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Health Promotion Essay - UK Essays

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Health Promotion Essay - UK Essays

Beyond the Book Report: Ways to on Promotion, Respond to Literature Using New York Times Models. Steve Essay. Teaching ideas based on New York Times content. Below, we present some alternatives to Essay, that classic classroom assignment, the book report. All of Deaf Me by Thomas and James our ideas are inspired by The New York Times in some way, either because we#8217;ve adapted an interesting format, or because we were inspired by Essay Health, an article, review, essay, interview or multimedia feature. Do you assign book reports, in any format, to your students? What do they look like? Join the conversation!

A Times-Style Book Review. Read The Times#8217;s Books section to scan several current book reviews of novels, story collections and poetry, and to use the search feature to find reviews of older books. Next, make a list of common elements. These might include a summary of the plot or main points or themes, comparisons or references to the writer#8217;s earlier works, discussion of the McQueen Essay, writer#8217;s contemporaries or influences, how the on Health, reviewer assesses the work#8217;s quality; connections (if any) the reviewer has to Deaf Like Me by Thomas and James P. Spradley, the subject matter; and the like. Next, write your own Times-style review of Essay on Health a book, incorporating many of these elements.

If The Times has also reviewed the book you#8217;ve chosen, avoid reading it until you have crafted your own review, of course. Book Talk, With You as Host. Create a podcast around a book or author, perhaps inspired by the format of those found in organizations the Times#8217; Book Review. You might act as host and Essay on Health Promotion introduce several different segments, such as a mock interview with the author or an expert on the topic, or a discussion of how a classic book is suddenly timely. You might also include free-form segments like #8220;The Book That Changed My Life,#8221; #8220;What We#8217;re Reading,#8221; or #8220;My First-Ever Favorite Book.#8221; You could vary these with #8220;advertisements#8221; for books, top-10 lists of favorite authors or characters, or news about book-related events, such as online book discussions or local events such as readings given by authors. For classic works, you might set the podcast in the time of its publication, considering other works popular at the time, the Deaf Me by Thomas and James P. Spradley Essay, issues of the day and so on.

Or, include an Essay Health Promotion, #8220;interview#8221; with the author, drawing from research such as published interviews, profiles, memoirs and king shawshank redemption biographies to ground the portrayal in fact. Another idea? Role-play a conversation of on Health Promotion writers from the past or present sitting down together to talk about one another#8217;s work, or their own works in progress, with the podcast acting as the #8220;tape recorder#8221; that captures the whole thing. Judging the Book by Its Cover. Start by considering how a cover #8220;sells#8221; a book and serves as a quick visual reference, and make a quick list of favorite or most memorable covers. Then view this slide show of rejected cover designs and compare them with the covers that were ultimately chosen.

Are the final ones better? Why? Next, create paintings or other illustrations to honor a book you#8217;re reading. How Tall Is Stephen A Smith. You might do this in homage to the covers of favorite books, or you might create a cover for a work that doesn#8217;t have its own cover, such as a piece you read in an anthology or story collection. The covers can be representative of the setting, a key scene, main characters or major plot event, or be more abstract or conceptual, capturing the tone of the work, a theme or character#8217;s mental state.Or, you might want to on Promotion, create covers in the style of a favorite artist. Choose key scenes from a novel that is set in a real place and Deaf Like Thomas S. Spradley P. Spradley find photos or illustrations online that show the locations described by the author. Health. (You can choose photos that fit the how tall is stephen a smith, novel#8217;s descriptions if the Essay on Health, setting is not directly named or is not a real place.) Another option is to choose an author and show the places from a variety of Me by Thomas P. Spradley Essay his or her works, such as this feature about novelist Haruki Murakami, which includes a photo, related excerpt and voice recording of the person who chose them.

As a low-tech alternative, you might draw, and annotate with relevant passages, maps of novels#8217; environs or all the settings used in Essay on Health Promotion a writer#8217;s oeuvre. For a longer-term project, visit the real life #8220;stomping grounds#8221; of a fictional character or visit places with a rich literary history and create a blog or podcast about them. You might record yourself reading relevant passages or discussing the works in is macbeth's tragic flaw the very spot the author(s) wrote about. Create (and record, and Essay on Health add liner notes explaining) a soundtrack for a book you#8217;re reading, or invent a rap about it, as these Stanford students did about the biology of how the body converts food into energy. Making Lists of Favorites. Check out the New York Times Best Seller List from weeks past and present, noting the categories found there.

Use or tweak the Deaf Like Me by Thomas and James P. Spradley Essay, categories to take a poll of classmates, teachers, parents, school and Essay on Health Promotion public librarians and other readers to learn what books they are currently reading or have recently read. Then, work with others to make your own lists #8212; whether of local favorites; of books read in bureaucratic school over the years; or, perhaps, of genre suggestions along the lines of #8220;If you liked the #8216;Harry Potter#8217; books, you#8217;ll love#8230;#8221;. You and your classmates might then each choose one book to write up in the style of an Inside the Essay Promotion, List blurb that tells about the book, its author, its audience or all of these. Or, create #8220;shelf talkers#8221; about some of bureaucratic organizations these books for your school library modeled after those in this bookstore. Annotate Lists on One Topic.

Choose an author, genre, time period, historical event, place or other relatively general topic and research books by on Health Promotion, or about the subject, perhaps starting with the bureaucratic organizations, Times#8217; Sunday Book Review or Book News and Reviews. Create annotated lists of published works about it, like this one on on Promotion the Civil War, organized by is macbeth's flaw, category, chronology or other technique. You might then create brochure or Web pages, or a library display, as part of a class collection called #8220;So You Want to Know About#8230;#8221; Brainstorm thought-provoking questions about a common text, such as what might have happened five years before the events in a novel begin, 25 years after they end, or what would happen if a key plot point was changed. Essay Health. Then, ask several people to weigh in how tall a smith and give short answers in order to create a Room for Essay Health Promotion, Debate- style response. Book Report by Video. Work with others in small groups to create short videos about a book or author you have read. You might voice-over narration and in macbeth tragic flaw and include interviews, as in this example which is on Health, about the #8220;Babar#8221; series of children#8217;s books. Be creative about spies ww2 your interviewees. For instance, you might talk to fans of Essay Promotion a book series waiting until midnight for the release of the next installment; people of the same generation about what a seminal book meant to them as children; or experts like teachers, professors and historians who can weigh in on the significance of a often-taught book, or on a book controversy. Another approach to the video is to stage key scenes from in macbeth what is macbeth's, novels or stories, or record dramatic readings, with sound effects. Or, make an author and his or her works the subject of a video, with an actor portraying him or her and Essay Health reenacting important career and how tall is stephen life events.

The Graphic Novel Version. Everything from the Bible to #8220;Twilight#8221; to #8220;The Art of War#8221; is being turned into a graphic novel. How would the book you#8217;re currently reading be transformed by this genre? You might adapt our simple storyboarding graphic organizer (PDF) to get started with a scene or two. Health. Book Blurbs on Blogs. Read the #8220;books#8221; category of the ArtsBeat blog for spies ww2, a week or more, researching the topics mentioned there. Then, work on short blog posts of your own that go into greater detail, or give the #8220;back story,#8221; about each news item for your audience.

For example, a recent post about Essay on Health Promotion new and spies ww2 ongoing manga series might inspire a segment on Essay Health manga in general. Why Your Favorite Author Matters. Write persuasive essays that combine research, critical analysis of organizations major works and personal accounts that raise and answer the question #8220;Why does this author matter?#8221; You might begin by Essay on, reading Sunday Book Review essays with similar aims, such as this one about Lionel Trilling, this #8220;Riff#8221; column about Joan Didion, or by reading the back issues of the stephen king shawshank, review. You can also search Times Topics pages which collect all the news, reference and archival information, photos, graphics, audio and video files published on topic, and find nearly any published author #8212; whether Stephen King or Shakespeare #8212;. Use them as a starting point for research. Essay On. Alternatively, the essay can be about why a particular work, genre or literary era matters, using the same guidelines. Organizations. The Book Report of the Future. Essay On Promotion. Has the Essay, format of the Health Promotion, book report assignment in your school morphed over time? If so, how? What do you imagine a #8220;book report#8221; in 2025 might look like? Use our post on how tall is stephen the the #8220;future of reading#8221; that examines how technology is changing reading, readers and books to propose new formats for presenting reader responses to on Health, literature.For instance, perhaps you and your classmates can join or create an online book sharing and reviewing community, design a book app, or write about the difference between reading a paper-and-ink book and an e-book or some other digital format.

Related Lessons from The Learning Network. Other Learning Network Resources. Comments are no longer being accepted. Excellent ideas! I#8217;ve always loved alternatives to the standard book report and you#8217;ve just given me some wonderful new ones to add to my arsenal. Assignments like these are more meaningful to Steve, the student, deter cheating (aka copying/pasting), promote creative thinking, and Health Promotion are much more interesting for the teacher (or any audience) to read and/or engage in.

Thank you for sharing! This is really #8220;beyond the book report#8221;, I got assigned to a book report but in our class we can choose what we want to read, so I#8217;m currently reading a book I#8217;m enjoying so much that I couldn#8217;t put it down at night. But the bad thing is we have assigned tasks to complete, and they#8217;re boring; if every teacher used this in America I#8217;m sure reading will turn into Steve a enjoyable thing for reluctant readers or bookworms like me. My 5th grade Reading/Language Arts classes now have a fun way to Essay on Health Promotion, share a book they loved. With the help of our IT teacher, they can make an Animoto video that is then linked to our school#8217;s website, which can be viewed by all students. Also, we learned to make QR codes from the spies ww2, same video, which our librarian tapes inside the book. Other students can use iPhones or iPods to Essay on, scan the code and watch the stephen king shawshank redemption, promo video. On Health. This is a great way to spies ww2, integrate technology skills with language arts skills! Since my students love to do this, and they can#8217;t make a video that has been already made twice, they are encouraged to Essay on Health, branch out in their reading genre.

I#8217;ve enjoyed working on these Animoto book trailers with Donna B. Spies Ww2. Check them out: http://tinyurl.com/wilsonbooktrailers. Sign up for our free newsletter. Get the latest lesson plans, contests and Essay Health Promotion resources for teaching with The Times.

Health Promotion Essay - UK Essays

Essay on Health Promotion

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Health Promotion Essay - UK Essays

Portrait du philosophe en roi Lear (Shakespeare et Nietzsche) Il s’agit ici d’aborder comparativement Nietzsche et Shakespeare sous le rapport de la « folie ». Promotion? Apres avoir resume Le Roi Lear , de Shakespeare, l’article s’attache a definir le personnage du Fol (ou bouffon) comme porteur d’une verite cynique et porteur du theme de l’inversion des valeurs propre au paradigme carnavalesque de la fete (Saturnales antiques), auquel Nietzsche, autant que Shakespeare, a pu puiser. Steve McQueen? On montre ensuite, dans une perspective foucaldienne, que la folie dans la piece de Shakespeare garde un caractere d’ambiguite, la verite semblant circuler entre les differents types de folie (feinte, oraculaire, poetique) que demontrent les differents personnages de la piece. Essay On Health Promotion? On rappelle enfin la coherence entre le rapport philosophique et le rapport existentiel de Nietzsche a la maladie. Bureaucratic? La notion d’ Amor Fati, qui impregne egalement la piece de Shakespeare, synthetise cette attitude a la fois tragique et dionysienne. 1 Lorsque Nietzsche proclame la mort de Dieu, a la fin du XIX e siecle, il enonce un paradoxe sur lequel on on Promotion, n’insiste pas toujours suffisamment. Like Me By Essay? Si Dieu est Dieu en effet, et quand bien meme il aurait le dessein de « se suicider », il garde sans doute par devers lui la possibilite d’annuler cette annulation meme. On Promotion? La question de Dieu conduisant rapidement aux limites du langage, Nietzsche a garde de rejoindre un « atheisme pieux » dont la naivete est assez grande (au XXI e siecle aussi bien) pour poser que Dieu n’existe pas avec cette assurance qui est une foi negative et symfetrique de l’autre. Deaf Like Me By Thomas S. Spradley And James P. Spradley Essay? Car le linguiste sait que toute negation repose sur une hypothese predicative a laquelle elle vient se superposer comme un element supplementaire : il s’agit ici de la relation entre un sujet (Dieu) et son predicat (exister) qu’invalide la negation (ne pas).

L’atheisme pieux est donc force de poser l’hypothese Dieu, a qui il doit sa propre possibilite. Essay On Health? Il tombe dans le piege que lui tend la grammaire et dont Nietzsche se joue malicieusement. Essay? C’est que Dieu et la foi, des lors qu’ils sont reconnus comme d’un domaine hors langage, ne constituent plus des problemes philosophiques a strictement parler. Essay Health Promotion? En revanche, que la raison ait atteint une etape de son developpement de nature a ebranler le fondement transcendantal de la morale, de la politique, de la philosophie ou de la science, voila qui constitue un probleme de taille, que Nietzsche decrit d’ailleurs comme un veritable cataclysme cosmique. Bureaucratic? Car l’Occident, dit-il, vit la une crise capitale, a nulle autre comparable, et dont il pourrait bien ne pas sortir. Essay On Promotion? L’Occident ayant en outre communique le soupcon seculier au reste du monde, cette crise est de fait une crise planetaire.

L’affaire de Nietzsche est donc principalement la creation de valeurs capables de succeder a la perte du fondement. 2 On pourrait etudier les metamorphoses de la mort de Dieu sous son aspect theologico-politique dans une piece de Shakespeare comme Richard II , mais ce que montre le dramaturge dans Le Roi Lear , c’est d’abord une conscience claire de la perte du fondement theologico-scientifique. Is Macbeth's? Avec la revolution copernicienne, l’Europe a certes infiniment raffine son esprit scientifique, mais elle a perdu le sens de l’aube, des etoiles et des orages. Essay Promotion? Elle a certes conquis un regard nouveau, plus abstrait et plus puissant, englobant, unificateur et centre, mais elle a du sacrifier pour cela la multiplicite dont le Moyen-Age aimait encore sentir la presence. Steve McQueen? Pour ce qui est de l’art et du fondement theologico-artistique, epopees et tragedies de dimensions cosmiques ont retreci a proportion du retrecissement de la terre, devenue grain de sable dans les espaces infinis.

Elles n’auront plus bientot que les dimensions du roman et du drame bourgeois. Essay On? Or Shakespeare se situe precisement a la charniere entre le monde cosmique — celui de Lear, roi d’une Angleterre pre-chretienne, augure de l’orage sur la lande — et le monde individuel, interieur, prive — celui d’Hamlet. Spies Ww2? Il a en outre une conscience tres aigue de cette situation : sur la lande du Roi Lear , entre le pole de l’infini stellaire et celui de l’individu errant, il fait eclater un orage qui ebranle l’ordre du monde. Essay Promotion? On percoit clairement que le monde ancien que gouvernaient les dieux n’est deja plus qu’un souvenir pour le dramaturge. Deaf Thomas And James P. Spradley Essay? Mais on Essay Health, percoit non moins clairement que veut demeurer en lui la conscience d’un monde divise en lieux distincts, selon un schema cosmologique qui fait fi de la revolution copernicienne : enfers, terre et cieux, Hades, monde et Champs Elysees. What Is Macbeth's Flaw? S’il n’est plus d’arriere-monde, plus de coulisses pour le theatrum mundi , il reste que la possibilite d’une circulation doit etre pour Shakespeare conservee entre des mondes paralleles, symboliques et reels. On Health Promotion? Reve et realite, folie et raison, spectres et etres de chair se cotoient donc allegrement dans des pieces rassemblant les mondes qui se disjoignent, comme Isis, avatar dionysiaque, rassemblait les membres d’Osiris.

Si Dieu meurt au XIX e siecle, force est donc de constater que son agonie commence a l’epoque de Shakespeare, a la Renaissance. P. Spradley Essay? Et l’on sait que selon Nietzsche il faudra encore quelques siecles pour que l’homme — cet homme vulgaire qui se rit de l’insense apportant la nouvelle de la mort de Dieu parce qu’il ne l’a jamais ne serait-ce que cherche — prenne toute la mesure de l’evenement. 3 Au dernier acte de sa vie, pendant les dix dernieres annees de son existence, Nietzsche n’a plus sa raison que par intervalles de quelques minutes. Essay Health Promotion? Au dernier acte du Roi Lear , le heros eponyme sombre de plus en plus dans la folie. Shawshank? L’effondrement de Nietzsche a lieu un jour de janvier 1889 dans les rues de Turin.

Il retient tout a coup le bras d’un maquignon maltraitant un cheval, fond en larmes, etreint l’animal et plonge dans une nuit zebree de rares eclairs lucides qui durera jusqu’a sa mort. Essay? Sur la lande, accompagne de son Fol, Lear retient quant a lui le bras d’un bedeau flagellant une prostituee : 1 Les citations sont empruntees a la traduction de A. Flaw? Robin (Le Roi Lear, Paris, Flammarion, 1995). « Canaille d’huissier [beadle], retiens ta main sanglante, Pourquoi fouettes-tu cette prostituee ? » 2 Voir Pierre Brunel, Theatre et cruaute ou Dionysos profane, Paris, Librairie des Meridiens, 1982. Essay Health Promotion? 3 Le mot est de Charles Andler dans Nietzsche, sa vie, sa pensee, Paris, Gallimard, 1979, 3 volumes (. Thomas And James P. Spradley? ) 4 Histoire de la folie a l’age classique, Paris, Gallimard, 1961. Sa fin approche egalement. Health Promotion? Comme dans ces rites dionysiaques ou furieuses des femmes pourchassent une victime qu’elles consommeront ensuite (oribasie, diasparagmos, omophagie2), Lear est traque par ses propres filles, metaphoriquement lacere (« Est-ce la coutume que les peres chasses aient si peu de pitie pour leur chair ? », III, 4, 72-3) et devore (« N’est-ce pas comme si cette bouche dechirait cette main / Pour avoir porte vers elle la nourriture ? », III, 4, 15-16). Spies Ww2? Nietzsche termine sa vie entre les mains d’une mere qui offrira sa canne a Adolfe Hitler et d’une s?ur qui mutilera ses ?uvres pour plaire au regime que l’on sait. Essay On? L’analogie entre la vie ou le devenir des ?uvres de Nietzsche et le personnage de Shakespeare est frappante, et eclairante, mais notre propos n’est pas d’en rester a cette analogie (ni certes d’invoquer la soi-disant malediction qui doit forcement frapper le genie, le penseur, le poete, selon une mythologie heritee du Romantisme). Stephen King? On pourrait en effet soutenir que Nietzsche et Lear se sont isoles de l’ordre (« trop ») humain en derogeant a leurs devoirs de responsabilite : Lear est irresponsable des la premiere scene, provoquant une competition de louanges insensee entre ses filles, et Nietzsche n’est pas un philosophe responsable au sens ou il attaque l’ordre philosophique et moral de la culture. Essay On Health Promotion? On pourrait soutenir que ces deux etre sont morts au monde social et se sont ouverts a une comprehension assez « franciscaine » du monde3.

Lear passe en effet pour cet egoiste qui decouvre finalement une sorte de caritas salvatrice… Tout cela est vrai mais il y a plus. In Macbeth Flaw? Nous nous demandons si la piece de Shakespeare ne montre pas la folie comme une forme d’issue a la cruaute (folie feinte d’Edgar, folie professionnelle du bouffon ou veritable alienation de Lear) et si Nietzsche n’aurait pas « theatralise » sa philosophie afin de rendre sa depossession finale, crainte de longue date, aussi coherente que celle d’un personnage tel que Lear. Essay Promotion? S’il n’aurait pas fait en sorte d’integrer a l’avance et avec style sa douloureuse fin a cette ?uvre qu’il fit de sa vie. Stephen? Nietzsche devint-il « fou » parce qu’il pensa trop loin , parce qu’il alla dans l’Ouvert (hypothese selon nous superstitieuse, que reprennent aujourd’hui tant ses pieux admirateurs athees de type onfrayen que ses contradicteurs croyants de type girardien), ou bien pensa-t-il la totalite ouverte parce que son existence etait une souffrance et qu’il lui fallait creer une philosophie capable d’embrasser les contraires et de les laisser coexister sans les resoudre synthetiquement : raison et folie, joie et souffrance ? Dionysos en tout cas ne les separe pas tandis que la culture classique qui nait a l’epoque ou Shakespeare ecrit son ?uvre les oppose radicalement, selon une analyse celebre. Essay? Michel Foucault montre en effet que la culture classique rompt au XVII e siecle avec la representation medievale d’une folie circulante (nef des fous telle que Bosch la peignit, par exemple) et la representation d’une folie percue comme lieu imaginaire de passage entre les mondes (de la vie et de la mort, du concret et de l’abstrait…)4. Is Stephen A Smith? Tracant une frontiere infrangible entre raison et deraison, l’age classique ne concoit plus la folie comme zone indeterminee, terrain vague (lande desolee) qui donnerait acces aux forces de l’inconnu (orages, etres surnaturels) mais comme l’autre de la raison que la raison constitue elle-meme dans et par son discours.

La folie comme deraison, dit Foucault, est un espace que reserve la raison elle-meme, dans son propre espace, pour ce qu’elle definit comme son alterite. Promotion? Le Roi Lear et la philosophie de Nietzsche temoignent d’une vision tres differente de ces choses. 4 La piece developpe deux intrigues qui se font echo : celles de deux peres trahis (Lear et Gloucester), l’un par deux de ses trois filles, l’autre par un fils illegitime. Deaf Like P. Spradley? Les deux peres ont attire sur eux-memes le courroux des dieux puisque Gloucester a concu l’enfant rebelle hors du mariage (provoquant la jalousie du fils illegitime vis-a-vis de l’heritier) et que Lear a impose a ses filles une stupide competition de louanges. Essay Health Promotion? Il entend en effet partager son royaume entre Regan, Goneril et Cordelia, mariees a Albany et Cornouailles pour les deux premieres, courtisee par le Duc de Bourgogne et le roi de France pour la derniere. Spies Ww2? Celle qui convaincra le mieux son pere de l’amour qu’elle lui porte heritera de la plus grande partie du royaume.

Comme Cordelia se refuse a cette joute verbale et qu’elle garde le silence, Lear entre en fureur et la desherite. Health Promotion? C’est le Roi de France qui epouse en fin de compte la princesse a l’encan dedaignee par le Duc. 5 Parallelement Edmond, le fils mal venu de Gloucester, n’admet pas le systeme du lignage qui l’empeche d’heriter. Steve McQueen? Il ourdit un complot contre Edgar, son demi-frere, et parvient a provoquer sa fuite ainsi qu’a obtenir de son pere qu’il fasse de lui l’heritier legitime. Essay On Health? De son cote, Kent, que Lear avait banni pour avoir pris la defense de Cordelia, se deguise et se joint a la suite du roi. A Smith? Il devine en meme temps que le bouffon de Lear un complot de Goneril et Regan contre leur pere. On Health Promotion? Mais pour avoir perce ce secret elles le mettent aux fers. Shawshank Redemption? Fulminant, Lear le fait liberer et s’en va sur la lande ou menace un orage.

La, Edgar, le fils legitime de Gloucester, s’est deguise en vagabond pour echapper a une battue. Health? Il feint la demence et repond au pseudonyme de Tom O’Bedlam. How Tall? On apprend que Cordelia se trouve a Douvres avec l’armee francaise, prete a secourir son pere maltraite. Essay On Promotion? Ayant fui ses deux filles ingrates, Lear ecume de rage contre les elements dechaines, sur la lande, accompagne de son Fol et de Gloucester. McQueen? Comme ils cherchent a s’abriter dans une cahute, ils decouvrent « Tom » qui s’y protege deja de la pluie, et delire a propos de demons qui le pourchasseraient, ce qui fait chavirer la raison de Lear qui y voit une analogie avec son propre sort. Essay? Mais pour heriter plus rapidement, Edmond a denonce l’alliance de son pere avec le roi. In Macbeth What Tragic Flaw? Gloucester, qui heberge a present Lear chez lui, se voit donc arrete par Cornouailles. Essay Promotion? En punition de son arrogance, ce dernier lui arrache les yeux, non sans avoir ete mortellement blesse par un serviteur que l’acte revoltait. Spies Ww2? D’autres serviteurs parviennent a soustraire Gloucester a ses geoliers et le cachent sur la lande a nouveau ou il rencontre Edgar, son fils, toujours deguise en Tom.

Comme le vieil homme enuclee entend se jeter du haut des falaises de Douvres pour mettre fin a son calvaire physique et moral, Tom, qui ne devoile pas son identite, se propose comme guide. Essay Health Promotion? En chemin il fait sauter son pere sur place, emprunte la voix d’un passant et pretend l’avoir vu tomber du haut de la falaise. Shawshank? Croyant au miracle, Gloucester se resout a accepter son sort. Health Promotion? Pendant ce temps, Goneril complote avec le batard pour eliminer son mari, Albany, qui prend trop souvent la defense de Lear. Stephen Shawshank Redemption? Mais elle craint que sa s?ur Regan, devenue veuve de Cornouailles, n’ait des vues sur Edmond, qu’elle entend se reserver.

6 Cordelia quant a elle a retrouve son pere qui errait sur la lande, le front ceint d’une couronne d’herbes et de fleurs sauvages, delirant. Essay On? Elle le confie a un docteur qui lui rend un semblant de raison au moyen de plantes medicinales, d’une cure de repos et de musique. Stephen Redemption? Mais bientot une bataille a lieu et l’armee francaise est mise en deroute par Albany. Essay Health? On emprisonne ensemble Lear et Cordelia, ce dont le vieux pere se trouve assez content. Bureaucratic? Cependant, Albany, qui sait qu’Edmond et Goneril complotent egalement contre lui, les met aux arrets. Essay Health? A nouveau deguise, mais en chevalier cette fois, Edgar est revenu defier son demi-frere qu’il blesse mortellement. Is Stephen? Le batard confesse avant de succomber qu’il a donne des ordres pour faire assassiner Cordelia en prison. Essay Health? Entre temps l’emotion a emporte Gloucester alors qu’il reconnaissait la voix de son fils vengeur et Goneril, de jalousie, a empoisonne sa s?ur Regan avant de se suicider. Stephen King Shawshank? Lear apparait finalement, portant le cadavre de Cordelia dans ses bras, delirant de nouveau. Essay Health Promotion? Il rend son dernier souffle sur le corps de sa fille. Deaf Me By S. Spradley And James P. Spradley? Revient alors a Albany, Kent et Edgar la tache d’administrer le royaume.

5 Le Voyageur et son ombre, in Essay on Promotion ?uvres completes, Paris, Laffont, coll. King? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes, v (. Essay Health Promotion? ) 6 Voir Jay L. Spies Ww2? Halio, King Lear, a Guide to Essay Promotion the Play, Wesport, Connecticut, Greenwood Press, 2001, d (. How Tall A Smith? ) 7 Avant meme de perdre la raison, Lear se conduit de facon insensee. On Health Promotion? Il y a la un echo de la situation politique ou se trouve Jacques Premier, fils d’Elisabeth, soucieux de preserver l’unite de l’Angleterre et de l’Ecosse sur laquelle il regnait avant de succeder a sa mere. In Macbeth Flaw? On peut lire Le Roi Lear comme un conte politique a l’usage du nouveau monarque, le prevenant contre les dangers de la dislocation. Essay? Or il est precisement un personnage de la piece qui ne cesse de rappeler le roi a la raison : il s’agit de son bouffon, parfois appele « boy » par Lear qui le tient en affection. Steve McQueen Essay? Non seulement il faut dire que le roi est envieux de la liberte de parole dont jouit le fou, mais il faut ajouter que l’identification du roi a son Fol est partout implicite : « Tu ferais un excellent fou ! », dit bien vite le bouffon a son maitre (I, 5, 32).

Si bien qu’on en vient a se demander si l’un n’est pas l’ombre de l’autre, selon une metaphore nietzscheenne : « Tu sauras que j’aime l’ombre comme j’aime la lumiere » est-il ecrit au debut du Voyageur et son ombre . On Promotion? Et encore : « Pour qu’il y ait beaute du visage, clarte de parole, bonte et fermete du caractere, l’ombre est necessaire autant que la lumiere »5. Bureaucratic? Cette ombre qui accompagne le voyageur et dialogue avec lui participe d’une critique nietzscheenne de la conscience diurne. Essay On? C’est elle qui eperonne le voyageur dans sa quete du reel au milieu du desert. King Shawshank Redemption? C’est elle qui le pousse a demasquer le discours moral et philosophique comme l’expression de passions du moi et non d’une verite transcendantale. Essay Promotion? De meme, c’est le fou qui reproche a Lear le manque de bonte et de fermete de son caractere. Bureaucratic Organizations? C’est lui qui, paradoxalement, parle clair et denonce tant les hypocrisies sociales que l’injustice du roi lui-meme, liee peut-etre a quelque trouble dans ses rapports avec ses filles. Essay Health Promotion? Il introduit dans la piece une dissonance stylistique remarquable puisque, par contraste avec les vers blancs ou rimes reserves aux autres personnages, il s’exprime en prose, chante des chansons, decoche des dictons assassins qui sont autant d’aphorismes destines a ramener Lear a l’essentiel. Bureaucratic Organizations? Le bouffon, comme Nietzsche avec ses fragments, maximes et pointes, va droit au c?ur des problemes par ses propos concentres, ironiques et parodiques.

De meme que Nietzsche monte a l’assaut de la pensee systematique arme de l’arbalete et des fleches du scepticisme caustique (dans Humain, trop humain et Le Voyageur et son ombre , qui en est la deuxieme partie), de meme le fou de Lear pointe l’arme aceree de son esprit ( wit en anglais, Witz en allemand) sur les faiblesses de la cuirasse de son maitre. Essay On Health Promotion? Lorsque Lear implore qu’on le rassure sur son identite (« Qui est celui qui pourrait me dire qui je suis ? »), le fou repond de facon sibylline : « L’ombre de Lear » (I, 4, 212-3). Deaf Like Thomas S. Spradley Essay? On s’est beaucoup interroge sur le sens de cette replique. On Health? Selon la facon dont nous lisons la piece, l’ombre de Lear, c’est autant l’autre, le fou, le porte-parole de la verite dont l’ironie et les jeux de mots veulent guider le roi a travers la piece, que l’inconscient de Lear lui-meme, la part nocturne de sa personnalite. Spies Ww2? Les interpretations psychanalytiques de la piece ne font d’ailleurs pas defaut, qui suggerent par exemple que le roi encourage et recompense la flatterie de ses filles par crainte de l’amour et desir de l’eviter. Essay Health? Croyant qu’il ne merite pas d’etre aime ou qu’il ne serait pas capable de retourner l’amour qui lui serait offert, Lear soudoie ses filles, il exige un amour factice et fait de rhetorique en echange d’un tiers de son royaume6. What Flaw? Et il est vrai que tant qu’il a son fou aupres de lui (tant que subsistent quelques passerelles, quelques pourparlers possibles avec son inconscient), Lear est relativement sain d’esprit. Essay Health? Des qu’il le perd en revanche, il sombre.

La replique est assez celebre egalement ou le fou, l’ombre de cette ame errante, de cette ame en tribulation qu’est Lear, declare qu’il ira se coucher « a midi » (« Et moi j’irai me coucher a midi », III, 6, 81). Spies Ww2? Cette tirade lancee, on Essay Promotion, ne le revoit plus sur scene. Organizations? A midi en effet, Nietzsche fait grand usage de cette image, l’ombre tend a disparaitre (le scepticisme a se resorber en foi dans le Surhomme et l’Eternel Retour). Essay Health Promotion? En tant qu’il est l’ombre de Lear, le fou temoigne donc d’une « meta-sincerite », d’une sincerite qui ne s’exprime pas comme les arguments sinceres s’expriment d’habitude, de facon claire et rationnelle. Is Macbeth's? Il denonce meme un certain silence social qui se fait sous couvert de clarte et de rationalite absolues. Essay On Health? Il jouit d’un statut particulier, en marge des conventions sociales, qui lui permet de porter sur le monde un regard dessille, sans concessions.

Et l’on reconnait ici l’ideal du philosophe selon Nietzsche. What? L’errance qui fut d’ailleurs la sienne durant son existence, le statut d’apatride qu’il etait fier de posseder depuis sa periode baloise, sa distance vis-a-vis des interets economiques, son celibat (force et endure sans joie, il faut le dire, mais utilise comme symbole philosophique), lui donnaient la possibilite de parler plus librement, de mettre la verite a nu. Essay Health Promotion? Or qu’est-ce que la verite selon le fou de Lear ? C’est « une chienne que l’on renvoie a la niche » (I, 4, 99) parce qu’on n’a aucune envie de l’entendre. Stephen Shawshank Redemption? Et que n’a-t-on pas envie d’entendre lorsqu’on est roi ? Par exemple que l’on n’est rien : « Tu n’es plus qu’un zero sans rien devant ; me voici plus que toi ; je suis un fou ; toi tu n’es rien » (I, 4, 175-7). 7 Cite par Karl Lowith, Nietzsche (la philosophie de l’Eternel Retour), Paris, Hachette, 1998, p. Health? 1 (. Deaf Like Me By Thomas And James P. Spradley? ) 8 Le fou, on Health, le voit, a partie liee avec le rien, le Nichts , comme le dit la langue allemande en des sonorites proches du nom meme de Nietzsche — philosophe accuse de nihilisme qui tenait au contraire que de penser le neant ecartait mieux le nihilisme que de le refouler. What Tragic? Le roi, qui est tout, eprouve la tentation du rien au sens ou il en a besoin comme d’une moitie d’ombre qui le constituerait, tout en eprouvant un sentiment de repulsion vis-a-vis de ce rien. Promotion? Et tantot il cherit ce « boy », ce jeune garcon qui l’aide a supporter ses angoisses, tantot il menace de lui donner le fouet. McQueen Essay? Le roi voudrait bien, lui aussi, « faire le guignol » impunement.

Mais il craint d’aller trop loin et de perdre ses facultes intellectuelles : « O ! cieux clements, ne permettez pas que je devienne fou, que je devienne fou ! » (I, 5, 38). Essay Promotion? Et pourtant, etre un peu fou, un peu guignol, cela vaut beaucoup mieux que d’etre pesant comme un philosophe a systeme, dit Nietzsche, ou comme une idole pour places publiques : « Je crains terriblement d’etre canonise (…) Je ne veux pas etre un saint, je prefere etre un guignol »7. Deaf Me By S. Spradley P. Spradley? Etre un guignol constitue peut-etre meme l’horizon a ne pas perdre des yeux ecrit Georges Bataille dans son ouvrage sur Nietzsche : 8 Sur Nietzsche (volonte de chance), in on Health ?uvres completes, Paris, Gallimard, 1973, volume V, p. Stephen Redemption? 20. « Au fond, l’homme entier n’est qu’un etre ou la transcendance s’abolit, de qui rien n’est separe : un peu guignol, un peu Dieu, un peu fou… C’est la transparence »8. Et Lear voudrait bien renverser toutes les valeurs, devenir fou sans risque, ecumer et se rouler a terre en eructant des paroles impenetrables. Essay Health Promotion? Il faut se souvenir ici que la prestation meme du fou sur la scene elisabethaine constituait un morceau de bravoure que l’on confiait a des acteurs choisis.

Les parterres attendaient avec impatience l’effet spectaculaire de ces crises d’epilepsie auxquelles se laissaient aller des histrions celebres. S. Spradley Essay? Or Lear dechu, chasse de tous les chateaux, vagabondant sur une lande hostile et conjurant les elements la bave aux levres, se prete a un ceremonial qui exalte l’energie pre-individuelle. On? Il procede a ce qu’Artaud eut nomme « un appel de forces », il rejoue pour le plus grand plaisir de chacun la scene d’une crise ou la depense energetique est aussi grande et inutile que vitale — expression d’une « part maudite », selon le vocabulaire de Bataille a nouveau. Spies Ww2? Le fou est le cynique, le realiste de service, celui qui a presque toute licence — de parler crument autant que de desarticuler le langage ou de pousser des cris sauvages. On Health Promotion? C’est un personnage central dans le schema saturnalien d’inversion des valeurs qui est consubstantiel au theatre de Shakespeare. 9 On pense ici aux biologismes nazis et staliniens.

9 Entre le calendrier base sur le retour quotidien du soleil et celui, plus ancien, qui suit les revolutions periodiques de la lune, se tiennent douze jours vacants, comme suspendus au-dessus du temps. Like Me By Thomas P. Spradley Essay? A Rome, ces douze jours d’hiver etaient l’occasion de fetes, les Saturnales, qui culminaient lors de la douzieme nuit ou « Nuit des Rois » — cette Twelfth Night dont Shakespeare fera le titre d’une de ses comedies les plus magistrales. Essay Health Promotion? On avait coutume de designer un individu de preference epileptique pour prendre la place de la plus haute autorite pendant la duree de la fete — roi de Malgouverne ou « fou » qui se livrait a toutes les excentricites — puis, dans la version la plus ancienne du rite, on is stephen a smith, le sacrifiait comme une victime expiatoire et porteuse de tout le mal social enfin expulse. Essay On Promotion? Or a bien des egards, Lear est ce fou qui meurt en victime « emissaire », cet etre a peine encore humain que l’on expulse et livre en pature aux dieux courrouces ou au desert aride. Bureaucratic? Et l’on peut se demander si Nietzsche n’est pas, lui aussi, ce fou qui entreprend de renverser toutes les valeurs. On? Sa facon de s’en tenir a un strict naturalisme, ou de vouloir le laisser croire, fait naitre cette reflexion. King? Car on on, voit bien aujourd’hui quelles peuvent etre les applications concretes et assassines de cette verite par deux fois mise en pratique au XX e siecle9.

Et c’est bien parce qu’il craint de telles applications que Nietzsche decide de ne pas publier La Volonte de puissance , comme il en fait etat dans une lettre a Paul Ree de 1888. Bureaucratic? Cependant, la verite est peut-etre tout entiere dans la nature quand meme, dont on on, peut faire de bons comme de mauvais usages, et reservee a une certaine engeance, a des compagnons choisis. How Tall Is Stephen? C’est de la nature en tout cas que se reclame Edmond, le batard, dans une tirade plus ambigue qu’on a pu le croire : « Toi, nature, tu es ma deesse ; a tes lois. Sont voues mes services. Health? Pour quel but devrais-je. Rester sous le fleau de la coutume et laisser. Le droit pointilleux des nations me depouiller.

Pour un retard de douze ou quatorze lunes. Sur un frere ? Pourquoi batard ? Illegitime pourquoi ? » 10 James Dauphine et Jean Richer, Les Structures symboliques du Roi Lear de Shakespeare, Paris, Les (. Spies Ww2? ) Est-ce que Lear n’est pas ce roi de Malgouverne qui etait responsable de son royaume, garant de l’ordre du ciel et du cycle des saisons et qui, en renoncant a sa couronne pour la donner a ses filles et a leurs epoux, a perturbe l’ordre du cosmos, rendant possibles un Edmond, un immoraliste ? La tirade d’Edmond gene frequemment les lecteurs de Lear qui percoivent une contradiction entre le personnage indubitablement cruel et mauvais qu’il incarne, et l’energie seduisante de son propos. On Health? Il parle en effet contre le droit d’ainesse, le lignage, l’exclusion injuste dont il fait l’objet (n’ayant pas choisi de naitre illegitime), et pour les marginaux, les laisses-pour-compte, les victimes d’un ordre des choses arbitraires et contraire a la nature. In Macbeth Is Macbeth's? Et peut-on le blamer de se faire fort d’obtenir par son intelligence ces terres auxquelles il n’a pas droit selon la tradition ? Malgre l’incontestable dimension exaltante de cette celebre profession de foi naturaliste, certains pensent que « c’est une grave erreur de croire que Shakespeare la reprend a son compte ! »10 Il ne nous est pas possible d’avoir ici le point d’exclamation aussi facile. Essay? L’erreur ne serait-elle pas plutot d’assigner Shakespeare a residence chez quelque personnage que ce soit ? Comme Nietzsche, Shakespeare propose des enonces gnomiques contradictoires qui donnent la verite d’un personnage a un instant donne.

Ici, Edmond peut apparaitre comme une victime. Organizations? Ce qu’il dit est reprehensible d’un point de vue elisabethain (banal au XXI e siecle), mais il le dit de facon fort eloquente. Essay Health Promotion? Peut-etre Shakespeare ouvre-t-il avec cette tirade et ce personnage quelques pistes pour des artistes et philosophes a venir… Lorsque Edmond parle au nom de la nature, c’est aussi par opposition a certains personnages que la superstition conduit a l’echec. How Tall? Ainsi de Gloucester, son pere, qui s’inquiete au debut de la piece de recentes eclipses : « Ces dernieres eclipses du soleil et de lunes ne nous presagent rien de bon » (I, 2, 96-7), et que le batard commente en aparte : « Voila la folie ou le monde excelle : quand nous souffrons dans notre sort — souvent par exces dans notre conduite — nous rendons responsables de notre desastre le soleil, la lune et les etoiles » (I, 2, 132-6). Il semble difficile de rendre sur Edmond un jugement categorique sans ralentir, voire stopper cette mobilite extreme du sens qui est le propre des ?uvres de Shakespeare. 10 D’autant qu’Edmond n’est pas le seul a parler au nom de la nature. Essay On? Cordelia, figure de la redemption par l’amour — elle a toutes les vertus du c?ur -, invoque egalement les pouvoirs de la terre afin de rendre la sante a son pere : « Vous, tous les secrets benis, Vous, toutes les vertus pas connues [unpublish’d] de la terre, Jaillissez avec mes pleurs ! » Le docteur, comme dans Romeo et Juliette frere Laurent, incarnera ici cet « homme-medecine » si shakespearien, ce personnage qui connait les plantes et les secrets du regne vegetal, et qui est capable d’apaiser les douleurs physiques et morales des protagonistes.

Le Roi Lear est en outre une piece qui existait avant la version qu’en a donne Shakespeare en en renforcant le primitivisme. Deaf Like Thomas And James? Nous sommes censes etre les temoins d’un drame paien, pre-chretien. Health? Lorsque Kent, qui avait pris la defense de Cordelia et pour cela avait ete banni par Lear, rejoint les courtisans de son maitre, qu’il ne se resout pas a abandonner, c’est sous les traits d’un denomme Caius, ou il faut peut-etre lire Gaius, c’est-a-dire le fiance mystique de Gaia, la Terre. Stephen? Personnage eminemment positif, Kent fera finalement partie du triumvirat charge d’administrer le royaume apres la mort de Lear. 11 Dans King Lear and Essay Health the Gods (San Marino, Californie, 1966), W. Is Stephen A Smith? R. Essay Health Promotion? Elton tente de demontrer que la (. Deaf Like And James P. Spradley? ) 11 Il y a donc un naturalisme sinistre et un naturalisme bienfaisant, une voie noire et une voie blanche, une nature qui est volonte de pouvoir, une autre volonte de puissance. On Promotion? En inversant les valeurs et en liberant la voie noire dont Edmond est un adepte, la folie de Lear n’en peut qu’elle ne libere aussi la voie blanche, que represente Cordelia11. 12 Lear est donc ce roi qui est en quete d’un certain reel ( real , en anglais) au-dela des mascarades et des hypocrisies du monde social ou de la cour. Deaf Me By P. Spradley Essay? Cette recherche (philosophique) s’apparente a une forme de folie et l’alienation vis-a-vis de l’ordre humain qui en resulte le laisse avec, pour compagnons d’infortune, des etres egalement marginalises : un fou professionnel et un fuyard qui feint la demence (Edgar-Tom).

Car Edgar, « pauvre Tom », n’est meme pas officiellement fou. On Promotion? Il s’est a moitie denude, il s’est couvert de boue pour etre meconnaissable, et il tient des propos qui semblent incoherents pour echapper a Edmond, son persecuteur. Spies Ww2? On a souvent remarque qu’Edgar semblait retourner a un etat pre-social de l’homme originel (Adam chasse du jardin d’Eden ou Abel poursuivi par Cain). On? Il est proche de la bete par son accoutrement. Stephen King Redemption? C’est le paria absolu, celui qui a coupe tout lien avec l’humanite, jusqu’au lien que constitue la raison, le logos qui permet la communication entre les hommes. Essay? Or lorsque Lear le rencontre dans la cahute ou il s’abrite de l’orage, il est trouble du recit ou Tom se dit pourchasse par des demons. Like Me By S. Spradley And James P. Spradley Essay? Sentant sa raison vaciller, Lear decide de se coucher et fait le geste d’oter ses vetements a son tour, geste symbolique qui sera repete a sa mort (« Je vous en prie, defaites ce bouton », V, 3, 308). On Health? C’est donc comme si il y avait de la raison et de la sante dans la folie — non seulement dans celle de Tom, qui n’est que feinte, mais egalement dans celle de Lear.

Lorsque le roi dit a Gloucester, qui a perdu ses yeux, de regarder avec ses oreilles (« Un homme peut-il voir sans yeux comment va le monde ? Regarde avec tes oreilles ! », IV, 6, 154-6), on how tall a smith, soupconne que sa folie n’est pas reelle. Essay Promotion? Kent commente d’ailleurs ses dires ainsi : « O, bon sens et delire entremeles ! La raison dans la folie ! » (IV, 6, 170-1). Bureaucratic? Il y a comme un lien entre ces trois fous que sont Edgar, Lear et son « boy », reunis dans cette cahute. On Promotion? La simulation, l’etrange demence et le cabotinage sont apparentes. Steve Essay? Edgar se dissimule assez paradoxalement puisque sa nudite est son seul deguisement, et les elucubrations de Lear comme du fou sonnent vrai. On Health Promotion? On a finalement l’impression que la verite circule d’une folie a l’autre : verite des metaphores d’Edgar, verite des cynismes du fou, verite oraculaire de Lear en qui la frontiere entre lucidite et aveuglement semble imprecise. Bureaucratic? Gloucester, ce double de Lear qui est trahi par son batard, confesse d’ailleurs que sa cecite reelle est sans rapport avec cette clairvoyance stoicienne qu’il a acquise grace a Edgar : « J’ai trebuche quand j’y voyais » (IV, 1, 19).

Si ?edipe se crevait les yeux d’avoir vu, on Essay on Health Promotion, arrache ceux de Gloucester et il voit enfin. How Tall? Car la verite, c’est que nous venons au monde en pleurant comme qui irait vers le billot (« Quand nous sommes nes, nous crions d’etre venus / Sur cette grande scene de fous. On? Voila pour les chapeliers une idee [This’ a good block], IV, 6, 178-9), et qu’une conscience aigue de la cruaute peut nous faire souhaiter devenir fou (« Mieux vaudrait que je sois aliene : / Mes pensers seraient separes de mes souffrances » (IV, 6, 273-4), mais que si nous ne pouvons pas vivre, nous ne pouvons pas plus mourir. In Macbeth Is Macbeth's Tragic? Le desespoir n’est pas une solution preferable au ridicule espoir et Gloucester se tient entre les deux, Voyant enuclee dont le faux suicide, ce saut qu’il croit faire du haut des falaises de Douvres, evoque le saut de Leucade, plongeon rituel et purificateur des inities aux mysteres d’Eleusis. Essay Promotion? C’est dans l’acceptation du joug de Fortune que Gloucester trouve une forme de salut : dans l’inespoir . A Smith? C’est son propre fils, Edgar, qui lui enseignera cette lecon qu’il se repete a lui-meme sur la lande : « O dieux ! Quel est-il celui qui peut dire ‘Je suis au pire’ ? Me voici plus que jamais au pire (…) E je puis subir pire encore ; il n’y a pas le pire. Aussi longtemps que nous pouvons dire : ‘Voici le pire’ ! » 12 Le Gai savoir, §110, in Essay ?uvres completes, Paris, Laffont, coll. How Tall Is Stephen A Smith? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes, volume (. Essay? ) 13 D’autres episodes donnent a la piece une couleur initiatique, notamment la grande scene de l’orage sur la lande et du refuge trouve dans un repli de la terre, une cabane, une cahute, en tout cas pas une demeure : initiation par l’eau, l’air et le feu que complete une epreuve de la terre, de la hutte glacee (les scenes 1, 2 et 4 de l’acte III). McQueen Essay? Avoir perdu titres, chateaux, vetements et logique, et rencontre les elements, a conduit Lear et Gloucester au-dela des apparences, dans une obscure transparence qui finit toutefois par les emporter tous les deux : l’un de voir sa fille assassinee, l’autre de reconnaitre avec trop d’emotion son fils triomphant derriere les masques successifs. Essay Health? Etrange lecon de cette piece ou la verite peut faire mourir, sauf a etre passe maitre dans l’art du deguisement, du masque, du theatre, comme c’est le cas de Kent et d’Edgar. Spies Ww2? « Jusqu’a quel point la verite supporte-t-elle l’assimilation ? », se demande Nietzsche dans Le Gai Savoir 12.

L’art n’est-il pas notre mensonge vital, protecteur ? L’ancien monde avait-il tant de retard sur le nouveau dans son rapport au vrai ? « Nous ne comprenons plus tout a fait comment les Anciens avaient la sensation du plus prochain et du plus frequent — par exemple du jour et des veilles : puisqu’ils croyaient aux reves, la vie a l’etat de veille s’eclairait d’autres lumieres. On Health? Et de meme, toute la vie, avec la refraction de la mort et de sa signification : notre ‘mort’ est une tout autre mort. What Flaw? Tous les evenements brillaient d’une autre couleur car un dieu rayonnait d’eux ; de meme toutes les previsions et toutes les decisions d’un lointain avenir : car l’on avait les oracles et les secrets avertissements et l’on croyait aux predictions. Promotion? La ‘verite’ etait concue differemment, car le dement pouvait autrefois passer pour son porte-parole — ce qui nous fait frissonner ou rire (…). Bureaucratic? Nous avons donne aux choses une couleur nouvelle, et nous continuons sans cesse a les peindre autrement, — mais que pouvons-nous jusqu’a present contre la splendeur du coloris de ce vieux Maitre ? — je veux dire l’ancienne humanite13. Essay Health Promotion? » 14 Dictionnaire des racines des langues europeennes, R. Spies Ww2? Grandseigne d’Hauterive (ed.), Paris, Larous (. On Health? ) 14 Mais Le Roi lear est une piece qui nous conduit au-dela de la simple — et peut-etre ennuyeuse — sagesse.

Car si Lear est en quete du reel ( King real ), il n’en delire pas moins pour autant et l’on ne saurait passer sous silence le fait qu’il sombre dans une alienation reelle, qu’il devient aussi fou que la mer agitee. Spies Ww2? « Delirer » a une racine europeenne (LEIS-) que l’on retrouve dans le mot latin lira qui designe le sillon14. Essay Health Promotion? Delire celui qui sort du droit chemin. In Macbeth What Is Macbeth's Tragic? Dans la Grece antique, on Essay Health, appelait le Delirant, le Bruissant ou le Fremissant, celui auquel la foule vouait un culte qui s’elevait en clameurs rythmees : Dionysos. Deaf Like Me By S. Spradley P. Spradley Essay? Le culte dionysiaque, d’origine sacrificielle, procedait comme les Saturnales romaines a un renversement temporaire des valeurs. Health Promotion? La demesure, le desordre, la transgression, le delire etaient de mise lors de rites orgiaques ou des bacchantes bondissaient en thyases provocantes. Stephen? Une lecture dionysiaque du Roi Lear est possible et rend le rapprochement de Shakespeare et Nietzsche particulierement interessant puisque nul n’ignore l’utilisation philosophique qu’a fait l’Allemand de cette divinite archaique. 15 Il faut se souvenir que Dionysos est fils de Zeus, le dieu porte-foudre, et de Semele, simple mortelle qui voulut recevoir son amant divin dans toute sa puissance, et s’en trouva foudroyee.

Dionysos, qui etait encore a naitre de leur union, fut retire du corps maternel afin qu’il achevat sa gestation dans la cuisse de son pere. Essay On Health? Dans ce mythe elementaire de fertilite, Semele est la Terre-Mere que feconde l’eclair. Bureaucratic? Dionysos nait donc de l’etreinte du ciel et de la terre, comme c’est a la suite de l’orage que Lear devient un autre. Promotion? Par ailleurs, le mythe de la naissance de Dionysos, qui relate en fait une double naissance, suit le schema initiatique qui correspond a celui de Lear (naissance, mort et renaissance). McQueen Essay? Car lorsqu’il entre dans la cahute comme dans une seconde matrice, Lear s’ouvre a une forme de sympathie universelle (la critique parle de caritas ), a une soudaine conscience de la misere du monde au-dela de la sienne propre qui augure d’une forme de purification. Essay? Il s’inquiete d’abord du bien-etre de son fou, puis de tous ceux qui n’ont pas assez : « Pauvres misereux tout nus, ou que vous soyez (…) / Oh ! J’ai trop peu / Pris souci de ceci ! », (III, 4, 28-33). Stephen Shawshank Redemption? Dans l’intrigue parallele son double, Gloucester, qui rencontre Edgar-Tom sur le chemin de Douvres, lui fait don de sa bourse (« ainsi la distribution detruirait l’exces / Et tout homme aurait satiete » (IV, 1, 69-70), et est enfin conduit a un changement de personnalite. Essay On Health? Il y a la un trope de la deuxieme naissance qui resonne comme un echo, fut-il distant, du mythe dionysiaque. Essay? Mais Lear est egalement ce vagabond errant qui, au plus fort de sa crise de delire, se coiffe d’une couronne d’herbes dont le suc est nocif ou mortel — fumeterre, bardane, ivraie, cigue. On? Or Dionysos, dieu de la vigne, est apparente au monde vegetal, et cela d’autant plus qu’il epouse Ariane, deesse egeenne de la vegetation.

On nous dira que Lear n’a pas d’epouse. Stephen King? Mais justement, d’un point de vue psychanalytique, Lear peut sembler amoureux de sa fille, au point qu’il se rejouit d’apprendre qu’Albany entend les enfermer dans la meme cellule. On? Et s’il est une deesse de la vegetation dans la piece, c’est assurement Cordelia, que Lear aime comme Dionysos Ariane. Bureaucratic Organizations? C’est grace a des simples, on Essay on Health Promotion, l’a vu, et a la musique (autre element dionysien), que Cordelia parvient a apaiser les souffrances de son pere (IV, 7). How Tall? Mais il y a plus.

Lear doit apprendre que sa quete d’un amour infini aupres de sa fille est trouble, que Cordelia ne peut etre ni ne peut remplacer sa propre mere. Essay On Health? Cordelia est un peu une mere-fille pour Lear, une Ariane et une Semele (qui sont toutes deux des figures du salut). 15 Pierre Leveque et Louis Sechan, Les Grandes divinites de la Grece, Paris, A. Organizations? Colin, 1990. 16 Cependant, pour dechiffrer plus avant le personnage de Lear, il faut encore faire remarquer que les plantes veneneuses dont il se couronne font un echo a la couronne d’epine du Christ. Essay Health? Le portrait d’un Lear souffrant une passion et benissant finalement le monde acheve alors d’evoquer les portraits medievaux et renaissants du Christ en Ecce Homo , que Nietzsche a voulu utiliser et appliquer a sa propre personne. How Tall? On se souvient egalement des billets dits de la folie qu’envoyait Nietzsche vers la fin de sa vie et qu’il signait indifferemment de « Dionysos » ou du « Crucifie ». Essay? C’est que l’opposition du Christ et de Dionysos n’apparait que dans un deuxieme temps. Spies Ww2? Le phenomene est identique mais son sens differe par la valeur accordee a la souffrance (concue comme justification de la vie pour le Christ — selon St Paul —, affirmee avec la vie pour Dionysos).

Tous deux sont nes de l’union du plus grand des dieux et d’une mortelle ; tous deux sont descendus aux enfers (Dionysos pour en ramener Semele et l’introduire au sejour des Immortels) — tous deux sont donc psychopompes, ils guident les ames et incarnent la renaissance (l’un par sa double naissance, l’autre par sa resurrection). Health Promotion? Quant aux debordements du culte dionysiaque, pour Pierre Leveque et Louis Sechan, ils auraient contribue a faire naitre l’idee que l’ame humaine serait apparentee au divin, et plus reelle peut-etre, que le corps. Deaf Me By S. Spradley And James? Car le dionysiaque introduisit les hommes dans le monde des dieux, il spiritualisa la creature qui, par lui, se decouvrit capable de sortir d’elle-meme dans l’extase (dont l’etymologie dit cette sortie meme)15. Promotion? Ces debordements sensuels et irrationnels temoignent d’une recherche, par la transgression, de quelque chose de surhumain. Spies Ww2? L’adepte du culte de Dionysos tente d’abolir la frontiere qui le separe du divin.

Vus sous cet angle, les derniers billets de Nietzsche semblent beaucoup moins incoherents qu’on a pu le dire. Essay? Mais en ce point, le texte de Shakespeare resiste et se refuse a la totalisation, a la cloture du sens. Spies Ww2? Car faut-il penser que Lear est ce personnage a la fois christique et dionysiaque, en qui l’homme et le dieu ne font plus qu’un, pour qui raison et folie ne s’excluent pas mutuellement mais tentent de cohabiter comme le roi et le pauvre here cohabitent dans un meme royaume ? Ou bien faut-il s’en tenir a l’interpretation selon laquelle Dionysos a rendu fou celui qui, d’une maniere ou d’une autre, ne l’a pas honore comme il se doit ? Car c’est aussi l’un des pouvoirs de ce dieu que de dissoudre l’individu et de lui imposer une regression dans le magma inconscient au gre de son humeur. Essay Health Promotion? Lear, rappelons-le, finit mal. Spies Ww2? Mais nous n’eprouvons pas le besoin de resoudre cette contradiction, qui n’est d’ailleurs peut-etre qu’une conjonction d’enonces opposes temoignant que l’artiste a vu plus loin que ce que la conscience ordinaire peut voir.

On ne refuse pas au texte de Shakespeare sa faculte pourtant evidente de deborder toute interpretation sans une certaine outrecuidance methodologique. 16 Le Gai Savoir, Livre II, §84, in on Promotion ?uvres completes, Paris Laffont, coll. Is Macbeth's Tragic Flaw? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes (. Promotion? ) 17 Apres avoir envisage la folie comme un masque impenetrable que peut prendre la sagesse — masque du clown, du guignol, du bouffon — apres avoir dresse un portrait de Lear en « realiste », puis en Delirant dionysien, il reste a faire remarquer que Shakespeare utilise la folie comme metaphore du theatre. Essay? Car l’alienation est une forme de possession que l’on peut retrouver dans l’art dramatique, ou l’acteur doit savoir se laisser habiter par un autre. Essay Promotion? Et qu’est-ce que la folie au theatre sinon un pretexte a exuberance verbale ? Qu’est-ce que la poesie, et surtout le lyrisme , sinon une sauvage deraison (« la sauvage et belle deraison vous refute, o penseurs utilitaristes ! »16, dit Nietzsche), une expression barbare qui entend gonfler les mots a les faire eclater, une eruption de sincerite, flammes et sang meles, qui defie toute la culture des cadres et des formes ou se dissimulent les etres qui n’osent etre eux-memes ? Les paroles du bouffon, du roi dement et d’Edgar qui simule la folie sont autant de mises en abyme de la poesie elle-meme, que Shakespeare fait pleuvoir sur son texte. Is Stephen A Smith? Comme il est des pluies de meteores, il est des pluies de metaphores. Health Promotion? Celles de Shakespeare sont d’une beaute et d’une force inouies, averses incandescentes d’images et de langage merveilleusement etranges, orages idiomatiques et idiosyncrasiques.

C’est une lecon d’inventivite a chaque page, une demonstration de ce dont la langue est capable lorsqu’un genie verbal comme Shakespeare s’en empare. In Macbeth Flaw? Et l’on soulignera egalement que l’apparence, pour un poete comme Shakespeare, c’est l’etre. Health? Car on what is macbeth's flaw, le soupconne frequemment de ne voir que delire et folie, bruit et fureur, dans le fond des choses. Essay Health? Or quelle forme donnerait-il a ce qui n’en a guere sinon une forme barbare comme le lyrisme le lui permet ? Le lyrisme, c’est l’etre en tant qu’apparence. How Tall A Smith? Le beotien (ce penseur ou cet individu « utilitariste » dont se plaignait Nietzsche) demande parfois pourquoi les poetes ecrivent tant de mots et prennent tant de detours images quand on Essay on Promotion, pourrait dire les choses plus simplement. McQueen? Mais c’est qu’a certaines profondeurs on Essay Health, ne peut pas dire les choses autrement qu’on les dit, et tout artiste qui le pourrait serait coupable d’ornementation pompeuse. King Shawshank? Le lyrisme est une expression delirante qui s’apparente a un voile permettant de regarder le brasier en face. Health Promotion? C’est une approximation maximale, une erreur minimale par laquelle le poete qui est voyant peut echapper aux consequences de la lucidite. Spies Ww2? Le lyrisme ne cherche pas a dire exactement quoi que ce soit, car il ne trouve en definitive rien d’exact a dire, rien qui se puisse formuler dans la simplicite d’une ressemblance ou d’une adequation avec le vrai. On? Telle est sa verite paradoxale — verite de l’artiste et du philosphe-artiste. Steve Essay? Mais parce que cette verite est celle du chaos et de la desagregation, qu’elle menace l’individu dans l’organisation hierarchique de sa personnalite, qu’elle mine le rapport sous lequel les forces qui le composent peuvent avancer, la poesie, l’art en general, permettent a ceux dont l’exigence de lucidite est totale de penser a plus de profondeur sans sombrer.

Ils ont la verite de la profondeur en tant que surface, du fond en tant que forme, de la pensee en tant que poesie. 17 Voir Karl Lowith, Nietzsche (la philosophie de l’Eternel Retour), Paris, Hachette, 1998. Essay On Promotion? 18 Cf., Lowith, id., p. Stephen Shawshank Redemption? 124. On? 19 « Ce que vous appeliez monde doit etre d’abord cree par vous », Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra, « Dan (. Bureaucratic Organizations? ) 20 Cite par Philippe Sollers dans Une Vie divine, Paris, Gallimard, 2005, p. Essay On Health Promotion? 386. 18 « Je suis lie / Sur une roue de feu » (IV, 7, 45-6), dit Lear pour decrire sa souffrance. McQueen Essay? Les figures du cercle sont aussi importantes dans le theatre de Shakespeare que dans la philosophie de Nietzsche. On Health Promotion? Avec l’Eternel Retour, l’Allemand a donne un souffle nouveau a un symbole ancien, que l’Anglais utilisait deja (comme nombre de symboles archaiques ou medievaux) au moins pour sa signification cosmique (le cycle des saisons) et dans une perspective pastorale ouvertement dirigee contre le tour pris par l’urbanisation de l’Angleterre post-medievale. King Shawshank? La lecture du Roi Lear fait naitre quelques reflexions a propos de la folie telle qu’on la trouve dans la vie et l’?uvre de Nietzsche, notamment dans ses rapports avec la doctrine du Retour. Essay Health? Avec l’Eternel Retour, Nietzsche a voulu sanctifier le monde et la totalite de l’etant.

Il a parfois ecrit que cette pensee etait a la fois le sommet de sa philosophie et celui de la contemplation. Steve? C’est une pensee qui semble facile a comprendre (tout revient) et que cependant Nietzsche qualifie de secrete, incomprehensible du vulgaire (notamment du nain qui accompagne Zarathoustra et croit saisir le sens de l’instant, au portique ou se heurtent l’infini du passe et l’infini de l’avenir). Essay On Health? S’appuyant sur la volonte d’eternite pour toutes choses qu’affiche Nietzsche d’un bout a l’autre de son ?uvre, Karl Lowith insiste sur le fait que c’est pourtant bien l’existence finie et dans le temps que le philosophe entend elever a une signification eternelle17. Steve McQueen Essay? Mais loin que la pensee nietzscheenne enferme l’homme dans un culte de l’ephemere (ou alors d’une facon seconde), l’Eternel Retour engage chacun a donner au fini une dimension infinie, perenne, « eternelle ». Essay On Health? Il n’y a donc rien d’ephemere, dans la philosophie de Nietzsche, rien qui disparaisse a jamais. Spies Ww2? Tout revient.

Quoi qu’il arrive alors, il te faut vouloir ce qui arrive, et en faire ton bonheur et mieux, ta joie. Essay Health Promotion? Pareille pensee rend necessaire une acceptation de la totalite du monde jusque dans ses manifestations les plus contradictoires, les plus terribles peut-etre. Bureaucratic? Mais on Essay on Promotion, n’a pas manque de souligner qu’il y avait une contradiction a affirmer la necessite de toutes choses en meme temps que le Surhomme, qu’enseigne Zarathoustra, et cette exigence de perpetuel depassement de soi qu’il porte. Essay? La philosophie de Nietzsche contient une equation anthropologique et une equation cosmologique qui se contredisent. Health? L’homme moderne doit savoir ou investir son courage mais il se heurte a la necessite, qui rend sa volonte superflue. King Shawshank Redemption? Comment concilier le monde physique et la volonte, le retour du soleil et le depassement de soi ? C’est poser le probleme de l’unite des contraires en meme temps que celui du rapport de l’homme au monde. Essay Health? Il y a une tentative nietzscheenne de celebrer de nouvelles fiancailles entre l’homme et l’univers naturel, mais Nietzsche semble dans le meme temps avoir conscience que cette tentative est vouee a l’echec. Steve McQueen? Car chaque jour le monde post-copernicien apporte de nouvelles decouvertes inconciliables avec le monde ancien, dont l’ordre naturel ne faisait pas question et ou l’homme trouvait sa place sans que lui soit impose ce statut d’errant qui est aujourd’hui le sien. On Promotion? Nietzsche semble deriver dans l’infini, a la recherche d’une ile fortunee, comme Prospero jadis chasse de son royaume et refugie sur une ile fantastique dans La Tempete . Stephen Shawshank Redemption? Or il ne peut regagner le monde qu’en le faisant dependre de la volonte creatrice, en transformant l’en-soi et le pour-soi en un en-moi et un pour-moi18. On Health Promotion? Puisqu’il n’y a plus de monde, puisque le point de repere fait defaut qui pourrait nous donner un apercu de la totalite, il revient a l’homme, qui pour cela devra se surpasser, de creer le monde, de creer les valeurs grace auxquelles il sera a nouveau possible de parler de monde, de totalite, celle-ci dut-elle etre une totalite ouverte. Steve McQueen? Ce que l’on appelait monde, dit Zarathoustra, il faudra desormais le creer19.

Nietzsche a donc une conception paradoxale du temps et du monde ou il est possible d’avoir vecu ce qui reste a vivre et de creer ce qui est deja la. Essay? Quel serait le bonheur du soleil qui se leve, dit Zarathoustra dans le Prologue, s’il n’avait ceux qu’il eclaire ? On voit alors mieux comment Nietzsche, qui souffrit d’une sante defaillante, reussit a sanctifier sa vie par sa pensee et par son ?uvre. How Tall Is Stephen A Smith? C’est en acceptant le joug qu’il se libera. Health Promotion? Et on Steve McQueen, peut dire alors que Nietzsche naquit de ses propres livres : car sans doute il soupconna assez jeune que la deraison le guettait, mais des La Naissance de la tragedie et quels que soient les revirements a venir, on Essay on Promotion, le voit chercher un autre langage, un langage qui abolirait la frontiere entre rationalite et irrationalite, un langage qui ne delivrerait pas de signification aisement codifiable et qui maintiendrait par la meme l’ouverture des possibles. In Macbeth What Tragic Flaw? Car l’entendement ordonne ce qui originellement est un (la « vie », dans sa totalite), il le fragmente et n’enonce jamais que des jugements partiels lorsqu’il tente pourtant de concevoir le tout. Essay? Comment au contraire approuver les antagonismes les plus disparates ? Telle est la question que pose Nietzsche tout au long de son ?uvre. A Smith? Il degage dans La Naissance de la tragedie la necessite du mythe (Dionysos et Apollon), rejetant le socratisme qui pretend resoudre les contradictions du monde tragique par la logique. Essay Health? Il revoque a longueur d’ouvrages l’optimisme mensonger des natures qui detournent leur regard de l’abime.

Il affirme d’un bout a l’autre que la connaissance de l’horreur et de la folie est, contrairement au prejuge, un signe de force, et que penser le mal ecarte le mal. In Macbeth Is Macbeth's Tragic? Il conserve partout, en fait, ce pessimisme de la force qui lui permet d’ecrire la tragedie de sa vie avant meme que celle-ci ne se soit deroulee. On Health? Un temoignage de Koselitz se revele a ce sujet tout a fait saisissant : « J’ai vu Nietzsche dans des etats ou — c’est horrible ! — il me faisait l’effet de simuler la folie, comme s’il etait content que cela finisse ainsi »20. In Macbeth What? Nietzsche aura donc joue Lear, qui fut son dernier masque. Essay On? Et la mort est venue lorsqu’il ne lui a plus ete possible de porter de masque. 1 Les citations sont empruntees a la traduction de A. Deaf Me By P. Spradley Essay? Robin (Le Roi Lear, Paris, Flammarion, 1995). 2 Voir Pierre Brunel, Theatre et cruaute ou Dionysos profane, Paris, Librairie des Meridiens, 1982. 3 Le mot est de Charles Andler dans Nietzsche, sa vie, sa pensee, Paris, Gallimard, 1979, 3 volumes, volume II, p. Essay Health? 613. 4 Histoire de la folie a l’age classique, Paris, Gallimard, 1961. 5 Le Voyageur et son ombre, in is stephen a smith ?uvres completes, Paris, Laffont, coll. Essay On Health? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes, volume I, p. Spies Ww2? 828.

6 Voir Jay L. On Health? Halio, King Lear, a Guide to spies ww2 the Play, Wesport, Connecticut, Greenwood Press, 2001, dernier chapitre. 7 Cite par Karl Lowith, Nietzsche (la philosophie de l’Eternel Retour), Paris, Hachette, 1998, p. Health Promotion? 134. 8 Sur Nietzsche (volonte de chance), in is macbeth's tragic ?uvres completes, Paris, Gallimard, 1973, volume V, p. On Health? 20. 9 On pense ici aux biologismes nazis et staliniens. 10 James Dauphine et Jean Richer, Les Structures symboliques du Roi Lear de Shakespeare, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 1979, p. Organizations? 77. 11 Dans King Lear and Essay Promotion the Gods (San Marino, Californie, 1966), W. And James? R. Essay Health Promotion? Elton tente de demontrer que la piece temoigne d’un rejet progressif des dieux suivi de l’adoption d’une sorte de materialisme. 12 Le Gai savoir, §110, in bureaucratic ?uvres completes, Paris, Laffont, coll. Essay On Health? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes, volume II, p. In Macbeth What Is Macbeth's Flaw? 124. 14 Dictionnaire des racines des langues europeennes, R. Essay On Promotion? Grandseigne d’Hauterive (ed.), Paris, Larousse, 1994, p. Spies Ww2? 106. 15 Pierre Leveque et Louis Sechan, Les Grandes divinites de la Grece, Paris, A. On Health Promotion? Colin, 1990.

16 Le Gai Savoir, Livre II, §84, in spies ww2 ?uvres completes, Paris Laffont, coll. Essay On? Bouquins, 2004, 2 volumes, volume II, p. In Macbeth Tragic? 101. 17 Voir Karl Lowith, Nietzsche (la philosophie de l’Eternel Retour), Paris, Hachette, 1998. 18 Cf., Lowith, id., p. Essay On Health Promotion? 124. 19 « Ce que vous appeliez monde doit etre d’abord cree par vous », Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra, « Dans les Iles Bienheureuses », in Steve ?uvres completes, Paris, Laffont, coll. Essay Promotion? Bouquins, 2 volumes, volume II, p. McQueen Essay? 348.

20 Cite par Philippe Sollers dans Une Vie divine, Paris, Gallimard, 2005, p. Essay On? 386. Pierre Jamet , « Portrait du philosophe en roi Lear (Shakespeare et Nietzsche) », Philosophique , 10 | 2007, 75-95. Pierre Jamet , « Portrait du philosophe en roi Lear (Shakespeare et Nietzsche) », Philosophique [En ligne], 10 | 2007, mis en ligne le 06 avril 2012, consulte le 03 octobre 2017. Deaf Me By S. Spradley P. Spradley Essay? URL : http://philosophique.revues.org/120 ; DOI : 10.4000/philosophique.120. (SHAKESPEARE A LA LUMIERE DE NIETZSCHE) #32; [Texte integral] © Presses universitaires de Franche-Comte. Mehdi Belhaj Kacem 16 | 2013. La forme - Deleuze (2) 15 | 2012. Hegel - Deleuze (1) 14 | 2011.

Esthetique n°2 13 | 2010. Wittgenstein - experience(s) 12 | 2009. Hume - L'individu 11 | 2008. Marx - L'image 10 | 2007. Saint Augustin 7 | 2004. Esthetique 6 | 2003. La volonte 5 | 2002. La metaphysique 2 | 1999. ISSN electronique 2259-4574.

Informations Titre : Philosophique En bref : Revue consacree aux themes du programme de l’agregation et aux axes recents de la recherche philosophique.

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Virginia Woolf – “A Haunted House” Essay. Modernist literature is marked by a break with the sequential, developmental, cause-and-effect presentation of the ‘reality’ of realist fiction, toward a presentation of experience as layered, allusive, discontinuous; the use, to these ends, of fragmentation and Essay on juxtaposition, motif, symbol, allusion. Language is no longer seen as transparent, something if used correctly allows us to ‘see through’ to reality: rather language is in macbeth is macbeth's seen as a complex, nuanced site of Promotion, our construction of the ‘real’. Bureaucratic Organizations. Experimentation in form in order to present differently, afresh, the structure, the connections, and the experience of life. The tightening of form: an emphasis on cohesion, interrelatedness and depth in the structure of the Health, aesthetic object and of experience; this is in macbeth tragic flaw accomplished in part through the use of various devices such as motif, juxtaposition, significant parallels, different voices, shifts and Essay on overlays in time and place and spies ww2 perspective. The (re)presentation of inner (psychological) reality, including the ‘flow’ of experience, through devices such as stream of consciousness.

The use of such structural approaches to experience as psychoanalysis, myth, the symbolic apprehension and comprehension of reality. The use of interior or symbolic landscape: the world is moved ‘inside’, structured symbolically or metaphorically. Time is moved into the interior as well: time becomes psychological time (time as innerly experienced) or symbolic time (time or measures of time as symbols, or time as it accommodates a symbolic rather than a historical reality), not the ‘historical’ or railway time of realism. Time is on Health used as well more complexly as a structuring device through a movement backwards and is stephen forwards through time, the Health Promotion, juxtaposing of events of different times, and so forth. A HAUNTED HOUSE is a smith a symbolic representation of Modernism as seen through Virginia Woolf?s style.

It is not accidental the fact that it is a short-novel; the profound concentration of images, symbols, connections has a greater impact than it would have had in a more detailed presentation. A few pages are enough for condensing images laden with significance, and their apparent arbitrary flowing is on Health enriched by their mirroring into the attributes of Modernism. It is a smith not dangerous or far-fetched to compare the novel with a poem, with some sort of Health, Virginia Woolf?s Ars Poetica in blank verse; as in king shawshank, a poem, the novel has its interior rhyme that circles around the idea of literature as treasure, it?s refrain ? ?Safe,safe,safe? and even its poet ? ?a ghostly couple?- in its musical searching for the Muse; additionally, the novel opens and on ends with the same idea of ?wakening? as in a ring-like poem, but also pointing to writer?s recapture in spies ww2, the world of words. We should ask ourselves why the novel doesn?t start with the image of the couple who sleeps; and the answer is obviously related to the fact that the sleeping couple is on Promotion not as important as the shawshank redemption, ghostly one; modernists didn?t agree with the Health Promotion, cannons, especially those ?imposed? by the tradition in Thomas S. Spradley P. Spradley Essay, writing; that is why we are not aware of the symbols and of their importance and contribution to Essay on the novel until we read the novel again, and again…Prima facie, it seems to be a love story beyond time and death: the old ghostly couple still love one another after having been dead for a while, they return to bureaucratic the old house, full of memories of laughter, kisses, and joy. Essay On Promotion. But this is a simplistic and out of the literary context interpretation. If we admit that this is McQueen a literary manifesto, then we should perceive A HAUNTED HOUSE as Virginia Woolf?s retrieval, as a writer and as a woman. Why a couple? Why two couples?

Virginia Woolf is seen as a feminist writer; but in this novel she doesn?t choose a female character, but a couple; it is her attempt to make inner peace following the natural laws which tell that we have all, no matter of the Essay on Promotion, sex, our feminine and also our masculine part within our essence (yin/yang).The couple is the symbol of universal harmony, equilibrium and peace. In Macbeth What Tragic. It is not a female ghost and a male ghost, but a couple, which means that the gender barriers have already been crossed, thus creating an Promotion, homogeneous entity. The ghostly couple?s replays underline this idea: they round each other and Steve McQueen Essay they fill out the other?s sentence. They form a single voice, the voice of the writer: “Here we left it,” she said. And he added, “Oh, but here too!” “It’s upstairs,” she murmured. “And in the garden,” he whispered. “Quietly,” they said, “or we shall wake them.” The sudden movement between ?them? and ?us? is nothing too striking for Modernists.

The permanent shift, the well-known ?camera-eye? is a literary technique used in on Health Promotion, order to offer a dynamic perspective on reality like the imperceptible and chaotic movement of thoughts. The pen, the page, the book become symbols for Essay, the act of creation, and the ghostly couple ? the inspiration over the writer?s shoulder. Health. This second paragraph is like a scene from a dramatic play and the comparison is sustained by the presence of the curtain as a substitute for secret, blindness, unseen, hidden. These are the attributes of the reality as it is perceived by the modernists: the reality which lies beyond the physical appearances and McQueen beyond what is obvious. One might say, one would be certain, one might rise and see for oneself? are three distinctive phases in the process of creation, of understanding, of searching the core of truth detached opinion, resigned certainty (the margin -stopping the Promotion, pencil on the margin?- points to resignation) and ? action, respectively; the bureaucratic organizations, power of action as the power of seeing the house of creation and accepting it, with its ?bubbling? (speak all to nought) as well as with its ?wood pigeons? (the purity of art). My hands were empty? is another important refrain as it is Essay Promotion also present in the third paragraph too. The hands, as a symbol for concrete, for object, for king shawshank, reality itself, will never be able to catch the spirit of inspiration; the creation of art is not a technical manipulated process, human physical abilities are not important. It would be enough to suit that the biblical story that the apple is alluring and tasty, and also that in both Hebrew and classical tradition the fruit is associated with sexual love, which Adam and Eve discover, in some interpretations, after eating it. But in Essay Health, classical myth another famous apple is The Apple of how tall is stephen a smith, Discord (or Erris) which led to the Trojan War. We should also take into Essay on Health Promotion consideration the apple of the eye which is the pupil, and by is stephen a smith, extension, any intimate or cherished object. (The Lord guarded Jacob as ?the apple of his eye Deut.32.10) In A HAUNTED HOUSE the apples are in the loft (loft ? a large unpartitioned space over a ware house or also a raised shelter where the pigeons are kept) and this may be the level that has to do with aspiration; the apples here turn their ?side? as the on Promotion, door is opened; the apples are reflected; the apples are rolled.

All these scenically provided indications lead us to the idea that the apples are the Like Me by Thomas and James Essay, objects of focalization, enriched with the power of changing perspectives; the fruits are the result of the act of creation; their presence may imply sin, or passion, or discord the storm-beaten destiny of a human being but in the meantime they point to Health Promotion Knowledge as a profound desire, to fertility in litarature. We should ask why the apples are not in the hands (again my hands are empty) but in the loft the level of creation is not easy to be reached, the Steve McQueen Essay, tremendous search for the truth, for knowledge, for self-achievement is very tough and subjected to many trials. The text provides two kinds of birds: the wood pigeons (Eurasian pigeon with white patches on wings and neck) and Essay on Health Promotion the thrush (Songbirds characteristically having brownish upper plumage with a spotted breast). Generally speaking, the symbolism of Deaf Like Thomas, birds is metaphorical: they like freedom, they build themselves homes, they often engage in social relations with other members of their species and they communicate with them by acoustic means recalling articulated language that is why the bird world is Essay on Promotion a metaphorical human society (as in Chaucers PARLIAMENT OF FOWLS). In Christian myth it was a heavenly dove that filled Mary with the Holly Spirit. But in A HAUNTED HOUSE the a smith, symbols of the birds are much more profound; they are connected with flying, flying as freedom or flying as the Promotion, words fly (?winged words? ? Homer); they are connected with thoughts and stephen king with their ?savage? structure ? words that ?bubble?, words that remain in ?shadow?. Their presence in the novel underlines the visual and Essay Promotion acoustical effects; they are life, they are nature, they are certainty within this allegorical description. King Redemption. (Carl Jung said that birds represent thoughts while birds in flight symbolize moving and changing thoughts. Birds are generally associated with freedom and abandon.

In old dream interpretation books, birds are considered lucky omens except for blackbirds, which are generally negative. Doves and eagles are generally spiritual symbols. Virginia?s wood pigeon and thrush have the meaning of on Health Promotion, a spiritual or psychological freedom). Rooms are spaces sometimes independent of people and sometimes reflecting them; rooms allow for the freedom of (imagination) movement within the confines of the familiar: From room to room they went. Houses usually symbolize our emotional and psychological selves. All of your experiences, stages of organizations, development, and parts of your conscious and unconscious life may be represented by that house. The house may be representing issues concerning a particular dilemma in on Health, life, or it may be more general and comprehensive. Virginias house is in fact her being, her dualist profound being ? the sleeping couple, her inspiration the is macbeth's tragic, ghostly couple, her aspiration the apples, her frustrations and her desires of deliverance the birds, her consciousness the glass.

Its the image of a secure place. Any part of a house usually represents a part of the self . One by one, the elements that roll around the house, complete the writers being and feelings: Going up and down the stairs could mean several different things. It could represent changes in consciousness, movement from one inner plane to another, or a change in understanding. It is Essay Promotion a constant shift of perspectives in a literary work or vision. Climbing (upstairs) may represent an achievement and a movement in a positive direction, but also Modernism itself as opposed to descending (downstairs) which may symbolize doubts or the old cannons and stephen king conventions in literature. The curtain is on some sort of a shield of protection from difficulties and temptation and Like Me by Thomas P. Spradley The garden may be a symbol of lost innocence or youth. The doors are very important because they play the Promotion, role of an how tall is stephen a smith, opened or closed passage: opened door ? free information, chaotic movement and closed door ? denial of information, refusal; going through a door may represent going from one state of consciousness to another, or from one inner plane to another. Locked or closed doors may represent an obstacle or opportunities that are not currently available to you.

Also doors may represent choices. The loft is the last thing built and it symbolizes the higher self, or best self (the self that is in contact with the eternal) or also the sum total of ones life works. But the loft is Essay Health filled with apples and it may imply the accomplishment of spies ww2, desires, of goals, the high level of literature. The window is a rich symbol. Its accurate interpretation can lead to awareness. The reflection of apples and roses may represent the desire for greater satisfaction and more peace.

But a window may also represent a time frame. Windows in our houses allow us to see the world on Essay on, the outside, the organizations, windows in Virginia Woolf?s novel are an encouragement for better seeing the world within ourselves, as well as the world outside. The drawing-room – formal room where visitors can be received and entertained is the room of consciousness. The wind could be symbolic of spirit or the life force. The wind may represent changes. The greater the force of the wind, the grater the change. The sound of the wind is special because it is a sound of nature and has spiritual significance. The garden is on Health Promotion reflected in the house’s windowpanes: the window panes reflected apples, reflected roses, all the leaves were green in the glass. By using the garden motif, by reflecting apples, roses (indicative of divine love), leaves green in the glass (green meaning rebirth and growth), the passage points to the idea of wisdom, purity, timelessness. How Tall Is Stephen A Smith. For a time, one of the house’s inhabitants had left the other, had gone beyond the garden, had seen the stars turned in the Southern sky. Essay Health. But as a limb of his dwelling space, he had returned.

Woolf?s passages are filled with light and suggest rich inner immensities. She recreates the king, ecstatic moments during which the external world and the self unite in a stasis that is like a still-life painting. In A HAUNTED HOUSE, the light fades. ?Out in the garden then? … the Health Promotion, trees spun darkness for a wandering beam of sun, the beam of the lamp falls straight from the window … the candle burns stiff and tall … the eyes of the house are vigilant and watch wild beams of moonlight cross both floor and wall?, and thus the imagery of Steve Essay, light leads to the buried treasure, the light in the heart? or the treasure of Health, freedom, the inner vastness inherent to every man. Woolf?s language is a malleable, living material: words and how tall is stephen punctuation, line length, text shape. The arrangement of her words is on a symbol, half concrete and half emotional. Until the peak of creation is reached, the procedure is rational, but the experience of creation itself is irrational, a vision or a communion. In Macbeth What Is Macbeth's Tragic Flaw. There is no invention in the writer until he is inspired and possessed.

Only the one who is inspired my enter the temple of literature. When inspired the writer practices his creative art and this is a process by means of which passage from nonbeing to being is brought about. On Health. By implication, the experience creates ?creativity?. Creativity means freedom. Most obviously freedom from the pollution of mortality; the novel opens and ends with the is stephen, same idea of ?awakening? as a returning to on reality; that means that the sleep is not a sleep in itself, here, in this novel, but the inspired state in which, as noticed in the whole novel, the self is related to the object by becoming one with it.

Toolan, Michael J. Narrative. A Critical Linguistic Introduction.London New York: Routhledge,1991. Avadanei, Stefan. Introduction to Poetics. (vol .2) . Iasi: Institutul European, 2002. Lodge, David. The Art of Fiction. London: Penguin Books, 1992 (excerpts)

University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 14 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Virginia Woolf – “A Haunted House” for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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About Words Cambridge Dictionaries Online blog. On Health Promotion. Commenting on developments in the English language. They carried out an experiment: phrasal verbs in formal writing. I have written previously about using phrasal verbs to spies ww2 avoid over-formal language, but what happens when you need to on write in a formal style, for instance in an academic essay, a report, or a formal letter? Although we often think of phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs as being rather informal, the majority are in fact neutral and Deaf Me by and James Essay there are a good many that are positively formal. This blog post looks at a small selection of the many multi-word verbs which would be completely appropriate in formal or academic writing. On Health. If you only learn one phrasal verb to use in formal writing, my recommendation would be carry out . This is bureaucratic organizations extremely common and sounds much more impressive than ‘do’: Scientists have carried out experiments/tests/research on … We have carried out a thorough review of … Other simple verbs could also be replaced in on Health Promotion formal writing: Unusually cold weather accounted for the rise in fuel use. (= explained)

It is usual to begin an essay or report with an stephen king shawshank, introduction explaining its purpose and structure. Health. For example: In academic writing, it is usually necessary to refer to other sources: It is also common to talk about the evidence you have to is macbeth's tragic flaw support the conclusions of your writing: These recommendations are based on Essay Promotion, the results of extensive research. You may also wish to describe methods of research: So to sum up , don’t rule out phrasal verbs in spies ww2 formal writing, as there are many which can contribute to an authoritative style and on Promotion result in spies ww2 admiration from your readers! 20 thoughts on “ They carried out an experiment: phrasal verbs in Essay on formal writing ” You make a good point about spies ww2 phrasal verbs being acceptable in formal English as well. As an Health Promotion, EFL teacher I usually teach the formal/informal distinction, and try to motivate my students: #8220;if you want to learn conversational English, you need to learn to use phrasal verbs, or else you might sound like a robot.#8221; In the stephen shawshank, future I will qualify myself: #8220;but sometimes robots use phrasal verbs too!#8221; #128521; By the Essay on Health, way, thanks for bureaucratic organizations, your posts. I#8217;ve subscribed to the newsletter for a few years now, and it has been useful to me in on teaching. Thanks really good to know it#8217;s useful for teachers as well as students! As an English learner I find this article very helpful. I have been told that I should avoid the use of spies ww2, phrasal verbs in formal writing, and I had never pay attention to the fact they are indeed used in Essay on Promotion it.

It would be great to Like Thomas and James find a dictionary that shows a word and its equivalent to phrasal verb. thanks some useful verbs here. also i was wondering if some of the verbs here are not prepostional verbs? (e.g. consists of, focus on etc) and not phrasal verbs, where we take the a definition of phrasal verbs as something that changes the usual meaning of the verb? Hi Mura: The article does say #8216;and other multi-word verbs#8217;, but the question of what exactly a phrasal verb is is very complicated (and I speak as someone who has written several books about on them!). I don#8217;t think it#8217;s possible to have an exact definition because there are always examples on organizations, the borders about which people won#8217;t agree. My own view is that from the point of view of learning English, if a verb must be followed by a preposition or an adverb, then it#8217;s best to think of it as a multi-word phrase and learn it in that way. Essay Health Promotion. I do agree with you Mura, since there are some features that differentiate phrasal verbs from prepositional ones like when the verb and the particle are inseparable as in #8221;got off the bus#8221; it#8217;s considered a phrasal verb not a prepositional one. In fact, it#8217;s quite helpful to know the differences if you work as a translator and I#8217;d recommend to you reading Farser#8217;s article #8220;An examination of the verb-particle construction in English#8221; if you#8217;re interested in. oh nice thanks for that ref lumiere rouge #128578; questions of terminology aside a major issue with learning multi-word verbs is how tall meaning and Health Promotion the multiple meanings possible for such verbs.

Thanks for your interesting comment, Lumiere Rouge. I guess it#8217;s really a question of audience my point isn#8217;t that there isn#8217;t a distinction, but that in a blog like this, that aims to provide some simple tips on vocabulary and grammar to students, it may be more confusing than illuminating to how tall is stephen a smith try to make the Essay, difference (and especially to do it every time phrasal verbs/prepositional verbs are mentioned!). I am a teacher as well as a writer, and stephen king shawshank I know for sure that most intermediate students don#8217;t understand the term #8216;prepositional verb#8217;. To be honest, if they can use #8216;consist of#8217; correctly, I#8217;m very happy! #128578; I love to read your blog every time. I learn a lot , specially to Health Promotion modern terms in bureaucratic organizations English language. I attended a Canadian University and Essay on have a B.A. in English Literature and a M.I.L.Sc.

However I spent my whole professional life as a Medical Librarian. 41 years. In a Pediatric Hospital in Mexico. I must say, that when I did a postgraduate on that discipline, no one emphasized the spies ww2, importance of a proper formal language when writing scientific papers. Fortunately I was very lucky to have a good formal education. I spent a lot of time on my job pointing out to the medical staff about this matter. I am glad you are mentioning it to readers. The noun#8221;report#8221; should have been preceded by the article #8216;a#8217; in the sentence #8216;It is usual to begin #8220;an#8221; essay or #8216;a#8217; report #8230; Hi Kalyan actually it#8217;s fine to omit the second article after the #8216;or#8217;, though it#8217;s not wrong to on Promotion add it either! I wonder how to know how to what is macbeth's flaw identify which phrasal verb can be used as a formal word when using online cambridge dictionary. Hi Mario: in the online dictionary, look for labels like #8216;formal#8217; or #8216;informal#8217; any words that don#8217;t have a label are fine in general speech and writing. it is really very helpful.everybody shul go thru it.

A note for Essay on, anyone who writes for Deaf Me by Thomas P. Spradley, Cambridge. I really enjoy reading your contributions but I wish that you would change your keyboard over the English rather than American. I teach English and then tell the Essay Health Promotion, students if there is a word that they are using in spies ww2 American. I have to run a spell checker and reset the Essay on, grammar in the texts! Hi Paul, I don#8217;t think we intentionally favour American spelling or grammar over British are there any particular words or constructions that you have in mind? A great post with most useful phrasal verbs.

Commenting on developments in the English language.

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essay friendship But does Love and Friendship mix well? It can actually. It all depends on the beholder. It depends on how he or she handles it and it also depends on his or her perception of the on Promotion, two simple but meaningful words. Is Stephen A Smith. *Whenever you forgo activities you had planned with your buddies because of a man/woman, your relationship with them suffers. Even your best friendships will eventually suffer if you continue on this path.

Sure, your friends will understand when you don’t always have the time for them. However. Essay on Social Networking and Friendship. culture-the average Facebook user has 130-and friendship, of a diluted kind, is our most characteristic relationship: voluntary, flexible, a ‘lite’ alternative to the caloric meshugaas of Essay Health Promotion, family life” (Akst 25). Spies Ww2. This quote theorizes that today’s Internet-based relationships are a diluted alternative to real friendships that are formed as a result of face to face interaction, or deep ties. The metaphor of low calorie “lite” food and the bland friendships we experience over the internet is used to emphasize.

things, they will accept and help us to make up those mistakes. On the other hand, most friends cannot accept us when we make a mistake. Especially, when we betray or do bad things for our friends. They will not forgive us. It is hard to renew our friendship. A good example was two years ago, I read a news, which reported a man was caught by the police because of the Essay on, graft and corruption. His friends was so surprised and disappointed in his action. Finally, his friends left him forever, but his family.

Essay about Nobility of Friendship. not able to stand by myself. Whenever I needed her, she was always by mi side, ready to provide me with moral support, advice, prompt into action or decision-making, and help in every sphere of life. I had not given consideration to bureaucratic, the idea of friendship at that time. However, there was one thing I knew for sure - all I needed to make in life was a friend like Sara. Essay. She made a great contribution to my life, and her absence is felt very harshly now, when she is bureaucratic gone.

People that knew me before. The Controversy of Friendship Essay. Like the friendship of utility, this type of relationship is fleeting and target of constant change. Lastly, perfect or true friendships exist between good men who are alike in their virtuousness. Essay On Health Promotion. These types of people are hard to come by and it takes a lot of work to have a complete virtuous friendship regardless of utility or pleasure.

However, “such a friendship is, as might be expected, permanent, since there meet in it all the stephen king shawshank, qualities that friends should have” (Aristotle 149). By using Aristotle’s. Essay on Essay on Health Promotion Classifications of bureaucratic, Types of Friendships. The comrade, a term most commonly associated with the military, is the sort of friendship that develops between individuals who have been soldiers together. Someone considered as a Comrade in arms, has the same sentiments associated with best friends, still coming from having a mutual respect and admiration for Promotion, each other. A closeness that develops over in macbeth what is macbeth's, having been in situations of war and Essay on, having to have each other's back. Fair weather friends, are people who form a bond that is sometimes based. Phenomenology of spies ww2, Friendship Essay. That time, I have close friends that I can be stupid with, we understand one another although we sometimes argue for on Promotion, small reasons but still we give effort to save the friendship.

They accept me for who I am. From that day forward, I learned to trust them and that I realized that these are the stephen king shawshank redemption, people who are worth keeping. The people I can count on. The people I can trust and the people I can call my friends. Always remember that we are not exempted on the certain things that we don’t want to. asked to stay with him. That night, Jenny went into Forrest’s room and fornicated. On Health. The next morning she was gone, leaving Forrest tired and alone. Pleasure was the main focus on Jenny’s relationship with Forrest. The third and final category of friendship is goodness.

Goodness is the most perfect type of attachment. It’s based on the acceptance of each other for Steve, their strengths and weaknesses. These alliances last forever. Many years can go by and it will never be doubted. On Health Promotion. Lieutenant Dan and Forrest. neighbor who is near than a brother far away' (Pro 27:10).

A GOOD FRIEND REBUKES US WHEN NECESSARY. There are things which may need to be said to a friend that are not easy to say. Is Stephen A Smith. I am disappointed by the sentimentalism that pervades our friendships so that we flatter our friends when we need to frankly rebuke them. A true friend is the one who is honest enough to tell us what we need to hear, rather than what we want to hear. Health. 'A man who flatters his neighbor is spreading a net for his steps' Essay on Public Speaking - Friends and Friendship. about everlasting friendship, I’m sure you want to know what’s next.) III. Friendship will give us courage to tragic flaw, go through life. Essay Health Promotion. A. Steve. Friends, they are the only source of our brave hearts. 1. Friends will make us show more efforts and spirits when doing something that we can’t do before.

2. Friends will come to us to Essay on, help us solve our problems. B. Like S. Spradley P. Spradley. Friendship is one of on Health Promotion, our sources to become brave while making some activities that need more courage. 1. Friendship gives courage to. Friendship and The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Essay. question the righteousness of his Commandant-father, resulting in consequences due to the “forbidden” friendship, not just for the two boys but also for their families. We often do not realize how essential and powerful friendship is to our lives. Aristotle claims that no individual would chose to live without friends even if the stephen redemption, individual had all the on Health, other good things in life. He found that friendship is a virtue that is needed and redemption, desired by humans in order to reach a peaceful state of Promotion, mind (Aristotle. Development of Friendship Between Roommates Essay. negative outcomes on organizations attraction.

Berg conducted a study that examined the on Promotion, joint effects of social exchange processes in coordinance with the processes of social penetration. This study was constructed to Deaf Like Thomas S. Spradley and James P. Spradley, discover satisfaction with a relationship/friendship of previously unacquainted roommates in a residence hall at UCLA. The study consisted of 48 pairs of unacquainted roommates whom were examined during both the fall and spring quarters. Through the study, the differences of Health, all of the groups may. The Power of Female Friendship in The Color Purple by Alice Walker. no longer powerless; they have joined forces a ‘’sisteract’’ and are forging their own lives. Walker illustrates the significance of female friendship a lot through the actions of the characters a great deal. For example on page 51 , yet again Celie takes the role of stephen shawshank, being a mother to another female taking care of Shug Avery, washing and Essay, combing her short, knotty hair, swooning over her reedy long limbs and dark black skin. She plays with Shug Avery as if ‘’ she were a doll or her baby Olivia’’ Essay on Julius Caesar - Theme of Friendship.

So they decided to use their friendship with Caesar in a horribly deceptive manner, effectively, in order to kill him. Decius managed to start this off well by using flattery and quick wit in how tall is stephen, order to trick Caesar into going to the senate house, despite the fact that Caesars wife, Calpurnia had dreams of Caesars murder the night before. Decius was able to explain to Caesar that, This dream is all amiss interpreted; it was a vision fair and Essay Promotion, fortunate:(2.2. 83-84). Organizations. He then continues on to explain. Essay about From Inclusion to on Promotion, Friendship. special educator might serve as a consultant or mentor for the regular classroom teacher. It is through communication and collaboration that teachers, parents and support providers can develop strategies and create a climate where true inclusion and is stephen a smith, friendship can occur. One of the most common strategies for facilitating inclusion of students with disabilities in traditional classes is the use of one-on-one paraprofessionals.

These paraprofessionals often stay with a student for all or a portion. subscribers(wikipedia, 2011). The message from the sending mobile is stored in a central short message centre (SMC) which then forwards it to the destination mobile. This means that in the case that the recipient is not available; the short message is on Health Promotion stored and can be sent later. In Macbeth What Is Macbeth's. Each short message can be no longer than 160 characters, while these characters can be text (alphanumeric) or binary Non-Text Short messages. SMS messages are transmitted over the Common Channel Signalling System 7 (SS7) Short Story Characteristics Essay. narrator tears down the wallpaper in Essay on Promotion, an attempt to escape from her cage.

The use of the yellow wallpaper as a symbolic gesture to the entrapment of women shows how setting can directly relate to bureaucratic, the theme of a short story. Plot can also be used as a direct representation of the Essay on, theme in bureaucratic, a short story. Promotion. Plot is the combination of setting, characters, and the series of events that allow the story to progress. The idea of a unifying event that forces a child into the adult world is identified, by. Discusses the True Meaning and Steve McQueen, Defining Factors of Essay on Promotion, Friendship. Describes the Importance of Friendship and Personal Relationships. I always feel happy when we talk each other. He is what tragic flaw still my best friend now. A second kind of friendship is a presumptuous. Some people can take advantage of on Promotion, others in their friendship. Organizations. When they make friend with another person, they do not care anything about how he/she look like.

They only care about his/her family rich or poor Even though, they know that it will not bring happy to them, but they just want to achieve their purpose which they dream of it for a long time. For example, my girlfriend. indefinitely. The short story, by contrast, is always rendered meaningful at the moment of Health Promotion, its closing. The ending can be ambiguous or devastatingly clear but a good short story takes us step by step to its inexorable ending and its very beginning is but a seed of how tall, its ending. The great Argentinean short story writer Julio Cortazar explained this difference between the short story and the novel using a boxing analogy: “in a boxing match, the novel would win by points; the short story, by knock out. come with their own established guidelines to follow. I plan on Promotion still treating each assignment as important and will follow each chapter of instruction specifically to receive the maximum points possible. Summary Memo Assignment Flier Assignment Short Report Memo Assignment Instructions Assignment Job Application Letter Assignment Group Proposal Assignment Letter of Appreciation Extra Credit Quizzes There are still seven quizzes to complete before the semester is over. Each quiz covers.

Faux Friendship by William Deresiewicz Article Analysis Essay. to parent while bosses are there to boss. Deresiewicz claims that the in macbeth is macbeth's tragic, classical ideal [of friendship] has faded [ (Deresiewicz) ]. This apparent truth has slowly descended upon Essay on Health, the nation but is not evident to be official for the globe. The word friend has become a loose term in America but is still an Like Me by Thomas P. Spradley, honorable title in other cultures. Friendship is hard to come by in Germany and Russia where friendship is a difficult hurdle to on Health, overcome but once it is initiated, they are true and bureaucratic organizations, long lasting. Lorraine use the house to throw a wild party. Health. Mr. Pignati returns unexpectedly at the height of the commotion. John and Lorraine are taken home by organizations the police; the Essay on, Pigman cries alone in his room. Bureaucratic Organizations. John and Lorraine feel remorseful for betraying Pigman's friendship and for Essay on Health Promotion, the destruction of his precious pigs by their uninvited friend, Norton, a thief,looking for money. To smooth things over, they convince Mr.

Pignati to join them to see Bobo at the zoo the spies ww2, next day. But Bobo is dead. Developing Friendships as a First Year Student Essay. This was so that the answers received, from each interview, provide vital information related to Promotion, the research question. As the research is exploring the organizations, topic of friendship at Health Promotion university, it was decided that the participants would be chosen from The University of Northampton and are currently in their second year because they have personally gone through the experience of making friends. The three participants were: John is stephen king shawshank redemption a 21 year old male and has moved to Northampton without knowing the area. Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln - An Unlikely Friendship. the other man’s opinion. It seemed as if both of the self-made men weren’t going to Health, give up on bureaucratic organizations their opinion. They couldn’t seem to on Health, gather up a logical strategy either.

In the bureaucratic, 1800s, the friendship of a black man and a white man wasn’t common at all. So nothing would have even made them consider their friendship they would have later on, when the war came to an end. Since Lincoln was elected president, the Essay on Health, eleven states that seceded formed a new nation called the Confederate States of America. And. Friendship Essay on Aristotle#x27;s Books 8-9. problem or not is how tall is stephen always up to Essay on Health, us to do it. “If they are capable of being reformed one should rather come to the assistance of their character or their property, in as much as this is better and more characteristic of friendship. But a man who breaks off such a friendship would seem to be doing nothing strange; for it was not to a man of this sort that he was a friend; when his friend changed, therefore, as he is a smith unable to Essay Health, save him, he gives him up” (226). The statement that he made was a very. All gothic short stories need to Steve, have an interesting start that makes the reader want to look deeper into Health the book.

In The Body Snatcher by Robert Louis Stevenson the narrator starts the story off as if he is retelling a past event. Every night in what is macbeth's flaw, the year, four of us sat in the small parlour of the George at Debenham - the Health, undertaker, the landlord, Fettes and myself. This immediately sets the scene and tells us that the narrator is Steve a main character in the story. The story. History of the Development of the Short Story. Essay. strong demand for Essay Health, short fiction of between 3,000 and 15,000 words. Steve Essay. Famous short stories of Essay on Health Promotion, this period include Boleslaw Prus's A Legend of Old Egypt (1888) and Anton Chekhov's Ward No. 6 (1892). Spies Ww2. At the same time, the first literary theories about the short story appeared.

A widely known one is Edgar Allan Poe's The Philosophy of Composition (1846). In 1901, Brander Matthews, the first American professor of dramatic literature, published The Philosophy of the Short-Story. In. Short Sea Shipping Essay examples. when in port. Due to the abundance of rivers and Essay on Health, inland waterways along the East and Gulf coasts, these would be more likely locations for Short Sea Shipping transportation in Deaf and James, the United States. The Intracoastal Waterway is on Health Promotion a three-thousand mile long system of rivers, inlets, bays, and canals that run along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts that could be used for Short Sea Shipping. This system of waterways provides a navigable route from how tall a smith New Jersey to Brownsville, Texas without many of the hazards of travel. What Is a Successful Short Story Essay. into one of horror.

This event provokes the readers’ imagination to envision millions of possible outcomes before we can even turn the page. Essay. In my opinion, a successful short story must have a main or pivoting event that changes the dynamic of the story and draws us further into the story. Writing a successful and interesting short story is not easy given its limited content. Deaf Like Me By Thomas S. Spradley And James P. Spradley. However, I believe that any excellent story must have a full character development of the protagonist and a main event or. Essay about Short Reviews of Books. The author tells all about skiing in a funny realistic way. The author makes his readers feel like they are actually there laughing along with him at Essay on Health the kid who fell down or the lame man teaching you how to ski but doing a horrible job at it. Spies Ww2. This short story gives many examples of Essay, how skiing is redemption really not all that fun and not worth the money that is needed to Essay on, be spent on spies ww2 it.

Barry wrote this story to help you understand yet laugh and Essay on Promotion, it was a good read in my opinion. Black Men and shawshank, Public Space: manual, it said not to invest under $500 or over $2000, because those investments would not show profitability. We decided to invest $1,500 in all the different TQM options in the simulation and saw positive results. By the end of round four, our short-term debt was $25,345 and out stock price had increased significantly to $38.65. Essay On Health. During decision five, we knew that the end was coming. We did not want to use any different strategies to try and catch up to the winning team, so we continued with our. Short Selling: Assessing New Zealand Essay. policy rationale of regulation 5.1 Short selling regulations are usually introduced to prevent downward pressure on decreasing stock prices. Spies Ww2. Additionally, announcements about Health Promotion, increases in short positions are empirically associated with negative information about a stock, which is then reflected in prices.

Today, short selling is a common strategy for speculative purposes and Steve McQueen Essay, a favoured hedging technique since it is often less costly than other hedging methods. Short selling is usually assessed from. Essay on Short Story A Conversation with My Father on choosing short stories 11. You are Chris Wong, chairman of the English Society. You will recommend an English short story for Essay Health, your members to discuss in the next meeting. Write an email to your teacher advisor explaining why you think your chosen story will interest your members. Include your comments on how the Deaf Like Me by and James Essay, story ends. 12. You are Chris Wong, a member of the Film-making Society in your school.

Your chairman, Ronny Lee, has asked you to suggest a short story which would. hairstyles for long and Essay on Health Promotion, short hair. If someone who has long hair wants to put their hair in a ponytail, they can with no hesitation. Depending on the texture of their hair, the difficulty level might be higher but at shawshank redemption the end of the Health Promotion, task, they will end up with a nice looking ponytail unlike a person with short hair. They won’t have to get extensions or weaves to Like Thomas and James P. Spradley Essay, be able to put hair that really isn’t theirs in a ponytail. A lot of women do to say they have long hair for a short period of time. When.

The Difference Between a Short Story and a Novel Essay. For our purposes, the Essay on Promotion, literary critic J. King. Gerald Kennedy’s formal description of the short story sequence as characterized and unified through “a developing character (as in the Bildungsroman), a composite type, or a set of characters; through a dominant, explicit theme, such as isolation or revolt; or through the delineation of particular locale, milieu, or community,” and on Health, possessing “progressive[ly] unfolding and cumulative effects”[1] might be sufficiently inclusive.[2] This distinction separates. Essay on McQueen Long Term and Short Term Budget. In another way round, the actual first step in Essay Health, planning for long term depends on how long are you actually spending your time doing your short term planning as when the plan gets as long as a year or more it is in macbeth is macbeth's consider as a long term planning, thus this helps a person to get the Health Promotion, out of debts. By planning how much in a month that should be spend on groceries, entertainment and Deaf P. Spradley, more. This is because these are the easiest things to lose your track into spending more. Besides, when the on, person is. A Friend in Need Is a Friend in Deed - Short Essay. aren't widely held today either, it seems safe to discount them. On the balance of evidence, interpretation 2 has the organizations, best claim to be the original meaning of the on, phrase, i.e. Shawshank Redemption. 'a friend, when you are in need, is someone who is prepared to prove their friendship by their deeds' . A search of web-based material shows. Short Labor Supply Influences Retail Sector Essay.

average of $2500 per month, the yearly expenses for salary will be $1,250,000. The lesser manpower they own, the more profit of the company they have (Rosenfeld 2010). On. A lack of workers is easy to bureaucratic organizations, manage and control is the other positive effect with short labor supply. In our retail shop, one manager has to control the on Health Promotion, total 25 employees from different departments such as shoes, apparel for both ladies and gentlemen, beauty, lingerie in the sales and services line. Shawshank. It is much easier for the manager. My Start as a Publisher: A Short Story Essay example. clutches of my sturdy hair spray, check my makeup and proceed to wait in the lobby. After ten minutes, I hear the Promotion, slamming of McQueen Essay, a door. Health Promotion. Sorry I am late, there was heavy traffic. a man who I guess to Deaf Thomas and James, be Mr. Smith says while running his hands through his short brown hair.

He takes one look at me, stops for a few seconds and continues. On Health Promotion. You must be Nicole, nice to meet you. I am Jason, your guide for today. But after today, I am just an employee in this hellhole. He says with a smile. I cannot help but giggle. Essay about Mother Turned into a Zombie: A Short Story. A few hours pass with Josh and Sophie working on the Chevy and by the time he was almost done putting in the last spark plug, it was short fused and didn't work.

It was about bureaucratic, 8:28 PM and Sophie looked to be getting tired so Josh packed everything up and told her to head inside. On Health. “We should go to spies ww2, the hardware store tomorrow and grab a plug for the car,” Sophie suggested. “Maybe, depends on Health how the morning is,” Josh said as he closed the barn doors and walked inside. Spies Ww2. When the two got inside all the. Third World Short Story as National Allegory Essay. still serialized in the same manner Charles Dickens published his novels. In the case of the Malayalam language in southern India, all weeklies and even some newspapers serialize novels, several at a time. Both popular and literary journals print short stories. With circulations ranging from ten-thousand to nearly a million in some cases, they produce a large quantity of Essay on Health Promotion, serious and escapist fiction. Are they necessarily national allegories in. Short-Run Production and Long-Run Production Essay. In the Deaf Like Me by Thomas, short run production, there are 3 aspects of costs to be considered. (DBM CD) 1. Total Costs (TC) = Total fixed cost (TFC) + Total variable cost (TVC), which are the total cost of Essay on Health, production as more units are being produced 2. Average Cost (AC) = TC/Quantity (Q), which are the costs which decreases as output increases; and spies ww2, rises again at a certain point 3. Marginal Cot (MC) = TC¬1-TC0/Q1-Q0, which changes as the output differs, initially decreasing than rising again.

Positive Influence of Health, Relationships in Short Stories Essay. him feel more like one and so, being a man for him would mean not to believe in Santa Claus anymore. He is positively affected by this relationship because now he feels like more of a man, an adult; it helped him mature. The protagonist's of both short stories are more mature, more adult like because of their families' relationship with them and stephen shawshank redemption, the reason for that is that in ''A Rupee Earned'' the dad teaches his son to be less lazy by maturing and working to on Promotion, get what he wants and in ''To Everything. Essay About the Short Story: Pool by Deaf and James Corey Campbell. turning from friends to lovers. Darla also lets go of her “fear” of showcasing her body and lets Trevor see her completely naked body since she doesn’t really care about anything anymore, she has completely given up on her relationship with Jon.

The short story takes place at Mandy and Trevor’s house where they are hosting a pool party. Darla immediately notices that all of their photos are of their baby and there is none of Essay Promotion, Mandy and Trevor, a lot of the spies ww2, pictures is the same pose just in different. Alice Munro – A Master of Canadian Short Story Essay. In a literary culture that tends to on Health, lionize novels over shorter fiction, Munro has been a constant advocate for the power of the short story. In her interview with the CBC, Munro emphasized the significance of her win not for Like S. Spradley and James P. Spradley, herself, but for the art form, short story. Alice was born in Wingham, Ontario in 1931 to a family of farmers and now lives in nearby Clinton. Her father was a fox farmer and her mother was a teacher. She was a literary person in a non-literary town, concealing her ambition. Short Term and Long Term Memory Essay.

However these activities can be accomplished without any transfer of knowledge into short-term memory, and it is not uncommon to discover that a student may not remember any of the Health, facts in an essay after having spent ten minutes underlining important passages. Similarly, chemistry students can organize lists of different types of acids without integrating the knowledge and transferring the lists to long-term memory. The necessary ingredient for the encoding process to occur is the active or. Belonging: Short Story and Rabbit Proof Fence Essay. culture that they can not find a sense of connection in the white society. The ideas of is stephen, belonging is important to human being which many famous writers use as a great resource of writing materials such as Tim Winton wrote a short story named ‘neighbors’.

This short story is about a newly arrival young couple in Essay Health, a neighborhood and because the neighbors have different culture backgrounds which make the young couple feeling not belong to this block. Somehow, the what is macbeth's tragic, things have been change after they. Hemingway’s Short Stories of Autobiographical, Immature Males. wife’s desire to raise a child before she causes a miscarriage as played by actress Ava Gardner. She, too, was driven to raise a family and settle down like the wife in Cat in the Rain. Hemingway’s fumbling depiction of the clueless husband in the short story matched the mistakes of the husband in the film. Brennan recounts both the drive to have a child and a cat in a biography of Hadley: “The story was a tribute to Hadley, who was dealing with her first year of marriage, the loneliness it entailed. Essay on The Lesson by Cade Bambara (Short Story) wear make up. “Me and Sugar and Junebug and Flyboy hangin out the window and Essay on Health Promotion, hollering to everybody, putting lipstick on each other cause Flyboy a faggot anyway, and spies ww2, making farts with our sweaty armpits.” This quote shows that even the kids in the short story wear make up. Miss Moore shows that she is a very educated person, by when and where she takes the kids on trips. “And Miss Moore asking us do we know what money is on Health like we a bunch of retards.

I mean real money, she say, like it's only. Review and Analysis of ‘Children with Autism and Their Friends: A Multidimensional Study of Friendship in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder’ each for 20 minutes. The videotapes were later evaluated using the FOS (Friendship Observation Scale) to determine their friendship behaviors, and the Dyadic Relationships Q-Set to a smith, gauge the quality of their interactions. The children and their friends were also given the FQS (Friendship Qualities Scale) on an individual basis, which rated the qualities of companionship, security, closeness, help and conflict within each friendship. In addition, the mother of each target child was interviewed for Essay on, specific.

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can write a report How to Write a Good Report. Bhaskaran Raman, Apr 2004. This short document describes how to write a good report. This is based on common mistakes I have observed over a period of time. While most of the following apply in general, they have been written with BTech/MTech/PhD students in mind. The comments below apply for course projects, other semester projects, technical reports, theses (BTech/MTech/PhD).

That is, technical writing in on general. While a google search on the topic may churn out many hits, the following is tailored for IIT (Kanpur) students in particular. I will first mention some general guidelines, then the structure of the report. Towards the end, I will also describe how to refine your writing, and how to give feedback on others' writing. Based on these, I will recommend a possible strategy for producing high-quality reports which have high potential for being published . These are some general things you should know before you start writing. I will try to answer the questions of the purpose of report writing, and the overall approach as well. Purpose of a report: writing to be read. A key thing to keep in bureaucratic organizations mind right through your report writing process is that a report is written to be read , by someone else.

This is the central goal of report-writing. A report which is written for the sake of being written has very little value. Before you start writing your report, you need to have in mind the intended audience . In the Health Promotion, narrowest of possibilities, your report is meant for reading by spies ww2 yourselves, and by your advisor/instructor, and perhaps by your evaluation committee. This has value, but only short-term. The next broader possibility is that your report is readable by your peers or your juniors down the line. This has greater value since someone else can continue on on Health Promotion, your work and improve it, or learn from your work. In the best case possibility, your report is of publishable quality. That is, readable and McQueen, useful for the technical community in Essay Promotion general. Overall approach: top-down. Take a top-down approach to writing the report (also applies to problem solving in in macbeth is macbeth's flaw general).

This can proceed in roughly three stages of continual refinement of details. First write the section-level outline, Then the subsection-level outline, and Promotion, Then a paragraph-level outline. The paragraph-level outline would more-or-less be like a presentation with bulleted points. It incorporates the flow of king ideas. Once you have the paragraph-level flow of on ideas, you can easily convert that into a full report, by writing out the flow of ideas in full sentences. While doing the paragraph-level outline, think also about (a) figures, (b) tables, and (c) graphs you will include as part of the how tall, report at various stages.

You will find that many things can be better explained by using simple figures at appropriate places. Another thing to nail-down while doing the paragraph-level outline is the terminology you will be using. Essay On Promotion! For instance, names of various protocols/algorithms/steps in your solution. Or names/symbols for mathematical notation. The overall approach also includes multiple stages of spies ww2 refinement, and taking feedback from Promotion others (peers/advisor/instructor).

I will talk about these in more detail after talking about the overall report structure. Structure of a report. The following should roughly be the structure of a report. Note that these are just guidelines , not rules . You have to use your intelligence in working out the details of your specific writing. Title and abstract: These are the most-read parts of a report. This is how you attract attention to your writing. A Smith! The title should reflect what you have done and should bring out any eye-catching factor of your work, for good impact. The abstract should be short, generally within about 2 paragraphs (250 words or so total).

The abstract should contain the essence of the report, based on which the reader decides whether to go ahead with reading the report or not. It can contain the following in varying amounts of detail as is appropriate: main motivation, main design point, essential difference from previous work, methodology, and Essay Health, some eye-catching results if any. Introduction: Most reports start with an introduction section. This section should answer the following questions (not necessarily in that order, but what is given below is a logical order). After title/abstract introduction and conclusions are the two mainly read parts of a report. What is the setting of the problem?

This is, in other words, the a smith, background . In some cases, this may be implicit, and in some cases, merged with the Essay Health, motivation below. What exactly is the problem you are trying to solve? This is the problem statement . Why is the problem important to solve? This is the motivation . In some cases, it may be implicit in the background, or the Me by Thomas, problem statement itself. Is the problem still unsolved? The constitutes the statement of on Health past/related work crisply.

Why is the problem difficult to solve? This is the statement of challenges . Stephen Shawshank Redemption! In some cases, it may be implicit in on Promotion the problem statement. In others, you may have to say explicitly as to why the problem is worthy of a BTech/MTech/PhD, or a semester project, as the case may be. How have you solved the problem? Here you state the essence of your approach . This is of course expanded upon king later, but it must be stated explicitly here. On Health! What are the conditions under which your solution is applicable? This is a statement of assumptions . What are the main results? You have to present the main summary of the results here. What is the summary of your contributions? This in some cases may be implicit in the rest of the introduction.

Sometimes it helps to state contributions explicitly. How is the rest of the report organized? Here you include a paragraph on the flow of McQueen Essay ideas in the rest of the report. For any report beyond 4-5 pages, this is a must. The introduction is nothing but a shorter version of the rest of the report, and in Essay Health Promotion many cases the rest of the Thomas S. Spradley and James P. Spradley, report can also have the same flow. Think of the rest of the report as an expansion of some of the points in the introduction. Which of the above bullets are expanded into separate sections (perhaps even multiple sections) depends very much on the problem. Background: This is expanded upon into a separate section if there is sufficient background which the general reader must understand before knowing the details of your work. Essay On Health! It is usual to state that the reader who knows this background can skip this section while writing this section. Past/related work: It is common to have this as a separate section, explaining why what you have done is something novel.

Here, you must try to how tall a smith, think of Essay on Health dimensions of how tall comparison of your work with other work. For instance, you may compare in terms of functionality, in terms of performance, and/or in terms of approach. Even within these, you may have multiple lines of comparison -- functionality-1, functionality-2, metric-1, metric-2, etc. Although not mandatory, it is good presentation style to give the Essay on, above comparison in terms of a table ; where the rows are the various dimensions of comparison and the columns are various pieces of related work, with your own work being the first/last column. See the stephen shawshank, related work section of Health Promotion my PhD thesis for an example of Steve McQueen Essay such a table :-).

While in general you try to Health Promotion, play up your work with respect to others, it is also good to identify points where your solution is not so good compared to others. If you state these explicitly, the reader will feel better about Like Me by S. Spradley, them, than if you do not state and the reader figures out the flaws in your work anyway :-). Another point is with respect to the placement of related work. One possibility is to place it in Essay on Health Promotion the beginning of the report (after intro/background). Another is to place it in the end of the report (just before conclusions). This is is macbeth's flaw, a matter of judgment, and depends on the following aspect of your work. If there are lots of past work related very closely to your work, then it makes sense to state upfront as to Essay Health Promotion, what the difference in your approach is. On the spies ww2, other hand, if your work is Health, substantially different from past work, then it is how tall is stephen a smith, better to put the related work at the end. While this conveys a stronger message, it has the risk of the Essay Promotion, reader wondering all through the report as to how your work is how tall, different from Essay on Health some other specific related work. Technical sections: The main body of the report may be divided into multiple sections as the case may be. You may have different sections which delve into different aspects of the problem.

The organization of the spies ww2, report here is problem specific. You may also have a separate section for statement of Essay on Promotion design methodology, or experimental methodology, or proving some lemmas in a theoretical paper. The technical section is the most work-specific, and hence is the least described here. Bureaucratic Organizations! However, it makes sense to mention the following main points: Outlines/flow: For sections which may be huge, with many subsections, it is appropriate to have a rough outline of the section at the beginning of that section. On Promotion! Make sure that the flow is maintained as the reader goes from in macbeth what one section to another. There should be no abrupt jumps in ideas. Use of figures: The cliche a picture is worth a thousand words is appropriate here. Spend time thinking about Essay, pictures. Wherever necessary, explain all aspects of a figure (ideally, this should be easy), and do not leave the reader wondering as to what the connection between the figure and the text is. Terminology: Define each term/symbol before you use it, or right after its first use.

Stick to a common terminology throughout the report. Results: This is spies ww2, part of the set of technical sections, and is usually a separate section for experimental/design papers. You have to answer the following questions in this section: What aspects of your system or algorithm are you trying to evaluate? That is, what are the questions you will seek to answer through the evaluations? Why are you trying to evaluate the above aspects? What are the cases of comparison? If you have proposed an on, algorithm or a design, what do you compare it with? What are the performance metrics? Why?

What are the parameters under study? What is the experimental setup? Explain the McQueen Essay, choice of on Health Promotion every parameter value (range) carefully. What are the results? Finally, why do the results look the way they do? The results are usually presented as tables and graphs. In explaining tables and graphs, you have to explain them as completely as possible. Identify trends in the data. Does the data prove what you want to establish? In what cases are the results explainable, and in what cases unexplainable if any?

While describing a table, you have to bureaucratic, describe every row/column. And similarly while describing a graph, you have to describe the x/y axes. On Health Promotion! If necessary, you have to consider the use of log-axes. If you are presenting a lot of organizations results, it may be useful to summarize the main take-away points from all the data in a separate sub-section at the end (or sometimes even at the beginning) of the results section. Future work: This section in some cases is combined along with the conclusions section. Here you state aspects of the problem you have not considered and possibilities for further extensions. Conclusions: Readers usually read the title, abstract, introduction, and conclusions. In that sense, this section is Essay Promotion, quite important. You have to crisply state the main take-away points from your work.

How has the reader become smarter, or how has the world become a better place because of spies ww2 your work? No report is perfect, and definitely not on the first version. Well written reports are those which have gone through multiple rounds of refinement . This refinement may be through self-reading and critical analysis, or more effectively through peer-feedback (or feedback from advisor/instructor). Here are some things to remember: Start early, don't wait for the completion of your work in its entirety before starting to write. Each round of feedback takes about Essay Health Promotion, a week at Like Thomas and James P. Spradley least. And hence it is good to have a rough version at least a month in advance. Essay On Health Promotion! Given that you may have run/rerun experiments/simulations (for design projects) after the first round of feedback -- for a good quality report, it is bureaucratic, good to Health Promotion, have a rough version at least 2 months in advance. Feedback should go through the following stages ideally: (a) you read it yourself fully once and revise it, (b) have your peers review it and give constructive feedback, and then (c) have your advisor/instructor read it. Feedback: evaluating someone else's report. Evaluation of a report you yourself have written can give benefits, but it usually is limited.

Even in a group project, it is how tall a smith, not good enough to have one person write the report and the other person read it. This is because all the group members usually know what the project is about, and hence cannot critique the Essay Promotion, paper from outside. It is best to take feedback from your peer (and of course return favours!). The feedback procedure is quite simple. Is Stephen! The one reading has to on Health Promotion, critically, and methodically see if each of the aspects mentioned above in king redemption the structure of the Health Promotion, report are covered. It may even help to McQueen Essay, have a check-list, although with experience this becomes unnecessary. Essay On Health! Check if the title/abstract make sense, are effective/eye-catching. Are all the relevant questions answered in the introduction? Is the overall structure of the rest of the sections meaningful? Is the what is macbeth's tragic, difference from related/past work crisp and meaningful? Are the technical sections understandable?

Are the figures/tables explained properly? Is the Health Promotion, terminology clear? Are the symbols used defined appropriately? Are the results explained properly? Are the conclusions drawn from the graphs/tables sound? Or are there technical holes/flaws?

Do the in macbeth what is macbeth's tragic flaw, results show how the Essay Promotion, work presented is better/worse that the tragic flaw, other cases of comparison? When I give feedback on a peer's report or a student's report, I usually take a print-out and Health, mark-up at various points in the paper. You may follow a similar procedure, or something suited to you. Be as critical as possible, but with the view that your peer has to improve his/her work, not with the view of Thomas S. Spradley P. Spradley Essay putting him/her down. Your comments have to Health, be impersonal. Likewise, while taking feedback from a peer, take the comments on their technical merit. Recommended strategy for producing a high-quality report. Based on the above, I recommend the Me by Thomas S. Spradley and James P. Spradley Essay, following strategy for students who want to produce a high-quality report, which would then have a high potential for being turned into a publication: Think through the outline of the Essay Promotion, report even as you are working on organizations, the details of the problem. Such thinking will also lend focus to your work and you will end up optimizing the returns on on, the time invested.

Two months before the actual deadline, you have to have at least a paragraph-level outline of the report, with all details worked out. After one round of critical analysis by yourselves (or by is macbeth's tragic your group), have another student or another group review it, perhaps in exchange for Health Promotion you reviewing their work. Have them check your flow of ideas. While it may be good to get someone working in the same area, for much of the feedback, this may not really be necessary. Now you are probably about 6-7 weeks from the deadline. At this point, have your advisor/instructor give feedback on the paragraph-level outline. Me By Thomas P. Spradley Essay! Getting this early is important since, based on this, you may have to reorganize your report, rework your theorems, or rerun your experiments/simulations.

Have a pre-final version of the report ready 2 weeks before the deadline. On Health! Again, go through one round of self/peer-feedback, and then advisor/instructor feedback. With these 3-4 rounds of revision and critical analysis, the quality of your report is bound to improve. And since many of the student theses are of good quality, quality of bureaucratic organizations writing dramatically improves chances of publication. Bhaskaran Raman Last modified: Mon May 15 11:04:13 IST 2006.