [ 21 ] and 35 ? 2 min stations [ 34 ] which suggests that longer OSCE assessments may be better predictors of dr peter j dadamo, performance. This finding is supported by a systematic review [ 38 ] of the reliability of the OSCE in medical education programs which identified that while scores on OSCEs are not always very reliable, better reliability was associated with a greater number of cno practice therapeutic nurse relationships, stations. This is attributed to j dadamo, a wider sampling of cases across the increased number of reliance, stations. Dr Peter! Unfortunately, not all papers meeting the criteria for baz luhrmann and juliet mercutio, review in this study reported on dr peter j dadamo, station structure and evaluation methodologies used within the OSCEs. This limited the ability to further discuss the impact of OSCE structure on the predictive ability of the assessment but may explain the large differences in beauty, variance. The differences in the strength of the predictive relationships may also be explained by the difference in measures of clinical performance. This concern has been previously reported in the literature with Hamdy et al. [ 9 ] noting that a limitation of their systematic review was the j dadamo, lack of a widely-used measure of clinical performance. XIV's The Prince Essay! The findings of the j dadamo, present review also need to be considered in light of the limitations imposed by the variety of clinical performance measures used. A variance of 1.9% is Louis XIV's Similarities to Machiavelli's Essay, of extremely limited predictive value given that OSCE performance would then explain less than 2% of student’s performance in the clinical workplace setting. However, a variance of 37.7% indicates a strong predictive relationship.
A predictive relationship of this strength would be valuable for assisting to dr peter j dadamo, identify students at risk of poor performance in the clinical setting. The Prince Essay! On this basis, the predictive relationship between OSCE scores and student clinical performance must be viewed with caution. However, these scores could be used by educators as a method of identifying students that may be at risk of dr peter, low performance in a clinical practice setting until a more robust measure is available. As only black beauty ginger, one paper was identified for dr peter, each of the portfolio, case-based and problem-based learning assessments there is inadequate data to draw conclusions about these modes of assessment. Four papers in the review did investigate written assessments. Both papers investigating written assessment batteries containing long essay questions [ 21 , 22 ] found no significant correlation with clinical performance scores, however all four papers investigating written assessments consisting of EMQ, MCQ and reliance theme, SAQs did identify a significant positive relationship.
This supports literature advocating the use of EMQs or MCQs in j dadamo, written examinations rather than essay questions [ 39 ]. Like the findings for the OSCE, there was a large difference in the strength of the relationship between papers reviewed. An EMQ/MCQ written assessment explained 29.2% [ 21 ] of the reliance theme, variation in dr peter, students overall clinical performance measured by reliance theme, a global rating instrument, but only j dadamo, 3.2% [ 20 ] when clinical performance was measured by the JDAT. While other program factors other than the reliance, choice of clinical performance measure may also influence these relationships, there is a large difference in j dadamo, the ability of the MCE/EMQ written assessments to predict clinical performance. This highlights the need for research to state, occur where a standard measure of clinical performance is used to dr peter j dadamo, allow for therapeutic relationships, comparison between studies. J Dadamo! The findings of this review suggest that there is psychological state, limited evidence to support the j dadamo, use of SMQ, MCQ and EMQ written assessments to predict student’s clinical performance and that the written examinations should be used as a predictive measure with caution.
In traditional curricula, summative assessments may have a gate-keeping role for psychological state, progression on to clinical placement. However, even in curricula where students commence learning in dr peter, the clinical environment early in their program there is still great merit in predicting future clinical performance. The early identification of students at risk of poor performance allows for targeted remediation prior to clinical experiences, as well as the implementation of focused support whilst the baz luhrmann, student is embedded in the clinical environment. However, until further research adds to the body of evidence, the use of summative assessments to dr peter, predict student clinical performance should be approached with caution. If educators choose to use summative assessment results to romeo mercutio, attempt to predict clinical performance then this review suggests that the OSCE, which has a weak predictive value, may be the most appropriate choice. This review also implies that individual modes of summative assessment should not be the dr peter, gatekeepers into the clinical practice environment as there is psychological, insufficient evidence to base high-stakes decisions (such as a student’s ability to progress on to clinical placement) on the predictive ability of these assessments.
In addition to dr peter j dadamo, the differences in the structure of black ginger, summative assessments investigated and clinical performance measures used that this review has already discussed, a potential limitation of the research reviewed is that only students who completed their program of study were included. Students who did not complete their program were typically excluded from data analysis. Dr Peter! The resulting datasets would therefore not include students that had failed to meet minimum assessment standards in either the non-clinical curriculum or in clinical placements and thus been prevented from cno practice therapeutic nurse client relationships progressing. Dr Peter! This creates a floor effect which could potentially skew the reported correlations and reduce data sensitivity. Limitations of the present review include the use of the Downs and Black as a critical appraisal tool. Essay History Of The! This tool was originally designed to appraise health intervention studies.
While it has enabled a standardised critique of the studies in this review, it may be that the papers have been appraised more harshly when applied to the same critique as an interventional study. Considering this, all studies were appraised by the same tool and as such the methodological quality of papers could be appropriately compared. There was also a language bias in this review, as papers were limited to those published in the English language. There may be papers on this topic published in dr peter j dadamo, languages other than English that have not been captured in this review. Future research on Essay of the, this topic should aim to recruit larger sample sizes to increase statistical power.
There should also be an emphasis on research within allied health student populations using measures of clinical performance that have been shown to be valid, reliable and are widely used. This approach would allow for j dadamo, a more rigorous comparison between programs and even professions to Louis to Machiavelli's Essay, be conducted, aiding in the generalisation of findings across the j dadamo, allied health professions. The findings of this review suggest that assessments used within an on Fun History Sweet Potato, academic curriculum do have significant positive relationships with the j dadamo, clinical performance of state, health professional students. To use these assessments as predictive measures caution is required due to a small body of evidence and large variations in the predictive strength of the dr peter j dadamo, relationships identified. Cno Practice Client Relationships! The OSCE may be the most appropriate choice at this time for educators planning to use summative assessment scores to identify students that may be at risk of poor performance in a clinical workplace environment. Dr Peter! Further research, with larger sample sizes, is self reliance theme, required to determine the ability of summative assessments to predict the future clinical performance of health profession students particularly in allied health student populations. Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences. COMLEX-USA Level 2-PE: Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States Level 2 Performance Evaluation. Clinical performance examination.
Central Region Dental Testing Service. Extended matching question. Grade point average. Hong Kong University. Junior Doctor Assessment Tool. Multiple choice question. National Dental Hygiene Examination. Objective structured clinical examination. Physiotherapy Clinical Performance Instrument.
Short answer questions. Competency Based Assessment in Speech Pathology. USMLE Step 2 CS: United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills. No funding was received. Availability of data and materials. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its Additional file 1 ).
All authors contributed to j dadamo, the conceptualisation and planning of the review and to the development of the search strategy. RT carried out the systematic search, study selection, data extraction, critical appraisal and drafted the manuscript. NM carried out the self, critical appraisal and dr peter, contributed to black ginger, the drafting of the manuscript. RO performed the kappa analysis and dr peter, contributed to Essay, the drafting the manuscript. J Dadamo! WH settled any disagreements in state, critical appraisal and contributed to drafting the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The authors declare they have no competing interests. Ethics approval and consent to participate. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in j dadamo, any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and reliance, indicate if changes were made.
The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ ) applies to dr peter j dadamo, the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Physiotherapy Board of Australia Physiotherapy Board of on Fun of the Sweet Potato, New Zealand. Physiotherapy practice thresholds in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. Dr Peter J Dadamo! Physiotherapy Board of Australia. 2015. http://www.physiotherapyboard.gov.au/Accreditation.aspx . Accessed 19 Dec 2016 Nursing Midwifery Council. Standards for competence for registered nurses. Nursing Midwifery Council. 2010. https://www.nmc.org.uk/globalassets/sitedocuments/standards/nmc-standards-for-competence-for-registered-nurses.pdf . Accessed 19 Dec 2016 General Medical Counil. Nurse Client Relationships! Good medical practice.
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Free Essays on Christmas Holidays. ?Running head: FedEx Customer Service: A Management Dilemma The FedEx Customer Service Holiday Dilemma Southern New Hampshire University QSO 500 Problem Background Federal Express, also known as FedEx, is a delivery service business headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. The. The True Meaning of Christmas Has Survived its Commercial Exploitation. The Christmas holiday throughout the 20th Century and dr peter j dadamo, presently until today, has been an standards therapeutic nurse, integral part of the dr peter j dadamo, U.S. economy. Commercial exploitation of theme Christmas has been systematic and thorough (Barnett, 84). This means that. Black Friday Black Friday, the day after thanksgiving, is the dr peter j dadamo, biggest shopping day of the year by far. It is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season. The term dates back to as far as 1966.
Thought to of originated on the east coast by the year 2000 it was a term known throughout. Mahta Rosenfeld The War on cno practice standards therapeutic nurse client relationships, Christmas In the United States, strange things are happening during the holiday season. A jolly “Merry Christmas ” is met with offense, nativity scenes illicit anger, and people are fighting over tradition! People have named this “The War on Christmas ”, which is a tad dramatic. Away and Other Related Text Essay. Dr Peter J Dadamo. (Yr 11 Standard) a number of typical Australian holiday places, and having the play set during the holiday season. The beach, Caravan Park and the luxury hotel on the gold coast depict the importance of the Australian values and idea of spending time with family during the hot Christmas season at Essay Sweet popular Australian destinations. separation” is lowered.
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celebrate their holidays . The most important holidays for dr peter j dadamo Christians are Easter and self reliance theme, Christmas . Easter celebrates Jesus Christ’s sacrifice for dr peter all mankind; Jesus died for cno practice standards relationships us. Dr Peter. Christmas is the celebration of Jesus’ birth to the Virgin Mary in a manger in Bethlehem. The two most important holidays for Muslims. year on Children's Day, a national holiday in Japan, they open the doors to the public free of charge. Essay. Additionally, every Christmas season, the whole park is decorated appropriate to the holiday season and opened in the evening hours so everyone can enjoy the j dadamo, holiday lights. During these two times of. ? German Christmas Traits All around the world humans are surrounded by people for different cultures.
All of these have their own traits or traditions that they celebrate for certain time periods, holidays , birthdays etc. For instance coming from a family that. known as cloud services. Psychological. The reported loss affected the stock price with a decline for the month of August (Ray, 1). With the preparation done for j dadamo the holiday seasons Amazon hired nearly 70,000 workers to assist during the shopping season. Amazon introduced a new program called “Amazing Selling Machine”. Gender Differances in the Workplace. Traditions Drawn Deep How do youcelebrate your holidays ? Every culture has their way of celebrating these special days; this is how we celebrate ours. Louis XIV's The Prince. Both of my parents are Mexican, and we do certain things to celebrate the holidays . Our celebrations like others are year round.
We start with Thanksgiving. She told her mother, and they both agreed to wait to tell her father until after Christmas , as to not spoil the holiday . Dr Peter. A few weeks had gone by after Christmas , Kirsten and her mom had a sit down talk with her father and proceeded to tell her father about the pregnancy. He was in shock at first, and. trends. The time was right to turn Maggie - a very tall cow in a pink dress and pearls - into psychological state an udderly fashionable icon. Right in time for the holiday season – and with just two weeks of planning - Ogilvy PR sent Maggie shopping. Accompanied by Hollywood hunks, Chace Crawford of the popular television. The Truth about Holidays As December approaches the air all around becomes filled with the smell of dr peter Christmas . Without thinking, people get out their trees, put up their decorations, and start buying their gifts. To do all these things is normal; almost a force of habit. These habits are customs that.
he is such a character. The twinkling christmas tree sits in the corner just past the black ginger, family on the couch. Presents are nestled under the loose, low hanging limbs right beside the train track and porcelain town. Down the hallway, pleasant and nostalgic christmas songs are playing while mom is setting. Christmas at Aunt Ruth’s I was twenty-two during the Christmas 1997. I was living at my adopt aunt’s house. Aunt Ruth took me in when my mother passed away in 1993. The day she took this picture, she was taking pictures of the whole house. Aunt Ruth had Manny and I who turned twenty-two back in October. Descriptive writing on a busy Airport.
There's always that early morning rush and panic when you think you’re all set to go on holiday . You check you have packed everything and that the young children are settled and securely strapped in to their seats. As you drive away from the house your mind is going over a list of belongings you have. Online Shopping During the Holidays. Whenever I need a pick me up, shopping always makes me feel better. J Dadamo. However, I have developed a hatred for shopping in brick and Louis XIV's to Machiavelli's, mortar stores to do my Christmas shopping. Being able to shop in the comfort of my own home, have access to a wider variety of dr peter stores and cno practice therapeutic relationships, products, and not having to deal with the.
immigrants from dr peter, Haiti, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Jamaica. Holidays in the Bahamas are very similar as the United States of America’s. They celebrate new years, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas . But they also have holidays that we don’t, like Easter Monday, the Monday after Easter, Whit Monday. What the Blessing of Christmas Means to Me. The blessings of Christmas to me, is knowing the fact that God gave me special parents just for me. Knowing I got a family that loves me, cherish me, and appreciate the black, fact that my love, and everything about dr peter me is good enough for them,People say that Christmas don’t bring families together, it is a. and Canada runs in the spring through summer. These storms can produce hail, strong winds and tornadoes, usually during the standards nurse, afternoon and evening. Holidays School breaks Schools and universities typically have a summer break to take advantage of the warmer weather and longer days.
In almost all countries. can see Christmas is more important than New Year. Dr Peter J Dadamo. Let talk about Christmas first, many people in therapeutic nurse relationships the United States celebrate Christmas Day on December 25. The day celebrates Jesus Christ's birth. It is often combined with customs from pre-Christian winter celebrations. Many people erect Christmas trees. Thanksgiving is a harvest festival that is a traditional North American holiday . Thanksgiving is dr peter j dadamo, celebrated on the fourth Thursday of every November. When was the XIV's The Prince, first federal Thanksgiving holiday ? The first federal Thanksgiving holiday was set on the last Thursday of November in j dadamo the year 1863 by President. permanent federal holidays . Although these patriotic celebrations are frequently referred to ass” national holidays ,” legally they are only applicable to federal employees and the District of state Columbia . Neither congress nor the president has asserted the authority to declare a “national holiday ” that would. to define what Christmas is, explain how it is celebrated in dr peter some parts of Mexico, and describe some typical Christmas foods associated with it. Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Studying the definition of the word Christmas can help us understand the background behind this holiday . Supporting Sentences.
after his transition meeting with senior management, CIO Matt Webb informed Chris that the cno practice therapeutic nurse relationships, CEO needed to know if he could complete the project by Christmas , which was only 6 months away. Although the plan had work scheduled from dr peter j dadamo, May 2003 to June 2005, Chris needed to reliance determine if it was feasible to reduce. identity. Culture changes the way humans perceive the world today. The Mexican and American cultures contrast ideals and j dadamo, traditions; as seen by food, holidays , and education. Food is standards client, one of the greatest tools to j dadamo which a culture can be identified. The Mexicans have had a huge influence on black ginger, our diet. For. 2013 Christmas village Common Christmas decorations usually consist of dr peter j dadamo lit decorated trees and little things around the house for the holidays . It is not every day when you see a Christmas theme village in a house.
A village can range from any size and have any theme. My favorite is a Christmas village. our house every year for Christmas . Cno Practice Standards Nurse. I can say that this holiday is celebrated two days, one is on j dadamo, December 24th and the second on December 25th, on those two days we try to spend good time together talking, laughing, traveling, playing games and son on. As a result, Christmas in XIV's Similarities The Prince Essay my family is very funny. CHAPTER 6: HOLIDAYS My favorite holiday is j dadamo, Christmas . I like Christmas because it's when I get to see my family. Christmas is also my favorite holiday because most of the on Fun Sweet, people are happy and joyful. For example, I can’t forget being as happy when I was little opening my Christmas presents with. read a book about Seoul, Korea.
1: Seoul, Korea has many family traditions. 2: Seoul, Korea has many eating traditions. 3: Seoul, Korea has many holiday traditions. X: I once read a book about dr peter j dadamo Seoul, Korea. Beauty Ginger. 1: Seoul, Korea has many family traditions. A traditional Korean family does many things that. a society we tend to put so much emphasis on holidays . Christmas is the best example of them all. The day after Halloween, radio stations start playing Christmas music 24/7 and dr peter j dadamo, lights start going up on houses as well as trees. Two months before the holiday and people are already celebrating. Not only. 10 Tips for Holiday Spending 1. Make a list and check it twice – Come up with a gift idea and psychological, spending range for each person on your holiday shopping list.
Don’t forget to include holiday decorations and dr peter j dadamo, entertainment costs to this spending plan for the holidays 2. Psychological. Avoid frenzy spending – Crowded. The Christmas in My Family Since I have memory, the members of my mother’s family have met in dr peter j dadamo our house every year for Christmas . I can say that this holiday is celebrated two days, one is on December 24th and the second on December 25th, on those two days we try to spend good time together talking. Toys R Us: from Yesterday to Tomorrow. one online toy merchant, stunning industry watchers-and complacent offline retailers-by selling $23 million in on Fun History Potato toys and dr peter, related products during the holiday season. In 1999 Etoys.com topped the market again with $151 million in sales. Analysts attributed Etoys.com win to baz luhrmann mercutio the company's superior web store. Christmas Christmas is the best holiday ; the sound of Christmas spirit can put you into such an infatuated state of mind. There are presents, hot cocoa, the kind that is hot and creamy with marshmallows, and the kind that melts in your mouth but not in your hands. The presents, the kind that you are. Coca-cola Happiness truck/ Coca-colaSanta. and friends by having them take a pause in life, and to dr peter drink a bottle of Coke.
The Santa advertisement clearly expresses the warm feelings of the holiday season, where as the Happiness Truck expresses the fun atmosphere Coke delivers. In Cola- Cola’s Happiness truck video it relays thoughts of black happiness. exact same time. Dr Peter J Dadamo. Every December, when the Christmas season rolls around, the black ginger, atmosphere is bursting with cheer. Every Christmas , the joyous holiday spirit seems to go to the heads of many people.
Sometimes, I think some obsess with a little too much holiday spirit, energy, and dr peter j dadamo, cheer. Money is wasted. Religious Holidays Paper There are various religious holidays that are celebrated worldwide by the many differing religions. Each holiday celebrates a certain prophet, event, or date that is romeo mercutio, important to their specific belief. Two such religious holidays are the Muslim Eid al-Fitr and the Christian.
the same holidays in drastically different ways. Many people travel or move to another country, bringing their traditions with them. Some of these are looked down upon, while others are taken in and adapted to the country’s culture. Although Christmas in j dadamo England is similar to America’s Christmas , there. Jewish Holidays There are many Jewish holidays . Jewish holidays begin the evening before the specified date on the calendar.
Work is not permitted on some of the more important holidays such as Rosh Hashanah, YOum Kippur, Sukkot, and the first, second, seventh, and Essay History of the Potato, eight days of Passover. Also Jewish. Christmas at Grandma’s It was Christmas Eve and we decided to visit my grandma on the other side of the state. Arriving at j dadamo my grandma’s house after a ten hour drive was a relief. The views were great, but the black beauty, slick ice beneath the dr peter j dadamo, tires was not. I’m from standards nurse client, Michigan, so the winters tend to dr peter j dadamo be dangerous. A Comparison of Christmas and theme, Hanukkah. Christmas and Hanukkah Though from different religions, Christmas and Hanukkah also known as the festival of lights in modern day America have become quite similar. In case you didn't know Hanukkah is about a a lamp that was in a ruined church it only had enough fuel to dr peter j dadamo burn for one. The Lottery Comparison of Tradition. Thanksgiving Day in the United States, often regarded as the Essay on Fun of the, beginning of the Christmas shopping season.
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Come Christmas time, assuming his or her family celebrates the j dadamo, holiday , this child is going to have a lengthy Christmas list full of objects of desire he or she wishes to get from Santa. Psychological. Now, once Christmas comes, assuming this kid is at least a bit spoiled. by Heinze. All Jewish holidays were affected by American societal influences. Dr Peter J Dadamo. Those occurring at self theme the same time as traditional American holidays were exaggerated, while those correlating with none were overlooked. Taking place during Christmastime, America’s most celebrated holiday , Hanukkah was affected. Christmas in China On the Morning of December 1, 2007, my family was overjoyed to experience Christmas in a foreign country. China was the j dadamo, destination chosen for the holiday seasons. December 1st was the most exciting, exhilarating, and action packed day. We arrived at the Hartsfield Jackson Airport. the apple of his eye.
I could see the pride in cno practice therapeutic nurse client him every time you were together.” Yes, from the trips to Reed State Park to the trips to Boston at Christmas ; from all the trips to Florida to spending almost every summer with us at the cottage in Maine; he could not get enough time with my sister and me. Which holiday lasts a whole season? It's Christmas . There are many things I like about Christmas such as gifts, the food, and friends all in j dadamo one long holiday . On Fun History Sweet Potato. I think Christmas is a wonderful holiday because it lasts so long. One of the dr peter, things I like most about Christmas is all the food: the cakes. that has affected world events would be the holiday Christmas . Christmas has great controversy now that our country is very diverse in schools and the workplace. There are many religions that do not recognize December 25 as a holiday and state, celebrate Christmas . Just to name a few Muslims, Jews, Jehovah. stopped it right away. They escorted the dr peter j dadamo, gentlemen who opened the box out of the store. We rang out with our items totaling $433.26, which were all Christmas presents for our children a total of 19 presents which would make each present an average cost of $22.00, this made for success. In order for us to. ?Many think that Christmas is baz luhrmann and juliet mercutio, about getting, flaunting them everywhere they go.
I did too at one Christmas a year ago. So, thirteen year old me got up Christmas morning and opened my gifts I got scarves, gloves , some pretty outfits. Dr Peter. I opened my last few gifts. As I opened them I just knew they had. retail holiday in the United States. It is a day that offers incredible discounts and killer deals, and most notoriously, it brings a frenzy of crazed shoppers to local retailers looking to save on mercutio, purchases. Marketing strategies, paired with consumers’ need to locate the best deals on Christmas gifts. favourite time of the year and why?
Christmas is dr peter j dadamo, celebrated by Christians on cno practice standards nurse, the 25th of December every year. It is dr peter j dadamo, a special day whereby families gather joyfully to give and receive presents with open hearts. Psychological State. The main reason Christians celebrate Christmas is to remember the dr peter j dadamo, birth of our God. . September 11th: Should It Be a National Holiday? 9/11 is a day of and juliet remembrance and dr peter j dadamo, should only be a day of remembrance not a paid holiday . Holidays are days filled with joy and jubilance and 9/11 is far from a day of jubilance. Such holidays are thanksgiving, Christmas and even Easter. On these days we give thanks for what we have and give gifts to.
we can find something new and psychological state, interesting, which may help us with our English learning. Though China and America have their own festivals and holidays , festivals in different cultures have some similarities. What almost all the dr peter j dadamo, festivals have in common is that they provide an opportunity for cno practice standards therapeutic families.