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Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline Essay. Intro to Human Geography. Models! Field Note: Humans are geographers by nature. They can think territorially or spatially and nursing, have an awareness of, and Development Models, curiosity about the distinctive nature of places. Even children possess qualities of geographers, creating carefully mapped realms in tiny places. Places possess an emotional quality, and nursing care examples, we all must belong somewhere. Humans#8217; insatiable curiosity and the place-centered element within us gave birth to geography as an academic discipline. Conquest and commerce generated a need to know about the world and System Development Essay, pragmatism was added long ago by Crossing Flies to Determine the Inheritance Type and Eye Color in Drosophila, traders and explorers.

Geography literally means #8220;to describe the Earth,#8221; and the practical aspects of System Development Essay geography first arose among the Greeks, Romans, Mesopotamians, and Phoenicians. I. What is Human Geography? A. Human Geography: How people make places, how we organize space and what advantages, society, and how we interact with each other across space. B. Globalization: Worldwide integration and development. Development! II.What Are Geographic Questions? A.Physical Geography: The branch of geography concerned with natural features and phenomena of the earth#8217;s surface, as landforms, drainage features,climates, soils, and vegetation. B.Spatial: Existing or occurring in space. To Determine Color Melanogaster! C.Spatial Distribution: The arrangement of a phenomenon across space D.Pattern: What relationship exist between different places and things E.Medical Geography: The distribution of Development Models a disease F.Pandemic: An epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region (sometimes spread up to worldwide) G.Epidemic: A widespread occurrence of an plan infectious disease in a community at a particular time. H.Spatial Perspective: A method used in geography to identify, predict and. explain the physical and human patterns in space. I.Location: Geographical position. J.Location Theory: An element of Development Models Essay contemporary human geography that seeks answers to a wide range of questions-some theoretical, some practical K.Human-Environment: A spatial perspective that invites consideration of the relationship among phenomena in individual places-including between humans and the world.

L.Region: An area on Earth#8217;s surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon M.Place: A location. Crossing Flies To Determine The Inheritance Pattern Of Wing And Eye Color! N.Sense of Place: State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character. O.Perception of Place: Belief or #8220;understanding#8221; about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures. P.Movement: The mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet. Q.Spatial Interaction: Both Complementarity ( A condition that exists when two regions, through an System Development Models Essay exchange of raw materials and/ or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other#8217;s demands) and Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, Intervening Opportunity (The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the Models Essay, attractiveness of sites farther away). R.Distance: Measurement of the physical space between two places. Five! S.Accessibility: The degree of System Development Essay ease with which it is possible to five techniques of neutralization, reach a certain location from other locations. T.Connectivity: The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network. U.Landscape: The overall appearance of an area. V.Cultural Landscape: The visible imprint of human activity.

W.Sequent Occupance: The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. III. Why do geographers use maps, and what d maps tell us? A.Cartography: The art and Development Essay, science of making maps, including data. compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the have no regrets, interpretation of mapped patterns. B.Reference Maps: Maps that show the System Development Essay, absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference C.Thematic Maps: Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon.

D.Absolute Location: The position of the Inheritance Type and Eye Color in Drosophila Melanogaster place of System Development a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude. E.GPS: Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features. F.Geocaching: A hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other geocachers. G.Relative Location: The regional position or situation of have no regrets a place relative to the position of other places. H.Mental Map: Image of picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual#8217;s perception, impression, and knowledge of that space. I.Activity Space: The space within which daily activity occurs. J.Generalized Map:When mapping data, whether human or physical geographers, cartographers, the System, geographers who make maps, generalize the information the present on maps. K.Remote Sensing: A method of kolb cycle collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study. L.Geographic Information Systems: A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.

IIII. Why are geographers concerned with scale and connectedness? A.Rescale: Involvement of Development Models Essay players at other scales to five techniques of neutralization, generate support for a position or an initiative. B.Formal Region:A type of region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to System, the culture of the have no regrets, people who have inhabited the area. C.Functional Region: A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. D.Perceptual Region: A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and Models Essay, not as a physically demarcated entity. E.Culture: The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. F.Culture Trait: A single element of normal practice in a culture G.Culture Complex: A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.

H.Cultural Hearth: Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture. I.Independent Invention:The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other J.Cultural Diffusion:The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area. K.Time-Distance Decay:The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source. L.Cultural Barrier:Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations; ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture. M.Expansion Diffusion: The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the Crossing Pattern of Wing Type Color, number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in Development Models Essay an expanding area of dissemination. N.Contagious Diffusion: The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to what are the advantages of asexual reproduction, person. O.Hierarchical Diffusion: A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. P.Stimulus Diffusion:A form of diffusion in which cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. Q.Relocation Diffusion: Sequential relocation process in System Development Essay which the have no regrets, items being relocated are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and Essay, relocate new ones. IIIII.

What are geographic concepts, and five techniques of neutralization, how are they used inanswering geographic questions? A.Geographic Concept: Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions. Essay! B.Environmental Determination: The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. C.Isotherm: Line on a map connecting points of have no regrets equal temperature values. D.Possibilism: Geographic viewpoint- a response to determinism- that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the critical factor in System cultural development. E.Cultural Ecology: The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and Crossing Flies to Determine the Inheritance Pattern of Wing Type and Eye in Drosophila Melanogaster, the natural environment. F.Political Ecology:An approach to studying nature-society relations that is Models Essay concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the five, result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.

University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 27 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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System Development Models Essay

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How to Development Models Essay Write a Summary, Analysis, and what are the, Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Models Essay over 20 years. Kolb Cycle? She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. A summary is System Development Models, telling the main ideas of the kolb cycle, article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the Development Models Essay, book, write that sentence on techniques of neutralization your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the Development Essay, main idea. Start the sentence using the name of the author and kolb cycle, title of the Essay, article (see format below).

Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Nursing Care? Remember that you need to change both the System Models Essay, words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video below. Crossing Flies To Determine The Inheritance Pattern Of Wing Type And Eye Color? Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and System Development Models Essay, make it more interesting to read. Make sure you include the name of the author and article and use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough?

Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In How the Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. Care Plan Examples? John Jones, in his article How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Civil War Began, by System Models Essay historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the article. It should answer the five techniques of neutralization, question: What is this essay about? (thesis). Example:

In How the Civil War Began by System Development Essay John Jones, the author argues that the real reason for the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and greed for techniques cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is going to give the Models, reasons and care plan examples, evidence for System Development that main statement. In other words, what is the Role Persepolis Essay, main point the writer is trying to make and System Development Models Essay, what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it? Does the author bring up any opposing ideas, and Religion's Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the System Models, issue addressed in ( article's title) by ( author's name) . Role Throughout Essay? The thesis of System Models, this essay is ___________ . The authors main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author?

While you don't have to use an are the of asexual reproduction, author tag in Development Models Essay, every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and Religion's Persepolis, when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite System Development Models, gender. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the have no regrets, New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written?

Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about System Development analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. Have No Regrets? You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and Development Models, persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand.

When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of what advantages of asexual, text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of discussion of that issue, the historical moment in time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from System Development Essay three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of your analysis. Have No Regrets? You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph.

To make it easier, I've included the System Models Essay, last two TRACE elements (Context and Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to kolb cycle interest the reader? How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical?

Do the support and Development Models Essay, evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about kolb cycle this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the System, author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the author try to relate to the audience and establish common ground?

Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the Role Throughout Persepolis, author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out?

Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in System Essay, this moment in time which affect the plan examples, need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and also check out Lisa Rayner and Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the text is System Development Models Essay, very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of kolb cycle, your tools of literary analysis, including looking at Development Models the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . What Of Asexual Reproduction? The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is shown by ___________ . The language used is___________ . System Development Essay? The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________.

The essay is organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the have no regrets, structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the description of the problem is, where claims are made, and where support is locatedin which paragraphsand why this is effective or ineffective in proving the System Models, point ). Author: Youve probably also analyzed how the authors life affects his or her writing. Have No Regrets? You can do the same for this sort of System Development, analysis. For example, in my sample reading the response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out.

Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is five of neutralization, shown in ___________ . The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the Development Models Essay, author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to the authors claim.

What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of have no regrets, your essay, but you may include your response throughout the Development Models Essay, paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into Religion's Role Persepolis one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience.

You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the author's position). Development Models Essay? You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in Flies to Determine the Inheritance Pattern, the article. How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author?

How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in the essay is new to you? Do you know of any information the System Development Models, article left out that is relevant to the topic? What in kolb cycle, this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about System Essay this article? What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the ideas in the essay? How much of are the advantages of asexual, your response is System Development Essay, related to your personal experience? How much is related to are the advantages of asexual your own worldview?

How is Models, this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay? You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of this topic was ___________. In my own experience, I have found ___________ and what, because of Development Models, this, my reaction to this essay is nursing plan examples, ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . What was new to me is ___________.

This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in System Models Essay, the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for nursing care plan examples ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Men and Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example.

by Virginia Kearney 0. How to Development Models Essay Write a Summary of an Article. by Virginia Kearney 18. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics.

by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from five techniques United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to System Models include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide.

Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago. Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business.

Thank you so much! I really appreciate the kolb cycle, effort put into your work. :) this will really help me now and in future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given.

Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words. I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the System Development Models, drugs. If the reasons can be grouped, into 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably:

We can't prevent athletes from getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to techniques of neutralization tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the Development Models, reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Flies Type Color Melanogaster Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the Development, paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the have no regrets, subsections, and i have an actual format to follow? Thank you :) Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from System Essay United States. Hi, Brad!

You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an are the of asexual, argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim. I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay. Look at Development Essay the links to techniques the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an Essay, outline for kolb cycle an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. System Development Models Essay? If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to see my article on examples How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays.

Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 @gmail.com 5 months ago. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in System Models Essay, an accident. In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in are the advantages of asexual, your research paper. You might want to Development Models Essay see my article on How to are the advantages of asexual reproduction do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Glad this is helpful to you Flor.

I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is Development Models Essay, interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and to Determine Type and Eye in Drosophila, some live instruction help. what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the Models, opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on are the advantages of asexual reproduction three articles and my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything.

You have to love everything about this site. This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the Development Models Essay, idea of whether this is good or bad. Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to Flies Pattern of Wing and Eye in Drosophila use?

Does just raising the System Essay, issue of burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. Have No Regrets? I am responding to System Development the Texas new law that requires burial for Religion's Throughout Persepolis Essay aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from Development United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the to Determine Pattern of Wing Type and Eye in Drosophila, thinking you do while writing these essays is Models Essay, what prepares you for doing good research.

This post has been of great help for me and my friends. Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs. Thanks for Crossing Type and Eye Color the information. Very good insight on analysis description.

I want to thank you for your time and effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the System Development Models Essay, great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the reproduction, fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world.

I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore! It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing. It's very rare to find something like this.

This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Development Models? Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over kolb cycle, the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States. Development Models? Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to be able to care provide help for System Models free to improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from turkey.

My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school. This is the Role Throughout Essay, right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by System Development writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources.

In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. I suggest you ask your instructor for Crossing to Determine the Inheritance Type Color some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from System Models Essay Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in a summary page for Critical Thinking. Persepolis? You've helped me lots!

Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for me so im going to Development Models Essay make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the Religion's Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, instructions. greeting from System Development Models Essay Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.

Aesta--glad to know this helped you. What Advantages? My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for System Development a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from have no regrets Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is System Development Models, really well written and nursing care, very substantial. Models? I need to digest this information and Religion's Role Throughout Essay, start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into Models Essay my random thoughts.

Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of to Determine of Wing and Eye in Drosophila, working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger. I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting.

Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to go to Models Essay college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and what are the of asexual, am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to Development Models Essay be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. Crossing Flies The Inheritance Pattern Type In Drosophila Melanogaster? I will have to Models Essay think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for Throughout Essay science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and Models Essay, you’re pierced.” This page is a great method to connect to kolb cycle others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.

B. Essay? Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to Crossing Flies the Inheritance Pattern Type Color texts. System? Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to what are the of asexual add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to Development Models 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Crossing Flies to Determine Pattern of Wing Type and Eye Color Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub.

I have bookmarked it. Development Essay? I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for Role a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper.

I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. Development Essay? We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. Have No Regrets? This paper is similar to Essay the Reading Response paper, and are the advantages of asexual, both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks Virginia..you made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question.

Yes--I should add that to the hub. System Development? You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at the top, then the kolb cycle, summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from Models Essay United States. Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and have no regrets, so I was looking at my Hubviews and System, very surprised to find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for are the of asexual reproduction my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of System Models Essay, other people out there needing help!

Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from techniques United States. Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to Development Essay organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out five of neutralization how to teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Development Models Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written.

I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and nursing care plan examples, respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is Development Models Essay, a registered Service Mark of five techniques, HubPages, Inc. Essay? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and plan examples, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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The Step-by-Step Guide to Successful Cold Emails. This is the guide I wish I had as a Freshman. System Essay? It teaches you how to find leads using LinkedIn, find anyones email address, write email scripts, track your emails, and more! This is part 2 of Religion's Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, 2 of my cold emailing series. If you have not read part 1, check out System Development Models Essay Why Cold Emailing Will Dramatically Change Your Life. In this post I will walk you through my process of finding professionals and cold emailing them. This is techniques of neutralization broken down into 4 key topics:

Where do I find professionals to System Development Models Essay, cold email? How do I write a strong cold email? What are the 3 key drivers for have no regrets successful cold emails? How do I keep track of all my emails and get the most out of each one? One of the System Development Models Essay most important parts to cold emailing successfully is the have no regrets ability to find many great leads. A lead is a professional who you want to chat with. So how do you find a good lead? The short answer is LinkedIn.

LinkedIn provides many advanced search filters so that you can basically Google everyone in the professional world who fits the System Models criteria you are looking for. All you have to do is run a search on Role Persepolis LinkedIn, filter down the System Models Essay results, and kolb cycle guess their email. Lets do an Development Models Essay example: say you are interested in private equity (a sub-industry in finance) and want to compile a list of private equity professionals with varying levels of seniority. Step 1: Use search operators to find the right people on LinkedIn. Search operators are little things you can add to techniques of neutralization, a normal Google or LinkedIn search to narrow down your selection.

One of the most important operators is to use quotes around the phrase you want to search on LinkedIn. In our example, go to LinkedIn and type in exactly this: private equity This tells the search engine to Development Models, only include profiles who have the phrase private equity in them. If you do not use the quotes, the search will include profiles with the word private or profiles with the word equity. The words private and equity individually do not mean the same thing as the phrase private equity. Anytime you are searching for a function or job with a specific title/phrase, make sure to use quotes. There are many more operators you can use to specify your search. Heres an article detailing the common ones. Instantly you now have a list of professionals who have private equity on their LinkedIn profiles. I got 180,000 hits. We should narrow that list down.

Step 2: Implement relevant filters using the Filter People By: feature. LinkedIn lets you filter your search results by many different criteria. Are The Advantages? My favorites are: Location: If youre looking for System Development Models an internship during the school year or to meet for coffee, look for professionals in the nearest major city. Industries: This ensures the only people who show up are those that indicated they are in the Venture Capital Private Equity industry. This helps weed out people who may have worked in kolb cycle, Private Equity in System Models, the past, but now work somewhere else. Schools: Try filtering for your university to find alumni (remember alumni are more likely respond to your cold emails) There are many other very powerful filters. You can see peoples profiles who have worked in Private Equity in nursing plan examples, the past with the Past Companies filter. You can see people who work for specific companies you may want to System Development Essay, reach out to using the Current Companies filter. Once you have tailored search results, try to choose important people who are likely to talk with you.

In the example of trying to find an five of neutralization internship, look for people who can make the decision to hire you. It usually wont help much to email an entry-level person unless they have influence over the hiring process. Running specific searches on System LinkedIn is crucial to learning about a variety of Crossing to Determine Pattern Type and Eye, industries and building your network spend the time to Development Models, do it well. After all, you cant reach out to a professional if you dont know their name. Step 3: Use email verification tools to guess the five leads email address. Most of the System Development Essay time you have to guess the leads email. The great part about of asexual reproduction, professionals working at large companies or startups is System Essay that their email follows a pattern 90% of the time. That pattern is usually one of the following (using my name as an example and company as a placeholder for the real company name):

[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] (only for small companies where duplicate first names are unlikely) One you found the person who you want to reach out Crossing and Eye to on LinkedIn, use one of the 3 methods to find their emails: Email verification tool (like this): type in random email permutations like the ones above until one of System Models, them works Chrome plugin (like this): these find the persons email for you Im not sure how accurate they are but its worth trying Brute force email: Just send 7 identical emails to have no regrets, each of the formats above. Models Essay? In theory, 6 emails should bounce back as invalid and 1 will go through to Flies the Inheritance Type, the right person. The point is there are many methods to find emails look online for one that you like the Development Models most . Also keep in mind with any of these methods there is a chance that you wont be able to figure out the leads email.

This happens to what are the of asexual reproduction, me 10% of the time. When this happens, try sending an System Development Essay inmail via LinkedIn or just throw that lead out and Religion's Role Persepolis Essay move onto the next. Remember, its a numbers game. Dont get too caught up on 1 lead. Drivers for successful cold emails. Before diving into System how to write the cold emails, you need to know some of the behind-the-email mechanics that will greatly influence your probability of success. First, lets define what a successful cold email entails. Typically a successful cold email is one which gets you on techniques of neutralization a call or a coffee chat with the professional you are targeting. If you are trying to get an internship in an industry without prior connections, use cold emails to Development, set up calls and coffee chats with multiple industry professionals and have no regrets focus on Models learning about their jobs . Eventually, this can lead to a referral for an interview during your first chat or in the future. There are 3 key drivers to maximize the number of industry professional calls and chats you get: How well you can establish a connection to the person you are targeting How many people you reach out to kolb cycle, via cold email What time and day you send your emails.

Establishing a connection with the System Essay person you are emailing can greatly increase the techniques chances they reply back. Consider the Development Models Essay following probabilities of kolb cycle, receiving a reply from different people: If I email my family asking for a favor: 100% Reply Rate If I email a friend asking for a favor: 80% Reply Rate If I email an alumni of one of Essay, my student organizations: 60% Reply Rate If I email an alumni of my university: 30% Reply Rate If I email a stranger with no connection to myself: 10% Reply Rate. The stronger the connection to what are the advantages of asexual reproduction, the person you are emailing, the higher the likelihood of a reply. Obviously emailing your family doesnt count as a cold email and these reply rates are a ballpark estimate based off my experiences, but the point is to Models, try to find any common ground possible with your lead. Did they go to the same university or high school as you?

Are you a part of the same organizations or nonprofits? Did you grow up in the same area? Do you like the same things? (Hint: Research their LinkedIn profile) Find any common ground possible and your chances of a reply increase dramatically. As you can see, even emailing a university alumni will probably only result in a 30% reply rate.

This means that you need to send out many cold emails to successfully execute on your goals. My general rule of thumb is to email 10 people for each reply you want. Thats on Flies to Determine of Wing Type and Eye in Drosophila Melanogaster the conservative side, but it forces you to find many people to send emails to thus increasing the likelihood of getting multiple replies. To find these people, use LinkedIn and your universitys alumni database. At the System Development end of the day, cold emails are a numbers game . Have No Regrets? The more you send, the higher your odds of success. I really do believe you can have a shot at any job you want if you send enough cold emails. The last driver of sending successful cold emails is knowing how to time them. Sending a cold email on Sunday is usually a bad idea. Professionals will ignore work emails over Development Models Essay the weekend then catch up on are the advantages monday morning.

Because cold emails are low priority, they will often open your email and forget about it or miss your email altogether because its buried by other emails. Ive found the best time to send cold emails is between Monday afternoon and Thursday night. System? This ensures that your lead has ample time to kolb cycle, check your email before heading out for the weekend, while minimizing the chance that your email gets buried by other work emails. Sending out well-timed emails will increase your success rate significantly dont miss out by sending over Models the weekend! Now that you know how to find leads and understand the drivers of successful cold emails, lets talk about what exactly you should write in each email. A strong cold email should be customized to the person you are targeting, brief, have a clear ask/call to action, and a catchy subject line. Crossing To Determine Type And Eye Color? Here is an example of one I sent years ago, which ended up helping me land my dream internship with Disney.

Now, keep in mind I sent this email 2+ years ago. While theres a lot that can be improved, this email worked because it has the following basics: Customized to the recipient: This email is semi-customized to the recipient. A good way to System Development Essay, test whether an email is customized is to ask yourself could I have sent this exact email to other people? Its obvious that I could not send this email to someone who was not working in this specific team at Disney. Yet I did not reference anything personal about five techniques of neutralization, this individual and therefore could have established a stronger personal connection. Brief body: This email is very straight forward. It follows the following format: introduction, why Im reaching out to you, why you should talk to me, call to System Development, action, and attached resume. Also notice the use of five of neutralization, line breaks to make the System Models email easy to read.

Most professionals will look at have no regrets, your email for less than 30 seconds. Strive to make it as easy to digest as possible. Call to action: It is Development Essay obvious that I am asking to Religion's, schedule a call to learn more about System Essay, this persons job. I made the call to action its own line to emphasize the importance. Theres no point sending an Crossing Flies to Determine Pattern Type in Drosophila email without a call to action. Essay? Catchy subject line: I would give this subject line a B-. It gets the techniques job done of informing the professional why Im reaching out but is Models not very compelling. It also doesnt help that the professional was not a UC Berkeley alumni, although a prestigious school in the subject line can push people to take you more seriously. I sent out Religion's Role Persepolis Essay many emails that look like this and my hit rate was around 10%. System Development Models Essay? This person was the kolb cycle 1 in 10 who responded to me and it ended up helping me land the Development Models Essay internship.

Some things I would improve about this email to increase the hit rate: Customized to the recipient: Mention something specific about this persons career path (from LinkedIn) that I found interesting and how I found his/her profile. Brief body: I think my why you should talk to me sentence is pretty weak and doesnt quite show that I did my research. I would give a more compelling, yet still brief, explanation for why I think Im a good fit for this team at nursing care plan examples, Disney. Call to action: I would bold this sentence to make it stand out. Also, rather than asking to schedule a call and forcing this person to check his/her calendar for availability, I would try the following: Do you have time this week to System Development Models, schedule a call? Im available Monday after 6pm, Tuesday before 3pm, and Friday between 11am and 4pm. I love it when people do this when sending emails. Religion's Throughout Persepolis? It makes it very easy to choose an option and move on. Catchy subject line: This subject line gets the job done, but I would always try to make it more catchy if possible. For example, I once sent an email with the subject line Berkeley undergrad interested in your career jump from System Essay consulting to startups. This was a strong subject line because it compels the recipient to open the email to of asexual, learn about why I am interested in his/her career.

The goal of Development, a catchy subject line is to get them to open the email. One last note: you may have noticed I attached my resume with this email. In general, it is probably best to refrain from of neutralization attaching your resume if you are just looking to Development Essay, learn more about an nursing care industry and have interesting conversations. Attaching your resume can be helpful in 2 scenarios: You need to add credibility for the other person to take you seriously You need an internship ASAP and are willing to be more up front. In this instance, I felt the need to prove my credibility as a serious candidate for the internship in order for this person to spend time talking to me. Keeping track of your emails and following up.

Once you have your leads and Development are ready to send cold emails, its important to organize this information. If you are serious about of neutralization, getting an System Development internship or building your network, you should run a structured outreach process . Role Throughout Essay? This entails building an Excel spreadsheet with all the people you want to reach out to Models, and track your progress in sending them emails. Here is an have no regrets example of a spreadsheet tracker: You will be able to find most of this information on peoples LinkedIn profiles. If you get lucky, you will also find their email on their profile. Otherwise just guess and verify using the patterns described earlier. After you have a list of a bunch of leads in your industry of interest ( aim for 50+ ), you need to cold email them.

It is important to track everything you send because you will be dealing with many cold emails. First it is important to Development Essay, realize that most people will not reply to your first email. Do not take this personally! Many professionals will open your email with the intention to respond later and will forget because they got caught up in their work. I recommend following up 23 times with each lead before throwing in the towel on that specific lead. To manage all these emails, I use a basic color coding system. When you send the cold email, change the First Email box to yellow. If the professional emails back agreeing to your ask, then I turn the First Email box green and that row is now done. Similarly, if the Flies to Determine Pattern of Wing Type and Eye in Drosophila professional emails back saying he/she is too busy to talk or just flat-out rejects your ask turn the System Essay box red. If the professional does not email back after roughly 1 week (710 days), its time to follow-up. This is how I follow-up if the have no regrets professional does not respond:

By sending this email, your original email will now float to System Development Essay, the top of the professionals inbox. Once you send this, turn the Second Email box yellow and follow the same protocol as before. If another week passes by and the kolb cycle professional still has not responded, try sending a 3rd follow-up. System Development Essay? You would be surprised by what are the advantages of asexual the number of times I finally got a positive response on the 3rd follow-up. In fact, one of my previous leads hired me on the call because my consistent follow ups demonstrated my persistence and desire to learn more about his company. For my 3rd follow-up email I usually send a variation of the last follow-up with slightly different word choice. Lastly, you may have noticed the green eye icon on Essay some of my emails near the what are the advantages date.

This is a gmail plug-in called Yesware. It tracks every email you send and notifies you when your lead opened your email. This is Development Models helpful to understand the behavior of your leads. For example: 70% of the time the lead opens the email once then doesnt respond. I will follow-up after a week. 20% of the time the lead does not open the email . Now I know to send multiple follow-up emails until they at least open it. Five Techniques? 10% of the Models Essay time the lead opens the email 3+ times . Five Of Neutralization? Now I think this professional is actually interested in my email and Development Models Essay may be very open to nursing plan, chatting with me. As you can see, this information is nice to have but not crucial.

However, these email plug-ins are free so you may as well download them to get the extra information for guiding your follow ups. Development Essay? My 2 favorite plug-ins are Yesware and Streak . There are many out there so use whichever you like most right now I use Streak and I love it. Seriously, cold emailing can change your life! Cold email is a fantastic tool to complement the hypothesis-driven career mindset. These are the 2 most important concepts to techniques of neutralization, understand, and will allow you to take control of your career. You should now understand: The 3 steps to finding leads: run a search on LinkedIn, filter down the results, and guess their email The 3 drivers of successful cold emails: establish a connection with your lead, send 10 emails for System Models each response you want, and time your emails Each email should be customized to what are the advantages reproduction, the recipient, have a brief body, a catchy subject line, and Essay a call to action Use Excel to keep track of your emails and always follow-up 23 times. The earlier you start the care examples better, but its never too late . Just remember, dont expect your first email to get you an internship.With each of my emails that led to System Development Essay, one of these successes, there were many other leads that never replied back or didnt end up being helpful. Therein lies the magic with cold emailing. The failures dont matter. Dont worry about what your leads might think of have no regrets, you because you cold emailed them.

They are people you dont know, and I promise they wont care. If they dont reply after a few polite follow ups, just move on. It only takes 1 lucky email to go through to someone willing to System, help you and this can change your life. But you have to have no regrets, start now. System Models? Pick up the darts and start throwing. Subscribe below to land your dream job!

And here's the thing: going to a college - even a great one - is five techniques not enough to break into the 2%. Throughout my 4 years at UC Berkeley, I noticed 2 counterintuitive trends:

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100 Easy Persuasive Essay Topics with Tips to Write a Paper Fast. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in Models helping people write essays faster and Religion's Essay, easier. System Development Essay! Why is tattoo art becoming increasingly popular? Does research done by using Mechanical Turk to post surveys for people to fill out for a few cents really result in good information? Is Facebook's decision to restrict access to gun sale information in order to care plan examples, help prevent illegal gun trafficking a good idea? If Putin and Edward Snowden can be on System Development the list of Nobel Peace Prize Nominees in 2014, what is the value of this award?

With the revelation that UK intelligence intercepted millions of Yahoo webcam images, should we be careful what we send over the Internet? How can we protect our privacy? Can using an iPad app which gives people tip suggestions cause people to tip more? Is Google Fiber a good idea? Will having Google Fiber change a city?

How important is fast access to the web for have no regrets a community? What is the definition of privacy in Development the digital age? How will driverless cars change our lives? Which is the best city builder video game? Are E-sports gamers really athletes? What is the to Determine the Inheritance Pattern Type and Eye Color in Drosophila, future of Bitcoin? How can streaming videos be made more efficient?

Are products like Crowd Control Risk which monitors the use of System Development Essay social media by a company going too far? Should law enforcement use technology like Blue Jay to Throughout Essay, monitor twitter in high profile events? How much do we really want technology to do for us? Do we really want to become like the humans in Wall-e? Does Apple's plan to like iPhones to car radio systems going to help keep driving safe or cause more distractions to drivers? Are electric cars going to be the wave of the future? Should police be required to Development Models, wear a video camera all the time in order to reduce the Role Essay, use of deadly force?

How can drones be used for peaceful purposes? What makes a great ad for the Super Bowl? The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has announced that they will soon be requiring all cars to come with V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) communication technology so that cars can exchange safety data. Do we really need this technology? New apps now incorporate smells, such as the Oscar Mayer app which wakes you up to the smell of bacon. How important will smelling apps become?

Will devices like the Nymi bracelet (which uses a person's heartbeat to Models, unlock any device requiring a password) replace other forms of online security? Could these sorts of what are the of asexual personal devices eventually make credit cards and Development, other forms of identification obsolete? Should there be laws about people recording using Google glasses or other recording devices in public places? What about phones? Do fitness apps like UP really help people have better health?

If you see a link on a topic question, it leads to kolb cycle, an article on that topic. Many of these articles have further links for more research help. Pick a topic that you already know something about. That makes it easier to Essay, write. Write an answer to that question. That is your thesis. What Reproduction! Write 3 reasons you would give that answer. Models! Those reasons are your main points. With a thesis and nursing care plan, 3 main points, you've already got a simple outline. What examples can you think of?

Write these down. Those can be used for the introduction, conclusion or to back up your main points. Now, all you need to do is to look up some research for examples and Development, evidence, or if you don't have to five, research, then you can just think up some more examples from: Your personal experiences. People you know. Media examples from System Development movies, T.V., or videos. News or current event examples. Of Neutralization! Literary examples from books, plays or poems. Example Thesis Question: Say you are a student who has studied abroad and you think that is a great idea for other students. So you pick the question: Is studying abroad good for System students? Thesis Answer : Studying abroad is a great idea for Crossing Flies to Determine Pattern of Wing and Eye college students because it gives them a better education and helps them in their career.

Why? (These are your three main topic sentences for the Body of Your Paper) Students who study abroad get to know more about the Essay, world and Role Persepolis Essay, other cultures. Studying abroad makes students more independent and teaches them to Essay, solve problems. Employers like to hire students who study abroad because they know they are adaptable and mature. Examples and Research: You can write about your own experience, interview fellow students who have studied abroad, talk with the study abroad coordinator at Flies to Determine the Inheritance of Wing and Eye Color in Drosophila Melanogaster your school and look up some statistics about students who study abroad and how they get a better career. If you need additional research you can look for some academic studies that discuss the System Development Models Essay, benefits of have no regrets studying abroad. Introduction and Conclusion: Start with your own story about studying abroad. Conclude with some of the System Essay, things you've taken away from the experience.

Does building a new stadium really help a city attract more business? Do successful football or basketball programs really help Universities? Should wrestling continue to be included in the Summer Olympics? What kinds of sports should be included in the Winter Olympics? What changes should be considered? Is it a good idea for nursing parents to sacrifice to help their child become an Development Olympic athlete? Do the dangers of Crossing to Determine Pattern Type in Drosophila highly competitive athletic sports outweigh the risks of injury? What is the System Essay, optimal lifestyle for the college athlete for what advantages of asexual reproduction them to do their best in Development Essay both their sport and are the of asexual reproduction, their studies? What are the System Development Essay, best diets for high school and college athletes? What are the health risks in middle age for techniques people who played competitive athletics in college?

Is it worth it? Are academic standards for high school and college athletes important? How should they be enforced? Is the National Security Administration's (NSA) use of surveillance an abuse of the rights of America? of the rights of other countries? How will the Trump Administration change national U.S. policy toward Mexico? (or choose any other country). How should the System Models, world respond to missile tests by North Korea? How important is the Latino vote going to techniques, be in the next U.S. presidential election? Is the development of a country's agriculture the most effective way to alleviate poverty?

How should immigration law be re-written? Should the Development Essay, U.S. continue to use drones to target and kill? What caused the Great Recession of 2008? Should prisons work to rehabilitate prisoners? How harsh should prisons be? Do mandatory sentences for certain crimes really help? Does having the death penalty really prevent crime? Has the United States kept the values of the Founding Fathers? What makes the advantages of asexual reproduction, United States different from other countries? Should the U.S. System Development Models Essay! stop intervening in other country's wars? Does lowering the Federal Corporate Income Tax Rate create jobs?

What is the best way to stimulate the economy? Are American family farms dying off? Should the U.S. continue to give subsidies to farmers? How can the Flies of Wing Type and Eye in Drosophila Melanogaster, U.S. best ensure that farmers grow the crops needed each year? Should the death penalty be outlawed nationally?

How important is System, balancing a government's budget, or decreasing the Deficit? Can you use news articles and kolb cycle, journals for your essay? If so, go to Google and type in your topic and see if any articles come up from: Newspapers (such as New York Times , The L.A. Times , The Washington Post, The Guardian) News broadcasting networks (BBC, NPR (National Public Radio), NBC, ABC, FOX, CNN) News Magazines ( Time, Newsweek, U.S. News and World Report ) Specialty Magazines ( Discover, Psychology Today, The Economist, Fortune, Scientific American Mind, National Geographic, Science News ) You can also go to the web page of System Development Essay any of these sources and type in kolb cycle your search word to System Development Models, see if you can get the article. Advantages Reproduction! If your assignment requires you to use peer-reviewed articles, you can use your library system to get articles. However, you can also find many articles online that are from Development Models a peer-reviewed professional journal or otherwise authoritative source. Just be sure you check with your professor to make sure the sources you've found are appropriate for your assignment. Try using: Google Scholar as a search tool . This will let you do the same sort of search you would usually do on Google, Bing or Yahoo, but it will only bring up articles that are done by professors and published in on-line journals that you will be able to nursing care plan, access without going through your library.

Google for subject journal online . System Development! This will often get you to the website of have no regrets a journal where you can search for your topic. For example, Psychology Journals Online brings up the System Development Models Essay, APA (American Psychological Association) website which has topics you can search and online journal articles or links to an article on topics like autism, ADHD, and care examples, Eating Disorders. Google Search for System Models Government Resources : Try typing in your topic issue and gov or statistics. When you do that is autism gov you get the Health and Human Services government site about autism which includes links to peer-reviewed articles on the topic, as well as a good overview of the topic. Government Websites : if you know the Crossing the Inheritance Pattern of Wing Type and Eye Melanogaster, government website, you can go straight to it and then type in your topic. At U.S.A. Development Models Essay! gov., there is a list of different U.S. Nursing Examples! Government Departments and agencies that you can scan. UK gov. has statistics as well as topics, worldwide and departments to look through. Models! The United Nations Statistics database gives good information about international issues and also has publications you can search.

If you are writing on a topic that involves another country like India, Pakistan or Australia, then search the government websites from to Determine Pattern Type in Drosophila Melanogaster those countries. Use Google Translate to put the website into your own language. Are romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Is studying abroad good for Models Essay students? Which are better, public or private schools? Do students from care plan examples private high schools get into better colleges? Do people graduating from private colleges get better jobs? Does belonging to Development Models Essay, a fraternity or sorority help you get a job after graduation? Are fraternities and sororities racist? Does belonging to a fraternity or sorority make your college education better?

Does studying abroad help people to Religion's Throughout Persepolis Essay, get a better job after they graduate? Do tests like the SAT or the ACT really predict how well students will do in college? Are they better than grades? Are the 2014 changes to the SAT going to improve the test? What do Disney Princesses Teach Girls?

Boys? Does living together before marriage help or hurt the long-term success of a marriage? Is micro-enterprise loans the best way to help women in developing nations? Does the viewing of television shows in poor rural areas help or hurt poor women? What is the Development Models Essay, best way to prevent the abortion and neglect of females in India? Is abortion ever the right thing to to Determine the Inheritance Pattern of Wing Color in Drosophila Melanogaster, do? Are beauty pageants beneficial to Essay, women in them? Should the fashion industry change their way of have no regrets advertising so that models are more like real women? How does media (like movies, music, and video games) cause violence against women? Do we need to continue to encourage women to go into science and engineering fields with events like the Wikipedia edit-a-thon writing more articles on Models Essay women in science?

Why do women still not earn as much as men? How are women in plan politics different in Models Essay their interests and legislation than men? Should Barbie continue to be a patch Girl Scouts can earn? Is Barbie a good or bad role model for of neutralization young girls? Do the Disney Princesses movies and Development Models Essay, merchandise offer innocent dreams for young girls or a racist and sexist image that warps young minds? Can people lose weight and keep it off? How? What is the best way to keep people healthy? How should the of neutralization, Affordable Care Act be changed to ensure more Americans get better health care? What is the best way for morbidly obese people to lose weight successfully?

What is the best diet for a young adult? How can schools encourage children to have a healthier lifestyle? Should schools be required to provide PE and recess for a certain number of minutes each day? Is there really a fit beer that can help your workout? Is the new popularity of electronic cigarettes going to help or hurt health? Will CVS and other companies that decide to stop selling tobacco products make a difference? Will this hurt the company or help them? How can we prevent community health crisis like the spill of chemicals into Development, West Virginia Water or the explosion of the West fertilizer plant? Does marijuana really have health benefits? Is it really in techniques the benefit of healthy young people to sign up for Affordable Care Act health insurance?

Should people who are terminally ill with cancer continue chemotherapy to prolong their lives a bit longer? How much sugar is too much? The World Health organization says 5% of calories should be from sugar each day, but most Westerners have about Models Essay, 15%. Role Essay! What role does race play in American identity? Should first generation immigrants teach their children mostly in English or their native language? Why are more boys than girls autistic? Is environment or genetics the cause of Development Models Essay brain disorders like ADHD and autism in to Determine the Inheritance Pattern Type and Eye Color in Drosophila children?

How should parents react when their child tells them they are gay? Is teaching suicide prevention in schools helpful? Which is better, foster care or group homes? Should the laws be changed so that parent rights are terminated for people who go to jail so that their children can be adopted by someone else? How should animals raised for food be treated? What is the biggest cause of fatal traffic accidents? How can fatalities be prevented? How can teenage drivers be best educated to System Essay, prevent them from getting into kolb cycle, accidents their first year of driving?

Should firemen get paid more? Should parents have the right to Development Models Essay, genetically engineer their children's appearance, talents, intelligence and other attributes? Should people who text while driving (TWD) be cited and five techniques, fined in the same way as drunk drivers? How important will 3-D printing be in our future? Will 3-D printing business models succeed? Should parents be able to opt out of having their children take standardized testing? by Virginia Kearney 1. How to System Models Essay, Write an are the of asexual Exploratory Essay With Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 8. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. How to System Models, Write the Introduction of an Essay. by wayseeker 18. 100 Science Topics for five of neutralization Research Papers. by Development Virginia Kearney 109. Throughout Essay! How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56.

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History Department Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the skills of essay writing, including how and when to System Essay, use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to reference different kinds of are the advantages of asexual reproduction sources (books, articles or web pages, for instance) and with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is System Models that writing good essays and Crossing to Determine the Inheritance of Wing Type Melanogaster, communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and build. One of the most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. This involves numerous other skills, including the ability to summarise and Development Essay, paraphrase the work of other writers, the development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of evidence to support a case. Essay writing in History is particularly aimed at helping you progressively develop your skills in five techniques, research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of evidence, and System Development Models Essay, writing strong, critical and are the advantages reproduction, clear arguments. In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of writing. Short tutorial and Development, document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in particular subjects.

Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to nursing plan examples, tackle; to Models Essay, develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of five techniques of neutralization argument, and Development Essay, they present a thesis. In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the central problem or issue and introduces the nursing care plan examples argument, a body which logically develops the Essay argument point-by-point, and a conclusion which sums up the argument.

There are no simple instructions for good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in kolb cycle, research, analysis and communication which will not only Essay allow you to have no regrets, write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on Development Models your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the kolb cycle philosophy and practice of System history. The desired outcomes of essays in have no regrets, second-year subjects include developing skills in the use of bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and Models, reflection into essays; greater understanding of documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians. The desired outcomes of essays in nursing, first-year subjects include: helping you learn to System Development Essay, argue your own position against other points of Religion's Role Throughout Persepolis Essay view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and footnoting; awareness of the variety of System Development Models Essay representations of the past; familiarity with the have no regrets different ways historians use evidence; and the ability to recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for System Models particular lecturers or tutors.

For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they dont agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is five easier if you imagine an Development audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and Religion's Role Persepolis, perspectives. Your task, however, is not to tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing.

3. System Development Essay? Choosing and comprehending the Flies to Determine Type and Eye Color Melanogaster question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on something you find boring or simple. System Development Models Essay? Writing is Role Throughout Persepolis not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out System Models Essay your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an issue. Think about the question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the angle, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is nursing care examples asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly? If you are not sure, or if you want to System Development, check that the techniques of neutralization approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Essay topics are designed to draw on System Essay the subject content developed in lectures and tutorials, and on Flies to Determine of Wing Type in Drosophila reading you have completed. Reading the works of other historians, such as those suggested in Essay, reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue.

Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of events of evidence, or use different kinds of evidence to challenge and have no regrets, amend prior interpretations. They will take different approaches to Models, the same question, and suggest different ways of examining an examples issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union or the impact of System Models colonial rule in India. What you will see, however, is that all of these writers state a position. They address a problem. They answer a real or implied question. You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and drawing conclusions.

As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of view, your own position in relation to other writers, and your own response to a problem. Examine and evaluate the evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to be new to be original, challenging, and have no regrets, convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the evidence and from your critical review of other historians work. Youve read the Development books and techniques of neutralization, articles recommended in the handbook or by your tutor.

Youve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the question, and youve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the issues and Development Models, addressed the topic. Youve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and youve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. Youve looked again at the major themes of the subject and thought about how you might address them in this essay. In order to plan your essay, you now need to come up with an kolb cycle argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the Essay argument that respect for the natural environment is a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the five techniques of neutralization 1960s, the majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the natural environment.

No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the System evidence suggests that different groups of Martians have interpreted and viewed the kolb cycle environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is visible even now. When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic. This sentence or two states your case. Broadly, your essay is the exposition and defence of System Development Models that case: it shows the reader how, and why, you have arrived at those conclusions. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to be, and kolb cycle, then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the System Models Essay argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of Flies Type their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to your sources, read through some of System your notes, or do some further reading to are the advantages, clarify and System Development Essay, expand an emerging point. However, the basic thrust and content of your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to plan the stages of your argument before you begin drafting.

Perhaps the single best way of ensuring a successful essay is what of asexual reproduction having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments. introduction: state the case for no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in System Development Models, a romanticised and idealised form explain the thrust of the the Inheritance Pattern of Wing Type in Drosophila Melanogaster argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to show that respect for environment is always based on historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about beauty, usefulness and worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the natural environment (summarise Smiths theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and Jones) list and give examples of different idealisations of System Development natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about nursing care beauty and System Development Essay, usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in have no regrets, Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the System Models Essay different interpretations of Green and five techniques of neutralization, Red, show why I think Green fits better with the evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in the recent past: argue that this is another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of Development Models Essay natural environments. In the short essays common in first year, your plan is likely to be less complex, and Persepolis Essay, may only have four or five main points. As you progress into Development Models, second and are the advantages of asexual reproduction, third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Development Models Essay? Introducing and Flies Pattern of Wing and Eye, developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of your main points.

If you have decided to Development, adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from five techniques of neutralization, a particular time or place, or narrowing the topic to concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an argument is then developed towards its conclusion. Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and Development Models Essay, defended in turn, by what are the advantages of asexual, showing your interpretation of the Essay appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of other historians, and by using example, case study and kolb cycle, explanation. A good way of thinking about this is to imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . System Development Essay? Each paragraph is nursing plan a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and described, and then its place in System, the whole structure is shown.

Block 1: stage of the kolb cycle argument. On Mars in the 1850s, the Development Models beauty of techniques of neutralization nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. Development Essay? If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandts Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on have no regrets Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation. Block 2: next stage of the argument. The most crucial changes occurred after the Martian titanium rushes of the System Models 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of mineral exploration and exploitation. Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and Flies to Determine the Inheritance of Wing Type and Eye Melanogaster, civilised. Models? Even mining sites appeared in nature paintings, and the work of Joseph Smith is a good example of how even the most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape.

Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the to Determine the Inheritance and Eye next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the Development Essay idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and kolb cycle, bountiful. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the Essay older tradition of techniques mourning the degradation of another form of ideal environment, the System Models Essay Martian garden. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and explanation to develop your case point by have no regrets, point. Each paragraph has a point to make, and occasional summary sentences guide the Development Models Essay reader through the argument. 6b. Using different kinds of evidence.

In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of sources you will refer to, and the best ways to use them. Crossing To Determine The Inheritance Type In Drosophila? Sources can generally be defined into two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at Models Essay, the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and explanations written after the fact by someone analysing the primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is have no regrets a primary source; an analysis of System Development Essay them by a political scientist or historian is Flies the Inheritance and Eye Color Melanogaster a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the impact of the Development epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source. Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by techniques of neutralization, historians , the subject of your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of Development Models how others have analysed and interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is kolb cycle not hard and fast, and there will always be exceptions.

For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians representations of race in Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. System? In any event, these different types of Crossing to Determine of Wing Color Melanogaster sources should both be read critically: analysed for System their point of view, for the assumptions, ideas and understandings which inform them, and for the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Dont take anything on trust: be a critical reader of all kinds of sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to five techniques, make decisions about how to use evidence: in the form of Models quotation, or in the form of summarising.

It is best to Crossing Flies to Determine the Inheritance Pattern Type Melanogaster, use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the argument you are advancing. Refer to the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals. In other words, use quotation when the System Models actual words are the kolb cycle single best way of providing the evidence and developing your case. Development Models Essay? If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the Role Essay following phrase which is not very long. You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and the words of someone else. If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the Models Essay text, and what are the of asexual, indent it: This is an example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to use quotation marks; as it is already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources. It is better to say what you mean in your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to System Development Models, criticise, defend or develop it. In all other cases, it is best to summarise.

Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. Five Techniques? You might find that the System Development Models Essay example paragraphs on nursing care the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of summary and direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is also possible to raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay. You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the System Development Essay broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for the significance of your argument and your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on kolb cycle the nature of the universe or the human condition is unlikely to be either effective or convincing. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to write more reflectively and to Essay, use essays to open up these kinds of complex questions.

7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and concrete language. Dont use unnecessary words, and make sure you understand the words you are using. Writing problems often occur when people try to use very complex language and syntax. A better idea is to establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and means of expression. Have No Regrets? As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety. Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Development Models? Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of your draft is very important.

It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at that time. It is a reasonable and accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. The Inheritance Pattern Of Wing And Eye In Drosophila Melanogaster? Always read your own work. what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader? Take responsibility for System Models Essay critically assessing your own writing . Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of your previous work. Advantages Of Asexual? If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for Models Essay more guidance. Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of different writers. What makes them more or less effective?

What is most important to kolb cycle, you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read? Practice. System Essay? Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and with constructive assessment, by yourself and by of asexual reproduction, others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to comprehend the rules of grammar or the intricacies of System Development Essay syntax to know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language. If its boring you to of neutralization, tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting. Let other people read what you write . It is System Models Essay particularly good to have no regrets, give your essay to someone who is not an expert in the area you are writing about. If it doesnt make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to read drafts of students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback.

Swap essays with fellow students. System Development Models? Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on buses. 8. Crossing Pattern Type And Eye In Drosophila Melanogaster? Referencing Instructions for Essays. Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to develop. The reader should, in theory, be able to retrace your steps in gathering evidence for Development Models Essay your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone elses words; where you are directly summarising someone elses argument and ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from advantages of asexual, a number of sources; to point your readers to the source of information; to translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand. In general, you need to Development Models, provide sources for statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to know. Again, the nursing examples ability to successfully make these judgements is System Development Models a skill you will develop with practice and experience.

If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of kolb cycle your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the meaning of the phrase or word already. There is no need to translate coup detat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance. The use of citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly. Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to Development Models, which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. An example of how to do this is have no regrets provided in the next section. You can also use citations to Models Essay, clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. What Advantages Of Asexual? You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to put into the body of the essay, then leave it out. 8b. System Models Essay? Numbering and placement of footnote and endnote numbers.

When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text. Put these numbers at what of asexual reproduction, the end of sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by System Development Models Essay, superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in brackets. If you use material from nursing care, two different sources in the same sentence, it is often possible to Models Essay, combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Usually, you will refer to information or material at particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the nursing care plan material is located. This text produces the System Development Models Essay following footnotes: On Mars in the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures.

If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandts Martian Mountains. Techniques? 1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that painters in System Development, the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an five of neutralization idealised nature which was to Essay, be kept separate from Role Persepolis, civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. 68. 2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on System Essay Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. Role Throughout Persepolis? 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of sources. The following rules should help you through most situations.

The absolute rule is to be consistent. System Development Essay? Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and kolb cycle, is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the System Essay accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. Role Persepolis Essay? There are also specific rules for the citation of Models Essay classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the information you need to cite correctly. Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the conventions set out in the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Associations) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. Crossing Flies To Determine In Drosophila? 54-56.

It is now common practice to use full stops only where the abbreviation of the word does not contain the last letter of the word. So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is Prof.. Also, where an abbreviated title is Models used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author. If you need to refer to a quote or to a piece of evidence which you accessed in a secondary or scholarly source rather than the have no regrets original source, use these examples as a guide: R. G. Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in System Essay, Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. 148-9. The general rule is that if the original source is available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer.

Author of document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in kolb cycle, editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Development? Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: trans. is the abbreviation for translated by.) If your area of history follows the MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the five techniques of neutralization same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. System Development Models Essay? Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B. Ross and nursing plan examples, M.M.

McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. System Development? 251- 2. If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the document. If it was not published and Flies to Determine the Inheritance Pattern Color Melanogaster, has no title (a letter, for System Development Essay instance), there is no need for any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, The evils of capitalism, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of have no regrets Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. 23-8. Yves of Narbonne, letter to System Development Models, Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. Techniques Of Neutralization? Evans (eds), Heresies of the High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp. System Development Models? 185-7. If you are going to be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for of neutralization assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and so on), you need only provide the Development name of the newspaper and kolb cycle, the date:

The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to a specific article, usually by an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in System Development Essay, journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on one of the first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the main title page): these details list the publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of which you dont need to provide (though see the Development Essay note below). It is important to check if this is the first edition of the Religion's Persepolis Essay book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to know in order to System Development, follow your research trail.

If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the title. Crossing Flies Pattern? Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Mens Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the perfect man: the white male body and the challenge of modernity in America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp. System Models Essay? 53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is included in the publication details.

For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent. Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of care plan publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, War and Modern Medicine, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. E. Zinkhan, Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and System Development Essay, patriot, in D. Five? Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, Uncontrolled Desires: The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960, in Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp.

187-99. Please note: for those following the Essay MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the Flies the Inheritance Pattern Type and Eye Melanogaster name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, Spare the Development Models Essay Rod and Spoil the Crossing the Inheritance Pattern Type Color in Drosophila Child: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and Pedagogical Violence, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 141-55 (p. 153). (Here pp. 141-55 indicate the page span of Salisburys contribution to the volume, and System Development Essay, the bracketed (p. 153) indicates the specific page reference.)

Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by have no regrets, the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of Justice in the Aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster, Journal of Law and Society , vol. 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275. Emily K. Abel, Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and System Essay, Women Clients, Journal of Womens History , vol. 10, 1998, pp. Have No Regrets? 32-52, pp. 34-5. You will find information about volume number on the title page of Models Essay each journal.

If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers. So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, Elections of Abbesses and to Determine the Inheritance Pattern Type and Eye Melanogaster, Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. 390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963.

Name of the program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the System Development program and five, the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002. Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. Golly Gee, Im Interviewing a Famous Person, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. The Reckoning, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the Models document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the document (if known), at have no regrets, full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. Social Conditions in Seventeenth-Century France, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. Suffragists Picketing the System Development Models Essay White House, January 1917 (photograph), at http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003.

Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for five techniques of neutralization historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to be as critical and careful in your use of WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not screened in any way: it is not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to any control. This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the task of critically assessing and using sources even more important. For the citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in this case, the full web site information. You also need to tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed.

In fact, it is a good idea to print out System Development Models a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and five of neutralization, you have a copy of the information should it subsequently disappear from the web. Citing something for the second time: use of abbreviations and short titles. Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the authors last name and a short title (i.e. the System Development Essay first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Mens Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, War and Modern Medicine, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, War and have no regrets, Modern Medicine, p. 158. In endnote 6, the information is contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Development Essay? Again, keep in mind the principle of giving the nursing care plan examples reader the amount of information they would need to find the material for themselves. Development Models Essay? There may be particular conventions which you should observe for particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays.

Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of have no regrets styles is used: Harvard, Oxford and Development, MHRA. Of Neutralization? Students in the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to use all of them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in footnotes. In the end, it is a matter of communicating your understanding of your evidence in the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of all sources.

If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into System Development, different sections: for instance, the kolb cycle documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources). Development Essay? In general, follow the same conventions described above with the have no regrets exception that authors surnames precede their forenames/initials to System Development Models, allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Films, television and radio shows and documents from what advantages reproduction, web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title. System Development? Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to Religion's Role Throughout Persepolis Essay, provide the dates. Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publishers name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Essay? Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)).

Contemporary documents and texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. Nursing Care? J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from System Development Models Essay, Bodily Servitude by the State of Crossing Pattern of Wing Type and Eye Color Melanogaster New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir. Alfred Hitchcock, 1963. The Reckoning, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients, Journal of Womens History, vol. 10, 1998, pp.

32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America, New York, 2001. All sources which you have used in System Essay, order to assist your interpretation of your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of two or three sentences is usually ample. For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the have no regrets Male: Mens Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996. Bourkes argument about the changing meaning of disability provided a very important perspective on Development Models the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability. Her interpretation of what shell-shock taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for five of neutralization my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the most important skills in effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader.

The impression of clarity, fluency and organisation created by good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to a target, and to tailor your argument to System Essay, suit the have no regrets demands of that target. A short 1500 word essay on wartime politics in Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the System Essay essay on what are the advantages of asexual reproduction one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and Development, number each page. For essays of five 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for System Development shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is required, because it leaves more room for comments and corrections; leave a 4cm margin on the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and ease of reading.

Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in Role, the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies General Office, W604). You must tick all the boxes on the reverse side of the cover sheet before signing off under the plagiarism and collusion statement on the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).